Types of Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is a term used broadly to describe the ailments that affect the heart and, in some cases, the blood vessels. The various diseases that fall under the category of cardiovascular disease include coronary artery disease, arrhythmias or problems related to heart rhythm, and congenital heart defects. The term ‘cardiovascular disease’ can be used interchangeably with ‘heart disease’. It refers to conditions that involve narrow or blocked blood vessels. This can give rise to stroke, angina or chest pain, and heart attacks. Cardiovascular disease also includes other heart conditions such as infections that affect the muscles and valves of the heart. The rhythm of the heart is also crucial. Cardiovascular disease is the leading killer the world over. Both men and women are affected. Of all the deaths occurring in the United States, nearly 40% are related to heart disease. This has surpassed cancer as well. The positive news is that heart disease can be prevented through exercise, healthy diet, and lifestyle changes. The symptoms of cardiovascular disease vary depending on the specific condition. Cardiovascular disease is caused by narrowing and thickening of the blood vessels. This causes decreased supply of blood to the heart, brain, and other body organs. The following are some of the symptoms of heart disease: • • • Chest pain or angina Breathlessness Numbness in the arms and legs

The diagnosis for cardiovascular disease is always delayed until the above symptoms get worse. Some suffer from heart failure and cardiac death without showing any symptoms. If you are facing any symptoms, it is advisable to consult a doctor. Early screening of patients might detect the disease at an earlier stage. Some of the symptoms are related to abnormal heartbeat or arrhythmias. Heartbeats can be slow or irregular. Chest pain is often the most common symptom.

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