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Unit 1.

2
Fraction
Multiplicatio
n
And Cancelation

Fraction Multiplication

Here are some fraction


multiplication problems
Can you tell how to
multiply fraction from
these examples?

2 5 10

3 7 21
1 1 1

3 3 9

4 1 4

5 7 35

2 5 10

3 1 3
3 5 15

4 12 48
6 4 24

5 10 50

Multiplication

Multiply numerator by numerator


And denominator by denominator

2 5 10

3 1 3
N1 N2 N1 N2

D1 D2 D1 D2

Try some.
Multiply the following:

1 5

3 8
2 4

3 5

5 5

8 8

4 2

9 3

Answers
Multiply the following:

1 5 5

3 8 24
2 4 8

3 5 15

5 5 25

8 8 64
4 2 8

9 3 27

Mixed Numbers
Because of the order of operations,
Mixed numbers cannot be multiplied as is
Change mixed numbers to improper fractions, then
multiply.

2 5
3 1
5 8

17 13

5 8

17 13 221

5 8
40

221 40 5 with a remainder of 21


5

21
40

Try some

Change any whole or mixed numbers to


improper.
Multiply straight across.
Simplify answers

2
1 7
5

1
8
5

Answers

Change any whole or mixed numbers to


improper.
Multiply straight across.
Simplify answers

2
7 7 49
4
1 7
9
5
5 1 5
5

1
1 8 8
3
8 1
5
5 1 5
5

Cancellin
g
Reduce before you multiply

Canceling

Reducing before mutiplying is called


canceling.

25 12 300

32 35 1120

ICK! Instead think the following in your


head.

25 12 25 12 5 5 4 3

32 35 32 35 8 4 7 5
5 5 4 3 5 3 15

8 4 7 5 8 7 56

Canceling on paper

Rules: One factor from


any numerator cancels
with like factor from the
denominator.

11

4444

16 9 15

21 20 12
3

1
3
3 13

3 3

16
9
15
16
9
15
3
16
9
15
16
9
15
16 9 15

7
21
20
12
7
4
21
21
12
21
3
120
20 12
20
21

20
1

4444

12
313 3
1

Try one

Say --- goes into ____ this many times.


As you cross each number out and write what is
left after canceling above the number.

5 1

3 10

Answer

Say --- goes into ____ this many times.


As you cross each number out and write what is
left after canceling above the number.

5
1
5

3 10 2 6

Try one more

Make whole and mixed numbers improper


Cancel if you can
Multiply Numerators and denominators straight
across.
Simplify

10
1 14
4 4
21 2 15

Answer

Make whole and mixed numbers improper


Cancel if you can
Multiply Numerators and denominators straight
across.
Simplify

10
1 14
4
4
21
2 15
10 9 14 4

8
21 2 15 1