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NITI AAYOG

GROUP MEMBERS
KISHAN KUMAR
RAVI JAISWAL
ANJALI RANA
ANURAG YADAV

CONTENTS
PLANNING COMMISSION.
ABOUT NITI AAYOG
NITI AAYOG STRUCTURE/MEMBERS.
OBJECTIVE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PLANNING COMMISSION AND NITI AAYOG.
CHALLENGES OF NITI AAYOG.
CRITICISM/ANTI-ARGUMENTS

PLANNING COMMISSION
THE PLANNING COMMISSION WAS AN INSTITUTION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF
INDIA, WHICH FORMULATED INDIA'S FIVE-YEAR PLANS. IT WAS ESTABLISHED
IN MARCH 1950 AND JAWAHARLAL NEHRU WAS THE FIRST CHAIRMAN OF THE
PLANNING COMMISSION.
IT WAS FORMED WITH AIM OF MAKING AN ASSESSMENT OF THE MATERIAL,
CAPITAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES OF THE COUNTRY.
TO PROMOTE A RAPID RISE IN THE STANDARD OF LIVING OF THE PEOPLE BY
EFFICIENT EXPLOITATION OF THE RESOURCES AND INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY.
TO PROVIDE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES.

NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR


TRANSFORMING INDIA AAYOG (NITI
AAYOG)
IT IS A GOVERNMENT OF INDIA POLICY THINK-TANK ESTABLISHED BY PRIME MINISTER
NARENDRA MODI ON 1JANUARY 2015, 9 MONTHS AGO AFTER HIS HAVING DISSOLVED THE
PLANNING COMMISSION.
THE STATED AIM OF NITI AAYOG'S CREATION IS TO FOSTER INVOLVEMENT AND
PARTICIPATION IN THE ECONOMIC POLICY-MAKING PROCESS BY STATE GOVERNMENTS OF
INDIA, A "BOTTOM-UP" APPROACH IN CONTRAST TO THE PLANNING COMMISSION'S
TRADITION OF "TOP-DOWN" DECISION-MAKING.
A GROUP OF PEOPLE WITH AUTHORITY ENTRUSTED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO FORMULATE
OR REGULATE POLICIES CONCERNING TRANSFORMING INDIA.
IT IS A COMMISSION TO HELP GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.
ALSO IT'S AN INSTITUTE OF THINK TANK WITH EXPERTS IN IT.

THE NITI AAYOG WILL CREATE A KNOWLEDGE, INNOVATION AND


ENTREPRENEURIAL SUPPORT SYSTEM THROUGH A COLLABORATIVE
COMMUNITY OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS.
IT ALSO PROVIDE DIRECTION AND STRATEGIC INPUTS IN THE FIELD OF
DEVELOPMENT PROCESS AND UPGRADATION OF TECHNOLOGY.
IT WILL ALSO SEEK TO PUT AN END TO SLOW AND TARDY IMPLEMENTATION
OF POLICY.

NITI AAYOG: STRUCTURE, MEMBERSHIP

CHAIRPERSON: PRIME MINISTER NARENDRA MODI


CEO: SINDHUSHREE KHULLAR (IAS)
VICE CHAIRPERSON: ARVIND PANAGARIYA
EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS: RAJNATH SINGH, ARUN JAITLEY, SURESH PRABHU AND RADHA
MOHAN SINGH
SPECIAL INVITEES: NITIN GADKARI, SMRITI ZUBIN IRANI AND THAWAR CHAND GEHLOT
FULL-TIME MEMBERS: BIBEK DEBROY, V. K. SARASWAT AND RAMESH CHAND
GOVERNING COUNCIL: ALL CHIEF MINISTERS AND LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS OF
STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES

OBJECTIVE AND OPPORTUNITIES OF NITI


AAYOG
TO CREATE A VISION AND PLAN OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ACTIVE
INVOLVEMENT OF THE STATES.
TO ENCOURAGE COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM BY ENGAGING THE STATES ON A
CONTINUOUS BASIS TO MAKE A STRONG NATION.
THE INTERESTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY ARE TO BE CONSIDERED IN ECONOMIC
STRATEGY AND POLICY.
TO DESIGN LONG-TERM PROGRAMS AND POLICIES AND MONITOR THEIR PROGRESS.
HERE, TIME TO TIME MONITORING AND FEEDBACK WILL BECOME THE BASIS FOR
MAKING THE NECESSARY IMPROVEMENTS AND CORRECTIONS.
TO ENCOURAGE PARTICIPATION OF KEY STAKEHOLDERS, THINK TANKS, EDUCATIONAL
AND POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS.

TO CREATE AN INNOVATION, ENTREPRENEUR AND KNOWLEDGE SUPPORT


SYSTEM.
TO OFFER A COMMON PLATFORM FOR SOLVING ANY KIND OF INTERDEPARTMENTAL OR SECTORAL ISSUES TO SPEED UP THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
DEVELOPMENT AGENDA.
TO FOCUS ON UP-GRADATION OF TECHNOLOGY FOR PROPER IMPLEMENTATION OF
PROGRAMES AND INITIATIVES.
TO UNDERTAKE VARIOUS OTHER ACTIVITIES REQUIRED TO ACCELERATE THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENDA AND OTHER
OBJECTIVES.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NITI AAYOG AND PLANNING


COMMISSION
FINANCIAL CLOUT
NITI AAYOG TO BE AN ADVISORY BODY, OR A THINK-TANK. THE POWERS TO ALLOCATE FUND VESTED IN THE
FINANCE MINISTRY.

PLANNING COMMISSION ENJOYED THE POWERS TO ALLOCATE FUNDS TO MINISTRIES AND STATE
GOVERNMENTS

FULL-TIME MEMBERS
NITI AAYOG TWO FULL-TIME MEMBERS.
PLANNING COMMISSION HAD EIGHT FULL-TIME MEMBERS

STATES' ROLE
NITI AAYOG INCLUDES THE CHIEF MINISTERS OF ALL STATES AND THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS OF ALL UNION
TERRITORIES IN ITS
GOVERNING COUNCIL, DEVOLVING MORE POWER TO THE STATES OF THE UNION.
PLANNING COMMISSION STATES' ROLE WAS LIMITED TO THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL AND ANNUAL
INTERACTION DURING PLAN MEETINGS

MEMBER SECRETARY
NITI AAYOG TO BE KNOWN AS THE CEO AND TO BE APPOINTED BY THE PRIME MINISTER
PLANNING COMMISSION SECRETARIES OR MEMBER SECRETARIES WERE APPOINTED THROUGH THE USUAL
PROCESS.

PARTICIPATION

NITI AAYOG- CONSULTING STATES WHILE MAKING POLICY AND DECIDING ON FUNDS
ALLOCATION. FINAL POLICY WOULD BE A RESULT OF THAT.
PLANNING COMMISSION- POLICY WAS FORMED BY THE COMMISSION AND STATES WERE
THEN CONSULTED ABOUT ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

ALLOCATION
NITI AAYOG- NO POWER TO ALLOCATE FUNDS
PLANNING COMMISSION- HAD POWER TO DECIDE ALLOCATION OF GOVERNMENT FUNDS
FOR VARIOUS PROGRAMS AT
NATIONAL AND STATE LEVELS.

NATURE
NITI AAYOG- NITI IS A THINK-TANK AND DOES NOT HAVE THE POWER TO IMPOSE POLICIES.
PLANNING COMMISSION- IMPOSED POLICIES ON STATES AND TIED ALLOCATION OF FUNDS
WITH PROJECTS IT APPROVED.

CHALLENGES OF NITI AAYOG


LEVERAGING OF INDIA'S DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND, AND REALIZATION OF THE
POTENTIAL OF YOUTH, MEN AND WOMEN, THROUGH EDUCATION, SKILL
DEVELOPMENT, ELIMINATION OF GENDER BIAS, AND EMPLOYMENT.
ELIMINATION OF POVERTY, AND THE CHANCE FOR EVERY INDIAN TO LIVE A LIFE
OF DIGNITY AND SELF-RESPECT.
REDDRESSAL OF INEQUALITIES BASED ON GENDER BIAS, CASTE AND
ECONOMIC DISPARITIES.
INTEGRATE VILLAGES INSTITUTIONALLY INTO THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
POLICY SUPPORT TO MORE THAN 50 MILLION SMALL BUSINESSES, WHICH ARE
A MAJOR SOURCE OF EMPLOYMENT CREATION
SAFEGUARDING OF OUR ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL ASSETS.

CRITICISM/ANTI-ARGUMENTS
NITI AAYOG WAS CRITICISED BY OPPOSITION PARTIES OF INDIA.
FROM UNION TERRITORY ONLY LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS INVITED. CM OF DELHI
AND PUDUCHERRY CANT PARTICIPATE IN GOVERNING COUNCIL.
NITI AAYOG SHOULD HAVE BEEN CREATED THROUGH A LEGAL/CONSTITUTIONAL
AMENDMENT. THERE SHOULD BE A PERSPECTIVE PLAN SPANNING FOR 15 TO 20
YEARS. OTHERWISE, WHAT IF ANOTHER PARTY COMES INTO POWER.
PLANNING COMMISSION USED TO MONITOR OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE
STATES, SUB-PLANS FOR WOMEN, SC AND ST. NITI AAYOG DOESNT SAY HOW
THEYLL DO IT.
AT PRESENT WEVE 60+ CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES. MODI AIMS TO
COMBINE THEM INTO JUST 10 SCHEMES. THUS, POOR AND MARGINALIZED
COMMUNITIES WILL SUFFER.