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™ tcsKyftjcm tmPm wnfwHhcdkifjrJa&;

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olrsm;tm; qefYusifMu/
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tm; qefYusifMu/
™ jynfwGif; jynfy tzsuform;rsm;tm; bHk&efoltjzpf owfrSwfacsrIef;Mu/

EdkifiHa&; OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf
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cdkifrmonf zGJYpnf;yHk tajccH Oya'opf jzpfay:vma&;/
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EdkifiHawmfopfwpf&yf wnfaqmufa&;/

pD;yGm;a&; OD;wnfcsuf (4) &yf
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yHkESdyf rSwfwrf;
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tkyfa& (txl;uefYowf)
pmrlcGifhjyKcsuftrSwf «376^2008(6)»
rsufESmzHk;cGifhjyKcsuftrSwf «377^2008(7)»

rsufESmzHk; 'DZdkif;
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Adobe Photoshop CS3

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Hotrod

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ab;xGuf? ESmvkyfief; yHkESdyfwdkuf (69)

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rmwdum

pma&;ol\ trSmpum;
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tcef; (3) uHqdk;jcif;rS uHaumif;jcif;odkY
tcef; (4) o&D;tif0rf; aumfzDrpf
tcef; (5) olwkdY 3 a,muf
tcef; (6) oifZm (odkY) uRefawmhftonf;
tcef; (7) usefwJh ESpfa,muf
tcef; (8) tysKdppfppf
tcef; (9) oifZmhaemufayguf
tcef; (10) tvJtvS,f
tcef; (11) t½l;trJom;auR;
tcef; (12) av;a,mufaygif; avmif;ausmf
tcef; (13) a&mufvmaom {nfhonfrsm;
tcef; (14) eef;qk&wDpdk;\ xl;jcm;csuf
tcef; (15) jyefvnf qHkawGUMuaom tcg0,f
tcef; (16) toufMuD;ayr,fh rysufpD;ao;yg
tcef; (17) armifMuD; vmjyD
tcef; (18) ZmwfoGif;jcif;
tcef; (19) yguif0wfrIef

 
 
tcef; (20) ZmwfMurf;rif;om; armifMuD;
tcef; (21) aemufaygufrsm;
tcef; (22) armifhrlydkif&Sif
tcef; (23) tqHk;jyD;awmh tp
tcef; (24) tdyfrufq&m
tcef; (25) tvkyfjzpfMujcif;
tcef; (26) tcspfESpfopf
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tcef; (28) tcspfopf? tcspfa[mif;
tcef; (29) 2 a,muf 1 a,muf
tcef; (30) 0dkif;pkESifh 'kwd,tMudrf
tcef; (31) oGm;cJhzl;aom vrf;a[mif;rsm;
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tkyfpkvdkuf Asif;wmawGyg xnfhay;rSmyg/) ... aemufqHk;pumwif usefcJholrSm oifZmav;ESifh
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tcef;rsm;rsm; ay;vdkufygonf/ rif;om;uawmh uRefawmfyJ vkyfvdkufygawmhr,f/
onfvdkajymvkdY 0dkif;rqJvdkufMuygeJYOD;/ tm;vHk;vJ &S,f,m &ygaphr,f/
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vufwef;a&;wmrdkY uGmjcm;rIawG &Sdwm tm;vHk; jrifEkdifygw,f/
qkdvkdwmuawmh udk,fwdkif a&;&wm tifrwef tcsdefukefygw,f/ wpfaeYudk
rsufESm0ufavmuf jyD;atmif½dkufzkdY rvG,fygbl;/ uRefawmfu pma&;q&mvnf; r[kwfyg/
tvkyftwGufvnf; tcsdefay;&ygao;w,f/ naezuf ½kyf&SifMunfhwJh tcsdefudk,ljyD; 2-3
em&D avmufav;yJ a&;&wm/ a&;jyefawmhvJ [dktcef;awGcsnf; a&;vkdY r&bl;/ ajcqif;u
vdkao;w,f/ tJonfajcqif;aumif;rS Zmwfvrf;u zwfaumif;rSmav/
tm;vHk; jcHKMunfhvkduf&if udk,fwdkifa&;wmu wpfaeY wpfydkpfha&;zdkY rjzpfEdkifbl;/
zDvifav;vmrS pma&;vdkY aumif;wmyg/ bmomjyefwmuawmh wpfaeYudk q,fydkpfhvdkcsifvJ
&w,f/ 'gaMumifh cdk;csvkduf&wmyg/ ukd,fwdkifa&;olawGudk txl;yJ csD;usL;ygw,fcifAsm;/
tck 'DZmwfvrf;rSm xl;jcm;wm 2 ck&Sdygw,f/
1) tkyfpkvdkuf tcef;awGygw,f/ (wpfa,mufcsif; Zmwfvrf;awG zwf&wm ysif;vmjyDAsm/)
2) rif;orD;awG? armf',fawGudk Zmwfaumifxm;ygw,f/

u)- pmzwfolESifh pma&;oltMum; em;vnfrI tjynfh&ap&ef/ ]]odyfMuD;wJh tkd;MuD;}} vdkY
a&;wmxufudk ]]eE´mhtdk;uawmh [dktdk;aMumfjimxJrSm rdwfaqGjrifwJh twkdif;ygyJ}} vkdYa&;vdkuf
wmu ydkoabmaygufwmaygh/
c)- tqef;xGifjcif;/ urÇmwpfvTm;wGif emrnfausmfolrsm;udk Zmwfaumifxm;jyD; a&;aom
tjympmtkyfrsm;pGm xGuf&Sdaeaomfvnf; jrefrmhtjympmtkyfavmuwGif r&Sdoavmuf
jzpfaeojzifh tqef;xGifMunfhjcif; jzpfygonf/
*)- emrnfausmfrsm;\ taMumif;udk vltrsm; pdwf0ifpm;avh&SdonfhtwGuf xkdtcsufudk
ckwHk;vkyfjcif;/ vG,fvG,f ajym&vQif uRefawmhfta&;tom; raumif;onfhwdkifatmif pmzwf
ol pdwfxJrSm oifZm0ifhausmfyHku tvG,fwul a&mufaeygvdrhfrnf/
emrnfawGuawmh acgif;aqmifrif;orD; ... oifZm0ifhausmf/ olYoli,fcsif;rsm;u
rdk;a[udk? oZif/ uRefawmfholi,fcsif;rsm;u udkw½kwfav;eJY olYaumifrav; 0dkif;pkcHodef;/
aemufxyfawmh eef;qk&wDpdk;eJY ... uRefawmfwkdY tcspf&Gmu udkprmuvm/ vmOD;rSmawGu
orD;eJYOD; = cifav;EG,feJY udkMuD;tkef;/ armifMuD;u rdk;a[udkeJY tqufjzpf/ yy0if;cifeJY
0wfrIefa&T&nfuawmh rdef;rcsif; tcspfawmf xm;Muw,f ayghav/
MudKajymxm;yg&ap/ a&;rSmuawmh ZmwfMurf;cifAs/ EkEk&G&Gav;awGawmh rygbl;/
yspfyspfESpfESpf/ wHk;wHk;cJcJMuD;awGcsnf;yJ/ &GHUwwfolrsm; a&SmifEdkifatmif MudKajymxm;wmyg/

Hotrod

udk;um;pm&if;
bmomjyef jzpfygonf/ rl&if;pma&;q&m emrnfrsm;udk azmfjyvdkufygonf/
oifZmESifh uRefawmf

Joel and Carrie Ch. 01-06 by JoeDreamer

cifav;eJY udkMuD;tkef; Young Again by KarennaC
rdk;av;eJY udkepfuD

The Baby-sitter's Bonus by Velvet Rose

0wfrIefeJY ‘'DAJauvm Freshman Girl by damonX© and Alana by Diderot©


 

tcef; (1)
rarQmfvifhaom terf;

arQmfvifhrxm;aom oifZm\ tjyKtrlaMumifh uRefawmf wkefvIyfoGm;onf/
udk,fhudk,fudk xdef;csKyfxm;&if; uRefawmfajymvdkuf\/
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uRefawmfhvdk rxifr&Sm; acsmifxJu aumifrsm; r[kwfMu/ wpfausmif;vHk;wGif
txifay:qHk;vlrsm; jzpfMuonf/
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pdwfqdk;aew,f/ 'gayr,fh ighudk,fig pdwfqdk;aew,f qkdwm eifodovm;/ igbmaMumifhrsm;
olYudk cspfrdovJ qdkwmudk pdwfqdk;aewm/ bmjzpfvdkY oleJY wGJrdovJqdkwm ighudk,fig
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cJhw,f ... jyD;awmh ...}}
avaysmhav;jzifh ]]igem;vnfygw,f oifZm&,f/ 'gayr,fh tJ'gawGu tckjzpf
aewmeJY bmqkdifvdkYvJ}}
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pmtkyfawG o,fvmay;vdkYaygh}}
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rrsm;vSaomfvnf; ausmif;om;wpfa,muf twGufawmh taxmuftul jzpfvSonf/

 


 
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uajymif;ujyef jzpfaponf[k emrnfMuD;onf/
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10 
 
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emrnfudk olr b,frSmodEkdifygrnfvJ/
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onf/
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eifhemrnfudk owdr&wm ighudk cGifhvTwfyg[m}}
av;yifpGmjzifh uRefawmf jyefajymvkdufonf/ ]]at;yg ... igem;vnfygw,f/ ...
oGm;vdkufOD;r,f[m}}

pls,  continue  as  fast  as  u  can  ko  hotrod..hehee..i  think  this  one  is 
better than the Nandarhlaing's story..anyway, thxx for writing those 
stories  
thuyalin2006

 

11 
 

aemufwpfaeY ...
 

 

12 
 

tcef; (2)
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uRefawmf xrif;aMumfudk eifrwwf twif;xkd;oGwfum pm;aepOf uRefawmfh
oli,fcsif;rsm;u ai;MunfhaeMuonf/ ar;cGef;awGvJ ar;Mu\/ uRefawmf bmrQ
jyefrajzaomtcg olwdkYtm;vHk; ykcHk;wGefYum vufavQmhvkduf&onf/ olwkdY\ xkd;ppf
usqHk;oGm;ojzifh uRefawmf aysmfoGm;rdonf/ odkYaomf ...

 

13 
 
uRefawmfhxrif;yGJ wpf0ufrQ rukefrD pm;yGJa&SUodkY ajcaxmufuav; 2 zuf
a&mufvmonf/
]]oifZm}}
uRefawmfh oli,fcsif; 2 a,mufjzpfaom w½kwfav;ESifh 0dkif;pkwdkY aMumiftrf;trf;
jzpfoGm;Muonf/ 0dkif;pku cyfjrefjref jyHK;vkdufum ]][,f oifZmygvm;}}
oifZmu ]]igeifwkdYeJY xkdifvkdY jzpfrvm;}}
w½kwfav;u wpfzufodkY a&TUvdkufjyD; ]]jzpfwmaygh .. t&rf;jzpf .. odyfjzpf .. vm
vm udkw½kwfxkdifxm;wJh ae&mudkvm/ [dkzufu zkefawGeJY}}
oifZmrjrifatmif udk,fjzifhuG,fjyD; w½kwfav;\ aygifudk 0kdif;pku vdrfqGJvdkuf
onf/ olrrsufESmurl jyHK;&TifpGmjzihf
]]oifZm .. eifholi,fcsif;awGeJY bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
uRefawmfu pOf;pOf;pm;pm;jzifh ]]oifZm .. igwdkYu omrefvlawGyg/ eifhvdk
emrnfMuD; r[kwf ...}}
xHk;pHtwdkif;yif oifZmu jzwfajymvdkufonf/ ]]igom eifeJY wGJvdkuf&if eifvJ
emrnfMuD; jzpfoGm;rSmyJ ... a[mha&mh}}
]]a[; .. eifighemrnf odoGm;yudk;}}
]]t&ifuwnf;u odygw,f}}
w½kwfav;u ]]0dkif;pka& ... udk,fawmh bmrS em;rvnfbl;uGm}}
0dkif;pkcHodef;uvJ (tJav a,mifvkdY 0kdif;pkckdifodef;) ]]udka[mha&mhMuD;u vsKdxm;
wmyJ}}
]][,f eifwkdYudk olbmrS rajymjybl;vm;}} oifZmu rsufvHk;av;0dkif;jyD; ar;onf/
pum;rrSm;&avatmif
]]bmudkajym&rSmvJ}}

aocsmpOf;pm;jyD;

uRefawmfu

jyefar;vkdufonf/

]]ajymprf;ygOD; ... eifwkdYbmawG ajymaewmvJ}} 0dkif;pku pum;vrf;aMumif;
raysmufatmif jyefaumufonf/
oifZmu ]]'Dvdkav/ raeYu a[mha&mhu ighqDa&mufvmw,f/ usL&SifpmtkyfawG
vmydkYwm}}
w½kwfav;u tlaMumifaMumif jzpfaeqJ/ ]]at;av .. 'Daumif vdkufydkYaeusyJ/
eifhqDrS r[kwfygbl;/ ighqDvJ vmwmyJ/ 0dkif;pkqDvJ oGm;wmyJ}}
uRefawmfu ykcHk;wGefYum ]]oifZmeJY igeJY pum;awG ajymw,fuGm}}
oifZmu ]]tJonfwkef;u igenf;enf; rl;aew,fuGm ...}}
w½kwfav;u ]]rl;aeawmh .. rl;aeawmh .. tif; ... aumif;cef;a&mufjyD}}
uRefawmfu Zmwfodrf;udk ajymvkdufonf/ ]]rl;aeawmh igvSnfhjyefvmw,fa[h/
igwkdY bmrS rjzpfbl;/ [kwfjyDvm;}}

 

14 
 
0dkif;pku ]]awmfygao;&JU}} [k a&&Gwfonf/ uRefawmfuvJ ]]awmfygao;&JU}} vdkY
ajymvdkufonf/ w½kwfav;uawmh yg;pyfa[mif;avmif;jzifh ai;Munfhaeonf/ uRefawmfu
&,fcsvdkufonf/ pum;0dkif;av;u pdkpdkjynfjynf jzpfvmcsdefwGif oifZmu ajymcsvdkuf
jyefonf/
]]igwkdYerf;Muw,fav}}
]]tdk;[dk;[dk; ..}} w½kwfav;\ tmar#dwfoH/
]]igwkdYoGm;awmhr,f/ x .. w½kwf}} 0dkif;pku rsufESmxm;udk jyHK;jyHK;av; wrif
vkyfum w½kwfav;udk qGJac:onf/
w½kwfu rxao;yJ ]]tckrS aumif; ... aumif;cef;a&muf .. a&muf ...}}
0dkif;pku w½kwfaygifudk vdrfqGJvdkufum toHwdk;wkd;jzifh Mudrf;onf/
]]olrsm;orD;&nf;pm; Mum;xJ eifu 0ifr½IyfeJYav/ olwkdYzmom vGwfvGwfvyfvyf
ajymMuygap}}
rausreyfjzifh xoGm;aom w½kwfudkvdkufMunfh&if; uRefawmfhrsufvHk;rsm;u
ab;bDudk tckrS owdxm;rdoGm;onf/ uifwif;xJrS vltawmfrsm;rsm;\ rsufvHk;u
usaemhfqD a&mufaeyguvm;/
]]oifZm ... eifbmjzpfvdkY onfzufudk vmxkdifwmwkef;/ t&ifu eifxdkifwm
[dkzufqkdifyg}}
]]tajymif;tvGJav;aygh[,f/ [dkqdkifrSm xkdifaewm tjrJqdkawmh ysif;vmjyDav}}
olYpum;udk uRefawmfr,Hkyg/ uRefawmfr,HkrSef;vJ oifZmodygonf/ oifZmu
qnf;vnf;oHav;jzifh &,fjyefonf/
]]rSefrSefajymprf;yg oifZm&,f}}
]]aemufus&if ajymr,f/ tckawmh igwpfck ar;yg&apOD;/ raeYu eifjyefoGm;jyD;
awmh aemifwawGbmawG &ao;vm;}}
]]uGdKifyJ ... r&bl;a[h/ r&bl;}}
]]tJonftcGifhta&;rsKd; eifaemufwpfcg &r,fqdk&ifa&m ,lrvm;}}
tHhMowMuD;jzifh oifZmudk uRefawmfMunfhvkdufrdonf/ olr\ rsuf0ef;ndKrsm;
twGif;wGif tajzudk &Smaerdonf/ ]aemufwpfMudrfqkd&ifawmh eifhudk ig rvGwfap&bl;
oifZm} [k trSeftwdkif; ajymvkdufcsifpdwfrsm; aygufvmonf/ odkY&mwGif uRefawmfhpdwfudk
xdef;csKyfvdkufonf/
]]ig ... ig ... eifhudk ...}}
]]...}}
xdktcsdefwGifyif iSufqkd;xkd;oHwpfck ay:vmonf/
]]oifZm .. eif ... eif .. bmawGvkyfaewmvJ}}
toH&Sifum; 'Gef; ... at;pufpjyKaejyD jzpfaom xrif;aMumfudk uRefawmfu cyfjyD;
yg;pyfxJ oGif;vdkufonf/

 

15 
 
oifZmuawmh at;aq;pGmyif ]]eifrjrifbl;vm;/ ig a[mha&mheJY pum;ajymae
wmav}}
'Gef;u avoHaysmhoGm;jyD; ]]aMomf ... at; ... igeifeJY pum;ajymp&m &Sdw,f/
oGm;Mu&atmif}}
]]oGm;av/ igawmh rvkdufawmhbl;/ pED´jrifhvGifeJY oGm;aygh}}
]]b,fol ... pED´jrifhvGif ... tJ'g b,folvJ}}
'Gef;\ yHkpHrSm rif;om;½IH;avmufonf/ odk;i,fav;wpfaumif? ,kefi,fav;
wpfaumiftvm;/
]]wmhwm}} oifZmu at;pdrfhpGm jyefajzonf/
]]tJovkdMuD;awmh rvkyfygeJY oifZm&,f/ ig&Sif;jyyg&apOD;}}
oifZmu vSnfhíyif rMunfh/ 'Gef;u uRefawmfhzuf vSnfhvmjyefonf/ ]]rif;u
b,folvJuG}}
uRefawmfu vuf0g;ESpfzufudk jzefYum ]bmbm .. bmrS rodbl;} qkdaom [efjzifh
aevdkufonf/ 'Gef;u rausreyfjzifh ajcaqmifhum vSnfhxGufoGm;awmh\/
]]oifZm .... eif &&JUvm;}}
oifZmu acgif;ndwfjyonf/ olr\ rsuf0ef;wGif rsuf&nfMunfav;rsm; pdkYae
onfudk awGU&aomfvnf; rsuf&nfwpfaygufrQ usvmjcif; r&Sdyg/ pdwfudk wif;xm;aMumif;
xif&Sm;aeonf/ pum;vHk;rsm; &Sm;yg;aeonfrdkY uRefawmfvnf; wdwfqdwfpGmjzifh xrif;aMumf
iHkYpm;aevdkufonf/
]]a[; oifZm}}
xyfa&mufvmolrSmum; y&dowfMuD; tonf;ausmf rdk;av; (c) rdk;a[udk/ olru
ausmif;uyGJrsm;wGif emrnfMuD;jzpfonf/
aemufwpfa,mufuvJ oifZmheHab;wGif 0ifxkdifvdkufum ]]'Gef;udk rif;jzwfypfvkduf
jyDMum;w,f/ aumif;w,fuGm ... iguawmh tm;ay;w,f/}} olruawmh oZifav; tJav
oZif/ (3 a,mufpvHk;udk uRefawmf MudKufygonf/ odkYaomf oifZmhudkawmh tMudKufqHk;aygh)
tm;&yg;& irf;aeaom uRefawmfhtm; oZifu EIwfqufonf/ ]]udka[mhygvm;}}
]][,f ... tckrS owd&w,f/ pmtkyfrSm&OD;rSmyJ}} rdk;av;u ydkufqHtdwfav;udk
xkwfonf/
uRefawmfu cyfwnfwnfjzifh ]]vSvdkufwmAsm}}
]]&Sif}} rdef;uav; 3 a,mufvHk;qDrS tHhMooHxGufvmonf/ wpfqufwnf;yif
oifZmu ]cpf} ueJ&,fvdkufonf/ uRefawmfpum;rqufEkdifrD aemufwpfa,muf xyfa&muf
vmonf/ olr\ emrnfudkawmh rrSwfrdawmhyg/ (ta&;rygaom o½kyfaqmifjzpfygonf/
pum;csyf) oHk;jzKef;Ekdifaom txufwef;vTmxJu ygyJ/ olru oifZmhqD wef;wef;rwfrwf
avQmufoGm;&if;
]]a,mif;r ... 'Gef;eJY eif jywfoGm;jyDqdk}}
]][kwfw,f/ ... eifvkdcsif&if &jyD a,mif;ra&}}

 

16 
 
]]rvkyfygeJY[,f/ 'Gef;ukdawmh igaMumufygw,f}}
tarmufESifh ewforD;wpfyg; rdk;ay:u usvmjyefonf/ usaemhfrsufpdxJwGifawmh
MuufzESifh wlaeonf/
]]oifZm ... igeifhudk ajymp&m &Sdw,f}}
]]ajymav}}
]]'Gef;u ajymckdif;vkdufw,f/ pE´DjrifhvGifeJY udpöudk ol0efcHygw,fwJh/ tckyJ jzwf
vdkufygjyDwJh}}
raeEkdif rxkdifEdkif uRefawmfu 0ifajymrdonf/ ]]onfawmh bmjzpfvJ/ oifZmu
olYudk jyefvufcH&rSmvm;}}
]]&SifeJY bmqkdifvkdYvJ}} MuufzESifhwlaom Muufru jyefcGyfonf/ ]]tHr,f Munfhprf;
... rdef;uav;awmxJrSm olu xdkifaeygvm;}}
AdkufxJrS wvdyfvdyfwufvmaom &,fcsifpdwfudk xdef;&if; uRefawmfu ]]onfckHrSm
usKyft&ifxkdifwmAs/ cifAsm;uom tckrS a&mufvmjyD;awmh}}
Muufru ravQmhyJ qufcGyfjyefonf/ ]]tJ'gqdk&if &SifMuGayawmh}}
]]qdk;w,fa[h}} uRefawmfu qufar;vkdufonf/ ]]wu,fajymaewmvm; ra&Tacsm}}
]]wu,faygh ... &SifcHkajymif;xkdifoifhjyD}}
rdk;av;u oufjyif;csvdkufjyD; ]]rif; udka[mha&mhudk tJonfvkd rajymoifhbl;}}
tm;vHk;wdwfoGm;jyD; aemufqHk;wGifrS oifZmu ]]udka[mha&mhu igholi,fcsif;/
'DcHkrSm olxrif;aMumf pm;aewm t&ifuwnf;uyJ/ rauseyf&if rif;xGufoGm;Ekdifw,f}}
]]'gqkd&if 'Gef;udk rif;jzwfvkdufwm olYaMumifhaygh/ [kwfvm; oifZm}}
]]'Gef;u 'D'DeJY p½Iyfwm ... olu t&if opömazmufwm/ 'gaMumihf igjzwfvdkufwm/
ua[mha&mheJY ...}}
]]qkdvdk&if;uawmh olYaMumifh 'Gef;udk jzwfvkdufw,faygh}}
]]t[m; ... [kwfawmhaejyD/ uRefawmf t½IH;ay;ygw,fAsm;/ uRefawmf oGm;yg
awmhr,f}} rukefao;aom xrif;aMumfudk pGefYvTwfvdkufum uRefawmfxkdif&mrS txwGif
oifZmu jyHK;vdkufjyD; ]]emrnfMuD; jzpf&wm odyfaumif;w,f rxifygeJY}}
]]oifZmhae&mrSm uRefawmfomqkd&if onfvlrsKd;awGudk MumMumonf;cHEkdifr,f
rxifygbl;}}
Muufru uawmfvdkufjyD;aemuf uRefawmfhudk jyefcGyfonf/ ]]olY&nf;pm;udk vkoGm;
w,fqkdjyD; eifhudk 'Gef;u trIefYMudwfypfvdrhfr,f}}
oifZmu ]]ua[mha&mhu igeJY'Gef; jyóemxJrSm rygygbl;}}
tajctaeudk wGufcsufp&myif rvkdyg/
Munfha&Smif&rnfrSm aocsmaeayawmhonf/

uRefawmfhtaejzifh

]]oGm;vdkufygOD;r,f .. oifZm? rrdk;av;? roZif/}}

vmrnfhab;udk

 

17 
 

naeydkif; ...

 

18 
 

tcef; (3)
uHqdk;jcif;rS uHaumif;jcif;odkY
]]rif;uGm .. ausmif;rSm &efjzpf&w,fvdkY ...}}
uRefawmfhacgif;udk ½dkufvdkuf&if; tazu rcsdwifuJ ajymonf/
Mqmusefu vuf0g;um&if;
]]r[kwfao;bl;OD;&JU/ OD;om; trSm;awmh r[kwfygbl;/ tJonftcsdefrSm ausmif;
cef;wGif; &SdaewJh vlawGtm;vHk;u [dkzufu aumifav;awGu pjyD; xdk;w,fvdkY ajymMu
ygw,f/}}
]]a[ ... 'DaumifhtrSm;r[kwf&if cifAsm;u usKyfudk bmjzpfvkdY ac:&ovJAs/ ..
cPaeygOD; ... aumifav;awGqkdawmh [dkzufu b,fESa,mufawmif rdkYvdkYvJ}}
]]3 a,mufyg}}
tazu usaemhfzuf vSnfhum ]]rif;bmawG vkyfvdkufovJ}}
]]bmrS odyfrvkyfygbl; taz? tqkd;qHk; wpfa,mufawmh oGm; 2 acsmif; usKd;oGm;
w,f}}
Mqmusefu ]]cifAsm;om;udk odkif;oifay;wm b,folvJAs}}
tazu vsifjrefpGmjzifh ]]usKyftazyg}}
]]tbdk;i,fi,fwkef;u emrnfMuD; vufa0SUorm;av/ a&T"l0H&JU q&m ckepfqifh
vufoD; tJav ckepfpifMu,f vufoD;qkdwmaygh}}

 

19 
 
uRefawmfu jznfhay;vkduf&onf/ wu,fawmh uRefawmfhudk t"du vufa0SY
oifay;olrSm tazom jzpfonf/ tzkd;u tajccHavmufom oifay;Ekdifonf/ tazuawmh
teD;uyf aocsmusepGm oifMum;ay;onf/ odkYaomf vla&SUola&SUa&mufvQif b,fawmhrS
0efrcHwwf/
tazu pum;vrf;aMumif; jyefaumufum ]]uJ ... [kwfygjyD/ 'Daumif &efjzpf
w,f/ tJonfawmh ...}}
]]tif; .. [kwfjyDuG}} pdwfxJrS awG;&if; uHMurÜmqkd;twGuf tm;wif;xm;vdkufonf/
Mqmusefu ]]ajymMuwmawmh [kdzufu &efpjzpfwJh aumifav;u olY&JU aumifr
av;udk OD;&JU om;u vk ... vk ...}}
uRefawmfu txpfxpf taighaighjzifh ]]r ... r[kwf}}
tazu aygufuGJawmhonf/ ]]rdef;rudpö .. [kwfvm;/ rdef;rtwGufeJY &efjzpfw,f/
aumif;uGm}}
tazhwkef;uawmh tarhtwGuf &efjzpfcJhao;wmyJ/ rausreyfjzifh uRefawmf
awG;vdkufrdonf/ xkwfawmhrajym&J/ Mqmusefu usaemhftm; u,fwifvkdufonf/
]]um,uH&Sif aumifrav;udk ar;Munfhawmh OD;&JUom;u oleJY bmrS rywfoufbl;vdkY
ajymygw,fcifAs/}}
]][l; ... awmfygao;&JU}} uRefawmf oufjyif;csvkdufonf/
twefMumaomtcg tazu ]]uJ ... [kwfygjyDAsm/ uRefawmfhom;u bmrS
rrSm;bl;/ bmrSvnf; rqkdifbl;qdk&if uRefawmfhudk bmvdkY ac:&ovJ}}
Mqmusefu jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]]ausmif;pnf;urf;ygcifAs/ bmaMumifhyJ jzpfjzpf &efjzpfcJh&if
rdbudk ac:awGUygw,f/}}
xdkaeYna&m aemufwpfaeYreufyg uRefawmfhtm; taz pum;rajymyg/ þodkYjzifh
paeaeYodkYa&mufvmawmhonf/ jcHxJwGif jruf&Sif;? a&cyf? opfyifa&avmif;? xif;cGJ pojzifh
tdrftvkyfrsm;udk vkyfjyD;aemuf yifyef;qif;&JpGmjzifh uRefawmf n 8 em&DwGif
tdyfaysmfoGm;ygonf/ odkYaomf rMumvkdufyg/ n 11 em&DwGif zkef;jrnfoHMum;&onfwGif
vefYEdk;vm&\/ uref;uwef; xum zkef;udkifvdkuf&onf/ armarmjzifh tdyfaeavmufjyD
jzpfaom tazhudk rEkd;apcsifyg/
]]b,folygvdrhf}}
]]tjyifxGufcJh}} wpfzufrS ajymjyD;jyD;csif; zkef;csoGm;onf/
xdktoHudk Mum;vkduf&onfwGif usaemhfaoG;rsm;
uref;uwef; tdrfwHcg;udk zGifhvdkufum tjyifxGufvdkufonf/

at;pufoGm;awmhonf/

]]oifZm ... eif ... bmvmvkyfwmvJ}}
]]awmif;yefrvdkYyg[m/ tJonfaeYu uifwif;rSm eifeJYtwl xkdifvkdufrdvdkY tckvdk
jzpfoGm;&wmyg/}}
]]t[J ... rvdkygbl;/ eifeJYig bmrS r[kwfaMumif;udk eifajymjywmyJav}}
]]bmyJajymajym ausmif;rSmawmh eifemrnfMuD;oGm;jyD}} oZifu cyfaomhaomh ajym
vkdufjyD; &,faeonf/ tvSewforD; 3 a,muf\ tcsKd;usvSyaom udk,fvHk;udk,fayguf
rsm;udk uRefawmf EIdif;,SOfMunfhaerdonf/

 

20 
 
oifZmu ]]tjyifrSm csrf;w,faemf}}
]]eifwkdYudk tdrfxJ ac:oifhygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ightazu ighudk odyfrMunfbl;[ ...
tJ'gaMumifhyg/}}
]]xm;vdkufygawmh ... eif reufjzef tm;ovm;}} oifZmu ½kwfw&uf ar;vdkuf
onf/
]]tm;ygw,f ... bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}}
]]oZifh tdrfrSm igwdkYwpfawG oGm;uJMurvdkYav/ eifvmcsifovm;}}
]]igu taygif;toif; odyfqefYwm r[kwfbl;aemf}}
]]rvkdygbl;/ eifvmEkdif&if awmfjyD}}
]]vmEkdifygw,f/ 'gayr,fh oZifhtdrfu vlMuD;awGu jzpfyghrvm;}}
oZifu cpfueJ &,fvdkufjyD; ]]rawGU&ifawmh jzpfygw,f/ awGUoGm;&ifawmh
owfrSmyJ/ 'gaMumifhvJ igwkdYu eifhudk ac:xm;wmaygh}}
]]trav;Asm}}
uRefawmfhtajymudk oabmus[efjzifh olwkdYu &,fvkdufonf/
]]uRefawmf uifr&m ,lcJh&rvm; rrav;wkdY}}
]]bmvkyfzkdYvJ}}
]]rodbl;av/ ckwpfavm [krf;rdwfawG acwfpm;aeovm;vdkY}}
]]uifr&mawmh r&bl;q&m/ ,lcsif&if vkd;&Sif;awmh ,lcJh}}
]]&ifckef&vGef;vdkY ½l;rSmyJ}}
]]½l;&ifvJ t½l;axmifydkYay;yghr,f/ reufjzefreuf 9 em&Davmuf ausmif;a&SUudk
vmcJhaemf/}}
ajymjyD;jyD;csif; olwkdY 3 a,mufpvHk; um;ay:wufvdkufMu\/ uRefawmfum;
taoaumifvkd rSifoufum &yfMunfhrdaeonf/ oifZmu vufuav; ,rf;jyjyD;aemuf
um;xGufoGm;onf/ twefMumaomtcg atmufodkY ikHYMunhfvkdufjyD; uRefawmfhEIwfrS
wkd;wkd;ajymvkdufrdonfrSm
]]nDav;a& ... reufjzefreuf 9 em&DwJhuG}}

udk hotrod a&aysmufaewmjum_yDaemf?b,frSm tvkyfawG@SKyfaevJ/
qufa&;ay;ygtHk;Asmar#mfomar#mfay:rvmvdk @SnfvSyg_yDAsm? (vnfyif;udk a_ymwmaemf)
udk a[ma'gh a&b,fudka&mufaevJAsm/ qufwifay;ygtHk;Asm?  
  Devil Killer 

 

21 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

reufjzefreuf 9 em&D ...
 

 

22 
 

tcef; (4)
o&D;tif0rf; aumfzDrpf
oifZmu uRefawmfhtm; aphaphMunfh&if; jyHK;vkdufonf/
uRefawmfu rvHkrvJ jzpfum ]]bmjzpfvkdYvJ ighabmif;bDZpf jyKwfaevkdYvm;}}
oifZmu ]]cpf cpf ... r[kwfygbl;/ eifhyHkpHukd &,fcsifvdkYyg ... tdwfMuD; 2 vHk;eJY
Munfh&wm roufomvdkufwm[,f}}
rdk;av;uvJ ]]at;av ... onfavmufawmif o,fvm&wm bmawGrdkYvkdYvJ/ igwkdY
u aysmfr,f/ uJr,f qkdrS}}
tdwf 2 vHk;udk olwkdYa&SUcsum uRefawmfu ]]at;av/ tcko,fvmwm aysmfzdkYawGyJ
[m}}
oZifu vufjrefajcjrefjzifh vSrf;qGJum ]]bmawGrdkYvkdYwkef; ... [,f ... 0dkifykvif;
awGygvm;/ ua[mha&mhMuD;udkawmh cspfoGm;jyD/ onfzufu ykvif;ao;ao;av;u bmav;
vJ ... 0DpuDqdkygvm;}}
rsm;rMumrDwGif oZifhrdbrsm;\ tdyf&may:wGif uRefawmfonf aumifrav; 3
a,mufESifh ,SOfwGJumxkdif aerdawmhonf/
]tif; ... odMum;rif;pnf;pdrfqkdwm 'grsKd;xifyg&JU}
oZifum; rl;aeacsjyD/ usaemhfykcHk;udk rDS&if; &Da0a0 jzpfaeaom oZifhudk Munfhum
oifZmu
]]oZifawmh quf&ufrif;pnf;pdrf&oGm;jyD/ aumifrudk qGJqdwf&ifawmif odr,f
rxifbl;}}
oZifu cyfwkd;wdk; jyefqJonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhtm; zuf&if; ]]aysmfw,fuGm}}
[k ajymum arS;aejyefawmhonf/
rdk;av;u ]]tacGMunfhr,f}} [katmfum t*Fvdyfum;wpfum;udk zGifhonf/
Jessica Alba ygaom Good Luck Chuck jzpfonf/ xkdZmwfum;udk 2
cgjyefMunfhjyD;om; jzpfojzifh uRefawmfu pdwfr0ifpm;yg/ udkepf*g cam wifjyD;jyD;csif;
wpfcg? dvdrip xGufawmh udkeD,dk ay;aom vifhjzifh aemufwpfcg MunfMunfvifvif
Munfhxm;jyD; jzpfonf/
uRefawmf pdwf0ifpm;onfrSm touf&Sdaom vlruav; 3 a,mufom/ rl;aeaom
oZifhudk,fvHk;av;udk tm;&yg;& EIduf&onfrSm *Gwf&S,fjzpfonf/ usefaom trsKd;orD; 2
a,muf owdrxm;rdatmifvJ £ajE´vkyf&ao;onf/
Munfhae&if;rS oifZmu uRefawmfhzufvSnfhum ½kwfw&uf ar;vkdufonf/
]]'DuaeY eifhudk igwkdY bmvdkY ac:w,f xifovJ}}
]]plygaumfzDrpf vkyfrvdkYvm; ... 3 a,muf 1 a,mufav}}
]]eifu igwkdY 3 a,mufvHk;udk Ekdifyghrvm; .. cpfcpf}}

 

23 
 
]]'guawmh vkyfMunfhrS odrSmaygh}}
]]igu aemufwmyg ... wu,fuawmh ig ... ig ... 'Gef;udk pdwfukefwm&,f ...}}
]cGyf} ueJ uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,muf\ acgif;udk zefcGuf 2 cGufu rdwfqufvkduf
onf/ vSnfhMunfhvkdufaomtcg rdk;av;ESifh oZif/
]]a[mha&mh .. eifhudk oifZmu MudKufaew,fa[h}} oZifu ajymvkdufonf/
]]at; ... 'gyJ .. awmfMuawmh ... igzDvifatmufw,f/ ½kyf&SifMunhfyg&ap}}
rdk;av;u tjyD;owfay;vdkufonf/
]][m ... tJovkdMuD;awmhvJ r[kwfao;bl;av}} oifZmu &Sufovdkvdk acgif;iHkYum
ajymvdkufonf/
]]igodygw,f/ eifeJYig[m wpdrf;awGyg oifZm}}
onfwpfcgawmh oifZmu acgif;cgjyefonf/ ]]eifhemrnfudk igrrSwfrdbl;qdkwm
0efcHygw,f/ 'gayr,fh eifhudkawmh igowdxm;rdwm MumygjyD}}
uRefawmfu r,Hkovdk jyefMunfhvkdufojzifh oifZmu qufajymonf/ ]]ausmif;p
zGifhuwnf;u eif ai;ai;Munfhaewm igrodbl;rsm; xifovm;/ usL&SifpmtkyfawG ay;&ifvJ
ighudk t&ifqHk;ay;w,f/ ighpmtkyfawGu b,fawmhrS pmrsufESm rvyfbl;/ jyD;awmh eifay;cJh
wJhpm ...}}
]]a[h ... rawmfMuao;bl;vm;/ 'DrSm ½kyf&SifMunfhaew,f}} rdk;av;\ aigufqwf
qwf toHxGufvmjyefonf/
uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufvHk; ]aqm&D;} [k jydKifwl a&&GwfvkdufrdjyD; ½kyf&SifzufodkY
acgif;vSnfhxm;vdkufonf/ odkYaomf ½kyf&Sifudk MumMum rMunfhEdkifyg/ usaemh rsufvHk;rsm;
onf oifZmhudkom Munfhaerdonf/
tawmfuav;Mumawmh oifZmu uRefawmfhaygifudk vdrfqGJ&if; ]]eifMunfhaewm
tawmfMumjyDaemf}}
]]eifuvJ[m ... Munfhwm bmjzpfvJ}}
oifZmu qufrajymawmhyJ usaemhftm; *½krpkdufovkdjzifh wDADudkom rJMunfh
aeonf/ onfwGif tMudKufawGUoGm;aom uRefawmfuvJ ac:awm wpfaxmiftm;jzifh tm;&
yg;& bl;} vkdufonf/
aemufqHk;wGif oifZmu uRefawmfhaygifudk vdrfqGJjyefum ]]bmvJ ... ighrsufESmudk
eifrjrifbl;bl;vm;}}
]][kwfw,f/ t&ifwkef;u owdrxm;vdkufrdwmayghav/ tckrS aocsmMunfhrd
w,f/ tJ'gbmvJ odvm;/ eifhEIwfcrf;av;awGyJ/ igerf;csifw,f[m}}
xkdpum;rsm;udk tqifacsmacsmjzifh ajymxGufEkdifjcif;twGuf usaemhfudk,f
uRefawmfyif r,Hkyg/ oifZmu bmrSqufrajymawmhyJ olYrsufESmav;udk uRefawmfhzuf
,drf;ay;vkdufonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; olrtm; qD;MudKjyD; erf;vkdufonf/ [dk;wpfaeYu
erf;vdkuf&jcif;ESifh bmrQ rqkdifyg/ ,ckterf;u ta&mif? tqif;? teHY? t&om tm;vHk;
ydkrdkjynfh0onf/

 

24 
 
oifZmESifh EIwfcrf;csif; xdvdkufjyD;onfhaemuf uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufpvHk;
rsufvHk;rsm;udk jydKifwl rSdwfvdkufMuonf/ tm½kHrsm;udk EIwfcrf;wGifom pl;pdkufxm;&if;
ab;wGif xkdifaeaom oZifESifh rdk;av;udk uRefawmfvHk;0 arhoGm;onf/
uRefawmfh vQmu aphxm;aom olYEIwfcrf;av;rsm;udk yGwfwkdufvkdufaomtcg
oifZmu wkd;wkd;av; nnf;onf/ cPMumaomtcg olYEIwfcrf;av;rsm; yGifh[vmMuonf/
,if;awmhrS olYyg;pyfxJodkY uRefawmfhvQmu usL;ausmfum e,fcsJU&onf/ ,if;uJhodkY vQmcsif;
yGwfaeonfrSm tawmfuav; MumjyD;aemuf uRefawmfhtm½kHu olY&ifywfodkY a&mufoGm;
jyefonf/ oifZm\ b,fbufEdkYtHkav;udk zGzGuav; tkyfvkdufonf/ oifZmu r½kef;ao;
ojzifh tomav; n§pfvdkufonf/
onfwGifawmh oifZmu olYvuf 2 zufjzifh uRefawmfhvufudk wm;qD;um z,fypf
vkdufonf/ EIwfcrf; 2 pHkvJ uGmoGm;awmh\/ oifZmhrsufvHk;xJwGif tHhMorIESifh &rufudk
xifxif&Sm;&Sm; jrifEkdifygonf/ uRefawmf tomav; apmifhaevdkufonf/ odyfrMumvdkufyg/
oifZmonf uRefawmfh &ifcGifxJ vJusvmjyefonf/ olrEIwfcrf;av;rsm;udk qD;MudKpkyf,l
vdkuf&if; usaemhfvufrsm;u EdkYav;rsm;udk qkyfe,fvkdufonf/
oifZmhEdkYrsm;rSm uspfuspfvpfvpfjzifh El;nHhaeonf/ b&mpD,m cHxm;onfhwkdif
atmif udkifí aumif;vSonf/ nDawmfarmifuav;uvJ tdyf&mrS Edk;xvmonf/ oifZmudk
acgif;jzifh oGm;aqmifhojzifh vlMuD;jzpfaom uRefawmfhrSm tawmfuav; tae& txkdif&
usyfvmonf/ oifZmh udk,fvHk;av;udk ayGUvdkuf&if; nDawmfarmifudk tomav; acgif;vsKd
ap&onf/ oifZmu rsufvHk;rsm;udk rSdwfxm;vsufu jyHK;onf/ rwwfEdkif? a&SUquf&ay
awmhrnf/ oifZm\ wpfudk,fvHk; ae&mvyfr&Sdatmifudk uRefawmfu tm;&yg;& yGwfoyf
vdkufonf/
yGwfaumif;aumif;jzifh yGwfae&if;u nDav;u acgif;axmifvmjyefonf/ vufEkEk
av; wpfzufudkvnf; rodovdk odovdk odvdkufjyefonf/ oifZm\ vufuav;yif jzpfyg
onf/ ykqdk;ESifh twGif;cHabmif;bDay:rS yGwfay;aeonf jzpfaomfvnf; cHí aumif;vSonf/
oifZm\ rsufvHk;rsm; yGifhvmum uRefawmfhudk pl;pl;&J&Jyif Munfhaeonf/ olYvufrsm;url
uRefawmfhnDav;udk acsmhjrLqJ/ uRefawmfhvufrsm;uvJ olYEdkYav;rsm;udk qkyfacsaeqJ/
ESpfa,mufvHk;\ touf&SLoHrsm; jyif;xefum acR;ap;rsm; xGufvmavjyD/
]][dkzufcef; oGm;Muygvm;/ tJonfrSm pm;yGJwpfvHk;&Sdw,f}} rdk;av;\ toHu
rdk;MudK;oHvkd xGufvmonf/ uRefawmfESifh oifZm zswfueJ jzpfum ywf0ef;usifudk owd0if
vmMuonf/
]]rdk;av; ... eifuawmh wu,fh omoemzsufyJ/}} oZifu ajymvkdufonf/
]]olwkdY 2 a,muf t&Sdefwufaewkef; zsufqD;&w,fvdkYuGm ... olwkdYudk Munfh&wmu rif;½kyf
&Sifxuf ydkaumif;ao;w,f}}
oifZmu acgif;udkiHkYxm;vkduf&if; ]]iga&oGm;csKd;awmhr,fuGm}}
]]at; ... aumif;om;yJ/ 'grS oefYoefY&Sif;&Sif; jzpfrSm}} rdk;av;u pjyefonf/
]]aumifrpkwf}} oifZmu rdk;av;vufarmif;udk qGJqdwfonf/
oZifuawmh ]]igwkdYvJ csKd;r,fav/ uJuJ oGm;Muwmaygh/ udka[mha&mh wpfa,muf
wnf; ae&Jw,f r[kwfvm;}}
uRefawmfhrSm tdyf&may:wGif tm;vsm;arSmufum oGm;jzJjy&if; ]]&ygw,f*sm/ udwfcs
rcsdygbl;}}
]]cpfcpf ... pum;vnf; ryDawmhbl;}}

 

25 
 
rdef;uav; 3 a,muf xGufoGm;awmhrS uRefawmfonf ukwifay: xkdifvkdufjyD;
oufjyif;udk rIwfxkwfEdkifawmhonf/
]igtdrfruf rufaewmyJ} udk,fhvufudk qdwfMunfhvkdufjyD; udk,fhudk,fudk ajymvdkuf
onf/ ][kwfw,f ... 'g ... tdrfrufyJ jzpf&r,f}

 
        hi ko hotrod.. 
                                      can u plz continue ur story asap.. 
we r so eager to read more.. 
                                                                                         shadow69
 
thats rite, 
same here, ko hotrod..ur story is really attractive ..i log in here as 
soon as i free to check ur new posts.. pls, write as fast as and as 
much as u can bro...hehee...thanks..  
thuyalin2006 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

26 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

em&D0ufcefYtMum ... 

 

27 
 

tcef; (5)
olwkdY 3 a,muf
ewforD;oHk;yg;\ qnf;vnf;oHav;rsm; ay:vmygjyD/ ]]wdkYawG 0ifvmawmhr,f
aemf}}
]]0ifvmygawmhcifAsm}} uRefawmfu ajymvkdufonf/
ppcsif; 0ifvmolrSm rdk;av;/ jyD;aemuf oZif/ a&csKd;jyD;prkdY oefY&Sif; pifMu,f
aeMuonf/ olwkdYudk,fay:wGif wbufyGMuD;rsm;udkom ywfxm;onfrdkY vHk;uspfvSyaom
tom;pdkifrsm;u vufarmif;rsm;tjyif ykcHk;txd twdkif;om; jrifae&onf/ usaemhfyg;pyfukd
rydwfwrf; ai;Munfhaerdonf/ nDav;u 'grsKd;qdk aemufrus csufcsif; acgif;axmifvm
onf/
aemufqHk;rS 0ifvmaom oifZmu ]]oGm;&nfusaejyD/ cGufeJY cHxm;OD;}} [k&,f&if;
ajymonf/ olronfvnf; wbufMuD;udkom ywfxm;onf/ jzLazG;aeaom cE¨mudk,f
tay:ydkif;onf jypfrsKd;rSJYrxif vSyvGef;aeonf/ &ifywfav;u xGm;armufaeonfrdkY
uRefawmf ]*vk} ueJ wHawG;rsKdvdkufrdonf/
]]uJuJ .. onfavmuf Munfh&&if awmfa&maygh/ eifhtvSnfhyJ/ xvdkufayawmh}}
]]t,f}} uRefawmfu wGefYwGefYqkwfqkwfjzifhyif x&yfjyvkduf&onf/ (r&yfjyawmhvJ
tm;emp&mMuD;Asm)
rdk;av;u a0;ueJ atmfvkdufjyD; ]]oifZm ... aumifr ... uHaumif;vkdufwm}}
]]uHaumif;wm r[kwfbl;a[h/ a&G;xm;&wm ... odyvm;}} oifZmu
&,f&,farmarmjzifh uRefawmfhtem; avQmufvmonf/ uRefawmfu olrudk cyfwif;wif;av;
zufum erf;vdkufonf/ udk,fcE¨m 2 ckyl;uyfoGm;onfrdkY nDav;u olYajcaxmufay:ol
rwfrwf&yfvkdufawmhonf/ oifZmu wpfcsufwGefYoGm;aomfvnf; aemufqkwfroGm;yg/
cPtMumwGif uRefawmfhudk ydkíyif wif;wif;MuyfMuyf zufvdkufao;onf/
]][ifhtif; ... oifZm ... r&ao;bl;/ vmcJhOD;}} rdk;av;u oifZmudk uRefawmfESifh
qGJcGmvdkufonf/
]]udka[mha&mh bmawG MunfhaewmvJ}} oZifu vSrf;ar;onf/ uRefawmfu
yg;pyfjzifh rajzyJ tacGudk zGifhjyvkdufonf/ uRefawmf tMudKufqHk; Silvia Saint \
wpfudk,fawmftacG Private Life of Silvia Saint jzpfonf/
]]a[; ... tacGMunfhr,f}} [kajymum oZifESifh rdk;av;u oifZmudk ukwifay:
qGJwifvkdufMuonf/
uRefawmfuawmh cGufxJodkY tcg;&nfrsm; avmif;xnfhum olwkdYtm; vSrf;ay;
vdkufonf/
oZifu vufvSrf;&if; ]]udka[mhuawmh wkdYudk trl;wkdufaejyD ... jyD;&if bmvkyf
csifvkdYvJ rod}}
bmvkyf&rvJ/ uRefawmfu olwkdY 3 a,muf\ aemufrSm ae&m,lum qGJrdqGJ&m
&Sd&SdorQudk tm;&yg;& EIdufvkdufawmhwmaygh/

 

28 
 
]][Jh[Jh ... vkyfMuygOD;/ yk&Gufqdwfudkufw,f}} ajym&if;qdk&if;
rdk;av;wdkYu uRefawmfhtm; qHyifqGJum vufoD;qkyfav;rsm;jzifh xk½dkufawmh\/

oZifESifh

uRefawmfuvnf; vlvnfyDyD acgif;iHkYa&Smifum uRefawmfhacgif;udk oifZmh&ifcGifxJ
xkd;xnfhxm;vdkuf&m olwkdYab;&efrS cPvGwfoGm;onf/ oifZmhEdkY 2 vHk;Mum;xJodkYvJ
acgif;pdkufvkduf&onf/ b,favmufrsm; Zdrfusvdkuf ygovJ/
]]a[h ... &Suf&Suf}} oifZmu uRefawmfhem;} em; uyfum ajymvdkufcsdefwGif
uRefawmfu aoG;wkd;prf;um olr\ aygifMum;udk yGwfoyfvdkufonf/ oifZmu wHkYqdkif;jcif;
tvsOf;r&SdyJ uRefawmfhnDav;udk jyefqkyfudkifonf/ oifZm0ifhausmfqkdaom aumifruav;
onf tawmfuav; &Jwif;ayonf/ uRefawmfu tavQmhray;yJ oifZmhEIwfcrf;av;rsm;udk
zrf;udkufypfvdkufonf/
]]a0; ... tm;usp&mMuD;uGm}}
rdk;av;\ vufckyfvuf0g;wD;oH Mum;&rS owd0ifum oifZmhudk vTwfay;vdkuf
onf/
]]b,fhES,faevJ oifZm/ 'Gef;eJYpm&if b,fvkdaevJ}}
]]ua[mhu rqdk;ygbl;/}}
]]'Gef;uawmh erf;wJhae&mrSm awmfw,fuG/ rSef;prf; eifhvludk igprf;Munfh&atmif}}
rdk;av;u ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh uRefawmfhtem; uyfvmonf/
usaemf Za0Z0g jzpfvmonf/ ]]eifwkdYeJY .. 'Gef;eJYu ...}} b,fvdk qufajym&rSef;
rodawmh/ 'Gef;eJY oifZmhZmwfvrf;udk tm;vHk;tod/ oifZmu 'Gef;taMumif; odwmudk usaemf
rtHhMo/ usaemfMocsaeonfu rdk;av;ESifh oZifuyg 'Gef;ESifh jzpfzl;oa,mif ajymaejcif;
udkom jzpfonf/ ausmif;rSmawmh olwkdYawGu cyf&Sif;&Sif;yJqdkawmh xif&ufp&mvJ r&Sd/
odkYaomf ,ckawmh olwkdY EIwfcrf;av;rsm;rS zGifh[vmonfuvJ &Sdao;onf/
rdk;av;u uRefawmftar;udk cyfayghayghyif ajzvdkufonf/ ]]arG;aeYyGJawG vkyfw,f
av[m/ tJonfrSm tjyeftvSef upfay;Muwmaygh/ eifuvJ 'Hk;a0;jyefa&m}}
'Hk;a0;aeaom usaemhftm; 'Hk;eD;apcsifonfxifh/ rdk;av;u olYrsufESmav;udk usaemhf
ESmacgif;qD wdk;ay;onf/
]]oifZm}} uRefawmfu cGifhawmif;vdkufonf/
oifZmu acgif;ndwfum ]]eif rdk;av;udk erf;csif&if erf;aygh/}}
uRefawmfhacgif;xJwGif Za0Z0g jzpfvmonf/ ]]eifwkdYu o&D;tif0rf;csifvdkYvm;/
tckeu igar;awmh r[kwfbl;qdk}}
oifZmu cpfueJ &,fum ]]eifuvJ[,f/ bmawG ar;aewmvJ/ ig&Sufw,f}}
ajymjyD;aemuf &,fygavawmhonf/ usefaom 2 a,mufuvJ vdkuf&,fonf/ usaemfuvJ
pdwfaygufaygufESifh w[m;[m; atmf&,fypfvkdufonf/
rdk;av;u acgif;cgvkdufum ]]tJonfvdk r[kwfygbl;}}
bmudk r[kwfbl;vdkY ajymrSef; uRefawmf rodawmh/ acgif;awG csmcsmvnfvmjyD/
'Daumifrav; 3 a,mufeJY uRefawmfeJY ... rk'drf;rIawmh jzpfawmhrSmyJvdkY awG;rdjyefonf/
odkYaomf El;nHhvSonfh txdtawGUrsm;udk rvGefqefEkdifjyef/

 

29 
 
]]ighudk enf;enf;avmuf &Sif;jyygvm;/ ... igem;rvnfawmhbl;/ 'gu bmvJ/
eifwkdYu ...}}
]]... [kdwpfavmu oZifhbJu oZifhudk ypfoGm;w,fqdkwm eifMum;vkdufrSmaygh/
tJonfwkef;u rdk;av;uvJ &nf;pm;vufrJh jzpfaecsdef ...}}
ajymae&if;rS oifZmhvufu uRefawmfh ykqdk;ay: a&mufvmonf/
usaemhfnDav;udk qkyfudkifum tomuav; a&SUwdk;aemufiif vkyfay;ae&if;
oifZmu trQifrjywf pum;ajymonf/
]]tJonfwkef;u igeJY 'Gef;eJYu &efjzpfaew,f ... wpf&ufrSmawmh tckvkdyJ igwkdYawG
pkjyD; uJMur,fqkdjyD;awmh qHkMuw,f/ ... tJonfrSm 'Gef;u ay;xm;wJh tacGawG ...
eiftckeu ,lvmwJh tacGrsKd;awGudk igwkdY zGifhMunfhMuw,f/ tJonfrSmyJ ...}}
rdk;av;u 0ifajymjyefonf/ ]]tacGawG MunfhjyD;awmh vufawGUprf;csifvmw,f[m/
igwkdYu rdef;uav;awGqdkawmh vufpftcef;awGyJ vufawGUprf;vdkY&w,f/ prf;vJjyD;a&m
pGJoGm;wmyJ ...}}
oifZmu qufonf/ ]]p} ay;vdkufwmuawmh igyg/ rdk;av;u tMurf;qHk;yJ/
tJonfvdkeJY vlMuD;awG vpfwmeJY tckvkd pkqHkjyD; uJMuwmaygh/ 'gayr,fh ...}}
oZifu tqHk;owf ay;vkdufonf/ ]]eif[m igwkdY 3 a,mufMum;xJudk yxrqHk;
a&mufvmwJh a,mufsm;av;yJ}}
rdk;av;u usaemhftem; uyfvmjyefonf/ olr\ EIwfcrf;av;rsm;rSm yGifhtmcgeD;
ESif;qDyef;av;yrm [pdpdav; jzpfaeonf/ uRefawmfu pdwf&Sdaomfvnf; vufu r&J/
wGefYqkwfaeaom uRefawmfhudk Munfh&if; oifZmu &,fvdkufum
]]ighvluawmh cufjyD}}
oZifuvnf; ]]erlemav; jyvdkufrSxifw,f/ vmcJh oifZm}}
ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh oifZmESifh oZifwkdYu tar&duef vufpfrsm;pwkdifjzifh tm;&yg;&
EIwfcrf;csif;pkyfMuawmhonf/ uRefawmfjrifomatmif vQmcsif;vnf; uvdjyMuonf/
uRefawmfonf xdkae&müyif olwkdY 2 a,muftm; ai;aMumif Munfhaerdonf/
]]b,fvkdvJ}} rdk;av;u uRefawmfhtm; ar;vdkufoHaMumifh uRefawmfhtodrsm; jyef0if
vmjyD; olrudk ai;Munfhvkdufrdonf/ rkd;av;u olYEIwfcrf;rsm;udk vQmjzifh oyfaeonf/
pdkpGwfaeaom EIwfcrf;zl;av;rsm;udk uRefawmf rvGefqefEkdifawmh/ tm;&yg;&yif zrf;pkyfvdkuf
awmhonf/
]]tm; ... aumif;vkdufwJh terf;}} yg;pyfcsif; cGmvdkufjyD;aemuf rdk;av;u ajymonf/
]]'Gef;xufawmh rnHhwmaocsmw,f}}
]]ightvSnfh}} oZifu wkd;vmjyefonf/ uRefawmfu wHkYqkdif;jcif; tvsOf;r&SdyJ olr
udk ayGUzufvdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf ...
oZifh0wf&nfav;rsm;udk pkyf,laepOfwGif uRefawmfh ykqkd;udk qGJcRwfcHvkduf&ojzifh
rsufpdzGifhMunfhvdkufaomtcg oifZmhrsufESmonf uRefawmfhnDav;tem; a&mufaeaMumif;
awGUvkduf&onf/
]]b,folYrS avQmufrajym&bl;aemf}} oifZmu uwdawmif;onf/
]]igajym&ifaum b,fol,Hkr,fxifovJ}} uRefawmfu ajzvdkufonf/

 

30 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

þodkYjzifh ... uRefawmfwkdY ... cspfcJhMuygonf ... 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

31 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HI KO ‐‐‐‐‐,  
 
WHERE R U ? Waiting PDF for thin zar .....  plsss come back and make 
thin zar sexier 
Thanks millions in advance !!! 
                                 B‐Zaww 
 
 

ukda[mha&mh a&....... 
wu,f[kwfonfjzpfap? r[kwfonfjzpfap 
zwf&wm t&om &SdvSygorkd. tm;ay;vQufygAsm.......
ariel 
 

qufa&;ygOD; apmifhaew,faemf
moetein 

 

 

32 
 

tcef; (6)
oifZm (odkYr[kwf) uRefawmhftonf;
oifZmu uRefawmfnDav;udk ,k,k,,jzifh iHkvkdufaomtcg ]uRwf} ueJ
uRefawmfpkyfoyfvkdufrdonf/ usefaom 2 a,muftm; uRefawmfu vufcv,fjzifh
xkd;nTefum
]]rdk;av;eJY oZif ... eifwkdY 2 a,muf erf;prf;[m}}
qnf;vnf;oHav;rsm;jzifh &,fum ewforD;av; 2 a,mufu EIwfcrfcsif;
awhpkyfjyMuonf/ atmufrSm oifZmuawmh uRefawmfhvD;udk tm;&yg;& pkyfaeavonf/ 4
a,mufvHk;vJ t0wfrsm; ruyfawmh/ b,folYvufawGu uRefawmfhudk udkifvdkY uRefawmfuvJ
b,folYEdkYawGudk n§pfrdrSef;rodawmhay/
onfhaemufwGifawmh oZifESifhrdk;av;ukdyg avmbwMuD;jzifh zrf;qGJum uRefawmf
u erf;ypfvdkufonf/ oZifhEdkYrsm;udk rdk;av;u acsaeonf/ yef;a&mif EdkYoD;acgif;av;rsm;udk
jrifvdkuf&aomaMumifh uRefawmfh &rufrsm; [kef;ueJ xvmonf/ xkdtcsdefwGifyif oifZmu
tm;jzifh pkyfvdkufojzifh uRefawmf xGufoGm;awmhonf/
]]a&; ...}} oifZmu atmf[pfvkduf&m vHk;axG;aeaom rdk;av;ESifh oZifwkdY
vlcsif;uGJoGm;onf/ uRefawmfhvD;&nfrsm;onf oifZmh yg;pyfxJodkY wpf0ufcefY 0ifoGm;jyD;
aemuf oifZmu vD;udk olr\ EdkYrsm;qD awhay;vdkufojzifh uRefawmfu yef;xkwfvkduf
onfwGif olYtay:ydkif;wpfydkif;vHk;rSm &TJ&TJpdkoGm;awmh\/

 

33 
 
]]trsm;MuD;ygvm;}} oZifu ajymvkdufonf/
]]wdkYvJ jrnf;r,f/ b,fvdkaevJa[h}} rdk;av;u av;zufaxmufum oZifh
EdkYrsm;ay:wGif wifaeaom usaemhf vD;&nfawGudk vsufvdkufonf/ oZifuvnf; tm;usrcH
rdk;av; rvsuf&ao;aom oifZmhEkdYwpfzufudk tykdifpD;vdkufonf/ olwkdYudk Munfh&if;
uRefawmfhnDav;u acgif;axmifvmjyefonf/ uRefawmf raeEdkifawmh/ vHk;axG;aeaom
rdef;uav; 3 a,mufxJrS oifZmudk qGJxkwfum ukwifay:wGif yufvufvSefapvdkufonf/
jyD;aemuf olr\ aygifMum;xJokdY 'dkifAifypfvkdufawmh\/ oifZmu csufcsif;yif wkHYjyefonf/
uRefawmfhtwGuf aygifrsm;udk jzJum;ay;onf/ uRefawmfhvQmu olYtaphav;udk xdwkdYvdkuf
aomtcg qwfueJ jzpfum vuf 2 zufjzihf uRefawmfhacgif;udk twif;zdcsawmh\/
uRefawmfuvJ tpGrf;jy&awmh\/ apmufaphav;udk a&SUaemuf0J,m tay:atmuf?
pkyfvsufrIwfyGwf vkyfay;vkduf&m oifZmrSm vl;vdrhfaeawmhonf/ rnfrQyif vdrhfaeapumrl
uRefawmfh qHyifrsm;udk twif;qGJxm;ojzifh emusifvSonf/ uRefawmfu tHMudwfum
olrav;udk taumif;qHk; jzpfatmif rIwfay;vkdufonf/
]]tm; ... tm; ... aumif;vkdufwmuGm/ a[h ... aumifrawG ... olerf;wmudk eifwkdY
prf;zl;jyD;jyD/ olbm*smrIwfwmu erf;wmxuf omw,f[}}
rdk;av;u wcpfcpfjzifh &,f&if; ]]wu,f ... oZifhxuf aumif;vm;uG}}
uRefawmf vSrf;Munfhvkdufaomtcg oZifonf rdk;av;\ aygifMum;xJ a&mufae
avjyD/
]]aumif;wmayghuGm/ olYvQmu usm;vQmtwkdif;yJ}} oifZmu EIwfcrf;av;rsm;udk
wif;wif;udkuf&if; jyefajzonf/
avmavmq,fwGif uRefawmfh tvkyfrSm oifZmhudk vQmpGrf;jyp&m wpfckwnf;
&Sdojzifh vufrsm;u tm;aeonf/ ,if;aMumifh oZifh zifvHk;av;udk vSrf;qGJvdkufjyD; vufc
v,fudk apmufywfuGJaMumif;av;twkdif; yGwfay;vdkufonf/ rMumao;rDurS a&csKd;xm;o
jzifh pdkpGwfaeaom apmufywfuav;udk txufatmuf pkefqef yGwfay;vdkufonf/
]]tm; ... &SD; ...}} oZifh pkyfowfvkdufoHaMumifh oifZmu ar;onf/
]]aumifr ... bmawG t&omawGUaewkef;}}
]]eifhbJMuD;u ighudk EIdufaevkdYa[h ... tm; ... [kwfjyD ... ukda[mh taphav;udk uvd
ay;prf;yg}}
pdwfxJrS uRefawmfhaemufqHk; &nf;pm;av;udk aus;Zl;wifvdkufrdonf/ ppcsif;rSm
awmh oluav;u ½dk;½kd;om;om;uav; jzpfaomfvnf; uRefawmfhvufxJrSm qef;qef;jym;
jym; enf;awGudk prf;oyfjzpfonf/
onftcsdefwGifyif oifZmu us,favmifpGm atmfvkdufojzifh uRefawmfhpdwfrsm;
ypöKyÜefodkY jyefa&mufvmonf/ oifZmhtaygufxJodkY pdwfudk pl;pkdufum vQmjzifh xdk;qG
vdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf apmufaphav;udk tqufrjywf xdk;ESufvdkufonf/ rMumygacs/ oifZmh
wpfudk,fvHk; aumhvefvmjyD; 0ufatmfovkd atmfawmh\/ oifZmav; jyD;csifaejyDrSm odom
vSojzifh uRefawmfuvJ wwfpGrf;orQ tm;xkwfum rIwfay;vdkufonf/ odyfMumMum rapmifh
vkduf&yg/ apmuf&nfrsm; AspfueJ xGufvmjyD;aemuf oifZmhudk,fvHk;av; taMumqGJovdk
wkefoGm;onf/ onfhaemufwGifawmh t½kyfMudK;jywf vJusoGm;&Smawmh\/ uRefawmfu
oifZmh taygufrS rsufESmudk rcGmao;yJ qufjyD; vkyfay;aevdkufonf/
oifZmhtcspf&nfrsm; ukefoGm;awmhrS usaemfu olraygifMum;xJrS xvdkufum
EIwfcrfcsif; awhjyD; erf;pkyfvdkufonf/ wvufpwnf; olrudk,fav;udk ayGUjyD; ukwifay:

 

34 
 
vSJcsvdkufonf/ oifZmuvnf; vdkvdkcsifcsifyif usaemfh &ifcGifxJ acgif;vsKdum tem;,lae
onf/
uRefawmhf rsufpda&SUwGifawmh oZifu rdk;av;tm; vsufay;aeonf/ vHk;uspfvSy
aom rdk;a[udk\ aygifvHk;rsm;rSm vkd;&Sif;vdrf;aeaom AGD'D,dkuvpfav;wGif jrif&onfxuf
rsm;pGm vSyvGef;onf/ EdkYoD;acgif;rsm;uawmh cyfndKndKrsm;yif/ ajym&&if oifZmESifh oZifwkYd
u EdkYtHkao;jyD;vSonf/ rdk;av;u onf 3 a,mufxJwGif tMuD;qHk;/ onfhaemufwGifawmh
atmufrS aygifrkefYrsm;tm; EIdif;,SOf&efom &Sdawmhonf/ oifZmhzifvHk;av;rsm;udk n§pfMunhf
vdkufonf/ tm;yg;yg; ... El;nHhum acsmarGUvSyguvm;/
usaemfhaygifu ppfueJ emoGm;ojzifh iHkYMunfhvdkufawmh oifZmjzpfaeonf/ olru
cspfpzG,f jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]]awmfawmf Munfhaumif; aew,fayghav}}
]]aumif;wmayghuGm/ b,frSm raumif;&SdrvJ}}
]]a,mufsm;awG[m onfvkdygyJ/ 'gayr,fh ...}}
]]oifZm .. eif ... ighudk rkef;oGm;jyDvm;}}
]]rkef;&if onfvkd aervm;/ rrkef;ygbl;/ rrkef;wJh tjyif ydkawmif oabmusvm
ao;w,f/}}
]]b,fvkd ... oifZm ... eif'Gef;udk jzwfvkdufwm olu opömazmufvkdY r[kwfvm;]]
]]... wu,fuawmh nmvdkY ... ighuG,f&mrSm aemufwpfa,muf&SmvdkY/ oluom
yGifhyGifhvif;vif; ajym&if igcGifhjyKcsif jyKrdrSmyJ}}
]][dkuf}} uRefawmfhyg;pyfrS bmqufajym&rSef; rodawmh/ onfaumifrav;udk vkduf
rrDSawmhjyD/ oifZmu &Sufovdkvdk? aMumufovdkvdkjzifh acgif;iHkYoGm;jyefonf/ olrtMunfh
rsm;u acgif;axmifaeaom uRefawmfhnDav;qDrSm &Sdvdrhfrnf[k wyftyfodxm;ojzifh usaemf
iHkYrMunfhawmhyg/ uRefawmfhvufwpfzufuawmh oifZmhaygifMum;qD wdk;0ifoGm;onf/
oifZmuvnf; tm;usrcH usaemfhnDav;udk vnf*kwfrS udkifum a&SUxkd;aemufiif vkyfay;
onf/ uRefawmfu ajymvkdufonf/
]]oifZm ... wkdYwpfawG cspfMu&atmif}}
oifZmu wpfcsuf jyHK;vdkufjyD;aemuf bmrQ rajymyJ yufvufvSefum aygifum;
ay;onf/ okdY&mwGif uRefawmfu olr\ EdkYrsm;udk zGzGav; n§pfum terf;&SnfwpfckESifh
tpjyKvdkuf\/ nDav;uawmh acgif;w,rf;,rf;jzifh oifZmhxH wkd;uyfoGm;onf/ tawmfESifh
r0ifacs/ awhvGJuav; vGJvGJaeonf/ aemufqHk;wGif oifZmu vufuav;jzifh awhay;awmh
rS 0ifoGm;awmh\/ 0ifr,fh0ifawmhvJ w&SL;wkd; 0ifvkduf&m oifZmhrSm ]uRwf} ueJ aumhwuf
oGm;&&Smonf/
oifZmh rsufESmav; eDjref;vmjyD; toufudkyif renf;&SLae&yHkay:onf/
]]b,fvkdaevJ}} uRefawmfu ar;vkdufonf/
]]tif; ...}} oifZmrSm rajzEkdifao;yg/ uRefawmhfudk,fvHk; atmufwGif wGefYvdrfae
onf/ olr\ t*Fgav;rSm qwfueJ qwfueJ wkefaeonfudk nDav;rSwqifh usaemfod
vkdufonf/
]]MuD;vdkufwm[,f/ tm; .. &SD; ... }}

 

35 
 
]]'Gef;eJYqdk&if b,fol ydkMuD;vJ}} ar;ar;ajymajymjzifh usaemfu jyefxkwfvdkufonf/
csufcsif;yif qwfueJ jyefaqmifhoGif;vdkuf&m oifZmhrSm qwfueJ jzpfoGm;jyef\/
]]tm; ... eifu ydkMuD;w,f}}
]]wjcm;vlawGeJY pm&ifa&m}}
]]ig ... igrodbl;/ ... 'Gef;yJ &Sdwm}} oifZmh pum;rsm; roJuGJawmh/ odkYaomf qkdvdk
&if;awmh odomygonf/
]]tif; .. awmfao;wmaygh}} uRefawmhfpdwfxJrS ajymvdkufrdonf/
tm;wufvmonfESifhtrQ uRefawmfMudK;pm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfu qGJxkwfvkduf/
oifZmhudk,fvHk;av;u aumhwufvmvkduf/ jyefzdcskvdkufjzifh t&SdefwufvmonfESifhtrQ zGwf
... zuf ... zGwf ... zuf ... toHrsm;uvnf; qlnHaeawmhonf/ aumifruav; auseyfrI
&ap&ef tHMudwfjyD; uRefawmf awmifhxm;onf/ wjznf;jznf;ESifh oifZm*PSmrjidrf jzpfvmjyD;
aemufqHk;wGif usaemfhudk wtm;zufxm;vdkufum aemufwpfcsD xGufoGm;awmhonf/
]]tm; ... aumif;vkdufwmuG,f}} 'gu olu uRefawmfhem;xJ uyfajymvkdufaom
pum;/
]]tm; ... uRwfuRwf ... emvkdufwmuGm}} 'gu uRefawmfh &ifxJu ajymvdkufaom
pum;/
oifZm t&nfxGufoGm;csdefwGif uRefawmfu rjyD;ao;yg/ 'gaMumifhrdkY uRefawmhf
nDav;udk vnfyif;n§pfvkdufonfh twkdif; cHpm;vdkuf&onf/ ckeu aumif;xm;aom zDvif
rsm;yif b,fa&mufukefvJ rodawmh/ atmihfoGm;onftxd cHvdkuf&onf/
oifZmuawmh uRefawmfhudk wif;wif;zufum qwfueJ qwfueJ taMumqGJvkdY
aumif;aeonf/ uRefawmfhrSmom r&SLEkdif? ru,fEdkifb0/ cPaeawmh oluav; aysmhacGoGm;
awmhrS tomt,m jyefxkwf&onf/ usaemfhnDav; olYtaygufxJrS xGufvmawmh oifZmu
zswfueJ rsufvHk;zGifhMunfhonf/ ]]ola&m .. aumif;vm;[if}}
oifZmhezl;av;udk erf;vdkufjyD;
]]odyfaumif; ... t&rf;aumif;}}

uRefawmfu

tvkdufoifhyif

ajzvkdufonf/

xkdpOfwGif ]]ajzmif; .. ajzmif;}} qdkaom vufckyfwD;oHrsm; Mum;vkduf&ojzifh
vSrf;Munfhvkduf&m oZifESifhrdk;av; jzpfaeonf/
oifZmu &Suf&GHUjcif; tvsOf;r&SdyJ ]]aumifrawG ... odyfMunfhaumif;aew,faygh
av}}
rdk;av;u &,fvkdufjyD; ]]'gaygh ... uJ ... tck ightvSnfhaemf/ b,fvkdvJ oblawm
ovm; oZif}}
oifZmu ]]aumifrpkwf ... eifwkdYu a0yHkusayghav}}
]]'gaygh ... odyfaps;rukdifygeJYath ... ighrSm vufrJh jzpfaevdkY eifhbJbJudk cPiSm;oHk;
wmyg/ jyD;&if jyefay;rSmaygh}}
usaemfhrSm tae& txkdif& cufvmonf/ rdk;av;udk MunfhvkdufrdonfESifh nDav;u
twif;udk acgif;axmifvmaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ oifZmhudk vnfjyefMunfhvdkufawmh
oifZmESifh oZifwkdYrSm vHk;axG;aejyefonf/ oZifu oifZmhaygifMum;xJ 0ifum vkyfief;
paejyD/ oZifh yg;pyf[[av; vkyfum vQmav;udk wzswfzswf upm;ay;aeonfudk txif;

 

36 
 
om; jrifae&onf/ apmufaphav;udk xdxdrdrd uvday;aeojzifh oifZmuawmh rsufjzLvef
aejyD/
uRefawmfu oifZmhudk erf;vkdufjyD; cGifhawmif;vdkufonf/ ]]oifZm .. udk,f
rdk;av;eJY vkdufoGm;vkduf&rvm;}}
]][if .. bmvJ ... atmf .. rdk;av;eJY ... oGm;av ... jyefawmhvmcJhaemf}}
]]vmrSmaygh ... pdwfcs ... cPav;yg}}
oZifu acgif;axmifvmjyD; ]][[ ... igawmh rxif ... awmfawmfMum rdk;av;rS
rdk;av; jzpfaeOD;r,faemf}}
oifZmu oZifhacgif;udk olYaygifMum;xJ zdcsum aygif 2 vHk;jzifh n§yfxm;vdkufjyD;
uRefawmfhzufvSnfhum ]]eif .. uwday;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]pdwfcsyg/ igcspfwm eif wpfa,mufwnf;}}
oifZmu uRefawmfh EIwfcrf;udk oGm;av;rsm;jzifh zGzGav; wpfcsufudkufvkdufjyD;
aemuf uRefawmfh&ifywfudk wGef;vTwfvkdufonf/ csufcsif;yif olr\ rsufvHk;av;rsm;
arS;pif;um ]tifh} ueJjzpfoGm;onf/ oZifhvufwpfzufu oifZmhudk EIdufae onfudk
uRefawmf owdjyKvdkufrdonf/ tcef;xJodkY rsufpdupm;um rdk;av;udk uRefawmf &Smvdkufrd
onf/ awGUygjyD/ rdk;av;um; uRefawmfhudk ausmay;um rD;zdkacsmifzuf avQmuf oGm;aeonf/

[D;[D; uRefawmfvnf; *vdkoli,fcsif;rsdK;vdkcsifvdkufwm/ carry on bro!
 
knight 

'DZmwfvrf;udkawmh awmfawmfav;udkpJGaejyDAsm;... wpf&ufrzwf&&if
raeEdkifavmufatmifjzpfaejyD... tckvdkZmwfvrf;aumif;aumif;av; a&;ay;wJhtwGuf
aus;Zl;ygaemf...
Lover

 

 

37 
 

tcef; (7)
usefao;wJh ESpfa,muf
rD;zdkacsmifxJ uRefawmf0ifoGm;awmh xrif;pm;yGJMuD;ay:wGif rdk;av;u wifyg;vTJ
xkdifaeonf/ onfwpfcgwGifawmh &J&Jwif;wif;yif rdk;av;udk zuferf;ypfvkdufonf/
]]ua[mhu onfvkdawmhvJ tvmMuD;ygvm;}} wpfcsufrQ erf;vdkufjyD;onfESifh
rdk;av;u uRefawmfhacgif;tm; atmufodkY zdcsum
]]uJ ... oifZmhudk vkyfay;ovkd rdk;av;udkvJ vkyfay; ... aumif;aumif;av;aemf}}
olrqE´udk uRefawmfu tm;&yg;& jznfhqnf;ay;vkdufonf/
yxrqHk;awmh vQmauR;vdkufwmayghAsm/ rdk;av;u jyHK;jyD;awmh ajym\/
]]&SD; ... [kwfyg&JU ... ua[mhu vQmapmif;w,fxufwmyJ ... r&awmhbl; udka[mh
vkyfay;ygawmh}}
]]tvkdawmf twkdif;ygcifAs}}
rdk;av;udk,fav;udk qGJvSnfhum uRefawmfhudk ausmay;apvkdufonf/ jyD;awmhrS
nDav;udk oGif;vkdufonf/
]]tm;}} oifZmwkef;uvdkyif rdk;av;rSmvJ wqwfqwf wkefae&Smonf/
]]odyfMuD;wmyJ ... tifh}} rdk;av;u wpfydkif;wpfp ajym&if;uae uRefawmfhvD;udk
qGJn§pfaeonf/ bm&rvJ uRefawmfuvJ tHMudwfum wif;cHxm;onfaygh/
toGif;txkwf vsifjrefvmonfESifhtrQ uRefawmfwdkY 2 a,mufvHk; acR;jyefvm
onf/ rdk;av;rSm oifZmESifh rwlygacs/ t&nfawG trsm;MuD; rxGuf/ pD;pD;ydkifydkif &SdvSonf/
aemufjyD;awmh ynmvnf; ydkjynfhonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; vufwpfzufjzifh olr\ taph
av;udk uvday;&if; pnf;csufusus vdk;ay;vkduf&m olrrSm ]]aumif;vkdufwmuG,f}} qdkaom
pum;rS ty bmrQ rajymEkdif&Smawmhay/ odyfrMumcifrSmyif rdk;av;rSm aumhysHwufoGm;jyD;
]]tm; ... xGufukefjyD}} [kwdk;wkd;av; ajymcsvdkufonf/

 

38 
 
olr rajymvnf; odomvSygonf/ apmufywfav;u wif;ueJ wif;ueJ jzpfoGm;
jcif;u uRefawmfhvD;udk usifwufoGm;apawmhonf/ ]]tm; ... rkd;av; .. ig ... igvnf; xGuf
awmhr,f[}}
rdk;av;u toufvk&SLae&if;u ]]'gqkdvnf; xkwfvkdufav}}
olru cGifhay;vdkufojzifh uRefawmfvnf; pdwfavQmhvdkuf&mwGif okuf&nfrsm; yef;
xGufoGm;awmh\/ rdk;av;\ t&nfrsm;ESifh aygif;qHkum tjyifodkY vQHusvmonf txdyif/
onfwpfcgawmh usaemf tawmfav; [dkufoGm;onf/ aumifrav; 2 a,mufudk
usKH;vkduf&onf/ 2 cgvnf; xGufjyD;jyDqdkawmh nDav;vJ yef;? tpfudkMuD;vJ EGrf;aejyD/
odkYjzifh rdk;av;udk,fay: xyfvsuf uRefawmftarmajzaepOf ...
]]a0;a[;a[; .. Nakadashi}}
toH&Sifum; oZif/ olESifh oifZmwkdYu rD;zdkacsmift0rS &yfMunfhaeMuonf/
oifZmu uRefawmfhtm; rsufpdwpfzuf rSdwfjyonf/ uRefawmfu rdk;av;txJwGif Zdrfusae
aom nDav;udk qGJac:um oifZmhtem;odkY wdk;uyfoGm;vdkufonf/ oifZmu wHkYqkdif;jcif;
r&SdyJ 'l;axmufum nDav;tm; iHkvdkufonf/ oifZmhtjyKtrlaMumifh uRefawmhf&ifxJwGif aEG;
ueJ jzpfoGm;awmh\/
]]oifZm&,f ...}} uRefawmfqufrajymEkdifcifrSmyif oifZmu jyefxvdkufjyD;
uRefawmfhem;em; uyfum ]]tdyf&mxJrSm eifhudk oZifapmifhaevdrfhr,f}} [kajymonf/ jyD;aemuf
olrurl rkd;av;tem;uyfoGm;um rdk;av;tm; taemufuae zufvdkuf\/ ]]odyfaumif;ae
ovm; .. aumifr .. [if;}}
rdk;av;u atmfonf/ ]][Jh .. ighapmufaphudk ruvdeJY tckav;wifyJ jyD;xm;wm ...}}
uRefawmfu oifZmhaemufausmudk cyfzGzGzufvdkufjyD; ]]'gqdk igoGm;vdkufOD;r,faemf
oifZm}}
oifZmu aemufvSnfhrMunfhyJ uRefawmfh vD;udk wpfcsuf n§pfvdkufonf/
]]eif .. onfyHkeJYawmh rjzpfbl;xifw,f}}
em;vnfwwfaom cspfolav;udk uRefawmf ydkjyD; cspfoGm;&onf/
uRefawmfu oifZmhvnfyif;udk erf;&if; ]]igowd&jyD/ tpfudkMuD; wpfa,mufajym
wm wpfcgMum;zl;w,f/ aumfzDcg;cg;aq;enf;wJh}}
oifZmu em;rvnfovdk MunfhjyD; ]]bmaumfzDvJ[ ... igajymaewm eifem;vnf
ygw,faemf}}
]]at;yg/ igodygw,f/ [dkav ... udkvljzLaumfzD ... eifhudk &Sif;jyzkdYu odyfrvG,f
bl;[m}}
uRefawmfvnf; wpfcgrS rprf;zl;ao;/ tckrS prf;&rnfjzpfonf/ aemufwpfcef;wGif
udkvljzL aumfzD b,favmuf pGrf;rvJ MunfhMuygukef/
MuufOtpdrf;vkduf azmufxnfhxm;ojzifh aomufvkdufvdkufcsif;awmh tawmfu
av; tefcsifoGm;onfrSm trSefyif/ pdwfudk wif;um oZifav; apmifhaeonfqkdaom tcef;
zuf ajcOD;vSnhfvkdufonf/
udk,fvmjyD oZif ...

 

39 
 
yxrqHk; oifZmESifh uRefawmfwkdY yGJMurf;cJhaom ukwifMuD;ay:wGif oZifu wHk;vHk;
vSJum tacGMunfhaeonf/ olrMunfhaeonfu uRefawmf,lvmaom tjymum;/ uRefawmf
u olYeHab;em; 0ifxkdifvdkufawmh oZifu vufaemufjyefxkwfum uRefawmfhvufarmif;udk
vSrf;udkifonf/
uRefawmfu oZifh ykcHk;av;udk erf;vkdufjyD; ]]apmifhaewm Mumyvm;}}
]]tif; ... rvmawmhbl;awmif xifaewm}}
]]rD;owfydkufu a&ukefoGm;vdkY a&jyefjznfhae&w,fav}}
oZifu cpfueJ &,fum nDav;ukd*kwfrS qGJudkif&if; ar;onf/ ]]a[m'DrD;owfydkuf
vm; ... a&ukefoGm;&if a&pkyfpuf &Sdw,fav}}
ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh olru atmufzuf avQmqif;um uRefawmfhnDav;udk iHkvdkuf
onf/ oZifhxl;jcm;csufrSm yg;pyfu uRefawmfhvD;udk pkyfaeaomfvnf; olYrsufvHk;u uRef
awmfhrsufESmrS rcGmjcif;yif jzpfonf/ xdkjrifuGif;u tvGefw&m &rufxefapawmh\/
]]OawGukd iHkay;&rvm;}} oZifhtar;aMumifh uRefawmhfnDav;u qwfueJ
xckefonf/ oZifu cpfcpfjrnfatmif &,fvkdufjyD; ]]'gu oabmwlwJh txdrf;trSwfaygh
aemf}}
oZifu ajymxm;onfhtwkdif;yif uRefawmh Orsm;udk iHkumpkyfay;vkduf&m vlMuD;jzpf
aom uRefawmfyg xckefrdrwwf jzpfoGm;&\/ uRefawmfhtjzpfudk oabmuspGm Munfh&if;
oZifu ar;jyefonf/ ]]ighwpfudk,fvHk;rSm b,ftpdwftydkif;udk eiftMudKufqHk;vJ[if ...
a,mufsm;av;awGuawmh ighrsufvHk;u tvSqHk;wJh}}
]]tif; ... [kwfw,f/ eifhrsufvHk;u nIdU"gwfygw,f ...}} uRefawmfbmqufajym&
rSef; rodawmhojzifh &yfvdkufonf/
oZifu cpfueJ &,fvkdufum ]]'gayr,fh eifu tjrJwrf;vdkvdk ighwifyg;awGudkyJ
Munfhaewm r[kwfvm;}}
olcdk;vlrd jzpfoGm;aom uRefawmhfrSm bmjyefajym&rSef;rod/ twefMumrS xpfxpf
aighaighjzifh ]]'g ... 'guawmh ...}}
oZifu ]]cpfcpf ... Munfhyg[Jh/ igueifhudk rwm;ygbl;}} rwm;onfhtjyif olYzifudk
uRefawmfhzuf xdk;ay;vkdufao;onf/ tm;yg;yg; vSvdkufonfh zifvHk;av;rsm;/ MuD;rm;pGifh
um;vSojzifh uRefawmfraeEkdifawmhyJ erf;vkdufrdonf/ El;nHhum vHk;uspfaeaom tawGUtxd
aMumifh ESmacgif;jrKyfonftxd tm;&yg;& oZifhwifyg;MuD;udk upfpfay;vdkufonf/
oifZmu &,fvdkuf&if; ]]Munfh&wm ighrsufvHk;awGudk eifodyfrMudKufawmhbl; xif
w,f}}
]]eifhyHkMunfh&wm ighzifudk cscsifaeovdkyJ}}
tjzpfrSefrSm oZifhar;cGef;udk uRefawmf rMum;vkduf/ uRefawmfhtm½kHrSm jzLjzLazG;azG;
aygifrkefYMuD;rsm;qD a&mufaeonf r[kwfygvm;/
odkYaomf tvkdufoifhav; ]]tif;}} [k ajz&if; uRefawmfu olrav;\ zifMuD;rsm;udk
qufjyD; qkyfe,faerdonf/
]]cscsif&ifvJ jznf;jznf;awmhvkyfaemf}} 'Dpum;udkvnf; uRefawmf rMum;vkdufonf
rSm trSefyif jzpfygonf/ rdk;MudK;yGwf&ygap&JU uRefawmfwu,fudk rMum;vdkufyg/ oZifh

 

40 
 
zifMuD; 2 vHk;Mum;xJ uRefawmfwpfacgif;vHk; 0ifrwwf jzpfae&m b,frSm Mum;Edkifyg
rnfenf;/
twefMumrS tm;,l&if; uRefawmfxvdkufonf/ oZifhrsufESmav;rSm &JwGwfae
awmhonf/ olru ]]eif em;vnfw,f r[kwfvm; ...}}
bmawGudk em;vnf&rSmvJ rod/ odkYaomfvnf; tvkdufoifhayghav/ ]]tif; ...}} [k
ajym&if; vkyfief;p&ef oZifhudk qGJvSefvdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf olYapmufywfav;qD 'dkifAifypf
vkdufjyD; rIwfay;vdkufonf/ oZifhrSm aumhysHwufoGm;awmh\/ apmufarT;rsm;udk vufwpf
zufjzifh yifhwifxm;jyD;aemuf apmufaphuav;udk pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf qGay;&if; uRefawmfu
rsufvHk;vSefum tuJcwfvdkufonf/ oZifu cGifhray;/ olYvufrsm;u uRefawmfhacgif;udk
twif;zdcsxm;onf/ uRefawmfvnf; pdwfaygufaygufjzifh olYtaphav;udk vQmjym;jzifh
tom;ukef vsufvdkuf? yg;pyfxJ pkyf,lvdkuf vkyfay;vdkufonfwGif oZifxGufoGm;awmh\/
oZifu t&nf&TJvSonf/ ao;aygufvdkufovm;awmif xif&avmufatmifudk rsm;
onf/ aemufqHk; vGwfvyfcGifh&oGm;onfwGif uRefawmfu tomt,m xvkdufjyD;aemuf
tajrmufMuD;udk jyifqifvkdufonf/ ]]tdrf; ... vdk;&acsao;&JU}}
odkYaomf oZifu cGifhray;yg/
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}} uRefawmfu em;rvnfpGm ar;vdkufonf/
oZifu abmufqwfqwfjzifh ]]eif rjrifbl;vm;}} [kajymonf/
]]igjrifom;yJ/ eifhwpfukd,fvHk; igMunfhjyD;jyD/ vsufvdkYawmif jyD;jyDav}}
]]r[kwfao;bl;/ eifrjrifao;ygbl;/ onfrSmMunfh ...}} ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh oZifu
olYapmufywf 2 jcrf;udk jzJjyygonf/ uRefawmfvnf; xyfjyD; iHkYMunfhvdkufonf/
jrifvdkuf&aom jrifuGif;udk uRefawmf r,HkEkdifyg/ xyfjyD;aocsmatmif uRefawmfh
vuf 2 acsmif;jzifh jzJMunfhvkdufonf/
]]at;uGm ... igvnf; wu,fhudk rjrifwmyg/ ajrGomqkd aygufjyD;avmufjyD}}
ajymae&if;rS uRefawmfh vufacsmif;rsm; wkef,ifvmonftxd 0rf;omoGm;rdonf/
onfavmufqkd&if pm&SKolrsm; odavmufygjyD/ uRefawmfawGUvdkuf&onfrSm apmuf
acgif;0udk wpf0ufcefY umxm;aom tarS;yg;uav; jzpfygonf/ vufpowfawmh oZif
onf tysKdppfppf jzpfaeayao;oudk;/ þuJhokdY apmifrMunfh½SKawmfrlaom ewfaumif;ewf
jrwfrsm;udk uRefawmfhpdwfxJrS tMudrfwpf&mavmuf OD;csypfvkdufonf/ yguifzGifh&acsao;&JU/
odkYaomf oZifu uRefawmfhudk vufrcHyg/ onfhtjyif olqufajymvdkufaom
pum;aMumifh uRefawmfhrSm aocsifpdwfayguf oGm;&onf/
]]'gu ighcspfcspfudkrS ay;rSm[Jh/ eifeJY rqkdifbl;}} [lownf;/
onftjzpfu tawmfuav; qkd;vSonf/ Oyrmay;&ygu ewfjynfodkY t&Sifvwf
vwf a&mufjyD; ewforD;udk awGU&? vsuf&jyD;rS [kd'if;jyKcgeD;wGif zrf;qkyfvkduf&m avudkom
rdaejcif;ESifh tvm;wlayvdrhfrnf/ r[kwfao; ... tJonfOyrmu enf;enf;awmfayao;
onf/ ,ckawmh uRefawmfhtjzpfu vQmjzifh vsufMunfhjyD;í MudKufonf? pm;awmhrnf[k tHcJ
vkdufawmhrS txJrSm ovJ&Sdonfqkdaom tjzpfyguvm;/
]]eifuvJ[m ... tJovkdMuD;awmh rvkyfvkdufygeJY oZifuvJ ... ighrSm pm;awmh
0g;awmhr,fvdkY tm;cJxm;jyD;rS ... tckvdkqkdawmh ...}}

 

41 
 
oZifu tHhMoovdk Munfhum ]]eifhudkig cGifhay;xm;wmeJYyJ auseyfyg[m}}
]]vsuf½kHav;eJY rauseyfbl;[m/ taiGYeJY tawGUeJY rwlbl;[/ eifuvJ[m ...
jznf;jznf;vkyfqkd vkyfyghr,f/}}
]]a[mawmh ... igajymwm eifem;rvnfbl;eJY wlw,f/ 'Dvdk[m ... ighudk
yguifzGifhwJholu igpdwfwkdif;uswJh a,mufsm;av;jzpf&r,f/ ... 'gayr,fh avmavmq,frSm
igt&rf; ... t&rf; ... qmaew,f/ eifeJY oifZm .. jyD;awmh eifeJY rdk;av; qGJaeMuwmudk
MunfhjyD;awmh ig ... igvnf; vdkcsifw,f/ aemufwpfaMumif;u eifu oifZmhvlr[kwfvm;/
oifZm cGifhjyKwkef;av;yJ igu &rSmqdkawmh igprf;Munfhcsifw,f[m/ tJ'gawG tukefvHk;
aygif;vkduf&if tajzu wpfckwnf;&Sdw,f ...}}
ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh oZifu aygifauG;vdkufum plxGufvmaom zif0av;udk ykwfjy
onf/
]][kduf}} uRefawmfh&if0udk tvHk;MuD; wpfvHk; vmaqmifhvdkufovdk cHpm;vdkuf&onf/
xdkae&mwGif yGJcsif;jyD; vJaoroGm;onfudk ,cktcsdefwGif rsm;pGm tHhMordygonf/ rdwfaqGrsm;
a&m rtHhMoygbl;vm;/ pOf;pm;MunfhMuyg/
a,mufsm;av; wpfa,muftzdkY rdef;uav;wpfa,muftm; yguifzGifh&onf qkd
aom tawGUtMuHKrSm &cJvSygbdawmif;/ onfhxufqkdvQif aemufaygufwG,fpD;&ef wpfzuf
om;u vkdvkdcsifcsif awmif;qdkjcif;udk cH&zkdYrSm cufvSay\/ ,ckawmh xkdodkY awmif;qkdvmol
rSm ausmif;xJu emrnfMuD; oZif jzpfae\/ (trSeftwkdif; 0efcH&vQif uRefawmfonf xdkpOf
u wpfcgrQ aemufayguf rwG,fpD;cJh&ao;ay/ oZifonf yxrqHk; jzpfyg\/)
]]oZif ... eif ... eif .. wu,fajymwmaemf}} 0rf;acgif;oHMuD;jzifh uRefawmfu ar;
vkdufonf/

aumif;vdkufwm udka[ma&mha&/ Zwf@Sdefuwtm;_rifhvm^yDAsm?
jumjum}uD;awmhapmifch sifbl;aemf/ ^ref^refqufwifay;tHk;Asm?
^yD;oavmuf yD'Dtufvf av;vkyfay;ygtHk;
aus;Zl;wifygw,f?
Devil Killer

 

42 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

aemufaygufwG,fpD;jcif; ... 

 

43 
 

tcef; (8)
tysKdppfppf
oZifu vefYoGm;[efwlonf/ ]]eif ... eif jznf;jznf;av;yJ vkyf&r,faemf ...
igemw,fvkdY ajymwmeJY jyefxkwfay;&r,f}}
]]at;yg[m ... eifem&if csufcsif; jyefxkwfay;r,f}}
oZifu tckeu &Jwif;oavmuf tckawmh jidrfusoGm;onf/ zifcH&awmhrnfqkd
aom todu olrudk pdwfvIyf&Sm;aponfvm;? odkYwnf;r[kwf ajcmufjcm;aponfvm; rod/
trSeftwkdif; ajym&ygu uRefawmf odvnf; rodcsifyg/ uRefawmfvkyfp&m&SdwmawGudkom
wpfckrusefvkyfzkdY jyifonf/
aocsmwmu rIwfwmeJY p&rnf/ 'gaMumifh oZifhudk av;zufukef;ckdif;vkdufjyD;
olYzifxJodkY wHaxG;yspfyspfESpfESpf axG;xnfhvdkufonf/ uRefawmfhvufcv,fu olYzif0av;
udk xdoGm;aomtcg oZifhrSm wGefYueJ jzpfum ]]tdkY}} ueJ cyfwkd;wkd;av;atmfonf/
vufcv,fwpfacsmif;vHk;udk jznf;jznf;csif; oGif;vdkufjyD; uRefawmfu olESifh
yg;csif;uyfvdkufum ]]oZif ... emvm;}}
oZifu uRefawmfhyg;udk arT;vkdufjyD; ]]a[hat; ... rembl;/ ... tif; ... rqkd;bl;
aemf ... oGif;vkdufawmhuGm/ igrapmifhcsifawmhbl;}}
idkcsifvsuf vufwkdY[laom pum;udk trSwf&rdonf/ uRefawmfu vsifjrefpGmyif
nDav;udk udkifum oZifhaemufaygufav;ESifh awhvkdufonf/ qwfueJ jzpfoGm;aom
oZifhykcHk;udk vSrf;udkifvkdufjyD;aemuf cyfus,fus,f ajymvkdufonf/
]]oZif ... yg;pyf[jyD; touf&SL ... &SL ...}}
oZifu vefYzsyfum ][m;} ueJ t&SLvkdufwGif uRefawmfu aqmifhoGif;vkdufawmh
onf/
]]tdtd ... emw,f emw,f ... oZifhtoHu tpydkif;wGif us,faomfvnf;
uRefawmfhxkd;ppf &yfvdkufonfwGif atmfoH wjznf;jznf;csif; wkd;oGm;onf/ onfhaemufawmh
enf;enf;av; aoG;wdk;prf;Munfhvdkufonf/ enf;enf;csif;jzifh wpf0ufavmuf 0ifoGm;awmh
oZifhudk,fvHk;av; cg,rf;vmum ]]cP ... cPem;ygOD;[m ... pyfvkdufwm ...}}
]pdwf&Snfonf;cH vrf;aMumif;rSef} qkdaom pum;t& uRefawmf tvGefpdwf&Snf
ygonf/ puúefYaygif;rsm;pGm? rdepfaygif;rsm;pGm MumawmhrS aemufwpfqpf wkd;&onf/
onfhaemufawmh tqHk;txd xdk;xnfhvkdufawmhonf/ þwGif uRefawmfh varT;rsm;ESifh
oZifhzifav; rdwfqufoGm;awmh\/
]]a&; ...}} oZifu wdk;wkd;av; atmfvdkufjyD; olYzifudk aemufodkYaumhvkdufum
uRefawmfhvD;udk ESJYoGif;vkdufonf/ uRefawmfuawmh rtm;vyfacs/ vufwpfzufu oZifh
apmufywfav;udk EIdufaeonf/ aemufvufwpfzufu olYEdkYrsm;udk n§pfay;&onf/ yg;pyfu
awmh olYvnf*kwfom;0if;0if;av;awGudk zGzGav;udkufae&onf/ oZifu &Gpd&Gpd jzpfvmjyD;
]]udka[mh ... onftwkdif;yJ jidrfaeawmhrSmvm;vkdY ...}}
]]onftwkdif;yJ rae&if b,fvkdaervJ ... ajym}}
]]vlqdk;aemf ... a[monfvkdav; vkyfay;aygh}}

 

44 
 
oZifu olYwifyg;rsm;udk vIyf&Sm;&ef MudK;pm;onf/ odkYaomfvnf; uRefawmfu
cyfwif;wif;av; zufxm;onfhtwGuf odyfrvIyfEkdifyg/ olvIyfvkdufoavmuf enf;enf;
uav;uyif uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufvHk;udk uRwfueJ pkyfoyfrdapawmh\/ oZifhzifuav;
onf t&rf;udk csí aumif;wm aocsmyg\/
]]oZifhzifav;u t&rf;csvkdY aumif;w,fuGm ... enf;enf;av; aqmifhr,faemf ...
em&ifajym}}
enf;enf;av; aqmifhvkdufonfwGif ukwifMuD;u us,fus,fMuD; atmfonf/
uRefawmfu vD;udk uRwfxGufrwwf xkwfum tqHk;txd jyefxkd;xnfhvkdufonfrSm wpfayrQ
yif ruGma0;yg enf;enf;uav;rS wu,fhenf;enf;av;om jzpfygonf/
]]tm; ... t&rf;rvkyfeJYav/ &SD; ... emvkdufwm[,f}}
ukwifay:wGif vl;vdrhfaeaom oZifhudk Munhf&if; uRefawmfoem;oGm;rdonf/
t&nfawG &TJaeaom apmufaphav;udk xdxdrdrd yGwfay;&if; tomav; an§mifhay;vkdufawmhrS
oluav; jidrfusoGm;awmhonf/ rMumygacs/ jyefvIyfvmjyefonf/ onfwpfcgawmh
wpfrsKd;/ olYtaphay:rS uRefawmfhvufudk tkyfudkif&if; yg;pyfurl ]]udka[mh&,f ... tm; ...
enf;enf;avmuf t&Sdefwifvkdufprf;yg ... ,m;vkdufwmuG,f ... oZif aemufwpfcg
xGufcsifjyD}}
a&iwfwkef; a&wGif;xJusacsjyD/ uRefawmfu t&ifwkef;uvdkyJ enf;enf;uav;
aqmifhawmh\/ wu,fhenf;enf;av;yg/ wpfayyif rjynfh/ xkdpOfwGif aygufayguf&Sm&Sm
awG;wwfaom uRefawmfhacgif;xJodkY tawG;wpfck 0ifvm\/ onfukwifMuD;onf oZifharG;
ozcifu olYrdciftm; vdk;cJhaom ukwifMuD;yif/ ckawmholwkdY\ orD;jzpfoludk uRefawmfu
tm;&yg;& zifcsae&\/ ta[mokcH ... aumif;avpG ... aumif;avpG/
tckawmh uRefawmfu apmufaphtm; uvdjcif; vkyfief;udk oZifhtm; tjyD;tydkif
vTJay;vkdufjyD; oZifhcg;udk udkifum zifcsjcif; trIudkom pGrf;pGrf;wrH jyKaeawmh\/
ukwifMuD;u oHpHkjrnfaeonfa&m? tm½kHtjynfh&aejcif;aMumifha&m? oifZmESifh rdk;av;wkdY
tem;a&mufvmonfukd uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufvHk; rodvkdufMu/
wjznf;jznf;ESifh t&Sdefwufvmaomtcg oZifuyif olYzif 2 jcrf;udk tm;&yg;&
jzJay;um uRefawmfhtm; aqmifhaponf/ uRefawmfhtzdkYawmh a&Sma&Sm&SL&SL jzpfoGm;onfaygh/
]][Jh oZif ... aumifr ... eifhzifuGJoGm;OD;r,faemf}} rdk;av;\ tmar#dwf/
t&Sdefwufaeaom oZifuawmh ]]aumif;aumif;aeprf; rdk;av; ... ighzifuGJwm
eifhtyl wpfjym;om;rS rygbl;}}
oifZmuvnf; ]]tHr,f ... aumifru rTefaevdkufwm ...}}
oZifu pdwf½Iyfaom avoHjzifh ]]eifwkdY jidrfjidrfaeMuprf;[m/ tckigjyD;csifaejyD/
eifwkdYvmaESmifh,SufwmeJY rxGufEkdifbl; jzpfaew,f/ cPav; jidrfay;Muprf;yg}}
þwGif uRefawmfu oifZmhem;
oZifhtaphav;udk uvday;prf;yg}}

em;uyfjyD;

ajymvkduf&\/

]]oifZm

...

oifZmu ]]tdkau}} [kajymjyD; oZifhapmufywfav;ay: rsufESmtyfvkdufum
vQmpGrf;jyawmh\/ oZifhzifuav; ydk&SHKUoGm;jyD;aemuf atmfoHawG qlnHvmonf/
rdk;av;u wpfpcef; xvmjyefonf/ ]]aumifr eifhtoHcsnf;yJ/ vmprf; ighudkrIwf
ay;prf;}}

 

45 
 
ajymajymqdkqkdjzifh rdk;av;u oZifhrsufESmudk cGxkdifvkdufonf/
uRefawmfhtjzpfudk rdwfaqGawG;Munfhyg/ oZifhzifudk csae&onf/ wpfjydKifwnf;
wGif oifZmhvQmu uRefawmfhvD;udk wpfcsufwpfcsuf vsufrdonf/ rsufpda&SUwGifawmh
rdk;av;\ zif0&SHKU&SHKUav;/ tm;r&ao;ay/ uRefawmfhvufu oifZmhtaygufrsm;udk prf;um
EIduf&ef MudK;pm;vdkufonf/
]]awmfprf;oZif ... [Jhaumifr ... tck&yf}} rdk;av;u cyfpl;pl;av; atmfojzifh
uRefawmf armhMunfhvkdufawmh oZifu rdk;av;\zifav;udk vsufay;aeonf/ oZifhvuf
nId;? vufcv,furl rdk;av;apmufywftm; tnId;jzifh xkd;qGvsuf&Sdjyefonf/
oZifu ]]eifMudKufw,fr[kwfvm; ... aumifru rlaeao;w,f ... tvJh ... tvJh
oifZmu ightaphav;udk pkyfaew,fa[h/ ig .. ig ... r&awmhbl; ...}}
oZifh udk,fuav; wqwfqwfwkefvmonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; jyD;csifjyDrdkY
olruav;\ ykcHk;udk zdcsxm;&if; vD;udk tqHk;txd qGJxkwfvdkufonf/ uRefawmfh pdwful;rSm
tm;&yg;& aqmifhoGif;&if; twlwljyD;Murnf[k jzpfaomfvnf; trSefwu,fwGifrl txr
ajrmufvkdufacs/
oZifu olYapmufywfomru zifudkyg twif;qGJ½IHUvkduf&m uRefawmfhnDawmfarmif
rSm xGufr&yJ wpfaeawmh\/ aoG;rsm;u 'pfzsm;wGif xGufaygufr&SdyJ ydwfoGm;&m emusif
vkdufonfh jzpfjcif;/ tckeu jyD;csifonfh pdwfrsm;aysmufum idkcsifvmonf/ ]]oZif ... oZif
... enf;enf;av; avQmhay;OD;uGm/ igh[mMuD; odyfwif;aejyD}}
oZifu rMum;ovdkjzifh ukwifay:wGif taoaumifvkd wkH;vHk;yufvuf jzpfae
onf/ tawmfav;MumrS uRefawmfhnDav;udk twif;qGJxkwf&awmh\/ jyD;aemufwGifum;
nDav;wG,fpD;p&m taygufwpfaygufudk tvsiftjref&Sm&\/ awGUygjyD/ rsufpda&SUrSmyJ/
wHawG;rsm;jzifh pdkpGwfaeaom rdk;av;\ zif0av;rSm uRefawmfhypfrSwf jzpfoGm;&
awmh\/
uRefawmfhvD;udk qGJxkwfvdkufaomtcg oZifu atmfonf/ ]][Jh ... bmvdkY xkwf
vdkufwmvJ}}
oZifhudk bmrQ jyefrajymawmhyJ rdk;av;udk uRefawmf vSrf;qGJvdkufonf/ uRefawmfh
tjyKtrlrsm;u tawmfuav; Murf;wrf;aeonfudk ukd,fhzmomudk,fyif odvkdufonf/
rdef;uav; 3 a,mufvHk;vJ jidrfusoGm;onf/ oZifa&m? oifZmyg uRefawmfhudk rsufawmif
rcwf ai;MunfhaeMuonf/ um,uH&Sifjzpfaom rdk;av;rSmawmh &ifw'def;'def; ckefaeonfudk
uRefawmfhvufrsm;rSwqifh odvkduf&onf/
]]raMumufygeJY ... aumif;atmif vkyfay;rSmyg}}
ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh uRefawmhvufru rdk;av;\ zif0xJ 0ifoGm;onf/
]]tmh}} av;zufukef;xm;aom rdk;av;\ acgif;uav; armhwufvmonf/ yg;pyf
uawmh bmrQxyfrajymawmh/ uRefawmfu vufrudk xkwfvdkufoGif;vkduf vkyfonf/ jidrfae
qJ/ tajctaeaumif;onf[k ,lqum aemufwpfqifh wkd;vkdufawmhonf/
]]rdk;av; ... igxnfhvdkufawmhr,faemf/ t&rf;awmifaevkdYyg/ em&ifajym .. [kwf
vm;}}
]]jznf; ... jznf;jznf;vkyfaemf/ igwpfcgrS zifrcHzl;ao;bl;}}

 

46 
 
rdk;av;u acgif;ndrfhjyonf/ zifcscH&rnfqdkawmh &ifckefaeonfhtoGifayyJ/
uRefawmfuvJ tcsdefrqGJawmhyJ nDawmfarmifudk w&Sdefxdk; 0ifapvkdufonf/
]]tm; ... eif ... eif ... b,fae&mudk csaewmvJ}}
olYapmufywfxJ vkd;vdkufojzifh tHhtm;oifhjyD; rdk;av;u us,favmifpGm ar;onf/
]]t&ifqHk;qDqGwfaewm}} [k uRefawmfu olYem;em;uyfum tajzay;vdkufonf/
rdk;av; jidrfoGm;onf/ av;ig;csufavmuf oGif;jyD;awmh uRefawmfhnDawmfarmifav; acsmarGY
aeawmhrS ta&SUaygufrS xGufapum taemufaygufodkY awhvkdufonf/ ppcsif;awmh r0ifacs/
tm;pdkufum zdvdkufonf/ r0ifao;acs/
]]rdk;av; ... yg;pyf[jyD; touf&SLvkdufprf;[m}}
onfawmhrS acsmueJ 'pfu wkd;0ifoGm;onf/ rdk;av;u vefYoGm;ovdk qD;n§yf
vkdufjyefonf/ odkYaomf jyóem r&Sdawmhyg/ acgif;0ifvQif ukd,fqefYonf[k qkd½dk;a[mif;
&Sdonf r[kwfygvm;/ tomuav; acsmhacsmhoGif;vdkuf&m rdk;av;\ emygw,f[k atmfoH
rMum;&yJ a&Sma&Sm&SL&SLyif tqHk;xd 0ifoGm;ygawmhonf/
]]eifhudkig odyfpdwfqkd;w,fodvm;/ bmjzpfvkdY ighzifxJrSm nakadashi rvkyf
wmvJ ... [Gef; ... aemufwpfcgawmh igauseyfwJhtxd vkyfay;&r,f}}
[efESifhyefESifh ajymaeaom oZifhudk zuferf;ypfvdkufonf/ EIwfcrf;csif;pkyf?
vQmcsif;uvdaeaomfvnf; atmufrS udpöudkvnf; rvpf[if;ap&yg/ terf;wpf0ufwGif
uRefawmfhacgif;udk vufEkEkav; 2 zufu qGJvSnfhvkdufojzifh vnfoGm;onf/
oifZmyif jzpfonf/ tay:rSm vQmcsif;uvdae&ovkd atmufrSmvnf; tjywfqGJae
&onf/ uRefawmfhtjzpfu oem;p&m aumif;vSonf/ oifZmu xHk;pHtwkdif; uRefawmfh
EIwfcrf;rsm;udk zGzGav; udkufjyD;rS vTwfay;onf/ xdkYaemuf uRefawmfhem;em; uyfvmjyD;
avoHav;jzifh ]]eifhudk &SJrdwm rSm;jyDxifw,f/ igawmif 0} atmif rpm;&awmhbl;}}
uRefawmf tm;&yg;& atmf&,fvdkufjyD; rdk;av;ukd tm;&yg;& aqmifhvkd;vkdufonf/
,ckrS owdxm;vkdufrdonfrSm rdk;av;\ zif 2 jcrf;udk oZifu tm;jzifh qGJjzJay;xm;jcif;yif
jzpfonf/ uRefawmf vdk;&wm tawmfhudk tqifajyonf/ acsmueJ acsmueJ tqifajyaom
aMumifh oZifhudk aus;Zl;wifonfhtaejzifh vSrf;EIdufvkdufonf/
oifZmh acgif;uav;udk tomqGJ,lum uRefawmfuvnf; wkd;wkd;av; ajymvdkuf
onf/
]]odyfaumif;wmyJ oifZm&,f/ odyfcspfoGm;jyD}}
]][Jh eifxnfhaewm rdk;av;av/ igr[kwfbl;}}
]]at;av/ tJ'gaMumifh ajymwmaygh/ rdk;av;eJY igeJY tckvkd jzpfaewm eifu
&S,fay; vdkYyg/ 'gudk aus;Zl;wifwm}}
]]igu o0efrwkdwwfbl;/ eifhudk igholi,fcsif;awGeJY &S,f&Jw,f ... eifua&m ...}}
(&S,f = share)
]]w½kwfav;udk b,fvkdjrifvJ}} uRefawmfu tm;usrcH jyefar;vkdufonf/
oifZmu tHhMoaom avoHjzifh ]]igaemufwmyg/ eifu ighudk wu,f&S,frvkdY
vm;}}

 

47 
 
]]tacGawGxJuvdk 2 a,mufn§yfcswmrsKd;udk eifpdwfrul; Munfhzl;bl;vm;}}
oifZmu ]][ifhtif;}} [kajzvkdufojzifh uRefawmf tHhtm;oifhoGm;onf/ odkYaomf
pum;rsm;rsm; ajymcsdef r&Sdawmh/
]]cPav;aemf oifZm/ igxGufawmhr,f}}
oifZmu acgif;ndwfum pum;pjzwfvkdufjyD;aemuf uRefawmfh Orsm;udk tomav;
udkifum tm;ay;vkdufonf/ uRefawmfu rdk;av;\ ykcHk; 2 zufudk tm;jzifhqkyfum
twif;aqmifhvdkufjyD; okufrsm;udk vTwfvkdufonf/ wpfcsuf? ESpfcsuf? oHk;csuf? jyD;awmh
uRefawmfh qD;pyfudk rdk;av;zifESifh uyfoGm;atmif tm;ukeftifukef zdxm;vkdufonf/
jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhvD;udk xkwfvdkufaomtcg rdk;av;\ zif0rSm [jyJav; jzpfum usefcJh
onfudk oZifESifh oifZmu 0dkif;umMunfhaeonf/
]]rdkufw,fuGm/ tacGawGxJu twkdif;yJaemf ... [d[d ... ighzifwkef;uvJ tJonfvdk
yJ jyJaewmyJvm; oifZm}}
]]aomufaumifr ... eifhzifu ydkawmifjyJao; ... [Jh rkd;av; ... w,fjyD; pnf;pdrf,pf
aew,f/ xprf; ... igar;prf;yg&ap/ aumif;ovm;}}
rdk;av;u tdyf&may:wGif arSmufvsuf cPjidrfaejyD;rS ]]a[hat; ... raumif;bl;/
t&rf;emw,f/ oifZm rprf;eJY odvm;/ igeJY oZifyJ zifcHr,f}}
]]aomufaumifrawG ... pum;taumif;udk rajymbl;}}
oifZmu ukwifay:rS vSnfhqif;rnf tjyKwGif uRefawmfu vSrf;qGJvdkufojzifh
uRefawmfh udk,fay: ,dkifusvmonf/ onfhaemufwGifawmh terf;awG a0oGm;onf/ jyD;awmh
... jyD;awmh ... yifyef;vGef;ojzifh uRefawmf tdyfaysmfoGm;awmh\/

rvm rvm eJ. apmif. ae wm vmrJ. vm awm. vJ Murf; vScsnfvm; q&m a[m.&,f
?'Duvnf; 'grsdK; awGapmif. aewm 
[if;..[if;..( NrefrmZmwfum;rsm; xJrS t&ufrl;ae aom vlqkd; MuD; rsm; avoHeSif.zwf yg &ef)  
 

tufZ(azza) 
 
 

 

48 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

tdyf&mu Edk;awmh ...
 

 

49 
 

tcef; (9)
oifZmhaemufayguf
uRefawmfEdk;vmawmh rsufESmMuuf jzLjzLudk jrif&onf/ tcef;xJwGif wdwfqdwfae
onf/ b,folrS r&Sdawmh/ ]]igtdrfruf rufaewmvm;}} jyefpOf;pm;rdonf/ csufcsif;yif
uRefawmfhrsufpdu ukwifay:rS uGufaeaom t&mrsm;udk jrifvdkufrdonf/ tdrfruf r[kwf
wmawmh aocsmoGm;ygjyD/ tlaMumifaMumif jzpfaepOfrSmyif oifZmhtoHudk Mum;vkduf&onf/
]]Edk;vmyvm; ... [kdaumifawGawmh a&csKd;aeMuw,f}}
uRefawmf vSnfhMunfhvkdufawmh tcspfuav;tm; t0wfrygyJ awGUvdkuf&\/
uRefawmfh&ifcGifxJ wdk;0ifvmoluav;udk tvkdufoifh ayGUvkduf&if; ]]oifZma&m vdkufroGm;
bl;vm;}}
]]oifZmvkdufoGm;&if a[monfu tdyfykwfMuD; wpfa,mufwnf; jzpfaerSmpkd;vkdY
vdkufroGm;wm&Sifh}}
uRefawmfh&ifcGifxJrS oifZmhudk,fvHk;av;onf tenf;i,f awmifhwif;aeonfudk
owdxm;vkdufrdonf/ aumifrav; pdwfqkd;aejyDvm;rod/ jymjymovJjzifh uRefawmf ar;
vkdufrdonf/
]]oifZm ... ighudk rkef;oGm;jyDvm;}}
uRefawmfar;vdkufonfESifh
ar;cGef;wpfck ar;onf/

wpfxyfwnf;rSmyif

]]eif ... ighudk txifao;oGm;ovm;}}

oifZmuvnf;

uRefawmfhudk

 

50 
 
ESpfa,mufom; jydKifwlyif jyHK;vdkufrdonf/ uRefawmfu ]]igpdwfylwm wpfckyJ/
tJ'gu eif pdwfckoGm;rSmudkyg}}
oifZmu uRefawmfhvufudk qkyfvkdufjyD; ]]ppcsif;wkef;uawmh eifhudk tckvkd &SJzkdY
pdwfrul;ygbl;/ igwkdY pdwful;xm;wmu av;a,mufom; aysmfaysmfyg;yg; pum;ajymr,f/
upm;Mur,f/ 'gavmufyJ awG;xm;wm/ tckawmh ...}}
]]tckawmh ... bmjzpfvJoifZm ... pdwf½IyfoGm;yvm;}}
]]tif; ... ½Iyfw,f/ 'gayr,fh eifeJY [dkaumifrawGudkawmh r[kwfygbl;/ ighpdwfudk
igr,Hkwm/ [dkwpfaeYuav;uyJ &nf;pm;wpfa,mufeJY jywfw,f/ tckusawmh ...}}
]]tif; ... tJ'gawGu cPae&if tenfxkdifoGm;rSmyg}}
]]tJonfvkdyJ jzpfygap/ ... ig pdwfylwmu eifhudkcspfrcspf ighzmom raocsmwmyg}}
]][kduf ... tJovkdawmh rvkyfeJYav}}
uRefawmfhavoHaMumifh oluav; cpfueJ &,f&if; ]]bmawGpdk;&drfaewmvJ&Sifh/
tckqdk&if &SifuRefrudk &jyD;jyDyJ[mudk}}
]]igajymcsifwm tJ'gr[kwfbl; oifZm ... vlcsif;twlwlaewmu wpfydkif;?
pdwfcsif; ...}}
]]tif; ... awmfygawmh odygjyD/ [kwfygw,f/ 'gayr,fh ...}}
]]bmjzpfjyefvdkYvJ/ igu emrnfrMuD;wJh tnw&rkdYvm;}}
]]vmjyefjyD 'Demrnfudpö/ emrnfMuD;wkdif; raumif;bl;/ awmfjyD/ aemufqkd&if
emrnfMuD;wJhvlawGeJY taygif;toif; rvkyfawmhbl; ...}}
xkdYaemuf rdef;uav;yDyD twif;wkwfygawmhonf/ b,fausmif;olu b,folESifh
&nf;pm;jzpfzl;aMumif;? b,foluawmh b,fq&mudk vmbfxkd;jyD; ar;cGef;awmif;aMumif;/
yxrawmh uRefawmfu pdwf0ifpm;[efaqmifjyD; em;axmifay;ygonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tcsdef
MumvmonfESifhtrQ oluav;u pufaoewfypfovdk ajymaeaomtcg onf;rcHEdkifawmhyg/
'gESifhyif yg;pyfaoewfudk ydwfoGm;atmif tMuHxkwf&ygawmhonf/
]]tGefY ... vlqdk;yJuGm}} 'gu uRefawmfhterf;aMumifh oifZmu auseyfpGm ajymvkduf
aom pum;/
t&Sdef&vmawmh uRefawmfu olYudk qGJ,lvdkuf&m oifZmu awmihfxm;jyD; ]]tdyf&m
unpfywfaew,f}} [kajymonf/
]]tJ'gqdk udk,fatmufrSmaer,f/ oifZmudk,fhtay:rSmae}}
]]tHr,f vlvnf}} oifZmu uRefawmfhudk,fay: wufjyD; aemuf ajymifacsmfacsmf trl
t&mjzifh ]]... tm; ... xkd;rdoGm;jyD ... Adkufemw,f}} [katmfonf/
oifZmh em;&Gufzsm;av;udk udkufvdkufjyD; ]]uJ ... tay:rSmaewJhvl ... bmay;rvJ}}
uRefawmfu ar;vkdufonf/
]]bmvdkcsifovJ}} oifZmu jyefar;onf/ uRefawmfu olYzifav;rsm;udk tomav;
qGJjzJvdkufonfwGif wcpfcpf&,fum ]]taemufoefwJh vlMuD;ygvm;/ uRefrawmh vla&G;rSm;
jyDxifw,f}} odkYaomfvnf; oifZmh toHrSm a'gooHtvsOf;rygacs/

 

51 
 
bk&m;pl;&ap&JU ... uRefawmfolYzifukd qGJjzJvdkufonfrSm olYzifudk cs&ef pdwful;í
r[kwfyg/ qGJzJh&wm t&om&Sdíom jzpfygonf/ odkYaomf oifZmu txifvGJoGm;jyD;
ausauseyfeyf cGifhay;aeonfukd awGU&aomtcg tomav; a&vdkufig;vdkuf aevdkufawmh
wm aygh/ oifZm u qufajymvdkufonf/
]]'gayr,fh wpfcgawmh ta&SUaygufxJrSm vkyfr,faemf}}
olrpum; rqHk;rDyif uRefawmfhvufu apmufaphav;udk uvdvkdufonf/ oifZmu
wGefYvdrfoGm;jyD;aemuf uRefawmfESifh yg;csif;tyfum w[if;[if; atmfonf/
uRefawmfu ar;vkdufonf/ ]]Munfhprf; pdk&TJaewmyJ/ ighaumifrav;udk b,folvkyf
oGm;ovJ}}
oifZmu uRefawmhfyg;udk erf;vdkufjyD; ]]rdk;av;av ... tmh ... ,m;w,fudk&,f}}
nDav;udk olYvufwpfzufjzifh qkyfum oifZmu tomavQmoGif;vdkufonf/
uRefawmfhvufrsm;u rsufpda&SU&Sd oifZmhEdkYrsm;udk n§pfvkduf&if; ]]aumif;vkdufwm tcspf&,f}}
[kajymum EdkYoD;acgif;wpfzufudk tm;&yg;& pkyf,lvkdufonf/ yxrwGifawmh oifZmh
aygifrsm;u odyfum;rxm;onfhtwGuf vD;u tqHk;xdr0if/ odkYaomf av; ig; q,f csuf
jyD; onfhaemufwGif oifZmonf jrif;pD;csif; twwfynmudk uRrf;usifoGm;awmhonf/
]]oifZm ... a[monfrSm pkyfvkdufprf;}} olr\ apmuf&nfrsm;jzihf ayaeaom
vufnId;? vufcv,fudk uRefawmfu olYyg;pyfxJ xnfhay;vdkufonf/ ]]tJ'gudk aemufxyf
vD;wpfacsmif;vkdY oabmxm;}}
]]bmvJ ... w½kwfav;vdkY oabmxm;&rSmvm;}}
]][kwfw,f/ wpfacsmif;u rif;yg;pyfxJrSm/ aemufwpfacsmif;u rif;apmufywfxJ
rSm ... vD; 2 acsmif;awmifrS ... raumif;bl;vm;oifZm}}
uRefawmfhpum;oHatmufwGif oifZmhudk,fvHk;av; ododomom vIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/
csufcsif;yif olYapmufywfav;u ydkjyD;usyfvmoa,mif/ uRefawmhfvufacsmif;rsm;udkvnf;
tm;&yg;& pkyfaeonf/ yg;pyfrSvnf; AvHk;AaxG;jzifh ]]tm; ... aumif;vdkufwm ...
udkYvD;MuD;u odyfMuD;wmyJ}}
'Daumifrav; jrefjrefjyD;rS aemuftaygufqD ul;&rnfrdkY tm;aeaom vufwpf
zufjzifh oifZmhapmufaphav;udk uvday;vdkufonf/ oifZmrSm csufcsif;yif aumhvefoGm;jyD;
t&nfrsm;xGufusvmawmhonf/ oifZmu r&yfao;yJ qufwkdufaqmifhcsaeojzifh xGufr
oGm;atmif udk,fhzmom tawmfyif tm;wif;xm;&onf/ aemufqHk;wGifawmh oifZmu
auseyfpGmjzifh uRefawmfhyg;udk erf;vdkufjyD; ]]w½kwfav;om wu,fa&mufvm&if b,f
avmufaumif;rvJaemf}} [k uRefawmhftm; p}onf/
uRefawmfuvnf; tm;usrcH ]]udkuvJ vmapcsifwmyJav/ 0dkif;pkav;u cspfp&m
raumif;bl;vm;}}
oifZmu ]]tif; ... [kwfw,f/ 0dkif;pku cspfp&mav;? udkYtaeeJYqkd&if 0kdif;pk&JU
b,fae&mudk MudKufovJ[if}}
]]0dkif;pkzifav;awGu vHk;uspfaewmyJuG ... csvdkuf&&if &S,fyJ}}
oifZmu EIwfcrf;plum ]]Munfh .. pum;taumif;udk rajymbl;}}
]]uJuJ ... [kwfygjyDuGm/ tckpum;taumif; ajymawmhr,f}}

 

52 
 
oifZmhaygifMum;xJ 'dkifAifypfvdkufjyefonf/ oifZmu vl;vdrfh&if; ]]zifAl;awmif;
axmifay;&rvm;}}
]]rvkdao;bl;/ cPaerSaxmifay;}}
uRefawmfhvQmu olYapmufaphav;udk pjyD;vsufvdkufonf/ jyD;awmhrS wjznf;jznf;
atmufqif;vmjyD; aemufqHk;wGif zif0av;udk vQmzsm;jzifh xdk;uvd&m oifZmhwpfudk,fvHk;
MuufoD;xoGm;jyD;aemuf ]]eif r&GHbl;vm;[,f}} [kar;onf/ oifZmhtoHav;rSm tvGef
trif; auseyfaeyHkay:onf[k uRefawmfxifonf/
]]trSeftwdkif; ajzr,faemf/ rvsufcifuawmh &GHwmaygh/ 'gayr,fh vsufjyD;oGm;
awmh tqifajyoGm;a&m ... eifa&m tqifajy&JUvm;/ cHvdkYraumif;&ifajymaemf}}
]]wpfrsKd;av;yJuGm ... cHvkdYawmh aumif;ovdkvdkyJ ... a&SUaygufeJY rwlbl;[}}
uRefawmfu vufwpfzufjzifh oifZmhapmufaphav;udk uvday;vdkufonf/ oifZm
rSm xGefYxGefYvl;oGm;jyefum
]]atmifr,fav;av; ... eifb,fvdk vkyfvdkufwmvJ[,f/ ig raewwfawmhbl; ...}}
]]&yfvkduf&rvm;}} uRefawmfu aemufvkdufonf/
]]eifaemf ... 'DtxdvkyfjyD;rS &yfvdkufrvdkYvm;}}
tajctaeuawmh aumif;aeygonf/ oifZmhzifxJudk uRefawmhfnDav;udk xnfhcsif
vSygjyD/ odkYaomf ... tppt&m&m t0ifacsmrS aumif;csdrhfrnf/ uRefawmfu vufcv,fudk
oifZmhapmufywfxJ EIdufvkdufonf/ jyD;aemuf jyefxkwfum olYyg;pyfxJ xnfhay;vkdufjyef
onf/
xdkvufudk oifZmu tirf;r&pkyfvkdufjyD;rS ]]awmfawmf npfpkwfwJhvl}} [k uRef
awmfhtm; jyHK;vsufajymonf/ uRefawmfu oifZmhwHawG;rsm; ayaeaom vufcv,fukd
,lum olYzif0xJ xkd;xnfhvkdufonf/
]]tmh ... bmMuD;vJ/ ...}} tar;pum; wpfcGef;u vdkufvmonf/ uRefawmfu jyef
rajzao;yJ jznf;jznf;csif; xkwfvkdufoGif;vkduf vkyfvkduf&m olruav; jidrfusoGm;onf/
onfawmhrS aemufwpfqifh wufum vufnId;udkyg xnfhvdkufonf/ yg;pyfrSvnf; ar;
vkdufonf/
]]&ao;vm;/ cHEdkifao;vm;}}
]]&ygw,f/ eifh[mMuD;udk xnfhcsif&if xnfhawmhav}}
]]cPav; onfwpfcg xyfprf;vdkufOD;r,f}}
aemufxyf vufolMuG,fudkyg uRefawmfu xdk;oGif;vkdufonf/ oifZmu rsufvHk;
av; jyL;um uRefawmfhudk iHkYMunfhonf/
]]vuf 3 acsmif;qkdawmh rvGefbl;vm;[,f/ eifh[mu tJonfavmuf rMuD;ygbl;}}
]]at;yg[ .. iguaocsmatmifvkdYyg/ eifrematmif t&ifqHk; wGif;csJUay;aewm}}
aemufxyf 2 cg 3 cgavmuf vkyfjyD;aemuf uRefawmfhvufrsm;udk xkwfvkdufum oifZmhaygif
wpfjcrf;udk qGJajr§mufvkdufonf/ oifZmuvnf; olYzif 2 jcrf;udk jzJay;&Smonf/ uRefawmfu
ravmyJ jznf;jznf;csif;om xnfhonf/

 

53 
 
oifZmu roufromjzifh ]]eifh[mMuD;u t&rf;MuD;wmyJ[,f/ a&SUaygufrSm rod
ombl;/ tckawmh ...}}
]]tckawmh ... uRefrodjyDaygh ...}} ajym&if;rS uRefawmfu aqmifhxnfhvkdufonf/
]]tarh ... uGJygjyD&Sifh}}
]]ruGJao;ygbl; ... onfrSmMunfh}} ruGJaMumif; oufaojyonfhtaejzifh
vufacsmif;xdyfuav;rsm;jzifh oifZmhzif0 ywfywfvnfudk yGwfjyvdkufonf/
oifZmu tHMudwfxm;&if; oGm;Mum;rS avxGufoHjzifh ajymonf/
]]awmuf ... oZif ... oZif ... yg;pyfuajymawmh tysKdppfoav; bmav;eJY ...
[if; ... 'if;vkyfvkdY}}
]]'gqkd&if rMudKufbl;aygh/ jyefxkwfvkduf&rvm;}}
]]rxkwfeJYOD;av/ [dkaumifrawG bmjzpfvdkY MudKufaevJ odatmif enf;enf;awmh
cHMunfhvkdufOD;r,f}}
]aMomf rdef;rqdkwm 'grsKd;ygvm;} uRefawmfu vufwpfzufjzifh oifZmhapmufaph
av;udk uvday;vdkuf&if; awG;vkdufrdonf/
cPaeawmh
rqkd;ygvm;}}

oifZmhxHrS

auseyfoHav;xGufvmonf/

]]onfvkdqdkawmh

oifZmhpum;aMumifh tm;wufvmjyD; uRefawmfu tm;&yg;& EIdufvkdufonf/
vufjyef jzpffaeojzifh oifZmu tm;r&yJ olYzmomol yGwfonf/ apmuf&nfawG ayaeaom
uRefawmfhvufudk olYyg;pyfav;xJ xnfhay;vdkuf&mwGif wjyGwfjyGwfpkyf,l&if; oifZmwpf
a,muf aumhvefwufvmjyef\/
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vkdufjyD; okuf&nfrsm;udk yef;xkwfvdkufonf/ onfwpfcgawmh wu,fhtESpfyif/ oifZm
rjyD;cif uav;rSm uyfjyD; uRefawmfht&nfawG xGufoGm;ojzifh Zdrf&SdvSonf/ oifZmhzif0
av;u ½IHUum½IHUumjzifh uRefawmfhvD;udk MuH&nfMudwfovdk n§pfn§pf,lvdkufonfh tawGU
aMumifh uRefawmfhrSm uRwfueJ pkyfoyfvkdufrdonf/
jyD;onfESifh oifZmhaemufzuf ukwifay:odkY vJScsvkdufum uRefawmf tarmajzae
vdkufonf/ yGJqufrsm;vSojzifh tarmqdkYrwwf jzpfaeavjyD/ oifZmvnf; a[m[Jvdkuf
aejyD/
tawmfMumatmif vSJaeMujyD;rS tarmajypjyKvmonfwGif oifZmu ajymonf/
]]uJ ... x ... jyef&awmhr,f/ tdyf&mcif;awG bmawGukd ulavQmfay;&OD;r,f}}
]]reufjzef we*FaEGaemf}}
]]tif;av .. bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]ausmif;rwuf&bl;av}}
oifZmu uRefawmfhezl;udk cyfzGzG xkvkduf&if; ]]reufjzef rdk;av;eJY oZif rtm;bl;
&Sifh}}
]]&ygw,f/ tcspfuav; udk,fhtdrfvmcJhav}}

 

54 
 
oifZmu ajymifpyfpyfjzifh ]]uRefr wpfa,mufwnf; vmcJh&rSmvm;}}
uRefawmfuvnf; tm;usrcH ]]'gqkd&if w½kwfav;eJY 0dkif;pkwdkYukdyg vmckdif;vdkuf
r,fav}}
csufcsif;yif oifZmh avoHu rmoGm;jyD; ]]eif 0dkif;pkukd t&rf;MudKufaew,fayghav}}
]]r[kwfygbl;[m/ w½kwfav;udk ac:&if 0dkif;pkudk csefxm;vdkY b,fjzpfrvJ[}}
]]awmfyg/ 'gyJaemf/ ... eif0dkif;pkudk cs&ifawmh iguvnf; w½kwfav;eJY twlwl
tdyfrSmyJ}}
]]igu aemufwmyg oifZm&,f/ eifrMudKufwm bmwpfckrS rvkyfygbl;}}
pdwfaumufaeaom cspfolav;udk acsmhjrLonfhtaejzifh olrapmufaphav;udk
uRefawmfhESmacgif;jzifh tomuvday;vkdufawmh oifZmaysmhusoGm;onf/
]]eifighudk wu,fcspfwmygaemf}} [kar;onf/
]]t&rf;udkcspfw,f/ iHkxm;vkdY&&if iHkxm;csifw,f}}
]]oGm; ... npfywfw,f}}
]]eifa&m ighudk riHkxm;csifbl;vm;}}
uRefawmfhpum;ukd
uRefawmfhudk qGJxlonf/

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ukwifay:rS

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uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufom; tdyf,mcif;udk jzKwfum a&csKd;cef;xJ vmcJhMuonf/
txJwGif oZifESifh rdk;av;wkdY &SdaeonfrdkY wHcg;0odkYta&mufwGif uRefawmfu txJr0if
ao;yJ oifZmem;em;uyfum ar;vdkufonf/
]]igtjyifrSmyJ aeOD;r,fav/ eifwkdYwpfawG a&csKd;jyD;rS xGufcJhMu}}
'Dvdkusawmh oifZmu jyHK;vkdufum ]]&ygw,f[m/ ighuG,f&mrSm ajcykef; rckwf&if
jyD;wmyJ ... [kdaumifrawGudk eifaemufwpfacguf xyfvkyfcsifaeao;wm igrodbl;rSwf
vdkYvm;}}
oZifha&csKd;cef;wGif taemufwkdif;yHkpH a&csKd;uefwpfck &Sdavonf/ xkdtxJwGif
rdk;av;ESifh oZifwkdY pum;ajym&if; a&pdrfaeMuonfudk awGU&onf/ oifZmESifh uRefawmfwkdY
0ifoGm;awmh olwkdYu qD;MudKonf/ uRefawmfwdkY 4 a,mufvHk; uefxJ0ifvkduf&mwGif
wpfa,mufpm a&csKd;uefav;rSm jynfhusyfnyfoGm;awmh\/
rdk;av;u oifZmhtm; ]]oifZm ... eifhbJbJudk aemufwpfcgavmuf iSm;yg[,f}}
oifZmu &,farm&if; ]]aumifrawG ... igpm;zdkYvJ csefxm;OD;aemf ... 'DwpfcgyJ
&r,f}}
þwGif rdk;av;u uRefawmfhzuf vSnfhjyefum ]]udka[mha&mh&JU aumifrav;udk
uRefrwkdYudk cPiSm;aemf}}

 

55 
 
]],lapAsm;}} uRefawmfuvJ cyf&Tif&Tif ajymvkdufonfwGif oZifu oifZmhudk pjyD;
EdIufygawmhonf/ oifZmhyg;pyfav; [oGm;onfukd uRefawmfawGUvdkufonf/ rdk;av;u
uRefawmfhtem; uyfvmjyD; ]]eiftckeu oifZmhudk b,fae&mawG vkyfovJ}}
]]taemufayguf}} [k uRefawmfu ajzvkdufonfwGif rdk;av;u rsufvHk;av; jyL;
um oifZmhudk vSnfhMunfhonf/
oifZmu jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]][kwfw,f? igvnf; eifwkdYudk tm;usvkdY cHMunfhvkdufw,f
...}}
]]r,Hkbl;? rSef;prf; ... prf;Munfh&atmif}}
oifZmu jyHK;um a&csKd;uefabmifay:wGif arSmufay;vkdufonf/ rdk;av;u
oifZmhzif0av;udk vufEIdufMunfhvkdufcsdefwGif oZifu uRefawmfhtem; uyfvmjyD; ar;onf/
]]eif ighudk wpfcgyJ vkyf&ao;w,faemf/ xyfvkyfcsifao;vm;}}
uRefawmfu 'grsKd;udk apmihfaeoljzpf&m csufcsif;yif oZifhudkvnf; (oifZmhenf;wl
abmifay:wGif 0rf;vsm;arSmufapjyD;) zifudkcsJUvkduf\/ yxrwpfacguf uGif;zGifhjyD; jzpfojzifh
odyftcuftcJ r&Sdyg/ nDav;udk tvSnfhay;vdkuf½kHom &SdonfrdkY tcsdefrqdkif;yJ 0ifapvkduf
onf/
]]oZif ... ighbJbJvkyfwm b,fhES,faewkef;}}
]]ighzifawmh jynhfusyfaewmyJa[h}}
]]tm; ... aomufaumifr rkd;av;}}
]]bmjzpfaewmvJ oifZm}}
]]rdk;av;av ... ighzifxJudk rajymrqdk EIdufvdkufw,f}}
oifZmhtajymaMumifh uRefawmfhpdwfawG t&rf;xvmjyD; oZifhudk aqmihfvkd;vdkuf
rdonf/ t0ifMurf;aeojzifh oZihfrSmvnf; tvl;tvdrhfyif/ tcgcg jyD;xm;aomfvnf;
awGUjrif&aom jrifuGif;u EdI;qGrItm;aumif;vGef;aeojzifh odyfrMumcifrSmyJ oZifhptkd0xJodkY
uRefawmfht&nfrsm; yef;xGufoGm;onf/ a&SUqifhaemufqifhrSmyif oifZmhudkvnf; rdk;av;u
rIwfay;aewm jyD;oGm;onf/
tjyefvrf;wGif oifZmu uRefawmfhykcHk;ay:wGif acgif;av;rSDum tdyfidkufvmonf/
oifZmhvdk Eke,faom rdef;uav;rajymESifh uRefawmfyifvQif ajcvufro,fcsifavmufatmif
EGrf;e,faeygonf/ 'Dnapmapmtdyf&r,f/ rtdyfcif w½kwfav;eJY 0dkif;pkudk zkef;ac:&r,fvdkY
pdwfxJrSm udk,fhudk,fudk owday;aerdonf/
reufjzef&,f ... jrefjref a&mufygawmhuG,f/
 
 

 

56 

 

 

udka[mhxa&mhwdk hta&;tom;aumif;yHkrsm;uawmh
a,mufsm;csif;awmifzifcHcsifpdwfaygufvmw,f/

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57 
 

we*FaEGaeY eHeuf ... uRefawmfhtdrf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

58 
 
 
 

tcef; (10)
tvJtvS,f
aemufwpfaeY reufwGif w½kwfav;ESifh 0dkif;pk uRefawmfhtdrfodkY a&mufvmonf/
olwkdYESifh ra&S;raESmif;yif oifZmvnf; a&mufvm\/ oifZm tcef;xJ 0ifvmawmh uRefawmfh
oli,fcsif; pHkwGJrSm yg;pyfa[mif;avmif;jzifh ai;MunfhaeMuonf/
]]ighaumifrav; .. oifZmwJh .. rif;wkdY jrifzl;r,f xifygw,f}}
uRefawmfu cyf&Tif&Tif ajymvkdufonfwGif 0dkif;pku wtHhwMojzifh rsufvHk;rsm;
jyL;um jyefar;onf/ ]]eifh ... eifhaumifrav; ... [kwfvm;}}
oifZmu uRefawmfhtem; uyfvmjyD; wkd;wkd;av;jzifh ]]'DuaeY 0dkif;pk 0wfvmwm
av;u odyfvSwmyJaemf}}
oifZmhyg;av;udk zswfueJ arT;vkdufjyD; uRefawmfu jyefavQmcsvdkufonf/ ]]oifZmh
avmuf rvSygbl;uGm}}
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awG ... eif 0dkif;pkukd vkyfcsifaew,f r[kwfvm; .. rSefrSefajymprf;}}
]]eifhudkyJ igvkdcsifwmyg[,f}}
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eifo0efrwdkbl; r[kwfvm;}}

 

59 
 
oifZmhpum;udk Mum;vkduf&aomtcg uRefawmfh&ifxJrSm zdk;MudKif;wkwf jzpfoGm;
awmh\/ 0kdif;pkav;udkawmh awG;rd½kHjzifh oGm;&nfusvmawmh\/ oifZmhudkvnf; pdwfxJrS
aus;Zl;wifaerdonf/ yg;pyfrSawmh rajym&J/
onfvkdjzifh uRefawmfwkdY awmifa&mufajrmuf pum;awGajym&if; tawmfMumawmh
oifZmu uRefawmfhtm; vSrf;ajymonf/
]]aomufp&m wpfckck vkyf&atmif}}
ajymjyD;onfESifh uRefawmfhvufudk qGJum oifZmu xjyD; tdrfaemufzufodkY OD;wnf
oGm;onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; tomt,m vkdufoGm;onfaygh/ vrf;wGif oifZmu uRefawmhf
vufudk qGJum olYwifyg;rsm;ay: wifvkdufonf/ yg;pyfrSvnf;
]]aemufvSnfhMunfhvkdufprf;yg/ w½kwfav; ighaemufykdif;udk Munfhaeovm;}}
uRefawmfuvnf; pyfjzJjzJ jyefMunfhvkduf&m oifZmcefYrSef;xm;onfhtwkdif;yif
w½kwfrSm oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm; jzpfaeonfudk awGUkvdkuf&\/ onfwGif oifZmu avoHav;
jzihf ]]w½kwfav;uawmh ighudkvkdcsifaewm aocsmw,f/ tirf;r&udk jzpfaewm ...
0dkif;pkuawmh tckxdcyfwnfwnfeJY ... 'gayr,fh igwpfck pOf;pm;rdw,f/ olwkdYudk t&uf
wkdufvdkuf&if vG,fr,f[}}
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8% qdkyJ/ 'geJY igvJ qGJvmwm}}
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qHk;? jyD;awmh oifZm? uRefawmfESifh w½kwftzdkYrSmawmh bD,mwpfAl;onf &Da0a0jzpfw,f
qdk½kHrQom &Sdygonf/
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awmhh w½kwfwpfa,muf oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm; jzpfoGm;onf/ 0kdif;pku w½kwfaygifudk vdrfqGJ
vdkufum [efYonf/ onfwGif oifZmu uRefawmfhaygifMum;xJokdY olYvufoD;qkyfav;udk
rawmfwqvkdvkd? wrifvkdvdkjzifh xkonf/ bm&rvJ ... nDav;u acgif;axmifvmonfaygh/
onfwGif oifZmu olYudk,ftay:ykdif;udk vkdonfxuf ydkí vIyfcgoGm;atmif &,fonf/
uRefawmfowdxm;Munfhvkdufonf/ oifZmhudkMunfhaeaom w½kwfav;\ rsufvHk;
rsm; jyL;vmonfu txif;om;/ onfhtjyif uRefawmfhaygifMum;udk 0dkif;pkuvnf; Munfh&if;
vQmudk oyfonf/ xkdtcsdefwGif oifZmhvufwpfzufu uRefawmfh ausmukef;ay: a&mufvmjyD;
tdkau[k a&;jyonf/ rD;pdrf;jyaejyDrkdY uRefawmfu pajymvkdufonf/
]]armifw½kwf ... oifZmhudk rif;odyfckdufaeovm;}}
olckd;vlrdoGm;aom w½kwfMuD;u 0dkif;pkudk vSrf;Munfh&if; ]]r[kwfygbl;uGm}} [kajz
onf/
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yGifhyGifhvif;vif; ajymyguGm}}
]]csD;wJhrSyJ ... bmudk ajym&rSmvJ/ rif;&nf;pm;udk igu bmvkyfvdkY &rwJhvJ}}

 

60 
 
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prf;ygeJY[,f}}
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rif;oifZmhudk vdkcsifaew,f r[kwfvm; ... rSefrSefajymprf;}}
w½kwfu acgif;ndwfjy&if; ]][kwfw,f/ igvdkcsifw,f .. tJ'gbmjzpfvJ/ 'gayr,fh
trSefeJY trSm;udk igodygw,fuG/ igopömrazmufygbl;/ rif;&nf;pm;udk ...}}
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rif;u csdef;w,fqkd&if tJ'guawmh opömazmufwm jzpfoGm;jyD}}
w½kwfu wGefYqkwfaeqJ/ ]]oifZmhudk ar;MunfhygOD;av}}
oifZmu ryGifhwyGifh avoHjzifh ]]ukdudk vkyfapcsifwm oifZmvkyfyghr,f}}
w½kwfrsufESm 0dkif;pkzufvSnfhoGm;jyefonf/ ]]0dkif;pk .. eif ... eifhoabmua&m}}
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u &Jrmef0ifhum xvkduf\/ 0dkif;pkudk vSrf;í uRefawmf ajymvdkufonf/ ]]0dkif;pkuawmh
ighnDav;udkyJ MunfhaewmyJ}}
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awmh 0dkif;pkav;udk uyfjyD; ESL;&ef MudK;pm;onf/ 0dkif;pk\ rsufESmav;rSm t&ufESifh &rufa&m
um eD&JwGwfaeonf/ odkYaomfjim; uRefawmferf;rnfvkyfawmh awmifhxm;onf/
]]0dkif;pk .. eifuvJ[m .. bmjzpfaewmvJ}}
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awGUaejyD}} ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh uRefawmfu 0kdif;pkrsufESmudk qGJum vSnfhay;vkdufonf/ awGU
vdkuf&aom jrifuGif;aMumifh 0dkif;pkxHrS [ifueJ tmar#dwfoH xGufvm\/
w½kwfum; ykqdk;uRwfaejyD/ olYnDav;udk oifZmu tm;&yg;& iHkum a&cJacsmif;
pkyfovdk wjyGwfjyGwfjrnfatmif pkyfay;aeonfudk;/ w½kwfu vSrf;ajymonf/
]]tm;uRwfuRwf ... 0dkif;pk .. oifZmhudk b,fvkdvkyf&ovJ ar;xm;OD;aemf/ olvkyf
ay;wm t&rf;aumif;w,fuGm}}

 

61 
 
]]at;yg[ ... oifZma& ... jyD;&if ighudk ajymjyaemf/ avmavmq,fawmh eifhvludk
igjrnf;MunfhvdkufOD;r,f}}
tckrS 0dkif;pku oGufvufvmonf/ &ifaphtuFsDav;\ ESdyfMu,foD;rsm;udk jzef;ueJ
qGJjzKwfvdkufum abmfvDudkyg cyfjrefjref cRwfvdkufonf/ taESmiftzGJYrS vGwfvmaom
paeESpfcdkifudk uRefawmfu yg;pyfjzifh qD;cHvdkuf&m 0kdif;pkrSm tihfueJ toHjyK&if; auseyf
aMumif;jy\/
tjyeftvSefoabmjzifh 0dkif;pkvufu uRefawmhf nDav;udk qkyfudkifvdkufonf/
wpfqufwnf;yif olryg;pyfrS ajymvkdufonf/
]]eifu w½kwfxuf ydkwkwfo[}}
oifZmu AvHk;AaxG;toHjzifh ]][kwfw,f/ 'gayr,fh enf;enf;yg/ t&Snfuawmh
twlwlavmufyJ/ w½kwfuvnf; rqkd;ygbl;[}}
0kdif;pku ]]igpkyfjyDa[h}} [kajym&if; uRefawmfhnDav;udk olYyg;pyfxJ xdk;xnfhvdkuf
onf/
cPaeawmh ]]tm;yg;yg; ...}} uRefawmfhyg;pyfrS toHxGufum nnf;vdkufrdonf/
w½kwfu t&m&mudk odaeolyHkpHjzifh cyfwkd;wkd; &,fvkdufjyD; ]]0dkif;pku vQmzsm;eJY
xdk;wm odyfaumif;w,fuG}}
uRefawmfu auseyfpGm t&omcH&if;rS ]]oli,fcsif; ... rif;ighudk tm;remeJYaemf/
oifZmhudk rif;oabm&SdyJ/ ... iguvnf; rif;udk tm;rembl;}}
]][m;[m; .. tdkauuGm oli,fcsif;}}
uRefawmfu 0dkif;pktm; qGJxlvkdufjyD; ]]vm ... 0dkif;pk .. tdyfcef;xJ oGm;&atmif}}
oifZmhtem;uyfum EIwfqufvdkufawmh oifZmu yg;pyfrtm;ojzifh bmrQjyefr
ajymyJ vufjzifhom uRefawmfhnDav;udk wpfcsuf qkyfonf/ jyD;aemuf wGef;xkwfvdkufawmh
onf/
tdyfcef;xJ a&mufawmh 0dkif;pku ydkí &Jwif;vmonf/ ]]uJ .. igwdkY bmvkyfMurvJ}}
[kajymifpyfpyfjzifh ar;onf/
0dkif;pk\ EIwfcrf;zl;zl;av;rsm;udk pkyf,l&if; uRefawmfu ]]eifvkyfapcsifwmudkajym
... igvkyfay;r,f}} [kjyefajzvkdufonf/ onfawmh 0kdif;pku cpfueJ&,fvkdufum xrDudk
cRwfvdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf ukwifay:wGif xdkifjyD; twGif;cHudkyg cRwfaeonf/ uRefawmfuvJ
udk,fay:u t0wftpm;awGudk ujymu,m cRwfvkduf&onf/
uRefawmfhcE¨mudk,fudk 0dkif;pku MunfhvkdufjyD; ]]ighudk tm;&yg;& vkyfprf;[m/
w½kwfav;uvGJjyD;awmh b,foleJYrS igrcHbl;ao;bl;[/ tckvkd tcGifhaumif;&wkef; aysmfaysmf
yg;yg; ae&atmif[m}}
wpfqufwnf;yif olru ukwifay:vSJcsjyD; cif;ay;onf/
]]at; ... cPapmifh ... eiftqifoifhjzpf&if tjywfvkd;ypfr,f}}
oifZmESifh vkyfaeusxHk;pHtwkdif;yif uRefawmfu olYaygifMum;xJodkY 'dkifAifypfvkduf
\/ 0dkif;pku vefYjyD; ]td} ueJatmfonf/ uRefawmfhvQmu apmufaphav;udk wdkYxdrdvdkufonf
wGifawmh ]w[if;[if;} jzifh tzsm;wufygawmhonf/

 

62 
 
]]tm; ... aumif;vkdufwm[,f/ w½kwfu wpfcgrS ighudk tJonfvkd rvkyfay;zl;bl;
[}}
]]pdwfrylygeJY/ tckqkd&if oifZmu oifay;aeavmufjyD/ aemufwpfcgus&if w½kwf
u eifhudk tjywfrIwfay;vdrfhr,f/}}
]]at;[m .. ZdrfyJ/ t&ifuqkd&if igucsnf; olYudk vkyfay;&wm}}
ausmufapmif;? a&apmif;wkdYxuf vQmapmif;xufonfqkdaom pum;udk vufudkif
xm;um uRefawmfu y,fy,fe,fe,f rIwfav&m 0dkif;pkrSm zswfzswfvl; aeygawmhonf/
0dkif;pk wpfcsDjyD;oGm;onftxd uRefawmfu pdwfygvufygjzifh rIwfypfvkdufonf/
0dkif;pkjyD;wmav;u oifZmeJY,SOf&if jiifomonf/ tomuav; aumhvefvmjyD;
t&nfawG w&a[mxGufvmwmyJ &Sdonf/ olrav;\ tcspf0wf&nfrsm;udk uRefawmfu
jrnf;prf;jyD;aemuf olYaygifMum;xJrS xvdkufum 0dkif;pkyg;av;udk erf;vkdufonf/ &GH&Smjcif;
tvsOf;r&SdyJ olUrsufESmav;u vSnfhvmjyD; uRefawmhfEIwfcrf;rsm;ukd pkyf,lonf/ jyD;aemuf
&rufoHav;jzihf wdk;n§if;pGm ajymonfrSm
]]eifvkyfcsifw,fqkd&if igtqifoifhyJaemf}}
bmrS rajymao;yJ uRefawmfu vQmcsif;uvdvkdufonf/ 0dkif;pkuvJ qE´jyif;jypGm
wHkYjyefonf/
onfawmhrS uRefawmfhnDav;udk olYtaygufxJ 0ifapvkdufawmhonf/
]]tm; .. tm; ... [kwfjyD}} 0dkif;pkrSm t&nf&TJaeojzifh emusif[ef vHk;0rjyacs/
aumhysHum cyfMurf;Murf;yif wHkYjyefonf/ uRefawmfu tHMudwfum wif;xm;&if; cg;udktom
MuGum cyfqwfqwfav; aqmihfvdkufonf/
]]tifh tifh ... eifvkyfwm odyfxdwmyJ[m/ eifh[mMuD;u t&rf;wkwfw,faemf ...
tm; .. igxGufawmhr,f}} 0dkif;pk\ tm;ay;oHav;rsm;aMumifh uRefawmfuvJ a[m[Jvkduf
atmif aqmifhvkd;ypfvdkufonf/
]]eifhudk&xm;wJh w½kwfav;awmh odyfuHaumif;wmyJ 0dkif;pk&,f}}
qE´jynfh0oGm;aom 0dkif;pku uRefawmfhudk jyHK;jy&if; ]]oifZmurS uHaumif;wmyg ..
eifolYudk b,fEScg vkyfjyD;jyDvJ[if}}
½kwfw&uf uRefawmfjyefrajzEkdif/ wjznf;jznf;ESifh awmifxdyfem;eD;vmjyDrkdY touf
&SlrSefatmif MudK;pm;&if; ajymvkdufonf/ ]]0dkif;pk ... igxGufawmhr,f/ txJrSmyJ xkwfvdkuf
&rvm;}}
0dkif;pku acgif;cgjyjyD; vl;vJxum ]]cPapmifh igwpfck jyp&m&Sdw,f ...}}
onfhaemufwGifawmh 0dkif;pku uRefawmfhnDav;udk olYtaygufxJrS qGJxkwfum
olYEdkY 2 vHk;jzifh n§yfvdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf a&SUwkd;aemufiifvkyf&if;
]]'gu w½kwf&JU tMudKuf &Srfydefazmufcef; ayghav}}
uRefawmfu tHMudwf&if; ]]armifw½kwfuawmh taumif;MudKufouGm}}
0kdif;pku &,fjyD; ]]igvnf; MudKufw,f[/ oljyD;oGm;&if yef;xGufvmwJh t&nfawG
u ighyg;pyfeJY wef;aewmyJ/ ... t[if; ... a[m ... vmjyD}} 0dkif;pku yg;pyf[um qD;MudK
onf/

 

63 
 
awmfawmfxefonfh aumifrav;/ uRefawmf xifrxm;cJh/ 0dkif;pkudk Munfh&if;jzifh
uRefawmfhnDav;u idkcsif;csvkdufawmh\/ vD;&nfrsm;u wef;wef;rwfrwfyif 0dkif;pkyg;pyfxJ
0ifoGm;onf/ uRefawmf pdkufMunfhaeojzifh olru ar;onf/
]][Jh ... ighudk rjrifzl;vdkYvm;/ pdkufMunfhaevdkufwm}}
]]eif 'Davmuf xefrSef; igrxifxm;vdkYyg[m}}
0dkif;pku oufjyif;cs&if; ]]w½kwfeJYqkd&if igonfavmuf rxefbl;[/ tcku eifeJY
jzpfaewm&,f/ 'DuaeY MuHK&wmawGu enf;enf;xl;qef;vdkYyg}}
]]eif .. tdkauygw,faemf}}
]]igvm; .. tdkau .. tdkau .. 'gayr,fh w ... w½kwf ighudk pdwfqdk;rvm; rodbl;}}
]]igwkdY rxGufvmcifuawmh w½kwfu tdkauygyJ}}
udpöjyD;oGm;onfhaemuf uRefawmfESifh 0dkif;pk {nfhcef;xJ jyefvmcJhMu\/ tcef;0
a&muf½kH&Sdao;onf/ oifZmhtoHudk Mum;&\/
]]tm; .. [kwfjyD/ ightaphudk uvday;/ tm; .. tm; .. tm; .. igxGufawmhr,f/
rvGwfapeJY ... zdxm; ... zdxm; ...}}
onfwGif uRefawmfwkdY a&SUwkd;oGm;vdkuf&m qdkzmay:wGif uRefawmfwdkYudk ausmay;
xkdifaeaom w½kwfav;udk jrif&\/ oifZmu w½kwfrsufESmudk olYapmufywftyfum cGxkdif
xm;ojzifh uRefawmfwkdYESifh rsufESmcsif;qkdif jzpfaeonf/ oifZmonf w½kwfav;\ acgif;udk
olYvufjzifh udkifum aygifMum;xJ xkd;xnfhaeonf/

Munfhaeaom 0dkif;pk\ rsufvHk;rsm; jyL;xGufvmonf...

udka[mhxa&mh-aus;Zl;Asm/
uGsefawmfyef;aoaewJholwpfa,mufyg/cifAsm;ZmwfxkwfzwfvdkufawmhrS
rm;rm;rwfrwfjyefvnf&yfwnfvmekdifawmhvdkUygbJ  
                                                                                     kiwi

 

 

64 
 

tcef; (11)
t½l;trJom;auR;
0dkif;pk em;} em; uyfum uRefawmfu ajymvkdufonf/ ]]Munfh ... igrajymbl;vm;/
w½kwfudk oifZmu bm*smrIwfenf; oifay;aejyD}}
0dkif;pku rsufawmifrcwfMunfh&if; ]]igvnf; cHMunfhcsifw,f}} [kajymonf/
oifZmu uRefawmfwkdYudk owdxm;rdoGm;jyD; vufwpfzuf ajr§mufum Ekwfquf
onf/ olr\ vufwpfzufurl w½kwf\acgif;udk zdxm;qJ/
0kdif;pku avoHwkd;wkd;jzifh uRefawmfhudk ajymonf/
]]cPaerS jyefvmr,f[m}}
onfhaemufwGif uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufu oifZmhudk vufjyvkdufjyD; jyefvSnfhvm
Mu\/
tdyfcef;xJ jyefa&mufawmh uRefawmfhudk ukwifay: wGef;vSJvdkufjyD; 0dkif;pku ajym
onf/

 

65 
 
]]w½kwfuawmh rtm;bl;/ eifyJ ighudk vkyfay;aemf}}
pum;rqHk;rDyif 0kdif;pku ukwifay: ckefwufum uRefawmfhrsufESmay: xkdifcsvdkuf
onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; vQmudk rwfrwfaxmifum olYapmufacgif;xJ xkd;xnfhvkdufonf/
onfhaemufwGifawmh apmufaphav;udk vQmtwGuf wm0efcGJay;um vufnId;vufcv,fudk
olYtaygufxJ xnfharTvkduf\/ cyfus,fus,f atmf&if; 0dkif;pk t&nfawG xGufusvmjyef
onf/ onfwpfcgwGifawmh tawmfav; armoGm;[efjzifh uRefawmfhab;wGif t½kyfMudK;jywf
vSJcskvdkufjyD; tarmajzaeonf/
]]uJ ... ocifrav; ... bmrsm; tvkd&Sdygao;vJ}}
]]awmfprf;yg[m ... aemufxyf topftqef; bm&Sdao;vJ[if}}
uRefawmfu pum; 2 vHk;xJ ajymvdkufonf/ ]]arSmufvkduf}}
0dkif;pku csufcsif;yif zifAl;awmif; axmifay;onf/ uRefawmf oabmuspGm
jyHK;vkduf\/ jzLazG;um pGifhum;aeaom 0dkif;pkzifMuD; 2 jcrf;ESifh tndK&ifha&mif zif0½IHU½IHU
av;udk jrifvkduf&onfu uRefawmfhudk oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm; jzpfapawmh\/ uRefawmfu
taemufrS tomav; wdk;uyfum olrapmufaphav;udk EIwfcrf; 2 vTmjzifh n§yfvkdufonf/
]]tifh .. aumif;vdkufwm ... b,fEScgyJ jzpfjzpf aumif;wmyJ}}
uRefawmfu ar;vkdufonf/ ]]prf;Munfhrvm;}}
]]bmudkprf;&rSmvJ[if}}
]]'gudk}} uRefawmfhvQmu olYzif0av;udk xdk;vdkufawmh 0dkif;pkwGefYoGm;onf/ wGef;
awmhrxkwf/ cPaeawmh yHkrSefjyefjzpfoGm;onf/
]]eifMudKufr,fqdkwm igodygw,f/ oifZmvJ MudKufw,fav}}
]]at;[m/ zifvsufcH&wm wpfrsKd;av;yJ .. npfawmh npfywfw,faemf ... t[d}}
]]eifhudk w½kwfu 'Dvdkvkyfzl;vm;}}
]]vQmeJYawmh rvsufay;bl;/ 'gayr,fh ighzifudkawmh wpfcg cszl;w,f}}
]]wu,f ... w½kwfu w,f[kwfygvm; .. igjzifh xifawmif rxifbl;}}
]]tif .. ododMuD;eJYawmh r[kwfbl;[/ wpf&ufrSm yef;jcHudk olu rl;rl;eJY a&muf
vmw,f/ aemufjyD;awmh pGwfpufxkd;xnhfvdkufwm taygufvGJjyD; zifxJ 0ifoGm;w,f qdkyg
awmh/ igvnf; yxrawmh vefYatmfjyD; olYudk jyefxkwfcdkif;w,f/ 'gayr,fh olurl;rl;eJY pGwf
vkyfwmyJ/ aemufawmh ... aemufawmh ...}}
uRefawmfu odcsifvmjyD; ]]aemufawmh bmjzpfvJ ...}}
0dkif;pku rvHkrvJ jyHK;um ]]aemufawmh igvnf; tomav; jidrfcHaevkdufwmaygh/
rqkd;ygbl;/ tawGUtMuHKtopfaygh/ cufwmu olu rl;aeawmh 4-5 csufaqmifhjyD; tdyfaysmf
oGm;w,f/ igu wef;vef;MuD; usefcJhwmaygh}}
]]eifu w½kwftrl;ajyawmh aemufwpfacguf xyfjyD;vkyfcdkif;vkdufaygh}}
]][m ... ig&Sufw,f[}} 0dkif;pku rsufESmudk arGU&mESifh tyf&if; atmfonf/

 

66 
 
]]cHvnf;cHcsif? cHvnf; rcH& qdkawmh tawmfuav; ,m;usdusdEdkifrSmyJaemf/ pdwfr
yleJY/ 'DuaeYawmh eifhqE´awG jynfhap&r,f}}
uRefawmfpum;qHk;awmh 0kdif;pku ar;onf/ ]]eifu ighzifudk cscsifw,fayghav}}
]]bmvJ eifu oabmrwlbl;vm;}}
]]a[hat; .. jrefjrefav; csygvdkY ajymrvdk}}
&,f&,farmarmjzifh 0dkif;pku cif;ay;jyefonf/ 0dkif;pkzifav;udk vQmjzifh vsuf&if;
vufrsm;u apmufywfav;udk EIdufay;vkdufonf/ 0dkif;pku w[if;[if; &,f&if;
]]igheJY w½kwfqkd&if tckvkd rMurf;jzpfzl;odvm;}}
]][kwfvm; ... bmvdkYvJ ... }}
]]rsm;aomtm;jzifh igwkdYawGUMu&if yef;jcHxJrSmav[m/ xD;eJYuG,fjyD;awmh
cyfjrefjrefav; vkyf&wm/ awmfawmfMum AGD'D,dk rif;orD; jzpfaerS [kwfayh/ ...}}
0dkif;pktoHu acwå&yfoGm;um udk,fvHk;av; aumhwufvmonfwGif uRefawmfu
yg;pyfudk cGmvkdufjyD; vufnId;av;udk olYzifxJ aoG;wdk;prf; Munfhkvdkufonf/ cPaeawmh
0kdif;pk\ awmifhwif;rIrsm; ajyavsmhoGm;jyD; pum;qufajymonf/
]]eif awmfawmf bm*smrIwf Ekdifw,faemf/ w½kwfqkd&if oGif;zdkYavmufyJ pdwf0ifpm;
wm[/ eifeJYusawmh igtdyfcsifvmjyD}}
pdwfr&SnfrIrsm;udk Mum;vkduf&ojzifh uRefawmfu xvkdufjyD; 0dkif;pkyg;udk &TwfueJ
erf;&if; ]]eifemrSm pdk;vdkYyg}}
]]at;yg/ igodygw,f/ onfavmufqkd&if &ygjyD[}}
yufvufcif;ay;xm;aom 0dkif;pkudk cg;rS qGJum zifAl;awmif; axmifapvkdufonf/
xkdYaemuf olYzif0av;udk uRefawmfhnDav;ESifh awhay;vkdufawmh 0dkif;pk MuufoD;wjzef;jzef;
xoGm;onfudk txdtawGUrSwqifh odvdkuf&onf/
]]yg;pyf[jyD; touf&SL}} uRefawmfu tavmwMuD; atmfvkdufum nDav;udk
csdefom;udkuf zdxnfhvkdufonf/ yvGwf[k jrnfoGm;jyD; nDav;u acgif;tjrKyfwGif [if;ueJ
0kdif;pkxHrS toHxGufvmjyD; olrvuf 2 zufu uRefawmhfaygifudk tpif;MuD;rsm; xifonf
txd ukwfqGJvdkufonf/
]]usyfvkdufwm[,f}} 2 a,mufpvHk; jydKifwl ajymvkdufrdonf/ uRefawmfhtoHudk
Mum;awmh 0dkif;pku jyHK;um ]]eifhudk n§pfowfypfr,f}}
'grsKd;udkawmh b,ftnHhcHrvJ/ uRefawmfu cyfMurf;Murf; aqmifhxnfhvkduf&if;
vufwpfzufjzifh 0dkif;pkapmufaphav;udk yGwfay;vdkufonf/ 0kdif;pku 0ufatmfovkd atmf&if;
avQmhay;onf/ Zdrf&Sdaeaom uRefawmfu ajzmif;ueJ aeatmif aqmifhoGif;vkdufjyD; jrdef&nf
&Suf&nf vdk;vkduf\/
cPaeawmh 0dkif;pkudk pcsifvmojzifh uRefawmfu ajymvdkufonf/ ]]eifhzifu
tqDrsm;awmh &S,fyJ[m/ igaqmifhvkdufwkdif; wkefwkefoGm;wmyJ/ udkufpm;csifp&mMuD;}}
]]udkufawmh rpm;ygeJY[,f}} 0dkif;pku vnfjyefvSnfhMunfh\/ aemufjyD;awmh acgif;IhkY
Munhfonf/
]]igawmh bmrS rjrif&bl;/ iHkYMunfh&ifawmh eifhcsdefoD; 2 vHk;yJ awGU&w,f}}

 

67 
 
]]xm;vdkuf/ MunfhraeeJYawmh/ onfvkdvkyf/ eifhvufeJY eifhapmufaphudk jyefyGwfyg
vm;/ tacGawGxJuvkdav}}
]]igrvkyfwwfbl;[}}
rvkyfwwfbl;[k ajymaomfvnf; rMumrDrSmyif 0dkif;pku oif,lygawmhonf/
uRefawmfu olYvuf wpfzufukd qGJum apmufywfav;ESifh yGwfay;vdkufawmh 0dkif;pkuvJ
racyg/ cyfMurf;Murf; yGwf&if; yg;pyfrS
]]tm; ... &SD; ... eifeJY aygif;rS igvnf; r[kwfwmawG wwfukefjyD}}
uRefawmfu &,fvdkuf&if; ]]vlwGifygvkdY EGm;usm;ukdufwm? igoifay;wm r[kwf
bl;}}
0kdif;pku olYapmufywfudk tm;&yg;& EIduf&if; ]]at;[m/ t&omuawmh tawmf
&Sdw,faemf/ taemufaygufqkdwm tawmfaumif;wmygvm;/ tif; ... tJh ... igjyD;wm
b,fEScg &SdjyDvJ rodbl;/ 5 cgxufawmh ratmufbl;xifw,f}}
]]b,fvkd ... r[kwfwm/ eifxGufwm 2 cgavmufyJ &SdOD;rSmyg}}
]]rubl;/ ppcsif; eifrIwfay;wkef;u wpfcg? jyD;awmh eifvkyfawmh 2 cg? aemufxyf
rIwfawmh 1 cg? tck 1 cg/ [kwfw,f/ 5 cg&SdjyD}}
]]b,fvkdjzpfwmvJ[ ... eifh[mu jrefvSacsvm;}}
]]at;[,f ... igvnf; wpfoufeJY wpfudk,f wpfaeYwnf; 'Davmufrsm;rsm;
rjyD;zl;ygbl;}}
uRefawmfu tajzudk odvdkufonf/ ]]'Dvkdjzpfr,f[/ eifu t&ifwkef;u w½kwf
eJYyJ vkyfaewm r[kwfvm;/ tcku vlajymif;oGm;vdkY&,f/ jyD;awmh tdyfcef;xJrSm vHkvHkjcHKjcHK
vkyf&vdkY&,f jzpfr,f/ t&ifwkef;u yef;jcHwkdY ½kyf&Sif½kHwdkYqkdawmh pdwfrajzmifh&if rxGufyJ
wpf} aewwfw,f}}
]]at; ... [kwfr,f/ w½kwfu eifhxuf ydkao;awmh tckeifh[mMuD; 0ifvmwmeJY
igu xGufcsifaew,f/ aemufwpfcku ... t[J ... igu jyD;wm jrefw,f[Jh}}
]][kwfvm; ... aumif;wmaygh}}
]]rjrefvkdYvJ r&bl;av/ w½kwfu rl;rl;eJY cswmrsm;w,f/ tJonfawmh oltrl;
vGefjyD; arSmufroGm;cif igu udpöjyD;atmif pdwfudk avQmh&if;avQmh&if;eJY igxGufwm jrefjref
vmjyD;awmh ... tm; ... tm; ... aemufwpfcsD ... aemufwpfcsD}}
0dkif;pk rajymvQif uRefawmfrodyg/ onfwpfcgvnf; tomav; aumhxdk;vdkufwm
udkyJ jrif&onf/ oifZmhvkd urÇmysufrwwf qlnHpGm atmf[pfjyD; ½kef;uefwmrsKd;r&Sd/ cPae
awmh 0dkif;pku pum;qufonf/
]]'Dwpfcg w½kwfeJY awGU&if olYudk enf;vrf;topfawG oifay;&r,f}}
uRefawmfu ]]rylygeJY/ oifZmu olYudk oifay;aeavmufjyD}}
qufvufí uRefawmfu 0dkif;pkzif 2 jcrf;udk qGJjzJvdkufonf/ r[kwfvQif t&rf;
usyfaeawmh oGif;&xkwf&wm tifrwef tm;ukefonf/
]]tm; ... ighzifjyJaejyDvm;}}

 

68 
 
]]ruGJao;ygbl;[/ enf;enf;av; us,foGm;atmifyg/ usyfvGef;awmhvJ raumif;
bl;av}}
]]eif rjyD;ao;bl;vm;/ ... cyfjrefjref vkyfprf;yg[m/ eifht&nfawG ighzifxJ xkd;0if
vmwm cHMunfhcsifw,f}}
0dkif;pkav;\ npfwD;npfywf pum;rsm;aMumifh uRefawmfhpdwfawG t&rf;udk wufMuG
vmjyD; MumMum atmifhrxm;Ekdifawmhyg/ 0kdif;pkuvnf; olYzifudk ,rf;um,rf;umjzifh
uRefawmfhnDav;udk qGJarTUaeonfwGif uRefawmfhpdwfudk avQmhcskvdkufygonf/ olYcg;av;udk
qGJudkifum uRefawmhfqD;pyfESifh olYzifudk twif;uyfxm;&if; uRefawmf t&nfrsm;udk
yef;xkwfvkdufawmhonf/ cyfMurf;Murf; udkifwG,faomfjim; 0dkif;pku wpfcsufrQ ratmfay/
olYzif0av;uawmh MuHKUvkduf? us,fvdkufjzihf uRefawmfhvD;udk MuH&nfMudwfovdk Mudwf
aeonf/
]]aumif;vkdufwm 0dkif;pk&,f/ eifa&m aumif;vm;[if}}
]]6 cgajrmufyJa[h/ igtarmajzyg&apOD;}}
tckrS a[m[Jvkdufaeonfudk uRefawmfhzmom owdxm;rdawmh\/ 0dkif;pkab;rSm
tomvSJcs&if; rsufpdrsm;udk rSdwfum tarmajzaevdkufonf/ cPaevdkY uRefawmfhrsufvHk;rsm;
zGifhMunfhvkdufawmh 0dkif;pkacgif;av;u uRefawmfh&ifywfay: a&mufaeonf/
0dkif;pku uRefawmhfudk jyHK;jy&if; ar;vkdufonf/ ]]uJ .. bmrsm; topftqef; &Sdao;
vJ}}
'Dwpfcgawmh uRefawmf zsm;oGm;onf/ ]]igawmhrSm;jyDxifw,f/ t½l;trJom;
auR;rdaejyD}}

2 a,mufom; jydKifwlyif &,fvkdufrdMuonf...

udka[ma&mh a7 'DZwfvrf;rSm
u|efawmfvnf;yg0ifo@kyfaqmifcsifw,fAsm?
u|efawmftwGufvJ vkyfygtHk;?
l

Devil Killer

udkudka[mh'f taemf prmuvmvJ Zmwfvrf;xJygcsif&dkU... b,fvdkbJNzpfNzpf...
vlMurf;vkyf&&if ydkawmifaumif;ao;.... aemf.... t[D;... vlMurf;awGu rS
wu,fwefwmudk;vdkY... tukefvHk;udk rnSmrwmvkyfvdkY&w,f...

l
 

smarklar

 

69 
 

tcef; (12)
av;a,mufaygif; avmif;ausmf
0dkif;pku uRefawmfh&ifywfudk olYvufoD;qkyfav;jzihf xkum ]]eif[mav ...
aygufu& ajymwJh ae&mrSmawmh wu,fyJ/ ... 'geJY zkd;w½kwfawmh b,fvkdaeovJ rod}}
]]zkd;w½kwfawmh oifZmhqDuae ynmawGudk vufxyfoifaeavmufjyD/ eifhudk
topftqef; jy&r,fqkdawmh ... igajymyg&apOD; ... oifZmu eifhudk rIwfay;r,fqkd&ifaum
... b,fvkdvJ}}
0dkif;pkudk,fuav; wkefoGm;jyD; ]]rdef;rcsif;aygh ... [kwfvm; ...}}
]]aemufjyD;awmh 2 a,mufn§yfcswm &Sdao;w,fav/ igeJY w½kwfeJYaygh ...}}
uRefawmfu cP&yfum 0dkif;pktajctaeudk tuJcwfvdkufonf/ 0dkif;pku
yxrawmh tawmfuav; wkefvIyfoGm;aomfvnf; tcsdefenf;enf;Mumawmh ]]wpf ...
wpfjydKifwnf;vm;}} [kar;onf/
]]eifaMumufoGm;yvm;}}
]]a[hat; ... tckyJ prf;Munfh&atmif}}
þodkYjzifh uRefawmfESifh 0dkif;pk {nfhcef;xJ jyefavQmufoGm;aomtcg oifZmh
atmfoHudk Mum;vdkuf&\/

 

70 
 
]]at; ... [kwfjyD ... [kwfjyD ... igjzJay;xm;r,f/ ... oGif;prf; ... at; ... [kwfjyD}}
qkdzmay:wGif oifZmu zifrdk;arQmf taetxm;jzihf aumufauG;aejyD; w½kwfudk
tm;ay;aeonf/ 0dkif;pkrsufESm ysufoGm;rvm;[k pdk;&drfpGmjzifh uRefawmfu vSrf;Munfhvkduf
onf/ t&,frysufaom 0dkif;pkudk awGUawmhrS uRefawmfpdwfat;oGm;jyD; oifZmhtem; avQmuf
oGm;onf/
uRefawmfwdkY 2 a,muf tem;uyfoGm;onfwGif w½kwfu olYvD;udk oifZmhzifxJrS
qGJxkwfum txpfxpftaighaighjzifh
]]0dkif;pk ... ig ... ig ...}}
0kdif;pku ayghayghyg;yg; jyefar;onf/ ]]bmjzpfvkdYvJ w½kwf&JU ... eifoifZmhzifudk
csaewm igjrifygw,f}}
]]eifrsm; pdwfqkd;oGm;rvm;vkdYyg/ ... 'gayr,fh aemufaygufwG,fpD;&wm odyf
aumif;w,f[}}
]]at; .. [kwfw,f/ cHvkdYvJ aumif;w,f/}} 0dkif;pku axmufcHvkdufonfwGif
w½kwfav; yg;pyfta[mif;om; jzpfoGm;onf/
oifZmu vl;vJxvdkufjyD; 0dkif;pkvufudk qGJum ]]'DrSmxkdifprf;yg/ eifhudkig vsuf
Munfh&atmif}}
0dkif;pku qkdzmay:xkdifjyD; aygifum;ay;vkduf&if;u ]]tckeuyJ eifeJYigeJY tjyef
tvSef rIwfMunfhygvm;qkdjyD; a[mha&mhu ighudk ajymaew,f ...}} 0kdif;pkwpfa,muf pum;udk
qHk;atmif rajymEkdifawmhyg/ oifZmu olraygifMum;xJ acgif;xkd;0ifvkdufonfwGif 0dkif;pkcrsm
w[if;[if;jzifh vlrrm tzsm;wufovkd nnf;aeawmh\/
avxJwGif ajrmufwufaeaom oifZmhzif&Sd&modkY vufnId;nTefum uRefawmfu
ajymvkdufonf/ ]]a[haumif w½kwf ... bmvkyfaewmvJ/ rif;pwJh Zmwfvrf;udk rif; qHk;
atmif u} av}}
w½kwfu tckrS touf0ifvmovkd
aemufodkY wkd;uyfoGm;onf/

vIyf&Sm;oGm;jyD;

uRefawmfhaumifrav;

aemufcPMumawmh oifZmhxHrS toHMum;vkduf&onf/ ]]tm;vm;vm; uGJygjyD ...
[Jh wpfcsufwnf;eJY twif;xkd;wmawmh vGefwmaygh[,f}}
uRefawmfuawmh qkdzmay: wufvkdufjyD; 0dkif;pkrsufESmESifh nDav;udk awhay;vdkuf
onf/ 0dkif;pku w½kwfav;udk Munfh&if; uRefawmfhvD;udk tm;&yg;& pkyfonf/
w½kwfu tHMudwf&if; ]]0dkif;pk .. eifawmfawmf Zdrf&Sdaew,fayghav}}
0dkif;pku ... ]]'gaygh ... ighudk a[mha&mhu 6 cgjyD;atmif vdk;ay;xm;jyD;jyDav/
tckvJ oifZmu rIwfay;aeao;w,f/ tm;vm;vm; ... aumif;vkdufwm oifZm&,f}}
0dkif;pku npfwD;npfywf ajym½kHru uRefawmhfOrsm;udkyg w½kwfa&SUwGif pkyfjyonf/
'gwifruao; uRefawmfh zif0udkyg olYvQmjzifh xdk;jyjyefonf/
Munfhaeaom w½kwfav;u 0rf;acgif;oHjzifh ]]zmonfr ... eifhudk aemufaeYus&if
igtjywfcsr,f/ ... avmavmq,fawmh ... ig .. igxGufjyDoifZm}}
0dkif;pkuvJ oifZmh acgif;udk zdxm;jyD; ]]ig .. igvnf; r&awmhbl; oifZm}} ajym&if;
qkd&if;rS qwfueJ wpfcsuf wkefoGm;onf/

 

71 
 
onfhaemufwGifawmh uRefawmfholi,fcsif; pkHwGJrSm zvufjyoGm;awmh\/
0dkif;pku a&csKd;csifonf[kqkdum w½kwfav;ukd qGJac:oGm;onf/ uRefawmfu
oifZmESifh usefcJhonf/ oifZmhudk Munfhvkdufaomtcg rsufESmwGif 0dkif;pk\ okuf&nfrsm;?
atmufydkif;wGifvnf; w½kwf\ t&nfrsm;ESifh vl;aeawmh\/
]]tcspfuav; ayyGaejyD}} [kajym&if; oifZmhrsufESmay:rS 0dkif;pkt&nfawGudk
uRefawmfu vQmjzifh vsufay;vdkufonf/ oifZmu auseyfpGm jyHK;&if; jidrfcHaeonf/
odkYaomf rMumvkdufyg/ uRefawmfh vufrsm;u olrapmufaphav;udk xdrdvdkufaom tcgwGif
awmh pum;pajymygawmhonf/
]]eifholi,fcsif;u rrdkufbl;uGm}}
]]w½kwfu bmjzpfvkdYvJ}}
]]bmjzpf&rvJ/ igaumif;vmjyDqkd&if olu xGufoGm;jyD/ ighrSm jyefjyefusoGm;
wmeJYyJ 'Dreuf wpfcgyJ jyD;ao;w,f/ 'guvnf; bm*smrIwfwm}}
uRefawmfu toHxGufatmif &,fvdkuf&if; ]][kwfw,f/ 0dkif;pkvJ ajymw,f/
w½kwfu t&rf;jrefw,fwJh/ 0dkif;pkuawmh tusifh&aejyD[/ eifhudk ajym&if ,HkcsifrS ,Hkr,f/
igeJY 0dkif;pk cPav;vkyfwmav/ at; ... tJ'g ol 6 cgxGufoGm;w,fwJh}}
]]wu,f ... jzpfEdkifw,f/ w½kwfeJY olu tusifh&ae&if;uae eifeJYqkdawmh rw&m;
xGufukefwm jzpfr,f ... uJ .. tJ'gu ta&;rMuD;bl;/ igwpfcgrS rxGufao;bl;}}
oifZmhvufu uRefawmfnDav;ay:a&mufvmonf/ tckeuav;uyJ 0dkif;pk
tmaiGUudk &xm;aom uRefawmfhaumifu tarmufaxmifaeonf/ arSmufay;xm;aom oifZmh
taemufodkY oGm;um apmufywfxJodkY tomav; avQmxnfhvkduf&m a&Sma&Sm&SL&SLyif 0ifoGm;
onf/ yxrawmh at;at;aq;aq; vkd;rvdkYyif jzpfaomfvnf; csufcsif;yif oifZmhudk
uRefawmf p} csifvmojzifh vD;udk jyefxkwfvdkufonf/
]]vkyfawmhav}} aemufvSnfhrMunfhyJ oifZmu avmaqmfonf/
]]ajym ...bmvkyf&rSmvJ ...}}
]]eif vkyfp&m &Sdwm vkyfaygh[Jh}}
]]at;av ... eifajym .. igbmvkyfay;&rvJ}}
]]eifaemf .. r,kwfrmeJY ... igrjyD;ao;vdkYyg[m ... rnpfprf;ygeJY}}
]]rnpfygbl;[ ... eifvdkcsifwmudkom ajym ... igvkyfay;r,f}}
]][muGm ... pdwfnpfygw,f/ uJuJ ... eifh[mMuD;udk ighxJ oGif;vdkufygawmh}}
]]b,f[mMuD;udk b,ftxJoGif;&rSmvJ}}
]]apmufaumifav;aemf/ igpdwfwdkvmjyD/ eifhvD;udk ightaygufxJ xnfhvkdufa[h ...
a&SUaygufaemf/ taemufr[kwfbl;}}
uRefawmfu atmifEkdifolvkd &,fvkdufjyD; ]]pdwfcs/ igeifhudk tjywfvkd;ay;r,f/
aemufqHk;rSm eifaMumufygjyD/ awmfygawmhvkdY atmfap&r,f}}
oifZmu cGef;awmufrusef jyefyufonf/ ]]tJ'gawmh vHk;0rjzpfEdkifbl;}}

 

72 
 
uRefawmfu wpfcsufwnf;ESifh tqHk;xd 0ifatmif aqmifhxnfhvdkufonfwGif
oifZmu tHudk wif;wif;MudwfjyD; aemufodkY jyefaumhay;onf/ t&ifwkef;uvdk rnnf;awmh
yJ oifZmu apmufywfav;udk &SHKUum xm;onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; rn§myJ twif;aqmifh
xnfhonf/ onfwpfyGJum; uRefawmf\ tpGrf;udk jy&rnfrdkY avQmhírjzpf/
csufcsif;vkdyif oifZm\ udk,fvHk;av; awmifhwif;vmjyD; ajcacsmif;uav;rsm;
ukyfauG;oGm;onf/ uRefawmfu t&Sdefukd ravQmhay/ þwGif ][if;} ueJ oufjyif;csoHESihf
twl oifZmh acgif;av; armhvmonf/ apmufywfav;uvnf; twif;udk n§pfaeonf/
oifZmhvufawGu qkdzmudk twif;n§pfxm;\/
aumifrav; jyD;oGm;jyD jzpfaMumif; aA'ifar;aep&m rvdkyg/ uRefawmfu t&Sdefukd
avQmhum tarmajzaevkdufonf/
cPaeawmhrS t&Sdefjyefwifonf/ onfwpfacgufwGifawmh uRefawmfu vuf 2
zuf\ tultnDudkyg ,lvkdufonf/ nmzufvufjzifh apmufaphav;udk acsay;vkduf&m
oifZmhrSm xGefYxGefYvl;oGm;onf/ onfrQom ruao;? b,fvufru oifZmhzif0udk EdIuf
vkdufonf/ oifZmhEIwfrS atmfoHawG qlnHoGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfykHrSefyif c&D;oGm;aepOf
oifZmu pum;pajymvmonf/
]]r&yfvkdufeJYaemf/ tm; ... tm; ... ig ... ig aemufwpfcg ...}}
olrav; tvkdusjzpfap&ef uRefawmfu cg;udk tomMuGum cyfqwfqwfuav;
aqmifhay;vkdufonf/ 0ufatmfoHvkd atmf&if; oifZmu a&SUodkY [yfxkd;vJusoGm;onf/
rvGwfap&yg/ oifZmhcg;udk vufjzifh pHkudkifum wqwfqwfwkefaeaom apmufywfav;
xJudk jrdefa&&Sufa& aqmifhvkdufonf/
cPaeawmh jidrfusoGm;jyD oifZmu auseyfpGmjzifh wtDtD nnf;aepOf uRefawmf
u t&Sdefudk avQmhum tarmajzvdkufjyefonf/ olYEdkYav;rsm;udk n§pfay;&if; cyfjznf;jznf;om
xnfh&if; oufvHkukd acRum awmifwuf&\/
]]b,fhES,fvJ oifZm ... jyD;oGm;yvm;}}
]]at;[m ... aumif;vkdufwm .. ig 2 cg&SdjyD ... 'geJY [dkaumifr 0dkif;pku 6 cgjyD;
w,f [kwfvm; ... tHhMop&myJ[m ... igjzifh 2 cgeJYawmif tawmfav; zvufaejyD}}
]]t&SHK;ay;jyDayghav}}
]]a0;ao;w,f/ bmrS t&SHK;ray;bl; ... w½kwfvrf;cif;ay;oGm;vdkY igxGufoGm;wm
ygaemf ...}} oifZmu cPjidrfoGm;onf/ jyD;aemuf ]]'DwpfcgxGuf&if igawmfcsifjyD ...
armw,f[/ eifjyD;vkdufawmh[m}}
]]tdkau ... tcspfav; ... eifjyD;cgeD;&if ighudkajym}}
wu,fuawmh ajymp&myifrvdkyg/ oifZmhapmufywfav;u qwfueJ wkefum
olYt&nfrsm;udk yef;xkwfvkdufcsdefwGif uRefawmfuvnf; uRefawmfht&nfrsm;udk yef;xkwf
vkdufawmh\/
]]awmuf ... igwpfcgrS tckvdk 3 cgqufwkduf rxGufbl;ao;bl;uGm/ eif .. eif ...
vlrS [kwf&JUvm; [if}}
uRefawmfvlpifppf jzpfygonf/ em&D0ufcefY qufwkduf aqmifhjyD;aemuf tarmqdkYjyD;
aovkvkyif/ oifZmhtar;ukd Mum;aomfvnf; jyefrajzEdkifyg/ wpfudk,fvHk;vnf; a&csKd;xm;
ovdk acR;awGeJY pdk&TJaeygjyD/

 

73 
 
udp◌0d
jyD;oGm;awmh oifZmu ar;onf/ ]][dk 2 a,muf b,fa&mufoGm;
ِ p◌rsm;
ِ
ovJ}}
uRefawmfu ]]ightdyfcef;xJrSm jzpfrSmaygh}}
xdktcsdefwGifyif uRefawmfh acgif;udk a'gifueJaeatmif acgufcHvkduf&onf/
taemufzufrS toHMum;vdkuf&\/
]]igwkdY twif; ajymcsifvdkYvm;}}
]]tm ... r[kwfygbl; 0dkif;pk&m ... eif ... eifb,frSm ykef;aewmvJ}}
]]b,frSmrS rykef;bl;/ eifwkdYzmom rTefaevdkY igwdkYudk rawGUwm}}
vSrf;Munhfvdkufawmh w½kwfav;u cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS ckHay:wGif xkdifvsuf oGm;jzD;jy
\/ uRefawmfuvJ auseyfpGmjzifh jyefjyHK;jyum ]]b,fvkdvJ .. 0dkif;pk .. w½kwfynmpHkoGm;jyD
r[kwfvm;}}
]]tif; ... ckeuawmh ighudk rIwfay;jyD;jyD/ olYnDav;uawmh tdyf&mu rEdk;ao;vkdY
... eifwkdY 2 a,mufudkyJ xkdifMunfhaewm}}
]][kduf .. &Sufp&mMuD; ...}}
uRefawmfu tJovdk ajymvdkufawmh aumifrav; 2 a,mufvHk;u uRefawmfhudk
0kdif;xkMuygawmh\/
&,f&,farmarmjzifh uRefawmfwkdY aysmfaecsdefwGif wHcg;acgufoH jrnfvmawmh\/
]][kduf ...}} uRefawmfwdkYtm;vHk; rwkdifyifyJ ajymvkdufrdaompum;/
jywif;rS vSrf;Munfhvkdufawmh tjzLtrnf; tpif;wm;xm;aom jrif;usm; qvGef;
um;av; tdrfjyifzufwGif &yfxm;onfudk awGU&onf/
uRefawmfESifh w½kwfu jydKifwlyif a&&Gwfvkdufrd\/ ]]prmuvm}}

rSwfcsuf/ / prmuvmqkdonfrSm arSmifckdukeful;ol[k qkdvkdygonf/

 

 

74 
 

tcef; (13)
a&mufvmaom {nfhonfrsm;
]]tJ'g b,folwkef;}} rdef;uav; 2 a,mufu ar;vkdufonf/
uRefawmfu tuFsDudk uysmu,m 0wf&if; ]]igwkdYeJY i,fi,fwkef;u ausmif;aezuf
yJqkdygawmh/ tckawmh olu tcspf&GmrSm q&mMuD;ayghav}}
w½kwfuvJ olYykqdk;udk tajy;tvTm; oGm;,l&if; 0ifajymonf/ ]]a[haumif ...
'DbJMuD; bmvmvkyfwmvJ/ olYapmfeJY ESyfcsifvdkYvm; rod}}
olajymvkdufrS uRefawmfowd&oGm;onf/ ezl;udk jyef½dkufrdjyD; ]][m .. [kwfyghuGm/
igarhoGm;w,f/ ... t*FgaeYuwnf;u ajymxm;wm/ 'DaeY ightdrfudk vmr,fwJh}}
]]bmt"dyÜg,fvJ[ ... eifwkdY[mawGu ...}} 0dkif;pku pdwf½Iyfonfh avoHav;jzifh
ar;onf/
]]&Sif;ygw,f[m ... olYapmfeJY ESyfcsifvkdYaygh ...}} w½kwfu ajzay;vdkufonf/
]]igwkdY 4 a,muf xGufoGm;ay;&r,f}} uRefawmfu xyfjyD; aocsmatmif ajzay;
vkdufonf/
t0wftpm;awG 0wfjyD;aemuf wHcg;udk qGJzGifhvkdufum rSifaoaojzifh EIwfquf
vkdufonf/

 

75 
 
]]a[haumifMuD; ... vmvm ... aqm&D;uGm .. igtdrfaemufaz; a&mufaevdkY}}
uRefawmfxifonfhtwkdif;yif vl 2 OD;udk awGUvdkuf&onf/ eef;qkESifh prmuvm/
eef;qkqkdonfrSm eef;qk&wDpdk;/ &Srf;r vSvSao;ao;uav;/ prmuvmqkdonfu
ukvm;r[kwfyg/ odkYaomf ukvm;ESifhawmh wlygonf/ b,fae&mrSm wlovJudkawmh rMumcif
rdwfaqGawGU&ygawmhrnf/
oifZmESifh rdwfqufay;awmh olwkdY 2 a,muf tawmfyif tHhMooGm;Muonf/
awGU&wm 0rf;awG bmawG omjyD;awmh prmuvmu uRefawmfhem;em; uyfum wkd;wkd;av;
ar;onf/ ]]rif; oifZmeJY aervdkYvm;uG/ igu vm½Iyfovkd jzpfaejyD}}
eef;qkuawmh pum;awG azmifzGJYaeavjyD/ xxGufoGm;zkdY rvG,fawmhacs/ 'geJYyJ
uRefawmfu 0efcHvkdufonf/ ]][kwfw,fuGm/ 'DuaeYu tcGifhaumif;rdkY igu ac:vdkufw,f/
rif;wdkYvmr,fqkdwm wu,f arhoGm;w,f/ aqm&D;yJ oli,fcsif;}}
]]udpör&Sdygbl;uG/ t[J .... trSeftwdkif;ajymr,f/ pdwfawmhrqkd;eJY ... tdrfxJ r0if
cif toHawGMum;vkdY .. ig ... igwkdYayghav/ ... acskmif;Munfhvdkufw,f}}
uRefawmfhacgif;udk ysm;wpftHkvHk; 0dkif;wkyfvdkufonfhtvm; cHpm;vkduf&onf/
tJ'grS 'ku¨/ uRefawmf bmvkyf&rnfenf;/ onfowif;om jyefYoGm;ygu 0dkif;pkESifh oifZm
wdkY\ odu¨mrsm; tzwfqnfr&atmif usawmhrnf/ 'gayr,fh cPaeygOD;/ 'DaumifMuD;
b,favmuftxd jrifovJ odatmif vkyf&OD;rnf/ odkYjzifh uRefawmfu cyfwnfwnf pum;
tpfMunfhvkdufonf/
]]rif; tm;rusbl;vm;}}
]]uswmayghuGm/ 'gayr,fh t"du Zmwfvrf;u igrjrifvkduf&wm emwmyJ/
eef;qku jyefajymjyw,f/ rif;eJY oifZmeJY a[monf qkdzmMuD;ay:rSm zufjyD;awmh pum;awG
ajym ... ajym ...}}
onfae&mta&mufwGif prmuvm\ rsufvHk;rsm;u eef;qkqD a&mufoGm;onf/
eef;qku rsufvHk;av; jyL;um prmuvmudk rmefonf/ uRefawmhfudk awGUawmh olYrsufESm
av; eD&JoGm;um iHkYoGm;onf/ eef;qk jrifvkdufonfrSm uRefawmfwdkY 2 a,muf pum;ajymae
onfh tcef;r[kwfaMumif; odomvGef;ygonf/
wpfckckawmh vkyfrS jzpfawmhrnfrdkY uRefawmfu w½kwfudk rsuf&dyfjyum ac:xkwf
vdkufonf/ bD,mbl;awG o,fOD;r,f[k ajym&if; aemufzufodkY vpfvmcJh\/ cyfjrefjrefyif
uRefawmf &Sif;jyvdkufawmh w½kwfu ajymonf/ ]]aomufcGyJa[h ... rif;wkdYukd jrif&if igwkdY
udkvJ rjrifbl;vkdY rajymEdkifbl;}}
]]at; ... bmvkyfMurvJ}} uRefawmfhacgif;wpfacgif;vHk; ylxlaejyD/ w½kwfu
tdrfa&SUzuf acsmif;MunhfvdkufjyD; vufjyvkdufonf/ cPaeawmh 0dkif;pkESifh oifZma&mufvm
onf/ uRefawmfu tajctaeudk twkdcsKH;jyD; &Sif;jyvdkufonf/ uRefawmfhpum;qHk;onfESifh
w½kwfu ajymonf/
]]igpOf;pm;rdwm wpfckawmh &Sdw,f/ eifwkdY 2 a,mufudkyJ tm;ukd;&r,f}} w½kwfu
0dkif;pkESifh oifZmhudk ajymvkdufonf/
]]bmvJ .. ig .. igwkdYu prmuvmeJY ...}}
]][kwfw,f ... prmuvmwifrubl;/ eef;qkudkyg qGJxnfh&rSmyJ/ r[kwf&if
olwkdYu avQmufajymEdkifw,fav/ wu,fvdkY olwdkY 2 a,mufvHk; igwkdYtzGJY0if jzpfoGm;&if
awmh avQmufrajymEkdifawmhbl;/ [kwfw,f[kwf}}

 

76 
 
twefMum wdwfqdwfaejyD;rS 0kdif;pku ajymonf/
]]at; ... igwkdY MudK;pm;Munfhr,fav}}
okdYjzifh uRefawmfwdkY tdrfa&SUcef;okdY jyefvmcJhMuonf/
onfhaemufwGifawmh oifZmu uRefawmfhaygifMum;udk rawmfwqvkdvdkjzifh xkcs
vkduf? 0kdif;pkuvnf; udk,fudk vSnhfum olYzifawGudk prmuvma&SU xdk;jyvkdufjzihf Zmwfvrf;
qifawmh\/ uRefawmfuawmh eef;qkudkom tuJcwfaerdonf/ eef;qkrsufESm ysufvmonf
udk Munfh&if; uRefawmfh&ifawG ylvmonf/ aemufqHk;wGif eef;qku qwfueJ rwfwwf&yf
vdkufum
]]igtdrfom oGm;OD;r,f[m}}
tawmfMumonftxd xGufrvmojzifh uRefawmfu xvdkufjyD; tajctae Munfh
&ef vdkufoGm;vdkufonf/ eef;qku xrif;pm;yGJay:wGif rsufESm arSmufum xkdifaeonfudk
awGU\/
]]eef;qk ... eifbmjzpfaeovJ}}
uRefawmfhudk jyefrMunfhyJ eef;qku ajcmufaoGUpGmjzihf ]]ig ... igjyefawmhr,f[m
...}}
uRefawmfu rodcsifa,mifaqmifjyD; ar;vkdufonf/ ]]eef;qk ... eifbmjzpfae
wmvJ}}
]]'DuaeY [dkaumifeJY eifhtdrfrSm awGUzdkY csdef;xm;wmudk tdrfudk ajymawmh ightazu
olvkdufydkYay;r,fwJh/ tJonfvdkeJY igu eifhtdrfa&mufvmwkef;rSm [dkaumifu ightdrfukd oGm;
MudKaew,f/ igvnf; tdrfxJrSm apmihfr,fqkdjyD; 0ifvmrvdkYyJ/ 'gayr,fh ... toH ... toHawG
Mum;wmeJY ... acsmif; ... acsmif;Munfhvkdufawmh ...}}
eef;qku qufrajymawmhyg/ uRefawmfuawmh wdwfqdwfpGm em;axmifaejyD; olY
pum;oH wdwfoGm;awmhrS ajz&Sif;csuf ay;vdkufonf/
]]at;[m .. igvnf; eifwkdYvmr,fqkdwm arhoGm;w,f/ oifZmhqDu tajz&wm
rMumao;bl;av/ tJonfawmh ...}}
]]... igeifwkdYeJY ryg0ifEdkifbl;/ ... tJ'g pum;ukefyJ/ ... igtJonftpm;xJu r[kwf
bl; ...}}
eef;qku jznf;nif;pGm x&yfvdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; acgif;idkufpkduf csxm;
vdkufawmh\/ olYudk twif;MuD; qGJjyD; vkyfvkdYvnf; rk'drf;rIjzpf½kHuvGJvdkY bmrS rxl;Ekdif/
]]pdwfcsyg/ igavQmufrajymygbl;}} ajym&if;rS eef;qku jznf;nif;pGm jyefxGufoGm;
onf/ odkYaomf olr\ ajcvSrf;rsm; vrf;wpf0ufrSmyif &yfoGm;\/ uRefawmf armhMunfhkvdkuf
awmh cg;av;udkif;um wpfckckudk acsmif;aeaom eef;qkudk jrif&\/
olraemufodkY uyfum uRefawmfvnf; arQmfMunfhvkdufonf/ bmrS rjrif&onfhwdkif
toHawGudk oJhoJhMum;vkduf&\/
]]t&SnfMuD;yJ awmfa&U}} 0dkif;pk\ toH/
]]igwkdYaumifawGxuf tenf;qHk; vufESpfopfavmufawmh ydk&Snfw,f}} oifZm\
tljrL;oHav;/

 

77 
 
]]tvHk;awmh ydkao;w,f[ ... 'gaMumifh ydkjyD; &Snfw,f xif&w,f}}
]]tm; .. rqefYbl;[/ t&rf;roGif;eJYaemf/ igh[mav; atmifhaejyD/}} 0dkif;pku
cyfpl;pl;av; atmfonf/
uRefawmfu eef;qk\ ykcHk;ukd udkifjyD; vSrf;arQmfMunfhonfhwkdif bmrQ rawGUao;yg/
]]eef;qk ... bmawG jzpfaewmvJ}}
eef;qku wkd;n§if;pGmjzifh ]]prmuvmu 0dkif;pkudk csaew,f/ eifhoifZmuawmh
taemufuae prmuvm[mMuD;udk vufeJY qkyfay;jyD; xnfhay;w,f/ olYaemufrSmawmh
w½kwfav;u ...}} eef;qk\ toHu acwå&yfoGm;jyD;rS wtHhwMojzihf ]]w½kwfav;u
oifZmhzifudk ...}}
xdktcsdefwGifyif prmuvm\ toHMoMud; xGufvmonfudk uRefawmfaumif;pGm
Mum;vkduf&\/ ]][ ... w½kwf rif; .. rif;vkyfaewm ... aemufaygufyJ}}
oifZmuvnf; wcpfcpf&,fum ]][kwfw,fav/ bmvJ eiftacGrMunfhzl;bl;vm;/
[if;[if; ... ighapmufywfudk yGwfay;ygvm;[if}}
onfae&modkYta&mufwGif eef;qkonf ½kwfueJ aemufaMumif;vSnfhum ajy;awmh
\/ uRefawmfuvnf; olraemufodkY twif;vdkufum olYvufudk qGJawmhrS eef;qku &yfoGm;
onf/ olrwpfudk,fvHk;vJ ewfyl;ovdk wkef,ifaeonfrdkY ykcHk;av;udk tomayGUum uRef
awmhftdyfcef;xJ ac:oGif;vkdufonf/ (oem;vdkYygAsm/ t[d) tcef;xJwGifawmh 0dkif;pkESifh
uRefawmfwkdY yvl;cJhjcif;\ oufaojzpfaom t&nfuGufrsm;u tdyf&mcif;ay:wGif txif;
om;/ tjcm;ae&mvnf; r&Sdojzifh eef;qkukd ,if;tdyf&may:wGifyif xkdifap&\/
wkef,ifaeaom eef;qkvufonf b,fvkdu b,fvdk uRefawmfhaygifMum;udk xdrd
ovJ rodyg/ onfhaemufwGifawmh eef;qku uRefawmfESifh cyfcGmcGm xkdifonf/ tcef;xJwGif
&Sdaeaom bD,mwpfAl;udk qGJzGifhum urf;ay;vkdufawmh eef;qku rjiif;qefyJ aomufonf/
cPaeawmh wnfwnfjidrfjidrf jzpfoGm;jyD; uRefawmfhudk eef;qku vSrf;ajym\/
]]eifh aumifrav;udk prmuvm csaejyDvm; rodbl;}}
]]cscsif csygapav/ 'DuaeYrSm olYudk aysmfap&r,fvkdY igcGifhay;xm;w,f}}
]]igeifwdkYudk vHk;0em;rvnfbl;[m}}
]]at; ... igem;vnfygw,f}}
eef;qku avoHudkwif;vkdufjyD; ]]eif ... ighudk ... ighudk vkdcsifaew,f r[kwfvm;/
vHk;0 rjzpfEkdifbl;odvm;/}}
uRefawmfu cyfwnfwnfjzifh ]]at; [kwfw,f/ vkdcsifw,f/ 'gayr,fh eifray;&if
ig r,lygbl;/ pdwfcsyg}}
eef;qku olYrsufESmav;udk cspfpzG,faumif;atmif ½IHUjyjyD; wpfzuf vSnfhoGm;
onf/ xkdtcsdefwGifyif 0dkif;pk\ atmfoHudk Mum;vdkuf&\/ ]]tm; ... jyD;jyD ... jyD;jyD}}

ZmwfMurf; pygjyD/ 

 

78 
 

tcef; (14)
eef;qk&wDpdk;\ xl;jcm;csuf
eef;qku zswfueJ wHcg;qDuyftoGm;wGif uRefawmfuvnf; tjrefqHk;vIyf&Sm;
vdkuf\/ olYaemufausmudk wif;wif;uyfum wHcg;bkudk qGJvSnfhaeonfh eef;qkvufrsm;udk
tkyfudkifvdkufjcif;yif/ atmufzufrS uRefawmfhnDav;u eef;qkzifvHk; 2 ckudk tm;&yg;&
erf;aeonf/
yg;pyfrS xyfjyD; 0efcHvkdufonf/ ]][kwfw,feef;qk/ igeifhudk vkdcsifw,f/ b,fh
ES,fvJ}}
eef;qku r½kef;awmhyJ wdk;wkd;jyefajzonf/ ]]tkyfpkvdkufMuD;awG igrMudKufbl;aemf}}
uRefawmfu olYzifMuD;rsm;udk qkyfudkif&if; ]]eifhoabm}} [kajzvkdufonf/ onf
awmh eef;qku uRefawmfhvufrsm;ukd ykwfcsum uRefawmfESifh rsufESmcsif;qkdif jzpfatmif
vSnfhvkdufonf/ tajctae aumif;vmjyD[k oHk;oyf&onfhtwGuf uRefawmfhvufrsm;u
olY&ifywfay:a&mufoGm;onf/ csufcsif;yif eef;qkvufrsm;uvnf; uRefawmfhnDav;udk
zrf;rdoGm;onf/ uRefawmhfykqdk;ukd cRwfcsvdkufjyD; eef;qku tHhMopGmjzifh ]]eifh[mMuD;u
wkwfvSacsvm;}}

 

79 
 
]]at; ... 'gayr,fh wkdw,fvdkY ajymaeMuwmyJ}}
eef;qktuFsDudk cRwfvkdufjyD;awmh uRefawmfu tHhMopGm ajymvkdufonf/
]]rxif&bl;aemf/ eifh[mvnf; rao;vSygvm;}}
eef;qku auseyfpGm &,fvdkufjyD; xrDudk avQmhvkdufum ]]MuD;wJh[mawGu tckrS
vmrSm}}
azG;Oaeaom zifMuD;rsm;udk jrifvdkuf&awmh uRefawmfraeEdkifawmhyg/ tm;&yg;&
zspfn§pfvdkufonf/ eef;qkuvnf; uRefawmfhnDav;udk zspfn§pfonf/ odkYjzifh tjyeftvSef
n§pfae&if; b,fvdku b,fvdkrSef;rodyJ uRefawmfhukwifay: jyefa&mufoGm;\/
eef;qku uRefawmfhudk cGvdkufjyD; tay:rS tkyfum erf;\/ jyD;aemuf nDav;udk
olYEdkY 2 vHk;jzifh n§yfum qGJawmhonf/ tdpufnufanmaom tawGUtxdaMumifh uRefawmf
MumMum rcHEdkifyg/ ]]aumif;vkdufwm[m/ igxGufawmhr,f ...}}
'Dvkdusawmmh eef;qku &,fvdkufum ]]rxGufeJYOD;}} [kajymjyD; tay:jyefwuf
vmonf/ olYEkdYrsm;udk uRefawmfh yg;pyfa&SUwGif wGJvJcsay;awmh uRefawmfuvnf; jyGwfjyGwf
jrnfatmifudk pkyfvdkufonf/ eef;qkxHrS auseyfoHav; xGufvmjyD; aemufwpfzuf ajymif;
ay;onf/ onfwpfcgawmh uRefawmfu wpfzufpdkY? wpfzufacsjzifh ref;jrdKUawmf aygufpDrsm;
udk tm;&yg;& oHk;aqmifvdkufonf/
'gwifruao;yJ uRefawmfhvufu olYaygifMum;xJ wdk;0ifoGm;onf/ t&nfawGpdrfh
usaejyD jzpfaom apmufywfav;xJodkY vuf 2 acsmif; wpfcgwnf; xnfhvkdufonf/ tcsdef
qGJ raecsifawmhyg/ eef;qkuvnf; cyfMurf;Murf; wHkYjyefonf/ ]tif;} ueJnnf;&if;
uRefawmfhvufay:odkY xdkifcsvkduf\/ cPaeawmh eef;qkuyif usaemfhnDav;udk qGJum
taygufESifh awhvdkufawmhonf/
eef;qkzifMuD;rsm;udk qkyfudkif&if; uRefawmfu aqmifhxnfhvdkufawmh eef;qku atmf
onf/
]]apmufaumifav; ... t&rf;vkyf&ovm;[Jh}}
]]at;[ .. usyfvSacsvm;/ b,fvkdjzpfwmvJ}}
]]eifholi,fcsif;u &Snfwm[Jh? rMuD;bl;/ tm;;;; &SD;;;; ... uGJjyDvm; rodbl;}}
]]rSef;prf; ... prf;Munfh&atmif}}
uRefawmfu apmufaphaigufawmufav;udk vufnId;jzifh wdkYxday;vkdufawmh eef;qk
raeEdkifawmhyg/ tay:rSaejyD; twif;udk aqmihfawmh\/ eef;qk\ xl;jcm;csufrSm apmufaph
&Snfjcif;yif jzpfonf/ upm;aumif;aumif;jzifh uRefawmfu upm;aevdkuf&m eef;qkrSm
rcHEdkifawmhyJ aumhvefum jyD;oGm;awmh\/ jyD;onfESifh taoaumifvkd uRefawmfhudk,fay:
ypfvSJum ]]apmufaumifpkwfav; ...}} [k uRefawmfhudk p} onf/
]]MudKajymxm;r,f/ igu taemufoefw,faemf}}
]]&w,f/ igwpfcgjyD;oGm;jyDyJ/ eifvkyfEkdifao;&if vkyfav}}
pdwftm;wufMuGpGmjzifh uRefawmfu eef;qkudk av;zufukef;apvdkufonf/ onhf
aemufwGifawmh eef;qkvufrsm;udk qGJum apmufaphav;udk uvdaponf/ uRefawmfuawmh
olYzifudkom tm½kHpl;pdkuf xm;vdkufonf/
]]eifhzifu usyfvkdufwm[,f/ vufnId;awmif renf;xnfh&w,f}}

 

80 
 
]]tif; ... usyfqkd&if ighzifu tysKd&nf rysufao;bl;[/ eifhudkawmif tm;emvdkY
cHay;wmaemf}}
olYtajymudk tonf;,m;vmojzifh zifom;MuD;rsm;udk ukdufvkdufawmh eef;qku
atmf&if; ]]igt[kwfajymwm[Jh/ prmuvmqkd&if ighzifudk cscsifaewm wpfydkif;udkaovdkY ...}}
]]eifu bmjzpfvkdY ay;rcs&wmvJ}}
]]'guawmh rdef;rrm,mwJh ... t[d}}
]]'gqdk ighudkusawmh bmjzpfvdkY ay;&wmvJ}}
]]eifeJYu 'Dwpf&ufxJ awGU&rSmav ...}}
onhfaemufwGifawmh pum;pjzwfvdkufum tm½kHrsm;udk atmufydkif;qD ydkYvdkufMu
\/ eef;qku olYapmufywfudk oljyefEIdkufae ouJhodkY uRefawmfuvnf; zif0udk csJUaevkduf
\/ cPaeawmh vGefjzifhpjyD; wl;qGvdkufonf/
]]tm;;;; tm; ... jznf;jznf; ...}} tpydkif;wGif atmfonf/ aemufydkif;wGifum; ]]tm;
... jrefjref}} [katmfonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; olrtvkdudk jznfhae&m eHab;odkY w½kwfa&muf
vmonfudkyif rodvkdufacs/
w½kwfuvnf; Murf;onf/ a&mufa&mufcsif; aqmufeJY xGif;awmh\/ eef;qkqHyif
udk qGJum acgif;udk ajr§mufvkdufjyD; olYvD;udk eef;qkyg;pyfxJ xdk;xnfhonf/ uRefawmfhpdwfxJ
wGif eef;qk½kef;rnf[k xifxm;aomfvnf; wu,fwrf;wGifum; ½kef;uefjcif; tvsOf;r&SdyJ
tqifacsmaeMuonf/
]]tkyfpkvkdufMuD;awmh igrMudKufbl;aemf}} tckeuav;uyif eef;qk ajymxm;aom
pum;udk uRefawmfjyefvnf Mum;a,mifonf/
]]ta&SUrSm b,fvkdtajctae&SdovJ}}
w½kwfav;u eef;qkacgif;udk udkifxm;&if;u cyfwkdwkdyJ ajzonf/ ]]prmuvmu
wpfa,mufudk rIwf? wpfa,mufudk csaew,f/ eef;qk eifMum;vm;/ eifh&nf;pm;uawmh ...}}
[ktpcsD&if; w½kwfu ta&SUcef;wGif olwkdY 4 a,mufom; yufyufpufpuf vdk;cJhMuyHkudk
tm;&pzG,f jyefajymjyonf/
xdkpum;udk Mum;jyD;awmh eef;qkrSm aumhvefvmjyD; olYapmufaphudk rD;xGufrwwf
yGwfaeawmh\/ odyfrMumvkdufyg/ eef;qkonf aemufwpfcg xyfxGufjyefawmh\/ 'Dwpfcg
wGifawmh uRefawmfvnf; rcHEdkifawmhyJ olYzifxJodkY vD;udk pdkufcsum vD;&nfrsm;udk yef;xkwf
vdkuf&awmhonf/
uRefawmfhnDav;udk eef;qktaygufxJrS jyefqGJxkwfvdkufcsdefwGifyif tcef;xJodkY
aemufwpfa,muf xyfa&mufvmonf/
0dkif;pku ]]oifZmeJY prmuvmawmh a&csKd;aejyD/ eifhudk oGm;ac:ay;ygqkdvdkY vmcJh
wm/ a&csKd;cef; wHcg;udk aphxm;r,fwJh/ jrefjrefoGm;}}
]]at;yg[m ... cPav; ... igtarmajzyg&apOD;}} ajym&if;rS uRefawmfu ckwifajc
&if;rSm xdkifjyD; a[m[Jqkdufaerd\/ 0dkif;pku uRefawmfhudk cGausmfum eef;qkzifMum;xJ
wdk;0ifoGm;onf/
w½kwfav;udk pkyfay;aeqJ jzpfaom eef;qkwGefYueJ jzpfum iHkYMunfhvkdufawmh
0dkif;pku toHpmpmav;jzifh

 

81 
 
]]jidrfjidrfaeaemf/ igeifhudk vsufay;rvdkY/ igh&nf;pm;udk eifu pkyfay;aeawmh ighrSm
vufrJh jzpfoGm;wmudk;}}
eef;qku ]tm;} ueJ atmfum ]]ighzifxJrSm a[mha&mhu yef;xm;w,f[}}
0dkif;pku ]]at;av ... tJ'gaMumifhyJ vsufaewmaygh/ eifhzifxJrSm bmrSr&Sd&if tyif
yef;cHjyD; iguvsufr,f xifovm;}}
0dkif;pku olYaygifudk w½kwfav;zufodkY um;ay;vkduf&m w½kwfu tvkdufodpGm
vSrf;EdIufay;onf/ olwkdYudk Munfh&if; uRefawmfhnDav; jyefvnfEdk;xvmoa,mifyif/ 'gESifh
yJ tcef;xJu xGufvkdufonf/ uRefawmfaemufqHk; Mum;vdkuf&onfuawmh w½kwf\ toH
jzpfonf/
]]tm;;;; .... igxGufjyDa[h}}
vrf;wGif uRefawmfhudk,fudk jyefvnfqef;ppfvdkuf&m tajctaerSm rD;pmukef qDcrf;
jzpfaeonfudk awGU&ojzifh a&csKd;cef;xJ r0ifEdkifao;yJ udkvljzL aumfzDrpfudk aomuf&ao;
onf/ odkYjzifh cPaeawmhrS a&csKd;cef;xJ a&mufoGm;awmh tdrfomtdk;ay:rSm xdkifaeaom
prmuvmudk wufcGaeaom oifZmhudk awGUonf/ (rSwfcsuf/ /uRefawmfhtdrfrS tdrfomrSm
a&csKd;cef;ESifh wGJxm;jyD; bdkxkdiftrsKd;tpm; jzpfygonf/)
uRefawmf0ifvmonfudk jrifaom oifZmu vufvSrf;jyonf/ oifZmonf xkduJh
odkYyif twwfqef;ygonf/ wpftdrfvHk;wGif vkyfp&m ae&mawG trsm;MuD; &Sdonfhteuf
tdrfomtdk;ay:xkdifum vkyfvkdaom pdwfaygufjcif;rSm txl;tHhcsD;zG,f aumif;vSygay\/
oifZmhudkMunfh&if; owdvufvGwfjzpfum uRefawmfhvufu nDav;udk upm;rd\/
oifZmu &,f&if; ]]a[mha&mh ... b,fvkdvJ/ tHr,f *Gif;awGbmawG xkaeygvm;/}}
]]igvm;/ tqifajyygw,f/ eifa&m ...}}
]]igvnf; tqifajyygw,f ... 'geJY &nf;pm;jzpfjyD;uwnf;u eifeJYigeJY wpfcgrS
avQmufrvnf&ao;bl;aemf}}
]]naeus&if ½kyf&SifoGm;rvm;}}
prmuvmudk cGaejcif;udk cPem;vdkufjyD; oifZmu ]]rjzpfao;bl;/ 'DaeYnawmh
igvIyfEkdifr,f rxifbl; .. reufjzefusrS oGm;Muwmaygh/ ausmif;qif;&if oGm;r,fav}}
prmuvmESifh oH0gojyKae&if; uRefawmfwkdY orD;&nf;pm; csdef;awGUzkdY csdef;qkd
aeonfh oifZmudkMunfhum uRefawmfhpdwfawG wufMuGvmjyefonf/ 'geJYyJ oifZmhausmjyifudk
yGwfoyfum olYEdkYrsm;udk aemufrS yGwfay;aerdonf/
]]eifbmvkdcsifao;vJ oifZm ... prf;csifwJh enf;opfawG &Sdao;vm;}}
oifZmu cPjidrfoGm;jyD;aemuf cyfwdk;wdk; ar;onf/
]]... ighudk n§yfcsMunfhrvm; ...}}
'grsKd;qdk uRefawmfhudk 2 cgar;zdkY rvdkyg/ oifZmhudk,fvHk;av;udk tenf;i,f
udkif;apvkdufjyD; nDav;udk aemufaygufodkY awhvdkufonf/ oGm;zl;jyD;om;vrf;rdkY nDav;
vrf;aysmufrSm pdk;&drf&ef rvdk? cyfoGufoGufav; oGm;apvdkuf\/
onfvkdawmhvJ oifZmu atmfonf/ ]]jznf;jznf;vkyfyg[Jh/ eifhwdkY[mMuD;awGu
MuD;vdkufwmaemf/ tm; ... &SD; ...}}

 

82 
 
prmuvmu pyfjzD;jzD;ESifh oifZmhudk Munfhaeonf/ ppcsif;rSmawmh usyfvkdufonfh
jzpfcsif;/ cH&onfhol rajymESifh vkyfae&olyif acR;aygufaygufusvmonf/ aemufawmhrS
prmuvmESifh tcsdefudkufum udk,foGif;vQif olxkwf? oloGif;vQif udk,fxkwf jzpfatmif
renf;udk pHudkuf&onf/
onfvkdESifhyJ oifZmh ajcaxmufav;awG rMumcifrSmyJ ukyfauG;umoGm;onf/ 3
a,mufpvHk; rsufvHk;rsm;rSdwfum pnf;pdrfcHaepOfrSmyif w½kwfav; a&mufvmonf/
]]b,fvkdvJ oifZm ... aumif;&JUvm;}}
oifZm pum;rajymEkdifawmhyg/ qefYiifqefYiifESifh taMumqGJaeqJ/ uRefawmfwdkY 2
OD;vHk;uvnf; csdefom;udkufpGm qufvdk;aevdkufMuonf/ xkdpOfwGifyif vuf 4 zufu
oifZmhEdkY 2 vHk;ukd acsvmjyefonf/
]]eifhudk igremvdkawmhbl;aemf ... oifZm}} 0dkif;pk\ pum;/
]]eifjyD;&if ightvSnfh}} onfpum;udk
rMudKufaom} eef;qk&wDpdk; jzpfygonf/

ajymvdkufolrSmawmh

]tkyfpkvdkufudk

t&nfawG trsm;MuD; xGufvmonfrdkY oifZm jyD;oGm;rSef; vlwkdif;yif odMuonf/
onhfwkdifatmif oifZmonf tcsdeftawmfMumatmif taMumqGJ aejyD;rS aemufqHk;wGif
prmuvmay: arSmufvsufom; usoGm;awmh\/ onfwGif vufuav; wpfzufu uRefawmfh
udk a&csKd;cef; Murf;jyifay: qGJcsvkdufonf/ vufydkif&Sifum; 0dkif;pk/
]]cPaeygOD;[}} ajym&if;qkd&if; uRefawmfu a&csKd;cef;pD; &mbmzdeyf wpf&Hudk
vSrf;,lum zifckxdkifvdkufonf/ jyD;onfESifh 0dkif;pku cyfjrefjrefyif uRefawmfhudk cGawmh\/
tomav; aoG;wkd;prf;vkdufjyD;aemuf 0dkif;pku tqHk;xd zdcsjyD; udk,fav;udk a&SUudkif;um
olYptkd0av;udk vSpf[jyvdkufonf/ taemufrSm ae&m,lxm;oluawmh w½kwfav;/
]]t[kwfao;wJh w½kwfav;uGaemf}} w½kwfu olYudk,fol *kPfazmfvdkufjyD; p} oGif;
onf/ 0dkif;pku atmufEIwfcrf;av;udk jywfrwwf udkufxm;&if; toHrxGufatmif atmifhcH
&Smonf/
]]w½kwf ... jznf;jznf;vkyfuG/ rif;aumifrav; EIwfcrf;om;awG jywfukefOD;r,f}}
uRefawmfu &,foGrf;aoG;vdkufonf/ w½kwfxHrS bmoHrSxGufrvmawmh/ vSrf;Munfhvkduf
awmh tHMudwfum oGif;aeaom w½kwfudk awGU&\/
]]r0ifao;bl;vm;[if}} 0dkif;pku pdwfnpfoHav;jzifh ajym&if; zifudk tomav;
MuGum xyfukef;ay;onf/ zwfueJ toHwpfcsuf xGufoGm;ovdk cHpm;vdkuf&jyD; 0dkif;pk
apmufywfxJrS uRefawmfhnDav; touf&SLusyfoGm;onf/ 0dkif;pku oufjyif;wpfcsufudk
wkd;wkd;av; cdk;csvdkufjyD; uRefawmfhudk iHkYerf;onf/ wpfjydKifeufwnf;rSmyif olrcE¨mudk,fav;
wkefueJ jzpfoGm;\/
uRefawmfu jyHK;jyD; cyfwkd;wkd;ajymvkduf\/ ]]eifjyD;wm jrefvkdufwm 0dkif;pk&,f}}
]]t&rf; jynfhusyfaewmyJ/ 'Davmuftxd usyfaewm ighwpfoufrSm wpfcgrS
rcHzl;bl;}}
4-5 csufcefY aqmifhjyD;onfESifh uRefawmfESifh w½kwfu pnf;csufudkufoGm;onf/
0ifvkdufxGufvkdufjzifh tqifajyoGm;onfwGif ab;rS Munfhaeaom eef;qkuar;onf/
]]aumif;&JUvm; 0dkif;pk}}
0dkif;qku eef;qkvufudk olYapmufaphav;qD qGJum yGwfay;vdkufjyD;

 

83 
 
]]aumif;wmawmh ajymraeeJY eef;qka&/ wpfacsmif;xGuf&if wpfacsmif;0if qkdawmh
... t&om rjywfbl;ayghuGm}}
0dkif;qkudk eef;qku tqufrjywf yGwfay;vdkufonfwGif 0dkif;qk pum;qufr
ajymEkdifawmhyJ ajcacsmif;av;awG ukyfauG;umoGm;onf/ aumifrav; aemufwpfcg jyD;jyef
aygh/
]]awmfawmh[m .. eifjyD;wm 2 cg&SdjyD/ ightvSnfh}} eef;qku ajymvdkufonfwGif
0dkif;qku rqif;csifhqif;csifjzifh qif;onf/ xkdtcsdefwGif oifZmu uRefawmfhtem; a&mufvm
ojzifh uRefawmfxvdkufonf/ w½kwfav;u uRefawmfhae&mwGif 0ifxkdifvdkufjyD; eef;qkudk
olYvD;ay: xkdifcsaponf/
olwkdY 2 a,muf *a[qufjyD;onfESifh vGwfaeaom aemufaygufudk prmuvmu
uysmu,m wG,fpD;awmh\/ eef;qk\ zifudk csvdkufEkdifonfhtwGuf tawmfauseyfaeyHk ay:
onf/ olYudk Munfh&if; uRefawmfowd&vdkufonf/ pdwfxJrS ajymvdkufrdonfrSm ]tif; ...
[kwfom;yJ/ igwdkY prmuvmMuD;u tckrS pyg,f,m vkyfzl;wmudk;}
]]pD;ykdifaewmyJuGm}}
eef;qku atmfonf/ ]]tdkY ... udkuvJ odyfqdk;wmyJ/ aemufusrS vkyfvJ &wmudk}}
prmuvmu oGm;jzJum oabmawG tusMuD; usaeonf/
eef;qkum; rdef;uav; 3 a,mufxJwGif txefqHk;qdkaom emrnfudk vkdcsifonf
xifh/ uRefawmfhudk qGJum yg;pyfjzihf iHkvdkufonf/ olrudk iHkYMunfhawmh uRefawmfhudk rsufvHk;
vSefum Munfhaeaom eef;qkudk awGU&\/ rsufvHk;csif;qHkum vD;pkyfay;aeonfudk cH&onf
rSm t&om xl;vSyg\/ uRefawmfMumMum tcsdefrqGJEkdifawmhyg/ onfuaeY tacgufacguf
jyD;xm;aomfjim; ,ckavmavmq,fwGif tayguf 3 aygufvHk; pHkatmif xyfoGm;vdkuf&ojzifh
'Da&awG wufvmjyefygonf/
'geJYyJ acgif;iHkYum eef;qkudk cyfwkd;wkd; ajymvdkufonf/ ]]eifhyg;pyfxJudkyJ yef;xnfh
vkdufawmhr,faemf}}
eef;qku yg;pyfjzifh rajzyJ tm;ukefpkyfcsvdkuf&m uRefawmfhvD;u olYtm*avmifxJ
txd a&mufoGm;awmh\/ xl;uJ&omaMumifh uRefawmfvnf; csufcsif;yif olYtpmtdrfxJtxd
a&mufatmif yef;xnfhay;vdkufonf/ eef;qku iHkxm;jcif; r&SdyJ tm;vHk;ukd rsKdcsvkdufjyD;rS
uRefawmfnDav;udk jyefxkwfay;onf/ atmufrSmxkdifMunfhaeaom w½kwfu eef;qktm;oGm;
onfESifh olUcg;udk udkifum twif;aqmifhawmh\/ odyfrMumvdkufyg/ prmuvmu ]tm;}
ueJ atmfum yef;0ifoGm;awmh\/ jyD;awmh w½kwfav;/
udpö0dpöawG jyD;ukefMuawmh tm;vHk;yif a&csKd;&\/ aemufqHk;rSmawmh a&csKd;cef;xJ
wGif uRefawmfESifh oifZm 2 a,mufwnf; usefcJh&mwGif uRefawmfu ar;vdkufonf/
]]oifZm .. ighudk pdwfrqdk;bl;aemf}}
]]a[hat; .. pdwfrqdk;ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh ig ...}}
]]uRJjrD;wkdoGm;jyDvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;;[/ igwkdY 2 a,muf &nf;pm;awGvkd aeMu&atmifav/ ... vifr,m;
vkd aewmu aumif;awmhaumif;w,f ... 'gayr,hf}}
]]tif;yg/ igwkdYawG avQmufvnfMu&atmif ... ½kyf&Sif½kHoGm;r,fav/ raumif;bl;
vm;}}

 

84 
 
]]at; ... oGm;Muwmaygh ... 'DaeYawmh rjzpfbl;[/ igt&rf;yifyef;aejyD/ aemufaeY
aygh}}
]] ... eifhoabm ...}}
odkYjzifh uRefawmfwdkY vlpkcGJvdkufMuonf/ xkdnwGif oifZmESifh zkef;ajymjzpfonf/
orD;&nf;pm;wdkY xHk;pHtwkdif; [dk[dkonfonf avQmufajymjyD; tdyf&m0ifwm aemufusonf/
tJ'gaMumifhvm;awmh rod/ tdrfrufrsm; rufonf/ tdrfrufxJwGif oifZm? rdk;av;? oZif?
0dkif;qk? eef;qkwkdU 4 a,mufu uRefawmfhudk 0dkif;csKyfjyD; rk'drf;usifhMuonf/ uRefawmfu
olwkdYudk tEdkifrcHyJ tom;ukef vdk;&m aemufqHk;wGif uRefawmfhudk olwkdYtm;vHk; 'l;axmuf
tnhHcHMu\/
]]rSwfjyDvm;uG}} uRefawmfu ar;vdkufonf/
]]aMumufygjyD&Sif ... uRefrwkdY bmvkyfay;&rvJ}}
]]tif; ... bmvkyf&if aumif;rvJ/ ... [m; .. tMuH&jyD ... 5 a,mufvHk; [dkzuf
vSnfh zifAl;awmif;axmifjyD; av;zufukef;vdkufprf;}}

uRefawmfhudk taemufbkd;awmf[k ac:vQif pdwfrqkd;yg/

wu,faNymwm tpfukdY pmtkyfu Nrefrm tNympmtkyf
avmuukdvSKyfoGm;apw,fAs vrf;aMumif;topfayg.av/
.                                                                   azza
 

 

85 
 

tcef; (15)
jyefvnf qHkawGUMuaom tcg0,f
]]ighudkowd&vm;}} oifZmu ar;onf/
]]tif; .. enf;enf;awmh owd&ovdkvdkyJ}} uRefawmfu ajymifacsmfacsmf jyefajzvkduf
onf/
]]enf;enf;awmh ... [kwfvm; ... igeJYeif zkef;rajym&wm wpfygwfawmif &SdjyDav
[m}} oifZmu rsufcHk;wGefYum xyfar;onf/
]]wpfygwfxJudkrsm;[m ajymae&ao;vm;}}
oifZmu uRefawmhfeHMum;udk qGJqdwfonf/ ]]apmufaumifav;}}
uRefawmfu w[m;[m;&,fvkdufjyD; ]]igu eifhudk p} wmyg[m/ tJonf &Spf&ufu
ightwGuf &SpfurÇmavmufMumw,f}} ajymajymqkdqkdjzifh oifZmh vufuav;udk udkifum
erf;vdkufonf/ oifZmhudk vSrf;Munfhvkdufawmh rsuf&nfav;rsm;yif Oaeonfudk awGU&\/
uRefawmfpdwfraumif; jzpfoGm;onf/ wpfjydKifwnf;rSmyif 0rf;omoGm;onf/ pdwfraumif;
onfuawmh cspfolav; rsuf&nfO oGm;&ojzifh/ 0rf;omonfuawmh oifZm uRefawmfhudk
cspfrSef; odvkduf&í/
&TwfueJ erf;vdkufawmh oifZmh yg;jyifav;rsm; eDwGwfoGm;jyD; aemufzufodkY vSnfh
Munfhonf/ rnfolrQ r&SdrSef; awGUawmhrS oufjyif;csum
]]eif tjyifrSm cPoGm;apmifhaevkdufaemf}}
]]trdefYawmftwdkif;}} [k ajym&if; uRefawmfjcHxJ qif;xkdifaevdkufonf/
oifZmhbGm;awmfMuD;u jcHxJwGif yef;cl;ae\/

 

86 
 
]]vmav om;av;}}
]atmifr,fav; ... cspfp&m aumif;vkdufwJh a,mu©rMuD;ygvm;} awG;&if;jzifh
tarac:csifaom pdwfu rsm;vmonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tcsdefudk apmifh&ef qHk;jzwfvkdufum
bGm;awmfMuD;udk jyHK;jyEIwfqufvdkufygonf/
bGm;awmfu ar;onf/ ]]rif;u oifZmeJY wpfcef;wnf;vm;}}
]][kwfuJhygcifAsm .. tck usL&Sif zGifhcgeD;vdkY pmtkyfawG vmay;wmyg}}
]]at;uGm/ igwkdYvnf; 'Dydwf&ufrSm w&m;pcef;0ifwm tqifrajyygbl;om;&,f}}
]]Asm ... bmvkdYvJcifAs}}
]]orD;av .. jidrfjidrfudk raebl;/ vlMuD;awGu ukokdvf&atmif w&m;pcef; 0ifckdif;
w,f/ oluawmh avQmufvnfcsifaew,fav/ cufygw,f}}
cPaeawmh bGm;awmfMuD; tdrfxJ 0ifoGm;onf/ uRefawmf wpfa,mufwnf; jcHxJ
rSm usD;MunfhaMumifMunfh usefcJhonf/ ajymr,fhom ajym&onf/ usD;awG aMumifawGvJ wpf
aumifrS rawGUyg/ odkYjzifh oifZmxGufvmawmh uRefawmfaysmfoGm;onf/
arSmif&dyfenf;enf;usaom axmihfwGif xkdifum oifZmhyg;av;udk erf;vdkufonf/
]]eifuawmhav ... awGUvdkufwmeJY 'gyJ}} oifZmu uRefawmfhudk p} onf/
]]cspfvdkYyg[m ... vmcJh ... [dkzufyg; ...}}
oifZmu ar;cGef;xkwfygawmhonf/ ]]igr&Sdwkef;u eifb,faumifrawGeJY tav
vdkufaevJ ajymprf; ... rvdrfeJYaemf}}
]]rvnfygbl;[m ... eifr,Hk&if [dkaumifawGudk ar;Munfh ...}}
]]tJ'gqkd eifbmvkyfaevJ ... rSefrSefajymprf;}}
]]eifhtwGuf pmul;ay;w,f/ jyD;awmh ... tjymum;awG pkw,f ... t[D; ... tckqkd
&if enf;opf 3 rsKd;avmuf &jyD[}}
]]awmfprf;yg ... eif[mav emrnfeJYvdkufatmif ESmxw,f}}
]]eifhtwGufyg[m}}
]]apmufaumifav;}}
yg;pyfuajym&if; oifZmhvufrsm;u tjidrfraeyJ uRefawmfhaygifMum;udk prf;vdkuf
onf/ nDav;u aigufueJ Edk;vmawmh oifZmu *kwfudkudkifum xkvdkufonf/
]]tk}} uRefawmfuvJ cyfwkd;wkd;av; a&&Gwf&if; oifZmhEdkYoD;av;rsm;udk tuFsDay:rS
acsypfvkdufonf/ oifZmu qufjyD;awmh uJvmonf/ uRefawmhfykqdk;xJodkY vufvsKdum
EIdufonf/
]]a[h ... oifZm igwdkYjcHxJrSmaemf}}
]]&ygw,f[m ... tcktcsdefu arSmifaejyDyJ/ tjyifuae rjrifEkdifavmufygbl;}}
]]eifhtarawGUoGm;OD;r,f}}

 

87 
 
]]ightar w&m;emaejyD/ em;axmifMunfhprf;/ w&m;acGzGifhxm;w,f/ b,fvkdvkyf
xvmEdkifrvJ}}
]][ ... aMumufp&mMuD;[m}}
]]bmvJ .. eifu ighudk rvdkcsifbl;vm;/ 'gqdkvJ jyD;a&m}} oifZmu EIwfcrf;plum
olYvufukd jyef½kyfvdkufonf/
]]r[kwfygbl;[m/ igrvkdcsifyJ &Sdyghrvm; ... eifhudkqkd&if tcsdefra&G;ygyJ}}
]]at; ... 'DvkdrSaygh}} oifZmu uRefawmfhudk erf;vdkufonf/ jyD;awmh atmufydkif;okdY
ul;MuonfayghAsm/
]]Munfhprf;ygOD;/ vSao;&JUvm;}} oifZmu olYxrDav;udk vSefum tenf;i,fukef;
jyonf/
oifZmhzifazG;azG;MuD;rsm;udk uRefawmfu iHkYumerf;vdkuf&if; ]]odyfvS ... t&rf;vS ...
t&ifuxuf vS ...}}
uRefawmfuvnf; ykqdk;udk avQmhvdkuf&m nDav;rSm bGm;ueJ ay:vmawmhonf/
oifZmu nDav;udk tm;&yg;& pkyfvkdufum ]]ig ... eifhudk ...}}
wpfydkif;wpfpjzifh pum;udk &yfvdkufum oifZmu uRefawmhfukd wufcGvdkufonf/
uRefawmfuvnf; tvkdufodpGm vufwpfzufjzifh nDnDhudk axmifudkifxm;ay;awmh oifZm
xdkifcsvdkufonfESifh uGufwdyif/
]]tk}} oifZmhtoHcyftkyftkyf xGufvmjyD;aemuf uRefawmfwdkY 2 a,mufvHk; touf
jyif;jyif; &SLoGif;vkdufrdMuonf/ oifZmhtaygufav;u tenf;i,f &SHKUoGm;oa,mifyif/
]]eifenf;enf; usyfoGm;w,f}} uRefawmfu oifZmhudk ajymvkdufawmh oifZmu
acgif;ndwfjyonf/ zifawGudk paum0kdif;vIyfum tomav; upm;ay;&if; oifZmu
usifhom;&atmif vkyfaeonfrkdY pum;rjyefEdkifay/ vuftm;aeaom uRefawmfu olYxrDav;
udk vSefvkdufawmhrS oifZmu uefYuGufonf/
]]vrf;u jrifoGm;OD;r,f}}
uRefawmfu vufvsKdum zif0av;udk EIdufvdkufawmh ra&Tacsmav; wGefYwufoGm;
onf/ yxrawmh olYzif0av;u ½IHUumoGm;onfrdkY csdefom;rukdufyJ awhvGJoGm;onf/
ravQmhaomZGJjzifh MudK;pm;awmhrS aemufwpfcsufwGif uRefawmfhvufnId;u olYaemufaygufxJ
a&mufoGm;onf/ oifZmu uRefawmfhaygifay: AkwfueJ xkdifcsvdkufjyD; ]]taemufbkd;awmf}}
[kcyfwkd;wkd;ac:onf/
uRefawmfu olYzif0xJokdY uvdvdkufjyD;onfhaemuf oifZmhrSm ododomom vIyf&Sm;
vmjyD; twif;udk aqmihfaeawmh\/ uRefawmfu owday;vdkufonf/
]]eifjyD;cgeD;&if ighudk ajymaemf}}
]]at; .. tck jyD;awmhr,f}}
oifZmhEIwfcrf;av;udk uRefawmfu awhum pkyf,lvkduf&if; atmufykdif;uvnf;
tom;ukef upm;ay;vdkufonf/ csufcsif;vdkyif oifZmaumhvefum xGufoGm;awmh\/
uRefawmfu cyfwif;wif;av; zufxm;ojzihf olr rvIyfEkdifyg/ yg;pyfuvnf; EIwfcrf;csif;
awhxm;ojzifh tjyifokdY toHrxGufoavmufyif/ wqwfqwfwkefaeaom oifZmhudk
zufxm;&if; uRefawmfpnf;pdrfcHaerdonf/

 

88 
 
]]aumif;vdkufwm ... aumif;vdkufwm}} oifZmu pum; 2 cGef;ajymjyD; wjznf;jznf;
aysmhacGoGm;onf/
cPaeawmh oifZmhudk vIyfEId;vdkufonf/ ]]oifZm ... xawmhav/ ae0ifawmhr,f}}
ra&Tacsmav;u rvIyfyg/ 'geJYyJ zifxJudk vuf 2 acsmif; xdk;xnfhvdkufawmhrS
vIyfvmonf/
]]igrjyD;ao;bl;[/ 'DyHktwkdif;qkd&if tdrfjyefvdkY &rSmr[kwfbl;}}
]]tJ'gqdk vkyfav/ igb,fvkdaeay;&rvJ ... ajym}}
tvkdvdkufonfh cspfolav;udk MuifempGm erf;vkdufjyD; uRefawmfu tomav;
xvdkufum oifZmhudk ayGUjyD; cHkav;ay: wpfapmif;wifxm;vdkufonf/ olYptkd0udk vQmjzifh
xkd;vdkufawmh oifZmu cyfwkd;wkd;atmfonf/
]]eifuvJ[m/ wu,ftaemufoefwmyJ}}
uRefawmfu tay:wufjyD; oifZmhukd erf;vkdufjyefum ]]'guawmh 0goemudk;[}}
atmufzufrSmawmh uRefawmfhvuf 2 acsmif;u oifZmhzifudk csJUay;aevdkufonf/
cPaeawmh nDav;udk nTefvl;apvdkufonf/ oifZmhapmufywfudk 2 csuf avmufvdk;
vkdufjyD;awmh qGJxkwfum zif0xJ aqmifhxnfhay;vdkufonf/ olYzifxJodkY uRefawmfhnDav;
0ifoGm;awmh oifZm raeEkdifawmh/
]][Jh ... rjzpfbl; ... igvdrfhusvdrhfr,f/ 'Dvkdvkyf/ eifxkdifvdkuf/ igeifhtay:uaerS
jzpfr,f}}
odkYjzifh yHkpHajymif;vkdufMuonf/ uRefawmfu tckeuvkdyif cHkay:xkdifum oifZmu
uRefawmfhudk ausmay;&if; awhum xdkifcsvdkufonf/
]]tm;yg;yg;}} 0ifoGm;awmh 2 a,mufpvHk; pkwfoyfvkdufrdonf/ oifZmu iHkYMunfh
&if; ]]at;uGm/ jrifae&wm zD;vmw,f/ 'gaMumifh eifiHkYiHkYMunfhaewmudk;}}
uRefawmfu oifZmhapmufywfav;udk vufjzifh prf;vkdufjyD; ]]zD;ydkvmatmif vkyfay;
r,f}} [kajymum vufjzifh EIdufvdkufonf/
]]tm; ...}} toHxGufvmojzifh uysmu,myif tm;aeaom vufwpfzufjzifh
oifZmhyg;pyfudk uRefawmfydwfvkduf&onf/ odkYaomf EIdufaeaom vufrsm;uawmh ravQmhay/
vuf 3 acsmif;udk t&if;xd xkd;xnfhay;vdkuf&m oifZmhrSm xGefYxGefYvl;aeawmh\/ cPae
awmh oifZmhvufwpfzufuyg a&mufvmonf/ apmufaphav;udk jyif;jyif;xefxef yGwfae&m
oifZm jyD;csifaerSef; uRefawmfodvkdufonf/
twif;udk aqmifhcsaeaom oifZmaMumifh uRefawmfonfvnf; tMumMuD; xdef;r
xm;Edkifawmhay/ oifZmhzifxJodkY uRefawmfh v&nfrsm; yef;xGufoGm;jyD;aemuf oifZmvnf;
aemufwpfcg xyfxGufjyefonf/
onfwpfcgvnf; t&nfawGu renf;raemyif/ uRefawmfh vuf0g;wpfckvHk;
pdk&TJumoGm;onf/ tjyD;csif;qHkoGm;onfrdkY t&om xl;vS\/ oifZmhem;em; uyfum ajymvdkuf
onf/ ]]aumif;vdkufwm oifZm&,f ...}}
oifZmuawmh bmrS jyefrajymEkdifawmhyg/
vufeufrsm;udk jyefvnf½kwfodrf;&ef [efjyifawmh ykqdk;udk aygifv,favmuftxd
avQmhvdkufjyD;rS oifZmhudk,fvHk;udk r} um uRefawmfhtajrmufudk cRwfvdkufonf/ xifxm;

 

89 
 
onfhtwkdif;yif oifZmhzifxJrS uRefawmfht&nfawG avQmueJxGufvmonf/ oifZmht&nfawG
uawmh uRefawmfhykqdk;rSm ayaewm renf;yg/
ykqkd;udk b,fvkdvSnfh0wf&rvJqdkwm pOf;pm;vdkuf? vSnfhvdkuf? vkyfaeaom
uRefawmfhudk MunfhjyD; oifZmu &,fonf/
]]bm&,fwmvJ/ eifawmhaemf ...}}
uRefawmfu rmefvdkufawmh oifZmu vQmuav; xkwfum ajymifjy\/
onfhaemufwGifawmh cPem;ae vkdufMujyD;rS tdrfjyef&ef uRefawmfjyifonf/
]]igwkdY ausmif;jyefwuf&awmhr,faemf}}
]]tif; ... aEGydwf&ufawGuvnf; enf;vdkufwm}}
]]oMuFefrSm b,foGm;rvJ}}
]]... tif; ... pOf;pm;vdkufOD;r,f/ eiftm;w,f r[kwfvm;/ nrS zkef;qufMuwm
aygh}}
rjyefcif a,mu©ravmif;udk EIwfquf&ao;onf/ r,fawmfMuD;u b,fwkef;u
wnf;u w&m;emwm jyD;oGm;ovJ rod/ tckawmh {nfhcef;xJrSm xkdifae\/ olubmrS
rajymaomfvnf; uRefawmfhrSm aMumuf'l;wkefum aeonf/ pum;awG ta,mifa,mif
trSm;rSm; ajymum b,fvdkuae b,fvdk jyefxGufvmrdrSef;rod/
tdrftjyefvrf;rSm uRefawmf auseyfaerdonf/ oifZmhudk zkdufvkduf&vkdY r[kwfyg/
(rvkdcsifbl;vdkY qkdvdkwm r[kwf/ zkduf&wmudkawmh MudKufygonf/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfpm;jrHKU
jyefvkdaom taMumif;u &Sdygao;onf/) qufajymjyygrnf/
oifZmr&SdcifpyfMum;rSm uRefawmfh t&if&nf;pm;av;eJY wpfcgawmh awGUvkdufyg
ao;\/ awGU½kHav;ygyJ/ jywfoGm;aom MudK;wpfacsmif;onf taumif;twkdif; jyefrjzpfEkdif
awmhrSef; uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,mufvHk; odMuygonf/

 

 

90 
 

tcef; (16)
toufMuD;ayr,fh rysufpD;ao;yg/
cifav;u oifZmeJY uRefawmf nyfaerSef; rodao;yg/ 'gaMumifh olYudk nmjyD;pm;
vdkY &ygonf/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmf rvkyfyg/ udkaevif; ajymjyxm;ojzihf umarokukd
aMumufwwfoGm;ygjyD/ cifav;ESifh xrif;twlwl pm;&onfudk om,mwmawmh &SdrdaMumif;
0efcHygonf/
cifav;eJY twlwl avQmufvnf&if; aemufqHk;wGif oGm;aeus ]rGef;} odkY
a&mufoGm;\/ (xdkqkdifrSm 0g&ifhrefbmMuD; o&Jeuf\ nTefjycsufaMumifh odjcif; jzpfygonf/
atmifqef;uGif;em;rSm &Sdyg\/ vrf;MuHK&if? ysm;tHkav;vJ ygygu oGm;Munfh&ef nTef;vdkyg
onf/)
t&ifwkef;u a&mufwmeJY tcef;wHcg;udk csufxkd;um uRefawmfwkdY aomif;Murf;cJh
Muaom aeY&ufa[mif;av;rsm;udk jyefowd&rdygao;\/ tJ'gawGu tckawmhvJ tdyfruf
vdkygyJ/ cifav;vJ uRefawmfhvkdyif &Sdrnfxifonf/ ai;ai;idkifidkifav;/ aemufqHk;pm;yGJxkd;
0ifvmawmhrS uRefawmfhpdwfu rsufarSmuf 21 &mpkodkY jyefa&mufvmonf/
]]bmrSmrvJ}} wpfa,mufukdwpfa,muf ar;vkdufrd\/
uRefawmfuawmh xHk;pHtwkdif; rygrjzpf MuufO/ cifav; bmrSmvJawmh rrSwfrd
awmh/

 

91 
 
]]'gqdk&if eifeJYigeJY awGUzkdYu 'Dwpfcg aemufqHk;yJaygh}
]]at; ... [kwfw,f}}
]]eifjrpfMuD;em; jyefwm bmawGxl;jcm;vJ}}
]]tif; ... jyefajymavmufp&m wpfckawmh &Sdw,f/ igZmwfvrf; topfwpfck &xm;
w,f[}}
]]vkyfygOD;}} uRefawmfu awmif;qdkvdkufawmh cifav;u &Sufovdk jyHK;jyD; olYZmwf
vrf;udk ajymjyygonf/
cifav;&JU Zmwfvrf; ...
udk&iftkef;qkdonfrSm t&ufudk taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;eJY aomufonf/ aomufvmonf
rSm MumvSjyD; jzpfojzifh b,fvdku pcJhonf[k rnfolrQ twyfrajymEkdifMuacs/ aomufaeay
r,fh vlMuD;u olYtdrfcef;av;udk wpfa,mufwnf; oyfoyf&yf&yf aewwfonf/ xrif;[if;
csuf? t0wfavQmf? rD;ylwkduf pojzifh/
cifav;ESifh olu tdrfcsif;uyfaeojzifh wpf&ufrSmawmh tarhudk pyfpkMunfhrdonf/
]]udktkef;i,fi,fwkef;u tJonfvkd r[kwfbl;ath ... olaumvdyfqkdvm; .. tJ'gMuD;
xJu xGufvmawmh rdef;racsmacsmav; &wm/ olYrdef;ru [dkzuftydkif;u pufola|;orD;
av/ vifr,m;u tawmfcspfMuwm[Jh/ wpfESpfrjynfhcif uav;&wmyJ/
tJonfuae b,fvdk jzpfvJ rodygbl;/ vGefcJhwJh 8 ESpfavmufu olYrdef;ru
xGufajy;oGm;w,f/ uav;udk xm;cJhjyD;awmh rEÅav;u ukefonfwpfa,mufeJY vdkufajy;
oGm;ovdkvkd ajymwmyJ/ udktkef;u tJonfukefonf&JU yGJ½kHtxd vdkufoGm;w,f/ ...
'gayr,fh 6 vavmufMumawmh olwpfa,mufwnf; jyefa&mufvmw,f/ olYrdef;r
taMumif; ar;&if b,folar;ar; jyefrajzawmhbl;/ t&ufudk reufa&m na&m aomufwm
uvGJ&if usefwmawmh taumif;yJ/
olYuav;udk &efukefu nDqD ydkYxm;jyD;awmh olwpfa,mufwnf; jzpfovdk aewm
yJ/}}
tarhpum;qHk;awmh cifav; pdwfraumif; jzpf&onf/ 'DvlMuD;u tcspfuHacvS
acsvm;uG,f/
]]OD;av;tkef; ... reufjzef uyGJudk vmcJhygvm;}}
cifav;u ac:vdkufawmh udktkef;u acgif;armhMunfhonf/
]]OD;av;vdkY rac:ygeJYuG,f/ tpfudkMuD;vdkY ac:yg/ [J[J ... rvmawmhygbl; uav;
&,f/ OD;av; rtm;bl;uGJU}}
]][m ... OD; ... tJav udkMuD;tkef;u nzufqkd t&ufaomufwmuvGJjyD; bmrsm;
tvkyf&SdvdkYvJ}}
]]rdeDav;udk t&ufvdkY rac:ygeJUuG,f/ rdeDav;vkdY cspfpEdk;ac:yguGJU ... at; ... at;
... orD;wkdYyJ aysmfMuyguG,f/ bMuD;wdkYu toufMuD;ygjyD}} udktkef;um; a&csdefudkufaeojzifh
pum;awG uaygufwduaygufcsm jzpfaeavjyD/
]]vmcJhyg OD;MuD;&JU/ bmvJ b,folrS rac:rSm pdk;vdkYvm;/ cifav; ac:yghr,f/
twlwlwGJur,fhvl r&SdrSmpdk;&ifvJ cifav;eJY u} aygh/ [kwfyvm;}}

 

92 
 
]]...}}
udktkef; bmrS jyefrajymEkdif/ jrL;MuGpGm ckefysHxGufoGm;aom cifav;udk Munfh&if;
oufvwfydkif;t&G,f rkqdk;zdkMuD; idkifaeonf/ cPaeawmh olYukd,fvHk;u vIyfvmonf/ a&SUrS
cGufxJodkY rdeDenf;enf; iSJYvdkufjyD; a&a&mvdkufonf/
uyGJodkYoGm;&ef olpdwfrul;yg...
]]udkMuD;tkef;a& .. uRefawmfawmh onfuaeY uyGJoGm;OD;rAsm/ naervdkuf Ekdifawmh
bl;}}
ajymoGm;olum; udkepfuDESifh udkat;puf/ 'Dtwkdif;qdk&if olwpfa,mufwnf; qkdif
rSm aomuf&awmhrnfhyHkpHyif/ yxrawmh bmta&;vJ/ t&ufqkdwm b,fESa,mufyJ aomuf
aomuf? aomuf&if rl;wmyJvdkY awG;jyD; wpfa,mufwnf; oGm;rnf[k qHk;jzwfvkdufonf/
'gayr,fh olYvl 2 a,mufu qufajymvdkufaom pum;awGaMumifh awGa0oGm;onf/
]]cifAsm;a&m rvkdufbl;vm;}}
tJonfvkdeJYyJ udktkef;wpfa,muf cifav;wkdYtdrfu uyGJqDa&mufvmoaygh/ bmudk
txdrf;trSwfjyKjyD; vkyfwJhyGJvJawmif rodawmhygbl;/ a&mufawmhvJ tazmf 2 a,mufeJYuGJjyD;
tkef;armifwpfa,mufwnf;rdkY aomifjyifvTwfwJh ewfom;uav;vkd wpfa,mufwnf; a,mif
csmcsmeJY b,fykvif;udk b,f'if;eJY pyf&r,frSef; pOf;pm;aecsdefrSmyJ tem;udk cifav;
a&mufvmw,f/
]]tpfudkMuD;}}
udktkef;u rvefYayr,fh vefYcsifa,mif [efjyvdkufawmh aumifruav;u wcpfcpf
&,fw,f/
]]vefYoGm;ovm;}}
]]vefUoGm;wmayghuG,f}} ajymae&if;eJY ukdtkef;&JU rsufESm nId;oGm;w,f/ tJonfvkd
p} wwfwJholuav;wpfa,mufeJY a0;cJhwm tckqkd&if q,fpkESpf wpfckawmif &Sdavmufa&m
aygh/
]]bbtkef;u tjrJwrf;vkdvdk rIdifaewmyJaemf/ cifav; pdwfrcsrf;ombl;}}
]]bbu toufMuD;ygjyDuG,f}}
]]tJonfvkdrajymygeJY/ btkef; toufb,favmuf&SdjyDvJ}}
]]49}}
]]Munfhprf; ... onfavmufav;eJYrsm; olYudk,fol toufMuD;jyDwJh/ touf 40 rS
b0pw,fqkdwJh pum;udk rMum;zl;bl;vm;}}
]]wdkYrsm;rSmawmh touf 40 rSm b0qHk;wmygyJ}} udktkef;uvnf; cyf&Sif;&Sif;av;
jyefajzvdkufawmh aumifrav;u oufjyif;csvkdufjyD; ]]cufygw,f/ aysmfaysmfaeprf;yg
udkMuD;&,f}}
tJonfvkdeJYyJ cifav;u udktkef;udk pum;awG azmifavmufatmif ajym&if;
twdwfudk arhzdkY ulnDay;w,f/

 

93 
 
neufvmawmh jyefwJhvljyefjyD; vlenf;oxuf enf;vmw,f/ tdrfcsif;uyf&yf
jzpfwJh udktkef;uawmh ykvif;awG rukefrcsif; rjyefbl;vdkY pdwfydkif;jzwfxm;yHkrsKd;eJY at;at;
aq;aq; pum;av;ajymvkduf? armhvkdufvkyfaeav&JU/
cifav;uawmh btkef;udk Munfh&if; oabmawG usaew,f/
tJonfupvkdY udktkef;tdrfudk cifav;wpfa,muf rMumrMum a&mufvmwwfw,f/
ausmif;jyefzGifh&if usufrSwf&r,fh pmawGtwGuf? 'grSr[kwf udktkef;&JU rlydkif tawG;tac:awG
udk avhvmoif,lzkdY? 'grSr[kwf&if bmvJqkdwmawmh oirav;yJ (oli,fruav;\ twkd
aumuf) odrSmyJ/
]]btkef; ... btkef;u [if;csufvJ aumif;w,f/ t0wfavQmf? rD;ylwkdufvJ orD;
xufomw,f/ 'geJYrsm; bmjzpfvdkY rdef;r ypfoGm;wm bmvdkYcH&wmvJ}}
cifav;&JU tar;aMumifh udktkef; idkifusoGm;w,f/ cPaeawmhrS ajcmufajcmufaoGY
aoGU jyefar;w,f/
]]uav; .. &nf;pm;awG bmawG xm;zl;ovm;}}
]]tif ... bmqkdifvdkYvJ}}
]]qdkifygaomfaum uav;&,f/ tcspfqkdwm taMumif;jycsufawGudk rjrifwwfbl;
As/ oljrifcsif&m jrifwwfwJhoabmrsKd;}}
cifav;uawmh bmrS qufrajymawmhbl;/ pum;vrf;aMumif; ajymif;jyD;awmh
zGifhxm;wJh wDAGDudk Munfhvkdufw,f/ zGifhxm;wmu [kd;wpfaeYu uyGJrSwfwrf;aygh/ Munfhae
&if;uae cifav;u atmfajymvkdufw,f/
]]Munfhprf; arhaevkdufwm/ btkef;eJY twl u} r,fqkdjyD; r} u} &ao;bl;}}
olYudk aysmfatmif MudK;pm;aewJh oirav;udk Munfh&if; tzkd;MuD; rjzpfao;wJh
udktkef;&ifxJrSm avat;av; wpfokwf wkdufoGm;w,f/
]]at; ... [kwfom;yJ/ vmav/ uMu&atmif}}
tJonfvkdeJY cifav;vufav;awGudk ukdtkef;u qkyfudkifvkdufawmh cifav;udk,f
av; wpfcsuf wkefoGm;w,f/ wDAGDu oDcsif;oHtwkdif; tomt,muae&if;uae olwkdY 2
a,muf&JU EIwfcrf;awG b,fvkdu b,fvdk xdawGUoGm;w,f rodawmhbl;/ wjznf;jznf;eJY
wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf twif;ayGUxm;jyD; vQmcsif;uvdwJh txd jzpfoGm;w,f/
]]b,fvkdvJ uav;}}
]]btkef;u awmfom;yJ/ toufMuD;ayr,fh rysufpD;ao;ygbl;}}
cifav;u jyHK;jyD; ajzvdkufawmh ukdtkef;u [J[JvkdY &,fvkdufw,f/ jyD;awmh olwkdY
EIwfcrf;awG eD;vmjyefw,f/ 'Dwpfcgawmh cifav;u udktkef;&JU atmufykdif;udk vufeJY
prf;vdkufw,f/
]]uav;&,f}}
]]uav; r[kwfbl;&Sifh/ uRefr toufjynfhjyD/}} cifav;u cyfqwfqwfav;
jyefajzjyD; udktkef;&JU zGm;zufawmfudk n§pfvkdufw,f/ aigufueJaxmifvmawmh cifav;u
oabmusjyD; &,fvkdufjyefw,f/
udktkef;uawmh oufjyif;csjyD; ]]at;av/ bmyJjzpfjzpf ... wkdYu toufcsif;uGm ...}}

 

94 
 
]]&ygw,f/ bbarmrSmpdk;&if orD;tay:u aeay;r,fav}} cifav;&JU aemuf&Twf
&Twf jyefajzoHudk Mum;awmh udktkef; raeEkdifawmhbl;/
]ig;aMumfrS rEIduf&if aMumifrdkuf jzpfawmhraygh} vkdYawG;&if; cifav;udk pGyfueJ
aumufayGUjyD; tdyfcef;xJ ac:oGm;awmhw,f/
tcef;xJa&mufawmh aemufqHk;wpfcg xyfar;ygao;w,f/
]]uav; ... aocsmw,faemf}}
]]vkyfygawmh udkMuD;&,f/ bmawG ar;aewmvJ}} cyfnKnKav;ajymvkduf&if;
cifav;u udktkef;&JU &ifywfMu,foD;awGudk qGJjzKwfvkdufw,f/ udktkef;vufawGuawmh
cifav;&JU &ifywfudk tjyeftvSef oabmrsKd;eJY qkyfacsvkdufw,f/
]]udkMuD;tkef;u wu,fhvlysKdav; vkdygyJ}}
tuFsDcRwfvkdufawmh xGufvmwJh MuGufom;awGudk MunfhjyD; cifav;u ajymw,f/
ukdtkef;&ifcGifxJ wkd;0ifvkdufawmh udktkef;u tomav; ayGUxm;vdkuf&if;uae ]]tdkrtdk prf;
MunfhMuwmayghuG,f}} vdkY cyfjznf;jznf;yJ jyefajym&if;uae cifav;&JU wD&Syfav;udk rwif
vkdufw,f/
cifav;u olYvufav;awGudk avxJ ajrmufvdkufjyD; ]]b,fvkdvJ .. cifav;vS&JU
vm;}}
]]vSwmaygh/ tvSewfbk&m;rav;&,f}}
udktkef;u rl;oHMuD;eJY ajymvkdufawmh cifav;u wcpfcpf&,fjyD; ]]cPaeOD;/
'gusefao;w,f}} vdkYqdkum b&mpD,mav;udk qGJcRwfvkdufawmh tzkd;rMuD;wMuD;crsm
touf&SLawGbmawG rSm;vdkY/ cifav;u &ifav;aumhay;awmh udktkef;uvJ tvkdufwodeJYyJ
EdkYoD;acgif;av;awGudk acsay;vdkufw,f/
]]tifh .. tifh ...}} cifav;u auseyfaMumif;udk pum;av; 2 cGef;eJY azmfjyvdkufjyD;
awmh rsufawmifav;awG arS;pif;oGm;awmh udktkef;uvJ aemufwpfqifhwufjyD; cifav;&JU
aygufpDav;udk yg;pyfeJY iHkvdkufw,f/ vQmMurf;MuD;eJY EkdYoD;acgif;av;udk yGwfvdkufrdawmh
cifav;u
]]udkMuD;tkef; ... cifav; 'l;awGrckdifawmhbl;/ ukwifay:oGm;&atmif}}
]]cPav;}} udktkef;u ajym&if;uae cifav;&JU xrDudk cRwfvdkufawmh cifav;rSm
abmif;bDav;yJ usefawmhw,f/
]]udkMuD; raumif;bl;aemf ... olrsm;udkusawmh tukefcRwfypfjyD; olusawmh rcRwf
ao;bl;}}
]][kwfyghAsm;/ pdwfavmoGm;vkdYyg/ a0;aewmuvJ MumjyDukd;As}} &Sufukd;&Sufuef;eJY
udktkef;wpfa,muf olYykqdk;udk ajzvdkufw,f/ Z&m&JU aumufaMumif;awG ay:aewJh olYukd,f
ol i,fi,fwkef;uavmuf r,HkMunfawmhwm taotcsmyJ/ 'gayr,fh cifav;uawmh
pdwfysuf[efrjyyJ olYudk ukwifay: vSJcdkif;w,f/
]]udkMuD;[mu tm;&p&mMuD;yJ/ cifav; jrnf;Munfhr,faemf}}
]]oabmtwkdif;Asm;}}
udktkef;u vufaemufypfjyD; cGifhay;vdkufawmh cifav;u oGufvufpGmyJ atmuf
avQmqif;vdkufw,f/ udktkef; wpfa,muf twdwfudk jyefowd&rdw,f/ yxrwpfa,muf

 

95 
 
wkef;u onfvkdtcsdefav;awG &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; &SdcJhzl;w,f/ tJonfwpfa,mufu ykavGrIwf&
wmudk rMudKufwJholrdkY ykavGqkdwm[m udktkef;wpfa,muf awmfawmfav;udk wdkufwGef;rS
wpfcgwpfav &wwfwJh tcGifhta&;yg/
tckawmh cifav;wkdYrsm; vG,fy/ ]zwf} ueJ zrf;pkyfvkdufwmrsm; tzkd;MuD; udktkef;
wkdY aigufueJ xxkdifrdrwwfyJ/ t&if;txd iHkay;vdkufwmrdkY yg;pyfuae ]aomufusKd;enf;}
vdkYrajymrdwm uHaumif;/ rsufpdrSdwfxm;jyD; t&omcHae&if;uae tacsmif;wpfavQmuf usif
jyD; wufvmwJh t&omudk owdxm;vdkufrdawmh raeomawmhyJ udktkef;u ajymvdkuf&w,f/
]]xkwfvkdufawmhuav;/ udkMuD; xGufawmhr,fa[h}}
cifav;u tomt,myJ xkwfay;vdkufjyD;awmh ]]udkMuD; ... udkMuD; wpfcgeJY wpfcg
b,favmuf jcm;wwfovJ}}
udktkef;wpfa,muf tlaMumifaMumif jzpfoGm;jyD; ]]udkMuD; rodbl;uG/ wpfaeY
wpfcgyJ vkyfzl;w,f}}
]][if .. udkMuD; rdef;r&zl;w,fqkd}}
]]at;av ... 'gayr,fh rdef;ru wpfaeYwpfcgyJ ay;w,f}}
]][if ... wpfrsKd;MuD;ygvm;/ udkMuD;rdef;ru tacGawG MunfhjyD; rprf;bl;vm;}}
]]udkMuD;rdef;ru wpfrsKd;yJuG/ aumif;aumif;udk rudkifbl;/ pkyfay;zkdYqkdwm tawmf
ajym,l&w,f/ olYyg;pyfxJ 0ifrSm odyfaMumufwm}}
cifav;u vQmav; xkwfjy&if; ]][d[d ... t} vdkufwmaemf ... cifav;uawmh
udkMuD;t&nfawGudk jrnf;Munhfcsifw,f/ 'gayr,fh udkMuD; aemufwpfcg vkyfEkdifovm;}}
udktkef;u acgif;cgjy&if; ]]rxifbl;uGm/ wpfcgyJ &r,fxifw,f/ 'gayr,fh
reufjzef qufvkyfMur,fav}}
cifav;u atmufcHabmif;bDudk qGJcRwfvkdufum ar;onf/ ]]r&bl;/ 'DaeYuawmh
nDrav;twGuf ... uJ ... cifav; tay:u aeay;r,faemf}}
]]at;uGm ... aus;Zl;ygyJ}}
udktkef;ajymvdkufonfrSm enf;enf;awmh txmrus jzpfaeonf/ 'gayr,fhvJ
txmusatmif b,fvkdajym&rvJ olrodwmu cufonf/ cifav;uawmh odyf*½kxm;yHkr&yJ
udktkef;udk cGxkdifvdkufjyD; awhoGif;vdkufonf/
]]ajymprf; ... cifav;u b,fESpfa,mufajrmufvJ}}

/

]]wpfa,mufaomoludk z,fxm;&if cifav;u yxrygyJuGm}}
]]r,Hkygbl;}} cifav;u auseyfpGm ajymvkduf&if; wjznf;jznf; xkdifcsvdkufonf/
]]tifh ... usyfvdkufwm}}
usyfvkdufwm[k ajymaomfvnf; cifav;u qufxkdifjrJ/ atmufrS udktkef;yif
touf&SLrrSefcsifawmh/ aEG;axG;jyD; El;nHhvSonf r[kwfygvm;/
]]cifav;a& ... udkMuD; xGufawmhr,fxifw,f}}

 

96 
 
]]cPav; ... cifav;eJY wlwljyD;aemf/ cPav;yJawmifhxm;}} rsufpdawGudk arS;xm;
aom cifav;u cg;udk paum0dkif;vIyf&if; n§yfqGJvdkuf&m udktkef;rSm ]uRwf} ueJ pkyfoyfrd
awmh\/
]]aumif;vdkufwm uav;&,f}}
cifav;uawmh ]tifh} ueJ atmf&if; txJu ½IHUoGm;\/ ]]&jyD .. udkMuD;/ cifav;
xGufoGm;jyD}}
onftcgwGifawmh pdwfavQmhvdkufum q,fESpfwm pkaqmif;xm;aom t&nfrsm;rSm
cifav;xHodkY udktkef;u vufaqmifay;vdkuf\/ enf;enf;aemaemawmh r[kwfacs/ txJrS
jyeftefxGufvmonftxdyif/ yef;wkdifa&mufoGm;jyD;aomfjim; cifav;u udktkef;udk tom
av; Mudwfum n§pfay;aeonfudk t&omcHae&ojzifh udktkef;rSm tawmfMumMum pum;
rajymEdkifacs/
tarmajzjyD;awmh cifav;u vl;vJxvdkufjyD; ]]udkMuD;u b,fqkd;vdkYvJ/ tay;
t,lrQom;yJ}}
]]cifav;jyD;oGm;w,fqkdawmh udkMuD; 0rf;omygw,fuGm}}
]]'gaMumifh ajymwmaygh ... udkMuD;u toufMuD;ayr,fh rysufpD;ao;ygbl;vdkY ...}}
cifav;txvdkufwGif txJrS yGufueJ xGufusvm\/ ]]cifav; a&csKd;rS jzpfr,f
udkMuD;}}
]]tif; .. csKd;oGm;av}}
cifav; a&csKd;aepOfwGif udktkef;wpfa,muf ukwifay:xkdifum taotvJ MudK;pm;
aeonf/ nDa&m? tpfudka&m vkdvm;aomfvnf; avaysmhaeaom &mbmabmfvHk;vdk jzpfae\/
pdwfaqmifjyD; vlurvkdufEdkif/ MuufOwpfvHk; azmufaomufvdkuf onfhwkdifatmif bmrQ
rxl;jcm;/ cifav;uvJ tawmfav;Mumatmif a&csKd;&Smygonf/ aemufqHk;wGifawmh cifav;
jyefxGufvmonfhwkdifatmif olYnDawmfarmifu rEdk;ao;onfrfdkY udktkef;wpfa,muf bmrQ
rwwfEkdifawmhyJ cifav;udk tdrfjyefydkYvkduf &awmh\/
]]reufjzef vmcJhOD;rvm; cifav;}}
]][kwf ... vmcJhr,fav udkMuD;}}

 

Ko Hotrod, 
We are looking forward your new posts!
Please write more 
.

tkyawa 

 
i support to u bro. please write more 
.                                                       kksoe 
 

 

97 
 

aysmfaysmf&Tif&Tif a&yGJobif

 

98 
 

tcef; (17)
armifMuD; vmjyD/
tawmfav; MuD;csif&Smonf xifygonf/ uRefawmfhxuf wpfwef;i,faomfvnf;
emrnfu armifMuD;vdkY ac:onf/ tm;wkdif; upm;aeaom tm;upm;orm;rdkY udk,fvHk;udk,f
ayguf awmifhwif;onfrSm ajymzG,f&mr&Sd/ toufuGmaomfvnf; uRefawmfESifh armifMuD;wkdY
onf wef;wlvdkyif ajymqkdqufqHavh&Sdygonf/
]]odMum;omoemMuD;awmh vif,loGm;jyDa[h}}
uRefawmfhpum;udk Mum;awmh armifMuD;u [ufueJ &,fvdkuf&if; ]]'gqdk
udka[mha&mh&JU Zmwfvrf;awmh wef;vef;MuD; usefaejyD}}
]]wef;vef;MuD; jzpfae&if jzwfypfvkdufa[h}}
qdkifxJokdY tckrS 0ifvmaom w½kwfav;u em;pGefem;zsm;jzifh uRefawmfhtm;
apwemxm;aejyefonf/
]]rif;udkyJ jzwfypf&r,f}} uRefawmfu w½kwfudk jyefajymvdkufjyD;aemuf armifMuD;
zuf jyefvSnfhum ]]udpör&Sdygbl;uG/ tl0Jav; usefygao;w,f}}
]]r&awmhbl;Asm/ [dkaeYuyJ usL;ypfxJrSm igawGUcJhw,f/ qGpfZmvefuvleJYwJh}}
]][if ... ukefygjyDuGm/ 'Dtkd;uav; ygoGm;wm ESajrmvkdufygbdawmh/}}
]]xGD ... tJonftdk;ryg&if rif;pum; rajymwwfawmhbl;vm;}}
]]a[haumifw½kwf ... a,mufsm;qdkwm ESmbl;eJY *ef'l; 2 rsKd;yJ ...}}
]]rif;uawmh ESmbl;awGxJrSm tqkd;qHk; ... taemufoefwJhvlrdkY ajymaewm}}

 

99 
 
]]tJonfvkdawmh rajymygeJY/ igu bmyJjzpfjzpf acs;rrsm;ygbl;uG/ ... ighudkajymjyD;
rif;ua&m taemufroefwmusvkdY/ bmxl;vdkYvJ}}
taMumif;odcsif;rkdY w½kwfav; rsufESmeDoGm;onf/ armifMuD;uawmh bmrS em;r
vnfyJ jyL;aMumifaMumifjzifh [dkMunfhonfMunfh vkyfaeonf/
]]armifMuD; ... rif;a&m ... taemufoefovm;uG}}
armifMuD;u acgif;,rf;um ]]uRefawmfuawmh tl0Jvdk 0Jpm;MuD;udk pdwful;vdkYawmif
r&bl;/}}
]]0Jrpm;ao;ygbl;uG/ rif;uvJ csKd;csKd;zJhzJh
w½kwfav;u jydKifwlyif uefYuGufvkdufMuonf/

ajym&ufvdkufwm}}

uRefawmfESifh

armifMuD;u acgif;,rf;um ]]olYtdk;u rif;orD;awGxJrSm tao;qHk;yJ/ tm;r&bl;}}
xdkpOfrSmyif csKdvGifaom toHav;wpfcku taemufrS ay:vmonf/
]]tdk ... tdkY ... tdk;q&m ...}}
tmaygiftm&if;oefoefjzifh ajymaeaom armifMuD;rSm t½dk;eifovdk jzpfum bmoHrS
qufrxGufEdkifawmh/
uRefawmfu rdk;av;udk vSrf;MunfhvdkufjyD; jyHK;jyum ]]eifhtaMumif; ajymaewm
r[kwfygbl;/ bmudwf ... oifZmhudk apmifhrvdkYvm;}}
rdk;av;u ]]awmfygao;&JU ... ightaMumif; r[kwfvkdY/ at; ... [kwfw,f/ oifZmh
udk apmihfaewm}}
rdk;av;zkdY uRefawmfu cHkwpfvHk; qGJ,lum vGwfaeaom ae&mwGif csxm;vkdufawmh
rdk;av;u 0ifxkdifvdkufjyD; vSrf;rSmvkdufonf/ ]]rkefY[if;cg;wpfyGJ ... bl;oD;aMumfeJY}}
]]cPav; vufx&def oGm;vdkufOD;r,f/ bl;oD;aMumfawG pm;rypfeJYaemf}} rdk;av;x
xGufoGm;awmh olYtdk;av; ... tJav ... tdk;MuD;u vIyfumoGm;onf/
awmfawmfav; a0;oGm;awmh armifMuD;u tHMudwfoHjzifh ]]tJonfvdk tkd;urS
rdkufwmAs/ ... awmuf}} ajym&if;jzifh rmefwufvmum wufawGbmawG acgufvdkufao;onf/
]]rif;vkdcsif&if igrdwfqufay;r,f ... oifZmuvJ avSmfay;vdrhfr,f/ atmifoG,fc
bmay;rvJ}}
armifMuD;u tirf;r&yif ]wu,fajymwmvm; udka[mh}}
]]wu,fayghuG/ rif;eJYqkd&if igpdwfcsw,f ... tJonftdk;rsKd;eJYqkd&if rif; ydaorSmyJ}}
]]tdk ... aocsifaoygap/ tcspftwGuf toufyifaoao}}
cPaeawmh oifZma&mufvmonf/ rdk;av;vnf; tdrfomxJrS jyefxGufvmonf/
a&mufwwf&m&m aygufwwfu& pum;awG ajymae&if;rS rdk;av;u oifZmhudk vSrf;ajym
onf/
]]oMuFefrSm eifwkdY bmawGvkyfr,f pdwful;xm;vJ/}}
]]w&m;pcef;0ifr,f}} uRefawmfu csufcsif;ajzvdkufonf/ ]]tESpf 20 ausmf rkdufcJh
jyD;jyD/ oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk; ...}}

 

100 
 
]]t½l;yg;pyfu ewfpum;xGuf}} w½kwfav;u rMum;wMum; ajymonf/
]]aus;Zl;yJ w½kwf ... ighudk acG;eJY rEIdif;vdkY aus;Zl;wifwm ... tJ ... tckeu b,f
a&mufoGm;ygvdrhf ...}}
]]igajymwm em;axmifvdkufOD; ... jyD;rS eifh[meif 0ifcsif&m0if}} rdk;av;u twnf
aygufESifh qufajymonf/
]]ightareJY tazuawmh w&m;pcef;0ifrSmwJh/ MuD;a':uvJ awmifMuD;oGm;r,fwJh}}
vl 5 a,muf0dkif;xkdifaeaomfvnf; xkdpum;\ t"dyÜg,fudk em;vnfolrSm
uRefawmfESifh oifZmomvQif &Sdygonf/ qkdvdkonfu olYtdrfrSm vlMuD;awG wpfa,mufrQ r&Sd
awmh/ uRefawmfu rdk;av;udk vSrf;Munfhawmh rdk;av;u acgif;ndwfonfqkd½kHav; ndwfjy
onf/
oifZmu ]]oZifhudka&m ajymjyjyD;yvm;}}
rdk;av;u acgif;,rf;um ]]oZif rEÅav;rSm oGm;qdkrSm/ rtm;bl;wJh}}
oifZmu jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]]tJonfawmh aemufwpfa,muf &Smcsifw,faygh ...}}
w½kwfav;u 0g;ueJ orf;vkdufjyD; ]]igoGm;OD;r,f/ 0dkif;pkudk vdkuf&SmOD;rS}}
oifZmu pdwfysufoGm;ovdkjzifh ]]MuG ... MuG ...}} [ktm;ay;onf/
w½kwfav; xGufoGm;awmh rdk;av;u olYzkef;av;udk xkwfum uRefawmfwkdYtm; ar;
onf/ ]]ig0dkif;pkudk ac:vkduf&if aumif;rvm;}}
]][dkaeYu w½kwfuawmh um;iSm;aew,f ... Zmenfhum;udk ,loHk;r,fqkdvm;yJ/
tJonfawmh w½kwfeJY 0dkif;pkudkawmh ac:vdkYr&avmufbl;}}
uRefawmfu t&JpGefYum qufvdkufonf/ ]]rdk;av; ... tck&SdaewJh wpfa,mufukda&m
eifpdwfr0ifpm;bl;vm;}}
armifMuD;u wGefUueJ jzpfum ]]tmAsm}} [ka&&Gwfonf/
rdk;av;u wcpfcpf &,fum ]]udkarmifMuD;u vmrvdkYvm;}}
vQmcvkwfwkdufrwwf armifMuD;u jyefajzonf/ ]]vmr,fav/ ... bmvkyfrSmvJ/
... r@yfvm;/ ... b,fukdvJajym}}
rdk;av;u uRefawmfhzufvSnfhjyD; ]]udkarmifMuD;u pdwfcs&ygw,faemf/ udka[mh
wm0ef,lw,fvm;}}
uRefawmfu acgif;ndwfjyjyD; ]]olYyg;pyfu a[mifzGma[mifzGmayr,fh EIwfvHkp&m
awmh vHkygw,f}}
rdk;av;u armifMuD;ukd &Sif;jy\/ ]]r@yf r[kwfygbl;/ rdk;av;tdrfrSm oli,fcsif;
awG pkjyD; aysmfaysmfyg;yg; xrif;csufpm;rvm;vdkYyg/ EIwfvHkzkdYajymwmu onfvkdav ...
pdwfwludk,fwl vlawGudkyJ ac:csifw,f/ wcsKdUusawmh t&rf; *sDaMumifrsm;&if pdwfnpfp&m
jzpfoGm;a&m ... tJ'gaMumifh tck&SdwJh 4 a,mufyJ ... wjcm;vlawGudk rodapcsifbl; ... jzpf&JU
vm; udkarmifMuD;}}
armifMuD;uawmh oGm;&nfusvkrwwfyif/ ]][m .... jzpfwmaygh/ jzpfw,f pdwfcs}}

 

101 
 

zdef;ETJcg ... rdk;av;tdrfwGif...

 

102 
 
uRefawmfESifh armifMuD;u tenf;i,f aemufusoGm;onf/ tifwmeufxJ oGm;jyD;
(t&uf) pyfenf;[yfenf;rsm; armifMuD;udk zwfjyae&jcif;aMumihf jzpf\/ jyD;awmhvJ rdk;av;
qDwef;roGm;Ekdifao;ay/ pm;p&mawG 0,f&ao;onf/ aomufp&mawG qGJ&ao;onf/ 'DvdkeJY
yJ tawmfav; aemufusoGm;\/ onfuaeYtwGuf armifMuD;u tm;vHk;udk &Sif;onf/ olY
twGufvnf; wefygonf/ a&yufcHxGufrnfqkdum tdrfunmawmif;xm;aom ydkufqHrsm;u
tawmfrsm;rsm; usefygao;\/
uRefawmf wHcg;acgufvdkufawmh tdrf&SifuyJ vmzGifhay;onf/
]]pdk&TJaeygvm; ... b,fvkdjzpfwmvJ}}
]]'g[m oMuFef ... bmrS udpör&Sdbl;/ jrefrmh½dk;&mawGudk igwdkYem;vnfjyD;om;/
'gaMumifh tuFsDeJYykqdk; tydkaqmifvmw,f/}}
ajym&if;rS vufxJu ykvif;awGudk rdk;av;qD urf;ay;vdkufonf/
]][,f ... trsm;MuD; ygyJvm;}} ykvif;rsm;udk 0rf;omtm;& vSrf;,l&if; rdk;av;u
y#doE¨m&jyKonf/
]]igwdkYvltkyfeJY 'DavmufrS avmufr,fav/ 'geJY oifZma&m ... a&mufjyDvm;}}
]]at; .. a&mufaejyD/ aemufaz;rSm xrif;[if; csufaerSmaygh}}
oifZmonf xrif;csufrnfh rdef;uav;rsKd; r[kwfrSef; uRefawmfodygonf/
0,fvmaom xrif;[if;rsm;udk cPab;csum ykvif;rsm;udk zGifhvdkufonf/
rdk;av;u rsufvHk;av; jyL;um ajymonf/ ]]apmapmpD;pD; vkyfMuawmhrvdkYvm;}}
]]tprf;oabmaygh/ armifMuD;u aumhaw;pyfwm odyfawmfw,f[ ... eifenf;enf;
jrnf;Munfhygvm;/}}
rdk;av;u 0rf;omtm;&jzifh ]]aumfwmyJ/ enf;enf;yJ xnfhaemf udkarmifMuD;}}
rdk;av;u yxrwpfcGufudk vQmpGwf½kH jrnf;MunfhjyD;aemuf ]]odyfaumif;wmyJ}}
þodkYjzifh 3 cGufjrnf;MunfhjyD;aomtcg rdk;av;rsufpdxJwGif armifMuD;rSm avmu
wpfcGifwGif tMuD;qHk;? t&SnfqHk;? tawmfqHk; a,mufsm;aumif; wpfa,muf jzpfoGm;avjyD/
uRefawmfu pdwfcsvufcsjzifh xrif;[if;rsm;udk qGJum tdrfaemufaz;zuf oGm;vkduf\/
uRefawmfaemufqHk; Mum;vkduf&aom rdk;av;toHrSm
]]cpfcpf ... armifMuD;aemf ... ,m;ygw,fqkdae ... rvkyfeJY ...}}
oifZmhudk awGU&awmhrnf txifESifh rD;zdkacsmifwHcg;udk ausmfvkdufaom uRefawmf
onf rarQmfvifhaom vl 2 a,mufudk awGUvkduf&aomaMumihf MuufaoaooGm;rdonf/
xdkvl 2 a,mufu jyHK;jy EIwfquf&Smygonf/
]]udka[mha&mh ... vmav/ oifZm a&tdrfwufaew,f}}
xpfaighraeap&ef MudK;pm;jyD; uRefawmf ajymvkdufonf/ ]]yyeJY 0wfrIef ... eif ...
eifwkdY b,fvkdvkyf 'Dudka&mufaewmvJ}}
rSefygonf/ wpfa,mufu wpfavmav;u tacGxGufxm;aom yy0if;cif/
aemufwpfa,mufu tckwpfavm emrnfMuD;vmaom 0wfrIefa&T&nf/ olwkdYu b,fvkdu
b,fvkd a&mufvmygvdrfh/ oifZmhudk awGUvkdufonfESifh bmvkyfvkdufrnf?nmvkyfvkdufrnf[k
pdwful;xm;orQawmh oGm;ygjyD/ uRefawmfu pdwf½Iyfaeaomfvnf; avoHudk xdef;um

 

103 
 
]]tif; ... aumif;wmaygh/ xrif;eJY [if;awG ig0,fvmw,f ... 'geJY pum;rpyf ...
eifhtouf b,favmuf&SdjyDvJ 0wfrIef}}
(onfavmufqkdvQif

2008

oMuFefrSm

0wfrIefa&T&nfwpfa,muf

Road

Runner r@yfrSm bmvdkY &SdraeovJ qdkwm odjyDvm; udkwm&m/ od&ifvnf; wdwfwdwf
ae/ avQmufrzGeJYaemf/ vdr®mygw,f/)
uRefawmfu ar;vkdufonf/ ]]eifhtouf b,favmuf&SdjyDvJ 0wfrIef}}
0wfrIefa&T&nfu em;rvnfovdk Munfhum ]]18 av? bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}}
]]tif ... bmrS r[kwfygbl;/ eifhyHkMunfh&wm toufrS jynfh&JUvm;vdkYyg}}
]]bmudk toufjynfhwmvJ ua[mh&JU}}
jyefar;vmaom ar;cGef;udk b,fvdkajz&rSef;
½dkufaepOfrSmyif armifMuD;ESifh rdk;av;wkdY 0ifvmMuonf/

rodacs/

uRefawmftusyf

]]odyfaumif;w,fa[h/ prf;MunfhMuygvm;}} ajym&if;rS rdk;av;u olYvufxJrS
ukefvkeD;yg; jzpfaeaom cGufukd vSrf;ay;onf/
]][ifhtif; ... igraomufwwfbl;}} 0wfrIefu acgif;,rf;um jiif;onf/
tJonfpum;udk Mum;vkduf&awmh usaeaom uRefawmfhpdwf"gwfawG atmufqHk;odkY
a&mufoGm;awmh\/ toufuav;uvJ i,f? bmrSvnf; t&dyftuJ em;vnfyHkr&? ea0
wdrfawmifESifh ... t&ufawmif raomufwwfaom aumifrav;/ b,fvkd[muav;eJY
vmawGUaeygvdrhfaemf/
]]igaomufr,fa[h/ rl;rSat;r,f}} pdwfaygufayguf&SdonfESifh armifMuD; pyfay;xm;
aom cGufudk uRefawmfyJ ,laomufvkduf\/ yyuvnf; xvmjyD; ]]ighvnf; enf;enf;ay;}}
]]tdkau ...}} armifMuD;um; tpGrf;jyaeavjyD/
tkd;q&m armifMuD;um; yy\ pGifhum;aom tdk;MuD;rsm;udk rsufawmifrcwf &SKpm;ae
avjyD/ rdk;av;u rausreyf rsufapmif;xkd;\/ yyuawmh rodovdk aeum wcpfcpf &,fae
onf/ olwkdYudk Munfh&if; uRefawmfhpdwfxJrS awG;vdkufrd\/ ]]a0pkawmh rwnfhawmhbl;/
aomufwvGJuGm/ onfaumifrav;awGudk b,folu ac:vkdufwmvJ}}
rdk;av;u armifMuD;vufudk qdwfqGJvdkufonfwGif cGufapmif;um y,if;&nfawG
apmif;arSmufukefonf/ vufeuftoifh jidrf;csrf;a&; qkdonfrSm onftajctaersKd;udk
ac:jcif; jzpfcsdrfhrnf/ wif;rmaecsdefwGif ]acsmuf} ueJ csufjzKwfoHwpfck Mum;vkduf&jyD;
oifZma&mufvmonfrdkY tm;vHk;yif touf&SLacsmifoGm;&\/
]]eifa&mufvmjyDudk; ... yyeJY 0wfrIefudk awGUjyD;jyD r[kwfvm;}} oifZmhpum;tqHk;
wGif uRefawmfu olrav;\ vufudk qGJum zspfn§pf&if; tcsufay;vkdufonf/ oifZmu
vnf; tcef;xJudk a0hMunfhvkdufonfESifh oabmaygufoGm;jyD; bmrqkdifnmrqkdif csJawmh\/
]]armifMuD; ... [dkaeYu eifajymawmh rdk;av;udk MudKufw,fqdk ... tcku b,fvkd
vJ[}}

 

 

104 
 

avSeH 2 zufeif;aom armifMuD;

 

105 
 

tcef; (18)
ZmwfoGif;jcif;
armifMuD;rSm olckd;vlrd jzpfoGm;jyD; ]]bmvJ[}}
]]eifu [dkaeYu wpfrsKd;ajymw,f/ tckusawmh 0wfrIefudk ay:wifMuD; &SKd;aevkduf
wm}}
armifMuD;u vufumjy&if; uysmu,m ajz&Sif;vkdufonf/ ]]0wfrIefudk
aumif;aumif; rawGUzl;ao;vdkY Munfhwmyg/ igwu,f MudKufwmuawmh rdk;av;ygyJ/
wpfa,mufqkd wpfa,muf? ydawmufqkd ...}}
]]awmfygawmh}} rdk;av;u &,fvdkuf&if; armifMuD; yg;pyfukd vufjzifh ydwfvdkuf
onf/
]]eifwdkY 2 a,mufqkd&if vdkufw,f[}} 0wfrIefu ajymvkdufawmh rdk;av;uvnf;
tm;usrcH oabmxm;MuD;jyonf/
]]eif'DaeY odyfvSwmyJ 0wfrIef}}
]][kwfvdkYvm; rdk;av;u ydkvSygw,faemf}}

 

106 
 
]]cPvmcJhprf;ygOD;}} ajym&if;qkd&if;rS rdk;av;u 0wfrIefvufukd qGJum olYtcef;
zuf ac:oGm;onf/ yg;pyfrSvnf; ]]tckeif0wfxm;wmawGu rrdkufygbl;/ ighqDrSm&SdwJh tuFsD
wpfxnfavmuf 0wfMunfhvkduf/ eifhyHkpH t&rf;vefxGuf oGm;ap&r,f}}
þodkYjzifh rdef;uav; 2 a,muf xGufoGm;csdefwGif oifZmESifh yywkdY pum; p} Mu
onf/ yyrSm tawmfav; axGaeavjyD/
]]oifZm .. eifodyfuHaumif;wmyJ}}
oifZmu twnfvkdvkd? aemufovdkvkdjzihf jyefar;vkdufonf/ ]]eif jrnf;Munfhcsif
vkdYvm;/ &Sif;&Sif;ajymaemf/ onfaeYwpf&ufawmh &r,f/}}
xdkpOfwGifyif rdk;av;ESifh 0wfrIef jyef0ifvmMuonf/ Adkufom;wpf0ufcefYudk &Sif;&Sif;
vif;vif; ay:atmifazmfxm;aom tuFsDwkdav; udk,fpDESifh jzpf&m uRefawmfvnf; tm;ay;
vkdufrdonf/ oifZmu uRefawmfhAdkufacgufudk vdrfqGJvdkufjyD; &efaxmifonf/ ]]rsufvHk;uRwf
usawmhr,f}}
]]'guawmh EIdif;,SOfcsuf xkwfMunfh&wmudk;uG/ tckawmh uRefawmfodjyD ... oifZmh
avmuf rvSygbl;}}
oifZmu jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]][if; .. eifuHaumif;oGm;w,frSwfyg}}
uRefawmfuvnf; tm;usrcH ]]'gaygh tavQmufaumif;awmh taxmif;oufomwJh}}
tm;vHk;yif &,fvkdufrdonf/ armifMuD;uawmh rdk;av;&ifywfudk oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm;
usvkrwwf irf;aeonf/ vufxJrS ukefoGm;jyD jzpfaom zefcGufjzifh uRefawmfu cHxm;ay;
vkdufawmh tm;vHk;u ]0g;} ueJ xyf&,fvkdufMu\/
oifZmu EIwfcrf;plum ]]ighusawmh b,folrS riSJYay;Mubl;}}
uRefawmfu jymjymovJyif ]]oifZm ... eifu aomufwwfvkdYvm;}} [kaemufvkduf
awmh uRefawmfh aygifwGif;aMumudk oifZmu vdrfum ][if;} ueJ rmefonf/ uRefawmfu
wpfcGufiSJYay;vkdufawmh jrnf;Munfhum ]]bmMuD;vJ}} [kar;onf/
]]'gu armifMuD; pyfxm;wmyJ ... bmawGygvJ armifMuD;}}
armifMuD;uvnf; cyfaxGaxG jzpfae&m vufnId;xdk;jyjyD; ]]a[m[kdu ykvif;vGwf
awGom zwfMunfhvkdufygawmhAsm ... t[J}}
uRefawmfu iSJYaumif;aumif;jzifh cGufvGwfrSeforQ tukefiSJYvkdufum wpfcGufudk
0wfrIeftm; vSrf;ay;vkdufonf/
]]wpfcGufavmufawmh rdwfjzpfaqGjzpfaygh[m}}
onfwpfcgawmh 0wfrIefu rjiif;yg/ ]]igu rl;&if &pfwwfw,faemf}} vkdYawmh
jyHK;vsuf ajymonf/
]]&ygw,f/ &pfyg/ pdwfMudKufom&pf/ vl&if;awGcsnf;yJ[m}} uRefawmfu oabm
uspGm ajymvkdufonfwGif oifZmu 0ifaESmifhonf/
]]a[mha&mhuawmh rl;&if n§pfwwfw,f[}}
]]tif ... aMumufp&mMuD;aemf}} 0wfrIefu ykcHk;av;wGefYum ajymonf/

 

107 
 
uRefawmhfpdwfxJu awG;vkdufrdonfrSm ]tif; ... igwkdY onfuaeY vmwm bmvkyf
zdkYvJ qdkwm odwJhvlu enf;enf;av;/ igeJY oifZm&,f/ rdk;av;udkvnf; xnfhwGuf?
armifMuD;uawmh awG;awmif awG;rdrSm r[kwfbl;/ yyuawmh [dkum;xJuvkdvm;rod/ tJ'g
qdk&if olYEdkYoD;acgif;av;awGu rnf;wl;aerSmyJ/ &S,ftqifhawmh rjzpfEdkifbl;/ ... tif; ...
0wfrIefav;uawmh tysHpm;av;yJuGm/ [dkpkdif;pkdif;qdkwJhaumifeJYawmh emrnfxGufw,f/
'gayr,fh udpör&Sdygbl;/ tJonfaumifu tajcmufyJ/ tkduGm .. tvGefqHk;awmh yguifzGifhjyD;
cgpyJ/ ... awmuf ... 0dkufvkduf&&ifawmh ...}}
uRefawmfhpdwfxJrSm 0wfrIefa&T&nfudk aemufrSaejyD; udkifaqmifhae&onfh jrifuGif;
udk jrifa,mifvmonf/ oGm;&nfrsm; atmufusroGm;atmif odrf;vdkuf&if; cGufudk
0wfrIefav;qD vSrf;ay;vkdufonf/ uRefawmfhtMunfhrsm;u 0wfrIefav;\ &ifywftay:odkY
om a&mufaeawmh\/
tm;emaomfvnf; rMunfhyJ raeEdkifavmufatmifyif vSyvGef;aeonf/ jynfharmuf
aeaom &ifom;rsm;atmufodkY rsufvHk;u a&mufoGm;awmh tuFsDwkdav;u rzHk;zdEdkifojzifh
ay:aeaom jzLazG;Ekaeonfh Adkufom;av;rsm;/ tm;yg;yg;? aemufwpfacguf wHawG;rsm;udk
]&SvGwf} ueJ odrf;vkduf&jyefonf/
0wfrIefuawmh t&ufcGufudk vQmpGwf½kHav; t&omcHaeonf/ yHkpHuawmh
uRefawmfhudk owdrxm;ovdkyif/ 'gudkMunfhjcif;jzifh 'Daumifrav; racbl;qkdwm uRefawmf
odvkdufonf/ &EkdifonfvkdY odvmonfESifhtrQ vkdcsifpdwfrsm;u uRefawmfhnDav;xHwGif
wdk;yGm;vmonf/
uRefawmfhpdwfxJrS rSef;aerdonfrSm ]zifav;uawmh odyfrxGm;bl;/ 'gayr,fh
vHk;uspfaewmyJ/ ... &SvGwf}
uRefawmfpdkufMunfhaepOfrSmyif 0wfrIefu ar;onf/
]]eif .. oifhZmhudk &jyD;jyDvm;[if}}
olYtar;u wdkjyD; &Sif;aomfvnf; uRefawmf bmjyefajz&rSef;rod/ 0wfrIeftoHu
odyfrus,faomfvnf; oifZmu Mum;oGm;onf/ uRefawmfhcspfolav;u csufcsif;yif toHukd
jr§ifhjyD; atmfvkdufonf/
]]igwkdY *drf;wpfck upm;Mu&atmif b,fES,fhvJ}}
tm;vHk;u rl;rl;jzifh tdkaucsnf; ajymMuonfwGif oifZmu qufajymonf/
]]vlwkdif;u usefwJh vl 5 a,mufudk ar;cGef;wpfck ar;r,f/ tvSnfhusaygh/
tJonfar;cGef;udk rpOf;pm;yJ ajz&r,f/ [kwfjyDvm; igu pjyD/ eifwkdY b,fta&mifudk
tMudKufqHk;vJ}}
uRefawmfwdkY wpfa,mufwpfrsKd; ajzvkdufMuonf/ rl;rl;jzifh ajzvkduf&m bmawGudk
vJ rrSwfrdawmhyg/ aemufwpfcGef;u uRefawmf ar;tvSnfh/ cg;atmufydkif;awGudk rar;&Jao;
ojzifh vGwfvGwfuif;uif;yJ ar;vdkufonf/
]]tMudKufqHk; rif;om;? rif;orD;}}
]]eE´mvIdif}} 0wfrIefu ajzonf/
]]iga&myJ}} oifZmhtajz/
]]xufxufrdk;OD;}} 'gu yy/

 

108 
 
]]Edkif;Ekdif; ... cufwmu olu rdef;r,loGm;jyD}} 'guawmh rdk;av;tawG;/
]][muGm ...}} armifMuD;u ,lusKH;r&onfh toGifjzifh atmfonf/
]]rif;ua&m ...}}
armifMuD;uawmh oufrGefjrifhukd a&G;vdkufonf/
onfwpfcgawmh yyu jrL;MuGpGm atmfvdkufonf/ ]]ightvSnfhaemf ... uJ ... ar;jyD/
b,folu tysKd^ vlysKd ppfovJ}}
uRefawmfu ausauseyfeyf &,fvdkuf&if; ]][kduf .. ar;cGef;u aMumufp&mMuD;yg
vm;a[h ... uJ ... ajzjyD ... igawmh rppfbl;}}
oifZmuvnf; &,fvkdufum ]]olrppfrSawmh igvnf; rppfbl;qkdwm eifwkdYodyg
w,faemf}}
armifMuD;uvnf; rdk;av;udk vSnfhMunfhum ]]bl; ...}}
rdk;av;uvnf; avoH cyfwkd;wkd;jzifh ]][ifhtif;}}
]]iguawmh ppfao;w,f}} 0wfrIefu ajzvkdufonfwGif vltm;vHk;u tHhMo
wMuD;jzifh vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ 0wfrIefu aoaocsmcsm xyfajymonf/ ]]yguif rzGifh&
ao;bl;}}
rdk;av;u avSmif&,f&,fvkdufjyD; ]]oZifvJ tJonfvkdyJ[/ yguif&SdwJhae&m rzGifh
ayr,fh yguifr&SdwJh ae&mudkawmh zGifhvkdY&wmyJ ... igodaew,f 0wfrIef}}
0wfrIefu rsufESmeDoGm;aomfvnf; bmrSawmh jyefrajymacs/ tckwpfacgufawmh
rdk;av;tvSnfh/
]]'Dtcef;xJu vlawGudk &r,fqkd&if b,folYudk vkdcsifovJ}}
]]rdk;av;}} armifMuD;toHu csufcsif;xGufvmonf/ tm;vHk;yif jyHK;vkdufojzifh
rdk;av;yif &Sufovkdvkd jzpfum EIwfqdwfoGm;onf/
yyuawmh 0wfrIefudk vSrf;Munhfvkdufonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhudk wpfcsuf
&SKd;um acgif;jyefiHkYxm;vdkufonf/ ]]ig .. rajymwwfbl;[m}}
oifZmu wcpfcpf &,fum ]]igodygw,f/ ighbJbJudk vkdcsifwm r[kwfvm; ...
iguawmh 2 a,mufa&G;r,f/ wpfa,mufuawmh ighbJbJyJa[h/ aemufwpfa,mufuawmh
...}}
]]b,folwkef;}} yyu ar;vkdufonf/
]]eifyJ}} þum; oifZmh tajzjzpfawmh\/
]]oifZm ... eifajymaewm yyudkaemf}} armifMuD;u r,Hkovkd ar;onf/
]]at;av .. igrrl;ao;ygbl;[}} oifZmu cpfueJ &,fum yyzufvSnfhvkdufjyD;
]]yy ... eifa&m ighudk rMudKufbl;vm;}}
onfwpfacguf uRefawmfhtvSnfh jzpfonf/ uRefawmfuawmh &J&Jwif;wif;yif
ajzvkdufonf/ ]]armifMuD;uvGJvdkY tm;vHk;udk vdkcsifw,fa[h}}

 

109 
 
]]bk&m;u,fyg/ awmfygao;&JU}} armifMuD;ajymvkdufonfh pum;aMumifh vlwkdif;yif
]a0g} ueJ &,fvkdufrdonf/
uRefawmfu &Jwif;vmjyD; qufajymvkdufonf/ ]]avmavmq,f ig tvdkcsifqHk;u
awmh 0wfrIefyJa[h}}
]]tckawmh uRefrodjyD}} 0wfrIefu &,fvkdufjyD; uRefawmfhyg;udk vmerf;onf/
]]bmawGvJ[}} armifMuD;u tHhMowMuD; atmfvdkufonf/ onfwGifyif rdk;av;u
olYtem;a&mufvmojzifh armifMuD;crsm uRefawmfhudk qufjyD; rpyfpktm;awmh/
oifZmuawmh yy tem;uyfoGm;onf/ yyESifh oifZmu tm;&yg;& EIwfcrf;csif;
awhpkyfjyaeMuonfudk jrif&aom uRefawmfhnDav;rSm ukef;½kef;xvmawmh\/ yya&SUwGif
oifZmu t0wftpm;awGudk pdrfajyeajy cRwfae&if; ]]eifpdwfrylygeJY ... igeJY eifeJY 2
a,mufwnf; r[kwfygbl;[/ rdk;av;vnf; eifhudk jrnf;Munfhvdrhfr,f/ jyD;awmh ...
0wfrIefuvnf; eifheJY wpfcsDavmufawmh qGJcsifr,fvdkY xifwmyJ}}
]]ygr,f/ rIefvJ ygcsifw,f}} 0wfrIefu wcpfcpf &,f&if; ajymvdkufonf/
oifZmu jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]]0wfrIef .. pdwfcsyg/ eifhtysKd&nf rysufap&ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh
eif ]jyD;} ap&r,f[m/ eifhtaphudk igyGwfay;r,f/}}
]]0wfrIef ... eifvJ oGm;vdkufygvm;/ cPaerS igeifhudk vkyfay;r,f}} rl;aejyDjzpf
aom rdef;uav; 3 a,mufudk Munfhvkdojzihf uRefawmfu 0wfrIefudkyg olwkdYqDydkYvdkufonf/
olwdkY 3 a,mufu twefMumrQ vHk;axG;aejyD;aemuf 0wfrIefu uRefawmfhtem; a&mufvm
onf/ uRefawmfu 0wfrIefudk ayGUjyD; erf;vdkufawmh olrudk,fuav; awmifhwif;umoGm;
onf/
]]bmawGvJuGm}} pdwf½IyfoHav;jzihf yyu ar;\/
]]eifvdkcsifwm tukefajym/ tukefjzpfap&r,f}} uRefawmfu cyfayghaygh jyefajzvdkuf
onf/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif uRefawmfhykqdk;udk ajzcsvdkufawmh 0wfrIef\ rsufvHk;rsm; jyL;xGuf
vmjyD; uRefawmfhnDav;udk vSrf;ukdifonf/ oifZmESifh yyudk vSrf;Munfhvkdufawmh yGJuMurf;
aeavjyD/
]]0wfrIef ... Munfhvdkufprf;}} uRefawmfu ajymawmh 0wfrIefu vSrf;MunfhjyD;
]][,fawmh ..}} [k a&&Gwfonf/ yyu oifZmhaygifMum;xJwGif tuste ae&m,ljyD;
tom;ukef rIwfaeavjyD/
]]aomufaumifr .. npfpkwfvkdufwm}} 0wfrIefu vSrf;aemufawmh yyuvnf;
tm;usrcH jyefajymonf/ ]]eifhtvSnfhvmrSmyg 0wfrIef&JU ... pdwfrylygeJY}}

onfwpfacguf tvSnfhusoluawmh 0wfrIefa&T&nf jzpfygw,f/

 

110 
 

raemufygbl;/ 'Dwpfcgawmh wu,fh yguifzGifhcef;ygAsm...

 

 

111 
 

tcef; (19)
yguif0wfrIef
uRefawmhfudk zifay;um vSrf;Munfhaeaom 0wfrIef\ taemufydkif;udk nDav;jzifh
yGwfay;&if; uRefawmhfvufrsm;u 0wfrIefudk odkif;zufum EdkYawGudk n§pfvkdufawmh olY
wpfudk,fvHk; wkefcgoGm;onf/ oifZmhaygifMum;xJudkom pdwfnIdUcHxm;&oluJhodkY 0wfrIefu
rrSdwfrokef Munfhae\/ uRefawmfuawmh 0wfrIefYtdk;MuD;awGudk ppfaq;Munfhvkdufrdonf/
aumif;vkdufonfh uGmvwD/ onfvkdtdk;rsKd;rS &S,ftqifhjzpfonf/ yuwdtkd;MuD;
rsm;rSm pdwful;xuf ydkvSaeojzifh 0wfrIefonf xl;jcm;aom rdef;uav; wpfa,muf jzpfyg
onf/ trSeftwkdif; 0efcH&vQif atmufydkif;udkom Munhfygu (oifZmhxuf) 0wfrIefu ydkom
ygonf/ cg;av;u ydkodrfjyD; tdk;u (odyfrMuD;aomfjim;) ydkwif;ojzifh jcHKajym&vQif t&rf;udk
zdkufcsifp&m aumif;vSygawmh\/ nDav;u taemufaygufudk aoG;wdk;prf;vdkufawmh
0wfrIefu wGefYoGm;jyD; ]td} ueJ atmfonf/
]]cHcsifaejyDvm;}} uRefawmfu ar;vkdufawmh 0wfrIefu ]][ifhtif;}} [kajzonf/
odkYaomfvnf; apmufywfav;u pGwfpdkaejcif;aMumifh tajzrSefudk uRefawmf odvdkufygonf/
aoaocsmcsmav; uvday;vdkufawmh 0wfrIefrSm uRefawmfhzuf vSnfhvmjyD; nDav;udk
qkyfudkifum tm;yg;w& *Gif;wkdufay;awmh\/
]]yGJMunfh½kHeJY tm;r&awmhbl;[m}}

 

112 
 
aemufwpfcPwGifawmh uRefawmfwdkY ae&majymif;vdkufMujyD; 0wfrIef cif;ay;xm;
onfh tay: uRefawmfwufvdkuf&m nDav;u rawmfwq a&SUaygufxJ a&mufoGm;\/
acgif;jyL½kHav; jyLvkdufcsdefwGifyif 0wfrIefu ]tm;} ueJ atmfjyef\/
]]bmvdkYvJ[/ eifuvJ tvefYwMum;}}
]]'DaeYawmh bmawG jzpfaeygvdrfh/ igh&nf;pm;awGawmif igeJY onfvkd rae&ao;
bl;/ eifu .. eifu ..}}
uRefawmfu at;at;aq;aq; jyefajzvkdufonf/ ]]igu eifh&nf;pm;rS r[kwfyJ}}
]]igodw,f/ eifu oifZmhvl/ 'gayr,fh bmawG jzpfaeygvdrhf}}
]]igxnhfvdkuf&awmhrvm;}}
]]at; ... xnfhvkduf/ ... tm ... r[kwfao;bl;/ ... rodawmhbl;[m}}
uRefawmfpOf;pm;vkdufjyD;aemuf rxnfhawmhyg/ taMumif; 2 ck &Sdygonf/

yxrtcsuf/ /rdef;uav;wpfa,muftwGuf ta&;MuD;vSaom tysKd&nfudk um,uH&Sif
ray;vkdygu uRefawmftwif; r&,lvdkyg/
'kwd,tcsuf/

/aemufaygufudk uRefawmf ydkvdkY vkdcsifygonf/

'geJYyJ uRefawmfhnDav;udk qGJxkwfvdkufum 0wfrIefudk ukwifpGef;odkY qGJvdkufonf/
zifudkawmh ukwifpGef;rS tay:wpf0uf atmufwpf0uf wifxm;vkdufjyD; aygif 2 acsmif;udk
qGJajr§mufvdkufonf/ jyD;awmh uRefawmfu ukwifatmufqif;um 0wfrIef\ ylwlwl;av;udk
rsufESmtyfvdkufawmh 0wfrIefwpfa,muf ]td} ueJ atmfum auseyfaMumif;jy\/ bm*sm
trIwfcH&wmudk b,frdef;uav;u rMudKufyJ &SdyghrvJ/ uRefawmfu olrav;udk tvdkvdkuf
tMudKufaqmifay;vkdufonf/ jyD;oGm;onftxd rIwfvdkufjyD;rS aemufaygufqDul;onf/
]]npfywfw,f}} ajymajymqkdqkdjzihf 0wfrIefu olYzifudk uRefawmfESifh a0;&modkY qGJ
onf/ 'gayr,fh vufjrefajcjrefjzifh uRefawmfu zrf;qGJxm;vdkufawmhvJ aemufqHk;awmh
aysmhusoGm;wmygyJ/
]]bmawG npfywfaewmvJ}} yyu vSrf;ar;onf/
0wfrIefjyefajzp&m rvdkyg/ zifAl;awmif; axmifaeaom olYoli,fcsif;rudk awGU
awmh yy oabmaygufoGm;\/
]][kduf&Sm;yg; ...}}
oifZmu cyfwkd;wkd;ajymonf/ ]]tJ'g odyfaumif;w,f/ Munhfprf; ... 0wfrIef
wpfa,muf aumhuefxkd;aevdkufwm}}
]][kwfygh/ t&omawGUaewm ... eifhudkvnf; vsufay;&rvm; ...}}
uRefawmf acgif;axmif Munfhvkdufawmh oifZmu olYzifatmufudk acgif;tHk;
xkd;xnfhaewm awGUvdkuf&onf/ 'gwifruao;yJ aygif 2 acsmif;udk ajr§mufum vufjzifhvJ
aygifrkefY 2 jcrf;udk qGJjzJay; vdkufao;onf/ jyJ[vmaom zifayguf0av;udk yyu

 

113 
 
vQmzsm;jzifh xdk;vdkufawmh oifZmhwpfudk,fvHk; wkefoGm;onfrSm ta0;uyif jrifomygonf/
yyuawmh tm;wufoa&m vsufawmh\/
]]aumifr 2 aumifawmh rTefaejyD}} 0wfrIefu pl;pl;&J&J Munfh&if;ajym\/ olYzifudk
vsufay;aeaom uRefawmfhudk zkwfavonfhig;yd &Sdonf[kyif rxifyg/ 'gESifhyJ
pdwfaygufaygufESifh olYzifudk vuf0g;jzihf ]jzef;} ueJaeatmif ½dkufvkdufawmhrS 0wfrIefu
atmfonf/
]]bmvkdY zifudk ½dkuf&wmvJ[}}
xdktcsdefwGifyif t0wfrygaom udk,fvHk; 2 cku ukwifwpfzufrS xvmonf/
rdk;av;u uRefawmfhudk jyHK;jyvdkufjyD; ]]armifMuD; ... vmcJh [dkzufcef;udk oGm;r,f/ 'DrSm
tm½kHaemufw,f}}
uRefawmfu armifMuD;udk vSrf;ajymvdkufonf/
wpfaxmifwJhuGaemf ... &atmifom jzdKa[h/ t½IH;ray;eJY}}

]]a,mufsm;aumif;

armif;r

armifMuD;u oGm;jzD;jyum rdk;av;vufudk qGJ&if; tcef;xJrS xGufoGm;\/ oifZm
uawmh yy\ vQmatmufwGif vl;vdrhfaeqJ/ uRefawmfuawmh 0wfrIef\ zif0xJodkY
vufacsmif;awG wpfacsmif;jyD; wpfacsmif; xnfhMunfhaeonf/ aemufqHk;wGifawmh tajrmuf
ypfawmhrnf[k qHk;jzwfvkdufonf/ 'DvdkESifh uRefawmfu tomxvdkufjyD; 0wfrIefapmufywf
xJodkY 'pfjrKyf½kHav; xnhfvkduf\/
]]tm; ... ig[mav;awmh oGm;jyD}} 0wfrIefu atmfvdkuf\/
]]roGm;ao;ygbl;/ eifhyguifu taumif;ygyJ[/ eiftysKdppfwkef;ygyJ}}
oifZmu cpfueJ &,fum ]][kwfawmh[kwfom;yJ 0wfrIef&JU/ yguif&Sdae&if tysKdppf
wmyJ r[kwfvm;]]
]]rodawmhbl;/ rodawmhbl;}}
uRefawmfhpdwfxJrS awG;vkdufrdonfrSm ]]aomufcGyJ/ igu aemufaygufoGm;rvdkY[m
udk tckawmh aomufyguifeJY vmawGUaew,f}}
yyuvSnfhvmonf/ pum;ajymaeaomfvnf; olYvuf 2 acsmif;u oifZmhapmuf
ywfudk tvpfray;acs/
]]0wfrIef ... bmawG awG;aewmvJ/ vD;eJY apmufywfqkdwm 0rf;qufyJav/
vkyfp&m&Sdwm vkyfprf;yg}}
]]tysKd&nfqkdwm rdef;uav;wpfa,mufzdkY ta&;tMuD;qHk;/ igu ighcspfcspfudkrS
ay;rSm[Jh}}
yyu oifZmhudk ypfxm;vkdufjyD; 0wfrIeftem;vmum ]]yg;pyf[prf;}}/ ajymajym
qkdqkdjzifh 0wfrIefEIwfcrf;ukd yyu zrf;pkyfvkdufonf/ ½dk;½dk;erf;½kHr[kwf/ vQmcsif;uvdjyD;
pkyfMujcif; jzpfonf/ erf;vdkY jyD;oGm;awmh yyu ]]0wfrIef&,f bmawG pdwful;aewmvJ/ igu
eifh&JU tcspfqHk;? eifhtay:rSm taumif;qHk;qdk ...}}
0wfrIefu em;rvnfovdk jyefar;onf/ ]]eifu ... [kwfvm;}}
]][kwfw,fav/ igwkdY 2 a,mufMum;rSm bmrsm; vsKdU0Suf xm;wm&SdovJ/
oli,fcsif;awG? &nf;pm;awGxufawmif igwkdYtcsif;csif; ydkcspfMuao;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tJonfawmh ...}} 0wfrIefu ea0wdrfawmifjzpfaeqJ

 

114 
 
]]tJonfawmh igu eifhudkcGifhay;w,f}}
]]bmrSvJ rqdkifbl;}}
]]at; ... qdkifwm rqkdifwm tyxm;/ tckavmavmq,f tajrmufu ypfrvkdY
atmufrSm csdefxm;jyD/ eifbmvkyfrvJ}}
]]igpOf;pm;OD;r,f[m}}
]]aemufrS pOf;pm;/ tckawmh cHpm;vdkufOD;}}
]]cHpm;&r,f ...}}
onfae&mwGif yyu 0wfrIef\ EIwfcrf;rsm;udk olYvufnId;av;jzihf ydwfvdkufjyD;
aemuf avoHwkd;wdk;av;jzifh pdwfnIdYovkd ajymvdkuf\/
]]eifhaygifawGudk um;xkwfvdkufprf;/ [kwfjyD/ jyD;awmh zifudk ajr§mufvkduf ...
[kwfjyD}}
yGifhtmvmaom t0if0av;odkY nDav;udk awhvkdufjyD;aemuf roGif;ao;yJ t&dyf
tajcMunfhvdkufonf/ rdef;uav; 2 a,mufu tcsif;csif; erf;aeMujyefonf/
]]0wfrIef ... eifaocsmw,faemf}}
]]at; ... oGif;awmh[m}}
uRefawmfuvnf; 'gudkapmihfaeol jzpf&m
wpfae&mwGif wpfaeojzifh 0wfrIefu ar;onf/

tcsdefrqdkif;yJ

xnfhvdkufonf/

]]bmjzpfaewmvJ}}
]]yguifav .. yguif}}
]]&w,f[m ... cyfjznf;jznf;om vkyf}} 0wfrIefu xyfajymonf/ uRefawmfuvnf;
udk,fudk tomMuGum zdcsvdkuf&m 0wfrIefxHrS ]tm;} ueJ atmfoHus,fus,f xGufvm\/
uRefawmfu &yfvkdufonf/ yyu 0wfrIefEdkYoD;awGudk acsvdkuf? EIwfcrf;udk erf;vkduf vkyfay;
aeonf/ rMumygacs/ tm;vHk; tqifajyoGm;awmh\/
yyu 0wfrIefEdkYawGudk pkdYay;aeonf/ 'gawmifrS ppcsif;rSmawmh 0wfrIefwpfa,muf
wDaumifqm;yufovdk wGefYvdrf ½kef;uefaeonf/ ppcsif;awmh rvIyf&Jao;yJ tajctae
apmifhum tomav; an§mifhay;&onf/ 0wfrIefzifuav;udk vufjzifh tomprf;Munfhvkduf
&if; 'gav;u aeYvnfpm[k tHcJxm;rd\/ txJrSm usOf;MuyfvSonfrdkY acgif;udktom
cgvkdufawmh uRefawmfh rsufaphxJudk oifZma&mufvmonf/
oifZmu wpfapmif;vJS&if; 0wfrIefudk Munfhaeonf/ vufwpfzufu olYtaphav;
udk yGwfae&if; uRefawmhfudk vQmxkwfjy\/
uRefawmfu oifZmhudk vSrf;ajymvdkufonf/ ]]jyD;&if eifhtvSnfhvmr,f}}
oifZmu tm;usrcHyif ]]igapmifhaer,f}} vkdY ajymjyD; olYzmom EIdufaeonf/
oifZmhudk Munfh&if; pdwfawG wufMuGvmjyD; cyfqwfqwfav; aqmifhvdkuf&m 0wfrIefwpf
a,muf aumhvefwufjyD; xGuf} oGm;onf/
]]a&; ... [kwfjyDuG}} yyu tm;ay;&if; 0wfrIefEIwfcrf;udk awhpkyfvdkuf\/

 

115 
 
]]tm;yg;yg; ...}} jrifae&aom jrifuGif;u t&rf;EId;qGtm; aumif;aomaMumihf
oifZmvnf; olYzmom EIdufae&if; aumhwufvmum t&nfawG xGufusukef\/ uRefawmfu
awmh rjyD;ao;/ oufvHkudkacRxm;\/
]]igtvSnfh,lvkdufr,faemf/ oifZmeJY 0wfrIef}} yyu vSnfhjyD; cGifhawmif;ovdkvkd?
today;ovdkvkd ajym\/
]]t&rf;wkwfwmyJuGm/ igcHMunfhcsifw,f/}}
0wfrIefu armoHav;jzihf ]]t&rf;MuD;ovm;}}
]]tif; ... MuD;w,f ... tckeu eifh[muGJoGm;awmh aoG;awGxGufvmwm jrif&&if
eifaMumufoGm;r,f}}
]oli,fcsif;aumif; yDoygayw,f} uRefawmhfpdwfxJrS awG;vkdufjcif; jzpf\/
0wfrIefuawmh ]]igodygw,f/ t&rf;emw,f[}}
yyu &SufaMumufjcif; vHk;0r&Sdyg/ ]]aumifr ... emw,fomajymw,f/ jyD;wm
uawmh aumhvefaewmyJ}}
0wfrIefuawmh tavQmhray;yg/ ]]igwu,fajymwmaemf/ trav; MunfhygOD;/
enf;wmMuD; r[kwfygvm;}}
yyu ]]udpör&Sdygbl;/ igu tprS r[kwfwm}}
uRefawmf&dyfrdygonf/ yy0if;zif tJav ... yy0if;cif qdkonfrSm avhusifhom; ]0}
aeaom aumifrav;om/ ,ckvnf;Munfh/ zifbl;awmif;axmifum uRefawmfhudk pdefac:
aeonf/ yyzifMuD;awGu MuD;rm;cefYxnfvSonf/ 'gayr,fh rdk;av;vkd uspfuspfvpfvpf
r&Sdacs/ armifMuD; uHaumif;ygonf/ rdk;av;\ tom;jynfhaom zifawGudk ydkifqkdifoGm;onf/
oifZmhudk wpfcsufvSrf;Munfhawmh uRefawmhfcspfolav;u rsufawmifawG arS;pif;
um vufwpfzufjzihf olYzmom yGwfaeonf/
pdwfajzmifhajzmifhjzifh yyaygifMum;xJwGif uRefawmfae&m,lvkduf\/ em;&GufMuD;awG
avmuf MuD;rm;aom EIwfcrf;om; 2 zwfudk tm;&yg;& udkifwG,fyGwfoyfvdkufawmh yyu
]]&ygjyD[ ... vkyfrSmom vkyfprf;yg}}
olYtrdefYtwdkif; uRefawmf vdkufem&\/ t&nfawGpdkpdrfhaeojzifh t0ifacsmvSyg
onf/ 'gawmif tqHk;ykdif;rSm usyfusyfoyfoyf xkd;xnfh vkduf&ao;onf/
]]tm;yg;yg; ... jznf;jznf;vkyfyg &Sif&JU/ apmufusKd;eJygjyD&Sifh}}
&rufjyif;pGmjzifh wGefYvdrfaeaom yyudk Munfh&if; uRefawmfh *½kPmpdwfawG ,kdzdwf
vmonf/ 'geJYyJ olrav;udk t&om&Sd&Sd jyD;ap&ef vufvsKdum apmufaphav;udk uvday;
vkduf&m yy\ &rufrsm;udk rD;xdk;ay;vkdufovdk jzpfoGm;awmh\/
0wfrIefuvnf; taMuG;jyefqyfaeonf/ yyEdkYMuD;awGudk tom;ukefacsay;aeonf/
]]yy ... eifwu,f cHEdkifwmyJ/ Munfhprf; ... eifhtaygufudk jyJrwwfudk csJUaewm ... igajym
wm Mum;vm; yy ... eifhapmufywfuGJxGufawmhr,f}}
npfwD;npfywfawG wwGwfwGwfajymaeaom 0wfrIefaMumifhavm/ 'grSr[kwf
oludk,fwkdifuyJ tjyD;jrefwmvm;awmhrod/ odyfrMumcifav;rSmyJ yy\ taygufav;u
½IHUyG½IHUyG jzpfoGm;\/

 

116 
 
]]jrefvSacsvm;[m}} uRefawmfu tm;rvkdtm;r&jzifh ajymvkdufawmh 0wfrIefudk
yyu qGJqdwfonf/ jyD;awmh ]]emvdkufwm[m ... xkwfay;awmh}} [kqkdum twif;udk ukef;x
awmh\/ uRefawmfvJ bmrQ rwwfEkdifyJ vTwfay;vkduf&onf/
idkcsifaomfvnf; ridk&ojzifh nDav;u atmihfvmonf/ oifZmhudk vkduf&Smawmh
tcef;xJrSmrawGU/ 'geJYyJ armifMuD;wkdYtcef;zuf ul;oGm;awmh tcef;xJra&mufcifrSmyif
rdk;av;\ toHudk Mum;vkduf&onf/
]]oifZmhudk rcs csifbl;vm;}}

 
 
 
 
 

udka[mh&,f ... vmygawmh ... tdyfuvuf warmharmh/ 
connection av;aumif;awmh opfopfav;awG
&Smwmayghaemf/ ta[mif;awGu tvGwf&awmhr,f/
a&;ygOD;Asm/ r,fa':av;awG tukefa&;Asm/ tm;ay;w,f/
a&;oma&;/ Group Sex ruvkdY Whole Community 
Sex yJ jzpfjzpfAsm/ MudKufw,f/ t[J/
tcsdef,ljyD;a&;ay;wJhtwGuf aus;Zl;urÇmygAsm/
rsm;pGmaom [kd[mrsm;jzifh qE´jyKvsuf 
creppytk 
 
 

 

117 
 

tcef; (20)
ZmwfMurf;rif;om; armifMuD;
tcef;wHcg;udk zGifhum uRefawmfvSrf;0ifvdkufawmh oifZmu ukwifay:wGif
yufvufcif;ay;xm;onf/ armifMuD;uawmh uRefawmfhukd jyL;aMumifaMumif Munfhaeonf/
rdk;av;uawmh armifMuD;nDav;udk oifZmhxHodkY qGJac:aeonf/ armifMuD;u wGefYqkwfaeqJ/
]]rif; oifZmhudk csrvdkYvm;uG}}
]]u ... ua[mh&JU aumifrav; ... jzpf ... jzpfyghrvm;}}
]]rif;cscsif&if csEdkifw,f/ 'gayr,fh olYudk rMudKuf&bl;/ Zmwfvrf;r½Iyf&bl;}}
armifMuD;u wGefYqkwfaeqJ/ rdk;av;uawmh armifMuD;udk *Gif;wkdufay;ae\/
uRefawmfvnf; olwdkYudk tomvTwfxm;vdkufum oifZmhab;em; 0ifxkdifvdkufjyD; taphav;
udk yGwfay;vdkufawmh oifZmu jyHK;um uRefawmhfnDav;udk vSrf;udkifonf/
]]armifMuD;udkvnf; eifjrLqG,faew,fayghav}} uRefawmfu oifZmhudk p} awmh
oifZmu &,fvkdufum ]]igrjrLqG,fygbl;/ rdk;av;u jrLqG,faewm ... eifvkyfrS igvnf;
zmonfjzpfawmhr,f}}
]]igvkyfvdkY ... [kwfvm;}} uRefawmfu tonf;,m;vmonfrdkY oifZmhtaphav;udk
acsay;vdkuf&m oifZmhcrsm aumhwufvmum ]][kwfw,f/ eifvkyfvdkY/ t&ifwkef;u ighrSm
&nf;pm;wpfa,mufyJ &Sdwm/ tckeifeJYwGJjyD;rS a,mufsm; 4 a,mufeJY tdyfjyD;jyD/ armifMuD;
yg&if 5 a,mufyJ}}
]]&ygw,f[m/ ighudk aus;Zl;wifzdkY rvdkygbl;/ 'gav;u tao;trTm;yg}}

 

118 
 
oifZmu wcpfcpf &,f&if;u ]]cPz,fOD;/ [dkrSm armifMuD;u tvkyf pawmh
r,fwJh}}
armifMuD;u vSrf;ar;onf/ ]]rdk;av;udka&m udka[mhvkdcsifovm;}}
uRefawmfu rdk;av;udk vSrf;Munfhvdkufonf/ uarÇmZbPf refae*sm\ tmrcH
onfh avoHrsKd;jzifh armifMuD;udk rkd;av;u ajymvkdufonf/
]]pdwfcs/ a[monfhtaygufav;udk eifhudkyJ t&ifqHk; ay;r,f[m}} ajym&if;rS
vufjzifhvJ apmufywfudk rdk;av;u ykwfjyvdkufao;onf/ jyD;wmeJY rdk;av;u armifMuD;ESifh
oifZmhudk awhay;vkduf\/
]]udka[mh ... tdkauw,faemf/ aocsmw,faemf}}
armifMuD;u r,Hkovdk xyfar;ojzifh uRefawmfu acgif;ndwfjy&if; ajzvkduf\/
]]&ygw,f/ wpfckawmh &Sdw,f/ oifZm pdwfauseyfatmifawmh vkyfay;&r,faemf}}
armifMuD;u jznf;jznf;csif; oGif;vkdufonfudk rdk;av;u pdwfr&Snfovkd avoHjzifh
]]eifuvJ[m Mumvdkufwm ...}} [kajymvkdufjyD; olYvufjzifh armifMuD; zifudk wGef;vdkuf&m
aqmifhjyD; 0ifoGm;awmh\/
oifZmu ]tm;} ueJ atmfjyD; ukef;xvmonf/ ]]t&rf;aqmifhxnfh&ovm;[Jh ...
emvkdufwm}}
]]aumifr ... eifawmfawmf pum;rsm;aew,f/ vmcJhprf;}} rdk;av;u cyfpGmpGm
ajymvkdufjyD; armifMuD;ESifh rsufESmcsif;qkdifzufoGm;um oifZmhrsufESmay: xkdifcsvdkufonf/
oifZmuvnf; olrvQmudk tpGrf;ukefxkwfum rdk;av;udk MudKqkdvdkufonf/
armifMuD;awmh b,fvkdaernfrod/ uRefawmfuawmh tawmfav; pdwfxvmonfrdkY
rdk;av; taemufzuf oGm;vkdufonfwGif rdk;av;u qD;MudKum ]]taemufbdk;awmf ... MuGyg
MuGyg}}
rdk;av;u zifukef;ay;onf/ tJonfawmh olYacgif;u oifZmhtaygufeJY wef;wef;
rwfrwf jzpfoGm;awmh\/ oifZmu xatmfonf/
]]aumif;vkdufwm aumifr&,f/ ightaphudk qufjyD; uvday;prf;yg}}
uRefawmfhudk armifMuD;u vSrf;ajymonf/ ]]udka[mha& ... onfrSmawmh wu,fh
ynm&SifawGyJAs/ rdk;av;u oifZmhtaphav;udk vQmeJY uvdaewmAsm;}}
wu,fawmh rdk;av;u oifZmhxuf t&yfjrifhonf/ 'gaMumihfrdkY oifZmhtywfESifh
rdk;av; rsufESmwyfawmh olYzifu oifZmhacgif;xuf tawmfrsm;rsm; taemufuRHae\/
uRefawmfhtwGuf tqifajyonfaygh/ rdk;av;\ zifxJokdY uRefawmfrsufESmESpfum y,fy,f
e,fe,f vsufaevdkufonf/ armifMuD;ajymwmudk Mum;aomfvnf; *½krpkduftm;/ emrnfausmf
vdk;&Sif;rif;orD;udk &wkef;&cdkuf tjywf0dkuf&ef pOf;pm;vdkuf½kHrQjzihf nDav;rSm wGefYueJ
jzpfoGm;&onf/
rdk;av;\ zif 2 vHk;Mum;rS oifZmhrsufESmav;udkjrifvdkuf&onf/ rdk;av;udk tnHhr
cHaom oabmjzifh oifZmu vQmxkwfum rkd;av;taphav;udk wkdYxdupm;ae\/ uRefawm
MumMum rqkdif;EkdifawmhyJ rdk;av;aemufaygufukd wG,fpD;vdkufawmhonf/ odyfrcufcJvSyg/
wpfcg0ifzl;vQif nDav;u oGm;wwfygonf/

 

119 
 
armifMuD;u rsufarSmifukwf&if; ajymvkdufonf/ ]]rdk;av; ... tckeu eifajymawmh
... eif[m ightwGufqkd ...}}
]]ig ... igajymwmu ... t ... tayguf}} uRefawmfhaqmifhcsufrsm;atmufwGif
rdk;av;crsm pum;yif ajzmifhatmif rajymEkdif&Sm/
]]eifhtaygufxJudk xnfhaewmav/ igawGUom;yJ}} armifMuD;u em;rvnfyJ
xyfar;onf/
]]tif; ... [ifhtif; ... r[kwfbl;[/ igeifhudk uwday;xm;wJh tayguf r[kwfbl;
... tm; ...}} rdk;av;u renf;tm;,ljyD; ajz&\/
]]bmajymw,f/ 'gqkd&if ... 'gqdk&if ... [dk ... [kd ...}} armifMuD;rsufvHk;awG
jyL;xGufvmonf/ r,HkMunfEkdifavmufatmif tHhMojcif; qkdonfudk armifMuD;wpfa,muf
udk,fawGUodoGm;avmufygjyD/
uRefawmfuawmh vHk;0t&SdefravQmhyJ wpfqHk;xdk;csvdkufonf/ apmapmykdif;u
vl;vdrfhaeaom rkd;av;wpfa,mufu tckawmh &,fumarmum aumhyifhay;aeavjyD/
]]at; ... [kwfw,f/ ighzifudk csaewm}}
]]aomufusKd;eJ}} armifMuD;u a&&Gwfvkdufonf/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfhtm½kHawGu
aomwt*FgawGrSm r&Sd/ atmufydkif;u t*FgwGifom pkaeonf/ oifZmuvnf; ravQmhwrf;
vsufay;ae&m olYvQmu uRefawmfhnDav;udk vsufay;ovdk jzpfaeojzifh pdwfawG
t&rf;xvmonf/ 'geJYyJ rdk;av; zif 2 jcrf;udk qGJjzJum twif;aqmifhoGif;vkdufawmh\/
armifMuD;uvJ uRefawmfvkyfaeonfudk Munfhae&if;rS ½kwfw&uf xatmfonf/
]][m xGufukefjyDAsKdU}}
]]igvnf; r&awmhbl; ... oifZmu t&rf;vkyfwwfwmyJ}} rkd;av;uvnf; oufjyif;
cs&if;rS ajymvdkufonf/ olrzifav;u ½IHUoGm;onfwGif uRefawmfvnf; rwwfEkdifawmhyJ
cPem;vdkuf&\/
oifZmu vl;vJxvdkufjyD; armifMuD;\ t&nfawG ayyGaeaom a&cJacsmif;udk
rdk;av;yg;pyfESihf awhay;onf/ rdk;av;uvnf; rjiif;yJ olYyg;pyfxJ oGif;\/ uRefawmf
uawmh aemufaygufrSm wG,fxm;qJ/ 'gwiftm;r&ao;/ oifZmhudk vSrf;qGJum olYEdkYawGudk
iHkcJvdkufonf/
]]vkyfxm;prf;/ rdk;av;zifxJudk yef;xnfhvdkuf}}
rdk;av;uvnf; zifudk yifhum tm;&yg;& ay;} aeonf/ uRefawmf rxdef;xm;awmh/
ZufukefzGifhvdkufonf/ wpfzufwGifvnf; oifZmu uRefawmfhudk erf;onf/ erf;wmrS
EIwfcrf;csif; awhpkyf½kHomru uRefawmfhacgif;udk udkifjyD; y,fy,fe,fe,fudk erf;wmrsKd;
jzpf\/ wpfa,mufudk zifcs&if; aemufwpfa,mufudk erf;ae&onfh t&omrSm jyif;xef
vGef;vSonfrdkY nDav;u atmufrSm jyif;jyif;xefxefudk yef;awmhonf/
uRefawmf tom;vGwf MuGm;jcif;r[kwfyg/ nDav;yef;vkdufonfh t&Sdefonf
r@yfay:rSm yufaeaom pwD;a&jyGwfxuf ratmufwm aocsmygonf/ uRefawmfESifh [dk
wpfaeYu taygufpHkatmif cHzl;aom rdk;av;uyif ]]'Dwpfcg rsm;vSacsvm;/ ighzif
wpfavQmuf ylqif;oGm;wmyJ}} [kajym,lygonf/ rrsm;yJ cHEdkif½dk;vm;/ reufcif;wpfcif;vHk;
atmifhxm;onfrsm;udk armifMuD; aumifrav;tm; vufaqmif ay;vdkufjcif;yif/
armifMuD;rSm rdk;av;yg;pyfxJwGif jyefvnfEdk;xvmavjyD/ 'gaMumifh uRefawmfu
oifZmhudk armifMuD;xH wGef;ydkYvkdufonf/

 

120 
 
]]oifZm ... eif rjyD;ao;bl; r[kwfvm; ... 'Dwpfcg jrefjrefjyD;atmif vkyfacs}}
oifZmu auseyfpGm jyHK;um armifMuD;udk wufcGvdkufonf/
]tm;} ueJ 2 a,mufpvHk; jydKifwl atmfvdkufjyD;aemuf armifMuD;&ifywfay:wGif
vufaemufjyefaxmufum oifZmu aqmifhawmh\/ wpfcsufwpfcsufwGif iHkYMunfhvkduf
ao;onf/
]]eifh[mMuD; ightaygufxJ 0ifvdkufxGufvkduf jzpfaewmudk Munfh&wm t&rf;
zD;vmw,f[m}}
jyD;cgeD;aom tcgwGif oifZmu ajcaxmufudk auG;vkdufjyD; tom;ukef aqmifh
awmh\/ zifudkvnf; paum0dkif;um vIyfay;ae&m atmufrSmaeaom armifMuD;vJ rxdef;Ekdif
awmhyJ xGufoGm;awmhonf/ oifZmu auseyftm;&pGmjzifh armifMuD;udk,fay: vSJcsvdkuf
onf/ onftcgwGifawmh armifMuD;nDav;u tjyifxGufoGm;\/ olYudk rdk;av;u uysm
u,myif zrf;pkyfvkdufonf/
uRefawmfuawmh a&csKd;&atmif tcef;xJrS xGufvmcJhonf/ wu,fwrf;awmh
a&csKd;&onfrSm pdwfrajzmifhyg/ 0wfrIefav;qD jyefoGm;csifaeonfrkdY a&udk cyfokwfokwf
csKd;vdkufonf/
tcef;xJodkY vSrf;0ifvkdufawmh 0wfrIefa&m? yyyg t0wftpm; ruyfao;ay/ yyu
aygifMum;xJrSm 0wfrIefu ae&m,ljyD; EdkYoD;acgif;eJY yytaphav;udk uvday;aeonf/
yyuawmh olYEkdYawG oljyefn¨pf&if; w[if;[if; atmfae\/
]]a[h .. wdkYvJ ygr,f}} uRefawmf tem;a&mufoGm;awmh 0wfrIefu jyHK;vdkufum
]]arQmfaewmeJY tawmfyJ}}
]]cPaeOD; tacGMunfh&if; vkyfrS ydkaumif;wm}}
aemufaygufwkd;pD;aom um;wpfum;udk zGifhjyvdkufonf/ onfavmufqkd&if
ra&Tacsmav;awG uRefawmfhoabmudk odavmufa&maygh/ uefYuGufoH rMum;&aomaMumihf
oabmwlonf[k udk,fh[mudk,f owfrSwfum nDav;udk yyrsufESma&SU xdk;ay;vkdufawmh
yyu rjiif;rqef iHkvkduf\/ olrudk auseyfpGm Munhf&if; uRefawmfajymvdkufonf/
]]aocsmpkyfaemf/ 'Dwpfcg aemufaygufwdk;rSmqkdawmh t&nf&TJaezkdY vdkw,f}}
]]aemufayguf ... [kwfvm; ... igaMumufw,f[m}}
]]pdwfrylygeJY/ tqifajyoGm;rSmyg}}
]]tHr,f olu tmrcHaevkdufwm/ eifa&m zifcHbl;vdkYvm;}}
]]'guawmh b,folurS cscsifw,fvdkY rajymbl;ao;bl;av}}

csufcsif;vkdyif uRefawmfhpdwfxJrSm yef;awG zl;yGifhoGm;Muonf...
 

 

121 
 

tcef; (21)
aemufaygufrsm;
]]igcs csifw,f[m/ wu,fajymwmyg/ igeifhzifudk cscsifw,f}} uRefawmfu
rqdkif;rwG ajymvdkufawmh rIefrIefav;u &,fonf/
]]udka[mha&mhMuD; odyfoGufaew,faemf ... uJ ... ajym ... b,fvkd aeay;&rvJ}}
]]av;zufaxmufvkduf}} uRefawmfajymonhf twdkif; 0wfrIefu av;zufukef;ay;
onfwGif olYzifawGudk uRefawmfvSrf;ykwfvdkufonf/ aumifruav; MuufoD;awG jzef;ueJ
xoGm;onfudk odvdkufonf/ pdwfvIyf&Sm;aeyHkyif/
]]0wfrIefudk &,f'Djzpfatmif vkyfay;ygOD;}} uRefawmfu yyzuf vSnfhajymvdkufonf/
]]igu bmvkyfay;&rvJ}}
]]'Dvkd}} uRefawmfu erlemtjzpf 0wfrIefzifudk vQmjzihf xkd;jyvkdufonf/ 2 cgjyp&m
rvdkyg/ yyu csufcsif;yif ae&m,lvkdufjyD; 0wfrIefzifudk xkd;awmh\/ tm;wufoa&mjzifh
yyu qufjyD; xkd;qGaeonfwGif uRefawmfu 0wfrIefa&SUodkY avQmufoGm;jyD; nDav;udk
olYyg;pyfxJokdY xkd;xnfhay;vdkufonf/
]]ta&;xJrSm eifuvnf; wpfarSmifh ... ighzifudk b,fawmhcsrSmvJ}}
]]jyD;awmhcsrSmaygh[/ at;aq;aygh}}
0wfrIefu tm;ESifh pkyfvkdufonfwGif uRefawmfhnDav; idkcsifoGm;onf/ ]]tm; ...
jznf;jznf;vkyfyg[/ eifvkyfwmeJY igxGufawmhr,f}}

 

122 
 
]]rxGufatmif atmihfxm;aygh[/ xGufoGm;vJ bmjzpfvdkYvJ/ eifu bmawG pdwfyl
aewmwkef;/ tckxGufoGm;vJ cPaeawmh csaygh/ igwpfaeYvHk; onfrSm &SdaerSmyJ[m/ ...
tihf ... yyrIwfay;aewm aumif;vkdufwm ...}}
yyudk uRefawmfu vSrf;ajymvkduf\/ ]]yy ... 0wfrIefu jyD;csifjyDwJh/ taygufa&TU
jyD; vsufay;vdkufyg[m}}
]]tkdau}}
0wfrIefrSm csufcsif;yif vltopfwpfa,mufvkd jzpfoGm;\/ uRefawmfhudk iHkum
iHkumjzifh yg;av;awG csKdifh0ifoGm;atmifudk ukef;pkyfawmhonf/ aumifrav;\ pdwfxufoef
rIUudk xif&Sm;pGm jrifEkdifygonf/ uRefawmfwwfEdkiforQ atmifhxm;&if;uae vSrf;ajym
vkdufonf/
]]0wfrIef ... igeifhudk pawGUwkef;u onfavmuftxd ynmwwfrSef; rodbl;}}
]]cpfcpf ... 'geJY rIefeJY roifZmqkd&if b,folomvJ}}
]]trSeftwdkif;ajym&&ifawmh ypönf;ydkif;rSm 0wfrIefuomw,f/ 'gayr,fh uRrf;usif
rIUuawmh oifZmu omoGm;jyefa&m}}
]][Gef; ... vlvnf ... tmh ... tarh}} ajym&if;qkd&if;eJY 0wfrIefav;&JU cg; aumh
wufoGm;jyefonf/
]]yy&,f ... tmh ... ig ... igr&awmhbl;}}
wpfqufwnf;rSm olYyg;pyfxJu uRefawmfhudk twif;udkufawmh\/
]]tm; .. acG;rav;}} jrefjrefav; qGJxkwfvdkuf&wmaygh/ r[kwfvkdY jywfoGm;&if
olvnf;avsmfay;rSmr[kwf/
&ifawGyef;awG wkefoGm;wmeJY tckeu aumif;xm;wmav;awGawmif b,fa&muf
oGm;rSef; rodygbl;/ 0wfrIefuawmh tdyf,mcif;awGudk qkyfqGJ&if; wGefYvdrfaeonf/
uRefawmfvnf; oem;vmwmeJY olYyg;pyfav;udk iHkpkyfay;vdkuf\/ uRefawmfwdkY 2 a,muf
om; wpfa,muf wHawG;awGu wpfa,mufyg;pyfxJ a&mufvmatmif tm;&yg;&udk pkyfypf
vkduf\/
cPaevkdY tm;&awmhrS cGmvdkufawmh uRefawmfhae&mudk yyu 0if,lvkdufjyD;
0wfrIefudk erf;onf/ uRefawmfuawmh atmufavQmqif;vkdufjyD; 0wfrIefudk zifAl;awmif;
axmifay;&onf/ 'gayr,fh aysmhzvwfvdkufaewJh 0wfrIefu txmruswmeJY aemufqHk;awmh
acgif;tHk; 2 vHk;udk cg;atmufxnfhvkdufawmhrS tqifajyoGm;\/ tay:rSmawmh yyu
0wfrIefeJY upfpfay;aecsdefrkdY uRefawmfuvnf; tcsdefrqdkif;awmhyJ 0wfrIefzifudk tom
jzJvdkufjyD; nDav;udk acgif;vsKd0ifckdif;vdkufawmh\/
]]tm;}} 0wfrIef udk,fvHk;av; oGufoGufcgatmif ½kef;awmhonf/ 'gayr,fh 0wfrIef
cg;udk uRefawmfu udkifxm;jyD; tay:ydkif;udkawmh tuGufjrifaom yyu wufzdxm;ojzihf
aumifrav;crsm rvIyfEkdif&Sm/ yyudk,fvHk;udk 0wfrIefu ukwfqGJvdkufojzifh yycg;awGrSm
tpif;aMumif;MuD;awG xifvmawmh\/
]]emw,f[}} yyu atmfawmh 0wfrIefuvnf; jyefatmfonf/
]]ighzifudk ... ighzifudk csw,f/ .... tm; .... emvdkufwm[,f}}

 

123 
 
]][if ... wu,f ... jyprf; ... igvnf; Munfhr,f}} yyu tHhMowMuD;jzifh vSnfhvm
onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; tomav; an§mifhay;ae&if;u udk,fvHk;udk taemufqkwfum yyudk
Munfhapvkduf&\/
yyu Munfh½kHomru udkifyg udkifonf/ aemufqHk; olYvufawGu 0wfrIeftaphudk
uvdawmh aumifrav;u atmfonf/
]]odyfaumif;wmyJ/ qufvkyfyg r,fy&,f}}
]]qufvkyf&if eifhzifuGJawmhr,f aumifr&JU}}
]]vkyfprf;yg/ uGJ&ifvJ uGJygap}}
]]odyfaumif;aew,faygh/ b,fvkdvJ zifcH&wm aumif;vm;/ bmeJY wlvJ}}
0wfrIefu cpfueJ &,fvdkufjyD; ]]'geJY wlw,f}} ajymajymqkdqdkESifh bmvkyfvkdufonf
rod/ yywpfa,muf t½dk;eifovdk rsufvHk;MuD;awG jyL;xGufvmonf/ ]]tarh ... tm; ... &SD;}}
0wfrIefu qufajymonf/ ]]tJ'gu vufnId; vufcv,fyJ &Sdao;wm/ olY[mMuD;
qkd&if ydkawmif MuD;ao;w,f/ b,fvdkvJ/ cHEkdifvm;}}
yyuawmh ]tm;} ueJ atmf½kHrSty bmrQ rajymawmhacs/ uRefawmfu 0wfrIefukd
ar;vdkufonf/
]]eif em&if? rcHcsifawmh&if ajymaemf/ igcsufcsif; jyefxkwfay;r,f}}
]][kwf ... udka[mh/ rIef emw,f/ 'gayr,fh udka[mhvkyfcsifao;&if vkyfyg/
yyvnf; prf;Munfh&wmaygh}}
tckeu
pGwfjyD;oGif;vkdufwmaMumifh
rIefrIefwpfa,muf
aemufaygufudk
aMumufoGm;yHk &ygonf/ uRefawmfcsufcsif;yJ jyefxkwfvkdufonf/ txJrSm twif; n§pfxm;
ojzihf vIyfr& jyKr& jzpfaeonfxufawmh tckvdk &Sif;&Sif; xkwfvdkufonfu 2 OD;vHk;tzdkY
ydkaumif;onf r[kwfygvm;/
]][,f ... tjyD;xkwfvkdufwmvm;}} 0wfrIefu tHhMoovdk ar;onf/ olrtar;udk
acgif;ndwfjyum uRefawmfu tajzay;vkdufjyD; yg;pyfuawmh yyudk vSrf;ajymvdkufonf/
]ukef;ay;ygvm; yy}}
yyu vSrf;Munfhvdkuf\/ uRefawmfhudkawmhr[kwf/ nDav;udk jzpfonf/ jyD;aemuf
olYzifMuD;awGudk rdk;ay:axmifum zifrdk;arQmftoGif cif;ay;ygawmhonf/ jrefjrefav; vkyfyg
awmh[k ajymaeoa,mifrdkY tcsdefrqGJawmhyJ olYtaemufrSm uyfvkdufjyD; aemufaygufudk
awhay;vdkufawmh yyu qwfueJ ta0;udk ajy;onf/
uRefawmf ravmyg/ nDav;jzifh yya&SUaygufudk awhum yGwfay;onfwGif yy
wpfa,muf jidrfusoGm;onf/ twefMumawmh ]]&ygjyD}} vdkY yyu rD;pdrf;jy\/ onfawmhrS
uRefawmfu aemufaygufudk jyefawhonf/
]]yg;pyf[jyD; touf&SL}} uRefawmfu ajymvdkuf&if;yif nDav;udk acgif;jrKyfatmif
xnfhvdkufonf/ yyacgif;av; armhvmum 0wfrIefem;em; uyfjyD; ajymvdkuf\/
ESpfudk,fMum;pum;udk 0wfrIefu uRefawmfMum;atmif atmfajymonf/
]]t&rf;aumif;w,fwJh}}

 

124 
 
uRefawmfuvnf; jyefajymvdkufygonf/ ]]igvnf; odyfaumif;w,f[m/ eifhzifxJ
rSm igyef;vkduf&rvm;[if ... yy}}
]]at; ... yef;vkdufprf;yg[m}} yyu tHMudwf&if; ajymonf/
olrzifudk uRefawmfu cyfMurf;Murf;av; aqmifhvdk;vkdufonf/ yytaphudk
0wfrIefu tm;&yg;& yGwfay;aeonf/ jyD;awmh npfwD;npfywfawGudkvnf; rdef;rcsif;
ajymaeMuao;onf/ 'Dawmh yywpfa,muf rMumcifrSmyJ aumhvefum xGufukefawmhonf/
onfwpfacguf yyjyD;wm jyif;xefvGef;ojzifh uRefawmfhvD;u xkwfvkdufjyD; jyefxnfhvkdY
r&awmhyJ tjyifudk acsmfxGufoGm;onf/
]]tm; ... r&bl; ... jyefxnfh ... jyefxnfh ... ightxJrSm yef;r,fqkd}}
'grsKd;awmh vmrprf;eJY/ uRefawmfu csufcsif;yif yyzifxJudk twif;yJ aqmifhxnfh
vkdufonf/ yy\ emusifpGm atmf[pfoHu tcef;xJrSm vGifhysHoGm;\/
uRefawmfu 0wfrIefudk ajymvdkufonf/
]]olYapmufywfudk eifhvuf 2 acsmif;eJY vdk;prf;[m}}
0wfrIefuvnf; uRefawmfajymorQudk vdkufvkyfonf/ uRefawmfuvnf; xGufcgeD;
jyDrkdY tom;ukef aqmifhawmh\/ zwfzwfzwfzwf qkdaom toHawGu pufaoewfypfovdk
xGufvmcsdefwGif 0wfrIefuvnf; uRefawmfht&SdefESifh vdkufzufnDatmif yyapmufywfudk
tom;ukef xkd;qGay;\/
]]tm;;;; ...}}
pl;pl;0g;0g; atmf&if; yywpfa,muf wGefYvdrfaumufauG; aeawmhonf/ axmif
xm;aom 'l;rsm;vnf; ,kdifusukefonf/ 'gayr,fh 0wfrIefu vufvsKdum yifhay;xm;ovkd
jzpfaeonf/ uRefawmfuawmh taqmifhr&yf/ yyzif0av;u tckeuvkdyif ½IHUoGm;jyefonf/
'Dwpfcgawmh uRefawmfvnf; rxdef;EkdifawmhyJ olYzifxJ wpfqHk;oGif;um yef;xkwfvdkufawmh
\/
jyD;wmeJY uRefawmfvnf; yyudk,fay: xyfvsuf arSmufoGm;awmhonf/ cPae
jyD;awmh tarmajyawmh yyu
]]aomuf&rf;aumif;wmyJ[m/ igjzifh 2 cgqufwkdufudk xGufwm}}
]]ighudk tJonfavmufvJ rcsD;rGrf;ygeJYav}}
]]eifhudk csD;rGrf;wm r[kwfbl;a[h/ a[monfu 0wfrIefav;aMumifh ... 0wfrIefudk
aus;Zl;wif&r,f}}
]]tGef ... aoa&m}}
xkdpOfwGif wHcg;0rS toHwpfck xGufvm\/ ]]odyfaysmfaeMuw,fayghav}}
toH&Sifum; oifZm/
]]a&mufaewm MumjyDvm; oifZm}} uRefawmfu vSrf;ar;vkdufawmh oifZmu
jyHK;um acgif;ndwfjy\/
]]odyfawmhrMumao;ygbl;/ eifrjyD;cif uav;yJ qkdygawmh}}
oifZmu ukwifay:wufvmjyD; 0wfrIefudk zuferf;vdkuf\/

 

125 
 
uRefawmfu ]]eifholi,fcsif;awGudk ac:vkdufwJhtwGuf t&rf;aysmfzkdY aumif;w,f
[m}}
oifZmu uRefawmfhudk vSnfhrMunfhao;yJ 0wfrIefudkom ]][dkzufcef;rSm armifMuD;eJY
rdk;av;eJY arQmfaew,f/ eifwkdY oGm;vdkufMuOD;}}
]]tkdau ... udka[mhudk roifZm vufxJ jyefxnfhcJhw,f/ taumif;yuwdaemf}}
]]taumif;yuwd twdkif; jyeftyfwJhtwGuf aus;Zl;wifygw,f&Sif}}
0wfrIefu 'l;acsmifaeaom yyudk qGJxlum tcef;xJrS xGufoGm;awmh olrav;\
vHk;uspfaom zifav;awGudk uRefawmfpdkufMunfhrdonfudk 0efcHygonf/
cPaeawmh ]]0wfrIef}} [k atmfvdkufaom armifMuD;\ 0rf;acgif;oHMuD;udk Mum;
vkduf&onf/
oifZmu cpfueJ &,fvdkufjyD; uRefawmfhab;em; uyfvmonf/
]]b,fvkdvJ ... armifMuD;udk auseyfvm;}} uRefawmfu oifZmhudk ar;awmh
]]rqdk;ygbl;/ olvnf; vlawmfwpfa,mufyJ/ 'gayr,fh pdwfcsyg/ igcspfwm
eifygyJ}}

 
 
 

uRefawmfu Zwfvrf;ykHpHtopf ... vefxGufaewmawG
zwf&wmMudKufwmaygh 
.

kkff07 

 
hi bro ko hotrod..........
I'm totally agreed with u. the story is just a
imagination. that's not their true story. they can be get
angry , if the story is their true life........
Anyway plz carry on bro..
we r really appreciate ur storie. 
 
.
 

shadow69 

 

126 
 

tcef; (22)
armifhrlydkif&Sif
]]tif; ... awmfygao;&JU}} uRefawmfu ajymvdkufawmh cspfolav;u &,fonf/
uRefawmfu qufajymvdkufonf/ ]]igav ... eifhudk odyfcspfwmyJ oifZm&,f ...}}
t&SdefawG wufvmawmh zuferf;ypfvkdufonf/ erf;w,f qdkwmxuf vQmcsif; pD;csif;xkd;
onf[k ajymvQif ydkrSefrnf/ uRefawmhfvQmudk oifZmuvnf; vQmjzifhyif wHkYjyefonf/
cPaeawmh oifZmu qdkvmonf/ ]]npfywfaejyD/ a&csKd;&ifaumif;r,f}}
uRefawmfu ]]tckav;wif csKd;jyD;wm}}
]]aemufwpfcg xyfcsKd;aygh}}
]]tvkdawmftwkdif;yg}}
oifZmu uRefawmfhudk qGJqdwfvdkufjyD; a&csKd;cef;qD ac:oGm;ygonf/ rdk;av;tdrfu
a&csKd;cef;rSm a&yef;av; &Sdojzifh uRefawmf a&yef;zGifhvdkufonf/ jyD;wmeJY oifZmhacgif;udk
uRefawmfu aoaocsmcsm avQmfay;vkdufonf/ oifZmu auseyfpGm jidrfcHae\/
uRefawmfu ]]eifu a&cJrkefYeJY wlw,f}}

 

127 
 
oifZmu cpfueJ &,fvdkufum ]]awmfprf;yg/ Kungfu Dunk xJu pum;awG
vmajymraeeJY}}
]]eifMunfhjyD;jyDudk;/ eifhudkig a&cJrkefYvdk oabmxm;jyD;awmh ...}}
uRefawmfu vQmudk tjyifxkwfjyD; oifZmhudk vsufrnfh[ef jyifvkdufawmh oifZmu
cspfp&m aumif;avmufatmif olYrsufESmav;udk &SKHUjy\/
]]t,f ... &Sufp&mMuD;/ }}
uRefawmf raeEkdifawmhyJ oifZmh EdkYav;awGudk vSrf;n§pfvkdufawmh oifZmu ][ifh}
ueJ nnf;onf/
]]eif[mav ... 'DurÇmay:rSm tacsmqHk;? tvSqHk; ewforD;av;yJ ... odvm;
oifZm}}
]]tif ... wu,fajymwmvm;}}
]]wu,faygh}}
]]rnmbl;aemf}} oifZmu r,Hkovdk xyfar;vdkufonf/ cspfzdkYaumif;vSojzifh
olrEIwfcrf;av;udk uRefawmf pkyf,lvdkufrd\/
]]rvkyfeJYOD;/ qyfjymawGeJY ...}}
oifZmu uefYuGufaomfvnf; uRefawmfvTwfray;yg/ ]]tawmfyJ ... igqyfjym
rwdkuf&ao;wmeJY}}
oifZmhudk wif;wif;zufum cE¨mudk,f 2 ckudk yl;uyfaeapvdkufawmh ]]rvkyfygeJY
[m/ ,m;w,f[}} oifZmu wcpfcpf &,fonf/
jyD;awmh tjyeftvSeftm;jzifh uRefawmfhacgif;udk avQmfay;onf/
oifZmhudkMunfh&if; nDav;u jyefvnfEdk;xvmonf/ 'geJYyJ uRefawmfu ]]oifZm
... usefwJh tarT;awGvJ avQmfay;OD;aemf}}
uRefawmfhudk erf;vkdufjyD; oifZmu jyHK;um ]]eihfnDav;u ighAdkufudk xkd;rdaejyD}}
pum;qHk;awmh oifZmhvufu avQmqif;oGm;jyD; nDav;udk qyfjymwkdufay;onf/
uRefawmfvnf; rsufESmay:u qyfjymawGudk a&aq;jyD; iHkYMunfhkvdkufawmh oifZmu
uRefawmfhudk armhMunfhaeonfESifh tMunfhcsif;qHkoGm;onf/ nDav;udk oifZmu *Gif;wkduf
ay;ae\/
]]awmfjyDvm;}} oifZmu ar;onf/
]]awmfjyD/ eif rwfwwf&yf vdkufawmh[m}}
]]cPav; ... ighudk,fu qyfjymawG a&aq;vdkufOD;r,f}}
uRefawmfhudk ausmay;um oifZmu a&vSnfhcsKd;onf/ tvdkufodpGmjzifh olYausmudk
uRefawmf acs;wGef;ay;vdkufawmh oifZmu auseyfpGmjzifh &,fvdkuf\/ jyD;awmh uRefawmfh
zufudk rsufESmjyefvSnfhvmonf/ oifZmhaygifMum;xJodkY nDav;udk acgif;vsKdapvdkufonf/
oifZm qwfueJ jzpfoGm;jyD; tomav; aumhay;onf/ 'geJYyJ nDav;u oifZmhapmufywfxJ
wkd;0ifoGm;onf/ aemufqHk;wGifawmh oifZmhudk,fav;udk tomuav; ayGUvdkufawmhrS
uRefawmfwdkY qD;pyf 2 ck xdoGm;awmh\/

 

128 
 
]]aumif;vm; ...}} uRefawmfu ar;awmh ]]tif; ... tif;}} [k nnf;wmuvGJvdkY
oifZmu bmrS jyefrajz/ uRefawmfhudk twif;zufxm;jyD; ukef;udkufawmhonf/ emusifrIY
aMumifh olrudk,fvHk;av;udk ayGUum uRefawmfu twif;aqmihfvkdufonf/
]]tifh ... tihf ... xGuf ... xGufjyD}} oifZmu nnf;nLvkdufjyD; uRefawmfhudk
twif;zufxm;onf/ oifZm tjyD;rSm olYapmufywfav; ½IHU½IHUoGm;wmu uRefawmfhtzdkYawmh
tifrwef cHvdkY aumif;ygonf/
]]tm; ... aumif;vkdufwm[m ... eifa&m ... rjyD;ao;bl;vm;}}
]]igvkyfp&mawG &Sdao;w,f/}}
]]bmvJ ... 0wfrIefa&T&nfyJvm;}}
]][ifhtif; ... eifhukd ... eifhudk igwkdY n§yfcsrvm;vdkY ...}}
]]eif&,f armifMuD;&,fvm;}}
]]at; ... eifvJ tJonfvkd rcH&wm MumjyD r[kwfvm;}}
]]tckyJ oGm;&atmif[m}} oifZmu rsm;rsm;rajymyJ bHkbkdifudk ydwfum uysmu,m
a&okwfonf/ jyD;awmh uRefawmfhudk qGJac:oGm;awmh\/ tcef;xJ jyefa&mufawmh armifMuD;
u ukwifab;rSm xkdifjyD; *Gif;xkaeonf/ ukwifay:rSmawmh rdef;uav; 3 a,mufu
wpfa,mufudk wpfa,muf zifjyefacgif;jyef EIdufaeMuonf/
]]a0; ... tqifoifhyJa[h}} oifZmu aysmf&TifpGm atmfvdkuf&if; armifMuD;udk wufcG
awmh\/ yvGwfueJ 0ifjyD;jyD;csif; tqHk;xd xkdifcsvdkufum olYudk,fudk udkif;vdkuf&m zif
uav;rSm ajr§mufwufvmonf/ ay;vmaom tcGifhta&;udk uRefawmfu vufrvGwfpwrf;
&,lvkdufonfaygh/
]]Murf;w,fa[h}} rdk;av;u ab;rS tm;ay;onf/
]]t&rf;aumif;w,fuGm/ igawmh xGufcsifvmjyD}}
uRefawmfESifh armifMuD;u tay;t,lwnfhatmif MudK;pm;ae&onf/ wpfa,muf
txGufudk wpfa,muft0if pnf;csufusatmif MudK;pm;Muonf/ &oGm;onfESifh aqmifhcsuf
awGudk wpfqHk;0if wpfqHk;xGuf jzpfatmif MudK;pm;jyefonf/
]]tm; ... ig ... ig r&awmhbl;/ xGufjyD}} oifZmu taMumqGJ&if; atmfonf/
]]awmifhxm;aemf armifMuD;/}} uRefawmfu atmfum oifZmhudk aemufwpfcg
jyD;atmif csvdkufonf/
]]rxGufao;bl;uG}} armifMuD;u tHMudwfxm;&if; atmfonf/
]]eifauseyfjyDvm; oifZm}} 3 cgajrmuf oifZmxGufjyefawmh uRefawmfar;vdkuf
onf/
ab;em;rS yyu ]]awmfawmhav[,f/ a[mha&mhMuD;uvJ/ olYapmfudkyJ auR;aewm
yJ/ 'DrSm ... igwkdYvJ rdef;rawGygyJ[Jh/ eifwkdY csvdkY&ygw,f}}
]]tdkau .. tdkau ... vmcJh ... b,fol t&ifvmrvJ}}
yyu oGufvufpGmyif ]]0wfrIefu aemufaygufudk rMudKufbl;wJh ... igyJ vm&rSm
aygh}}

 

129 
 
onfhaemufwGifawmh rdk;av;u oifZmhudk qGJ,loGm;jyD; yyu armifMuD;ay: xkdifcs
vdkuf\/ xHk;pHtwkdif;yif uRefawmfuawmh taemufzufrSm ae&m&onf/ rIefrIefav;uawmh
yya&SUrSm ukef;ay;xm;onf/ yyu rIefrIefYtaphudk uvday;onf/
rIefrIef\ aemufaygufav;rSm uRefawmfhtwGuf vGrf;armzG,f&myif/ pdwfayguf
aygufESifh yyudk tom;ukef usHK;vdkufonfrdkY 0wfrIeftywfxJ yyacgif;u xkd;0ifoGm;onf/
'gayr,fh tm;ravQmh/ csufcsif;yif vuf 2 zufudk uysmu,m axmufum uRefawmfhudk
jyefaumhay;onf/
armifMuD;uvnf; 0wfrIefudk erf;&if;rS vufuvnf; o&rf;aeonf/ 'gaMumihfrdkY
xifonf/ armifMuD;u t&ifqHk; jyD;oGm;onf/ armifMuD;xHrS nnf;nLoH Mum;vkduf&jyD;
aemuf 0wfrIefESifh yywdkYqDuvnf; a&SUqifhaemufqifh ]]tmh}} qdkaom toHav;rsm; xGuf
vmonf/ olwkdYvnf; yef;wdkif a&mufoGm;jyDxifh/
yxrawmh uRefawmfvnf; yyqDrSmyJ jyD;vkdufr,fvkdY pdwful;xm;aomfjim;
(oifZmhudk zifAl;awmif;axmifum vsufay;aeonfh) rdk;av;zifudk jrifvkduf&jyD;aemuf
pdwfajymif;oGm;\/
'DvkdeJY rdk;av;qD avQmufoGm;um olYzifawGudk uRefawmf erf;vdkufawmh rdk;av;u
vSnfhMunfhvkdufjyD; ]]igb,fvkd aeay;&rvJajym}}
oifZmu 0ifajymonf/ ]]yufvufvSefvkduf}}
tJonfvkdeJYyJ yufvufvSefxm;aom rdk;av;\ zifxJudk uRefawmfu xnfhaecsdef
wGif oifZmu rdk;av;rsufESmudk wufcGonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfESifh oifZmwkdY EIwfcrf;csif;
*a[qufum uRefawmfhnDav;ESifh rdk;av;aemufaygufwkdY tH0ifcGifus qufrdonf/ oifZmh
vufwpfzufu rdk;av;taphudk yGwfay;aejyD; rdk;av;vQmu oifZmhtaphudk xdawGUae&m 3
a,mufvHk;yif auseyfzG,f twd jzpfaeawmhonf/
onftajctaewGif yxrqHk; jyD;oGm;olu atmufrS rdk;av; jzpf\/ oifZmh
vufqdyfu jyif;vSonf/ uRefawmfh'pfuRwfvkrwwf qGJxkwfum jyefxnfhawmh xnfhvdkY
r&awmh/ rdk;av;qefYiifqefYiif jzpfaeonfudk;/ 'geJYyJ oifZmhudk qGJvdkufonf/
]]eifuawmh rvG,fygvm;[,f}} oifZmu nnf;nnf;nLnLav; ajym&if;
ukef;ay;onf/ uRefawmfu pum;rajymvkdawmh/ vD;udkom oifZmhzifxJ wpfqHk; pdkufcsay;
vdkufonf/
]]tm; ... aoygjyD}} oifZmhvufwpfzufu atmufavQmoGm;jyD; olYzmom taphudk
jyefyGwfaeonf/
]]igxGufawmhr,f oifZm}}
]]cPav; ... cPav; ... igvnf; yGwfaew,f[ ... enf;enf; apmifhOD; ... ighudk
wef;vef;MuD; rxm;cJheJYaemf}}
ajym&if;qkd&if;jzifh oifZmaumhwufvmonf/ rD;pdrf;jyvkdufjyDrdkY uRefawmfvnf;
tom;ukef aqmifhxnfhvkduf&if; oifZmhzifxJ yef;xnfhay;vdkuf\/ oifZmuvnf; tjyD;rdkY
n§pftm;oefoefjzifh n§pfonf/
onfwpfcsD tjyD;wGifawmh uRefawmfh wpfudk,fvHk;wGif tiftm;rsm; wpfpufrS
rusefawmh[k xif&ordkY ukwifay:wGif vSJum tarmajzae&onf/
twefMumrS tEdkifEkdiftm;,lum xjyD; rdk;av; ukwifudk &Sif;ay;vdkufonf/

 

130 
 
]]xm;vdkufyg[m/ 6 &ufavmuf tcsdef&w,f}} rdk;av;u ajymonf/
xdkpOfwGif 0wfrIef\ tvefYwMum;
ightuFsDawmhoGm;ygjyD/ w&m;cHb,folvJa[h}}

atmfoHudk

Mum;vdkuf&\/

]][,f/

armifMuD;u &Sufukd;&Sufuef;jzifh ]]ig ... ig yef;xm;wm}}
]]oGm;ygjyD[m/ tdrfudk b,fvdk jyef&rvJ/ MunfhygOD;/ &ifywfwnfhwnfhudk yef;xm;
wm}}
]]xrif;&nf pdkoGm;w,fvdkY ajymvkdufaygh}}
]]eifhbMuD; xrif;&nf ... oMuFefrSm xrif;&nfeJY avmif;w,fvdkY igawmh
rMum;zl;aygif}}
u,fwif&Sif ay:vmonf/ yyu ]]pdwfryleJY ... igavQmfay;r,f}}
awmfygao;&JU/ r[kwf&ifawmh rawG;&Jbl;/

 

131 
 

rdk;av;&JU Zmwfvrf;
 

 

132 
 

tcef; (23)
tqHk;jyD;awmh tp/
armifMuD;u rdk;av;udk vSrf;ar;onf/ ]]naezuf avQmufvnfrvm;}}
]][ifhtif;}}
armifMuD;u tavQmhray;yJ rdk;av;cg;udk zufum cyfwkd;wkd; wGwfxdk;aeonf/
uRefawmfuawmh oifZmhvufudk qGJum tjyifzuf {nfhcef;odkY xGufvmcJhonf/
uRefawmfu ar;vdkufonf/ ]]b,fvkdvJ ... 'DaeY aysmf&JUvm;}}
oifZmu ]]aysmfygw,f/ aemufwpfcgqkd&if ...}}
]]aemufwpfcg ... [kwfvm; ... oifZm ... eifuawmh ... t&rf;cspfzkdY aumif;wmyJ}}
]]aemufwpfcgtwGuf iga&G;xm;wJh pkHwGJqkd&if ydkjyD; aysmfzkdY aumif;rSm ...}}
]]b,folawGwkef;}}
]]tckrajymao;bl;/ awGUawmh od&rSmaygh}}
]]eifuvJ[m ... ajymvkdufawmh bmjzpfoGm;rSmrdkYvJ}}
]]rjzpfbl;/ a,mufsm;av;awGu pdwfrcs&bl;}}

 

133 
 
]]ighudkawmif eifu r,Hkbl;aygh}}
]]tHrm ... eifhudk igu bmjzpfvdkY ,Hk&rSmvJ ... tckyJMunfh tcef;xJu aumifrawG
udk eiftvGwfay;vdkYvm;}}
]]igcspfwm eifwpfa,mufwnf;yg[m}}
]]awmfprf;yg ...}}
tJonfvdkeJY oMuFef tusaeYu uRefawmfhtwGuf jyD;qHk;cJhygonf/
xrif;pm;jyD; aeYvnf 12 em&DavmufrSm uRefawmfeJY oifZmu jyefawmhr,f[k
ajymojzifh 0wfrIefu olYum;jzifh tdrfa&SUtxd vdkufydkYay;onf/
armifMuD;uawmh rdk;av;tdrfrSm usefcJhonf/
uRefawmhtdrfa&SUa&mufawmh 0wfrIefudk EIwfquf&if; um;ay:rS qif;vkdufum
reufjzeftwGuf csdef;vdkufonf/
]]jyefawmhrSmvm; 0wfrIef}}
]]rjyefao;bl;/ pdkif;pdkif;qDoGm;OD;r,f}}
]]tm;yg;yg; ... csD;usL;ygw,f/ igawmh r&awmhbl;/ wpfudk,fvHk; udkufcJaejyD}}
]]udka[mhu vlaysmhyJ/ rIefuawmh at;aq;}}
]]reufjzef rdk;av;qD vmOD;rvm;}}
]]udka[mha&m oGm;rvm;}}
]]oGm;r,f pdwful;wmyJ}}
]]rIefawmh rajymwwfao;bl;/ pdkif;pdkif;r@yfudkvnf; oGm;csifw,f/ tJonfudkvJ
vmcsifw,f/ ... onfvkdvkyf ... rIefYudk rapmifheJY/ rIeftqifajy&if vmcJhr,fav/ rvmcif
zkef;MudKawmufr,f/ [kwfjyDvm;}}
]]tkdau}}
]]tckrS owd&w,f/ yHkajymjydKifyGJ taMumif; odjyD;jyDvm;}}
]]rodao;bl;/ bmyHkvJ}}
]]udka[mh a&oGm;csKd; aewkef;u rdk;av;u yHkajymjyw,f/ olYq&meJY jzpfwJh
taMumif;awG/ udka[mh odvm;}}
]]a[hat; rodao;bl;/ ajymprf;ygOD;}}
]][ifhtif; ... ajymygbl;/ &Sufp&mMuD;}}
ajymajymqkdqkdESifh 0wfrIefum;MuD;u 0l;ueJ um;xGufoGm;onf/ tJav ...
armif;xGufoGm;onf/
tdrf0if;twGif; vSrf;0ifvkdufawmh jyHK;jyHK;MuD; Munfhaeaom tazESifh wef;wkd;onf/
]][kdaumifrav;u 0wfrIefa&T&nfqkdwm r[kwfvm;}}

 

134 
 
]][m; ... tazu odvSacsvm;}}
]][m; [m; ... rif;wdkYaumifav;awGu tzkd;MuD;awGudk txifao;wmvm;/
[if;[if; ... EGm;ysKdoefvS EGm;tdkaygifusKd;yguG}}
]]r[kwfygbl; taz&m/ tazhudk txifrao;ygbl;/
toufMuD;ayr,fhvnf; tqdyfjyif;w,fqkdwm odjyD;om;yg}}

ajrGa[mufqkdwm

]]rif;&nf;pm;vm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;Asm/ uRefawmfh&nf;pm;u [dkwpfcg ac:vmwJh aumifrav;yg/
0wfrIefu vrf;MuHKvdkY vdkufydkYwm/ um;ay:rSm oifZmvJ ygygw,f}}
]]atmf ... at;at; ... 'DuaeY rif; a&yufcHxGufr,f qdkjyD;awmh oGm;wm
r[kwfvm; ... tckawmh rxGufjzpfbl;aygh}}
a&wpfpufrQ rpdkaom t0wftpm;awGaMumifh 0efcHvkduf&ygonf/
]][kwfw,ftaz/ um;u vljynfhaevdkY jyefvmwm}}
]]tawmfyJ/ t0wfvJacs/ jyD;&if igwkdY ajrmif;aygufr,f}}
wdef/ aojyDq&m/ cyfapmapm tdrfjyefrdwmu uRefawmfhtrSm;/
cyfwkdwdkESifh vdk&if;udk ajym&ygu 2008 r[moMuFef tusaeY aeYvnfydkif; 1
em&DcGJrS 5 em&DcGJtxd aygufwl;wpfvufjzihf ajraygufvdkuf&ygawmhonf/ reufu
v,fxGef? naezuf ajrayguf&awmh vlvnf; tawmfav; jydKif;oGm;onf/ udk,fhtajctae
a&m? udk,fhtaz tajctaeyg udk,fodojzihf n 8 em&DrSm oifZmhqD zkef;qufvkduf&awmh\/
]]oifZma& ... igawmh reufjzef rvmEdkifawmhbl;}}
]]bmvkdYvJ[}}
]]'DaeYnae wpfcif;vHk; igajraygufae&w,f[/ aemufjyD;awmh reufjzefvJ
quf&OD;rSm aocsmw,f/ jcHumrSmvm;/ 'grSr[kwf ajrqGrSmvm;yJ}}
]]eif wu,fajymwmaemf/ w½kwfeJY avQmufvnfrvdkY r[kwfbl;vm;}}
]]eifhbdk;at w½kwf/ r,Hk&if ightdrfudk vmMunfh[m}}
]]vmygbl;/ eifuvJ[m ... wpfESpfrSmrS wpfcgaysmf&wmudk vmcJhprf;yg}}
]]r&bl;/ ighwpfudk,fvHk; udkufcJaewmyJ ... b,fvdkrS r&awmhbl;}}
]]eifwu,f rvmbl;aygh}}
]]at; ... reufjzef wpfjcm;vlawGeJY eifaysmfacs/ igcGifhay;ygw,f}}
]]eifroGm;&if igvnf; roGm;awmhbl;}}
cspfzdkYaumif;aom oifZmav;/ uRefawmfu cGifhay;aewmudkawmif roGm;bl;wJh/
uRefawmfu p} vdkufonf/
]]aemufrS aemifw&aeOD;r,faemf/ armifMuD;awmh oGm;r,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tvum;yg/ armifMuD;u rdk;av;tem;yJ uyfaewm ...}}

 

135 
 
]]atmf ... 'geJY rdk;av;u yHkjyifajymjyw,fqdk/ 0wfrIefajymoGm;w,f}}
]][kwfvm; ... bmyHkvJ/ wpfyHk ESpfyHk acG;acs;yHkvm;}}
]]olYq&meJY oleJY taMumif;wJh}}
]]eifhudk ajymoGm;wm b,fol ... 0wfrIef ... [kwfvm;}}
]]at; ...}}
]]igvSrf;ar;vdkufr,f}}
þodkYjzifh &ufowåygwf 2 ygwfrQ MumaomtcgwGif rdk;av;\ Zmwfvrf;udk
uRefawmfod&ygonf/ 'gu tjrefqHk;ygyJ/ oMuFefjyD; aemufwpfygwfrSm vlawGtm;vHk;
usKd;yJhaeMuojzifh tdrfwGif;ykef;awG jzpfukefonf/ aemufESpfygwfjyD;awmh usL&SifawG
jyefzGifhonf/ jyD;awmh ausmif;awG jyefzGifhonf/
,ckqufí rdk;av;\ Zmwfvrf;udk a&;ygawmhrnf/ (armifMuD;ESifh oH0go
jyKae&if;u rMum;wpfcsuf Mum;wpfcsufjzifh em;axmifxm;vkdufaom) 0wfrIef\
wdusaocsmpGm jyefajymcsufudk em;axmifjyD; oumv ... 3 &ufrQ tMumwGif oifZmu
uRefawmfhtm; jyefjyD; azmufonfcsygonf/ oifZmESifh xrif;pm;&if; pm;jrdefpmtjzpf
Mum;cJh&aom twif; ... tJav owif;tm; tdrfjyefa&mufaom oumvwGif uRefawmhf
vufrsm;jzifh ½dkufxm;jcif; jzpfojzifh vmvwåHUaom pmpk\ cdkifrmrItm; uRefawmftmr0efwm
cHyg\/

 

 

136 
 

tcef; (24)
tdyfrufq&m
rdk;av; 8 wef;wkef;u q&mepfuD&JU tdrfrSm oGm;jyD; pmoifzl;onf/ q&mu
odyfjyD; apwem&SdwmrdkY ydkufqHr,lyg/ 'geJYyJ tvkdufodaom rdk;av;u olYtdrftvkyfawG
0dkif;vkyfay;? vufaqmifawG ,loGm;ay;? tJonfvdkeJY Zmwfvrf;av;awG pcJhwmaygh/
q&mu t&rf;cefYwm/ udk,fvHk;udk,faygufuvJ awmifhwif;/ EIwfcrf;arT; a&;a&;
av;eJYqdkawmh a'G;wkdY vGifrdk;wdkY b,frDrvJ/ rdef;uav;awG Mum;xJrSm q&mu t&rf;
ay:jyLvm jzpfwmaygh/
tJonftcsdefrSm rdk;u &nf;pm;eJY jywfaewkef;/ pdwfavaveJY jzpfcsifwkdif; jzpfae
wmaygh/ tqifhawG xkd;usukefawmh q&mu rdk;udk ql&if;eJY aemufqHk;rSmawmh ]]onf
twkdif;oGm;vdkY rjzpfbl;/ twef;wifpmar;yGJrSm eifatmifzdkY rjrif/ ightdrfvmcJh/ ausmif;
qif;&if tcsdefydk oifay;r,f/}}
q&mhtdrfrSm pmoGm;oif&r,fqkdawmh 0rf;omvGef;vdkY rdk; cpfueJ &,fvkdufrdw,f/
touf 35? uav; 2 a,muftaz qdkayr,fh t&rf;pdwful;,Ofp&m aumif;wJh q&mrsKd;aygh/
t&yf 6 ay? tom;ndKndK? EIwfcrf;arT;a&;a&;av;eJY q&mu i,fi,fu tm;upm;vdkufpm;
wmrdkY olYabmf'Du t&rf;awmifhw,f/
]]q&m .. rif;om;vkyf&if &rSm}} vdkY aumifrav;awGu aemufovdkvdk
twnfvdkvdkajymvdkuf&if q&mu ½kyfwnfMuD;eJY jyefjyefajzwwfwmuawmh ]]o&Jum;awG
qifqmrcsbl;[}}

 

137 
 
q&mhrSm qGJaqmiftm; taumif;qHk;uawmh ndKrIdif;rIdif; rsufvHk;awGygyJ/
wu,fwrf; ajym&&ifawmh aemufqHk;&nf;pm;eJY jywfwm[m olYqDrSm tJonf rsuf0ef;
ndKawG r&SdwmaMumifhvJ ygw,f/ wpfcgwpfav tdyfraysmfwJh nawGrSm udk,fhzmom yGwfoyf
ajzazsmuf &r,fqdk&if q&mepfuDu rdk;udk yGwfay;aew,fvdkY pdwful;rSyJ yef;wkdif jrefjref
a&mufw,f/
cyfjrefjref ajym&&ifawmh udk,fhtdyfrufq&meJY pmoif&wmqdkawmh pmydk&wmaygh/
wpfem&Davmuf pmoifjyD;&if naepmpm;/ tJonfawmhvJ q&meJY twlwlpm;&awmh
ydkjrdefw,f/ q&mu rdk;&JU aemufausm udkvSrf;vSrf;Munfhwwfw,f/ a,mufsm;av;awG
tMunfhcH&wmudk rdk;oabmusygw,f/ vnf[dkuftuFsD 0wfoGm;&ifvJ q&mhrsufvHk;awGudk
rdk;owdxm;rdw,f/ Munfhygapav/ udk,fhq&myJ[m/
q&mhtrsKd;orD;uvnf; tvkyfvkyfw,f/ b,frSmvJawmh rodbl;/ odvnf;
rodcsifbl;av/ q&mh om;av; 2 a,mufuvJ cspfp&m aumif;ygw,f/ q&mhavmufawmh
cspfp&m raumif;bl;ayghav/
uJuJ ... tm;vHk; pdwf0ifpm;r,fh taMumif;awGudkyJ ajymawmhr,faemf/
tJonfaeYu q&mhtrsKd;orD;u om;av; 2 a,mufudk ac:jyD; yef;jcHoGm;vnfw,f/ tdrfrSm
rdk;eJY q&m 2 a,mufxJ &SdwmrkdY tcGifhta&;aumif;wkef;av; a&vmatmifvdkY rdk;u ajrmif;
azmuf ay;vkdufwmaygh/
]]q&m ... rif;om;vkyfcsifpdwf r&Sdbl;vm;}}
]]'Daumifrav; bmawG pdwful;aeovJ}}
]]q&mh abmf'DawmifhyHkeJY rif;om;vkyf&if aumif;rSm ... rdk;u rif;orD; vkyfr,f
av/}}
]][m;[m; ... nnf;u rif;orD;vkyfr,f ... [kwfvm;}}
]]tHr,f ... q&mu r,Hkbl;ayghav/ [Gef; ... 'gqdk&if bmjzpfvkdY rdk;udk q&m
cdk;cdk;MunfhwmvJ}}
]]aumifruav; bmawG avQmufajymaeovJ ... 'gu q&mhudk ajym&r,fh pum;
vm;}}
]]rdk;udk txifao;oGm;jyDvm; q&m}}
]]r[kwfygbl;uG,f/ rsuf&nfuvJ vG,fvdkufwm}}
q&mu acsmhawmhvJ MunfEl;p&mav;awG jzpfoGm;wmaygh/ pmtkyfawG
ydwfvkdufjyD;awmh pum;xkdifajymjzpfw,f/ q&mu pmawG trsm;MuD; zwfzl;awmh olajymwJh
pum;awGu t&rf;em;axmifaumif;wmyJ/ 'gayr,fh rdk;u ynmyg&rD enf;awmh q&majym
aewJh ordkif;awG? uAsmawG pdwfr0ifpm;yJeJY
]][,f ... [kdrSmMunfhprf;}}
]]bmvJ rdk;av;}}
]]q&mhom;av; upm;wJh puúLav,mOfysHav;u bk&m;pifay:a&mufaew,f/
rdk;,lay;r,f}}

 

138 
 
tjzpfuawmh av,mOfysH wuf,lwmeJY pw,f/ bk&m;pifu enf;enf;jrifhawmh
ckHckjyD; wuf&w,f/ q&mu t&yfykwJhtjyif vlMuD;qdkawmh rkd;yJ ajcjrefvufjrefeJY wufvkduf
ygw,f/ tJonfrSm atmufydkif;u puwfwkdwkdav;u q&mhrsufpdeJY uGufwdjzpfoGm;wmaygh/
ckHay: rwufcifwkef;uawmh rdk;rSm tJonfvkd pdwful; r&Sdygbl;/ 'gayr,fh
tukefvHk;uGufwd jzpfaewmudk aemufrS owd&awmhvJ jyefrjyifcsifawmhbl;/ acsmfvJ
a&mxkdifvkdufwmayghaemf/
'geJYawmif olu rxHkwufaw; vkyfaewmeJY tkd;av; vIyfay;vkdufw,f/
]]tm; ...}}
]]jzpf&JUvm; orD;}}
]]& ... &ygw,fq&m ... ajcacsmfcsifovdk jzpfoGm;vdkY}}
q&mhvufawGu rdk;av; aygif 2 acsmif;udk udkifxm;rdaejyD/ wpfqufwnf;rSm
cg;uae rdk;av;udk ayGUjyD; Murf;jyifay: csay;vdkufw,f/
]]aus; ... aus;Zl;yg q&m}}
atmufa&mufoGm;ayr,fh q&mu rvTwfao;bl;/ rdk;av;uvJ bmrsm;qufjzpf
rvJqdkjyD; &ifckefaewmayghaemf/ 'gayr,fh awmfawmfMumatmif bmrS qufrjzpfbl;/ 'geJYyJ
pdwfr&SnfawmhwmeJY rkd;av;u q&mhyg;udk zswfueJ arT;vdkufw,f/ tJonfawmh rdk;av;
ezl;udk q&mu jyefjyD;awmh arT;w,fodvm;/ tJonfaemufawmh EIwfcrf;csif;awhjyD; pkyfjzpf
wmyJ/
rdk;0efcHygw,f/ tJonfwkef;u rdk;tysKdr[kwfawmhbl;/ 'gayr,fh rerf;wwf
ao;bl;/ rdk;udk erf;wwfatmif oifay;wm q&myJ/ t&ifwkef;u EdkifiHjcm; ½kyf&SifawGxJrSm
Munfhzl;ovdk aoaocsmcsm EIwfcrf;csif; awhjyD;awmh pkyf&wm odyft&om &SdwmyJ/
]]yxrqHk;terf;}}
]][if ... bmajymwmvJ}}
]]yxrqHk; terf;yJ q&m}}
]]bmawG ajymaewmvJ/ nnf;&nf;pm;u rerf;bl;vm;}}
]]erf;w,f/ 'gayr,fh q&mhvkd r[kwfbl;/ olwkdY erf;wmu Muuftpm
aumufovkdyJ}}
q&mh touf&SLoH jyif;vmjyD;awmh ]]vm ... rdk;av; ... rD;zdkxJoGm;&atmif}}
wkefwkef,if,ifeJY rdk;vkdufoGm;&w,f/ pdwfxJrSmawmh tawmfuav; aMumufwm
trSefyJ/ olYAvMuD;eJYom qkd&if ... jyD;awmh olu uav; 2 a,muftaz/ rdk;xuf trsm;MuD;
toufMuD;w,f/ tawGUtMuHKvnf; rsm;rSm aocsmw,f/ awG;&if;awG;&if;eJY rdk;wpfudk,fvHk;
MuufoD;jzef;jzef; xvmw,f/
rD;zdkxJ a&mufawmh rkd;uyJ vufOD;rI &,lvkdufjyD; olYudk zuferf;ypfvdkufw,f/
q&mhvufawGu rkd;xrDay:uae zifudk qkyfudkifvdkufwmrsm; t&rf;udk tm;ygwmyJ/ olYzuf
udk qGJ&if;eJY zifMum;udk EIdufwmrdkY ta&SUzufu ylaEG;aewJh olY[mMuD;&,f/ taemufzufu
vufacsmif;awG&,fu rdk;wpfudk,fvHk;udk zdef;&Sdef;oGm;wmyJ/

 

139 
 
cPaeawmh EIwfcrf;awG uGmoGm;w,f/ yHkpHajymif;vdkufMuw,f/ q&mu pm;yGJrSm
xdkifjyD;awmh rdk;udk olYaygif 2 vHk;eJY cGvdkufjyD; erf;jyefw,f/ onfwpfcgawmh olYvufawGu
rdk;EdkYawGudk n§pfjyefw,f/
]]rdk;av; ... udkepfuDav ... rdk;av;udk t&rf;cspfw,f ... }}
]]odom;yJ/ udkudk rdk;av;udk cdk;cdk;Munfhaewm}}
]]udku rdk;av;udk tpGrf;ukef cspfypfvkdufcsifwm ... odvm; ... rdk;av;udk
udk,fwHk;vHk;cRwfjyD; vdk;ypfvkdufcsifwm}}
cyfMurf;Murf;ajymvkdufwJh q&mhpum;awGaMumifh rdk;av;pdwfawG wufMuGvmw,f/
olYtdrf? olY&ifcGifxJrSm ae&if;eJY oln§pfwm cHae&wm/ aemufjyD;awmh npfnrf;wJh pum;awG
aMumifh rdk;av; rcHpm;Ekdifawmhbl;/
]]vkyfav/ vkyfvdkufprf;yg/ vmcJh}}
rdk;av;u zdwfac:vkdufawmh q&mu acgif;,rf;jyw,f/
]]cufaewmu rif;u 15 ESpf? 8 wef;ausmif;ol/ igu 35 ESpf? uav; 2
a,muftaz jzpfaew,f}}
]]tJ'gbmjzpfvJ udkudk&JU ... b,folrS rodygbl;}}
]]udk,fhrdef;reJY uav;awG jyefvm&if tcuf/ olwdkYoGm;wm wpfem&DausmfjyD/
tcsdefra&G; jyefa&mufvmEkdifw,f/}}
q&m ajymwmawGu [kwfaewmrdkY rdk;vJ cPawmh awGa0oGm;w,f/ cPaeawmh
tMuHwpfck &w,f/
]]&jyD}}
olYa&SUwnfhwnfhrSm rdk;u xkdifcsvdkufawmh q&mvefYoGm;w,f/
]]bmvkyfwmvJ[}}
]]cPavmuf ykqkd;avQmhvdkufprf;yg}}
ajymajymqdkqkdeJY q&mhykqkd;udk rdk;av; qGJcRwfjyD; abmif;bDudkyg vSefvdkufw,f/
]][[ ... rvkyfeJYav}}
bmvkyf rvkyf&rSmvJ/ rkd;av;odygw,f/ rdk;av;taz zGufxm;wJh tjymum;awG
Munfhzl;ygw,f/ a[mMunfh ... q&mhnDav; xGufvmjyD/ t&rf;vSwmyJ/ cyfaysmhaysmhrSm
awmif t&Snfu 6 vufr/ vHk;ywfuvnf; rao;vSbl;/ pHcsdefrSDyJvdkY pdwfxJu ajymvdkuf
rdw,f/
rdk;av;&JU trlt&mawGudk MunfhjyD;awmh q&m xyfrwm;awmhbl;/ Munfh&wm
rkd;av;tysKdr[kwfbl;qkdwm odoGm;yHkyJ/
]]nnf;aumif;aumif; vkyfwwfw,fqdkawmh q&m rwm;awmhbl;}}
q&mu abmif;bDwdkav;udk cRwfcsvdkufjyD;awmh ckHrSm xkdifw,f/ olYnDav;u
wjznf;jznf; rmvmvkdufwm enf;wm r[kwfbl;/ pdwftm;oefoefeJY olY'pfudk rdk;av;
vQmzsm;eJY wdkYay;vkdufw,f/ q&mhqDuae ]]aumif;vdkufwm}} qdkjyD; tm;ay;oH Mum;&w,f/

 

140 
 
tm;wufvmwmeJY olY'pfudk iHkjyD; zwfueJ jyefxkwfvkdufw,f/ ykvif;zHk;zGifhovkd
aygufueJ toHxGufoGm;w,f/ vD;udkaxmifjyD; ao;jyGefatmufzufudk awmufavQmuf
vsufay;vdkufawmh q&mhrsufvHk;awG rSdwfoGm;wmyJ/ wpfacsmif;vHk;udk iHkay;vdkufawmh
q&mrsufjzLvefoGm;w,f/ rkd;av;vJ pdwftm;wufvmjyD; 0ifoxuf0ifatmif iHkay;vdkufrd
w,f/
csufcsif;vkdyJ q&mhvufawGu rdk;av; acgif;udk udkifjyD; zdcsvmw,f/ yxrawmh
tomav;yJ/ aemufwjznf;jznf;eJY zdtm;u rsm;rsm;vmwmjyD;awmh
]]pkyfprf; ... pkyfprf;}}
twif;udk q&mu zdxm;awmhwmyJ/ olYvD;MuD;u enf;wm r[kwfbl;/ rdk;av;tm
acgifudk axmufjyD;awmh touf&SLusyfvkdufwm t&rf;yJ/ acgif;udk ½kef;ayr,fh q&mhvufawG
u jrJvkdufwm/
]]q&m ... rvkyfeJY/ touf&SLusyfw,f}} rkd;av;&JU pum;awGu ryDoygbl;/
0l;0g;0l;yg; jzpfaew,f/ cPaeawmhrS q&mu zswfueJ vTwfvdkufawmh rdk;av;acgif;uvJ
uefwufoGm;w,f/ wHawG;awGu awmufavQmuf olYvD;MuD;ay: usoGm;wmaygh/
jrifuGif;u t&rf;yJ npfnrf;w,f/ tJ'gaMumifh pdwfawG wpftm; wufMuGvmjyD;
tm;aewJh vufwpfzufeJY rdk;av;apmufywfudk yGwfvdkufrdw,f/ aigufawmufxaewJh
taphav;udk yGwfrdvdkufwm wpfukd,fvHk; zsif;zsif;xoGm;wmyJ/ udk,fhzmomudk,f vkyf&if
tJonfavmuf wpfcgrS raumif;bl;bl;/
tJonfvkdeJY udk,fh[mudk,fyGwf&if; q&mhudk pkyfay;vdkufwm cPaeawmh q&mu
vSrf;ajymw,f/
]]udk xGufawmhr,faemf}}
]]&w,f}}
q&mhOawGudk vufeJY upm;&if; yg;pyfuawmh owdeJY pkyfay;vdkufw,f/ yef;xGuf
vmwmawGudk wpfpufrusef ,lr,fqdkwJh tMuHeJYayghav/ odyfrMumygbl;/ q&mht&nf
awGu rkd;vnfacsmif;xJ wef;0ifoGm;w,f/ tefcsifpdwfudk xdef;jyD; tomav; pkyfay;aerd
w,f/ ukefoGm;awmh q&mhudk yg;pyf [} jyvkdufrd&if; vufwpfzufu xrDudkvSefjyD;
yGwfvdkufw,f/
]]tm;}} aumif;vkdufwmuG,f/ olYt&nfawG yg;pyfxJiHk&if;eJY yGwf&wm wu,fudk
zDvifvmw,f/ rdk;wpfudk,fvHk; vIyf&Sm;jyD; t&nfawG xGufoGm;w,f/ q&mhudk bmawG
ajymvkdY ajymrdrSef;awmh rrSwfrdawmhbl;/ pdwfawG tenfxdkifoGm;awmh q&mhudk vSrf;Munfh
vkdufw,f/ q&mu xrif;pm;yGJay:rSm acgif;idkufpdkuf csxm;av&JU/
]]rdk;udk txifao;oGm;jyDvm; q&m}}
q&mhacgif;jyefarmhvmjyD;awmh ]]onfaeY apmapmjyefvdkufaemf rdk;av;}}
]]&Sif}}
aemufqHk;awmh q&mu &ufpufvkdufwm qdkwJh tawG;aMumifh rsuf&nfawG
aygufaygufaygufayguf usvmw,f/ q&muawmh ysmysmovJ/
]]bmvkdY idkwmvJuG,f}}
]]q&mu ... odyf&ufpufw,f}}

 

141 
 
]]r[kwfao;bl;avuG,f/ q&mhtoufu rif;touf 2 q&SdjyDuG/ wpfxkdifwnf;eJY
2 cg rvkyfEkdifawmhbl;/ vkyfcsif&if reufjzefaygh}}
]][if ... q&m ... q&m wu,fajymwmaemf}}
0rf;omtm;&eJY ar;rdawmh q&mu jyHK;jyD; acgif;ndwfjyw,f/
pmroifjzpfayr,fh wpfjcm;[mawG oifcJh&w,f/ pmr&ayr,fh &wJh[m &w,f
r[kwfvm;/
tJonfaeYu rdk;tdrfjyefaemufusw,f/ 'gayr,fh tdyfraysmfEdkifvdkY tdyf&mxJrSmyJ
udk,fhzmom yGwfaewm 2 cg xGufoGm;awmhrSyJ tdyfaysmfoGm;w,f/
tJonfvkdeJY tdrfrSm vlvpfwkdif; q&meJY rdk;av; rD;zkdacsmifxJ 0ifwJh
tusihf&vmw,f/ wpfygwfudk 2 cg? 3 cgavmufawmh tenf;qHk;yJ/ ykavGrIwf&if;eJY
rdk;av;uawmh udk,fhzmomvufeJY jyefyGwfjyD; tmomajzwmaygh/
]]rdk;av;EdkYav;awGu t&rf;npfvkdY aumif;wmyJuGm/ wif;aewmyJ}}
]]q&mhrdef;reJY qkd&if b,fvdkaevJ}}
]]tdkuGm ... rdk;av;uvJ tJ'gMuD;udk bmvdkY xnfhajymaewmvJ/ wjcm;pDyJ/
rdk;av;eJY bmrS rqdkifbl; odvm;}}
uav;awG ½kyf&SifoGm;Munfhwkef; xl;xl;jcm;jcm; wpfcg vkyfay;zl;wmuawmh
rdk;av; tuFsDcRwfjyD; q&mhnDav;udk rdk;&JUEdkYawGeJY vdk;ay;zl;wmyJ/ t&nfawG yef;ukefawmh
q&mhtdrfrSmyJ a&csKd;vdkuf&wmrkdY aemufwpfacguf xyfrprf;&Jawmhbl;/
ajym&OD;r,f/ tJonfaeYu vkyfjyD;cgpyJ q&mhtrsKd;orD; 0ifvmw,f/ rdk;av;
awmfawmfvefYoGm;w,f/ q&muawmh at;at;aq;aq;yJ/ MuufOazmufaomufaew,f/
rdk;av;&JU wkefaewJh 'l;awGudk rawGUatmifvkdY cyfjrefjref tdrfomxJ 0ifxkdifaevdkuf&w,f/
'gayr,fh q&mhtrsKd;orD;uawmh rdk;udk oHo, &SdyHk ray:ygbl;/ 'DaeYtxd rdk;eJY q&m
jzpfcJhMuw,fqkdwm rodbl;vdkY xifwmyJ/
tJonfvdkeJY 'DZifbm ausmif;ydwf&ufem; eD;vmw,f/ c&pfprwfjyD;&if twef;wif
pmar;yGJawG ajz&awmhr,f/ tJ'gjyD;&if rdk;eJYq&mepfuD a0;&awmhr,fqdkwm 2 a,mufvHk;
odxm;Muw,f/ q&m&,f .. 'Dvdkcsnf;yJ rodcsifa,mif aqmifjyD; aeawmhrSmvm;/ nwkdif;
nwdkif; tdyf&mxJrSm rdk;oufjyif;csrdw,f/
 

 

142 
 

c&pfprwfaeY

 

143 
 

tcef; (25)
tvkyfjzpfMujcif;
rkefYpm;qif;csdefrSm ra,mifrvnfeJY q&mu vmar;w,f/
]]rdk;av; ... reufjzef naetm;vm;}}
]]tm;ygw,f/ bmvdkYvJq&m}}
]]q&mhrdef;r bk&m;zl; oGm;r,fwJh ... uav;awGudkyg ac:oGm;vdrhfr,f/ reufjzef
aeYvnfrS jyefa&mufrSm}}
]]q&ma&m vkdufroGm;bl;vm;}}
]]q&mu tvkyfuav; enf;enf; usefao;vdkYyguGm}} udkepfuDu avoHwpfrsKd;eJY
ajzw,f/
]]tJonftvkyfu orD;ayghav}}
]]'gaygh/ rjyD;jywfao;wJh tvkyfuav;awG &Sif;&OD;r,fav/}}
cyfjrefjref qufvdkufMupdkY&JU/ nae 4 em&DavmufrSm rdk;av;wpfa,muf q&mhtdrf
udk a&mufoGm;w,f/ tJonfaeYu 0wfxm;wmu puwfrnf;av;eJY bavmuf0gEkav;/
qHyifudk pnf;xm;wJh om;a&MudK;av;awmif olYtdrfrSm usefcJhao;w,f/ atmufcHawGudk
tjzL0rf;quf 0wfoGm;wm/ ta&;tMuD;qHk;u yHkrSefvkd vkyfjzpfaewJh vufeJY atmufudk

 

144 
 
yGwfwmawmif tJonfaeY rwdkifcifnrSm rvkyfjzpfbl;/ q&muawmh xHk;pHtwkdif; &SyftuFsD
tjzLeJY ykqdk;teufa&mif 0wfxm;w,f/ 'grsKd;awGu rarhaumif;bl; r[kwfvm;/
tdrfxJa&mufvdkY wHcg;ydwfjyD;jyD;csif;yJ q&mhudk zuferf;ypfvkdufw,f/
]]rdk;av; ... q&mwdkY a&csK;dcef;xJyJ oGm;&atmifuGm/ jzpfvm; ... tdyfcef;xJrSmqkd&if
oJvGefpawG usefoGm;Edkifw,f}}
]]&ygw,f q&m&,f/ rdk;av;u b,fae&mrSmyJ ae&ae&/ q&meJYqdk&if vdkufjyD;
om;yJ}}
]][m ... ½Iyfygw,fuGm/ a[monfcHkay:rSmyJ pcef;oGm;vdkuf&atmifaemf}}
'grsKd;udk rdk;av;wdkYu ydkawmifMudKufao;/ q&mhtuFsD cRwfvdkufjyD;awmh ay:vmwJh
MuGufom;zkMuD;awGudk yGwfay;&if;uae udkufcsifvmwmeJY q&mhEkdYoD;acgif;av;awGudk zGzG
av; udkufay;vdkufrdw,f/
]]aumifrav; ynmwwfaejyD}}
q&mu nnf;&if; ykqdk;udk ajzcsvkdufawmh olYnDav;u acgif;axmifEkdifaejyDyJ/
rdk;av;vJ tomav; xkdifcsvdkufjyD;awmh q&mhudk iHkvdkufw,f/
]]tm; ... ajz;ajz;vkyfyg orD;&,f}}
olu ajz;ajz;qkdawmhvJ ajz;ajz;aygh/ EIwfcrf;awGudk tm;eJY ydwfjyD; vD;udk jyefqGJ
xkwfvdkuf/ aemufawmh vQmzsm;eJY ao;aygufwJh vrf;aMumif;wpfavQmuf yGwfqGJay;vdkuf
wm cPaewmh q&mepfuD wpfa,muf wm;,l&w,f/
]]awmfjyD ... awmfjyD ... q&m rjyD;csifao;bl;/ vm ... orD; ... 'DrSm xkdifvdkuf}}
rdk;av;&ifawG ckefvmygjyD/ tuFsDudk qGJcRwfjyD; cHkay:xdkifvdkufw,f/ q&meJY
,SOf&uf xkdifrdawmh q&mu vufvsKdjyD;awmh rdk;b&mpD,mudk cRwfypfvdkufw,f/
]]taeawmfyJaemf}}
]]tif; ... taeawmfyJ/ odyfvnf; rMuD; ... odyfvnf; rao;}}
]]aumif;vkdufwm q&m&,f/ ydkjyD; aumif;atmif vkyfay;aemf}}
rdk;r&Sufawmhygbl;/ olYacgif;udk atmufzuf wGef;ykdYvkdufw,f/ q&mu rdk;puwf
rnf;av;udk vSefvdkufjyD;awmh EdIufvdkufw,f/
]]tm; ... [d[d &TJaejyDaemf}}
zifMuGjyD; abmif;bDav;udk cRwfvdkufw,f/ jyD;awmh ab;udk rcsvdkufao;yJ q&m
u rufrufpufpuf &SLjyaejyefw,f/
]]tdk; ... npfywfw,f/ q&m&,f ypfvdkufygawmh}}
tonf;,m;vdkY rdk;atmfrdavmufatmifyJ/ ol0ifvmawmhrSmrdkY rdk;aygifawGudk tpGrf;
ukef um;ay;vdkufrdw,f/ um;jyD;awmhrS jyJum;xGufvmwJh yef;yGifhav;tpm; &Sufvkdufwm
av/ q&muvnf; cyfoGufoGufyJ rdk;aygifMum;xJ 0ifxdkifvdkY aygifawGudk xyfjzJvdkufw,f/
]]tm; ... jyJjyD ... awmfjyDavuGm}}

 

145 
 
t&nfawGeJY pdk&TJaewJh yef;yGifhav;u [jyJjyJav; jzpfaewmudk t&omcHMunfhaewJh
q&mhudkawGUawmh rdk;pdwfawG ydkvdkYaomif;usef;vmw,f/
]]q&m ... bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}}
q&mu yg;pyfuae rajzyJ acgif;udk iHkYcsvkdufw,f/
]]tm; ...}}
auseyfvGef;vkdY rdk;atmfrdw,f/ olYvQmjym;MuD;eJY rdk;yef;yGifhav;udk vsufaewmrsm;
vludk owdvpfoGm;rwwfygyJ/ cPaeawmh aigufawmuf xGufvmwJh taphav;udk olawGU
oGm;jyD; tom;ukefudk xdk;awmhw,f/
rdk;vnf; olYacgif;MuD;udk vufeJY twif;zdxm;wmaygh/ 'geJYwif tm;r&ao;vkdY
aygifeJYyg n§yfxm;rdw,f/ odyfqkd;wJhq&m/ zifatmufuae vufvsKdjyD;awmh yef;yGifhav;udk
EIdufw,fav/ yxrawmh vufnId;? jyD;awmh vufcv,f/ rdk;ausmjyifav; aumhwufvm
w,f/ taMumaygif; wpfaxmif pdrfhaeatmif aumif;ygw,f&Sif/ olYvQmu taphav;udk
wdkYay;aewkef; vufacsmif;awGeJY vkd;vdkufawmh rcHEkdifawmhbl;/
tJonfwkef;rSm olu vufolMuG,fudkyg xyfxnfhvdkufw,f/ r&awmhbl;/ rdk;av;
wpfa,muf us½IH;oGm;ygjyD/ ausauseyfeyfMuD; vufajr§mufvdkufjyD;awmh cHkpGef;udk tm;,lum
olYqDukd rdk;av;&JU yef;yGifhav; xdk;tyfvkdufw,f/ t&nfawG pdrfhxGufukefwmawmh ajymrae
ygeJYawmh/ olYyg;pyfxJvnf; 0if vufawGvnf; &TJ/ jyD;awmh Murf;jyifay:txd wawmuf
awmuf usoGm;w,f/ rdk;av;uawmh q&mvsufay;aewmudk ZdrfcHaewmaygh/
]]aumif;&JUvm; orD;}}
]]q&mu odyfawmfwmyJ/ tm;awmhemygw,f q&m&,f}}
]]tm;em&if tay:wufuG,f}}
q&mu cHkrSm xdkifay;w,f/ olY[mMuD;udk rkd;arQmfjyD; axmifudkifay;xm;w,f/
'grsKd;qkd&if rdk;av;wkdYu 2 cgac:zdkY rvdkygbl;/ puwfudk uysmu,m cRwfjyD;
olYudkcGxdkifvdkufw,f/ tomav; 'pfjrKyfoGif;jyD;awmh xdkifcsvdkufawmh tm;vm;vm; ...
emw,f/
]]jznf;jznf;orD;/ jznf;jznf;/ q&mhykcHk;udk vSrf;udkifvdkuf}}
oluusawmh rdk;av;zifawGudk ukdifw,f/ jyD;awmh EkdYawGudkvnf;pdkYw,f/ wef;vef;
MuD; jzpfaewmrdkY tHMudwf&if; enf;enf;pD ESJYoGif;vdkuf&awmhw,f/ emvdkufwm&Sif/ t&rf;em
wmawmhvJ r[kwfjyefbl;/ b,fvkdajym&ygh/ wif;wmayghaemf/ wif;usyfaewm/
]]jznf;jznf; orD; ... jznf;jznf;}}
[Gef; ... oluawmh ajymEkdifwmaygh/ odyfZdrfawGUaew,f/ nDav;a&m? tpfudkMuD;
a&m? 2 a,mufvHk; tvkyf&aewmudk;/ ajym&if;qkd&if;uae EdkYawGudk iHkjyD;awmh pkyfaejyefjyD/
]]q&m&,f ... b,fvkd vkyfaewmvJ}}
odyfoabmusoGm;yHkeJY w[m;[m; &,fjyD;awmh q&mu EdkYoD;acgif;awGudk
vufacsmif;eJY zspfn§pfvdkufwmrdkY rdk;av;wpfudk,fvHk; zsif;ueJ aeatmif wkefoGm;rdw,f/
apmuf&nfawGvnf; trsm;MuD; pdrfhxGufvmawmhw,f/ atmufuae ZdrfcHaewJh olYudk Munfh
r&awmhwmeJY cg;udkMuGjyD;awmh aqmifhcsypfvdkufw,f/ uJ[,f ... uJ[,f ... rSwfyvm;/
aumif;vdkufwmaemf/

 

146 
 
aqmifhcsvdkufwdkif; apmufaphudk wpfckcku vmuvdaewmeJY iHkYMunfhvkdufawmh
q&mhvufr jzpfaew,f/
]]t&rf; tusifhykwfw,fuGm}}
]]MudKufw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]r&awmhbl;/ rdk; xGufjyD}}
ajym&if;qdk&if;eJYyJ pdrfhueJ usifueJ jzpfoGm;jyD;awmh rdk;jyD;oGm;w,f/ wpfudk,fvHk;
EkH;csdjyD;awmh aysmhusoGm;wJh rdk;av;udk q&mu ayGUjyD;awmh
]]aumifrav; b,fvdk jzpfoGm;wmygvdrhf}}
]]r&awmhbl; q&m/ 'l;awG acsmifukefjyD}}
rdk;udk q&mu ayGUjyD;awmh cHkay:vSJcsvkdufw,f/ rdk;zifudkawmh vuf&rf;ay:rSm
wifxm;awmh vlu auG;auG;aumufaumufeJY tawmfav; ae&cufwmaygh/
]]r&bl;q&m/ cg;emw,f/ tm; ...]]
aemufqHk;u ]tm;} qdkwmuawmh q&mu twif;aqmifhxnfhvdkufvdkY rdk;atmfvdkuf
wJh toHyg/
]]q&m odyf&ufpufw,f/ tD;[D;[D; ... emvdkufwm}}
rdk;½kef;ayr,fh r&ygbl;/ vlu edrfhavQmMuD; jzpfaejyD;awmh vufukdifp&muvnf;
tvG,fwul r&Ekdifbl;av/ tJonftcsdefrSm oluawmh tay:uae pD;jyD; twif;udk aqmifh
aeawmhw,f/ O 2 vHk;u rdk;zifudk tm;eJY vm½dkufaewmudkawmif xifxif&Sm;&Sm; rSwfrdae
ao;w,f/
'geJYwif tm;r&ao;bl; xifw,f/ rdk;&JU ajc 2 acsmif;udk ajr§mufvdkufjyefw,f/
jyD;awmh qufjyD;awmh vkd;jyefw,f/
]]rif; cHcsifaewm igodygw,f/ emw,fvkdY jiif;raeeJY/ aumif;w,fr[kwfvm;/
ajymprf;}}
]][kwfw,f ... aumif;w,f/ bmjzpfvJ/ vkyfprf;yg q&m&,f/ aumif;vdkufwm}}
]]eifawmfawmf xefaeygvm;/ eifhtaygufxJudk jynfhoGm;atmif igyef;xnfhay;
r,f/ ryleJY}}
]]yef;vkdufprf;yg/ jynfhatmifxnfhay;prf;yg/ uRefrapmufywfudk jynfhoGm;atmif
v&nfawG yef;xnfhvdkufprf;yg}}
tJonfpum;Mum;awmh q&mepfuDwpfa,muf rxdef;Ekdifawmhbl;/ csufcsif;vdkvdkyJ
rdk;av; apmufywfudk tm;ukefaqmifh&if; t&nfawG xGufoGm;awmhw,f/ tm;yg;yg; ...
aumif;vkdufwm&Sif/ apmufywfwpfckvHk; ylxljyD;awmh jyD;csifoGm;wmeJY rdk;av;vJ vufeJY
udk,fhzmom yGwfvdkuf&if; aemufwpfcgxyf jyD;} ypfvkdufw,f/
tjyD;csif;qHk tm;awGukefjyD;awmh 2 a,mufvHk; xyfvsufom; Zdrf,laerdw,f/
tckrS owd&w,f/ 2 a,mufvHk;vJ acR;awG &TJaejyD/
]]xOD;uG,f/ onfrSm vlvJ acGacgufaejyD}}

 

147 
 
]]cPaeyg&apOD;uGm}}
]]olYudk,fMuD;eJY olrsm;udk zdxm;vdkufwm ... Munfh ... ajymavuJavygvm;}}
q&mu rdk;av; EdkYoD;acgif;udk acsaejyefw,f/ vufeJY ykwfxkwf&if; a&csKd;cef;oGm;
zdkY vl;vJxvdkufawmh t&nfawG pD;usvmwm enf;wm r[kwfbl;/ olYMurf;jyif ayrSmpkd;vdkY
atmufcHabmif;bDeJY cyfjrefjref okwfypfvdkufjyD;awmh a&csKd;cef;udk ajy;awmh q&mu &,f
w,f/
[Gef; ... rkef;zdkY aumif;wJhvlMuD;/ tcktcsdef olYrdef;r jyefa&mufvmygapawmf/
&,fEkdifOD;rvm; Munfhcsifyg&JU/
aemufESpf rdk;av; udk;wef;wufawmh udkepfuDeJY odyfrawGU jzpfawmhbl;aygh/
'gawmifrS ausmif;awGjyefzGifhvdkY wpfvausmfMumawmh tdrftjyefvrf;rSm qHkjzpfw,f/
]]rdk;av; pmvkdufEkdif&JUvm;}} olrsm;awG Mum;atmif olu cyfus,fus,f ar;vkduf
w,f/ jyD;awmhrS avoHwkd;wdk;eJY ]]rif; tm;ao;&if at;at;aq;aq; awGU&atmif}}
]]&w,fq&m/ tckvm;}}
]]tckawmh rvkyfeJYOD;av/ at;aq;rSaygh}}

 

148 
 

2 vMumaomtcg ...
onfwpfcgawmh q&meJY ausmif;pmMunfhwkdufxJrSm awGUw,f/ rdk;av;taemufu
ae wdwfwdwfav; uyfvmjyD;awmh olYnDav;udk twif;yJ zduyfxm;&if;uae
]]q&mhudk arhoGm;jyDvm; rdk;av;}}
rdk;av; vSnfhrMunfhyJ ajzvdkufw,f/ ]]b,farhrvJ q&m&,f/ q&ma&m ... rdk;av;
udk cspfao;&JUvm;}}
]]cspfwmaygh/ 'gayr,fh rif;u twef;wufoGm;awmh cGusw,fuG/ pmoifr,fqdk
jyD;awmh q&mhtdrfudkvnf; ac:vkdYr&awmhbl;/}}
]]reufjzefrSm um,avhusifhcef; tcsdef&Sdw,fav/ wpfausmif;vHk; abmvHk;uGif;xJ
a&mufaerSmyJ/ tJonftcsdef q&mhtcef; tm;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]rjzpfao;bl;av/ ausmif;csdefxJrSm vkyf&if b,fjzpfrvJ/ rawmf vlrdoGm;vdkY 2
a,mufpvHk; ausmif;xGufae&yghr,f}}
]]tJ'gqdk&if ausmif;qif;awmh vkyfr,fuGm/ q&m rjyefyJeJY aemufcsefjyD;
apmifhaeacs/ rdk;vmcJhr,f}}
olYtajzudk rapmifhawmhyJ rdk;xGufvmcJhw,f/ ausmif;oleJY q&meJY ausmif;0if;xJrSm
vdk;MuzkdYqdkwm tEÅ&m,f trsm;MuD; &Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh tJonfvkd cdk;pm;&r,fh opfoD;&JU
t&omudk awG;rd½kHeJY oGm;&nf,kdrdw,f/ tJav ... apmuf&nf,kdrdw,f/
aemufwpfaeYrSmawmh MudKwifpDpOfxm;wJhtwdkif; ausmif;qif;csdefrSm aemufqHk;rS
tcef;xJuxGuf/ tdrfomxJrSm 15 rdepf0ifatmif;ae/ jyD;awmhrS ra,mifrvnfeJY q&mhtcef;
qD oGm;vdkufwmaygh/
cef;qD;awG tukefydwf/ rD;awG tukefydwf/ wHcg;udk csufcsvkdufjyD;wmeJY q&mu
rdk;av;udk twif;zuferf;awmhwmyJ/
]]tckrS tuJydkaew,f/ oGm;}}
oGm;vdkY ajymvdkufayr,fh rkd;av; yg;pyfuawmh q&mhudk tm;eJY jyefjyD; pkyfay;vdkuf
w,f/ rdk;av;&JU vQmudk olYyg;pyfxJ a&mufatmif q&mu tm;eJY pkyf,lvdkufjyD;awmh pdwfyg
vufyg erf;vdkufjyD;rS
]]rdk;av; ... cyfjrefjrefyJ vkyf&atmifuGm/ tajctaeu b,fvdkrSef; rodbl;}}
rdk;av;eJY q&m pdwful;csif; wloGm;jyefjyD/ ausmif;pdrf; xrDudk cyfokwfokwf cRwf
jyD; olYa&SUrSm xkdifcsvdkufw,f/ onfuaeYtwGuf jyifqifwJhtaeeJY atmufcHabmif;bDudk
0wfrvmcJhbl;av/
q&mhnDav;udk rIwfay;vdkufw,f/ rdk;t&rf;,m;aejyDrdkY olYvD;udk tmacgifxJ
a&mufvkeD;yg; pkyfcsay;vkdufawmh q&mepfuD aumhwufoGm;w,f/ OawGudk udkifMunhfvdkuf
awmh wif;aewmyJ/ oljyD;awmhr,f xifyg&JU/ oHk;aewJh tm;awGudk avQmhvdkufw,f/
]]pkyfyguG/ bmvkdY &yfvdkufwmvJ}}
]]r&bl;/ rdk;auseyfatmif vkyfay;jyD;rS xGuf&r,f/ 'gyJ}}
rdk;vufuav;eJY q&mhudk ua&mfua&mf vkyfjyvdkufjyD; pmMunfhpm;yGJudk rSDvdkY
ukef;ay;vdkufw,f/

 

149 
 
]]'Dtcef;xJrSmawmh rjzpfbl;xifw,f}}
]]rjzpf&if q&monftwkdif;yJ aecJhawmh ... rdk;jyefr,f}}
tJonfpum;ukd Mum;vdkufawmh q&mhudk,fvHk; qwfueJ jzpfoGm;jyD;awmh
]]rif;u odyftvdk;cHcsif aew,fayghav/ aumif;jyD/ aemufrS aemifwr&eJY}}
q&mu rdk;taemufuae uyfvmjyD;awmh rkd;&JU vuf 2 zufudk olYvufeJY zrf;csKyf
jyD; olY[mMuD;udk rdk;aygifMum;xJ awhvkdufw,f/ usefwJh vufwpfzufu rdk;wifyg;awGudk
jzef;ueJ ½dkufcsvdkufjyefw,f/
olY½kdufcsufaMumihf eD&JvmwJh wifyg;udk *½krpkduftm;ygbl;/ t&nfawG cRJusdaejyD
jzpfwJh acgif;aygufav;udk jyJoxuf jyJatmif ajcaxmufawGudk csJvdkufjyD; cg;udk ukef;ay;
vdkufrdw,f/ q&mepfuDu roGif;ao;bl;&Sifh/ pm;yGJay:u aywHudk,ljyD;awmh rdk;zifudk
cyfzGzGav; ½dkufjyefw,f/ zif0rSm zsif;ueJ jzpfoGm;wmaMumifh rdk;atmfvdkufrdw,f/
]],m;vSygjyD q&m&,f/ rdk;udk oem;yg}}
]]eifawmfawmf &Gaew,fayghav/ [kwfvm;/ b,fhES,f zifudk ½dkufwm ,m;&w,f
vdkY/ aumif;jyD/ tckt,m;aysmufap&r,f}}
tm; ... oGif;jyD/ oGif;jyD/ cyfMurf;Murf; xkd;oGif;vkdufwmaMumifh rdk;wpfa,muf
pm;yGJay:udk arSmufusoGm;w,f/ zrf;ueJ olYOawGu rdk;taphav;udk vm½dkufw,f/ zsif;ueJ
t&omu wpfudk,fvHk;ukd ysHUoGm;w,f/
]]tm; ... xGufjyD}} csufcsif;vdkvdkyJ rdk;jyD;oGm;w,f/ apmifhpm;cJh&wm Mumaygh/
wpfygwfvHk;vHk; nwkdif;nwkdif; taphav;udk jyD;wJhtxd ryGwfyJeJY csefcsefxm;wm 'DaeYawmh
wefoGm;ygjyD/ t&nfawGu pD;usvdkufwm aygifMum;xJuae aygifvHk;ay:a&muf?
aemufqHk;awmh Murf;jyifay:txd a&mufoGm;yga&mvm;/
cHvkdYaumif;aumif;eJY rdk;n§yfqGJypfvdkufwmaMumifh olvJ odyfMumMum rcHEkdifygbl;/
i½kwfqHkaxmif;ovdk twif;aqmifhjyD;awmh yef;xGufoGm;ygawmhw,f/ rwfwwf&yfvsufrdkY
ylaEG;aewJh t&nfawGu aygifwpfavQmuf pD;usoGm;wmudk t&omcH&if; cPrSdef;aerdw,f/

tdrftjyefvrf;rSm zifusdef;aewmudk owdxm;rdw,f...

 

150 
 

ESpfopf r*Fvm

 

151 
 

tcef; (26)
tcspfESpfopf

yxrqHk; ausmif;zGifh&ufrsm;onf
aysmf&TifzG,f twdjzpfygonf/
xdktxJwGifrS cspfaomoludk
awGUjrif&jcif;onf aysmfp&m taumif;qHk;
jzpfygawmh\/

]]vSvdkufwm oifZm&,f}}
]]eifuvJ ... ighudkawGUvdkuf&if 'gyJ ajymaewmyJ}} t&rf;udk auseyfaeonfh avoH
jzifh oifZmu ajymonf/
]]eifhvdk ewforD;av;udk ydkifqkdif&wm tdyfrufvkdygyJ[m/ ighudk,fig r,HkEkdif
atmifyJ}}
uRefawmfhaygifukd oifZmu qGJqdwfvdkufonfrdkY uRefawmfvefYzsyfum tm;ueJ
atmfvdkufrdonf/ oifZmu wcpfcpf &,f&if;
]]tdyfruf r[kwfygbl;[}}

 

152 
 
qdwfí odyfaumif;aeonfxifh/ aemufwpfcsuf qdwfjyefonf/ yxrxuf ydkjyD;
tm;ygvmojzifh jidrfcHraeEkdifawmhyJ olYvufukd uRefawmf zrf;csKyfxm;vdkufjyD; rmefvdkuf
onf/
]]eif ... vmrpeJYaemf/ ighaumifEdk;oGm;&if rvG,fbl;rSwf}}
oifZmu qwfqwfxdrcHyg/ ]]vmav/ vmprf;yg ... igu eifhudk aMumuf&rSm
vm;/ ... a0;ao;w,f}}
uRefawmfwdkY vdyfcJwnf;vnf; jzpfaepOfrSmyif armifMuD;ESifh rdk;av;wkdY a&mufvm
onf/
]]... rr&JU armifav; ...}}
armifMuD;udk vSrf;pvkdufjyD;aemuf rdk;av;tm; oifZmu ]]eif 'DaeY odyfvSwmyJ}}
]]w½kwfeJY 0kdif;pka&m ra&mufvmao;bl;vm;}}
]][ifhtif; ... igwkdYrawGUrdao;bl;}}
]][dkzufem;rSm igawGUcJhw,f/ cPae&if a&mufvmr,feJY wlw,f}}
]]oZifu b,foleJYwGJaejyefyvJ}}
]]rodbl;[/ aumifru ajcykef;ckwfaew,f/ oMuFefjyD;uwnf;u ighqD zkef;rquf
bl;}}
]]oluawmh acgifawGudkrS wGJrSmaemf}}
]]yxrqHk;aeYMuD;udk ausmif;wuf&wm ysif;vdkufwmaemf}}
uRefawmfu pum;ac:vdkufonf/ ]]'gqdk vlpkjyD; ightdrfoGm;r,fav}}
]]aumif;om;yJ/ cPae&if oGm;Mu&atmif/ ... 'geJY pum;rpyf yyu olYbJ
ta[mif;MuD;eJY jyefcsdwfrdoGm;jyDwJh}}
]]a[ ... yyeJY 0wfrIefeJYu tcspfawmfawGr[kwfvm;}}
]]igMum;rdwmawmh 0wfrIefu cGmwmwJh}}
armifMuD;zufvSnfhjyD; uRefawmfu ar;vdkufonf/ ]]oMuFefwkef;u igrvmjzpfwJh
aeYawGrSm tqifajy&JUvm;/}}
armifMuD;u acgif;cgjy&if; ]]rajyygbl;Asm/ udka[mhrodao;bl;vm;}}
]]bm ... b,fvkd ...}}
]]tMuwfaeY reufapmapmMuD;udk rdk;av;MuD;a':u tdrfjyefa&mufvmw,fAsm/
tJonfawmh uRefawmfwdkUtm;vHk; wHcg;0uyJ jyefMu&awmhwmaygh}}
]][m; [m; ... aumif;uGm ... 'gqkd&if ... 'gqdk&if ...}} uRefawmfu toHukd
ESdrhfvkdufjyD; ]]rif;eJY rdk;av;eJY at;at;aq;aq; rESyfjzpfao;bl;aygh}}
armifMuD;u aqmifhMuD;atmifhMuD;jzifh ]]'gayghAsm}}
]]'gqdk ightdrfa&muf&if ightdyfcef;udk rif;wkdY 2 a,mufoHk;ayawmh}}

 

153 
 
oifZmu em;pGefem;zsm; Mum;oGm;jyD; ]][dkvlMuD; bmawG ajymaewmvJ}}
]]aMomf ... bmrS r[kwfygbl;/ eifa&m ightdrfvdkufvnfrvm; oifZm}}
uRefawmfhpum; t"dyÜg,faMumifh oifZmu rsufESmeDoGm;aomfvnf; yg;pyfuawmh
]]at; .. vdkufr,fav}}
]]yyeJY 0wfrIef rvdkufEkdifwm emwmyJuGm}}
ESajrmwopGmjzifh uRefawmfajymvdkufawmh oifZmu ]]eifuawmhav/ rvG,fbl;/
wu,fhESmbl;/ }}
]]'gayr,fh udpör&Sdygbl;/ w½kwfeJY 0dkif;pk vdkufr,fxifw,f}}
]]udk,fh[mudk,f aocsmaevdkufwmaemf}}
cPaeawmh oifZmESifh rdk;av;wkdYu t0wftpm;awG taMumif;ajym? uRefawmfESifh
armifMuD;u *drf;taMumif; pum;pyfrdoGm;onfwGif pum;0kdif;av; 2 jcrf;uGJoGm;onf/
armifMuD;u toHudk ESdrfhí ]]b,fvkdvJ udka[mh ... roifZmeJY tqifajyvm;]]
]]tif; ajyygw,f/ 'gayr,hf igwkdYvnf; oMuFefjyD;rS rawGUjzpfao;bl;uG/ tckeu
rif;wdkY 2 a,mufukd vTwfay;r,f ajymwm taumif;r[kwfbl;/ rkd;av;oGm;rS oifZmeJY igeJY
at;at;aq;aq; ESyf&rSm}}
xdkpOfwGif w½kwfav;eJY 0dkif;pkwdkY a&mufvmonf/ olwkdYu a&mufa&mufcsif;yif
0HhMuGm;aom yHkpHjzifh
]]oZif bJ&oGm;jyDwJh}}
]][kwfvm; ... b,folwJhvJ}}
]]aZmfOD;}}
]]igrMum;zl;bl;}} oifZmu ajymvkdufonf/
uRefawmfu *kPf,lpGmjzifh ajzvdkuf\/ ]]igMum;zl;w,f/ igwkdY wpfESpfausmfuav/
tcspf&Gmu emrnfMuD; pma&;q&m r[kwfvm;}}
oifZmu 0kdif;pkudk ar;vdkuf\/ ]]eifb,fuMum;vmvJ}}
]]'gawmh rajymEkdifbl;/ trnfrazmfvdkaom owif;&yfuGufuaygh}}
]]aumv[mvawGyg/ rjzpfEdkifbl;}}
]]r,Hk&if apmifhMunfhaygh}}
]]at; ... Munfhr,f}}
ajymp&m pum;p jywfoGm;jyD;aemuf twefMumawmh w½kwfu pum;pjyefonf/
]]eifwkdY 3 a,mufvHk; vSw,f/ 'gayr,fh 0dkif;pkuawmh tvSqHk;yJ}}
]]bmajymw,f}} rdk;av;ESifh oifZmu w½kwfudk pmtkyfrsm;ESifh 0dkif;½dkufMuonf/

 

154 
 
qlnHyGufavm ½dkufaeonfh tkyfpkMum;rS jzwfjyD; cyfvSrf;vSrf;u acsmifav; wpf
acsmifrSm ukyfaeaom yyudk vSrf;jrifvdkuf &onfwGif uRefawmfu tHhMopGmjzifh ajymvdkufrd
onf/
]][kdrSm yyyguvm;/ wpfa,mufwnf; a*gufaew,f/ eifwkdYajymawmh olYbJ
ta[mif;MuD;eJY jyefcsdwfaejyDqdk}}
]]cPaeOD; ... jyL;rMunhfeJYav/ tomav; rsufpda'gifhuyfjyD;awmhMunfh ...}}
rdk;av;u q&mrMuD; 0ifvkyfonf/
]]bmrS rsufpda'gifhuyfraeeJY/ 'grsKd;u awmhuDyGm;&rSm}} ajymajymqkdqdkjzifh oifZmu
xGufoGm;onf/ cPaeawmh olwkdY 2 a,muf uRefawmfwkdY0dkif;xJ jyefa&mufvmonf/
rdk;av;u ar;vkdufonf/ ]]wpfa,mufwnf;vm;/ 0wfrIefa&m}}
]]0wfrIef 'DaeU ausmif;rvmbl;wJh}}
]]aMomf ... [kwfvm;/ 'geJY eifpD;vmwJh zdeyfav; odyfvSwmyJaemf}}
]]tJ'gu [dkwpfa,muf vufaqmifay;wmav}}
]][,f/ w,f[kwfygvm;/ b,fwpfa,mufvJa[h}}
yyu wHkYqkdif;qkdif;jzifh ]]... udka&T½dk;}}
]]eifwkdY jyefqufrdwmaygh/ 0rf;omygw,f[m/ 'geJY eihfMunfh&wm 0rf;rom
ovdkyJ}}
]]rqufrdao;ygbl;av/ igeJY 0wfrIefu odyfcifwmqdkawmh ... }}
oifZmu cyfoGufoGuf 0ifajymonf/
]]tJ'gqkd&if 'Dvdkvkyf/ igwkdY'DaeY ausmif;aeY0ufvpfjyD; a[mha&mhtdrfrSm oGm;uJr
vdkY/ eifh0wfrIefudk ac:vdkufav}}
]]wu,fvm;/ at; ... rqkd;bl;uG}}
vlcsif;uyfaeojzifh uRefawmfhvufu yyaygifudk rawmfwq oGm;xdrdonf/
]]oifZm eifhvludk eifMunfhxdef;}} yyu jyHK;jyD; ajymvdkufum oifZmESifh ae&m a&TU
xkdifonf/ uRefawmftawmfav; wif;oGm;onf/ tdrfa&muf&if awGUr,f[k pdwfxJrS aw;um
oifZmqGJqdwfwmudk atmifhcHvkduf&\/
cPaeawmh a&T½dk; a&mufvmonf/ a&T½dk;qkdwJh emrnfaMumifh wkdufyHkMuD;0wfjyD;
awmh ykqkd;Murf; 0wfr,fvkdYawmh rxifvdkufygeJY/ levi-501 eJY Dr.Martin 0wfyg
w,f/ (tuFsDuawmh bm0wfcdkif;&if aumif;rvJ/ [m ½Iyfygw,f/ bmrS 0wfraeeJYawmh/
ausmajymifeJYyJae/)
]]b,fvkdvJa[h/ igawmh aemufusoGm;w,f}}
]]tvkyfrsm;aevdkYvm;}}
]][kwfw,f/ tazu qkdufwpfckudk oGm;Munfhcdkif;aewmeJY}}
]]bmqkdufvJAs}}

 

155 
 
]]aqmufvufpwkdufyg ... oHacsmif;wkdY tkwfwkdY pm&if;vkyf&wmayghuGm}}
]]atmf ... odjyD/ 'gqkd&if udka&Tu uefx½dkufwmMuD;aygh/ Munhfprf;ygOD;/ olYAv
MuD;awGu t,faewmyJ}}
rdk;av;u cyf&Twf&Twf ajymvkdufonfwGif a&T½dk; rsufESmMuD;eDum yyzufvSnfhoGm;
onf/ vl½dk;MuD;ygvm;aemf/ olYabmf'Duawmh wu,fMuD;onf/ 6 ay0ef;usif&Sdrnf/ vl
aumifMuD;aomfvnf; pum;enf;onf/
ol\rdk;udk xdef;onfhtaejzifh armifMuD;u ]]ukda&TeJY rywkdY jyefjyD; tqifajyoGm;
w,fqdkwmudk Mum;w,fAs/ b,fvkdrsm; jyefcsdwfvdkufovJ ... vkyfprf;ygOD;}}
a&T½dk; rsufESmMuD; rnf;oGm;um ]]igwkdY tqifrajyygbl;uG ... ausmif;vmtyfwJhaeY
u igjyefcsOf;uyfayr,fh yyu ighudk jiif;w,fav}}
uRefawmf aocsmjyefpOf;pm;Munfhonf/ [kwfygonf/ ua&TESifh jyefcsdwfaejyD[k yy
rajymcJhyg/ olajymcJhwmu zdeyf&,f? 0wfrIefu pdwfqkd;rvm; qkdwm&,fyJ jzpfonf/
]]wDwDwD}} aumif;cef;a&muf aepOfwGif rdk;av;\ zkef;av;u jrnfvmonf/
]]oZif eifb,frSmwkef; ... [Jh ... eifbmawG jzpfaewmvJ/ ridkeJYav}}
]]bmawG jzpfaewmwkef;}} oifZmu ar;vdkufonf/ rdk;av;u vufumjy&if;
zkef;cGufxJodkY atmfonf/ ]]bmyJjzpfjzpf ... vmcJhav/ usefwmudk eifpdwfylp&m rvdkygbl;/
vmomvmcJh/ 'grSr[kwf igwkdY vmcJh&rvm; ... b,frSmwkef; ... [kwfjyD/ tckvmcJhr,f/ 5
rdepf twGif; a&mufr,f}}
zkef;csvdkufjyD;aemuf rdk;av;u xkdif&mrS xum um;qDavQmufoGm;ojzihf uRefawmf
wkdYvJ uysmu,m vkdufMu&\/ um;ay:a&mufawmh rdk;av;u cyfwnfwnf nnf;onf/
]]jywfjyefjyDwJhawmfa&U/ aumif;Muao;&JUvm;/ tJ'gaygh/ vlMuD;awGudk rwkdifyifyJ
olwkdYzmom vkyfcsifwmvkyfMu/ jyóem jzpfawmhrS taru,fyg/ tbu,fygeJYjzpf/
rvG,fygbl;}}
]]oZifuawmh jzpfvdkuf&if tonf;toefyJ}}
]]tckvnf; idkMuD;csufreJY/ ar;vkdufawmh or®w½kHa&SUrSmwJh}}
]]cPaeygOD;/ tckeu 0dkif;pkajymvkdufwJh oZifhbJu b,fol ...}} oifZmu
ar;vkdufawmh 0dkif;pku cyfoGufoGufyif ]]ukdaZmfOD;wJh/ ightpfudk&JU oli,fcsif;av}}
]]b,folyJjzpfjzpf ... oZifhudk tJonfvkdMuD; rvkyfoifhygbl;}}
][kwfy/ ig;aMumfrS rEIduf&if aMumifrdkufaygh} uRefawmfu pdwfxJrS axmufcHvkduf
onf/
rdk;av;uawmh um;armif;&if;uae ]]igwkdY oZifhudk pdwfaysmfatmif xm;ay;&r,f
uG ... a[mha&mhtdrfudk ac:oGm;&r,f/ 'gayr,fh igwkdYu twGJudk,fpDeJY jzpfjyD;awmh oZifu
wpfa,mufwnf; jzpfae&if raumif;jyefbl;}}
uRefawmfu tMuHwpfck &jyD; atmfvdkufonf/
]]a&T½dk;MuD; &SdwmyJ/ udka&T jiif;raeeJYawmh ... oMuFefrwkdifcifu oZifhudk rEÅav;
txd vdkufusLr,fvdkY bD,mqkdifrSm ajymzl;w,f}}

 

156 
 

tcef; (27)
4 + 7 = 11
a&T½dk; rsufESmMuD; eDoGm;onf/ yyudk vSrf;Munfh\/
yyuawmh odyfrwkefvIyfyg/ ]]'gqkd&if igu wpfa,mufwnf; jzpfaerSmaygh}}
oifZmu zkef;av;udk xkwf&if; yyMum;csifaeaom tajzudk ay;vkdufonf/
]]0wfrIefudk 0ifac:vkdufr,fav}}
a&T½dk;u tckrS pum;oH xGufvmonf/ ]]cPaeygOD;/ oZifhoabmudkvnf; apmifh
MunfhMuygOD;}}
oifZmu &,f&if; ]]jzpfygw,f ukda&T½dk;&JU/ oZifu axmifaxmifarmif;armif; Av
awmifhawmifhqkd&if odyfoabmuswm/ [,f ... igbmawG ajymaerdygvdrhf}}
oifZmhpum;udk t"dyÜg,faumuf&if; a&T½dk;wpfa,muf tlvnfcsmvnf vdkufaepOf
rSmyif rdk;av;\ atmfoHu [def;xGufoGm;onf/
]][kdrSmawGUjyD}}
rsufcGHav;awG rodrom rdkYaeaom oZifhudk a&T½dk;ab;wGif xkdifapjyD; uRefawmfhtdrf
odkY csDwufcJhMuonf/ vrf;rSm uRefawmfu pum;pESifh\/
]]oZif ... eifaysmfatmif igwdkY pDrHxm;w,f}}
]]bmvJ}}

 

157 
 
]]a,mufsm;wpfa,muf &Smay;xm;w,f}}
]]awmfyg/ a,mufsm;awGrsm; aMumufvGef;vkdY/ pdwfemw,f/ wu,f}}
]]eifhtay:rSm a,mufsm;wpfa,mufu opömazmufoGm;wdkif; a,mufsm;tm;vHk;udk
pdwfremeJYav/ tckigwkdY ajymaewJh aumifuvnf; tcspfa&;rSm tqifrajyxm;wJh tonf;
uGJorm;yJ/}}
]]b,folwkef;}}
]]eifhab;rSm xdkifaew,f}}
]]trav; ... 'gMuD;vm;}}
]]eifu MuD;avMudKufavqkd oZif&JU}} oifZmu p} onf/
]]eifhbkd;at MuD;avMudKuf ... awmfyg[m/ igtckavmavmq,f aomufcsifw,f/
eifwkdYb,foGm;aewmvJ[if}}
]]aomufp&m&r,f ryleJY}} uRefawmfu tmrcHvdkufonfwGif oZifjidrfoGm;\/
cPaeawmh 0wfrIeftdrfa&SU a&mufvmonf/ yyu qif;oGm;jyD; cPaeawmh
olYcsnf; jyefxGufvm\/
]]0wfrIefu cifav;EG,feJY ½kyf&SifoGm;rvdkY csdef;xm;w,fwJh}}
]]a[}} uRefawmfu oifZmhzuf vSnfh&if; ajz&Sif;csuf ay;vkdufonf/ ]]wkdufqkdifwm
aemf/ igbmrS rvkyfbl;}}
(oifZmhudk uRefawmfh aemufaMumif;awG tukefvHk; ajymjyxm;ygonf/)
oifZmu rsufESmwnfwnfjzifh um;ay:rS qif;jyD; 0wfrIeftdrfxJ 0ifoGm;onf/
cPaeawmh jyefxGufvmonf/ oifZmhaemufrSm 0wfrIefa&m cifav;yg ygvmonf/
uRefawmhfudk awGUawmh cifav;u at;at;aq;aq;yJ EIwfqufygonf/ um;ay:
a&mufawmh tjyeftvSef EIwfqufjyD;aemuf cifav;u ajymonf/
]]a&SUu bwfpum; rSwfwkdifrSm &yfay;aemf}}
oifZmu ]]aocsm&JUvm;/ eifwpfa,mufwnf; ysif;aeOD;r,f/ igwkdYeJY vdkufcJh
yg[m}}
oifZmhudk cifav;u tHhMoovdk Munhfum ]]&ygw,f}} vdkY qdkonf/
]]wpfa,mufwnf; aMumifaerSm pdk;vdkYvm;/ rjzpfap&bl;/ vkdufcJhprf;yg/}}
w½kwfuvnf; bkrod? brodjzifh 0ifaomonf/ ]]vlrsm;av aumif;avyJuG}}
0kdif;pkuawmh bmawG awG;rdonfrod/ ]]awmfawmf npfpkwfwJh aumif}} [k ajymjyD;
w½kwfausmukef;udk bkef;ueJ xkawmh\/
,ckqkdvQif uRefawmf+oifZm? w½kwf+0kdif;pk? armifMuD;+rdk;av;? yy+0wfrIef jyD;
awmhoZif/ onf 9 a,mufuawmh usdef;aoayguf em;vnfrI&oGm;jyD/ usefaom 2 a,muf
uawmh rajymwwf/

 

158 
 
cifav;u wGefYqkwfpGmjzifh ]]ysif;wmawmh trSefyJ/ igtdrfrSm raecsifbl;/ 'gayr,fh
eifwkdYMum;xJrSmvnf; ½Iyfovdk rjzpfcsifbl;}}
oifZmu t&,fwpf0ufjzifh ]]&ygw,f[/ wu,fajymwmyg}}
cifav;uvnf; &,fvdkufjyD;awmh ]]'gqdk&if vkyfvkdufav/ Mumovm;vdkY}}
wpfum;vHk; &,fvkdufMuonf/ uRefawmfuawmh a&T½dk;zufvSnfhum ]]b,fvdkvJ/
rif;a&m oZifhudk tazmfvkyfay;rvm;}}
oZifu 0ifajzonf/ ]]vkyfay;r,fwJh}}
a&T½dk;u ]]'gqkd&if ightdrfudk zkef;qufvdkuf OD;r,fuGm ... rif;wdkY b,favmufMum
rvJ}}
uRefawmfu vufumjyvdkufjyD; awG;awG;qqjzifh ajymvdkufonf/
]]cPaeOD;/ igtdrfa&muf&if bmvkyfMurvJqdkwm rif;wdkYodw,faemf ... rod&if
ajym}}
oifZmu ]][kwfw,f .. [kwfw,f/ cifav;odjyD;yvm;}}
cifav;ESifh a&T½dk;\ rsufESmay:wGif rouFmaom t&dyfta,mifrsm; ay:vm\/
]]'gqkd&if igwkdYMum;xm;wm rSefaejyD xifw,f}}
]]ajymMunfhav}}
]]oMuFef tusaeYu ... eifwdkY ... rdk;av;tdrfrSm ...}}
]]tdkau .. &jyD/ tck a[monfum;ay:rSm &SdaewJh vlawGxJrSm cifav;eJY a&T½dk;u
vGJjyD; usefwJhvlawGu udk,fhvla[mif;awGcsnf;yJ/ 'gaMumifh vlopf 2 a,mufudk &Sif;jyae&
wm/ awmfawmfMumrS om;u 'gawG em;rvnfbl; jzpfaer,f/ uJ ... a&T½dk; ... b,fhES,fhvJ/}}
cifav;u tvefYwMum;atmfonf/ ]]eifajymovkdqkd&if ... tJ .. tJonf aumv
[mvawGu trSefaygh/ igjzifh ,Hkawmif r,Hkbl;[,f}}
oZifhem;em; uyfum a&T½dk;u ar;onf/ ]]oZif ... ighudk vufcHr,fqkdwm ... w
... wu,fvm;[if}}
]]eifua&m ighudk MudKuf&JUvm; ...}} yyudk rodrom rsufapmif;xkd;jyjyD; oZifu
qufajymonf/
]]eifhtwdwfZmwfaMumif;awGudk igrodcsifbl;/ 'gayr,fh a&SUa&Smufeifhpdwfudk eifEkdif
ovm;}}
a&T½dk;u oZifhvufuav;udk zrf;qkyfum uwday;onf/ ]]Ekdifygw,f[m/ igeifhudk
odyfcspfw,f}}
w½kwfu cyfoGufoGuf 0ifajymonf/ ]]tkdau ... &jyD ... cifav;tvSnfh/ ...
cifav; ... vdkufrvm;/ aecJhrvm;}}
cifav;uawmh tlaMumifaMumifjzifh uRefawmfhudk vSnfhMunfhonf/
uRefawmfuawmh oifZmhudk vSnfhar;onf/ ]]oifZm ... eifhoabmua&m ...}}

 

159 
 
oifZmu wcpfcpf&,f&if; ]]cifav;u odyfvSw,f/ tJonfawmh eifeJY cifav;udk
2 a,mufwnf; vTwfxm;vdkY rjzpfbl; ...}}
cifav;rsufESm wif;oGm;jyD;aemuf ]]&ygw,f/ igem;vnfygw,f ...}}
oifZmu vufumjyjyD; olYpum;ukd tqHk;owfvkdufonf/ ]]... tJonfawmh
igvnf; ygr,f/ 3 a,mufjyL;aygh[m}}
cifav;rsufvHk;awG jyL;xGufvmonf/ ]]eif ... eifwdkYu ...}}
yyu 0ifajymonf/ ]]igeJY 0wfrIefu wpfwGJqdkwm rarheJYaemf}}
a&T½dk;u ]]bmawGvJ[m/ rdef;rcsif;vJ csrf;om ray;bl;vm;}}
w½kwfu 0ifaomonf/ ]]rylygeJY a&T½dk;&,f/ igwdkYuawmh a,mufsm;csif; rvkyfyg
bl;/ pdwfcsyg}}
rkd;av;u ]]eifwdkY aocsmvkdYvm;}}
'DwpfcgwGifawmh a,mufsm;av; 4 a,mufvHk; oHjydKifjyefajzvdkufrdMuonf/
]]aocsmygw,f}}
um;xJ&Sd vlukef [uf[ufyufyufudk &,frdMuawmh\/
cifav;u wGefYqkwfpGmjzifh ajzonf/
]]igaMumufw,f[m/ tkyfpkvkdufMuD;qkd&if ig ... ig ... rawG;&Jbl;/ eif ... eifwkdY
... ightdrfudkyJ jyefydkYay;ygvm;}}
]]pdwfcsyg/ eifrvkyfcsif&if igwkdYu twif;rvkyfygbl;}} oifZmu qGJaqmifonf/
rdk;av;uawmh jcdrf;acsmufovdkvdk? twnfvkdvdkjzifh ]]... wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/ eifu
twif;vkyfwmrS MudKuf&ifawmh wpfrsKd;ayghav}}
aygufwwfu&awG avQmufajymvdkufawmh cifav; jidrfusoGm;onf/ um;ay:u
qif;r,f rajymawmh/ onfvkdeJY uRefawmfhtdrfudk a&mufvmonf/ tazu onfuaeY tvkyf
oGm;aeonfrdkY naerS jyefa&mufrnf jzpfonf/ em&Dudk Munfhvkdufawmh 11 em&Dxdk;cgeD;yJ
&Sdao;onfrdkY uRefawmfu a&cJaowåmudk zGifhjyD; atbDpDpawmufawGudk xkwfvdkuf\/
xrif;usef? [if;usefrsm;jzifh pm;aomufjyD;aemufwGif oifZmu vkyfief;pawmhonf/
]]aumifrav;awG tukefvHk; vmcJh}}
w½kwfuawmh 0kdif;pkudk qGJxm;&if; ar;onf/ ]]bmawG jzpfaewmvJ}}
oifZmu ]]cPae&if awGU&rSmaygh/ vmcJh 0dkif;pk}}
0dkif;pku vGwfaeaom vufjzifh w½kwfAdkufacgufukd qGJvdrfjyD; vufudk ½kef;xGuf
oGm;onf/
w½kwfu uRefawmfhudk vSnfhar;jyefonf/ ]]a[mha&mh ... bmawG jzpfaewmvJ}}
uRefawmfu atbDpDwpfAl; urf;ay;vdkufjyD;awmh ]]igvnf; rodbl;/ 'gayr,fh
oifZmu 'grsKd;awGrSm tpDtrH odyfaumif;w,fuG/ olYwkdYrdef;uav;csif; El;ESyfwmu
ydkaumif;w,f/ rif;bmrS pdwfryleJY/ vm ... atbDpD csvkduf ... cGeftm;jzdK;armuf atbDpD
pawmuf}}

 

160 
 
w½kwfuawmh yg;pyfukd rydwfEkdifao;yg/
oifZm&,f ...}}

]][muGm/ igr,HkEkdifavmufatmifyJ/

a&T½dk;MuD;u rsufpdaemufvmjyD; 0ifajym\/ ]]rif;uyJ ajym&w,f &Sdao;w,f/ cke
u ua[mhajymawmh rif;eJY 0dkif;pku wpfcgMuHKzl; jyD;om;qdk}}
uRefawmfhukd vufnId;xdk;um w½kwfu ajz&Sif;onf/ ]]igwkdY 2 a,mufeJY olwkdY 2
a,mufxJyg}}
uRefawmfu jznfhay;vkdufonf/ ]]... eef;qkeJY prmuvm ygao;w,fav}}
armifMuD;xHrS tmar#dwfoH xGufvmonf/ ]]eef;qk ... [kwfvm;/ [mAsm/ oajrm
p&mMuD;/ 'geJY prmuvmqkdwm b,folvJ[if}}
]]rif;u tcspf&GmxJrS rvmwm b,fodrvJ/ 'gayr,fh tckawmh aemufusoGm;jyD/
olu &GmxJuae xGufoGm;jyDuG/ ajc&mvuf&mav;awGawmh usefcJhw,f/ Munfhcsif&if vmcJh
av}}
a&T½dk;MuD;u pdwf0ifpm;vmjyD;aemuf oem;p&m awmif;qdk&Smonf/ ]]ighudk aoao
csmcsm ajymjyprf;yguGm}}
onfwGif w½kwfu tmaygiftm&if; oefoefjzifh olESifh 0dkif;pk qifETJcJhaom
taMumif;rsm;udk twkdcsKH; ajymjyonf/ w½kwfajymjyD;awmh armifMuD;u oMuFeftMudKaeY
taMumif; &Sif;jyjyefonf/ uRefawmfuawmh O,smOfrSL;MuD; pwkdifjzifh tomav; jyHK;Munfh
aevdkufonf/
]][kwfygjyD/ igoabmaygufjyD/ 'gayr,fh rif;wkdY ajymaewJhtxJrSm igem;rvnf
wmwpfck &Sdw,f/ 'gawG&JU tpu b,folvJ/ uJ ... a[mha&mh ajzprf;ygOD;}}
uJ ... y&dowfu awmif;qdkvmjyD qdkawmhvJ &Sif;jy&ayraygh/
]]tpuawmh oifZm? rdk;av;? oZifyJuG/ olwkdY 3 a,mufcsnf;yJ rMumcP awGU
Muw,fwJh/ yxrawmh ½dk;½dk;jzpfrSmaygh/ aemufawmh &nf;pm;&SdwJh vlawGu olwkdY&nf;pm;
awGeJY aewJhtaMumif;awGudk ajymjyMu/ tacGawG ,lvmjyD;awmh zGifhMunhfMu/ tJonfuae
wpfqifhwufawmh ... [J[J ... bmawGjzpfukefvJudk awG;omMunfhvkdufayawmh}}
]]awmuf ... uifr&mav;,lvm&if taumif;om;uGm}}
]]r&bl;Asm/ igar;jyD;jyD/ apmfav;awGu uifr&mudkawmh aMumufw,f/ txl;
ojzihf rdk;av;aygh/ wpfcgaozl; ysOfzkd;em;vnfwJh}}
a&T½dk;u tm;r&ao;yJ uRefawmfhudk xyfar;onf/ ]]tif; ... [kwfygjyD/ tJonfxJ
udkrif;u b,fvkda&mufvmovJ}}
]]&efjzpfjyD; aemufwpfaeYrSm igeJY oifZmeJY tqifajyoGm;wmav/ aemufwpfaeYrSm
ighudk cifw,fqdkjyD;awmh oifZmwkdY 3 a,mufu vmac:w,f}}
]]3 ... 3 a,mufvHk;u ... [kwfvm;}} armifMuD;u MudwfrEkdifcJr& avoHjzifh
0ifajymonf/
]]ppcsif;rSmawmh olwkdYu igeJY ESyfzkdY &nf&G,fyHk r&ygbl;/ 'gayr,fh aomufjyD;awmh
enf;enf; rl;vmawmh igvnf; vGwfoGm;w,fuGm}}
w½kwfuawmh ]]&efjzpfwm w,faumif;yguvm;/ igvnf; &efjzpfOD;rS}}

 

161 
 
a&T½dk;uvnf; ]]ighvnf; ac:uGm/ rif;yHkpHeJYqkd&if &efyGJtjyD;rSm rif;wpfa,mufwnf;
ukwifay: a&mufoGm;vdrfhr,f/ 0dkif;pk&SdwJh ukwifawmh r[kwfbl;/ aq;½kHay:u ukwifav}}
armifMuD;uawmh uRefawmfajymwmawG em;axmifjyD; oGm;&nfwjrm;jrm; usum
]]MumvkdufwmAsm/ roifZmuvJ bmawGvkyfaeygvdrfh}}
uRefawmfuawmh at;at;aq;aq;yif/ ]][ ... ighvl&/ jznf;jznf;aygh[/ igwkdY 4
a,mufudk olwkdY 7 a,mufu a0pkcGJ&wm vG,fr,f xifvdkYvm;/ jyD;awmh b,foljyD;awmh
b,folqkdwm tpDtpOf vkyf&OD;rSm ... [J[J ... combinations and sequences
ayghuGm/}}

 

162 
 

combinations and sequences

 

163 
 

tcef; (28)
tcspfopf? tcspfa[mif;
armifMuD;u ]]a0;}} ueJ atmfonf/ uRefawmfhpum;udk rMum;vkdufaom w½kwfu
vSrf;ar;onf/ ]bmawGvJuG}}
armifMuD;u cyfwnfwnfjzifh ]]bmrS r[kwfygbl;Asm/ uRefawmfysif;vkdY atmfwm
yg/}}
w½kwfu uRefawmfhzuf tvSnfhvkdufwGif taemufzufrS oifZmtoHav;udk Mum;
vdkuf&\/
]]ysif;aeMuyvm;}}
oifZmhudk vSrf;Munfhrdvkdufaom uRefawmfonf [oGm;aom yg;pyfukd tawmfESifh
jyefrydwfEdkifyg/ qHyifawGudk zm;vsm;csjyD; uydku½dkjzifh vSaeaom oifZmhaMumifh uRefawmfh
udk,fay:rS axmifp&m&SdwmawG tukefaxmifvmawmh\/
w½kwfu uRefawmfhausmudk vSrf;ykwf&if; ]]aomuf&rf; uHaumif;wJhaumif}}
uRefawmfuvnf; t"dyÜg,fygygjzihf jyefajzvdkufonf/ ]]onfaeYawmh rif;wkdY
tm;vHk;vJ uHaumif;jyDvdkY rSwfvdkufuGm}}
a&T½dk;uawmh ]]tdyfrufrsm; rufaeovm;/ 'grSr[kwf ewfjynfrsm; a&mufaeo
vm;/}}

 

164 
 
oifZmu wcpfcpf &,fum ]]uJ ... tckjyifqifxm;wm ajymjyr,f/ MudKufwJh
tcef;udk 0ifEkdifw,f/ jcGif;csufuawmh b,fbuf 'kwd,ajrmuf tcef;xJrSm rkd;av;&Sdw,f/
armifMuD;udk apmifhaew,f/ oabmaygufw,faemf}}
armifMuD;u oGufvufpGmyif xkdtcef;odkY wef;wef;rwfrwf 0ifoGm;onf/
a&T½kd;uvnf; vSrf;ar;onf/ ]]oZifu b,frSmwkef;}}
]]nmbuf 'kwd,ajrmuf}}
w½kwfuawmh olY0dkif;xkav;/ ]]0dkif;pka&m}}
oifZmu teD;qHk; tcef;udk vufnId;xdk;jyonf/ w½kwfu wHcg;udk qGJzGifhvkdufjyD;
aemuf ]][m;}} ueJ atmfum ajy;0ifoGm;onf/ wHcg;udk ydwfzkdYawmif owdr&awmh/ bmawG
rsm;awGUvdkufvJawmh rodacs/ wHcg;udk oifZmu csufcsif; jyefydwfvdkuf\/
]]eifa&m ... b,foleJY wGJcsifovJ}}
]]eifeJYwGJcsifw,f}}
oifZmhudk uRefawmfh&ifcGifxJ qGJoGif;vkdufjyD; yg;av;udk arT;&if; ajymvkdufawmh
oifZmu auseyfpGm jyHK;vkdufjyD; ]]eifvdkcsif&if igu tcsdefra&G; &aewmyJ[m}}
]]eifhudkig tcspfqHk;yg[m/ ,Hkprf;yg}}
]]cRJraeygeJY/ a&csKd;cef;xJoGm;/ yyeJY 0wfrIefeJY &Sdw,f/ igwkdYvJ a&mufvmrSmyJ/ ...
avmavmq,fawmh cifav;qD igoGm;vkdufr,f/ r[kwf&if olwpfa,mufwnf; aMumif
awmifawmif jzpfaeOD;r,f}}
]]eifjzpf&JUvm; ... aocsmvm;}}
]]&ygw,f}}
]]igeJYeifeJY cifav;qD oGm;r,fqdk&ifa&m}}
]]jzpfyghrvm;[/ cifav;u eifeJY jzpfzl;w,f qkdayr,fh tckvkd 3 a,mufwGJuawmh
olvufcHEkdifyghrvm;}}
oifZmu cPem;vdkufjyD;awmh nnf;nnf;nLnLav; qufajymonf/ ]]... cufae
wmu ... eifudkvnf; oleJY 2 a,mufwnf; vTwfrxm;&Jbl;}}
]]ighudk r,Hkbl;vm; ... eifcGifhray;&if igb,folYudkrS pdwfrul;ygbl;[m}}
]]vHk;0ukd r,Hkbl; ... eifb,favmuf ESmbl;xw,fqdkwm rod&ifcufr,f}}
uRefawmf pdwfrxdef;Edkifawmh/ cspfpzG,f EIwfcrf;av; pljyD; ajymaeaom oifZmhudk
zuferf;ypfvkdufonf/ terf;awG &yfpJoGm;awmh oifZmhavoH ajymif;oGm;ygjyD/
]]vmuGm/ 3 a,mufjyL;yJ vkyfMur,f}}
tcef;wHcg;udk zGifhvkdufawmh cifav;ukd jywif;aygufem;rSm awGU&\/ tjyifzufudk
vSrf;Munfhaeonf/ uRefawmfwdkY 0ifoGm;awmh cifav;u pdwfvIyf&Sm; aeonfhyHkpHjzifh vufxJ
rS wpf&SL;av;udk vSnfhaeonf/ uRefawmfhpdwfawG twdwfudk jyefa&mufoGm;onf/
]]... raMumufeJYaemf/ rembl;/ em&ifajym/ csufcsif; &yfvkdufr,f ...}}

 

165 
 
]]... a&mh wpf&SL;udkifxm; ...}}
xdkpOfrSm oifZmhtoHukd Mum;vdkufawmh uRefawmhfpdwfawG rsufarSmufacwfudk jyef
a&mufvmonf/
]]cifav;eJY a[mha&mh pum;ajymaeMuOD;aemf/ igcsufcsif; jyefvmr,f}}
cifav;u uysmu,mjzifh ]][m ... rjzpfbl;av/ eifaerSjzpfrSm ...}}
]]wpfrdepf ... wpfrdepf ... igcsufcsif; jyefvmr,f}}
oifZmhudk uRefawmf em;rvnfawmh/ tckeuawmh uRefawmhfudk pdwfrcsbl;vkdY
wzGzG ajymaeonf/ ,ckawmh wpfrsKd; ajymif;oGm;jyef\/ uRefawmfuvnf; pdwful;ayguf
oGm;onf/ oifZmhxuf t&ifOD;atmif tjyifodkY vSrf;vkdufjyD;
]]cPaecJhMu/ atbDpDawG igoGm;,lvkdufr,f/}} atbDpD\ tiftm;udk uRefawmf
,Hkonf/
tcef;tjyif xGufvkdufonfESifh toHawGudk Mum;&awmhonf/
]]jyD;&ifvmr,f/ jyD;&if ightvSnfh/ cPapmifhOD;a[h}} qkdaom r@mefudk &Gwfzwf&if;
atbDpDudk tajy;tvTm;,lum tcef;odkY jyefvmcJhonf/ jznf;jznf;avQmufygu Mum;xJrS
tcef;wpfcef;cef;xJ a&mufoGm;rSmukd pdk;&drfaomaMumifh ajy;&jcif; jzpfygonf/
uRefawmfjyef0ifoGm;awmh oifZmESifh cifav;wdkY avay;ajzmifhaeavjyD/ cifav;udk
oifZmu qGJaqmifae\/
]]eif rdef;uav;csif; tcspfawmf xm;zl;vm;[if}}
]][ifhtif;}}
]]'geJY pum;rpyf cifav; EIwfcrf;av;awGu odyfvSwmyJaemf/ a[mha&mh .. eifa&m
rMudKufbl;vm;}}
bD,mbl; 2 bl;udk urf;ay;vdkuf&if; uRefawmfu 0efcHvdkufonf/ ]]MudKufwmaygh}}
oifZmu bD,mwpfiHk aomufvdkufjyD;awmh olYEIwfcrf;awGudk vQmeJY vsufaeonf/
cifav;u aocsmMunfhjyD; ]]oifZm ... eifhEIwfcrf;awGvJ vSygw,f[/ ighxufawmif vSao;
w,f}}
aemufxyf wpfiHk iHkvdkufjyD;aemuf oifZmu xvm\/ ]]vmprf; ... Munfh&atmif}}
cifav;u wkefwkef,if,if jzpfae&Sm\/ olYvufxJrS bD,mbl; vGwfusoGm;rSm
pdk;&drfojzifh uRefawmfuyJ vSrf;,lvdkufonf/ oifZmuawmh cifav;yg;udk erf;vkduf\/
jyD;awmh EIwfcrf;csif; awhvdkufonf/ jyD;awmh olwdkY 2 a,muf\ vufarmif;rsm;onf
wpfa,mufukd wpfa,muf ayGUzufrdoGm;jyD; tm;&yg;& pkyf,lvdkuf\/
pdwfrxdef;Ekdifawmhyg/ nDav;udk xdyfykwfum uRefawmf upm;aevdkufonf/
uRefawmfhudk ausmay;xm;aom oifZmu rjrifaomfvnf; cifav;u jrifonf/
]][m}}
cifav;\ yg;pyfyGifh[ oGm;onfwGif oifZmhvQmu zswfueJ 0ifoGm;onf/ olwkdY
udk Munfh&wm t&rf;udk wufMuGzG,f aumif;vSay\/ vQmcsif;uvdaeMujyD; cPaeawmh
vlcsif;uGJoGm;aomtcg cifav;u uRefawmfhudk rsufvHk;av; jyL;Munfhonf/

 

166 
 
]]olYudk vdkcsifvm;}} oifZmu ar;vdkufonf/
cifav;u acgif;ndwfjyawmh oifZmu wcpfcpf &,f&if; uRefawmfhudk vSrf;ajym
onf/ ]]bD,mukefoGm;jyD/ oGm;,lacs/ eifjyefvmwJhtcg cifav;udk &aphr,f}}
]]&w,f/ igoGm;,lay;r,f}}
uRefawmfu oGufvufpGm xvdkufjyD; tcef;wHcg;udk qGJzGifh&if; oifZmhudk vSrf;ajym
vkduf\/
]]'gayr,fh wpfckawmh &Sdw,f/ igjyefvm&if cifav;udk,fay:u t0wfawGudk
ajymifatmif cRwfay;xm;&r,f}}
cifav;rsufESmav; eD&JoGm;onf/ oifZmuawmh wcpfcpf &,f&if; cifav;udk
ukwifay:wGef;vSJvdkufonf/ ]]&w,f/ b,folydkjrefovJ Munfh&atmif}}
rD;zdkxJodkY uRefawmf 'kef;pdkif;ajy;um a&cJaowåmxJrS bD,m 3 bl;xkwfjyD; tcef;
xJ jyef0ifvmawmh oifZmESifh cifav;rSm udk,fwHk;vHk;ESifh rdarG;wkdif;? zarG;wkdif; jzpfaeavjyD/
bD,mbl;awGudk vSrf;ay;&if; uRefawmfhykqdk;udk cRwfcsvdkuf\/ uRefawmfhrsufvHk;rsm;uawmh
cifav;\ vHk;uspfaeaom zifav;qDrSm uyfaeawmhonf/ cifav;\ aygufpDESifh aygifrkefY
rsm;rSm oifZmhavmuf rxGm;aomfvnf; olYtxGmESifholawmh pGJrufp&myif/ uRefawmf wyfruf
rdaeqJygay/
cifav;uvJ uRefawmfhnDav;udk rsufawmifrcwf Munhfaeonf/ oifZmu &,f
&if; vSrf;ajymonf/ ]]eifuvnf; rjrifbl;wm usaewmyJ}}
]]rjrif&wm tawmfMumjyD[/ ... ighpdwfxif ydkMuD;vmovm;vkdY}}
oifZmu at;at;aq;aq;yif ]]prf;Munfhvkdufav}}
]][D; [D; ... igaMumufw,f[/ a[mha&mhudkawmh r[kwfygbl;/ 'gayr,fh oleJY
usefwJh 3 a,mufaygif;vkduf&ifawmh rvG,fbl;/ tif; ... onfuaeY bmawG jzpfaeygvdrhf
... oifZm ... ighwpfoufrSm a,mufsm; 2 a,mufeJYyJ awGUzl;wm[}}
]]'grsm; tqef;vkdufvdkY/ igvnf; a[mha&mhrwkdifcifu a,mufsm; wpfa,mufeJYyJ
tdyfzl;w,f/ uJ ... eifawGUzl;wJh 2 a,mufukd EIdif;,SOfcsuf xkwfMunfhygOD;}}
]]wpfa,mufuawmh ay;qyfcsifwm rsm;w,f/ a[mha&mhaygh/ olYt&nfawGudk ay;
r,fqkdwmyJ/ awGUwmeJY zspfzdkY? n§pfzdkY? oGif;zdkYavmufyJ pOf;pm;aewmyJ/ aemufwpfa,muf
uawmh &,lcsifpdwfrsm;w,f/ oleJYqkd&if bm*smeJY ykavGyJ/ at;at;aq;aq; orm;aygh}}
]]r[kwf&ygbl;[m ... igvnf; &,lwwfygw,f[}}
ukefoGm;aom bD,mbl;udk tcef;axmifhxJ ypfvkdufjyD; uRefawmfhudk oifZmu
ajym\/
]]eifu cifav;udk ay;qyfvdkuf/ igu eifhudk ay;qyfr,f ... b,fvdkvJ}}
oifZmhvkdyif cifav;uvnf; olYbD,mbl;udk ypfvdkufum ]]tdkau ... ightvSnfhjyD;
&if eifhtvSnfhaygh/ igu ay;qyfr,f/ eifu &,lvdkuf ... cpf cpf}}
uRefawmfu Mum;xJuae zdk;MudKif;'kwfjzpfum ukwifqD avQmufoGm;awmh rdef;
uav; 2 a,mufu qif;ay;onf/ wpfa,muftdyf ukwifav;ay: wufum uRefawmfu
vSJay;vdkufawmh oifZmu rIwfay;onf/ cifav;u ukwifajc&if;rS Munfhaeonf/

 

167 
 
]]cifav; ... eifvnf; wufav[m/ r[kwf&if b,fvkdvkyf &,lrvJ}}
]]b,fem;rSm ae&rvJ}}
raeomaom uRefawmfuyJ ajymvdkufonf/ ]]ighrsufESmay:ukd xkdifvkduf ...}}
]]eifaemf ... r[kwfu [kwfuawG wwfaew,f}} cifav;u ajym&if; ukwifay:
wufvmonf/ oifZmESifh rsufESmcsif;qkdif xdkifvdkuf\/ iHkYMunfhaeaom cifav;rsufESm
av;udk plxGufvmaom zif0av;ESifh twlwl jrifae&onfrSm t&omxl;vSyg\/ oifZmhyg;
pyfxJrS uRefawmfhnDav;rSm tarmufaxmif½kHru jrif;½dkif;wpfaumifvdk ½kef;xaeavjyD/
cifav;\ nDrav; eD;uyfvmonfwGif vQmudk tqHk;pGefxkwfum qD;MudKvdkuf
onf/
]]tarh}} cifav;u a,mif,rf;um zifudk jyefMuGonf/ 'gayr,fh csufcsif;vkdvkdyif
jyefzdcsvdkufjyefonf/ av&SLayguf ydwfjyD; aoroGm;atmif uRefawmf MudK;pm;&ayawmhrnf/

 

168 
 

tcef; (29)
2 a,muf 1 a,muf
]]tm; yg; yg;}} cifav;u xGefYxGefYvl;um uRefawmfhrsufESmay: zdxdkifcsawmhonf/
olYtaphudk uRefawmfhESmacgif;ESifh Mudwfae&m uRefawmfhrSm touf&SLusyfvmawmh\/ av&SL
rnf MuHvkduf? apmufarT;awGu ESmacgif;xJ a&mufvmvdkuf jzpfae&m aemufqHk;wGifawmh
vufjzifh yifhwifjyD; toufudk renf;&SL&onf/ csufcsif;yif cifav;u wtDtDnnf;&if;
jyefzdcsonf/ vQmjzihf vsufay;vdkufawmhrS jidrfoGm;onf/
aemufwpfcg touf&SL&mwGifawmh uRefawmfu vufnId;vufcv,fudk olYt
aygufxJ xnfhxm;jyD;rS olYudk rwifvdkufonf/ jyD;wmeJY toufudk [m;ueJ &SLjyD; atmifh
xm;um vQmzsm;jzifh cifav;taphav;udk tjywfuvdvdkuf\/
]]tm; ... ig ... xGuf ...}} cifav;taygufxJrS t&nfawG pD;xGufvmjyD;
uRefawmfhrsufESmay:udk cifav;u xdkifcsvdkufawmh\/
]]cifav;&,f ... eifhudk MunfhjyD; igraeEkdifawmhbl;/ ... cGifhvTwfaemf/ yxrawmh
igeifhudk OD;pm;ay;rvdkYygyJ/ tckawmh ... igraeEkdifawmhbl;[m}}
csufcsif;vdkvdkyif uRefawmfhnDav;acgif;udk El;nHhaEG;axG;aom t&mwpfcku vmxd
awGU\/ uRefawmf jyHK;vdkufonf/ b,folrSawmh jrifrSm r[kwfyg/ uRefawmfhrsufESmu
cifav;zifatmufrSm ydjym;aeonf r[kwfygvm;/ rjrif&ayr,fh tawGUaMumifh uRefawmfod
vdkufonf/ oifZmu uRefawmfhudk wufcGaeavjyD/ oifZmonf El;nHhjyD; vwfqwfaom
aumifrav;yif/
cifav;\ taygufxJodkY uRefawmfhvQmudk xdk;xnfhay;vdkufonf/ tm;ueJ atmf
&if; cifav;u a&SUodkY [yfxkd;vJusoGm;onf/ uRefawmfvnf; aerif;MuD;udk jyefjrifvkduf&
\/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfhacgif;u raecJhyg/ cifav;aemufodkY vdkufoGm;ygonf/ qkwfcGmoGm;

 

169 
 
aom &efoludk jyD;jywfonftxd acsrIef;ypfvkdufonf/ oifZmhpum;oHawGudk ryDro Mum;ae
&onf/
]]ryleJY/ igzrf;xm;w,f/ eifhudk igzrf;udkifxm;w,f/ atmufu aumifu t&rf;
tusifhykwfwm/ em;csdefawmif ray;bl;/}}
csufcsif;vdkvdkyif cifav;u uRefawmfhrsufESmay: jyefa&mufvmonf/ oifZmhudk
cifav;u armoHav;jzifh ar;onf/
]]eifeJY qkd&ifaum tckvdkyJvm;}}
]][kwfw,f/ a[mha&mhu rIwfjyDqkd&if 2 cgqufwkdufjyD;atmif rIwfwm}}
]]awmuf ... olYudk igjzwfvkdufrdwm emw,fuGm/ oifZm ... eifhukd igremvdk
awmhbl;uGm}}
atmufrS uRefawmfu tom;ukef vsufaeaomfvnf; 'kwd,tacgufrkdY cifav;u
odyfrvG,fawmhyg/
]]cifav; ... igrGef;vmjyD/ enf;enf;MuGygOD;}} uRefawmf ajymvdkufonfudk oifZmu
Mum;oGm;onfwGif cifav;udk qGJum erf;vdkufonf/ cPaeawmh oifZmhtoHudk Mum;&
jyefonf/
]]tm; ... aumif;vkdufwm[,f/ acsay;prf;yg/ [kwfjyD}} oifZmhEdkYawGudk cifav;u
pkyfay;aejyDxifh/ toHawGudk em;axmif&if; cefYrSef;&onf/
uRefawmfuawmh vufwpfzufudk rdk;ay:arQmfum xdk;ae&if;uae pdwfawG wufMuG
vmjyD; cifav;\ plwlwlzifav;udk vsufvdkufonf/
]]tm; ... npfywfw,f}} cifav;u atmfawmh oifZmu ar;onf/ ]]bmawG
npfywfaewmvJ}}
]]atmufrSm ighzifukd vsufaew,fav}}
]]MudKufw,fr[kwfvm;}}
]]MudKufwmaygh/ MudKufwwfatmif b,fol oifay;ovJ odvm;/ tck ighzifatmuf
uvlyJ}}
]]vufpowfawmh 'Daumif taemufbkd;awmf jzpfaewm eifhaMumifhudk; ... w&m;cH
awGYjyD}} oifZmu &,f&,farmarm ajymvdkuf&if;uae toHawG wdk;oGm;um ]]ig ... igr&
awmhbl;}}
cifav;u tHMudwfoHav;ESifh ]]xGufawmhrvm;/ vmprf; ...}}
aemufwpfcPtMumwGifawmh oifZm\ tljrL;pGm &,foHESifhtwl uRefawmfh qD;pyf
em;wGif vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;udk cHpm;&\/ vufpowfawmh oifZmhtaphudk cifav;u yGwfaejcif;
ygvm;/
]]cifav;&,f ... tm; ... eifb,fuae 'gawG wwfaeovJ ajymprf;ygOD;/ tm; ...
aumif;vkdufwm}}
]]ightvSnfhus&ifvnf; eifvkyfay;&r,faemf}}
]]vkyfay;r,f/ pdwfryleJY/ tm; ... jrefjrefav; ...}}

 

170 
 
cifav;u oifZmhudk ay;qyfaeonfxuf rnHh&avatmif uRefawmfuvnf;
cifav;udk ay;qyfaeygonf/ vufnId;udk aemufayguf? vufcv,fudk a&SUaygufjzifh
cifav;\ 2 aygufvHk;udk jznfhqnf;ay;vdkufjyD; vQmjzifholYtaphav;udk orvdkufonf/
cifav;u nnf;nL&if; zifav;udk ½IHUonf/
'guawmh cifav;wpfa,muf jyD;csifvmjyDqdkaom tcsufjyrD;yif/ uRefawmfu
vuf 2 acsmif;udk t&if;txdxdk;xnfhum vdk;ay;vkduf&if; taphav;udk yg;pyfjzifh pkyfay;
vdkuf&m cifav;wpfa,muf aemufwpfacguf jyD;jyefawmh\/ cifav;okufrsm;jzifh uRefawmf
rsufESmopf ae&csdefrSmyif oifZmuvnf; wGefYvdrfaumufauG;&if; uRefawmfhnDav;udk
olYt&nfawGeJY a&csKd;ay;onf/
cPaeawmh wpfa,mufukd wpfa,muf zufxm;&if; rdef;uav; 2 a,mufu
uRefawmfhab;rSm vSJcsvdkufMu\/ uRefawmfhtvSnfha&mufjyDaygh/ nDav;u tckrS tp&Sdao;
onf/
arSmufvsuf tdyfaeaom cifav;ay:wufjyD; olYzifMum;xJ xkd;xnfhvdkufonf/
aygifawGudk aphxm;onfrdkY rw&m;usyfaeonf/ b,fvdkrS r0ifEdkifacs/ cifav;u zifudk
MuGay;awmhrS nDav;&JU acgif;0ifoGm;onf/ vl&if;awGrdkY aqmifhxnfhvkdufawmh cifav;
cg;aumhoGm;um
]]emw,f[Jh}}
cifav;ausmjyifudk vufjzifh oyfay;&if; oifZmu ]]jynfhusyfroGm;bl;vm;}}
]]tm; ... usyfvkdufwm[,f}}
]]'DvD;udk rcHzl;wmusvdkY ...}}
]]rcHwm MumjyD[ ... ½kwfw&ufMuD; xkd;xnfhvdkufawmh emwmaygh}}
oifZmu vQmav;udk xkwfum cifav;udk jrLqG,fjyefonf/ odyfrMumvdkufyg/
cifav; tqifajyoGm;yg\/ oifZmESifh vQmcsif; uvd&if; uRefawmfcswmudk cHae&ojzifh
cifav;crsm MumMumrawmifhxm;Ekdifyg/ olr\ wwd,ajrmuf awmifxdyfukd rMumrwif
a&mufoGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfu t&if;txd aqmihfxnfhjyD; qD;pyf 2 ckudk zduyfay;xm;
vkdufonf/ 'grsKd;udk cifav;tMudKufaygh/ wqwfqwf wkefaeaom cifav;\ taygufav;
rSm xl;uJvSonfrdkY udk,fwkdif jyD;roGm;tmif renf;tHMudwfcH&onf/
uRefawmfbmvdkY atmifhxm;ovJudk tm;vHk;yif cefYrSef;rdMurnf xifygonf/
cifav;\ aemufaygufudk 2 cgom wG,fpD;zl;onf/ tck 3 cgajrmuf wG,fpD;&ef uRefawmf
awmihfwrdygonf/
rmefwufqJ nDav;udk a&SUaygufxJrS qGJxkwfvdkufonfudk awGUaomtcg oifZm
u oufjyif;cs&if; cifav;udk ajymonf/
]]aemufaygufqdk&ifa&m eiftqifajyrvm;}}
]]tJonfaumifu rvG,fbl;/ ... rvkyfygeJY[m/ zifuGJoGm;&if vlMum;raumif;
ygbl;}}
cifav;em;&GufawGudk vQmjzifh vsufay;ae&if; oifZmu wkd;wdk;av; ajymonf/
]]olYvD;MuD;u t&rf;wkwfwm ... &Snfvnf; &Snfw,f/ ... eifhzifxJrSmqkd&if t&rf;
udk ... t&rf;ukd usyfrSmyJ/ emvnf; emr,f ... odvm; ... 'gayr,fh ... 'gayr,fh ... t&rf;ukd
aumif;w,f[m ... eifrcHEdkif&ifajym/ igcHr,f odvm;}}

 

171 
 
uRefawmfuvnf; tmrcHay;vdkufonf/ ]]cifav;em&ifajym[m/ igcsufcsif; jyef
xkwfay;r,f/ uwd}}
]]jznf;jznf;vkyfaemf/ aemufjyD;awmh igatmfwmeJY jyefxkwfay;&r,f}}
]]at; ... [kwfjyD}}
uRefawmfu csufcsif; roGif;ao;yg/ arSmufay;xm;aom cifav; cg;atmufudk
acgif;tkH; 2 vHk;xnfhvdkufonf/ jyD;awmh olYzifxJudk vufwpfacsmif;? jyD;awmh aemufwpf
acsmif;/ vQmjzifhvnf; zif0udk vsufay;vkdufao;onf/
cifav;rSm xGefYxGefYvl;aeygjyD/ oifZmu auseyfpGm Munfh&if; ]]eihf&nf;pm;a[mif;
u ighvufxJrSm rysufpD;ygbl;aemf/ b,fvdkaevJ}}
cifav;crsm bmpum;rS jyefrajymEkdif&Smawmh/ oifZmu uRefawmhfudk rsufpypfjy
onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; tomav;xum aemufaygufodkY awhvdkufawmh\/
tm;ESifh zdoGif;vdkufawmh 'pfuawmh 0ifoGm;onf/ odkYaywnfh cifav;zifu
csufcsif;½IHUoGm;vkdufonfrSm xyfxkd;oGif;vdkY r&awmhavmufatmifyif/
]]r&bl;/ emw,f .. xkwfvdkuf ... xkwfvdkuf}} cifav;u pl;pl;0g;0g; atmfonf/
uRefawmf &yfapmifhaeonf/ xkd;xnfhvdkY rjzpf/ cifav;udk aemufaygufwG,fpD;cJh
aom aemufqHk;tacgufu þtajctaewGif twif;xdk;xnfhvdkuf&m cifav;\ zifvnf;jyJ?
uRefawmfhvD;vJjyJum aemufayguftdyfrufMuD; ysufoGm;cJh&onf/
'gayr,fh tckwpfacgufawmh oifZm &Sdaeonf/ cifav;udk az;az;rrjzifh oifZm
u acsmhonf/
]]uRwfuRwf ... odyfemaevm; ... cPapmifhMunfhprf;yg}}
]]tm; ... emw,f}}
]]avQmhxm; ... avQmhxm;}}
]]bmudk avQmh&rSmvJ/ ol ... olu ... ighzifxJ xnhfaewm}}
]]'gqkd&if ... 'gudk prf;Munfhav}}
oifZmu cifav;a&SUrSm aygifum;ay;onf/ olYyef;yGifhav;u yGifhtmvsuf/
cifav;u wGefYqkwfaeonf/ pdwfr&Snfawmhaom oifZmu cifav;acgif;udk udkifum
olYaygifMum;qD zdcsvdkuf\/
oifZmhudk uRefawmf vufraxmif jyvkdufonf/ ,ckawmh cifav;\ zifuav;u
ododomom avsmhoGm;onf/ aoG;wkd;prf;onfhtaejzifh uRefawmfxdk;xnfhvdkufawmh jyefusKHU
oGm;onf/ cPMumawmh jyefavsmhoGm;onf/
þodkYjzihf enf;enf;pD xkd;xnfhae&onfrSm tawmfyif Mumonf/ rnfrQ
Mumoenf;[lrl oifZmyif wpfcgjyD;oGm;\/
]]b,fvkdvJ cifav;}} uRefawmfu ar;vkdufawmh cifav;u yg;pyfjzifh rajzyJ
zifukdom aumhay;onf/ ightMudKufayudkum;/ uRefawmfu rn§myg/ tom;ukef aqmifh
onf/ cifav;\ acgif;u wpfaycefYa&SUodkY wkd;wkd;oGm;\/ oifZmu yxrawmh olYtayguf
xJ xdk;0ifvmaom cifav;udk MudKqkdaomfvnf; uRefawmftm;ESifh aqmifhvkdufawmh olwkdY 2
a,muf csdefom; rudkufEkdifawmhyg/

 

172 
 
oifZmu olYae&mrS xvdkufjyD; ab;bufukd a&TUvkdufonf/
]]igtaMuG;qyfawmhr,faemf}}
ajymjyD;aemuf oifZmhvufwpfzufu cifav;taphudk yGwfay;\/ aemufwpfzufu
zif0av;udk yGwfae\/
]]aumif;vkdufwm oifZm&,f}} cifav;u csD;rGrf;awmh oifZmu ]]tckeu cifav;
rIwfay;wmvJ odyfaumif;wmyJ}}
rMumvkdufyg/ oifZmhvuf'gPfaMumihf cifav;crsm aemufwpfacguf xGuf&jyef
onf/ uRefawmfuvnf; cifav;zifxJwGif ay;qyfvdkufcsifordkY jrefjref MudK;pm;ygaomf
vnf; rrSDvdkufyg/
ydkqkd;aomtcsufrSm cifav;\ txGwftxdyfudk a&mufaomtcsdefwGif olYtayguf
awGu rw&m; usKHUvdkufonfhtwGuf uRefawmfhtaumif xGufvmjyD; jyef0ifvkdY r&awmhjcif;
aywnf;/ xkwfcsifvsufESifh xkwfr&ojzifh vlu atmifhwufvmonf/ uRefawmfhpdwfxJrSm
pOf;pm;vdkufrdonf/
pGwfvkyf&ifawmh &onf/ 'gayr,fh cifav;u 4 cgjyD;xm;jyD;om;/ taoaumifvdk
ukwifay:rSm vJaejyD/ oifZmvnf; tajctae r[ef/ 2 cgxGufjyD;aejyD/ ydkqdk;onfrSm
uRefawmfhpdwfxJwGif bDvl;pD; aejcif;aywnf;/ olwkdYav;awGudk tom;ukef jzJvdkufygu
aemufqkd&if taMumufydkum uRefawmfhtem; uyf&Jawmhrnf r[kwf/
rwwfEkdifawmh/ nDav;udk ykqdk;jzifh ywfum ukwifay:rS qif;vkdufonf/
]]b,foGm;rvdkYwkef;}} cifav;u ar;vkdufonf/
]][dkzufcef;}} uRefawmfu ajzvdkuf&if;uae cifav;udk erf;vdkufonf/ yxrawmh
tomav;yJ/ aemufjyD;awmh vQmcsif;uvdjzpfonf/
cifav;uvJ tm;&yg;& jyefpkyf,l&if; ]]tckrSyJ erf;&awmhw,f}}
]]b,ferf;jzpfrvJ/ eifu odyfxefaewmudk;}}
]]awmfprf;yg/ b,folu xefwmvJ}} cifav;u uRefawmfh&ifywfudk xkvdkufjyD;
]]oGm;awmh ... igwkdYtdyfawmhr,f}} [kajymum oifZmhudk zuf&if; rsufvHk;rSdwfvdkufonf/
uRefawmfu wpfzufrS oifZmhqDoGm;jyD; ezl;av;udk tomerf;vkdufonf/ oifZmhEIwfcrf;rsm;
u jyHK;vdkufaomfvnf; rSdwfxm;onfh rsufvHk;udkawmh zGifhrMunfh/ uRefawmfvnf; tomav;
ajczsm;axmuf xGufvmvdkufonf/
tcef;tjyifa&mufawmh w½kwfeJY wef;wkd;onf/ uRefawmfhtcef;udk vufndK;nTef
&if; ]]b,folawGwkef;}} [k w½kwfu ar;\/
]]oifZmeJY cifav; ... 'gayr,fh 2 a,mufvHk; arSmufaejyD/ rif;oGm;csif&if
a&csKd;cef;udkoGm;ygvm;}}
]]ig bD,m ukefoGm;vdkY xGuf,lwmuG/ 0dkif;pkqD jyefoGm;&OD;r,f}}
]]a[haumif ... igu taumif;ajymaewm ... 0wfrIefaemf ... yyvJygao;w,f/ ...
rif;roGm;&if igoGm;r,f}}
]]a[}} w½kwfrsufvHk;awG jyL;xGufvmjyD; ]]0wfrIef ... [kwfvm;/ 'gqdk&if 0dkif;pkudk
rif;yJ MunfhajymvkdufyguGm/ iga&oGm;csKd;jyDa[h}}

 

173 
 
uRefawmfh jrifuGif;rS w½kwf aysmufuG,foGm;csdefrSmawmh w½kwfxGufvmaom
tcef;wHcg;udk tomav; uRefawmf qGJzGifhvdkufonf/

udk,fvmjyD ... 0dkif;pkav;a&...

 

174 
 

tcef; (30)
0dkif;pkESifh 'kwd,tMudrf
uRefawmf 0ifoGm;awmh 0dkif;pku wHcg;udk ausmay;um ukwifay:wGif vSJaeonf/
ykqdk;udk cRwfum olrausmzufrSm 0ifvSJvdkuf\/ jyD;awmh olrvnf*kwfom;awGudk udkuf
vkdufawmh 0dkif;pku uRefawmfhwkwfudk vSrf;udkifvdkufjyD;
]]w½kwfawmh r[kwfbl;/ a[mha&mhyJ jzpfr,f/ eifh[mMuD;uvnf; b,fvdk jzpfae
wmvJ}}
ajymvdkuf&if; 0dkif;pku uRefawmfESifh rsufESmcsif; qdkifvkdufonf/ EdkYawGudk iHkum
zspfn§pfvkdufawmh [kdwpfacgufuxuf ydkxGm;vmovdk cHpm;rd\/
0dkif;pku ar;onf/ ]]eif ... b,fvkdyHkeJY MudKufovJ/ b,ftaygufudk MudKufvJ ...}}
]]aemufayguf}} ajym&if;uae uRefawmfhvufawGu 0dkif;pkzifudk zspfMunfhvkduf
onf/ awmifhwif;jyD; tdpufaeawmhonf/
]]igxifom;yJ}} oGm;&nfrsm; usvmaom uRefawmfhudk Munfh&if; 0dkif;pku &,fonf/
jyD;awmh &,f&,farmarmjzifhyif ukef;ay;\/
]]taemuf 0goem&Sif ... w½kwfvnf; vkyfawmhvkyfw,f[/ 'gayr,fh eifhavmuf
awmh r[kwfbl;/ eifuawmh awGUvkdufwmeJY aemufzkdYyJ}}
0dkif;pkukd cGef;wkHYrjyefawmhyg/ olYzifudkom vQmjzihf vsufay;vdkuf\/ 0dkif;pkzifawG
vIyf,drf;oGm;onf/

 

175 
 
]]oifZmajymwm rSefw,f/ eifu taemufqkdif&m yg&*lbGJY& ... awmfawmh[m/
ig,m;vmjyD}}
]]t,m;aysmufap&r,f}} uRefawmfu cyf&Tif&Tif ajymvkdufjyD; nDav;udk ukdifvdkuf
\/ t&ifqHk;awmh olYa&SUaygufxJrSm qDqGwfvkdufonf/ aemufaygufudkawmh jznf;jznf;csif;
yJpygonf/ 'gayr,hf uRefawmfhjznf;jznf;u olYjznf;jznf;eJY rwlojzihf 0kdif;pku wm;onf/
]]emw,f[Jh/ jznf;jznf;vkyfyg}}
]]xkwfvdkuf&rvm;}}
]]eifhudk xkwfcdkif;wm r[kwfbl;/ t&SdefyJ avQmhcdkif;wm}}
n§pftm; avsmhoGm;csdefwGif tomav; zdumzdum oGif;ae&ojzifh tckeu &xm;
aom zDvifawGyif aysmufukefonf/
]]aomufusKd;eJ}} vkdY uRefawmfu ajymrdawmh 0kdif;pku wcpfcpf&,fonf/
pdwfwkdvmonfESifh uRefawmfu aqmihfxnfhvdkufrdonf/ tqHk;xd 0ifoGm;onfrdkY
0dkif;pkxHrS ememusifusif atmfoHxGufvm\/
]]t&rf;vkyfw,f[m}}
]]jyD;oGm;jyDaemf/ remawmhbl;/ wdwfwdwf ridkeJY}}
EdkYav;awGudk udkif&if; 0kdif;pkzifav;\ usyfodyfrIudk cHpm;aerdonf/ cPaevdkY
temavsmhoGm;awmhrS tomav; an§mifhay;awmh 0dkif;pku pnf;csufusus aumhay;um
olYauseyfrIUudk jyo\/
]]eifrSwfrdao;vm;/ [dkwpfacgufu ighzifudk uGif;zGifh&if;eJY eifvkyfay;wmav}}
]]bmvkyfay;vdkYvJ}}
]]ighzmom jyefyGwfzdkY eifoifay;wmav}}
]]atmf ... at; ... odjyD}} taqmifhrysufyJ udk,fudk udkif;vkduf&if; uRefawmfu 0kdif;pk
taphav;udk yGwfay;vkdufonf/ cPaeawmh olYvufudk qGJum olYtaphay: wifay;vdkuf&m
0dkif;pku olYzmom yGwfawmhonf/
uRefawmfuvnf; t&SdefwufvmjyD jzpfojzifh 0dkif;pkycHk;udk udkifum aqmihfvkduf
onf/ 'gudk 0dkif;pkuvnf; cyfMurf;Murf; jyefaumhay;ojzifh yGJu rD;yGifhrwwf Murf;vm
awmh\/
]]ig jyD;awmhr,f ... eifa&m ...}} uRefawmfu atmfar;vdkufonf/
]]yef;vdkufprf;yg/ ighzifxJudk yef;xnfhvdkuf}} 0kdif;pku jyefajymonf/
onfwpfcgawmh aemufqHwif;raeawmh/ 0dkif;pkycHk;udk jrJjrJudkifum tom;ukef
aqmifhypfvkdufonf/ ememusifusif atmfvdkufaom 0dkif;pktoHu [def;xGufoGm;onf/ 'gay
r,fh uRefawmfhvufu rvGwfacs/ tcsufrsm;pGm qifhumqifhum aqmihfvkdufjyD;awmhrS ylaEG;
aom okuf&nfrsm;u yef;xGufoGm;onf/
]]tkdau ... igjyD;vkdufr,f}} 0dkif;pkvufawGu cyfjrefjref vIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/
apmufaphav;udk cyfjrefjref yGwf&if; jyD;vdkufawmh uRefawmfhtzdkY MuD;pGmaom okccsrf;omudk
cHpm;&jyefonf/

 

176 
 
uRefawmf rD;zdkacsmifzuf ajcOD;vSnfhvkdufonf/ MuufOvdkaeonf/ 'DuaeYu
yGJqufrsm;rSmrdkY yxrwpfcguwnf;u &du©mjznfhxm;zkdY txl;ta&;MuD;onf r[kwfygvm;/
tcef;xJudk uRefawmf jyef0ifoGm;vdkufawmh 0dkif;pku t&mr,Gif;ao;ay/ ukwif
ay:rSm vSJaeqJ/ olraemufausmrSm uyfum uRefawmfvSJvdkufawmh acgif;axmifp jyKaeaom
nDav;udk 0dkif;pkowdxm;rdoGm;onf/
]]eifuawmhav/ rvG,fygvm;/ rvkyfygeJY[,f/ ighzifusdef;aejyD}}
]]'gqdk&if rusdef;wJhae&m ...}} uRefawmfu 0dkif;pkaygifwpfacsmif;udk rum a&SUayguf
xJ xnfhvkdufonfaygh/
]]eif[mav .. aumuf½dk;ravmuf ... jrufravmufyJ/ cPaeOD;/ igxyg&apOD;}}
0dkif;pku av;zufukef;ay;onf/
]]eifeJY awGUwkef;av; MuHK;&wmyg[m}}
]]ajyma&maygh[,f/ igu eifhudk owd&aewm/ w½kwfuvnf; oifZmhtaMumif;
ajymajymaew,f}}
]]a[ ... [kwfvm;/ 'gqdk&if aemufudk upm;orm;csif; vJwJhpepf usifhoHk;rSyJ}}
]]tckvkyfovkd qufwkdufqdk&ifawmh igaovdrfhr,f}}
]]raoygbl;[m ... toufeJY ta0;MuD;yg}} 0dkif;pk EkdYawGudk vSrf;n§pf&if; uRefawmf
u aqmifhay;vdkufawmh 0kdif;pkwpfa,muf odyfMumMum rcHEkdifyg/ jyD;oGm;onfESifh 0dkif;pku
nKoHav;jzifh ]]ig jyD;oGm;jyD/ eif xkwfvdkufawmh}}
uRefawmfu wu,fqGJxkwfvdkufawmh 0dkif;pktHhMooGm;jyD; vSnfhMunfhonf/ b,f&
rvJ/ uRefawmfu a&SUaygufuxGufjyD; aemufaygufuae vSnfh0ifvkdufwmaygh/
0dkif;pku acgif;cg&if; ]]eifuawmhav/ wu,fhudk rvG,fwm}} ajymomajymonf/
zifudkawmh aumhay;&Sm\/
]]jznf;jznf;aemf}}
]]at;yg[}}
'kwd,tMudrfonf yxrtacgufuxuf rsm;pGm vG,fulvSonf/
tqifajyajy acsmarGUaeojzifh aemufayguf\ t&omudk ESpfjcdKufpGm cHpm;&if;
rSefrSefav; oGm;aerdonf/ aumif;vGef;aeojzifh 0dkif;pkusefcJhwmudk tawmfav;MumrS owd
xm;rd\/ 'geJYyJ vufvsKdum olrav;udk yGwfay;vdkufawmhrS 0dkif;pku trSDvdkufvmonf/
rMumyg/ 0kdif;pk\ touf&SLoHawG jyif;vmjyD; olYzmomol yGwfawmhonf/
]]xGufvdkufprf; 0kdif;pk ... jyD;vkdufprf;yg}}
]]at; ... jyD;awmhr,f}}
apmuf&nfawGeJY &TJaeaom uRefawmfhvufnId;udk 0kdif;pkyg;pyfxJ xnfhay;vdkufawmh
0kdif;pku rufrufpufpuf pkyfonf/
]]yg;pyfxJu b,folYvD;vdkY xifvJ}]
]]armifMuD; ... armifMuD;udk vdkcsifw,f}}

 

177 
 
]]vdkcsif&if &r,f}} wu,fyJ armifMuD; toHMuD;u [def;xGufvmonfwGif 0dkif;pk
wifru uRefawmfyg vefYoGm;onf/ wu,fyif armifMuD;u tcef;0rSm &yfaeonf/
olYaemufrSm rdk;av;/
]]cGD;wJhrSyJ/ 0kdif;pk toHu [dkzuftcef;uawmif Mum;&w,f/ romrsm; ay:aejyD
vm;vkdY vmMunfhwm}}
armifMuD;u ajymajymqkdqkdjzifh wkwfudk 0dkif;pkyg;pyfem;odkY awhvdkufonf/ 0kdif;pku
yg;pyf[ay;vkdufawmh tomav; 0ifoGm;\/
0dkif;pkudk rdk;av;u vSrf;ajymonf/ ]]0dkif;pk ... MunfhvJ vkyfOD;aemf/ eifhaemufayguf
u tom;eDvefaejyD/ &JwGwfaewmyJ}}
armifMuD;udk iHkxm;&aom 0dkif;pku pum;rajym Edkifaomfvnf; acgif;ndwfjyonf/
bmt"dyÜg,fjzifh acgif;ndwfvJuawmh olromvQif odayvdrfhrnf/
rdk;av;udk uRefawmfvSrf;ar;vdkufonf/ ]]eifeJY armifMuD;a&m ... b,fvkdvJ ...
[kdaeYu uwdudk taumiftxnfazmfjyD;yvm;}}
]]bmuwdvJ}}
]]eifu armifMuD;ukd yxrqHk; auR;r,fqdkwmav}}
]]atmf ... at; ... tckyJ auR;jyD;jyD/ ighuwd wnfjyD/ tJonfawmh ... 0dkif;pkudk
jrefjref vufpowfjyD; ighqDvmcJh}}
]][kwfjyD/ 'gqdk&if 0dkif;pkudk eifyGwfay;ayawmh/ eifhbJbJudk pkyfay;ae&awmh
olYcrsm vufrtm;awmhbl;}}
]]&w,f/ &w,f/ tultnDvkd&if ajymyg}}
rdk;av;u vuf 2 zufjzifh 0dkif;pknDrav;udk jyKpkay;onfwGif 0kdif;pkausmav;
aumhwufvmjyD;aemuf armifMuD;udk tom;ukef pkyfawmh\/ olYyg;av;awG csKdifh0ifoGm;onf
udk uRefawmf jrifvdkuf&onfudk;/
armifMuD;u }}tm; yg; yg; ... ig ... ig r&awmhbl;}}
0kdif;pku vufudk olrzuf ,rf;jyonf/ vmcJhqkdaom oabm/ rdk;av;u bmom
jyefay;\/
]]olYyg;pyfxJudk yef;xnfhvdkuf}}
]]tif; ... tD; ... tD;}} 0dkif;pkacgif;udk udkifum armifMuD;u atmfvkdufaomtcg
0dkif;pk\ vnfyif;av;vJ vIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/ a&SUqifhaemufqifhyif 0kdif;pkaumhwufvmjyD;
aemuf olYzifav; usKHUoGm;\/ rdk;av;u olYvufawGudk jyefxkwfvdkufawmh t&nfawG &TJ
vsuf/
]]vm ... wjcm;udk oGm;Mur,f/}} rdk;av;u pum;rsm;rsm; rajymyg/ uRefawmfhvuf
udk qGJac:oGm;\/
]]b,foGm;rvdkYvJ}}
]]a&csKd;cef;}}
]]yyeJY 0wfrIef&Sdw,f r[kwfvm;/ jyD;awmh w½kwfvnf; &Sdr,fxifw,f}}

 

178 
 
]]aumif;wmaygh/ vlrsm;av aumif;av}}
vrf;rSmawmh rdk;av;\ udk,fudk rMunhfrdatmif owdxm;&if; pdwfawGudk
avQmhxm;&\/ 0dkif;pkaMumifh nDav;rSm tawmfav; cHpm;ae&onf r[kwfygvm;/
a&csKd;cef;xJ a&mufawmh b,folYrS rawGUawmhyg/ tHhMopGmjzifh vSnfhywf&Smvdkuf
onf/ [kwfygonf/ b,folrS r&Sd/ 'DvdkeJYyJ nDav;u wpf0ufavmuf usoGm;avjyD/
pdwfawGjidrfoGm;awmhrS vufjyifatmifhaeonfukd owdxm;rd\/ cPxyfjyD; em;vdkao;ojzifh
rdk;av;udk qyfjymwdkufum a&csKd;ay;vdkufonf/

 

179 
 

tcef; (31)
oGm;cJhzl;aom vrf;a[mif;rsm;
uRefawmfhpdwful;udk taumiftxnf razmfEdkifyg/ rdk;av;u 'l;axmufum nDav;
udk qGawmh\/
]]rdk;av;...rwfwwf&yfvkdufawmh[m/ eifhyg;pyfxJrSm yef;vkduf&&if oajrmp&mMuD;}}
]][kwfw,f/ ... 'DxJrSmyJ vkyfrSmvm; ...}}
]]'gaygh ... *syefum;awGxJuvkdav}}
]]jrefjrefvkyfprf;[m ...}}
rdk;av;u uRefawmfhvnfyif;udk [D;av;cdkum ajymonf/ nDav;u r0ifao;/
acsmfxGufoGm;\/
]]cPjyefqif;vkdufOD; ... ajcwpfacsmif;ukd ajr§mufvkduf/ [kwfjyD/ vmcJh ...}}
aocsmoGif;jyD;awmhrS rdk;av;udk ayGUum aqmihfxnfhvkdufonf/ rdk;av;xHrS
toHxGufvm\/ ]]t&rf; rvkyfeJYav/ jznf;jznf; ...}}
]]jznf;jznf;}} qkdaom pum;qHk;awmh rdk;av;u uRefawmfhykcHk;udk vSrf;udkifum
ckefaqmifhawmh\/ 'guvnf; tm;ukefvSonfrdkY aemufwpfenf; &Sm&jyefonf/

 

180 
 
rkd;av;u ajcum;jyD; &yfay;aewmudk uRefawmfu ayGUjyD; arTYvdkufonfu tm;ukef
oufom\/ ukwifay:rSmvdk tom;ukef usKH;vkdYawmh r&acs/ 'gayr,fh tomav; ZdrfqGJjyD;
vkyf&wm t&omwpfrsKd;yif/ cPaeawmh rdk;av;u *PSmrjidrf jzpfvmonf/
]]igtm;r&awmhbl; ... eifvSJvdkufprf;[m}}
]]bmvJ ... xGufcsifaeyvm;}}
]]at; [kwfw,f}}
uRefawmfu vSJay;vdkufawmh rdk;av;u cGxkdifjyD; zifudk upm;vkdufonf/ xl;uJvS
ayonf/ oifZmyifvQif onfrQrwwfyg/
]]aumif;vSacsvm;[}}
]]'gu tar&dueftacGawG MunfhjyD; avhusifhxm;wmav}}
rdk;av;\ udk,ftay:ydkif;u rvIyfyJ cg;av;udkom MuGjyD; wzwfzwf aqmifhjcif;
jzpf\/
]]eifhudkawmh igpGJoGm;jyD[m}} uRefawmfu ajymvdkufawmh rdk;av;u auseyfjyHK;jyHK;
um uRefawmfhudk iHkYerf;onf/
]]eifhudkvnf; igauseyfw,f/ awmifhxm;aemf/ rjyD;eJYOD;}}
]]pdwfcs/ igu eifhzifudk apmihfjyD;awmh vdk;rSm}} uRefawmfhvufrsm;u rdk;av;zifudk
EIdufvkdufawmh rdk;av; rcHEdkifawmhyg/ aumhvefysHwufjyD; apmufywfav;udk tm;ESifh pkyfqGJ
vdkufjyD; xGufoGm;awmh\/
]]aumif;vkdufwm[m ... eifh[mu t&rf;udk rmawmifaewmyJ ... igjyD;oGm;wm
awmifrS rmaewkef;yJaemf ... uJuJ ... eifvkyfcsifwm vkyfav}}
rD;pdrf;jyDrdkY uRefawmfu tcsdefrqGJawmhyg/ ukefvkeD;yg; a&pnfydkif;ay:rSm rkd;av;udk
ukef;cdkif;vkdufonf/ vufeJY EIdufay;vkdufawmh rkd;av;u
]]qGraeygeJY/ xnfhvkdufprf;yg/ cyfMurf;Murf;av; vkyf}}
onfuaeYtzdkY uRefawmfhpdwfMudKufpum;vHk;av;rsm;yif/ odyfaES;raeawmhyJ
cyfjrefjrefav; xnfhvkdufawmh rdk;av;u oabmuspGmjzifh atmfonf/ olYtoHu a&pnfxJrS
yJhwifxyfum tcef;xJ vGifhvm\/ ]]ightaphav;udk yGwfay;prf;yg[m}}
[kwfygh/ olYvufawGu pnfykdif;xJrSmqkdawmh uRefawmfuyJ yGwfay;&rnfaygh/
aqmifh&Sdefudk avQmhum taphudk vufjzifh uvday;vdkufonf/
]]rdk;av; ... igac:wm Mum;vm;}}
]]at; ... bmajymrvdkYvJ ... ajymav}}
]]b,fvkdvJ/ aumif;vm; ... eifAdkufemovm;}}
]]pnfykdif;u axmufaeawmh remyJ &Sdrvm;[/ 'gayr,fh cHEkdifygw,f/ vkyfprf;yg/
igjyD;awmhr,f}}
]]eifhcg;udkif;aevdkYvm; rodbl;/ vkd;vdkY odyfaumif;w,f[}}

 

181 
 
cPaeawmh rdk;av;u emusifaeaom toHjzifh ]]ig ... ig ... r&awmhbl;[m/
Akdufatmifhw,f/ qGJxlay;ygOD;}}
[kwfygh/ qGJxlvdkufawmh rdk;av;AdkufrSm pnfykdif;&mMuD; ay:aewm enf;wmr[kwf/
]]eifuvnf; pGwfvkyfwmudk;[}}
uRefawmfu ajymvdkufawmh rdk;av; jyefyufonf/
]]bmajymw,f/ vkyfwmu eifav ... igu cH&wm[Jh}}
xdkpOfwGif a&csKd;cef;xJ vlwpfa,muf 0ifvmojzifh vSrf;Munfhvkdufawmh oZif
jzpfaeonf/ uRefawmfwkdYudk awGUawmh oZifhajcvSrf;awG &yfumoGm;\/
]]a[mawmh ... twGJeJY vmwdk;aewmudk; ...}}
]]b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ/ eifhwpfudk,fvHk;vJ pdk&TJaeygvm;}}
]]at;[m ... rajymcsifygbl; ... [dkaumifr oifZmav ... ighudk oMuFefusvdkuf
w,f}}
]]eifeJY a&T½dk;eJYa&m ... tqifajyvm;}}
]]ajyygw,f/ ... [d[d ... 'geJY bmjzpfvdkY olYudk a&T½dk;vkdY ac:wmvJ}}
]]'guawmh t"dyÜg,feJY[/ olYa&Tyef;u xdyfzl;rygwJh t½dk;wHeJY wlvdkY ...}}
]][m; [m; [m; ... awmfyg[,f/ r[kwfu[kwfuawG}}
uRefawmfu rdk;av;zufvSnfhum ar;vdkufonf/
]]aMomf ... tckrS owd&w,f/ rdk;av; ... eifeJY armifMuD;eJYa&m ... tqifajyvm;}}
]]ajyygw,f/ armifMuD;uvnf; racbl;[ ...}}
]]emrnfeJYvdkufvm;}}
]]vdkufygw,f ... rqkd;ygbl; ... oZif ... ighbJbJudk eifprf;oyfjyD;yvm;}}
]][ifhtif; ... oifZmeJY awGUaew,f ... aumifrudk vl;vdrfhaewmyJ/ ]]yxr
wpfacgufu onfvkdr[kwfbl;} qdkyJ ... [d [d}}
]]armifMuD;u 0dkif;pkeJY r[kwfbl;vm;}}
oZifu acgif;cgjy&if; ]]igaemufqHk; Mum;vdkufoavmufuawmh a&T½dk;MuD;u
0kdif;pkb,frSmvJvdkY vdkufar;aewmyJ}}
]]'gqkd&if igcyfjrefjrefoGm;rS ...}} rdk;av;u a&csKd;cef;wHcg;udk zGifh&if; ajymvkduf\/
oZifu &,f&if; ]]rvG,fygvm;/ OD;a&T½dk;+a':rdk;qkdawmhvJ cspfMuayraygh}}
]]apmufaumifr}} cyfwkd;wkd;qJ&if; rkd;av;u tjyifxGufoGm;onf/
tckawmh uRefawmfESifh oZifwkdY 2 a,mufwnf;yJ usefonf/ uRefawmfu jyHK;jy
vdkufawmh oZifu ajymonf/
]]igawmh a&csKd;&awmhr,f rxifbl; ...}}

 

182 
 
]]csKd;&ygw,f}} uRefawmfu jyefajzvdkufonf/ jyD;awmh EIwfcrf; 2 ck*a[qufrd
oGm;\/ nDav; nDrav;rsm;udk tjyeftvSef jyKpkay;vkdufrdMuonf/
]]tifh ... tifh ...}} oZifu nnf;&if; uRefawmfhukd cGxkdifjyD; nDav;udk ukdifum
olYnDrav;ESifh yGwfawmh\/
]]&jyDxifw,f ... tihf}} oZifu tomav; xkdifcsvdkuf&if; olYvufrsm;u
uRefawmhf &ifywfudk yGwfoyfay;\/
]]eifuvnf;[m vkyfprf;yg/ qefYwiHhiHheJY}}
]]emw,f[/ eifh[mMuD;eJY rawGU&wm MumjyDr[kwfvm;/ usyfvkdufwm[,f}}
oZifu an§mifh½kHav; an§mifhaeojzifh uRefawmf raeEkdifawmhyg/ ukef;usKH;xjyD;
olYudkatmufydkYvdkufonf/ a&csKd;cef; Murf;jyifwGif uRefawmfwkdY 2 a,muf vHk;axG;aejyD;
cPaeawmh 2 a,mufvHk; ab;wkdufuyfvsuf ... oZifhaemufausmrSm uRefawmfjzpfoGm;
onf/ oZifhudk uRefawmfu wpfaygifausmf yHkpHjzifh cyfoGufoGuf cyfyg;yg;av; aqmifhxnfh
vkdufawmh oZifhudk,fvHk;av; xGefYxGefYvl;aeonf/
]][m; ... a&a&vnfvnf rdkufw,fuGm}} oZifu ajym&if; olYtaphudk oljyefyGwf
aeonf/
]]bmawG rdkufaewmvJ}} oZifhykcHk;ay:rS ausmfMunfhvkdufawmh uRefawmf oabm
aygufoGm;onf/ a&csKd;cef;xJrS rSefu olYa&SUwnfhwnfh a&mufae\/ oZifu rSefxJrS
wpfqifh uRefawmfhudk jyHK;jyonf/ jrifvdkuf&onfh jrifuGif;u ukd,fwkdif yg0ifo½kyfaqmif
xm;aom tjymum;wpfum;ukd Munfhae&ovkdrdkY uRefawmftouf&SLrSm;oGm;\/
]]rdkufw,faemf}} oZifu vSrf;ajym&if; ajr§mufxm;aom ajcaxmufudk ydkjyD; jzJum
olYtaygufxJ 0ifcsnfxGufcsnf jzpfaeaom uRefawmhfaumifukd iHkYMunfhonf/
]]rjrif&bl;[ ... rSefxJuyJ Munfhwmaumif;ygw,f}} oZifu nnf;nLvkdufawmh
uRefawmf&,fvdkufrd\/
]]bm&,fwmvJ}} oZifu vSnfhjyD; uRefawmhfudk xkonf/
]]uRwfoGm;jyD/ vm ... jyefvSJ}}
ae&mwusjzpfawmh zwfueJ aqmihfxnfhvdkuf&m taygufvGJjyD; aemufaygufwG,frd
vsufom; jzpfoGm;onf/ oZifuvnf; xifrxm;aom tvpftidkufrdkY 'pfu avQmueJ
0ifoGm;\/ bk&m;pl;&ap&JU/ ae&mvGJoGm;wmygAsm/ uRefawmfu vkyfr,fqkd tjrJMudKajymyg
onf/
]]taemufbkd;awmf ... eifuawmhav ...}} oZifu pl;pl;&S&Sav; atmfonf/
'gayr,fh ½kef;awmhr½kef;/ 'geJYyJ acsmvJa&mxkdif qkdovdk tomav; aevdkufonf/
]]a&mh ... EIdufprf;}} oZifhvufav;udk qGJum apmufywfxJ xnfhay;vdkufonf/
oZifu rjiif;yJ EIdufawmh\/
]]rSefxJrSm Munfhprf; ... eifhtaygufuav;u jyJaewmyJ/ tom;eDawGawmif
vefaejyD/ ighaumif 0ifoGm;wmudk jrif&vm;/ rjrif&&if eifhudk,fvHk;udk enf;enf;vSnfhvkduf}}
]]eifaemf ... aygufwwfu&awG avQmufajymaew,f/ ... 'DrSm ... 'DrSm ...}}

 

183 
 
oZifh udk,fvHk;av; wqwfqwf wkefvmjyD; rsufawmifawG arS;oGm;\/ uRefawmf
vJ trSDvdkufEkdif&ef MudK;pm;ygonf/ 'gayr,fh r&cJhyg/ oZifjyD;oGm;awmh olYzifa&m
apmufywfyg ½IHUoGm;onfwGif uRefawmfhaumifvnf; vufrJh jzpf&jyefawmh\/
xyfvkyf&ef aoG;aqmifaomfjim; oZifu vufrcHyg/
]]igr&awmhbl;[m/ a&T½dk;u ]or} xm;ao;w,f/ eifuvnf; a&SUa&m? aemufa&m
qdkawmh t&rf;usdef;aejyD/ cPem;&awmhr,f}}
'DvdkeJYyJ oifZmESihf cifav;&Sd&m tcef;xJodkY uRefawmf jyefvmcJhonf/

 

184 
 

tcef; (32)
uRefawmf? a&T½dk;? yy? 0wfrIef
tcef;xJa&mufawmh oifZma&m cifav;yg r&SdMuawmh/ olwkdYtpm; yyeJY 0wfrIefudk
ukwifay:rSm awGU&\/ uRefawmfhudk 2 a,mufvHk; vSnfhrMunfhMuojzifh tdyfaysmfaeonf[k
xif&\/ acsmarGUaom 0wfrIefrsufESmav;udk ai;vdkuf? MuD;t,faom yy\ zifMuD; 2 vHk;udk
Munfhvdkufjzifh b,folYudk t&ifudkif&if aumif;rvJudk uRefawmf a0cGJr&Ekdif/
xkdpOfrSmyif ajcoHMum;&ojzifh vSnfhMunfhvkdufawmh a&T½dk;udk awGUvdkuf&onf/
]][dkuf&Sm;yg; ... yy0if;cifygvm;}}
]]b,fvkdvJ}}
]]yy&JU zifudk igpdwful;,Ofaewm MumjyD/ onfaeYawmh rvGwfap&bl;uGm}}
]]usefwJhvlawGa&m ...}}
]]w½kwfeJY oifZmhudk 0dkif;pku ½Iyfaew,f/ cifav;uawmh rdk;av;eJY wpfwGJ/
armifMuD;uawmh oZifqdkjyD; a&csKd;cef;zuf xGufoGm;wm awGUwmyJuG}}
uRefawmfu a&T½dk;udk p vdkufonf/ ]]'gqkd&if oZifhudk rif;rxdef;awmhbl;vm;}}
xdkpOf toHcsKdcsKdav; wpfck xGufvm\/ ]]b,fxdef;rvJ olu yyudk vdkcsifaewm
udk;}}
toH&SifzufvSnfhum a&T½dk;u ajymvkdufonf/ ]]yywif r[kwfygbl;/ eifhudkvnf;
vdkcsifwmyJ}}

 

185 
 
]]avmbtdk; udka&T½dk;}} 0wfrIefu p onf/ jyD;awmh olYtoHav;u jyefwnfoGm;um
]]yyeJY eifeJY Mum;rSm ig0ifaESmifh,Sufrdw,fvdkY cHpm;&w,f[m}}
]]r[kwfygbl;/ igwkdYu toGifrS rwlwm ...}}
yyuvnf; ,dkifwd,kdifxkd;jzifh xvmjyD; ]]eifeJY oZif tqifajyoGm;ygapvdkY
igqkawmif;ay;ygw,f ... avmavmq,fawmh aysmfMu&atmif}}
a&T½dk;rsufESmMuD; jyHK;jzD;oGm;um ]]tdkauav}}
]]igoGm;awmhr,f}} uRefawmfu EIwfqufvdkufonf/
]]roGm;ygeJY/ ua[mhoGm;&if ta0rwnfhawmhbl;}}
0wfrIefu uRefawmfhudk vSrf;qGJxm;onfrdkY uRefawmfu raecsifhaecsifjzifh (trSefu
awmh aecsifonfrSm wpfydkif;udk aoaeygonf/) yyqD avQmufoGm;\/
0wfrIefu ]]taemufbdk;awmf}} vdkYvSrf;ponf/
]]uJ ... a&T½dk;a& ... a[monfu 0wfrIefav;udk taoom vdk;ayawmh}}
]]Zmwfq&m tvdkus ... jzpfap&r,f}}
b,folu perf;vJawmh uRefawmf rrSwfrdawmhyg/ 'gayr,fh a&T½dk;eJY 0wfrIefwkdY
erf;aeMuonfrSm Munfhaumif;vS\/ a&T½dk;u axmifaxmifarmif;armif;? oefoefrmrm?
0wfrIefuawmh EkEke,fe,f? cspfpzG,f? n§pfcsifpzG,fav;/ 0wfrIefav;&JU EdkYawG? wifyg;awG
udk a&T½dk;vufawGu zspfn§pfaeonfrSm &p&m r&Sd/
uRefawmfuawmh yyudk ukwifay: vSJcsvdkufonf/ wpfzufwGif a&T½dk;uvnf;
0wfrIefukd ayGcsDum ukwifwifvdkufonf/ rdef;uav; 2 a,mufudk ab;csif;,SOf xm;vkduf
awmh olwkdYu vufcsif; qkyfxm;Mu\/
uRefawmfu yytaphav;ukd yGwfay;vdkufawmh yyu 0ufatmfovdk ]td} ueJatmf
\/ a&T½dk;uawmh pmtkyfMuD;orm;/ rIefrIef\ yHkYyHkYav; jzpfaeaom EdkYrsm;udk jyGwfjyGwfjrnf
atmif pkyfae\/ 0wfrIefu pdwfr&Snfawmh ... ]]vmprf;[m}} vdkYatmfjyD; a&T½dk;cg;udk olYaygif
2 acsmif;jzifh n§yfvkdufonf/
uRefawmfuawmh yynDrav;udk vuf 2 acsmif;jzifh arTvdkuf\/ 'geJYwif tm;r&
ao;ojzifh yg;pyfjzihf yy taphav;udk ukef;pdkYvdkufonf/
]]b,fvkdvJ ... aumif;&JUvm;}}
yyxHrS pum;jyef r&ojzifh armhMunfhvdkuf&m yyrsufvHk;awGu wpfjcm;udk a&muf
aewmudk awGU&\/ a&T½kd;ESifh 0wfrIef yGJMurf;aeonfudk Munfhaejcif;yif jzpfonf/
]]MunfhvkdYaumif;vm;}}
uRefawmfhtoHaMumifh 0wfrIefu vSnfhMunfhonf/ rsufESmav;u rJhaeonf/
EIwfcrf;av;rsm;udk udkuf&if; jyHK;wpfcg? rJhwpfvSnhf jzpfaeaom 0wfrIef\ cspfpzG,f trl
t&mrsm;aMumifh uRefawmfhnDav;u acgif;axmifvmonf/ 'geJYyJ uRefawmf ukef;xvkdufum
yytaygufxJ xnfh&ef [efjyifvdkufonf/
]]MunfhvkdYaumif;vm; yy ... eihf&nf;pm;a[mif;u eifholi,fcsif;udk zkdufaewmav}}
]]aumif;w,f/ cHvdkuf&&if ykdawmif aumif;OD;r,f/ ... aumif;&JUvm; 0wfrIef}}

 

186 
 
]]aumif;w,f/ ... aumif;w,f}} 0wfrIefu armoHav;jzifh jyefajzonf/
a&T½dk;u uRefawmfhudk vSrf;Munfhonf/ jyD;awmh yyudk rsufpypf&if; ar;aighjy\/
uRefawmfuvnf; a&T½dk; xnfhaeaom taygufudk vufnId; jyefxdk;jyrdonf/ yyeJY 0wfrIef
uawmh rsufpdawG arS;jyD; cHaeojzifh uRefawmfwdkYudk owdrxm;rdMu/
cyfwkdwkd ajym&&ifawmh a&T½dk;u 0wfrIefxHrS cGmum yytxJ xnfhvdkuf\/
yxrawmh 0wfrIefu rsufpdzGifhrMunfhao;/ ]]bmvkdY &yfvkdufwmvJ}}
rsufpdzGifhvdkufcsdefwGifawmh a&T½dk;\ ½dk;wHu yytxJ a&mufaeavjyD/ yyuvnf;
vefYum atmfonf/ 'gayr,fh tay:pD;&aejyDjzpfaom a&T½dk;u vTwfray;awmh/
]]eifhudk pkwfjywfowfoGm;atmif vkyfypfr,f}}
uRefawmfu tcsdefrqGJawmhyJ 0wfrIeftxJodkY aqmifhoGif;av; oGif;vkdufawmh
onf/ yGifhcsyfawG txJudk pk0ifoGm;jyD; 0wfrIefu atmfonf/
]]jznf;jznf;}}
uRefawmfu t&Sdefudk avQmhvdkufjyD;aemuf 0wfrIef\ vnfwkdifav;udk pkyf,lay;
vkdufonf/ atmfoHwdwfoGm;awmhrS wpf&Sdefxdk; aqmihfvdkufjyef\/ 0wfrIefu atmfjyefonf/
'gayr,fh onfwpfcg toHu wpfrsKd; ... ]]jrefjref}}
]]jyD;awmhrvm; 0wfrIef}}
]]tif; ... ig ... ig ... yyeJY erf;csifw,f}}
]]&w,f}} uRefawmfu vTwfay;vkdufonfwGif 0wfrIefu vl;vJxum av;zuf
axmufvkdufonf/ yyrsufESmay:wGif 0wfrIefrsufESmu xyfvsufom; jzpfoGm;onfrdkY olwkdY
2 a,muf erf;EdkifoGm;Muonfaygh/
ajym&&ifawmh 0wfrIeftaygufu tusOf;qHk;ygyJ/ toufti,fqHk;vnf;jzpf?
tawGUtMuHKvnf; enf;ao;wmrdkY pD;pD;ykdifydkif &SdvSonf/ 'gayr,fhvnf; ay;wmawmh nHh&Sm
onf/ 'gaMumifhrdkY 0wfrIefwpfa,muf ydk;pdk;yufpuf jyD;oGm;aomfvnf; uRefawmfrjyD;ao;yg/
]]0wfrIef ... eifb,fvkd jzpfaewmvJ/ oGm;&nfawGawmif usukefjyD}} yyu atmuf
uae tHhMopGm ar;onf/
]]udka[mhav ... t&rf;vkyfw,f[m twwfqef;awG xGifw,f}}
]]bmawG vkyfvdkYvJ}}
]]igh zifxJudk olYvufrMuD; xkd;xnfhw,fav/ aemufjyD;awmh olYOawGu
ightaphudk wjzef;jzef;eJY ½dkufaeawmh ig .. rcHpm;Ekdifawmhbl;}}
]]igvnf; jyD;oGm;jyD}} yyu armoHav;jzihf ajymonf/ ]]a&T½dk;u ightaphudk uvd
&if;eJY vdk;wmqkdawmh MumMumrcHEdkifbl;}}
uRefawmfu 0wfrIefqDu aemufwpfayguf awmif;vdkuf\/ ]]0wfrIef ... ighudk
aemufayguf ay;pD;ygvm;[if}}
]]rvkyfygeJY udka[mh&,f/ emvkdYyg/ tckeu vufreJYawmif emw,f}}
yyu 0ifjyD;awmh ]]aemufaygufqkd&if ighqDvmcJhav}}

 

187 
 
a&T½dk;udkawmh 0wfrIefu qGJum ]]udka&TUudk 0wfrIef jrnf;Munhfcsifw,f .. tqifajy
vm;}}
þodkYjzifh uRefawmfESifh a&T½kd; ae&mcsif; vJvdkufjyefonf/ yyu yxrtMudrfu
xuf &Jwif;vmonf/ ab;wpfapmif;vJSum olYnmvufnId;udk zif0xJ xnfh&if; uRefawmfhudk
pdefac:ae\/ uRefawmfu jyHK;jyD; ajymvdkufonf/
]]eifvkyfwm ae&mrusbl;}}
]]b,fvkdvkyf&rSmvJ}} yyu vufnId;udk jyefxkwfvdkufjyD;
]]'Dvdk}} uRefawmfu olYzifMum;xJudk xGDueJ wHawG;axG; ay;vkduf\/ jyD;aomtcg
zif 2 jcrf;udk jzJum (0wfrIefzifxJrS qGJxkwfvmaom) vufrudk aqmifhxnfhay;vkdufonf/
]]tifh ... aoygjyD}} yyxHrS atmfoHav; xGufvmonf/
]]raoygbl;[m/ 'grsKd;qkd&ifa&m}} uRefawmfu vufrudk xkwfum nDav;udkxnfh
ay;vdkufawmh yywpfa,muf pum;rjyefEdkifawmhyg/
]]eifhapmufaphudk eifjyefyGwfprf;}} uRefawmfu trdefYay;vkdufawmh yyu wpfoa0
rwdrf; vdkufvkyf&Sm\/ olYzifav; ½IHUvkdufyGvdkuf jzpfvmayr,fh uRefawmfu cyfMurf;Murf;yJ
aqmifhae&m yywpfa,muf tvl;tvdrhfjzpfaeonf/ 'gayr,fh emw,fvdkY wpfcGef;rajym/
tHMudwfjyD; cHae\/
wpfzufwGifawmh 0wfrIefu ykavGrIwf ae\/ a&T½dk;\ ½dk;wHudk tqHk;xd iHkum
yg;av;awG csKdifhoGm;onftxd tm;ESifh pkyfay;aeonfukd awGU&\/ um,uH&Sifawmh rajym
wwf/ jrif&oluRefawmfhtzdkYawmh tvGefw&m &rufxefapygawmhonf/
]]ig xGufjyDaemf 0wfrIef}}
]]&w,f ... yef;vkduf ...}} 0wfrIefu wGefYqkwfjcif; tvsOf;r&SdyJ zdpkyfay;onf/
a&T½dk;udk,fvHk;MuD; wGefYueJ wGefUueJ jzpfoGm;jyD;awmhrS olYyg;pyfxJrS ½dk;wHudk xkwfvdkuf\/
EIwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aphxm;&if; yytem;odkY uyfvmonf/ yyrsufESma&SU ta&mufrSm
olYyg;pyfudk [vdkufum jzLyspfyspf t&nfawGudk axG;csvdkuf\/
]]eifh&nf;pm;a[mif;udk jrnf;Munfhprf;}} 0wfrIefu ajym&if; yyudk iHkYerf;vkdufonf/
yg;pyfxJa&mufvmaom t&nfawGudk rjiif;rqef vQmjzifhvsuf&if; yyu aus;Zl;
yJ[k qdkonf/ xefvSaom aumifrav; 2 a,mufudk Munfh&if; uRefawmfvJ r&awmh/
yyzifxJudk vD;tqHk;ESpfum yef;xkwfvdkufrdawmh\/
]]tm; yg; yg; ... a&vnf aumif;w,fuGm}} pum;tqHk;wGifawmh uRefawmf
r[efEkdifawmhyg/ ukwifay:odkY t½kyfMudK;jywf vJusoGm;awmh\/
]]udka[mh ... arSmufoGm;jyDvm; ... [m; [m; [m;}}
vufEkEkav; wpfzufu uRefawmfhnDav;udk vSrf;udkifvdkufjyef\ ]]vlaysmh ...
0wfrIefavmufawmif cHEdkif&nf r&Sdbl;}}
ajymajymqkdqkdjzifh El;nHhaom EIwfcrf;av;rsm;? ao;ao;pdyfpdyf oGm;wef;av;rsm;?
aemufjyD;awmh ... acsmarGUaom vQmuav; ... 'gb,folvJ/
uRefawmfpOf;pm;aeqJrSmyif yy\ toHukd Mum;&\/
]]a&T½dk; ... 'DaeYtjzpfawGudk reufjzeftxd ,lroGm;aMu;aemf}}

 

188 
 
'gqkd&if nDav;udk jyKpkay;aewm 0wfrIefyJ jzpf&rnf/ aumif;vdkufwmuG,f/
wpfqufwnf;rSm udk,fhzmom pdwfxJrS ajymvdkufrd\/
]]igodyfyifyef;aejyD/ cPawmh tdyfrS}}

 

189 
 

tcef; (33)
topfawGb,fvkd aumif;aumif;
ta[mif;udkawmh wvnfvnf
tdyf&mu Edk;vmawmh uRefawmfhab;rSm ylaEG;El;nhHaom udk,fvHk;av; wpfckudk
prf;rdonf/
]]oifZm ...}} ezl;av;udk erf;vdkufawmh tcspfav;u rsufvHk;zGifhMunfhonf/
tdyfcsifrl;wl;jzpfaeaom oifZmhyHkav;u cspfzkdY t&rf;aumif;aewmrdkY uRefawmf erf;vkduf
rdonf/ oifZmuvnf; uRefawmfhudk jyeferf;wmrdkY tay;t,lrQpGmjzifh vQmcsif; uvd&if;
cspfjcif;udk jyrdMu\/
]]awmfawmfyifyef;aejyDvm;}}
]]jydKif;wmaygh/ wpfudk,fvHk;udk anmif;udkufaewmyJ}}
]]iga&myJ}}
]]a&oGm;csKd;Mu&atmif}}
a&csKd;cef;xJ a&mufawmh wpfa,mufwpfvSnfh qyfjymwkduf&if; oifZmhu ajym
onf/
]]eifuawmhav ... wu,frvG,fbl;}}
]]bmawG rvG,fwmvJ}}

 

190 
 
]]'DrSmMunfhav}} oifZmu acgif;axmifp jyKaeaom uRefawmhfnDav;udk udkifjy
onf/ olYvufxJrSm [kdaumifu ydkjyD; xvm\/
]]eifu oGm;ukdifwmudk;}}
]]awmfprf;yg ... olvkyfcsifwmudk ightjypfykHcsaew,f}}
]]eifrcHcsif&if igrvkyfygbl;[m}}
yg;pyfu ajym/ vufuawmh oifZmhudk wpfzufvSnfhvdkufjyD; taemufzufrS ae&m
,lvdkufonf/ nDav;u oifZmhaygifMum;xJ wdk;0ifoGm;awmh oifZmu aygifav;udk um;
ay;&if; ryGifhwyGifh ajym\/
]]'DaeY odyfrsm;aejyD[ ... ig cHEkdifyghrvm; rodbl;}}
]]prf;Munfhav}} oifZmhvnf*kwfom;av;awGudk udkuf&if;rS uRefawmfu ajzay;
vdkuf\/
]]eifuawmhav ... wu,fhudk aumuf½dk;ravmuf jrufravmufqkdwJh vlrsKd;yJ}}
]]oifZmqkd&ifawmh avmufygjyD}}
uRefawmfu aqmifhcsufawGudk t&Sdefwifvkdufawmh oifZmhcg;av; aumhvmonf/
oifZmhtaphav;udk tomprf;um yGwfay;vkdufawmh oifZmh&ifckefoHawG w'dkif;'dkif; jrefoGm;
\/ cPaeawmh owday;oHav; xGufvmonf/ ]]igxGufawmhr,f}}
apmufaphav;udk ykwfum upm;ay;&if; nDav;udkvnf; cyfzdzdav; xkd;oGif;vdkuf
um oifZmhqE´awGudk jynfhapvdkufonf/ txGwftxdyfudk ausmfawmh oifZmhudk,fvHk;av;
aysmhusoGm;onf/ olYudk xdef;ay;&if; yg;csif;uyfum ayGUvdkufawmh oifZmu ]]eifuawmh
av ... wu,fyJ}}
]]bmvJ[ ... 'Dpum;yJ ajymaew,f}}
]]Munfhav ... igjyD;oGm;wmawmif eifh[mMuD;u rmawmifaewkef;yJ}}
]]MudKuf&JUvm;}}
]]odyfMudKuf}}
]]MudKuf&if ukef;ay;}}
]]rvkyfeJYawmh[m/ igr&awmhbl;/ t&rf;armaejyD}}
]]tdkau}}
'l;awGaysmhacGaeaom oifZmhudk a&okwfay;um tcef;xJ ayGUvm&\/ uRefawmf
vkyfay;orQudk jyHK;jyHK;av; jidrfcHaeaom oifZmhrsufESmav;rSm auseyf&dyfawG zHk;vTrf;ae
onf/ aemufqHk;rSmawmh ukwifay:wifjyD; apmifjcHKay;vdkufum olYab;rSm uRefawmf vJScs
&if; tem;,lvdkuf\/ oifZmu uRefawmfhyg;udk &TwfueJ vSrf;erf;vkdufjyD;aemuf wpfa,muf
udk wpfa,muf zufjyD; uRefawmfwkdY rsufpdrsm;udk rSdwfxm;vdkufMuawmhonf/
cPaeawmh oifZmhvufu uRefawmfhnDav;ay: a&mufvm\/ [dkaumifuvnf;
b,f&rvJ acgif;axmifvmonfaygh/
uRefawmfu oifZmhudk cyfwdk;wkd;av; ajymvdkufonf/

 

191 
 
]]tck ... b,folu aumuf½dk;ravmufwmvJ}}
]]atmifr,f/ igu eihfudk oem;vkdYygaemf}}
]]bmajymw,f}}
]][kwfw,fav/ eifh[mMuD;u ighAdkufudk xdk;rdaew,f[/ onftwkdif;qkd&if igtdyf
vdkY &rSm r[kwfbl;/ ... uJ ... ukd,fawmf ... vkyfrSmjzifh vkyf}}
oifZmu aygifwpfacsmif;udk ajr§mufum uRefawmfhudk cGvdkufonf/ jyD;awmh oluyJ
awhay;&Sm\/ 'DvdkqkdawmhvJ raqmihfjyef&if tm;emp&mrdkY tomav; xnfhvdkuf&awmhonf/
]]ig ... eifhudk t&rf;cspfwmyJ oifZm&,f}}
]]igvnf; eifhudk cspfw,f}}
tcspfcsif; jyKdifMu&m0,f onftwdkif; tm;r&ojzifh oifZmhzif 2 jcrf;udk qGJzJhvdkuf
&mwGif uRefawmfh vufcv,fu acsmfjyD; olYzifxJ0ifoGm;awmh oifZmu wcpfcpf &,f&if;
]]taemufbdk;awmf}} vdkY cyfwkd;wdk;atmfonf/

jyD;ygjyD/

 

192 
 

oifZmESifh uRefawmf
aemufqufwGJ
0wfrIefa&T&nf wpfukd,fawmf/

oifZmhtaMumif;csnf; ajymaewmudk em;axmifolawG nnf;aiGUaeawmhr,f/
'Dwpfacgufawmh topfav;ayghAsm/ 0wfrIefa&T&nfudk vlrsKd;jcm;eJY wGJay;vdkufw,f/
one-by-one

arQmfvifhygw,f/

qkdayr,fh tkyfpkvkdufawGxufawmif Murf;w,fAsKdU/ MudKufMur,fvdkY

 

193 
 

tcef; (34)

wpf&ufrSmawmh uGefjyLwmeJY uRefawmf tjymum;Munfh aewkef; *sDar;uae zdwfpm
wpfapmif a&mufvmygw,f/ vufcHvdkufawmh

2:27 AM wyut.hmon:

udka[mh

me: hi, who r u?
wyut.hmon:
me:

rSef;Munfhav

zlum'gvm;/

2:28 AM wyut.hmon: ??
me:

yef;ay;ygjyD/ rodawmhbl;/

wyut.hmon:

0wfrIefav/ emrnfMuD;wyfxm;wm rawGUbl;vm;

me: awGUawmhawGUw,f/ 'gayr,fh r,Hk&Jbl;/ a,mufsm;u rdef;ra,mifaqmifxm;
ovm;vdkY/

 

194 
 
wyut.hmon:

'Gwfc

2:30 AM me: wow, congratulations
wyut.hmon:
me:

bmudkvJ

*sDawmh oHk;wwfwmudkaygh/

2:31 AM wyut.hmon:
me:

ajymjy/

2:32 AM wyut.hmon:
me:

e,l;a,muf ... tar&dum;? e,l;a,mufrSm

bmajymw,f/

2:33 AM wyut.hmon:
me:

[m; [m; ... tck0wfrIef b,frSma&mufaevJ odvm;

r,Hkbl;vm;

b,fvkdjzpfwmvJ/ bmowif;rS rMum;vkdufygvm;/

wyut.hmon:

aemuf 2 ygwfae&if jyefvmrSm/ &SL; ... wdk;wdk;/ b,folYrS rajymeJYaemf/
udka[mhudk rSmw,faemf
me: ok
wyut.hmon:
me:

tHhMoaeovm;

b,fvkdvkyfjyD; a&mufoGm;wmvJ/

wyut.hmon: har har ... how are you these days?
2:35 AM me:

pum;p vTJrypfeJYav/ b,fvkduae b,fvdkvkyf tjyifa&mufoGm;wmvJ/

wyut.hmon: ok, ok, i will tell u

tJonfaemufrSm ajymMuwmawGu zwfvkdYaumif;r,f xifwmeJY ]]oifZmESifh
uRefawmf}} aemufqufwGJtjzpf a&;vdkuf&ygw,f/ ]]0wfrIefa&T&nf\ pGefYpm;cef;rsm;}}
ayghAsm/

zwfaumif;ap&ef 0wåKoGm; taejzihf wifjyvdkufygonf/

 

195 
 

0wfrIefa&T&nf\ pGefYpm;cef;rsm;
tar&dum;udk a&mufwm[m 0wfrIeftwGufawmh t&rf;udk MuD;us,fwJh tajymif;
tvJygyJ/ a&mufvmwmuawmh xHk;pHtwkdif;yJ aphpyfwmayghaemf/
0wfrIefeJY aphpyfxm;wJhvlu a';ApfyDwmwJh/ tazh tvkyfeJY ywfoufjyD; odwm
ayghav/ pawGUwmuawmh {nfhcHyGJ wpfckrSmyJ/ olY½kyf&nfuvJ ar;½dk;um;um;? ESmacgif;
aumufaumufeJYrdkY odyfawmh pdwfr0ifpm;cJhbl;/ olYyHkpHuawmh omrefOa&myom; wpfa,muf
vdkygyJ/ olYzufu aphpyfzdkY rajymvmrcsif; oleJY ar;xl;ac:ajym avmufyJ pum;ajymzl;
wmyg/ a,mufsm;av;awG xHk;pHtwkdif; rIefacsmaMumif;vSaMumif;awG ajymawmh rIefuvnf;
awGUwkef;cP ayghayghyg;yg; pum;awG ajymwmayghav/
rIefu cyfayghayghawG;cJhayr,fh oluawmh rIefYudk awmfawmfav; usaeyHkyJ/ aemuf
wpfacguf awGUawmh aphpyfxm;csifw,fvkdY ajymvmw,f/ oltwnfajymaew,fvdkY rIefrxif
rdbl;/ xHk;pHtwkdif;yJ tazhudk ajymvdkY jyefajzvdkufwmaygh/ rxifrSwfyJ olu vlMuD;csif;
pum;pajymvdkufawmh rIefrarQmfvifhwmawG jzpfukefw,f/ wu,fwrf; ajym&&ifawmh
rIefi,fygao;w,f/ aysmfvkdYawmif r0ao;bl;rkdY a,mufsm; r,lcsifao;bl;/ cufaewm
wpfcku tar&dum;aygh/ tar&dum; qdkwmuvJ vlwkdif;oGm;csifaewm r[kwfvm;/ tEk
ynm todkif;t0dkif;xJu qdk&if rIefYxuf 0gtrsm;MuD; &ifhwJh vlawGawmif tar&dum;u
rxifr&Sm; ql&SDvdyform;udk ,lwmqdkawmh rIefvJ awGa0oGm;w,f/
rIefu tEkynm tvkyfukd 0goem ygw,fvdkY ajymawmh olu uefYuGufp&m
r&Sdygbl;vkdY ajzw,f/ avmavmq,fawmh a,mufsm;r,lcsifao;bl;/ tysKdb0eJY aemuf 34 ESpf aecsifao;w,fvdkY ajymifajymif ajymvkdufawmh olu 'gvnf; tqifajyygw,fwJh/
aphpyfxm;½kHygyJwJh/ olYzufuvnf; jyóemav;awG &Sdw,f/ aiGa&;aMu;a&; tay;t,lawG

 

196 
 
&SdvdkY avmavmq,fawmh vufrxyfcsifao;bl;wJh/ olYtajymuawmh tdrfaxmifusoGm;&if
tcGefudpöawG ½IyfoGm;w,f qdkvm;yJ/ rIefuom vufcH&if avmavmq,f aphpyfxm;jyD;awmh
olYrdbawGqD aqGjyrsKd;jy ac:oGm;r,fqkdjyD; urf;vSrf;awmhwm/ olu tJonfavmufMuD;
vdkufavsmvdkufwJh tcgrSmawmh rIefjiif;vkdY r&awmhbl;/
tJonfvdkeJY 0wfrIef tar&dum;udk a&mufcJhw,f qdkygawmh/ araruawmh avqdyf
u txGufrSm wzGzG rSmwmyJ/ rodwJhvlawGudk ac:wJhae&mudk vdkufroGm;zdkY/ taetxkdif
qifjcifzdkY/ aemufjyD;awmh oleJY twlwl rtdyfzkdYayghav/ ararajymvdkufawmhrS rIefowd&
oGm;w,f/ olYudk,fvHk;MuD;udk MunfhjyD; &ifckefrdwm trSefyJ/ pdwful;,Ofjcif;rsm;pGmeJY
rIefav,mOfay: wufvmw,f/
yxrqHk;aeYrSmawmh olu at;at;aq;aq;ygyJ/ t&dyfwMunfhMunfheJY/ olYtdrf
om;awGeJY rdwfqufay;w,f/ rIefacsmaMumif;? vSaMumif; csD;usL;w,f/ aemufjyD;awmh rIefY
emrnfudk ar;w,f/ rIefuvJ owdrxm;rdbl;av/ trSeftwkdif;yJ emrnft&if;udk ajzvdkuf
wmaygh/ awmufavQmufu olu bkdvkdrIwf? rIefuvnf; wwfoavmuf rSwfoavmuf
bkdvdkyJ jyefrIwfwmayghaemf/
&efukefuae aeYvnf 12 em&DrSm xGufvmvdkufwm e,l;a,mufudk nzuf 12
em&DavmufrSm a&mufw,f/ 24 em&D ywfvnfvdkvkd av,mOfpD;&wm em;udktlaewmyJ/ 'geJY
a&mufa&mufcsif;yJ c&D;yef;wmrkdY wpf0MuD; tdyfypfvdkufw,f/ tdyf&mu Ekd;vmawmh olu
jyHK;jyjyD;awmh ]]rif;u tdyf&mu Edk;cgprSm ydkvSw,f}} wJh/
jyD;awmh EGm;EdkYawG yef;oD;awG auR;w,f/ olvnf;pm;w,f/ tckxdu bkdvdkyJ ajym
aeMuwmaemf/ pm;jyD;awmhrS
]]'guav; MunfhvkdufygOD;}} qkdjyD; olYuGefjyLwmudk xkd;ay;w,f/
uGefjyLwm pu&ifay:rSm ay:aewmuawmh rIefeJY pdkif;pdkif; oMuFefwkef;u
wGJ½kdufxm;wJh "gwfyHkygyJ/ rIefYajczsm;vufzsm;awG at;pufoGm;w,f/
'gwifruao;bl;/ olu aemuf web page wpfckudkzGifhjyao;w,f/ emrnfudk
awmh ra&;&Jbl;/ tJonfqdkuf ydwfcHxdrSm pdk;vdkY/ 0wfrIef&JU"gwfyHkawG? 0wfrIeftaMumif;awG
csnf;yJ acgif;pOfwpfck zGifhxm;wmudk;/ Munfhae&if;eJY wpfckckawmh rSm;aejyDqkdwmudk 0wfrIef
odvdkufw,f/
]]&Sif ... Armvdk zwfwwfw,faygh}}
]]at; ... ig ... Armvdk aumif;aumif;MuD; a&;wwf? zwfwwf? ajymwwfw,fuG}}
cyfjznf;jznf;eJY av;av;MuD; wpfvHk;csif; ajymvdkufwJh olYpum;awGu odyfryDo
ayr,fh aumif;aumif;MuD; em;vnfEdkifygw,f/
]]b,f ... b,fvdkvkyf ... wwfaewmvJ}}
]]igArmjynfrSm aecJhwm 5 ESpf&SdjyD/ aumvdyfu 'Du&D&jyD;uwnf;u ukrÜPD
tvkyfvkyf&if;eJY rif;wkdYwkdif;jynfukd a&mufaewm/ rif;tazeJY awGUwmawmh 2 ESpfavmufyJ
&Sdao;w,f}}
]]&Sif ... bmoabmeJY tckvdk vkyfwmvJ}}
]]bmoabmrS r[kwfygbl;/ igvufxyfr,fh rdef;uav;taMumif;ukd igpHkprf;wm
av}}
0wfrIef oufjyif;csvdkufrdw,f/ ]]xm;ygawmh ... uRefr&Sif;jyyg&ap}}

 

197 
 
]]... &Sif;jyav ... igem;axmifaew,f}}
]]'gu oMuFefwkef;u ½dkufxm;wmyg/ tJonfwkef;u uRefrenf;enf; rl;aew,f
...}}
]][dk;xm; [kd;xm; ... rif;u bmawG &Sif;jyaewmvJ/ rif;"gwfyHk½dkufwkef;u rl;ae
rae igrodcsifygbl; ... rif;udk zufxm;wmu rif;&nf;pm; r[kwfvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f/ tJav r[kwfygbl;/ tJ'gu rif;om;yg/ oleJY &if;ESD;atmif ae&
wmyg/ 'gygyJ/ ... trSeftwdkif; 0efcH&&ifawmh oleJY nyfzl;ygw,f}}
]]nyfw,fqdkwm bmvJ ... atmf ... igodjyD/ twlwltdyfwmudk ajymwmr[kwf
vm;}}
wJhwdk;MuD; ajymcsvdkufwJh olYpum;aMumifh 0wfrIef em;&GufawG eDoGm;atmif
&SufoGm;rdw,f/ ]]tJovdkMuD;awmh odyfraejzpfygbl;/ wpfcg? ESpfcgavmufyJ}}
]]tdk; ... pdwf0ifpm;p&myJ/ 'gqkd&if rif;u tysKdrppfbl;aygh}}
]][kwfuJh ... r ... rppfygbl; ... &Sif ... uRefrudk pdwfysufoGm;jyDvm;}}
]]'guawmh rif;tay:rSm rlwnfygw,f/ 'DrSm rdef;uav; ... ightoufu
rif;touf 1 qcGJavmuf &Sdw,f/ tysKdawG ttdkawGudk odyf*½kpdkufwm r[kwfbl;qdkwm
rif;em;vnfxm;yg ... wpfckawmh&Sdw,f ... tysKdr[kwfbl;qkd&if rif;qDu igydkarQmfvifhvkdY
&wmaygh}}
bmudkarQmfvifhwmvJ qdkwm jyefar;rvdkYrSmyJ olu body language oHk;vdkuf
w,f/ olYabmif;bDudk cRwfjyvdkufwmygyJ/ tcsdefawmfawmfMumatmif rIefMuufaoaoaerd
w,f/ enf;wmr[kwfygbl;/ olY[mMuD;u t&Snf 10 vufrxuf ratmufEdkifbl;/ vHk;ywf
uvnf; enf;wm r[kwfbl;/ t&ifwkef;u rIefYtwGuf tMuD;qHk;qdkwJh udka[mha&mhu oleJY
,SOf&if uav;eJY vlMuD;vdkyJ/ Munfhae&if;eJY rIefYausm½dk;xJu pdrfhwufvmjyD; wpfukd,fvHk;
MuufoD;jzef;jzef; xoGm;w,f/
tJonftxJrSmrS rIefYudk zrf;pm;aewmuawmh t&if;ydkif;rSm jrKyfxm;wJh abmaph
ygyJ/
]]rif; ... bmawG MunhfaewmvJ/ a,mufsm;udk,fvHk;udk rjrifzl;bl;vm;}}
]]r ... r[kwfygbl;}} txpfxpf taighaigh jzpfoGm;&if;uae 0wfrIef rsufESmvTJ
vdkufw,f/
]]rif; ... a,mufsm; b,fESa,mufeJY tdyfjyD;jyDvJ}}
]]wpf ... wpfa,mufxJyg}}
]]rjzpfEdkifwmawG vmrajymygeJY/ rif;orD;wkdY armf',fwdkY vkyf&if a,mufsm;awGudk
a&SmifvkdY r&wm igem;vnfygw,f/ rSefrSefajymprf; ... b,fESa,muf&SdjyDvJ}}
]]wpf ... wpfa,mufxJyg}}
]]tdkauav/ 'gqkd&if igeJYyg 2 a,mufaygh}}
]]&Sif}} rIefYyg;pyfu jiif;zkdY pum;vHk;awG xGufrvmbl;/ oluawmh qwfueJ
rIefYudkayGU,lvdkufw,f/ 10 ESpfom;uav; wpfa,mufvdkyJ olYvufxJrSm ygoGm;w,f/

 

198 
 
]]b,fudkvJ}} ar;jyD;rS yg;pyfudk jyefydwfvkdufrdw,f/ olOD;wnfaewmu a&csKd;cef;
av/
olwkdYxHk;pHtwkdif; a&csKd;uefxJrSm 2 a,mufom; pdrfMuwmaygh/ terf;eJY tpjyK
vdkufwJh cspfcef;u odyfrMumcifrSmyJ Zmwf&Sdefwufvmw,f/
olYvufawGu t&rf;Murf;wmyJ/ rIefYEdkYoD;acgif;awGudk yGwfyGwfacsvdkufwmrsm;
yJhaMuGukefrwwfyJ/ tawmfMumawmh olYterf;u ydkMurf;vmw,f/ rIefYEIwfcrf;awGudk iHkjyD;
awmh tm;eJY pkyfoGif;wmrdkY zDvifawG wufvmjyD;awmh olY&ifcGifxJrSm rdrIefwpfa,muf
wGefYvdrfaerdw,f/
]]rif; rerf;wwfao;bl;/ rif;&nf;pm;u tawmfnHhao;wmyJ}} ajym&if;eJY olYvuf
awGu rIefYaygifMum;xJ a&mufoGm;w,f/
]]tarh}}
ajym&rSm &Sufyg&JU/ rIefvefYatmfrdw,f/ wu,f Murf;wJh vufMurf;MuD;yg&Sif/
tJonf vufMurf;MuD;eJY rIefYapmufaphav;udk yGwfvkdufwmrsm; vludk ao;jzef;jzef; ygrwwf
yJ/ olYvufarmif;udk twif;qkyfxm;&if;eJY b,fawmhrsm; xkd;xnfhvkdufawmhrvJvdkY &ifckef
aerdw,f/
a[m ... xkd;jyD/ tm; ... vufacsmif; wkwfwkwfMuD;u pdkif;pdkif;&JUvD; eD;yg;avmuf
&Sdw,f/ tJonfvdk ajymvkdY pdkif;pkdif;udk vlpOfrrSDbl;vdkY ajymwm r[kwfbl;aemf/ a';ApfyDwm
qkdwmMuD;u vlvGefrom;MuD; jzpfaewm/
]]rif; ... enf;enf;avmuf tay:wufvkdufygvm;}}
bm*smrIwfawmhr,f/ &ifckefvkdufwmaemf/ uysmu,myJ 0wfrIef a&csKd;uefabmif
ay: wufxkdifjyD; aygifum;ay;vdkufw,f/ csufcsif; roGm;ao;bl;&Sifh/ EdkYawGudk iHkcJawmfrlae
ao;w,f/ jyD;awmh tm;&yg;& pkyfvkdufwm oGm;&mawG xifvmwJhtxdyJ/
]][m ... bmawG vkyfwmvJ ... t&mawG xifukefjyD}}
]]'gu love bite vkdY ac:w,f/ rif;wpfcgrS tudkufrcH&bl;bl;vm;}}
]][ifhtif; ...}}
olu bmrS rajymawmhyJ acgif;ukd atmufavQmvdkufw,f/ usm;vQmvkd Murf;wJh
vQmMuD;u rIefYtaphav;udk tm;eJY vsufvdkufwJh tcgrawmh rIefraeEkdifawmhbl;/ olY
acgif;MuD;udk aygifeJY twif;yJ n§yfcGvdkufawmhw,f/
tJonfawmhrS ydkjyD;xdoGm;w,f/ olu tckeuvkd pkyfvkdufjyefw,f/ apmufaphav;
usifwufoGm;jyD;wJhaemuf rIefYwpfukd,fvHk; aumhvefjyD; t&nfawG xGufukefw,f/ a&csKd;uef
xJrSmrdkY awmfygao;&JU/ oluawmh bmrS rjzpfovkdyJ qufvsufaew,f/ cPaeawmh
vufcv,fudkyg xdk;xnfhvdkufw,f/
]]tarh}} atmifhxm;wJhMum;u xyfjyD; atmfvdkufrdw,f/ tm; ... rcHEkdifawmhbl;/
apmufaphu rw&m; usifwufvmjyD; 0wfrIefjyD;oGm;w,f/ aemufxyf vufacsmif;wpfacsmif;
xyf0ifvmw,f/ jyD;awmh olu um;vdkufw,f/ tarh ... rIefYapmufywfav; uGJygjyD/
tJonftcsdefrSm vQmMurf;MuD;uvnf; apmufaphudk apmif;wkdufvdkufjyefw,f/ xGufjyefjyD
aemufwpfcg/
]]awmfygawmh udk&,f ... tm; ... usdef;pyfaejyD ... rcHEdkifawmhbl;}}

 

199 
 

tcef; (35)
wu,fha,mufsm;
tJonfvkd ajymvkdufrdawmh bm*smudk &yfvkdufjyD; olu rIefYudk ayGU,lvdkufw,f/ 2
a,mufom; a&xJ jyefa&mufoGm;jyD;awmh tomav; erf;&if;eJY tarmajzwmaygh/ olYyg;pyf
u teHYwpfcku xl;jcm;aeovdkyJ/ cPaeawmhrS rIefowd&vkdufrdw,f/ tJ'g rIefYt&nfawG/
tJonfvdk awG;vdkufrdawmh ydkjyD; pdwftm; xufoefvmw,f/ 'geJYyJ rIefu olYnDav;udk
vufeJY udkifay;vdkufawmh olu ar;w,f/
]]vkyfawmhrvm;}}
rIefuvnf; body language eJY tajzay;vdkufw,f/ aygifum;ay;vdkufwmav/
rsufpdudkawmh rSdwfxm;w,f/ aMumufvdkY/
]]tarh ... uGJygjyD}} 'pfzsm;u tpdwfom; rubl;xifyg&JU/ emvdkufwm&Sif/
'gawmif rIefu tysKdr[kwfbl;aemf/ a,mufsm; 4-5 a,mufeJY tdyfvmwm/ ppcsif;
yguifwkef;u ruGJyJ tckrS uGJ&awmhr,f xifyg&JU/
]]ruGJao;ygbl;uG}} oluvnf; ukef;ukef;uGuGeJY MudK;pm;aew,f/
cPaeawmh emvGef;wmeJY olY&ifywfudk wGef;vkdufrdw,f/ 'gayr,fh olu twif;
zdcsawmh ydkjyD;awmif 0ifoGm;jyefw,f/ aemufqHk;rawmh apmufywfudk vuf0g;eJY tkyfxm;
vdkufawmhrS oltcufawGUjyD;awmh cP&yfoGm;w,f/

 

200 
 
]]aemufwpfenf; prf;&atmif/ rif;tay:uaeprf;uGm}}
pum;tqHk;rSm 0wfrIefudk ayGUvdkufjyD;awmh olu xkdifcsvdkufawmh tvkdvdkae&if;
0wfrIefu tay:a&mufoGm;w,f/
tckawmh vSJaewJh olYudk,fay:udk 0wfrIefu xkdifrdvsufom;aygh/ udk,fh udk,f
tav;csdefu qGJoGm;vdkY 0wfrIefwpfa,muf olY&JUvlwHpdkYMuD;eJY txdk;cH&awmhw,f/
]]tm; ... r&bl; ... r&bl;}} olY&ifywfudk vufaxmufjyD; ukd,fudk jyefMuGawmh
olu &,fw,f/
]]bm&,fwmvJ ... t&om awGUaew,fayghav ... [if;}} 0wfrIefu &efaxmifawmh
olu toHxGufatmif &,f&if;uae
]]aqm&D;yguGm/ igvnf; &,fcsifpdwf ay:vmvdkY ... [D;[D;}}
ajym&if;qdk&if; xyf&,faejyefw,f/ rkef;zdkY aumif;vkdufwJh vlMuD;/ rIefvnf;
olYudk,fay:rSm ukef;ukef;uGuGeJY jzpfae&if;uae rxifrSwfyJ MunfhrdoGm;w,f/
trav;av; ... enf;wmMuD; r[kwfygvm;/ pmtkyfawGxJrSm a&;ovdk opfjrpfMuD;
twkdif;yJ&Sifh/ olY[mMuD;udk ajymygw,f/ 'pfzsm;ausmf½kH av;uawmh &w,f/ tJonfaemuf
uawmh atmifhvdkY odyfroGif;&Jbl;/
tomav; an§mifhay;ae&if;uae aygifawG awmifhvmwmeJY 'l;udk enf;enf; qefY
vdkufrdw,f/ tJonfrSmwif 'ku©pawGUwmygyJ/ xvdkYr&/ xkdifvdkYr&/ ajcaxmufuvnf;
tqifrajyawmh udk,fhudk,ftav;csdefeJYwif vlwHpdkYMuD;ay:udk wtdtd xkdifcsrdoGm;w,f/
wpf0ufausmfavmuf 0ifvmwJhtcgrSawmh b,fvdkrS rcHpm;Ekdifawmhbl;/
]]tara& ... emvdkufwm}} tmacgifjcpfjyD; atmf&if;uae 0wfrIef ukef;xvdkufrd
w,f/ vIyfvIyf&Sm;&Sm; vkyfvkdufvkdY vufwpfqpfavmuf xyf0ifoGm;wmrdkY zifuGJrwwf
emusifoGm;w,f/
]]rif;[mav;u t&rf;usyfaew,fuG/ onftwkdif;oGm;&if igaovdrhfr,f/ xkwf
vdkufawmh}} a';Apfu ukef;x&if; ajymvkdufw,f/
0wfrIefvnf; oufjyif;csjyD; olYAdkufay:uae xvdkufw,f/ ESajrmovdkvdkawmh jzpf
rdom;/ a';Apfu rsufESmokwfyk0geJY a&okwfae&if;uae rsufESmopfcGufatmufu Al;av;
wpfAl;udk xkwfw,f/ tJonfAl;ay:rSm a&;xm;wmuawmh K-Y Jelly
bmvJqkdwm odjyD;awmh bmvkyfrvkdYvJ qkdwmudk awG;rdzdkYuawmh odyfrcufawmhyg
bl;/ &ifxJu xdwfueJ 0rf;omaewmeJY tdyfcef;xJukd b,fvkdvkyfjyD; jyefa&mufoGm;vJawmif
rodbl;/ tdyf&mxJrSmawmh 0wfrIefudk yHkrSeftwdkif;yJ cif;cdkif;w,f/ zm;aygifpif;av;vdk um;
ay;xm;wmudk a';Apfu vufeJY arTupm;vdkufao;w,f/ jyD;awmhrS qDokwfjyD; aemufwpfcg
xyfMudK;pm;awmhw,f/
]]jznf;jznf;aemf}} ajymr,fhom ajym&w,f/ yxr wpf0ufavmufu vHk;0remawmh
ygbl;/ ckeuwnf;u tusifh&jyD;om;udk tckwpfcg qDqGwfxm;wmqkdawmh tonf;cdkuf
avmufatmif aumif;ygw,f/ aemufqHk;ykdif;u enf;enf;usyfao;w,f/ jyD;vJjyD;a&m
olYabmaphu 0wfrIef&JU taphav;udk vmxdwJhtcgrSmawmh cg;av;udk aumhay;vkdufrdw,f/
abmaphu xl;jcm;wmawmh trSefygyJ/
]]abmaphu emw,fuG/ 'gayr,fh vl&JU t*FgZmwfawGrSm emwmeJY aumif;wmqdkwJh
cHpm;rIawGu a&maewmrdkY enf;enf;av; emwmudk t&omcH&wmyJ/ vHk;0remzdkYuawmh
udk,fhzmom *Gif;wkdufrSyJ &r,f}}

 

201 
 
pum;uvnf; rsm;ygh&Sif/ at;at;aq;aq;udk a&pdrfjyD; vdk;aewmyJ/ atmufu
cHaewJhvluawmh b,fEScg jyD;vkdY jyD;rSef;awmif rodawmhbl;/
]]rif; ... a,mufsm; b,fESa,mufeJY tdyfjyD;yvJ}}
cyfMurf;Murf; aqmifhcsufawGatmufrSm vl;vdrfhae&if;uae 0wfrIef trSeftwdkif;
ajzay;vdkufrdw,f/ ]]5 a,muf}}
]]tif; ... [kwfjyD ... igvkd;wm aumif;&JUvm;}}
]]raumif;bl; ... emw,f}}
]][m; [m; [m; ... rif;jyD;oGm;wm igodygw,fuGm/ bmawGzHk;uG,fcsifwmvJ/
jyD;&ifjyD;w,faygh/ rdef;rwpfa,muf taeeJY jyD;qHk;wJhtxd umrt&omudk cHpm;&zdkYqdkwm
vG,fwm r[kwfbl;uG ... ukokdvfaumif;w,frSwfyg/ ...}}
ajym&if;qkd&if;uae udka';Apf&JU wpfayeD;yg;&SnfwJh wHpdkYMuD;u 0wfrIef&JU
a&SUaygufav;xJudk wpfqHk;0ifvmygawmhw,f/ MuD;rm;&Snfvsm;wJhtjyif wkwfcdkifvGef;wmrdkY
tHwif;wif;MudwfjyD; awmihfcHxm;ayr,fh aemufqufwGJ abmaphu taphav;udk vmxdwJh
tcgrawmh b,fvdkrS rcHpm;EkdifawmhyJ yef;xGufoGm;rdjyefygw,f/
]][kwfw,f/ uRefrjyD;w,f/ bmjzpfvJ/ a&mh ... aumhay;vdkufOD;r,f/ pdwfMudKuf
omaqmifh}}
0wfrIefvJ pdwf½dkif;awG 0ifjyD; cyfMurf;Murf;yJ wkefYjyefvdkufrdw,f/ wu,fwrf;rSm
awmh olrcHEkdifygbl;/
]]tm; ... igvJ r&awmhbl;a[h}} ajymajymqkdqkdeJY udka';Apf&JU okuf&nfawGu
0wfrIefom;tdrfxJudk ylaEG;oGm;apygawmhw,f/
cPaevkdY tdrfomoGm;awmh emvkdufwm&Sif/ aocsmMunfhawmhrS taph atmufzuf
em;av;rSm enf;enf;av; uGJaewm awGUw,f/ wpf&SL;ayygeJY aocsmzdxm;jyD;awmh olYudk
cyfwif;wif; ajymvdkufrdw,f/
]]uGJoGm;jyD/ aq;cef;vkdufydkYay;}}
uGJwmu enf;enf;av;rdkY csKyfraeygeJY/ odkYaomfvnf; 2 &uf 3 &ufavmuf
a&SUaygufuae vdifqufqHrI rjyKyJ a&Smif&r,f qdkwJh q&m0efYpum;udk udka';Apfu twd
tus vkdufemygw,f/ 0wfrIef&JU nDrav;udk olYwHpdkYMuD;eJY rxkd;awmhbl;/ aemufwpfaeY
reufrSm vrf;aMumif; ajymif;oGm;w,f/ t&ifqHk; tacGawG zGifhjyw,f/ Bree Olson qdkwJh
rif;orD;av;[m odyfacsmwmyJ/ a&Ta&mifqHyif? 00upfupfuav;? jyD;awmhvJ cHvdkuf&if
yg;pyfaygufupjyD; a&SUayguf? aemufayguf tpHkudkcHwm/ tptqHk;udk em&D0ufavmufMum
atmifudk cHw,f/
tacGMunfhae&if;eJY olYvufawGu 0wfrIef&JU aemufaygufukd aoG;wdk;prf;aew,f/
0wfrIefvJ &ifawGckefvdkufwm t&rf;yJ/
]]uJ ... arSmufvkduf ... igrif;udk vsufay;r,f}}
]]jzpf ... jzpfhyghrvm;&Sif}}
]]jzpfygw,fuG}} ajym&if;qkd&if;uae ukda';Apfu 0wfrIefudk ukwifay:rwifNyD;
puwfuav;udk vSefvdkufw,f/

 

202 
 
0wfrIefaMumufw,f/ yxrwpfcgu udka[mha&mh aqmihfvdkufwm 3 &ufavmuf
zifusdef;aewmudk rarhEdkifao;bl;av/
]]rvkyfygeJY&Sif&,f}}
]]bmvJ ... emrS aMumufvdkYvm;/ pdwfrylygeJY ... qD&Sdw,f/ ... qDqGwfay;rSmyguG}}
tckrSyJ enf;enf;taMumufajyoGm;w,f/ 0wfrIef&JUaemufaygufudk olYvQmeJY vsuf
ay;aewmudk t&omcHaevdkufw,f/ 'gayr,fh yg;pyfuawmh t&Sufajy ajymwmayghaemf/
]]tJonfae&mudk rvsufeJYuGm/ ,m;w,f/ cpfcpf}}
oluawmh ]]avQmhxm; ... avQmhxm;}} qdkwmu vGJvdkY bmrS jyefrajymbl;/ olYvQm
u rtm;vkdY xifyg&JU/ zif0av;udk 0vHk;a&;vkduf/ zifxJudk vQmESpfjyD;awmh xkd;vdkufeJY
pdwfMudKufor aeawmhwmygyJ/
]]tifh ... ,m;w,f/ ... ,m;w,f}} wu,fyg&Sif/ rIefYwpfoufrSm t,m;qHk;tcsdef
ygyJ/ nDrav;vJ &TJ&TJpdkaeawmhw,f/ jzpfcsif&mjzpf? uGJcsifvnf;uGJ/ apmufywfudk vdk;vdkufyg
awmhvdkY ajymrdawmhr,fhqJqJrSm olu tvdkufwodeJY vufcv,fudk nDrav;txJ xnfh
vdkufw,f/
a[mawmh r[kwfao;bl;/ jyefxkwfvkdufjyD;awmh olYvufcv,fudk zifxJ xkd;xnfh
vdkufw,f/ vufpowfawmh qDqGwfaewmudk;/
]]udk ... udkY[mMuD;udk tJ ... zif ... zifxJ xnfhrvdkYawmh r[kwfygbl;aemf}}
]]csufcsif;awmh rxnfhao;ygbl;/ t&ifqHk;vufacsmif;awG xnfhMunfhOD;r,fav}}
]]r ... rjzpfbl; xifw,faemf/ uGJoGm;vdrhfr,f udk&JU/ raeYu olYxufus,fwm
awmif uGJao;wmyJ}}
]]cPav;/ cPav;/ 0wfrIefrMudKuf&if udk,fjyefxkwfay;r,f}}
ajym&if;qkd&if;eJY olYvufudk zifxJrSm arTaejyefjyD/ 'ku©ygyJ&Sif/
onfvkdeJY vufwpfacsmif;uae 2 acsmif; jzpfvmw,f/ jyD;awmh 2 acsmif;vHk;ukd
jyef½kwfoGm;w,f/ olYwHpkdYMuD;u 0wfrIefYnDrav;udk vmaxmufw,f/ awmfygjyD/ r½kef;awmh
bl;/ olYpdwfMudKufom jzpfygapawmh/
0wfrIef&ifawG w'dkif;'dkif; ckefoGm;wmaygh/ tHr,f ... csufcsif; roGif;ao;bl;&Sifh/
taphav;udk 'pfeJY yGwfaew,f/ olYvufuawmh zif0udk axmufxm;w,f/ jyD;awmh 0wfrIef
zifrSm at;pdrfhpdrfh t&omwpfck &vdkufao;w,f/ bmygvdrhf/ [m ... tJ'g K-Y Jelly jzpfrSm
yJ/
ausm½dk;wpfavQmuf pdrfhoGm;csdefrSmyJ pdk;&drfwmawG jzpfvmawmhw,f/ olY[mMuD;u
0wfrIef aemufaygufrSm awhxm;w,fav/ a&SmifvTJvdkY r&awmhr,fh twlwl (udka[mh oif
ay;xm;ovkd) toufjyif;jyif;&SL&if;eJY apmifharQmfaevdkufw,f/
]]jznf;jznf;av;yJ vkyf&r,faemf}}
]]pdwfcs abbD/ qDvnf; qGwfjyD;jyD/ vufeJYvJ csJUjyD;jyD/ abbDemp&m taMumif;
r&Sdawmhygbl;}}
qDqGwfjyD; vdk;w,fqdkwm Mum;yJ Mum;zl;wm/ tckawmh cHzl;&awmhr,f/ cHwm
awmifrS zifcH&rSmqkdawmh 0wfrIef&ifawG wtm;ckefwmyJ/

 

203 
 
olYqDuae aemufxyf owday;oH Mum;&w,f/ ]]avQmhxm;aemf}}
tvJh ... oGif;vdkufjyD/ tm; ... emvkdufwm/ yxrawmh atmifhcHayr,fh
wjznf;jznf;eJY rcHEdkifatmif emvmw,f/
]]r&bl; ... r&bl; ... t&rf;emw,f}}
]]&yfxm;vdkufjyD ... remawmhbl;aemf ... rif;zifav;u usyfodyfaewmyJuGm ...
t&rf;aumif;w,f/ odvm;}}
npfwD;npfywfawG ajymaewJh vlMuD;udk zifeJY n§yfqGJvdkufw,f/ rSwfua&m/
]]b,fqdk;vdkYvJ/ aumifrav;u tvmMuD;ygvm;}} ajymajymqkdqdkeJY olYvufu
apmufaphav;ay: a&mufvmw,f/
]]rvkyfeJYaemf/ jyefuGJoGm;&ifawmh todyJ/ wpfoufvHk; rcHawmhbl;}}
]]ruGJ&ifawmh wpfoufvHk; cHr,faygh}}
]]awmfprf;yg/ npfwD;npfywfawG rajymeJYqdk ...}}
]]rajymbl;qkd&if bmay;rvJ}} olu cyf&Twf&Twfajym&if;uae apmufaphudkuvdae
awmh 0wfrIef jidrfjidrf raeEkdifawmhbl;/ bmqufvkyf&rSef;vJ rodbl;/ ajym&if;qkd&if;eJY olY
vD;MuD;u zifxJrSm arTaejyD/ tdk; ... ,m;vdkufwm/
]],m;w,f ... t[ifh ...}} ajymvdkufjyD;rS yg;pyfudk uysmu,m jyefydwfvdkufayr,fh
olMum;oGm;jyD/
]]t,m;aysmufatmif vkyfay;r,faemf}} w&pfxyfoGif;vkdufw,f/ jyD;awmh aemuf
wpf&pf/
]]awmfjyD ... awmfvdkufawmhaemf ...}} enf;enf;av; emvmwmeJY 0wfrIefu wm;
vdkufrdw,f/
olu 0wfrIefvufav;udk vSrf;qGJjyD;awmh ]]jyD;awmhrSmyg/ r,Hk&if udkifMunfh ...}}
qkdjyD; olY[mMuD;ay: wifay;w,f/ [kwfawmh[kwfom;yJ/ vuf 3 vHk;avmufyJ tjyifrSm
usefawmhw,f/
]]pdwfcs ... uav;udk ematmif rvkyfbl;aemf}} ajym&if;eJY olu Mudwfxnfhvdkufjyef
w,f/
aocsmMunfhvdkufawmhrS olYezl;rSm acR;awGpdkaewmudk owdxm;rdw,f/
]]tqHk;xd 0ifoGm;yvm;}} 0wfrIef ar;vdkufawmh olujyefajzw,f/ ]]vufwpfqpfyJ
usefawmhw,f/}}
]][l; ... awmfygao;&JU}}
]]odyfaumif;wmyJ/ rif;a&m ... raumif;bl;vm;}}
]]aumif;ygbl; ... emw,f}}
tJonftcsdefrSmyJ 0wfrIef&JUcg;udk udkif&if;aemufqHk; vufwpfqpfudk olu aqmifh
xnfhvdkufw,f/ ylueJ usdef;pyfoGm;jyD;wJhaemuf olYOawGu 0wfrIeftaphav;udk vm½dkufrd
wmaMumihf t&om&SdvdkufwmuG,f/ cPaeawmh 0wfrIefcg;ukdudkifjyD; olu aqmifhawmhw,f/

 

204 
 
0wfrIefvnf; rwm;csifawmhbl;/ udk,fhvufeJY taphav;udk jyefyGwf&if; olrjyD;cif
jyD;atmif MudK;pm;aevkdufawmhw,f/
MuD;rm;wkwfcdkifvSwJh a';Apf[mMuD;u enf;enf;av; vIyfvdkufwmeJY 0wfrIefb,f
vkdrS rxdef;xm;Ekdifawmhbl;/ apmufaphav;udk wjAif;jAif;yGwf&if;eJY jyD;oGm;awmhw,f/
]]tm;yg;yg; usyfvdkufwJh zifav;uGm/ igawmh rxdef;Ekdifawmhbl;/ xGufjyD}} ajym
ajymqdkqkdeJY a';Apfu olYwHpdkYMuD;udk 0wfrIefzifxJ twif;zduyf&if;uae t&nfylylawG
yef;xnfhvdkufawmhw,f/
'geJYwif rjyD;ao;bl;&Sifh/ 0wfrIefudk yufvufvSef cdkif;jyefw,f/ tckav;wif
jyD;xm;wJh taphav;udk xyfuvdw,f/ bmaMumifhrSef; rodyJ/ 0wfrIef&JU pdwfawG t&rf;udk
xMuGvmw,f/ 'geJY aygifum;ay;jyD; olYudk MudKqkdvdkufawmh oluvnf; cyfoGufoGufyJ
vQmeJY vsufay;w,f/
ewfjynfa&mufjyD; ewfom;wpfzuf 500 eJY cHpm;&ifawmif onfhxufawmh
romEkdifawmhbl; xifwmygyJ/ raeYu uGJvdkY csKyfxm;&wJh apmufywfav;udk olYvQmeJY
vsufawmh tusufjrefrSmayghaemf/ aigufawmufxaewJh apmufaphav;udk vQmeYJ uvd
ay;&if;uae olYvufnId;u apmufywfxJudk xdk;xnfhvkdufawmh 0wfrIef t&Sdef&vmw,f/
]]vkyfawmhudk&,f/ 0wfrIefjyD;awmhr,f}}
]]cPav; ... igwkdY topftqef; vkyfMunfh&atmif}}
]]bmvJvdkY ... tckvkyfaewm aumif;om;eJY ... qufjyD; vkyfay;av}}
]]a&yef;wm Mum;zl;vm;}}
]]bmyef;wmvJ rodbl;}}
]]squirting av ... igvnf; jrifyJ jrifzl;w,f/ wpfcgrS rprf;Munfhzl;ao;bl;uG/
prf;Munfhrvm;}}
]]tJ'g bmMuD;vJ/ yHkpHtopfvm;}}
]]r[kwfbl;/ rdef;rawG t&nfawG yef;xGufatmif jyD;} wmudkac:wm ... tacGawGxJ
rSm jrifzl;w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tJ'gawGu ao;aygufcswm r[kwfbl;vm;}}
]]Sunny Lane qdkwJh tjymrif;orD;u ajymwmawmh tJ'gu ao;aygufwm
r[kwfbl;wJh/ jyD;cgeD;&if atmifhxm;/ atmifhxm;/ em&D0ufavmuf Mum&if pkjyD;awmh
tm;&yg;& jyD;vdkufwmrsKd;udk ac:wmwJh/ a,mufsm;awGrSmvJ tJ'grsKd;&Sdw,f/ atmifhxm;jyD;rS
pkjyD; xkwfvdkuf&if a0;a0;ydkajy;w,f}}
bmawG ajymaewmvJ rodbl;aemf/ 0wfrIefodwmu a,mufsm;eJYrdef;r [dk'if;[kd[m
jyKjyD;&if t&nfxGuf/ jyD;a&maygh/ 'Du vlvGefrom;awGuawmh r[kwfaygif/ squirt wJh/
bmawGrSef;udk rodbl;/
]]tJonfawmh 0wfrIefu bmvkyfay;&rSmvJ}}
]]jyD;cgeD;&ifajym/ vkyfaewmudk avQmhvkdufr,f/ tJovdkrsKd; 3 cgatmihfxm;jyD;&if 4
cgajrmufrSm tm;eJY jyD;vkdufprf;}}

 

205 
 
olYyHkMunfh&wm pdwftm;xufoefaeyHkyJ/ rIefvJ prf;csifvmwmeJY oabmwlvdkuf
w,f/ yHkrSefyJ pkyfvdkuf? vsufvdkuf? EIdufvdkufeJYayghav/ enf;enf;av; t&Sdefwufvmvdkuf?
avQmhvdkufeJY aemufqHk;tacgufrSmawmh rem;awmhyJ olYvufu tom;ukef xdk;EIdufw,f/
rIefvJ cg;awGaumhjyD; yef;xkwfvdkufw,f/ 'gayr,fh tacGawGxJuvdkawmh yef;rxGufbl;/
olYvuf0g; pdk½kHavmufyJ &w,f/
]]b,fvkdaevJ}}
]]odyfaumif;wmyJ/ [dk'if;xJrSm ylqif;oGm;wm ... avmavmq,fawmh armjyDuG,f/
em;OD;r,faemf ... 'gvif}}
]]tdkau ... *GwfEdkuf}}

 

206 
 

tcef; (36)
tMurf;wumh xdyfacgif
b,fvkduae b,fvdktdyfaysmfoGm;rdrSef;awmif rodbl;/ aemufwpfaeY reufrSm
awmh 0wfrIef em;&Gufudk vlwpfa,mufu vsufay;aevdkY Edk;vmw,f/
]]armeif; tcspfav;}}
]]armeif;udkudk}}
tm;yg;yg; ... aygifMum;awGudk usdef;pyfaewmyJ/ tdrfomoGm;awmh aygifawG
awmihfwif; aewmaMumifh olYudk rsufapmif;xkd;ypfvkdufw,f/
tdrfomwufjyD;vdkY ukwifay: jyefa&mufwmeJY olYvD;u zif0udk vmawhwmyJ/
0wfrIefu toHcyfrmrmeJY ajymvdkufw,f/ ]][ifhtif;aemf ... [ifhtif;vkdY ajymxm;
w,f}}
]]bm ][ifhtif;} vJ ... ]tif;} vkdYajymav}}
]]reufapmapmpD;pD; rvkyfbl;aemf}}
]]wu,f rvkyfbl;vm;}}
olYvD;u wjznf;jznf; awmifvmygjyD/ 0wfrIefzif0rSm wqwfqwfeJY wkefaew,f/

 

207 
 
toHrmrmeJY r&awmhvJ
udkvkyfwm uGJawmhrwwfyJ}}

avaysmhav;eJY

awmif;yef&awmayghav/

]]raeYu

]]'gayr,fh ruGJbl; r[kwfvm;/ t,f ... tckrS owd&w,f/ ruGJ&if wpfoufvHk;
cHr,fqkdwm ... cHayawmh}}
]]b,folu tJvkd ajymvdkYvJ}}
olYEIwfcrf;xlxlMuD;u 0wfrIefudk zderf;vkdufawmh pum;qufajymvkdY r&awmhbl;/
'gwifru olYvufMurf;MuD;awGeJY EdkYawGudk acsaejyefw,f/
]]tm; .... rvkyfeJY ...}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]][dk[mxJrSm t&nfawG &TJukefjyD}} jyHK;jyD; ajymvkdufwJh 0wfrIefaMumifh olY[mMuD;u
qwfueJ awmifvmvdkufwm vlawmifvefYoGm;w,f/
]]wpfapmif;auG;vkduf}} olYavoHu cyfwkd;wkd;yJ/ auG;ay;vkdufawmh olY[mMuD;u
0wfrIefa&SUaygufudk vmaxmufw,f/
]]jzpfyghrvm; ... uGJoGm;OD;r,f}}
]]qDqGwfrvdkYyg/ rxnfhygbl;}} &TJaewJh t&nfawGudk olY[mMuD;rSm vl;jyD;awmh
0wfrIefudk zifbl;awmif;axmifcdkif;w,f/ jyD;awmh zifudk csawmhwmyJ/
]]aumif;vm; 0wfrIef}}
]]aumif;ygw,fwJh&Sif/ 'gyJ ar;aewmyJ}}
]]odcsifvdkYyguGm ... raeYuawmh emw,fqkdjyD; twif;atmfw,f/ tckusawmh
ratmfawmhygvm;}}
]]atmfapcsifw,fayghav}}
]]r[kwfygbl;uGm/ aumif;w,fqkd&ifvJ jyD;wmygyJ}}
]]aumif;wmawmh r[kwfbl;ayghaemf/ 'gayr,fh wpfrsKd;av;yJ/ t[D;}}
]]rif;awmh oGm;jyD}}
]]bmudkoGm;wmvJ udkudk}}
]]t&ifcHaeus vlawGeJY rif;jyefjyD; qufqH&if t&omawGUawmhrSm r[kwfbl;uG}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ&Sif}}
]]abmaphaMumifhyJ/ abmaphu emw,f r[kwfvm;/ emwmuae zDvifvmwm/ tck
qdk&if rif;u abmaphudk cHzl;oGm;awmh abmaphryg&if rif;emawmhrSm r[kwfbl;/ tJ'gqkd&if
b,fuvm zDvifwufawmhrvJ ...}}
tckrSyJ olY&JU tMuHudk 0wfrIefodawmhw,f/ awmfawmf qkd;wJhvlMuD;/ pdwfayguf
aygufeJY olYzifukd tm;eJY n§yfqGJvdkufw,f/
]]rif;zifu enf;enf; us,foGm;jyD abbDav;&JU ... tckqkd&if rif;udk Armjynf
jyefvTwf&Jw,f/ rif;t&ifcHzl;wJh vlawGudk cscdkif;Munfhyg/ b,fvkdrS jyD;awmhrSm r[kwfbl;/ }}

 

208 
 
pum;tqHk;rSm t&SdefeJY aqmifhoGif;vkdufwmrdkY tm;ueJ 0wfrIef atmfvdkufrdw,f/
zsif;ueJ emoGm;wmeJY twlwl aoG;awG qla0vmw,f/ vufwpfzufu tvkdvdkae&if;
apmufaphay: a&mufjyD; yGwfaerdw,f/
]]aumif;vm; ... ajzav ... igar;aew,f/ ... zifcH&wm aumif;vm;}}
]]aumif;w,f/ ... aumif;w,f/ ... tif; ... csprf;yg}}
]]jrefjrefvm; ... aES;aES;vm;}}
]]jznf;jznf;yJ ... 'grS t&om tjynfh&rSm}}
cyfjznf;jznf; vdk;aewm 3 rdepfavmuf &Sdawmh 0wfrIef jyD;csifvmw,f/
]]udk ... 0wfrIef jyD;awmhr,f}}
]]tdkau tcspfav;}} ajym&if;eJY cyfoGufoGuf aqmifhvdkufwJh olYaqmifhcsufawG
atmufrSm 0wfrIefwpfa,muf t&nfaysmf oGm;w,f/ jydKifwlvdkyJ olvnf; jyD;oGm;w,f/
]]aumif;vdkufwmuG,f}} 2 a,mufvHk; wpfa,mufukd wpfa,muf zufxm;&if;eJY
jydKifwlyJ ajymvdkufrdw,f/
0wfrIefzifxJu olY[mMuD;u wpfxpfcsif; usKHUoGm;aewmudk owdxm;rdvdkufvdkY
]]rusKHU&if aumif;r,f}} vdkY ajymvdkufrdw,f/
udka';Apfu aMumiftdrfykav; wpfvHk;udk zGifhvkdufjyD; &Snfarsmarsm vHk;acsmacsm
wpfckudk xkwfvmw,f/ tv,frSm cg;odrfaewJh vnf&pfav;eJY/
]]bmMuD;wkef; ... twkvm;}}
]]twkawmh twkyJ/ 'gayr,fh ta&SUwGuf r[kwfbl;/ taemuftwGuf/ butt-plug
av}}
]]bmvkyf&rSmvJ}}
]]wyfxm;&rSmaygh}}
]]bmvkyfzdkY wyfxm;&rSmvJ}}
ajymajymqdkqkdeJY 0wfrIefzifxJudk tJ'gMuD; xdk;xnfhygava&m/ olYvD;avmuf rMuD;
wmrdkY emawmhremayr,fh ae&wm wpfrsKd;MuD;ayghaemf/
]]wpfaeYvHk; wyfxm; ... [kwfyvm;/ avmavmq,f a&oGm;csKd;&atmif ... vmcJh}}
]][muGm ... bmvdkY wyf&rSmvJ}}
]]wyfxm;Munfhyg/ naeus&if xl;jcm;wm wpfck vkyfzkdY&Sdw,f/ tJ'gtwGuf
MudKwifjyifqifwJhoabmaygh}}
]]wpfaeYvHk; wyfxm;&r,f [kwfvm;/ tDtD;ygawmh b,fvkdvkyfrvJ}}
]]tDtD;ygwkef;awmh jzKwfxm;ayghuGm/ jyD;&if jyefwyfvkdufaygh}}
]]r ... rvkyfygeJY&Sif/ uRefraMumufw,f/ jyefjzKwfay;ygaemf}}
]]bmrS aMumufp&m r&Sdygbl;uG}}

 

209 
 
vdk&if;wkd&Sif; ajym&&ifawmh olu jzKwfray;ygbl;&Sif/ tJ'gMuD; wef;vef;eJY
a&csKd;Muw,f/ a&csKd;&if;uaevnf; wpfcsufwpfcsufrSm 0wfrIefYzifudk vuf0g;eJY vSrf;vSrf;
½dkufao;w,f/ tHr,fav; ol½dkufvkduf&if zifxJuae usifueJ jzpfjzpfoGm;wwfvdkY Mum
awmh zifudk vuf0g;eJY tkyfjyD; a&csKd;&w,f/
a&csKd;jyD;awmh tjyifoGm;zdkY t0wftpm;vJMuw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSmvJ olu ab;uae
jyD;awmh atmufcHabmif;bD r0wf&bl;vdkY rSmw,fav/
]]puwfav;u wkdwkdav; udk&JU/ abmif;bDr0wf&if rawmfvdkY olrsm;awG jrifoGm;
&if b,fhES,fvkyfrvJ}}
]]b,folrS rMunfhygbl;uGm/ jrifawmhvJ bmjzpfwmrSwfvdkY/ 'Dwkdif;jynfu udk,f
aecsifovkd aewJh wdkif;jynfyJ[m ... udk,fu rif;[mav;udk yGwfay;csifvdkYyg}}
olajymwmeJYwif 0wfrIeft&nfawG xGufvmovdkyJ/ olu r&yfao;bl;/ qufajym
aeao;w,f/
]]rif;apmufywfav;udk yGwfay;aecsifwmuG/ vkyfygtcspfav;&,f/ atmufrSmbmrS
cHraeeJY/ b&mpD,mvJ r0wfeJY/ yifwDvJ r0wfeJY}}
tJonfvkdeJY olYtvdkus bmrS rcHyJ tuFsDcyfwkdwkd? puwfwkdwkdav;eJY e,l;a,muf
jrdKUxJudk oGm;vnf&w,f/
ppcsif; 0ifjzpfwJh qkdifuawmh upm;p&mqkdif/ vlMuD; upm;p&mayghav/
]]uRefawmfrSmxm;wmav; &jyDvm;}} vdkY a';Apfu bkdvdkar;vkdufawmh qkdif&Sif
vlMuD;u acgif;ndwfjyw,f/ jyD;awmh 0wfrIefudk Munfh&if;eJY jyHK;jyw,f/ olwdkY rsufESmawGu
ajymifacsmfacsmeJY/ 0wfrIef &Sufvdkufwmaemf/
]]a[monfrSm ...}} xkwfjywJh txkyfMuD;udk bmMuD;ygvdrhfvdkY wkd;uyf Munfhvdkufrd
w,f/
]]bmMuD;vJ udkudk}} 0wfrIefuvJ bkdvdkar;vdkufawmh qkdif&Siftzdk;MuD;u vSnfhjyD;
ajzw,f/
]]0rf;csLwJhtdwf ... tdwfu &mbmtaumif;pm;eJY vkyfxm;w,f/ tenf;qHk; a& 2
ykvif;cGJ - 3 ykvif;awmh at;at;av;qefYw,f/ ...
a[m'gu EIwfoD;/ 12 vufr t&Snf&Sdw,f/ taygufawGu tem;owf acsmjyD;
om;/ vHk;0remap&bl;/ ...
a[m'gu "gwfqm;aq;rIefY? a&b,favmufeJY azsmf&r,fqdkwJh tnTef;ygjyD;om;
...}}
Munhfae&if;eJY MuufoD;xvkdufwm&Sif/ tJonf 0rf;csLwHMuD;udk Munfh&if;eJY
MuufoD;awG xvmw,f/ olY[mMuD;u yHkrSef0rf;csLawmifh r[kwfbl;/ txl;wvnf rSm,l
xm;wm xifyg&JU/ vG,fvG,fajym&&if a,mufsm;vD;vdkygyJ/ 'gayr,fh a,mufsm;[mxuf
ykdydefjyD;awmh ydk&Snfw,f/ 'pfvdkrsKd; xdyfzl;&JU ab;bufrSm tayguf 4 aygufavmuf ygw,f/
tHr,fav; tJ'gMuD;eJY csLjyD;awmhrS zJhrSmxifyg&JU/ 0wfrIeft&nfawGawmif xGufvmjyD/
qdkifxJu xGufvmjyD; um;ay:a&mufawmh olu 0wfrIefudk ajymw,f/ ]]rif;
oabmus&JUvm;}}
]]bmudkvJ}}

 

210 
 
]]'gMuD;udkav}}
]][m ... bmawGar;aewmvJ}}
olYvufawGu 0wfrIefpuwfav;xJudk wkd;0ifoGm;awmh 0wfrIef raeEkdifawmhbl;/
&Gpd&Gpd jzpfvmw,f/ 'gayr,fh ESvHk;om;udk OD;aESmufeJY xdef;csKyfjyD; ajymvkdufygao;w,f/
]]um;udk armif;prf;yg&Sif/ tcef;jyefa&mufawmh vkyfMuwmaygh}}
]]tckvkyfr,f}}
b,fvkdrS ajymvdkYvJr&/ olYvuf 2 acsmif;u apmufywfxJ a&mufvmawmhwmyJ/
aygifum;jyD; aumhay;vkdufrdw,f/
]][ ... &TJepfaewmyJ/ nmraeygeJYuGm/ 0rf;csLtdwfudk rif;MudKufw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]rMudKufygbl;}}
]]bmvkdY nmcsifwmvJuGm/ a[monfrSm ...}} olYvufawGu apmufaphav;udk
acsvkduf? apmufywfudk EIdkufvdkufeJYrdkY 0wfrIef [efraqmifEdkifawmhbl;/
vrf;rMuD;ay:rSm qkdwJhtodaMumifh ]]rvkyfygeJY&Sif}} vdkY awmif;yefr,f MuHrdayr,fh
wu,fwrf;awmh pum;vHk;awG xGufrvmbl;/ cHvdkYaumif;aewmeJY aygifawGukdawmif jzJay;
vkdufrdw,f/ pdwfxJuvnf; aygufayguf&Sm&Sm awG;vdkufrdw,f/
]]tif; ... 'DyHkudkom AGD'D,dk½dkufjyD; ,lusKrSm wifvdkuf&&if &S,fyJaemf/ Armrif;orD;
aygufpav; vrf;ab;rSm t&om awGUaeyHkqdkjyD;awmh emrnfausmfoGm;r,f}}
]]tm; ... tif; ... vkyfprf;yg&Sif/ xGufawmhr,f}} 0wfrIef wkd;wdk;av; ajymvkdufrd
w,f/
olYvufawGu zifydwfudk rawmfwq xdrdoGm;&if pdrfhusifoGm;wmyJ/ ausm½dk;wpf
avQmuf pdrfhjyD;awmh MuufoD;awG wjzef;jzef; xoGm;wm/ tJonfvkdeJY 0wfrIefzDvifwuf ae
wkef;rSm olu uvdwmudk &yfypfvdkufw,f/
]][if ... bmvdkY xkwfvdkufwmvJ ... tGefY}}
rsufpdrSdwfjyD; Zdrf,laewkef;rSm yg;pyfxJukd olYvufMuD;a&mufvmwmeJY vefYoGm;
w,f/ ½dk;½dk;r[kwfbl;/ iefusdusdeJY nD§pdkYpdkY teHYuvJ &aeao;w,f/ csufcsif;yJ 0wfrIefod
vdkufw,f/ 'g ... 'gawGu ... 0wf ... 0wfrIef&JU ...
tckrS olYtoH xGufvmw,f/ ]]b,fvkdvJ/ udk,fh[mudk,f jyefvsuf&wm aumif;
vm;}}
0wfrIefbmrS jyefrajymrdbl;/ &Sufovkdvdkawmh jzpfrdw,f/ 'gayr,fh odyftrsm;MuD;
&Sufwmawmh r[kwfygbl;/ 'gu rryyeJY twlaeuwnf;u jzpfaeus udpöawGyJav/
tck[mu vrf;ray:rSm jzpfysufaewmudk &Sufwmyg/ olYa&SUrSmawmh rsufESmrxm;wwfatmif
&Sufoa,mif trlt&m vkyfjyvkdufwmayghav/
tJonfhtcgawmh oluqufrvkyfawmhyJ um;udk armif;xGufvdkufw,f/ tvdkrus
vkdY rIefukyfukyf jzpfaewJh 0wfrIefudk vSrf;Munfh&if;eJY olu ESpfodrfhovkd ajymw,f/
]]tcef;jyefa&muf&if vkyfMuwmayghuGm}}
'DvdkeJY 0wfrIefwdkY tcef;xJ a&mufcJhw,f/

 

211 
 

tcef; (37)
csL jyD; cs
]]uJ ... tcspfav; ... tukefom cRwfvdkufayawmh ...}} tcef;xJ a&mufwmeJY
a';Apfu 0wfrIefudk tm;&yg;& erf;vdkufjyD;awmh ajymw,f/
0wfrIefrsufpdxJrSm 0rf;csLwHMuD;udk jrifa,mifvmjyD;awmh olajymovkd t0wfawG
tm;vHk; cRwfypfvkdufw,f/ 0rf;csLvdkuf&if bmawGydkxl;vmrvJqkdwm awG;&if;eJY pdwfvIyf&Sm;
rdwm rajymygeJYawmh/ aMumufvnf;aMumufw,f/ cHvnf; cHcsifw,f/
t0wfawG tukefcRwfjyD;awmh ukwifay: arSmufay;vdkufawmh olu av;zufukef;
cdkif;w,f/
]]tdkau ... t&ifqHk; a[monf zifydwfudk cRwf&r,f}} olu zifydwfudk aumif;
aumif; rcRwfyJ vufeJY ½dkufvdkufao;w,f/ usifueJ jzpfoGm;wmrdkY 0wfrIef atmfrdatmf&m
atmfvdkufrdw,f/
]]rvkyfygeJY ... cRwfvkdufygawmh}}
]]tDtD;ygovdk n§pfvkdufprf; ... [kwfjyD ... [kwfjyD}}
0wfrIefu tn§pfvkdufrSm olu qGJxkwfvdkufjyD;awmh Murf;ay: ypfcsvdkufw,f/

 

212 
 
]]uJ ... Munfhvdkufprf; ... rSefxJrSm ... rif;zif0 jyJjyJav;udk ...}} olu rSefao;ao;
wpfcsyfudk axmifjyw,f/ tvSjyif rSefwifcHku rSefeJY csdefukdufvdkufawmh 0wfrIef&JU zifjyJae
wmudk aumif;aumif;MuD; awGUvdkuf&w,f/ rsufESmudk uysmu,m vTJvdkufayr,fh tJonf
jrifuGif;u rsufaphxJrSm pGJaew,f/ MuufoD;xp&mMuD;yJ/ jyJ[aewJh zif0xJuae twGif;
om; yef;Eka&mifawGudk aumif;aumif; jrifae&w,f/ wpfaeYvHk; zifydwf wyfxm; wmrdkY
awmfawmfeJY jyefraphyJ [jyJav; jzpfaewm xifyg&JU/
]]tdkau ... pMur,f/ tdyf&mcif; aocsmcif;&r,f}}
xrDa[mif; 2 xnfudk xyfjyD;awmh cif;vkdufw,f/ aemufjyD;awmh qm;&nfrIefYudk
a&oefY 2 vHk;pm tcsKd;usazsmfjyD;awmh &mbmtdwfxJxnfh/ eH&Hu csdwfrSm csdwfvdkufw,f/
]]uJ ... [kwfjyD/ vSJvdkuf/ b,fbufudk apmif;/ b,fajcudk qefYxm;/ nmajcudk
auG;xm; ... zifu onfbuf enf;enf;wkd;vkduf}}
olu apmufywfudk jzJMunfhaejyefw,f/ 0wfrIefvJ r&SufEkdifawmhygbl;/ olYvufeJY
xkd;vdkufrvm;/ xkd;vdkufygapvdkY MudwfjyD; qkawmif;aerdw,f/ cPaeawmh olu K-Y
Jelly bl;udk ,ljyD;awmh zif0udk enf;enf;okwfvdkufw,f/ 0rf;csLwHay:udk okwfvdkufw,f/
xdk;xnfhawmhwmygyJ/
]]emvm;abbD}}
]][ifhtif; ... rembl; ... tm; ... jznf;jznf;}}
twHMuD;udk xkd;xnfhjyD;wJh aemufawmh &mbmtdwf&JU tqdkYudk zGifhvdkufw,f/
qm;&nfawGu 0wfrIef&JU zifxJudk 0ifjyD; tJonfuwpfqifh tlrMuD;xJudk pD;oGm;wmrdkY
Adkufuav;u ododomom ylvmw,f/
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wpfacguf erf;&wm t&omxl;ovkdyJ/ zifudk rvIyfrdatmif owdxm;&if;eJY erf;&wmudk;/
qm;&nfawGeJY wjznf;jznf; jynfhvmcsdefrSm olYvufawGuvnf; 0wfrIef&JU EdkYtHkao;ao;av;
udk t&nfxGufrwwf n§pfaeawmhw,f/
olYvufwpfzufu atmufzufa&mufvmawmh aygifudk rodrom um;ay;vkduf&if;
MudKaerdawmhw,f/ taphav;udk uvdvdkufawmh 0wfrIefjidrfjidrf raeEkdifawmhbl;/ b,fvkd
cHpm;rIMuD;vJ ajymrjywwfbl;/ zifxJrSm wif;usyfaejyD;awmh ae&wm wpfrsKd;MuD;yJ/ atmifh
awmifhawmifheJY aumif;wm/ zifvdk;wJhtcg cH&wmrsKd; r[kwfbl;aemf/ tJ'gu zifusdef;wm
ygw,f/ tck[mu rusdef;yJeJY atmifhaumif;MuD; jzpfaewm/
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awmh apmufaphay:u vufaMumifhyg/
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vHk; 0wfrIefzifxJ 0ifoGm;wmaygh/ wif;usyfaewmuawmh ajymrjy EkdifavmufatmifygyJ/
tpydkif;u aumif;ovkdvkdav; jzpfaewmvJ b,fa&mufoGm;rSef; rodawmhbl;/

 

213 
 
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]]tm; .. tD; ... tck ... tckay;oGm;ygawmh/ aemufqkd&if cdkif;wm vkyfyghr,f/
pkyfay;&rvm;/ ukef;ay;&rvm;/ vkyfckdif;csifwm vkyfcdkif;yg udkudka';Apf&,f/ zifudkvkyfcsif
vJ vkyfyg/ ... avmavmq,f tdrfomoGm;yg&ap}}
]]2 rdepfxJyg}} olu acsmh&if;eJY olYvuf 2 acsmif;u 0wfrIefapmufywfudk Eidufjyef
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t&rf;udk cHpm;&wmyJ/ zifxJrSm wif;aewJht&SdefeJY apmufaphav;u aigufawmuf xaecsdef
rSm tEIdufcHvdkuf&awmh ao;jzef;jzef; ygrdawmhrvkdyJ?
0wfrIef&JU tajctaeudk olodvdkufwJhyHkyJ/ zif0udk xrDeJY zduyfxm;&if;uae
0wfrIefudk xcdkif;w,f/ tdrfomoGm;&awmhrSmrdkY aysmfoGm;jyD; ukef;xvdkufw,f/
]]tm; ... xGuf ... xGufawmhr,f}}
]]jznf;jznf;x ... udkifxm;w,f/ pdwfryleJY}} olu taemufuae xrDeJYydwfay;xm;
w,f/ 0wfrIefvnf; tm;ukef usKHUxm;&if;uae jznf;jznf;csif; tdrfomqDoGm;&wmaygh/
]][kwfjyD/ wHcg;udk zGifhvkduf/ jyD;&if 0rf;csLwHukd xkwf&r,f/ tdrfomxJrSm
av;zufukef;vkduf}}
0rf;csLwHukd qGJxkwfjyD;awmh olYvufreJY jrefjrefav; jyefydwf/ aMuGtkd;ay:
wufxdkifvdkuf jyD;wJhaemuf
]]&jyD udkudk ... vTwfvkdufawmh}}
]]rvTwfao;bl;}} olu tm;aewJh vufwpfzufeJY apmufaphudk uvdjyefw,f/
]]tm; ... rvkyfygeJY udk&,f/ 0wfrIef rcHEkdifvGef;vdkYyg/ vTwf ... vTwfay;ygawmh ...}}
zifxJu vufrukd jzKef;ueJ vTwfvdkufjyD;awmh apmufywfudk EdIufvdkufwJh tcg
rawmh 0wfrIeftonf;awG tlawG uajymif;ujyef jzpfoGm;jyD; txGwftxdyfukd a&mufoGm;yg
awmhw,f/
olYvufarmif;udk twif;qkyfxm;&if; wpfukd,fvHk; aqmufwnf&mr& vIyfcgaerd
w,f/ zifxJu "gwfqm;&nfawGuvnf; wa0ga0geJY xGufusaeav&JU/ 0wfrIefu ]]aumif;
vkdufwmuG,f/ aumif;vdkufwm}} vdkY ajymvdkufawmh olu auseyfovdk jyHK;jyD; apmufywf
xJudk EIdufvdkufjyefw,f/

 

214 
 
zifxJuae "gwfqm;&nfawG yef;xGufaecsdefrSm apmufywfudk tEIdufcH
vdkuf&wmrdkY b,fvkdrS raeEdkifawmhbl;/ qufwkdufvdkvdkyJ aemufwpfcg xyfxGufoGm;
jyefw,f/ 'Dwpfcg jyD;wmu t&rf; jyif;xefwmrkdY ywf0ef;usifudk arhoGm;avmufatmifygyJ/
owd&vmawmh 0wfrIefukd olu ayGUxm;w,f/ oGm;aewmuawmh a&csKd;uef
qDudkyg/ jrD;an§mifh½dk;qDuae ylaEG;wJh tawGUudk 0wfrIefodvdkufw,f/ 'gu olYwHpkdYMuD;yJ
jzpfrSmaygh/ 0wfrIef awG;vdkufrdwmu abmaph... r&SufEdkifawmhygbl;... olYem;em;uyfjyD;
ajymvdkufrdw,f/
]]udkudk ... a&csKd;jyD;&if xyfvkyfMur,faemf}}
]]tif; ... vkyfMur,f/ rIwfr,f/ pkyfr,f/ jyD;&if ... bmvkyfcsifao;vJ}}
]]jyD;&ifawmh nDav;eJY nDrav;udk rdwfqufay;r,f/ ... aemufqHk;rSmawmh tckeu
0rf;csLwHMuD; 0ifaewJhae&mxJ udkudkY[mMuD;udk xnfhay;aemf}}
]]pdwfcs/ 0wfrIefav; auseyfwJhtxd jzpfap&r,f/ awmfygawmh ... aMumufygjyDvkdY
atmfap&r,f}}
ausauseyfeyf jyHK;&if;eJY 0wfrIef jyefajymvdkufw,f/
]]atmfr,fvkdYawmh rxifeJY q&m/ 'Du Murf;av MudKufavyJ/ [if; [if;}}

jyD;ygjyD/
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aus;Zl;pum;
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&if a&;jzpfrSm r[kwfvdkYyg/ aemufjyD;awmh a0zef tMuHay;MuwJh udktkef;? udkrufx&pf/
jrifq&mrsm; jzpfMuaom udk*sifuvd? udkaZmfOD;? raejcnf? udkwyfMuyfMuD;/
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udka[mha&mhudk txl;bJ aus;Zl;wifygw,fcifAsm/ uRefawmfb0&JU yxrOD;qHk; atmpmay
yD'Dtufz uav;ygbJ/ zdkifqdk'fudk 'Dxufao;atmifvkyfcsifayr,fh uGmvwDqdkwmuae
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udkref;eJY 'DyD'Dtufzudk a'gif;NyD;zwfMur,fh pmzwfolrsm;udk txl;? txl;bJ aus;Zl;
wif&SdygaMumif; ...............

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*Ref 16 2008

 

 

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