Lectue Notes  for 3/25/15  Power System Analysis V/
Any questions on Example 1.1 %
Te yes  ge over wt?
Conservet ion of Complex Power —> same
as KCL for Complex power —> sum 
of Complex power ‘Inte & node js
equal fo sum of Complex fewer out
of a node, C Ths assumes all are
ot He Same Frequenty )
ex.4,
sf *
TL Vv —*S&
s; —>
Applying the theorem of Conrevvation of 
 Comp lex power —>
S. S. = Ss pee de Sag
Assume V is He referenke yor at o>
I !
S; VI* %y2yXe 2 j EF Fue
sy = vvtyt = lvl Yo = see lvl
> he s, +jeclvl : in =P: at ot lvl
[Nole: Q2 >Q, % Cis a source of reactve Power. Te
xa 2 Tii¢v: De
o> tem en 
+ CT b +
3. \ ; : Noe $2
treat this as
a network (ccp) 
—> Conservation of Complex Power —> 
network
Ss
S,
 \
 Sp
Anether way of lorking af COP >
 Site Se) i on oem oF
or the total of
Complex Pewer inte a network is equal te
Lee folal of Hee Complex Power in the” 
network. Ss is tohacts in Dn py
A single. element Jn tes case) Lb,
ie $+ S, = Sy = VIt = job (Tl
 Pi sP, > P +h =o Cdue to ovvewtation
J of He references)
Qo +a: otis («at)
TE we asrame [va] = _ > i
S.s vr 1* = >
cM tr Gls Is 
> Isl=ls.l> B+ @ =P, +t a: 
$ we kaw [Pal=lp{>.Jal=lal 
‘ QtQ, sob [T* > a= Qe kel r
oo Pha oP Se s,2S) 
Q2 = Q,
—_ actor
Ex.3 7 Sqnbol
3

wn
s
o
Transmission Line
cues 
+ fit
[Complex Power balance at each bus >
Siz (14 jl)— (131)  (0.5 450.2) = o5 45h
Sy=Siy = 0.5 +58 
Syg= (a5 +y0.5) (1 4+jD (05402) = j0.F
S32=S23 = 5 OF
Seg = CoS +5 1.8)  an

[Leading or lagging pete? Q is positive so lagging
 Cout Less Lagging due te capacitamce on bus 3.)Arbrtrary
Datum
Node
What is the total Complex power transferred,
from Ny +0 Ny ?
Cheese an arbitrary datum node — and redmuw.
Ti
=
4 ; +
$= 2 V; z
from the i
definition of complex power, S=VI™
What fs the total
complex power /nte Nz?
If we cheose ni as our datum node, or 

 weference —>
See oe Ty + Vey Ie
Tf we choose our reference,
_ lege + vats + Vel.
= Va To + Ver I. Cwhich ts +he
a rrr—C“=ETC lll
veading 3~phase power.Lt
ex. 6. T, Tp Ts
VO z, 2, 2
SVI*= vV[T, + I, + uy
* * *
=VIv+vzqy + Vr}
Vetzool0® , Z,=Go+jo 2, Beb+jlan 
2,2 30530 IL
Find the power absorbed by each load
land the total complex power,
 1200 Le 2
T= Gop 7 AO IO A


: °
 _ 4200 Lor —
T, tn = 40~ sBOA
5
ES ooo 7
ta 30 30 = zo +y20 A
lS, a vi* (i200 Le )(a0s6) = 24,000 W +50 VA
SEVIS = (1200 /0")(404; Fo) = 48 kW +S 9G RVAr 
Sy 2 VI% = (1200Lot)(20; 20)= 24 kW  24kVAr

Srpunet St Sa + S32 URW ts FAKVAY
[Altona vely,. he
 Loom. * E= T,+1,+ Is = Joo [36.87°
S$ =viI* = (1200 LO.) (100 / 36.87)
= (20k (£36.37° yA
= 9bkW + fj F2 kVA
Alternativ rely ,
$,= ive = 24kW + 50
a
(5,24 2 prkw +f 1ekVAr
z.
Sy 2 LE Laat ew — 24 kVAreG
og
vi Vv,
eli Ze 9, Vs tvel £2
 R+jxX = l2alZr
Si =\VIn  Iul 
__tWil Ze. — {Vel Zee Vl pg oe val fe
Tas [zr =z jet 2 ~ Te
(Sa Vy, ee NAVAca e [tet lr% Sic “]
 = lt it Ve
Tat ~ ll no.
Ae vil"

[zl cos K— bul [Ve cos (4 +H &2)
Qu: it sinh wa sin (7 + © @2)


 Assumj
ng R Pas X is usually much greater Han
Reo, 2= XL4°
Piz = Willval sin (#:€3)
Power
Flow
Equations
= tl [iv [Val eos (62) ] “

KsinCety) = Sin x C03 ¥ # Ces x smny.
[Hebe cosCx +) = Ces XK COFY  5m K Sin_y[considés ing Ex # with R=g—>  \v
[Heme +L QFor Wal = izov F X22 Be neal
(4,  62) =  70° te 90° plot Ivy
 bac makes the pf. 21 for the
uaa Flowing from Vi +o Va 
 Also on the Same graph plot Pia,
 Qua » and p.f. On a second graph
plot Piz, Qin and pif. for (@,€,)
cee a0 foe fog ue Vl Un zo Ve 
graph sels
Plot bots Vagain for (2102) frem
—180° 4+ 180°.
Explain the results of this analysis.
@ For the following circuit, determine the
otal dnpuct impedance, total inpet current,
leach branch current , power factor seen by
+he source y and tal complex power revidad
by He source, Adding one compenent,
correct the power facter at the source
too a pf, = .
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