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1?


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tm; emcH=uavmh?

2?


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3?

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2;3

4?

2;228






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ESifh rGefjrwfaom &duQmaumif;rsm; &Sdae.?

(451)
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5?






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452

6?






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7?


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8?


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jzpf.?

9?

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10?
10?




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awmf&Sif "rRowf&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?

11?




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3;124

(452)
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(453)

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(454)
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rdk;a&udk &GmoGef;ay;awmfrl.?455
12?




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olwdk@. wyfOD; wyfpG,frsm;udk456 jzwfawmuf=uavmh?

13?

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rl.?

14?




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15?







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16?



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17?

457
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2;24

(455)
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aom ^m%fpOf tawG;tac:rsm;udkvnf; 0uF0kwWd tvuFmjzifh qdkxm;jcif; jzpfayonf (2;29)?
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(456)
(456)
azgif;u t*fem;ud ESifh

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ac:ayonf xdk@a=umifh TbmomjyefY wyfOD;/ wyfpG,frsm;udk jzwfawmuf=uavmh [k bmomjyefqdkjcif; jzpfayonf?
(457)
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aeaom t&Sif jzpf.?
18?
18?

TonfrSm y&rwfbk&m;&Sifu &efolwdk@. enf;AsL[mtm; ,dkife@J apthHiSm jzpf.?

19?
19?



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acs? {uefyif y&wfbk&m;&Sifonf ,Hk=unfolrsm;ESihf twlwuG &Sdawmfrl.?

20?
20?








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ESifh aemufvSnfh rajy;=uukefvifh?

21?
21?

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22?








{uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. xHY tqdk;qHk;aom owW0grSm yif;/ t/ tawG;tac: r&Sdaom +ydwWmyifjzpf.?

23?





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olwdk@tm; =um;emapawmf rljim;vnf; olwdk@onf aemufjyefaeolrsm; jzpf=u.?

24?
24?



tdk ,Hk=unfaomolwdk@ y&rwfbk&m;&SifESihf t&Sif. ^m%fpOfaqmifu oifwdk@tm; touf&Sifa=umif; w&m;odk@
zdwfac:aomtcg tvdkwl=uukefavmh/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf &kyfESifh emrfpyf=um;rS uefvef@um jzpfonfudk458
odrSwf=uavmh/ {uefyif t&Sif.xHo@kd om pk&kH;=u&rnf jzpf.?

25?
25?








oifwdk@teuf trdkufaumifrsm;twGufom oD;oef@usa&mufrnf r[kwfaom qdk;usdK;qufrS pnf;apmifh=u

(458)
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avmh/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf jywfom;pGm wefjyefapawmfrlonfudk odrSwf=uavmh?


26?
26?

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27?









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28?






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bk&m;&Sif. xHyg;Y qkv'fawmf}uD; &Sd.?459

29?
29?








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bk&m;&Sifonfum; t}uD;jrwfqHk; oduQmay;aomt&Sif jzpf.?

30?



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31?



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2;70

32?







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[k qdk=u.?

33?






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onf

(459)
(459) Tokwfawmfonf vl@avmutwGuf vGefpGm ta&;}uD;aom oGefoifcsufjzpfI usrf;awmfwGif vlom;wdk@tm; r=umc% owd
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rsm; &Sdaev#ifvnf; y&rwfbk&m;&Sifu olw@kd tm; 0f'%fxdaprnf r[kwfacs?460


34?
34?


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=u./ odk@&mwGif trsm;pk}uD;rSm odem;vnfjcif; r&Sdacs?

35?

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qGvwf

36?
36?




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xdk@aemuf zHk;uG,folwdk@tm; i&JbHkodk@ pk&kH;aprnfyif?

37?

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38?







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39?
39?



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(460)
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oD;oef@usa&mufrnf r[kwfaom tjypf'%f qdkonfrSm vlqdk;vlrdkufrsm;udk trkef;cHI rjyKjyif rqHk;rv#if xdkvlqdk;vlrkdufw@kd tm;
tm;ay; tm;ajrmuf&m a&mufayonf? xdk vl@todkif;t0dkif;tm; ysufqD;qHk;&_Hk;&jcif;onf qdkufa&mufvmrnfrSm rvGJay? od@k aomf xdk
vlqdk;vlrdkufrsm;tm; trkef;cH tqif;&JcHv#uf jyKjyifajymif;vJ&ef wdkufwGef;Ed_;aqmfrnfhol ay:aygufvmv#if xdkolrsm;rSm wpfcsdK@onf
vnf;aumif; rsdK;qufopfwpfckonfvnf;aumif; ay:xGef;vmEdkifayonf? xdktcg olwdk@. rsdK;qufonf wdk;wGuf zGH@+zdK;vmrnf jzpfay
onf/ wenf;tm;jzifh ysufpD;r_rSm aemufodk@ qkwfoGm;rnf jzpfayonf?
(461)
(461) Tokwfawmfonf tESpfom& r&Sdaom ermhZf ac: qGvwf0wfjyKr_udk jywfom;pGm oa&mf &H_@csxm;aom owday;csuf jzpfay
onf? ,ckacwfwGifvnf; tESpfom&r&SdbJ qGvwfjyKjcif;onf em;&GufqGJ xdkifx vkyfjcif;r#om jzpfI tusdK;r&Sda=umif;udk }uD;pGm
qifjcifoifhayonf? rdbrJhrsm;tm; rapmifha&Smuf rau|;arG;/ olqif;&Jrsm;tm rulnD ryHHhydk; a&uav; wpfcGufr#yif rwdkufau|;aom
olonf. qGvwf0wfjyKr_onf ysufpD;qHk;&_Hk;&rnf/ olonf vlom;taygif;tm; jypm;&efonf qGvwfjyKjzif; jzpfonf[k "rRcE<mawmf
(107) wGif twdtus qdkxm;ayonf?

40?




tu,fI oifwdk@onf ypfyg,fcHcJh&v#if/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oifwdk@twGuf uGyfuJoljzpfudk odrSwf
=uavmh? t&Sifonf *k%fay;aom uGyfuJol/ *k%fay;aom ulnDapmifrol jzpf.?

41?




463
oifwdk@onf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif igu uGJjym;jcm;em;apaomae@ESihf wyf}uD;ESpfwyf xdyfqkdifwkd;aomae@Y ig.
tr_awmfaqmiftm; csrSwfay;onfw@kd udk ,Hk=unf=uv#if ppfav#mfa=u;rsm;rS464 ig;yHkwpfyHkonf y&rwf
bk&m;&Sif/ ^m%fpOfaqmif/ udk,fapmifhwyfrsm;/465 rdbrJhrsm;/ olqif;&Jrsm;ESifh vrf;pOfawmf.om;rsm;466 twGuf
jzpfonfudk odrSwf=uukefavmh?
42?





oifwdk@u TrSmbuf/ olwdk@u a0;uGmaombufESihf ukefonfrsm;u oifwdk@xuf tedrfhbufwGif &Sdaeaom
tcg/ tu,fIom oifwdk@onf xdkodk@ csdef;xm;v#ifyif/ xdkcsdef;xm;onfudk vGJcJh=urnfyif? od@k &mwGif ysuf
okOf;aprnfholtm; xif&Sm;pGm ysufokOf;ap&ef/ &SifoefEkd;uGoltm; &SifoefEkd;uGEkdif&ef y&rwfbk&m;&Sifu jznhf
qD;apaom pDrHcsuftm; +yD;ajrmufaponfyif/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf =um;aeaomt&Sif odaeaom
t&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?467
43?






(462)
(462) omoemawmfonf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif tbdk@ jzpfonftxd qdkonfrSm rdrdudk;uG,f,Hk=unfonf udk vGwfvyfpGm udk;uG,fcGihf&onf
txd [k teuf&ayonf? tpPvmrfomoem. awmfvSefa&;onf omoemjyKppf r[kwfacs?? vlom;wdkif;onf vGwfvyfpGm udk;uG,f
,Hk =unfcGifh&Sdv#if awmfvSefa&; jyKvkyf&ef rvdkay? rdrdtm; wdkufcdkufolbufrS wdkufcdkufjcif;udk &yfwef@v#ifvnf; rdrdbufrS awmfvSef
jcif;udk &yfwef@&rnf jzpfayonf?
(463)
(463)uGJkjym;jcm;em;apaomae@ qdkonfrSm rnfolonf rdwfaqGtppf jzpfonf/ rnfolonf &efoljzpfonf? rnfolonf &efo@l vl
jzpfonfudk uGJjym;pGm od&aom ae@udk qdkayonf?
(464)
(464) *eifrfwGef; (*eDrwf) onf vlom;rsm;}udK;yrf;tm;xkwfI &SmazGqnf;yl;&&Sdaom t&m[lI vnf;jzpfonf? (uk&fwkAD)
(465)
D;vf uk&fbm udk q&mawmf}uD;rsm;u aqGrsdK;eD;pyfrsm;[k bmomjyef=uayonf? xdktqdkrSm tuGif;rJhrSefuefr_
(465) \;vf
r&Sday? udk,fawmfrk[rR'f. aqGrsdK;eD;pyfrsm;wGif &efolbufrSvnf; trsm;tjym; &Sdaeayonf? xdk@a=umifh TbmomjyefY aqGrsdK;eD;pyf[k
bmom rjyefbJ pum;vHk;. wdkuf&dkuft"dy`g,ftwdkif; eD;pyfolrsm;/ tyg;awmf+rJrsm;/ udk,fapmifhwyfrsm; [k jyefqdkjcif; jzpfayonf?
(466)
(466) tdAed qbD;vf
udk q&mawmf}uD;rsm;u c&D;onfrsm;[k jyefqdk=uayonf? urBmay:&Sd c&D;onftm;vHk;udk rqdk
vdkay? y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. vrf;pOfawmfY odk@r[kwf vlom;rsm;. +idrf;csrf;a&;twGuf oGm;vmaeaom c&D;onfrsm;udk qdkvkdayonf?
(467)
(467) Tokwfawmfyg ta=umif;t&monf b'&fppfyGJudk Oyrmay;I oGefoifjcif; jzpfayonf? xdkppfyGJjzpfcJhpOfu rnfo@kd jzpfonf[k
yHkjyif tjzpfem;axmif&ef r[kwfay? EdkifiHwpfEdkifiH toif;wpfoif; t,ltq wpfcktm; xlaxmifaomtcg/ jzpfay:vmwwfaom
twdkuftcH.tiftm;/ twdkuftcHrS &efoltjzpf ajymif;vJwwfyHkESifh xdko@dk &efolESifh xdyfwdkufwdk;aomtcgrsm;wGif rnfo@kd ajz&Sif;
&rnfudk Oyrmay; oGefoifjcif;om jzpfayonf? TokwfawmfwGif wdkufyGJ jzpfaeaom wyfESpfwyfESifh =um;rS ppfxJwGif rygaom ukef
onfrsm; ta=umif;udk az:jyayonf? Todk@ az:jyjcif;rSm rdrdbufrS r[kwfolwdkif;onf rdrd. &efol r[kwfa=umif; =um;ae vlwef;
pm;rsm;vnf; &Sda=umif;udk owday;jcif;om jzpfayonf? rdrdbufrS r[kwfI/ rdrdt,ltm; vufrcHI usefoltm;vHk;udk ppfyJGumvY
a&m}udwf&rnf[lonfh vlqdk;vlrdkuf0g'udk tpPvmrfomoemu vufrcHacs?


y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oif.tm&HkjrifuGif;Y olw@kd . tiftm;udk tenf;i,fom jrifap./ tu,fI olwdk@.
tiftm;udk ajrmufrsm;pGm jrifapcJhv#if oifwdk@onf pdwf"gwfusrnfh tjyif/ xdkta&;Y oifw@kd csif; tjiif;yGm;
ae=urnfyif/ odk@&mwGif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oifw@kd tm; pdwfwnf+idrfapawmfrl./ {uefyif t&Sifjrwfonf
twGif; tZwWudk odaeawmfrl.?
44?

3;12



oifwdk@ qHkawG@aomtcg oifwdk@ rsufvkH;wGif olw@kd . tiftm;udk tenf;i,f[k jrifap./ oifwdk@onfvnf;
rajymyavmuf[k olwdk@rsufvHk;wGif xifap./ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifu jznfhqD;apaom pDrHcsuftm; +yD;ajrmufap
onfyif ta&;t&mtm;vHk;onf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif.xHo@kd om OD;vSnfh&rnfomwnf;?

45?






tdk ,Hk=unfaomolwdk@/ tiftm;pkwpfpkESihf xdyfwkdufawG@aomtcg/ &yfwnfcsuf cdkifrm=uavmh/ atmifjrifr_
&&SdtHhiSm y&rwfbk&m;&Siftm; ajrmufrsm;pGm trSwf&=uavmh?

46?










y&rwfbk&m;&SifESifh t&Sif. ^m%fpOfaqmiftm; emcH=uavmh/ tcsif; rrsm;=uukefvifh/ tcsif;rsm;ae=uv#if
pdwfpGrf;tm;av#mhenf;Edkif&m./468onf;cHyg&rD&Sd=uavmh/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf onf;cHyg&rD&Sdol
rsm;ESifh twl &Sdaeawmfrl.?

47?







vlom;wdk@tm; jypm;&ef olwdk@. tdrfrsm;rS [efa&;xkwf xGufcGmvm=uv#uf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. vrf;pOf
awmfY ydwfqdk@[ef@wm;=uaom olrsm;uJho@kd rjzpf=uukefvifh/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf usifh}uHavor#tm; 0dkif;
0ef;xm;awmfrl./

8;5

48?

2;14

49?
49?

olwdk@. usifh}uHr_tm; raumif;qdk;0g;u wifhw,fae[ef jyKxm;v#uf/ Tae@Y oifwdk@tm; atmifEdkifrnfh


ol wpfOD;wpfa,mufrS r&Sd/ u|Ekfyfonfum; oifwdk@tm; umuG,fxm;ol jzpf./[k auG;a=umf./ odk@aomf
ESpfOD;ESpfbuf yufyif;wdk;aomtcg/ olonf aemufqkwfajy;v#uf u|Ekfyfonf oifw@dk xHrS uif;&Sif;./ oifwkd@
rjrifEdkifonfrsm;udk u|Efkyf jrif./ u|Efkyfonf y&rwfbk&m;&Siftm; a=umuf&HGyg./ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonfum;
jywfom;pGm wefjyefapawmfrl.?[k qdkav.?

(468)
(468) wwfof [mb &D;[f
qdkonfrSm avav#mhoGm;onf jzpfayonf? Oyrm avblvHk;wpfckxJrS avudkav#mhvkdufv#if
blvHk;onf &yfwnfI r&Edkifawmhay? tvm;wlyif pdwfyg0gusoGm;csif;/ rmefav#mhvdkufjcif;udk avav#mhoGm;onf [k usrf;awmfu
oHk;E_H;ayonf?


oDva=umifrsm;ESifh pdwfESvHk;Y a&m*g&olrsm;u/ Tolw@kd tm; olwdk@. omoemu jyKpm;xm;av+yD/[k
qdk=u./ y&rwfbk&m;&Siftm; ,Hk=unfykHtyfxm;aom rnfolrqdk/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf bkef;awmf
&Sif "rRowf&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?
50?
50?

&efolwdk@tm; edrdwfaqmifrsm;u a&S@rS aemufrS AsL[mcsv#uf ZD0defodrf;aomtcg Tavmifu|rf;&jcif; 0f


auG;tm; jrnf;prf;=uukefavmh [k qdk=uonfudk oifawG@jrif oHk;oyf&av+yD?469

51?



Tonf oifwdk@. vufjzifh wif}udKydk@xm;r_rsm;yif jzpf./ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf tr_awmfaqmifrsm;
tm; trdkufoifhapjcif; r&Sdacs?

52?


zm&dk;. taygif;ygrsm;ESifh olwdk@rwdkifrDSvlw@kd . trltusihfrsm;onfum; olwdk@onf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. okwf
awmfrsm;udk zHk;uG,f=u./ olwdk@. jypfr_rsm;a=umifh y&rwfbk&m;&Sifu olwdk@tm; zrf;qD;awmfrl+yD/ {uefyif
y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf pGrf;tm;awmf&Sif jzpf./ jywfom;pGm wefjyefapawmfrl.?

53?


Todk@ ta=umif;rSm vlrsdK;wpfrsdK;onf olw@kd . p&dkufrsm;udk jyKjyifajymif;vJjcif; r&SdoI y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf
olwdk@tay:odk@ *k%fay;jcif;jzifh jyKjyifajymif;vJay;rnf r[kwfaoma=umifh jzpf.? {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sif
onf =um;aeaom t&Sif/ odaeaom t&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?470

(469)
(469)Tokwfawmfonf rvmtdum[f qdkonfrSm vlom;pifppf jzpfa=umif;udk jyqdkaom okwfawmfaygif;rsm;pGm teufrS okwfawmf
wpfyg; jzpfayonf? tu,fI rvmtdu[fonf ewfa'0wmrsm; jzpfv#if &efolrsm;tm; a&S;rS aemufrS AsL[mcs wdkufaep&m rvdk
awmhay/ wpfcgwnf; toufESwfvdkufI &ayonf? wzef TokwfawmfrS ,mh\Gf&bl;e (\G&b) [lonf/ enf;vrf;&Smonf AsL[mcs
onf [k jzpfI/ if;udk &dkufESufonf[k bmom rjyefoifhay? \G&b . t"dy`g,frSm &dkufESufonf[k wpfrsdK;wnf; r[kwfa=umif; 2;60/
4;34 wGif &Sif;jycJh+yD; jzpfayonf? tcsdK@q&mawmf}uD;rsm;u b'&fppfyGJwGif ewfa'0wm (aumif;uifwref)u &efolwdk@tm; rsufESmrsm;
ausmukef;rsm;udk &dkufESufI toufESwfvdkufonf [k jyefqdk=uonfudkvnf; pdwfraumif;bG,f&m awG@&ayonf? ,ckacwfuhJo@kd
rwdk;wufao;aomfvnf; xdkppfyGJwGif ppfonfrsm;rSm 'l;av;/ vSH/ "g;/ jrif;pD; twwfrsm;udk u|rf;usifpGm wwfajrmufae=u+yD jzpfonf?
xdkodk@ vufESuf tjynfhtpHkjzifh wdkufcdkufae=uaom &efolrsm;tm; vufESufrygbJ rnfodk@ &dkufowf EdkiftHhenf;? tb,fa=umifhqkdaomf
usrf;awmfwGif rvmtdum[frsm;udk ppfonfawmfrsm; tjzpf apydk@onf [k twdtus ajymxm;ayonf (3;125)? Tokwfawmfyg
tacstaeonf omref tacstaexuf ppfyGJ tacstaeudk &nf!$ef;a=umif; avmifu|rf;&jcif; 0fauG;qdkaom pum;vHk;u ajymqdk
ayonf? xdktacs taewGif ppfAsK[mtm; pepfwus csrSwfEdkifaom ppfruf txl;u|rf;usifolrsm;udk rvmtdum[f (edrdwfaqmif)
rsm;[k ac:ayonf? olwdk@onf a&S;tawG@ t}uHKrsm;jzifh ppfAsL[mudk vdrRmpGm csrSwfEdkif=u.? (2;30/ 3;124/ 8;65) udk=unfhyg? rvm
tdum[f qdkonfrSm ta&S;tawG@t}uHKrsm;udk tajccHI/ ynm&yfxkwf,lEkdifolrsm;udk ac:ayonf?
(470)
(470) Tokwfawmfonf y&rwfbk&m;&Sif.[k bmomjyefqdkaom tvm[f qdkonfudk ^m%frsufvHk;jzifh em;vnfEdkifaom okwfawmf
wpfyg; jzpfayonf? tvm[fqdkonfrSm vkyfvdkpdwftm; (aumif;r_Y jzpfap raumif;r_Y jzpfap) wGef;tm;ay;aeaom t&mjzpfayonf?
odk@aomf udk;uG,fonf[k oHk;E_H;ajymqdkaom pum;atmufwGif t&Sif [k oHk;E_H;ajymqdkae&jcif;om jzpfayonf? odk@aomf raumif;r_o@dk
a&G@aeaom olonf aemufqHk;wGif raumif;r_. &v'fudk cHpm;&rnf jzpfa=umif;/ aumif;r_Y a&G@aeaom olonf aumif;r_. &v'ftm;
cHpm;&rnf jzpfa=umif; avmu"rRudk jyXmef;r_. Zpfjrpfvnf; jzpfI/ ^m%fpOfawmfaqmifrsm; yGifhay:apv#uf xdkavmu"rRtm; az:xkwf
oGefoifEdkifaom ^m%fpOf. Zpfjrpfvnf; jzpfayonf? xdk@a=umifh tvm[fqdkonfudk pum;vHk;tm;jzifh yHkzGJ@I r&Edkifay? vlwpfOD;
vlwpfpk vlrsdK;wpfrsdK;onf aumif;r_bufodk@ OD;wnfvdkufonfESifh xdkvlrsdK;onf aumif;r_bufodk@ wpfajz;ajz; a&G@oGm;ayonf? xdkodk@

54?


zm&dk;. taygif;ygrsm;ESifh olwdk@rwdkifrDSvlw@kd . trltusihfrsm;onfum; uH=urRm&Sif. okwfa'oemawmfrsm;
tm; jiif;qefy,fcs=u.? olwdk@. jypfr_rsm;a=umifh olw@kd tm; wdrfaumyaysmufap+yD/ zm&dk;. taygif;ygwdk@
tm; epfjrKyfapcJh+yD/ ta=umif;tm;vHk;rSm olw@kd . trdkufpD;r_rsm;a=umifh jzpf.?

55?







y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. xHawmfY tqdk;qHk;aom owW0grSm ,Hk=unfjcif;r&Sdaom zHk;uG,folrsm;yif jzpf.?

56?






oifESifh uwdu0wf jyKaomolrsm;onf uwdjyKaom t}udrfwdkif;tm; azgufzsuf=u./ olwdk@onf pnf;apmifh
=uonf r[kwfacs?

57?



odk@jzpfI awmfvSefa&;Y oifonf ta&;omaomf/ xdkolrsm; rSwfom;apthHiSm olwdk@. aemufcHvlrsm;tm;
tiftm;+zdKcGJavmh?

58?





oifwdk@onf vlwpfrsdK;xHrSm opPmazgufrnfukd pdk;&drf&aom tcg/ olwdk@tm; nDr#pGm wefjyefcGihf&Sd./ {uefyif
y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf opPmazgufwdk@tm; ESpfoufawmfrrlacs?471

59?





rxifrSwfapvifh/ trSefaomfum; olw@kd onf vGwfajrmuf

&efolwdk@tm; olwdk@onf owfrSwfcsuf&Sdonf[k472


jcif;r&Sd =uacs?
60?

a&G@arsmr_wGif avmu. tcuftcJrsm;/ &ifqdkifjzwfoef;&r_rsm; rsm;pGm&Sdaeonf? xdktcuftcJrsm;. ajz&Sif;enf; enf;AsL[mrsm;udk


usrf;jrwfuk&ftHonf Oyrmaygif;rsm;pGmjzifh 'm&Duif;&Sif;pGm oGefoifxm;ayonf?
(471)
(471) okwfawmf 56/ 57/ 58 wdk@onf r[mrdwfpmcsKyfoabmw&m;udk oGefoifxm;ayonf? Tr[mrdwfpmcsKyf oabmw&m;onf
vGefpGm w&m;r#w+yD;/ vl@abmifavmu +idrf;csrf;r_udk apmifha&SmufEdkifaom pnf;urf;Oya'jzpfa=umif;udk ppfOya' ynm&Sifwkdif; em;vnf
Edkifayonf? r[mrdwfwdk@onf pmcsKyfyg pnf;urf;csufrsm;udk azgufzsufaomf olwdk@. ppftiftm; csdeJ@oGm;onftxd jyKvkyf EdkifcGihf&dSonf
odk@aomf r[mrdwfrsm;taejzifh opPm&SdaecJhv#if rdrdu tiftm;}uD;aomfvnf; r[mrdwfwdk@. jzpfwnfr_udk rnfodk@rS apmfum;armfum;
jyKvkyfcGifh r&Sdacs? xdk@tjyif pnf;azgufoltm; pnf;azgufr_ESifh nDr#oavmufudkom wefjyefydkifcGifh ay;xm;ayonf? rw&m; usL;ausmfcGihf
r&Sdacs? tpPmvrfw&m;awmf. TppfOya'tm; &dk;om;jzLpifaom ppfOya'ynm&Sifwdkif;u rav;pm;bJ raeEdkifacs?
(472)
(472) qbul; qdkonfrSm olwdk@wGif }udKwif pDrHcsuf&Sdonf? }udKwifowfrSwfcsuf&Sdonf [k teufay;ayonf? tcsdK@ q&m
awmfrsm;u Tokwfawmfyg olwdk@ vGwfajrmufjcif; r&Sd=uacs [laom pum;udk axmufI olwdk@tm; vGwfajrmufEdkif=uonf [k rxif
rSwfapvifh [k jyefqdk=uayonf? xdkpum;rSm olwdk@onf xGufajy;&ef }uHpnf=uonf/ if;udk rlqvifrsm;u ESdrfESif;vdkufojzifh xdkok@d
tpDtpOfrSm ratmifjrifawmhay [k jzpfayonf? xdkt,ltqrSm rSm;,Gif;ayonf? &efolrsm;u vufOD;r_udk ,lI opPmazgufvkd=u
onf? xdktacstaeudk rlqvifwyfrawmfu odI tcsdefrSD xdrf;odrf;vdkufonf[kom qdkvdka=umif; Tokwfawmf rwdkifrDS okwfawmf
rsm;u &Sif;vif;+yD; jzpfayonf? t&H_;ay; xGufajy;olrsm;tm; vdkufvHowfjzwf ESdyfpufjcif; "avhudk tpPvmrf omoemu roGefoifacs?

y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. &efolrsm;/ oifwdk@.&efolrsm;ESihf tjcm;aom y&rwfbk&m;&Sifom odEdkifI oifw@kd rodEdkif


aom olwdk@tm; t&Sdeft0gjyxm;Edkif&ef473 olwdk@ESifh qef@usifv#uf oifwdk@. wwfEkdifor#aom tiftm;ESifh
a&S@wef;oHk; tpD;teif;rsm;udk474 toifhjyifxm;=uavmh/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. vrf;pOfawmfY rnfonfht&mudk
oHk;pGJonfjzpfap oifwdk@tm; jyefvnfjznfhqD;ay;awmfrltHh/ oifw@dk onf rw&m;ojzifh cH&rnf r[kwfacs?
61?



tu,fI olwdk@bufrS +idrf;csrf;a&;jzifh vufurf;cJhaomf tvm;wl vufurf;I y&rwfbk&m;&Siftm; ,HkyHk udk;
pm;avmh/ t&Sifonf =um;aeawmfrl./ odaeawmfrl.?

62?








tu,fI olwdk@onf oifhtm; vSnhfpm;&ef &efoefchJv#if/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf toifhtwGuf vHkavmuf
awmfrl./ t&Sifonf toifhtm; t&Sif. tultnDrsm;jzifh/ ,Hk=unfolrsm;jzifh tiftm;awmifhwif;apcJh+yD?475

63?
63?


olwdk@.ESvHk;pdwf0rf;udk nD!Gwfapavmh/ oifonf ajrurBmrS tvHk;pHktm; yHkI oHk;aomfvnf; olwdk@. pyf
=um; ESvHk;pdwf0rf;udk nD!Gwf apEdkifrnf r[kwfacs? od@k &mwGif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf olwdk@tm; nD!GwfapcJh+yD?
t&Sifonf bkef;awmf&Sif "rRowf&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?476
64?




tdk owif;awmfaqmif/ y&rwfbk&m;&SifESihf/ toifhaemufvdkufjzpfaom ,Hk=unfolrsm;onf toifhtwGuf vHk
avmufay.?

(473)
(473) t&Sdeft0gjyxm;Edkif&ef [k bmomjyefqdkaom wk&f[Dbl;e
onf &[Db rS qifhyGm;jzpfI a=umufvef@atmifjyKonf/
a=umufvef@aponf[k jzpfayonf? bmomjyef q&mawmf}uD;rsm;u ajcmufvSef@xm;Edkif&ef [k bmomjyefqdk =uayonf? od@k aomf
olwyg;tm; rawmfrw&m; tEdkifusifh&ef ajcmufvSef@jcif;rsdK;udk rqdkay? olwyg;u rdrdtm; rw&m; tEdkifrusifhEdkifap&ef tiftm;jyifqif
xm;I t&Sdeft0g wnfaqmufxm;jcif;udkom qdkvdkayonf? tb,fa=umifh qdkaomf &efolrsm;onf rnfonfh +idrf;csrf;a&; pmcsKyfudk
rqdk tcsdefra&G; zsufwwfavh&Sda=umif; txufyg okwfawmfrsm;wGif az:jy+yD; jzpfonf? xdkodk@ uwdrwnf=unfaom vlrsdK;rsm;.
atmufwGif vnfpif;cH&jcif;onf vlwpfrsdK;vHk;tm; 'kuQa&mufapEdkifonfrSm rnfolrS jiif;yg,fI r&acs? xdkodk@aom tacstaewGif
usL;ausmfvmrnfh olrsm;tm; umuG,fEdkif&ef ppfjyifxm;&eftwGuf tpPvmrfu oGefoifayonf?
(474)
(474) tpD;teif;rsm; [k bmomjyefqkdaom cdkif;vd qdkonfrSm udk,fawmfrk[rR'f vufxufawmfu ppfajrjyiftwGuf vufoyf
arG;xm;aom jrif;rsm;udk ac:qdkayonf? odk@aomf xdkpum;vHk;rS qifhyGm;jzpfaom rkcfwm;vrf qdkaom pum;udk usrf;awmfwGif
armfuGm;apEdkifaom *k%fowWd wpfcktjzpf oHk;ESef;ayonf/ (4;36) xdk@a=umifh xdkpum;vHk;onf jrif;qdkaom owW0g wpfckxuf rdrd
twGuf *k%f,l Edkifavmufatmif toHk;0ifaom 0wWKwpfcktjzpf jrifwwf&ef ta&;}uD;ayonf? rdrdEdkifiHtm; umuG,fEkdif&ef ppfonf
rsm; pdwfcsvufcs pD;eif;Edkifaom *k%foduQm&Sdapaom tpD;teif;rsm;udk qdkvdkjcif; jzpfayonf? ,ckacwfwGif ppfoHk; tpD;teif;aygif;
rsm;pGmudk ac:qdk Edkifayonf? xdk@a=umifh TbmomjyefwGif tpD;teif; [kom bmomjyefqdkjcif; jzpfayonf?
(475)
(475) vl@abmiftodkif;t0kdif;wGif r&Sdrjzpf vdktyfaom ppfa&;/ EdkifiHa&;/ usifhpOfa&;&m Oya'rsm;udk pHkaphpGm oGefoifaoma=umifh
tpPvmrfomoem0ifrsm;tm; ppfaoG;uGrsm;[k pGyfpGJjcif;rSm wdkif;jynftwGuf ppfa&; vdktyfvmaomtcg ppfa&;Oya'/ ppfa&;ynmrsm;
udk ynwfxm;r_Y tm;enf;csuf&Sdaom omoem0iftkyfpkrsm;u remvdkjzpfr_ wpf&yfom jzpfayonf? TokwfawmfESpfckjzpfaom 61 ESihf
62 u tpPvmrfrsm;onf +idrf;csrf;a&;Y rnfr# jrwfEdk;&rnfudk twdtus oGefoifayonf &efolonf rdrdxuf tm;enf;aomfvnf;
aumif;/ vdrfnmvSnfhpm;vdkI vnf;aumif; rnfonfhenf;jzifh jzpfap +idrf;csrf;a&;udk urf;vSrf;cJhaomf xdkolwdk@tm; vufpm;acscGihf/
&efvdkcGifh tjrpfjyKwfajcr_ef;cGifhrsm; vHk;0 r&Sda=umif;udk wdus ao&SmpGm jyXmef;xm;ayonf?
(476
(476) +idrf;csrf;a&;jzifhom vlom;wdk@.pyf=um;Y nD!GwfapEdkifonf[k Tokwfawmfu axmufjyxm;ayonf?

65?



tdk owif;awmfaqmif/ ,Hk=unfolrsm;tm; awmfvSefa&;bufodk@ E_d;aqmfavmh/ tu,fI oifwdk@Y oD;cHyg&rD
}uD;ol ESpfq,f&Sdv#if vlESpf&mudk atmifjrifEdkif.? toifwdk@Y vlwpf&m&Sdv#if &efolrsm;rS vlwpfaxmifudk
atmifjrifEdkif. tb,fa=umifhqdkaomf olw@kd onf em;vnfjcif;r&Sdaom vlrsdK;wpf&yf jzpf.?477

66?



vuf&SdtacstaeY y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oifw@kd tm; ayghyg;apcJh+yD? t&Sifonf oifwdk@Y tm;enf;onfukd
od&Sd./ odk@jzpfI oifwdk@Y oD;cHyg&rD}uD;ol wpf&m&Sdaomf vlESpf&mudk atmifjrifEkdif./ oifwdk@Y vlwpfaxmif
&Sdv#if y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. cGifhjyKrdef@jzifh vlESpfaxmifukd atmifjrifEdkif./ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oD;cHolrsm;ESihf
twl&Sdae awmfrlay.?478

67?


ajrurBmY ESdrfESif;atmifEdkifjcif; r&Sdaom rnfonfh owif;awmfaqmifrS ppfav#mfa=u;rsm; ydkifqdkifcGifh r&Sdacs?
oifwdk@onf TavmuDb0 us,fajymr_udk vdkvm;=u.? y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oifw@kd tm; avmukwW&mudk
om vdkvm;apvdk.? y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonfum; bkef;awmf&Sif "rRowf&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?479

68?








tu,fI y&rwfbk&m;&Sif.xHrS jyXmef;r_onf owfrSwfcsuf r&SdcJhv#if oifwdk@. ,liifr_twGuf }uD;rm;aom
0fauG;onf xdoufavvwWH@?

(477)
(477) Tokwfawmfonf ,Hk=unfolrsm;tm; rvmtdum[f tm;jzifh tm;jznfhay;onf [k qdkaom 3;124 ESifh T"rRcE<m. tpydkif;rsm;
jzpfaom okwfawmfrsm;rS rvmtdum[f qdkonfudk em;vnfapEdkifaom okwfawmfwpfyg; jzpfayonf? rvmtdum[f qdkonfrSm
,Hk=unfolrsm;wGifrS vHk;0O\kH ,Hk=unfjcif;&Sd+yD; onf;cHyg&rDtm;}uD;ol wenf;tm;jzifh ZGJeyJ}uD;I xdk;xGif;em;vnf EdkifpGrf;&Sdaom
ynm&Sifrsm; jzpfa=umif; Tokwfawmfu twdtus axmufjyayonf? vlwpfOD;onf vlq,fOD;xufykdI pGrf;aqmifEdkifaom vlom;rsm;
jzpfayonf? TokwfawmfwGif &efol (zHk;uG,fol) rsm;onf odem;vnfjcif; r&Sdaom olrsm;[k qdkxm;ojzifh ppfrufa&;&mY evydef;wHk;
rsm;jzpfa=umif; xif&Sm;I olwdk@tm; tEdkif,lEdkifrnfh vlrsdK;rSm ppfrufa&;&mY u|rf;usifvdrRma=umif;udk tjyeftvSef t"dyg` ,ftm;jzifh
axmufjyxm;ayonf? xdkolrsm;rS wpfOD;csif;pDonf &efol q,fOD;xuf oma=umif;udkvnf; axmufjyxm;ayonf? xdk@a=umifh xdkuhJo@kd
wwfodynm&Sifrsm;jzifh ulnDapmifrjcif;udk rvmtdum[frsm;jzifh ulnDapmifronf[k qdkvdkayonf? (3;124 wGif=unfhyg)?
(478
(478)okwfawmf 65 wGif wwfodynm&Sif wpfOD;. tpGrf;onf vlq,fOD;. tiftm;ESifh nDr#onf[kajymI/ okwfawmf 66 wGif wpfOD;.
tiftm;onf ESpfOD;ESifh nDr#onf[k qdkjcif;a=umifh usrf;awmftm; a&S@aemufrnD!Gwf[k pGyfpGJv#if xdkpGyfpGJr_rSm usrf;awmf. wdusr_udk
em;rvnfaoma=umifhom jzpfayonf? usrf;awmfonf vlom;. obm0udk twdtus az:jyjcif;om jzpfayonf? ynm&Sifw@kd . tpGrf;
onf wpfOD;ESifh wpfOD; rwlnDEdkif=uay? tcsdK@aom ynm&Sifonf vlq,fOD;xufomI tcsdK@onf vlwpf&m/ wpfaxmifxufomvGef
Edkifum tcsdK@rSm vlESpfOD;xufom omvGefEdkifa=umif;udk yGifhyGifhvif;vif; az:jyxm;jcif; jzpfayonf? usrf;awmf. 35;1 wGif wwfod
ynm&Sif ac: rvmtdum[frsm;. vuf&Hk;&nfonf rwlnD=ua=umif;udk wduspGm az:jyxm;ayonf?
(479)
(479) Tokwfawmfonf EdkifiHtm; armifydkifpD;I acgif;yHkjzwfaeaom ya'o&mZf vlwef;pm;udk owday;jcif; jzpfayonf? udk,fawmf
rk[rR'fonfyif ac|;enf;pm rygbJ ppfyGJEdkif ppfav#mfa=u;rsm;udk tvum; ta&Smif ydkifqdkifcGifh r&Sda=umif;udk Tokwfawmfu &Sif;jyxm;
ayonf? xdk@tjyif vlom;rsm;onf ppfav#mfa=u;rsm;jzifh pGJrufv#uf avmuD *k%f+ydKifr_rsm;udkvnf; tpPvmrf omoemu vufrcH
a=umif; twdtvif; a=ujimxm;ayonf?

69?


480

oifwdk@. ppfav#mfa=u;rsm;rS oef@jyef@&mrsm;udk w&m;0if pm;oHk;=uavmh/ y&rwfbk&m;&Siftm; pnf;apmifh
=uavmh/ {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf vGwf+idrf;apaomt&Sif t=uifem&Sif jzpfawmfrl.?

70?



tdk owif;awmfaqmif/ oifhvuf0,f&Sd ppfoHk@yef;rsm;tm; y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oifwdk@. pdwfESvHk;wGif;&Sd
apwemaumif;udk od&SdcJhv#if t&Sifonf oifw@kd xHrS ,lchJonfxuf ydkIaumif;jrwfonfudk oifwdk@tm; csD;jrifh
awmfrlthH/ oifwdk@tm; vGwf+idrf;apthH/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonfum; vGwf+idrf;apaomt&Sif t=uifem&Sif jzpf
awmfrl.?[k a[majymavmh?481

71?
71?




tu,fI olwdk@onf oifhtm; opPmrJhpGm }uHpnf=uv#if/ {uefyif olw@kd onf ,cifuvnf; y&rwfbk&m;&Sif
tm; opPmrJhpGm }uHpnfcJhpOf/ t&Sifonf olwdk@xuf oifhtm; ta&;omapcJh.? y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonfum;
odaeaomt&Sif "rRowf&Sifjzpfawmfrl.?

72?





{uefyif ouf0if,Hk=unfv#uf/ pGe@f cGmcJh&I y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. vrf;pOfawmfY ^mOfp&dkuf tdk;tdrfpnf;Zdrf
tm;jzifh pGrf;pGrf;wrH &kef;uefv_yf&Sm;=uaom olrsm;ESifh/ ae&mcsxm;ay;I ulnDapmifronfh olw@kd onf tcsif;
csif; uGyfuJapmifha&Smufolrsm; jzpf=u.? ,Hk=unfaomfvnf; pGe@f cGmjcif;r&Sd olwdk@tbdk@ olwdk@onf rpGef@cGmcJho
r# oifwdk@. uGyfuJr_onf olwdk@twGuf vHk;0r&Sdacs? odk@aomf omoema&;twGuf tultnDawmif;cJhaomf
oifwdk@ESifh r[mrdwfcsKyfqdkxm;aom vlrsdK;wd@k ESihf rqufpyfonfh tultnDrsm;udk ay;avmh/ y&rwfbk&m;&Sif
onf usifh}uHavor#tm; =um;odaeawmfrlay.?482

73?
73?





zHk;uG,faomolrsm;onf tcsif;csif; uGyfuJolrsm; jzpf=u.? tu,fIom oifwdk@onf pDrHr_ r&Sdv#if ajrurBm

(480)
(480) ppfyGJjzpf&ma'orS vlom;rsm;. ypPnf;rsm;udk rawmfrw&m; odrf;qnf;pm;oHk;jcif;udk usrf;awmfu cGifhrjyKay? ppfo@kH jzpfonfhwdkif
w&m;awmfESifhnDaom/ ormtmZD0jzpfaom t&mrsm;udkom oHk;pGJ pm;oHk;cGifhudk jyKxm;jcif; jzpfayonf? xdk@a=umifh rlqvifppfppfwkd@.
ppfoHk@odrf;qnf;r_onf vGefpGm oef@&Sif;&rnf jzpfayonf?
(481)
(481) tpPvmrf ppfonfawmfrsm;onf rwwfomI ppfoHk@yef;rsm; zrf;&jcif;/ ppfoHk@ypPnf;rsm; odrf;&jcif;rsm;udk jyKvkyf&aomfvnf;/
tu,fI xdkppfoHk@yef;rsm;onf +idrf;csrf;aom vl@abmiftm; rwdkufcdkuf rzsufqD;bJ pdwfapwemaumif; jyefI 0ifvmcJhv#if olwdk@ qHk;&H_;
epfemcJh&onfxuf ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom OpPmypPnf;rsm;udk &&Sdrnf jzpfa=umif; wenf;tm;jzifh omvGefaumif;jrwfaom t&mjzifh ppfav#mf
a=u;udk ay;aqmifrnf jzpfa=umif; usrf;awmfu w&m;0ifa=ujimxm;ayonf? xdk@a=umifh rvdktmCmwxm;jcif;/ cGifhrv$wfbJ vufw@kH
jyefjcif;rsm;udk tpPvmrfu oGefoifjcif; r&Sdacs?
(482)
(482) tpPvmrfomoem0ifrsm;onf ppfa&;t& rnfr# xdrf;csKyf&rnfudk Tokwfawmfu pepfwus oGefoifayonf? tpPvmrf
omoem0ifcsif; wlaomfvnf; tjcm;olrsm; vufatmufwGif aexdkifae&aom rlqvifrsm;. ta&;udk pOf;pm;&mY bmoma&;rS ty
tjcm;aom tkyfcsKyfa&;&m ay:vpDrsm;udk 0ifa&muf pGyfzufcGifh r&Sdacs? Todk@,Ofaus;onfh EdkifiHa&;usifh0wfudk tpPvmrfomoem pwif
csdef uwnf;uyif csrSwf+yD;om; jzpfayonf?

wGif nif;yef;ESdyfpufr_ESifh }uD;us,faom tzsuftaESmifh jzpfay:vmvdrfhrnf?


74?



ouf0if,Hk=unfv#uf pGef@cGmcJhI y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. vrf;pOfawmfY pGrf;pGrf;wrH &kef;uefv_yf&Sm;olrsm;ESifh ae&m
csxm;ay;I ulnDapmifrolrsm; xdkolrsm;onf ppfrSefaom ouf0if,Hk=unfolrsm; jzpf=u.? olwdk@twGuf
vGwf+idrf;cGifhESifh usufoa&&Sdaom &duQmrsm;onf &Sdae.?
75?
75?


aemufydkif;wGifrS ouf0if,Hk=unfvmv#uf pGef@cGmjcif; oifwdk@ESifhtwl pGrf;pGrf;wrH &kef;uefv_yf&Sm;jcif; jyKol
rsm;onf oifwdk@. txJrS jzpf.? y&rwfbk&m;&Sif. jyXmef;r_Y olw@kd csif; uGyfuJr_rSm rsdK;EG,fwlrsm;yif483 jzpf
.? {uefyif y&rwfbk&m;&Sifonf oAvkH;pHktm; odaeawmfrlay.?

(483)
(483) t&f[mr teufudk 4;1 wGif &Sif;jy+yD; jzpfayonf? q&mawmf}uD;rsm;u xdkpum;vHk;udk aqGrsdK;&if;csmrsm;[k jyefqkd=uayonf?
odk@aomf if;onf xdkt"dy`g,fxufydkI av;eufayonf? qdkvdkonfrSm t&f[mr qdkonf arG;&mygtcGifhta&; awmif;ydkifcGihf&dSaom
vlrsdK;wl[k jzpfayonf?