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In 60 Days ICND2

Access Lists

Traffic Cops
Decides what can pass through router
Set of YES/NO filters
Have several uses

Use ACLs

To filter traffic
Reference NAT pools
Debugging
With route maps for routing

Types of ACL
Standard
Extended
Named

Standard IP ACL
Numbered from 1 to 99
Can filter on source host/network
Cant filter ports or protocols

Extended IP ACLs
Numbered from 100-199
Filters port/destination/source etc.
More complicated to configure

Named ACLs
Names instead of numbers
Can be standard or extended
Slightly different commands

Need to Know...
Port numbers
Command syntax
ACL rules

Common Ports
Port

Service

Port

Service

20

FTP Data

80

HTTP

21

FTP Control

110

POP3

22
23

SSH
Telnet

119
123

NNTP
NTP

25
53
69

SMTP
DNS
TFTP

161/162
443

SNMP
HTTPS

Command Syntax
We will come to this!

ACL Rule #1
One ACL per interface per direction
One incoming
One outgoing

One incoming
One outgoing

ACL Rule #2
Processed top down
Incoming 172.16.1.1
Permit 10.0.0.0

No match

Permit 192.168.1.1
Permit 172.16.0.0
Permit 172.16.1.0
Deny 172.16.1.1

No match
Match Permit
Not processed
Not processed

ACL Rule #3
Implicit deny all at bottom
Incoming 172.20.1.1
Permit 10.0.0.0

No match

Permit 192.168.1.1
Permit 172.16.0.0
Permit 172.16.1.0
Deny all

No match
No match
No match
Match DROP PACKET

ACL Rule #4
Router cant filter self generated traffic
ACL Deny 172.16.1.1
BLOCKED

ACL Deny 172.16.1.1


UNCHECKED

Ping 172.16.1.1

Ping 172.16.1.1

172.16.1.1

172.16.1.1

ACL Rule #5 Cant Edit Live


Cant edit live standard or extended lists
Can edit named
1. Stop access list working (from interface)
2. Copy into notepad edit - reapply

ACL Rule #6
Disable ACL on the interface
R1(config)#no ip access-group 101 in

ACL Rule #7
Can reuse the same ACL

S0/0
ACL 101 IN

S0/1
ACL 101 IN
ACL 101 Deny Web Traffic

ACL Rule #8
Keep em short
Most specific rules at top
Permit 10.0.0.0
Permit 192.168.1.1
Permit 172.16.0.0
Deny 172.16.1.1

Should be at top

ACL Rule #9
Place as close to traffic source as possible
Do not put it here

S0/1
ACL 101 IN

ACL 101 Deny Web Traffic

End