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YEAR 11 ART (Painting & Drawing), UNIT 1, OUTCOME 1 (ART THEORY


Outcome 1 will involve the study of the life and works of five artists.
For each artist you will study two artworks and be able to analyse and
interpret them using the Formal Framework and the Personal Framework.

The Formal Framework is used to investigate how an artist uses formal

elements, technique and symbolism to express feelings and ideas in an
The Personal Framework is used to investigate how an artists background,
family and life experiences have influenced his/her artworks.

The artists for study are:

Artemisia Gentileschi (Italian, 1593 1656)
Tamara de Lempicka (born Poland 1898 died USA 1980)
Gordon Bennett (Australian, 1955 2014)
Mona Hatoum (Palestinian, 1952 - )
Ai Weiwei (Chinese, 1957 - )


We will study each artist in class, then you will write an analysis of one of the
By the end of the semester, you will have completed five analyses.

Your five analyses will form one part of your assessment for Unit 1.
The end of semester exam will also test your understanding of all of the
artists and artworks that we will have studied during Unit 1.

Each written analysis task should be structured as follows:

1. Introduce the artist, by analysing how his/her personal life experiences
have influenced the artwork that you have chosen to write about. For
example, the way Ai Weiweis experiences during the Cultural Revolution
influenced his Sunflower seeds installation.

2. Describe the subject. Imagine that you are describing the picture to
someone who has never seen it before. As you describe what you can see
in the picture, analyse how the subject helps to convey the meaning of the
artwork to the viewer. For example, much of the meaning of Gentileschis
paintings can be interpreted from the subject itself.
3. Explain any symbolism in the artwork, for example Bennetts use of
diagrams of perspective geometry to symbolise a white, Western viewpoint
of Australian History.
4. Analyse the formal elements line, tone, colour, form, space,
composition and technique. In more traditional paintings you need to be
looking more at the way the overall composition is arranged, the use of light
and dark to add drama or highlight particular motifs, etc. In more abstracted
artworks the formal elements and technique are more on the surface and
are therefore a more obvious vehicle for expression.
5. Analyse the artists use of technique. The processes through which the
artist has used and applied media and materials and how these have an
effect on the meaning or expression in the painting?
6. Explain the meaning of the picture.
7. You will have to research some of the information you need to write
your analysis. You must use quotes to back up your information,
analysis and interpretation. You must also use footnoting and provide a
bibliography to acknowledge the sources of quotes and information that
you use.
8. You will also be assessed on how well you use art terminology. You

can find out how to use the proper terminology of the Formal and Personal
Frameworks by reading the documents provided.