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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA SHAH ALAM SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN
ICT USAGE IN MALAYSIA CONSTRUCTION MARKET
MIERANIE WATIE BINTI SHAHARUDIN IDAURA FADHYA BINTI CHE IBRAHIM NOORIKMA ANIS BINTI ISMAIL
2009720821 2009146071 2009723207
Master of Science (Facilities Management) Faculty Of Architecture, Planning And Surveying Universiti Teknologi Mara
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
TABLE OF CONTENT
PAGE 1 2 3 6 7 15
1 2 3 4 5 6
INTRODUCTION MALAYSIAN CONSTRUCTION MARKET DEFINITION OF ICT HISTORY AND CHRONOLOGY OF ICT PRIORITY OF ICT USAGE IN MALAYSIA PENETRATION OF ICT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
16 20 21 27 28
7 8 9
TRENDS AND DRIVES BEHIND IT KEY PLAYERS IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY CONCLUSION REFERENCES
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System ABSTRACT This paper reports on the use of Communication and Information Technologies (ICT) in Malaysia construction industry. It refers insight of professional building team, Architect, Quantity Surveyor, Engineer, Designer, Facilities Manager, Procurement, Contractor and Sub-Contractor. It also intend to explore and describe the role of Malaysia Government to ensure that ICT if fully adapt in Malaysia Construction Industry.
In the literature on construction related ICT there are no distinction that usually made between ICT use in the permanent organization (Construction organization) and the temporary organization (On going construction team- On site) that forming the building and construction projects.
This study also to investigate how ICT influence, the adoption and also the use of ICT in building and construction projects. This objective will be pursued by a study of ICT use in the Malaysia building and construction sector.
Key words :
Malaysia construction industry, Information and communication
technology, Key players in construction industry ICT, Penetration of ICT.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System INTRODUCTION Malaysia is a fast developing country and having stable economic, technology and infrastructure growth. Martinez-Frias (2003) stated that some South East Asian countries are indicated as “getting ahead”, which is evaluated based on economic parameters, scientific and technological development.
Construction industry has been providing buildings, facilities and infrastructures and one of the contributors to the economy in Malaysia, which the industry is directly linked to other economy sectors, such as manufacturing. Megat Kamil (2002) mentioned that construction industry supports a multitude of downstream activities that provide opportunities to small and medium enterprises.
Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) would mean information infostructure, which generally covers the hard infrastructure, regulatory and monitoring system. Increasingly though, ICT also covers broadcasting and multimedia in the era of convergence. However, the role of ICT in the construction industry in Malaysia has become more crucial. Our construction industry is rather slowly adopting ICT technology. Stand-alone applications for bookkeeping and 2-dimensional drawings are GPS and internet technology are still only incidentally applied.
The Government of Malaysia has brought in the awareness of Information and Communication Technology to the public during 6th Malaysia Plan (1991-1995). Slowly, the Government started to develop and implement various software for the public to utilize. Just by a click of the mouse from the comfort of their living room, public can interact with the Government or pay utility bills at anytime, anywhere. However, ICT is slowly adopted by key players in construction industry in operating day-to-day affairs. Somehow, the cost constraint of implementing ICT in daily operations has been a challenge for small companies.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System MALAYSIAN CONSTRUCTION MARKET The construction industry has been one of the contributors to the Malaysia economy. Based on a report on Market Watch Malaysia on construction industry by MalaysianGerman Chamber of Commerce (2009), construction industry makes up an important part of the Malaysian economy although small, but it widely linked to many other sectors, such as education and manufacturing.
Sundaraj (2006) stated that, since 1990s, contribution of the construction sector to the GDP fluctuated at a more stable rate varying from a high of 4.8% in 1997 to an estimated low of 2.7% in 2007. This means that the construction industry in Malaysia depends on the derived demand from other sectors of economy, as well as public and private sectors. Sundaraj (2006) also mentioned that, since construction involves long-term investment and risk, thus, it would be the first to be suspended on an economic downturn and the last to be revived during an economic upturn, which he said as a merely good business sense.
Malaysian-German Chamber of Commerce (2009) defines the construction industry in Malaysia as separated into two areas. The first area will be general construction, which constitutes of residential, non-residential and civil engineering. The second area will special trade works which includes activities of metal works, electrical works, plumbing, sewerage and sanitary works, refrigeration and air-conditioning works, painting works, carpentry, tiling and flooring works and glass works. As being laid out in the 9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010), Thrust 2, the Government will provide more classrooms in order to improve the quality of education system, especially in rural areas. In Thrust 4, the Government will provide more low cost houses for the low-income earners and to improve transportation system in Malaysia by upgrading and expanding terminals, railway tracks and highways to ease congestion in urban areas.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Flanagan and Jewell (2009) spelled out that the construction industry is a sector that comprises of four parts: the consultants (architectural, engineering, and cost) the construction enterprises who focus on production (including the special trade contractors) the manufacturers and suppliers of components, equipment, plant and raw materials the service providers to the sector (lawyers, accountants, insurers, bankers, financiers).
Further to that, amongst each part, there will be sector-specific enterprises that will specialize in one part of the sector, such as repair and maintenance. During the 9th Malaysia Plan, the Government has introduced long term project region to sustain construction industry in Malaysia and also creating opportunities. For example, the Iskandar Malaysia or formerly known as South Johor Economic Region was made successfully realized by Middle East investors. Later, the economic growth corridors are launched nationwide, the Northern Corridor Economic Region which covers Perlis, Kedah, Penang and northern Perak was launched in July 2007. The East Coast Economic Region which includes Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang was launched in October 2007 whilst the Sabah Development Corridor and Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy was launched in early 2009.
The construction industry is directly affected by the increment of prices of building materials and fuel price. According to Reuters UK (2008), in the 9th Malaysia Plan, the Government has allocated 200 billion ringgit to find projects but later been raised by 15% to 230 billion ringgit to accommodate more expensive building materials and also to fund additional development objectives. However, an average of 53.33 billion ringgit per annum for the year 2008 to 2010, it seems that it is challenged by the cost hiking of the building materials and also fuel price hikes on labour and transportation cost.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Sundaraj (2006) spelled out that the Construction Industry Master Plan (CIMP) was initiated in order to improve the industry’s performance and mainly to rectify and overcome weaknesses in the construction industry, which includes, quality deficiencies, over dependency on foreign labours, social and health problem and low productivity in the industry within the period of ten years (2006 to 2015).
The CIMP (2006-2015) has outlined the vision, mission, success factors and thrusts as follows:
Vision The Malaysian construction industry shall be a world class, innovative and knowledgeable global solution provider.
Mission To be a dynamic, productive and resilient enabling sector, supporting sustainable wealth creation and value creation, driven by technologically-pervasive, creative and cohesion construction community.
Critical Success Factors Productivity Quality Human resources Knowledge Innovation Environment-friendly practices Industry sustainability Professionalism
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Seven Strategic Thrusts Integrate the construction industry value chain to enhance productivity and efficiency. Strengthen the construction industry’s image. Strive for the highest standard of quality, occupational safety and health, and environmental practices. Develop human resource capabilities and capacities in the construction industry. Innovate through research and development and adopt new construction methods. Leverage on information and communication technology in the construction industry. Benefit from globalization including the export of construction products and services. (Source: Construction Industry Master Plan, 2006-2015, CIDB (2007))
DEFINITION OF ICT For a good understanding of the research, it is useful to define the definition of ICT and the stages of development of the construction process and the characteristic of the tools used and tasks performed.
In construction industry, there are two categories of ICT. There are automation and information and communication technology (ICT).
Construction Automation The construction automation is base on the use of IT product such as computer in most of the job site application. Such as surveying application, equipment control, the installation and fabricating construction product.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Information and Communication Technology (ICT) The used of computer application system for capturing, organizing, storing, analyzing as defined by the Information, Technology Association of America (ITTA), ICT is the study design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. It deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information.
HISTORY AND CHRONOLOGY OF ICT The role of ICT in Malaysia has become more crucial than ever with the Malaysian Government exhilarating the pace for various sectors of the industry to embrace ICT. The government of Malaysia has realized the need and importance of ICT in helping the nation to grow. Data and information can be kept and retrieved in databases. Then, ICT is being introduced in the Malaysia Plan.
The Seventh Malaysia Plan (1996-2000), which guides and charts the policy direction of ICT saw the Malaysian Government providing various incentives to facilitate the greater adoption of ICT to improve capacity in the business sector, industry and life in general. The related incentives covered areas such as computerization and automation, creation of venture capital funds, enhancement of education and training programmes and the conducive legal environment to facilitate the development of ICT.
ICT was really booming up with the launching of Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) project, which was to attract multimedia enterprises to utilize the region as a testing ground of ICT applications in an excellent environment. Moreover, the E-Initiatives, for example, E-Community and E-Learning were introduced. Furthermore, in accordance to the report by MOSTI (2007), ICT services were expanded among general public and rural
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System areas. Cellular telephony, Internet and broadcasting were three technologies introduced in the Malaysian Information Communication and Multimedia Services in 2005. As a continuity in promoting ICT development, the Eighth Malaysian Plan (2001-2005) has further emphasized on the strengthening of human resources capabilities, hard and soft infrastructure of ICT, the building of a critical mass of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) keen on utilizing ICT for further empowerment and encouraging increased internet usage among users. Under the 9th Malaysia Plan, the government focused on ICT as an important driver to put Malaysia as a knowledge based economy and global ICT and multimedia hub. As stated in the report, the existing cyber cities will be upgraded and a new one will be developed under this current plan. Furthermore, the information security will be prioritized in this era of information society.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
May 1977 – Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (MAMPU)
January 1985 - Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems (MIMOS)
August 1986 – Association of Computer and Multimedia Industry (PIKOM)
January 1996 – National IT Council (NITC)
December 1996 – National IT Agenda (NITA)
1996 – Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC)
1996 - Multimedia Development Corporation (MDC)
Source: Association of the Computer and Multimedia Industry
Milestone MIMOS was established as the Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems on 1 January.
Creation of the National Information Technology Council (NITC) NITC created the Strategic Thrusts Implementation Committee (STIC) to operationalize the Strategic Thrust Agenda.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System The NITC Secretariat also held yearly InfoSoc conference and exposition events to provide a platform for dialogue and exchange of national and international experiences on ICT as well as raising awareness among the Malaysian public about information age developments.
The Second Global Knowledge Conference (GKII) was then held in Malaysia in the year 2000 with the assistance of the NITC.
Formulation of the National Information Technology Agenda (NITA) governing three programme areas namely people development,
infrastructure development; and content and application development. People development concentrated on building potential capabilities such as e-learning and human resources building Infrastructure development focused on building the necessary ICT infrastructure throughout Malaysia with a concentration on rural areas Content and application development encouraged the usage of local content and the Malay language which is also the national language of Malaysia.
Desa Wawasan, a programme under the Ministry of Rural Development aimed to create an awareness among the rural population to bring about change and development in their areas. Under this programme, the Village development and Security Committees were given computer facilities to assist in the administration of the villages.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System The birth of the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) and the setting of the Multimedia Development Corporation (MDC) to manage the flagships under the MSC which are: The Electronic Government which aimed to improve operations. Examples are the E-Services, Electronic procurement, Generic Office Environment (GOE), Human Resources Management Information Systems (HRMIS), Project Monitoring System E-Services, this covered the scope such as renewal of licenses, fine processing, utilities and other features. GOE, governs document management, messaging system and other related features. Smart Schools, aim at producing a new generation of Malaysians who are ICT literate and innovative. Multipurpose Card, covers two aspects such as the Payment Multipurpose card and the Government Multipurpose card. The latter can contain data for driving license, bank account, immigration entry/exit records, health information Telehealth, the purpose is to accelerate Malaysia’s health care system. R&D cluster, to form a cluster of collaborating multimedia R&D centers, firms to produce leading edge products and technologies.
Under this same initiative, the MSC Research and Development Grant Scheme (MGS) was formed in 1997 with an allocation of RM 100 million under the Eighth Malaysian Plan.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
7 Flagships of MSC
Telehealth Technopreneur Development E-Business R&D Cluster
Electronic Labour Exchange
E-Government Pilot Applications
Generic Office Environment
Project Monitoring System
Human Resource Management System
Formulation of relevant laws to encourage internet protection and copyrights such as: The Digital Signature Act 1997 Computer Crimes Act 1997 Copyrights Act 1997
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System 1998 Creation of the NITC Strategic Agenda which aims at pushing Malaysia forward into the E-World. The E-World governed a few important scopes as depicted inthe following diagrams. The five initiatives under the EWorld include the EEconomy, E-Public Services, E-Community, ELearning and E-overeignty.
Source: Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems
Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 (CMA 1998) was introduced to monitor economic sectors such as market content, network services, network facilities, regulatory control and application sectors.
Set up of the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission as a regulatory body for the ICT industry.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System 2000 Set up of the Universal Access Policy which covers 3 principles namely availability, accessibility and affordability as well as the Universal Service Programme and fund.
Rural Internet Programme (RIP) initiated by the then Ministry of Energy, Communications and Multimedia (MECM) or now known as the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications, Malaysia. This programme aimed to create an ICT literate society among the rural folks. ICT infrastructure set up at post offices and the launching of
websites provides information concerning government services, local events and activities.
The Electronic Transaction Bill and the Electronic Government Bill were formed.
Formulation of the Personal Data Protection Bill.
Transfer of the NITC Secretariat from MIMOS Berhad to the Ministry of Energy, Communications & Multimedia to enable the Ministry to handle ICT Policy matters.
Transfer of the NITC Secretariat from the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) to handle ICT policy matters.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System PRIORITY OF ICT USAGE IN MALAYSIA ICT plays a crucial role in all aspects of the Malaysian industry with certain sectors utilizing more of ICT. In 2003, Malaysia’s ICT spending projected a figure of US$7.8 billion as compared to US$7 billion spent in 2002 which was an increase of 10.9% (“Malaysia’s ICT Spending to Grow...”, 2004, Bernama”).
The Manufacturing sector spent the most on ICT amounting to 18% or RM 1416 million in 2003 and followed by the Banking and Finance sector with 14% or RM1101 million. The Government sector invested substantially in ICT with an expenditure of RM865 million or amounting to 11% (Source: Association of the Computer and Multimedia Industry (PIKOM), 2003). Subsequently, both the Home and Telecommunications sectors invested about 8% in ICT or around RM629 million in 2003. The Oil and Gas sector recorded an expenditure of RM393 million in terms of ICT spending while the Utilities, Professional Services, Education and Research sectors spent RM314 million or 4% on ICT. About RM236 million was spent by the Transportation sector in ICT while the Healthcare sector projected an amount of RM79 million in terms of ICT spending (Source: PIKOM). Expenditure by Sector 2003
SECTOR Manufacturing Banking and Finance Government Distribution Home Telecommunications Oil and Gas Utilities Professional Services Education and Research Transportation Healthcare Others % 18 14 11 11 8 8 5 4 4 4 3 1 9
Source: PIKOM 2003
IN MIL (RM) 1416 1101 865 865 629 629 393 314 314 314 236 79 708
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System PENETRATION OF ICT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY The awareness of ICT has been seen by Malaysia since the technology has been invited decades ago. However, due to rapid growth of intelligence and technology nowadays, it seems very costly to adapt ICT into daily operations, especially the construction industry. ICT should support the whole process of construction.
In Malaysian construction industry, the awareness is increasing as the public recognized the importance of ICT usage. We know that the ICT can help in improving the efficiency and productivity in construction. Thus, ICT become the tools in construction process.
As cited by Public Works Department, director-general Datuk Seri Prof Judin Abdul Karim, the cost of investing in technologies is the constraint especially for small companies compared to big companies. Moreover, according to him also, there are small companies adopting ICT to leverage their operations but they do not have much capitals to upgrade them.
Construction is a late adaptor of ICT. Applications for bookkeeping and drawings are generally accepted. Advanced applications such as modeling, GPS and internet are incidentally applied. For the development of the industry, ICT is of major importance. To set up a knowledge database for construction industry would require a huge amount of resources especially in the application of information and communication technology of ICT. The described scenario is inherent in the Malaysia construction industry at the present time.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System The findings found that all construction companies used internet. The internet users most companies used internet for e-mail, had internet connections installed on building sites, E-commerce, E-procurement and for communication with external parties in the building process. Internet technology may support a number of activities. The most important options found by the project team clustered into 7 main groups: Exchange of drawings Exchange of planning Time registration and worksheets Material Identification Equipment Identification Access to experts knowledge Registration of inspection
There are three areas where use of computers is very high. These are the areas of Office Administration, Communication and Construction Drawings Production. As expected, the technology provides efficiency and speed. Firstly, in administration, activities generally involve the production, alteration and storage of the written word in the form of letters, memos, reports and documents.
Secondly, communication is another major area of use but will be further elaborated in the Networks section below.
The third area of high use of computers is a profession-specific area where it displays the use of IT at the core production at the workplace, which is a construction drawing. The area of design though was ranked average, and the area of presentations was the least of all seven categories provided.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Use of Computer-Aided-Design (CAD) It is believed that the core activities of any architectural practice are design, representation and communication, (Pressman, 1997). In the first two core activities, the use of computers is based on CAD and its applications. CAD systems are proving to be essential in two main areas as drafting tools and as design and presentation tools. They are particularly useful as an aid for the design and construction drawings of buildings with high degree of repetition, (Phiri, 1999). CAD then reduces drawing workloads and saves time in labour-intensive tasks.
Local Area Networks (LAN): There are several benefits to the use of a network environment. Some of which are the sharing of data, sharing of expensive resources and peripherals, easy sending / receiving of data for central processing and the smooth communication between users.
Electronic Mail E-mail offers many advantages, in reaching a large number of people promptly and easily, and in improving productivity, (Phiri, 1999). By attaching documents and graphics to E-mail messages, users can essentially reduce phone and fax expenses. Messages are sent using inexpensive means. It certainly presents itself as a critical element of technology, but again lends itself to the disadvantage of the security issue.
Internet The Internet and its powerful accessibility from anywhere, anytime, have certainly changed and influenced the way work is accomplished in the various businesses and professions. Notwithstanding a number of major unresolved technology and system issues, such as security, privacy, bandwidth and network reliability, for the construction industry there are several benefits of being connected to the Internet.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System This global network of networks, which connects endless number of user’s world-wide, allows for access to current data offered on the net by suppliers and consultants, a fast inexpensive means to communicate interactively with one or multiple users across the globe, and more importantly,an opportunity to make information about the organisation available to other net-users.
As cited in The New Straits Time Press (Malaysia) Bhd, 2007, ICT can enhance productivity and efficiency of the construction industry through the use 3D Computer Aided Design (CAD) during design and the use of the internet to improve team productivity. The architects, for instance, can create an intelligent 3D CAD models that can be viewed and shared with the rest of the design team members. Working from the same based model, the engineers can rapidly develop their respective engineering and detail designs allowing the quantity surveyors to quickly quantify preliminary cost estimates of the project.
ICT in construction process
Design & Specification
Operation & Maintenance
Collaboration and Knowledge Management
E-Tendering and Estimating
e-Commerce & Supply Chain Management
Back Office Application
Source : Alan Hore, 2000
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System TRENDS AND DRIVES BEHIND IT Chao (2001), as cited by Wan and Amran (2005), mentioned that most construction projects are large, extensive, expensive and subjected to tight schedule and budget. Thus, construction industry is getting more unique and complex, which deals with various disciplines, both from public and private sectors. Wan and Amran (2005) also outlined unpredictable factors that influence construction projects, which are, rapid changing market environment, technology changes and advancement and competitive trends.
Malaysia is now moving towards applying ICT-based knowledge in daily operations of both public and private sectors. Initiatives have been taken by the Government in order for the society to be knowledge-based. Thus, ICT-based knowledge is being applied among construction consulting companies to support an efficient project performance. Based on a study on the current situation in Republic of Lithuania, Zavadskas and Kaklauskas (2008) have outlined five main trends in order to implement advance information and communication technologies in construction area:transformation of sector of construction and real estate construction materials, equipment and machines construction process built environment and its management training, education and experience adoption.
Continuous research and development urges the players in the construction industry to keep up with the rapid growth of technology. Inventions of new and creative methods, materials and tooling and equipment helps players to operate day to day operations in a shorter period of time in a more systematic and standardized manner.
Sundaraj (2006) explained that the players in the construction industry have not been fully utilizing the powers of ICT and optimizing the performance in daily operations, not only in Malaysia, but also globally.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
Furthermore, ICT is seen as a medium of connection and integration among various disciplines in the construction industry, which includes public and private sector. Sundaraj (2006) stated that the use of ICT will allow the industry to traverse the digital world, providing opportunity for outsourcing, allowing formation of virtual partnership and also providing opportunities for the construction market of services and products to expand.
Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) (1998) defined ICT sector as ‘a combination of manufacturing and services industries that capture, transmit and display data and information electronically’. Thus, keeping and retrieving data and information virtually is very crucial in this borderless world. Internet is seen as the best one-stop centre to access to information all round the clock and in shorter period of time whilst email has been the fastest medium in exchanging and receiving data and information.
KEY PLAYERS IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY In the construction industry, the key players who utilized ICT in their daily affairs will be the professionals i.e. architects, engineers, quantity surveyors, etc. softwares have been created and to suit each profession. This software have helped the construction players to complete the job in shorter period of time than conventional method of using pen and papers or typewriters.
As cited by Public Works Department director-general Datuk Seri Prof Judin Abdul Karim, he suggested that there should be an integrated software system rather than the professionals such as architects and engineers are using various kinds of software, in order to set a standard, which will be effective in project development and implementation.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System As cited in the article (New Straits Times, Leveraging on ICT usage in construction industry, 13 May 2007), CIDB has conducted a survey which showed that the contractors and builders are still not adopting ICT in their daily operations due to reasons such as, the mindset of contractors to only transforms resources into built environment, remote project site and computer literacy.
Further to the article, the consultants or professionals are the fastest group to absorb ICT in their concept or idea into information to be forwarded to the contractors for construction purposes.
The Key Players in Construction Industry
FM Client Engineer Architect & Designer ICT Facilities
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System All of these key players are using computer facilities as their tools of information and communication (ICT) in order to complete their job. They are such as internet, Local Area Network, E-mail, Computer Aided Design, Masterbill, Buildsoft and Computer Aided Engineering.
Communication Model In Construction Industry ( Sarshar et.al,2000)
Client Architect & Designer
Construction Team Internet Internet is the most important tools that always being used in accessing information every time, anytime and anywhere. It also influenced the way of work to accomplish in any type of business. (Aza A.Arif & Aly H. Karam, 2001)
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Local Area Networks (LAN) It is being used for sharing information and data, sharing expensive resources and peripherals, central data storage and easy communication among users. For the designers teams it always being used on sharing data in huge file.
E-Mail E-mail offers a lot of advantage in connecting and reaching a large number of people promptly and easily. It also improving the productivity (Phiri, 1999). People can reduce expenses on phone calls and fax by attaching writing and graphic document in E-mail. They also can communicate using the e-mail massagers. Connection Of ICT Use
procurement Architect & Designer Engineer Masterbill
CAD ICT CAE
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Architect and Designers Computer Aided Design As we know architect and designer work are based on design, Representation and communication. (Pressman, 1997). This CAD system providing application in drafting as design and presentation tools. It provide useful aids for design and construction of drawing (Phiri, 1999). This ICT tools helps in reducing the drawing workload and also labour intensive task.
Engineers Computer Aided Engineer Same as the Designers engineer also related in design workload of building. This CAE system also providing application in drafting as design and presentation tools. It provide tools for design and construction of drawing. This ICT tools helps in reducing the drawing workload and also labour intensive task.
Quantity Surveyor Masterbill, Ripac and Buildsoft In quantity surveying works they are more on calculating cost and budget of construction works. Masterbill, Ripac and Buildsoft is a fully featured Bills Of Quantity production package comprising pricing, tender analysis, estimation and valuation. This software application helping in reducing the workload and labour intensive task.
Facilities Manager Computer Aided Facilities Management This software is based on combination of CAD and management database system. The services known as CAD, CMMS and CAFM. The CAD system is used to locate the facilities together with their services. It is important software for FM to keep update and in holds data on people and their services.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System Procurement Myob and USB This is more on accountancy software which link with procurement works. The most being used in Malaysia is USB. This ICT tools help in collecting data and updating the flow of material supplies order during construction. The using of it helping out to make it more systematic for each project.
FRAMEWORK OF ICT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Leverage on ICT in Construction Industry
Strategic Goals Encourage knowledge sharing for continuous improvement
Educated / knowledge Efficient Effective
Leveage on MSC infrastructure and incentive where ICT software easily available and easy purchase
Promote the Use of Technology in Construction Community
Develop local construction software industry
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System CONCLUSION The construction industry in Malaysia is growing steadily despite of the hiking prices of building materials and fuel-prices. ICT is very much synonym to our everyday life in this borderless world where information and data are kept and retrieved at just a click of a mouse. Internet application is considered to be the most promising technology for the construction sector, followed by the most common tools used are Microsoft Office tools and AutoCAD. However, the construction industry is relatively slow in adopting available ICT tools. Professionals such as architects, engineers and surveyors have been applying the benefits of ICT in the daily operations. Apparently, ICT has not been fully optimized. This scenario does not only applicable to Malaysia but also worldwide.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
REFERENCES CIDB, (2007) Construction Industry Master Plan, 2006-2015 URL : http://www.cidb.gov.my/cimp/index.php
NST,A.(2007) Leverage On ICT In Construction Industry
NST- Business Times, A. (2007) ICT To Enhance Productivity, Efficiency In Construction Industry
Phiri, M.(1999) Information Technology in Construction Design, Thomas Telford Publishing, London, United Kingdom
Azza A. Arif & Aly H. Karam, A. (2001) A Comparative Study : With Insight Into The Use Of IT in Local Architectural Practices.
Pressman, A. (1997) Professional Practice 101 :
A Compendium of Business and
Management in Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, USA.
Flanagan, R. and Jewell, C., International Competitiveness of the Finnish Construction Sector. School of Construction Management & Engineering, University of Reading, UK Government of Malaysia, 9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010)
Unpublished report. Market Watch Malaysia 2009, Construction Industry. Malaysian German Chamber of Commerce (2009).
TEXT-RAM’s Statement on Malaysia’s Construction Industry. (7 July 2008). Reuters UK.
BSV 702 – Information Technology & Communication System
Sundaraj, G. The Way Forward: Construction Industry Master Plan (2006-2015). Master Builders, 1st Quarter 2007: pp. 48-49.
Unpublished report. Strategic ICT Roadmap for Malaysia. (2007). MOSTI.
Zavadskas E.K., Kaklauskas, A., Advanced Information and Communication Technologies in Construction.
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