IIT Entrance QP Soln

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Classroom Discussion Exercise

1.

(c)

2 0

0 3

0 0

3 3

0 2

10. (c)

3 0

= 6 0 6 = 12

2.

(a)

R1 R1 + R2 + R3 gives

1

1

1

(1 +x +y + z) y 1 y

y

z

z

1 z

11. (c)

1 0 0

(1 +x + y + z) y 1 0 1 x y z

z 0 1

3.

(b)

C1 C1 +C2 + C3 gives

1

2y

2z

(x + y + z) 1 y z x

2z

1

2y

zxy

12. (a)

(AB)A = A2

A(BA) = A2

AB = A2

A = A2

13. (d)

A is m n A is n m

A + A exists m = n

14. (b)

x y z 3

(a)

4 0

AT + BT = (A+B)T = 1

.

3 5 2

R1 R1 R 2 ; R 2 R 2 R3 ; R3 R3 R 4

xa yx

0

0

a

xa yx

0

0

x b z x x a x b x c

0

0

xc

5.

(d)

= 24 = 4!

6.

(a)

7.

(d)

R3 R3 R1, R2 R2 R1 gives:

The determinant

tn

t n 1

tn 2

=

2d

2d

2d

n 1d n 1d n 1d

(d)

1 0 0 x 2 2 x 2 2

dD

2 x 20 1 02 x 2

dX

2 2 x 2 2 x 0 0 1

= x2 4 x2 4 x2 4 3 x2 4

If A + B = C

Symmetric matrix A =

1

C CT

3 4 5

C + CT = 2 1 2

1 3 0

3 2 1

4 1 3

5 2 0

6 6 6

= 6 2 5

6 5 0

A =

8.

15. (a)

x b z x 0

0

xc 0

b

1 3

A + 2B =

(1)

1 2

3 2

2A + B =

..(2)

1 0

4 5

(1) + (2) 3 (A +B) =

0 2

1 4 5

(A+B) =

3 0 2

1

2y

2z

(x + y + z) 0 x y z

0

0

0

xyz

4.

A is m n, A + B exists B is m n

A is m n, B is m n, AB exists

m=n

1

a11 = 1 1 0

2

1

C CT

2

= 3

3

1

5

2

3

5

.

2

16. (a)

Obvious

17. (b)

= (|B| B1) (|A| A1)

= (adj B) (adj A)

18. (a)

(adj B) = adj (AB) (adj A)1

1

=

2

1

(adjB) =

2

3 1 2

0 1 3

9. (a) x = 2 (1) = 3, a = 1 2 = 1

3 3 2

0 1

x

=

.

3

0 1 1

6 4

a

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19. (c)

We know that a

adjA

A1 =

|A|

|A1| =

cos sin 0

0

0

1

adj A

|A|

22. (d)

1

1

| adjA |

| A | | A |n

adj A A

= A

20. (a)

1

1

A 1

k

k

1

[we know that (k)

k

= A1.

n1

adjadjA = adjA

1 2

A = (A1)1 =

1 4

4 2

2A =

1 1

n 1

(n 1)2

= 1. 2 =

1 4 2

2 1 1

5 2 4 2

1 4

B=

3

1

1

1

4 0

1 0 4

1 0 4

B1 =

.

16 4 1

16 4 1

21. (c)

Where is the identity matrix.

So (kA)1 = A1 . (k)1

1

.

k

So (k)1 =

23. (d)

(AB1C1D) (D1CBA1)

= (AB1C1) (CBA1)

= (AB1) (BA1) = AA1 =

Similarly (D1CBA1) (AB1C1D) = .

24. (b)

3x2y+z = 0

2x + z = 0

ax + 2y +3z = 0

For infinite number of solutions,

3 2 1

2 0 1 0

a 2 3

cos sin o

A = sin cos o

0

0

1

A = 1 ( cos2 + sin2 ) = 1

cos sin 0

0

0

1

25. (c)

2(a 6) = 2

a = 5.

An = for even n.

2

3

f(A) = A + A + A + --- + A10

= 5A + 5 = 5( + A)

1.

2.

(b) R3

1

0

0

(c)

1

1

0

1

2 1

1

R3 R3 R2

x=

5.

(c)

C1 C1 + C2 + C3 gives first column zero

6.

(d)

There is a solution

4 10

1 2 8 0

5 7

6

3.

(c)

R1 R1 R2; R2 R2 R3

0 x y x 2 y 2 z( x y )

0 8 22

1 2 8 0

0 17

34

= 0 y z y 2 z 2 x( y z )

1

z

z 2 xy

= ( x y ) ( y z)

1 xyz

+ 8 = 11 = 3

1 xyz

=0

4.

(d)

C1 C1 + C2 + C3

1 x

x

= (3x + 1) 1 x 1 x = (3x +1) = 0

1 x

x 1

1

3

7.

(c)

2 1

1 5 3 = A33 +A2 2 +A1 +A0

3 3

=0

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1

.A 1 .

Since order of A is n n

= n1 . |A| . A1

= n1 . adjA

2 0 1

A0 = 1 5 3 = 3 (6+1) = 21.

0 3 0

8.

(a)

A is m n, A2 exists m = n

9.

(b)

x11 = 1 + 2 = 3

= n .|A| .

15. (b)

|adj A| = |A|2

|adj (adj A)| = |adj A|2 = |A|4 = 81

(A + B) (A B) = (A B) (A + B)

A2 + BA AB B 2 = A2 + AB BA B 2

BA = AB

(A B) 2 = A2 2AB + B2.

16. (d)

Obviously

17. (d)

A is singular

A1 does not exist

11. (c)

A + A = 0

18.

12. (a)

AB = (AB) = BA = (B) (A)

AB = BA

(A + B)2 = A2 + AB AB + B 2

= A2 + B2

10. (c)

a+c=0=b+e=d+f

(a + c)2 + (b + e)2 + (d + f)2 = 0

13. (c)

A = P + Q A = P + Q = P Q

2P = A + A

14. (b)

adjA = |A| . A1

adj (A) = |A| . [A]1

inconsistent or may have infinite number of

solution.

19. (b)

|AAT| = 1

|A| . |AT| = 1

|A|. |A| = 1

|A|2 = 1

|A| = 1.

20. (d)

A is invertible, A2 = A A1 A2 = A1A A =

Assignment Exercise

1.

(b)

0 0 1

0 1 0 1 x = 1

1 0 0

5.

(d)

1 1 1

1

1

1

2 y 1 0 1 y 1 0 0

3 5 1

2

4

0

2 (y1) = 4 y = 3.

a3

2.

(a)

The det. = b3

c3

a a2

1 a a2

6.

b b2 1 b b2 = 0

c c2

(c)

1 c c2

1 a a2

= (abc1) 1 b b2 0

1 c c2

1 k 3

3 k 2 0

2 3 4

1 k 3

2 0 5 0 15 2k + 18 = 0

2 3 4

k=

3.

(b)

4.

(b)

|A| =

m

n

A

A

A

C2 C2 C1, C3 C3 C2

|A| =

log A 1log R

m log R n mlog R

m

n m

0

33

2

7.

(d)

4 1 2 0 0

4

3 1 2 0 0

8.

(d)

|A| =

|B| =

2 cos

sin

2 sin cos

3 sec

3 tan

3 tan

3 sec

= (m ) (n m)

1

1

A

0

0

cos sin

|A| = 2

sin cos

= (m ) (n m) . 0 since C2 = C3

=0

= 2(cos2 + sin2) = 2

sec tan

|B| = 32

= 9(sec2 tan2 ) = 9

tan sec

|AB| = 2 9 = 18.

===================================================================================================

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9.

(c)

We know that

(A+B)2 = (A+B) ( A+B)

= A2 +AB +BA +B2

A2 +2A B +B2

It is because AB BA.

13. (d)

10. (d)

= (B) (A) + (A) (B)

= BA + AB = AB + BA.

11. (c)

We know that

AB T

12. (a)

B T A T A TB T .

When A is orthogonal,

2A is obviously not

|2A| = 2n.

orthogonal

14. (b)

A.(adjA) = |A|.I

A .(adjA) . (adjA)1 = |A|.I(adjA)1

A . I = |A| . (adj A)1

A

(adj A)1 =

|A|

15. (c)

1 1 1

2 1 1 0

1 2

0 is a root by inspection.

So solution set is {0, 6}

because

3 0

i.e., 0

1.

2.

(c)

(a)

interchanged and rows are then changed into

corresponding columns.

Thus y = x x + y = 0

R1 x R1, R2

x y z 1

1

.xyz.xyz y z x 1

xyz

zx y 1

yR2, R3 z R3 gives

yz

zx

xy

n

n

n 1

n 1

1 nn 1 nn 1 0

1

9.

(a)

to second.

Hence, value is 0.

3.

4.

(b)

(c)

Hence determinant is 0.

(a)

It is xyz 1 y y 2

1 z z2

10. (b)

1 yz

(b)

Y = X X Y = X + X = 2X

7.

(a)

(obvious)

1

1

1 2r 1

bc

c

b c

c

ab b

= (b c) c a 2a a

1

0

0

= a (a b) (b c)

1

n

r r 1 n 1

2r

nn 1

2

c

ab

c a

2a

b c 0

c

ab bc

= (b c) c a 2a

c

1

0

1

1 xy

6.

c

ab bc

c a 2a

c

b

a b 2b

= xyz 0 y z y 2 z2

1

z

z2

(d)

0 x y x2 y2

8.

l

m

0

m

n

0

0

lk m mk n lk 2 2mk n

ln m lk 2mk n 0

obvious

n2

l

m

lk m

m

n

mk n C3 kC1 C2 C3

lk m mk n

0

1 x x2

5.

n2

11. (d)

x 1 x 2 x 3

x2 x3 x4

x3 x4 x5

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AT = A

|AT| = |A| = (1)5 |A|

|A| = |A|

|A| = 0.

x 1 1 1

C C3 C 2

= x2 1 1 3

C C2 C1

x3 1 1 2

= 0.

12. (d)

181 182 183 1

1

0

183 183 184

2

1

1

180 181 183

1

1

0

1

0

1

20. (a)

Obviously A 0, A is symmetric.

Trace = 2(1 + 2 + --- + n) = n(n + 1)

21. (d)

of odd order and hence A is singular.

22. (c)

23. (b)

A is orthogonal AAT = I A1 = AT

AT = A A is symmetric

Since AAT = I |A| . |AT| = 1 i.e., |A|2 = 1

i.e., |A| = 1 A2 = I |A|2 = 1

Thus if A is involutory and orthogonal it is not

necessary that |A| = 1 (It may be 1 also).

(A2)2 = A2.A2 = I.I = I A2 is involutory.

Finally, (A3)1 = (A2A)1 = A1 = A

24. (d)

= + (2n 1)A

13. (b)

= a2 b2k1 b2 k 2c 2 k 3c 2 b2

a3 b3k1 b3 k 2c 3 k 3c 3 b3

C3 C3 C2

a1 b1k1 b1 k 2c1

= a 2 b 2k1 b 2 k 2c 2

a 3 b 3k 1 b 3 k 2 c 3

k 3 k 2 c1

k 3 k 2 c 2

k 3 k 2 c 3

a1 b1k1 b1 k 2c1

= (k3 k2) a 2 b 2k1 b 2 k 2c 2

a 3 b 3k 1 b 3 k 2 c 3

c1

c2

c3

25. (b)

C2 C2 k2C3

a1 b1k1 b1 c1

= (k3 k2) a2 b2k1 b2 c 2

a 3 b 3k 1 b 3 c 3

C1 C1 k1C1,

14. (b)

26. (b)

27. (a)

cos sin

If A() =

then

sin cos

cos n sin n

An() =

sin n cos n

cos 2 sin 2

1 0

A6 =

=

sin 2 cos 2

0 1

16. (d)

A = 0 or B = 0

So option (a) is not correct.

AB = 0 implies |A|=0 or |B| = 0 but

|A| = 0 or |B| = 0 does not imply AB = 0

option (b) and (c) are incorrect.

17. (d)

A is m n A is n m AA exists

18. (d)

3 + x is a factor; solution is 3.

As A is symmetric A = AT ----(2)

From (1) and (2) A2 =

That is A is Involutory matrix.

(P1AP)1 = P1 . AP

1

= AP . P 1

= P 1 . A 1P P 1AP

[since A1 = A].

28.

15. (a)

cos x sin x

Given A =

sin x cos x

cos nx sin nx

An =

sin nx cos nx

cos nx sin nx

(An)1 =

sin nx cos nx

a1 b1 c1

= (k3 k2) a 2 b 2 c 2 = (k3 k2)D

a3 b3 c 3

1 2

3 5

A=

C=

3 1

1 2

1

1

A = BC AC = BCC B = AC1

1

1 2 2 5

0

B=

.

=

.

3 1 1 3

5 12

matrix

elements are zero.

a2=0a=2

another property of a skew symmetric matrix is

aij = aji (i j) b = 3.

29. (c)

cos sin 1

1

1

0

adj(A2) = adj (A. A)

= adj (A) adj (A)

= (adj A)2

(adjA)2

cos sin 1 cos sin 1

1

1

0 1

1

0

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1 sin 2

cos sin

1 cos 2

= 1 sin 2

1 cos 2

cos sin

cos sin cos sin

30. (a)

= m

C1

n

C2

n 1

n 2

C1

n 1

C2

n 2

= m

n

n n 1

2

n 1

n 1 n

2

= m

n

1

1 m.

n n 1

n n 1

2

C1

C2

1

C 2 C 2 C1

n2

C

n 2 n 1 3 C 3 C 2

2

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