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Math May 2006 MS C3

# Math May 2006 MS C3

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# GCE

Edexcel GCE Mathematics Core Mathematics C3 (6665)

June 2006
Mark Scheme (Results)

Mathematics

Edexcel GCE

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 1. (a)

MARK SCHEME

Scheme

Marks M1B1, A1 (3)

(3x + 2)(x − 1) , (x + 1)(x − 1)

=

3x + 2 x +1

Notes M1 attempt to factorise numerator, usual rules B1 factorising denominator seen anywhere in (a), A1 given answer If factorisation of denom. not seen, correct answer implies B1 (b) Expressing over common denominator
x(3 x + 2 ) − 1 3x + 2 1 − = x +1 x( x + 1) x(x + 1)

M1

(3x 2 − x − 2) x − ( x − 1) [Or “Otherwise” : ] x( x 2 − 1) Multiplying out numerator and attempt to factorise

[3x

2

+ 2 x − 1 ≡ (3x − 1)( x + 1) Answer:

]

M1

3x − 1 x

A1

(3) (6 marks)

2.

(a)

dy 1 = 3 e 3x + dx x

B1M1A1(3)

Notes B1 3e3 x M1 : (b)
a bx
1 2 2

A1: 3 e 3 x +

1 x

(5 + x )

B1

3 5 + x2 2

(

)

1 2

. 2x

= 3x (5 + x 2 )2
1

M1 for kx(5 + x 2 ) m

M1 A1

(3)

(6 marks)

2

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 3. (a) Scheme Mod graph, reflect for y < 0 (0, 2), (3, 0) or marked on axes Correct shape, including cusp (b) Attempt at reflection in y = x Curvature correct (–2, 0), (0, 3) or equiv. (c) Attempt at ‘stretches’ (0, –1) or equiv. (1, 0) (a) (b) 425 ºC 300 = 400 e - 0.05 t + 25 ⇒ 400 e - 0.05 t = 275

MARK SCHEME Marks M1 A1 A1 M1 A1 B1 M1 B1 B1 (3) (9 marks) (3) (3)

4.

B1 M1 A1 M1 A1
t

(1)

sub. T = 300 and attempt to rearrange to e–0.05t = a, where a ∈ Q
e −0.05t = 275 400

M1 correct application of logs t = 7.49 (c)
dT = − 20 e - 0.05 dt

(4)

( M1 for k e - 0.05 t )

M1 A1 A1 B1 (9 marks) (3) (1)

At t = 50, rate of decrease = ( ± ) 1.64 ºC/min (d) T > 25, (since e - 0.05
t

→ 0 as t → ∞ )

3

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 5. (a) Using product rule: Use of “tan 2x = Scheme
dy = 2 tan 2 x + 2( 2 x − 1) sec 2 2 x dx

MARK SCHEME Marks M1 A1 A1

sin 2 x 1 " and “ sec 2 x = " cos 2 x cos 2 x 1 sin 2 x ] [= 2 + 2( 2 x − 1) cos 2 2 x cos 2 x dy Setting = 0 and multiplying through to eliminate fractions dx [ ⇒ 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x + 2( 2 x − 1) = 0]

M1

M1

Completion: producing 4k + sin 4k − 2 = 0 with no wrong working seen and at least previous line seen. AG (b) x1 = 0.2670, x 2 = 0.2809, x3 = 0.2746, x 4 = 0.2774,

A1*

(6)

M1 A1 A1 (3)

Note: M1 for first correct application, first A1 for two correct, second A1 for all four correct Max –1 deduction, if ALL correct to > 4 d.p. M1 A0 A1 SC: degree mode: M1 x1 = 0.4948 , A1 for x2 = 0 .4914, then A0; max 2 (c) Choose suitable interval for k: e.g. [0.2765, 0.2775] and evaluate f(x) at these values Show that 4k + sin 4k − 2 changes sign and deduction [f(0.2765) = –0.000087.., f(0.2775) = +0.0057] Note: Continued iteration: (no marks in degree mode) Some evidence of further iterations leading to 0.2765 or better M1; Deduction A1

M1 A1 (2)

(11 marks)

4

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 6. (a) Scheme Dividing sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ ≡ 1 by sin 2 θ to give sin 2 θ cos 2 θ 1 + ≡ 2 2 sin θ sin θ sin 2 θ 1 + cot 2 θ ≡ cos ec 2θ ⇒

MARK SCHEME Marks M1 AG A1* M1 A1* (2) (2)

Completion: (b)

cos ec 2θ − cot 2 θ ≡ 1

cos ec 4θ − cot 4 θ ≡ cos ec 2θ − cot 2 θ cos ec 2θ + cot 2 θ ≡ cos ec 2θ + cot 2 θ

(

)(

)

(

)

using (a)

AG

Notes: (i) Using LHS = (1 + cot2 θ )2 – cot4 θ , using (a) & elim. cot4 θ M1, conclusion {using (a) again} A1* (1 − cos 2 θ )(1 + cos 2 θ ) (ii) Conversion to sines and cosines: needs for M1 sin 4 θ cos ec 2θ + cot 2 θ ≡ 2 − cot θ (c) Using (b) to form Forming quadratic in cot θ

M1 M1

⇒ 1 + cot 2 θ + cot 2 θ ≡ 2 − cot θ
2 cot 2 θ + cot θ Solving: −1= 0

{using (a)} A1 to cot θ = M1 A1 A1√ (6)

(2 cot θ

− 1)(cot θ + 1) = 0
or
cot θ = − 1

1⎞ ⎛ ⎜ cot θ = ⎟ 2⎠ ⎝

θ = 135 º

(or correct value(s) for candidate dep. on 3Ms)

Note: Ignore solutions outside range Extra “solutions” in range loses A1√, but candidate may possibly have more than one “correct” solution. (10 marks)

5

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 7. (a) Scheme Log graph: Shape Intersection with –ve x-axis

MARK SCHEME Marks B1 dB1 B1 B1

(0, ln k), (1 – k, 0) Mod graph :V shape, vertex on +ve x-axis
⎛k ⎞ (0, k) and ⎜ , 0 ⎟ ⎝2 ⎠ – ∞ < f ( x) < ∞ , – ∞ < y < ∞ ⎛ k ⎞ f ⎜| − |⎟ ⎝ 2 ⎠

B1 B1 M1 A1 B1

(5) (1)

(b) f(x) ∈ R (c)

,

2k ⎛k⎞ fg ⎜ ⎟ = ln{k + | − k |} or 4 ⎝4⎠

= ln ( (d)
dy 1 = dx x + k

3k ) 2

(2)

Equating (with x = 3) to grad. of line;

1 2 = 3+ k 9

M1; A1 A1√ (4)

k = 1½

(12 marks)

6

EDEXCEL CORE MATHEMATICS C3 (6665) – JUNE 2006 Question Number 8. (a) Method for finding sin A sin A = – Note:
7 4

MARK SCHEME Marks M1 A1 A1

Scheme

7 , exact. 4 Second A1 for sign (even if dec. answer given) Use of sin 2 A ≡ 2 sin A cos A

First A1 for

M1 A1√ (5)

sin 2 A = −

3 7 or equivalent exact 8

Note: (b)(i)

± f.t.

Requires exact value, dependent on 2nd M

π⎞ π⎞ π π ⎛ ⎛ cos⎜ 2 x + ⎟ + cos⎜ 2 x − ⎟ ≡ cos 2 x cos − sin 2 x sin 3⎠ 3⎠ 3 3 ⎝ ⎝

+ cos 2 x cos

π
3

+ sin 2 x sin

π M1
3

≡ 2 cos 2 x cos

π
3

A1

[This can be just written down (using factor formulae) for M1A1]
≡ cos 2 x

AG

A1*

(3)

Note: M1A1 earned, if ≡ 2 cos 2 x cos Final A1* (b)(ii) dy = 6 sin x cos x − 2 sin 2 x dx or

just written down, using factor theorem 3 requires some working after first result. B1 B1

π

π⎞ π⎞ ⎛ ⎛ 6 sin x cos x − 2 sin ⎜ 2 x + ⎟ − 2 sin ⎜ 2 x − ⎟ 3⎠ 3⎠ ⎝ ⎝
= 3 sin 2 x − 2 sin 2 x = sin 2x AG M1 A1* (4)

Note: First B1 for 6 sin x cos x ; second B1 for remaining term(s) (12 marks)

7