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1 A

Siberian Wilderness

V i s u a l

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1 B

Basic Map Components


Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park

Paved road

Hw

Footpath

y. 4

Picnic area

So

Historical
monument

ut
h

Fo

ph
ur

t.

an R

Mill
Site

eric

Rd

Am

Park building

rk

Gold
Discovery
Site

Miners
Cabin

eS

E
S

idg

Gold
Discovery
B
Museum Park ac
k
St
Headquarters
.
Jail
Ruins
Thomas
House
Br

on

il

Marshalls
Cabin

Ch

St. Johns
Church

James Marshall
Monument

Catholic
Cemetery

u rch

Emmanuel
Church

I
M o nu

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t
men

Rd

St .

Olde Coloma
Theatre

w y . 49

Cold Spr ing


s Rd.

um

Tr

St

ge
R id

ent Tr
ail

Schoolhouse

gh

nr

Bells Store
Ruins

Hi

Post
Office
Blacksmith
Shop

B
St rew
.
er

ai

St

t.

Sawmill
Replica

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1 C

Parallels of Latitude and Meridians of Longitude

North Pole
75N
60N
45N
30N
15N
Equator
15S
30S
45S
South Pole

Latitude Lines Run


East to West
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First Proof
5/5/05

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CMYK
2nd Proo f
7/1/0 5

Prime Meridian

15W

60E
45E

30E

1 5 E

30W

North Pole

60W
45W

Latitude Is Measured
from the Equator

South Pole

Longitude Lines Run


North to South
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Longitude Is Measured from


the Prime Meridian

GA_OT_1C-4_r 1
CMYK
3rd Proo f
7/11/0 5

Geography Alive! Regions and People 3

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66 12 S

60S

45S

30S

2312 S

15S

15N

23 12 N

30N

1,500

PACIFIC
OCEAN

45W

Rio de
Janeiro

Equator

W
S

N
E

Cape Town

London

15E
30E

45E
60E

75E

Mumbai
(Bombay)

Tehran

180

Antarctic Circle

Melbourne

Tropic of Capricorn

Tropic of Cancer

PACIFIC
OCEAN

Arctic Circle

135E 150E 165E

Tokyo

Shanghai

105E 120E

Jakarta

90E

INDIAN OCEAN

Mombasa

Istanbul

St. Petersburg

ARCTIC OCEAN

15W

Dakar

30W

ATLANTIC
OCEAN

Quebec City

Santiago

Lima

3,000 miles

0
1,500 3,000 kilometers
Mercator projection

Mexico City

Los Angeles

60W

Prime Meridian

45N

60N

75W

International Date Line

66 12 N

75N

150W 135W 120W 105W 90W

Cities Around the World

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1 D

Latitude and Longitude

Geography Alive! Regions and People 4

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1 E

Scale
Washington, D.C., and Surrounding Areas
MARYLAND

Potomac

Silver
Spring
Bethesda

N
W

College
Park

Hyattsville

New
Carrollton

E
S

McLean

WASHINGTON, D.C.

Falls
Church

Potomac R .

Arlington

Annandale
Alexandria

Suitland

Camp Springs

VIRGINIA

0
0

10 miles

10 kilometers

ST.

ST.

ST.

ST.

ST.

395


NSY

ST.

DR.

Mall
Smithsonian
Institution

INDEPENDENCE AVE.
Holocaust
Museum

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DA

LAN

0
0

RY
MA

0.25

VE.

0.25

U.S.
Capitol

ST.

MADISON
The

3RD

Washington
Monument

1ST

LVA

NIA
AVE
.
National
Aquarium CONSTITUTION AVE.

ST.

6TH

MCI
Center

1ST

PEN

ST.
ST.

9TH ST.
8TH ST.
7TH ST.

11TH
10TH ST.

ST.

Nat'l. Portrait
Gallery
E ST.

ST.

White
House
The
Ellipse

17TH

Conv. Ctr.

E
S

AVE.

ST.

EY

NEW

ORK

12TH ST.
ST.

13TH

H ST.

JERS

K
SET
TCI5L 110
ST. GA_OT_1E-1.eps
YOR
TS
W
E
N
Cyan
Yellow Black
K Magenta
ST.
K
Second
Proof
I "EYE" ST.
AVE
.
.
6/2/05
Washington
AVE

AVE

NEW

CHU

ST.

N CAPITOL

SSA

1ST

ST.

4TH

MA

15TH

14TH

ST.

ST.

Downtown
Washington, D.C.
ST.

0.5 mile
0.5 kilometer

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1 F

Hemispheres, Continents, and Oceans


The Hemispheres
Northern Hemisphere

Western
Hemisphere

Prime Meridian

Eastern
Hemisphere

Equator

Southern Hemisphere

TCI5 114 GA_OT_1F-3


Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
First Proof
5/5/05

The World

TCI5 113 GA_OT_1F-2.eps


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5/5/05

160W 120W

40W

80W

40E

80E

120E

160E

ARCTIC
OCEAN

80N

60N

NORTH
AMERICA

40N
20N

20S

ASIA

ATLANTIC
OCEAN

PACIFIC
OCEAN
AFRICA

PACIFIC
OCEAN

Equator

SOUTH
AMERICA

N
W

E
S

40S

Meridian
Prime Meridian
Prime

EUROPE

INDIAN
OCEAN
0

1,500

3,000 miles

AUSTRALIA

0
3,000 kilometers
Robinson projection

60S
80S

ANTARCTICA

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1 G

Earth-Sun Relations
The Revolution of Earth Around the Sun

Tr
o

Tr
o

pic

Eq
pic

of

Can

uat

On March 20 or 21, the sun shines straight


down on the equator. Spring begins in the
Northern Hemisphere. Fall starts in the
Southern Hemisphere.

cer

or

of

C ap

ri c o r

S
On June 21 or 22, the sun
shines straight down on the
N Tropic of Cancer. Summer begins
in the Northern Hemisphere. Winter
starts in the Southern Hemisphere.

Tr
o

Tr
o

Eq
pic

pic

of

Tr
o
Can

uat

of

cer

Sun
Tr
o

or

Cap

rico r

On December 22 or 23, the sun


shines straight down on the
Tropic of Capricorn. Winter begins
in the Northern Hemisphere. Summer
starts in the Southern Hemisphere.

Eq
pic

pic

of

Can

uat

of

cer

or

Cap

ric or

Tr
o

Tr
o

Eq
pic

pic

of

Can

uat

of

cer

or

Cap

ricor

On September 22 or 23, the sun


shines straight down on the
equator again. Fall begins in the
Northern Hemisphere. Spring
starts in the Southern Hemisphere.

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TCI5 115 GA_OT_1G.eps

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Unprojected Latitude and Longitude

Mercator Projection

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection

The United States

W
S

N
E

38N 96W

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1 H

Three Map Projections of the United States

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1 I

Map Projections
The World

N
W

E
S

2,000 miles

0 2,000 kilometers
Eckert IV projection

The World

The World

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1,500

3,000 miles

0
3,000 kilometers
Goodes Homolosine projection

N
W

E
S

N
W

E
S

3,000 miles

0 3,000 kilometers
Mercator projection

The World
160W 120W

TCI5 118 GA_OT_1l-3


80N
Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
60N
First Proof
6/2/05

80W 40W

40E

80E

120E

160E

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6/2/05

40N
20N

20S

1,500

3,000 miles

0
3,000 kilometers
Robinson projection

40S

N
W

Prime Meridian

Equator

E
S

60S
80S

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TCI5 119 GA_OT_1l-4.eps
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Geography Alive! Regions and People 9