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Five steps of force method:

Step 1: Define a released structure, define a coordinate system with sense, define matrix of required
actions with positive sense.
,

Step 2: Determine displacements and required actions due to applied load cases on the released
structure.
This means find D1, D2, and D3 also find the required actions
,

Step 3: Turn by turn apply unit actions along the coordinates and determine displacements at all
coordinates. This gives the flexibility matrix . Also find the required actions due to unit loads
applied turn by turn which gives the matrix of actions due to unit loads
.

Step 4: Solve the geometry or compatibility equation.


, where
along the coordinates).

is the matrix of actions applied on the actual structure (applied actions

Step 5: Using equation of superposition determine the matrix of required actions


.