Sheetal Marathe (28

)

Introduction
Urban areas of India are facing acute scarcity

of water.
On the other side in monsoon roads are

flooded with water causing disaster.
The water can be used to increase the level of

groundwater by adopting rain water harvesting scheme.

 Why to harvest rain?
 In areas where there is inadequate

groundwater supply or surface  resources are either lacking or insufficient, rainwater harvesting   offers an ideal solution.  Helps in utilizing the primary source of water and prevent the runoff    from going into sewer or storm drains, thereby reducing the load on    treatment plants.  Reduces urban flooding.  Recharging water into the aquifers help in improving the quality of    existing groundwater through dilution.

Water harvesting potential = Rainfall (mm) x Area of catchment x Runoff coefficient

Type of Catchment Roof Catchments  - Tiles  - Corrugated metal sheets Ground surface coverings  - Concrete  - Brick pavement

Coefficients 0.8- 0.9 0.7- 0.9 0.6- 0.8 0.5- 0.6

Untreated ground catchments  0.0 - 0.3  - Soil on slopes less than 10 0.2 - 0.5 per cent  - Rocky natural catchments Untreated ground catchments 1.0 - 0.3  - Soil on slopes less than 10 0.2 - 0.5 per cent  - Rocky natural catchments

Ways to Harvest rain water

Rooftops Paved and unpaved

areas
Water bodies Storm water drains

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