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STEEL FRAME COL
Civil Engineering Tools
For Learning And Working
EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTO
With "TRIAL & ERROR "
For BRACED FRAMES
www.thamrinnst.wordpress.com
The alignment chart for sidesway inhibited frames in figure C-C2.3 is
based on the following equation :
G G
G
/ K
2 tan
A
B
2
A
B
(
/
K
)
   G
 
1 
4
2
tan(
/
K
)
(
   
  
where
(
E I
/
L
)
(
EI L
/
)
c
c
c
c
G 
(
E I
/
L
)
(
EI L
/
)
g
g
g
g
I = moment of inertia
E = elastic modulus
L = unsupported length (beam or column)
c = column ; g = girder
STEEL FRAME COL
Civil Engineering Tools
For Learning And Working
EFFECTIVE LENGTH FACTO
With "TRIAL & ERROR "
For UNBRACED FRAME
www.thamrinnst.wordpress.com
The alignment chart for sidesway uninhibited frames in figure C-C2.4 is
based on the following equation :
2
G G
(
/
K
)
36
/ K
A
B
 0
6(
G
G
)
tan(
/
K
)
A
B
where
(
E I
/
L
)
(
EI L
/
)
c
c
c
c
G 
(
E I
/
L
)
(
EI L
/
)
g
g
g
g
I = moment of inertia
E = elastic modulus
L = unsupported length (beam or column)

c = column ; g = girder

UMN
R (K)
/
0
1
)
)
/ 2
(
K
K

Civil Engineering Tools For Learning And Working

www.thamrinnst.wordpress.com

14 2
6 2
2
7 2
8 2
No.
input
1 2
2 2
3 2
4
5 2
15 2
2
16 2
17 2
9 2
10 2
11 2
12 2
13
22
23 2
24 2
2
25 2
26 2
18 2
19 2
20 2
21 2
G A
G A
input
2
2
27 2
28 2
29
30 2
Iteration
STEE
EFFEC
F
W
• 1 0.81405029220

• 1 0.81315029220

• 1 0.81325029220

• 1 0.81335029220

• 1 0.81345029220

input

"Trial"

• 1 0.81285029220

• 1 0.81355029220

• 1 0.81295029220

• 1 0.81305029220

TRIAL & ERROR

• 1 0.81415029220

• 1 0.81425029220

• 1 0.81435029220

1

• 1 0.81365029220

• 1 0.81375029220

K

• 1 0.81385029220

• 1 0.81395029220

G B

0.81515029220

• 1 0.81495029220

• 1 0.81505029220

1

• 1 0.81525029220

• 1 0.81535029220

• 1 0.81455029220

• 1 0.81465029220

• 1 0.81475029220

• 1 0.81485029220

G B

K

input

0.81626506

1

• 1 0.81545029220

• 0.81445029220
1 0.81555029220

• 1 0.81565029220

• 1 0.81575029220

Source : Magdy I. Salama, Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelshe

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/articl

UMN
R (K)
S

www.thamrinnst.wordpress.com

Civil Engineering Tools For Learning And Working

12 10
5 10
6 10
input
Iteration
No.
1 10
2
10
10
10
13
11
14 10
15 10
7 10
8 10
input
9 10
10 10
19 10
10
20 10
21 10
22 10
23 10
16 10
17 10
24 10
18 10
G A
29 10
30 10
G A
25 10
26 10
27 10
28 10
3 10
4 10
STEE
EFFEC
W
Fo

input

• 1 1.9260043000

1

• 1 1.9270043000

• 1 1.9280043000

• 1 1.9030043000

• 1 1.9040043000

• 1 1.9050043000

• 1 1.9060043000

K

K

• 1 1.9070043000

• 1 1.9250043000

"Trial"

• 1 1.9020043000

• 1 1.9120043000

• 1 1.9130043000

• 1 1.9140043000

• 1 1.9150043000

• 1 1.9080043000

• 1 1.9090043000

• 1 1.9100043000

• 1 1.9110043000
1.9160043000

TRIAL & ERROR

1.91014362

1

input

• 1 1.9210043000

• 1.9200043000
1 1.9220043000

• 1 1.9230043000

• 1.9180043000
1 1.9240043000

G B

• 1 1.9170043000

1

• 1 1.9190043000

1

1.9310043000

1.9290043000

• 1 1.9300043000

1

1

G B

Source : Magdy I. Salama, Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelshe

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/articl

### L FRAME COLUMN

TIVE LENGTH FACTOR (K) ith "TRIAL & ERROR " or BRACED FRAMES

ikh University, Egypt, HBRC Journal, 2013

e/pii/S1687404813000990

K

• 3 1,4 (

G

A

.

G

B

G

A

G

B

)

0,64

• 3 2,0 (

G

A

.

G

B

G

A

G

B

)

1,28

/K

Observation

= 0

3.862950

0.0000000

3.862475

-0.0084981

3.862000

-0.0170007

3.861525

-0.0255077

3.861050

-0.0340193

3.860575

-0.0425355

3.860101

-0.0510561

3.859626

-0.0595813

3.859152

-0.0681111

3.858678

-0.0766454

3.858203

-0.0851843

3.857729

-0.0937278

3.857256

-0.1022758

3.856782

-0.1108285

3.856308

-0.1193858

3.855835

-0.1279478

3.855361

-0.1365144

3.854888

-0.1450856

3.854415

-0.1536615

3.853942

-0.1622420

3.853469

-0.1708273

3.852996

-0.1794172

3.852523

-0.1880119

3.852050

-0.1966112

3.851578

-0.2052153

3.851106

-0.2138242

3.850633

-0.2224377

3.850161

-0.2310561

3.849689

-0.2396792

3.849217

-0.2483070

### L FRAME COLUMN

TIVE LENGTH FACTOR (K) ith "TRIAL & ERROR " r UNBRACED FRAMES

K 
ikh University, Egypt, HBRC Journal, 2013
e/pii/S1687404813000990
7,5
)
4,0 (
.
1,6
/K
Observation
= 0
1.650890
0.0000000
1.650023
-0.0019440
1.649156
-0.0038841
1.648290
-0.0058202
1.647425
-0.0077524
1.646562
-0.0096806
1.645699
-0.0116048
1.644837
-0.0135252
1.643975
-0.0154416
1.643115
-0.0173542
1.642256
-0.0192628
1.641397
-0.0211676
1.640540
-0.0230685
1.639683
-0.0249656
1.638827
-0.0268588
1.637972
-0.0287482
1.637118
-0.0306338
1.636265
-0.0325156
1.635413
-0.0343935
1.634562
-0.0362677
1.633711
-0.0381381
1.632862
-0.0400048
1.632013
-0.0418677
1.631165
-0.0437268
1.630318
-0.0455822
1.629472
-0.0474339
1.628627
-0.0492819
1.627783
-0.0511262
1.626939
-0.0529668
1.626097
-0.0548038
A
B
A
B
A
G
G
G
G
G
G
B
 7,5