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1. This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint.

A) Scapula B) Clavicle C) Xiphoid D) Rib E) Thoracic vertebra

2. This bone has an S-shape that includes the medial half of the bone being convex anteriorly and the lateral half
being concave anteriorly. A) Sternum B) Scapula C) Humerus D) Clavicle E) Ileum

3. Which of the following bones articulates with the scapula? A) Thoracic vertebra B) Humerus C) Sacrum
D) Tibia E) Sternum

4. This part of the clavicle is rounded and articulates with the manubrium of the sternum. A) Acromial extremity
B) Conoid tubercle C) Sternal end D) Costal tuberosity E) Xiphoid process

5. The following is a bone marking on the clavicle that serves as an attachment site. A) Conical tuberosity
B) Acromion process C) Costal fovea D) Deltoid tuberosity E) Impression for the costoclavicular ligament

6. Why does a fracture of the clavicle usually occur in the mid-region of the bone? A) Due to the medial pressure
from the inflated lungs B) Due to the ligament-reinforced strength of the acromial joint C) Due to weakness
at the junction of the two curves of clavicle D) Due to position of the clavicle relative to the humerus E) Due
to fusion of the ends of the clavicle to the sternum and scapula

7. Which part of the clavicle articulates with the manubrium? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) None of these
choices are correct.

8. Which is the only part of the clavicle that articulates with the scapula? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) None of
these choices are correct.

9. Which part of the clavicle is an attachment site for the costoclavicular ligament? A) A B) B C) C D) D
E) None of these choices are correct.

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10. Which site labeled on the diagram is considered the weakest point of the clavicle? A) A B) B C) C D) D
E) None of these choices are correct.

11. Which of the following bones is located in the posterior thorax between the levels of second and seventh
vertebrae? A) Sternum B) Clavicle C) Pelvis D) Scapula E) Sacrum

12. Which bone articulates with the scapula at the glenoid cavity? A) Ileum B) Thoracic vertebra C) Sternum
D) Clavicle E) Humerus

13. This is the thick edge of the scapula that is closer to the arm. A) Axillary border B) Medial border
C) Infraspinous fossa D) Coracoid process E) Acromion

14. Which of the following bone markings is located in the most superior position on the scapula? A) Infraspinous
fossa B) Supraspinous fossa C) Acromion D) Subscapular fossa E) Scapular notch

15. Which of the following bone markings are found on the anterior surface of the scapula? A) Infraspinous fossa
B) Supraspinous fossa C) Subscapular fossa D) Both infraspinous fossa and supraspinous fossa E) None of
these choices are correct.

16. What is the scapular notch used for? A) Ligament attachment B) Tendon attachment C) Passageway for
suprascapular nerve D) Both ligament and tendon attachment E) None of these choices are correct.

17. Which of the following bone markings on the scapula is an indentation into which the head of the humerus fits?
A) Coracoid process B) Glenoid cavity C) Acromion D) Scapular notch E) Supraspinous fossa

18. Which of the following statements is TRUE with regard to the human hand? A) There are 5 carpals, 8
metacarpals and 14 phalanges. B) There are 8 carpals, 6 metacarpals and 14 phalanges C) There are 8
carpals, 5 metacarpals and 15 phalanges D) There are 8 carpals, 5 metacarpals and 14 phalanges E) There are
5 carpals, 8 metacarpals and 14 phalanges

19. The glenohumeral joint is formed by articulation of the A) humerus, radius and ulna. B) humerus and radius.
C) humerus and clavicle. D) humerus and ulna. E) humerus and scapula.

20. The epiphyseal line on the proximal end of the humerus is found in the A) anatomical neck. B) greater
tubercle. C) intertubercular sulcus. D) surgical neck. E) olecranon fossa.

21. The lesser tubercle of the humerus A) articulates with the ulna. B) articulates with the radius. C) is found
on the lateral side of the olecranon fossa. D) projects anteriorly. E) is proximal to the glenohumeral joint.

22. The deltoid tuberosity of the humerus is found A) on the distal end. B) on the proximal end. C) along the
middle region of the shaft. D) at the epiphyseal plate. E) in the surgical neck.

23. The capitulum of the humerus articulates with the A) radius. B) ulna. C) scapula. D) carpal bones.
E) clavicle.

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24. The ________ is found on the proximal end of the humerus. A) capitulum B) radial fossa C) trochlea
D) ulna tuberosity E) intertubercular sulcus

25. This is a spool-shaped process on distal end of the humerus that is found medial to the capitulum and articulates
with the ulna. A) Coronoid fossa B) Trochlea C) Medial epicondyle D) Lateral epicondyle E) Lesser
tubercle

26. The medial and lateral epicondyles are found on the distal end of the humerus and are used for A) formation of
the elbow joint. B) tendon attachment. C) passage of nerves and blood vessels through the bone into the
marrow cavity. D) Both formation of the elbow joint and tendon attachment. E) All of these choices are
correct.

27. Which of the following bones is the longest? A) Radius B) Phalange C) Clavicle D) Ulna E) Scaphoid

28. Which of the following structures is found in the elbow? A) Acromion B) Surgical neck C) Olecranon
D) Lesser tubercle E) Both acromion and olecranon

29. Which of the following structures on the ulna receives the trochlea of the humerus? A) Olecranon fossa
B) Coronoid process C) Trochlear notch D) Radial notch E) Capitulum

30. Which notch is found between the olecranon and coronoid process? A) Ulnar notch B) Radial notch
C) Olecranal notch D) Trochlear notch E) Epicondyle notch

31. Where does the biceps brachii muscle attach to the ulna? A) Radial tuberosity B) Styloid process C) Ulnar
tuberosity D) Coronoid process E) Olecranon

32. The ulna and radius connect with each other at how many sites? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5

33. What is the function of the interosseous membrane between the ulna and radius? A) Joins the shafts of two
bones B) Tendon attachment C) Site of bone repair D) Both site of tendon attachment and bone repair
E) None of these choices are correct.

34. This depression on the ulna is found lateral and inferior to the trochlear notch. A) Radial notch B) Elbow
notch C) Proximal radioulnar joint D) Ulnar notch E) Styloid process

35. The distal end of the radius articulates with how many bones of the wrist? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5

36. The carpal bones of the wrist are arranged A) in 2 transverse rows of 5 bones. B) in 3 transverse rows of
bones. C) in 2 transverse rows of 4 bones. D) in 2 parallel rows of 4 bones. E) randomly.

37. Which of the following carpal bones is named for its large hook-shaped projection on its anterior surface?
A) Lunate B) Scaphoid C) Triquetrum D) Hamate E) Pisiform

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38. What is included in the carpal tunnel? A) Pisiform B) Trapezium C) Flexor retinaculum D) Both pisiform
and trapezium. E) All of these choices are correct.

39. The carpometacarpal joint consists of the A) base of metacarpal bones and distal row of carpal bones. B) base
of metacarpal bones and proximal row of carpal bones. C) head of metacarpal bones and distal row of carpal
bones. D) head of metacarpal bones and proximal row of carpal bones. E) None of these choices are correct.

40. How many phalanges are in each hand? A) 10 B) 12 C) 14 D) 16 E) 20

41. The coxal bones unite anteriorly at a joint called the A) pubic symphysis. B) sacroiliac joint. C) hip.
D) acetabulum. E) None of these choices are correct.

42. What is the function of the pelvic girdle? A) Support for vertebral column B) Attachment site for lower limbs
C) Attachment site for large pectoral muscles. D) Attachment site for lower limbs and for large pectoral
muscles. E) All of these choices are correct.

43. In the standard anatomical position, the _____ is the bone of the pelvis found the most superior. A) Ilium
B) Pubis C) Ischium D) Both ilium and ishium. E) All of these choices are correct.

44. The auricular surface of the ilium A) forms part of the acetabulum. B) is a point of attachment for tendons of
the iliacus muscles. C) articulates with the sacrum. D) is a point of attachment for the gluteal muscles.
E) articulates with the sternum.

45. This is the largest foramen in the human skeleton. A) Acetabulum B) Obturator foramen C) Vertebral
foramen D) Mental foramen E) Foramen magnum

46. This projection extends superiorly and laterally along the superior ramus of the pubis eventually merging with
the arcuate line of the ilium. A) Pectineal line B) Ischial tuberosity C) Anterior gluteal line D) Inferior
gluteal line E) Greater sciatic notch

47. The hip joint is the joint found between A) the femur and tibia. B) the pelvis and sacrum. C) the pelvis and
tibia. D) the femur and patella. E) the pelvis and femur.

48. The portion of the bony pelvis that is found inferior to the pelvic brim is called A) the false pelvis. B) the
greater pelvis. C) the true pelvis. D) both the false pelvis and the greater pelvis. E) all of these choices are
correct.

49. The pelvic inlet A) is the superior opening of the true pelvis. B) is the inferior opening of the true pelvis.
C) begins posteriorly at the sacral promontory. D) is the superior opening of the true pelvis and begins
posteriorly at the sacral promontory. E) All of these choices are correct.

50. In comparison to the male pelvis, the female pelvis is NOT A) wider. B) shallower. C) larger in the pelvic
inlet. D) larger in the pelvic outlet. E) larger in the acetabulum.

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51. Each lower limb has A) 30 bones found in 3 locations. B) 30 bones found in 4 locations. C) 32 bones found
in 3 locations. D) 32 bones found in 4 locations. E) 34 bones found in 4 locations.

52. The shaft of the femur angles A) medially. B) laterally. C) anteriorly. D) posteriorly. E) cranially.

53. Which process on the femur serves as an attachment point for tendons of several thigh muscles? A) Gluteal
tuberosity B) Linea aspera C) Medial epicondyle D) Both gluteal tuberosity and linea aspera E) Both
linea aspera and medial epicondyle

54. Which of the following markings is located on the medial side of the femur? A) Lesser trochanter B) Greater
trochanter C) Gluteal tuberosity D) Lateral epicondyle E) Linea aspera

55. This is a bone that develops in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle and protects the knee joint.
A) Ischium B) Ilium C) Pubis D) Patella E) Femur

56. The medial and lateral condyles of the femur fit into what part of the patella? A) Articular facets B) Base of
the patella C) Tibiofemoral crest D) Apex of the patella E) None of these choices are correct.

57. Which of the structures listed below is NOT part of the knee joint? A) Lateral condyle of the femur B) Medial
condyle of the femur C) Lateral malleolus of the fibula D) Condyles of the tibia E) Patella

58. The hard sharp ridge of the shin that can easily be felt below the skin is the A) anterior border (crest) of the
tibia. B) tibial tuberosity. C) medial condyle of the tibia. D) tibiofemoral joint. E) intercondylar
eminence.

59. The lateral malleolus is found on the distal end of what bone? A) Tibia B) Fibula C) Talus D) Metatarsals
E) Femur

60. Which of following bones is NOT a tarsal bone? A) Talus B) Calcaneus C) Navicular D) Cuneiform
E) Capitate

61. Which of the followings structures is not found in the foot? A) Pollex B) Hallux C) Talus D) Longitudinal
arch E) Transverse arch

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62. Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the sharp ridge that runs across the posterior surface of the
scapula? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

63. Which of the labeled structures in the diagram serve as attachment sites for tendons of the shoulder muscles?
A) A, B B) B, C, D C) A, B, C, D) A, B, C, D E) A, C, D, E

64. Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the coracoid process? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

65. Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the supraspinous fossa? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

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66. In the diagram of the humerus, which is the lateral epicondyle? A) A B) B C) F D) G E) H

67. In the diagram of the humerus, this structure receives the head of the radius when the forearm is flexed. A) A
B) B C) C D) D E) F

68. In the diagram of the humerus, where is the anatomical neck? A) D B) E C) F D) G E) Not labeled in
diagram

69. In the diagram of the humerus, where do the tendons of most of the muscles of the forearm attach? A) G, H
B) H, B C) B, E D) E, H E) H

70. In the diagram of the humerus, where is the olecranon fossa? A) A B) B C) C D) F E) Not labeled on
the diagram

71. In the diagram of the humerus, where is the trochlea? A) B B) C C) D D) E E) F

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72. In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the styloid process of the radius? A) A B) B C) E D) F
E) None of these choices are correct.

73. In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where are attachment sites for tendons of the deep skeletal muscles of the
forearm? A) A B) B C) D D) E E) F

74. In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the radial tuberosity? A) A B) B C) E D) F E) None of
these choices are correct.

75. In the diagram of the ulna and radius, this is where the head of the ulna articulates with the radius. A) C B) E
C) F D) B E) Not labeled in the diagram

76. In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the ulnar tuberosity? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

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77. In the diagram of the wrist and hand, where is the capitate bone? A) D B) E C) F D) G E) H

78. In the diagram of the wrist and hand, where is the trapezoid bone? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

79. In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the pisiform bone? A) C B) D C) E D) F E) G

80. In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the scaphoid bone? A) A B) B C) C D) E E) G

81. In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the lunate bone? A) C B) D C) E D) F E) G

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82. In the diagrams of the pelvis, where is the pectineal line? A) C B) D C) E D) F E) G

83. In the diagrams of the pelvis, where do the tendons of the gluteal muscles attach? A) B B) E C) F D) G
E) H

84. In the diagrams of the pelvis, where do the tendons of the iliacus muscles attach? A) C B) D C) E D) F
E) H

85. Which structure in the pelvis is where the longest nerve in the body passes? A) C B) D C) F D) G E) H

86. In the diagrams of the pelvis, where is the ischial tuberosity? A) E B) F C) G D) H E) Not labeled in the
diagrams

87. Which labeled structure in the diagrams of the pelvis terminates anteriorly as the anterior superior iliac spine?
A) A B) B C) C D) D E) H

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88. Which of the labeled structures of the femur serve as points of attachment for the tendons of thigh and buttocks
muscles? A) A, B B) A, B, C C) A, D D) A, B, M E) D, M, L

89. In the diagram of the femur, where is the intertrochanteric line? A) B B) C C) D D) M E) None of these
choices are correct.

90. Which labeled structures in the diagrams of the femur show the gluteal tuberosity blending into the linea aspera?
A) B and C B) A and M C) M and L D) J and K E) E and H

91. In the diagram of the femur, where is the medial condyle? A) E B) F C) G D) H E) I

92. In the diagram of the femur, where is the intercondylar fossa? A) H B) I C) J D) K E) L

93. In the diagram of the femur, where is the lateral epicondyle? A) F and I B) G and H C) E and K D) I and J
E) None of these choices are correct.

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94. In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, where is the tibial tuberosity? A) B B) C C) E D) F E) G

95. In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, where is the lateral condyle? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

96. In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, what articulates with the condyles of the femur to form the tibiofemoral
joint? A) A and B B) B and C C) A and C D) E and F E) None of these choices are correct.

97. In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, this structure articulates with the talus and forms a protrusion on the
medial surface of the ankle. A) E B) F C) G D) Both E and F E) All of these choices are correct.

98. In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, this forms the prominence on the lateral surface of the ankle. A) E B) F
C) G D) Both E and F E) All of these choices are correct.

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99. In the diagram of the foot, where is the first cuneiform? A) B B) C C) D D) E E) F

100. In the diagram of the foot, where is the navicular? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

101. Which labeled bone in the diagram of the foot is the largest and strongest tarsal bone? A) A B) B C) C
D) D E) E

102. In the diagram of the foot, the intertarsal joints are found between which bones. A) A and B B) B and C
C) C and D D) D and E E) All of these choices are correct.

103. Which labeled bone in the diagram of the foot is the only bone of the foot that articulates with the fibula and
tibia? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

104. Compare and contrast the male and female pelvis.

105. Name the bones that are included in each lower limb.

106. Name the bones that are included in each upper limb.

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107. The pectoral girdle consists of 2 bones labeled ______ and ____ in the diagram. A) A and B B) A and G
C) C and F D) F and H E) E and F

108. Name the joint labeled B in the diagram, A) sternoclavicular joint B) acromioclavicular joint
C) glenohumeral joint D) costoclavicular joint E) proximal radioulnar joint

109. Name the joint labeled D in the diagram. A) sternoclavicular joint B) acromioclavicular joint
C) glenohumeral joint D) costoclavicular joint E) proximal radioulnar joint

110. Name the joint labeled E in the diagram. A) sternoclavicular joint B) acromioclavicular joint
C) glenohumeral joint D) costoclavicular joint E) proximal radioulnar joint

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111. Which point shown in the diagram of the scapula represents the inferior angle? A) E B) F C) G D) C
E) A

112. The superior border joins the medial border of the bone in the diagram at which point shown? A) E B) F
C) G D) B E) A

113. Which labeled structure in the diagram provides a passageway for the suprascapular nerve? A) C B) B C) H
D) G E) I

114. Identify the subscapular fossa in the diagram. A) G B) I C) H D) E E) D

115. Identify the coracoid process in the diagram. A) G B) I C) H D) C E) D

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116. Identify the interosseous membrane in the diagram. A) E B) F C) G D) C E) A

117. Where on the diagram is the articulation for the lunate? A) C B) D C) F D) G E) H

118. Where on the diagram is the articulation for the scaphoid? A) C B) D C) F D) G E) H

119. Where on the diagram is the head of the ulna? A) C B) D C) F D) G E) H

120. Where on the diagram is the styloid process of the ulna? A) C B) D C) E D) F E) G

121. Where on the diagram is the styloid process of the radius? A) C B) D C) E D) F E) G

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122. Where on the diagram is the triquetrum? A) A B) F C) G D) H E) I

123. Where on the diagram is the trapezium? A) A B) F C) G D) H E) I

124. Where on the diagram is the hamate? A) A B) F C) G D) H E) I

125. Where on the diagram is the proximal phalange? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

126. Where on the diagram is the distal phalange? A) A B) B C) C D) D E) E

127. Where on the diagram is a metacarpal bone? A) A B) B C) D D) E E) I

128. This is a common condition experienced by runners, which is caused by the kneecap tracking laterally as well as
inferiorly and superiorly. A) Patellofemoral stress syndrome B) Metatarsal microfracture C) Bunions
D) Hallux valgus E) Plantar fasciitis

129. Which of the following often occurs in dancers due to losing balance while standing on their toes?
A) Patellofemoral stress syndrome B) Fractures of the metatarsals C) Flatfoot D) Clawfoot E) Clubfoot

130. Which of the following is a condition where the medial longitudinal arch of the foot is abnormally elevated?
A) Patellofemoral stress syndrome B) Bunions C) Flatfoot D) Clawfoot E) Clubfoot

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131. Which of the following is a condition where the medial longitudinal arch of the foot is decreased, resulting in
fallen arches? A) Patellofemoral stress syndrome B) Bunions C) Flatfoot D) Clawfoot E) Clubfoot

132. Which of the following is a condition where the foot is twisted inferiorly and medially, and the angle of the arch is
increased? A) Patellofemoral stress syndrome B) Bunions C) Flatfoot D) Clawfoot E) Clubfoot

133. During embryonic and fetal develop, most skeletal tissues arise from A) the neurocranium. B) the notochord.
C) mesenchymal cells. D) endoderm. E) none of these choices are correct.

134. The skull begins to develop during the _____ week after fertilization. A) first B) second C) third
D) fourth E) fifth

135. During the _____ week after fertilization, the limb buds develop as small elevations at the sides of the trunk.
A) second B) third C) fourth D) fifth E) sixth

136. The bones of the face are derived from A) the cartilaginous neurocranium. B) the membranous
neurocranium. C) mesoderm. D) the membranous viscerocranium. E) endoderm.

137. The ear bone and the hyoid bone are derived from the A) cartilaginous neurocranium B) membranous
neurocranium C) cartilaginous viscerocranium D) membranous viscerocranium E) endoderm

138. The neurocranium gives rise to bones of the A) upper limbs B) lower limbs C) face D) ribcage E) skull

139. The viscerocranium gives rise to bones of the A) upper limbs. B) lower limbs. C) face. D) ribcage.
E) skull.

140. Which pelvis in the diagram shows the characteristics of a female pelvis?

A) A
B) B
C) Both are male.

141. The boundary between the true pelvis and the false pelvis is the A) pelvic axis. B) pubic symphysis.
C) pelvic outlet. D) pelvic brim. E) pectineal line.

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142. The route taken by the baby's head during childbirth follows the ______ as it travels through the pelvis.
A) pelvic axis B) plane of the pelvic outlet C) pelvic brim D) sacral promontory E) pectineal line

143. Which of the following is NOT a way that the skeletal system contributes to homeostasis? A) Provides support
and protection for internal organs. B) Stores and releases sodium ions. C) Houses blood forming tissue.
D) Protects the brain and spinal cord. E) Serves as attachment and leverage points for muscles.

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Answer Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
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40.
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42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.

B
D
B
C
E
C
D
A
C
E
D
E
A
C
C
C
B
D
E
A
D
C
A
E
B
B
D
C
C
D
C
C
A
A
C
C
D
E
A
C
A
D
A
C
B
B
E
C
A
E
B
A
D
A
D
A
C
A
B
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60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.

E
A
E
E
A
C
B
A
E
C
E
C
C
C
B
E
A
D
C
D
A
B
E
A
C
C
D
A
C
A
C
D
C
C
B
A
A
B
A
E
C
A
E
B
Male pelvis is heavier with a deeper false pelvis, a smaller pelvic inlet, a rounder obturator foramen, and a pubic
arch less than 90 degrees. The female pelvis is lighter with a shallower false pelvis, oval shaped pelvic inlet, and a
pubic arch of over 90 degrees.
30 bones: femur, patella, tibia, fibula, seven tarsals, 5 metatarsals and 14 phalanges.
30 bones; humerus, ulna, radius, 8 carpals, 5 metacarpals and 14 phalanges.
C
A
B
C
A
E
A
E
C
E
C
E
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119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.

B
C
E
C
A
B
B
D
D
A
B
D
C
E
C
D
C
D
C
E
C
A
D
A
B

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