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(usually in verse)

centered on a hero and


the fate of a nation or
people. It is passed on
from generation to
generation through
storytelling to remind
people where they came
from and to make them
understand their
identity. `

_____ 1. Heroes have


extraordinary powers.
_____ 2. One has to die to be
a hero.
_____ 3. Heroes are found
only in epics, comics, and
movies.
_____ 4. Heroes save people
from danger.
_____ 5. Ordinary people can

1. Stand with confidence.


Sometimes a speaker sways or rocks
while talking in front of others (like when
one reports in front of the class). To
prevent this, stand and spread your feet
about 6 to 8 inches apart parallel to each
other to achieve a comfortable speaking
position.

2. Face your audience with your hands on


the side with your chin up.
In the beginning (for example, of your
report), face your audience with both
your hands on the side. This position will
make you appear open and sincere to
your audience as well as give the
impression that you are in control of the
situation.

Avoid the following as much as possible:


crossing your arms - makes you look
defensive
hands at the back - as if you are hiding
something
hands in your pocket - as if youre hiding
something
might cause embarrassment if you happen
to jiggle coins/keys in your pocket
hands on hips - makes you seem aggressive;
as if youre bullying your audience
hand on chin - as if youre not yet ready with
what youre
going to say because it seems youre still
thinking of what to say
two hands cupped - makes it look like youre
covering something in front of your chest

3. Use your hands to emphasize or reinforce your


message when speaking.
The most effective gestures are spontaneous ones.
Dont force yourself to raise your hand or shake your
head. Bodily gestures occur naturally if you know
what you want to say. If relevant gestures are used
at the right time, your message will definitely get
across.
Gestures can be used to:
a. emphasize the point you are making shaking
your fist to show you are serious; making an OK or
victory sign with your fingers
b. suggest something shrugging the shoulders to
show that you dont know
c. describe acting as if you are falling to describe
that you fell face first into the water
d. prompt - clapping your hands to make your
audience also clap

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

When the hero Baltog came to the


rich land of Ibalon, many
monsters still roamed around in
its very dark forest. Baltog, born
in Baltavara to the brave clan of
Lipod, was the first to cultivate the
fields in the rich land of Ibalon.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)
2 Then the Tandayag attacked and
destroyed Baltogs fields and crops. The
Tandayag was a monstrous wild boar but the
hero Baltog was not afraid. One night, he
waited for the Tandayag and wrestled with it
with all his might. The Tandayag had very
long fangs. The earth shook at the
Tandayags step. But Baltog was strong and
brave. He was able to pin down the
monstrous wild boar and tear out its mouth.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

Baltog carried the Tandayag and


hung it on a talisay tree in front of
his house in Tondol. The people
celebrated when they learned of the
victory of their king Baltog. The
clans of Panicuason and Asog
came over to marvel at the
monstrous wild boar in Ibalon.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

At that time the hero Handiong came


with a band of warriors to the land of
Ibalon. Handiong and his men had to
fight thousands of battles, and face
many dangers to defeat the monsters.
They first fought the one-eyed giants in
the land of Ponon. They fought without
rest for ten months until all the one-eyed
giants were killed.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

They went to the lair of the


giant flying fishes called Tiburon
which had slimy, scaly, and
hardy flesh and sawlike teeth
that could crush rocks. Handiong
and his men did not stop until
they vanquished every Tiburon.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

They tamed the fierce tamaraws.


They drove away the giant Sarimaw
which was larger than an elephant and
very fierce. They used their spears and
arrows to kill all the crocodiles which
were bigger than boats. The savage
monkeys were frightened and hid when
they saw the rivers and swamps of
Ibalon turn red with blood.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

Oriol was the hardest to


kill. A serpent with a
beautiful voice, Oriol could
change its image to deceive
enemies. Oriol had escaped
every trap and disappeared.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

All by himself, Handiong looked for


Oriol in the heart of the forest. He
followed the beautiful voice and was
almost enchanted by it in his pursuit. It
is said that Oriol admired Handiongs
bravery and gallantry. Thus, the serpent
taught the hero how to conquer the
monsters until peace came to the whole
Ibalon.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the Bicol Epic)


Handiong built a town in Isarog and a season of
progress followed. Under Handiongs leadership, the
people planted rice which they named after him. He
built the first boat to ride the waves of Ibalon seas.
Because of his good example, inventors came forth
from his people. Ginantong made the plow, harrow,
and other farming tools. Hablom invented the first
loom for weaving abaca clothes. Dinahon, an Aeta,
created the stove, cooking pot, earthen jar, and other
kitchen utensils. The brilliant Sural thought of the
alphabet and started to write on white rock. It was a
golden period in Ibalon when even slaves were
respected under the laws of Handiong.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

But there came the big flood


freed by Unos, with earthquakes
and the eruption of the volcanoes
of Hantik, Kolasi, and Isarog.
Rivers dried up and the seas
receded. The earth parted,
mountains sank, and many towns
in Ibalon were destroyed.

Ibalon (Three Heroes


of the Bicol Epic)

Then appeared the


giant Rabot, half-man
half-beast, with terrible
powers.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

Bantong, Handiongs good friend,


was ordered to kill the new monster in
Ibalon. He took with him a thousand
warriors to attack Rabots den. Bantong
used his wisdom against Rabot. He did
not attack the giants den right away but
instead observed Rabots ways. He saw
many rocks around the den. They were
people turned into rock by Rabot.

Ibalon (Three Heroes of the


Bicol Epic)

He also learned that Rabot


loved to sleep. When Rabot slept
very soundly, Bantong was able to
go near him. The giant died with a
single stab by the brave and wise
Bantong. Ibalon was at peace
once more.

Her Ene How Wha Trait


s
o
my/i he
t
sho
es won else
wn
over he
his did
ene for
my/i Ibal

GRADE
A
Outstandi
ng
B
Excellent
C
Satisfacto
ry
D Needs
Improvem
ent

Overseas Filipino Workers as


Everyday Heroes

Overseas Filipino Workers take a


huge risk when they travel and work
abroad. OFWs sacrifice a lot in order
to give a better life for their families.
They are heroes in their own right
because they live to help their
families and sometimes even other
people they do not even know, but
are in need of their help and support.

Overseas Filipino Workers as


Everyday Heroes
Heroes think of other people first before
they think of themselves. Heroes are
unique individuals that sacrifice
themselves for the sake of others. OFWs
face great challenges head on with only
their faith, hope, and determination to
carry them through. They strive hard to
ensure that their childrens future would be
bright and that they would live a life that
they have dreamed of.

Overseas Filipino Workers as


Everyday Heroes

What are OFWs made of? They are


made of determination, courage, a risktaking attitude, a heart of gold, and other
qualities that make them everyday heroes
to a lot of people. They go beyond their
call of duty to help their families, to help
their country and sometimes people in
need, even if it means putting themselves
in danger.

Overseas Filipino Workers as


Everyday Heroes

You do not have to be an OFW to be a


hero. You are a hero if you sacrifice a part
of yourself to help other people who are in
need. You are a hero if you can make
someone else smile despite the trials and
challenges he has. You are a hero if you
can make others feel better about
themselves. If you do any of these, then
you are a hero in a persons heart.

Sing and tell us of the kings


of courage
and the war that took place
until the defeat of Oriol.

An idiom is a group of words with a specific


meaning that is different from what the
individual words literally mean. It is a manner of
speaking that is natural to native speakers of
the language.
Idioms come from all different sources -from the Bible to horse racing, from ancient
fables to modern street language and they are
used for different purposes --from
communicating more clearly and more visually
to expressing something which other words do
not quite express, from seeking to be different
to simply playing with words, and even from
aiming to be amusing or witty to intending to
put other people at ease.

1. grab a seat (sit down)


2. zip it (stop talking)
3. at your earliest convenience (as soon as
possible)
4. look up to (admire)
5. on cloud nine (very happy)
6. on the ball (alert)
7. a piece of cake (very easy)
8. in a nutshell (as briefly as possible)
9. once in a blue moon (rarely)
10. an act of God (a natural and unavoidable
event that results in great loss)

a.1. Baltog was able to pin


down the monstrous wild
boar and tear out its
mouth.
a.2. He was strong and
brave.
a.3. Baltog was able to pin
down the monstrous wild
boar and tear out its

b.1. Handiong built a town in


Isarog.
b.2. A season of progress
followed.
b.3. Handiong built a town in
Isarog and a season of progress
followed.

c.1. Handiong and his warriors


did not rest until all the oneeyed giants were killed.
c.2. Did they stop until all the
giant flying fishes had been
defeated?
c.3. Handiong and his warriors
did not rest until all the oneeyed giants were killed, nor
did they stop until all the giant

d.1. It was a golden period in Ibalon


under Handiongs leadership.
d.2. Then there came the big flood,
with earthquakes and the eruption
of the volcanoes
of Hantik, Kolasi, and Isarog.
d.3. It was a golden period in Ibalon
under Handiongs leadership, but
then there came
the big flood, with earthquakes and
the eruption of the volcanoes of

e.1. Bantong patiently and wisely


observed the giant before
successfully attacking it.
e.2. He could have attacked the
giant right away, lost, and turned
to rock by it.
e.3. Bantong patiently and wisely
observed the giant before
successfully attacking it, or
he could have attacked the giant

f.1. The crocodiles were bigger


than boats.
f.2. They were killed by Handiong
and his band of warriors using
spears and arrows.
f.3. The crocodiles were bigger
than boats, yet they were killed
by Handiong and his
band of warriors using spears
and arrows.

g.1. The giant died with a


single stab by the brave
and wise Bantong.
g.2. Ibalon was at peace
once more.
g.3. The giant died with a
single stab by the brave
and wise Bantong so Ibalon
was at peace once more.

for - reason (cause and effect)


and - sequence (chronology); list
(addition)
nor - negation
but - contrast
or - alternative, possibility
yet - unexpected
state/event/occurrence; surprise
so - result (cause and effect)

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

_____1. Overseas Filipino


workers sacrifice a lot when
they work abroad,

a. but not too many are


reading them.

_____2. Heroes are born every


day,

b. nor do you have to die to


become a hero.

_____3. Many stories about


Philippine heroes can be found
in books,

c. yet only a few appreciate


their efforts.

_____4. Many Filipinos go


overseas to work

d. so you can have rice to


eat.

_____5. You don't have to be in


the front page of the news,

e. and you may be one of


them.

_____6. The poor farmer works


long and hard in the fields

f. or we can start caring


more for
others.

_____7. We can keep thinking


only of ourselves,

g. for they want to give


their families
a better future.

1. Reading Filipino epic stories allows the reader to


discover a lost culture rich in magnificence, magic,
and bravery. (cause and effect)
2. Philippine epics are usually named after the hero of
the story.(addition)
3. Some Filipinos dont know about their rich cultural
heritage. (negation)
4. A lot of people think that the Spaniards erased all
traces of our epics.(contrast)
5. We should look back at the past. (alternative)
6. The Spaniards successfully spread their faith and
culture. (surprise)
7. Our epics show us where we came from and what
we were like before the coming of the colonizers.
(cause and effect)