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Introduction to

Sacrament

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1. What was the origin of the word sacrament? { .

 Used for ceremonies of Christian initiation  .Sacrament: Latin word sacramentum Any pledge in the form of property or money  An oath or allegiance to the emperor or to the gods of Rome.

Sacrament: Latin word sacramentum   “sign of a sacred reality” outward signs of inward grace. instituted by Christ for our sanctification .

” (Col.Jesus: The Primordial Sacrament of the Father  “Jesus is the image of the invisible God. the instrument through which God encounters people. . All other Christian sacraments have their meaning only in and through Jesus. the firstborn of all creation. 1:15)   He is the paradigm.

metaphor: “the mystery of the moon” Through the Church.Church: The Sacrament of Jesus Christ    Looking at the Church in light of Jesus. . objects and words. Jesus dispenses His grace by means of actions.

2. The Sacraments of the Church { .

SACRAMENTS SACRAMENTS AS CELEBRATION INTERPLAY • LITURGY • PRAYER & RITUAL ACTION • LEX ORANDI  FAITH  PREACHING THEOLOGY  LEX CREDENDI .

IT PREACHES ITS FAITH . FAITH INFLUENCES AND SHAPES PRAYER  PRAYER EXPRESSES THE CONTENT OF FAITH WHEN THE CHURCH CELEBRATES THE SACRAMENTS.

NO SACRAMENT IS INTEGRALLY CELEBRATED WITHOUT THE WORD OF GOD: LITURGY OF THE WORD .SACRAMENTS OF FAITH THE CHURCH PREACHES FAITH IN ORDER TO PREPARE BELIEVERS FOR THE SACRAMENTS HENCE.

DEFINITION OF SACRAMENT CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 1131 EFFICACIOUS SIGNS OF GRACE INSTITUTED BY CHRIST ENTRUSTED TO THE CHURCH BY WHICH DIVINE LIFE IS DISPENSED TO US .

THEY EFFECT WHAT THEY SIGNIFY.AS EFFICACIOUS SIGNS OF GRACE. SACRAMENTS BEAR FRUIT IN THOSE WHO RECEIVE THEM. EX OPERE OPERATO .

THE LITURGY IS AN ACTION OF CHRIST AND HIS BODY THE CHURCH: WHEN A PERSON BAPTIZES.AS INSTITUTED BY CHRIST. IT IS REALLY CHRIST HIMSELF WHO BAPTIZES .

to the words and actions of Christ. the source and foundation of the sacraments.ENTRUSTED TO THE CHURCH The ordained minister is the sacramental bond that ties the liturgical action to what the apostles said and did and. . through them.

. the Savior.BY WHICH DIVINE LIFE IS DISPENSED TO US The fruit of the sacramental life is that the Spirit of adoption makes the faithful partakers in the divine nature by uniting them in a living union with the only Son.

” (Art.  To give WORSHIP to God. 59)  .According to the Constitution on the Liturgy “The purpose of the sacraments is:  To make people HOLY. To build up the BODY OF CHRIST.

3. Sacred Scriptures Tradition of the Apostles Fathers of the Church .3 Sources of God’s Revelation: 1. 2.

They are man’s celebration of PERSONAL and ECCLESIAL encounters with the divine saving acts of Jesus and the Holy Spirit. .Sacraments are more than signs.

According to the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy “Sacraments are celebrated as necessary means for our salvation… Jesus is truly present in these celebrations and through the sacrament. grace is dispensed and we are made holy.” .

Sacraments are Actions of Jesus   Sacraments are activities (words and deeds) initiated by Christ Himself during his early life. Mystici Corporis .

Sacraments are Signs    It points to the transcendent reality. Words: FORM OF THE SACRAMENT . Objects and actions: MATTER OF THE SACRAMENT.

DIFFERENT ELEMENTS THAT COMPOSE THE CELEBRATION OF THE SACRAMENTS ASSEMBLY MINISTERS SCRIPTURAL READINGS GESTURES AND SYMBOLS MATERIAL OBJECTS OCCASION AND PLACE FOR CELEBRATION MUSIC. FURNISHINGS .

PURPOSE.EACH SAYS SOMETHING ABOUT THE NATURE. EFFICACY OF CHRIST’S MYSTERY IN THE SACRAMENTS EACH UNFOLDS IN ITS OWN WAY THE CHURCH’S DOCTRINE ON THE SACRAMENTS .

CONFIRMATION) HEALING (RECONCILIATION. COMMUNION AND MISSION OF THE FAITHFUL (HOLY ORDER.THE CLASSICAL NUMBER OF SACRAMENTS SEVEN AND UNDER THREE HEADINGS CHRISTIAN INITIATION (BAPTISM. MATRIMONY) . ANOINTING OF THE SICK) SERVICE. EUCHARIST.

3. Sacramentals { .

especially of a spiritual kind.Sacramentals They are “sacred signs which signify the effects.”  Grace is dispensed upon the proper use of the sacramentals through the intervention of the Church (EX OPERE OPERANTIS)  . that are obtained through the Church.