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Lectue Notes | for 3/25/15 | Power System Analysis V/ Any questions on Example 1.1 % Te yes - ge over wt? Conservet ion of Complex Power —> same as KCL for Complex power —> sum | of Complex power ‘Inte & node js equal fo sum of Complex fewer out of a node, C Ths assumes all are ot He Same Frequenty -) ex.4, sf * TL Vv —*S& s; —> Applying the theorem of Conrevvation of | | Comp lex power —> S.- S. = Ss pee de Sag Assume V is He referenke yor at o> I ! S;- VI* %y2-yXe 2 -j EF Fue sy = vvtyt = lvl Yo = see lvl > he s, +jeclvl : in =P: at ot lvl [Nole: Q2 >Q, % Cis a source of reactve Power. | Te xa 2 Tii¢v-: De o> tem en | + CT b + 3. \ ; : Noe $2 treat this as a network (ccp) | —> Conservation of Complex Power —> | network Ss S, | \ | Sp Anether way of lorking af COP > | Site Se) i on oem oF or the total of Complex Pewer inte a network is equal te Lee folal of Hee Complex Power in the” | network. Ss is tohacts in Dn py A single. element Jn tes case) Lb, ie $+ S, = Sy = VIt = job (Tl | Pi s-P, > P +h =o Cdue to ovvewtation J of He references) Qo +a: otis («at) TE we asrame [va] = _ > i S.s vr 1* = > cM tr Gls Is | | > Isl=ls.l> B+ @ =P, +t a: | $ we kaw [Pal=lp{>-.Jal=lal | ‘ QtQ, sob [T|* > a= Qe kel |r| oo Pha oP Se s,2-S) | Q2 = Q, —_ actor Ex.3 7 Sqnbol 3 - wn s o Transmission Line cues | + fit [Complex Power balance at each bus > Siz (14 jl)— (1-31) - (0.5 450.2) = -o5 45h Sy=-Siy = 0.5 +58 | Syg= (a5 +y0.5)- (1 4+jD- (05402) = -j0.F S32=-S23 = 5 OF Seg = CoS +5 1.8) - an | [Leading or lagging pete? Q is positive so lagging | Cout Less Lagging due te capacitamce on bus 3.) Arbrtrary| Datum Node What is the total Complex power transferred, from Ny +0 Ny ? Cheese an arbitrary datum node — and redmuw. Ti = 4 ; + $= 2 V; z from the i definition of complex power, S=VI™ | What fs the total complex power /nte Nz? If we cheose ni as our datum node, or | | | weference —> See oe Ty + Vey Ie Tf we choose our reference, _ lege + vats + Vel. = Va To + Ver I. Cwhich ts +he a rrr—C“=ETC lll |veading 3~phase power. Lt ex. 6. T, Tp Ts VO z, 2, 2 S-VI*= vV[T, + I, + uy * * * =VIv+vzqy + Vr} Vetzool0® , Z,=Go+jo 2, Beb+jlan | 2,2 30-530 IL Find the power absorbed by each load land the total complex power, | 1200 Le 2 T= Gop 7 AO IO A | | : ° | _ 4200 Lor — T,- tn = 40~- sBOA 5 ES ooo 7 ta 30 30 = zo +y20 A lS, a vi* (i200 Le )(a0-s6) = 24,000 W +50 VA SEVIS = (1200 /0")(40-4; Fo) = 48 kW +S 9G RVAr | Sy 2 VI% = (1200Lot)(20-; 20)= 24 kW - 24kVAr | Srpunet St Sa + S32 URW ts FAKVAY | [Altona vely,. he | Loom. * E= T,+1,+ Is = Joo [-36.87° S$ =viI* = (1200 LO.) (100 / 36.87) = (20k (£36.37° yA = 9bkW + fj F2 kVA Alternativ rely , $,= ive = 24kW + 50 a (5,24 2 prkw +f 1ekVAr z. Sy 2 LE Laat ew — 24 kVAr eG og vi Vv, eli Ze 9, Vs tvel £2 | R+jxX = l2alZr Si =\VIn | Iul | __tWil Ze. — {Vel Zee Vl pg oe val fe Tas [zr =z jet 2 ~ Te (Sa Vy, ee NAVAca e [tet lr-% Sic “] | = lt it Ve Tat ~ ll no. Ae vil" | [zl cos K— bul [Ve cos (4 +H &2) Qu: it sinh wa sin (7 + © @2) | | | Assumj ng R Pas X is usually much greater Han Reo, 2= XL4° Piz = Willval sin (#:-€3) Power Flow Equations = tl [iv [Val eos (6-2) ] “| | KsinCety) = Sin x C03 ¥ # Ces x smny. [Hebe cosCx +) = Ces XK COFY - 5m K Sin_y [considés ing Ex # with R=g—> | \v [Heme +L QFor Wal = izov F X22 Be neal (4, - 62) = - 70° te 90° plot Ivy | bac makes the pf. 21 for the uaa Flowing from Vi +o Va - | Also on the Same graph plot Pia, | Qua » and p.f. On a second graph plot Piz, Qin and pif. for (@,-€,) cee a0 foe fog ue Vl Un zo Ve | graph sels Plot bots Vagain for (21-02) frem —180° 4+ 180°. Explain the results of this analysis. @ For the following circuit, determine the otal dnpuct impedance, total inpet current, leach branch current , power factor seen by +he source y and tal complex power revidad by He source, Adding one compenent, correct the power facter at the source too a pf, = |.