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© Sarajit Poddar
Construction Draw three verticals and three horizontal lines. There would be 12 ends of lines each of them shall be assigned to 12 signs from Aries to Pisces. Movable signs shall have vedha from and cause vedha to the dual signs excluding the one in the 3rd from it; Fixed signs shall have vedha among other fixed signs; whereas the Dual signs shall have vedha from and cause vedha to all movable signs excluding the one in the 11th from it. Draw all the vedha causing lines and the resulting diagram is known as the Pataki Chakra. Place the planets in the horoscope in different signs in the Pataki charka and see the planets causing vedha on the Lagna. If the dandadhipati causes vedha on the Lagna, then the native suffers due to Patakirishta. Computation of Yamardha-pati Yama and Yamardha When a day is divided into 8 parts, each of them is known as a yama, which spans for approximately 3 hours. When the yama is further divided into 2 parts, each of them is known as a yamardha. As the name states, ardha, means half and yama is the 8th part of the day; yamardha is the half of a yama and spans for approximately 1.5 hrs. Yama is known as the son of the Sun and strictly follows the Sun for its definition and hence the Sunrise and Sunset becomes crucial for their computation. Each day a new cycle of yama and yamardha starts with the Sunrise and Sunset. The duration between the Sunrise and Sunset is called Dinamana (Dina is day, and mana is length or duration). Thus there are 4 yama in a dinamana and 8 yamardha in that which spans for 3 hrs and 1.5 hrs approximately. Since the duration of the dinamana can change with seasons, so does the duration of the Yama and Yamardha and hence they cannot be taken exactly as 3 or 1.5 hrs, but need to be computed for each day. Similarly, the duration of the night from Sunset to subsequent Sunrise is called the Ratrimana, where ratri means night.
Yamardhapati Yamardhapati means lord of yamardha. The computation of the lord of Yamardha differs from day to night. The method of finding out the yamardhapati is given below: Day based The 1st yamardha is lorded by the lord of the weekday. The subsequent yamas are reckoned from the previous yamardhapati counting the 6th weekday lord wherefrom. For example the 1st yamardha on a Sunday shall be that of the Sun, the 2nd one shall be the 6th weekday lord from the Sun, which happens to be Venus. The 3 rd one shall be lorded by 6th weekday lord from Venus, which is Mercury. Night based Similar to day yamardhas, the 1st yamardha of the night is also lorded by the weekday lord. However, the 2nd lords shall be counted as the 5th weekday lord from the previous one. Thus, the 1st night based yamardha lord on a Sunday would be the Sun and the 2nd yamardha lord would be the 5th weekday lord counted from the Sun, which is Jupiter and similarly the 3rd yamardha lord is 5th weekday lord from Jupiter, which is the Moon.
Day Yamardha Lord Yamardha# Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 1st Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa 2nd Ve Sa Su Mo Ma Me Ju 3rd Me Ju Ve Sa Su Mo Ma 4th Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Su 5th Sa Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve 6th Ju Ve Sa Su Mo Ma Me 7th Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Su Mo 8th Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa 1st Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa 2nd Ju Ve Sa Su Mo Ma Me Night Yamardha Lord 3rd Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Su 4th Ve Sa Su Mo Ma Me Ju 5th Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Su Mo 6th Sa Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve 7th Me Ju Ve Sa Su Mo Ma 8th Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa
Danda and Dandadhipati: Each yamardha is divided into four dandas each of them measuring approximately 22.5 minutes. If the day is reckoned as that of 60 ghatikas, the duration of 1 yama would be 7.5 ghatikas, 1 yamardha would be 3.75 ghatikas and 1 danda would be 0.9375 ghatikas or 56.25 vighatikas. Thus there are 64 dandas in a day. This can be noted that the day can be reckoned as the duration of 60 ghatikas or 64 dandas. The lord of each danda is called the dandadhipati. Like the yamardhapatis, the counting of the dandadhipatis vary from day to night. In the night, the 1st danda for a yamardha is ruled by the yamardhipati, while the subsequent ones are found by counting 6th weekday from the weekday of the previous dandadhipati. For illustration, we all know by now that the 1st yamardha at night (at Sunset) on a Sunday is ruled by Sun and hence the 1st dandadhipati is also the Sun. The 2nd dandadhipati in the Sun’s yamardha would be ruled by the 6th planet from the Sun in the weekday order, which is Venus. Similarly, the 3rd dandadhipati would be ruled by 6th planet from Venus, which is Mercury and the 4th one would be ruled by the Moon.
The counting of the dandadhipatis for Day based yamardhas is done in the following ways. The 1st danda of the day based yamardhas is lorded by the yamardhipatis themselves. The 2nd one is lorded by the planet indicated by the number attained, when the previous dandadhipati’s number is divided by 2 and expunging the decimals. When the number arrived at is less than 1, then Rahu becomes the Dandadhipati, since his number is 8. For illustration, let’s find the dandadhipatis in the Moon’s Yamardha. The first one would be lorded by Moon; the 2nd would be by Sun, since we get 1, ruled by the Sun when we divide Moon’s number, which is 2 by 2. The 3rd would be ruled by Rahu, since dividing, Sun’s number by 2 we get 0.5 and the 4th one would be ruled by Mercury, since when we divide Rahu’s number, which is 8 by 2, we get 4, which is ruled by Mercury. Writing the dandadhipatis in Moon’s night yamardha we arrive at Moon Sun Rahu Mercury. The number of each planet is given below: 1- Sun 2- Moon 3- Mars 4- Mercury 5- Jupiter 6- Venus 7- Saturn 8- Rahu (Ketu doesnot figure in the list of dandadhipatis) The list of dandadhipatis in various day and night based yamardhas is given below for ready reference:
Day danda lords Danda# Sun Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus Saturn 1st Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa 2nd Ra Su Su Mo Mo Ma Ma 3rd Me Ra Ra Su Su Su Su 4th Mo Me Me Ra Ra Ra Ra Su Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Night danda lords 1st 2nd Ve Sa Su Mo Ma Me Ju 3rd Me Ju Ve Sa Su Mo Ma 4th Mo Ma Me Ju Ve Sa Su
Judgement Patakirista happens whenever the dandadhipati is placed with the Lagna or having vedha on the Lagna. There are various types of Patakirishta which is discussed below: 1. Niyata- Patakirishta: a. Malefic dandadhipati is placed in the Lagna or cause vedha to the Lagna b. The four places of vedha do not have either conjunction of a benefic or its vedha, however, have conjunction with or vedha of Malefics.
Such patakirishta cause death of the newborn very early i.e., in days as indicated by the rasis causing vedha. Benefic vedha or conjunction on the Lagna or the Lagna vedha rasis, can delay the death to month or year indicated by the Pataki Chakra. 2. Aniyata Patakirishta: a. Malefic dandadhipati is placed in the Lagna or cause vedha to the Lagna b. The four places of vedha have either conjunction of benefics or vedha from them. Or c. Benefic dandadhipati is placed in the Lagna or cause vedha to the Lagna d. The four places of vedha have either conjunction of malefics or vedha from them. Such patakirishta does not cause death of the newborn but suffer severe health troubles in days, years as indicated by the rasis causing vedha. If benefic danadhipati is placed in the Lagna or have vedha on it and other vedha rasis have conjunction or vedha from Benefics, then this augurs well for the native and the native enjoys good health. Malefics & Benefics Rahu, Ketu, Sun, Saturn and Mars are considered as malefic whereas the Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are considered benefic for judging the patakirishta.
Mars Mercury Sun
In the following horoscope, Lagna is in Sagittarius with no conjunction, however Vedha from Venus. Since Venus is a benefic to the Lagna, it will save the native from all aristas.
Moon is in conjunction with Rahu, have vedha from Ketu, Mars, Mercury and Sun and Jupiter. The vedha of Rahu, Ketu, Mars and Sun cause severe health and mental trouble to the native, however the vedha of Mercury and Jupiter is the salvaging factor.
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