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Service Manual

Heraeus Megafuge 8
Sorvall ST8
Thermo Scientific SL8

PN: 12007200-01

The original version of this manual is valid. Thermo Scientific cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of subsequent copies

The original version of this manual is valid. Thermo


Scientific cannot guarantee the accuracy or
completeness of subsequent copies

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

iii

Revision Control

iv

Chapter 1

Technical Data

1-1

Chapter 2

Service

2-1

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Servicing Schedule

2-2

Trouble Shooting

2-4

Error Codes

2-6

Test Points

2-13

System Menu and Service Menu

2-15

Imbalance Behavior

2-18

Cleaning of Instrument Parts

2-18

Electrical Safety Check

2-19

Functional Description

3-1

Block Functions

3-2

Main Board Functions

3-3

Display

3-5

Speed, Imbalance and Rotor Detection

3-5

Lid Lock System

3-5

Electrical Diagrams

4-1

Overview

4-2

Power Supply 1

4-3

Power Supply 2

4-4

Frequency Inverter

4-5

Protection Circuit

4-6

Controller

4-7

Imbalance RPM

4-8

Key Control

4-9

Disassembly of Instrument Parts

5-1

Disassembly of Mechanical Parts

5-2

Replacement of Electrical Components

5-4

Replacement of Drive Components

5-6

Removal of AutoLock

5-7

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Calibration (Reference Measurement)

6-1

Introduction

6-2

Requirements

6-2

Calibration (Reference Measurement) Procedure

6-3

Documentation

6-5

Spare Parts

7-1

Preventive Maintenance Checklist

A-1

Calibration Certification Form

B-1

Technical Bulletins

C-1

ii

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION
CAREFULLY READ
INSTRUMENT.

THIS

MANUAL

BEFORE

SERVICING

YOUR

INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF


THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC;
IT MAY NOT BE DUPLICATED OR DISTRIBUTED WITHOUT THE
OWNERS AUTHORIZATION!

PURPOSE
This manual contains maintenance instructions intended for use by a qualified
maintenance or service technician.
It is organized to provide information on the theory of operation to assist in
troubleshooting for personnel of Thermo Fisher Scientific and authorized
service organizations. Moreover, it outlines parts replacement and calibration
procedures for putting the centrifuges back into service.
Should a specific maintenance problem arise which is not covered in this
manual, please contact our after sales or product support department.

iii

REVISION CONTROL

iv

REVISION CONTROL
Revision
01

Change
Initial release

Date
18.01.2013

TECHNICAL DATA

1-1

Heraeus Megafuge 8
Sorvall ST8
Thermo Scientific SL8

Environmental conditions

Permissible ambient temperature


Timer range
Max. speed
Min. speed
Max. kin. energy
Max. sound level at top speed

Indoor use only


Max. height above sea level 2000m
Max. relative humidity 80% at 31C
Linear decrease until 50% relative humidity at 40C
+2C to +35C
10sec 99h 59min and hold mode
deviation
deviation: +/- 10 sec.
16000 rpm
accuracy: +/
+/- 10rpm
300 rpm
accuracy: +/
+/- 10rpm
< 8.2 kNm
< 61 dB (A)

Volt Version
Heat output BTU/h
Power consumption
Rated current
Height (lid closed)
closed
Height (lid open)
Width
Depth
Weight (without
rotor)

Rotor /
bucket

Rotor name

75005701
75005702
75005703
75005704
75005705
75005706
75005723
75005721
75005600
75005709
75003623
75005719
75005715
75003473
75005643

TX-150
150 Rotor
TX-150
150 Round Bucket
TX-150 Ovall bucket
TX-100S
TX-100
M-10
10 Rotor
M-10
10 Unsealed Bucket
M-10 Sealed Bucket
MT-12 Rotor
HIGHConic III Rotor
CLINIConic Rotor
MicroClick 30x2 Rotor
MicroClick 24x2 Rotor
Hematocrit Rotor
PCR Strip Rotor 8x8

Allowable
imbalance
[g]
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
4
10
10
4
4
1 capillary
4

120V
230V
1060
310 W
5.0 A
2.0 A
31 cm / 12.2 in
67 cm / 26.8 in
37 cm / 14.6 in
48 cm / 18.9 in
35 kg / 77 lbs

max. speed

max. x g

max radius

4500
4500
4500
4500
4500
4400
4400
4400
13000
8700
4400
14000
16000
13300
15000

3260
3260
3260
3215
3260
2576
2576
2381
16438
10155
3030
21694
24327
16810
17860

14.4
14.4
14.4
14.2
14.4
11.9
11.9
11.0
8.7
12.0
14.0
9.9
8.5
8.5
7.1

SERVICE

SERVICE
Servicing Schedule

2-2

Maintenance Routine without dismantling the centrifuge

2-2

Maintenance Routine after dismantling the centrifuge casing

2-3

Trouble Shooting
Malfunctions without Error Messages

2-4
2-4

Error Codes

2-6

Overview

2-6

Detailed Error Description an Action Plan

2-8

Test Points

2-13

System Menu and Service Menu

2-15

How to enter the System Menu

2-15

How to enter the Service Menu

2-15

System Menu Structure

2-16

Service Menu Structure

2-17

Imbalance Behavior

2-18

Cleaning of Instrument Parts

2-18

Electrical Safety Check

2-19

2-1

SERVICE

Servicing schedule
This chapter describes the maintenance work to be performed on a yearly basis.
A checklist can be found in the attachment A-1.

Maintenance routine without dismantling the centrifuge


Electrical installation and safety

Switch OFF the centrifuge and disconnect the unit from power, check voltage supply and mains
fusing (16 (15) Amps, slow blow characteristic).

Check condition of plug and wall socket - (let) replace defective parts.

Check cord condition and fixing / connection - replace or refit it.

Check condition of instrument socket and replace it in case of bad contacts.

Location and mechanical installation

Check the base (ground, table, trolley with lockable wheels etc.) for resonance-free and stable
conditions.

Check for a well ventilated place and sufficient distances to walls or adjacent equipment, without
exposition to direct sunlight.

Check the leveling of the centrifuge drive with help of a spirit level.

Lid latch mechanism and safety circuit

Connect the centrifuge to power and switch ON.

Check for correct lid closing and opening - if in disorder, readjust lid, hinges and/or lid latch.

Check the rubber gasket for correct sealing and replace, if damaged.

Check gas lid stay for correct function.

Check the electronic safety circuit: start the centrifuge. Let it shortly run and press stop. The lid
must not be unlocked by the microprocessor as long as the speed is more than 60 rpm - if safety
circuit is out of function, replace main board.

Cleanliness of rotor chamber and motor cover

Open the lid and remove the rotor by pressing the green AutoLock button in the center of the
rotor.

Clean the spin chamber with a dry and absorbent cloth (remove all dust and moisture - see also
page 2-18 for cleaning).

Check the cleanliness of the motor cover and take special care of the slot between the bowl and
the motor cover: penetrating fluids can damage the motor and/or electronics and foreign objects
may block the air flow.

Condition and sealing of rotors and accessories

Check the condition of rotors and accessory parts (especially all supporting or stressed
partitions): the rotor and/or accessory parts must not be used any longer, if there are visible
traces of mechanical damage or corrosion.

Check the condition of rotor and/or accessory sealing and replace them in case of malfunction.

2-2

SERVICE

AutoLock and motor shaft

Check the perfect condition of the AutoLock system. In case of malfunction use tool Kit
# 70904693 to change the AutoLock. (see page 5-7)

Check the condition of the drive motor shaft: the centrifuge must not be used any longer, if the
drive shaft is damaged (e.g. bend or its bearings are worn out).

Temperature level

Check the air inlet slots for free ventilation. Insufficient air flow will lead to an inadmissible
temperature rise of the motor and electronic parts.

Imbalance behavior

install available and empty rotors and check the imbalance behavior with rotor dependant cut off
and run through weights (see page 2-18) and replace worn anti vibration mounts, faulty main
board or sensor cover.

Maintenance routine after dismantling the centrifuge casing


Motor supporting elements

Check the anti vibration mounts of the drive motor and replace them in case of increased rubber
abrasion or abnormal occurrence of imbalance but at least after 3 years of usage.

Braking circuit

Check the function of the braking circuit (warming up of brake resistor, even and noiseless brake
effect) and replace defective parts in case of malfunction.

Clamp and plug connections of wires

Check the clamp and plug connections of all leads on the main board and all electrical Protection
earth core and grounding connections.

Check the grounding connection for continuity and all grounding plug connectors. (see also page
2-19 Electrical Safety Check)

Check insulation resistance and accessible current. (see page 2-19)

2-3

SERVICE

Trouble shooting
Malfunctions without error code

Error

Error Cause

Possible Error
Source
power switch with
integrated thermal
over current cut out

no mains
voltage supply
Display
remains off

No display
backlight

data
connection
disturbed

faulty connection
from main board to
display
faulty display or
main board

faulty connection
from main board to
display

LCD
powersafe
mode
faulty
backlight

Display
shows
BOOTING

Check supply voltage at X16. If no voltage


is present, check power switch, instrument
socket and voltage supply.
Replace defective parts

faulty mains cord or


instrument socket

no low
voltage
supply for
display

Display
backlight is
lit, but
nothing
displayed
or
display
shows
cryptically
(wrong)
characters

mains fuse or circuit


breaker failed

Corrective Procedure

CPU program
reset may be
caused by
EMI

Check presence of 5V (LED V75), 15V


(LED V78) and 24V (LED V79) control
voltages on main board. If a voltage is
missing (LED off) replace main board.
Check the display cable (SSTP patch
cable). Replace the display.

Check for interferences such as radios,


micro wave ovens, etc. Check for good
grounding connection. Check the display
cable (SSTP shielded cable). If no other
error source can be identified, replace main
board.

Press any button. To switch off the LCD


powersafe mode enter the system menu.

faulty backlight

Replace display.

supply voltage drop


(>10%)

(Let) improve the power supply. If the


voltage drops often, use a voltage
stabilizer.

bad or missing
grounding
connection

check all grounding connections

2-4

SERVICE

Error

Drive
makes
noises,
no good
separation
result

Error Cause

mechanical

Possible Error
Source

Corrective Procedure

worn anti vibration


mounts

Check anti vibration mounts and replace if


worn or older than 3 years.
(see page 5-6)

Trunnions of
swinging bucket
rotor not greased
sufficiently

Inform users that trunnions must be


cleaned and greased on a regular basis.
See user manual for more information.

Buckets of swinging
bucket rotor not
weight identical

Check weight index on buckets.

bad motor bearings

Turn motor by hand. If a scratching noise is


audible, replace complete motor.

missing phase
electrical

Check winding and insulation resistance of


the motor (see test points). If the motor and
its leads are ok, replace main board.

faulty electronic

Buttons
inoperative

overlay or
overlay
adaptor has
no contact

ribbon cable broken,


or no contact

Check correct sitting of ribbon cable in


overlay adaptor. Check ribbon cable
between overlay adaptor and main board.
Replace defective overlay, overlay adaptor
or ribbon cable.

2-5

SERVICE

Error-Codes
Should multiple errors occur at the same time, the centrifuge will display up to 3 errors at once, by
alternating them on the display.
Overview (details on following pages)
Error

Description

E-001

System clock unstable

E-002

Main state machine corrupted (software)

E-005

System reset by watchdog

E-008

Check sum error ROM test

E-010

NV-RAM communication error

E-011

NV-RAM does not match E-PROM

E-012

Check sum error NV-RAM constant area

E-014

Chamber over temperature: t > 50C

E-015

Temperature sensor open

E-016

Temperature sensor short

E-017

Speed above rotor recognition speed limit

E-019

Rotor code not in rotor table

E-020

Rotor code corrupted

E-021

Rotor recognition and speed 1 measurement disturbed

E-022

Speed 2 measurement disturbed

E-023

Difference between speed 1 and speed 2 signals

E-025

Lid could not be opened

E-027

State of lid latch micro switches implausible

E-029

Motor does not turn

E-030

Control voltage failure

E-031

Motor over temperature: t > 150C

E-033

High pressure in cooling system

E-034

Over voltage in power circuit

E-036

Over voltage or short circuit at inverter

E-038

Lid latch current abnormal (Speed 0)

E-040

Acceleration too slow

E-041

Offset voltage of imbalance sensor implausible

E-045

Safety test during restart failed

E-046

Lid opened during run

E-048

Software state machine error

E-050

Software state machine error

E-051

Software state machine error

E-052

Software state machine error

E-053

Software primary mask reading error

E-054

Software primary mask writing error

E-060

Chamber under temperature: t < -20C

E-072

Software state machine error

2-6

SERVICE

Error

Description

E-074

Latch motor control fault

E-077

System health check error

E-078

Set speed above max speed

E-079

Speed above rotor maximum: >25rpm

E-080

Rotor detection failed

E-081

Second top speed check failed

E-083

Brake resistor over temperature

E-098

Imbalance detected

E-101

Temperature measurement shows great deviations to expected values

E-104

Temperature measurement could not be completed

E-105

Software state machine error

E-106

Lid latch current abnormal (Speed >0)

E-107

Main board over-temperature

2-7

SERVICE

Detailed error description and action plan


Error

E-001

E-002

E-005

E-008

E-010

E-011

E-012

E-014

Possible Error
Source

Corrective Procedure

The rotor is coasting freely.


Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Internal software Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
problem
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Internal software Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
problem
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
ROM failed
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
Wrong NV-RAM,
The rotor is coasting freely.
communication
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
between NV-RAM
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
and main controller
check NV-RAM and socket.
disturbed
Insert the correct NV-RAM
check versions of
NV RAM and
replace NV RAM with correct one
E-PROM
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
NV-RAM failed
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace NV-RAM.
System clock on
main board failed

Possible
spare part
Main board

Main board

Main board

Main board

NV-RAM

NV-RAM

NV-RAM

Refrigerated units only: The rotor is decelerated with


maximum braking. DO NOT TOUCH ANY INSIDE PARTS
Compressor does
Compressor
AFTER OPENING THE LID! BURN HAZARD! Perform
not work,
Fan
compressor test (Service Menu), check fan and remove
low refrigerant,
TEV
dust from condensing unit. Replace defective parts.
fan inoperative
Refrigerant
In case of low refrigerant, use leak detector, repair leak
and recharge system.

E-015

Temp. sensor,
control circuits

E-016

Temp. sensor,
control circuits

E-017

Power interruption,
Reset during run

Refrigerated units only: The rotor is decelerated with


maximum braking. Disconnect PT1000 from main board
(X3) and check resistance
(R = 1,000 @ 0C or 1,078 @ 20C). Replace faulty
PT1000 or faulty main board.
Refrigerated units only: The rotor is decelerated with
maximum braking. Disconnect PT1000 from main board
(X3) and check resistance
(R = 1,000 @ 0C or 1,078 @ 20C). Replace faulty
PT1000 or faulty main board.
After power reset the speed is above 2,000rpm. The rotor
is coasting freely. Check mains power supply. Restart
centrifuge. If the error persists replace main board.

PT1000

PT1000

Main board

2-8

SERVICE

Error

Possible Error
Source

Corrective Procedure

Possible
spare part

E-019

Wrong rotor
installed,
old version of NVRAM

The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.


Install correct rotor.
Install latest NV-RAM version.

Rotor
NV-RAM

E-020

Wrong rotor
installed,
Rotor coding
faulty,
Interference,
NV-RAM faulty

E-021

Sensor cover
faulty,
Interference

E-022

Sensor cover
faulty,
Interference

E-023

Sensor cover
faulty,
Interference

E-025

Latch failed,
Cable interrupted,
Main board failed

E-027

Latch or wires
broken

E-029

No rotor installed,
Motor/rotor
blocked,
Motor faulty,
No speed signal,
Motor driver on
main board faulty

E-030

Mains voltage too


low,
Main board failed

E-031

Hot motor,
no air circulation,
faulty over temp.
cut-out.

The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.


Check rotor in other centrifuge. If rotor is found faulty,
return to factory for repair. DO NOT REMOVE THE CODE
RING!
Separate motor cables and signal cables, otherwise
interference is caused.
If the error persists, replace NV-RAM
The rotor is coasting freely.
Separate motor cables and signal cables, otherwise
interference is caused.
Replace sensor cover.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Separate motor cables and signal cables, otherwise
interference is caused.
Replace sensor cover.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Separate motor cables and signal cables, otherwise
interference is caused.
Replace sensor cover.
Check operation of stepper motor when pressing lid
button. Disconnect stepper motor from main board (X8)
and check resistance (12 = 46, 34 = 46). If
stepper motor/cable is ok, replace main board.
Switch 2 is closed when switch 1 is open = implausible.
Check micro switches and wires. Replace latch. If latch is
ok, replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely. CHECK FOR NO ROTATION
OF ROTOR THROUGH LID WINDOW BEFORE
OPENING THE LID!
Check the motor/rotor for no blocks. Turn rotor by hand
and check for no abnormal noise and friction.
Close lid and press start. Check through window if rotor
starts turning. If rotor turns, check cables of sensor cover
and/or replace it.
If rotor does not turn, check winding resistance and
insulation resistance of motor. If motor is ok, replace main
board
The rotor is coasting freely.
Check mains power supply.
Replace Main board
The rotor is coasting freely.
DO NOT TOUCH THE MOTOR, ROTOR AND/OR
ADJACENT PARTS! BURN HAZARD! Wait for motor to
cool down. Check ventilation slots for cleanliness and
check fans for operation.
Turn rotor by hand and check for no abnormal noise and
friction.
Disconnect motor over temperature cut out from main
board (X11) and check it for continuity. Replace motor in
case of malfunction.

Rotor
NV-RAM

Sensor cover

Sensor cover

Sensor cover

Lid latch

Lid latch

Motor
Main board
Sensor cover

Main board

Motor
Fan

2-9

SERVICE

Error

Possible Error
Source

Corrective Procedure

E-033

No ventilation,
Pipes blocked,
Faulty over
pressure switch

E-034

Brake resistor
open,
main board faulty

E-036

Brake resistor
open or short,
Motor winding
short,
Main board faulty

E-038

Internal software
problem

E-040

Extreme
imbalance,
motor bearings,
motor phase
missing

Refrigerated units only:


The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Check ventilation slots for cleanliness and check fans for
operation.
Disconnect over pressure switch from main board (X18)
and check it for continuity. Replace it in case of
malfunction. Check for blocks in the refrigeration pipes
(trained and authorized refrigeration engineers only)
The rotor is coasting freely.
Disconnect brake resistor from main board (X20) and
check resistance (120). Replace if faulty, otherwise
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Disconnect brake resistor from main board (X20) and
check resistance (120). Replace brake resistor if faulty.
Disconnect motor from main board (X10) and check
winding resistance. Replace motor if faulty.
Otherwise replace main board
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Check for imbalanced load. Check motor for smooth
turning. Disconnect motor from main board (X10) and
check winding resistance. Replace motor if faulty.
Otherwise replace main board.

E-041

Imbalance sensor
faulty

The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.


Replace sensor cover.

E-045

E-046

E-048
to
E-052
E-053
to
E-054

E-060

The rotor is coasting freely.


During run a power outage happened. After power
recovery the rotor speed is 0. The rotor is turned at low
speed and no speed signal is detected.
See E-29
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Emergency lid
CLOSE LID IMMEDIATELY!
opening detected
NEVER OPEN THE LID WHILE THE ROTOR IS
during run,
SPINNING. Wait for rotor to stop.
Faulty micro switch
In case of faulty micro switches replace latch.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Internal software Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
problem
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Internal software Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
problem
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
Refrigerated units only:
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Compressor
DO NOT TOUCH THE INSIDE OF CHAMBER AND
control fault,
ROTOR WITH BARE HANDS! FREEZE HAZARD!
Temperature probe
Disconnect PT1000 from main board (X3) and check
fault
resistance (R = 1,000 @ 0C or 1,078 @ 20C).
Replace if faulty. Otherwise replace main board.
Power interruption
during run AND
speed signal error

Possible
spare part

Fan
TEV
OP switch

Brake
resistor
Main board
Brake
resistor
Main board
Motor

Main board

Motor
Main board

Sensor
cover
Sensor
cover
Main board

Lid latch

Main board

Main board

Main board
PT1000

2-10

SERVICE

Error

Possible Error
Source

E-072

Internal software
problem

E-074

Latch motor
broken / blocked,
Main board failed

E-077

Internal software
problem

E-078

Motor control fault

E-079

n > nrotor max +25

E-080

Internal software
problem

E-081

Internal software
problem

E-083

Brake resistor
overheated,
No air circulation,
Main board failed

E-098

Imbalanced load

E-101
to
E-104

Measurement
shows great
deviations
(+/- 5C) to
expected values.

E-105

Internal software
problem

Corrective Procedure

Possible
spare part

The rotor is coasting freely.


Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Main board
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Lid latch
seconds before turning it back on. Check the latch by
Main board
opening and closing the lid. If faulty, replace lid latch.
Otherwise replace main board
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Main board
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Main board
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
The controller is not able to control the rotor speed
Main board
properly. Replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait
Main board
5 seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
Wait for rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait
Main board
5 seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely.
DO NOT TOUCH THE BRAKE RESISTOR! BURN
HAZARD!
Main board
Check ventilation slots for cleanliness and check fans for
Brake
operation.
resistor
Disconnect brake resistor from main board (X20) and
Fan
check resistance (120). Replace brake resistor if faulty.
Otherwise replace main board
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Wait for rotor to stop, open lid and check for imbalance,
greased trunnions, etc. Balance the rotor and start again. AV mounts
If the error persists check anti vibration mounts. Replace Sensor cover
mounts if worn or older than 3 years. If the error persists
replace sensor cover.
Refrigerated units only:
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking.
Disconnect PT1000 from main board (X3) and check
PT1000
resistance
Main board
(R = 1,000 @ 0C or 1,078 @ 20C). Replace
PT1000 if faulty. Otherwise replace main board.
Check also for interference.
The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking. Wait for
rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Main board
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.

2-11

SERVICE

Error

E-106

E-107

Possible Error
Source

Corrective Procedure

The rotor is decelerated with maximum braking. Wait for


rotor to stop and turn the power switch off. Wait 5
Main board failed
seconds before turning it back on. If the error persists,
replace main board.
The rotor is coasting freely. Wait for rotor to stop and turn
the power switch off. Wait 30 minutes to allow cooling
down before turning it back on. Clean ventilation slots.
No air circulation,
Remove dust from main board (unit disconnected from
Fan inoperative
mains!). Check fan (refrigerated units only). Replace fan
if faulty. If the error persists replace main board.

Possible
spare part
Main board

Fan
Main board

2-12

SERVICE

Test Points
Test Point

Unit Value

Conditions

Mains input
X16

230V / 120V

CAUTION! Mains potential!


Mains cable connected, power switch ON

Motor
X10

A-B 5.6
A-C 5.6
B-C 5.6

Brake resistor
X20

120

Over temperature
cut-out motor
X11

Over temperature
cut-out brake resistor
X9

Lid latch micro switches


X14

Lid latch stepper motor


X8

Ambient at 20C, plugs disconnected from


main board.
Any phase to ground must have an infinite
resistance.
Ambient at 20C, cables disconnected from
main board

15 VDC
0 VDC

Cables connected, power ON


Lid open
Lid closed

open
short

Cables disconnected, power OFF


Lid open
Lid closed

15 VDC
0 VDC

Cables connected, power ON


Failure
Good

open
short

Cables disconnected, power OFF


Failure
Good

Pin 1+4
0 VDC
2.5 VDC

Cables connected, power ON


Lid closed
Lid open

Pin 1+4
short
open

Cables disconnected, power OFF


Lid closed
Lid open

Pin 2+3
5 VDC
0 VDC

Cables connected, power ON


Standby
Stepper motor moves into zero state after lid has
been opened

Pin 2+3
open
short

Cables disconnected, power OFF


Standby
Stepper motor moves into zero state after lid has
been opened

Pin 5+6
0 VDC
2.5 VDC

Cables connected, power ON


Lid closed
Lid open

Pin 5+6
short
open

Cables disconnected, power OFF


Lid closed
Lid open

Pin 1-2 46
Pin 3-4 46

Ambient at 20C, plug disconnected from


main board

2-13

SERVICE

Test Point

Unit Value

Conditions

lit

All cables connected, power switch ON,


lid closed

dimly lit

All cables connected, power switch ON,


lid open

lit

All cables connected, power switch ON

lit

All cables connected, power switch ON, lid open,


rotor installed, rotor / motor is turned by hand.
The LED must light 2 times during 1 revolution.

flashing

All cables connected, power switch ON, lid closed,


rotor installed, start pressed, rotor spinning. The
LED flashes 2 times per revolution. At speeds
above 2000 rpm the LED is lit.

5 V control circuit power


supply
LED V75 (green)

lit

All cables connected, power switch ON

24V control circuit power


supply
LED V79 (green)

lit

All cables connected, power switch ON

DC bus voltage
LED V41 DC BUS (red)

15 V control circuit
power supply
LED V79 (red)

Speed signal
LED V11 RUN (green)

2-14

SERVICE

System menu & Service menu


How to enter the system menu
The system menu allows the user to make advanced settings and read units values as additional
information for service calls.
To enter the system menu

1. Switch off the centrifuge


2. Press and hold any button on the overlay
3. Switch on the centrifuge
4. When
Enter SYSTEM Menu?

SYSTEM MENU
appears, release the button
5. Press

to enter the service menu

6. Use

to scroll through the menu.

7. To exit the system menu and save changes press

To exit the menu without saving the changes press


See page 2-16 for complete menu structure.

How to enter the service menu


The service menu provides guidance for troubleshooting, such as error history list, statistics
and tests.
To enter the service menu

1. Switch off the centrifuge


2. Press and hold buttons Program 1 and Program 2

3. Switch on the centrifuge


4. When

Enter Service Menu?

SERVICE MENU
appears, release Program 1 and Program 2
5. Press

to enter the service menu

6. Use

to scroll through the menu.

See page 2-17 for complete menu structure.

2-15

SERVICE

System menu structure

Use TIME UP and


DOWN to select the
desired language.

Language: English

SYSTEM MENU
End of run beep?

Yes

SYSTEM MENU
End of run flash? Yes

SYSTEM MENU
Keypad beep?

SYSTEM MENU
Beeper volume

Yes

SYSTEM MENU
Lcd powersafe?

Use TIME UP and


DOWN to select
YES or NO

Use TIME UP and


DOWN to set the volume
between 1 and 5

Yes

SYSTEM MENU
Auto lid open

yes

SYSTEM MENU

Use TIME UP and


DOWN to select
YES or NO

Programs only mode no

SYSTEM MENU
Software version

Software id:

xxxx Vxx

SYSTEM MENU

Software revision

NV-RAM version

NVram id:

xxxx Vxx

SYSTEM MENU
Cycle count total XXXXXX

SYSTEM MENU

NV-RAM revision

Total number of runs

2-16

SERVICE

2-17

Service menu structure

Total number
of runs

Number of
runs with this
type of rotor

Last 4 digits
of rotor code

Cycle count total XXXXXX

Cycles rotor XXXX: XXXXX

SERVICE MENU

SERVICE MENU

Use SPEED UP
and DOWN to
toggle between
screens

Last 4 digits
of rotor code
Error
number

Set speed
Up counting
number

Speed when
error occurred

View errorlist?

EXXX XXXX XXXXX XXXXX XX

SERVICE MENU

SERVICE MENU

Use SPEED UP
and DOWN to
toggle between
screens

Hours

Unit hours

Use TIME UP
and DOWN to
scroll through
lists

Minutes

XXXXXhXX

SERVICE MENU
View device stats?

Drive hours

XXXXXhXX

SERVICE MENU

SERVICE MENU
Lid lock cycles

Use SPEED UP
and DOWN to
toggle between
screens

Start button test?

SERVICE MENU
Use SPEED UP
and DOWN to
toggle between
screens

XXXX

SERVICE MENU
Total counter of lid
open / close cycles
Press START to start the test.
Then press the buttons as they are
requested in the display. In case of
malfunction (no entry is recognized
by the micro controller), the next
button will be requested to press
after 30 seconds.
1. No display
element is lit

Start display test?

SERVICE MENU

2. All display
elements are lit

Use TIME UP
and DOWN to
toggle between
screens

SERVICE

Imbalance Behavior
Install a rotor from the table below in unloaded condition (without adapter or other inserts)

Rotor

Rotor name

75005701
75005702
75005703
75005704
75005635
75005706
75005637
75005600
75003623
75005719
75005715
75003473
75005643

TX-150 Rotor
TX-150 Round Bucket
TX-150 Oval Bucket
TX-100S
TX-100
M-10 Rotor
MT-12 Rotor
HIGHConic Rotor
CLINIConic Rotor
MicroClick 30x2 Rotor
MicroClick 24x2 Rotor
Hematocrit Rotor
PCR Strip Rotor 8x8

Run through
weight (grams)
10
10
10
10
10
10
4
10
10
4
4
1 capillary
4

Cut off weight


(grams)
20
20
20
20
20
30
12
30
30
12
12
6 capillary
8

Insert rotor dependent cut-off weight in all buckets or Sample holders one after the other. The
centrifuge must show an Imbalance message and stop.
Insert the run through weight in the same manner, the centrifuge must run through 4 times to
maximum rotor speed without giving an alarm.
Always use a weight which can be placed at the bottom of the bucket or sample holders (e.g.
screw nuts and flat washers with cable tie)

Cleaning of Instrument Parts


ATTENTION - WARNING!
The electrical and electronic components must not be cleaned with moist detergents!
For Cleaning the centrifuge housing or its accessories see user manual.
Electronic components
Clean dusty components carefully with a dry and soft brush and remove loose dust with a
vacuum cleaner.
Fans (refrigerated units only)
Scratch off carefully with a knife or similar tool the crusted dirt from the fans blades. Resulting
grooves or marks must be removed subsequently with a fine abrasive cloth. Loose dirt is to
remove with an absorbent cloth or vacuum cleaner.
Vent holes
Remove dust and dirt from the vent holes of the unit und clean the condenser (refrigerated
units only) using a brush and vacuum cleaner.

2-18

SERVICE

2-19

Electrical Safety Check


ATTENTION!
A final electrical safety check must be performed after each maintenance and/or repair!
Resistance check of protective conductor
The measuring value of the resistance between the mains plug's grounding pin and the
grounding conductors of the motor, electronic chassis and the casing must not exceed 200m
Caution!
Insulation resistance check
Check also the insulation resistance between the poles of the mains plug and the grounding
conductor; the resistance value must be more than 2 M
Accessible current measured to IVD medical equipment regulation
The accessible current must not exceed 0.5 mAmps in single fault condition (interrupted
protection earth wire)!

Steckergehuse / plug-in casing

1500
5%

0,22F
5%

0,022F
5%

N (L)
PE

V
AC
Specifaction for the meter
- TRMS, DC - 5kHz or more
- Input resistance > 1M
- Tolerance 5% or better
- Crest Factor 5 or better

500
1%

L (N)

Spezifaktionen fr Megert
- TRMS, DC - 5kHz oder mehr
- Eingangswiderstand > 1M
- Toleranz 5% oder besser
- Crest Faktor 5 oder besser

10k
5%

Krperstrom:
accessible current: I [mA] = U [mV] / 500:
Umax = 250mV Imax = 0,5mA

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Block Functions

3-2

Main Board Functions

3-3

Power Pack

3-4

Intermediate Circuit

3-4

Brake Path

3-4

Frequency Converter

3-4

Micro Controller

3-4

Display

3-5

Speed Detection, Rotor Recognition, Imbalance Detection

3-5

Lid Lock System

3-5

3-1

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

Block functions
The Megafuge 8 / ST8 / SL8 is a non-refrigerated laboratory tabletop centrifuge with microprocessor
control, noise reduced induction drive motor and automatic rotor, speed and imbalance detection.
The unit is equipped with following boards and components:
Instrument socket with inlet filter for mains cable
Two poles mains switch with integrated thermal over-current release (230V: 5A, 120V: 10A)
Harmonic choke (230V units only)
Main board with microprocessor part and power electronics
Backlit liquid crystal display
Overlay keypad
Motor cover with sensor board incl. speed, rotor and imbalance detection
3 phase induction motor with integrated thermal over temp. cut out (C. O. 150C)
Lid lock with motorized opening and emergency release
Brake resistor with over temp cut out

3~ MOTOR

REAR PANEL
LID LOCK

CHOKE (only 230V)


OVER TEMPERATURE
BRAKE RESISTOR

BRAKE RESISTOR

DISPLAY
MAIN BOARD
KEYPAD

3-2

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

Main Board Functions


The Main board is mounted on an aluminum swivel chassis in the front of the centrifuge behind the
front panel. The components on the main board are arranged in following function blocks:
Noise filter and power pack for DC intermediate circuit with line voltage configuration (1)
Power pack for low voltage supply of microprocessor part (2)
Frequency inverter equipped with automatic loading (3) and voltage (brake) controlling
circuits (4)
Microprocessor part with CPU and NV RAM (5)
Lid lock control circuit with driving component for lid latch stepper motor (6)
Speed, imbalance and rotor detection circuit (7)
Display and keypad control circuit (8)
Buzzer circuit (9)
Exchangeable NV-Ram containing specific data of the unit (NV)
Additional circuits for refrigerated models.

6
7

1
NV

9
8

3-3

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

Power Pack
The power pack consists of 1 transformer, 2 rectifiers (single diode) and 2 voltage regulators. It
generates the following low voltage levels:
5V VCC:

By switched-mode regulator A8499


Supplies all processors and its electronic components on main board, keypad
and display. The reference potential is GND.

24V:

Unregulated
Drives the lid lock stepper motor and the buzzer, supplies the LCD and the
relays K1, K2, K3 and K4.
The reference potential is GND.

15V:

By voltage regulator LM317


For protection circuit. CAUTION: The reference potential is U-.

Intermediate Circuit
The DC intermediate circuit serves as an energy store between the AC power input and the
transmitted motor performance. The intermediate circuit consists of a line voltage selection switch, a
heat-sink-cooled bridge rectifier and two reservoir capacitors which are charged whenever the
centrifuge lid is closed (K1 activated). The presence of the DC voltage is indicated by LED V41.
When switching the unit off, the DC voltage of the intermediate circuit is discharged across a path of
resistors.

Brake Path
Electrical power is fed back into the intermediate circuit during motor deceleration (motor acts as
generator). This braking power is transformed into heat by the connected resistor so that the
intermediate circuit voltage does not rise to an excessive level. The brake resistor is switched into the
intermediate circuit by a fast switching transistor (pulse-width modulation, synchronised by the double
mains frequency). This transistor is voltage dependent controlled by a self-acting stage (closed loop).

Frequency inverter
The 3-phased motor is provided with chopped direct voltage blocks (chopped frequency approx.
5kHz, amplitude is height of DC intermediate voltage). These blocks are variable in frequency and
pulse-width modulation, 120 de-phased. These 3 phases are controlled during acceleration, running
at set speed and deceleration (e.g. for small speed: low frequency and small pulse-width length will
be affected). The frequency inverter is protected against over current, over temperature and overvoltage.

Microcontroller (Central Processing Unit) Part


The controller block includes the central processor unit (CPU) LPC1764 programmed with software to
control the centrifuge and a data storage (NV-RAM). Current versions and revisions of software and
data can be seen in the system menu.
Software is loaded into the LPC1764 via a serial interface on the main board X6 and cannot be
upgraded in the field. The NV-RAM data can be updated by replacing the entire NV-RAM with one of
the latest revision.
NV-RAM data includes rotor parameters, such as max speed and g-force, acceleration and
deceleration profiles and imbalance behaviour.

3-4

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

3-5

Display
The LCD is attached to the front panel. The connection to the main board is done by a RJ45 cable.
Data transfer as well the low voltage supply of 5V is verified. The operating keys are managed by an
own connection.

Speed, imbalance and rotor detection


The motor cover contains the detection circuits for speed, rotor and imbalance. The LED V11 on the
main board indicates the function of the speed and rotor detection. A measurement of the signal is
not possible.
Rotor detection
4 magnets mounted on each rotors bottom are detected by a
Hall Effect sensor in the motor cover. The magnets are
alternately arranged in polarity on a ring around the rotors
centre. The gap between 2 magnets varies with different rotor
types, but is at least 20.
The magnets are switching a flip-flop stage by which different
pulse lengths and pulse intermissions are generated during one
rotor rotation. By this signal the CPU is able to detect up to 65
different rotors and the correct direction of rotation, too.
After the rotor has been recognized this signal is used for the
redundant speed measurement.
Speed detection
A Hall Effect sensor in the rotor cover counts the passing by
magnets. As the 4 magnets are arranged alternating in polarity,
2 north and 2 south poles make one revolution.
For safety reasons the speed detection circuit is redundant and
the rotor detection circuit is used to detect the speed, too, after
the rotor has been recognized.

After the rotor has been recognized, the depending vibration


curve is loaded from the NV-RAM. If vibration, which is detected
by an accelerometer in the motor cover, exceeds this curve, an
imbalance alarm is triggered by the CPU.

Vibration

Imbalance detection

2
0
0

2000

rpm

4000

Lid lock system


The lid is closed by pressing the hook into the latch. Two micro switches monitor the correct position
of the hook and the emergency opening during the run. An alarm is triggered if one of these two micro
switches opens, while the rotor is spinning.
The latch is unlocked by a bi-directional stepper motor controlled by a stepper motor driver on the
main board. A micro switch is used for the 0-position finding after each opening and at power on.
For additional safety the motor driver is de-activated by a relay when the speed is above 120rpm.

6000

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS

Overview

4-2

Power Supply 1

4-3

Power Supply 2

4-4

Frequency Inverter

4-5

Protection Circuit

4-6

Controller

4-7

Imbalance RPM

4-8

Key Control

4-9

Discharge your body before touching electronic components!

4-1

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
3~ MOTOR

REAR PANEL

LID LOCK

CHOKE (only 230V)

OVER TEMPERATURE
BRAKE RESISTOR

BRAKE RESISTOR

DISPLAY
MAIN BOARD
KEYPAD

4-2

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-3


Mains input -

R143
20R

Steady state condition


Masse

V35

Max Power = 500W


Imax@120Vac=6Arms(max)

C88
2nF2 - Y2
N.M.

DC+

+ 3

DC-

2
V37
BAS16

M4 mounting
1

LM393
D9B

V38
BC817-25

C90
1uF
450V

R156
33k

R157
75K

NK1
V39
BAS16

R151
33k

+ 5

7
high to C90 > 200V

Masse

R147
33k

C91
100nF
500V

R155
470K

Z6

K2B
PCJ-105D3M

C89
1200uF
250V

R150
470K

R149
10k

R154
10k

R153
150K

R146
33k

R145
75K

R148
75K

8
R152
150K

Z1

VR

K5B
40.61.7.024.0000

VR
LM393
D9A

Masse

U+
C15
2nF2 - Y2
250VAC

V40
TL431A

C93
47F
25V

R159
12k
TP19

R158
33k

C92
1200uF
250V

R160
75K

V41
LED red

U-

3
N26119048

PCJ-105D3M

V42
BAS16

+24V
X9

2
1

R166
V46
BC817-25

6
2

link discharge

R165
10K

fan1 high speed

K6B
PCJ-105D3M
R164
10k

4k7
R292
TP16 10K

GND
7

K4A
40.61.7.024.0000

A
B

V45
BAS16

DC+
DC-

40.61.7.024.0000

K4B

DC+

V47
BZX84C5V1

V49
BAS16

R169
4K7

R170
2K2

DC-

D28
LTV-357T

V48
BC817-25

Conductor status

N26114329

R162
100R

V44
ES1D

R272
47R

DC+DC-

47R

K3A

2
1

47R

PCJ-105D3M

220nF
250Vac

R271

K1A
62.22.9.024.0300

to controller section
page 4-7

GND

U
R270

ZK

OT Brake Resistor

fan1

V43
4k7
BC817-25

V275LA10P
R163
C14

BC817-25 R171

compressor

GND

GND
TP17

V50

22k

22k

V51
R174
BZX84C5V1 1k
R175
100k

VCC

+24V

R173

REL_ON_Buff

GND

VCC
R172

4k7

C96
10nF
50V

R176

R177

22k

22k

N26114356

D30
LTV-357T

C97
10uF
6,3V

+24V
/overpressure
4

2
R178
1M

compressor

SELV

GND
R161

2
1

X19
Lumberg K09

C95
100nF
50V

K2A

DC+
DC-

X18
Lumberg K15

switch

Z1
M4 mounting

+24V

N
overpressure

6
2

fan

3
2
1

C94
2nF2 - Y2
250VAC

Z1

condensor

5
1

SW2
Netz 2pol

NK2

to supply 2 section
page 4-4

K3B
PCJ-105D3M

X17
Lumberg K37

to Protection Circuit - page 4-6

40.61.7.024.0000

K5A

8
1

7
2

R144
V275LA40A

1
2
Lumberg K46

TP18

62.22.9.024.0300

US1J

V36
GBPC1508W

K1B

X16
Mains Input

L15
2x7.3mH
9.3A
2

C86
2nF2 - Y2
N.M.

C87
1uF X2
275 VAC

Imax@230Vac=3Arms(max)

D29
SN74AHC1G14

VCC

R246
0R
1

GND
Z3

Z4
M4 mounting

M4 mounting
GND

GND

GND

Power Supply 1

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-4

ZK

R217
PTC 6R C840

Pmax(tot) = 18W

V57
GBU404

Iout = 0.05A

D37
LM317

VR
+

R218
1K2

R219
1K2

R220
1K2

R221
1K2

V59

P6SMB200A

N.M.

V58

R224
1K2

R300
3K9

C123
3n3
250Vac
Y1-Type

NK1

C119
100nF
50V

V77
1N5362B
5W

V78
LED red

V61
US1J

+15Vprim

R222

C125
330F
35V

L17

R243
0R

V62

R230

2M
0,25W

C130
22uF
50V

C140
100nF

C129
33R

ES1D
1

N.M.

Frequency
CONTROL
I-External
V-Monitor

MV2

680u
35V

C150
470nF(N.M.)

5
3
2
1

100nF
50V

C132

D38
A8499

R231
4K7
1

100uF
50V

2
3

R234
36K5

R233
475R

Boot

Vin

ENB

LX

TSET
GND

L18
22u@2.13A

TP14
R244

VBIAS
FB

GND

LED Green
GND

Iout = 0.5A
VCC

0R

6
R232

R299
1K

10K

C133

V75
LED Green

33nF
R236
1K5

N15468022
R240
6R8

V76

R301
5K6

V66
TL431A

R235
10K

R237
4K75

R238
30K

R239
3K16
V65
SS34

DRAIN
SOURCE

R250
56R (N.M.)

D40
LTV-357T
7

C128
470pF
200V

C131

1N5362B
5W

C152
R249 (N.M.)
(N.M.)

D39
TOP255YN

ES3D

PAD

V64

V79
C110
100nF
50V

R229
4R7

Iout = 0.5A
+24V

R228
5K1

C124
100nF
50V

TP12

C127
10nF
50V

V63
BZX84C30

R227

C135
470uF
10V

C134
100nF
50V

TP15
GND

R241
10K5

C141
100nF

C138
47uF
35V

GND

R245
0R

R247
0R

C136
100nF
500V

C122
47uF
35V

22u@2.13A
6
10

C137
100uF
400V

100nF
50V

R223
2K87

C120

+ C121
100uF
50V

249

U-

68pF
500V

Iout = 0.12A

0R

TP13

2M
0,25W

R242

VO

ES3D
C126

R226

TP11

L16
22u@2.13A

V60

T1
TRAF_B66208W 7

R225
1K2

VI

ADJ

NK2

Z2
M4 mounting

SELV
Power Supply 2

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-5


+15V

+15V-W

+15V

C32 +
100uF
50V

C33
100nF
50V

8
R50
330R
R52
4K7

D15
1

3
C42
100nF
50V
R71
4K7

GND

PWM-UP
PWM-VP
PWM-WP
PWM-UN
PWM-VN
PWM-WN

R65
6K8

R66
6K8

R67
6K8

R68
6K8

R69
6K8

R70
6K8

DA
DB

D41
74HCT365
O1
O2
O3
O4
O5
O6

3
5
7
9
11
13

D19

6
5

GND

R61
4K7

R72
4K7

GND

4
D22

C44
100nF

MURS160T3
R60

2
3

GND

MURS160T3
R58
D20
10R

ACPL-P480

R64
330R

2
C35
10uF
35V

C50
100pF
6

C36
10uF
35V

1SMA5934BT3
C45
DZ4
10uF
24V
35V

DZ3
24V

R73
330R
R74
4K7

GND

D23

GND

R79
330R
R80
4K7

D24

5
6
R63
7
330R

C48
100pF

6
5

UP

D45
PS21964-AT

WP

330R

R76

2
1

C55
100pF
C58

330R

12
C57
100pF

21

VN1

14

C56
100pF

UN

VN

WN

R81
1M

FO

150K

X10C =
black

X10B
X10A
X10D

X10B =
brown
X10D =
X10A = blue
motor case

VNC

R82
1M

20

M54
snap-rivet

CIN
V8
BC807-25
R89

X10C

accessible !
16

15
R87

OT Motor Switch

C53

11
R77

+15Vprim

motor temperature sensor

VNC

10K
D25
ACPL-M50L

/inverter fault

4
3
2
1

X11

R83

VCC

R85
4K7

5
6
7
8

22

+15V

GND

23

VP

100nF
10

C54

100nF

ACPL-P480

L5
1K 100MHz

R75

330R

VWFB

C49
100pF

13
DZ1
1SMA5934BT3
24V

ACPL-P480

0.22F
630Vdc
polyprop.

VVFB

C51

100nF

/Enable Gate

C40

ACPL-P480

VUFB

C46
100nF

100nF
GND

U+

C43
100nF

330R

C47
100nF

24

C39
100nF

1SMA5934BT3
R62

330R

ACPL-P480

ACPL-P480

D21

D16

MURS160T3
R53
D18
10R

R59
330R

1
15

I1
I2
I3
I4
I5
I6

R57
4K7

GND

2
4
6
10
12
14

Vcc

16

GND

R56
330R

C38
100nF

VP1

DZ2
1SMA5934BT3
24V

C59
1nF
50V
CER

M55
snap-rivet

R84
1M

R86
470R
R88
0R033
2W

VCC

C34
100nF
R55
10R

Z5 (contact to frame (earth))


M4 mounting

U4K7
GND

SELV

ZK
Frequency Inverter

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-6

U+
motor temperature sensor
U+
R179
4R7

forward breakover voltage


378V - 392V

+15Vprim

+15V
X20
Brake Resistor
1

V52
US1J

R180
470K

R181
1K

R182
470K

R183
1K

R184
470K

R188
1M

C98
10nF
50V

R185
4K7

R190
220R

C100
10uF
35V

R194
10K

3 +

2 -

C102
10uF
6,3V

V55
TL431A

R198
6K8

R196
68K

D6A
MC33072ADG

D33
LTV-357T

R192
680R

GND

V53
SPP20N60C3

C99
10nF
50V

D32
LTV-357T

R189
470K

GND

V54
TL431A

R195
10K
R197
5K6

C104
22pF
50V

GND

C103
1uF
10V

C101
1uF
10V

U-

TP25
overtemperature motor

D6B
MC33072ADG

VCC

link discharge

R201
750k

R202
4K7

C148
100nF
50V

up 210V down 205V


VCC
C105
100nF
50V

R205
C107
100nF
50V

R207
750k

R204
4K7

3 +

R206
10K
power low

2M2

D7A
LM393

out

/overvoltage
420V (Typ)

GND

VCC
C106
100nF
50V
GND

2 R209
18k

GND

TP24

D49
SN74AHC1G08
1
A

6 R200
10K

Vcc

5 +

3 GND

V56
BAT54

D34
LTV-357T
R212
GND

10K
5 +

6 -

ZK

D7B
LM393

SELV
Protection Circuit

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-7

Reset 5V

3 Reset 5V

13

GND

5
6
7
8

VSS1
VSS2
VSS3
VSS4
VSS5
VSS6
C19
10nF

1R

1K
0,1%

VSSA

31
41
55
72
83
97

1R

L2

R263

VSSA

C172
10nF
50V

/CS1

13

GND

14
7

D48E
74HCT14
10

100R
100R

R45

100R

14
7
14

3 GND
1
VDD

14
7
14

14

7
14
7

VCC

D3E
74HC14
10

14
4

50V
C29
100nF
50V

5
6

TXD0
RXD0

11
12
10
9

R268
33R
H2A
IR Socket

C2+

D14
ST3232C

C2-

C1+
C1-

V-

V+

Din1
Rout1
Din2
Rout2

Dout1
Rin1
Dout2
Rin2

V67
AO3414

GND

VCC

X21
4
3
2
1

C147
100nF
50V

1
3
2
14
13
7
8

50V
C28
100nF

Serial Interface
X6
2 + + 1
4 + + 3
6 + + 5
8 + + 7
10 + + 9

50V

_MR

X7
LCD Interface

VCC
+LED 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

GND

+3.3V

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pinning RJ45 Buchse:


Pin1 LED1+24V
Pin2 +5V
Pin3 SCLK
Pin4 GND
Pin5 MTSR
Pin6 GND
Pin7 CS1
Pin8 GND
Shield GND

R43
33K

GND

JP1
JUMPER
2
1

R322
22K

V69
BC817-25

V70
BAT54
GND

4
3
2
1

Debug Interface
GND

C27
100nF

GND

R44
22K

V68
BC817-25

C31
10uF
6,3V

TSAL7200
940nm
H2

D47C
GND R269
74HCT14
1K
6

R265
100R

GND
JP3
JUMPER
2
1

GND

PWM-FAN

7
C24
100nF
50V

+3.3V

V7

R47
R46

PWM-Buzzer

GND

shield1

D48F
74HCT14
12 11

GND
GND

D48D
74HCT14
8

/RST

R258
10K

+3.3V

GND

shield0

14

D48C
74HCT14
6
9

D47E
74HCT14
10 11

GND
R264
100R

D1C
74HC14

R28
47R

9B

D47D
74HCT14
8

C149
100nF
50V

lid lock closed

GND

9A

MOSI
R315
4K7

VBAT

14
7

C26
100nF

R24
100K

C23
100nF
50V

C25
100nF
50V

V6
BC807-25

7
14

+3.3V

R35
10K
R259
10K

TRST_N
TDI
TMS/SWDIO
TCK/SWDCLK
RTCK
TDO/SWO

1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19

REL_ON_Buff

Stepper Motor Reset

11

GND

D48B
74HCT14
4

11

GND

rpm
Rotordetection
/LID CURR

R37

D48A
74HCT14
2
3

R312
4K7

V9
MCP9701A
2 out

PWM-WN
PWM-WP
imbalance

BC817-25
14

X4

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+3.3V

PWM-VN
PWM-VP

D1E
74HC14
10

D2F
74HCT14
12

VCC

PWM-UP

P2.5
P2.6
P2.7
P2.8

R36
4K7

1K@100MHz

14

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

TXD
RXD
FAN
/Steps

+3.3V

47K

SCLK

GND

R321
4K7

+24V

R25 R26 R27 R15 R16


10K 10K 10K 10K 10K

+3.3V

2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20

VCC

/Curr-reduc

Display On-Off

+3.3V

C22
10uF
6,3V

C171
1uF
50V

TP29

L6

R23
4K7
GND

Fault-SM

PWM-UN

R19
10K
+

1K@100MHz

13

GND

GND

GND
VDDA

10K

PT1000_ON

REL_ON

/DIR

+3.3V

VDDA

fan1

D2C
74HCT14
fan1 high speed
6

/Enable Gate

+24V

14

4
3
2
1

R18

V5
BC807-25

1
2

1
2

R14

19

JTAG_RTCK
JTAG_TDO
JTAG_TDI
JTAG_TMS
\JTAG_TRST
JTAG_TCK

GND
L3
1K 100MHz
R10

84

N.C.

RTCK
100
TDO/SWO
1
TDI
2
TMS/SWDIO
3
TRST_N
4
TCK/SWDCLK 5

SW1
N.M.

X3
2,5mm

42

P4.28
P4.29

D2B
74HCT14
4

4
2

16

_MR

82
85

REL_ON

13

D47F
74HCT14
12

Vcc

RESET

/overpressure

/RST

75
74
73
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
53
52
51
50

P2.0
P2.1
P2.2
P2.3
P2.4
P2.5
P2.6
P2.7
P2.8
P2.9
P2.10
P2.11
P2.12
P2.13

P3.26
P3.25

GND

RESET

TP27

26
27

/fan1 high speed

15

MR

GND

Vcc

R252
0R

@40MHz

/REL_SM
compressor_CMD

D13
MCP1319MT-29

GND

LPC1764FBD100

GND
+3.3V
50V
100nF
C21

8
VCC 7
/WC 6
SCL 5
SDA

E0
E1
E2
VSS

CX1
4x470pF

R8
3K3

R253
3K3
GND

D11

/RST

95
94
93
/fan1
92 /fan1 high speed
91
90
89
88
87
86
32
33
34
PT1000_ON
35
Fault
36
37
Display On-Off
38
39
40
43
44
45
21
20

P1.0
P1.1
P1.4
P1.8
P1.9
P1.10
P1.14
P1.15
P1.16
P1.17
P1.18
P1.19
P1.20
P1.21
P1.22
P1.23
P1.24
P1.25
P1.26
P1.27
P1.28
P1.29
P1.30
P1.31

D4
SN74AHCT1G00D

GND

GND

compressor

17
\RESET 14
\RSTOUT

P0.0_SDA1
P0.1_SCL1
P0.2
P0.3
P0.4
P0.5
P0.6
P0.7
P0.8
P0.9
P0.10
P0.11
P0.15
P0.16
P0.17
P0.18
P0.19
P0.20
P0.21
P0.22
P0.23
P0.24
P0.25
P0.26
P0.27
P0.28
P0.29
P0.30

11
10

1
2
3
4

R6
3K3

GND

R314
4K7

M24C128WBN6
D12

R7 +3.3V
3K3
NM

22
XTAL1 23
XTAL2

VREFN
VREFP

14
7
D12A
8-pin Socket

P0.20
P0.21

C17
22pF
50V

/fan1

C13
100nF
50V

14

MOSI
/CS1

C144
100nF
50V

VCC

C18
22pF
50V

D2A
74HCT14
2

14

SCLK

D1D
74HC14
8

lid closed

compressor_CMD

GND

P0.7
P0.8
P0.9
/EN

RTCX2
RTCX1

46
47
98
99
81
80
79
78
77
76
48
49
62
63
61
60
59
58
57
56
9
8
7
6
25
24
29
30

TXD0
RXD0

D1A
74HC14
2

R313
4K7

R3
4K7

15
12

D1B
74HC14

Conductor status

GND

14 7

18
16

GND

14

GND

GND

overtemperature motor

C10
1nF
50V

VDD3.3_reg_2

C9
1nF
50V

VSSA
VDDA

14

C143
D1F
100nF
74HC14
50V
12 GND

13

power low

Fault

VDD3.3_reg_1

out

96

VCC

VDD3.3_4

D42
SN74AHC1G08
1
A

GND
/Inverter fault

SELV
J1
12.0 MHz

71

/overvoltage

C1
100nF
50V

C11
100nF
50V

VDD3.3_3

C3
10uF
10V

C12
100nF
50V

54

C4
10nF
50V

C16
100nF
50V VCC

VDD3.3_2

28

Byp

VDD3.3_1

Vout

Ven

R4 R5
4K7 4K7

+3.3V

Vin

Vcc

C5
100nF
50V

3 GND

VCC

C8
C7
100nF 100nF
50V
50V

C6
100nF
50V

C2
100nF
50V

14

+3.3V

D10
LP3985 3.3V

GND

VCC

R42
33K

V71
BAT54
GND

GNDGND

Controller

PCJ-105D3M

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-8

10

+T
-T

1
V10
BAS16
/LID-CURR

R119

R120

4K7

4K7

V80
BC807-25

lid lock closed


C79
1nF
50V

R303

R304

100k

100k

GND
R117

R118

4K7

4K7

R266
10k

GND

V22
BAS16

lid closed
C78
1nF
50V

V81
BC817-25

GND
Stepper Motor Reset

GND

C173
1nF
50V

R309

R310

4K7

4K7

8
7
6
5

R307
10k

VCC

R121
10K

GND

R305

K6A

1
2
3
4

11

D43E
74HCT14
10
/Reset 5V

3
R283
1K8
C166

820pF
R103
1K8

C164
820pF
R280
100K

X14
JST stehend
1
2
3
4
5
6

2
2

1
1

Lid Lock Switch


Stepper motor reset

R286
33K2

VCC

R285
33K2

21
L21
300R@100MHz
L22
300R@100MHz
8
16

X8
1
2
3
4

1
2
3
4

10

JST stehend
L23
300R@100MHz

1R
1W

GND_1
V13
BC817-25

V12
BC817-25

R108
15K
C112
820pF

VCC
2

R104
1K8

L20
300R@100MHz

R282 R281
1R
1W

GND

SENSEB

OUT2B

SENSEA
3

RCB

R279
100K
C165

220nF
C167
220nF

H/F

GND_1

VSB

17

VSA

VCP

20

22

15

CONTROL

R284
1K8

R289
100K
C75
5n6F
50V

REL_SM

R109
4K7

R110
15K

R111
4K7

C113
820pF

Lid Switch

L4
1K 100MHz

VCC

C114
100nF

GND
DC+DC-

R11 GND
1
4K7

R306
100k

12

RCA

R287

13

D43C
74HCT14
6

/Curr-reduc
100k

RESET

100K

14
C146
100nF

PCJ-105D3M

GND

V21

OUT2A

D51

EN

OUT1B
14

7
7
14

5
GND
Vcc

SN74AHCT1G08

L12
1K 100MHz
8
1
7
2
6
3
5
4

OUT1A

13

out

23

D43F
74HCT14
12

SH1
GND

L6228D

D43B
74HCT14
4

VCC

FDN304P

14

14

D43D
74HCT14
8

VCC

C77 +
100uF
50V

CW/CCW

VCC

/LID-CURR

Low = No Fault

R116
4K7

CLOCK

VREFB

14

0V

Low = Relay closed

Fault-SM

GND

Low = drive enabled

/REL_SM

GND

D43A
74HCT14
2

GND

/EN

V15
BAT46W

C161
220nF

GND

VREFA

One step ON
each falling edge
3.3V

Low = Motor current ON

220nF

V1
BAT46W

D52B
LM393

VBOOT

C74
1nF
50V

100R

GND

/LID CURR

C160

6
GND 7
GND 18
GND 19
GND

/DIR

10nF
50V

C159
10nF
50V

R107

F = 150-800Hz

C169
100nF
50V

C111

R101
1K2

C71
100nF
50V
GND

R106
1K

GND
R302
15K

C76
100nF
50V

VCC

R251
4K7

R296
4K7

/Steps

3 GND
Vcc

16

R293 R291 VCC


4K7 4K7

Rotordetection

+ 5

OUT
V+
GND
Vin+ Vin-

GND

24

GND

1
2
3

VCC

GND

C72
100nF
50V

D52A
LM393

R295
0R5
1W

D35
INA193

R297
27K

+ 3

1
VCC

R100
3K6

R105
100k

C73
1nF
50V

Reset 5V

270K

GND

L10
100mH

D46

R298
8

D2E
74HCT14
10

11

C170
100nF
50V
GND

R99
4K7

N5468902

VCC

14

TP67
R102
1K

SPEED 2

Vcc

GND

CX

GND

GND

K7B
PCJ-105D3M

REL_SM

12
11

GND

GND

15

V20
BC817-25

4k7

GND
RC

V11
LED Green

GND

C68
10uF
6,3V

X13
L11
JST stehend
1K 100MHz
1 4
5
1
2
3
6
2
3 2
7
3
1
8

14

R294

out

11

GND

GND

R308
10k

SELV

GND
R311
10k

GND

C65
1uF
10V

R98
10K
R97
1K

4
2
D26
SN74AHCT1G00D

GND

GND

1
2

C66
1nF
50V

GND

+T
-T

out

N5469480

N5468836

R95
1K C67
R96
100nF
100k
50V

GND
4

DC-

D8
SN74AHCT1G08

5
9
L8
100mH

R94
1K

D5B
74HC4538

13

C63
100nF
D2D
74HCT14
8

14

GND

GND

CX

4
5
TP68

GND

SPEED +
UNBALANCE

RC

R93
1M

L7
1K 100MHz
5
6
7
8

R248
33K

14

4
3
2
1

C64
1uF
10V

R91
NM

X12
JST stehend
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4

R261
33K

C61
10nF
50V

Vss

imbalance

VDD

D5A
74HC4538

3 GND

C60
100nF
50V

R92
220K
R90
33K

D31
SN74AHCT1G08
/Reset 5V

VCC

+24V
DC+
4

VCC
rpm

V18
BAS16

C168
100nF

K7A

VCC

GND

VCC
GND

Imbalance RPM

ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS 4-9

V27
V29
V25
V28
V30
V26
V24
V23

+3.3V
R317
4K7
R318
4K7

P0.7
P0.8
P0.9
R123
1K

Reset 5V
C80
100nF
50V

GND
VCC

6
4
5

G1
G2A
G2B

Y0
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7

15
14
13
12
11
10
9
7

GND

8
7
6
5
8
7
6
5

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+24V

3.3V
0V

V32
BC807-25

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

1
3
5
7
9
11
13

R126
27R

V31
BC807-25

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

D47A
74HCT14

R1

R127
4K7

(Fpwm = 4KHz PWM 100% low = Buzzer OFF)

VCC

100K

14
3

V2
BC817-25

R13
+
H1
SMA-17

R12
10K

V34
BC807-25

D47B
74HCT14

C52
1uF
50V

1K

P0.21

R17

75K

R129
27R

R128
4K7 V33
BC807-25

D17A
MC33072ADG

2 -

C37
100nF
50V

+3.3V
R320
4K7

3 +

PWM-Buzzer

LEDblock1

C41
100nF
50V
GND

R125
4K7

14

R319
4K7

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

X15
connecting plug cod

GND

+3.3V

P0.20

A
B
C

GND

1
2
3

VCC

1K 100MHz
1K 100MHz

2
4
6
8
10
12
14

VCC

L13
L14

D27
74HCT138

R122 1K
R124 1K

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

R316
4K7

BAT54
BAT54
BAT54
BAT54
BAT54
BAT54
BAT54
BAT54

GND

R130
4K7

LEDblock2

VCC
R131
100k

R133
330R
R29
47K

C82
1nF
50V

GND

5V
GND

VCC

14

R20
PWM-FAN

C81
100nF
50V

R134
100k

GND

R136
330R

C83
1nF
50V

P2.6

D3A
74HC14
2

5 +

0V

VCC

R135
1K

+24V

P2.5

D3D
74HC14
8

14

R132
1K

(Fpwm = 4KHz PWM


100% high = FAN OFF)

6 -

10K
C70
100nF
50V

R21
10K

V16
L1 BAS16
3
4

V3
STD12NF06L

R22
1K
7
D17B
MC33072ADG
R30
1K

X1
2mm

2
1

1
2

200R 300MHz
C145
+

C151

100uF
50V

100nF
50V

FAN

V4

MMSZ5242B
12V-0.5W

GND

GND
GND
VCC
R137
100k

R139
330R
14

3
C84
1nF
50V

P2.7

D3B
74HC14
4

14

R138
1K

13

D3F
74HC14
12

GND
VCC
GND

14

D3C
74HC14
6

R142
330R

5
C85
1nF
50V

R141
1K
P2.8

R140
100k

1
2

GND

Key Control

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

DISASSMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS


Disassembly of Mechanical Parts

5-2

Front Panel

5-2

Back Panel

5-2

Gas Lid Stay

5-2

Lid

5-2

Gasket

5-2

Bowl

5-3

Casing

5-3

Replacement of Electrical Components

5-4

NV-RAM on the Main Board

5-4

Main Board

5-4

Lid Latch

5-4

LCD

5-5

Keypad

5-5

Sensor Cover with Speed, Imbalance and Rotor Detection

5-5

Brake resistor with Over Temp Cut Out

5-5

Replacement of Drive Components

5-6

Drive Motor

5-6

Anti Vibration Mounts

5-6

Removal of AutoLock

5-7

Removal of AutoLock

5-7

Removal of Stuck Rotors

5-8

Checking the AutoLock

5-8

Before disassembling any parts, switch off the unit and pull out the mains
plug.

5-1

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Disassembly of mechanical parts


Front Panel
Open the lid, switch off the unit and pull out the mains plug
Remove the 2 screws on top of the front panel
Pull the front panel up and lift it off.
Disconnect wiring from display and overlay adaptor board

Back panel
Switch off the unit and pull out the mains plug.
Remove the 7 screws attaching the back panel to the casing.
Tilt the panel down and unplug the cables.

Gas lid stay


Open the lid
Remove the cotter pin from the joint block with help of a striker
pin and a hammer.
Unscrew the gas lid stay from its bottom holder counter
clockwise.
Take out the gas lid stay to the top.

Lid
Open the lid, switch off the unit and pull out the mains plug
Remove gas lid stay from top joint block
Remove the 4 screws attaching the lid hinges to the main
frame.
When reassembling the lid take care that the lid bolt fits the
casing hole centric.
The lid hook must be adjusted to a visible length of 42mm.

42mm

5-2

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Gasket
Remove the 3 screws hidden by the gasket that are attaching
the inner bowl and the gasket to the outer casing.
Slightly lift the bowl together with the gasket and take the
gasket of the bowl.
Bowl
Remove the AutoLock head from the motor.
Remove the sensor cover.
Remove the 3 screws hidden by the gasket that are attaching
the bowl to the outer casing.
Lift the bowl out to the top.

Casing
Remove the front panel.
Remove the back panel.
Remove the main board.
Remove the AutoLock head and the sensor cover.
Remove the bowl.
Remove the 4 screws attaching the casing to the bottom plate.
Lift the casing off.

5-3

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Replacement of electrical components


NV-RAM on the main board
Before replacing the NV-RAM enter the system menu and note
the version and revision number.
Remove the front panel.
Remove the 4 screws at the swivel cassis and flip down the
main board.
ATTENTION - Discharge your body before handling
CMOS components!
Use a chip removal tool or a small screwdriver to pull the NVRAM out of its socket.
After reassembly check the version and revision number of the
new NV-RAM in the system menu.

Main board
Remove the front panel.
Remove the 4 screws at the swivel cassis and flip down the
main board.
Disconnect all plugs and cables.
Remove the 2 screws attaching the swivel chassis to the
casing.
ATTENTION - Discharge your body before handling
CMOS components!
Remove the NV-RAM and place it on the new main board
new main boards are delivered without or with an empty
NV-RAM.
ATTENTION - When installing a new main board, make sure
that the voltage selection switch is set to the correct voltage!

Lid latch
Remove the front panel.
Remove the 4 screws at the swivel cassis and flip down the
main board.
Disconnect the micro switches and the stepper motor from the
main board (X14 and X8) and the grounding wire from the latch.
Remove the two screws attaching the latch to the casing.
When reinstalling the latch allign it in a way that the lid hook
moves in and out smoothly.

5-4

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

LCD
Remove the front panel.
Remove the 4 screws attaching the LCD to the front panel

Keypad
Remove the front panel.
Disconnect the overlay from the overlay adaptor board.
Use a screwdriver, knife or similar to remove a corner of the
overlay from the front panel. Pull the overlay off.
Clean the surface of the front panel from all glue remainders.

Sensor cover with speed, imbalance and rotor detection


Open the lid.
Remove the front panel and flip down the main board.
Disconnect the sensor cover from the main board (X12 and
X13).
Remove the AutoLock head from the motor.
Remove the 5 screws attaching the sensor cover to the motor.
Attach a string to the cables before pulling them through.
Remove the sensor cover.
Use the string to pull the cables of the new sensor cover
through.

Brake Resistor with over temp. cut out


Remove the front panel and flip down the main board.
Disconnect the brake resistor and its over temp. cut out from
the main board (X20 and X9).
Remove the back panel.
Remove the 2 screws attaching the brake resistor to its holder.
Attach a string to the cables before pulling them through.
Remove the brake resistor.
Use the string to pull the cables of the new brake resistor
through.
After reassembly check the function of the brake resistor during
a short test run (resistor must heat up during braking
CAUTION it may be hot!).

5-5

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Replacement of drive components


Drive motor
Open the lid.
Remove the front panel and flip down the main board.
Disconnect the motor and its over temp. cut out from the main
board (X10 and X11).
Remove the AutoLock and the sensor cover. It is not necessary
to pull out the ribbon cable of the sensor cover.
Remove the 3 nuts mounting the motor to the anti vibration
mounts.
Attach a string to the cables before pulling them through.
Remove the motor.
Use the string to pull the cables of the new motor through.

Anti vibration mounts


Open the lid.
Remove the AutoLock, sensor cover and motor.
It is not necessary to pull out the ribbon cable of the sensor
cover and the motor cable.
Loosen the anti vibration mounts with a 10mm spanner from the
top. It is not necessary to access the screws from underneath
the centrifuge.
Always replace all 3 anti vibration mounts and their sand paper
discs together.

5-6

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Removal of AutoLock
This work requires AutoLock tool kit 70904693 or similar
tools.

Removal of AutoLock
Loosen the screw in the center of AutoLock head 4 turns using
a 3mm Allen key and the AutoLock key supplied with the tool
kit.

Insert the centering pin.

Use the puller supplied with the tool kit to pull off the AutoLock
from the motor cone.

Loosen the center screw completely and remove the AutoLock.

5-7

DISASSEMBLY OF INSTRUMENT PARTS

Removing stuck rotors


Remove stuck rotors by hitting the green AutoLock button with a
hammer. Depending on the type of rotor the AutoLock may be
removed first (fixed angle rotors only) and the AutoLock pin
supplied with tool kit can be used instead.

Checking the AutoLock


The inner and outer tapered surfaces of the Autolock must not
show signs of damage such as scratches or dents.

The torque pins must not be bent.

Check the correct locking of the AutoLock with the adaptor


supplied with the tool kit.

Check the correct un-locking with the adaptor and the AutoLock
pin supplied with the tool kit.

5-8

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)


Introduction
General
Requirements

6-2
6-2
6-2

Equipment

6-2

Documentation

6-2

Preventive Maintenance

6-2

Calibration (Reference Measurement) Procedure

6-3

Speed

6-3

Time

6-3

Imbalance

6-4

Safety test

6-4

Documentation

6-5

6-1

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)

Introduction
This chapter describes the calibration work to be performed on a yearly basis.
A calibration certification form can be found in the attachment B-1.
General
Successfully completing the preventive maintenance checklist and calibration procedure as outlined
will ensure that the instrument is properly maintained and calibrated to Thermo Scientific
specifications.

Requirements
Equipment

Optical (Laser) tachometer

Stopwatch

Weights according to rotor table

Safety Tester

Note: Check calibration due date on all test equipment before starting the procedure.

Documentation

Service manual

Centrifuge operating manual

Preventive maintenance checklist (A-1)

Calibration certification form (B-1)

Certification label

Certificate of calibration for each piece of test equipment used to perform the calibration

Training certificate

Preventive maintenance

Perform preventive maintenance checks as outlined in the service manual to ensure the
instrument is in good working order before performing any calibrations.

Complete the preventive maintenance checklist. (A-1)

6-2

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)

Calibration (reference measurement) procedure


Speed
Install a rotor and attach a piece of reflecting tape (or black tape
on reflecting rotors) near the center of the rotor. Close the
centrifuge lid.
Set the speed to 1000
000 rpm and start the centrifuge. When the
display shows 1000 rpm wait for 10 seconds. Use an optical
(laser) tachometer and measure the speed of the rotor through
the window in the centrifuge lid. Record the measured speed and
the displayed speed in the speed section of the certification form.
Set the speed to rotor maximum.
imum. When the display shows the set
speed wait for 10 seconds and measure the speed through the
window. Record the measured speed and the displayed speed in
the speed section of the certification form.
Determine whether the speeds recorded meet the specifications
on the form. If the specifications are met, this test is finished. If
the specifications are not met, replace the main board, as
adjustments are not possible and repeat the test.
There is no possibility the measure the speed signal of the
centrifuge itself!

Time
Install a rotor and close the lid. Set the speed to 1000 rpm and
the time to 10 minutes. Start the centrifuge and the stopwatch at
the same time. Stop the stopwatch when the time section of the
display shows 0. Record the measured time in the time section of
the certification form. Determine if the time value recorded meets
the specifications in the form. If the specifications are met, this
test is finished. If the specifications are not met, replace the main
board, as adjustments are not possible and repeat the test

6-3

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)

Imbalance
This test is only to be performed by a trained and authorized
service engineer!
Refer to Service manual chapter 2 Imbalance behavior for cut
off and run through weight table.
Install a rotor. Place the rotor dependent cut off weight in one of
the buckets / cavities and close the centrifuge lid. Set the speed
to rotor maximum and press start. The centrifuge must shut off
with an imbalance alarm sometime during acceleration.
Repeat this test in 3 more positions, each displaced by 90.
Repeat the test with rotor dependent run through weight.
Determine whether the cut off and run through weights meet the
specifications in the service manual and record the rotor type, cut
off and run through weight in the imbalance section of the
certification form. If the specifications are met, this test is
finished. If the specifications are not met, replace the main board,
as adjustments are not possible and repeat the test

Safety test
Perform an electrical safety test according to the instruction
manual of the tester.
The test should consist of
Grounding resistance check
Insulation resistance check
Earth leakage current check
Record the measured values in the safety test section of the
calibration form
Determine whether the values recorded meet the specifications
on the form. If the specifications are met, this test is finished. If
the specifications are not met, check for missing grounding
connections and / or faulty parts.

6-4

CALIBRATION (REFERENCE MEASUREMENT)

Documentation
After filling in the certification information complete the following documentation:

Log test equipment data on calibration certification form.


Review P.M.checklist and calibration certification form to ensure that all data and required
information has been recorded properly.(including your signature and date)
Fill out a certification label and place it on the right side of the centrifuge where visible or at a
location selected by the customer.
Ask the customer to sign the calibration certification form and place a copy in the customers
Certification Record Book for that centrifuge.
Place copies of the P.M.checklist and Field Service Report in the same Record Book.
Provide copies of your training certificate and test equipment calibration certificates if
requested by the customer.

6-5

SPARE PARTS

SPARE PARTS

Front Panel

7-2

Front View

7-3

Back View

7-4

Top View

7-5

Drive

7-6

Spare part numbers and spare parts are subject to change in case of technical upgrades or
supplier change. New specifications and part numbers are announced through technical
service bulletins.

7-1

SPARE PARTS

Front panel

Keypad
20059014
Front panel

Version
Heraeus
Sorvall
Thermo

20150285
Keypad adaptor

Part number
20059701
20059703
20059705

20150316
Display

20290706
O-Ring

20480320
Screw

20480317
Washer

7-2

SPARE PARTS

Front view

20059030
Motor

20058389
Gasket

70903020
Latch

20059092
Brake resistor

20059164
Harmonic choke

70903033
Main board

20059094
Keypad cable

NV-RAM
Version
230V
120V
100V

Part number
70904751
70904753
70904755

20059093
Display cable

7-3

SPARE PARTS

7-4

Back view

20059092
Brake resistor

20059098
Gas spring
20059189
Gas spring
coupling

70903021
Lid Assembly

20059168 - 230V
20059690 - 120V
Inlet filter

20059071
Hinge

20059077
Foot

20059169 - 230V
20059691 - 120V
Power switch

SPARE PARTS

Top view

70903021
Lid Assembly

20059071
Hinge

20059098
Gas spring

20059004
Bowl
20058389
Gasket

70902026
AutoLock

70903034
Sensor cover

20059014
Front panel

20150316
Display

Keypad
Version
Heraeus
Sorvall
Thermo

Part number
20059701
20059703
20059705

7-5

SPARE PARTS

Drive

70902026
AutoLock

70903034
Sensor cover

20059030
Motor

70902001 incl.
3x AV-mount
6x sand paper disc

7-6

Preventive maintenance
checklist
Account name:

Account address:

Instrument model:

Serial number:

Report number:

Date:

Megafuge 8
SL8 / ST8

Maintenance without dismantling the centrifuge


Acceptance criteria

Pass

Electrical installation
Supply voltage and main power fusing meets specifications (data plate)
Instrument plug and wall socket in good condition
Power cord insulation not damaged
Instrument socket not damaged
Comments:

Location and mechanical installation


Base resonance-free and stable
Safety clearance around instrument of 30 cm
Centrifuge level
Comments:

Lid lock mechanism and safety circuit


Centrifuge lid opens and closes easily and smoothly
Rubber gasket not damaged
Centrifuge lid is properly supported by gas lid stay
Centrifuge lid does not open while rotor is spinning
Comments:

Cleanliness of chamber and motor cover


No particles inside spin chamber
No corrosion
Motor cover clean and not damaged
Comments:

Rotors and buckets


No corrosion
No scratches
No vertical scratches (carbon fiber rotors)
Seals in good condition and sealing surfaces not scratched
Comments:

AutoLock and motor shaft


No scratches
Not bent
No dents
Comments:

1 of 2

Fail

Report Number:

Date:

Maintenance after dismantling the centrifuge casing


Acceptance criteria

Pass

Fail

Motor support elements


Anti vibration mounts not older than 3 years
Anti vibration mounts in good condition
Comments:

Imbalance detection
Cuts off with cut off weight
Does not cut off with run through weight
Comments:

Braking circuit
Brake resistor cold in stand by
Brake resistor hot during deceleration
Brake effect smooth and noiseless
Comments:

Lead and screwing connections


All connections on mains inlet socket and power switch tight
All connections on main board tight
All other connections tight
Comments:

Protection earth core and grounding connections


Grounding resistance < 200 m
Insulation resistance > 10 M
Accessible current < 500 A
Comments:

Comments:

Instrument passed:

YES

NO

Certified by:__________________________ Reviewed by:__________________________ Expiration date ______


Signature

Use ONLY blue permanent ink when filling out.

Date

Customer Signature

Leave NO blank spaces.

Revised 10/07/12
2 of 2

Date

Oct, 2010

Calibration certification
Account name:

Account address:

Instrument model:

serial Number:

Report number:

Date:

Megafuge 8
ST8 / SL8

SPEED
Standard test

Rotor used:

Set speed
(rpm)

Tolerance
(whichever is greater)

1000

+/- 10 rpm, 1%

Rotor max

+/- 10 rpm, 1%

Displayed
Speed (rpm)

Custom test

Measured
speed (rpm)

Meets
spec. (y/n)

Notes

Passed
(initials)

90

180

270

Meets
spec. (y/n)

Notes

Passed
(initials)

Rotor used:

+/- 10 rpm, 1%
+/- 10 rpm, 1%
IMBALANCE
Rotor used:

Rotor cut off weight:

Cuts off (y/n):


Passed (Initials):

Rotor run through weight:

Runs through (y/n):


Passed (Initials):
TIME

Standard test

Rotor Used:

Timer Set
(min.)

Tolerance
(sec.)

10

+/- 10
Custom test

Measured
time (m/s)
Rotor Used:

+/- 10
+/- 10
SAFETY TEST
Limit
Grounding resistance

< 200 m

Insulation resistance

> 10 M

Accessible current

< 500 A

Actual

Passed (initials)

Serial number

Date of next calibration

TEST EQUIPMENT
Type

Model

Stopwatch
Temperature meter
Optical tachometer
Safety tester

Certified by:__________________________ Reviewed by:__________________________ Expiration date ______


Signature

Use ONLY blue permanent ink when filling out.

Date

Customer Signature

Leave NO blank spaces.

Date
.

Revised 10/07/12
X:\DEOHA\Public\TS\SM\Ueberarb\MISTT\Manual Dateien\B1-MISTT calibration form.docx

June, 1999

TECHNICAL BULLETINS

C-1

TECHNICAL BULLETINS
TSB

Title

Page