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QUANTILES

We will now consider other methods of summarizing a set of data aside from
averaging the distribution. Recall that in the case of the median, this value simply
divides the given distribution into two equal parts. What if instead of dividing the
data into two equal parts, we extend the division say to four, ten or even one
hundred equal parts. Clearly, these values shall be treated as extension of the
concept of the median. These values are called quartiles, deciles and percentiles.

Quartiles
Refers to the values that divide the distribution into four equal parts. There are 3
quartiles represented by

Q1,

Q2,

Q3 . The value

Q1 refers to the value in

distribution that falls on the first one fourth of the distribution arranged in
magnitude. In the case of

Q 2 or the second quartile, this value corresponds to the

median. In the third case of the quartile or

Q3

this value corresponds to three

fourths of the distribution.

For grouped data, the procedure of computing the value of the first and the third
quartiles is similar to that of computing the value of the median. The computing
formula of the kth quartile where k = 1, 2, 3, is given by
(xxxxxxxxx)
where

X lb

- lower boundary of the kth quartile class

cumf b - cumulative frequency before the kth quartile class


f Qk - frequency before the kth quartile class
It should be noted that when the value of k- 1
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