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H45 - H100

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

1. Start up
The hammer cycle begins with
high and low pressure circuits
common to each other and
separate from tank line.
The hammer is under low
pressure, with the piston (P)
and distributor (D) in their
lowest position.
Oil flows into the low
pressure accumulator (A) and
acts on the (Z) end of the
spool (S).
An increase in pressure
moves the adjusting valve
spool (S) to a pre adjusted
setting,closing the path
between high pressure circuit
and low pressure circuit ( now
pre charged).
Pressure increases in the
high pressure circuit and the
hammer cycle begins.

H45 - H100

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

2. Raising the piston


The high pressure oil acts on shoulder
area (DL) of distributor shifting the
distributor to its most upward position.
This connects the piston top area (PT)
to the tank line.
High pressure oil acting on piston
shoulder (PS) lifts piston.
As the piston rises, the upper piston area
(PU) forces oil into the low pressure
circuit. Nitrogen gas is compressed in
the accumulator (A), (storing energy).

H45 - H100

OPERATING PRINCIPLE
3. Piston stroke
A

PT

DA

With the piston in the upper


position the piston shoulder (PS)
opens high pressure circuit to
distributor area (DA) through a
pilot channel.
The force acting on distributor
area (DA) is greater than the
force acting on lower distributor
area (DL), forcing the distributor
to its lowest position.

PU
DL

PS

Inlet pressure acts on the top of


piston (PT) stopping upward
movement of piston. Force
applied to (PT) is equal to lifting
force on area (PS).
The piston is accelerated
downward by the force in the low
pressure circuit acting on area
(PU) plus (PT) against (PS) lifting
force.

4. Return Cycle
As the piston impacts on the
tool, the area (PU) opens to
distributor area (DA) and allows
high pressure inlet oil on area
(DL) to shift distributor upwards,
starting the next cycle.

H45 - H100

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

Pressure Adjusting Valve Operation (PAV )


In

Out
Initial start-up
Inlet oil primes the low
pressure circuit and closes the
path between inlet and low
pressure circuit at 100 psi.

In

Out
Normal operation
Low pressure circuit is
isolated from both inlet and
tank lines during operation
cycle.

In

Out
Constant Blow Energy
(CBE)
Low pressure circuit maintains
constant force by opening low
pressure circuit to return line
if force exceeds spring rate.

Low pressure circuit