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EDF5172

Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

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VCE Physical Education Unit Outline


UNIT TITLE: The way our bodies move!

BAND/YEAR: 11 Unit 1

Area of Study (AOS): 1 Bodies systems and human movement

SEQUENCE & LENGTH: Lessons


will run for 60 minutes with 1 or 2
doubles a week. There will be 16

AoS Description: In this area of study students examine the systems of the human body and how

lessons provided over 5 weeks.


WEEK/DATE/TERM:

they translate into movement. Through practical activities they explore the major components of the

Term 1

musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and respiratory systems and their contributions and interactions

Week 2 1st Feb

during physical activity.

Week 3 8th Feb

Anaerobic and aerobic pathways are introduced and linked to the types of activities that utilise each

Week 4 15th Feb

of the pathways.

Week 5 22nd Feb


Week 6 29th Feb

Key Knowledge/s:

Key Skills:

the musculoskeletal system working together to produce

These skills include the ability to:

movement in physical activity: bones of the human body, major

Use correct anatomical terminology to identify bones, individual

muscles and muscle structure, classification of joints and joint

muscles (for example, rectus abdominus), joints and joint actions used

action

in human movement

Characteristics and functions of muscle fibres including fibre

Perform, observe and analyse a variety of movements used in physical

arrangement and type

activity and identify the bones, muscles, joints and joint actions

Types of muscular contraction (isotonic, isometric and

responsible for movement

isokinetic)

Accurately describe the process of reciprocal inhibition

Agonists, antagonists and stabilisers and the concept of

Use correct terminology to identify muscle fibre types and muscular

reciprocal inhibition

contractions required to perform a variety of activities at different

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Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

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Control of muscles including the recruitment of motor units,

intensities

voluntary and involuntary muscular contractions

Describe the relationship between motor unit recruitment and muscular

The cardiovascular and respiratory systems, including the

contractions

structure and function of the heart and lungs, mechanics of

Perform, measure and report on changes to the cardiovascular,

breathing, gaseous exchange, blood vessels, blood flow around

respiratory and muscular systems at rest compared to exercise

the body at rest and during exercise

Identify the dominant energy pathway utilised in a variety of aerobic or

Introduction to the characteristics of aerobic and anaerobic

anaerobic activities determined by the intensity and duration of the

pathways (with or without oxygen) and their contribution to

activity

movement and dominant fibre type associated with each

Collect, analyse and report on primary data related to responses to

pathway.
Teaching Approaches:

exercise and anaerobic and aerobic pathways.


Assessment ideas:
Informal

This unit will be run in a flipped classroom format. Therefore

Due to the unit being run in a flipped classroom format, at the beginning

students will be given links to Prezi and podcasts to listen to

of each lesson students will be quizzed using the interactive website,

before the begning of each week. The aim of this is to 1. Be more

Kahoot, on the content that they should have learnt from a prepared

time efficient, 2. Get through most of the content outside of class

prezi/powerpoint, a podcast and the relevant chapter in the text book.

and spend classr toime refining skills and knowledge with more

Every few lesosns students will also be given a mini quiz with practise

hands on and engaging activities.

exam questions relevant to the key knowledges and skills learnt in that
week. As a class we will go through the answers. This will not only build

There will be ICT use throughout the unit which will allow

their skills in deconstructing exam questions but also provide continous

students to build their skills in this area and explore different

opportunity for students to apply the knowledge to different contexts and

methods of learning.

deepen their understanding of the content.

The unit also aims to teach through the use of practical

Formal -

experience as is highlighted in the VCE study design. This will

The first formal assessment piece will be a written and verbal

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Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

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allow students to see the content put into action and contexualise

instruction test to test the anatomical content. Students will be tested on

their knowledge.

the bones and muscles of the human body, will be asked to identify
body parts when using anatomical terms to describe them and to
demomstre a range of different physical movements.
The second formal assessment will be a group presentaion on content
covering the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Students are given
the choice to present in any form which will encourage creativity and
teamwork. At the completion of the presentation students will have
planned an activity to do with the class which will test and reiterate this
knowledge.
The third formal assessment will be the creation of an interactive
website which will require the students to apply their content knowledge
and create a study resource for future VCE PE students to utilise.

Week

Links to:

Lesson

Area Of Study

Text

Topic & Content to be

Nelson, VCE

covered

Physical

Teaching and Learning Activities

Homework

EDF5172

Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

Date
Week 2
Lessons

1, 2, 3
&4
1st Feb

Outcome

Key Knowledge

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Education
Units 1&2 5th
Edition)

Key skills
The neuromuscular

Chapter 1

The neuromuscular and

and musculoskeletal

pg. (3-10)

musculoskeletal

systems
AOS 1
Outcome 1
KN

The musculoskeletal
system working
together to produce
movement in
physical activity:
bones of the human
body.

KS

Introduction

systems
PowerPoint/
Prezi
.com)
Skeleton
Apps
VisAnatomy

Go through PowerPoint of key

Anatomical terms (pg.

content points and take notes

3)

(students should have already

The vertebral column

watched a prezi/listened to podcasts

(pg. 5)

before each class)

Bones & joints (pg. 6)

Anatomical terms relay where

Types of movements

students are in teams and have to

(pg. 8)

find the correct term on one of 20

(https://prezi

flashcards for the description read

Kahoot

out

(https://kaho
ot.it )

anatomical

to create a resource for revision)

Butchers

Simon Says Game (using Movement

paper

terminology)

identify bones,

Kahoot and written Quiz Anatomical

individual muscles
(for example, rectus

NOTE** This AOS will be

terminology

p. 10
Create a
labelled
skeleton (this
will be used
as a study
resource for
students to
take home)

Create flash
cards of
anatomical

paper (life size) and label bones (this

Use correct

Thinking
things through

Draw up a outline of body on butchers


will be added to throughout the unit

terminology to

read and listened to the podcasts

Kahoot quizs to test students have

terms

Listen to
podcast for
next week
and read
relevant

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abdominus), joints

run as a flipped

VisAnatomy app quiz

and joint actions

classroom therefore

What am I? (Students identify the type

used in human

students will be

movement
Perform, observe

expected to have read

and analyse a

and taken notes on

variety of

these along with

of joint being shown/described)


Quick Practice exam with questions

the relevant chapters

movements used in

chapters

relevant to the content


Go through answers and discuss with
class why the answers are

listening to the podcast.

appropriate (how to read a question,

physical activity and

how many marks) **Important that

identify the bones,

students are building these skills

muscles, joints and

early for year 12 and exams

joint actions
responsible for

Practicals

movement

Sport analysis Select a sport,


participate in the sport and
identify three key positions,
identify bones and type of joint
actions involved

Week 3

The neuromuscular

Chapter 1

The neuromuscular and

Kahoot on previous classes

and musculoskeletal

pg. (11-27)

musculoskeletal

PowerPoint of key content and take

Thinking
Things

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Lessons

Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1


systems

5,6 & 7

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systems

notes (again students should have

Kahoot
KN

8th Feb

Major muscles and

PowerPoint/

muscle structure,

Prezi

classification of joints
and joint action
Characteristics and

Muscles (pg. 11)

Nervous control of

- iMuscle
YouTube

podcasts before each class)

Cover the skeleton made in week 1

Through p.22
Finish muscle

(pg. 20)

diagram
with clear paper and draw and label Listen to podcast
the muscles in a different colour
and read
Complete Lab Activity pg. 14 (1 of)
relevant

Types of contraction &

Use iMuscle app and get students

muscles (pg. 14)

Apps

functions of muscle
fibers including fibre

gone through the PowerPoint and

through p.16
Thinking Things

Sliding filament theory

chapters

to identify which muscles are

fibre type (pg. 22)

contracting and relaxing with

Test

different movements to understand

Written test

the concept of reciprocal inhibition

Verbal instruction

Show YouTube clips of different

test (teacher

sporting movements eg 100m

says show an

sprint, rugby try, triple jump etc.,

example of

and stabilisers and the

students to then identify muscle

flexion and

concept of reciprocal

fibre types.

students have to

Muscles relay where students are

demonstrate

in teams and have to find the

movement or

correct term on one of 20

point to

flashcards for the description read

muscle/joint/bone

out eg. If flexion occurred at the

being described)

arrangement and type


Types of muscular
contraction (isotonic,
isometric and

(https://www
.youtube.co
m)

isokinetic)
Agonists, antagonists

inhibition
Control of muscles
including the
recruitment of motor
units, voluntary and
involuntary muscular
contractions

elbow, which muscle would be your


agonist?

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Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

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KS
Perform, observe and

Quick Practice exam with questions


relevant to the content

Go through answers and discuss

analyse a variety of

with class why the answers are

movements used in

appropriate (how to read a

physical activity and

question, how many marks)

identify the bones,


muscles, joints and

Practicals

joint actions

Resistance training session using

responsible for

body weight as resistance identify

movement

agonist, antagonist and stabilisers

Accurately describe the

and determine which joint it

process of reciprocal
inhibition
Use correct terminology

crosses

Complete Lab activity pg.27

Applied Anatomy Circuit students

to identify muscle fibre

complete different exercises such

types and muscular

as push-ups, sit ups, squats and

contractions required

record the joint type, articulating

to perform a variety of

bones, anatomical movement and

activities at different

agonist, antagonist and supporting

intensities

muscles.

Describe the
relationship between
motor unit recruitment

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and muscular
Week 4
Lessons

contractions
The cardiovascular

Chapter 2

The cardiovascular

system & Respiratory

pg. (30-44)

system & Respiratory

systems

8,9,10
& 11

systems
Kahoot

KN
The cardiovascular

th

15 Feb and respiratory

PowerPoint/

Prezzi

systems, including the


structure and function of

the heart and lungs,


mechanics of breathing,
gaseous exchange,
blood vessels, blood

Structure of the heart

Kahoot quizs on previous class/

Thinking

podcast/ section of textbook

Things

PowerPoint of key content and

Through P34

notes

Thinking

(pg. 31)

Label diagrams of the heart

Things

Blood flow through

In groups role play the path of a

Through P37

blood vessels & heart

blood cell going through the heart,

(pg. 34-37)

body and lungs

Managing different

Construct a model of the lungs to

workloads

demonstrate the mechanics of

Blood (RBC, WBC

breathing

etc.) (p.g 33)


BP, HR, SV, Q, avO2

diff)
Responses to exercise

flow around the body at


rest and during exercise

Complete Lab pg.39

Quick Practice exam with questions


relevant to the content

Go through answers and discuss

KS

with class why the answers are

Perform, measure and

appropriate (how to read a

report on changes to the

question, how many marks)

cardiovascular,
respiratory and
muscular systems at

Practicals

rest compared to

Observing and Recording Prac

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Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1


exercise

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Students observe 1 student each
participating in a sport game to
understand what happens with your
respiration and circulatory systems
with exercise (if not enough
students use something different
like Zumba or Aerobics). At minute
intervals they will be recording:
Sprints- How many sprints in that time
frame
Pulse- Take their carotid or radial
pulse
Temperature- Thermometer under the
arm pit
Breathing rate- How many breathes
in 30 seconds
SAC
In groups of 3-4 Create a presentation
to deliver to the class that presents the
data collected in the prac and explains
the cardiovascular and respiratory
responses to exercise. It can be
presented in any form as long as it

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covers the content. With the
information students will come up with
an activity/game to do with the class
that tests this knowledge.

Week 5

Aerobic and anaerobic

Chapter 3

Aerobic and anaerobic

pathways

pg. (46-60)

pathways

Lessons

KN

& 14

22

Feb

Beep Test to understand and test

the max VO2


Kahoot quizs on previous class/

12, 13

nd

Kahoot

Introduction to the
characteristics of

PowerPoint/

aerobic and

Prezzi

anaerobic pathways
(with or without
oxygen) and their

YouTube

Foods & their

dominant fibre type


associated with each
pathway.
KS

Thinking

podcast/ section of textbook

Things

PowerPoint of key content and

Through P48

notes

Thinking

conversion to energy

Draw graphs of Energy systems

Things

(pg. 45)

Case study using Australian

Through P53

Carbohydrates, fats &

Institute of Sport website

protein (pg. 46)

(http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais/nutri

Introduction to energy

tion) What foods contribute to

systems (pg. 49)

energy and relate this to different

contribution to
movement and

sports.

Watch YouTube clips of different


athletes and sports and identify
which energy system is
predominantly used and which
muscle fibre type would be
predominantly recruited.

Copy table
3.7 (P54)

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Identify the

Note** There will be

dominant energy

two extra lessons

pathway utilised in a

designated to this AOS

variety of aerobic or
anaerobic activities
determined by the

due to unavoidable

Quick Practice exam with


questions relevant to the content

Go through answers and discuss


with class why the answers are

interruptions that will

appropriate (how to read a

occur over the weeks

question, how many marks)

intensity and
.

duration of the

Practicals

activity

Collect, analyse and

Play a team sport and identify the


dominant energy pathway used in

report on primary

different positions. Identify and

data related to

discuss the interplay between the

responses to

three energy systems

exercise and
anaerobic and

SAC

aerobic pathways.

Create a website resource that could


be used as a study tool. The website
should include
-

The 3 energy systems

Foods used for energy and how


and where they are stored

The fibre types predominantly


recruited in each system

Examples of athletes/sports and

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which energy system is being
utilised
-

The interplay between the three


energy systems

Students will be encouraged to use


things other than text e.g. Links to
useful websites/ images / YouTube
clips etc to display their content

List of References:

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Unit Outline Unit 1 AOS 1

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Telford, A., Seery, P., Whittle, R., Corrie, M., Malpeli, R. (Eds.). (2010). Nelson Physical Education VCE Units 1 & 2. (5th ed.). Victoria:
South Melbourne.
VCAA. (2011). Physical Education: Victorian Certificate of Education Study Design. Retrieved August 7 th, 2015 from
http://moodle.vle.monash.edu/pluginfile.php/3331176/mod_resource/content/1/VCE_StudyDesign.pdf