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# 8.

## [Negeri Sembilan 2007 P3 (section A) Q2]

An experiment is carried out to investigate the relationship between the object distance, u, and the
magnification, m, using a convex lens of a focal length, f.
1
From the data obtained, a graph of u against
is plotted as shown in figure 2.
m

Graph of u against

1
m

## (a) Based on the graph in figure 2,

5.4 Lenses Part A

## (i) determine the value of u when

1
= 0.0. Show on the graph, how you determine u.
m

1
.
m





## (b) The relationship between u and m is given by the equation;

1
f
m
1
Calculate the gradient of the graph u against
,
m
u f

(i)

(ii)





## Determine the value of m

if the object is placed at a distance of u = 22 cm from the lens.



(c) State TWO precaution that should be taken to improve the result of this experiment



(iii)

## 9. [PERAK 2009 P3 (section A) Q2]

A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the object distance, u, and

## the image distance, v.

The results of the experiment is shown in the graph of uv against u + v as in diagram 2.1 o n page 9.
[Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara jarak objek, u, dengan
jarak imej, v. Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjukkan oleh graf uv melawan u + v pada Rajah 2.1
(a) Based
on the graph in Diagram 2.1,
uv/[berdasarkan
cm2
graf pada Rajah 2.1,]
What happen to uv as u + v increases?
[Apakah yang berlaku pada uv apabila u + v bertambah?]



(b) The900
relationship of the graph is given by

f
Where f is the focal length of the convex lens.
800
Calculate the gradient, f, of the graph.
Show on the graph how you determine f.

uv
uv



700

600

500

400

300

200

f = .

100



Graph of uv against u + v
Graf uv melawan u + v

0
5.4 Lenses Part A

10

20

30

40

50

60

70
3

80
u + v/

(c) The relationship between image distance, v, of and object distance, u, is given by the formula

(u v) 45.82
2

## (i) Determine the value of u + v when uv = 700 cm2.

Show on the graph, how you determine the value of u + v.
[tentukan nilai u + v apabila uv = 700 cm2.
Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan nilai u + v]

u + v = ..
(ii) Using the formula given, calculate the image distance, v.
[Dengan menggunakan rumus yang diberikan, hitungkan jarak imej, v]





v = .
(iiii) Using the formula P

1
, calculate the value of P, the power of the convex lens.
f

P = .

(d) State two precautions that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the readings in this experiment.
1.

2.