You are on page 1of 2

Identify the FoS used in the sentences / phrases under the dotted

line. On your paper (1/4), write only the number before the
example and the FoS that it exemplifies.
Figures of Speech
1. Alliteration repetition of the same initial alphabet or
syllable sound
2. Anastrophe inversion of the usual word order
3. Anaphora inversion of the same word / group of words at
the beginning of successive clauses
4. Antithesis juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced
phrases / clauses
5. Apostrophe breaking off discourse to address an absent
person / thing as if it were animate.
6. Assonance similarity in medial vowel sounds.
7. Anticlimax sudden drop from the dignified or important
thought to the commonplace or trivial
8. Climax arrangement of words in order of increasing
importance.
9. Euphemism substitution of a delicate / inoffensive term /
phrase for one that has harsh / unpleasant associations
10.
Hyperbole exaggeration for emphasis
11.
Irony use of words to convey the opposite of the
literal meaning
12.
Litotes an understatement in which an affirmative is
expressed by negating its opposite.
13.
Metaphor implied comparison
14.
Metonymy substitution of a word / phrase for another
with which it is closely associated (abstract for concrete /
concrete for abstract, effect for cause, maker for thing
made, ...)
15.
Oxymoron contradictory terms combined in a
compressed paradox
16.
Paradox statement that appears to contradict itself
17.
Personification inanimate object / abstraction is
endowed with human qualities / abilities
18.
Synecdoche part is taken for the whole / whole for
part / genus for species / species for genus

.....................................................................................................
..........................
Examples
1. Oreo: Milks favorite cookie.
2. If you wish to preserve your secret, wrap it up in frankness.
3. deafening silence
4. Why then o brawling love, o loving hate,
O anything of nothing first create
5. Man proposes, God disposes.
6. ...from cradle to grave...
7. The hand that rocks the cradle is the hand that rules the
world.
8. Many are called but few are chosen.
9. Hear the lark and harken to the barking
of the dog-fox gone to ground.
10. Among the great achievements of Benito Mussolinis regime
were the revival
of a strong national consciousness, the expansion of the
Italian empire, and
the running of trains on time.
11. ...Lost, faded, broken, dead within an hour.
12. ...the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness. (from
Martin Luther King)
13. The kettle is boiling.
14. "The rain came down in long knitting needles.