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Mechanism

Trouble

PISTON

Piston wear

PISTON

improper
cooling
temperatures

Piston Rings

Cause/ Sympton
an excessive clearance between the piston and the cylinder/ piston slap
excessive oil consumption.
lubrication
water
troubles, reduction of the viscosity of the oil and excessive
piston and liner wear

Excessive oil
consumption
Piston Rings
Oxidation of
the lube oil
Piston Pins and Pin Insufficient or
Bearings
improper
lubrication

worn oil rings

Piston Pins and Pin obstructions


Bearings
blocking the oil
passages of the
connecting rods

insufficient lubrication

CONNECTING
RODS

cracked rods

Overload OU Speeding

CONNECTING
RODS

Misalignment

May take a total failure OU one Possible Damage due


to engine of a Connection When Piston caused hair misalignment

SHAFTS AND
BEARINGS

Fatigue failure of cyclic


journalpeak loads
bearings
in
internal
combustion engines

SHAFTS AND
BEARINGS

Overspeeding
of an engine

excessive wear of the journal bearings and other


engine parts, and in uneven wear of the journals.

CRANKSHAFTS

Scored crankshaft
journals

not only by lubrication difficulties but also by journal bearing failure or


improper and careless handling during overhaul.

CRANKSHAFTS

Broken or bent
crankshafts
scoring or breaking
of the cams and
followers, as well as
severe damage to the
piston and the
cylinder.

the improper functioning of a torsional vibration damper.

CAMSHAFTS

CAMSHAFTS

excessive operating temperatures


excessive wear of pins, bushings, or bearings

improper valve tappet adjustment, worn or stuck cam followers, or failure of


the camshaft gear.