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wbivcËv †eóbx w`‡q †Niv | 24 N›Uv wbivcËv cªnix GLv‡b KvR K‡i hv‡”Q| GLv‡b me©mvavi‡bi cÖ‡ek I AvMÖn
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n‡q‡Q me D”Pc`¯’ Kgywbó Kg©KZ©v‡`i Rb¨ | G¸‡jv wkKv‡ii Rb¨I e¨envi Kiv nq| Sb©vi cvwb GZ ¯^”P I
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mv‡_ Mí ¸Re KiZ Avi D”P c`¯’ Kgywbó KZ©v‡`i Rxeb hvÎv m¤^‡Ü aviYv †c‡Z †Pó KiZ | †m gvby‡li
Kv‡Q Zv‡`i †jvK †`Lv‡bv Rxeb I Av‡MvP‡i hvwcZ Avo¤^i c~Y© Rxeb Gi g‡a¨ dvivK Uv Abyfe Kivi †Póv
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KL‡bvB †`Lv †hZ bv| A‡bK Lvevi I g‡`i bvg †`kevmx KL‡bv †kv‡bwb Ges ïb‡Z cviviI †Kvb my‡hvM †bB |
†m eySj †h †Kvb gvbyl‡K cÖ‡qvR‡b `‡j Avbv Ges DPz c‡`i †jv‡Ki Rb¨ †h †Kvb ai‡Yi we‡bv`b mvgMÖx †hvMvo m¤¢e
hv wKbv mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ bq |Av‡jK RvÛvi Wy‡eK 1968 mv‡j †P‡Kv‡¯-vwfqv‡K ivwkqvi K‡Vvi I `gb cxob g~jK
Ae¯’v †_‡K D×vi Kivi Rb¨ GKUv Amdj cÖ‡Póvi †bZ…Z¡ w`‡qwQj| ivwkqvbiv 12 eQi Av‡Mi †mB nv‡½ixi
gZB Zv b„ksm fv‡e `gb K‡iwQj|
†mvwf‡qZ U¨vs‡Ki PvKvi bx‡P †P‡Ki ¯^vaxbZvi B”Qvi I Av‡iv A‡bK †ekx wKQy wcó Kiv n‡qwQj|
Gici †mvwf‡qZ `jfy³ †`k¸‡jv‡Z G ai‡Yi wec-e ev ¯^vaxbZvi †Kvb ai‡Yi D‡Ï¨vM bv †bqvi Rb¨ mZK©evZ©v
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cvVv‡bv n‡qwQj| eyj‡Mwiqv g‡¯‹vi GKUv AbyMZ †`k wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡K †`LZ | gvK©f GB m¤úK©‡K cieZx©‡Z eY©bv
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m¤úK© wVK †ZgwbÓ | ivwkqv G ai‡bi wei“c gš—‡e¨i cÖwZ Zxeª wb›`v Rvbvq Ges Gi †cªw¶‡Z `ªyZ wRfKf
gvK©‡fi cÖwZ Zvi AvPiY cwieZ©b K‡i †d‡j| gvD›U wf‡Uvmv‡Z gvK©f Gi hvZvqvZ I Avgš¿b eÜ K‡i †`qv
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mgmvgwqK Kv‡ji RxebhvÎv m¤^‡ÜI Zvi wjLvi Dci wb‡lavÁv Rvwi Kiv nq| GgbwK Zvi GKUv †jLvi Zxeª
mgv‡jvPbv K‡i wRfKf ‡mvwdqvi cwÎKv‡Z wbeÜ cÖKvk K‡i|
gvK©f ¯^c¶ cwiZ¨vM K‡i Ges †m RvbZ †h †m wK SywK wb‡”Q| Zvi gZ GKRb mycwiwPZ I cÖwm×
†jL‡Ki G ai‡Yi c¶Z¨v‡Mi Aciv‡a Abvqv‡m Zvi AeZ©gv‡b Zv‡K mv‡o Qq erm‡ii †Rj `Û †`qv n‡e|
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RuvKRgKc~Y© Rxe‡bi ¯^va I mÜvb Rvbvq Zvi c¶Z¨v‡Mi Aciv‡ai gvÎvi ZxeªZv †e‡o hvq | Gi mv‡_ wRfKf
Gi e¨w³MZ Av‡µvl I †hvM nq d‡j Zvi Aciv‡ai ¸i“Z¡ I kvw¯—i cwigvb †e‡o hvq|
G me Kv‡Ri cwibwZi K_v †f‡e gvK©f e‡m _v‡Kwb| BUvjx‡Z Zvi Av‡M c¶Z¨vM K‡i Avmv G&es
eZ©gv‡b ¯’vqx fv‡e emevmiZ Zvi fvB wb‡Kvjvi Kv‡Q wKQyw`b †_‡K gvK©f jÛ‡b P‡j Av‡m| GLv‡b †m wewewmi
eyj‡Mwiqvb †mKkb Gi †cÖvMÖvg Gwmó¨v›U wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Z _v‡K | óvÛ Ges wd¬U ÷ªx‡Ui w·Kvb
Øx‡ci gZ RvqMvq Aew¯’Z wewewmi m`i `ßi eyk nvDR †_‡K †m w`‡b wZbevi eyj‡Mwiqvi evZ©v m¤úÖPvi Kiv
ïi“ K‡i| †m †mLv‡b eyj‡Mwiqvi Rb¨ m¤úÖPvwiZ Lei coZ Ges wewewm‡Z Kg©iZ _vKv Ae¯’vq †kl w`b ch©š—
GKv‡R wb‡qvwRZ wQj| GQvovI †m wewewmi mvßvwnK mvsK…wZK Abyôv‡bi Rb¨ I wbqwgZ wjLZ| GLv‡b _vKv Ae¯’vq
†m A¨vbv‡e‡ji mv‡_ cwiwPZ nq Ges †cÖ‡g c‡o| cieZx©‡Z Zviv we‡q K‡i| A¨vbv‡e‡ji evev wµ‡óvdvi
wewewmi GK mgqKvi Bs‡iRx wefv‡Mi cÖavb wQ‡jb| Zviv jÛ‡bi DcK‡›V K¬vcnvg Gi wj‡bU A¨vwfwbD†Z emevm
KiZ| GKgvÎ †g‡q mvmv‡K wb‡q Zv‡`i Rxeb fvjB KvUwQj jÛ‡bi w_‡qUvi Gi Rb¨ gvK©f Avevi †jLv‡jwL ïi“
K‡i | †jLvi welqe¯—y wQj ZrKvjxb Kgywbó kvwmZ eyj‡Mixq Rxe‡bi cÖwZ KUv¶ g~jK |
1977 mv‡j gvK©f Gi wcZv ¸i“Zi Am¯’ n‡q c‡o| wZwb GKRb †mbv Kg©KZ©v wQ‡jb | gvK©f Ges
Zvi fvB †iv‡gi eyj‡Mwiqvb `yZvev‡m Zv‡`i wcZv‡K eyj‡Mwiqv †_‡K †ei K‡i Avbvi AbygwZ †P‡q Av‡e`b
K‡i| G Av‡e`‡bi †cÖw¶‡Z Zv‡`i gv‡K †m eQ‡ii †kl w`‡K †iv‡g Avmvi AbygwZ †`qv n‡jI Zvi evev‡K
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Avmvi AbygwZ †`qv nqwb| †mvwdqv‡ZB Zv‡`i evev gviv hvb Ges Zviv Avi KL‡bv evev‡K †`L‡Z cvqwb|
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Av‡iv evwo‡q †`q|
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RxfKf Ges gš¿x‡`i mv‡_ Zvi Avjvc PvwiZv Ges Ab¨vb¨ ¯§„wZgq NUbv ¸‡jv G‡K G‡K cÖPvi Ki‡Z ïi“ K‡i|
1975 mvj †_‡K wewewmi cvkvcvwk GB ms¯’vq gvK©f Zvi m¤úÖPviKvh© Pvwj‡q AvmwQj| `yB eQi a‡i Zvi †mB
¯§„wZPviY m¤úÖPvi n‡qwQj| Zvi Abyôvb¸‡jv‡Z mvavib eyj‡Mwiqvb‡`i†K wKfv‡e ivRbxwZ‡Z †Rvi K‡i m¤ú„³ Kiv
n‡Zv Zv Zy‡j aiv n‡qwQj Ges G e¨vcv‡i Zvi wbR¯^ AwfÁZv jä Ávb wQj| KviY gvK©f GK mgq GKUv K¨vwg‡Kj
cÖ¯—yZKviK KviLvbvi `vwqZ¡ cÖvß wQj| kªwg‡Ki mv‡_ ivRbxwZi †hvMmyÎZv Zvi fvjB Rvbv wQj| wbe©vwmZ GB
K¨vwg†Kj BwÄwbqvi †jLK wn‡m‡e †ek AfyZc~e© mvov †c‡qwQj| Zvi †kªvZvi msL¨v hw`I Lye †ekx wQj bv
Z‡e Zv GK`g KgI wQj bv| †mvwdqv‡Z †_‡K †jLK wn‡m‡e †m G‡Zv †kªvZv †cZ wKbv m‡›`n| A¨vbv‡e‡ji
g‡Z 80 j¶ gvby‡li †`‡k cÖvq 50 j¶ gvbyl gvK©f Gi wjwLZ Ges jÛb †_‡K m¤úÖPvwiZ bvUK ïbZ|
eyj‡Mwiqvb wm‡µU cywjk Zvi GB m¤úÖPvi R¨vg Kivi Rb¨ wewfbœ e¨e¯’v wbZ| Z‡e Zviv wb‡Riv GB †cÖvMÖvg
†kvbvi Rb¨ Ges GUv‡K gwbUi Ki‡Z GKUv P¨v‡bj †Lvjv ivLZ | eyj‡Mwiqvb RbMb †mB wd« P¨v‡bjwUi mÜvb
†c‡q hvq | G‡Z gvK©f Gi †kªvZvi msL¨v Kgvi my‡hvM Avi n‡q D‡Vwb| eyj‡Mwiqv I Gi wbqš¿K g‡¯‹vi Kv‡Q
gvK©f Gi wn‡m‡ei cvZv Kvbvq Kvbvq c~Y© n‡q hvq wek¦vmNvZK wn‡m‡e Zviv Zv‡K wPwýZ K‡i|
1971 mvj ch©š— Ô†iwWI wd« BD‡ivcÕ wm AvB Gi dvÛ w`‡q cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv| cieZx©‡Z Zv BD Gm
Ks‡MÖm g‡bvbxZ GKUv cvewjK †ev‡W©i gva¨‡g cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv cwiPvjK e`jv‡jI †iwWI wd« BD‡iv‡ci m¤úÖPv†i
†Kvb e¨vNvZ N‡Uwb Ges g‡¯‹v wKsev Av‡gwiKv‡ZI †KD wek¦vm K‡iwb †h Ô‡iwWI wd« BD‡ivcÕ m¤úÖPv‡i GLb Avi
wm AvB Gi nvZ †bB |
gvK©f Gi ÔAbycw¯’Z evZ©viÕ GKUv As‡ki mve UvB‡Uj ÔUz‡Wvi wRfKf Gi mv‡_ mv¶vrKviÕ GB
m¤úÖPv‡i gvK©f eyj‡Mwiqvi mvs¯‹…wZK Rxe‡b wRfKf Gi n¯—‡¶‡ci e¨vcviUv wek` fv‡e Zy‡j a‡i wRfKf© †hfv‡e
eyj‡Mwiqvi mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©KvÛ wbqš¿b KiZ I myweavRbK fv‡e e¨envi KiZ Zv †Pv‡L Avs¸j w`‡q ‡`wL‡q †`qv
n‡qwQj GB Abyôvb ¸‡jv‡Z| gvK©f e‡jwQj †h eyj‡Mixq mvs¯‹…wZK e¨w³Z¡ I wkíx‡`i‡K †h fv‡e wRfKf wbqš¿b
I PvwjZ KiZ Zv wQj bwRi wenxb| Zv‡`i ¯^vaxbZv niY wQj ˆbwgwËK | Zv‡`i eva¨ Kiv n‡Zv wb‡`©k Abyhvqx
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KvR Ki‡Z| eyj‡Mixq ¸bxR‡bi cÖwZ G ai‡bi †bZxevPK AvPiY Avi †KD KL‡bv K‡iwb| me ai‡bi Kg©Kv‡Û
Kgywbó cvwU©i AbwaKvi PP©v wQj m‡›`nvZxZ Ges G me Kv‡R AMÖbx f~wgKv cvjb KiZ ms¯‹…wZi Kg©Kv‡Ûi cÖavb
cwiPvjK I Av‡qvRK Uz‡Wvi wRfKf| wRfKf Gi cÖZ¨¶ wb‡`©k Qvov mykxj mgv‡Ri gvbyl¸‡jvi Rxe‡b †Kvb
D‡j-L‡hvM¨ cwieZ©‡bi m~Pbv n‡Zv bv| †h †Kvb eo wb‡qvM,e`jx, c‡`vbœwZ wKsev c`Pz¨wZ Zvi wb‡`©‡kB NUZ|
†Kvb kvw¯— g~jK e¨e¯’v wKsev cyi¯‹vi Zvi cÖZ¨¶ ZË¡veav‡b n‡Zv| Zv‡K ev` w`‡q Gme NUbv wQj Am¤¢e| †h
†Kvb ai‡bi msMV‡bi wKsev cÖwZôv‡bi Dci Avµgb Zvi Av‡`k Abyhvqx msMwVZ n‡Zv| †gvUK_v ms¯‹…wKZ Kgx©
I eyw×Rxwe‡`i Rxeb hvÎvq wRfKf Gi f~wgKv wQj Ab¯^xKvh© | ZvB gvK©f Gi †mB me m¤úÖPvi wReKf Gi
‡¶v‡fi ZxeªZv evwo‡q w`‡qwQj| GKB mv‡_ g‡¯‹vI Zvi G ai‡Yi Kg©Kv‡Û wQj w¶ß|
gvK©f†K nZ¨v Kiv n‡e G g‡g© e¨w³MZ fv‡e Zv‡K mZK© Kiv n‡qwQj| cÖ_‡g †Uwj‡dv‡b Ges cieZx©‡Z
Zv‡`i K¬vcnvg Gi evox‡Z GK eyj‡Mixq †jv‡Ki gva¨‡g G msev` †`qv nq| A¨vbv‡ej †mB AcwiwPZ
eyj‡Mwiqb‡K †`‡L eyS‡Z cv‡iwb Avm‡j †m wK eÜy bv kµy| Zv‡K †m wVKgZ †Lqvj Ki‡Z cv‡iwb Ges
cieZx©‡Z mbv³ Ki‡ZI cviZ bv| wMqwM© fq †c‡qwQj, hw`I †m RvbZ †h Zv‡K †h †Kvb mgq Avµgb Kiv
n‡Z cv‡i | †h w`b †_‡K †m eyj‡Mwiqv Z¨vM K‡i BZvjx n‡q jÛ‡b G‡mwQj †m w`b †_‡KB

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AbymiY KiwQj| Z‡e G me wKQyB Zv‡K †iwWI wdª BD‡ivc A_ev eyj‡Mwiqvi Rb¨ m¤úªPvwiZ Rvg©vb mvwf©m
ÔW‡qm f¨vwjÕ Gi Rb¨ Abyôvb wjLv †_‡K weiZ ivL‡Z cv‡iwb| Zvi Kjg PjwQj AweiZ| ¯§„wZPvi‡bi mgq
A¨vbv‡ej Rvwb‡q wQj †h Zv‡`i `yR‡bi †KDB fve‡Z cv‡iwb †h gvK©f‡K Avm‡jB nZ¨v Kiv n‡e| VvÛv gv_vq
Lyb Kiv ¯úvB wdKk‡b m¤¢e| Z_vwcI gvK©f me mgq KZK© _vKZ| A¨vbv‡ej †`LZ †h †m KL‡bv AÜKvi
Mwj‡Z wKsev iv¯—vq †hZ bv| gvK©f avibv Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj †h Lv‡`¨i gva¨‡g welcÖ‡qv‡M Zv‡K nZ¨v Kiv n‡e|
ZvB †m †Kvb wKQy †L‡Z ev cvb Ki‡Z me mgq mZK© _vKZ| gvK©f Gi ‡Uwj‡dvb bv¤^vi WvB‡i±ix‡Z _vKZ
bv| Zvi eÜy evÜe meB wQj eyj‡Mixq BwgMª¨v›U I c¶Z¨vMx | G `‡j bZyb †Kvb gyL G‡j Zv‡K wek¦vm Kivi
Av‡M mZK©Zvi mv‡_ ch©‡e¶Y Kiv n‡Zv|
1978 mv‡ji 7 †m‡Þ¤^i e„n¯úwZevi w`b eyk nvD‡R gvK©f Gi WM IqvP wWDwU wQj| GUv Uvbv 12
N›Uvi KvR, gvSLv‡b ïay GK N›Uvi weiZx| GKB mv‡_ Zv‡K iv‡Zi m¤úÖPvi I mKv‡ji Lei cv‡Vi KvR Kivi
`vwqZ¡ wQj G w`‡b| mv`v Pz‡ji QqwdU j¤^v, n¨vÛmvg I myVvg‡`nx gvK©‡fi Kv‡Q erm‡ii cÖ_‡g cvIqv nZ¨vi
ûgKxi ¸i“Z¡ ZLb Av‡¯— Av‡¯— K‡g AvmwQj| †m wKQyUv wij¨v· fv‡eB PjvPj KiZ Ges mZK©Zvi gvÎvI h‡_ó
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K‡g wM‡qwQj| mvD_ e¨vsK Kg‡c-· Gi Kv‡Q †Ugm b`xi `w¶Y cv‡oi GKUv iv¯—vq †m cÖwZw`b Zvi meyR I
wµg is Gi wmgKv f¨vbUv cvK© K‡i ivLZ| GUv Pvwj‡q †m K¬¨vcnv‡gi evmv †_‡K Zvi Kg©¯’‡j AvmZ | weKvj
mv‡o QUvq mܨvi Lei cov †k‡l †m eyk nvDR †_‡K †ewi‡q AvmZ Ges Avav N›Uv †nu‡U IqvUvi jy weªR cvi
n‡q MvoxUv‡K eyk nvD‡Ri KvQvKvwQ G‡b ivLZ| we‡Kj n‡q hvIqvq cvwK©s Gi wbqg Kvbyb ZLb wkw_j n‡q
†hZ e‡j KvQvKvwQ cvwK©s G †Kvb mgm¨v n‡Zv bv|
†m‡Þ¤^‡ii †mB w`bwU‡Z AvenvIqv c~e©vfv‡l ejv n‡qwQj e„wó Ges gv‡S gv‡S nvjKv el©Y n‡Z cv‡i|
wKš‘ gvK©f hLb mv`v is Gi wekvj eyk nvDR †Q‡o †ei nq ZLb AvenvIqv wQj PgrKvi| wmwU e¨vsK I
A‡ówjqvb `yZvev‡mi gv‡S _vKv eyk nvDR Ges Gi Kv‡Qi iv¯—vq ZL‡bv A‡bK gvbyl †iBb‡KvU wb‡q Ges wKQy
wKQy gvbyl QvZv nv‡Z wb‡q PjvPj KiwQj| IqvUvijy weª‡Ri `yB cv‡k¦©B evm ó‡cR Av‡Q| Dˇii evm ó‡cR
njeY© hvevi AvÛvi cv‡mi Kv‡Q Ges `w¶‡Yi ó‡cRUv b¨vkbvj w_‡qUvi I †dwóf¨vj n‡ji Kv‡Q gvK©f b¨vkbvj
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GKRb c_Pvix Zvi QvZvUv mwi‡q wb‡”Q| Zviv `yRbB mvgbv mvgwb `vwo‡q wQj| ev‡mi Rb¨ A‡c¶viZ †jvKUv
Bs‡iRx‡Z `ytL cÖKvk K‡i| Z‡e Zvi D”Pvi‡Y we‡`kx Uvb eySv hvw”Qj| nVvr _ZgZ †L‡q †jvKUv Zvi QvZvUv
DPz K‡i aij Ges iv¯—v w`‡q †h‡Z _vKv Lvwj GKUv U¨vw·‡Z D‡V P‡j †Mj| gvK©f Gi Di“i e¨v_vUv mvgwqK
wQj| †m †jvKUv‡K _vgv‡bvi †Kvb †Póv K‡iwb GgbwK Zvi mv‡_ K_vI e‡jwb|
7 Uvi ci gvK©f Zvi f¨vbUv wb‡q G‡m eyk nvD‡R Avevi wd‡i Avmj| eyj‡Mwiqvb †mKk‡b Zvi Awd‡m
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PvBwQj bv KviY †fv‡i Zv‡K Avevi D‡V eyk nv&D‡R †h‡Z n‡e| wKš‘ ivZ 2 Uvi w`‡K gvK©f Gi nuvUvPjvi k‡ã
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Kiv n‡j Wv³vi Rvbvq †h GUv Bbd¬y‡qÄv n‡Z cv‡i| †m mgq G ai‡Yi R¡‡i A‡b‡K fyMwQj| A¨vbv‡ej
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Zvi

¯^vgxi Kv‡Q e‡mwQj | nVvr gvK©f e‡j D‡V Avgvi †Kb †hb g‡b n‡”Q GB R¡‡ii mv‡_ AvR‡K we‡K‡ji
NUbvi †Kvb m¤úK© Av‡Q| A¨vbv‡ej NUbvUv Rvb‡Z PvB‡j gvK©f Zvi Kv‡Q mewKQy Ly‡j e‡j|
Zvi Ae¯’v GZ `ª“Z Lviv‡ci w`‡K hvq †h Zv‡K jÛ‡bi evjnvg †Rjvi †m›U †Rgm nvmcvZv‡j fwZ©
Ki‡Z nq| †m AÁvb n‡q hvq Ges Zv‡K Bb‡Ubwmf †Kqv‡i ivLv nq| Wv³viiv gvK©‡fi Amy¯’¨ Ae¯’v †`‡L
fo‡K hvq| Zvi cÖPÛ R¡i Ges †Kvb ai‡Yi welv³ c`v‡_©i welwµqvi j¶Y cÖKvk cvq| Zvi †k¦Z i³ KwbKv
cÖwZ wKDweK wgwjwgUvi 33000 n‡q hvq| GKRb ¯^vfvweK gvby‡li hv 5,000 †_‡K 10,000 nIqvi K_v|
gvK©f AÁvb Ae¯’v‡ZB gv‡S gv‡S gvigyLx n‡q D‡V Avevi GKUz c‡i kvš— n‡q hvq| Amy¯’¨ _vKv
Ae¯’v‡ZB †m IqvUvijy weª‡Ri Kv‡Q N‡U hvIqv NUbvi K_v e‡j| Zvi G·‡i Kiv nq| †mB †QvU Nvi Kv‡Q
†Kvb GKUv avZe wRwbl Gi Qwe G·‡i‡Z aiv c‡o|
†mvgevi 11 †m‡Þ¤^i gvK©f gviv hvq| Zvi welwµqvi KviY Zvr¶wYK fv‡e †Kvb Wv³vi ev mvR©b †ei
Ki‡Z cv‡i wb| gvK©f Gi Di“ †_‡K 1.52 wgwjwgUvi e¨v‡mi GKUv †QvU avZe ej †ei Kiv nq| GUv 90 fvM
c-vwUbvg I 10 fvM BwiwWqvg Gi msKi avZyi ˆZix Gi mv‡_ mvgvb¨ cwigvb †iwWqvg I c¨vjvwWqvg Gi Dcw¯’wZ
cvIqv hvq| GUv QvZvi mi“ As‡k jvMv‡bv wQj e‡j avibv Kiv nq| GB e‡j `y‡Uv 0.35 wgwjwgUv‡ii †QvÆ MZ©
wQj| GB MZ© ¸‡jv †gvg w`‡q eÜ wQj| gvK©‡fi kix‡ii Zv‡c †gvg M‡j hvq Ges M‡Z©i wfZi ivLv wel †ei
n‡q gvK©f Gi g„Zy¨ NUvq| ej Ges gvK©f Gi wUmy¨i bgybv msMÖn K‡i DBjU mvqv‡ii †cviUb WvDb G Aew¯’Z
weªwUk miKv‡ii AwZ †Mvcbxq K¨vwgK¨vj wW‡dÝ Góvwe-k†g›U G we‡k-l‡bi Rb¨ cvVv‡bv nq|
GLv‡b ˆeÁvwbKiv †mB e†ji wfZi wK wel wQj Zv cix¶v wbwi¶v K‡i †ei K‡i| e‡ji M‡Z© †iwmb
bv‡gi wel wQj| GUv K¨vói I‡qj Mv‡Qi †cÖvwUb †_‡K evbv‡bv wel hv c„w_exi cuvP ai‡bi Zxeª we‡li GKUv|
GUv †MvL‡iv mv‡ci we‡li †P‡q wظb kw³ai Ges GK MÖvg †iwmb w`‡q 36,000 gvbyl gviv †h‡Z cv‡i| †cÖvUb
WvD‡b ˆeÁvwb‡Kiv avibv K‡i †h GB we‡li ZxeªZv Av‡iv evov‡bvi Rb¨ GUvi mv‡_ ¶wZKi e¨vK‡Uwiqv †gkv‡bv
n‡q _vK‡Z cv‡i hv `ª“Z M¨vswMªb nIqvi Rb¨ `vqx| weMZ `ywU wek¦hy‡×B weªwUk K¨vwgK¨vj Iqvi‡dqvi we‡klÁiv
†iwmb‡K kΓi wei“‡× e¨env‡ii Rb¨ me©v‡c¶v wec¾bK wel wn‡m‡e wPwýZ K‡iwQj| GUvi †KvW IqvW© wQj
Wwe-D 2 | Avi `yBUv †`‡k wiwmb Gi welwµqvi Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ M‡elYv PjwQj †m¸‡jv n‡jv †P‡Kv¯-vfvwKqv Ges
nv‡½ix| `ywU ‡`kB wQj Kgywbó e-‡Ki Ges G¸‡jv‡K wbqš¿b KiZ †mvwf‡qZ BDwbqb| †iwmb‡K ivLvi Rb¨ †h
†QvU ej wQj †m ai‡Yi wRwbl ivwkqv‡Z Drcv`b Kiv n‡Zv|
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2 Rvbyqvwi 1979 mv‡j gvK©f Gi g„Zy¨i e¨vcv‡i †NvlYv Kiv nq †h Zv‡K Ab¨vq fv‡e nZ¨v Kiv
n‡q‡Q| fv‡M¨i wbg©g cwinvm n‡jv‡h gvK©f Gi †kl bvUK hv Zvi g„Zy¨i Av‡M cÖPvwiZ n‡qwQj Ges hvi d‡j
Zv‡K gi‡Z n‡jv †mB bvU‡Ki bvg wQj Ò AvZZvqx Ó | miKvix fv‡e gvK©‡ei g„Zy¨i KviY AbymÜvb I
AvZZvqx‡K aivi cª‡Póv Ae¨vnZ _v‡K| wKš‘ wZb eQi ciI Zvi Kw_Z AvZZvqx‡K aiv hvq wb| aviYv Kiv nq
†h, AvZZvqx GKRb †ckv`vi Lybx Ges †m †KwRwei wb‡`©‡k Zvi KvR mgvav K‡iwQj |

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