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* The Body as a

Whole
Chapter 4

* Apply correct medical terms to the anatomy and

physiology of the body as a whole


* Discuss the medical terms associated with the
structures and functions of cells, tissues, and
organs
* Relate individual body systems to the organization
and function of the body as a whole
* Integrate the medical terms of the different
anatomic positions, planes and directions of the
body into everyday medical language

*Chapter Objectives

* Map the body cavities


* Describe the nine regions of the abdomen
* Use medical terms pertaining to the body as a
whole to communicate and document in
writing accurately and precisely in any health
care setting
* Use medical terms pertaining to the body as a
whole to communicate verbally with accuracy
and precision in any health care setting

*Chapter Objectives

(contd)

* The body is composed


of:

* Organs
* Tissues
* Cells
* Organelles
* Molecules
* atoms

*Composition of the

Body

*Zygote

*The Cell

* Cytology

* Study of cellular structure and function


* Identifies normal and abnormal cells

*The Cell (contd)

* Pronounce the following words:


atom

at-om

blastocyst

blast-toe-sist

holistic

ho-lis-tik

tissue

tish-you

zygote

zi-goat

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Identify the root in the following words:

Word

Root

-cellular

cellul

-holistic

holist

-molecular

molec

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Basic Functions of Life


* manufacture
* production
* communication
* replication
* reproduction

*Structure and

Functions of Cells

*Structure and

Functions of Cells

* Practice pronouncing the following words:

cytoplasm

sigh-toe-plazm

mitochondria

my-toe-kon-dree-ah

deoxyribonucleic acid

dee-ock-see-rye-boh-noo-klee-ik
as-id

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Nucleus

*Structure and

Functions of Cells

* The nucleus directs all activities of the cell.

The nucleolus manufactures ribosomes which


manufacture protein

*Keynote

* Identify the root(s) or combining form(s) of the


following terms:

* catabolism
* endoplasmic reticulum
* lysosome
* nucleolus

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Primary Tissue Groups


* connective
* epithelial
* muscle
* nervous

*Tissues

* Different tissues are made of specialized cells


with unique materials around them that are
manufactured by the cells

*Keynote

* Describe the differences between the following


terms:

* anterior vs. posterior


* lateral vs. medial
* excrete vs. secrete

*Word Analysis and

Definition

*Connective Tissue in
the Knee Joint

* Describe the different in the following similar


terms:

* osteoblast
* osteoclast
* osteocyte

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* The body is made up of 11 organ systems


* Refer to Table 4.2

*Organs and Organ

Systems

* Homeostasis is the coordinated response of all


organs to maintain the internal physiological
stability of an organism

*Keynote

*Anatomical

Position, Planes
and Directions

* Anatomical Position

and Directional Terms

*Anatomical Positions,
Planes and Directions

*Anatomical Planes

*Anatomical Positions,
Planes and Directions

* Describe the differences between the two


listed terms

* caudal vs cephalic
* supine vs prone
* proximal vs distal

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Identify the roots of the following words and


their meanings:

* coronal
* ventral
* dorsal

*Word Analysis and

Definition

*Body Cavities

*Abdominal Quadrants

and Regions

* Describe the difference between the following


two terms whose root means stomach

* epigastric
* hypogasric

*Word Analysis and

Definition

* Organization of the Body

* All the elements interact with each other

* Anatomical Position, Planes and Direction

* Describe the location of anatomical structures

*Chapter 4 Summary