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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Abra de Ilog Formation
Lithology: Graywacke, shale, chert, spilitic basalt
Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Halcon Metamorphic Complex
Distribution: Vicinity of Abra de Ilog; Mamburao River, Mindoro
Age: Cretaceous
Thickness: 600 m
Named by: Miranda (1980)
Synonymy: Mamburao Group (MMAJ-JICA, 1984)
The Abra de Ilog Formation was named by Miranda (1980) for the sequence of sedimentary and volcanic rocks in the
vicinity of Abra de Ilog in northern Occidental Mindoro. The formation consists of a graywacke-chert-shale sequence with
intercalated spilitic basalt flows. The formation can be traced for a length of about seven kilometers along a north-northeast
direction with a width of three kilometers. It is well exposed in the lower reaches of Mamburao River. The formation is
described by Sarewitz and Karig (1986) as a belt consisting mainly of pillow basalts, breccias and tuffs with intercalations
of red pelagic limestone between pillows. The formation overlies the Halcon Metamorphic Complex. The spilitic basalt is
dark reddish brown, sparsely vesicular and microporphyritic. The matrix is variolitic with very fine grains of pyroxene and
chlorite in the intergranular spaces. Some of the flow layers are fragmental and contains green and reddish brown
fragments of altered volcanic rocks. The red inter-pillow pelagic limestone yielded Late Cretaceous foraminifera (Karig,
1983). The formation is assigned a Cretaceous age.
The Abra de Ilog Formation is equivalent to the Mamburao Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984). The thickness of the formation
is 600 m as estimated by MMAJ-JICA (1984) from the exposures along Mamburao River.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Abuan Formation
Lithology: Basalt, andesite, pyroclastic rocks, sandstone, shale
Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of Cagayan Valley basin
Distribution: Western part of northern Sierra Madre; southwest of Divilacan River; Maconacon River, Isabela
Age: Eocene
Previous name: Abuan River Formation (MMAJ-JICA, 1989)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
Synonymy: Dumatata Formation (Huth, 1962), Caraballo Group (MMAJ-JICA, 1977)
Correlation: Mt. Cresta Formation (MMAJ-JICA, 1989)
The Abuan Formation, which was named as Abuan River Formation by MMAJ-JICA (1989), is the oldest formation in the
western part of the Northern Sierra Madre and presumably comprises part of the basement of the Cagayan Valley
sedimentary sequence. It is a heterogeneous mixture of basaltic to andesitic flows, pyroclastics and sedimentary rocks
widely distributed in the southwest part of Divilacan River and northern and western part of Maconacon River. The age of
deposition of the Abuan Formation is inferred to be before Early Oligocene, probably Eocene. The thickness of this
formation was not indicated by MMAJ-JICA (1989).
The Abuan is probably partly equivalent to the Caraballo Group which was named by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the

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volcanic and sedimentary rocks comprising the basement of northern Sierra Madre. This was later renamed by Ringenbach
(1992) as Caraballo Formation. Its age was previously presumed by MMAJ-JICA (1977) to be Cretaceous-Eocene, but it
was later found to be Middle – Late Eocene (Ringenbach, 1992).
The Abuan Formation may be correlated with the M t. Cresta Formation which is exposed typically on the slopes of Mt.
Cresta and lies scattered on the ridges of the Northern Sierra Madre Range, as mapped by MMAJ-JICA (1989). It is a
dacitic complex of lava flows, intrusive rocks, pyroclastics and sedimentary deposits, conformably overlain by the wellbedded Oligocene Masipi Green Tuff of Northern Sierra Madre.
The Dumatata Formation of Huth (1962), which was considered as the basement of the Cagayan Valley sedimentary
sequence in BMG (1981), may be regarded as partly equivalent to the Abuan Formation. The Dumatata Formation is
composed of an alternation of basic lava flows, partly metamorphosed pyroclastic breccia and tuffaceous sandstone and
siltstone. It is about 550 m thick.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Acoje Block
The Acoje Block is one of two major units comprising the Zambales Ophiolite. The bottom to top sequence of the Acoje
block consists of metamorphic harzburgite with associated lherzolite and dunite, well developed ultramafic and mafic
cumulates and a high level plutonic-volcanic suite of gabbro-diorite-dolerite and basalt. The massive and intensely
fractured residual harzburgites are associated with pockets of lherzolite, and are much fresher compared to their
counterparts in the Coto Block. Like in the Coto Block, the residual-cumulate transition is marked by a dunite layer. This
dunite in Acoje, called ‘ black’ dunite in the mine, has a very dark appearance probably due to abundant iron oxide dust
inclusions. In addition, these dunites host chromite and nickel mineralization. Several gabbro dikes intrude the dunite. The
ultramafic cumulates consist of rhythmically layered clinopyroxenites, dunites, wehrlites and harzburgites. Olivine, spinel
and pyroxene are the main minerals, although completely altered plagioclases are very sparsely present. Talc, serpentine
and iron oxide stains are very common. The mafic cumulates - gabbro, eucrite, gabbronorite and anorthosite - exhibit
normal and reverse graded bedding and other structures that include chanelling, scour and fill, slumping and flame
structures luminescent of turbilites. The rocks are mostly medium- to coarse-grained, consisting chiefly of plagioclase,
pyroxene and olivine. Unlike in the Coto Block, orthopyroxene is an important cumulus phase in the Acoje Block. The
diorite-diabase sill/dike complex associated with basalts is best exposed in the Barlo-Sual area. The basalt-dolerite units are
usually aphanitic and greenish gray and slightly chloritized and argillized. The diorites are fine- to medium-grained and
grayish-white in color. The basaltic flows and pillow basalts in Barlo are host to Cyprus-type massive sulfide deposit.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Adgaoan Formation
Lithology: Turbidite, conglomerate, limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Wawa Formation and other Pleistocene deposits
Type locality: Bgy. Ampayon, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur, along the Zigzag portion of the Butuan-Prosperidad highway
Distribution: Las Nieves, Guadalupe Anticlines, Prosperidad area; western coast of Butuan Bay down to the west of Davao
Gulf
Age: Late Miocene (NN11) to late Pliocene (NN16)
Thickness: 2300 m (maximum)
Named by: San Jose Oil Company (in BM Petroleum Division, 1966)
The Adgaoan Formation was named by San Jose Oil Company (BM Petroleum Division, 1966) for the sedimentary
sequence typified by exposures at Bgy. Ampayon, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur. A clear angular unconformity separates
the Agdaoan from the Wawa Formation and other Pleistocene deposits (Quebral, 1994). Exposures of the Agdaoan can be

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traced along an elongate zone from the western coast of Butuan Bay to the west of Davao Gulf (BED, 1986b). Aside from
the Carmen area along the Butuan-Cagayan de Oro highway, this formation outcrops within the Guadalupe and Las Nieves
anticlines. A section across the Las Nieves Anticline reveals a clastic series with a lower turbiditic portion and an upper
conglomeratic portion.
Three facies of the formation is recognized by BED (1986b), namely, marine clastic facies, limestone facies and nonmarine clastic facies. The well-bedded lower turbiditic sequence consists of sandstones, shales with layers of detrital
limestones and conglomerates. The conglomerates are heterogeneous with well-rounded clasts of andesites, ultramafic
rocks, limestone and dacite. These grade into thin to medium bedded coarse sandstones. Sandstones and shales, which are
important components in the series on account of their thickness, are calcareous and often contain shell fragments.
The conglomerates in the upper portion of the sequence are resistant to erosion and form well developed cuestas. Although
stratified, the bedding is seldom clear. The conglomerates are usually thick bedded, poorly sorted and contain large angular
to well rounded blocks of andesite, basalt, diorite, limestone and chert in a matrix of gravel and coarse sands of similar
composition. Coarse volcanic breccias are intercalated with the conglomerates. Towards the base, the conglomerate beds
are less thick but more defined and there is a larger percentage of intercalated coarse sandstones. The clasts are more
rounded and often include molluscan shell fragments.
The limestone facies consists largely of massive coralline limestones intercalated with marls, shales and conglomerates.
The non-marine facies is composed of sandstones, shales and conglomerates which occasionally contain carbonized wood.
As a result of numerous and more precise nannofossil age determinations, this formation is reassigned a late Miocene
(NN11) to late Pliocene (NN16) age (Quebral, 1994), based on the following assemblage: Discoaster brouweri, Discoaster
icarus, Discoaster pentaradiatus and Discoaster variabilis.
San Jose Oil Company (in BM Petroleum Division, 1966) estimates a thickness of over 2000 meters for the Adgaoan
Formation. Outcrop thicknesses of the Adgaoan as reported by BED (1986b) vary from 420 m to 1600 m. On the other
hand, a maximum thickness of more than 2300 m is indicated from the Tuganay-1 well data (BED, 1986b).
The Sayon Formation of Victoriano and Gutierrez (1980) in the Bislig-Lianga area probably corresponds in part to the
Adgaoan Formation. It consists of greenish gray sandstone and dark gray lignitic siltstones which grade upward into light
gray to green intertidal calcareous silty sandstones with abundant bivalves, gastropods, corals and other calcareous detrita
(BED, 1986b). It is Pliocene in age and has a maximum estimated thickness of 100 m.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Agbahag Conglomerate
Lithology: Conglomerate
Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by Caguray Formation
Distribution: Agbahag Point, 5 km south of Mansalay, Mindoro Island
Age: Middlle Eocene
Named by: Koike and others (1968)
Rocks along the shore of Agbahag Point, about five kilometers south of Mansalay, Oriental Mindoro, were named
Agbahag Conglomerate by Koike and others (1968). These are poorly sorted and composed of pebbles of limestone,
sandstone, mudstone, phyllite, chert, schist, basic volcanic rocks and granitic rocks. The limestone pebbles contain
fusulinids of Permian age (Andal, 1966). The Conglomerate is conformably overlain by a sequence of green and red
siltstones, green to white arkosic sandstones and green conglomerate that was dated Late Eocene (Marchadier and Rangin,
1990). The Agbahag is therefore assigned a Middle Eocene age by Marchadier and Rangin (1990),

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña

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Agban Phyllites
The Agban Phyllites of Meek (1938), which was presumed to constitute the basement of Catanduanes Island, is considered
part of the Catanduanes Formation of Miranda and Vargas (1967). (see Catanduanes Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Aglalana Limestone
The Aglalana Limestone, which comprises the lowest member of the Dingle Formation, was named after Bgy. Aglalana,
Passi, Iloilo. The cliffs northeast of Duran, Dumalag, south of San Enrique and north of Dingle, the pinnacles west of
Dumalag and the limestone mounds northwest of Barotac Viejo, belong to the Aglalana Limestone Member. It consists
mainly of well bedded limestone with mudstone and sandstone beds at the base. At the type locality, the upper and lower
parts are made up of thin bedded coralline limestone, highly calcareous and fossiliferous mudstone and sandstone. The
middle part is composed of massive and homogenous limestone. The Aglalana is 590 m thick. In Guimaras Island, the Sta.
Teresa M arl of Culp and Madrid (1967) could be a facies of the Aglalana. (see Dingle Formation)
Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Aglipay Limestone
Lithology: Limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Caraballo Formation
Distribution: Aglipay, Quirino
Age: Middle Miocene
Thickness: 200 m at the type locality
Previous name: Aglipay Formation (MMAJ-JICA, 1977)
Renamed by: Billedo (1994)
Synonymy: Macde Limestone (Hashimoto and others, 1978)
The Aglipay Limestone was previously designated Aglipay Formation (MMAJ-JICA, 1977, BMG, 1981) for the light pink
limestone exposed near Aglipay, Quirino in the lower reaches of Addalam River. This unit is found only in Aglipay and
two other small areas north of Aglipay. Except for the observed unconformable contact with the Caraballo Formation, its
relation to other units has not been observed. On the basis of age determination of large foraminifera, its age is placed at
Middle Miocene. Billedo (1994) reports an average thickness of around 200 m at the type locality. It probably corresponds
to the Middle Miocene M acde Limestone of Hashimoto and others (1978) exposed near Macde, some 20 km southwest of
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Agno Batholith
The Agno Batholith was named by Fernandez and Pulanco (1964, 1967) for the extensive occurrences of diorites and
quartz diorites in the Central Cordillera of Luzon. MGB (2004) distinguished between two major diorite intrusive events,
and thus renamed the Batholith as Central Cordillera Diorite Complex, corresponding to the Oligocene intrusion, and the
Miocene Itogon Quartz Diorite (see Central Cordillera Diorite Complex and Itogon Quartz Diorite)

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Agtuuganon Limestone
Lithology: Coralline limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Taragona Conglomerate
Distribution: Mt. Agtuuganon; Cateel River, Davao del Norte; Monkayo, Compostela Valley
Age: Early Miocene – Middle Miocene
Thickness: ~ 800 m
Previous name: Agtuuganon Formation (MMAJ-JICA, 1973)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
The term Agtuuganon Formation was used by MMAJ-JICA (1973) to refer to the thick coralline limestone occupying Mt.
Agtuuganon in Davao del Norte (Compostela Valley). It consists of a lower bedded portion and an upper massive
limestone member. It has a total thickness of 800 m.
This massive limestone, which occupies the 1660 meter high Mt. Agtuuganon, had been previously dated as Pleistocene by
MMAJ-JICA (1973). Based on later foraminiferal dating (Quebral, 2004), the age of the Agtuuganon was amended by
MGB (2004) to early Middle Miocene (Langhian) whereas marls and calcareous shales associated with the limestone
indicate Early Miocene (NN3) or Burdigalian to Middle Miocene (NN6) or Serravalian ages based on nannofossils
(Quebral, 1994).
The term Dacongbanwa Formation was likewise used by the MMAJ-JICA (1973) to refer to the massive Middle Miocene
coralline limestone at the northwestern slope of Mount Agtuuganon. A review of its description shows that the
Dacongbanwa is synonymous to the Agtuuganon Limestone.
The Agtuuganon Limestone may be correlated with the Timamana Limestone of the northern Pacific Cordillera.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Agudo Basalt
Lithology: Basaltic breccias and flows
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Passi Formation
Distribution: Agudo, northeastern Iloilo; Panobolon Island and offshore to the south
Age: Middle Miocene
Thickness: 50 m
Previous name: Agudo Volcanics (Capistrano and Magpantay, 1958)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
The name Agudo was named by Capistrano and Magpantay (1958) for the volcanic formation in eastern Iloilo Basin. The
Agudo rests on the Passi Formation, with the latter showing contact metamorphic effects. The formation was named
Bayuso Volcanics by Santos (1968), which was described as consisting principally of basaltic breccias and flows. The
diameters of the breccia fragments vary in size from 1 cm to 30 cm. The Agudo extends down south to Panobolon Island
and its offshore equivalent in Ilog-1 well in Panay Gulf (BED, 1986b). Radiometric K-Ar dating of the basalt in the Ilog-1
well indicated an age of 11.1 0. 8 Ma (late Middle Miocene), and the thickness of the formation as encountered in the
well is 50 m.

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The Bayuso Volcanics of Santos (1968) could be considered equivalent to the Agudo Basalt. The Bayuso is well exposed
below Arigwis Bridge along the Passi-San Rafael Road and at the foot of Mt. Bayuso. The basalt is in contact with the
Salngan Member of the Passi Formation, about 1 km west of Arigwis Bridge. Basalt breccias on the eastern rim of the
Panay Central Plain contain boulder size chunks of altered and indurated sandstones and shales that could have been
derived from the Passi Formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Aksitero Formation
Lithology: Lower Bigbiga Limestone – micritic limestone with tuffaceous turbidites and minor chert
Upper Burgos Member – Limestone, tuffaceous sandstone, siltstone and mudstone
Stratigraphic relations: Base of sedimentary sequence in Central Luzon; unconformably overlain by the Moriones
Formation
Distribution: Aksitero River, Bigbiga, Mayantoc, Tarlac
Age: Late Eocene – Late Oligocene
Thickness: Bigbiga limestone - 42 m
Burgos Member - 78 m
Named by: Amato (1965)
The Aksitero Formation is the oldest sedimentary formation in the west flank of the Central Luzon Basin. It was described
by Amato (1965) after exposures along the upper reaches of Aksitero River in the vicinity of Bigbiga in the western
foothills of Zambales Range. It represents the sedimentary cover of the Zambales Ophiolite and is made up of pelagic
limestone and clastic rocks. The limestone is thin- to thick-bedded, cream to dirty white and tuffaceous. It is interbedded
with thin calcareous and tuffaceous sandy shale. Below the limestone are lenses of rounded to ellipsoidal, generally
discontinuous, reddish calcareous chert (Villones, 1980). Smaller chert lenses are interbedded with the limestone which
gradually disappear upsection. Amato (1965) gave an age of Late Eocene to Early Oligocene to this formation based on the
presence of Hantkenina alakamensis Cushman, Globorotalia cerroazulenses Calc, Globorotalia centralis Cushman and
Bermudez and Discoaster barbadiensis Tan Sin Hok in the lower part; and Globorotalia opima nana Balli and Globigerina
cipeoensis angustiumbilicata Balli in the upper part. In 1984, Schweller and others (1984) divided the Aksitero into a
lower Bigbiga limestone member consisting of micritic limestone interbedded with tuffaceous turbidites and an upper
Burgos member of interlayered limestone and indurated calcareous and tuffaceous sandstone, siltstone and mudstone. The
lower member, which is 42 m thick, was dated Late Eocene to Early Oligocene and the upper 78-m member was dated
Middle to Late Oligocene. Thus the age is Late Eocene to Late Oligocene and the aggregate thickness is about 120 m.
Garrison and others (1979) stated that the hemipelagic limestone and tuffaceous turbidites of the Aksitero were probably
deposited at depths of at least 1000 m in a subsiding basin adjacent to an active arc system.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Alagao Volcanics
Melendres and Verzosa (1960) used the term Alagao Volcanics to designate the sequence of pyroclastic breccia, tuffs,
argillites, indurated graywacke and andesite flows exposed in Alagao, San Ildefonso, Bulacan. The Alagao comprises the
middle member of the Madlum Formation. Its type locality, as designated by Gonzales and others (1971) is the section
along the San Ildefonso-Akle road. The metavolcanic member of the Sibul Formation of Corby and others (1951) and the
andesite-basalt sequence in the Rodriguez- Teresa area, Rizal, are included in this member. Generally, the rock unit is
purplish gray in fresh surfaces but weathers into brick-red to purple shades. The pyroclastic breccia, the prevalent rock
type, is massive and made up of angular to subrounded cobble to boulder sizes of andesite, basalt, chert and other volcanic
rocks set in a tuffaceous matrix. The tuffaceous beds weather into bentonitic clay. The volcanic flows are massive, fine
grained and vesicular. The vesicles are filled with calcite, chalcedony or chlorite. Along Bayabas River, the estimated
thickness is about 175 m, although it could be thicker along Angat River further south. (See Madlum Formation)

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Alat Conglomerate
The Alat Conglomerate crops out along Sapang Alat, about 3 km north of the Novaliches Reservoir and forms an extensive
outcrop belt underlying the hills and lowlands in eastern Bulacan and southeastern Nueva Ecija. The Alat is a sequence of
conglomerate, sandstone and mudstones that forms the lower member of the Guadalupe Formation. The conglomerate,
which is the most predominant rock type, is massive, poorly sorted with well-rounded pebbles and small boulders of older
rocks – diorite, gabbro, basalt, andesite and limestone -- cemented by coarse grained, calcareous and sandy matrix. The
interbedded sandstone is massive to poorly bedded, tuffaceous, fine to medium grained, loosely cemented, friable and
exhibits cross bedding. The mudstone is medium to thin bedded, soft, silty and tuffaceous. The maximum estimated
thickness of this member is 200 m. (See Guadalupe Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Albay Group
The Albay Group was named by Corby and others (1951) for the suite of calcareous and highly fossiliferous sedimentary
units deposited over tilted beds of the Bicol Formation. The formations comprising the Albay Group are: Talisay
Limestone, Aliang Siltstone, Paulba Sandstone and Malama Siltstone.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Albuera Diorite
Lithology: Diorite
Distribution: Albuera municipality, mostly along Tabgas and Taroc creeks in Albuera, Leyte
Age: Eocene?
Named by: Cabantog (1989)
The Albuera Diorite was named by Cabantog (1989) after the diorite bodies that crop out along Tabgas and Taroc creeks
south of Albuera town. This is equivalent to the “ Gabbro” discussed in the report of Pilac (1965). The rock is described as
jointed quartz-diorite composed principally of andesine, hornblende, biotite and quartz with magnetite, sphene and apatite
as accessory minerals. Outcrops measuring up to about 1,500 m long and 550 m wide were observed along the west slope
of the central range mostly blanketing the Pangasugan Formation.
The contact of the Albuera Diorite with other units is not clear, hence, determination of the age of its emplacement is quite
uncertain. However, an Eocene age is postulated for the intrusion of this body, probably coeval to the later phases of
intrusion of the Lutopan Diorite in Cebu Island.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Alegria Andesite Porphyry
The Alegria Andesite Porphyry of UNDP (1984) occurs as plugs along the western margin of the eastern highlands, near
Mainit Valley, Agusan del Norte. The andesite is strongly plagiophyric hornblende andesite with occasional quartz

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1971). 1972). The Alfonso XIII unconformably overlies the Isugod at Iwahig as well as Pandian Formation south of Quezon and the Panas in Tagulango and Wangle. The shale is silty. Separation Point. Other exposures may be found along the Aboabo-Quezon (formerly Alfonso XIII) road. Sayab Formation (Cabrera. The Alfonso XIII Formation is coeval to the M atinloc Formation found in wells offshore of northwest Palawan.. The Alfonso XIII has a thickness of about 1000 meters. Inc. (in Martin. The Tabon was later dated Late Miocene age by Martin (1972). Palawan Age: Late Miocene Thickness: About 1000 m Named by: De Villa (1941) Synonymy: Quezon Marl and Limestone (Reyes.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 8 of 374 phenocrysts (UNDP. The formation was designated as Quezon Marl and Limestone by Reyes (1971) who described it as a sequence of thin to thick-bedded limestone with lenses of calcareous shale and sandstone. Matinloc Formation. 1972). Inc. 1984). The associated clastic rocks grade from light gray mudstone to almost chalky white marl. marl and impure calcareous claystone between Moorson Point and Peaked Island on the west coast of southern Palawan. geologists (in Martin. sandstone. merges with the Malama Siltstone. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1972). Wolfart and others (1986) reported Late Miocene nannofossils and foraminifers from the Alfonso XIII Formation. fairly cemented and fine to medium grained. A transgressive contact was observed with the overlying Iwahig Formation. Inc. 1985). Equivalent to the Alfonso XIII Formation is the Early to early Middle Miocene Tabon Formation named by the Visayan Exploration Co. Tabon Formation (Visayan Exploration Co. The estimated thickness is 250 m and the age is Middle Miocene.htm 10/12/2015 . reddish brown to mottled and occasionally laminated. portions of Rizal. As described by Martin (1972) the formation consists of massive to thick-bedded. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Alfonso XIII Formation is also equivalent to the Sayab Formation of Cabrera (1985) that consist of alternations of Late Miocene sandstone and shale beds exposed in southern Rio Tuba. in Martin. geologists. The sandstone is light gray to reddish brown. Quezon (formerly Alfonso XIII municipality) on the west coast. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Alfonso XIII Formation Lithology: Limestone with occasional calcareous shale and sandstone interbeds Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Isugod Formation Distribution: Peaked Island to Moorson Point. The Alfonso XIII Formation was dated Pliocene by De Villa (1941) but Hashimoto and Balce (1977) gave a Late Miocene age to the basal part on the basis of Marginopora vertebralis Quoy and Gaimard and Alveolinella quoii d'Orbigny fauna overlying a Multilepedina luxurians (Tobler) bearing limestone. This also equates with the Sigumay M ember of the Balabac Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. cream to light gray limestone representing a facies change from a bioherm to a biostrome. Aboabo -Quezon road. It is disconformably overlain by the Ligao Formation and in some sections. It is probably equivalent to the Mabuhay Andesite (see Mabuhay Andesite). This is also equivalent to the Tabon Formation named by the Visayan Exploration Co. The formation is well exposed in Albion Head west of Quezon town. claystone. Sigumay Member of the Balabac Formation Correlation: Sigumay Member of the Balabac Formation The Alfonso XIII Formation was named by De Villa (1941) for the sequence of limestone. Peña Aliang Siltstone The Aliang Siltstone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sequence of thin-bedded foramiferal shales in the narrow valley between the Talisay hogback on the northeast and the Paulba hogback on the southwest in Albay.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Alicia Schist Lithology: Schist. Surigao del Norte Age: Middle Miocene? Named by: UNDP (1987) The Alipao Andesite was named by UNDP (1987) for the hornblende andesite plugs in the vicinities of Alipao and Siana Mine pit. At the type locality. 1987). The M aubid Amphibolite mapped by UNDP (1987) east of Buenavista is also considered part of this unit. the schist is generally overlain by the Ubay Formation Distribution: Alicia town and vicinity in the eastern part of Bohol Age: Cretaceous? Named by: Arco (1962) Stratigraphic correlation: Tunlob Schist of Cebu Island The Alicia Schist was proposed by Arco (1962) for the north-south trending elongated body of foliated rocks outcropping in the town of Alicia. BM Petroleum Division. amphibolite Stratigraphic relations: At its type locality. These andesites also host epithermal mineralization in the Alipao area. the schist is unconformably overlain by the Ubay Formation. The schists are light green to light gray. expanding to an area of about 15 km by 5 km. Outcrops exposed at Maubid River are banded and foliated. sheared along lines parallel to its schistosity and quite variable in composition. 1966. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric whole rock dating of a sample of andesite porphyry yielded an age of 13. with plagioclase phenocrysts reaching up to 2 cm long and small hornblende needles in an aphanitic to finely crystalline groundmass (UNDP. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Alipao Andesite Lithology: Hornblende andesite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Bacuag Formation Distribution: Alipao and Siana. 1981). 1976) that constitutes the basement of all formations in the island. sphene and opaques. consisting of two inliers of amphibolite made up of banded plagioclase and hornblende with minor amounts of actinolite. This formation is restricted in occurrence in the eastern region of the island.htm 10/12/2015 . albite-epidote-actinolite and albite-sericitemica-carbonate-quartz. the schist is correlative to the Tunlob Schist of Cebu.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 9 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Carozzi and others.6 Ma or early Middle Miocene. apatite. The unit has been previously grouped with the Basement Complex (Corby and others. 1951. The Alipao is typically porphyritic.0 0. Surigao del Norte. Its lithologic composition ranges from combinations of chlorite-epidote-albite. Based on its lithologic composition. The formation is devoid of fossils but a Cretaceous-Paleocene age was inferred (BMG.

The formation is tightly folded along the western flank of the Allah River Valley. Peña Alpaco Marl The term Alpaco Marl was used by Smith (1924) after its type locality at Barrio Alpaco.htm 10/12/2015 . chert. The Aloneros is apparently equivalent to the Pitogo Conglomerate (see Canguinsa Formation).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 10 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. representing the northern facies of a similar sequence . Cebu. The sandstone and shale interbeds are generally light gray in contrast to the predominating buff color of the clastic rocks of the Siguil Formation. It was probably deposited in an open basin of relatively shallow depth. plugs. The upper member of the formation is flesh-colored massive limestone. Both have the same lithologic characteristics with only slight variation in facies. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes and overlies pre-Pleistocene units file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. flows.the Siguil Formation . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Amacan Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesitic to dacitic domes. Tuffaceous sandstone and shale comprise the clastic deposits in the upper reaches of the Allah River tributaries. limestone Stratigraphich relations: Not reported Distribution: Allah River Valley Age: Late Miocene Named by: Santos and Baptista (1963) The Allah Formation was named by Santos and Baptista (1963) for the clastic rocks and limestone along the basin defined by the Allah River and its tributaries. It represents the upper member of the Malubog Formation and further subdivided into lower Binabac Limestone. the limestone is sandy with impurities of clay and iron oxides. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Malubog Formation). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In places. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Allah Formation Lithology: Sandstone. upper Binabac Limestone and upper coal measure. lower coal measure. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Domingo and Aloneros in Quezon province. Peña Aloneros Conglomerate The Aloneros Conglomerate was named by Corby and others (1951) for the coarse sandy gravels (chiefly non-marine) interbedded with large amounts of clay and silt of volcanic origin exposed between Sto.in the southern part of the area. Naga. Foraminifera and other microscopic organisms present in the limestone matrix indicate a Late Miocene age. It was assigned a Late Miocene age by Corby and others (1951).

southeastern Negros Age: Late Pliocene Previous name: Amlan River Conglomerate (Ayson. La Union Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: over 1. Badjang and Bicos rivers in southeastern Negros. conformable over the Labayug Limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Amlan Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate. 1987) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Amlan Conglomerate was named by Ayson (1987) for the conglomerate at Amlan River. including the coastal strip from the mouth of Agno River to Bacnotan. Lake Leonard. The Conglomerate is well bedded and exhibits local cross-bedding. mudstones. it is the only area in eastern Mindanao affected by Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. andesitic flows and pyroclastic rocks. A thin pyroclastic blanket of breccias. plugs. Cambuelao. unconformably overlain by Balinsasayao Formation Distribution: Amlan. flows and pyroclastic rocks of andesitic to dacitic composition. lapilli tuffs and ash tuffs drapes an irregular erosional surface around the lake area.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 11 of 374 Distribution: Amacan mine area. Previous name: Amlang Member of Rosario Formation (Corby and others. mudstone. Palaypay. It was probably deposited during Late Pliocene. This volcanic activity is manifested as domes. Palaypay. It is also well exposed along the channels of Cambuelo. unconformably overlain by the Cataguintingan Formation Distribution: Pangasinan and La Union. Davao Age: Holocene Named by: MGB (2004) The Amacan Volcanic Complex refers to the Holocene volcanic deposits in the vicinity of Lake Leonard in Davao.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Amlang Formation Lithology: Turbiditic sandstones and shale with minor conglomerates Stratigraphic relations: Transitional to underlying Klondyke Formation. Aside from Maniayao Volcano in Surigao. pyroclastic rocks. andesite flows Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Magsinulo Andesite. where the Amacan Mine of North Davao Mining Corporation is located. A sample of carbonized wood from the volcanic ash around the Lake Leonard area gave a 14C date of 1800 years (PNOC-EDC unpublished internal report. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.620 m along the Rosario-Damortis Road. 1951) Renamed by: Lorentz (1984) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Badjang and Bicos rivers. 1983). including tuffs. The clasts of the conglomerate are principally hornblende andesite and subordinate pyritized and silicified rocks. 1987). The Amlan consists mainly of conglomerate with minor sandstones. The Amlan unconformably overlies the Magsinulo andesite and is in turn overlain by the Balinsasayao Formation (Ayson. sandstone.

Its contact with the underlying Labayug Limestone is also gradational. Lorentz (1984) later upgraded the Amlang to formation rank.620 m as measured along the Rosario-Damortis Road. Peña Amlang Sandstone The Amlang Sandstone of Corby and others (1951) formerly comprised the lower member of the Rosario Formation. as observed at Km. 1984. The Rosario Formation was previously subdivided into a lower Amlang Member and an upper Aringay Member. namely a lower Amlang Formation and upper Cataguintingan Formation with an unconformity dividing them. as well as differences in their environment of deposition. The contact between the Amlang Formation with the underlying Klondyke Formation is gradational. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. including the coastal strip from the mouth of the Agno River to Bacnotan in La Union. basalt Distribution: Amnay River.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 12 of 374 The Amlang Formation is a thick sequence of clastic rocks consisting mainly of turbiditic sandstones and shales with minor conglomerates. Sitio Igsoso. This formation underlies most of the low lying areas in Pangasinan and La Union adjacent to the main Central Cordillera massif. Maleterre (1989) also includes a basalt flow as part of the top of the Rosario Formation. The Amnay was identified by Rangin and others (1985) as distinguished from their Ambil-Puerto Galera metaophiolite which is associated with the Burburungan Amphibolite that is part of the Halcon Metamorphic Complex. Some sandstone beds in both lower and upper parts of the Amlang Formation exhibit graded bedding and parallel lamination typical of turbidite sequences. Lumintao. just off the La Union Benguet provincial boundary. the sandstone beds in the Amlang Formation are more predominant.htm 10/12/2015 . 1984). Sitio Igsoso near Mamburao and Lumintao River. as well as sole marks (load casts. Liwliw area. constituted the Rosario Formation of Corby and others (1951). Liwliw and Pintin bodies. gabbro. The lower part of the Amlang Formation consists of thinly bedded gray shales interbedded with buff to brown fine to medium grained sandstones. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Amnay Ophiolite Lithology: Dunite. near Mamburao. In places. The upper portion of the Amlang Formation has a higher proportion of coarser sediments (sandstones and siltstones with minor pebble conglomerates). the latter name has been adopted for the unit which was previously known as the upper member of the Rosario Formation. (see Amlang Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. scour marks) and ripple cross lamination. Because of the angular unconformity between the lower Amlang Formation and the Cataguintingan Formation. Mindoro Age: Early? – Middle Oligocene Named by: Rangin and others (1985) The Amnay Ophiolite is a northwest trending suite interposed in the suture zone between the North Palawan Block and Mindoro Block. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Several distinct ultramafic bodies that belong to the Amnay have been identified by MMAJ-JICA (1984). Lorentz (1984) estimates the Amlang Formation to be at least 1. Lorentz (1984) gives an age of Late Miocene for the Amlang Formation. peridotite. Lorentz (1984) proposed to elevate the constituent members of the Rosario Formation into two distinct formations. The ophiolitic rocks are exposed along Amnay River and vicinity. including the Igsoso. which Lorentz (1984) designates as the Cupang Sandstone Member. Maleterre (1989) gives an age dating of Late Miocene to Early Pliocene for the Amlang Formation. 216 of the national highway leading to Kennon Road. the Amlang Formation together with the Cataguintingan Formation. Tumanda. 1984). Sedimentological and faunal studies indicate a deep water environment of deposition for the Amlang Formation (Lorentz. tool marks. Until recently. Fossils indicate an age of Late Miocene to Pliocene for the Rosario Formation (Tumanda.

sandstone and lenses of calcareous breccia. occasional shale. 1998). the Amnay is dated Early? -Middle Oligocene. siltstone. The interbedded sandstone shows internal subhorizontal parallel and ripple laminations. The upper part consists of a thick sequence of medium to fine-grained sandstone. sheeted dike complex. siltstone and red and green mudstone which coarsen upward. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. basalt. Small chromitite bodies occur in the peridotites. Maasin. Lawaan area Age: Late Cretaceous Named by: Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) The Anagasi Formation was named by Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) for the intermediate volcanic and pyroclastic rocks and basic volcanic rocks associated with manganiferous beds and cherty limy strata. siltstone. dunite. The Amontay lies directly over Lawagan Gabbro (Florendo.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 13 of 374 The rock types comprising the ophiolite are serpentinized harzburgite. manganiferous chert. 1984). flow breccia. pillow lavas and pelagic mudstones. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the pyroclastic rocks consist of green tuff and minor green tuff breccia of dacitic-andesitic composition. Maasin. tuff. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The dike complex and pillow basalts are well exposed along Lumintao River and these were designated as Lumintao Formation by MMAJ-JICA (1984) and Lumintao Mafic Complex by Sarewitz and Karig (1986). Occasional conglomerate with pebbles of quartz. No diagnostic fossil was identified from the Amontay Formation. patches in southern Leyte Age: Middle . southern Leyte. At the type locality. medium. The largest exposure of gabbro can be traced for 7 km in the Amnay River area (MMA-JICA. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Underlies the Balo and Lawaan formations Distribution: Anagasi. On the basis of Middle Oligocene nannofossils from the pelagic mudstones associated with the Lumintao Basalt. Transition zone dunite and ultramafic cumulate layers were not encountered (Jumawan and others. Its basal part consists of wellindurated.htm 10/12/2015 .Late Eocene Named by: Florendo (1987) The Amontay Sandstone was introduced by Florendo (1987) for the sequence of clastic rocks and limestone exposed at the confluence of Amontay Creek and Bangkerohan River. The Anagasi is overlain by the San Jose Formation of Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) which is equivalent to the Balo Formation described below. southeastern Samar. The limestone is fine-grained but locally recrystallized. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Anagasi Formation Lithology: Andesite. The intermediate volcanic rocks are characterized by andesite dikes and flows. its age assignment is constrained by its conformable relation with the overlying Gilonon Formation. 1987) and is conformably below the Late Eocene Gilonon Formation. Deposition of the Amontay probably occurred from Middle Eocene to Late Eocene. websterite and lherzolite. sandstone and lenticular beds of calcareous breccia Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Lawagan Gabbro conformable to the overlying Gilonon Formation Distribution: Confluence of Amontay Creek and Bangkerohan River. ripple bedding and tabular planar bedding. andesite. tuff breccia. isotropic and cumulate gabbro. the rocks show slight effects of hydrothermal alteration. However. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Amontay Sandstone Lithology: Limestone. interbedded white marbleized limestone and occasional tuffaceous shale. clay and carbonized wood fragments are observed in the area.to small-scale trough cross bedding.

Kalumanggan. quartz and minor amounts of fine particles of volcanic rocks. radiolaria-bearing calcarenite. and diabase-gabbro-basalt sills and dikes (Portacio. sandstone. sills and flows. pyroxene andesite flows and breccia.. mudstone and shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Binoog Formation Distribution: Odiongan-Looc. The unit consists of interbedded limestone. and Salak creeks in the north. feldspathic with hornblende. thin-bedded calcareous and ferruginous/manganiferous cherty tuffs are interfingered with fine-grained upper green tuff sequence. In places. The Anagasi Formation is considered Late Cretaceous based on the age of the conformably overlying sedimentary strata. Cantaraok. The Anahao has a maximum thickness of 450 m. Cherty layers. Southeast of Anagasi.and others (1951) as Anahao Conglomerate and Silts. in the interbedded calcarenites and calcirudites. Tablas. cross bedded. volcanic rocks and diorite. Surigao del Sur. (see Bislig Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. a probable Late Miocene Vicarya species associated with other mollusks. This unit is equivalent to an extensive thick pyroclastic unit (Green Tuffs) of dacitic-andesitic composition in the Anagasi district consisting of coarse lapilli tuffs which grade into finer siliceous tuffs (Portacio. corals and algae was noted. Carabao Island Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene? Thickness: 450 m Named by: Liggayu (1964) The formation was originally designated by Corby. sill and flows were observed cutting and overlying the green tuff sequence at the lower reaches of Talahib Creek on the south and extend northwest along the lower portion of Bawa. The green tuff sequence covers most of the northwestern portion of the Lawaan area which is traceable in a belt from the lower reaches of Talahib Creek on the south to Salak Creek on the north. with notable amounts of manganese oxides and radiolarian fossils were found interbedded with finer tuff. The shale is thin bedded. quartz schist. However. bioclastic with rounded to sub-rounded particles of limestone. mudstone and shale.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 14 of 374 Some andesite flows are intercalated with the green tuff and tuff breccia. tuffaceous and calcareous. The sandstone is light gray. sandstone. Basalt dikes. Jr. Samples collected by Maac and Ylade (1984) yielded planktic foraminifers as well as benthic foraminifers in lesser amounts. The basic volcanic rocks consist of basalts occurring as dikes. this largely covers the Pre-Tertiary rocks. Outcrops of the formation were found unconformably resting over the Binoog Formation. Liggayu (1964) later renamed it as Anahao Formation. The basal limestone is thinly bedded. 1982).htm 10/12/2015 . where it represents a broad synclinorium extending from Odiongan to Looc Bay.. This unit is equivalent to the clastic facies of the Bislig Formation. Jr. Thick basaltic flows were observed north of Casandig from barangays Tapol to Anagasi in the Boliden area. basaltic agglomerate and flow breccia. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Associated fauna includes radiolarians and nannoplanktons. 1982). pyroclastic beds are intercalated with a 1 m thick layer of buff. At Carabao Island. Included in this unit are amygdaloidal basalt flows. measuring 1 to 100 cm thick. It is well developed in Tablas Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Anahao Formation Lithology: Interbedded limestone. Peña Anahawan Formation The Anahawan Formation was a name proposed by Victoriano and Gutierrez (1980) for the Oligocene clastic sequence in the Bislig area. Rich foraminiferal aasemblage in the mudstone supports a Late Miocene to probable Early Pliocene age. fine grained. shale and schist in a tuffaceous matrix. Fine conglomerate lenses are interbedded with the shale.

are made up of a basal conglomerate containing reworked clasts of gabbro. It consists of bedded tuffaceous sandstone and shale containing occasional volcanic breccia. The Anawan Formation was given preference by Billedo (1994) because the section at Anawan is considered more complete. It is overlain by the Marcelino Limestone which has been dated early Middle Eocene (Ringenbach. undeformed portions of this formation. shale. This limestone unit. The Anawan Formation is equivalent to the Lubi Formation of Magpantay (1955) and BMG (1981). cited in BED. It has an estimated gross thickness of 300 m with an age of Late Oligocene to Middle Miocene as determined from paleontological dating (BED. Polillo Island.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 15 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. andesite and sandstone. reddish pelagic limestone. Outcrops of basalts exhibiting pillow structures were likewise observed in barangays Tawi. basaltic flows (including pillow lavas) and minor marbleized limestones (Ringenbach. The Anawan Formation has not been dated. sandstones. as observed northeast of Buhang Point. 1992). Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . The lower. Fernandez and others (1967) divided the Anawan Formation into a lower volcanic member and an upper volcano-sedimentary member. (see Bugtong Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which is a dark gray to black bioclastic limestone with numerous Nummulites and Alveolina. volcanic breccia Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Quidadanom Schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1955) Correlation: Tamala Formation The Anawan Formation was named by Fernandez and others (1967) for the volcano-sedimentary sequence at Anawan. greenschist. basalt. siltstones. The volcanic member is mainly exposed in the central portions of the island while outcrops of the sedimentary member found mainly along the western coastlines are very limited. overlain by Babacolan Formation Distribution: Polillo Island Age: Early Eocene? Named by: Fernandez and others (1967) Synonymy: Lubi Formation (Magpantay. it is considered to have an Early Eocene age. The Tamala is a weakly metamorphosed sequence of basaltic volcanigenic conglomerates/breccias. but it rests below the Late Eocene Babacolan Formation. A sub-vertical fault contact was inferred between the basal conglomerate of this formation and rocks of the Buhang Ophiolitic Complex. 1986c) is considered equivalent to the Bugtong Formation in Mindoro. Considering the unconformable relation with the Quidadanom Schist and Buhang Point Ophiolite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Anawan Formation Lithology Tuffaceous sandstone. 1986c). is considered by Ringenbach (1992) to be most likely unconformable over the Tamala Formation. Peña Ananawin Formation The Ananawin Formation of PNOC (1979. This formation overlies unconformably the Quidadanom Schist. 1992). Malagas and Milawid. The Anawan Formation is probably equivalent or partly equivalent to the Tamala Formation on the Infanta strip opposite Polillo Island.

finely siliceous layers. Recent age dating reported by Ringenbach (1992) conform with the results obtained by Gonzales and others (1971) and Baumann and others (1976). The clastic member is made up of thin beds of calcareous shale and clayey sandstone with occasional lenses of sandy limestone. The Angat rests unconformably over the Bayabas Formation in the Angat River area. indicating a late Early to early Middle Miocene age. The other members are Pansol Clastic Member and Lumbog Volcaniclastic Member. Ines Diorite in the Camachile area in Bulacan and over the BarenasBaito and Binangonan formations farther east. Villanueva and others (1995) also report the presence of Globigerinoides sicanus De Stefani in the clastic facies. cavernous and partly crystalline. as well as nannofossils including Heterosphaera mediterranea and Sphenolithus cf. The formation's type locality is along Angat River roughly 6 km east of Norzagaray. on the east side of the Central Luzon Basin. The sequence interfingers with the lower part of the upper limestone facies. Sta. member of Quezon Formation Named by: Corby and others. sandy limestone. The smaller western edge ends at Balite Creek about 4 km northeast of Norzagaray and the eastern strip stretches for about 1. Norzagaray. conformably overlain by the Madlum Formation Distribution: Angat River. The biohermal portion is white to buff. consisting essentially of skeletal remains of reef-building organisms (corals and algae) with abundant molluscan fragments and bryozoan stems. 1951) Renamed by: Gonzales and others (1971) Corby and others (1951) originally assigned the term Angat to the lower limestone member of the Quezon Formation in the Angat River area. together with the abundance of Heliocosphaera species. the biohermal portion is approximately 100 m thick. In addition. The limestone member is made up of a lower bedded reef-flank deposit and an upper biohermal mass. Along the western flank of Sierra Madre. sandstone. probably NN4. The sandstone is normally graded and well-cemented while the limestone lenses are dense. brittle and partly siliceous. (see Carmen Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which point to a Late Burdigalian age. outcrops of the formation have also been observed along the Rio Chico and Sumacbao rivers on the northwestern flank of the southern Sierra Madre. The thickness of the formation varies from one locality to another. Barenas-Baito and Binangonan formations. Along Madlum River. a sample from Minalungao yielded Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina) sumarensis and many Miogypsina sp. the Angat rests on the Sta. the formation forms a more or less continuous and approximately north-south belt which splits into two at the Camachile River in eastern Bulacan. pelagic foraminifera from the pelites in the clastic member taken along Rio Chico gave a precise Late Burdigalian age based on Globigerinatella insueta. Camachile area in eastern Bulacan Age: Early Miocene Thickness: 1. Recent studies by Villanueva and others (1995) also indicate an Early Miocene age for the limestone based file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. western flank of southern Sierra Madre range. Mollusks. suggest shallow marine deposition. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map 1 || Show Stratigraphic Map 2 || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Angat Formation Lithology: Lower clastic member – shale. The lower bedded portion is dominantly calcareous rock detrita and fine lime with interbedded. This member is characterized by local thickening and thinning over a fairly continuous belt.950 meters. Gonzales and others (1971) raised the rock unit to formation rank and included a lower clastic facies. Upper limestone member Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Bayabas.950 m Previous name: Angat Limestone. equivalent to Early Miocene (Burdigalian).htm 10/12/2015 . Likewise. but its maximum exposed thickness is about 1. The Anda was reported to interfinger with the Pansol Clastic Member.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 16 of 374 Anda Limestone The Anda Limestone was designated by Faustino and others (2003) as one of the members of the Middle Miocene Carmen Formation in Bohol.5 km south of Angat River. occasionally gray to pink. Moreover. The formation consists of a lower clastic member representing a minor part of the formation and an upper limestone member. coral stems and laminae of carbonaceous materials are dispersed within the section. Ines Diorite. In southern Sierra Madre. heteromorphous which indicate an age of NN4-NN5. These.

Peña Ania Conglomerate The Ania Conglomerate and Paghumayan Shale of Melendres and Barnes (1957) constitute the lower portion of the Macasilao Conglomerate and Shale of Corby and others (1951). Agusan del Sur Age: Eocene (?) Named by: MGB (2004) Portions of San Francisco. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Bulacan. Peña Animasola Conglomerate The Animasola Conglomerate was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sequence of siltstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. from Montalban. Anoling and Rosario-Banahaw areas are underlain by andesitic volcanic flows and pyroclastic basement believed to be of Eocene age. (see Macasilao Formationv) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. probably corresponding to the Middle Miocene Rosario Formation. These rocks are often hydrothermally altered and mineralized with gold.htm 10/12/2015 .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 17 of 374 on the presence of Cycloclypeus (K.) transiens. Anoling. Exposures of the components of the dismembered ophiolite define a nearly north-south belt. The conglomerate is characterized by clasts of angular basaltic pebbles and boulders that reach up to 90 cm in diameter embedded in a tuffaceous sandy matrix. algae and molluscan remains in the limestone and carbonaceous materials in the clastic facies indicate deposition in a shallow neritic environment. Rizal through eastern Bulacan to Nueva Ecija. corals. Peña Angat Ophiolite The Angat Ophiolite was designated by Karig (1983) for the gabbros exposed at Angat. This unit is intruded by diorite and is capped by massive limestone. Rosario-Banahaw area. sandstone and conglomerate at Animasola Island north of Ticao Island. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Abundant large foraminifera. The unit was renamed Montalban Ophiolitic Complex by MGB (2004) in view of the precedence of the name Angat Formation as defined by Gonzales and others (1971). (see Montalban Ophiolitic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The exposed thickness of the formation is about 90 m and its age is probably Early Miocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Anoling Andesite Lithology: Andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement rocks Distribution: San Francisco.

Field relationships show that the amphibolites tend to be in contact with or proximal to. Morong. apparently equivalent to the Zigzag Formation.5 km. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 18 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The amphibolites consist of plagioclase . Pujada Peninsula.chloriteepidote-hornblende. Taytay. The amphibolites then grade into the more distal greenschists. (see Central Cordillera Diorite Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Ansuwang Amphibolite Lithology: Amphibolite Stratigraphic Relations: Below the Surop Ultramafic Complex and thrusted over the Kalunasan Basalt Distribution: Ansuwang Creek. Leith (1938) assigns an age of Early Miocene-Middle Miocene to the formation. Binangonan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The amphibolites are structurally below the Surop Peridotite and thrusted over the Kalunasan Basalt and the greenschists. a tributary of Luzon River. for the amphibolite along Ansuwang Creek. which in turn grade into basalt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Antipolo Basalt Lithology: Basalt Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: Antipolo. It is a narrow elongated body with a maximum width of 300 m. chlorite-epidote-hornblende-anthophyllite. The larger diorite mass is known as Central Cordillera Diorite Complex. The amphibolite body along Tagabibi Creek has a maximum width of 1 km and a length of 3. plagioclase-hornblende. The Bitaogan Amphibolite is equivalent to the Ansuwang. peridotites. Peña Antamok Diorite The Antamok Diorite was named by Schafer (1954) as a local appellation for the diorites in the Antamok mine area in Benguet. Malibago. Peña Antamok Series The Antamok Series was named by Leith (1938) for the exposures of volcanic and sedimentary rocks east and southeast of Baguio City that underlie the Mirador Limestone. and garnet amphibolite which was noted in the vicinity of sitio Gabinanan in the southeastern portion of the peninsula. Rizal file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Talim Island. Apparently. Tagbibi. the amphibolites represent the metamorphic sole of the ophiolite and the schists are the lower grade metamorphosed portions of the mafic and ultramafic rocks constituting the ophiolite.htm 10/12/2015 . Davao Oriental Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The Ansuwang Amphibolite was named by Villamor and others (1984).

The gabbro in the upper portion of the Aklan River consists of interlocking granular plates of plagioclase and pyroxene with minor quartz and hornblende. UNDP. from cumulate gabbro to transitional gabbros and high level gabbro and plagiogranites. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Antique Ophiolite Lithology: Serpentinite. The gabbros of the ophiolite exhibit different facies. The age is believed by Alvir (1928) to be Miocene. Ines Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. gabbro. Peña Antipolo Diorite The Oligocene diorite intruding Cretaceous to Eocene units in southern Sierra Madre was designated by BMG (1981) as Antipolo Diorite. 1988. suggesting that the basalt were deposited as thick lava flows that underwent columnar jointing. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Rangin and others. Aklan River.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 19 of 374 Age: Pleistocene Named by: Alvir (1928) The Antipolo Basalt was named by Alvir (1928) for the basaltic rocks exposed on the hills around Antipolo. these are exposed along Sibalom River. Florendo. 1987. Stratigraphic relations: constitutes the basement of the Antique Range Distribution: Bongbongan. 1980a. Diegor. MMAJ-JICA. The basalt is frequently brecciated and in places amygdaloidal.Rizal. To the north the ophiolite was observed in Libacao above Malinao and Timbalan Rivers where they form rugged sharp ridges and peaks along a generally north to northeasterly trend (David 1988). although it could be as late as Pleistocene in view of the very low degree of erosion despite its location on an elevated plateau in the Antipolo hills. In southwestern Panay. so named for the exposures at Bongbongan. serpentinized harzburgite and minor dunite. Lombohero Ridge. Angat-Novaliches area and Talim Island. with thickness ranging from 20 cm to 1. (see Sta. 1981. Morong. southern Antique. harzburgite. Sta. although the rock was already described earlier by Adams (1910). sheeted dikes. It was renamed Sta. It lies within a northeast trending belt with a width of around 7 km in southwestern Panay and occurs as sporadic outcrops to the north of the island. Sibalom River. in the vicinity of General Fullon towards Bauang and along Maria Mercedes and the upper portion of the Aklan River to the north of Panay. Tanay. gabbro. 1986) to the south of Tabay. basalt and associated pelagic sedimentary rocks (Corpuz 1979c.0 m. The ultramafic rocks of the ophiolite consist mostly of serpentinite and serpentinized harzburgite. who named the diorite body for the exposures at Mt. 1986. Libacao. The rock is also exposed in surrounding areas such as Binangonan. along Butuan Range. The gabbros are medium grained to pegmatitic with occasional fine-grained facies and are occasionally intruded by diabase file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. San Remigio are considered as the transition zone between the high level gabbro and the sheeted dike complex. 1991). Masarat .htm 10/12/2015 . following Antonio (1967). The Antique Ophiolite is characterized by ultramafic rocks such as serpentinite. Bgy. The ophiolite is located mainly in the central part of Antique province and underlies largely the Lombohero Ridge (UNDP 1986). basalt. The diabase dykes. Diabase dikes and gabbro intrusions in southwestern Panay (UNDP. with type locality along the Antipolo-Teresa road in Rizal province. sheeted dikes. Ines. dunite. Butuan Range. 1979) corresponds in part to the Bongbongan Series of Santos-Ynigo (1949). The contacts of the various units of the ophiolite are defined by thrust faults. Ines Diorite by MGB (2004). Remnants of the wasting of the basalt terrain are manifested as scattered columns of basalts in Antipolo and vicinity. Panay Island Age: Early Cretaceous (Barremian-Aptian) Named by: Momongan (1979) The Antique Ophiolite (Momongan. Rizal. David. show parallel to sub-parallel orientation with joints developing along the margins.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Anungan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. 15-30 cm thick. conglomerate and limestone exposed along the lower Tagpangi River down to the confluence of Melano and Anungan Rivers in the southwestern part of Zamboanga Peninsula. The sequence along Igbayo River consists of intercalations of pillow lavas. shale. showing chilled margins forming dark and fine-grained selvages 0. 2001). Pasonanca Formation and Culianan Limestone of Santos-Yñigo (1953) The Anungan Formation was previously named Anungan Clastics by Paderes and Miranda (1965) for the thick sequence of sandstone. the shale is interbedded with coal seams.to boulder-sized clasts characterize the conglomerates.to medium. 1956) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Partly equivalent to the Tupilac Formation. highly indurated and fissile. plagiophyric and aphyric pillow breccias and minor chloritized clastic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone is equivalent to the Culianan Limestone of SantosYñigo (1953). Pasonanca Formation and Culianan Limestone of Santos-Yñigo (1953). vicinity of Pasonanca. conglomerate. 1991) and corresponds partly to the Igbayo Pelagic Complex of UNDP (1986). grey to greenish grey.5 .grained and exhibits cross bedding and ripple marks. The pillow basalt and associated hyaloclastics are exposed along Sibalom and Igbayo rivers. The apparent thickness of the pillow lavas is around 5.1. and fine. Its equivalent in the Sibuguey Peninsula and Olutanga Island are the Lumbog Formation and the Dumaguet Sandstone of Ibañez and others (1956). Melano and Tagpangi rivers. The sheeted dike is uralitized porphyritic diabase. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bungiao Melange Distribution: Anungan.htm 10/12/2015 . Some of the pillow basalts are amygdaloidal with calcite or zeolite amygdules.0 cm thick. Peña Apaoan Volcaniclastics file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Tupilac. The formation also crops out in Vitali Island. the shale is dark grey to black. The Anungan was observed to unconformably overlie the Bungiao Melange at Campo Dos-Campo Tres area (Yumul and others. An Early to Middle Miocene age is assigned to the formation.to coarse-grained. broken pillows. The pelagic sedimentary rocks consist of red cherts. Radiolaria in the chert was dated as Barremian-Aptian (Rangin and others. siliceous red mudstones and reddish calcareous siltstones. At Tupilac. Vitali Island. and between Culianan and Manicahan in southeastern Zamboanga. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone is coralline. grey to pink. carbonaceous.000 m along Sibalom and Igbayo rivers. and fine. On the other hand. shale. in the vicinity of Pasonanca. The sandstone comprising the Anungan is arkosic. Manicahan. in Tupilac in the north. and forms part of the Tupilac Formation of SantosYñigo (1953). The Anungan Formation is partly equivalent to the Tupilac Formation. massive. Zamboanga Age: Early to Middle Miocene Previous name: Anungan Clastics (Paderes and Miranda.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 20 of 374 dykes. The sheeted dike complex is exposed along the gorge in Bongbongan creek as a 150-m section of parallel to subparallel sheeted dikes. Culianan. Thick beds and pebble. massive.

Davao del Sur and at Barrio Sirawan in Davao City. It is equivalent to the Libertad Formation in Buruanga Peninsula. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of high-K basalt flow from Mt. Boribing. It is considered equivalent to the upper member of the Sagada Formation. This was dated Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene and unconformably overlies the Lagdo Formation and older rocks. Mt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Apdo Formation Lithology: Marl. Tarlac. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . 1997). Flows of andesite porphyry are found at the municipality of Sta. The agglomerates consist chiefly of fragments of basaltic andesite and pyroxene andesite cemented by a tuffaceous matrix. Talomo and Sibulan Mountains. Its thickness varies from 500 m in the central part to 375 m in the south where it also becomes increasingly tuffaceous. It comprises the upper member of the Malinta Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cruz. Beds of ash tuff are horizontal to moderately dipping. chiefly agglomerates and tuffs underlie the broad slopes of Apo. (see Malinta Formation).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 21 of 374 The Apaoan Volcaniclastics was named by Garcia (1991) for the sequence of red and green clastic beds around the mine area of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in Mankayan. Benguet. Apo gave an age of 0. andesite. Peña Apo Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Davao Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) Volcanic flows and pyroclastic rocks. calcareous clastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Lagdo Formation Distribution: Southern part of southwest Panay Age: Late Pliocene – Early Pleistocene Named by: Momongan (1979) The Apdo Formation occupies the southern part of southwest Panay. Peña Aparri Gorge Sandstone The Aparri Gorge Sandstone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sandstone with occasional shale stringers and conglomerate lenses at Aparri Gorge in O’ Donnell. Apo consists of basaltic flows cut and overlain by more recent andesites in the northeastern portion. It is characterized by gently dipping successions of calcareous sedimentary rocks. The dominant lithology is buff-weathered marl that locally contains thin shell fragments and foraminifera with interbeds of calcilutites and calcisiltites. (see Sagada Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.80 Ma while that of a sample of high-K basaltic andesite gave an age of 0.62 Ma (Sajona and others.

The rock shows pervasive silicification and pyritization near its contact with the intruded rocks. At Aroroy. Masbate Age: Middle . As described in Corby and others (1951). granodiorite. A composite type section for the unit was indicated along Maangtud Creek and Calagasan Creek (Huth. Barcelona (1981) reported that this stock intrudes the Kaal unit. (see Cataguintingan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Butong Limestone and Linut-od Formation. It is composed of three formations . 1962). Cataguintingan where the rocks are more continuous and the stratigraphic relation with Amlang Formation is more well defined. La Union. the intrusive body is a hornblende quartz diorite consisting of sodic plagioclase.Calagasan Formation. observed mostly along the beach at file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Radiometric dating of a sample of the quartz diorite gave an age of 38 Ma. quartz. Peña Aroroy Schist The oldest formation in Masbate was named by Barcelona (1981) as Aroroy Schist. geologists for exposures of massive to thick-bedded conglomerates east of Aringay town. 1958) represents the oldest sedimentary deposits mapped in southern Cebu. 1911) Renamed by: MGB (1981) The Aroroy Diorite was named by Ferguson (1911) for the quartz diorite stock in the northern portion of Aroroy.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 22 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which was meant to represent the upper member of the Rosario Formation. Lorentz (1984) proposed the name Cataguintingan Formation for this unit for exposures at Bgy.Late Eocene Previous name: Aroroy Diorite (Ferguson. hornblende and minor orthoclase. Its type locality is along the upper course of the Argao River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Aroroy Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Kaal Formation Distribution: Aroroy area. Peña Aringay Member The term Aringay was used by Bandy (1963) and others as an in-house term adopted by San Jose Oil Co.htm 10/12/2015 . this was also observed to intrude the Mandaon Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1986) which is equivalent to the Kaal Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. tonalite and gabbro. Masbate. Associated minor rock types include hornblende diorite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Corby and others (1951) applied the term Linao Sandstone for the upper member of the Rosario but the locality name is not reflected in available maps. Fossil contents identified in the Argao Group ranges from Late Oligocene to Early Miocene. Peña Argao Group The Argao Group (Barnes and others. which corresponds to Bartonian (the third of four stages comprising the Eocene).

Apayao. Peña Asiga Member The Asiga constitutes the lower member of the Lubuagan Formation in Cagayan Valley. Concepcion Greenschist and probably part of the Tigbauan Formation of UNDP (1984). Conglomerate or pebbly sandstone occurs locally. is of the same age as the Asiga Diorite. light greenish brown. It has a thickness of 543 m along the Assisig River. Previously. which comprises the upper member of the Passi Formation. The monzonite is intrusive into the Humandum Serpentinite. The M araat Diorite of UNDP (1984) is a smaller intrusive body northeast of the Asiga Diorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 23 of 374 Mabunga. M abaho M onzonite. Aroroy. intrude the Bacuag Formation. It is. It consists mainly of interbedded shale and greywacke and has an estimated thickness of 1500 m. fine grained sandstone and shale. Iloilo. which include hornblende diorite.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Assisig Member The Assisig. These units were reduced to member status by Gonzales and others (1978). Considering that the diorites intrude the Bacuag. (see Baleno Schist) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Asiga was named after Barrio Asiga along Mabaca River west of Pinukpok. The rock is readily recognized in the field by its potash feldspar content. Agusan del Norte Age: Early Miocene? Named by: UNDP (1984) UNDP (1984) provides the best description of the plutonic rocks within the Cordillera. (see Passi Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. intruded by microdiorite and andesite porphyry dikes. UNDP (1984) assigns a Late Oligocene age for the diorites. It consists of uniformly stratified thin bedded. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Asiga Diorite Lithology: Hornblende diorite and biotite hornblende quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Bacuag Formation Distribution: Asiga River. UNDP (1984) likewise describes a small intrusive body of monzonite and syenite. a probable Early Miocene age is postulated for the diorite intrusions. The other two members comprising the Lubuagan are the middle Balbalan Sandstone and upper Buluan member. The formation was renamed Baleno Schist by MMAJ-JICA (1990). The Cabadbaran Diorite of UNDP (1984). which intrudes ophiolitic rocks. (see Lubuagan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. was named after Barrio Assisig about 3 km northeast of Passi. in turn. The Asiga and Maraat diorites. which is referred to as the M t. biotite hornblende quartz diorite and biotite quartz diorite. which is equivalent to the Bacuag Formation. it was mapped as a formation by Durkee and Pederson (1961) who subdivided the Mabaca River Group into three formational units. The main diorite body lies in the middle course of the Asiga River.

porous. The section at Dumingag area. lenticular. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Awang Ultramafic Complex Lithology: Serpentinite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 24 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . white to pink. Timonan River. Molave. sandstone to pebbly sandstone with thin pyroclastic beds. Peña Awang-Table Limestone The Awang-Table Limestone is described by BED (1986b) as thick. biohermal limestone partly intertonguing with or conformably below the San Mateo Clastics. Zamboanga. peridotite Stratigraphic relations: in fault contact with Magina Schist. fossiliferous. between Dipolo River and the southwestern flank of Timonan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These beds can be traced over long distances and in places. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This formation also outcrops in the northwestern parts of Molave. (see Marbel Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. contain cross bedding and oscillation ripple marks. 1972). these two units represent the equivalent in the north of the Pliocene Marbel Formation that occupies the northern part of the Cotabato basin. north-central Zamboanga Peninsula Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 260 m Named by: Antonio (1972) The Aurora Formation was adopted by Antonio (1972) for the Pleistocene shale and sandstone and shallow marine subterrestial sedimentary rocks principally consisting of volcanic detritus covering the whole east-west trending Aurora plateau. where pyroclastic beds are also present. conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Aurora Formation Lithology: Sandstone. and Dumingag area. The formation consists of thin to medium bedded shale. Together. Dumingag area. dunite. unconformably underlies the Himalyan Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Aurora plateau. attains a thickness of 260 m (Antonio. shale. It was renamed Dinalungan Diorite Complex by MGB (2005) in view of the precedence of the Aurora Formation named by Antonio (1972) for the Pleistocene sedimentary rocks in Sibuguey Peninsula. Peña Aurora Diorite Complex A batholithic body consisting mainly of diorite and quartz diorite with subordinate gabbros that was designated as Coastal Batholith by MMAJ-JICA (1977) was renamed Aurora Diorite Complex by MGB (2004).

reddish or light greenish. when mylonitized. olive green to gray when fresh and reddish brown when weathered. Lubuagan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Awiden Mesa Formation Lithology: Dacitic tuff.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 25 of 374 Distribution: Caballero Range. The maximum thickness in the type locality is at least 300 m. including elephant and rhinoceros remains. The Complex occurs as three large bodies in the Caballero Range within the vicinity of Lourdes. The serpentinite is usually highly sheared. It consists mainly of serpentine and chlorite with minor amounts of actinolite and talc. calcareous shale. The formation is probably equivalent to the Tabuk Formation of Caagusan (1978) and BED (1986a) which consists of 300 m of tuffs that are transitional to terrestial conglomerates. The formation contains mammalian fossils. Remnants of the rock unit occur in Pasil and Chico river valleys between Balatoc and Tabuk. Cagayan de Oro City. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The formation is composed of dacitic welded tuffs and tuffaceous clastic rocks. Along Iponan River. tuffaceous sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Awiden Mesa. It is dense and dark when fresh and yellowish brown or dirty white when weathered. Serpentinites make up the largest portion of the Cretaceous ultramafic rocks. it is grayish. Kalinga-Apayao Age: Late Pleistocene Thickness: 300 m Named by: Durkee and Pederson (1961) Correlation: Tabuk Formation (Caagusan. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: not reported file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Babacolan Formation Lithology: Limestone. an elongated of serpentinized peridotite is medium to coarse grained. KalingaApayao. 1946) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Awang Ultramafic Complex was previously named Awang Serpentinite by Capistrano (1946).to medium-grained dunite usually occurs as small lenses interlayered in places with chromite. locally schistose and contorted. It varies from dark to bluish green. the rocks are lenticular bodies within a northeast trending fault zone. Protoliths of the serpentinite are mainly harzburgite and dunite with minor pyroxenite. It exhibits a shiny luster and has a soapy feel. The tuffaceous sediments are of various shades of tan and gray and show variable clast sizes and rounding. Pasil and Chico river valleys between Balatoc and Tabuk. 1978) The formation was named by Durkee and Pederson (1961) after Awiden Mesa. Kalinga-Apayao.htm 10/12/2015 . Iponan River Age: Cretaceous (?) Previous name: Awang Serpentinite (Capistrano. Kalinga-Apayao. which point to an early Late Pleistocene age (Durkee and Pederson. Fine. 6 km northwest of Lubuagan. sandstones and lahars. In the vicinity of Cagayan de Oro City. 1961). southeast of Opol and between Bigaan and Agusan rivers. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

(see Babuyan Subprovince) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Bayabas River.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 26 of 374 Distribution: Polillo Island Age: Late Eocene Thickness: 160 m Named by: De los Santos and Spencer (1957) A sequence of thin lenticular bodies of limestone with interbeds of indurated dark gray calcareous shale and sandstone with interbeds of black calcareous layers were designated as Babacolan Formation by De los Santos and Spencer (1957) and adopted by BMG (1981). 1981). feldspar. A sample of this limestone collected in Babacolan Creek. namely Cayonan. Schistosity planes generally verges steeply in an east-west direction. Pangasun. 1976) to include not only the schists but also gneiss and phyllite bodies outcropping in northeastern Leyte. with colors ranging from light to dark green. The thickness of the formation was estimated to be 160 m. The five volcanic centers of Babuyan Claro. well foliated and crenulated. Babatngon. Cruz. They consist of very fine quartz. Panikulan and along the western and southern flank of Anibawan River Valley. Naydi. Cabantog and Escalada (1989). sometimes exhibiting brown bands. Billedo (1994) considers the limestone bodies as the upper member of the Anawan Formation and designated it as the Babacolan Limestone Member The formation is reported to lie unconformably over the Lubi Formation of Magpantay (1955) and BMG (1981). sericite and iron oxide. 1965) was initially applied to represent the basement rocks of eastern Leyte. Some outcrops also reveal that the rocks have been intruded by serpentinized peridotite and gabbro of the Tacloban Ophiolite. Babuyan. noted that the schist grades into unmetamorphosed country rocks such as gabbro and basalt. San Miguel and west of Rizal. The schist is highly folded. Peña Babatngon Schist The term Babatngon Schist (Pilac. The name was later revised to Babatngon Metamorphics (Bravo. these metamorphic rocks are unconformably overlain by the San Ricardo Formation. Incipient foliation is manifested by occasional segregation of thin bands of quartz. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. chlorite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. They are also found in the northern Tacloban Highlands and in small exposures in Tanauan area. 1965) that were formed before Cretaceous time. apparently represent products of low grade metamorphism of volcanic and sedimentary rocks (Pilac. It was used to describe metamorphosed rocks typically exposed in the vicinities of Babatngon and Palo. The schists. yielded Late Eocene assemblages as indicated by the presence of several species of Pellatispira and Discocyclina (BMG. They therefore postulate that the foliation exhibited by the schists and associated gneisses are local effects of intense shewing.to mediumgrained. brownish green to dark green. north of Bordeos. Outcrops are quite extensive east of Sta. These lenticular limestone bodies were observed along Quinabawan Creek. Peña Babuyan Claro Island Babuyan Claro island is part of the Batanes Group of Islands. west of Bordeos along the shore south of Buhang Point. and Mt. Mt. feldspar and chlorite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The phyllites are fine. Petrographic analyses reveal that the schists consist essentially of epidote-actinolite-albitefeldspar with occasional quartz and sericite. In a small strip southeast of Babatngon. Dionisio. consist mainly of a succession of calc-alkaline andesitic and basaltic andesitic lava flows.

These volcanic chains are about 50 km apart just north of Luzon (18oN) and merge into a single volcanic chain near Batan island (20oN).htm 10/12/2015 . Limestone terraces are noticeable features suggesting intermittent emergence. Siayan. Hsiaolanyu. Sabtang. The Group has a total thickness of around 5. in contrast. The EVC consists of Batan (Mt. Lanyu. It includes the Mansalay and Lumintao formations. Peña Babuyan Subprovince The Babuyan Subprovince is composed mainly of the submarine Lubao-Babuyan Ridge between Luzon and Taiwan.2 Ma whereas the activity in EVC is almost exclusively Pleistocene. Whole rock K-Ar age determination done on several fresh samples proved that the volcanic activity in WVC ceased at 4 . Ibohos. Balintang. La Union. It is cut by several channels and troughs.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 27 of 374 Babuyan River Turbidites The Babuyan River Turbidites was named by UNDP (1985) for the sequence of Cretaceous-Eocene mudstones and sandstones along Babuyan River in Central Palawan. Peña Baco Group The Baco Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984) is a suite of rocks exposed from Mamburao to Mansalay in Mindoro. It is described by Yang and others (1996) as having a double arc structure consisting of a western volcanic chain (WVC) and a younger eastern volcanic chain (EVC) based on their geographic distribution. It is considered equivalent to the Boayan Formation. (see Mansalay Formation and Lumintao Basalt) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Diogo. Matarem). the Babuyan Islands Group. The Bacnotan rests on the Amlang Formation and is considered by Maleterre (1989) to be a facies of the Damortis Formation. The WVC was initially the active volcanic front of the arc. Suzuki and others (2001) considers the Babuyan River Turbidites as a facies of the Concepcion Phyllite. 1993). (see Boayan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. having 95 sq. Peña Bacnotan Limestone The Bacnotan Limestone was named for the exposure of 20-m thick Pleistocene limestone on the coast of Bacnotan. It is composed of 10 islands with Itbayat. Camiguin. km land area. No active volcanism has been reported in this chain. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Volcanic activity stopped for an interval of 4 . Babuyan. Calayan and Dalupiri. Didicas. being the largest. Dequey. Cagua. Itbayat. The first five islands mentioned are still active. constitutes the northernmost part of the Philippine archipelago. Most of the islands are underlain by basalt and andesite flows surrounded by reef limestone fringing the shoreline. and Lutao. and the geochemical signatures of the magmas. The ridge forms islands. Iraya). Y'Ami.2 Ma then resumed further east forming the EVC. the northernmost of which is Lubao in Taiwan and the southernmost. (see Damortis Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. On the other hand.000 m. Volcanic rocks from the Babuyan Islands Group that yield ages of around 1 Ma or less consist mostly of basaltic andesites with minor basalts and andesites (McDermott and others. Mabudis. Mt. eruption ages. The Babuyan Islands Group is composed of five islands with Calayan being the largest. This subprovince is termed as the Babuyan Segment by Defant and others (1990) and as the Bashi Segment by Yang and others (1996). The ridge is about 185 km wide just north of Luzon and tapers northward. the WVC is composed of Batan (Mt. The Batanes Islands Group. geomorphology. Panuitan. North.

The shale is dark to bluish gray. Surigao del Norte. The unit consists of clastic rocks and basalt flows. and agglomerates. 1994). although this does not include the base. green shales and white nodular limestone. feldspathic sandstones.100 m. Bacuag. Masapelid Island Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: ~ 1. The limestone lenses are buff to light gray. may be considered as a reference section representing the lower portion of the Bacuag Formation. The formation generally dips gently except in the north where dips are much steeper. The conglomerate is poorly bedded. Here. It was named Bacuag Series but Santos and others (1962) designated it as a formation. mudstone. dark gray. Also present are light gray to black. most of the limestone samples studied for paleontological dating yielded Early Miocene fauna and two samples were found to contain late Oligocene to Early Miocene fossils. The exposure at Siana Mine. Tubod. the formation is represented mostly by pillow basalts with thin interbeds of mudstones and limestones. massive limestone with cherty lenses and greenish gray or black shale. In the northeast. sometimes with pillow structures. calcareous sandstone. The lithology at the Siana pit consists of basalt flows.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 28 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone with intercalated basalt flows and pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Madanlog Formation. the formation is considered late Oligocene to early Miocene in age. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bacuit Formation Lithology: Sandstone. chert and slate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Barton Metamorphics (Reyes. sandstone and shale with limestone lenses. Surigao del Norte. conglomerate with clasts of basalt that attain boulder sizes and coralline limestone with abundant shells passes into wackes and volcanic conglomerate.500 m Previous name: Bacuag Series (Santos-Yñigo. It is also exposed at the former Siana Mine. also well bedded with coal stringers. 1944) Renamed by: Santos and others (1962) as Bacuag Formation The term Bacuag was first applied by Santos-Yñigo (1944) for the rocks at Bacuag. Amuslog and the Placer-Bacuag road. conformably overlain by the Mabuhay Formation and Timamana Limestone Distribution: Siana Mine. Amislog. generally well bedded and well cemented. laminated sandstones. Other limestone exposures have been observed at Danau and at scattered localities. cobbles and boulders of basaltic composition. Northeast of Barrio Bacuag. According to UNDP (1987). The sandstone is dark gray.1 Ma or earliest Miocene (Aquitanian).htm 10/12/2015 . Above these beds. and the maximum thickness could be in the vicinity of 1. medium to coarse grained with poorly sorted angular pebbles. sandstone. commonly argillaceous. Tubod. The Tigbauan Formation of UNDP (1984) also appears to be equivalent to the Bacuag. Radiometric K-Ar dating of basalt from the middle part of the formation gave an age of 23 1. basaltic pyroclastics. UNDP (1987) noted basalt flows overlain by beds of calcisiltites and calcirudites that attain a thickness of 100 m. altered tuff.500 m. The stratigraphic thickness near Bacuag is around 1. The fossil content of the limestone points to a late Oligocene to Early Miocene age (Quebral. The clastic rocks consist of conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1971) and conformably overlain by the Minilog Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Bacuag Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. called Siana Beds by Santos-Yñigo (1944).

calcareous sandstone and contorted alternation of sandstone and slate exposed in Manmegmeg Bay. 1965) in Carabao Island. Tagburos Siltstone and Sulu Sea Mine Formation. 1973). conglomerate and limestone unconformably overlying the Barton Metamorphics. Romblon The name Bacuit was first used by Reyes (1971) for the sequence of shales. the old name of El Nido municipality. 1973) Correlation: Carabao Sandstone (Vallesteros and Argaño. Neospathodus sp. Its thickness is estimated by BMG (1972) to be about 1500-4500 meters. Casian Island and at the southern coast of Cadlao Island. Peña Bacungan River Group The Bacungan River Group was named by UNDP (1985) for the Late Cretaceous suite of rocks around Bacungan River in central Palawan. Although Middle to Late Permian ranging conodonts Gondolella rosenkrantzi (Benden and Stoppel) and Ozarkodina tortilis Tatge were identified in the chert. southern part of Natnat Island. Hashimoto and Sato (1973) subdivided the Bacuit of Reyes (1971) and Gervasio (1973) into four formations. Casian Island and at the southern coast of Cadlao Island.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 29 of 374 Distribution: Manmegmeg Bay. (see Espina Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. altered tuff. north of Bacuit. The Group is equivalent to the Espina Formation. It consists of phenocrysts of quartz. It was later termed Bacuit Chert by Gervasio (1973) to include the chert dominantly exposed in Busuanga Island. Surigao del Norte. 1972). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Liminangcong and Guinlo formations. chert. however retained to designate beds in the lower part of the former Bacuit Formation. south of Bacuit and in Dilumacad Island in the Malampaya Sound area. It was also found in the beach bordering Barboring Bay. Surigao del Norte. The chert sequence was estimated by Fontaine (1979) to reach a thickness of 1000 m in the Calamian islands..htm 10/12/2015 . south of Bacuit (formerly El Nido town). biotite and plagioclase in a pale gray groundmass. Palawan Age: Middle Permian to Late Permian Thickness: About 1500-4500 m (BMG. 1990). It differs from the Ipil file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. southern part of Natnat Island. the chert is about 1000 m in the Calamian Islands Named by: Reyes (1971) Synonymy: Bacuit Chert (Gervasio. 1962) occurs in limited outcrops near Barangay Bad-as and Placer area. The Bacuit of present usage is confined to the brecciated sandstone. Minilog. trending in a northeast direction in southern Bacuit area and gradually shifting to an E-W direction in the southern coast of Cadlao Island (MMAJ-JICA. The rocks are remarkably folded. a Middle Permian age was assigned to the formation (Hashimoto and Sato. The Bacuit Formation as presently used is ranked as the basal part of the Malampaya Sound Group. It consists of Maranat pillow lavas. Masapelid Island Age: Late Pliocene (Piacenzian) Named by: Santos and others (1962) The Bad-as Dacite (Santos and others. Barboring Bay. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bad-as Dacite Lithology: Dacite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes older deposits Distribution: Barangay Bad-as and Placer area. namely: Bacuit. Wolfart and others (1986) later considered an Early to Middle Permian age for the Bacuit based on the additional species identified which include Spathognathodus sp. Its type locality is in the town of Bacuit. limestone. Dilumacad Island. north of Bacuit. and Hindeodella sp. collectively termed Malampaya Sound Group. The name Bacuit was. sandstones.

schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in the vicinity of Tacloban City. the sequence has a thickness of about 150-250 m. Camarines Norte Age: Pliocene Named by: Meek (1941) The name Bagacay Andesite was used by Meek (1941) for the massive and fragmental andesite extensively exposed in Mt. Leyte near San Juanico Bridge. The formation occurs as massive flows of fine grained porphyritic hornblende andesite. Bagacay and underlies some parts of the Basud-Mercedes area. basalt. It also occurs in the west side of Sapaniton River east of Barugo town and in a road cut along Magsaysay Boulevard in Tacloban City. southeast of Paracale. gabbro and limestone clasts. The sandstones are arkosic while the shales are calcareous and tuffaceous. Bagacay southeast of Paracale. Leyte Age: Late Miocene to Pliocene Thickness: 150-250 m Named by: Pilac (1965) Correlation: Pangasugan Formation This formation refers to the sequence of polymictic basal conglomerate. Pyritization and chloritization are confined along faults. volcanic breccia Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Mt. Fine tuffs intercalate with the marls and sandstones. Peña Bagacay Andesite Lithology: Hornblende andesite. The lower slopes of Mt. east of Barubo town. The formation unconformably overlies the San Ricardo Formation. Bagacay. The conglomerates are pebbly and consist of subrounded andesite. Bagacay are underlain by volcanic breccia. serpentine. This type comprises the upper slopes of Mt. at the northeastern edge of Tacloban City. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 30 of 374 Andesite in its quartz content and relatively larger plagioclase phenocrysts. sandstone and marly tuffaceous shale typically exposed in the vicinity of Bagahupi. At Sapaniton. The formation is broadly folded along a north-northeast axis. It is dated Late Miocene to Pliocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bagahupi Formation Lithology: Sandstone and marly tuffaceous shale with basal conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the San Ricardo Formation Distribution: Bagahupi. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It has an ash gray to dark gray matrix and becomes brick-red when weathered.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The formation is believed to have been emplaced during the Pliocene.

The Bagalangit is probably a facies of the San Pascual Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 31 of 374 Bagalangit Coal Measures The Bagalangit Coal Measures was named by Corby and others (1951) for the exposures of Late Miocene siltstone with subordinate claystone and sandstone near the southern end of Burias Island. Peña Bagon Tonalite The Bagon Tonalite was named by Sillitoe and Angeles (1985) for the quartz diorite exposures in the mine area of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co.htm 10/12/2015 . volcanic breccia. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baguio Formation Lithology: Tuff. 1966) The Baggao Limestone was named by geologists of San Jose Oil Co. Mankayan. (see San Pascual Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Baggao may also be correlated with the limestone constituent of the Eocene Tagabakid Formation of Southern Pacific Cordillera. basalt. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Mirador Limestone Distribution: Baguio District Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: > 100 m file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1985). Mine geologists previously referred to it as Bagon Intrusive. (see Itogon Quartz Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (in BM Petroleum Division. 1966) for exposures in Baggao. It is dated Eocene with an undetermined thickness. Benguet. Radiometric K-Ar dating of hornblendes and biotite from the Bagon indicates an age of 12-13 Ma. 1986b). andesite. equivalent to late Middle Miocene (Sillitoe and Angeles. northeastern Agusan. The Baggao consists largely of massive irregularly bedded limestone with occasional interbeds of shale. The formation is the equivalent in the Pacific Cordillera of the Umayam Limestone in the Central Cordillera. It is considered as the local equivalent of the Itogon Quartz Diorite in the Baguio District.. These limestones may be regarded as remnants of isolated reefs that grew on submarine basement platforms on both sides of the respective Cordilleras that flank the Agusan-Davao Basin (BED. (in BM Petroleum Division. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baggao Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over igneous basement Distribution: Northeastern Agusan Age: Eocene Named by: San Jose Oil Co. It is unconformable over the igneous basement of the Pacific Cordillera. Beds exposed on the sea cliffs attain a thickness of 160m.

suggesting a nonconformable contact. Uninterrupted exposures of the limestone body were observed in barangays Mahabang Baybay and Bailan. the formation consists of andesitic tuff breccia and poorly indurated conglomerates. The rocks constituting this formation include tuff (sometimes enclosing blocks of andesite and volcanic breccia). The Bailan was probably deposited in a lagoonal or open platform to a reefal environment as shown by the presence of species of nummulites. algae echinoid stems and sponge spicules. No signs of alteration. andesite and volcanic breccia as well as poorly indurated polymictic conglomerate. This is equivalent to the Pico Pyroclastics of Dumapit (1966) which was regarded by Balce and others (1980) as a coeval member of the Klondyke Formation.57 Ma K/Ar dating (equivalent to Early Pliocene) of a basalt clast from a conglomerate between Zigzag Road and the Loakan airport. The poorly indurated conglomerate is equivalent to the I risan Formation of Maleterre (1989) that outcrops between Naguilian Road and Trinidad Valley and estimated to be about 100 m thick. massive. Specks of clay and limonite stains are also present as infilling materials. Santo Tomas.7 Ma. At Trinidad. Datings of volcanic clasts from Malaya Formation in Bontoc give values of 6. the tuff is overlain by basaltic flow breccias and pyroclastic flow deposit with an overall thickness of 25 40 m. the formation is also exposed on the northeast flank of Mt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 32 of 374 Named by: Smith and Eddingfield (1911) Synonymy: Pico Pyroclastics (Dumapit. Nummulites pengaronensis Verbeek is the only abundant form. San Agustin. 1924) but has been virtually abandoned subsequently. rubbly limestone boulders rich in nummulites species were also observed associated with the Binoog Limestone blocks.htm 10/12/2015 . San Agustin.2 3. The presence of Nummulites in most of the studied samples of Maac and Ylade (1988) indicates an Eocene age. in which case its age of formation would fall between Late Miocene and Early Pliocene time. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. buff to gray and sandy limestone. Santo Tomas. It is essentially composed of fossiliferous. it appears that the underlying Calatrava Quartz Diorite is older than the Bailan. At the type locality at Bailan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bailan Limestone Lithology: Nummulite-bearing limestone Stratigraphic relations: Rests on Calatrava Quartz Diorite Distribution: Bailan Point. 1966). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Aside from exposures around Baguio City and Pico. shearing. Stratigraphically. sparite. corresponding to a volcanic phase during Late Miocene to Early Pliocene time. Species of Gypsina and miliolids also occur as minor components. bioclast and quartz chips set in a micritic matrix. 1989) The Baguio Formation was originally defined by Smith and Eddingfield (1911) and modified by Dickerson (in Smith. Trinidad. Among the foraminifers present. De los Santos (1982) proposed the resurrection of the term for the pyroclastic rocks around Baguio which apparently rest above the Mirador Limestone. San Agustin. Tablas Island Age: Eocene Thickness: 15 m Named by: Maac and Ylade (1988) The Bailan Limestone was referred to by Fontaine and others (1983) as the nummulite-bearing limestone that crops out north of Bailan Point in San Agustin. the limestone is 15 m thick. barangays Mahabang Baybay and Sogod. The Baguio Formation could be taken as the equivalent of such volcanic phase. In Barangay Sogod. or baking are observed along the contact. Maleterre (1989) reports a 3. The unit is a biomicrite made up of anhedral calcite grains. Mahdi (1992) observes that in Camp 8. volcanic conglomerate. Irisan Formation (Maleterre. where it appears to rest on top of the Mirador Limestone as observed along the road going up to Mt. This basalt is correlated by Maleterre (1989) with the basalt layer at the top of Rosario Formation. abundant corals. San Agustin.

100 – 2. moderately hard and fine to medium grained sandstone with thin layers of shale. of which the Bairan Agglomerate constitutes the uppermost member. The age is Early-Middle Miocene as indicated by the presence of Lepidocyclina and Miogypsina assemblages. The presence of several species of Spiroclypeus and Lepidocyclina in the member indicates that it was deposited during Early Miocene. (see Talave Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The shale is gray and thick bedded while the sandstone is thin-bedded and arkosic. Catagupan. It contains small foraminifera of Late Miocene Age. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balabac Formation Members: North Bay. Tagkalasa. arenaceous and crops out mostly in the Catagupan River Valley on western Balabac Island.300 m Previous name: Balabac Sandstone (Irving. The Sigumay Member is composed of gray medium-grained arkosic sandstone that crops out near Sigumay Point on western Balabac Island. The shale and sandstone are gray and fine grained. gray. 2004). light gray. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Espina Formation Distribution: North Bay Hill area. The North Bay Member consists dominantly of limestone with interbeds of thin sandstone and shale. The thickness ranges from 450 to 896 m. The unit was renamed by Basco (1964) in consideration of the presence of shale and limestone in the sedimentary sequence. fine to coarse grained and fossiliferous. shale. The presence of Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) monstrosa Yabe in the limestone delimits the age of these horizons to Late Oligocene. Sigumay Lithology: Limestone. namely: North Bay (renamed by MGB. The Catagupan Member consists of 168 to 600 m sequence of shale and sandstone with minor limestone beds. Interbeds of pebbly conglomerate in the sandstone are also present. The Balabac Formation has four members. Balabac Island Age: Late Oligocene . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balacbac Andesite file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. massive. The limestone is brown to gray. massive. The limestone is thinly bedded. 2004). The formation crops out at the North Bay HIll area between the lower Dalawan River and False Balabac Peak westnorthwest of Dalawan Bay. 1949) Renamed by: Basco (1964) The Balabac Formation was previously named by Irving (1949) as Balabac Sandstone for the exposures at Balabac Island. Peña Bairan Agglomerate Caguiat (1967) subdivided the Late Miocene-Early Pliocene Talave Formation in Negros Island into three members.htm 10/12/2015 . Its thickness ranges from 500 to 800 m.Miocene Thickness: 1. Tagkalasa (renamed by MGB. sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 33 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Catagupan and Sigumay. The Tagkalasa Member is composed generally of arkosic.

Bongabon River.9 Ma and 1.8 Ma. Mt. 2000). Radiometric dating of volcanic clasts from the Malaya Formation ranges from 6. Dating of two samples of andesite by K/Ar was reported by Maleterre (1989) to be 5. 1954) Renamed by: Balce and others (1980) Late Neogene andesites occurring as dikes and small intrusive bodies in the Baguio District was previously named collectively as Emerald Creek Complex by Schafer (1978). Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Balanga Point. Mindoro Age: Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene Thickness: 1. Balakibok Volcanic Complex is part of the Western Volcanic Belt of the Late Miocene to Recent Bataan Volcanic Arc Complex. at the Western Minolco Mine area. A later phase of andesite emplacement is suggested by Plio Pleistocene dates for some samples.Pliocene Previous name: Emerald Creek Complex (Schafer. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mariveles and Pinatubo.57 Ma.000 m Named by: Feliciano and Basco (1947) as Balanga Conglomerate file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. probably contemporaneous with the deposition of Baguio Formation. Dating of samples of andesite porphyry by radiometric (K/Ar) and fission track methods reported by Lovering (1983) indicate an age of 1. while that of a volcanic clast from Baguio Formation gave 3. Cuadrado and older volcanic deposits around Mts. Thus. Peña Balakibok Volcanic Complex Mt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 34 of 374 Lithology: Andesite. The basal sections of Balakibok are intruded by granodiorite and diorite porphyries. They are generally unmappable.5 Ma. minor mudstone and conglomerate. such that they are mapped as dike complexes. Colasi Bay. limestone. the Emerald Creek Complex of Schafer (1954) and Camp 4 Complex (Malicdem. equivalent to latest Pliocene. The Balacbac Andesite was designated by Balce and others (1980) for the hornblende andesite at Balacbac. The complex consists of andesitic to dacitic volcanic domes. 1971) indicate areas in which these late Neogene intrusive bodies occur as dike swarms. represent volcanic complexes that have been dated Late Miocene. Balakibok and similar remnant strato-volcanoes.1 Ma and 3. plugs. pyroclastic flows and proximal fall deposits and their epiclastic derivatives (Ramos and others. although they may be so numerous in some areas. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balanga Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Bulalacao.2 Ma to 3. respectively. appinite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Pugo and Zigzag formations Distribution: Baguio District Age: Late Miocene . (see Bataan Volcanic Arc Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. lamprophyre. These rocks include lamprophyres and appinites and other porphyritic rocks which exhibit prominent pyroxene and hornblende phenocrysts as well as ordinary andesite porphyry with varying sizes and amounts of plagioclase phenocrysts. such as Mt.7 Ma. These suggest volcanic activity during Late Miocene – Early Pliocene time.htm 10/12/2015 . This is probably contemporaneous with the deposition of the pyroclastics and associated volcanics of the Baguio Formation.

a barangay along Mabaca River between Saltan and Pasil rivers in Kalinga-Apayao. (see Mankayan Dacitic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which constitutes the middle member of the Lubuagan Formation. Zepeda and others (1992) gave a Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age for this formation. It has a thickness of 1165 m along the Mabaca River east of Asiga. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The fine grained clay-like dacitic matrix of the diatreme encloses angular fragments and blocks of a wide variety of rocks. hornblende clinopyroxenite Stratigraphic relations: Comprises the basement of Masbate Island Distribution: Mabunga. The formation consists principally of sandstone with mudstone and conglomerate interbeds and limestone. (see Lubuagan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. of which the most common are quartz diorite. was named after Balbalan. Peña Balbalan Sandstone The Balbalan Sandstone. dacite and clastic rocks. In the Bongabon River area. Benguet within a nearly closed embayment of the Itogon Quartz Diorite. Aroroy. The formation was later redefined by Teves (1953).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 35 of 374 Renamed by: Teves (1953) The name Balanga Conglomerate was introduced by Feliciano and Basco (1947) which included the sequences corresponding to the Barubo Sandstone and Famnoan formations of Teves (1953).000 m by 600 m and extends at least one kilometer below the surface. 1981) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Masbate Age: Jurassic? Previous name: Aroroy Schist (Barcelona. It is composed dominantly of fine to coarse grained sandstone and conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baleno Schist Lithology: Amphibolite. along the north coast of Mansalay Bay. The Balanga may be correlated in southeastern Oriental Mindoro with the upper sequence of the Bongabon Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984). who treated the Barubo and Famnoan Formations as separate units. the clastic rocks gave a Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene age whereas the limestone is Plio-Pleistocene. andesite. As a whole. The rocks distributed along Sabang and Subaan-Singalan rivers were dated Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene. and to the south it is exposed along the coast of Colasi Bay and around Bulalacao town. and later by Benguet Corporation. It is equivalent to the Mankayan Dacitic Complex. Peña Balatoc Plug The Balatoc Plug was named by Leith (1938) for the breccia pipe or diatreme at Acupan. It was earlier mined for gold by Balatoc Mining Co.. measuring about 1. Those taken along the coast of Colasi Bay and Bulalacao Poblacion indicate a Plio-Pleistocene age.htm 10/12/2015 . The limestone is generally massive but in places it is bedded in such a way that marl rich in foraminifera occupies the spaces between bedding planes Samples collected in Balanga Point yielded a Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age. it outcrops along the lower reaches of Bongabon River. To the north. The Balatoc is oval in plan. The type locality is at Balanga Point.

Iloilo along the northern bank of Tigum River as its type locality. The member is limited to the south-central part of the plain and is composed essentially of thick bedded.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 36 of 374 Renamed by: MMAJ-JICA (1990) The oldest formation in Masbate was named by Barcelona (1981) as Aroroy Schist. quartz and epidote. Since Corby and others (1951) did not designate a type locality for the lowermost Balic Mudstone Member. the mudstone is interbedded with fine-grained sandstone. 1992) to include the volcaniclastic and clastic facies from Bauko to Cervantes up north and to Buguias down south. along Payeo River. observed mostly along the beach at Mabunga. The association of the schist with peridotite and gabbro as well as pillow basalts (Manapao Basalt) and pelagic sedimentary rocks (Calumpang Formation) led MMAJ-JICA (1990) to postulate the occurrence of an ophiolitic complex in the area. The pile of andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks comprising the Balinsasayao are estimated to total at least 950 m thick (Tebar. (see Cabatuan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In both the mudstone and sandstone. comprising 50% of the rock. At the Masbate Forest Reservation. Well-preserved molluscan fossils are present. the Balili is disconformable over the volcanic substratum. MGB (2004) correlates the Balili with the Zigzag Formation. especially along the bedding planes. Santos (1968) selected Barrio Turing. Aroroy. 1987). In view of the earlier usage of the place-name Aroroy referring to the diorite body in the said municipality. Peña Balic Mudstone Member Balic Mudstone is the lowermost member of the Cabatuan Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . this is little studied and has yet to be validated. The hornblende clinopyroxenite is composed mainly of diopsidic pyroxene. 1984 in Ayson. The contact between the Balili Formation and the Sagada Limestone has not been described but the attitudes of their bedding indicate a concordant relation. The formation consists of amphibolite and hornblende clinopyroxenite. Data. However. quartz diorite intrudes the schist as well as peridotite and gabbro. (see Canlaon Volcanic Complex) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the name Baleno Schist was adopted by MGB (2004). soft and highly fossiliferous mudstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. cobbles of volcanic rocks are scattered. basalt flows. The Balili Formation was dated by Maleterre (1989) as Late Oligocene Early Miocene on the basis of the dating of intraformational limestone clasts in the conglomerate at the upper section of the formation. At the type locality. 1991) reported a Late Oligocene dating of foraminifera from the limestone capping the Balili sediments. Garcia and Bongolan (1990) assigned a Middle Miocene age for the formation. andesitic pyroclastics and breccia forming the Balili Cliffs on the western flank of Mt. Peña Balinsasayao Formation The Balinsasayao Formation of Ayson (1987) apparently corresponds to the Pleistocene eruptive products of Cuernos de Negros. Sillitoe and Angeles (1985) give a Late Oligocene Middle Miocene age range for the basal conglomerate. dark gray. volcanic conglomerates. Cabatuan. Gonzales (cited in Garcia. Various ages have been assigned to the Balili Formation. The schist is assigned to the Jurassic by MMAJ-JICA (1990). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which is part of the Canlaon Volcanic Complex. East of Mankayan. The formation was renamed Baleno Schist by MMAJ-JICA (1990). It was redefined by Baker (cited in Ringenbach. Peña Balili Formation The Balili Formation was named by geologists of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company for the thick sequence of sandstones. large hornblende crystals and finer grains of plagioclase with minor amounts of tremolite and magnetite. Hornblende in the amphibolite comprises 40-45% of the rock and the rest is made up of calcic plagioclase.

Mayantoc. The formation is designated as San Jose Limestone by BED (1986b). conglomerate. and described as thinly bedded deep water micrite exposed in the central part of Samar Island. Bagacay and Sulat area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balog-Balog Diorite Lithology: Diorite. equigranular and contains abundant hornblende crystals. plagiogranite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes gabbro and diabase dike complex Distribution: Balog-balog. manganiferous mudstone and chert (Balce and Esguerra. plagiogranite and possibly tonalite and monzonite.htm 10/12/2015 . as well as in the vicinity of Borongan. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It consists of highly folded metamorphosed thin bedded conglomerate. These rocks crop out at Bagacay and Sulat area (Balce and Esguerra. Nannofossil assemblages indicate a Late Cretaceous age for the Balo (MMAJ-JICA. It appears to be late differentiates of the gabbro of the ophiolite and is an intrinsic part of the ophiolite complex. southwest of General MacArthur. 1974). 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Santos-Yñigo and others (1951) introduced the name Balo River Formation to designate the rocks along Balo River. 1988). pegmatite. is equivalent to the Balo Formation. The quartz diorite is light colored and pinkish with crystals of free quartz and potash feldspars.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 37 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The thickness of the formation was estimated by Santos-Ynigo and others (1951) to be 400 m along Balo River. Borongan. 1981) where they overlie the Camcuevas Volcanic Complex. pegmatite. The Balog-Balog consists of diorite. mudstone. sandstone and shale with associated marbleized limestone. The limestone interbeds in San Jose and Maylube contain various species of Globotruncana and Rugoglobigerina with Heterohelix globulosa (Ehrenberg) pointing to a Late Cretaceous (Turonian) age (Reyes and Ordonez. quartz diorite. Tarlac. The main diorite is light to dark gray. Samar Age: Late Cretaceous (Turonian) Thickness: 400 m Previous name: Balo River Formation (Santos-Yñigo and others. The complex is a dike system intruding the gabbro and diabase dike swarms of the ophiolite suite. shale Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Camcuevas and Anagasi formations. southwest of General MacArthur. sandstone. Giporlos. Tarlac Age: Eocene Named by: Villones and others (1979) In the western flank of Zambales Range is a diorite complex originally called Balog-Balog Diorite by Villones and others (1979) for the diorite exposures at Balog-Balog. 1974). Giporlos and San Jose de Buan (Garcia and Mercado. The diorite is fine to coarse grained and pegmatitic. The coarse crystalline pegmatite contains large euhedral crystals of hornblende in a felsic matrix. Tarlac. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balo Formation Lithology: Limestone. San Jose de Buan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Tarlac. Distribution: Balo River. 1970). It is also well exposed at Mayantoc. The San Jose Formation of Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) which conformably overlies the Anagasi Formation in central Samar. quartz diorite.

The basalts of the Baloy Formation conformably overlie the Lumbuyan Formation. porphyritic pyroxene basalt breccias with minor interbedded aphyric non-amygdaloidal greenish basalt cut by intersecting subparallel chloritic veins or joints. basaltic breccia.htm 10/12/2015 . basalt. as well as in the vicinities of Dodiongan. western Panay Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Previous name: Mt.1 Ma on the basis of radiometric (K-Ar) determination of whole rock sample (Rangin and others. Iponan River. Dansolihon. Bgy. siltstones and reddish mudstones. This unit may be designated as Balongkot Limestone for the outcrops at Sitio Balongkot. Lugait and Looc. Recent reports confirm the presence in the limestone of abundant foraminifera. the limestone occurs as patches unconformably overlying the Himalyan Formation. 1998). The limestone also occurs along the tributaries of Iponan River in the western part of Misamis Oriental. Baloy Formation by UNDP (1986) with reference to the prominent ridge. The type locality along Cangaranan River exposes basalt breccias overlain by around 1.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 38 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cagayan de Oro City. The limestone is carbonaceous. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. In these localities. southwest of Bgy. The limestone south of Bgy. conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Lumbuyan Formation Distribution: Mt. The clasts of the conglomerates are dominantly volcanic and reach up to boulder sizes. This is overlain by conglomerates and minor turbidites with intercalations of pillow basalts. Dodiongan. Other exposures are found along hill slopes near the Avancena iron claim. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Balongkot Limestone Lithology: Carbonaceous limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Himalyan Formation and Tago Schist. Cagayan de Oro City. Lo-oc. massive. radiolaria. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baloy Formation Lithology: Andesite. siltstone. overlain by Opol Formation Distribution: Sitio Balongkot. Dansolihon. Mt. The Baloy consists dominantly of volcanic rocks with associated graywacke. 1991). The lavas intercalated within the volcano-sedimentary sequence was dated 22. Kiliog Misamis Oriental Age: Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) Pacis (1966) recognized several small bodies of recrystalllized limestone in the region although he did not give a name to the formation. The wackes were dated Late Oligocene-Early Miocene by UNDP (1986). Baloy underlain by the formation. Baloy Formation (UNDP. Baloy. sandstone.8 + 1. and near the headwaters of Maniki Creek.000 m thick of amygdaloidal. algae. In some cases it is fossiliferous and schistose. black and dark gray with white bands. conglomerates. Maniki Creek. Cangaranan River. Bgy. and rudists which were dated Late Oligocene to Early Miocene (MGB-X. 1986) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Baloy Formation was originally named Mt. Lugait. Kiliog caps both the schist and the Himalyan Formation.

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Balut Volcano
Balut Volcano constitutes Balut Island south of Saranggani Peninsula representing the northernmost volcano of the present
day Sangihe arc. Products from this inactive volcano are basaltic.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Bamban Formation
Lithology: Tuffaceous sandstone and lapilli tuff with basal conglomerate
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Tarlac Formation
Distribution: Bamban, Tarlac
Age: Pleistocene
Thickness: Undetermined
Named by: Corby and others (1951)
The name Bamban Formation was used by Corby and others (1951) to designate the tuffaceous clastic and tuff section in
Bamban, Tarlac. The best exposure was the almost vertical bluff immediately south-southwest of the highway (now
covered by lahar) where it is made up of tuffaceous sandstone and well-bedded lapilli tuff. The basal conglomerate is
massive, fairly well-consolidated, and consists of poorly sorted subangular to subrounded pebbles, cobbles and small
boulders of diorite, andesite and basalt with minor amounts of scoria cemented by tuffaceous sand and volcanic ash. It is
locally cross-bedded and grades laterally and vertically to the sandstone. The sandstone is bedded, fine to coarse grained,
fairly sorted, soft, porous, tuffaceous and consists mainly of angular to subrounded grains of feldspar, quartz and ferromagnesian minerals in a fine silt and volcanic ash cement. Interbedded with the sandstone are thin beds of hard, well
cemented and brittle tuffaceous shale. The tuff is medium to thick bedded, hard, brittle and consists of well cemented, fine
volcanic ash, dust and lapilli. Mafic minerals and small fragments of scoriaceous materials are dispersed in the tuff. It is
Pleistocene in age and the environment of deposition might have been subaqueous.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Banahaw Volcanic Complex
Lithology: Basalt, andesite, breccia, pyroclastic flows, lahar
Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes/covers Miocene rocks
Distribution: Laguna and Quezon
Age: Pleistocene - Recent
Named by: MGB (2004)
Mt. Banahaw is the highest volcanic center in southwestern Luzon, reaching up to 2158 masl. This stratovolcano includes
two major flank cones, Mt. San Cristobal (1470 m) and Banahaw de Lucban (1870 m). It is considered part of the southern
segment of the Luzon volcanic arc associated with the subduction of the South China Sea plate along the Manila Trench.
The segment to which Banahaw belongs was designated by Defant and others (1988) as the eastern counterpart of the
Mindoro volcanic belt.

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Mt. Banahaw consists of lava flows and breccias on the upper regions and lahars and pyroclastic flows below elevations of
800 to 600 masl. While Mt. San Cristobal is a complex lava dome structure, Mt. Banahaw de Lucban is characterized by a
dome that caused debris-avalanche on the eastern flanks. Mt. San Cristobal basalts and andesites range in age from 1.71 to
1.29 Ma (Oles and others, 1991). Accounts of Mt Banahaw eruptions date back to 1539, 1730, 1743 and 1909.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Bandao Limestone
The Bandao Limestone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the thin bedded orbitoid-bearing limestones along the
east coast of Bulalacao Bay in Mindoro. Sandstones, mudstones and conglomerates are associated with the limestone.
Although similar to the Bulalacao Limestone, the Bandao Limestone carried Late Oligocene fossils while those of
Bulalacao are Early Miocene. The Bandao could be equivalent to the Bugtong Formation. (see Bugtong Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Bangui Formation
Lithology: Sandstone, conglomerate, mudstone; includes olistostrome
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Ilocos Peridotite; overlain discordantly by the Megabbobo Limestone
Distribution: Bangui, Baruyen and Lammin area, Ilocos Norte
Age: Late Eocene – Late Oligocene (P17)
Thickness: Probably exceeds 2,000 m
Named by: Smith (1907)
The name Bangui was first used by Smith (1907) for the sandstone unit which constitutes the upper member of his Baruyen
Series. It is here called Bangui Formation to include not only the sandstone but also the associated conglomerate and shale
of Fernandez and Pulanco (1967) southwest of Pasaleng in northeastern Ilocos Norte. These rocks are also seen along the
road between Baruyen and Pasaleng. In the Lammin area, a similar sequence is intercalated with marble. However, the
upper and lower contacts of this formation have not been described.
According to Pinet (1990), the Bangui Formation consists mainly of volcanic sandstones interbedded with varying amounts
of conglomerates and mudstones. In places, the sandstones and mudstones are characterized by alternating red and green
beds.
Pinet and Stephan (1990) have noted an olistostrome unit in the Vintar River section containing serpentinite, radiolarian
chert, greywacke, basalt and gabbroic clasts. It is 200 m thick and exposed over a distance of 20 km. This unit is regarded
as part of the Bangui Formation. This is apparently equivalent to the Baruyen Formation of Smith (1907) with type locality
in the Dungan-Dungan estate along the Baruyen River in Ilocos Norte. It also crops out along Caruan River in Pasuquin.
The chert is dirty red, fine grained, hard and easily breaks into slabs. Irving and Quema (1948) described the chert as
intensely folded, strongly fractured and brecciated.
The marble intercalated with the clastic rocks in Lammin area has been dated Late Eocene (BMG, 1982). Pinet (1990)
reports that recent dating of planktonic foraminifera in samples from Pasaleng area and elsewhere indicate ages of Late
Eocene to Late Oligocene (P17). The thickness of the Bangui Formation probably exceeds 2000 m.

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Banoy Volcanics
The Banoy Volcanics was named by Wolfe and others (1980) for the andesitic rocks underlying Mt. Banoy in Taysan,
Batangas. It is considered by Wolfe and others (1980) as a stratovolcano that generated andesitic ejecta, including
agglomerates. It is apparently equivalent to the Talahib Andesite of Avila (1980) and the Nasugbu Volcanic Complex. (see
Nasugbu Volcanic Complex)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Banton Volcanic Complex
Lithology: Volcanic flows and pyroclastic rocks.
Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by Pliocene – Pleistocene reefal limestone
Distribution: Banton Island, Romblon Island Group
Age: Pliocene
Previous name: Banton Volcanics (Vallesteros and Argaño, 1965)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
This unit was previously designated as Banton Volcanics by Vallesteros and Argano (1965). It consists of volcanic flows
and pyroclastic rocks which mainly underlie Banton and Semirara islands. The rocks are generally well banded, vesicular
and porphyritic. The pyroclastic rocks consist of vesicular and porphyritic hornblende andesite fragments set in a
tuffaceous matrix. In western Semirara Island, the Banton is partly overlain by Pliocene to Pleistocene reefal limestone.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Bantoon Serpentinite
Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite
Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Tunlob Schist and Pandan Formation; in fault contact with the Cansi Volcanics and
Tuburan Limestone
Distribution: Tunlob, Calangahan, Toledo-Tabunoc road and Mago areas, central Cebu
Age: Late Cretaceous to Paleocene
Previous name: Serpentinized Peridotite (informal)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
This unit was informally designated by Santos-Yñigo (1951) as serpentinized peridotite in reference to the lenticular bodies
of serpentinite widely occurring in the principal fault zones of central Cebu. The largest mapped exposure is along the
Toledo-Tabunoc road where it crosses the ridge at Camp 7. It measures about 3.5 km long and 0.4 km wide. It also
outcrops west of Bantoon Valley; in the Tunlob, Calangahan and Mago areas; along the Cabagdalan, Cueva, Maypay and
Malubog faults; and along Lutac-Jaclupan, Cagahoan and Cambaog faults in the southeastern range. The rock consists of
clinopyroxene and olivine which have been altered to serpentine minerals with small amount of anhedral plagioclase and
hornblende. Surface exposures suggest that they intrude the Pandan Formation, Tunlob Schists and the Cansi Volcanics.
Sections of the Pandan may sometimes be found enclosed within these serpentinite bodies as observed in one exposure
along Bairan Creek in Naga (Santos-Yñigo, 1951).
Serpentinite subjected to of recurrent shearing movements resulted in the development of wide breccia and/or foliated

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zones accompanied by gouge materials. Intrusion was inferred to be Late Cretaceous to Paleocene time probably after the
emplacement of the Tunlob Schist, Cansi Volcanics and the Pandan Formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Barangay Andesite
The Barangay Andesite was named by Meek (1941) for the welded tuff and trachyte tuff in Batobalane and San Isidro,
Camarines Norte. MGB (2004) considers the Barangay Andesite as part of the Larap Volcanic Complex. (see Larap
Volcanic Complex)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Barasan Sandstone
The Barasan Sandstone (Santos, 1968) is the uppermost member of the Singit Formation. It was named after Barrio
Barasan in Igbaras, Iloilo. It is best expressed topographically in the western flank of the Panay Central Basin as hogbacks
and cuestas at 300 to 400 m elevation. The member is composed of thick-bedded, coarse-grained conglomeratic sandstone
with thin intercalations of shale. Santos (1968) dated the member as Late Miocene but later workers found fossils which
point to a late Middle Miocene age. The measured thickness is 2,034 along Ulian River and 1,678 along Tigum River
(Santos, 1968). It was deposited probably within the outer neritic zone. (see Singit Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Barcelona Formation
Lithology: Basalt, agglomerate, breccia, clastic rocks
Stratigraphic relations: Not reported
Distribution: Eastern coast from Bislig to Lingig, Surigao del Sur
Age: Cretaceous-Paleocene (?)
Previous name: Barcelona Basalt (Vergara and Spencer, 1957)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
The term Barcelona Basalt was used by Vergara and Spencer (1957) while MMAJ-JICA (1974) used the term Barcelona
Group for the volcanic and sedimentary suite in the Bislig-Lingig coastal area. The term Barcelona Formation was
introduced in MGB (2004). Vergara and Spencer (1957) described the unit exposed along the eastern coast from Bislig to
Lingig as consisting of basalt flows with intercalated agglomerates, breccias and highly indurated clastic sedimentary
rocks. The presence of columnar and pillow structures were noted. The age of this formation is poorly constrained and may
range from Cretaceous to Paleogene. It might be equivalent to the Bacuag Formation in the north.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Barcelona Group

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The name Barcelona Group was used by MMAJ-JICA (1973) for the suite of Cretaceous to Late Oligocene rocks in the
central-southern portion of Diwata Range in eastern Mindanao. The Barcelona Basalt of Vergara and Spencer (1957) is
included in the Group. MMAJ-JICA (1973) subdivided the group into informal units designated as Formations I, II and III.
Formation I consists mainly of volcanic rocks with subordinate interbeds of clastic rocks; Formation II is composed mainly
of andesite lavas with intercalations of pyroclastic rocks; Formation III is made up mainly of sandstone and shale. (see
Barcelona Formation)

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Barenas-Baito Formation
Lithology: Spilitic and basic to intermediate volcanic flows and breccias with intercalated metasedimentary rocks
Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by the Bayabas Formation
Distribution: Norzagaray, Bulacan; Laur-Dingalan, Nueva Ecija to Angono and Tanay, Rizal
Age: Late Cretaceous
Named by: De la Rosa and others (1978)
The oldest rocks on the east side of the Central Valley Basin is the Barenas-Baito Formation. This was named by De la
Rosa and others (1978) for the rocks cropping out along Barenas and Baito creeks about 25 km east-northeast of
Norzagaray, Bulacan. These rocks are also exposed in the areas around the Laur-Dingalan Fault Zone in Nueva Ecija in the
north down to Angono and Tanay, Rizal in the south (Revilla and Malaca, 1987). The formation is made up of spilitic and
basic to intermediate volcanic flows and breccias with intercalated metasedimentary rocks. The latter are thin to medium
bedded, varicolored indurated sandstones, siltstones, argillites, chert and local lenses of conglomerate. As used by Revilla
and Malaca (1987), this unit includes the pillow basalt of the so-called Angat Ophiolite, the volcaniclastic member of the
M aybangain Formation in southern Sierra Madre and the Coronel and Dingalan formations of Rutland (1967) in the
Laur-Dingalan fault zone. On the other hand, this sequence is considered by Ringenbach (1992) to be equivalent only to
the volcanic carapace and sedimentary cover of the Angat Ophiolite, and is therefore below the Maybangain Formation and
equivalent to the Kinabuan Formation. Paleontological dating of radiolarian mudstone samples from the Tayabasan River
indicates a Late Turonian or Coniacian age (early Late Cretaceous) for the formation (Blome, 1985).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Barili Formation
Lithology: Limestone, calcareous mudstone, siltstone, sandstone
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Maingit Formation; unconformably overlain by the Carcar Limestone
Distribution: Barili; Pinamungahan-Naga area; Danao-Carmen area; Alegria-Malabuyoc area; along Sibonga-Dumanjug
and Mantalongon-Aloguinsan roads; Boundary-Sanggi area, Cebu
Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene
Named by: Corby and others (1951)
Corby and others (1951) originally named the rock unit after the town of Barili in southern Cebu. The designated type
locality is along the Carcar-Barili road between Sibonga anticline in central Cebu and the town of Barili. Exposures have
been observed near the center of the island and persist south to Ginatilan. Outcrops can also be found north of Barili, in a
small area between Pinamungahan and Naga, at the Danao-Carmen area, southwest of Bogo, in the Alegria-Malabuyoc
area, along the Sibonga-Dumanjug and Mantalongon-Aloguinsan roads, as well as in the Boundary-Sanggi area. The Barili
is unconformable over the Maingit Formation and the rock units of the Talavera Group. Corby and others (1951)
subdivided the Barili into lower Barili Limestone and upper Barili Marl. In line with the provisions of the Philippine

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Stratigraphic Guide (2001), the members of the formation were renamed by MGB (2004) as Lower Limestone M ember
and Bolok-bolok M ember.
The lower limestone member of the Barili is predominantly cream to buff, hard, coralline, locally porous or sandy
and richly fossiliferous with a thickness ranging from 200 to 350 meters. Large foraminifers contained in the
limestone belong to the following genera: Cycloclypeus, Lepidocyclina (Trybliolepidina) and Miogypsina sp. The age
of the limestone is Late M iocene. Deposition is inferred to be in a lagoonal to reefal setting.
The clastic member of the Barili Formation was originally introduced by Corby and others (1951) as Barili M arl.
Huth (1962) however, raised it to the rank of formation and assigned the name Bolok Formation for this clastic
member. I ts designated type locality is in Bolok-bolok Hot Springs east of the town of Barili. M aac (1983) however,
considered it as a member and designated it as Bolok-bolok M ember.
The typical Bolok-bolok member is cream to light gray, calcareous, highly foraminiferous, dominantly silty,
mudstone with interbeds of siltstone and sandstone. I n places basal carbonaceous shale is present and in other
places, the basal portion is characterized by poorly bedded, lenticular sandstones and conglomerates. The Bolokbolok attains a thickness of 500 m. Deposition was probably in a deep basinal environment during Late M iocene to
early Early Pliocene time.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Barot Diorite
The Barot Diorite was designated by Santos-Yñigo (1951) for exposures of porphyritic diorite that grades into
andesite or dacite in Lutopan, Cebu. I t appears to represent the border facies of the Lutopan Diorite. (see Lutopan
Diorite)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Barton Group (Barton M etamorphics)
The Barton Group was previously named Barton M etamorphics by Reyes (1972). I t consists of a thick sequence of
schists, phyllites, slates, graywackes, sandstones and shales with thin limestone lenses exposed in northern Palawan.
The unit was earlier believed to predate the M iddle to Late Permian Bacuit Formation, and therefore, could
represent the oldest formation in the Philippines, probably dating back to Carboniferous or Early Permian. On the
basis of mapping by UNDP (1985) and Wolfart and others (1986), the Barton Group is subdivided into the Caramay
Schist, Concepcion Pebbly Phyllite and the CretaceousBoayan Formation. Hashimoto and Sato (1973) contend that
the Barton M etamorphics are unconformably overlain by the Bacuit Formation of the M alampaya Sound Group.
I n the stratigraphic scheme of Wolfart and others (1986), the Barton M etamorphics was placed below the
M alampaya Sound Group, but suggested that it could probably be younger in age. On the basis of structural
analyses, Suzuki and others (2001) conclude that the Caramay Schist, Concepcion Phyllite and Babuyan River
Turbidites (equivalent to the Boayan) are gradational in terms of degree of metamorphism and that metamorphism
accompanied folding which could have taken place during Eocene or Oligocene. Fold analyses also indicate that the
Caramay Schist, Concepcion Phyllite and Babuyan River Turbidites respectively occupy the lower, middle and
upper horizons of the stratigraphic succession.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Baruyen Chert Formation
The Baruyen Chert Formation was named by Smith (1924) for the exposures of reddish radiolarian chert at the
Dungan-Dungan estate along Baruyen River in I locos Norte. I t is closely associated with serpentinized peridotites.
Hashimoto and others (1975) believe that the rock is not a true chert but a melange-like deposit.

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Basac Formation
Members: Lazi M ember – conglomerate, biocalcarenite, tuffaceoussandstone, siltstone, mudstone
Can-agong Limestone
Lithology: Limestone, biocalcarenite, and clastic rocks
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Siquijor Limestone
Distribution. Barangay Basac, Larena, Eastern Siquijor
Age: Early to M iddle M iocene
Named by: Sorem (1951)
Correlation. Wahig Formation of Bohol; M acasilao Formation of Negros I sland.
Unconformably overlying the Kanglasog Volcanic Complex in Siquijor is the Basac Formation of Sorem (1951).
This was informally subdivided into the lower Basac and upper Basac members, renamed by M GB (2004) as Lazi
M ember and Can-agong Limestone, respectively.
The Lazi M ember represents the lower part of Basac Formation, mostly composed of polymictic conglomerate and
biocalcarenite that grades upward into shale, mudstone, siltstone, coarse sandstone, tuff, grainstone and green
cherty clastic rocks. I ts type locality is at Lazi. Fossiliferous and calcareous tuffs outcrop north and south of Larena
and northwest of Lazi. Foraminiferal tests are common in the sandstone facies outcropping along the San Juan-Lazi
National Road and at M t. Kangbandilaan. M anganese beds are occasionally encountered between the shale and
agglomerate beds (Calomarde, 1987).
The Can-agong Limestone member is conformable over the Lazi M ember. The unit is mostly exposed in eastern
Siquijor, west of Barangay Basac up to Barangay Can-agong. I t is dominantly composed of white to buff, massive to
thickly bedded, sometimes porous, gently dipping limestone and calcareous siltstone. Lepidocyclina and other
foraminifers contained in the limestone points to M iddle to Late M iocene age for this member. Deposition was
probably in a shallow lagoonal environment to a reefal depth.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Basak Formation
Lithology Basalt, sandstone, siltstone, shale
Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement rocks of Negros; I ntruded by the Pangatban Diorite
Distribution: Basak, Cauayan, Negros Occidental
Age: Cretaceous?
Previous name : Basak Volcanic Rocks (Vallesteros and Balce, 1965)
Renamed by: M GB (1981)
Synonymy I log Formation (Santos-Yñigo and Oca, 1946)
The Basak Formation was previously designated as Basak Volcanics by Vallesteros and Balce (1965, in Castillo and
Escalada, 1979) in reference to the rocks at Basak, south of Cauayan, Negros Occidental. This formation consists of

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Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Basiaw Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic Relations: Unconformable over Kalunasan Basalt Distribution: Kamanuan. Balite. The Basak is intruded by the Pangatban Diorite. sandstone. along the ridge between barangays Tiblawan and Kabuaya. shale and quartzite. Kalunasan creeks. sandstone and conglomeratic interbeds. schistose limestone. The Basiaw Limestone is unconformable over the Kalunasan Basalt and is thrusted from the west by the Surop Peridotite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 46 of 374 massive chloritized volcanic flows and fragmental pyroclastic rocks of andesitic and basaltic composition (Burton. limestone lenses Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Calubian Limestone. Western Leyte Age: Late M iocene Thickness: 850 m Previous name: Bata Shale (Corby and others. 1951) Renamed by: Pilac (1965) Synonymy: M asonting Formation (Florendo. 1984). The formation includes the Ilog Formation of Santos-Ynigo and Oca (1946) consisting of sandstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Davao Oriental Age: Eocene? Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The Basiaw Limestone occurs as thin lenticular bodies defining a narrow NNW-SSE belt 9 km long and 50 to 150 m wide.htm 10/12/2015 . dark gray limestone. unconformably overlain by the Hubay Limestone Distribution: Tabango-San I sidro-Calubian Road. Polompon. I t is generally barren of fossils or organic remains although a float was dated Eocene (Villamor and others. Patches occur along the upper Lungag and Kalunasan Creeks. banded calcareous mylonite grades into a chloritic schistose rock then to slightly metamorphosed basalt. Abijao. The latter occurrence is more common. marbleized or schistose. siltstone and shale. M agpapangi Greenschist and Ansuwang Amphibolite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bata Formation Lithology: Tuffaceous marl and tuff with interbeds of sandy to silty mudstone and minor conglomerate. I t can be traced from a tributary of Kamanuan Creek in the south and along the junction of Palaypay and Panunsungan Creeks in the north. 1982) with intercalated tuffs and thin beds of conglomerate. The rocks are generally recrystalllized. On the abandoned Davencor logging road. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lungag. 1987) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. light colored limestone and calcareous schist. The age of the Basak Formation is probably Cretaceous. Pujada Peninsula. The limestone is found either in massive outcrops or as scattered blocks along the creeks and ridge tops. An outcrop along upper Lungag Creek shows an alternating sequence of thin layers of marbleized limestone.

The western belt includes Pinatubo. Santa Rita.1 M a for the eastern belt. The Bata Formation unconformably overlies the Calubian Limestone and is in turn unconformably overlain by the Hubay Limestone. Natib. I n the Balite area. Pangasinan. a northeast-trending swath of volcanic centers transverse to the general direction of the arc.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 47 of 374 The formation was originally named Bata Shale by Corby and others (1951). Porth and others (1989) report the presence of angular basalt boulders within the formation. Pilac (1965) redefined it as Bata Formation to include both the Tuktuk Formation and the Bata Shale. this segment is separated from the Southern Luzon segment by the “M acolod Corridor” of Defant and others (1988). 1951). The Masonting Formation of Florendo (1987) exposed along the M asonting River in M alitbog is probably equivalent to the Bata Formation. These have been extruded through the Zambales ophiolite terrane. I n Abanga River east of Palompon. Cuyapo. intrudes Zambales Ophiolite and Tarlac Formation Distribution: Bataan peninsula. respectively. indicate a Late M iocene age for the formation (M uller and others. Cuadrado. dacite. Cuyapo) to 0. I t consists of light gray to white tuffaceous (bentonitic) fossiliferous marls. brownish or black. silty to sandy claystones. Arayat. respectively. among others. Sandstone interbeds are common and limestone lenses were observed near the base of fhe formation.lie along the axis of the Central Luzon Basin upon which a thick pile of Tertiary sedimentary rocks have been laid. Samat. with the western belt dating back to more than 4 M a (M ariveles Complex) and even up to 8 M a (M t. Negron.consisting of Balungao.Recent Named by: M GB (2004) The Bataan Volcanic Arc Complex comprises the Central Luzon segment of the Luzon volcanic arc. The main characteristics of the eastern and western volcanic belts are tabulated below. 1951). Bau and Knittel (1993) assign a range of 7 M a to Present for the western belt and 1. Foraminiferal and nannoplankton assemblages corresponding to zones N16 to N18 and NN11. Within the Central Luzon segment. 1987). M ariveles. Pampanga.53 M a (M t. above the Wadati-Benioff zone. pyroclastic flow. whereas Bau and Knittel (1993) reckon that the eastern belt is 180 km above the subducting slab. Nueva Ecija Age: Late M iocene . tuff Stratigraphic relations: Overlies. Pinatubo) and the eastern belt giving a range of 1. Amorong. Zambales. sandstone and minor pumice beds. The eastern belt . which is equivalent to the Calubian Limestone.7 M a to 0. This segment is separated from the Northern Luzon segment by the northwest trending Umingan-Lingayen branch of the Philippine Fault that separates the Central Luzon Basin from the Caraballo Range and Central Cordillera. To the south. Defant and others (1988) estimate that the eastern and western belts are approximately 100-120 km and 180-200 km. andesites. two distinct belts of volcanic centers are recognized. which could have induced partial melting of the mantle during its descent. Cuyapo and Arayat . the name Bata Formation but considered the Tuktuk Formation as a separate formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sandstone impregnated with bitumen (tar sands) mark the base of the formation (Corby and others.htm 10/12/2015 . farther to the west. Arayat). and greenish-gray. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bataan Volcanic Arc Complex Lithology: Basalt. This suggests that volcanism was initiated in the west and progressed eastward with the subducting slab. ATTRI BUTES WEST EAST Depth to subducting slab ~ 100 km ~ 200 km file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Amorong and Balungao. The exposure west of Villahermosa has a thickness of 850 m (Corby and others. Offshore. It is not known whether the Central Luzon Basin is floored by the Zambales ophiolite.59 M a (M t. I t overlies the Danao Limestone of Florendo (1987). M GB (2004). 1989). Exposures are scattered in the San Pedro – M alitbog area around Sogod Bay. The formation is dated Late M iocene to Pliocene (Florendo . is the M anila Trench which defines the structure along which the South China Plate is being subducted beneath the Luzon arc of the Philippine Sea Plate. and Limay. Bitnung. Balakibok. Turbiditic layers with basal conglomerates exposed at Hubasan. The M asonting consists of volcaniclastic rocks and andesite flow breccias with intertonguing tuffaceous marl. Abijao and Abanga rivers are also considered part of the formation. A general younging of the volcanic centers from west to east is noted by De Boer and others (1980).

htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Batac Formation Lithology: Thinly bedded sandstone and shale. I locos Sur Age: late M iddle M iocene to Late M iocene Thickness: Undetermined Named by: Pinet (1990) The Batac Formation is a sequence of thinly-bedded sandstones and shales named by Pinet (1990) for the exposures around Batac. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Batalay Diorite Lithology: Diorite. Catanduanes I sland Age: Early Oligocene Previous name: Batalay I ntrusives (M iranda and Vargas. The stratigraphic relations of this formation with respect to other formations were not described by Pinet (1990). andesite. includes adakites Basaltic to dacitic. the Liliputen probably constitute the basal portion of the Batac Formation although Pinet (1990) has noted differences in the intensity of deformation between the Liliputen and Batac formations. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nannoplankton age determination gives a dating of Late M iocene (NN11) for the Batac Formation of Pinet (1990). I n terms of regional correlation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 48 of 374 Number of volcanic centers > 10 4 Alkalinity Low to medium K Medium to high K Tholeiitic (T) vs calc-alkaline (CA) Tholeiitic to calc-alkaline Mostly calc-alkaline Petrology Basaltic to dacitic. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Batac. I t consists of conglomerates with clasts of limestone accompanied by sandstones and mudstones with minor tuffs and andesites. Pajo River. 1967) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The Batalay Diorite with associated andesites and dacites were previously grouped together as Batalay I ntrusives file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. this is equivalent to the Klondyke Formation of Central Cordillera. The age of the Batac Formation as a whole may be considered late M iddle M iocene to Late M iocene. The sandstones are slightly volcanic in character. Pinet (1990) also defined a Liliputen Formation for the sedimentary sequence exposed along the road between Pinili and Nueva Era which could be part of the Batac. dacite Stratigraphic relations: I ntrudes Yop and Codon formations Distribution: Gigmoto. However. I locos Norte and northeast of Vigan. Pinet (1990) presumes the age of the Liliputen to be probable late M iddle M iocene to early Late M iocene. includes adakites Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

I raya basaltic and andesitic flows and nuee ardente deposits. andesitic flows. Later radiometric (K/Ar and 39Ar/40Ar) dating by David (1994) likewise yielded an age range of 30-36 M a. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Batan Group Batan Group refers to the suite of M iocene sedimentary rocks located mainly on Batan island. I raya. one of the offshore island comprising the Cagraray Group of I slands in the Bicol region. The oldest rocks are Late M iocene (9 . M t. while the youngest belong to high-K calc-alkaline series. 1986). This pyroclastic unit includes a sequence of ash fall and pumice fall deposits about 30 m thick with minor intercalated ash flow layers.8 to 1. These intrusive rocks are exposed in the vicinity of Gigmoto in the northeastern part of Catanduanes I sland where it intrudes the Yop Formation. Caracaran and Bilbao. These flows are hornblendeand orthopyroxene-bearing andesites and are usually weathered. about 5 . M antellic peridotites and pyroxenites occur as rounded inclusions. Distribution: Exposed along Batang Creek and Kantaring River near Laboon.P. located at the northern part of the island. Rangin and others (1988) report radiometric K/Ar dating of some samples that indicate an early Oligocene age (30-36 M a). The Quaternary M t. (Richard and others. dunites.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 49 of 374 by M iranda and Vargas (1967). Basalts contain rounded or broken xenocrysts possibly originating from the mechanical disintegration of peridotitic xenoliths.20 cm wide. Diorites and andesites in the upper reaches of Pajo River also intrude the Codon Formation. I raya lavas show a wide compositional range from basalts to andesites. within M t.htm 10/12/2015 . and lherzolites) within hornblende-bearing andesites are commonly mantled by centimetric hornblende rims. They outcrop sporadically beneath the reefal limestones and the young ash deposits originating from M t. The Pliocene M atarem composite volcano. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Batan Volcanic Complex Batan Island is part of the Eastern Volcanic Chain of the Babuyan I sland Group. A pyroclastic deposit that overlies the reefal limestone and some nuee ardente deposits at the western foot of M t. Batan lavas older than 2 M a are calc-alkaline. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by Early M iocene clastic sequence. The central part of this volcano is made up of a number of andesitic necks and plugs. The formations constituting the Group are Liguan.7 M a) andesitic flows that are exposed at the central isthmus of the island.480 yr B. defines the southern part of Batan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Batang Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Ultramafic xenoliths (deformed harzburgites. southern Leyte Age: Probable Late Oligocene to Early M iocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.7 M a. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M atarem lavas are highly porphyritic and range from basalts to hornblende-orthopyroxene acid andesites. ranging in age from 5. and younger basaltic flows with minor associated pyroclastics. siltstone. while its periphery is predominantly composed of reworked layer deposits (lahar deposits and tuffaceous beds) with some interbedded ash and pumice layers. I raya and in Basco has been dated 1.

Peña Bato Dacite Dacite domes. northeast of M aasin. No diagnostic fossil was identified in the samples. A maximum of 750 m was measured in the type area. agglomerates and tuffs that cover a large portion of Batangas Province. The thickness of the formation along Batangan Creek is estimated to reach 4. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nasugbu and vicinity were later named Batangas Extrusives and Pyroclastics by M alicdem and others (1965). Peña Batangas Volcanics The Batangas Volcanics was named by Corby and others (1951) for the pyroclastic breccia flows. diatreme breccias and pyroclastics in the Lepanto area preceded and postdated epithermal mineralization.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 50 of 374 Thickness: 750 m Named by: Florendo (1987) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Correlation: Cantabaco M ember of the M alubog Formation in Cebu This was originally defined by Florendo (1987) as a member of his Dacao Formation for the turbiditic sequence consisting of sandstone.htm 10/12/2015 . silty mudstone and occasional lime mudstone exposed along Batang Creek. Later it was renamed Looc Volcanic Complex and Nasugbu Volcanic Complex by M GB (2004) and M GB (2005). The exposures at Looc. I t is also reported to be well exposed along the tributaries of the upper Caguray River. (see Caguray Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. based on nannoplankton analyses. siltstone. Observed sedimentary structures include low-angle gently undulating lamination or hummocky cross-stratification. respectively. were determined to be Late Oligocene in age as reported by Porth and others (1989). I t occurs in two thrust slabs that appear as erosional remnant of a thrust sheet folded into a northeast trending antiform. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. These are known locally as I mbanguila Dacite Porphyry and Bato Dacite Porphyry and their pyroclastic equivalents. The I mbaguila dacites predate mineralization while the Bato dacites postdate the mineralization. which could be part of the Batang Formation. southern Leyte. (see Mankayan Dacitic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I ts type locality is in the Batangan Creek area.260 m. (see Nasugbu Volcanic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Batangan Formation The Batangan Formation of BED (1986c) may be considered equivalent to the Caguray Formation in M indoro. Shales and siltstones in Barrio Nonok. a tributary of Busuanga River. north of M aasin in southwest Leyte. but a probable Late Oligocene to Early M iocene age was assumed for the unit relative to the overlying Early M iocene sequence designated by Florendo (1987) as Tagabaca M ember of his Dacao Formation.

Cebu file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. I t unconformably overlies the Bagalangit Coal M easures. The Bayabas Formation is therefore considered Late Eocene to Early Oligocene in age and not Late Eocene to Early M iocene. while the sedimentary rocks are well-bedded siltstone. Bulacan. a tributary of Bayabas River. northeast of Norzagaray. This was designated by De la Rosa and others (1978) as Bayabas M etavolcanics but was renamed Bayabas Formation by Pelayo (1981) to include the metasedimentary rocks. The maximum measured thickness is about 90 m. The Baybay predominantly consists of poorly bedded white and buff limestone with local silty facies. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Bulacan. conglomerate with limestone lenses Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Barenas-Baito Formation Distribution: Western and central part of southern Sierra M adre Age: Late Eocene .htm 10/12/2015 . southern Burias Age: Pliocene Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Baybay Limestone was designated by Corby and others (1951) for the limestone at M aputing Baybay Bay in southern Burias. The lower part contains Late Eocene to Early Oligocene small foraminiferal species called Cassigerinella eocena Corday (BM G. including andesitic tuff-breccia. I t is partly equivalent to the M aybangain Formation of Haeck (1987). Small lenses of dark gray marbleized limestone are intercalated with the clastic rocks.bearing limestone Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the formations of the M ananga Group Distribution: Pandan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Early Oligocene Previous name: Bayabas M etavolcanics (De la Rosa and others. sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 51 of 374 Bayabas Formation Lithology: Andesite. The limestone that bears Early M iocene fossils reported in BM G (1981) could represent a younger formation (Angat Formation?) and not part of the Bayabas Formation. pyroclastic rocks. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baybay Limestone Lithology: Limestone with local silty facies Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bagalangit Coal M easures Distribution: M aputing Baybay Bay. The metavolcanics are andesite flows. Revilla and M alaca (1987) report that clastic samples collected by Blome (1985) as well as Pelayo (1981) in Norzagaray. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Baye Limestone Lithology: Nummulite. 1978) Renamed by: Pelayo (1981) The Bayabas Formation overlies the Barenas-Baito Formation in Sapa M aon. The age of the limestone is Pliocene. shaly sandstone and conglomerate. were also found to contain Late Eocene to Early Oligocene fossils. siltstone. 1981). Exposures of this formation in the western and central part of the southern Sierra M adre Range follow a north-south trend. but it may be thicker at the south end of the island where the base is not exposed. and pyroclastics.

It was given an Eocene age on the basis of Nummulites. Similar exposures occur along the toe and slopes of a low hill northwest of the I nagauan Penal Colony. pyroxenite. 1985). Balce (1974) named it Baye Formation. other places in southern and central Palawan Age: Cretaceous Previous name: M t.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 52 of 374 Age: M iddle to Late Eocene Thickness: 20 m Previous Name: Baye Formation (Balce. (see Agudo Basalt. peridotite and pyroxenite. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These ultramafic rocks are widely exposed from Puerto Princesa in central Palawan to Bataraza in the south. the basalt of the Bayuso is in contact with the Salngan M ember of the Passi Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1964). 1959) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Synonymy: Ulugan Bay Ultramafics (UNDP. The Bayuso Volcanics is considered by BED (1986b) as equivalent to the Sibala Formation. This isapparently the same as the Flosculina. 1964) The Beaufort Ultramafic Complex was originally named M t.htm 10/12/2015 . Sibala Formation). Beaufort and the highlands adjoining them to the north and northeast. As described by Santos (1968). The Beaufort is synonymous to the Ulugan Bay Ultramafics of UNDP (1985). about 1 km west of Arigwis Bridge. the basement of the Panay Eastern magmatic arc. Peña Bayuso Volcanics The Bayuso Volcanics was named by Santos (1968) in reference to exposures of basaltic flows and breccias below Arigwis Bridge along the Passi-San Rafael Road and at the foot of M t. The Baye directly overlies the formations of the M ananga Group. 1987) Correlation: Paly Serpentinite in northern Palawan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Beaufort Ultramafic Complex Lithology: Harzburgite. I t is equivalent to Agudo Basalt. The ultramafic rocks consist of unaltered and serpentinized harzburgite. The Complex also correlates with the Smooth Hills Ultramafics of Basco (1964) in Balabac I sland. I t also occurs as windows in shallow depressions along the valleys of Tagkuliat and Rapsaan rivers. Ulugan Bay. Smooth Hill Ultramafics in Balabac I sland (Basco. This unit crops out on the eastern flank of the Pandan anticline along Pandan River. Ulugan Bay Ultramafic Complex (M GB. Bayuso. dunite. Beaufort Ultramafic Rocks by De los Santos (1959) for the exposures around M t. peridotite Stratigraphic relations: Underlies Stavely Gabbro Distribution: M ount Beaufort Peak. 1989) indicate an age of M iddle to Late Eocene for the formation. 1974) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The Baye Limestone is a 20-meter thick fossiliferous limestone that was first termed Unnamed Limestone by the Bureau of M ines Petroleum Division (1966). Basalt breccias on the eastern rim of the Panay Central Plain contain boulder size chunks of altered and indurated sandstones and shales that could have been derived from the Passi Formation. Beaufort Ultramafic Rocks (De los Santos. Paleontological age determination of a sample by Weiss and Gramann (1985. dunite.bearing limestone described by Santos-Ynigo (1951) and Distichoplax-bearing limestone from the Asturias area (Villavicencio and Andal. I t is the main constituent of the Palawan Ophiolite. in Porth and others.

Dikes or stocks of dunite also intrude the harzburgite. as in Narra and Bacungan. Peña Bicol Formation This formation was previously named Bicol Coal M easures by Corby and others (1951) and later renamed Bicol Formation by the Bureau of M ines Petroleum Division (1975). Later the formation was renamed Tinalmud Formation by M GB (2004) for the exposures along Tinalmud River. Peña Bicobian Basalt The Bicobian Basalt was named by Billedo (1994) for the exposures of pillow basalt at Bicobian I sabela. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The pyroxenite usually occurs in stratiform layers chiefly composed of well-developed pyroxene crystals. Among the active volcanoes within this arc complex are M ayon (Albay) and Bulusan (Sorsogon) and I riga (Camarines Sur). M asaraga. Bagacay and Nalusbitan in Camarines Norte. Volcanism could have commenced in the Pliocene and continues to the present time.htm 10/12/2015 . Juban. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I t represents the volcanic carapace of the I sabela Ophiolite. The dunite is stratified and laminated when associated with chromite. M alinao. Labo in Camarines Norte to M t.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 53 of 374 Harzburgite with accompanying cumulate dunite mainly comprise the complex. The Paly Serpentinite in Paly I sland off Taytay in the north is probably correlative to the Beaufort Ultramafic Complex. The volcanoes and volcanic centers within the Bicol Volcanic Arc Complex are formed from the outpouring of lavas and other volcanic ejecta that were produced as a ressult of partial melting of the subducting slab of the Bicol segment of the Philippine Sea Plate along the Philippine Trench. The Bicobian is found in thrust contact with the overlying Dikinamaran Chert. which represents the pelagic sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. and Binitican. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bicol Volcanic Arc Complex The Bicol Volcanic Arc Complex consists of a number of active and inactive volcanoes and volcanic centers that are disposed along a northwest trending belt from M t. Culasi and I sarog in Camarines Sur. (see Aksitero Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Bigbiga Limestone The Bigbiga Limestone constitutes the lower member of the Aksitero Formation in Tarlac. Bulusan in Sorsogon. (see Tinalmud Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M anito and Ligon Hill in Albay. Gate. Jormajan. Albay. M araut-Banua and Pocdol in Sorsogon. I nactive volcanoes include M ounts Labo. which was subdivided by Schweller and others (1984) into two members. The 42-m thick Bigbiga consists of micritic limestone interbedded with tuffaceous turbidites. (see I sabela Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I t was dated Late Eocene to Early Oligocene and the upper 78-m member was dated M iddle to Late Oligocene. Cone.

The other volcanic islands in the north. may be regarded as part of the Biliran Volcanic Complex. coralline with occasional lenses of carbonaceous sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 54 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. On the other hand. sandstone. The Gaba Coal Measures consists of beds of brown sandstone and carbonaceous shale with coal seams which overlie the lower limestone. Busalis domes. north of the area underlain by the lower limestone member. Guiauasan. I t is rubbly to conglomeratic. The Galicia has a thickness of 470 m. The other sub-units are characterized by andesitic rocks.490 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Bilbao Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the rocks that rest on top of the Caracaran Siltstone. and upper limestone member. siltstone and shale. shale Galicia Sandstone – Sandstone. M t. Panamao. M aripipi.39 M a to 0. mainly stratocones and domes. Four members have been recognized: lower limestone member. Radiometric dating of samples from Biliran gave values that range from 1. I t is exposed on the slopes of M t. Giron. Acaban and Asluman are characterized by basalts that have been extruded as early as Late Pliocene. The Galicia Sandstone at the northern coast underlies a wide belt from M ancao on the west to the area north of Gaba. 1995). made up of lava flows and pyroclastic deposits. Acaban. Bilbao and the vicinity of Gaba at the western coast of Gaba Bay. I t overlies the coal measures at M t. Anas. I t has a thickness of 200 m. and Suiro. I t consists of coarse to fine-grained sandstone. Bilbao. Camandag. Gunansan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.24 M a (Sajona and others. Galicia Sandstone. namely: Panamao. The lower limestone member crops out as a continuous belt from Gabon Bay to Calanaga Bay along the northern coast of Batan I sland.490 m. with interbeds of shale. The Cycloclypeus-bearing limestone exposed on a small knoll one kilometer northeast of the town of Rapu Rapu may be equivalent to the lower limestone member (I rving and Cruz. namely. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bilbao Formation Lithology: lower limestone member – Limestone. was extruded much later. The pyroxene basalt comprising Gumansan dome. The limestone lies below the coal measures. however. Bilbao Coal M easures. The upper limestone member is exposed as a thick belt north of the coal measures between Gaba and Cakanaga bays. Sayao dome represents the latest volcanic activity in the island. Tabuanan and Vulcan. Aslunan. shale. Peña Biliran Volcanic Complex The volcanic island of Biliran is an active volcano whose last recorded eruption was in 1939 (Phivolcs. The inactive volcanoes in Biliran I sland as listed by Phivolcs (2002) are: Capinyahan. M aliwatan.htm 10/12/2015 . file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Costa Rica and Kirikite. coal upper limestone member – Limestone. 1997). Sayao domes. Subsurface data indicate that the Biliran Volcanic Complex sits on Late M iocene-Early Pliocene sedimentary rocks. Sayao. siltstone. Caraycaray. shale Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Caracaran Siltstone Distribution: northern part of Batan I sland Age: M iddle M iocene Thickness: 1. The Biliran Volcanic Complex consists of numerous volcanic edifices. which is locally conglomeratic. I t is 650 m thick. 1950). I t is dated M iddle M iocene and has an overall thickness of 1. I t has a similar lithology as the lower limestone member but is only 170 m thick. sandstone. Pagado and others (1995) subdivide the Biliran Volcanic Complex into nine (9) sub-units consisting of either a single or several volcanic deposits traceable to a well-defined region of eruption. Gumansan dome. minor shale Bilbao Coal M easures– Sandstone. Tagburok. Cycloclypeus and its different subgenera of Lepidocyclina such asNephrolepidina and Trybliolepidina characterize the assemblages.

Yabe file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Coal beds and lenses have also been noted by Revilla and M alaca (1987) in the sandstone-shale sequences in M akalya and Lagmak areas. volcanic rocks have been observed to be interbedded with the volcaniclastics of the Binangonan Formation (Ringenbach. as observed by Foronda and Schoell (1987). light cream to pink to bluish gray and fossil-rich. Teresa.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 55 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. On its western side. Limestone – 900 m Previous name: Binangonan Limestone (Smith. Later the Alpaco was designated as a member of the M alubog Formation. The Teresa Siltstone is essentially a 350-m thick sequence of tuffaceous calcareous siltstones and marl deposited by turbidity currents in a shallow basin (Schoell and Fuentes. all in Rizal Province. Outcrops of Binangonan Formation are exposed in Binangonan. Previously this formation was assigned a Late Oligocene age (BM G. siltstones and mudstones. Dalumpa west of Ligaya and Gabaldon. The Binabac remained as a component of the Alpaco. M ontalban Formation (Baumann and others. This formation shows facies variations in the northern part of the Southern Sierra M adre.htm 10/12/2015 . Along the tributaries of Coronel River and M t. Peña Binabac Limestone The Binabac Limestone was named by Corby and others (1951) as a member of their Alpaco Formation. Nueva Ecija Age: Late Oligocene – Early M iocene Thickness: Teresa Siltstone – 350 m. The Binangonan Formation rests unconformably over the M aybangain Formation. 1989. 1989). respectively. which attains a thickness of 900 m. Villa Wave Formation (Rutland. 1992). I n Bugnam Creek east of Dalumpa Peak. This carbonate unit. and Antipolo in Rizal. suggest that the unit represents shallow water proximal turbidites. marl upper limestone member Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the M aybangain Formation Distribution: Binangonan. the limestone is locally more than 300 m thick topped by sandstones and conglomerates with reworked limestone clasts (Ringenbach. Exposures were also observed on the N-S tributaries of the Coronel River which flows in the Gabaldon Basin and also at M t. Dalumpa. represents deposits of shallow-water reef complexes. Dalumpa west of Ligaya and Gabaldon. The overall sedimentological characteristics of the unit. 1976) Correlation: Bugnam Formation (Rutland. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nueva Ecija the formation is characterized by smaller proportions of limestones compared with associated clastic rocks consisting of conglomerates. the formation is in fault contact with the Antipolo Diorite (Foronda and Schoell. (see Malubog Formation). 1987). 1981) based on datings by Smith (1906). of the Binangonan Formation. 1992). The Teresa Siltstone and the limestone are treated by M GB (2004) as the lower and upper members. Teresa. 1968). 1906) Renamed by: BM G (1981) Synonymy: M aysawa Formation (Haeck. 1968) The Binangonan Limestone of Smith (1906) was renamed by BM G (1981) as Binangonan Formation to include the Teresa Tuffaceous Silt of Corby and others (1951) which was renamed Teresa Siltstone by M GB (2004). and Antipolo. The upper limestone member is massive. West of Umiray. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Binangonan Formation Lithology: lower Teresa Siltstone member – siltstone. 1987). Schoell and Casareo. tuffaceous sandstones. Coronel River and M t.

gray to cream fossiliferous limestone that forms the lower part of the Binoog Formation.The Cogon M ember represents the upper member of the Binoog Formation. I ts maximum thickness at the type locality is estimated to be 400 m. schist and ferromagnesian minerals.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 56 of 374 and Hanzawa (1929) and Hashimoto and Balce (1977). I n the western extremity. The intercalated volcanic breccia is basaltic in composition. I n the northern part of Southern Sierra M adre. recent paleontological dating of samples from this formation reveal that it extends up to Early M iocene (Foronda and Schoell. Planktic foraminiferal species in the clastic sequences indicate a M iddle M iocene age. feldspar and specks of clay occur as interstitial materials. Odiongan. . M aac and Ylade (1988) for the Tuguis Limestone M ember and Cogon M ember The Binoog Formation of Vallesteros and Argaño (1965) are Early to M iddle M iocene rocks exposed over a wide area in Tablas and Carabao islands. namely. it unconformably overlies the Bailan Limestone. Lutod Bukid. K-Ar dating of a basalt flow associated with this formation gave 22. These also crop out in Rizal. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1987. Tablas Age: Early – M iddle M iocene Thickness: 400 m (Tuguis Limestone) Named by: Vallesteros and Argaño (1965). consisting essentially of plagioclase. Typical exposures of the Cogon M ember may be found along Carolina River and Barangay M anlilico in Odiongan. At its type locality in Tuguis. I n central Tablas. San Agustin. sandstone. unconformably overlies the Bailan Limestone in San Agustin Distribution: Tuguis. volcanic clasts. Revilla and M alaca. I t consists mainly of fine carbonate materials and fossil clasts. Cogon and Carolina rivers. Odiongan. M aac and Ylade (1988) divided the formation into two members. the lower Tuguis Limestone and the upper Cogon Clastics.12 M a. the limestone generally rests over the Tablas Volcanic Complex whereas in San Agustin. However. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. augite and labradorite with minor amounts of bowlingite and glass shards.92 1. I ntercalations of volcanic breccia and sedimentary rocks were observed in the northeast-southwest trending trough north of Alcantara and in Barrio Canguyo. Good exposures of the limestone were also observed in the eastern periphery of San Agustin and Concepcion and the white cliffs in the northeastern tip of Tablas. conglomerate. 1964). .The Tuguis Limestone was designated by M aac and Ylade (1988) for the massive to bedded sandy to fine-grained. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Binoog Formation Lithology: Limestone. mudstone. The Cogon Clastics was renamed as Cogon M ember by M GB (2004).300-m thick M ontalban Formation of Baumann and others (1976) which consists of a basal limestone member. Based on the Miogypsina and Lepidocyclina species present the age is Early to M iddle M iocene. consists of successions of thin calcareous and tuffaceous mudstone beds with wacke interbeds and intercalations of volcanic breccia. conglomerates and minor limestones. Also probably equivalent to the Binangonan Formation is the 1. 1987. 1992). The Binangonan Formation is also probably equivalent to the Bugnam and Villa Wave formations of Rutland (1968) which consist of dark shales. The mudstone varies from brown to cream to bluish gray. equivalent to earliest M iocene (Ringenbach. Sta. serpentine. Fe (Liggayu. a late Late Oligocene wacke-mudstone member and an uppermost early M iocene micritic limestone member. the limestone occurs as towering pinnacles that can be followed northward into Canayong Forest. Tuguis limestone rests upon the Tablas Volcanic Complex. Tuguis Limestone. The interbedded wacke is essentially composed of quartz. The exposure at Cogon River.htm 10/12/2015 . An age range of Late Oligocene to Early M iocene was adopted by M GB (2004) for this formation. Sicop. The M aysawa Formation of Haeck (1987) is considered to be a deeper facies of the Binangonan Formation although it does not have a clastic member. Quartz. volcanic breccia Stratigraphic relations: I n central Tablas. Ringenbach. the Tuguis Limestone is represented by the M acatol and Colasi Hills which generally dips eastward forming a synclinorium. 1992). Cogon Member.

very poorly sorted and thick bedded to massive with occasional conglomerate lenses. (see Polillo Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sandstone. thin-bedded sandstone and shale (Vergara and Spencer. the M ekoupe Formation of Alberding (1939) and M angagoy and Pamaypayan formations of Vergara and Spencer (1957) are considered equivalent units characterized by lower clastic sequence capped by limestone. shale. BED (1986b). while the limestone is dated Early M iocene. dark gray. The Bislig is exposed widely along the tributaries of Bislig River and the headwaters of Panusugon and Cateel rivers. Victoriano and Gutierrez (1980) recognized the two distinct lithologies in these formations and proposed to distinguish the clastic unit as Anahawan Formation and the limestone as M angagoy Formation. The Bislig Formation predates the onset of formation of the Agusan-Davao Basin. probably corresponds to the M abuhay Formation of the northern Pacific Cordillera. The clastic sequence in the above units is dated Late Oligocene. Viewed in this context. Fossils indicate a Late Oligocene to Early M iocene age. limestone. Peña Bislian Quartz Diorite The Bislian Quartz Diorite was named by M agpantay (1955) for the intrusive body at the southern end of Polillo I sland. The M ekoupe Formation consists of sandstone. mudstone. pyroclastic rocks and basaltic lava flows at the upper Bislig River. Surigao del Sur Age: Late Oligocene – Early M iocene Thickness: 680 m (maximum) Named by: M M AJ-JI CA (1973) Synonymy: M ekoupe. Distribution: Bislig Bay area. conglomerate and limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 57 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These authors describe a thick and massive corralline limestone comprising the top of the formation. Bislig. 1957). the M angagoy consists of a sequence of dark gray conglomerate. Subsequently. I t is equivalent to the Polillo Diorite. Saugan formations The Bislig Formation was named by M M AJ-JI CA (1973) for the sequence of conglomerate. whereas the coal-bearing carbonaceous mudstones represent an intertidal swamp environment and the limestone facies corresponds to marine lagoonal environment (BED. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bislig Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. These are dark gray. The maximum thickness of the formation around Bislig Bay is 680 m. Surigao del Sur. The term M ekoupe Formation was first applied by Alberding (1939) to a sequence exposed along M ekoupe Creek in Sitio M ekoupe in Lingig. shale. M ost shales grade to sandstones and are gray to light gray in file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. As described by M M AJ-JI CA (1973). Sandstones are the dominant lithology. which was dated Late Oligocene. the conglomerate is thin-bedded to massive with subangular to rounded pebbles of volcanic rocks. Petrified logs are often embedded within the clastic rocks as exposed along M ekoupe Creek. proposed to redefine Bislig as a formation consisting of three facies that could be related to a westward transgressing shoreline. The M angagoy. 1986b). Surigao del Sur. The conglomerate and sandstone facies with associated occurrence of petrified wood represents the terrestrial environment of deposition. M angagoy. mudstone and limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over volcanic basement and Baggao Limestone. The mudstones are black to dark gray and contain large amounts of carbonized plant remains and mollusk fragments and thin coal lenses. I n the Rosario-Banahaw mine area.htm 10/12/2015 . The poorly sorted sandstone is thick-bedded to massive and the limestone is dark gray and coralline. Pamaypayan. The M angagoy Formation was originally named for the sedimentary sequence at M angagoy. coal. I t rests unconformably over the Eocene Baggao Limestone and andesites. sandstone.

there seems to be no major difference between the M ekoupe and Pamaypayan Formations and even Vergara and Spencer (1957) admit little difference between the sandstone of the M ekoupe and Pamaypayan Formations.5 M a to 3. As described. 1981. 1985). A Late M iocene to Early Pliocene age (3. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I t is dated Early M iocene based on foraminifera and estimated to be 300 m thick at the type locality. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. hornblende and quartz some occurring as phenocrysts ranging from 0. The Guinaoang quartz diorite stock and other quartz diorite bodies in Lepanto mine area are associated with dacites. named for exposures along Saugan Creek east of Bunawan in southeastern Agusan del Sur. Teledyne I sotopes.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 58 of 374 color. thin-bedded limestone and coal.5 m thick but may reach as much as 15 meters in thickness. at Camp 6 through which Kennon Road passes. The Saugan Formation of San Jose Oil Company (in BM Petroleum Division. Sillitoe and Angeles.Pliocene Named by: Balce and others (1980) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The unit was previously named Black M ountain Porphyry Complex by Balce and others (1980) for the porphyrirtic quartz diorite stocks and small bodies intruding Pugo Formation and Zigzag Formation in the Baguio area. The Pamaypayan Formation is described by Vergara and Spencer (1957) as a 500 meter-thick sequence of interbedded conglomerate. Nino M ine as well as in Lepanto M ine (Far Southeast Deposit) and other places.5. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Black M ountain Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite porphyry Stratigraphic relations: I ntrudes Pugo Formation and Zigzag Formation in the Baguio area Distribution: Black M ountain.5 mm to 12 mm set in a fine grained groundmass of the same minerals. Camp 6. 1966). These quartz diorite bodies are associated with porphyry type copper deposits in Black M ountain M ine in Camp 6 below Bued River. K/Ar dating indicate a range of 2. 1994. hard.htm 10/12/2015 . shale. massive and directly overlie the coal beds. Petrified logs are reported to be common. I t consists of a sequence of alternating gray shale and clayey sandstones with interbeds of gray. Beds of corralline limestone are dark gray. These are usually 1 to 1.8 . (see Ansuwang Amphibolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Kennon Road Age: Late M iocene . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Bitaogan Amphibolite The Bitaogan Amphibolite is equivalent to the Ansuwang Amphibolite which represents the metamorphic sole of the Pujada Ophiolite at Pujada Peninsula in M indanao.9 M a) for these quartz diorite porphyries in Baguio area are indicated by K/Ar and fission track dating. coal and corralline limestone outcropping in Pamaypayan. Philex M ine. The type locality is at the former copper mine of Black M ountain Inc. (Wolfe. The quartz diorite consists mainly of plagioclase. Vergara and Spencer (1957) report a thickness of 510 meters for the M ekoupe Formation. sandstone. 1988). Sto. may also be equivalent to the Bislig Formation.5 M a (equivalent to Pliocene) for the Lepanto quartz diorites which is later than those for the Baguio area (Arribas and others.

As described by UNDP (1985). I n Sabang Beach. the formation consists of turbiditic sandstone and mudstone with minor interbedded red and green mudstones. which indicate a rather young geologic age. northwestern coastal area of M arinduque Age: Early Pliocene-Pleistocene Thickness: 400 m Previous name: Boac Silt (Corby and others. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Gasan Formation Distribution: Boac. slates and low-grade phyllites occur in several localities underlain by the turbidites. red and green slaty siltstones and mudstones are well exposed along the coast for about 200 m. Nannozones NN15 to NN19 have been mentioned by Aurelio (1992) indicating an age ranging from Early Pliocene to Pleistocene. Good exposures of this formation are located west of the Caramay Schist and Concepcion Pebbly Phyllite. Ulugan Bay area. Exposures of the clastic rocks in Caruray area prompted Wolfart and others (1986) to rename the unit Boayan-Caruray Clastics. phyllite and schist. 1985) Correlation: Panas Formation (M artin. turbiditic sandstones 1-20 cm thick alternate with dark gray to black mudstones measuring less than 2 cm thick. unconformably overlain by the Eocene Pabellion Limestone (M aytiguid Limestone) Distribution: Boayan I sland. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The exposures along Babuyan River around the same area were mapped by UNDP (1985) as Babuyan River Turbidites. The Boac contains abundant shells and foraminifers. 1951) Renamed by: M GB (2004) This formation was originally named Boac Silt by Corby and others (1951).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 59 of 374 Boac Formation Lithology: Siltstone. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Above the Concepcion Phyllite. I t is a sequence of low-dipping marine siltstone and sandstone with conglomerate at the base. I t unconformably overlies the Gasan Formation and is confined to the northwestern coastal area. Boayan Turbidites (Ringis and others. The sandstone shows graded bedding and flute casts. I t consists mostly of an alternation of interbedded micaceous feldspathic sandstone and black tuffaceous shale and pillow lavas. north of Port Barton. 1993) Tinitian Creek Conglomerate (UNDP. Babuyan River. The sandstones are mostly finegrained and quartzose with parallel. Caruray area. 1972) The Boayan Formation was previously named by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) as Boayan Clastics for the sequence of sandstones and mudstones at Boayan I sland. West of M anlipien Point. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.and cross. slate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Boayan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Palawan Age: Late Cretaceous Named by: Hashimoto and Sato (1973) as Boayan Clastics Renamed by: M GB (2004) Synonymy: UNDP (1985) as Babuyan River Turbidites. west of St. Paul Limestone. At Boayan I sland. sandstone. Burrows or worm trails were observed in the sequence. calcareous sandstone and shale. The Boayan consists of white to pale gray graywacke. Boayan-Caruray Clastics (Wolfart and others.lamination and convolute structures.htm 10/12/2015 . Outcrops and float of red and green to gray-green mudstones. I ts thickness is about 400 meters. the clastic rocks are associated with chert. The red and green mudstones and siltstones are in fault contact with the folded turbidite sandstones and mudstones. 1986).

The presence of the coccolith Prediscophaera cretacea (Arkhangelsky) on Albaguen I sland indicates a M iddle Cenomanian to M aastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) age for the formation. I t is mainly conglomerate with interbedded mudstone and sandstone. Various lithologic components of the ophiolite complex are exposed in separate areas of southeastern Bohol Age: Cretaceous to Paleocene? Previous name: Boctol Serpentinite (Arco.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 60 of 374 As indicated by Suzuki and others (2001). 1985) in their turbidite and slump deposits. serpentinized harzburgite over pillow basalts. This was described as a complex consisting of residual harzburgite-dunite. The Tinitian Creek Conglomerate of UNDP (1985) is probably a facies of the Boayan that could represent its lateral extension. quartzose sandstone. mudstone Stratigraphic relations. Faure and I shida (1990) included this formation and the Sagasa Point Tectonic Complex (UNDP. and second. Barangay Tabunok. which is equivalent to the M aytiguid Limestone. Aside from these serpentinites. pillow basalt. the clastic rocks comprising the Barton Group represent the unmetamorphosed part of the unit that occupies the upper stratigraphic level. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M abini. Along the road in a 20-meter section. According to Hashimoto and Sato (1973). massive and pillow basalt flows and associated sedimentary rocks which established the presence of a complete ophiolite sequence in southeast Bohol. Pineda and others (1992) correlated this formation to the Batas M ember of the Pagasa Formation in offshore northwest Palawan. The Boayan Turbidites of Ringis and others (1993) is also equivalent to the Boayan Formation. Highly tectonized ultramafic to mafic sequences were also observed in roadcuts from Cansiwang to Labo.National I nstitute of Geological Sciences (NI GS). layered and isotropic gabbro. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bohol Ophiolite Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite. This formation is correlative to the Panas Formation of M artin (1972) widely exposed in central and southern Palawan. On the basis of joint field mapping of the DENR-M GB-Region 7 and the University of the Philippines. the lower horizons of the same basalt were thrusted over tuffaceous mudstone. Duero (Berador and Aleta. quartzite and mudstone set in quartzitic sandy matrix. first. diabase dikes. pyroxenite. The clasts consist of rounded orange to brown chert. the Boayan is unconformably overlain by the Eocene Pabellion Limestone. (see Boayan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1962) Renamed by: M GB (2004). Further up the road in the same barangay sedimentary rocks were found sitting on file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. I n barangays Batuan and Pook. Jagna municipality. the serpentinite intrudes the Ubay Formation Distribution. two major thrusts were observed. Sajona and others (1986) noted large outcrops of red aphyric basalts. Diegor and others (1995) and Yumul and others (1995) regarded the different mafic and ultramafic rocks in southeastern Bohol as part of an ophiolite suite which they called the Southeast Bohol Ophiolite Complex (SEBOC). gabbro and diabase in barangays Lombog and Danao in the town of Guindulman which made them consider Boctol as an ophiolite complex. massive and layered gabbro. 1991).htm 10/12/2015 . Chromite pods were likewise discovered in dunite exposures along the road in Barangay San Antonio. Guindulman. Peña Boayan-Caruray Clastics The Boayan-Caruray Clastics in central Palawan was previously named Boayan Clastics by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) and was renamed by Wolfart and others (1986) to include the exposures of clastic rocks in Caruray area. dunite. brecciated and pervasively serpentinized bodies exposed at Boctol Hills. diabase dike complex. layered harzburgites-dunites-clinopyroxenites. Diegor and others (1995) and Yumul and others (1995) renamed it as Southeast Bohol Ophiolite Complex (SEBOC) The unit was originally named Boctol Serpentinite by Arco (1962) in reference to the highly crushed.

graywacke.000 m. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bojeador Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. The conglomerate is thick with poorly sorted pebbles and cobbles of angular to subrounded andesite. These dikes range from 10-30 cm in thickness. intruded by quartz diorite Distribution: Vintar. The sandstone and shale are well-bedded. (see Zigzag Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. considering the overall stratigraphy of the region. A probable Cretaceous to Paleocene age is assigned to the ophiolite. I locos Sur. I locos Sur Age: Early M iocene Thickness: 500 m Previous name: Bojeador Agglomerate and Tuff (I rving and Quema. cream to buff and locally slightly recrystallized. it could be confined to Early M iocene and partly equivalent to the Zigzag Formation of Central Cordillera Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone and associated volcanic flows and pyroclastics Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably underlain by Bangui Formation and Suyo Schist. I t is intruded by diorite of probable late Early M iocene age. The Bojeador Formation was previously estimated to be about 500 m thick and dated Early to M iddle M iocene. along the Baguio-Cagayan Basin road. I t lies above the Columbus Formation and is bounded by the Bokod Fault to the west and Pingkian Fault to the east. serpentinites and schists (BM G. graywacke.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 61 of 374 pillowed flows. I t includes the conglomerate. it would be partly contemporaneous with the Dagot Limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bolinao Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. I locos Norte and northeast of Vigan. The formation of a serpentinite melange is likewise suggested by the presence of cobble-sized serpentinized harzburgite clasts floating or cemented in a serpentinite matrix. limestone and associated basic flows and pyroclastics of Fernandez and Pulanco (1967) exposed east of Vintar. I t is considered equivalent to the Zigzag Formation. Duero municipality. basalt and limestone set in a sandy and slightly calcareous matrix. the Bokod consists of red and green beds of tuffs. in which case. However. Peña Bokod Formation The Bokod Formation was named by M aleterre (1989) for the exposures of sedimentary rocks at Bokod. Basalt. I locos Norte and northeast of Vigan. 1948) Renamed by: M GB (2004) This formation was originally named Bojeador Agglomerate and Tuff by I rving and Quema (1948) for the rocks at Cape Bojeador. volcanic sandstones and andesitic conglomerates whose total thickness could exceed 1. micrograbbro. andesite and aplite dikes were observed to cut each other and the diabase country rock in barangays Lonoy and San Antonio.htm 10/12/2015 . 1981). northwestern I locos Norte. As described by M aleterre (1989). diabase. shale. The unit rests unconformably over the olistostrome of the Bangui Formation.

M aac (1983) however. Peña Bolok-bolok M ember Lithology: Light colored.htm 10/12/2015 . with an estimated thickness of 250 m. Cruz Formation. Bago-M edellin area. Previous name: Bolok Formation (Huth. considered it as a member and designated it as Bolok-bolok M ember. yielded fossils which were dated Early Pliocene (N19). Agno and the Hundred I slands in Pangasinan were previously included with the Sta. Bolinao. Recent samples of limestones in the Hundred Islands and in Bolinao also yielded Pliocene-Pleistocene fossils. Huth (1962) however. dominantly silty. The Bolokbolok attains a thickness of 500 m.Pleistocene Thickness: 250 m Named by: M GB (2004) Coralline reefal limestone at M abini. calcareous. Pangasinan Age: Pliocene . Agno. However. raised it to the rank of formation and assigned the name Bolok Formation for this clastic member. highly foraminiferous. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the basal portion is characterized by poorly bedded. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Carcar Limestone Distribution: Bolok-bolok Hot Springs. The typical Bolok-bolok M ember is cream to light gray. I ts designated type locality is in Bolok-bolok Hot Springs east of the town of Barili. 1951) The term Barili M arl was originally introduced by Corby and others(1951) for the clastic portion of the Barili Formation. At M abini. They also cite a proprietary report of the Philippine Bureau of Energy Development that describes horizontal Early Pliocene limestone capping M iddle to Late M iocene sedimentary sequence in Burgos. they are tentatively designated as Bolinao Limestone. 1962) Renamed by: M aac (1983) Synonymy: Barili M arl (Corby and others. Pangasinan. I n the absence of more detailed studies of these limestones. Karig and others (1986) argue that these limestones were formed in a distinctly different environment and therefore represent another formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M alabuyoc area. limestone. conglomerate. east of the town of Barili. mudstone with interbeds of siltstone and sandstone. Hundred I slands. lenticular sandstones and conglomerates. Barili area. minor sandstone. foraminiferous mudstone. I n places basal carbonaceous shale is present and in other places. M abini. Deposition probably took place in a deep basinal environment during Late M iocene to early Early Pliocene time. Cebu Age: Late M iocene to early Early Pliocene Thickness: 500 m.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 62 of 374 Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: Bolinao. Peña Bonagbonag Limestone The Cretaceous Bonagbonag Limestone was named by De los Santos and Weller (1955) for the limestone exposure file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. calcareous. BEI CIP (1976) reports that the limestone.

Distribution: Bongao. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. As described by these authors. The conglomerate contains clasts of volcanic rocks that attain a diameter of 1.5 m. which are seldom more than one meter thick. The age of the formation is probably M iocene.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 63 of 374 at Bonagbonag Point. (see Codon Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. are lenticular. Exposures of the formation are found on Bongao and Sanga-sanga I slands and the northwestern part of Tawi-Tawi I sland. Peña Boracay Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported. The limestones were later identified by David (1994) as olistoliths of megablock proportions of a late late Cretaceous olistostrome unit designated as Codon Formation. the proportion of conglomerate to sandstone is three to one. The formation as a whole is poorly bedded. The limestone is associated with minor beds of shale and siltstone. (see Antique Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. although the average size is around 30-60 cm. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bongao Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. 1951) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The Bongao Formation was earlier designated by Corby and others (1951) as the Bongao Conglomerate and Sandstone. The formation could be correlative with the Anungan Formation of southwest Zamboanga.htm 10/12/2015 . Tawi-tawi and Sanga-sanga I slands Age: M iocene (?) Previous name: Bongao Conglomerate and Sandstone (Corby and others. Peña Bongbongan Series The Bongbongan Series was named by Santos-Yñigo (1949) for the exposures of pillow basalts with associated manganiferous cherts and green clastic mudstones in the Batuan Range. The Bongabong Group consists mostly of Pliocene conglomerates. The sandstone beds. on the west coast of Catanduanes Island. Antique. Peña Bongabong Group The Bongabong Group was named by M M AJ-JI CA (1984) for the suite of rocks distributed in Oriental M indoro and north of of San Jose in southwestern M indoro. tuffacous sandstones and mudstones. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This is considered part of the Antique Ophiolite. Included by M M AJ-JI CA (1984) in the Group are the Famnoan Formation and Barubo Sandstone of Teves (1953) and the Punso Conglomerate of M iranda (1980).

basaltic flows. Sandstone dominates the series and is pale to dark grey in color. limestone Upper member – basalt. However. Camarines Norte Age: Early M iocene Thickness: 1.500 m Named by: BM G (1981) This formation was described by M iranda and Caleon (1979) as a sequence of conglomerate. De los Santos and Spencer (1957) and Fernandez and others (1967) dated the formation as Early to M iddle M iocene. is found mainly on the eastern side of Polillo I sland where it forms an irregular sinuous belt extending from Barangay M aknit on the south to Anibawan River on the north. sandstone. shale. tuff brecccia. BM G (1981) reexamined the fossils obtained from previous samples and found out that the age of this formation was actually Late Oligocene to Early M iocene. which was later named Bosigon Formation (BM G. 1967. having clasts mostly of volcanic provenance and is often pebbly and sometimes grades into conglomerate. wackes. shale and conglomerate with limestone lenses and coal seams Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Babacolan Formation Distribution: Polillo I sland Age: Late Oligocene – Early M iocene Thickness: 160 m (maximum) Named by: M agpantay (1955) The Bordeos Formation. 1985). Labo. (see Calumpang Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale. The Bordeos Formation unconformably rests on the Babacolan Formation and the Polillo Diorite (Fernandez & Abarquez. Alberding (1939). M agpantay (1955). I t is composed of well bedded sandstone. 1981). M inor limestone interbeds rarely exceed 10 m in thickness. volcanic wacke. The Boracay was renamed Calumpang Formation by M GB (2004) for the exposures near Bgy. Elena Formation Distribution: Labo. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bosigon Formation Lithology: Lower member – conglomerate.htm 10/12/2015 . limestone. Calumpang in M asbate. The thickness of this formation ranges from 15 to 160 m. 1990). A welldefined unconformity is observed at the base of the Bordeos Formation which is traceable for several kilometers. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 64 of 374 The Boracay Formation was named by M M AJ-JI CA (1986) for the exposures of clastic rocks with intercalated tuff and basaltic flow breccia in M asbate. shale and conglomerate with limestone lenses and coal seams (measuring an average of 35 cm thick and 8 m long) near the base. arkose. I t was presumed to be Late Jurassic in age (M M AJ-JI CA. M icrofossils in arkosic limestone sampled by Billedo (1994) also indicate a Late Oligocene to Early M iocene age for the formation. Camarines Norte. Knittel. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Larap Volcanic Complex and unconformably overlain by the Sta. tuffaceous shale and chert typically exposed along Bosigon River. chert. which was designated by M agpantay (1955). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bordeos Formation Lithology: Sandstone. I t unconformably overlies the Larap file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.

1994). M atan-ao. The total thickness of the formation probably exceeds 1. Elena Formation. fossiliferous neritic limestones and calcarenites and attain a thickness of around 120 m. The conglomerate is made up of angular to subrounded pebbles of andesite. A lower and an upper member have been recognized. sandstone. 1979). The shale is ash gray to black. tuff Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Glan Formation and Sulop Formation Distribution: Barangays San Vicente. Small and Big Lun rivers. welded tuff. The chert and limestone occur as minor thin beds in the sequence. tuff brecccia. gray and fine to medium grained. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone unconformably overlies the sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Yop Formation.500 m. The limestone has been dated Chattian to Aquitanian or Late Oligocene to Early M iocene (David. quartz. M agsaysay. marl. The upper member consists of intercalated basaltic flows. Kiblawan. 7 km east of Glan municipality. I n Locot islands the limestone is fossiliferous and is around 50 m thick. tuffaceous and calcareous. The lower member consists of interbedded conglomerate. The sandstone is arkosic. The formation consists of cream to white. Locot I sland. Gumasa. dense and fine grained. Probably equivalent to the Buayan is the clastic sequence file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. shale and limestone. Santos road. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Bote Hill. Catanduanes Age: Late Oligocene – Early M iocene Thickness: 120 m Previous name: Bote Hill Limestone (David. M alungon Valley. M alita. silty to fine grained. conglomerate. The chert at Bosigon River attains a thickness of 10 m. Calcarenites constitute the base of the limestone while the top is represented by algal limestone. I t is unconformable over the Sulop Formation and Glan Formation. along Small and Big Lun rivers. volcanic wackes. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Paleontological dating of foraminifera in the limestone indicates an Early M iocene age (M iranda and Caleon. chert and limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 65 of 374 Volcanic Complex and is unconformably overlain by the Sta. The limestone is coralline. San Vicente. Calsip. Sulop-Gen. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bote Limestone Lithology: Limestone. Aside from the exposure at San Vicente. and the coastal area near barangays Gumasa and M ananda. sandstone. schist and skarn cemented by calcareous and ferruginous material. dirty white to black. Sarangani Peninsula Age: Late M iocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 600 m Named by: Punay and others (1972) The formation was named by Punay and others (1972) for exposures along the road to Bgy. siltstone. it is also exposed along Glan River up to Bgy. M ananda. Glan River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Buayan Formation Lithology: M udstone.htm 10/12/2015 . 1994) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The Bote Limestone is exposed on Bote Hill in the southeastern part of the Catanduanes I sland and on the small islands (Locot islands) east of Bote.

(see Binangonan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. conglomeratic sandstones. (N. agglomerate Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: Bugtong Point. cavernous. and detrital crystals of mafic minerals.htm 10/12/2015 . algae. M indoro Age: Late Oligocene to Early M iocene Thickness: 500 m Previous name: Bugtong Limestone (Hashimoto and others. The upper part is massive. outcrops along the western flank of the Saranggani Ridge and constitutes the sedimentary basin riding piggyback fashion on the ridge.) sumatrensis and L. Peña Bugnam Formation The Bugnam Formation was named by Rutland (1968) for the sequence of dark shales. Bulalacao Bay. (see Madlum Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Early M iocene Binangonan Formation in Rizal Province. pebble and cobble conglomerates are interbedded with the mudstone and sandstone. the clastic sequence consists of conglomerates. including Miogypsina polymorpha. Tambaron I sland. Balatasan Peninsula. 1990. This characteristic distinguishes it from the other limestones in the area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bugtong Formation Lithology: Limestone. Cycloclypeus (Metacycloclypeus) transiens. The estimated thickness of the Buayan is around 600 m. mollusks and foraminifera. marly samples from the channel fill yielded nannofossils which were dated latest M iocene (NN11) to earliest Pliocene (Pubellier and others. At the type locality in San Vicente. As observed along the Sulop-Gen. These indicate an age of M iddle M iocene for this limestone member. At the Small and Big Lun rivers. and limestone. with dispersed occasional andesite fragments. sandstone. marls and tuffs. which was probably deposited in a shelf area. M ansalay. porous with numerous fragments of volcanic rocks. slightly tuffaceous. conglomerate. This sequence. Although channeling is observed within the conglomerates. The conglomerates and conglomeratic sandstones are polymictic with well-rounded clasts of andesites. which unconformably rests on the underlying Sulop Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Santos road. I t is equivalent to the Late Oligocene . 1976) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Buenacop Limestone The Buenacop Limestone is the upper member of the M adlum Formation which was originally used by M elendres and Verzosa (1960) to designate the limestone sequence exposed at Barrio Buenacop. The estimated thickness at the type locality is 150 m. Santos Road. siltstone. indurated shales and sandstone. crystalline. I t also occurs as narrow discontinuous strips formed by a series of almost northsouth aligned low ridges and several small patches between Sta. Bulacan with type locality along Ganlang River. chert nodules. Samples of the Buenacop Limestone yielded a number of foraminifera. 1994). the Buayan consists of mudstone with intercalations of calcareous and fossiliferous siltstone and sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 66 of 374 described by Pubellier and others (1990) and Quebral (1994) along the Sulop-Gen. conglomerates and minor limestones in Nueva Ecija. Quebral. M aria and Sumacbao rivers. Lepidocyclina (N. San I ldefonso. volcanic debris and fossils of reef-building organisms such as corals. The limestone in the lower part is thin to medium bedded.) ferreroi.

gabbros and minor amphibolite at Buhang Point. the sandstone. Jomalig and Canaway islands. Zepeda and others (1992) found it distributed in Tambaron I sland and its nearby areas and in Sitios Nasukob and I mbayongan. 1977) The Buhang Ophiolitic Complex was named by Billedo (1994) as Buhang Point M eta-ophiolite for the exposures of serpentinized pyroxenite. The type locality of Bugtong is at Bugtong Point. Late Oligocene. gabbro. Limestones in some parts of the Balatasan Peninsula. pillow basalt Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of Polillo I sland. on the isthmus separating Laguna Cove and Pandan Bay at the end of the Balatasan Peninsula and off Bulalacao Bay. 1994) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Correlation: Dibut Bay M eta-ophiolite of I sabela Ophiolite. 1986c). cited in BED. north of Bulalacao Bay contain Miogypsina and Miogypsinoides indicative of an Early to M iddle M iocene (prob. The limestone and calcarenites are medium to thick bedded. (see Masbate Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Tambaron I sland and Sitio Nasukob were dated Late Oligocene by Zepeda and others (1992) based on the occurrence of Globigerina binaensis Koch which first appears in the Late Oligocene together with the last appearance of Globigerina sellii Borsetti also in the Late Oligocene. Peña Bugui Point Limestone The Bugui Point Limestone was named by M M AJ-JI CA (1986) for the limestone at Bugui Point in the northwestern part of M asbate I sland. east of M ansalay. Tambaron I sland and sitios Nasukob and I mbayongan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Likewise the Bandao Limestone of Corby and others (1951) may be considered equivalent to the Bugtong. the faunal association of the larger foraminiferal species Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) dilatata dilatata M ichelotti. The limestone was previously named by Corby and others (1951) as M asbate Limestone. The Ananawin Formation of PNOC (1979. The Bugtong Formation consists of limestone with associated siltstone. a Late Oligocene to Early M icoene age is considered for this formation. Early M iocene) age. Aurora & Quezon Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Buhang Point M eta-ophiolite (Billedo. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Buhang Ophiolitic Complex Lithology: Pyroxenite. overlain by Bordeos Formation Distribution: Buhang Point and Sabang Polillo I sland. sandstone. the limestone at Bugtong Point containsLepidocyclina (Eulepidina) dilatata (M ichelotti) indicating an Oligocene age and that at Bulalacao Bay. conglomerate and agglomerate. light gray and coarse. 1986c) is considered equivalent to the Bugtong Formation. I t has an estimated gross thickness of 300 m with an age of Late Oligocene to M iddle M iocene as determined from paleontological dating (BED. The thickness at Balatasan Peninsula is at least 500 meters as determined by Weller and Vergara (1955). amphbolite. Miogypsinoides batamensis Tan and Spiroclypeus higginsi Cole points to an Early M iocene age.htm 10/12/2015 . From Bugtong Point.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 67 of 374 Renamed by: BM G (1981) This formation was initially called Bugtong Limestone by Hashimoto and others (1976) but was later changed to Bugtong Formation in BM G (1981) to include clastic rocks and minor agglomerate that are associated with the limestone and calcarenite. Polillo I sland. On the basis of all these datings. I t is also exposed at the southern end of M ansalay Bay. Small exposures of file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. north of Bulalacao Bay. BM G (1981) reported that the limestone at the south end of M ansalay Bay was dated Early Oligocene. The clastic rocks at Balatasan Peninsula. Katablingan M etamorphics (Angeles and Perez.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bukidnon Formation Lithology: Agglomerate.68 1. The pillow basalts are unconformably overlain by Late Oligocene to Early M iocene arkosic limestone belonging to the Bordeos Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . The conglomerate consists predominantly of angular to subangular pebble to boulder. I ts geochemical characteristics show an island arc affinity. Bukidnon Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 800 m Named by: Pacis (1966) Correlation: Kapatagan Group (Tupas. I t consists mainly of amphibolites with associated gabbros (Ringenbach. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bulacao Andesite Lithology: Andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: southwestern range of central Cebu Age: M iddle – Late M iocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.79 M a equivalent to latest Cretaceous. The Buhang Ophiolite is probably equivalent to the meta-ophiolites designated asKatablingan M etamorphics by Angeles and Perez (1977) and adopted by Revilla and M alaca (1987). I t is intruded by a quartz monzonite probably belonging to the Polillo Diorite. Jomalig Island is underlain entirely by volcanic flows and breccia which have undergone greenschist facies metamorphism. At Canaway I sland. The Buhang is also correlated to the Dibut Bay M eta-ophiolite found in northeastern Luzon and is thought to represent the metamorphosed equivalent of the I sabela Ophiolite. south of Polillo town. pebbly sandstone and conglomerate that cover the area east of Cagayan River. The pillow basalt and the chert seem to have undergone low-grade metamorphism characterized by greenschist facies. tuffaceous sandstone. 1952) The Bukidnon Formation was named by Pacis (1966) for the exposures of agglomerate. The thickness of the Bukidnon is approximately 800 m. A Pleistocene age was assigned to the formation. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Cagayan River. opposite Polillo I sland. sandstone. The Kapatagan Group of Tupas (1952) is probably correlative to the Bukidnon Formation. Jomalig I sland and Canaway I sland (on the eastern extremity of Jomalig I sland). Radiometric K-AR dating of a sample of a highly foliated gabbro on Polillo I sland was dated 63. The volcanic carapace of the ophiolites is represented by outcrops of pillow basalts on Polillo Island. 1992) and exposed east of the Philippine Fault near I nfanta. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the rocks are composed of elongated chloritized and sericitized pillow basalt with reddish chert interstices. On Polillo I sland an outcrop along the beach shows pillow basalt together with its reddish pelagic interstices. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. schists and serpentinite.sized clasts of volcanic rocks.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 68 of 374 isolated ultramafic rocks were also reported east-southeast of Barrio Sabang.

Jormajan. were probably also formed file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. some of them hornblende-bearing. 1991). Sorsogon.000 years ago following the Calderagenic expulsion of dacitic and rhyolitic pumice that covered most of Sorsogon province. Homahan (dated 0. The Bulusan Volcanic Complex may be subdivided into three informal stratigraphic units. (see Lubuagan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Bulacao Andesite is considered of M iddle to Late M iocene age. Jormajan. Aside from the main Bulusan stratovolcano. Bulusan. I t was named after the exposures along Buluan Creek near Buluan. Sharp Peak and I rosin Caldera.1 M a) and M t.4 M a). The Bulusan stratovolcano consists of lava flows. I t is associated with the lead-silver-quartz carbonate veins in the M abini area. lahars and piedmont deposits. Alteration of the andesite is confined in parts around the Talamban Diorite and manifests as products of pyritization. and M t. located east-northeast of M t. Jormajan. Spain. M araut-Banua. tuff. I ts eruption in 1978 was characterized by andesitic basalt ash which was carried by winds as far as Barcelona. M t. breccia Distribution: Bulusan. The year 1852 marks the start of Bulusan’s recorded explosive activity. Jormajan.htm 10/12/2015 . (2) caldera pumice.14 M a with the eruption of high-K basaltic andesites and andesites. 1990). hornblende. Peña Buluan M ember The Buluan represents the uppermost member of the Lubuagan Formation. M t. As measured along the Tuao-Conner Road. Jormajan and Sharp Peak grew from resurgent extrusion of pyroxene andesite after the caldera floor formed. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1988). lava domes. M agnetite and apatite are the common accessory minerals. namely: (1) pre-caldera volcanics. The unit is well exposed in the southwestern range of central Cebu. Volcanism began as far back as 2. augite and hypersthene in a glassy microlitic groundmass. Kalinga-Apayao. southern and southeastern flanks are typically bulbous masses. 150 m in the southwest and 560 m in the southeast. I t is characterized by the predominance of dark gray silty claystone with occasional thin graywacke beds. Among the lava domes and cones. Juban. Gate in M atnog. a small plug-like edifice consisting of basaltic lavas (Delfin. silicification and epidotization with minor argillization. the most notable are M t. the other volcanic centers that comprise the complex are M ts. some with central collapse features. Sharp Peak and I rosin in Sorsogon Age: Late Pliocene .036 m. M arautBanua and Sharp Peak. Calaunan (dated 1. pyroclastic air fall deposits and flows.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 69 of 374 Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1951) The Bulacao Andesite of Santos-Yñigo (1951) is essentially a porphyritic and brecciated andesite made up of phenocrysts of andesine. and (3) post-caldera volcanics (Panem and Delfin. M araut Banua. Other lava domes at the western. 1991). Peña Bulusan Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. the thickness is 1. dacite. The minimum amount of subsidence along the caldera walls was estimated by Panem and Delfin (1988) to be 100 m in the west. The ejecta from these volcanic centers cover an overall area of 400 sq km. M t.Recent Named by: Phivolcs (1988) The Bulusan Volcanic Complex in Sorsogon consists of Bulusan stratovolcano with adjacent domes and adventive cones that formed on the floor of a prehistoric caldera. Outcrops of the andesite are fairly fresh but are usually cut by stringers of barren chalcedony and quartz. Exposures in the Central Higlands consist of massive volcanic flows and pyroclastic rocks (M M AJ-JI CA. The 11-km wide I rosin caldera was formed around 40. I ts eruption in 1992 was mild and of short duration. rhyolite. tuff breccias and tuffs that built the Gate M ountains in the southern part of the complex (Delfin. The pre-caldera volcanics includes M t. basalt. The pre-caldera volcanics consist of older basalt and pyroxene andesites intercalated with tuffs and laharic breccia and younger pyroxene andesites.

consisting of schist and serpentinized harzburgite blocks with minor marble clasts in highly sheared serpentinized matrix. Sapa M anok. Ludasal. harzburgite and andesitic igneous rocks in serpentinized matrix. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bungiao M elange Lithology: Blocks of schists. ultramafic and other igneous rocks in matrix of serpentinized peridotite Stratigraphic relations: Thrusted against the Tungauan Schist. The Bungiao is tentatively assigned a Cretaceous age.htm 10/12/2015 . phyllite. Siocon River. Similar limestone exposures were recognized along the M awab (near Tagum) and M akgum (along Buan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lunday. M atina and Samal I sland. 1956) Foraminifera in the limestone from Bunawan indicate a probable Late Pleistocene age for the formation. I t is a tectonic melange usually thrusted against the Tungauan Schist. M aria. M aria in Zamboanga Peninsula. the M elange is inferred to be unconformably overlain by a sedimentary clastic sequence belonging to the Anungan Formation. about six kilometers long and one to two kilometers wide. A thickness of 70 to 80 m was measured at Bunawan (Casasola. Lunday. of Santos-Ynigo (1953) which occurs as lenticular bodies that are commonly thrusted against the Tungauan Schist is probably equivalent to the Bungiao M elange. The Serpentinized Peridotite. The clasts of the M elange may reach hill-sized proportions consisting of schists. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Bunawan Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone and coral breccia Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the M andog Sandstone Distribution: Bunawan. Tarlago. overlain by Anungan Formation Distribution: Bungiao. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Smaller bodies are exposed along the northeastern coast of Vitali I sland. The largest outcrop. Tarlago. Asuncion) anticlines (Quebral. Sta. Lubay. Exposures were also noted in Pilar. Lubay.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 70 of 374 during the Pleistocene but are now regarded as inactive volcanoes. M atina. Pilar. I n Vitali. Ludasal. Zamboanga Peninsula Age: Cretaceous (?) Named by: Yumul and others (2001) Correlation: Serpentinized Peridotite of Santos-Yñigo (1953) The Bungiao M elange was named by Yumul and others (2001) for the melange at Bungiao. Siocon River and Sta. is found along one of the main tributaries of Vitali River. slate. marble. sedimentary rocks. which probably are uncomformable on the Pleistocene M andog Sandstone. Vitali. and in the western side of Zamboanga Peninsula file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1994). Samal I sland Age: Late Pleistocene (?) Thickness: 70-80 m Named by: Casasola (1956) Casasola (1956) describes the presence of raised Quaternary coral reefs in Bunawan. Vitali. These are highly porous corralline limestone and coral breccia. Sapa M anok.

(see Aksitero Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M aria. uralite and uralitic clinopyroxene or plagioclase-hornblende (Caagusan. The typical schist consists essentially of chlorite. magnetite and feldspar. 1966). Burburungan such as M atabang. Odalo and Nangka rivers as well as the northwestern coast of M indoro. 1989. epidote. the rocks show evidence of low grade regional metamorphism except those near the contact with quartz diorite intrusive bodies. The main components of the actinolite schists are actinolite. the amphibolite is intimately associated with gneissose metagabbro and appears to be partly contemporaneous with the latter. siltstone and mudstone. marbles and metavolcanics. The metagabbro is made up mainly of albite. This is characterized by thick and highly folded sequence of greenschists. The amphibolites and metagabbro at Puerto Galera and Ambil I sland are regarded by Rangin and others (1985) and M archadier and Rangin (1990) as parts of a meta-ophiolite. equivalent to Late Jurassic (M archadier and Rangin. It is dark green. Urilan. cherts. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Exposures of the hornblendite and metagabbro may be found along the upper reaches of the northerly streams draining M t. The cherts underlie the quartzites south of the road between Union and Lindero and are interbedded file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Buruanga M etamorphic Complex Lithology: Greenschist. Actinolite schist occurs in the BinaybayI nabasan area. The schists are exposed largely in the southwest-central section of the peninsula. 1990). Peña Burburungan Amphibolite Hornblendite and actinolite schist comprise the Burburungan Amphibolite of Caagusan (1966). quartzites. 1956) is the oldest formation in Panay I sland. Numerous dikes of metadiabase cutting into hornblendite at the upper reaches of M atabang River have also been reported by Caagusan (1966). I n places. sericite. Age: Late Paleozoic – Early (?) M esozoic Named by: Francisco (1956) The Buruanga M etamorphic Complex (Francisco. and occasionally shows thinly banded structure as at Odalo River. I t consists of interlayered limestone and indurated calcareous and tuffaceous sandstone. Lindero and in the northern part of the peninsula. Peña Burgos M ember The Burgos M ember represents the upper part of the Aksitero Formation in the Central Luzon West Basin. epidote and chlorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 71 of 374 along Siocon River and in Sta. The 78-m thick Burgos member was dated M iddle to Late Oligocene. along the northern coast of M indoro and along Odalo River. Distribution: Southwest-central section of Buruanga peninsula. marble. very fine to coarse grained. They correlate these with the meta-ophiolite in Tablas which had been radiometrically dated 140 M a. These rocks are collectively designated here as Burburungan Amphibolite. oligoclase.htm 10/12/2015 . Panay I sland. biotite and quartz with minor amounts of muscovite. quartzite. albite. The quartzites occur as patches or lenses along the road to Libertad. Generally. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. chert Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of Buruanga Peninsula. The peridotites are aligned along major fault zones and are strongly brecciated and sheared.

htm 10/12/2015 . M M AJ-JI CA 1987. (see Liminangcong Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Tablas and Romblon (Faure and others. The unmetamorphosed rocks associated with the metamorphic units could be part of the Upper Jurassic olistostrome reported in Northern Palawan and M indoro (Faure and I shida 1990). overlying. Peña Butete Formation The Pliocene Butete Formation of BM G (1981) was previously named Butete Conglomerate by Rutland (1967) for the conglomerates at Butete and Banay-banay creeks in Nueva Ecija. Peña Busuanga Chert The Busuanga Chert was named by M M AJ-JI CA (1989) for the Late Permian to Late Jurassic cherts on Busuanga I sland. as well as epidote. M indoro. and in places intercalated with. M elendres and Comsti (1951) also designated M ount Bilhogan and Batunan conglomerates as a member of the formation. 1979). This is equivalent to the Liminangcong Formation of Hashimoto and Sato (1973). Butac in the Cervantes-Bontoc area in the Central Cordillera of Luzon. Banded marbles form the most rugged and faulted part of the peninsula. Davao Oriental. 1956. at M t. other metamorphic units. Peña Buso and Altar Formation The Buso and Altar Formation was named by M elendres and Comsti (1951) for the sequence of sandstone and limy conglomerate at Buso. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. green and black. 1989). Bilhogan near Sigaboy. The conglomerates resemble consolidated river gravels. David 1988). They are essentially composed of cryptocrystalline silica interspersed with limonite and either chlorite or clay. (see Sigaboy Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. red. The Buso and Altar Formation is equivalent to the Sigaboy Formation of M GB (1992). I t consists mainly of biomicrites and biosparites and is around 100 m thick (M aleterre. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. north of M ati. giving off different colors in shades of buff. respectively. I t is considered equivalent to the Kennon Limestone. Peña Butac Limestone The Butac Limestone was named after Bgy. 1989) that are associated with Triassic cherts and Permian carbonates (Fontaine. I t rests unconformably over the Bugnam Formation of Rutland (1967). The metamorphic rocks are similar to those described in the islands of Palawan. The Buruanga M etamorphic Complex was considered as Late Paleozoic to Early (?) M esozoic in age (Francisco. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. and Batunan east of M ati. BM G 1981. These are well exposed.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 72 of 374 with crystalline limestone between Pooc and Habana along the northeastern part of the peninsula.

sandstone. white to light brown and yellowish gray. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Butong Limestone Lithology: Dense crystalline limestone. Argao. 1956) refers to the massive to thin bedded.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 73 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. interbeds of calcareous sandstone and shale are present. I t was renamed Bote Limestone by M GB (2004). Dalaguete. The Butong is probably equivalent to the I lag Limestone of the Cebu Formation in the Naga-Uling district. Argao to M ag-alambac.000 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The name Buyag Formation was introduced by Corby and others (1951) for the clastic rocks at Barrio Buyag in Dimasalang.htm 10/12/2015 . Argao. M asbate Age: Late M iocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 400 – 1. Exposures of the formation define two narrow belts– a southwestern belt and a coastal belt - file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. M asbate. limited to the highlands of Dalaguete and Argao districts. Abundant fossils. mudstone. I n places. calcisiltite Stratigraphic relations: I ntermediate between the Calagasan and Linut-od formations with occasional intertonguing relations Distribution: Barrio Butong. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cebu Age: Late Oligocene to Early M iocene Thickness: approximately 388 m maximum Named by: Barnes and others (1956) Correlation: I lag Limestone of the Cebu Formation The Butong Limestone (Barnes and others. (see Bote Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. calcarenite. Orbitoids contained in the Butong yielded Lepidocyclina species indicative of a Late Oligocene age. Peña Buti Hill Limestone Buti Hill Limestone refers to the exposure of Late Oligocene – early M iocene limestone at Bote Hill in the southeastern part of Catanduanes. corals and algae may be found in the limestone. varying in thickness from a maximum of 388 m along M aangtud Creek. The limestone usually forms prominent ridges between the Calagasan and Linut-od formations. I t is generally lenticular. to 36 m in Cauluhan Creek and to as thin as a feather edge in the M ag-alambac area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Buyag Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. sandy or shaly limestone outcropping in a narrow strip from Calagasan. mostly small orbitoids. medium-grained crystalline. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Port Barrera Formation and M asbate Limestone Distribution: I n two belts from Dimasalang to Cataingan. I ts designated type locality is in Barrio Butong.

Exposures of the latter belong mostly to the coastal belt while those of the coarser clastic rocks are concentrated in the southwest belt. eastern I sabela and similar deposits throughout the Cagayan Valley. describes the relation between the Callao Limestone and Cabagan Formation as intertonguing. The lower consists chiefly of gray silty to sandy calcareous shale with interbeds of calcareous sandstone and limestone. 1951. The Buyag consists of clastic rocks that fine upwards from basal massive pebble conglomerate grading to coarse calcareous sandstone and an upper interbedded tuffaceous. I t is distributed at the margins and at the core of the Pangul Anticline in the center of the valley. and an upper member characterized by thickly bedded to massive mudstone with interbeds of calcarenites (Corby and others. respectively.000 m Named by: Geophoto Exploration Ltd (1966) The formational name was introduced by Geophoto Exploration Ltd (in BM Petroleum Division. the I bulao Limestone. carbonaceous. These belts extend southeast from Dimasalang to Cataingan. sandy siltstone and silty claystone with lignitic seams. however. Three lithologic entities are represented in the formation. the formation consists of marls with intercalated limestones in southeastern M asbate and west of Nabangig. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Upper Buyag Formation of Porth and others (1989) apparently corresponds to the Buyag Formation of Corby and others (1951). The diorite is equivalent to the Asiga Diorite of the Northern Pacific Cordillera in M indanao. limestone. Corby and others (1951) give a Late M iocene – Early Pliocene age for the formation which they estimate to have a thickness of 400 -1. From south to north of the Cagayan Valley Basin. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Callao Formation and older rocks Distribution: Cabagan.000 m. 1994). As described by Porth and others (1989).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 74 of 374 on either side of a strip of volcanic rocks. I sabela. Calcareous sandstone sampled in the lower portion of the formation yielded large foraminifera indicating a Late M iocene age. dominantly siltstone and fine grained sandstone. M artin and dela Cruz.htm 10/12/2015 .000 m (Billedo. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Callao Limestone and older dioritic units. while nannofossils from a shale sample from the upper portion were dated Late M iocene to late Early Pliocene (NN7 and NN11) as reported by Aurelio and Billedo (1987). Caagusan (1978). the middle. M aac (1988) describes a conglomeratic facies of this formation exposed along the Tabuk-Batong Buhay route in Kalinga-Apayao. The foraminiferal and nannoplankton assemblages as reported by Porth and others (1989) are bracketed by zones N16 to N19 (Serravallian to Zanclean) and NN11 to NN15? (Serravallian – Tortonian). The formation is 750 m thick at its type locality but could reach an overall thickness of 1. (see Asiga Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Kalinga-Apayao Age: Late M iocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 750-1. siltstone. Peña Cabadbaran Diorite The Cabadbaran Diorite was named by UNDP (1984) for the diorite body intruding ophiolitic rocks in Cabadbaran. the upper. 1966) referring to the sedimentary section along Cabagan River in Cabagan. Agusan del Norte. the Cabagan Formation covers unconformably the Lubuagan Formation. 1976). corresponding to M iddle M iocene to Early Pliocene. The formation may be subdivided into a lower member composed mainly of thinly bedded conglomerates and sandstones. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cabagan Formation Lithology: Calcareous shale and sandstone. essentially dark gray shale with thin beds of nodular limestone.

siltstone Upper member – limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . The youngest radiometric K-Ar dating for this complex was obtained from Cabalian. Cruz. the lower clastic member consists of a 130-m thick sequence of conglomerate. Sand components of the finer clastics also consist mainly of serpentinites. stands on the tip of the southeastern peninsula of Leyte. The formation was renamed Cabaluan Formation by M GB (2004). This clastic sequence is overlain by 100 m of the main reefal limestone. conformably overlain by the Sta. but the Cabaluan River section is approximately 250 m thick (Karig and others. poorly bedded bioclastic limestone which grades into medium bedded bioturbated calcareous sandstone and then into silty marl. sandstone and siltstone. a young volcano with a crater lake. as Zambales is a non-specific locality in terms of geographic appellation. Zambales. This is predominantly massive and forms prominent ridge crests. The foraminiferal assemblage of the upper limestone member includesOrbulina universa indicating an age no older than M iddle M iocene (Zone N9). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Zambales Age: M iddle M iocene – Late M iocene Thickness: 250 m Previous name: Zambales Limestone and Conglomerate (Corby and others. calcarenite. gastropods and coral fragments. I ts base lies unconformably over serpentinized harzburgite. The rocks of this complex consist mainly of andesite flows and pyroclastic breccias. The lower portion of the limestone member is a 20-30 m thick sequence of buff-colored.2 M a (M M AJ-JI CA. The upper limestone member consists mainly of reefal limestone. 1986). The limestone grades upward into coral boulder limestone with abundant shell and coral debris to interbedded bioclastic limestone and sandy marl to mudstone. 1986).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 75 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1986). The conglomerates in the upper portion have smaller pebble-sized clasts and sandstones become more dominant towards the top. since the formation is well exposed and developed there. Clasts in the basal conglomerate are made up almost entirely of pebbles and cobbles of serpentinized harzburgite. Sta. Karig and others (1986) proposed to make the Cabaluan River section as a reference section. 1997). I t can be subdivided into a lower clastic member and an upper limestone member. in places showing cross-bedding. including plant remains. Other inactive volcanoes that are included in this volcanic complex are Cantoloc. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Karig and others (1986) also report that calcarenites at the top of the limestone member yielded a foraminiferal assemblage of late Late M iocene age (Zone N17/N18). Along Cabaluan River. A maximum age of 2. Silago and Nelangcapan in Panaon I sland. 1951) Renamed by M GB (2004) This formation was previously named Zambales Limestone and Conglomerate by Corby and others (1951) for the rocks exposed as an inverted S-shaped belt 5 km east of Naluo Point. Cruz Formation Distribution: Cabaluan. sandstone. I n places. Peña Cabalian Volcanic Complex M t. A littoral setting is indicated for the deposition of the lower clastic member (Karig and others. marl Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over ophiolite.53 M a is indicated by radiometric K-Ar dating of a high-K andesite sample from Sogod (Sajona and others. the clastic sequence is carbonaceous and contains fossils. The lower clastic member is massive to moderately bedded. Coquina and lignite lenses are interspersed within the sequence. which gave a value of 0. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cabaluan Formation Lithology: Lower member – conglomerate. Cabalian. The thickness of the formation varies widely.

) levis. thin-bedded sediments. A (G. glovalveolina sp. Antique Age: Early – M iddle Eocene Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1949) The Cabariohan Limestone was originally designated by Santos-Yñigo (1949) for the limestone underlying a northeast trending ridge that passes near the village of Cabariohan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 76 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.to pebblesized fragments of andesite porphyry. basaltic calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Antique Ophiolite Distribution: Cabariohan.htm 10/12/2015 .cf telementensis and A. The basal part of the sequence is a coarse calcarenite with basalt fragments and abundant foraminifera where basalt fragments diminish gradually upwards. tuff. Santos-Yñigo (1949) considered this limestone to be M iddle M iocene in age. Poorly bedded white to cream limestone succeeds the basal part of the formation. sandstone.). (G. but these could actually be part of the Cabariohan Limestone. 1986. tuff Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Cabanglasan. aff. forming a small forested hill beside the Patnanongon stream and well exposed in the river gorge. ferruginous sediments and abundant ultramafic rocks. The same limestone was identified by UNDP (1986) on the northeast and northwest flank of the same ridge. Bukidnon Age: Late Pleistocene – Holocene Previous Name: Cabanglasan Terrace Gravel (Santiago. Foraminefera from calcarenites were dated Early to M iddle Eocene by UNDP (1986). The limestone is believed to be unconformable over the Antique Ophiolite (UNDP. A. 1983) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Correlation: Cagayan Gravel A Late Pleistocene to Holocene assemblage of loosely consolidated conglomeratic and sandstone gravels with minor lenses of carbonaceous silty sediments and tuff outcrops which cover a large area of the Cabanglasan synclinal trough was designated as Cabanglasan Terrace Gravel by Santiago (1983). 1991). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cabariohan Limestone Lithology: Limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Cabanglasan may be correlated with the Cagayan Gravel. A. The calcarenites were considered part of the I gbayo Pelagic Complex. siltstone. Rangin and others. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cabanglasan Gravel Lithology: Conglomerates. globalveolina sp. The Gravel consists of cobble. This was dated as Late Eocene by UNDP (1986) and end of Early Eocene by Rangin and others (1991) based on the presence of Alveolina with A. lepidula. Antique.

The size of file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.Balic Clay (renamed as Balic M udstone M ember). Wellpreserved molluscan fossils are present. I n some localities. chert. I t also crops out as far as Calinog in the north and San M iguel in the south. but no microfossils. Barbara. it is about 150 m. north of Sta. The formation may be subdivided into a lower volcanic member and an upper sedimentary member. These rocks are largely exposed between Cabatuan and Sta. volcanic and pyroclastic rocks constitute part of this formation. quartzite and schistose marble which is best exposed along the upper Kamanga and Cablacan rivers in South Cotabato. Santos (1968) selected Barrio Turing. minor sandstone. Cabatuan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cablacan Formation Lithology: Andesite. soft and highly fossiliferous mudstone. They divided the formation into three members. dark gray. while Santos (1968) measured a thickness of 392 m along the Duyanduyan-M aasin road section. cobbles of volcanic rocks are scattered.The type locality of the middle member – Maraget Sandstone – is at Barrio M araget in Cabatuan. The member contains abundant well-preserved large mollusks. graywacke. I n both the mudstone and sandstone. Barbara Silt. siltstone Distribution: Cabatuan and Sta. loosely consolidated. dacite conglomerate. marble Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Kiamba Formation Distribution: Cablacan and Kamanga rivers. Carbonized wood fragments have also been noted. ferruginous. Sta. Balic Mudstone Member. sandstone. The member is limited to the south-central part of the plain and is composed essentially of thick bedded. Maraget Sandstone. Barbara. The volcanic rocks were described by M alicdem and Peña (1963) as volcanic flows and flow breccias. I loilo. I loilo along the Tigum River. Kiamba. The formation unconformably overlies the Kiamba Formation. Cabatuan along the northern bank of Tigum River as its type locality. The sandstones are largely crossbedded and contain megafossils. At the type locality. The formation was dated Plio-Pleistocene by Santos (1968) but BED (1986b) considers its age as Pleistocene. Barbara Member consists principally of massive or poorly bedded coarse grained and silty sandstone and siltstone with minor claystone. The type locality is Santa Barbara. M araget Sandstone and Sta. Around Kiamba.The uppermost Sta. porous. I t is also exposed south of Lucena. South Cotabato Age: Early M iocene Thickness: > 800 m Named by: Santos and Baptista (1963) The Cablacan Formation was named by Santos and Baptista (1963) for the thick sequence of conglomerate. . light and permeable sandstone with white tuffaceous clay partings make up the uppermost beds. I loilo. The lower beds are principally siltstone with occasional coarse grained sandstone and mudstone layers.htm 10/12/2015 . lenses of conglomerate have been encountered.Since Corby and others (1951) did not designate a type locality for the lowermost Balic Mudstone Member. . Barbara Member.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 77 of 374 Cabatuan Formation Lithology: M udstone. the mudstone is interbedded with fine-grained sandstone. especially along the bedding planes. . Barbara and west of Jalicoun. Cross-bedded. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I loilo Age: Pleistocene Thickness: > 390 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Cabatuan Formation was designated by Corby and others (1951) for the nearly flat-lying rocks in the central part of the I loilo Basin. The thickness varies but west of Calinog.

The occurrence of these schistose rocks is apparently related to local shear zones. altered dacitic tuff and ignimbrite are associated with fossiliferous calcarenite. They are banded and highly contorted. The Cabugao is correlative to the Genitigan Conglomerate of M eek (1938). The exposures underlying M t. Similarly. a limestone sample from the upper portion of the sedimentary member gave an age of Early M iocene – M iddle M iocene (M alicdem and Peña.7 M a. Canimog and Canton islands and other northeastern offshore islands of Camarines Norte.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 78 of 374 breccia fragments are generally cobble to pebble although bigger fragments have been noted at M atingao River. Cadig in Quezon. constituted the lower member of the Payo Formation of M iranda and Vargas (1967). Camarines Norte Age: Cretaceous Named by: M GB (2004) The ophiolitic complex underlying M t. Andesite and dacitic flows overlying the Kiamba Formation gave radiometric K-Ar whole rock dating of 18. Radiometric K-Ar dating of volcanic and volcanogenic rocks overlying Early Oligocene diorite near M aasin gave an age of 16. I ts maximum thickness could reach 1. Clasts of the basal conglomerate of the Cabugao include greywacke pebbles and cobbles set in a calcareous matrix. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. I n places. The volcanic flows consist principally of andesites. 1963). the limestone contains abundant megafossils and coral fingers while the wackes are conglomeratic with andesite clasts attaining boulder proportions. although dacitic rocks were also observed. an age of early M iocene was obtained from paleontologic dating of samples of fossileferous limestone from several localities around Kiamba (M alicdem and Peña. I t was previously named Cabugao Graywacke by Capistrano (1951) for the exposures of sandstones at Bgy. shale and limestone. Catanduanes I sland. The ophiolitic suite file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Thrusted against schists. Cabugao. Cadig in Quezon and Paracale-Jose Panganiban area was previously described by M iranda and Caleon (1979). with a maximum width of 10 km. Chemical analyses of the quartzite reveal as much as 80% to 90% silica. Peña Cabugao Subgreywacke The Cabugao Subgreywacke of M iranda and Vargas (1967).3 M a and feldspar dating of 17. 1963). The uppermost member of the formation includes marbleized limestone with crude planar schistosity accentuated by thin sheets of chloritesericite. tapering at both ends.320 m. thin beds of quartzite and less altered sandstone are interbedded with the conglomerate. The calcareous wackes sometimes contain rounded pebbles and cobbles of limestone. Slates and ferruginous red cherts. equivalent to Early M iocene (Sajona and others. I n Labo locality. Canimog and Canton islands. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cadig Ophiolitic Complex Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite.htm 10/12/2015 . The middle section of this unit consists of thinly bedded sandstone. also equivalent to Early M iocene. intruded by the Paracale Granodiorite Distribution: M t. The upper sedimentary member consists of sandstones. Thin bedded sedimentary rocks associated with the volcanic rocks include sandstone. Cadig extends along an almost north-south direction for 24 km. are found near the upper strata of the conglomerate. consisting of well bedded sandstones and mudstones with local conglomerate interbeds. clast-supported limestone pebble conglomerate forms a fairly thick portion of the sequence. Paracale-Jose Panganiban area. shale and limestone with intercalated pyroxene-bearing andesite flows.73 M a. The upper section of this sedimentary member is predominantly made up of massive to thickly bedded wackes and calcareous wackes. Bato. Guintinua. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The complex is also exposed in Guintinua. I n Tual area. The basal section is dominantly made up of limestone with lenses of calcareous lithic wackes and reddish brown shale. shale and limestone. At Kamanga and Cablacan rivers. However. 1997). occurring as prominent peaks north of Kamanga River.

Cagayan River. Amphibolites of the M alaguit Schist and the spilite-chert sequence of the Tigbinan Formation could represent the metamorphic sole and volcanic-sedimentary carapace. The ultramafic rocks have undergone extensive serpentinization. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over older formations Distribution: Cagayan de Oro City. Outcrops are found along the National Road in Cagayan de Oro City to I ndahag road. sandstone. pyroxenite and layered gabbro. I ts estimated thickness is 100 m. The ophiolitic complex is designated as Camarines Norte Ophiolite Complex by Tamayo and others (1998). dunite.and hyaloclastic breccia Distribution: Cagbaong Creek. of the Cadig Ophiolitic Complex.300 m Named by: Florendo (1987) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. M isamis Oriental Age: Pleistocene .Holocene Thickness: 100 m Renamed by: M GB (2004) Previous Name: Cagayan Terrace Gravel (Pacis. sand. As described by Tamayo and others (1998).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 79 of 374 consists principally of peridotites. M aasin. Deposition of the Cagayan Gravel probably took place in a deltaic environment. The slightly consolidated and poorly sorted gravel is composed of rounded to subrounded pebble. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Cagbaong Basalt Lithology: Pillow basalt. in reference to the exposures of the ultramafic suite and associated gabbros in the northern part of Camarines Norte.htm 10/12/2015 . the ultramafic rocks consist of harzburgites (representing the residual upper mantle rocks) and layered websterites with rare orthopyroxenite (representing the ultramafic cumulate rocks). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cagayan Gravel Lithology: Gravel. The shales and tuffaceous sandstones are slightly compacted. The formation consists of intercalated gravel. A Pleistocene to Holocene age was assigned to the unit. and on the west bank of Cagayan River just before the airport. The complex is intruded by the Paracale Granodiorite at Paracale. Camarines Norte. 1966) PCorrelation: Cabanglasan Gravel The term Cagayan Terrace Gravel was designated by Pacis (1966) for the extensive exposures of gravel along the road from Cagayan de Oro City to the Lumbia Airport. I t is assigned a Cretaceous age. from Bugo to Alae. shale and tuffaceous sandstone. I t may be correlated with the Cabanglasan Gravel. Layered gabbro was also observed in some of the offshore island of the Calaguas Group and along the road from Paraiso to M inasag. respectively.to boulder-sized igneous and metamorphic rocks. occurs in patches in the towns of M aasin and M alitbog. M olluscan shells were noted in the tuffaceous sandstone. Leyte Age: Probably Late Cretaceous Thickness: 250 . including the offshore islands comprising the Calaguas I sland group.

phyllite and slate. The hyaloclastic breccia is sometimes bedded and graded. Conglomerate lenses contain clasts of quartz. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cagraray Peridotite Lithology: Serpentinized peridotites Stratigraphic relations: Thrusted against schists Distribution: southern Cagraray. quench-textured pyroxene and rare olivine set in grayish-green glass. sandstone.htm 10/12/2015 . unaltered hyaloclastic breccia and pillow basalt are crisscrossed by numerous quartz-pyrite veinlets.048 m Named by: M iranda (1980) Synonymy: Talahib Formation (Ocampo. conglomerate. Occidental M indoro. M indoro I sland Age: Late Eocene to Early Oligoocene Thickness: 1. M aasin. The thickness is estimated to be 250-300 m.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 80 of 374 The volcanic carapace of the ophiolite is represented by the Cagbaong Basalt. east-northeast of San Jose town. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Batangan Formation (BED-WB. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Caguray Formation Lithology: M udstone. chert. sandstones. mudstones and sandstones with minor conglomerates and limestone. the mudstone occurs as greenish gray and reddish thin beds in the sequence. northern Batan I sland. Kayakian. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1971). andesite. Tumalo rivers. I n places. The peridotite at Rapu-Rapu is intruded by diorite. sheet flow and hyaloclastite exposures in Cagbaong Creek. Deposition of this formation probably occurred during Late Cretaceous time in a deep marine environment. M alitbog. I t consists principally of shale. consisting of a mixture of small pillows. At the headwaters of Biliran River. This suggests that the peridotite is no younger than Late Cretaceous. western part of Rapu-Rapu I sland Age: Cretaceous Named by: M GB (2004) Serpentinized peridotite crops out at the southern part of Cagraray I sland and the western end of Rapu-Rapu I sland where it is thrusted against schists. Limestone with thin interbeds of calcareous siltstones file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. pillow fragments and fine-grained particulate matrix of unaltered glass fragments. Bugsanga. Tuuyan. the peridotites crop out in the Calanaga-Naglahongpalay area at the northeastern part and at the southern coast west of Caracaran.300 m – 2. The term was used by Florendo (1987) to designate the hyaloclastic breccia and pillow basalt. I n Batan I sland. black. The sandstones occasionally exhibit cross bedding and ripple marks. Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the M ansalay Formation Distribution: Caguray River. The peridotites could represent portions of an ophiolitic body that may be correlated with the Lagonoy Ophiolite. limestone. These schists in Rapu Rapu include Besshi-type massive pyrite bodies. shale. The pillow basalt typically consists of plagioclase microlites. Lumintao. siltstone. 1986) This formation was named by M iranda (1980) for the clastic exposures along Caguray River. as well as at Liguan Point. which gave a radiometric dating of 79 M a (equivalent to Campanian).

the name Caibaan Basalt was introduced by Cabantog and Escalada (1989). The Piatt Mudstone. Leyte Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Tacloban Volcanics (Pilac. Tacloban City. sandstone and shale with coal and limestone interbeds file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.300 m was estimated for the formation (Zepeda and others. Peña Caibaan Basalt Lithology: Pillow basalt Distribution: Caibaan. A partial thickness of at least 1. I t is also reported to be well exposed along the tributaries of the upper Caguray River. exposed along the Caguray and Tumalo rivers. 1986).The formation is also exposed along Lumintao. Sarewitz and Karig (1986) recognize four members in the Caguray – Piatt M udstone. Based on the paleontological analyses of foraminifera in samples from different parts of the formation. Calcareous mudstones. Calcareous nannofossils and planktonic foraminifera indicate an Early Oligocene age for this member (Sarewitz and Karig. a tributary of Busuanga River. 1951) The Caibaan Basalt was previously designated by Pilac (1965) asTacloban Volcanics in reference to the pillow basalt in Tacloban area. The Lepitan Limestone is best exposed at a gorge cut by the Batangan River near the confluence with Kayakian River. consists of non-calcareous to slightly calcareous mudstones and siltstone. Lepitan Limestone and Tumalo M ember. The limestone consists mostly of packstones and grainstones with abundant large foraminifera and algal debris. composed of dark gray to black shales with subordinate siltstone and mudstone interbeds. It includes andesite porphyry occurring in the northeastern part of Leyte. The Batangan Formation of BED (1986c) may also be considered equivalent to the Caguray Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 81 of 374 occurs towards the top of the formation. Palo and Tolosa. 1965) Renamed by: Cabantog and Escalada (1989) as Caibaan Basalt Balce and Cabantog (1998) as Caibaan Pillow Basalt Correlation: Cancuevas Volcanics (Santos-Yñigo. silty or pebbly mudstone. both tributaries of the Caguray River. I t is bounded to the east by a fault extending from Barrio Rizal. Kayakian Shale. Kayakian. which extends for about 30 km from Lumintao River to Caguray River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. fine to medium grained arkosic sandstone. towards Palo and continues down to Tolosa. I ts type locality is in the Batangan Creek area. brown. Tumalo and upper Baroc rivers. 1992). at the northeastern edge of the island. Ocampo (1971) measured a thickness of 2. Bugsanga. in order to avoid the duplication of geographic names (Tacloban Ophiolite and Tacloban Volcanics). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calagasan Formation Lithology: Conglomerate.260 m.htm 10/12/2015 . especially in the vicinities of Tacloban City. the Caguray is made up of bluish shale. Another northwest-trending fault passes through its southern end. The limestone overlies the Piatt M udstone and Kayakian Shale but all three units are dated Late Eocene. massive. Tuuyan. The thickness of the formation along Batangan Creek is estimated to reach 4.046 m for the exposures along Tumalo River and its tributaries Panaraon and Talahib creeks for hisTalahib Formation which is equivalent to the Caguray Formation. arenaceous and argillaceous limestone and conglomerate. siltstones and grainstones comprise the Tumalo Member. The pillow basalt represents the volcanic carapace of the Tacloban Ophiolite. This unit is considered coeval with the Kayakian Shale. as well as Tanga and Habang Sapa rivers and Sipatag and Kipalaye creeks. I n the northeastern part of the island. Zepeda and others (1992) concluded that the formation spans Late Eocene to Early Oligocene time. However.

well exposed in a narrow elongated zone in the ArgaoDalaguete district. Argao.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 82 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: I n fault contact (Tacliad Fault) with the Pandan Formation. 1979)) for the exposures at the coastal plain near Calaogao. Kanglasog Formation The Calagasan Formation was named by Barnes and others (1958) for the exposures of a thick succession of conglomerate. Outcrops are also present at the upper reaches of Tinabanan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Based on the large benthic foraminifers in the rocks. Tinabanan River. sandstone. quartz. southwestern Negros Age: Pleistocene Named by: M iranda and others (in Castillo and Escalada. also west of the town of Boljoon. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Argao. tuff and associated volcanic flows. The basal beds consist dominantly of conglomerate with interbeds of coarse. Peña Calape Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calaogao Pyroclastics Lithology: Pyroclastic breccia. 1979) The Calaogao Pyroclastics was named by M iranda and others (in Castillo and escalada. These grade into finer clastic rocks upsection.and orbitoid-rich limestone lenses are often set in sandy or shaly matrix. At Cauluhan Creek. poorly sorted and carbonaceous while the shale is brown to dark greenish gray. The breccia consists of pebble to cobble sizes of andesite and dacite fragments in a matrix of lithic tuff. I t lies unconformably over the Kalumbuyan Formation (M M AJ-JICA. The conglomerate is dark greenish gray to yellowish brown with cobbly to pebbly subangular to subrounded clasts of andesite. The sandstone is greenish gray. Canlaon. the measured thickness totals 720 m while at M aangtud Creek a maximum thickness of about 1300 meters was estimated. Argao and in M aangtud Creek in M antalongon. the formation is dated Late Oligocene. The Calaogao consists mainly of pyroclastic breccia. andesite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Kalumbuyan Formation Distribution: Calaogao and vicinity. Dalaguete. and also carbonaceous. conformable or intertonguing with the overlying Butong Limestone Distribution: Calagasan Creek in Barrio Calagasan. BM G (1984) assigns a Pleistocene age for the formation. mudstone and carbonaceous shale with interbedded limestone and coal at Barrio Calagasan. This is the equivalent of the Lower Coal M easures of the Cebu Formation and the Guindaruhan Conglomerate of Hashimoto and others (1974) in central and northern Cebu. The middle to upper components of the formation are predominantly sandstone and mudstone with sporadic lenses of limestone. Well bedded successions were observed along Cauluhan Creek in Calagasan. I t is probably partly coeval with the eruptive products of M t. 1990). Balinsasayao Formation and the Sagay Vocanics in other parts of Negros island. coal beds and coal stringers. Coral. thinly bedded. Cebu Age: Late Oligocene Thickness: about 1300 m maximum Named by: Barnesand others (1958) Correlation: Lower Coal M easures of Cebu Formation in northern Cebu.to medium-grained sandstone. indurated shales and chert with occasional jasper and dense limestone. tuff.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calatrava Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite. The formation may also be found in the peninsulas and islands south and east of M abini. along the roadcut at Conde M ataas. I t was earlier mentioned by Corby and others (1951) as the Eocene limestone located south of Tubigon. Abundant remains of large benthic foraminifera recovered revealed a Late Eocene age for the limestone. ultramafic rocks and Tablas Volcanic Complex Distribution: Tablas and Sibuyan islands file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calatagan Formation Lithology: Limestone. Discocyclina. Common genera present are: Nummulites. whitecream to buff. Deposition was inferred to be in a quiet lagoonal setting with clear and warm waters manifested by the presence of nummulitids and algal species set in a micritic matrix. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. M t. crops out as mere blocks and boulders along the slope and near the vicinity of the "I lihan Plug". 1966). siltstone Stratigraphic relations: Rests on the Nasugbu Volcanic Complex Distribution: Calatagan Peninsula. 1951) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Synonymy: M apulo Limestone (Avila. soft and porous with abundant coral fingers. I t is equivalent to the M apulo Limestone of Avila (1980). 1980). 1980) The Calatagan Formation was previously named Calatagan M arl by Corby and others (1951) for the exposures of calcareous rocks at Calatagan Peninsula. marl. The limestone was informally designated by the BM G Petroleum Division (1966) as the Camerina-rich limestone exposed near "I lihan Plug" in Tubigon. Banoy. highly crystallized and fossiliferous. as well as other areas of the province such as Taysan. Corby and others (1951) assigned it an age of Late M iocene to Early Pliocene. diorite Stratigraphic relations: I ntrudes schist. Batangas province Age: Late M iocene – Early Pliocene Previous name: Calatagan M arl (Corby and others. and at the upper reaches of a major tributary of Talahib River and Laiya River where it overlies the Talahib Andesite. I t is massive. which is probably equivalent to the Lubang Turbidites member of the Ubay Formation in Bohol. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Batangas City. The lithology varies from soft tuffaceous marine siltstone to coralline limestone. I ts areal extent is less than 50 meters which proved unmappable on a 1:25.htm 10/12/2015 . white to buff. Boulders and pebbles of the limestone are widely scattered on top and along the slope of the plug. I t is also equivalent to the Dingle Formation of Wolfe and others (1980) which was estimated to be 100 m thick. 1995). The limestone is probably an erosion remnant described as massive. Deposition of this limestone is partly coeval to the Lubang Turbidites. Conde M ataas and M t. The limestone is discussed in M GB (2004) only to indicate the presence of this Eocene rock in Bohol I sland. Batangas. Based on the dominance of species from the GenusPellatispira. Biplanispira and Pellatispira (M ula and M aac. a member of the Ubay Formation.000 scale map. Conde M ataas. Dingle Limestone (Wolfe and others. peninsulas and islands south and east of M abini. the assemblage is assigned to the Pellatispira Zone. tonalite. The limestone crops out at barrio M apulo in Taysan. This seems to overlie the Ilihan Plug. Banoy.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 83 of 374 The Calape Limestone (BM Petroleum Division. Bohol. Taysan.

Piddan. This reefal limestone was dated Pliocene.htm 10/12/2015 . claystone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Calicoan I sland. M t. Underlying the limestone is a clastic member. M acara. 1989). and M t. The limestone member of the formation is equivalent to the Palapag Limestone. Sibuyan I sland.5 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample reported by Tamayo and others (2005) indicate an Eocene age (43. in westernmost Samar (BED. I t is significantly older than the other islands (approximately 7 . At Saupiton. 1951) Renamed by: BM G (1981) The Calicoan Formation was previously designated by Corby and others (1951) as Calicoan Limestone in reference to the limestone at Calicoan I sland and at the southeastern tip of Eastern Samar. Garcia and M ercado (1981) further described the limestone as buff to pink. Tonalites consist of anhedral quartz. which is composed of alternating layers of brownish. The four effusive volcanic centers of the island. I n southern Tablas. the rocks are mostly hornblende tonalite which exhibit holocrystalline equigranular texture. Nongabaywaman. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calicoan Formation Lithology: Limestone. The formation is dated Late Pliocene to Pleistocene. 4 M a) of rhyolitic lava flow (Defant and others. The Calayan lavas range in composition from the oldest unit (ca. Peña Calayan Island Calayan is located approximately 30 km west of the main volcanic axis of the Luzon arc (Batan – Babuyan – Camiguin . M t. are overlain by Plio-Quaternary reef limestones near the shore. Along the Calatrava to Carmen-San Agustin Road. corals and algae. I t consists of coralline rubbles. biocalcarenites and coral-algal deposits. 1986b). This was mapped by M M AJ-JI CA (1990) as Romblon Quartz Diorite Group. Relict pyroxenes and biotite flakes are present as interstitial materials. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. southeastern tip of Eastern Samar Age: Late Pliocene to Pleistocene Previous name: Calicoan Limestone (Corby and others. which is distributed mainly along the coastal areas in eastern Samar and to a lesser extent. plagioclase crystals and hornblende prisms.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 84 of 374 Age: Eocene Named by: Liggayu (1964) as Calatrava I ntrusives Renamed by: M GB (2004) I ntrusive rocks of different shapes and sizes in Tablas Island and northern Sibuyan I sland were designated Calatrava I ntrusives by Liggayu (1964) and Vallesteros and Argaño (1965). the unit is represented by elongated bodies of quartz diorite and tonalite. porous and contains mollusks. bluish gray claystone beds. Cagua).M t. sandy. 2. limestone breccias. M t. 6-7 M a) of basaltic andesite flows to 5-6 M a andesitic lava flows to the youngest volcanic formation (ca.4 M a) except for Batan's oldest units. Taclaon Clay. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.2 M a). the intrusive rocks are dominantly diorite. The quartz diorite is composed of interlocking grains of bladed plagioclases and anhedral quartz with associated secondary chlorite and epidote. Calayan. soft.

1965) Renamed by: M GB (2004) Synonymy: Carcar Formation This formation was previously named Caliling Limestone by Vallesteros and Balce (1965. dense to conglomeratic. marly and argillaceous. The formation is subdivided into two members: a lower limestone member and upper clastic member named M ahaba Sandstone. The thickness of the formation as estimated by M elendres and Barnes (1957) is at least 500 m along the Talave River. white to pink to yellowish.000 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) as Callao Limestone Renamed by: M GB (2004) Correlation: Aglipay Formation (M M AJ-JI CA. I t is basically a reef complex which grades into a clastic facies in file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. locally friable. Paret Embayment. conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Callao Formation Lithology: Limestone. east of Sojoton Point in southwestern Negros Occidental. Peñablanca. coralline. M elendres and Barnes. respectively. 1957) Previous name: Caliling Limestone (Vallesteros and Balce.htm 10/12/2015 . in Castillo and Escalada. 1987). The upper M ahaba Sandstone consists of a succession of grit to pebbly sandstone with coral fragments and mollusks. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Lubuagan Formation Distribution: Callao at Peñablanca. gastropods. Foraminiferal and nannoplankton assemblages reported by M uller and others (1989) correspond to N20 . Cagayan. coral heads and coral fingers. eastern coast of Negros Age: Late Pliocene – Late Pleistocene Thickness: 500 m (M elendres and Barnes. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Caliling Formation Lithology: Limestones. 1967. Gattaran. sandstones. 1975) The formation was previously named Callao Limestone by Corby and others (1951) for the limestone section exposed at Barrio Callao. The Caliling unconformably overlaps the older Neogene formations. I n places it contains pelecypods. Negros Oriental. The M ahaba Sandstone apparently represents the back-reef zone of the reef build-up (Amiscaray & Quiel. Yap. siltstones.N23 and NN19 – NN 20/21. 1957. 1951. 1972. shale Stratigraphic relations: Overlaps older formations Distribution: M abinay. Cagayan Age: M iddle M iocene Thickness: 540 – 1. 1989) refer to the limestone extending along the length of the eastern coast as the Carcar Formation which is its equivalent in Cebu. Other workers (Corby and others.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 85 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone is massive to thin bedded. I t is also widely exposed at M abinay. indicating Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age (Piacenzian – Late Pleistocene). sandstone. Negros Oriental where it extends more than 25 km with a maximum width of 15 km (Amiscaray and Quiel. 1987). 1979) for the limestone along Caliling River. Porth and others. Caguiat.

The area west and northwest of Calubian was identified by Porth and others (1989) as the type locality of the formation. was found to be unconformable over the tilted beds of the Lubuagan Formation. The clastic facies is composed of light gray. The Callao Formation is equivalent to the Aglipay Formation of M M AJ-JI CA (1975) which outcrops at the southern end of the Cagayan Valley Basin. The equivalent of the M iddle M iocene formations for BED (1986a) and Caagusan (1978) are the Sicalao Limestone and Lubuagan Formation. A sample of shale from Dutan River yielded nannofossils of NN7 zone (late M iddle M iocene). Tinobdan. M t. in the lower reaches of Addalam River. The limestone facies is flesh to gray and coralline with few large foraminifera. Cagayan. M t. It is about 540 m thick at the type locality (Durkee and Pederson. Peña Caloi Formation The Pliocene Caloi Formation was previously named by Brown (1950) for the sequence of clastic and pyroclastic rocks along Coloy Creek in Sibuguey Peninsula. M indanao. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calubian Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone. sandstone and shale in Dutan River on the eastern part of the valley. The Calubian is equivalent to the Danao Limestone of Florendo (1987) in southwestern Leyte. 1987) The Calubian Limestone was designated by Corby and others (1951) for the narrow limestone ridges in Calubian. I t is essentially white. fine to medium grained sandy limestone with interbeds of shale and conglomerate at the base. I t was renamed Coloy Formation by I bañez and others (1956). M t. According to M uller and others (1989) nannoplankton zone NN5 (M iddle M iocene or Langhian) has been determined in marly inclusions within the limestone exposed along the east flank of the Calubian Range. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lundag. (see Coloy Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Likewise. 1961) but is 1000 m thick in the Paret Embayment. locally marly Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Laboon Conglomerate Distribution: Ridges parallel to the western coast from Balite to the southern end of the peninsula and northwest of Ormoc Bay. This formation was likewise dated M iddle M iocene based on the dating of benthic foraminifera found in the limestone. The maximum thickness of the formation east of Palompon is 150 m. coralline and lenticular limestone with local marly and porous facies. on the east coast of the peninsula.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 86 of 374 the deeper part of Cagayan Valley. The limestone member of this formation is exposed near the town of Aglipay. east-northeast of Gattaran. Lundag and M t. The Calubian also underlies the ridges parallel to the west coast from Balite to the southern end of the peninsula as well as northwest of Ormoc Bay. Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Danao Limestone in southwestern Leyte (Florendo. The Danao Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . A sequence of conglomerate. The Callao is considered by BED (1986a) and Caagusan (1978) as a Late M iocene formation coeval with the Cabagan Formation. M ahayag. M ahayag were mapped as part of the Calubian. the clastic facies in deeper water. recent dating of the limestone indicates a M iddle M iocene age. The reef limestone was deposited in a near-shore environment. The lower limestone unit is well-developed in the southern part of the valley and along the eastern flank while the clastic facies outcrops over the rest of the valley. Leyte Age: M iddle M iocene Thickness: 150 m. Limestone ranges such as Tinobdan. The limestone body describes a crescent shape extending to the northern foothills of Sicalao Ridge.

Balud. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Calumpang Formation Lithology: Chert. siltstone. renamed by M GB (2004) as Calumpang Formation for the exposures near Barrio Calumpang. clastic rocks and marblelized limestone of Early to M iddle M iocene age exposed in the northern part of Zamboanga Peninsula. coralline-algal type limestone in the north and central parts of southern Leyte and in the mountainous part of the central highlands. from Barrio Bangad. 1986). The formation unconformably overlies the Late Oligocene – Early M iocene Dacao Formation of Florendo (1987) and is in turn conformably overlain by the M asonting Formation. greenish yellow to various shades of gray. Balud. Nato-Kutangil. This was later renamed Camanga Sediments by Querubin and others (1999) and redefined to include only the sedimentary rocks. M ilagros. The sequence is intensely folded and faulted such that the bedding is commonly disjointed. The formation overlies the M anapao Basalt and is in a NE-trending and SEdipping thrust (upthrust) contact with the Kaal Formation that corresponds to the M andaon Formation of M M AJJI CA (1986). basaltic flow breccia Stratigraphic relations: Overlies M anapao Basalt Distribution: Barrio Calumpang. M ilagros to Barrio Jangan. M akasing. conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Camanga Formation Lithology: Volcanic rocks. conglomerate. sandstone. 1986) Renamed by: M GB (2004) The Calumpang Formation was previously designated asBoracay Formation by M M AJ-JI CA (1986). limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies pelagic sedimentary rocks Distribution: Northern part of Zamboanga Peninsula: Dagum-Limanawan. The formation takes its name after Camanga area. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Barrio Bangad. Age: Early – M iddle M iocene Previous name: Zamboanga Formation (Antonio. in file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The upper part of the formation is characterized by dark gray siltstones and mudstones and light gray tuff beds. Based on its foraminiferal content. Barrio Jangan.htm 10/12/2015 . Piccio-Piwan. M asbate Age: Late Jurassic? Previous name: Boracay Formation (M M AJ-JI CA. conglomerate. tuff. I t consists of chert.1972) Renamed by: Querubin and others (1999) The Camanga Formation was previously named Zamboanga Formation by Antonio (1972) for the thermally metamorphosed volcanic rocks. the formation is dated M iddle M iocene (Florendo. Polymictic conglomerate contain pebbles and cobbles of basalt and limestone. A thickness of 140 -160 m was measured for an exposure of the limestone. 1987). Syngenetic manganese beds are occasionally associated with the chert (Baybayan and M atos. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale. mudstone. tuff and basaltic flow breccia. 1990). mudstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 87 of 374 is defined as a massive. sandstone. I t is probably Late Jurassic in age (M M AJ-JI CA. sandstone. siltstone. Exposures are strung along a 23-km belt parallel to the southeastern coast of the southwestern leg of the island. Talinga-Podongan. Chert beds are usually 10 cm thick and vary in color from red.

Piccio-Piwan and TalingaPodongan areas (Antonio. and micas. I t is bounded by Puerto Galera and San Teodoro on the east.htm 10/12/2015 . and contain angular to subrounded. 1972). pebble. As described by Antonio (1972). The upper part is composed of various types of schists that generally grade into one another. quartz. 30-60. along Odalo River. The percentages of essential components of the rocks are: oligoclase-albite. Peña Camcuevas Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. including the offshore islands comprising the Calaguas I sland group. I n Lubang I sland. The rock is white to greenish gray. pyroclastic rocks file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. At Tabayag and M atigdao creeks. is widely exposed in a 150-km2 area. M GB (2004) designated the gneiss as Camarong Gneiss for the exposures at Camarong River. the latter increases in amount southwestward. metasedimentary rock and marblelized limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The gneiss is adjacent to the Burburungan Amphibolite.to boulder-sized clasts of metavolcanic rock. M uscovite is commonly dominant over biotite. They occur as NE-SW trending erosional remnants and exhibit manganese deposits at the interface with the clastic sequences. highly compacted and poorly sorted.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 88 of 374 the vicinity of Titay. these sedimentary rocks contain carbonaceous materials. This sedimentary unit was previously dated Early to M iddle M iocene. the quartzalbite-oligoclase gneiss carries actinolite instead of muscovite or biotite. I t hugs the Tampilisan M elange along its southeast interface. Peña Camarines Norte Ophiolite Complex The ophiolitic complex designated as Camarines Norte Ophiolite Complex by Tamayo and others (1998) refers to the exposures of the ultramafic suite and associated gabbros in the northern part of Camarines Norte. quartz-feldspar-biotite and chlorite-epidote-actinolite schists. the sedimentary rocks consist primarily of interbedded sequence of thin.to medium-bedded sandstone and mudstone. Odalo River on the west. designated by Caagusan (1966) as M indoro gneiss. 10-50. I n places. This unit is equivalent to the Cadig Ophiolitic Complex. 20-60. Farther west. the ultramafic rocks consist of harzburgites (representing the residual upper mantle rocks) and layered websterites with rare orthopyroxenite (representing the ultramafic cumulate rocks). coarse grained. Verde I sland Passage on the north. clinopyroxene and rounded to subrounded volcanic rock fragments set in a chloritized and clayey matrix. the sandstones exhibit cross bedding and oscillation ripple marks. Basal conglomerates unconformably overlie pelagic sedimentary rocks. especially in the Titay area. The protolith of the gneiss is considered by Caagusan (1966) to be an intrusive body. Peña Camarong Gneiss The mica-quartz-oligoclase-albite gneiss. with thin lenses of conglomerate. probably quartz diorite or tonalite. The widest exposures of conglomerates are found at Dagun-Limanawan. The best exposure is in Genting Ridge at the central part of the island where it is intruded by basic dikes metamorphosed into amphibolite schist. As described by Tamayo and others (1998). including argillite. Foliation is prominent in varieties rich in muscovite and biotite. Petrographic analysis of the sandstone shows that the rock is essentially a highly indurated graywacke consisting of plagioclase. These are quartz-feldspar-muscovite. The conglomerates are generally matrix supported. and I nabasan-Alag River on the south. with pronounced crystal orientation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Cadig Ophiolitic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The clastic sequences described above are capped by light to dark gray limestones that are in places thermally metamorphosed. the lower part is made up of a coarse-grained quartz feldspar-muscovite-garnet gneiss.

Radiometric K/Ar for a sample from the central Bagacay area gave a dating of 98. The Camcuevas is overlain by the Balo Formation at Borongan. The first recorded eruption of Hibok-Hibok was in 1827. 1988). Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of andesite flow from Kihangad gave an age of 0. M t. some in the form of shallow lakes. and olivine although hornblende is also present in some exposures. overlain by 30 m of basaltic lava which in turn. The summit of Hibok-Hibok is formed of loose ejecta with several craterlets at or near the summit.34 M a. overlain by Balo Formation Distribution: General M acArthur. grayish. Vulcan and Butay. The lava which were extruded after the blasts consists of blocky. about 50 m thick. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Camiguin I sland. just south of Camiguin I sland. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.65 M a and 0.9 M a (M M AJ-JI CA. volcanic breccia and gases. an island province off the north coast of M indanao. Eastern Samar Age: Late Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian) Thickness: 650 m Named by: Santos-Yñigo and others (1951) Santos-Yñigo and others (1951) gave the name Camcuevas Volcanics for the Cretaceous volcanic rocks on the southeastern part of Samar I sland. I ts eruption in 1871 was accompanied by the formation of an adventive dome 3.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 89 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: I ntruded by diorite. These bedded pyroclastics are overlain by 500 m of massive lavas which generally exhibit ellipsoidal pillow structures. is underlain by basalt and andesite which were probably products of volcanic eruptions that occurred sometime in the Pleistocene past when Camiguin was already active. According to Santos-Ynigo and others (1951). Butay was dated 0. The complex consists mainly of Hibok-Hibok. andesite. Hibok-Hibok has been the most active recently.Recent Named by: M GB (2004) The Camiguin Volcanic Complex is a composite volcano located at the northwestern end of Camiguin I sland. dacite. Giporlos and San Jose de Buan. I t covers over three-fifths of General M acArthur. Butay in the south and propagated northward to M ambajao. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1997). This was followed by similar activity in 1862. The complex consists predominantly of olivine-bearing andesite and subordinate dacite. I ts most recent activity was a series of Pelean type eruptions that lasted from 1948 to 1953. M isamis Oriental Age: Pleistocene . while an andesitic flow from M t. Post-diorite thrusted sheets of ultramafic rocks overlie the above rocks in the eastern part. The eruption in 1948 was characterized by glowing avalanche (nuées ardentes) of highly heated ash. The unit is composed of agglomerate.6 km in diameter. Samples of basalt flows gave ages of 0. the Camcuevas is intruded by diorite and forms a dome structure around a large diorite mass in the center of the area. Eastern Samar. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Camiguin Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. henceforth called Vulcan.36 M a. equivalent to early Late Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian). Hibok-Hibok and Vulcan.htm 10/12/2015 . the adventive lava dome reached a height of 457 m with a base measuring nearly 1. porphyritic andesites with numerous ferromagnesian and plagioclase phenocrysts.5 km from Hibok-Hibok. M ambajao. M ambajao gave a zero age (< 100 Ka) (Sajona and others. After four years of activity. Phenocrysts of the andesite consists of augite. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of basaltic andesite from M t.14 M a. Field evidence suggests that volcanism started at M t.7 4. little hypersthene. Of the five most prominent volcanoes in the island. is overlain by 70m of bedded pyroclastic rocks with limestone fragments. Kihangad / Balingoan in M isamis Oriental.

Eastern Siquijor Geologic age: Middle to Late Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) The Can-agong Limestone represents the upper member of the Basac Formation of which the Lazi Member constitutes the lower member. minor gabbro and pebbles of red chert and epidotized rock. sometimes porous. The dikes include hornblende diorite porphyry. Benguet. massive to thickly bedded. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Benguet. The lower part has pumiceous beds and the upper part is characterized by black tuffaceous sandstone with lenses of silty carbonaceous shale and conglomerate. quartz-bearing diorite porphyry. Deposition was probably in a shallow lagoonal environment to a reefal depth. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It is dominantly composed of white to buff. Tuba. dacite. Peña Camisog Formation The Camisog Formation was previously named Camisog Sandstone by Corby and others (1951) for the sequence of alternating thin-bedded shales and sandstones at Camisog Peninsula. diabase. I ts age is M iddle M iocene and its estimated thickness is 450 m. Peña Can-agong Limestone Lithology: Dominantly limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Siquijor Limestone Distribution: Barangay Can-agong. pyroxene-hornblende andesite and pyroxene-hornblende lamprophyre. The unit is mostly exposed in eastern Siquijor. (see Zigzag Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lepidocyclina and other foraminifers contained in the limestone points to Middle to Late Miocene age for this member. Peña Camp Three Beds Mitchell and Leach (1991) introduced an informal unit – Camp Three Beds – which corresponds to the upper part of the Zigzag Formation at Camp Three. (see Balacbac Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. gently dipping limestone and calcareous siltstone. I t is considered a local equivalent of the Emerald Creek Complex of Schafer (1954) and is correlative to the Balacbac Andesite. The Camp Three Beds overlies the Halfway Creek Formation of Mitchell and Leach (1991) at Camp Three and Tugong-Balili River. Tuba. hornblende andesite. The section at Camp Three consists of purple conglomerates with cobbles and boulders of basalt. It is overlain by the Kennon Limestone at Camp Three and by Klondyke Formation at Tugong-Balili River.htm 10/12/2015 . west of Barangay Basac up to Barangay Can-agong. Cagraray I sland. Peña Camp Four Complex The Camp Four Complex was named by M alicdem (1971) for the swarm of dikes intruded into volcanic rocks of the Pugo Formation and diorite porphyry at Camp 4.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 90 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Laao. pebble conglomerate and limestone.Pliocene Thickness: 2. The formation is subdivided into two members by Santiago (1968) and the Philippine Oil Development Company (1978). the Lower and Upper Canguinsa were dated Late Miocene and Pliocene. another potentially active volcano.280 m along the Mulanay-San Narciso road section. Peña Cancajanag Volcanic Complex The Cancajanag Volcanic Complex is dominated by the 1.85 Ma (Sajona and others. sandstone and shale with occasional thin beds of detrital limestone. 1998). Other inactive volcanoes comprising this volcanic complex in the central highlands of Leyte are Abunug. Leyte. The Pitogo was described as a sequence of conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. San Narciso. Aguiting. Maagonoc and Macape (Phivolcs.htm 10/12/2015 . The pebbles in the conglomerate are mostly basalt and andesite and few calcareous sandstone and limestone cemented by coarse calcareous sandy matrix. andesite. The Aloneros Conglomerate of Corby and others (1951) between Sto. The formation is also well exposed along the Mulanay-San Narciso road and GumacaPitogo road. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Pitogo. Local conglomerate beds have been observed at the base of the unit. 10 km away. Janagdan. The Canguinsa predominantly consists of sandstones (about 75 per cent) rhythmically interbedded with shale. Lobi. The Tongonan geothermal field north of Cancajanag is situated within this volcanic complex. Based on foraminifera and nannoplankton assemblage. 1992. 1995). Lubas and others. Gumdalitan. The Lower Canguinsa is predominantly medium to coarse grained sandstone. Alto Peak. Domingo and Aloneros is apparently equivalent to the Pitogo. Proto-Janagdan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Canguinsa Formation Lithology: Sandstone. shale. The Upper Canguinsa consists of finer-grained sandstone and siltstone. a potentially active volcano located around 20 km east of Ormoc City. Mulanay. Danao. It conformably overlies the Vigo Formation in the northwestern portion of the peninsula. 1997). 1913) Renamed by: Corby and others (1951) The Canguinsa Formation was previously named by Pratt and Smith (1913) as Canguinsa Sandstone for the exposures in and around Canguinsa River. Andesites from Tongonan gave radiometric K-Ar ages of 1. respectively (BMG. To the south. It unconformably overlies the Vigo Formation. Gumaca. The Pitogo Conglomerate of Punay (1960) is probably equivalent to the basal portion of the Lower Canguinsa.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 91 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Aurelio. while Lubas and others (1998) subdivide it into three members. Bondoc Peninsula. Quezon Age: Late Miocene . conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Vigo Formation Distribution: Canguinsa River. Cancajanag. The Canguinsa has a thickness of 2.280 m Previous name: Canguinsa Sandstone (Pratt and Smith. is Mt.37 Ma – 0. dacite Stratigraphic relations: Occurs as volcanic edifice file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.350 m high Mt. Carbonaceous layers of siltstone and mudstone often occur between thick sandstone beds. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Canlaon Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. MGB (2004) subdivides the formation into Lower Canguinsa and Upper Canguinsa. 1981.

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Distribution: Mt. Canlaon, Mt. Mandalagan, Mt. Silay, in northern Negros; Cuernos de Negros in southern Negros.
Age: Pleistocene - Recent
Named by: MGB (2004)
Synonymy: Balinsasayao Formation (Ayson, 1987), Sagay Volcanics (Yap, 1972)
Canlaon Volcano, together with other volcanoes in Negros, form part of the Negros volcanic arc associated with the
eastward subduction of the Sulu Basin along the Negros Trench. The volcanic edifice that forms Canlaon Volcano was
built up through several episodes of pyroclastic and lava flow eruptions and at least one debris avalanche deposit
(Martinez-Villegas and others, 2001). The pyroclastic flow deposits are classified by Martinez-Villegas and others
(2001) as block-rich, pumice-rich, and scoria-rich. Martinez-Villegas and others (2001) also identified four main types
of lava flow units, namely: pyroxene andesite, hornblende-pyroxene andesite, pyroxene basaltic andesite, and olivinebearing basalt-basaltic andesite. The earliest eruption of Canlaon, as determined by radiometric K/Ar dating, is 0.86 Ma
(Sajona and others, 2000). As of 1995, Canlaon has erupted 24 times. The other volcanoes associated with the Negros
volcanic arc are Mt. Mandalagan and Mt. Silay, also in northern Negros and Cuernos de Negros in southern Negros.
Radiometeric K-Ar dating for andesites of Mt. Mandalagan and Cuernos de Negros ranges from 0.45 – 5.2 Ma and 0.31
to 1.97 Ma, respectively (Sajona and others, 2000). The Balinsasayao Formation of Ayson (1987) apparently
corresponds to the Pleistocene eruptive products of Cuernos de Negros. The pile of andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks
comprising the Balinsasayao are estimated to total at least 950 m thick (Tebar, 1984 in Ayson, 1987)
The Sagay Volcanics of Yap (1972), named for the Pleistocene basaltic and andesitic volcanic rocks at Sagay, is
probably equivalent to the eruptive products of the Canlaon Volcanic Complex. The same may be said for the
pyroclastic rocks in Kabiluhan River and Kasoy Creek reported by Domingo (1977) and those on the southeastern part
of Cabanbanan area, Cauayan, Negros Occidental.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Cansi Basalt
Lithology: Andesite and basaltic flows; agglomerate
Stratigraphic relations: Blankets the basement rocks of Cebu; overlies or intertongues with the Tuburan Limestone
Distribution: Cebu central highlands
Age: Early-Late Cretaceous boundary (Aptian – Albian)
Thickness: 300-500 m
Previous name: Cansi Volcanics (Santos –Yñigo, 1951)
Renamed by: BMG (1981)
In the central highlands of Cebu, pillow lava, flow breccia and agglomerates roughly blanket the basement rocks. These
rocks were collectively termed Cansi Volcanics by Santos-Yñigo (1951). The unit is typically exposed in the Tuburan
area. Patches of the volcanic rocks also crop out in the Cantabaco-Tabunoc road, Cabalawan plateau and along
Mananga River. Balce (in Hashimoto, 1977) renamed it as Cansi Formation to include the adjacent Tuburan
Limestone. Such classification was followed by BMG (1981). However, subsequent workers still regard it as a separate
formation (Porth and others, 1989; Muller and others, 1989; Buchsel and others, 1991). The thickness of the Cansi
ranges from 300 m to 500 m.
Petrologically, the Cansi ranges from typical basalt to pyroxene andesite. Thin layers of chert were also observed
intercalating with the basalt. The rocks are generally gray, fine-grained occasionally with porphyritic and amygdaloidal
textures. Observed effects of alteration are silicification, pyritization, sericitization, kaolinization and chloritization with
minor degree of epidotization.
Though no fossil was recognized in the Cansi, Cretaceous age was inferred for the unit, probably near the Early-Late
Cretaceous boundary (Buchsel and others, 1991). This assumption was based on the close affinity of the volcanics with
the Tuburan Limestone. The thickness of the unit ranges from 300 m to 500 m.

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Cansirong Limestone
The Cansirong Limestone was designated by Florendo (1987) as a member of the Dacao Formation. The limestone unit
is equivalent to the Kantaring Limestone named by Jurgan (1980) for the limestone boulders found along the road from
Nonok to Acacia at the west slope of Kantaring Valley, north of Maasin, Southern Leyte. Biomicrite beds containing
detritus of finger and head corals were also observed to overlie1-2 m thick pebbly claysone that rests on volcanic
basement at Acacia district (Jurgan and Domingo, 1989). (see Dacao Formation, Kantaring Limestone)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Cantabaco Mudstone
The Cantabaco Mudstone of Corby and others (1951) comprises the lower member of the Malubog Formation. It
consists dominantly of shales and mudstones with local lenticular limestone beds at the base and minor thin sandstone
interbeds and coal stringers toward the upper part. (see Malubog Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Canturay Formation
Lithology: Sandstone, siltstone, shale
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Kalumbuyan Formation
Distribution: Canturay and vicinity; Calat-an River, southwest Negros
Age: Late Miocene
Previous Name: Canturay clastic sedimentary rocks (Kinkel and others, 1956)
Renamed by: Castillo and Escalada (1979)
Exposures of well-bedded sedimentary rocks at Canturay were named by Kinkel and others (1956) as Canturay clastic
sedimentary rocks. This was later renamed Canturay Formation by Castillo and Escalada (1979). The formation
consists of a thick sequence interbedded sandstone, siltstone and shale. These clastic beds are carbonaceous at the
lower section, and calcareous towards the top. Thin coquinal layers were also observed at the upper reaches of Calat-an
River. It was assigned a Late Miocene age by MMAJ-JICA (1990) and is partly equivalent to the Talave Formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Cañao Turbidite
The Cañao Turbidite was designated by Maac (1988) as one of two members of the Lubuagan Formation in the
Cagayan Valley Basin. The other member designated by Maac (1988) is the Sicalao Limestone. (see Lubuagan
Formation).

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Caraballo Formation
Lithology: Basaltic and andesitic flows and breccia and associated pyroclastic rocks, volcanic sandstone, conglomerate,
mudstone and chert
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Mamparang Formation
Distribution: Manglad River, Qurino; Dibuluan and Tugawi rivers, Isabela; Dinapique and Divilacan Bay, Isabela;
around San Ildefonso Peninsula; north of Dingalan; Digdig, Nueva Ecija.
Age: Middle Eocene – Late Eocene
Thickness: 6,000 – 10,000 m
Previous name: Caraballo Group (MMAJ-JICA, 1977)
Renamed by: Ringenbach (1992)
Correlation: Mingan Formation and Coronel Formation (Rutland, 1967)
The most extensively exposed rocks in the Northern Sierra Madre are those belonging to the Caraballo Formation,
previously designated by MMAJ-JICA (1977) as Caraballo Group and subdivided into Formations I, II and III.
Ringenbach (1992) renamed the Caraballo Group as the Caraballo Formation. This formation is composed of a
proximal and distal volcano-sedimentary facies.
The proximal facies consists mainly of basaltic to andesitic flows and breccias with associated basaltic to andesitic
sandstones and conglomerates and pyroclastic rocks. Highly indurated layers of mudstone and chert also occur
occasionally within the sedimentary and pyroclastic rocks. Good exposures at low elevations are found along the banks
of Manglad River, Quirino and the upper reaches of the Dibuluan and Tugawi Rivers in Isabela. The basaltic and
andesitic rocks generally occur as volcanic breccia flows, characteristically green to black, occasionally vesicular and
amygdaloidal and have reddish to brown shades when weathered. Along Abuan River, basaltic to andesitic fragments of
the volcanic breccia attain diameters of around 10 cm.
The distal facies of the Caraballo Formation is well exposed along the eastern side of the Northern Sierra Madre
Range, in Divilacan Bay, west and south of Dinapique, south and east of San Ildefonso Peninsula and north of
Dingalan. This facies consists of well bedded red and green mudstones, siltstones, sandstones, and pyroclstic rocks, with
occasional fragmental flows and conglomerates. On the western side of the northern Sierra Madre, from San Jose to
Digdig, Nueva Ecija, red and green siltstones and mudstones are overlain by gray to black tuffs and conglomerates
which coarsen upwards and become intercalated with pillow basalts.
The Caraballo Formation has a well-constrained age of Middle to Late Eocene (Ringenbach, 1992) on the basis of K/Ar
dating of a basalt sample (39 1.97Ma) and paleontological datings of pelagic clastic rocks associated with pillow
basalt (Middle Eocene) and limestone (Late Eocene) lying above andesitic conglomerate (Ringenbach, 1992).
The total thickness of this formation is estimated to be between 6,000 to 10,000 m. It is probably equivalent to the Abuan
Formation which comprises the basement of the Cagayan Valley sedimentary sequence.
In the Laur-Dingalan fault zone, the Mingan Formation and Coronel Formation of Rutland (1967) probably partly
correspond to the Caraballo Formation. The Mingan Formation consists of pyroclastic rocks which appear to be
welded, varying from coarse unsorted volcanic breccias to tuffs. They are well exposed in the Bongabon-Gabaldon area,
Nueva Ecija. The age of the formation is estimated by BMG (1981) to be Late Eocene. The Coronel Formation consists
of volcanic flows with interbeds of cherty mudstones and fine graywacke.It is exposed over a large part of the LaurDingalan Fault Zone, particularly in the southwestern part, where the typical section along the Dingalan Forest
Products Co. road may be found. Pillow lavas are commonly well preserved in this section. It is considered to have been
emplaced during Late Eocene to Early Oligocene (BMG, 1981).

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Caraballo Group
The Caraballo Group was previously designated by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the most extensively exposed Eocene rocks
in the Northern Sierra Madre, subdivided into Formations I, II and III. Ringenbach (1992) renamed the Caraballo
Group as the Caraballo Formation. This formation is composed of a proximal and distal volcano-sedimentary facies.
(see Caraballo Formation, above)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Carabao Limestone
The Carabao Limestone was named by Vallesteros and Argaño (1965) for the Permian limestone exposure on Carabao
Island. This was renamed Pacul Limestone by MGB (2004) to avoid repletion of the geographic name carried by
Carabao Sandstone in accordance with the Philippine Stratigraphic Guide. (see Pacul Limestone).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Carabao Sandstone
Lithology: Dominantly sandstone with shale interbeds
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Pacul Limestone
Distribution: Limited outcrops in Carabao and Sibuyan islands
Age: Permian?
Named by: Vallesteros and Argaño (1965)
In Carabao and Sibuyan islands are isolated outcrops of sandstone unit designated as Carabao Sandstone (Vallesteros
and Argano, 1965). It is dominantly composed of well bedded, greenish to grayish brown, fine-grained indurated
sandstone with shale interbeds. According to Fontaine and others (1983) the shale and sandstone underlie the Middle
Permian Pacul Limestone. The sandstone, however, did not yield any fossil. Based on its stratigraphic position, a Late
Paleozoic age, probably Lower-Middle Permian, may be assigned to this formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Caracaran Siltstone
Lithology: Siltstone, coal, limestone
Stratigraphic relations: grades into the coal measures of Liguan Formation
Distribution: Caracaran River, Batan Island
Age: Early Miocene
Thickness: 90 m

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Previous name: Caracaran Silt (Corby and others, 1951)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
This formation was named Caracaran Silt by Corby and others (1951) for the fine grained clastic rocks along
Caracaran River, Batan Island. It consists of thin bedded lignite-bearing siltstone with lenticular limestone interbeds
and coal beds. The Caracaran was dated Early Miocene based on the presence of Lepidocylina, Miogypsina and
Operculinella in the limestone. The thickness is about 90 m. It grades into the coal measures of the Liguan Formation
and could represent a facies of the latter.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Caramay Schist
Lithology: Muscovite schist, graphite schist, quartzite
Stratigraphic relations: Stratigraphically below the Concepcion Phyllite
Distribution: Caramay, Roxas; major rivers around Roxas; Tinitian Area; San Vicente; northwest of Tumarbong,
Palawan
Age: Cretaceous
Named by: UNDP (1985)
Synonymy: Part of the Barton Metamorphics (Reyes, 1971) Palawan Metamorphics (Hashimoto, 1981); Crystalline
Schist (Hashimoto and Sato, 1973); Metasandstone (Faure and Ishida, 1990)
The Caramay Schist was named by UNDP (1985) for the schists typically exposed at Caramay, Roxas. The Caramay
consists of interlayered and folded mica schist, graphite schist, micaceous quartzite and minor mica-free quartzite. The
schists are best exposed along the major rivers around Roxas, namely, Rizal, Caramay and Tulariquien. The formation
is also widely distributed in Tinitian area, and other places such as west-northwest of Tumarbong, south of
Alemanguhan and San Vicente. Mica schists of the Caramay form layers from a few centimeters up to several meters
thick, and locally, may even exceed 10 m. Micaceous quartzites are transitional to quartzose mica schists and
characteristically break into rod-like fragments. They are blue gray when fresh, and weather to white and buff.
Graphite schists are fine-grained with a submetallic luster when fresh, weathering to silver gray. The graphite schists
form layers from less than 1 cm thick to several tens of meters thick, including minor mica schist layers. Pyrite is often
present. Thin sections show that some of the rocks consist of biotite schist, biotite-muscovite schist and muscovitechlorite schist, all with abundant quartz and up to 10% relict feldspar. Semischists interpreted as meta-wackes and
micaceous quartzites are also present (UNDP, 1985).
Analysis of the composition and structure of this formation strongly suggests that these metamorphic rocks originated
from former sedimentary rocks. At Tinitian, the schist has been recumbently folded. Although no fossil was identified
from these schistose rocks, a Paleozoic age, probably Carboniferous-Early Permian, has been presumed for the
formation (UNDP, 1985; MMAJ-JICA, 1990). Wolfart and others (1986) acknowledge a Paleozoic age for the schists,
yet they suggest that the Barton Metamorphics was formed by metamorphism of sedimentary rocks of various ages,
probably younger than the rocks of the Malampaya Sound Group. Faure and Ishida (1990) note that the Caramay is
underlain by the Boayan Formation. Suzuki and others (2001) suggest that the Caramay is a facies of the Cretaceous
Babuyan River Turbidites which is equivalent to the Boayan Formation. The structural analyses of Suzuki and others
(2001) indicate that it suffered more intense degree of metamorphism due to tectonic deformation in comparison with
the Concepcion Phyllite and Babuyan River Turbidites.
The Caramay Schist is partly equivalent to the Barton Metamorphics of Reyes (1971). This is also partly synonymous to
the Palawan Metamorphics of Hashimoto (1981) and Crystalline Schist of Hashimoto and Sato (1973). It is also
referred to as Metasandstone by Faure and Ishida (1990).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña

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Caramoan Formation
Lithology: Tabgon Flysch – conglomerate, graywacke, shale, siltstone
Ragas Olistostrome – sandstone, siltstone, shale matrix with blocks of limestone, andesites, wackes, siltstone
Stratigraphic relations: Not reported
Distribution: Easternmost part of the peninsula from Tabgon to Ragas Point and from Guijalo to Rungus Point
Age: Middle – Late Eocene
Named by: David (1994)
This formation was designated by David (1994) for a sequence of turbidites and an olistostrome unit exposed from
Barangay Tabgon to Ragas Point in the northern part of the peninsula and from Barangay Minas to Rungus Point in
the south. This includes Late Cretacaous limestones in the eastern part of the peninsula previously mapped as part of
the Pagsangahan Formation as well as the conglomerates and limestones of what was previously thought to be part of
the Eocene Guijalo Formation (BMG, 1981). The Caramoan Formation consists of two members -- Tabgon Flysch and
Ragas Olistostrome, which was previously named Ragas Point Olistostrome (David, 1994).
Tabgon Flysch. - At the cape immediately northwest of Tabgon, a rhythmically interbedded sequence of fine and coarse
graywacke, siltstone, shale and conglomerates shows a typical flysch sequence. The conglomerates, which form the
lower part of the sequence, contain clasts of volcanic rocks, quartz and occasional metamorphic rocks. The upper part
consists of regular interbeds of graywacke and shale. The thickness of individual graywacke beds are 5-15 cm.
Sedimentary structures such as graded bedding, flute casts and convolute laminations are present. In Guijalo, the flysch
appears as a well stratified, folded sequence of graywacke, siltstone, shale and conglomerate. The clasts in the
conglomerate include limestones with Globotruncana and Nummulites, nummulitic conglomerates, andesites, fine and
coarse graywackes, diorites, quartz and minor metamorphic rocks. Studies made on the nummulitic clasts of limestone
and conglomerate indicate an age of early Lutetian-late Bartonian (Foraminiferal zone P17-P18), equivalent to Middle
Eocene. Age determinations based on nannofossils from the shale interbeds of the flysch sequence indicate a Middle
Eocene to earliest Late Eocene age (NP17-NP18).
Ragas Olistostrome. - The Ragas Olistostrome is characterized by large reworked blocks of nummulitic conglomerates,
limestones with Orbitolina, Globotruncana-bearing limestone with cherty layers, andesites, volcanoclastic rocks and
siltstones. These blocks are generally found to be embedded in a calcareous shaly and silty matrix. The sequence
represents a typical olistostrome (Abbate and others, 1970). The olistostrome underlies mostly the easternmost part of
the peninsula from Guijalo to Rungus Point in the south and from Bikal to Ragas Point in the north. The limestone
olistoliths attain sizes in the order of 50 m. In Tinajuagan, channel conglomerates with blocks of nummulitic limestones
in the shale-siltstone sequence confirm the association of the olisostrome with the Tabgon Flysch. The matrix of the
olistostrome generally consists of interbedded calcareous sandstone, siltstone and shale. Some calcite veinlets parallel to
the shale sequence can be interpreted as the result of sediment dewatering. Along Ragas Point the matrix is composed
of reddish siltstone and grayish shale. Reddish calcareous mudstones are intercalated with slumped limestone blocks or
megaclasts and limestone breccias. Nannoplankton studies made on the matrix of the different units of olistostrome
indicate ages of latest Middle Eocene to earliest Late Eocene (Nannofossil zone NP17-NP18).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Carcar Limestone
Lithology: Coralline, porous, dolomitic limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Boundary with underlying Barili Formation is characterized by angular discordance
Distribution: Practically fringes most of the coastal areas of Cebu except in a narrow strip between Ginatilan and
Malabuyoc in the south
Age: Probable Late Pliocene to Pleistocene
Thickness: 300 m (average); 375 m maximum

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Named by: Corby and others (1951)
Synonymy: Carcar Formation (BMG, 1981)
Correlation: Cortes Limestone in Bohol, Caliling Limestone in Negros and Hubay Limestone in northwest Leyte
The name Carcar Limestone was introduced by Corby and others (1951) for the young coralline limestone fringing
most of the coastal areas of Cebu Island. The type locality is located in the municipality of Carcar, between the coastal
area east of the town proper of Carcar up to a point approximately 3 km west of the poblacion. The Carcar is porous,
coralline, bedded to massive and fossiliferous, in places dolomitic. Intercalations of marls and gradation into rubbly to
conglomeratic limestone have been observed. It is usually hard but generally cavernous. Muller and others (1989)
confirm a Pleistocene age for the Carcar on the basis of nannoplankton and formaminifers identified in a few marly
samples. However, it is believed that the age of the Carcar may extend down to Late Pliocene (Porth and others, 1989).
Abundant mollusks, corals, algae and foraminifers suggest shallow marine deposition for the unit. The average
thickness is about 300 m. The thickest section was encountered in northern Cebu which measured to about 275-375
meters (Porth and others, 1989).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Carmen Clastics and Pyroclastics
The Carmen Clastics and Pyroclastics was named by Froehlich and Melendres (1960) for the exposures of sandstones,
mudstones, pyroclastic rocks and volcanic flows at Carmen, North Cotabato. It was renamed Koronadal Formation by
MGB (2004) to avoid confusion with another Carmen Formation located in Bohol province. The formation occurs as
lenticular belts covering the gentle slopes of Mounts Apo, Parker and Matutum. It also crops out at the fringes of the
Allah and Koronadal Valleys. (see Koronadal Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Carmen Formation
Lithology: Shale, sandstone, conglomerate and limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Ilihan Shale and Wahig Formation; overlain by the Maribojoc
Formation
Distribution: The valley in the vicinity of Carmen, Danao, Sierra Bullones, Bohol Island
Age: Middle Miocene
Thickness: 400 - 800 m
Previous name: Carmen Sandstones and Shales (Corby and others, 1951)
Renamed by: Cruz (1956)
Correlation: Toledo Formation in Cebu Island
This unit was originally called Carmen Sandstones and Shales by Corby and others, (1951) in reference to its type
occurrence in the town of Carmen in central Bohol. Cruz (1956) renamed it Carmen Formation to include members
such as the Ilihan Shale, Carmen Sandstone and Shale, Tubigon Conglomerate and Sevilla Marl. Porth and others
(1989) considered the Tubigon Conglomerate as the lower member of the Carmen. It was also mentioned that the
volcanic components of both the sandstone facies of Carmen and the Tubigon originated from Middle Miocene volcanic
activities. Mula and Maac (1995) however, opined that it is younger and instead placed it at the basal part of the
Maribojoc Formation. They also found out that the Ilihan Shale contained Early Oligocene planktic foraminifers
which show a wide age gap between the Carmen Formation and the Ilihan Shale. The Sevilla Marl yielded planktic
foraminifers equivalent to Blow's (1969) Zone N21-23 (Pliocene) which accordingly separates it from the Middle

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namely. Rare clasts of harzburgite. The sandstone. The thickness of the Pansol and Lumbog. contains quartz pebbles. In their stratigraphic column. Faustino and others (2003) did not include the Early Miocene Wahig Formation. An approximate thickness of 400 m to 800 m was estimated for the formation. which consists principally of limestone and could be partly equivalent to their Anda Limestone. gabbro. which is characterized by thinly bedded calcareous sandstone. is 1000 m and 180 m. however. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cataguintingan Formation Lithology: Mainly tuffaceous sandstones. 1989). Middle to outer neritic or even bathyal depth of deposition is inferred for the Carmen Formation. based on paleontological identification of fossils in the Anda Limestone member is Early Miocene to Middle Miocene.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. respectively. Faustino and others (2003) divide the Carmen Formation into three members. shale lenses and coralline and shell fragments. At Carmen and Trinidad. shales and conglomerate and minor limestone lenses Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Amlang Formation Distribution: Pangasinan and La Union Age: Late Pliocene Thickness: 1. Large foraminifera in the limestone indicate a Late Miocene age. The formation consists of interbeds of tuffaceous sandstone. siltstone shale and conglomerate. shale and mudstone with occasional lenses of calcarenite and calcisiltite. Cagraray Island. in places. The age of the Carmen Formation. 1963) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. A Middle Miocene age was assigned by Corby and others (1951) to their Carmen Sandstones and Shales. It is mostly covered by the Maribojoc Formation. distinct lithology and age. 1995). The use of Carmen Formation by Mula and Maac (1995) is strictly confined to the original unit described by Corby and others (1951). it also unconformably overlies the Ubay Formation. The Carmen was found unconformably overlying the Ilihan Shale. Based on their vague formational contact. with interbeds of siltstones. Along the Mahayag-Danao road the unit rests over the limestone of the Wahig Formation. and 900 m in the south up to 2. The sandstone is rich in feldspar in a clayey matrix and sparsely fossiliferous. dacite. Peña Casolgan Limestone The Casolgan Limestone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the thin limestone exposed at Casolgan Pass. Anda Limestone Member.to boulder-sized basalt and andesite clasts set in epiclastic andesite matrix. Pansol Clastic Member and Lumbog Volcaniclastic Member. nannoplankton zones NN5-NN6 were identified from the unit (Muller and others. Minor amounts of carbonate and chlorite were noted. 1951). 1995). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Likewise. but intertonguing relationship with the Pansol was also observed. The Lumbog Volcaniclastic member consists of conglomerate with pebble. Foraminifers equivalent to Globorotalia foshi peripheroronda Zone to Globorotalia foshi foshi Zone of Stainforth (1975) or to Blow's (1969) Zones 9 -10 were determined for the Carmen (Mula and Maac.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 99 of 374 Miocene Carmen Formation. these members were split into separate formations (Mula and Maac. The Anda Limestone member was reported to interfinger with the Pansol Clastic member.100 m at the type locality. carbonate and clastic rocks were observed in some exposures. Aringay Member (Bandy. as estimated by Faustino and others (2003).600 m in the north Previous name: Lineo Sandstone (Corby and others. The Lumbog typically occurs as valley fills in the Pansol Clastic member.

the Yop Formation.100 m as measured at the type locality and attains a maximum of 2. 1952). The thickness ranges from 168 m to 600 m. and previously named Agban Phyllites (Meek. 1981). shales and conglomerates including minor limestone lenses. The formation is considered by MGB (2004) to be part of. It consists of shale and sandstone with minor limestone beds. The age is Early Miocene .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 100 of 374 Renamed by: Lorentz (1984) The Cataguintingan Formation consists mainly of tuffaceous sandstones interbedded with siltstones. Peña Catagupan Member The Catagupan is a member of the Balabac Formation on western Balabac Island. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Dolores River. Lorentz (1984) raised it to formation rank and renamed it as Cataguintingan Formation.600 m farther north. It has an estimated thickness of 3. This formation has yielded abundant molluscan shell fragments as well as echinoid spines. 1938) and Cabugao Subgreywacke (Capistrano.htm 10/12/2015 . Bassey. It was dated Pliocene by Lorentz (1984) but Maleterre (1989) gives an age dating of Late Pliocene for this formation. The conglomerate occurs only in a few places with pebble size clasts of basalt. The upper beds are also more tuffaceous and sometimes exhibit high proportions of magnetite. gray. sandstone.Middle Miocene as indicated by the presence of Lepidocyclina and Miogypsina assemblages. The limestone is thinly bedded. arenaceous and crops out mostly in the Catagupan River Valley at Balabac Island. pebble conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Underlain by the Hagbay Formation Distribution: Road from Catbalogan to Lope de Vega. The upper portion of this formation has proportionately less conglomerate beds than the lower portions. argillite and sandstone with local interbeds of conglomerate. ostracods and red algae. 1951) Renamed by: Garcia and Mercado (1981) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.> 500 m Previous name: Catbalogan Sands and Marls (Corby and others. It was previously designated by Corby and others (1951) as the upper Linao Sandstone member of the Rosario Formation and by Bandy (1963) and San Jose Oil Company geologists as Aringay Member. Samar Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 450 . and equivalent to. The shale is thick bedded while the sandstone is thin-bedded and arkosic. It consists of schist. road to Wright. Lorentz (1984) gives a thickness of 1. but is only 900 m to the south.000 m (BMG. east of Loquilocon. Peña Catanduanes Formation This formation was named by Miranda and Vargas (1967) for the rocks exposed from Bacon on the northwest to Baras on the southeast and portions of outlying islands. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Catbalogan Formation Lithology: Marl. siltstone. after Bgy. It rests unconformably over the Amlang Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cataguintingan where the exposures are more continuous and the stratigraphic relation with the Amlang Formation is more defined. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

drill holes encountered an 18m -thick diorite. 1966). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cateel Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Barcelona Formation Distribution: Upper reaches of Caraga and Cateel rivers. The coal measures represent the lower member of the Cebu Formation. porphyritic and consists essentially of andesine. in Bassey.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 101 of 374 The Catbalogan Formation was originally designated by Corby and others (1951) as Catbalogan Sands and Marls. Carozzi and others (1976) renamed the formation Catbalogan Shale for the sequence of coarse. North Davao Age: Early . Skarn deposits have been reported although it is not certain whether the protolith is the Agtuuganon Limestone or older Eocene or Late Cretaceous limestones. The formation is estimated to be over 500 m thick. consists of two members: Cebu Coal Measures and Cebu Orbitoid Limestone. the Cebu Coal Measures and Cebu Orbitoid Limestone were renamed by MGB (2004) as Lower Coal Measures and Ilag Limestone. Volcanism has been dated radiometrically to extend to Miocene although diorite actually intruding the Late Oligocene to lower Middle Miocene limestone has not yet been documented in the field. medium grained and hypidiomorphic granular. (Cebu Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. fine grained and porphyritic. Garcia and Mercado (1981) later renamed it Catbalogan Formation. The intrusive rock consists mainly of plagioclase. hornblende and quartz. Peña Cebu Coal Measures The Cebu Coal Measures was named by Corby and others (1951) for the exposures of clastic rocks with interbeds of coal in Naga-Uling. To avoid confusion. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Davao del Norte where they are associated with copper and iron deposits (Malicdem and Peña. In the Maragusan area.Middle Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) In the southern Pacific Cordillera. east of Loquilocon. sandstone and pebble conglomerate may be encountered along the road from Catbalogan to Lope de Vega. It is Late Miocene to Early Pliocene in age. siltstone. the upper reaches of the Caraga and Cateel Rivers cut across a batholith of coarse grained quartz diorite which intrudes the Barcelona Formation. it was renamed Lower Coal Measures by MGB (2004). dark sandstone which grades upward to fossiliferous thinly interbedded sandstone and shale and highly calcareous shale. The rocks are fine to medium grained. Masara mine area. hornblende. but BED (1986b) reports a thickness of only 450 m. Other phases are melanocratic. The gray marl. biotite and quartz and is generally leucocratic. Quartz diorite bodies outcrop in the Masara mine area in Mabini. as defined by Corby and others (1951). In conformity with the Philippine Stratigraphic Guide (2001). Maragusan area. Cebu. and along Dolores River in the northern part of Eastern Samar. the quartz diorite is notably foliated. respectively. Northern Samar. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In the North Davao area. on the road to Wright. Lower Coal Measures file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cebu Formation The Cebu Formation.

1924) This unit was originally introduced by Smith (1924) as Cebu Limestone for the well bedded orbitoid-rich limestone typically exposed along the Naga-Uling road in central Cebu. The middle portion represents alternations of loosely compacted. Dalaguete. 1974) The Lower Coal Measures was originally designated as Cebu Coal Measures by Corby and others (1951) and represents the lower member of the Cebu Formation. composed of subangular to subrounded clasts of volcanic rocks. pyroclastic fragments and chert. Aside from orbitoids. The basal conglomerate is well exposed in the Guindaruhan and Guinibasan areas. The same locality name was applied by Corby and others (1951) for a similar limestone unit but was designated as the "Cebu Orbitoid Limestone" due to the ubiquity and prevalence of plate-like Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) richthofeni Smith in the limestone. thin to moderately thick beds of sandstone and shale with occasional lenses of conglomerate and coal.to matrix-supported conglomerate with coarse sandstone interbeds that grades into alternations of sandstone. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Guinibasan Conglomerate (Santos-Ynigo. Peña Cebu Orbitoid Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The thickness is quite variable but rarely exceeds 60 m.htm 10/12/2015 . and Argao on the east coast. The base of the section is dominated by clast. sometimes marly. It is well compacted. central Cebu Age: Probably Late Oligocene. Ilag Limestone Lithology: Orbitoid-rich limestone Distribution: Naga-Uling. thin alternations of sandstone and shale were also observed. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The coal measures are exposed in a narrow belt in the Uling area northwest of Naga. crystalline thickly to thinly bedded. quartz. algae and molluscan fragments were also identified. The limestone is white to buff. central Cebu Age: Late Oligocene Thickness: Quite variable and often lenticular (≤ 60 m) Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1956) Synonymy: Cebu Orbitoid Limestone (Corby and others. 1956) Guindaruhan Conglomerate (Balce. 1964. west of Compostela and in the Toledo area west of central Cebu. in Hashimoto. Foronda. The coal measures are relatively thin. Cebu Limestone (Smith.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 102 of 374 Lithology: Basal conglomerate grading to successions of sandstone. cobbly to pebbly. The conglomerate ranges from 10 to 15 meters thick. 1994). Danao and adjacent areas. Butong and Mantalongon. This also includes the Guindaruhan Conglomerate of Balce (1974. siltstone and mudstone occasionally with coal and conglomerate interbeds Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Lutak Limestone and other older rocks Distribution: Naga-Uling. They are also exposed between Moalboal on the west coast. other foraminifers. The unit conformably overlies and occasionally intertongues with the Uling Coal Measures. 1977) and Guinibasan Conglomerate of Santos-Ynigo (1956). dense. Thickness: 15 . Coal seams found in the lower part of the unit appear to be extremely lenticular. 1951). siltstone and mudstone and minor coal seams and conglomerate. At the type area.58 m Previous name: Cebu Coal Measures (Corby and others. averaging less than 2 m in thickness. Santos-Yñigo (1951) later referred to this unit as Ilag Limestone. ranging in thickness from 15 m to a maximum of 58 m (Balce.

these were named after specific localities in Baguio District by Schafer (1954) such as Antamok Diorite. Peña Central Highland Volcanics The Central Highland Volcanics was named by Pilac (1965) in reference to the Early to Middle Miocene volcanic rocks in the Leyte Central Highland. However. because of the lack of criteria for distinguishing one from the other in the field (except where they intrude Miocene rocks). quartz diorite. hornblende diorites. granodiorites quartz monzodiorites. Kelly Diorite and Itogon Quartz Diorite. with minor alkaline gabbro and quartz gabbro. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Central Cordillera Diorite Complex Lithology: Hornblende quartz diorite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In MGB (2004). granodiorites. Peña Clarendon Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Few clasts of the dioritic rocks were noted in Zigzag Formation. Plutonism could have extended to Early Miocene as indicated by K-Ar dating of 16-20 Ma (Maleterre. It was renamed Kanturao Volcanic Complex by MGB (2005). 1967) Renamed by: Yumul (1994) The batholithic intrusions of intermediate composition (diorite. quartz monzodiorites. Encarnacion and others (1993) report a zircon U-Pb dating of 26. granodiorites) in incised valleys and mountains constituting the spine of Central Cordillera. about 2 km west of the Agno River. Wolfe (1981) proposed to name the Oligocene intrusive bodies (mostly in northern Cordillera) as Cordillera Batholith and the younger diorites (mostly occupying the west flank of the Cordillera in the south) as Agno Pluton. monzodiorite. Virac Granodiorite. tonalites. hornblende diorites. Benguet. the Central Cordillera Diorite Complex is considered as an earlier pulse of plutonic intrusion in the region as distinguished from a later phase represented by the Itogon Quartz Diorite. 1989). (see Ilag Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists mainly of intermediate rocks such as hornblende quartz diorites.4 Ma for a quartz diorite sample taken east of Baguio City. Wolfe (1981) reports an average dating of 27 Ma (Late Oligocene) representing the earlier phase and 12-15 Ma for the later phase. tonalites. Baguio District Age: Late Oligocene Previous name: Agno Batholith (Fernandez and Pulanco. and Malitep formations Distribution: Mankayan. Bontoc area. Previously. these dioritic intrusives were lumped together by Yumul (1994) into a single unit which he named Central Cordillera Diorite Complex.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 103 of 374 The Cebu Orbitoid Limestone was named by Corby and others (1951) and represents the upper member of the Cebu Formation. (see Kanturao Volcanic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Pugo. Because of the dissimilarities in periods of intrusion.6 Ma for samples near Bontoc that corresponds to Late Oligocene plutonism postulated by Wolfe (1981). pyroxene bearing diorites. The bulk of the diorite complex consists of hornblende quartz diorite. They are mostly intrusive into the Pugo Formation. MGB (2004) renamed the limestone unit as Ilag Limestone in conformity with the Philippine Straigraphic Guide (2001). pyroxene-bearing diorite. monzodiorites. was designated as Agno Batholith by Fernandez and Pulanco (1967).8 0. with minor gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Lepanto. Maleterre (1989) reports values of 29 Ma and 30.htm 10/12/2015 .

micaceous and feldspathic. Peña Coastal Batholith Huge bodies of diorite. (see Liguan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone is coralline. The Clarendon is equivalent to the Iwahig Formation. Peña Coast Limestone The Coast Limestone constitutes the lower member of the Liguan Formation. The limestone crops out east of Liguan Point. tonalite and gabbro on the eastern side of the Northern Sierra Madre Range of Luzon were collectively designated by MMAJ-JICA (1977) as Coastal Batholith.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 104 of 374 The Clarendon Formation was named by Basco (1964) for the Pliocene sedimentary rocks at Balabac Island. It was named after the limestone along the southern coast of Cagraray Island. The sandstone is medium to thick bedded. Radiometric K-Ar datings indicate a Middle Eocene age for the intrusive bodies. massive to thinly bedded. It was renamed Dinalungan Diorite Complex by MGB (2005).htm 10/12/2015 . The thickness is around 50 m. It has interbeds of marl and calcareous shale. The Clarendon has a clastic and limestone facies. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is white to gray. The clastic facies is exposed at Cape Melville and extends to the south. It consists of shale and sandstone with stringers of bitumen. The thickness ranges from 60 to 90 m. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Dinalungan Diorite Complex ) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is massive pink to buff limestone with a thickness of less than 100 m. fine to coarse grained. The limestone facies occurs in Barong-Barong Point and Inanacule Point at Clarendon Bay. Miogypsina and Lepidocyclina were identified in samples from this member. (see Iwahig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Hashimoto and others (1981) recognized Spiroclypeus-rich and Eulipidina-Miogypsina-Flosculinella assemblages for which a Late Oligocene to Early Miocene age was given to the unit. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Coal Harbor Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Central part to southeastern tip of Cagraray Island Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: < 100 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Coal Harbor Lmestone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the limestone exposed from the central part of Cagraray Island to the southeastern tip at Cagraray Point. in the vicinity of Manila and Barat and across Caracaran to Bugtong Point. reefal and biostromal and conglomeratic in places.

the Eocene Payo Formation was found to unconformably overlie the olistostrome. Intercalations of volcanic breccia and sedimentary rocks were observed in the northeast-southwest trending trough north of Alcantara and in Barrio Canguyo. conglomerate. schist and ferromagnesian minerals. The olistostrome does not contain any exotic block from the younger Eocene formation. The intercalated volcanic breccia is basaltic in composition. The formation is best exposed in Codon. Bonagbonag Point. Instead. Fe (Liggayu. The majority of the olistoliths in this formation contain Early Cretaceous Orbitolina and Late Cretaceous (Campanian-Maastrichtian) Globotruncana. consisting essentially of plagioclase.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. volcanic clasts. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Coloy Formation Lithology: Pyroclastic rocks. Sialat Point. sandstone. Towards the southwest. shale Stratigraphic relations: Disconformable over the Lumbog Formation Distribution: Coloy Creek. Planktic foraminiferal species in the clastic sequences indicate a Middle Miocene age. Sicop.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 105 of 374 Codon Formation Lithology: Olistostrome (volcanic blocks and limestone in graywacke matrix) Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Payo Formation Distribution: Codon. augite and labradorite with minor amounts of bowlingite and glass shards. Typical exposures of the Cogon Member may be found along Carolina River and Barangay Manlilico in Odiongan. The interbedded wacke is essentially composed of quartz. Lutod Bukid. Peña Cogon Member The Cogon in Tablas Island represents the upper member of the Binoog Formation. Cogon and Carolina rivers. Lalat. Sta. (see Binoog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. They also crop out in Rizal. As exposed at Cogon River. The mudstone varies from brown to cream to bluish gray. Sibuguey Peninsula Thickness: 150 m Age: Pliocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. volcaniclastic rocks and agglomerates enclosed in fine grained graywacke. this unit consists of successions of thin calcareous and tuffaceous mudstone beds with wacke interbeds and intercalations of volcanic breccia. The Bonagbonag Limestone of De los Santos and Weller (1955) apparently represents an olistolith of megablock proportions within the Codon olistostrome. Nagumbuaya Point in southern Catanduanes Age: late Late Cretaceous Named by: David (1994) An olistostromic sequence consisting of blocks of volcanic rocks and reworked limestone in a volcaniclastic matrix was designated as Codon Formation by David (1994). It outcrops mainly in the southern part of Catanduanes Island north of the Virac Basin which is generally underlain by younger Miocene to Pliocene sedimentary rocks. so that an age of latest Cretaceous or late Maastrichtian is postulated for this chaotic sequence. along the coast of Sialat Point and in Bonagbonag Point. Facies variations include pebbly graywackes with limestone clasts to limestone breccias and megabreccias which are enveloped in a graywacke matrix. serpentine. 1964). but the matrix had not yielded any fossils with which to date the formation. Stratigraphic correlation with other sequences in the region indicates that the Paleocene series is apparently absent. the sequence underlies Nagumbuaya Point where a megablock of bedded limestone is associated with bedded calcareous siltstone.

Distribution: Barrio Concepcion. conglomeratic phyllite occurs as irregular beds within rocks variously described as phyllitic wacke. The Columbus is about 200 m thick and is dated Oligocene. semischist. This nearly flat sequence lies disconformably over the Lumbog Formation. 1971) The Concepcion Phyllite was previously named by UNDP (1985) as Concepcion Pebbly Phyllite in reference to the phyllite exposures adjacent to barrio Concepcion. Peña Concepcion Greenschist The Concepcion Greenschist was named by UNDP (1984) for the greenschists eat of Concepcion. the limestone shows volcanic clasts. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Concepcion Phyllite Lithology: Phyllite. Quartz veins crossing foliation planes obliquely or perpendicularly are often file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. adjacent to exposures of the Caramay Schist. quartz and basalt. In some portions of the formation. (see Sohoton Greenschist) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is probably equivalent to the Sohoton Greenschist in the Northern Pacific Cordillera of Mindanao. gray to pale brown slate and quartzite between phyllite layers. Peña Columbus Formation The Columbus Formation consists of thinly laminated biomicrites whose type locality is along an unnamed tributary of Agno River (Maleterre. clasts of andesite. petrified wood. The formation consists of phyllite. 1950) Renamed by: Ibañez and others (1956) The Coloy Formation was previously named Caloi Formation by Brown (1950) and renamed Coloy for the sequence of pyroclastic and clastic rocks along Coloy Creek. phyllitic sandstone or semischist. The pebbly unit may reach a thickness of 10 m or more with interbedded thinner and mostly parallel-bedded quartz sandstone. Roxas. Palawan Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Concepcion Pebbly Phyllite (UNDP. quartzite Stratigraphic relations: Thrusted against the Babuyan Formation. probably Early Oligocene. Agusan del Norte. The conglomerate contains angular to rounded. It is considered equivalent to the lower limestone member of the Sagada Formation in the Cervantes-Bontoc area in the Luzon Central Cordillera. These contain elongate pebbles and flakes of gray to black phyllitic mudstone in a phyllitic matrix. (see Sagada Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The pyroclastic rocks are light gray fine grained tuff and gray volcanic breccia. Roxas. 1989). It is considered Pliocene in age and has an estimated thickness of 150 m. west of the area underlain by the Caramay Schist. The Coloy consists of poorly consolidated pyroclastic rocks and tuffaceous conglomerates with associated tuffaceous sandstones and shales. pebble to boulder size.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Tectonic contact with the Caramay Schist. In places. pelitic semischist. 1990) Renamed by: MMAJ-JICA (1990) Synonymy: Part of the Barton Metamorphics (Reyes. slate.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 106 of 374 Previous name: Caloi Formation (Brown.

The limestone contains Middle Miocene to Late Miocene foraminifera that was reported by the Paleontological Section of the Bureau of Mines and Geosciences (file report. Peña Copias Limestone The Copias Limestone of Encina and Del Rosario (1978) at Barrio Gambang. Atok. subordinate shale and sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the radiolarite of the Liminangcong Formation (Fontaine.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 107 of 374 observed. tinguaite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Palali Formation Distribution: Cordon. exposed mainly in the southwestern portion of the Cagayan Valley Basin (near the provincial boundary between Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya). about 200 m above its base. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1977) as probably reworked. Coron Municipality. This massive. Palali. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Phyllite is therefore presumed to be of Cretaceous age. Suzuki and others (2001) further suggest that the Concepcion Phyllite is a facies of the Babuyan River Turbidites (equivalent to the Boayan Formation) which underwent lower degree of metamorphism compared to the Caramay Schist. although metamorphism could have occurred later. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Coron Formation Lithology: Dominantly limestone. equivalent to late Late Oligocene to early Early Miocene. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples of these rocks indicate an age bracket of 25-22 Ma. Results of fold analysis made by Suzuki and others (2001) indicate that the Concepcion Phyllites lie between the lower Caramay Schist and upper Babuyan Formation. monzonite. Isabela. Busuanga Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Cordon Syenite Complex Lithology: Syenite. 1977) The Cordon Syenite Complex consists of syenites and associated alkali rocks. 1979) Distribution: Mabintangin Creek. This unit includes the syenites and monzonites of the Palali Batholith of MMAJ-JICA (1977) intruding the Palali Formation in the Mamparang Mountains. Nueva Vizcaya Age: late Late Oligocene to early Early Miocene Named by: Punongbayan (1974) Synonymy: Palali Batholith (MMAJ-JICA. is probably equivalent to the Mirador Limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone hills in several islands of the Calamian Island Group in northern Palawan Age: Late Triassic to Late Jurassic file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. cream to pink limestone body is 150 m thick and reported to be confined within the pyroclastic beds of Klondyke Formation. Benguet province. including tinguaite.

The sandstone is thickly bedded and is arkosic to quartzose in composition. and range from silty shale to muddy shale. The shale is gray to black. where the typical section along the Dingalan Forest Products Co. road may be found. also indicate Rhaetian age. genus Involutina were identified from Malajon Island. Other Triassic foraminiferal indicants identified include: Endothyra. Busuanga Island. in the vicinity of King Ranch in Busuanga Island and in the eastern side of Coron Island. Cornudina sp. particularly in the southwestern end. Peña Coronel Formation The Coronel Formation of Rutland (1967) refers to the sequence of volcanic flows with interbeds of cherty mudstones and fine greywacke in the Bongabon-Gabaldon area. These clastic deposits were earlier mapped as part of the King Ranch Formation and the Liminangcong Formation (MGB. reefal and in places oolitic and conglomeratic. At Malajon and Ili Island. The Coron Formation is assigned a Triassic to Late Jurassic age on the basis of stratigraphic position and several paleontological studies. Ili and Sangat Island west of the town of Coron. Nueva Ecija.htm 10/12/2015 . Fossils similar to assemblages identified from Ili Island were recognized by Beauvais (in Fontaine. The Late Jurassic dark gray karstic limestone of Imorigue Island in Taytay municipality is a probable extension of the Coron Formation. The limestone is massive. Other exposures may be found west of Busuanga Island. Such findings were supported by the studies made by Zamoras and Matsuoka (2000) from samples collected from a creek near Tulbuan Plain in the central part of Busuanga Island. massive and fasciculate corals were also recognized. 1989) The Coron Formation was named by Wolfart and others (1986) for the limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Late Triassic index fossils. Later. The sandstone and shale occurrences were reported from the watershed northeast of Coron town along Mabintangin Creek. cnidarians. locally bedded. The King Ranch Formation and Malajon Limestone that were mapped by MGB (1984) are considered equivalent to the Coron Formation. shale and sandstone sequences exposed in Coron Island as well as one of the tributaries of Mabintangin Creek in the municipality of Coron. Amiscaray and Tumanda (1990) recovered Late Triassic and Middle Jurassic radiolarians from the limestone collected from Coron Island. (see Caraballo Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1984). Imorigue Limestone (MMAJJICA. It sometimes contains abundant radiolarian tests (Sphaerellaria and Dictyomitra) and few pelagic pelecypods indicating an open marine environment. It is exposed over a large part of the Laur-Dingalan fault zone. 1983) from the Imorigue Limestone of MMAJ-JICA (1989). (1986). in Seven Brothers. and along the coast near Maquinit Hot Spring. apparently of similar composition. 1984). The occurrence of pelagic pelecypods and radiolarians were likewise enumerated in these earlier reports. Tumanda (1991) recognized three radiolarian assemblage zones of Middle to Late Jurassic age from the clastic rocks. The formation consists dominantly of limestone with local interbeds of sandstone and shale or in places mainly carbonaceous clastic rocks. Dibatang and Dilian islands south and southwest of Coron municipality. 1979). Pillow lavas are well preserved in this section. and Neohindeodella sp. from genus Triassina and a Middle Triassic index. Fontaine and others (1979) and Wolfart and others (1986) reported Late Triassic to Early Jurassic foraminifers. light to dark gray.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 108 of 374 Thickness: < 300 m Named by: Wolfart and others. Associated fauna which range from Upper Anisian to Lower Norian are: Enantiognathus ziegleri (Diebel). The Coronel probably partly corresponds to the Caraballo Formation. Algal forms of Thaumatoporella parvosiculifera and Macroporella sp. Ammobaculites and Duostaminidae species. Late Triassic to Early Jurassic conodonts were identified by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) from Malajon Island. in Mt. It is considered Late Eocene to Early Oligocene in age by BMG (1981). Malajon Limestone (MGB. Synonymy: King Ranch Formation (MGB. in Cayatong and Ili islands east of Linapacan island. Likewise. Epigondelella abneptis (Huckriede). It usually forms towering pinnacles as in Elet. Kalampisauan and Malajon islands. radiolarians and algae from the limestones of Coron and Seven Brothers Islands. a lower Norian index fossil was reported by Hashimoto and others (1980) from Malajon. The limestone at Linapacan is restricted to the Kimmeridgian age (Fontaine. crystalline. 1984). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Corregidor Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. often jointed.

Peña Cortes Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone Type locality: Cortes municipality. Looc. Towards the south. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Cutad pyroclastics and sedimentary rocks (Malicdem and others. The haycock mounds of the Chocolate Hills are also believed to be part of the Cortes Limestone. Cavite. A 30-m thick oxyhornblende andesite flow is intercalated with the tuff at Pasong Creek. formerly identified as the Maribojoc Limestone. Batangas Age: Late Miocene Previous name: Corregidor Conglomerate (Corby and others.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 109 of 374 Lithology: Conglomerate. the conglomerate near Ternate and Naic (in Cavite) apparently grade into tuffs. Malicdem and others (1963) considered their Cutad pyroclastrics and sedimentary rocks to be equivalent to the Corregidor Conglomerate. This represents the upper member of the Maribojoc Formation and is the youngest limestone body in the island. It is widely distributed in southwestern Bohol especially around Cortes and Tagbilaran districts. The sandstone exhibits cross-bedding and the shale is silty and tuffaceous. varying from cream to brownish yellow or buff. It consists principally of cobble to boulder conglomerate with interbeds of sandstone and shale that were apparently deposited in a littoral environment. 1963) The Coregidor Formation was previously named Corregidor Conglomerate by Corby and others (1951) which was described earlier by Adams (1910). the Cutad covers the western coast of the area from Patungan. a Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age was postulated for this unit. Though obviously fossiliferous. non-compact. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The unit was sometimes referred to as Carcar Limestone (Huth. describe a belt from the southeastern tip of Bataan Peninsula to Looc. The pyroclastics of the Cutad consist of agglomerates with minor amounts of ash tuff and lapilli tuff. tuffs Stratigraphic relations: Rests on the Nasugbu Volcanic Complex Distribution: Corregidor Peninsula. Batangas. Cavite (including Limbones Island) to a point south of Looc Cove in Batangas. It is probably partly coeval with the Calatagan Formation. the boulders become smaller with increasing percentage of finer materials (Malicdem and others. Corby and others (1951) assigned a probable Late Miocene age for the Corregidor Conglomerate. porous and characterized by numerous caverns and sinkholes. mainly in Corregidor Island and Limbones Island. 1962). It is apparently fossiliferous with abundant corals and algae associated with some foraminifers and mollusks. Bohol Age: Late Pliocene to Pleistocene Stratigraphic correlation: Carcar Limestone in Cebu Island Named by: Mula and Maac (1995) Capping all the older formations in Bohol is the Cortes Limestone (Mula and Maac. Patungan. marly and coralline. Exposures of this unit. It is usually massive to poorly bedded. As described by Adams (1910). As mapped by Malicdem and others (1963). 1995). However. Bohol Stratigraphic relations: The contact with the underlying Sevilla Marl is gradational to conformable Distribution: Widely distributed over a wide area from Batuan to the southwestern part of the island especially around Tagbilaran and Cortes municipalities. The limestone is soft. tip of Bataan peninsula. 1963). The upper portion of the Cutad is composed mostly of tuffaceous boulder conglomerate with thin lenses of tuffaceous sandstone exhibiting graded bedding and cross bedding. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. chalky. no index fossil was recognized from the limestone. Limbones Island.htm 10/12/2015 .

The pile of andesite flows and pyroclastic rocks comprising the Balinsasayao are estimated to total at least 950 m thick (Tebar.suggest that these rocks were more or less contemporaneous.97 Ma (Sajona and others. from bottom to top. shale with minor conglomerate. Epidote and chlorite are the dominant alteration minerals. Radiometeric K-Ar dating for Cuernos de Negros ranges from 0. and are composed of plagioclase. and olivine gabbro.htm 10/12/2015 . dunite. Disseminations of magnetite. troctolite. Intrusive relationships among the higher level units . which show evidence of low grade greenschist facies metamorphism. ulvospinel and pyrite are common. diabase and basalt. Massive to banded harzburgites exhibit protogranular to porphyroclastic textures. The basalt and diabase. Peña Culianan Limestone The Culianan Limestone of Santos-Yñigo (1953) is equivalent to the limestone facies of the Anungan Formation in Zamboanga Peninsula. of metamorphic harzburgite. Peña Coto Block The Coto Block is one of two major units of the Zambales Ophiolite.basalt. Zamboanga Peninsula Thickness: ~ 1000 m Age: Late Miocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Overlaps the Culianan Limestone of the Anungan Formation Distribution: Curuan. They are mostly serpentinized and consist basically of olivine. allivalite. (see Zambales Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Its eruptive product is designated as Balinsasayao Formation.31 to 1. brown amphibole. 1987). troctolite. The contact between the transition zone dunite and cumulate gabbro is characterized by interlayeringinterfingering of dunite. diabase and gabbro . olivine gabbro and a high level plutonic-volcanic suite of diorite. have aphyric to porphyritic and intersertal to intergranular textures. (see Anungan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The diorites/tonalites are holocrystalline to poikilitic. Peña Cuernos de Negros Cuernos de Negros in southern Negros is an inactive volcano associated with the Negros arc. This consists. (see also Canlaon Volcanic Complex). These exhibit rhythmic layering and structures such as scour and fill. The harzburgites are separated from the cumulate rock suite by a transitional zone of intensely fractured black serpentinized dunite which contain chromite lenses in places. Bungiao and Vitali areas. 2000).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 110 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. quartz and minor clinopyroxene and magnetite. 1984 in Ayson. orthopyroxene. spinel and minor clinopyroxene. harzburgite and gabbro The mafic cumulates are represented by anorthosite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. graded bedding and flame structures reminiscent of soft sediments. Clinopyroxene is dominant over plagioclase and olivine. Dike boundaries are usually defined by chilling on both sides. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Curuan Formation Lithology: Sandstone.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Zamboanga del Sur. The limestone belonging to the Curuan Formation could be regarded as a member. Cavite (including Limbones Island) to a point south of Looc Cove in Batangas. coralline limestones. Peña Dacongbanwa Formation The term Dacongbanwa Formation was used by the MMAJ-JICA (1973) to refer to the massive Middle Miocene coralline limestone at the northwestern slope of Mount Agtuuganon. (see Agtuuganon Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. equivalent to the Taog Formation. Batang Member (see Batang Formation). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Corregidor Conglomerate) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Latuan and along the road south of Quiniput Peak all the way to Tuktuk-Kalaw. the Curuan Formation attains a thickness of at least 1000 m. It is probably partly coeval with the Calatagan Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 111 of 374 Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1953) The Curuan Formation was named by Santos-Yñigo (1953) for the sedimentary rocks exposed at Curuan.htm 10/12/2015 . the formation overlaps the Culianan Limestone which is considered part of the Anungan Formation. Peña Dacao Formation The Dacao Formation was designated by Florendo (1987) for the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene sequence of sedimentary rocks in western Leyte. Florendo (1987) defined the following as members of Dacao Formation: Cansirong Limestone (see Kantaring Limestone). It is characterized by light to buff. These members were considered by other workers as formations (Kantaring and Batang formations) or in the case of Tagabaca and Salomon members. Near the mouth of Tungauan River. As mapped by Malicdem and others (1963). The pyroclastics of the Cutad consist of agglomerates with minor amounts of ash tuff and lapilli tuff. Curuan Presa. Peña Cutad Pyroclastics and Sedimentary Rocks Malicdem and others (1963) considered their Cutad pyroclastrics and sedimentary rocks to be equivalent to the Corregidor Conglomerate. Sibuco could also represent the limestone member of the Curuan Formation. These occur at Masaba. The Formation consists of sandstone and shale with lenses of conglomerate and thin beds of limestone occurring as discontinuous belt between Bungiao and Vitali areas. 1963). occasionally friable. Corby and others (1951) assigned a probable Late Miocene age for the Corregidor Conglomerate. A 30-m thick oxyhornblende andesite flow is intercalated with the tuff at Pasong Creek. At its type locality. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the Cutad covers the western coast of the area from Patungan. and Tagabaca and Salomon members (see Taog Formation). Towards the south. Limestones exposed west of Lunday Valley and Lantawan. A review of its description shows that the Dacongbanwa is synonymous to the Agtuuganon Limestone. the boulders become smaller with increasing percentage of finer materials (Malicdem and others. Paleontological analysis of a shale sample indicates a Late Miocene age for the formation. The upper portion of the Cutad is composed mostly of tuffaceous boulder conglomerate with thin lenses of tuffaceous sandstone exhibiting graded bedding and cross bedding.

in samples from Lobo and Nanlobo rivers. overlain by the Calatagan Formation Distribution: Taysan. Other limestone bodies associated with the Dacongcogon may be found in Candoni. 1980). calcarenites. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1980). Candoni. The Wacke could be coeval to the Nasugbu Volcanic Complex. metavolcanic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dagot Limestone Lithology: Reefal limestone. Clasts of quartz diorite. minor calcareous volcanic conglomerate. 1990). As described by Castillo and Escalada (1979). Taysan and along the road from Dagatan to Lobo. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Tabu Formation Distribution: Dacongcogon. The top of the Dagatan Wacke is overlain by a Late Miocene limestone unit. Caliling. Cabilokan River. It has a maximum thickness of 20 m at the Taysan Porphyry Copper Mine. indicates an age no older than Middle Miocene (Wolfe and others. biosparites. Clastic rocks considered part of the Dacongcogon are sandstone. 1979) Renamed by: MMAJ-JICA (1990) The Dacongcogon Formation was originally named Dacongcogon Limestone by Castillo and Escalada (1979) and subsequently renamed by MMAJ-JICA as Dacongcogon Formation to include the clastic units associated with the limestone. The unit consists of feldspathic to volcanic wacke with fine to conglomeratic facies. Dong-I and Dancalan.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 112 of 374 Dacongcogon Formation Lithology: Limestone. Dong-I. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dagatan Wacke Lithology: Feldspathic and volcanic wacke. and conglomerate which are well bedded in the lower section and massive in the upper section (MMAJ-JICA. Vicarya callosa Martin. sandstone. The base of this unit rests unconformably over the metavolcanic rocks of the San Juan Formation. southwest Negros Age: Middle Miocene Previous Name: Dongcogon Limestone (Castillo and Escalada. Other mollusks and plant remains were found which indicate near-shore deposition of the Dagatan. particularly at the base and middle section file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the limestone of Dacongcogon unconformably overlies the Tabu Formation. andesite and dacites in the wacke have been noted (Wolfe and others. Paleontological dating reported by Santos and Velasquez (1988) indicates a Middle Miocene age for the Formation. the Dingle Limestone of Wolfe and others (1980) which is probably equivalent to the Calatagan Formation. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Rests on the San Juan Formation. Niño. Caliling. Batangas Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: 20 m Named by: Wolfe and others (1980) The Dagatan Wacke was named by Wolfe and others (1980) for the rocks exposed in roadcuts at Sto. upper reaches of Ilag and Tablas rivers. The presence of a fossil mollusk.

Dagot Limestone occupies the summit of Mt. South Cotabato. shells. 1997).to coarse-grained with euhedral hornblende and plagioclase up to 5 mm across. The diorite generally intrudes the Kiamba Formation. 1990) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Dagot Limestone and other limestone bodies of Early to Middle Miocene age exposed in several places in the Ilocos belt are correlated with the Kennon Limestone with type locality along Kennon Road at Camp 3. intrudes older formations along portions of the Daguma Range. The formation as described by Pinet (1990) is a reefal platform with algae. equivalent to Early Oligocene (Sajona and others. and to a lesser extent. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Daguma Diorite Lithology: Hornblende diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Salbuyon Schist and Kiamba Formation Distribution: Kiamba. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Smaller diorite stocks crop out near the headwaters of Allah River along Mataam. milliolids and benthic foraminifera. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The top of the formation corresponds to limestone breccia grading into a sequence of alternating sandstone-mudstone. Dagot in La Paz and one of the hilltops east of Solsona Basin and constitutes a north-south trending backbone of a dome southeast of Bangued.htm 10/12/2015 .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 113 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Meridionally distributed from the vicinity of Laoag City through the summit of Mt. massive and well-jointed. Calcareous conglomerates at the base and middle section are volcanic in character. While the main mass is essentially equigranular. South of Bangued. Dagot in La Paz. Radiometric K-Ar dating of two samples at Maasin (near Kiamba). Microfossils indicate a late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene age.28 Ma and 31. more or less elongated in shape. Basag and Luol-il creeks as well as in Kiamba. Busa. Exposures of the diorite underlying large areas include those at Mt. The typical diorite is medium. Maasin and Bagumbayan. hilltops east of Solsona Basin down to the Abra River Valley Age: late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene Thickness: Undetermined Previous name: Kennon Limestone (Pinet. Two common facies are light-colored fine grained calcarenite and reddish biosparite. South Cotabato Age: Early Oligocene Named by: MGB (2004) A batholithic mass of diorite. Few specimens of the diorite exhibit crude banding of plagioclase and ferromagnesian minerals. this formation drops to Abra River valley west of barrio Luba. some porphyritic textures with megaphenocrysts of ferromagnesian minerals in a matrix of finer gray feldspars are also present.95 Ma. the Salbuyon Schist. Balakan Mountain and Lumuyon. It is generally mottled. These limestone bodies are distributed along a roughly meridional line extending for 200 km from the vicinity of Laoag in the north down to Baguio District. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in the Baguio District in Central Cordillera. South Cotabato gave ages of 29. The contacts of the limestone with the underlying and overlying formations were not reported.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 114 of 374 Dalrympole Amphibolite Lithology: Amphibolite. In Kaydungon Beach and Kabangan Creek. welded at the base of the harzburgite. It is medium grained. minor biotite schist. It is localized along narrow shear zones (up to 1. alternate with those of plagioclase and/or quartz. 1987).htm 10/12/2015 . southern Palawan Age: Middle Eocene Named by: UNDP (1985) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Kabangan Metamorphics (UNDP. 1990). mudstones and cherts metamorphosed to lower amphibolite facies. for a sample of the schist. the metamorphic rocks consist of lenses of amphibolites. South of Baler.6 Ma. These are elongated or stretched pillow basalts. west of Nasuedan Beach.5 km wide) near contacts with quartz diorite bodies as in Ambalanga River and portions of Agno River. greenschist Stratigraphic relations: Represents the metamorphic sole of the ophiolitic suite. Crispin and Fuchimoto (1980) report a K Ar age of 82. 1959) The Dalrympole Amphibolite was named by UNDP (1985) as Dalrympole Point Amphibolite for the exposures at Dalrympole Point west of Nasuedan Beach. epidote. Irawan area. The schist consists of actinolite. schistose volcanic breccia and andesitic flow with marble lenses and associated phyllites and greenschists. andesine. quartz. 1992). nematoblastic. equivalent to Late Cretaceous. Bands of ferromagnesian minerals. 1985). with abundant hornblende needles. (see Dibuakag Volcanic Complex and Quidadanom Schist) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Outcrops of these types of metamorphic rocks are also found in the southern edge of Bacungan window and in some parts of Iratag window. greenschist. 1985) to Late Eocene (MMAJ-JICA. Peña Dalupirip Schist The Dalupirip Schist was named by Balce and others (1980) for the low grade metamorphic effects developed in Pugo Formation. These suggest that they were originally basic volcanic rocks. Aurora province. north of the Bacungan window. The Inagauan is subdivided into greenschist and amphibolite member and quartz-mica schist and quartzose schist member. including sporadic garnets of up to 3 mm in diameter. Peña Dalugan Schist The Dalugan Schist was named by Billedo (1994) for the outcrops of greenschists along Dalugan Bay at the eastern coast of San Ildefonso Peninsula. These could represent weakly metamorphosed equivalents of the Dibuakag Volcanic Complex. chlorite. Benguet from where it derives its name. The Kabangan Metamorphics of UNDP (1985) could also be considered equivalent to the Dalrympole Amphibolite. Distribution: Dalrympole Point. greenschists and highly silicified lithic tuffs were also encountered. These rocks are distributed in Inagauan and Malasgao rivers and in the hills and mountains around Berong. The Dalugan may also be correlated with the Quidadanom Schist of Polillo Island. sphene and pyrite. The amphibolite. Bentoan Point. especially near barrio Dalupirip in Itogon. Paraschists and Altered Arkose (De los Santos. corresponding to Middle Eocene (Rashka and others. muscovite. The Inagauan Metamorphics of MMAJ-JICA (1990) in central Palawan is probably partly equivalent to the Dalrympole Amphibolite. Radiometric K-Ar dating of the amphibolite indicates a range of 37-40 Ma. quartzite and marble. Inagauan Metamorphics (MMAJ-JICA. which attains a thickness of a few tens of meters. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It also outcrops in a small portion of Bentoan Point. Tectonic contact shows that it underlies sedimentary and volcanic rocks. is considered as the metamorphic sole of the Palawan Ophiolite (Pineda and others.

coralline-algal type limestone in the north and central parts of southern Leyte and in the mountainous part of the central highlands. It rests unconformably over the Cataguintingan Formation near the type locality. A thickness of 140 -160 m was measured for an exposure of the limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Damortis Formation Lithology: Sandstone. The formation is considered Pleistocene in age. In places the sandstones are dark colored due to the presence of heavy minerals. is the 20-m thick Bacnotan Limestone. Based on its foraminiferal content. resting on the Amlang Formation at Bacnotan. The formation unconformably overlies the Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Dacao Formation of Florendo (1987) and is in turn conformably overlain by the Masonting Formation.250 345 years BP at the top of a sandstone horizon in raised tidal flats along the Damortis coast. Ticao Island Age: Cretaceous? Named by: MGB (2004) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. siltstones and marl. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Danao Schist Lithology: quartz schist. calcarenites. calcarenite. siltstone. To the north. regarded by Maleterre (1989) as a facies of the Damortis Formation. Peña Danao Limestone The Danao Limestone was named by Florendo (1987) for the limestone exposures in southwestern Leyte and is equivalent to the Calubian Limestone on the east coast of Calubian Peninsula. Pangasinan Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 50-200 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Along Damortis beach near the PNR railway station is a small exposure of the Damortis Formation consisting of westward dipping sandstones. This gently dipping sequence of clastic rocks commonly contains molluscan fossils. limestone and marl Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Cataguintingan Formation Distribution: Damortis beach. the formation is dated Middle Miocene (Florendo.htm 10/12/2015 .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 115 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Danao Limestone is defined as a massive. Tamesis and others (1981) estimate the thickness of the formation to range from 50m to 200m on the basis of seismic data. (see Calubian Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. greenschist Stratigraphic correlation: Basement rocks Distribution: San Fernando to Danao Point. 1987). Javelosa (1994) reports a 14C dating of 28. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

San Pedro Bay. and marbles. The age of the Dansalan is presumed to be Cretaceous. The amphibolites are generally medium to coarse grained and usually exhibit banding and layering. amphibolite Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Mt. Dansalan. Zamboanga Age Cretaceous? Previous name: Dansalan Metamorphics (Querubin and others. 1999) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Dansalan Metamorphic Complex was previously named Dansalan Metamorphics by Querubin and others (1999) for the exposures of schists and amphibolites in Mt. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Camcuevas Volcanic Complex Distribution: Daram. Bassey file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. conglomerate. Dansalan. It consists of white. volcanic flows. Foliation measurements indicate that the metamorphic complex has a domal structure. It has an estimated thickness of 225 m. northwestern and south-central part of Samar. Relict gabbroic textures exhibited by the amphibolites suggest that the amphibolites could have been derived from isotropic and layered gabbros.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 116 of 374 BMG (1981) mentioned the presence of basement rocks composed essentially of schists west of San Fernando to Danao Point on the southwestern coast of the island. 1999). Aurelio (1992) implied a possible Cretaceous age for the basement schist in Ticao Island. west of Gutusan. Significant outcrops may be found in Labason. argillites. quartz-sericite schist. Dansalan. Buad and Paracan islands. the basement includes quartzites. Dansalan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dansalan Metamorphic Complex Lithology: Quartz-chlorite schist. the amphibolites occupy the central portion surrounded by quartz-chlorite schist and quartz-sericite schist in the peripheral portions. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Labason. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Dansalan midway between the amphibolite and the schists. (see Tuktuk Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. On the northwest sector of Mt. epidote-bearing gabbroic rocks have been observed. Peña Dao Member The Dao Member of Corby and others (1951) represents the lower portion of the Tuktuk Formation in western Leyte. shale.htm 10/12/2015 . At Talisay Point. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Daram Formation Lithology: Sandstone. along the southeast sector of Mt. This suggests that the Dansalan could represent the metamorphosed equivalent of mafic rocks of the Polanco Ophiolite. occasionally show cross-bedding and plastic flow structures (Querubin and others. By virtue of their field occurrence and mineral assemblages similar to those of the Aroroy Schist in mainland Masbate. foliations generally trend northeast. On the other hand. bentonitic shale named after Dao Creek. At Mt.

1986b). the age of the Daram is considered Late Oligocene to Early Miocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Del Pilar Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. Based on these findings. It consists of conglomerate. which is sporadically distributed in western Samar (BED. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Garchitorena Formation Distribution: Del Pilar. Hilaba. The conglomerate is generally massive with well cemented subangular to subrounded pebbles and cobbles of volcanic rocks. The limestone is thin-bedded. The Loquilocon Limestone is equivalent to the Oligocene Malajog Limestone. graywacke. 1981) This formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the rocks typically exposed at Daram Island southwest of Catbalogan. limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The 1000-m thick formation is a highly folded sequence of hard calcareous volcanic sandstone. The present Daram Formation includes the volcanic rocks in the Bagacay-Sulat area (Balce and Esguerra. BMG (1981) assigns an Early Miocene age for this formation. pebble conglomerate. This assemblage points to a Late Oligocene age for the base of the Daram. quartz and schist set in a calcareous matrix.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 117 of 374 Age: Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Thickness: 1. volcanic wacke. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The wacke is medium bedded. volcanic flows and sills and massive to thin-bedded fossiliferous orbitoidal limestone. black sandy shale. jasper and ferruginous shale with lenticular interbeds of limestone at Dawan. 1974) and the Mawo Volcanics. Minor limestone lenses are interbedded with the volcanics. Peña Dawan Sediments The Dawan sediments was named by Melendres and Comsti (1951) for the sequence of chert. A large foraminiferal assemblage containing Lepidocyclina (Eulepedina) but without Miogypsina was found in San Pedro Bay. named by BMG (1981) with type locality in the Del Pilar area northwest of Garchitorena. The Mawo Volcanics in northern Samar consists of a series of andesite and basalt with intercalated pyroclastics. Samar.000 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Mawo Volcanics (Garcia and Mercado. It is equivalent to the Iba Formation that represents the pelagic sedimentary cover of the Pujada Ophiolite. Loquilocon Limestone (Garcia and Mercado. northwest of Pujada Bay. 1981). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Quinabagan Island and other islands off Caramoan Peninsula Age: Early Miocene Named by: BMG (1981) The Del Pilar Formation. Caramoan Peninsula. dirty white or gray to buff and fine grained. (see Iba Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. as well as the Loquilocon Limestone of Garcia and Mercado (1981). It may also be encountered at Buad and Paracan islands and occupies the northwestern and southcentral part of Samar Island. volcanic wacke and limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . Davao Oriental. coarse grained and brownish red. Basey. fringes the Caramoan Peninsula and underlies Quinabagan and other islands in the north.

with interbeds of clastic rocks. The formation is estimated to be about 800 m thick (Billedo. named by MMAJ-JICA (1989) as Dibuluan River Formation. equivalent to Late Cretaceous. pyroclastics. These rocks were named by Billedo (1994) as Dalugan Schist. The Dibuluan Formation consists mainly of basic volcanic flows. conglomerate. Lower Zigzag Formation (Caagusan. Isabela Age: Late Cretaceous Thickness: 800 m Named by: Billedo (1994) The Dibuakag Volcanic Complex consists mainly of pillow basalts interstratified with steeply dipping pelagic limestones which Billedo (1994) considers as distinct from the Bicobian Basalt and Dikinamaran Chert. well indurated mudstone. respectively. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1989). 1978) This formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 118 of 374 Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dibuakag Volcanic Complex Lithology: Pillow basalt. 1977). sandstone.htm 10/12/2015 . also indicates a Late Cretaceous age for the formation. It unconformably overlies the Abuan Formation and is unconformably overlain by the Ibulao Limestone along Dibuluan River and elsewhere in the southeastern end of the Cagayan Valley Basin (Aurelio and Billedo. could be weakly metamorphosed equivalents of the Dibuakag Volcanic Complex. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Abuan Formation. The formation is distributed along the coast of Palanan from Dipaguiden to Dibuakag (also known as Kananalatiang Point). pelagic limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Isabela Ophiolite Distribution: Palanan. It is possibly unconformable over the Isabela Ophiolite as well as with the overlying Kanaipang Limestone and Palanan Formation. 1987). It may be correlated with the Quidadanom Schist of Polillo Island. is found along the western flanks of the Northern Sierra Madre Range. breccias. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dibuluan Formation Lithology: Volcanic flows. schistose volcanic breccia and andesitic flow with marble lenses and associated phyllites and greenschists. South of Baler. It embodies the principal position of the westward-dipping monoclinal structure of the Cagayan Basin. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of the basalt indicates an age of 87 Ma. greenschists and highly silicified lithic tuffs were also encountered. Outcrops of greenschists along Dalugan Bay at the eastern coast of San Ildefonso Peninsula. Paleontologic dating of foraminifera and radiolarians from samples of limestone and calcareous clay. volcanic breccias and pyroclastics. equivalent to file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. while the upper portions are marked by thin to medium beds of green siltstone and light green to red. 1962) Correlation: Masipi Green Tuff (MMAJ-JICA. The clastic rocks in the lower portions generally consist of well indurated brownish gray to greenish gray feldspathic wacke with minor intercalated intraformational conglomerate. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of basic lava flow of the Dibuluan Formation gave an age of 29 Ma. These are elongated or stretched pillow basalts. siltstone. Mamparang Formation (MMAJ-JICA. Unconformably overlain by the Ibulao Limestone Distribution: Western flank of northern Sierra Madre Age: Early Oligocene Previous name: Dibuluan River Formation (MMAJ-JICA. 1994). 1989) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Dumatata Formation (Huth.

Likewise. (see Isabela Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. A sample of the amphibolite gave a radiometric 40Ar-39Ar dating of 92 Ma. Quezon City. and bits of wood recovered in Guadalupe and Novaliches suggest a Pleistocene age. it could be correlated with the Mamparang Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1977) in the eastern fringe of the Northern Sierra Madre Range. deer and elephant teeth. It also covers large portions of Pasig City. The nannofossils contained in tuffaceous sandstone indicate a Middle to Late Oligocene age (MMAJ-JICA. Makati City.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.000 m. Isabela. 1987). Masipi River. Aurora. which is considered as indicative of the age of metamorphism of the ophiolite (Billedo. medium to thin bedded and consists of fine grained vitric tuffs and welded pyroclastic breccias with minor fine to medium grained tuffaceous sandstone. The Masipi Green Tuff represents a sequence of parallel-bedded greenish tuff. tuffaceous sandstone and some pyroclastics found at the type locality. Fossil plant leaves of the genus Euphorbliaceae. 1994). 1994). Radiolarian fossils in the chert indicate an age of Early Cretaceous. The whole sequence is flat-lying. Isabela was previously named Dikinamaran River Pelagics by Billedo (1994). southern Rizal province and adjoining areas. The Dibuluan Formation may also be considered as partly equivalent to the Lower Zigzag Formation of BED (1986a) and Caagusan (1978). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in Cabagan. The Diliman Tuff is also well exposed between Santa Maria and Balu rivers in Bulacan. Peña Dimuluk Conglomerate file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The thickness of the Diliman Tuff is 1. Peña Dibut Bay Meta-ophiolite The Dibut Bay Meta-ophiolite was named by Billedo (1994) for the metamorphosed equivalents of the Isabela Ophiolite located east-southeast of Baler. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This formation is partly equivalent to the Dumatata Formation of Huth (1962) in the southwestern part of the Cagayan Valley Basin.800 m thick. These pelagic sedimentary rocks consist mainly of alternating brownish and light reddish chert beds that comprise the sedimentary carapace of the Isabela Ophiolite. which is estimated to be around 1. It was named by Teves and Gonzales (1950) for the exposures of pyroclastic rocks in Diliman. These include highly tectonized ultramafic rocks composed wholly of deformed pyroxenites and highly foliated gabbro with associated amphibolite layers. Dark mafic minerals and bits of pumiceous and scoriaceous materials are dispersed in the glassy tuff matrix. The Dibuluan could be correlated with the Oligocene Masipi Green Tuff of MMAJ-JICA (1989) in Northern Sierra Madre. Peña Dikinamaran Chert The Dikinamaran Chert in Bicobian.300-2.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 119 of 374 late Early Oligocene (Billedo. Peña Diliman Tuff The Diliman Tuff constitutes the upper member of the Gualdalupe Formation. equivalent to early Late Cretaceous. Quezon and in San Ildefonso Peninsula.

although they are usually 0. Burgos. From bottom to top. and Bucas Grande islands and the Northern Pacific Cordillera in mainland Mindanao.htm 10/12/2015 . meta-basalt and micro-gabbro associated with basalt flows and pillow lavas form two broad but irregular windows in harzburgite. the ophiolite consists of a residual peridotite. residual peridotite. comprise the equivalent sequence in the south of the Late Miocene to Early Pliocene Nicaan Formation in northern Cotabato Valley area. Nonoc. while dunite layers and tabular lenses range from a few millimeters to 30 m thick. The bulk of ultramafic rocks in Dinagat Island consists principally (about 80 per cent) of harzburgite enclosing irregular lenticular bodies of dunite that are on the average 2-5 m thick. Gaboc. Dike swarms of diabase. Small bodies of lherzolite and gabbro may occur as windows. Kanbunlio and the western side of Desolation Point (UNRFNRE. by NE-SW trending bodies of basalt flows with pillow structures. particularly in Burgos. cumulate peridotite. Basalt flows cover small areas measuring roughly 4 by 2 km. cumulate peridotite. sheeted dike/sill complex. Monica. Monica (Sapao) and San Benito.5 to 1 m thick. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Dinagat Ophiolite Lithology: Amphibolite. Outcrops of gabbro and pyroxenite have a restricted distribution. massive and layered gabbro. Occasionally. The harzburgite extends from Desolation Point in the north to Manolijao in the south and forms the north-south trending Dinagat Island ridge. The dunite is highly tectonized and almost totally serpentinized. Intense serpentinization characterizes the ultramafic rocks particularly near the thrust zone. The sheeted dike/sill complex is overlain by pillow basalt and basalt breccias. Pyroxenite occurs as veins cutting older rocks and as mappable thin lenses in the transition zone and in dunite units. pillow basalt Stratigraphic relations: overthrusts Nueva Estralla Schist. Esperanza. with widths of 1 to 3 km. The other dunite body stretches for 18 km in the Albor-Veloro tectonic zone. These are extensively exposed in a north-south direction extending from Desolation Point at the northern tip southward to Mt. Sta. Bucas Grande and Hinituan islands. (see Nicaan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. By and large. Small bodies of isotropic gabbro are situated in the northern part and in the Malinao-Loreto Valley in Dinagat Island. The gabbro sequence consists of massive gabbro and layered gabbro. Two large massive bodies of dunite occur in the northern and southern part of Dinagat Island. tuff and tuffaceous sandstone. 1986). These ultramafic rocks also outcrop in Nonoc. together with the Maibu Mudstone and Sandstone. Harzburgite layers vary in thickness from 1 m to a few tens of meters. 1986). including Albor and Tubajon areas. the harzburgite is massive and does not display any layering. overlain by the Loreto Formation Distribution: From Desolation Point up north to Mt. The residual peridotite unit is composed of harzburgite with minor dunite and chromitite lenses. The transition zone between the dunite unit and harzburgite tectonite consists of 700 m thick cyclic succession of harzburgite and dunite interlayers containing massive and disseminated chromite (UNRFNRE. Sta. The northern dunite body is about 400 m thick and is traceable along a 12 x 3 km belt through Mt. Hibuson. The cumulate peridotite is made up of thin alternating layers of orthopyroxenite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 120 of 374 The Dimuluk Conglomerate. The Dinagat Ophiolite is represented in the central and northwestern areas of Siargao Island. harzburgite and dunite. Occasional lenses of pyroxenite and clinopyroxene peridotite are also present in this transition zone. one located immediately south of Loreto and the other due east of Velore. which may suggest an event of submarine intra- file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (Sapao) and San Benito in Siargao Island. massive and layered gabbros. Northern Pacific Cordillera of mainland Mindanao Age: Late Cretaceous (Santonian) Named by: MGB (2004) Overthrusting the Nueva Estrella Schist is an assemblage of ultramafic and mafic rocks collectively known as the Dinagat Ophiolite. Hinituan. siltstone and shale were found intercalated with the basalt flows along the vicinity of Sapao. sheeted dike complex and pillow basalts. It is underlain by volcanic rocks cut by diabase dikes. Gaboc down south in Dinagat Island. Esperanza.

Abra de Ilog Formation Page 121 of 374 volcanic sedimentation. classified the ages obtained and regrouped those intrusive rocks dated 49-43 Ma as representing the Coastal Batholith. road in the Laur-Dingalan fault zone in Nueva Ecija. fine greywacke and chert mudstones that are typically exposed along the Dingalan Forest Products Co. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dinganen Formation Lithology: Mudstone. Aurora to Pantabangan. claystone. south-central and southern part of North Cotabato file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Wolfe (1981). The diabase–basalt complex has also been mapped in the eastern part of Bucas Grande Island. MMAJ-JICA. North Cotabato. The northern part is mainly dioritic. whereas the southern part is predominantly tonalite. however. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dinalungan Diorite Complex Lithology: Diorite. (see Mamparang Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1990) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric K-Ar datings obtained by MMAJ-JICA (1977) range from 49 Ma to 19 Ma. 1986. tuffaceous sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Patut Formation Distribution: Dinganen Creek. The ophiolite has a radiometric K-Ar age of 84 Ma corresponding to Late Cretaceous period of Santonian age (Sunga and Palaganas. medium to coarse grained quartz diorite and dark colored fine to medium grained diorite. quartz diorite.htm 10/12/2015 . underlying a large part of the Caraballo Mountains and the Northern Sierra Madre. BMG (1981) Renamed by: MGB (2005) Huge bodies of diorite. Peña Dingalan Formation The Dingalan Formation was named by Rutland (1968) for the Late Oligocene sequence of coarse epiclastic breccias. The diorites consist of dark greenish gray. minor gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes older formations Distribution: Dinalungan. Pantabangan. Aurora Province Age: Middle Eocene Previous name: Coastal Batholith Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1977). Nueva Ecija. Casiguran. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Exposures may be encountered from west of Dinalungan. The Dingalan is equivalent to the Mamparang Formation. tonalite and gabbro collectively called Coastal Batholith by MMAJ-JICA (1977) intruding the Caraballo Formation was renamed by MGB (2005) as Dinalungan Diorite Complex.

The middle part is composed of massive and homogenous limestone. It extends north to Barrio Tumalulud.200 m. On the south. 10 km north of Passi. the Sta. The formation also crops out in the south-central and southern part of North Cotabato. It has marine affiliations on the north but becomes nonmarine towards the south. sandstone. Thomas Limestone. easern and northern margins of Iloilo Basin.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 122 of 374 Age: Late Miocene Thickness: ~ 2. The Dingle could be equivalent to the Tarao Formation in the west. fossiliferous shale and thin lenses of limestone. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Iloilo. At the type locality. It is dated Late Miocene with an estimated maximum thickness of 2000 m. As described by them. fragmental and thin-bedded. The maximum aggregate thickness of the formation reaches 2. In Guimaras Island. Coarse grained highly calcareous sandstone and mudstone are interbedded with the limestone. 1951) Renamed by: Froelich and Melendres (1960) This formation was previously named Dinganen Blue Shale by Corby and others (1951) in reference to the rocks along Dinganen Creek. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dingle Formation Lithology: Limestone. belong to the Aglalana Limestone Member. the sandstone becomes conglomeratic and lenses of boulder conglomerate become frequent in the mudstone and siltstone sequence. Santos (1968) reclassified the formation into a lower Aglalana Limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . Capiz and thins out south of Passi. The Summit Clastic Member consists of massive. . gray. Northwards it could be traced to Dumarao. medium to coarse grained sandstone. It is 483 meters along the Lamunan River. the upper and lower parts are made up of thin bedded coralline limestone. The cliffs northeast of Duran. The Dingle occupies the eastern and northern margins of the Iloilo Basin and reappears as a belt of reefs along the northwest coast of Guimaras. Sto. 45 km north of Iloilo City. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is cream to gray. The member is 750 m thick. Passi. hard.000 m Previous name: Dinganen Blue Shale (Corby and others. . Dumalag. which consists of blue to gray mudstone. . The Aglalana is 590 m thick. Dumalag.The middle Summit Clastic Member was named after Barrio Summit. Its age is pegged at Late Miocene. marl.The upper Sto. the Dingle consists of reefal limestone occurring as lenses and interbedded marls. highly calcareous and fossiliferous mudstone and sandstone.The lower Aglalana Limestone was named after Barrio Aglalana.200 m (maximum) Named by: Corby and others (1951) Corby and others (1951) named the formation after Dingle town. south of San Enrique and north of Dingle. Teresa Marl of Culp and Madrid (1967) could be a facies of the Aglalana. northwest coast of Guimaras Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 2. On the north. Thomas Limestone Member was named after Mt. Passi. Capiz and southwards to about 4 km north of Passi where it grades into the Ulian Formation. The formation rests unconformably over the Passi Formation. middle Summit Clastics and upper Sto. Thomas Limestone Member. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Passi Formation Distribution: Dingle. Iloilo. Iloilo. Iloilo. Sto. It consists mainly of well bedded limestone with mudstone and sandstone beds at the base. the formation is dominantly mudstone and claystone. claystone and tuffaceous sandstone.carbonate and clastic. Aglalana Limestone Member. Froelich and Melendres (1960) first described the formation. Summit Clastic Member. Corby and others (1951) subdivided the Dingle into two informal members . sandstones and mudstones. Thomas along a tributary of the Bitaogan Creek. the pinnacles west of Dumalag and the limestone mounds northwest of Barotac Viejo. a tributary of the Simuay River in North Cotabato.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Diwata. Bahbah hills in the vicinity of Irene.78 Ma or Early Oligocene (Sajona and others. San Francisco. Overall. Peña Disubini Formation The Disubini Formation was named by Billedo (1994) for the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene sedimentary sequence along Disubini River at the southern portion of San Ildefonso Peninsula. Agusan del Sur. Agusan del Sur Age: Early Oligocene Named by: MGB (2004) This intrusive body was designated by MGB (2004) as Diwata Diorite based on the description by Quebral (1994) of the coarse-grained diorite underlying Mount Diwata in San Francisco. The upper member is often in fault contact with the lower limestone member although the turbidite sequence was observed to rest conformably over the limestone in Sto. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dolores Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. on the western coast of Agusan del Norte. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 123 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Fe Formation. the age of the formation may be taken as Late Oligocene to Early Miocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Diwata Diorite Lithology: coarse-grained diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Anoling Andesite Distribution: Mt.79 0. which is about 20-25 m thick. and Salimbugaon. It also outcrops in the interior and along the eastern shoreline between Palanan and Dinapique. The Disubini Formation is composed of a lower limestone member and an upper turbidite member. The diorite also outcrops in the vicinity of Banahaw mine in the Rosario massif. unconformably overlies the ultramafic rocks of the Isabela Ophiolite. (see Sta. The limestone member. numerous samples of the shale from the upper turbidite member indicate a nannofossil zone of NP-25. Fe Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Paleontologic dating of foraminifera from several limestone samples indicates an age of Late Oligocene to Early Miocene. Limestone beds from the upper turbidite sequence also yielded Late Oligocene to Early Miocene foraminifera. while at the type locality the limestone is only about 20 m thick. The upper turbidite member consists of shalesandstone interbeds with minor thin layers of limestone. 1997). Nino. Peña Diwata Limestone The Diwata Limestone was named by Teves and others (1951) for the Pliocene limestone at Diwata Point. However. The maximum thickness as estimated from exposures at Bahbah Hills is 50 m. It is apparently equivalent to the Sta. equivalent to late Late Oligocene. This diorite was radiometrically dated 31. Aurora. The limestone also underlies other portions of Agusan del Norte such as Carmen.htm 10/12/2015 . Isabela.

1990). It consists mainly of sandstones. The nannofossils contained in the formation support a Late Pliocene age for the Dolores (MMAJ-JICA. shale and limestone. northeast of Ormoc City. chloritic rocks. including medium grained arkosic sandstone with few interbeds of mudstone. quartz and shale. Compared to the Pangasugan. the beds of the Dolores Formation dip steeply. coal and pyroclastic rocks. At the type area and along major structures. The conglomerate is pebbly with clasts of subrounded andesite fragments set in sandy. Sibuguey Peninsula Age: Middle to Late Miocene Named by: Ibañez and others (1956) The Dumaguet Sandstone was named by Ibañez and others (1956) for the thick sequence of clastic rocks at Upper Dumaguet River. The sandstone is irregularly bedded and commonly exhibits cross-bedding. The conglomerate lenses contain granule to pebble size clasts of schists. 1965) The Dolores Formation was named by Pilac (1965) after its type locality in Barrio Dolores. friable and porous limestone covers the clastic rocks of the Dolores. The formation consists of well-bedded conglomerate. It is composed of matrix-supported volcaniclastic successions occurring as flat-lying units mantling the slopes of the central highlands. sandstone. municipality of Tongonan. the Dolores Formation is finer and better sorted. shale and limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Pangasugan Formation Distribution: Barrio Dolores. probably representing distal sedimentation of the Pangasugan Formation. The formation consists of medium to coarse-grained arkosic sandstone and graywacke with lenses of conglomerate and interbeds of sandy shale. sandstone. Tongonan. (see Lumbog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This carbonate facies is probably equivalent to the Hubay Limestone or could be extensions of the limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 124 of 374 Lithology: Conglomerate. tuffaceous matrix. feldspar and chloritized minerals and rock fragments. It is dated Middle to Late Miocene in age. outcrops occur on the eastern and western slopes of the central highlands of Leyte Age: Late Pliocene Named by: Pilac (1965) Correlation: Bagahupi Formation (Pilac.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dumaguet Sandstone Lithology: Sandstone with interbeds of sandy shale and conglomerate lenses Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Dumaguet River. Peña Dumagok Member The Dumagok Member represents the upper portion of the Lumbog Formation in Sibugay Peninsula. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It unconformably covers part of the Pangasugan Formation. sandy. Along Taruc River. It is made up of subangular to subrounded grains of quartz.

the highest hill in Balatasan Peninsula. The Eplog consists of lava flows with a thickness of at least 35 meters. Dumali. Mindoro Age: Pleistocene Previous name: Dumali Volcanics (Datuin and Uy. Dumali gave a value of 0. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Mt. Some of the vesicles are partly filled with calcite and zeolite. Isabela Age: late Early Oligocene – early Early Miocene Previous name: Dupax Batholith file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.64 Ma while a sample from Mt. 1980). Pleistocene volcanism in Mindoro is represented by volcanic centers such as Mt. Nueva Vizcaya. Similar flows occur near Akihit at the mouth of Naujan Valley. Maestre de Campo and Simara islands. The volcanic rocks consist mostly of andesites. Macapili. and Mauhao. Maestre de Campo and Simara islands off northern Mindoro. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dumali Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. Lake Naujan. The Dumatata Formation is composed of an alternation of basic lava flows. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Dupax Diorite Complex Lithology: Diorite and quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Caraballo and other older formations Distribution: Burgos to Aritao. Lake Naujan. Eplog. may be regarded as partly equivalent to the Abuan Formation. 1984). Eplog.82 Ma (De Boer and others.htm 10/12/2015 . Mauhao. Macapili gave values of 1.56 – 1. 1979) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Eplog lava flows (Weller and Vergara. Calapan. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples from Mt. together with pyroxene andesite (MMAJ-JICA. (see Abuan Formation and Dibuluan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which was considered as the basement of the Cagayan Valley sedimentary sequence in BMG (1981). Macapili and other areas. Peña Dumatata Formation The Dumatata Formation of Huth (1962). The volcanism is related to the subduction of the South China Sea Plate along the southern trace of the Manila Trench that impinges on Mindoro. It is about 550 m thick. Pola. The Dumali is probably equivalent to the Eplog lava flows of Weller and Vergara (1955) named after Mt. 1955). Dumali and Mt. It is also regarded as partly equivalent to the Dibuluan Formation. southeastern Mindoro. The lava consists of vesicular and glassy hornblende andesite. Calapan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Other areas where such volcanism had taken place are Eplog Hill.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 125 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. partly metamorphosed pyroclastic breccia and tuffaceous sandstone and siltstone. except at Mauhao where basalt is also present.

the highest hill in Balatasan Peninsula. Peña Eplog Lava Flows The Eplog Lava Flows of Weller and Vergara (1955) was named after Mt. equivalent to late Early Oligocene to early Early Miocene. a tributary of Bued River near Camp 6 on the eastern side. Negros Oriental Age: Late Oligocene-Early Miocene Thickness: 1. having similar ages as the diorites at Dupax. (see Balacbac Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Escalante Formation Lithology: Sandstone. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Malabago Formation Distribution: Escalante. The Dupax Diorite Complex includes the diorites of Caraballo (otherwise known as Dupax Batholith) and the quartz diorites of the Northern Sierra Madre Batholith (MGB. conforming to the 33 Ma to 22 Ma age bracket given by MMAJ-JICA (1977). also in Mindoro. The Eplog consists of lava flows with a thickness of at least 35 m. It is probably equivalent to the Dumali Volcanic Complex. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.9 Ma. These plutonic intrusives in the Caraballo mountains consist mainly of diorites with varying quartz content which are finer grained compared to the Aurora Diorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 126 of 374 Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1977). It was named after the exposures from Burgos to Aritao. Eplog. including tonalite and granodiorite. southeastern Mindoro. These diorites intrude the Caraballo Formation and other older formations. at Tuba. Many of the dikes are equivalent to the Balacbac andesite. northwest of Dupax. 2004). previously known as Dupax Batholith (BMG. 1981) represents a second episode of magmatic intrusion following the emplacement of the Aurora Diorite Complex. Quartz diorites. Danao River. BMG (1981) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Dupax Diorite Complex.htm 10/12/2015 . shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which are exposed in the axial part of northern Sierra Madre were designated by Billedo (1994) as the Northern Sierra Madre Batholith. Some of the vesicles are partly filled with calcite and zeolite.730 m Named by: Caguiat (1967) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Trankalan Range. limestone. Negros Occidental. These dikes include lamprophyric rocks and appinites and other porphyritic rocks which exhibit prominent hornblende and pyroxene phenocrysts as well as ordinary andesite porphyry with varying sizes and amounts of plagioclase phenocrysts. Benguet. Nueva Vizcaya. Similar flows occur near Akihit at the mouth of Naujan Valley. The lava consists of vesicular and glassy hornblende andesite. siltstone. New radiometric datings (40K/40Ar and 40Ar/39Ar) give values of 30 Ma to 21. Peña Emerald Creek Complex The Emerald Creek Complex was named by Schafer (1954) for the dike swarms typically encountered along Emerald Creek.

The Paitan Member consists of an alternation of sandstone. Wolfart and others (1986) adopted the name for the clastic rocks associated with limestone. Globoquadrina binaiensis. At the Bacungan tectonic window. Maranat Creek. 1985). chert and spilitic basalt complex in central and southern Palawan. 1959). Ericsonia fenestrata and Sphenolithus ciperoensis belong to NP 25 (Muller and others. Hashimoto and others (1977) found an assemblage of Eulepidina and Spiroclypeus without Miogypsina in the upper part of the Trankalan indicating a Late Oligocene age. On the other hand. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. clastic rocks and spilitic basalt at Espina Point in Balabac Island.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 127 of 374 The Escalante Formation was named by Caguiat (1967) for the rocks exposed in the vicinity of Barrio Libertad. 1972) Correlation: Boayan Formation in northern Palawan. It is well exposed around Trankalan Range. limestone and chert. north of Bacungan tectonic window and in Iratag River was designated as Maranat pillow lavas by MMAJ-JICA (1990). the upper part of the Escalante Formation extends into the Early Miocene. at the south entrance of Calandorang Bay and in the east-central mountainous parts of Balabac Island between Calandorang and Dalawan bays. cherty shale and chert were observed intercalated with the basalt. The formation may be divided into the lower Paitan Member and upper Trankalan Limestone member (Yap. In places. dense and fossiliferous. cream to white. This formation is synonymous to the Chert-Spilite of Reyes (1971) and Chert Basalt Series of Martin (1972). The total thickness of the formation. The Trankalan Limestone is pinkish. It was earlier designated as Irahuan Metavolcanics by De los Santos (1959) which was described as altered basaltic flows unconformably overlying paraschists. Bacungan River Group consisting of Maranat pillow lavas. It is widely distributed in central and southern Palawan as massive basalt and basaltic pillow lavas and breccias. siltstone. including the Trankalan Limestone. algae and locally with abundant orbitoids. The chert is reddish to brownish gray and manganese-bearing. White to cream dense micritic limestone occurs in the middle. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Espina Formation Lithology: Spilitic basalt with intercalated sandstone and chert Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Panas Formation and the Sumbiling Limestone Distribution: Espina Point. The nannoplankton assemblage with Helicosphaera recta. Pait Hill in Balabac Island. It is best exposed at Pait Hill. corresponding to Late Oligocene. Chert Basalt Series (Martin. Irahuan Metavolcanics (De los Santos. 1959) in central Palawan The name Espina Formation was originally used by Basco (1964) to designate the chert. is 1730 m.htm 10/12/2015 . Intercalations of turbiditic layers and limestone breccias that reach a thickness of 500 m have been described by Jurgan (1980). consists of Globorotalia kugleri. partly brecciated. Tagburos Siltstone and Sulu Sea Mine Formation (UNDP. The foraminiferal assemblage of the clastic facies of the Escalante Formation. with fragments of head and branching corals. as reported by Muller and others (1989). The shale is indurated and siliceous. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. along Bacungan River and at Irawan area. 1989). pillow lavas and breccias occasionally intercalated with chert form low lying hills. mudstone and marl. According to Gramann (1982). Escalante in northeastern Negros Occidental. 1972). The limestone is brown to gray. Globigerinoides primordius and Globigerina ciperoensis typical of zones N3–N4 (Late Oligocene – Early Miocene). Porth and others (1989) also describe a sequence in Danao River of tuffaceous sandstones and siltstones with intercalations of volcanic pebble to boulder conglomerate which could be part of the Escalante Formation. Patch reefs are also locally developed. 1971). The Espina Formation as originally described consists of basalt with intercalated shale. The pillow lavas and breccias at Maranat Creek. generally thick bedded. Chert-Spilite (Reyes. Porth and others (1989) consider the Tankalan as time equivalent of the lower part of the clastic Escalante Formation. and the Irahuan Metavolcanics (De los Santos. Bacungan River. 1985). Also included in this unit are: the Espina Basalt of MMAJ-JICA (1990). southern Palawan Age: Late Cretaceous Thickness: 1000 meters Named by: Basco (1964) Synonymy: Bacungan River Group (UNDP.

The Lawaan is thought to have been emplaced during the Paleogene (MMAJ-JICA.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 128 of 374 Overlying the basalt in the Iratag window are pelagic clastic rocks of the Espina Formation which represent the sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. sandstone. It also crops out at Balahid in the Bongabon area. white and also fossiliferous. According to the description. siltstones. a tributary of the Pula river in northeastern Oriental Mindoro. Stratigraphically overlying this sequence is the Sulu Sea Mine Formation consisting of interbedded red cherts and dark manganiferous cherts. is probably equivalent to the Famnoan. The Espina Formation is overlain unconformably by the Panas Formation and Sumbiling Limestone and is in thrust contact with gabbro and ultramafic rocks. Balahid in Bongabon area. The pebbles of the conglomerate are indurated clastic rocks and occasional serpentine. shale. red and green mudstones. the unit consists of foliated rocks. This probably includes the “paraschist” mapped by De los Santos (1959) in the Inagauan and Iwahig Penal Colony areas. 1992) This formation was named by Teves (1953) for the rocks at Famnoan along the middle reaches of Bongabon River. limestone and quartzite. Marchadier and Rangin (1990) report a dating of Early Pliocene (nannoplankton zone NN14-NN15) for the siltstone sequence at Insulman River. 1988). 1995). Agadier and Maac (1987) found exposures of this unit along Sabang River. Sabang and Nawa rivers. Peña Felsic Volcanic Rocks The Felsic Volcanic Rocks of Garcia and Mercado (1981) in Samar refers to a thick series of interlayered dacitic lavas. Its estimated thickness is about 1. the limestone reaches a thickness of about 50 cm. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Middle reaches of Bongabon River.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Famnoan Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. The limestone is bedded. Hanzawa and Hashimoto (1970) found rich assemblages of planktonic foraminifera which indicate an Early Pliocene age. volcanic breccia and lapilli tuffs which is considered part of the Lawaan Formation. The age adopted by MGB (2004) for the Espina Formation is Late Cretaceous. (see file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Tagburos Siltstone consists of interbedded massive greenish siltstone. interstratified with beds of chert. According to Wolfart and others (1986). while Agadier and Maac (1987) gave an Early Pliocene age for the rocks in Sabang River based on microfossil content. probably during Late-Cretaceous – Early Eocene. pillow breccias and sparse pillow lavas. as redefined by Agadier-Zepeda and others (1993). This also includes thin turbiditic sandstones and gray mudstones with minor interbedded red mudstones outcropping in Iratag River. Chert samples intercalated with the basalt taken in southern Palawan and from the Sulu Sea Mine Formation contain radiolarians of Albian-Campanian age (Tumanda and others. In Bonton River. The Insulman Formation.000 m. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Their paleontological dating for this sequence of mudstones. Radiolarian species identified from the chert spilite series points to pre-Cenomanian and Campanian ages. This sedimentary sequence was subdivided by MMAJ-JICA (1990) into the Tagburos Siltstone and Sulu Sea Mine Formation. conglomerates and wackes. minor wacke and conglomerate. sandstones and limestone indicate an age no older than Pliocene for the formation. deposition of the overlying chert and clastic equivalents was probably coeval to the deposition of the Boayan Formation in northern Palawan. Wolfart and others (1986) recognized the nannofossil Tetralithus trifidus assemblage indicating a Late Campanian to Early Maastrichtian age. Mindoro Island Age: Early Pliocene Named by: Teves (1953) Synonymy: Insulman Formation (Agadier-Zepeda and others. The formation consists of a basal conglomerate succeeded by sandstone and shale and topped by limestone.

conglomerate. pyroclastic rocks. west of Libertad to Malay. II. sandstone. 1966) was described by Diegor (1980) as pseudo-reefal limestone intercalated with alkaline basalt flows and pyroclastic rocks associated with conglomerates and sandstones on the western part of Panay Island. III Formations I. Peña Formations I. II. III in Northern Sierra Madre of Luzon are constituent units of the Caraballo Group of MMAJ-JICA (1977). (see Bilbao Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Fragante Formation Lithology: Limestone. Bicol region. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Fuentes Green Tuff The Fuentes Green tuff of Caguiat (1967) may be regarded as equivalent to the Malabago Formation. (see Caraballo Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone contains large foraminefera such as Miogypsina dated as Burdigalian-Langhian (Middle Miocene). The Group was renamed Caraballo Formation by Ringenbach (1992).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 129 of 374 Lawaan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Formation consists of volcanic flows and volcaniclastic rocks which was subdivided by Ringenbach (1992) into proximal and distal volcano-sedimentary facies. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Buruanga Metamorphic Complex and the Patria Quartz Diorite Distribution: Sta. Peña Gaba Coal Measures The Gaba Coal Measures is a member of the Bilbao Formation. basalt. Bilbao and the vicinity of Gaba at the western coast of Gaba Bay on Batan Island. a Middle Miocene clastic sequence with interbeds of volcanic and pyroclastic rocks in Negros Island (see Malabago Formation). It has a thickness of 200 m. It is exposed on the slopes of Mt. Cruz area at the neck of Buruanga Peninsula. Panay Island Age: Middle Miocene Named by: Cruz and Lingat (1966) The Fragante Formation (Cruz and Lingat. It consists of beds of brown sandstone and carbonaceous shale with coal seams which overlie the lower limestone. The formation unconformably overlies the basement and the intrusive rocks of the Patria Quartz Diorite.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

highly indurated and slightly carbonaceous. This sandstone member has a thickness of 470 m. agglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Northeastern part of Caramoan Peninsula.htm 10/12/2015 . shale. from Garchitorena to Parabcan. The formation was previously dated Paleocene (BMG. limestone and basaltic flows designated by Miranda (1976) as the Garchitorena Formation underlie a wide belt in the northeastern part of the peninsula. The Galicia consists of coarse to fine-grained sandstone. shale. chert. At Tinajuagan Point and in the interior part of Tabgon. Camarines Norte Age: Late Cretaceous Thickness: 1.500 m. light brown to chocolate brown. Peña Gamut Limestone The Gamut Limestone of Victoriano and Gutierrez (1980) in the Bislig-Lianga area probably corresponds to the upper limestone member of the Wawa Formation in the Agusan Basin of Mindanao. An andesitic clast in the agglomerate has been dated 91. (see Wawa Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone is generally massive to medium bedded and dirty white to light brown. limestone.1 0. which is locally conglomeratic. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. tuff. The chert is thin bedded. The shale is medium bedded. chert. particularly Haponan Island where limestone with cherty layers is interbedded with agglomerate. 1994). from Garchitorena in the north to Parabcan in the south. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Garchitorena Formation Lithology: Volcanic wacke. confirming the Late Cretaceous age (Turonian) of the Formation (David. The thickness of the formation is estimated to be 1. Bicol region. The formation is equivalent to the Pagsangahan Formation.5 Ma by 40Ar/39Ar radiometric method.500 m Named by: Miranda (1976) Synonymy: Pagsangahan Formation A sequence of volcanic wackes. Coral fragments are present in the coarser sandstone layers. the unit is characterized by a turbidite sequence with interbeds of reddish to gray tuff and intercalations of agglomerates containing andesite clasts. with interbeds of shale. Some small islands southeast of Lahuy show similar stratigraphy. 1981) but recent studies indicate a Late Cretaceous age on the basis of nannofossils in the interbedded shales. basalt. light gray. It underlies a wide belt from Mancao on the west to the area north of Gaba at the northern coast of Batan Island. Peña Galicia Sandstone The Galicia Sandstone is a member of the Bilbao Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Bilbao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 130 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

previously dated Middle Miocene. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Tabionan Formation This formation was originally named Gasan Tuffaceous Shale by Corby and others (1951). green tuff and green lime mudstone. east of the town of Maasin. It lies conformably above the Amontay Formation. characterized by basal. Its estimated thickness is 1. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Gilonon Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. the unit seemingly occur as an erosional window covered by Quaternary limestone of the Masonting Formation. This facies is also marked by trough cross bedding. the Tabionan is considered equivalent to the Gasan. The southern facies is composed of multilateral and multilevel fining upward of channel-fill sequences. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Overlies truncated quartz diorite bodies Distribution: Gasan. Mudstone lenses with dessication cracks indicative of channel fill deposits in a fluvial environment are also features of the formation. dominantly pebbly to cobbly. This is well exposed in the lower stretch of the Amparo River.400 meters. along the southwest flank of the island are Upper Miocene pyroclastic sedimentary rocks called Tabionan Formation by Gervasio (1970). The volcanic rocks consist of plagiophyric basalt and plagioclase- file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. channel scours and foresets which are mainly directed to the northeast. In BMG (1981). Leyte Age: Late Eocene Named by: Florendo (1987) Correlation: Ubay Formation of Bohol Island The Gilonon Formation was designated by Florendo (1987) for the clastic rocks overriding the "Basak thrust slabs" that spread from the headwaters of Bonbon River southwards to the town of Maasin.400 m Previous name: Gasan Tuffaceous Shale (Corby and others. The base of the formation is a thick conglomerate with serpentinite clasts. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Clasts of the conglomerate consist of basalt and andesite with occasional limestone fragments. Maasin. sandstone. This formation is divided into two lithologic facies: the dominantly conglomeratic strata in the southern part and the sequence of sandstone. siltstone and green tuff in the northern portion. It consists of light gray laminated tuffaceous siltstone and shale and unconformably overlies truncated quartz diorite bodies. also exposed as small patches in thrust slabs at the headwaters of Bonbon River. siltstone and green tuff Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Amontay Formation Distribution: Gilonon Creek. The dominance of deep marine benthic foraminifers and turbidite structures in these clastic deposits suggest sedimentation in a deep marine fan. shale. The Gasan. These generally indicate sedimentation in the lower reaches of braided alluvial plains. siltstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 131 of 374 Gasan Formation Lithology: Siltstone. The northern facies of the thrust slab is characterized mainly by marine successions of dark gray and greenish gray volcanogenic turbidites. is now dated Late Miocene. Also included in the Gilonon Formation are associated volcanic and hypabyssal rocks and minor intrusive rocks. At the type locality along Gilonan creek.htm 10/12/2015 . Fossils contained in the limestone clasts suggest a Late Eocene age. Also. conglomerate that passes upward to coarse to fine-grained sandstone. Marinduque Island Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 1.

thinly bedded mudstone. siltstone. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Pangyan Formation Distribution: Upper Glan and Big Lun rivers. The Glan consists of folded sequence of dark gray. This unit was described in BED (1986b) but its name was not indicated. It lies conformably over the Pangyan Formation and is unconformably overlain by the Buayan Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Along Vigan River in the Camcuevas area. 1986b). Thick laterite mantles the serpentinized ultramafics in several places. Peridotite. It is well exposed along file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Minor dacitic breccia is interbedded with the conglomerates. The Giporlos Ultramafic Complex represents the lower section of the Samar Ophiolate. small chromite bodies are found in the serpentinized ultramafics. occur as discontinuous irregular bodies along northwest trending thrust faults in southeastern Samar where they are juxtaposed over metamorphosed spilitic and pillow basalts and associated sedimentary rocks as observed in the upper reaches of Giporlos River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Glan Formation Lithology: Mudstone. It is dated Middle Miocene and has an estimated thickness of 915 m along the Big Lun River section (BED. dunite. Dioritic intrusions apparently cut across some portions of the formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 132 of 374 pyroxene-phyric andesite. Saranggani Peninsula Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: ~ 915 m Named by: MGB (2004) The Glan Formation refers to exposures of clastic rocks at Upper Glan River. It is typically exposed at Big Lun River as well as Upper Glan River. Peña Giporlos Ultramafic Complex Lithology: Peridotite. Peña Gotas Member Gotas is the middle of three members of the Lumbog Formation of Ibañez and others (1956). which are occasionally calcareous and carbonaceous.htm 10/12/2015 . siltstone and sandstone. gabbro Distribution: Southeastern Samar Age: Cretaceous Named by: Garcia and Mercado (1981) Santos-Ynigo and others (1951) first reported the occurrence of serpentinized peridotite in the Camcuevas property of Samar Mining Company in MacArthur as overthrust sheet overriding the metavolcanics of the Camcuevas Volcanics and the sedimentary rocks of their Balo River Series (now Balo Formation). serpentinized dunite and minor gabbro collectively called ultramafic complex by Garcia and Mercado (1981). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

shale and sandstone with thick interbeds of coarse pyroclastic rocks. southern Rizal province and adjoining areas. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Guijalo Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies Cretaceous sedimentary formations Distribution: Guijalo and Minas Point. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. loosely cemented. It forms an extensive outcrop belt underlying the hills and lowlands in eastern Bulacan and southeastern Nueva Ecija. is massive. eastern Bulacan. fine to medium grained.The Diliman Tuff was named by Teves and Gonzales (1950) for the exposures of pyroclastic rocks in Diliman. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map 1 || Show Stratigraphic Map 2 || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Guadalupe Formation Lithology: Alat Conglomerate member – conglomerate. . Fossil plant leaves of the genus Euphorbliaceae. Quezon City. deer and elephant teeth. sandstone. Makati City. Caramoan Peninsula Age: Middle Eocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.500 – 2. The Alat is a sequence of conglomerate. friable and exhibits cross bedding. Alvir (1929) described the same sequence but referred to it as Guadalupe Tuff Formation. poorly sorted with well-rounded pebbles and small boulders of underlying rocks cemented by coarse grained. leaf imprints and artifacts. The interbedded sandstone is massive to poorly bedded. sticky. (see Lumbog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Gotas consists of mudstone. In the Angat-Novaliches region.The Alat Conglomerate was named by Alvir (1929) for the outcrops along Sapang Alat. Metro Manila which was earlier described by Von Drasche (1878). It also covers large portions of Pasig City.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 133 of 374 Gotas Creek in Sibuguey Peninsula. Pasig. The maximum estimated thickness of this member is 200 m. Alat Conglomerate. which is the most predominant rock type. as well as the area between Santa Maria and Balu Rivers in Bulacan The whole sequence is flat-lying. silty and tuffaceous.000 m. Makati. sandstone and mudstones.htm 10/12/2015 . about 3 km north of the Novaliches Reservoir. southeastern Nueva Ecija Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 1.200 m Named by: Smith (1913) This formation was named by Smith (1913) for the tuff sequence that crops out along Pasig River in Guadalupe. Dark mafic minerals and bits of pumiceous and scoriaceous materials are dispersed in the glassy tuff matrix. Makati. tuffaceous. tuffaceous sandstones Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Tartaro Formation Distribution: Quezon City.300-2. Diliman Tuff. pyroclastic breccias. southern Rizal. and bits of wood recovered in Guadalupe and Novaliches suggest a Pleistocene age. Corby and others (1951) called it Guadalupe Tuffs and Teves and Gonzales (1950) named it Guadalupe Formation with two members: a lower Alat Conglomerate and an upper Diliman Tuff member. . The thickness of the Diliman Tuff is 1. soft. The conglomerate. mudstone Diliman Tuff member – tuffs. medium to thin bedded and consists of fine grained vitric tuffs and welded pyroclastic breccias with minor fine to medium grained tuffaceous sandstone. it is assigned a Pleistocene age. calcareous and sandy matrix. The formation unconformably overlies the Tartaro and on the basis of the presence of Stegodon fossils and other vertebrate remains. The mudstone is medium to thin bedded.

Radiometric K-Ar dating indicate a Pliocene age for the quartz diorite (Sillitoe and file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Iloilo. respectively (Santos. hornblende and pyroxene. It intruded sandstones that could be part of the Sibala Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. were measured along Ulian and Tigum rivers. (see Tarao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Part of the limestone east of Guijalo is most probably a megablock in an olistostrome unit. soft. quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Sibala Formation Distribution: Guimaras Island. It consists mainly of thick bedded. 1968). The limestone is cream to grayish and generally massive with facies variations from algal limestone to bioclastic limestone. with its clastic units being included in the Caramoan Formation. Peña Guimbal Mudstone The Guimbal Mudstone is a member of the Tarao Formation. The Guimaras is massive. leucocratic to mesocratic. extends from the junction of Har-ao and Tanian rivers going upstream to a point between barrios Napahay and Tagpuan (Santos. This was previously included in the Guijalo Formation of Miranda (1976) which was redefined by MGB (2004).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 134 of 374 Thickness: 100-200 m Previous name: Guijalo Formation (Miranda. It is around 100 m thick in the Minas Point area and 200 m thick east of Guijalo. Eastern Panay Age: Paleocene Named by: Culp and Madrid (1967) The Guimaras Diorite was named by Culp and Madrid (1967) for the diorite stock measuring roughly 9 km by 4 km in Guimaras Island. It attains a maximum thickness of 1. where it unconformably overlies graywacke and Cretaceous calcareous hemipelagic sedimentary rocks at Palag Bay and Cretaceous limestone in the north at Pandacan Cove. consisting of feldspar. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. are associated with dacites.166 m along Har-ao River. quartz. 1976) Renamed by: David (1994) The Guijalo Limestone was designated by David (1994) for the limestone capping west of Minas Point which unconformably overlies the volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks of the Pagsangahan Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Guimaras Diorite Lithology: Diorite. highly calcareous foraminiferal mudstone with highly fossiliferous marl. while thinner sections. fine to medium grained. karstic topography characterize the massive limestone unit. Its type locality at Guimbal. gray-green. of only 407 m and 378 m. Peña Guinaoang Quartz Diorite The Guinaoang Quartz Diorite stock and other quartz diorite bodies in the mine area of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. 1968). calcisiltite and minor conglomerate. Previously it was believed to be coeval with the Sara Diorite but radiometric K-Ar dating revealed an age of 59 Ma (Paleocene). East of Guijalo. Numerous datings of large foraminifera in limestone samples indicate an age of Upper Lutetian-Lower Bartonian (Foraminiferal Zone P12-P13) equivalent to Middle Eocene.

Palawan Age: Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Named by: Hashimoto and Sato (1973) Correlation: Mansiol Conglomerate (Teves.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Guinlo Formation Lithology: Sandstone. It unconformably overlies the Coron Formation. The conglomerate and quartzite which underlie the Eocene limestone at Maytiguid Island north of Taytay town is also considered equivalent to the Guinlo Formation. Maytiguid. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cagbatang. pyroclastic rocks and chert. Inoulay. It consists mainly of weakly metamorphosed massive. Imorigue islands. 1985). (see Cebu Formation). (see Cebu Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the formation is assigned a Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous age. Peña Guinibasan Conglomerate The Guinbasan Conglomerate of Santos-Yñigo (1956) is equivalent to the Guindaruhan Conglomerate. Cagbatang and Inoulay islands in the southern Calamian Island Group are also considered equivalent to the Guinlo Formation. with clasts of quartz and siliceous rocks. coarse-grained sandstone. The basal conglomerate of the coal measures at Guindaruhan is 10-15 m thick and contains clasts of volcanic rock. The conglomerate is usually less than one meter thick. The sandstone with few conglomerate interbeds exposed at Ariara. The exposures at the type locality at Guinibasan have the same characteristics as the conglomerate at Guindaruhan. 1953) The Guinlo Formation was named by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) for the clastic rocks exposed at Guinlo Point in the northwestern coast of Malampaya Sound. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Coron Formation and overlain by the Maytiguid Limestone Distribution: Guinlo Point. (see Black Mountain quartz Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. at Malampaya Sound. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 135 of 374 Angeles. 1977) is equivalent to the basal portion of the coal measures that represent the lower member of the Cebu Formation in central Cebu. Ariara. Peña Guindaruhan Conglomerate The Guindaruhan Conglomerate of Balce (1974. in Hashimoto. The sandstone is white to gray and exhibits crossstratification. other places in the vicinity of Malampaya Sound. Mabin. The Guinaoang may represent the local equivalent of the Black Mountain Quartz Diorite in the Baguio District. but on the basis of stratigraphic position. The Guinlo is devoid of fossils.

conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Buayan Formation Distribution: Coastal areas from Malapatan in the north to Mananda in the south and northeastern part of Sarangani Bay. greenschist. cavernous and contain abundant megafossils. sericite. amphibolite Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement rocks Distribution: Gumaca. shales and conglomerates. marly. shale. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Gumasa Formation Lithology: Limestone.Pleistocene Thickness: ~ 400 m Previous name: Gumasa Limestone (Punay and others. (see Liminangcong Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. well bedded tuffaceous pebble to cobble conglomerates predominate file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. possibly the Cadig Ophiolitic Complex of southeastern Luzon. Along Latian River. The clastic rocks. It is equivalent to the Liminangcong Formation of Hashimoto and Sato (1973). The typical mineral assemblage of the quartzofeldspathic schists is chlorite. greenschist and amphibolites. may be found along Latian and Dimulok rivers of the peninsula. Aurelio (1992) has reported the existence of pillow basalts about 4 km east of Unisan which are capped by thin pelagic limestone deposits containing Globotruncana. West of Unisan albite-epidote-amphibole schist is in contact with metagabbro. The limestone and the clastic rocks of the Gumasa have unconformable relations with the underlying Buayan Formation. The amphibolite schists commonly border ultramafic rocks and might represent the metamorphic sole of an ophiolitic body. Unisan. sandstone. The sandstone is usually fine-grained. Latian and Dimulok rivers. consisting chiefly of sandstones. The limestone exposures of the Gumasa are confined to the coastal areas from Malapatan in the north to Mananda in the south and the low hills on the northeastern part of Sarangani Bay. quartz and albite. Bondoc Peninsula Age: Cretaceous Named by: MGB (2004) The Gumaca Schist consists chiefly of quartzo-feldspathic schist. friable and contains limestone interbeds and abundant megafossils. 1972) Renamed by: BED (1986b) The Gumasa Formation was previously named Gumasa Limestone by Punay and others (1972) but was renamed by BED (1986b) to include the clastic rocks that are coeval with the limestone. The schists occur as small irregular bodies in Gumaca and Unisan. The Liminangcong consists of hematite-bearing chert intercalated with black slate and reddish bedded tuff.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 136 of 374 Gulang-Gulang Slates The Gulang-Gulang Slates was named by De Villa (1941) for the iron gray slates at sitio Gulang-Gulang on the south side of Malampaya Sound in northern Palawan.htm 10/12/2015 . This indicates that the associated ophiolitic formation is not younger than Late Cretaceous. Saranggani Peninsula Age: Pliocene . The low dipping limestone is coralline. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Gumaca Schist Lithology: Quartzo-feldspathic schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Along Malungon Valley.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. as well as chlorite schist. Milanes (1981) describes the Kiblawan Limestone as coralline and porous. the Matan-ao Clastics consists of poorly consolidated and poorly sorted. limestone and shale outcropping along roadcuts in Gutusan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The sedimentary melange. as Late Miocene based on nannofossils. It consists of thin bedded sandstone. as estimated from sections at barangays Tango and Gumasa. The Kiblawan Limestone of Milanes (1981) is probably equivalent to the limestone of Gumasa Formation. The thickness of the Gutusan near the Tuktuk type section is 250 m (Corby and others. Towards Bald Dome Ridge. 1981). flat-lying sandstones. on the other hand. sandstones. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Gunyan Melange Lithology: Megablocks of harzburgite. dunite. basalt. Quebral (1994) dated a detrital series consisting of graywackes and sandstones with a turbiditic character towards its lower portion and of marls and microconglomerates towards the upper portion. The thickness of the formation. Siayan. shales and limestone was dated late Pleistocene (NN20). The Matan-ao underlies the relatively flat lands in Matan-ao and Magsaysay and the narrow north-south trending Malungon Valley. shales and conglomerates with reworked tuffs and occasional terrace gravel (Milanes. Kiblawan and in barangays Lapla and Roxas in Sulop. limestone in serpentinite and clayey matrix Stratigraphic relations: Emplaced along major fault structures Distribution: Gunyan in Siayan. sandstones. The nannofossil faunal assemblage indicates that the area had been under marine conditions until late Pleistocene time and that sea regression is a recent event. Polanco. The Matan-ao Clastics of Milanes (1981) may also correspond to the clastic rocks of the Gumasa. It is also massive in some places. chert. is around 400 m. the nannofossil assemblage of a sequence of conglomerates. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. andesites. The blocks range in size from tens of meters to kilometer-sized hills. North-Central Zamboanga Age: Early Miocene? Named by: Yumul and others (2000) The Gunyan Melange was named by Yumul and others (2000) for the chaotic megablocks of igneous and sedimentary rocks set in serpentinized and clayey matrix.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 137 of 374 over the finer grained clastic rocks. (see Tuktuk Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. An Oligocene age determined for one of the limestone blocks suggests an Early Miocene age for the Suture Zone as well as for the Melange. schists. gabbro. The Kiblawan occupies the higher elevations along the western parts of Magsaysay. Peña Gutusan Member The Gutusan Member is the upper member of the Tuktuk Formation in western Leyte. The tectonic melange consists mainly of ophiolite-derived blocks of harzburgite. The ophiolite-derived blocks even include chromitites enveloped in dunite at Gunyan and its vicinity. as well as limestone ranging in size from boulders to kilometer sized blocks set in a clayey matrix. consists of sandstones. gabbro. and without any apparent bedding. Higher into the sequence. 1951). often marly. The formation is dated Pliocene – Pleistocene. basalt and chert in a serpentinite matrix. The Melange is a combination of tectonic and sedimentary melange distributed in a linear manner near the center of the so-called Siayan-Sindangan Suture Zone (also known as SindanganCotabato Fault) in Gunyan.

These rocks are collectively designated as Burburungan Amphibolite. 1966). epidote and chlorite. Halcon. metagabbro. slate. oligoclase. 1953) Renamed by: MMAJ-JICA (1984) as Halcon Metamorphics The rocks in the upper Bongabong River in Mindoro were named by Teves (1953) as Mindoro Metamorphics. Odalo and Nangka rivers as well as the northwestern coast. 1986b) which crops out around the central core of Samar. The main components of the actinolite schists are actinolite. gneisses. Actinolite schist occurs in the Binaybay-Inabasan area. However. Lubang and Ambil islands Age: Late Jurassic? Previous name: Mindoro Metamorphics (Teves. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Halcon Metamorphic Complex Lithology: Amphibolite. slates and marble. quartz diorite or plagiogranite and sedimentary and volcanic rocks. Numerous dikes of metadiabase cutting into hornblendite at the upper reaches of Matabang River have also been reported by Caagusan (1966). The amphibolites and metagabbro at Puerto Galera and Ambil Island are regarded by Rangin and others (1985) and Marchadier and Rangin (1990) as parts of a metaophiolite. Samar Island Age: Middle Miocene Named by: Carozzi and others (1976) Synonymy: Hinabangan Formation Coral-red algal reefal carbonates exposed in the area of San Jose de Buan were designated by Carozzi and others (1976) as Hagbay Formation. greenschist. prompting MMAJ-JICA (1984) to rename it as Halcon Metamorphics. The metagabbro is made up mainly of albite. It is dark green. named after Barrio Hagbay where they are prominently exposed. The Hagbay is equivalent to the Hinabangan Formation (BED. gneiss. Intercalations of siltstones were observed particulary near the contact with the overlying shale of the Catbalogan Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . This carbonate unit contains larger foraminifers of Middle Miocene affinity. San Jose de Buan. and occasionally shows thinly banded structure as at Odalo River. albite. Burburungan such as Matabang. siltstone Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by the Catbalogan Formation Distribution: Barrio Hagbay. 1966). uralite and uralitic clinopyroxene or plagioclase-hornblende (Caagusan. They correlate these with the metaophiolite in Tablas which had been radiometrically dated 140 Ma. Calavite to Puerto Galera and in the areas around Mt. Urilan.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 138 of 374 Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Hagbay Formation Lithology: Reefal limestone. The metamorphic complex consists of amphibolites. marble Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of northeastern Mindoro Distribution: Northern Mindoro from Mt. very fine to coarse grained. Hornblendite and actinolite schist comprise the amphibolites (Caagusan. greenschists. 1986b). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Calavite to Puerta Galera and areas around Mt. In places. metagabbro. phyllites. It consists of limestone breccias at the base and grades into reefs of the middle portion and bioarenites at the upper portions of the formation (BED. Burburungan Amphibolite. the amphibolite is intimately associated with gneissose metagabbro and appears to be partly contemporaneous with the latter. the metamorphic rocks of Mindoro are more widely exposed in northern Mindoro from Mt. These rocks represent metamorphosed ophiolitic rocks. Halcon. Exposures of the hornblendite and metagabbro may be found along the upper reaches of the northerly streams draining Mt. phyllite. equivalent to Late file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It is dated Early – Middle Miocene and has an estimated thickness of 500 m. along the northern coast of Mindoro and along Odalo River. They are also exposed on Lubang Island and other islands off northern Mindoro.

the lower part is made up of a coarse-grained quartz feldspar-muscovite-garnet gneiss. pyrite and clastic muscovite. The matrix is made up principally of sericite. Mamburao River. 1989. sericite. Sericite phyllite with chloritoid metacrysts were observed in Lagnas Valley. phyllite. Farther west. The typical mineral assemblage is chlorite. sometimes with minor epidote. and Inabasan-Alag River on the south. The upper part is composed of various type of schists that generally grade into one another. slate. Odalo River on the west. Urilan and lower Matabang and Odalo rivers. They are intercalated with thin beds of slates or phyllite near marble horizons. 1990). metaconglomerate and sericite schist. black is rare. is widely exposed in a 150 km2 area. These are made up essentially of sericite. The semischists are dark gray to black. Malasimbo. It crops out thinly and sparsely in Mt. The phyllites occur as thin-bedded exposures below the massive marble in Lagnas Valley. In Urilan River. The protolith of the gneiss is considered by Caagusan (1966) to be an intrusive body.htm 10/12/2015 . xenoblastic albite. Muscovite is commonly dominant over biotite. The best exposure is in Genting Ridge at the central part of the island where it is intruded by basic dikes metamorphosed into amphibolite schist. quartz. brittle and fine grained or sugary. northwest of Lagnas Valley and south of Camangaon. 20-60. in the Matabang River where the volcanic rocks intercalated with the semischist is only slightly sericitized. Thick sections underlie the upper Pagbahan. the quartz-albite-oligoclase gneiss carries actinolite instead of muscovite or biotite. The percentages of essential components of the rocks are: oligoclase-albite. Some colors are imparted by carbonaceous matter and chlorite. and break easily along the schistosity with a dull sheen on the surface. semischist. green and shows a silvery sheen on cleavage surfaces. Peña Halfway Creek Formation The Halfway Creek Formation was named by UNDP (1987) for the sequence of volcaniclastic breccias. It is bounded by Puerto Galera and San Teodoro on the east. The gneiss is designated as Camarong Gneiss for the exposures at Camarong River. marble. 10-50. Calcite. chlorite. quartz-feldspar-biotite and the chlorite-epidote-actinolite schists. A semischistose texture is imparted by the orientation of the lepidoblastic sericite flakes. phyllite and slates. Fine crystalloblastic albite may form thin laminae. calcite and carbonaceous matter. The semischists of Caagusan (1966) are extensively exposed along Lapa-ao River. Verde Island Passage on the north. The slates are exposed along the northern coast in Getaluz Creek. They are the quartz-feldspar-muscovite. It is fine grained. designated by Caagusan (1966) as Mindoro Gneiss. Nangka. These are hard.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 139 of 374 Jurassic (Marchadier and Rangin. The marbles extensively exposed in northern Mindoro are thickly bedded and are transitional to an older sequence of semischists. The sericite schist is derived from thin layers of volcanic rock intercalated with the upper horizon of the metasedimentary sequence. In Lubang Island. along Odalo River. The gneiss is adjacent to the Burburungan Amphibolite. coarse grained. forms segregation bands or may be admixed with the quartzo-feldspathic bands. quartz crystals and minor chlorite. quartz and albite. probably quartz diorite or tonalite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Sedimentary and volcanic rocks that have undergone metamorphism are represented by quartzo-feldspathic schist. The texture is granoblastic although a faint schistosity is suggested by the orientation of the long dimension of calcite grains. the latter increases in amount southwestward. Relict clastic grains of quartz and plagioclase are scattered in a very fine-grained crystalloblastic groundmass. They are very fine-grained. Camarong Gneiss. Getaluz Creek. when present. albite. and in the vicinity of the Lasala Valley. The dominant varieties are white and gray. Calavite area and Paluan. Various stages of sericitization are shown by this rock. The quartzo-feldspathic schist is extensively exposed west of Abra de Ilog up to Mt. xenoblastic quartz and albite. it has a mottled appearance because of the presence of relict plagioclase phenocrysts. and along Tabinay and Binaybay rivers. The semischists are metamorphosed greywacke. and micas. well indurated and with thin laminae of carbonaceous matter. It is intercalated with phyllites in Lagnas Valley. 30-60. These break easily into slabs with a dull sheen on cleavage surfaces. Foliation is prominent in varieties rich in muscovite and biotite. massive to thin bedded. The rock is white to greenish gray. wavy lines and bands of carbonaceous matter and other impurities. with pronounced crystal orientation. very fine grained. grayish green to green. The inception of alteration is shown much farther north. The slates are generally carbonaceous and made up of very fine scales of sericite with chlorite. conglomerates file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The mica-quartz-oligoclase-albite gneiss.

(see Zigzag Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Subsurface drilling indicates a thickness of about 450 m (BED.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 140 of 374 and wackes exposed between Camp 3 and Camp 4 along Kennon Road. The Halfway Creek Formation is considered part of the Zigzag Formation which rests below the Kennon Limestone at Camp 3. The Limestone overlies volcanic agglomerate at Big Lun River and appears to occupy horizons near the base of the Early Miocene Nakal Formation at the south-central part of the Cotabato Basin. 1986). nummulitic limestone rests on interbedded graywackes and calcareous siltstones. North of the island in Bagamanok. They occur as cappings on the rolling hills which sit unconformably over the olistostrome of the Codon Formation. some isolated outcrops of limestone interbedded with graywacke along Viga in the north indicate Late Eocene ages. in BMG. Kambas Creek. Peña Head Allah Limestone The Head Allah Limestone was named by Froelich and Melendres (1960) for the dense massive limestone exposures at Sitio Head Allah. The limestone outcrops are limited in extent and are not mappable. Middle to Late Eocene limestone in Cabugao in the eastern part of Virac could be considered equivalent to the Hilawan Limestone. The limestone sequence is around 150 m thick. (see Nakal Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Hilawan Limestone Directly overlying the pillow lavas in Manamrag. Paleontological analysis on limestone samples along the section from Manamrag to Hilawan yielded an age of late Lutetian or early Bartonian (P12 or P13. The coralline. equivalent to Middle Eocene). It is exposed in the upper Big Lun River. Latian and on the eastern shore of Lake Kapanglao. Peña Hill 169 Andesite The Hill 169 andesite was named by UNDP (1987) for the small bodies of andesitic intrusive bodies in Surigao del Norte. Halfway Creek is the eastern tributary of Bued River near Camp 3. (see Ipil Andesite) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Kanturao Volcanic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Bioclastic limestone is also interbedded with the volcaniclastic sequence along Cobo River in Caramoran. However. It is considered part of the igneous activity associated with the intrusion of the Ipil Andesite. The Hibulungan is reported to unconformably overlie the lower Taog Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Cotabato. 1981) is apparently coeval with the the Kanturao Volcanics in the central highlands of Leyte. which runs parallel to Bued River. capped by nummulitic limestone. It intrudes the Pliocene Naga Andesite and is characterized by prominent hornblende laths and smaller plagioclase phenocrysts set in an aphanitic groundmass. (see Payo Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mt. Peña Hibulungan Volcanics The Hibulungan Volcanics in western Leyte (White Eagle Overseas Oil Co. The limestone cappings are grayish to white with facies variations of conglomeratic limestones and nummulitic limestones.. 1957. Pangyan and Malbag rivers. yellowish limestone directly overlying the pillow lavas gives way to bedded algal limestone and bioclastic limestone with few nummulites. Catanduanes is a white to yellowish bedded limestone unit designated as Hilawan Limestone and considered as a facies of the Payo Formation.

Mambuaya.27 Ma (UNDP. metaconglomerate. Peña Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry The Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry. in elevated areas west of Iponan River. Misamis Oriental. It consists of graywacke. metadiabase Stratigraphic relations: Underthrusted by the Awang Ultramafic Complex. Libona. Alat. Cagayan de Oro City. Peña Hill Limestone The Hill Limestone is a member of the Liguan Formation and consists of massive gray to white limestone forming cliffs from north Liguan Point to the area north of Caracaran. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples of Naga Andesite and Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry indicated ages of 2. which crops out around the central core of Samar. northwestern Bukidnon. mylonite. and at Mt. southwestern Misamis Oriental. light gray to yellowish green and fine-grained. Peña Hinabangan Formation The Hinabangan Formation (BED. unconformably capped by Balongkot limestone Distribution: Himalyan. metavolcanics and metadiabase. Libona. Mt. Contact zones with the serpentinite are usually phyllonitic. (see Liguan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. mylonite. Cagayan de Oro City. The phyllonite is foliated. barrios Donsolihon. It is about 350 m thick. Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina and Trybliolepidina) and Operculina characterize the fossil assemblages of this unit. south of Mambuaya. Tagiptig. part of the high ranges east of the town of Naawan. Naawan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Himalyan Formation Lithology: Graywacke. Tagiptig. Cagayan de Oro City. The formation overlies the metamorphic rocks and is underthrusted by serpentinite of the Awang Ultramafic Complex. 1986b). metavolcanics. metaconglomerate. It consists of limestone breccias at the base and grades into reefs of the middle portion and bioarenites at the file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. in northwestern Bukidnon Age: Eocene Thickness: 400-450 m Named by: Pacis (1966) The Himalyan Formation was named by Pacis (1966) after Sitio Himalyan. (see Ipil Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Miogypsina. Hill 169 Andesite and Naga Andesite in Surigao del Norte are Pliocene andesitic units mapped by UNDP (1987) which could also be equivalent to the Ipil Andesite. is equivalent to the Hagbay Formation.htm 10/12/2015 .3 1. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.2 Ma and 3. 1987). Cagayan de Oro City. The thickness of the Himalyan ranges from 400 to 450 m. Clasts of the metaconglomerate are composed mostly of fragments of pumiceous porphyritic basalt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 141 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Exposures of the unit can also be found southwest of Barangay Donsolihon and west of Barangay Alat.18 0. An Eocene age was assigned to the unit.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Hinatigan Limestone Lithology: Limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1987) A small outcrop of marl at Hinatigan. marl. However. 1986b). is underlain by unconsolidated coral breccia. This limestone was paleontologically dated as being of Pleistocene age.htm 10/12/2015 . was earlier named Hinatigan Marl by UNDP (1987) which was considered a member of the Timamana Limestone. MGB (2005) considers the Hinatigan.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 142 of 374 upper portions of the formation (BED. Along the same road were found unconsolidated beds of entire mollusk shells. Small corals and bivalves are notable along gently dipping to horizontal bedding planes. the Hinatigan consists of calcareous siltstones and calcareous volcanic wacke that appear to occupy the lower part of a limestone unit. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Hinatuan Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Rosario Limestone Distribution: Hinatuan. a sample of the Hinatigan Marl yielded probable Pliocene to Recent fauna. In Tagbina. a micritic and highly fossiliferous flat-lying limestone is found in a quarry along the road leading to Hinatuan. probably representing the summits of tilted blocks. Surigao del Norte. together with the overlying massive limestone. siltstone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Hinatigan. as part of a separate and later limestone formation that could be coeval with the Pleistocene Siargao Limestone named after the island up north. Peña Hitoma-Payo Coal Measures file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. As described by UNDP (1987). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Above the marl is massive cream-colored limestone which was interpreted by UNDP (1987) as part of the Middle Miocene Timamana Limestone. The formation directly sits above the Rosario Limestone which seems to be more extensive. Surigao del Sur and Tagbina areas south of Lianga Bay. Surigao del Sur Age: Pleistocene Named by: Quebral (1994) This formation was named by Quebral (1994) for the Pleistocene limestones in the Hinatuan. It is dated Early – Middle Miocene and has an estimated thickness of 500 m. calcareous wacke. Surigao del Norte Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2005) Previous Name: Hinatigan Marl member (UNDP. In Hinatuan. a series of en echelon ridges. (see Hagbay Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

The conglomerate is massive with pebbles of basalt. It is generally massive to poorly bedded clast.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 143 of 374 The Hitoma-Payo Coal Measures represents the middle member of the Eocene Payo Formation of Miranda and Vargas (1967) that underlies the Payo and Hitoma areas in the northern half of Catanduanes Island. siltstones and limestone overlying the Yop Formation. Abijao. The Hondagua consists of siltstone. Its designated type locality is in Sitio Hubasan. while a thickness of 1. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.to matrix-supported conglomerate. sandstones and siltstones mainly comprise the base of the sequence. 1968). Palompon. 1951) Renamed by: Espiritu and others (1968) The Hondagua Formation was previously named by Corby and others (1951) as Hondagua Silt for the exposures in the vicinity of the railway station at Hondagua. Foraminifera in samples of the formation indicate a Pliocene age. Calubian. Conglomerates. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Hubay Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone and calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bata Formation Distribution: Barrio Jubay. (see Kadlum Conglomerate) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is a folded sequence of conglomerates. between Lopez and Calauag towns. Western Leyte. shale. Villaba. sandstone and limestone set in a coarse calcareous sandy matrix. Shale and limestone make up the bulk of this member. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Canguinsa Formation Distribution: Hondagua. Bondoc Peninsula Age: Pliocene Thickness: 1. The Hitoma-Payo has an estimated thickness of 175 m.750 m is reported by BMG (1981). The formation is also well exposed along the Lopez-Sumulong-Guinyangan road. The siltstone is medium to thick bedded and highly indurated. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Hondagua Formation Lithology: Siltstone. andesite.100 m thick along the Sumulong-Lopez road (Espiritu and others. conglomerate. between Calauag and Lopez. It conformably overlies the Canguinsa Formation.750 m Previous name: Hondagua Silt (Corby and others. coastal areas near Calubian. (see Payo Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shales and limestone embedded in sandy matrix. Western Leyte file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Hubasan Conglomerate The Habasan Conglomerate of Llaban (1989) is probably equivalent to the Kadlum Conglomerate. It consists predominantly of pebble to boulder clasts of schist. sandstone. serpentinites.htm 10/12/2015 . Villaba. sandstones. The Hubasan is exposed near the headwaters of Tagbubunga and Abijao. It is 1. The shale is associated with the coal beds. Balite. shale and calcareous sandstone with interbeds of conglomerate and argillaceous limestone.

Peña Humandum Serpentinite The Humandum Serpentinite was named by UNDP (1984) for exposures of serpentinite along a tributary of Cabadbaran River.htm 10/12/2015 . Maac-Aguilar (1995) renamed it Hubay Limestone. including Balite. Tinobdan Limestone The Hubay Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sequence of limestone interbedded with sandstones and shales at Barrio Jubay. 1951) although it could attain a maximum thickness of 100 m. Bitanagon River. representing differing proportions of the limestone and clastic contents of the units. which were originally recognized by Maac-Aguilar (1995) as formations. The Early Pliocene light gray to white bentonitic marls and marly siltstones sampled by Porth and others (1989) in a tributary of the Salug River. For the most part. coralline. west-central Leyte is considered part of the Merida. east of Hilongos. Dawan. poorly bedded to massive limestones interbedded with sandstones and shales. The name Hubay. 1989). the formation is dominantly limestone.500 m Named by: Villamor and others (1984) Synonymy: Dawan Sediments (Melendres and Comsti. chert. Lupon-Mati road. instead of Jubay. Villaba and Palompon. The Hubay may be divided into two members: Merida Member and Tinobdan Limestone. Bentonitic marls and marly siltstones in a tributary of Salug River east of Hilongos in the southwest were also dated Early Pliocene (N19) on the basis of planktic and benthic foraminifera (Porth and others. Davao Oriental. however. The average thickness of the formation is 50 m (Corby and others. clastic rocks Stratigraphic Relations: Overlain by the Sanghay Formation Distribution: Barangays Iba and Lampasan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Iba Formation Lithology: Basalt. Davao Oriental. respectively). Porth and others (1989) report that well-bedded bioclastic limestones alternating with sandy and partly tuffaceous marls yielded foraminifera and nannoplanktons which were dated Early Pliocene (N19 and NN13 – NN15?. argillite. 1951) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Dinagat Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Davao Age: Late Cretaceous Thickness: ~ 1. sandstone and shales of the Merida and contemporaneous deposition is postulated for the limestone and the calcareous clastics. Its protolith is probably part of the ultramafic rocks of the Dinagat Ophiolite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 144 of 374 Age: Early Pliocene (Zanclean) Thickness: 50 m – 100 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) as Hubay Formation Renamed by: Maac-Aguilar (1995) Synonymy: Merida Formation. and for this reason. Agusan del Norte. They are probably facies of the Hubay. The Tinobdan Limestone is probably the shallow water counterpart of the calcareous conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mayu-Makumbol area. It fringes most of the coastal areas of northwest Leyte. porous. limestone. At the Abanga River gorge. Calubian. The formation consists of cream to buff. the limestone lies unconformably over the Bata Formation. has become established. In places. near Barrio Kapodlusan. Badas Road . Mati.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Iday Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. together with overlying well-bedded graywackes. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ibulao Limestone Lithology: Limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 145 of 374 The Iba Formation was named by Villamor and others (1984) for the exposures of pillow basalt intercalated with siliceous red argillites and crystalline limestone with lenses of red chert at Bgy. Isabela Age: Late Oligocene Thickness: 150 – 600 m (BMG. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. suggesting the upper limit of the Ibulao Limestone (Billedo. claystone Stratigraphic relations: Contact with underlying Tarao Formation is irregular and locally unconformable file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1984). Unconformably overlain by the Lubuagan Formation Distribution: Kiangan Valley. named by Corby and others (1951). The pillow basalts and pelagic sedimentary rocks constitute the Iba Fomation while the graywackes constitute the Sanghay Formation (Villamor and others. cherts. Iba in Mati. 1981). Domingo at the end of Kiangan Valley and in Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela. calcirudites Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Dibuluan Formation. Isabela. Recent paleontological determinations confirm an age of Late Oligocene (Billedo. A shale sample collected at the base of the overlying Lubuagan Formation at Dibuluan River yielded nannofossils of biochronological zone NP25 or late Late Oligocene.htm 10/12/2015 . It rests unconformably over the Dibuluan Formation and is overlain unconformably by the Lubuagan Formation. The Iba Formation is equivalent to the Dawan Sediments of Melendres and Comsti (1951). The type locality of this limestone is at Ibulao Gate. This unit is also well exposed along the Lupon-Mati Road as a sequence of hyrdrothermally altered pillow basalts and sheet flows. 1994). is a biohermal to biostromal well-bedded limestone with varying thicknesses of intercalated calcirudites and calcarenites. is characterized by west verging thrusts and reverse faults as well as folds overturned or recumbent to the west. Kiangan Valley. 1994). sandstone. Quebral (1994) dated the red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestones as Late Cretaceous based on its foraminiferal content (Campanian to Maastrichtian) and radiolarian assemblage (Coniacian to Campanian). Jones and Cabagan. 200-450 m (Billedo. calcarenites. Maddela and Bayombong Nueva Vizcaya. The thickness of the formation along Badas Road is 610 m although it could attain a thickness of 1. It also outcrops farther north in Cabagan. red pelagic mudstones and limestones. This unit. It has a reported thickness of 150 to 600 m (BMG. south of Jones. 1994) Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Sicalao Limestone The Ibulao Limestone. Ifugao. where it trends northeast from the southern portions of Maddela up to the rivers of Aburao and Tugawi. the same red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestones outcrop along the Hijo River where it has been described by Malicdem and Peña (1966) and Culala (1987). 1981). The Ibulao is primarily biohermal to biostromal in the southeastern and northeastern parts of the valley. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Davao Oriental. Isabela. However.500 m based on stratigraphic projections. Although the Iba Formation might be construed as representing the upper portion of the Pujada Ophiolite. The limestone is well exposed in Sto. Ifugao. the red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestone were not observed to lie over the Pujada Ophiolite in Pujada Peninsula itself where the Sigaboy Formation rests directly on the ophiolite. although Billedo (1994) limits the thickness range to only 200-450 m for the limestone in the eastern side of the valley.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The conglomerate sometimes consists of masses of intermingled volcanic debris set in a tuffaceous matrix. (see Singit Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the formation reaches a thickness of 450 m and west of Lambunao it is approximately 425 m. while the contact with the underlying Tarao Formation is irregular and locally unconformable (BED. Iloilo along Tanian River. limestone and diorite. 1986). containing pebbles. Capiz. Maasin. The member consists largely of turbidites. It occurs as a narrow strip from Alimodian. siliceous red mudstones and reddish calcareous siltstones. Boulder clasts may reach maximum dimensions of a meter or more. Peña Igbayo Pelagic Complex The Igbayo Pelagic Complex of UNDP (1986) partly corresponds to the pelagic sedimentary carapace of the Antique Ophiolite in Panay Island. It is also coeval with the Maliao Wackes (UNDP. a Miocene sequence of calcareous clastic rocks interbedded with limestone. cobbles and boulders of volcanic rocks. Igbaras. sandstone and claystone (commonly carbonaceous) of various thicknesses and grading into each other. both planktonic and benthonic foraminifera as well as mollusks. (see Mayos Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Almodian. Its contact with the overlying Ulian Formation is gradational.htm 10/12/2015 . a conglomerate hogback that is cut by the Magapa River some eight kilometers southwest of Lambunao. Iloilo Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 242-681 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Iday Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) after Iday Hill. The Iday is a sequence of conglomerate. According to UNDP (1986). The conglomerate is matrixsupported. Iloilo. tuff and volcanic flows in western Panay. It is calcareous and contains abundant fossils. The fossils indicate a Pliocene age for the formation. The pelagic rocks consist of red cherts. Peña Igtalongon Shale The Igtalongon Shale is a member of the Singit Formation in Iloilo. it occupies a kilometer wide northeast trending valley between the Sewaragan to the west and the ridges underlain by the Barasan Sandstone to the east.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 146 of 374 Distribution: Iday Hill. wackes. The thickness is estimated to be 600 to 1. Capiz. Santos (1968) gave the name Igtalongon to the predominantly fine grained sedimentary rocks at Barrio Igtalongon. Iloilo.000 m and was dated Middle Miocene based on the foraminiferal index species Globorotalia fohsi fohsi Cushman and Ellisor. Peña Igsawa Pyroclastics The Igsawa Pyroclastics of UNDP (1986) is coeval with the Mayos Formation. (see Antique Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lambunao. Iloilo to Tapaz. In the vicinity of Maasin. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The sandstone and claystone also contain scattered diorite and volcanic pebbles. The thickness is 681 m along the Ulian River section and 242 m along the Tigum River section. Tapaz. conglomerates and shales. Iloilo. 1986b). as reported by Santos (1968).

Sicalao-Casiggayan High Age: Late Pliocene – Early Pleistocene Thickness: 2. Subsequent workers called it Ilagan Formation. south of Ilagan. This unit was originally introduced by Smith (1924) as Cebu Limestone for the well bedded orbitoid-rich limestone typically exposed along the Naga-Uling road in central Cebu. (see Cebu Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. thin alternations of sandstone and shale were also observed.200 m Previous name: Ilagan Sandstone (Corby and others. 1951). a porphyritic hornblende andesite body conspicously towering over the Carmen Formation exposed about 5 kms south of Tubigon. hornblende. dense.htm 10/12/2015 . It has an elevation of about 240 m above sea level. At the type area. The unit conformably overlies and occasionally intertongues with the Uling Coal Measures. The Ilagan Formation is divided into a lower marine shale and sandstone alternation and an upper coarser marine sandstone and continental sandstone and conglomerate sequence. Cebu Limestone (Smith. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The name Ilagan Sandstone was used by Corby and others (1951) for the exposure along Ilagan River. Marine fauna indicate warm. crystalline. conglomerate. 1924) The Ilag Limestone is a member of the Cebu Formation. Peña Ilihan Plug The Ilihan Plug is an informal unit that is considered part of the Jagna Andesite. The formation is 2200 m thick in the type area. The same locality name was applied by Corby and others (1951) for a similar limestone unit but was designated as the "Cebu Orbitoid Limestone" due to the ubiquity and prevalence of plate-like Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) richthofeni Smith in the limestone. It conformably overlies the Cabagan Formation. Bohol. Isabela. shale Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Cabagan Formation Distribution: Ilagan. Santos-Yñigo (1951) later referred to this unit as Ilag Limestone. thickly to thinly bedded. apatite and opaque ores file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Aside from orbitoids. The thickness is quite variable but rarely exceeds 60 m. The bottom is characterized by abundant mollusks. glass. central Cebu Age: Late Oligocene Thickness: Quite variable and often lenticular (≤ 60 m) Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1956) Synonymy: Cebu Orbitoid Limestone (Corby and others. other foraminifers. algae and molluscan fragments were also identified. sometimes marly.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 147 of 374 Ilag Limestone Lithology: Orbitoid-rich limestone Distribution: Naga-Uling. shallow to brackish water deposition. The limestone is white to buff. BED (1986a) assigns an age of Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene for the Ilagan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ilagan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. The rock is essentially composed of andesine. Isabela. It is widespread over the valley south of the Sicalao-Casiggayan High.

confirming its designation as a separate unit. that occur along wide deformation zones (10 -100m wide) trending N-S to N30E (Pinet and Stephan. The Ilihan consists dominantly of shale with some sandy tuff and hard calcareous volcanic rubble beds. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1924) Renamed by: MGB (2004) This peridotite unit is closely associated with reddish radiolarian chert. contorted. unconformably overlain by the Bangui Formation Distribution: Lapog. fractured and indurated. together with schists. Ilocos Sur. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ilocos Peridotite Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite Stratigraphic relations: Confined in deformation zones. Ilocos Norte Age: Cretaceous (?) Previous name: Baruyen Formation (Smith. One of these zones is traceable for about 140 km from Lapog. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ilihan Shale Lithology: Dominantly shale with sandy tuff and calcareous volcanic rubble beds Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Tubigon Conglomerate (BMG. although it was previously considered a member of the Middle Miocene Carmen Formation. 1990). The Ilihan is unconformably overlain by the Carmen Formation. (see Jagna Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. south of Tubigon. This rock unit consists of a train of relatively small bodies of serpentinites. previously named Baruyen Formation by Smith (1924) with type locality at the Dungan-Dungan estate along Baruyen River in Ilocos Norte.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 148 of 374 with clinopyroxene and biotite in negligible amounts. 1981) and Carmen Formation Distribution: Ilihan Sur. Bohol Island Age: Early Oligocene Named by: Cruz (1956) The term Ilihan Shale was introduced by Cruz (1956) for the clastic rocks exposed at Ilihan Sur.htm 10/12/2015 . Planktic foraminifers identified in the shale point to Globorotalia increbescens Zone of Stainforth (1975) or Zone P18-P19 of Blow (1969) equivalent to Early Oligocene age. Pockets of gabbro in the serpentinites have also been noted by Pinet and Stephan (1990). Baruyen River and Bangui. Ilocos Sur to Bangui. Tubigon. The shale is cream to buff. Hashimoto and others (1975) believe that the rock at Smith’s type locality at Dungan-Dungan estate along the Baruyen River is not a true chert but a melange-like deposit. Ilocos Norte. Later studies made by Mula and Maac (1995) revealed Early Oligocene planktic foraminiferal assemblages in the clastic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

The Imbaguila Dacites predate mineralization while the Bato Dacites postdate the mineralization. These are known locally as Imbaguila Dacite Porphyry and Bato Dacite Porphyry and their pyroclastic equivalents. Peña Imbaguila Dacite Dacite domes. Palawan. Peña Inagauan Metamorphics The Inagauan Metamorphics of MMAJ-JICA (1990) in central Palawan is probably partly equivalent to the Dalrympole Amphibolite. The Inagauan is subdivided into greenschist and amphibolite member and quartz-mica schist and quartzose schist member. Peña Ilog Formation The Ilog Formation of Santos-Ynigo and Oca (1946) consisting of sandstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Indahag Limestone Lithology: Limestone. (see Coron Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. preceded and postdated epithermal mineralization. It is probably an extension of the Coron Formation. diatreme breccias and pyroclastics in the Lepanto Mine area. limy tuff Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: Indahag. Cagayan River. Lugait near Iligan City. Cagayan de Oro Age: Pliocene Thickness: 250-300 m Named by: Capistrano (1946) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Mankayan Dacitic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Dalrympole Amphibolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mankayan. calcarenite. Opol. Benguet. Peña Imorigue Limestone The Imorigue Limestone was named by MMAJ-JICA (1989) for the Late Jurassic karstic limestone at Imorigue Island in the municipality of Taytay. (see Basak Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale and quartzite is partly equivalent to the Basak Formation in Negros Occidental. Cagayan de Oro City.htm 10/12/2015 . Lumbia.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 149 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These rocks are distributed at Inagauan and Malasgao rivers and in the hills and mountains around Berong. Barrio Alae.

dull white to brown and red. The Inopacan unconformably overlies the Pangasugan Formation and is apparently equivalent to the Dolores Formation. 1987) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Correlation: Dolores Formation in Leyte Central Highlands This unit was originally named Inopacan Clastics by Florendo (1987). siltstones. It was renamed Inopacan Formation by MGB (2004). western and southern parts of Maasin. Large outcrops occur at Lumbia. Peña Insulman Formation The Insulman Formation. Leyte Age: Late Pliocene? Previous name: Inopacan Clastics (Florendo. calcarenites and calcirudites. (see Famnoan Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Its thickness ranges from 250 to 300 m. Pacis (1966) noted that the lowest horizon of the section along Cagayan River is largely coralline limestone with calcisiltites. Marchadier and Rangin (1990) report a dating of Early Pliocene (nannoplankton zone NN14-NN15) for the siltstone sequence at Insulman River. both of which are grouped under Leyte Central Highlands. Three distinct horizons are recognizable along the banks of Cagayan River. (see Inopacan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. and coralline. sandstones and limestone indicate an age no older than Pliocene for the formation. Peña Inopacan Clastics The Inopacan Clastics was named by Florendo (1987) for the Pliocene sedimentary rocks in western Leyte. It is dated Late Pliocene on the basis of its stratigraphic position and similarity with the Dolores Formation. Paleontologic dating by Agadier-Zepeda and others (1992) for this sequence of mudstones.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 150 of 374 The Indahag Limestone was named by Capistrano (1946) for exposures of the limestone at Indahag. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Inopacan Formation Lithology: Dominantly conglomerate with interbeds of mudstone and calcareous tuff Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Pangasugan Formation of central Leyte Distribution: Inopacan and Maasin. along Cagayan River and southeast of Bgy. Minor interbeds of clastic rocks include conglomerate. Alae. tuffaceous sandstone and shale. It consists mainly of well-sorted rounded pebble. calcarenite and limy tuff comprise the upper horizon. where the outcrops are thickest.and cobble conglomerate with minor poorly bedded mudstone and calcareous tuff. The limestone is massive to well bedded. is probably equivalent to the Famnoan Formation in Mindoro. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Indahag is of Pliocene age. Cagayan de Oro City. Cagayan de Oro City. Intercalated layers of coralline limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . Exposures can also be found along the seashore from Opol westward to Lugait near Iligan City. here renamed Inopacan Formation. It is exposed in the northern. as redefined by Agadier-Zepeda and others (1993). The middle section consists of limestone rubble and coral fingers.

Blue Agglomerate or Tinupa Agglomerate in East Mindanao. It underlies portions of the main northern Pacific Cordillera and Malimono Ridge. A sample from the Mabuhay mines was radiometrically dated 4. Mabuhay.Late Pliocene Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1944) The Andesite Group of Santos and others (1962) in Surigao del Norte includes the Ipil Andesite. Hill 169 Andesite and Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry are Pliocene andesitic units mapped by UNDP (1987) which could also be equivalent to the Ipil Andesite. Surigao del Norte.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 151 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mindanao Mother Lode. The Mabuhay Andesite is probably equivalent to the Alegria Andesite Porphyry of UNDP (1984). A sample from the Malimono Ridge provided a radiometric age of 2. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Iponan Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. mottled green. The andesitic fragmental rock is distributed in Masapelid Island. and Andesite Breccia of Santos-Yñigo (1944). Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples of Naga Andesite and Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry indicated ages of 2. This group is equivalent to the Andesite Series of Santos-Yñigo (1944) in the Surigao Gold District.31 0. 1994).27 Ma (UNDP.24 Ma corresponding to a Late Pliocene age (Quebral.3 1. brown and black.57 Ma equivalent to Early Pliocene (Zanclean) age. Mapaso. It is porphyritic and consists of plagioclase. the Mabuhay Andesite and its acidic phase – the Bad-as Dacite – and the Maniayao Andesite. Breccia-conglomerate of Kemmer (1953). Misamis Oriental to Lanao del Norte Age: Pliocene Thickness: 50 m file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Hydrothermally altered andesite in the Masapelid.54 0. It becomes whitish gray when argillized. Taganaan. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Himalyan Formation Distribution: Iponan River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ipil Andesite Lithology: Andesite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over pre-Pliocene deposits Distribution: Ipil.htm 10/12/2015 . It is found in the northern Pacific Cordillera along the eastern coast of Surigao Peninsula. The Mabuhay Andesite. Malimono Range Age: Early . Varieties are fine-grained andesite. The Naga Andesite. It is distinguished from the Ipil Andesite by the absence of biotite. The rock is dark gray and composed mainly of angular andesite fragments embedded in an andesite matrix. sandstone.2 Ma and 3. Mapaso and Siana areas constitutes the greater part of the Mabuhay Andesite. The Ipil Andesite (Santos-Yñigo. hornblende and biotite with minor augite. The fine-grained andesite constitutes the unaltered part of the unit.18 0. Phenocrysts are plagioclase and rare needle-shaped hornblende. 1944) is named after its type locality in the town of Ipil. 1987). It is generally gray and varies from porphyritic to porphyry. East Mindanao Mine. could be a mineralized and hydrothermally altered equivalent of the Ipil Andesite. The Ipil Andesite is typically light colored or greenish gray. eastern Surigao and Nabago areas and Sitio Banban. It varies from white to yellowish brown or gray. This unit is known under various names: Mabuhay Breccia in the Mindanao Mother Lode. often associated with gold mineralization. Argillized Mabuhay Andesite is usually white. andesite porphyry and agglomeratic andesite.

Peña Iriga Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. Iriga is an active volcano consisting of olivine-pyroxene basalt lavas intercalated with thin layers of tuff and volcanic breccias (Panem and Cabel. In places. Locally. The Iponan unconformably overlies the Himalyan Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Irisan Formation The Irisan Formation was named by Maleterre (1989) for the outcrops of poorly indurated conglomerates at Irisan. (see Espina Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Baguio Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. a suburban area of Baguio City. The debris avalanche dammed the Barit (Buhi) River which caused the creation of Lake Buhi.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 152 of 374 Previous name: Iponan Clastics (Pacis. It is widely distributed in central and southern Palawan as massive basalt and basaltic pillow lavas and breccias. Debris avalanche and a small phreatic eruption were reported in the first half of the 17th century (Phivolcs. the sandstones and shales interbedded with the conglomerate are carbonaceous. sandstones and shales exposed along Iponan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1966) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Iponan Formation was previously named Iponan Clastics by Pacis (1966) for the well bedded conglomerates. the formation consists of andesitic tuff breccia and poorly indurated conglomerates.3 m varies from quartz arenite to arkosic sandstone to lithic arenite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. cherty shale and chert were observed intercalated with the basalt. Airfall bombs and scoriaceous hornblende-bearing pyroxene basalt overlie the basaltic debris avalanche inside the crater area. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Sandstone beds with average thickness of 0. 1988). volcanic breccia Distribution: Mt. tuff. It was later designated as Espina Formation by Basco (1964) and Maranat Pillow Lavas by MMAJ-JICA (1990). It also outcrops between Naguilian Road and Trinidad Valley and estimated to be about 100 m thick. At Trinidad. The conglomerate consists of rounded to subrounded pebbles and boulders of igneous and metamorphic rocks. 1998). Camarines Sur Age: Pleistocene – Recent Mt. It is considered by MGB (2004) to be partly equivalent to the Baguio Formation. Iriga. It is assigned a Pliocene age and has a thickness of 50 m. Peña Irahuan Metavolcanics The Irahuan Meavolcanics of De los Santos (1959) consists of altered basaltic flows unconformably overlying paraschists. The rock unit extends southward and probably widens beyond Mandulog River in Lanao del Norte.

The ultramafic complex is therefore thought to be no younger than Early Cretaceous. The ultramafic rocks are extensively exposed along the coast from Dinapique Point northwards to Divilacan Bay which was designated by Aurelio and Billedo (1987) as the Isabela Ultramafic Complex. gabbros and associated pillow basalt and pelagic sedimentary rocks as well as their metamorphic equivalents. Baler. Significant chromite mineralization is associated with the ultramafics. pyroclastic rocks file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. unconformably overlain by the Dibuakag Volcanic Complex Distribution: Coastal strip from Dinapique Point to Bicobian. sheeted dike complex. These include highly tectonized ultramafic rocks composed wholly of deformed pyroxenites and highly foliated gabbro with associated amphibolite layers. Both massive and layered gabbros were observed in the upper reaches of Dimapnat. Significant chromite mineralization is associated with the ultramafics. pillow basalt. The Dikinamaran Chert was previously named Dikinamaran River Pelagics by Billedo (1994). massive and layered gabbros. Pillow basalt. Isabela. named by Billedo (1994) as Dibut BayMeta-ophiolite. The Complex consists mostly of peridotite with subordinate dunite and pyroxenite which are almost completely serpentinized and intruded in some places by diabasic dikes.htm 10/12/2015 . San Ildefonso Peninsula Age: Early Cretaceous Previous name: Isabela Ultramafic Complex (Aurelio and Billedo. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These pelagic sedimentary rocks consist mainly of highly indurated alternating brownish and light reddish chert and interpreted as the sedimentary carapace of the ultramafic complex.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 153 of 374 Isabela Ophiolite Lithology: Peridotite. between the latitudes of Dinapique and Port Bicobian. The Complex consists mostly of peridotite with subordinate dunite and pyroxenite which are almost completely serpentinized and intruded in some places by diabasic dikes. 1994). The Pingkian Ophiolite of Maleterre (1989) at the southeast portion of the Cordillera and covering portions of the Caraballo could be dismembered portions of the Isabela Ophiolite. Isabela. was found to be in thrust contact with the overlying pelagic Dikinamaran Chert in Bicobian. 1987) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Isabela Ophiolite consists of an ultramafic complex. 1987). Quezon. A sample of the amphibolite gave a radiometric Ar40-Ar39 dating of 92 Ma. massive and layered gabbro. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiolarian fossils in the chert indicate an age of Early Cretaceous (MMAJ-JICA. represented by Bicobian Basalt. The ultramafic complex is part of the Isabela Ophiolite. Peña Isabela Ultramafic Complex The Isabela Ultramafic Complex was named by Aurelio and Billedo (1987) for the ultramafic rocks extensively exposed along the coast from Dinapique Point northwards to Divilacan Bay. pillow basalts and its sedimentary carapace. Isabela. equivalent to early Late Cretaceous. Isabela. This ophiolite unit represents a complete sequence of a normal ophiolitic suite that includes peridotites. dike complex. Metamorphosed equivalents of the Isabela Ophiolite are found east-southeast of Baler and in San Ildefonso Peninsula. Pinacanauan and Anggo rivers. pelagic sedimentary rocks Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of northern Sierra Madre. Peña Isarog Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. which is considered as indicative of the age of metamorphism of the ophiolite (Billedo.

tuffs. Isarog. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Quezon. volcanic breccias and agglomerates around the lower slopes which are blanketed by basaltic andesite and pyroxene basalt flows that outcrop in the central highlands. It is buff yellow to brown. It consists of alternating layers of pyroxene andesite and hornblende andesite flows. Palawan Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: 900 m (maximum) Named by: Martin (1972) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . The unit lies unconformably over the Basak Formation. Isarog at the southern part of Caramoan Peninsula. in Castillo and Escalada. On the basis of the foraminiferal assemblage (including Discocyclina and Nummulites) contained in the limestone. The formation is considered by MGB (2004) to be Pleistocene in age. 1979) for the limestone at Isio River at Isio. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Espina Formation. in the northern part of Caramoan Peninsula. David (1982) dated the formation Late Eocene. They weather to yellowish brown to brownish red lateritic soil. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The andesite is closely jointed and exhibits extensive silicification and kaolinization. 1994) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Isarog Volcanic Complex was previously named Isarog Volcanics by David (1994) for the volcanic rocks underlying Mt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 154 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Lagonoy Ophiolite and Tambang Diorite Distribution: Mt. Some outcrops are altered into siliceous clay and opaline rocks. Negros Occidental. including Lagonoy Ophiolite and Tambang Diorite. These occur as veneer over the older rock formations. Massive andesitic lava flows intercalated with fine to coarse dark gray to light brown pyroclastic rocks extend up to Tambang. The intercalated pyroclastic rocks contain angular to subrounded andesitic fragments. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Isio Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Basak Formation Distribution: Basak. well bedded silty and fossiliferous. Cauayan. Rizal. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Isugod Formation Lithology: Shale and sandstone. Cauayan. Camarines Sur Age: Pleistocene Previous name: Isarog Volcanics (David. Iwahig Valley. Negros Occidental Age: Late Eocene Named by: Vallesteros and Balce (1965) This formation was named by Vallesteros and Balce (1965. minor limestone. underlain by the Alfonso XIII Formation Distribution: Isugod Valley. foothills of the Range from Aboabo to Aramawayan.

there are two main pulses of plutonic intrusions in the region. The limestone is coarse-grained. sandstone. Bagon Intrusives (Sillitoe and Angeles. gray to cream to light brown. Bontoc area. This formation is partly correlative to the Tumarbong and Quezon formations of Reyes (1971). minor gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Pugo. Baguio District Age: Middle Miocene Named by: Schafer (1956) Synonymy: Kelly Diorite (Schafer. Virac Granodiorite and Kelly Diorite. this formation is partly coeval to the Catagupan Member of the Balabac Formation. coal lenses. At the type locality in Isugod. The formation rests unconformably over the Espina Formation along the slope of the central range and unconformably underlies the Alfonso XIII Formation. Benguet. Maximum thickness is estimated to be around 900 m. clast-supported conglomerates are occasionally observed alternating with the sandstone-shale interbeds. 1981. Similarly. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Itogon Quartz Diorite Lithology: Hornblende quartz diorite. hard and coralline. The other intrusives named by Schafer (1954) are: Antamok Diorite. Maleterre. coral fragments and amber set in a sandy matrix. 1983). Panoyan Limestone Distribution: central / southern Palawan file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Isugod consists of a rhythmic sequence of well bedded shale and quartzofeldspathic sandstone with limestone at the base. Fission track dating of zircons from a sample of quartz diorite near Philex Mine gave 15 Ma.htm 10/12/2015 .8 Ma) from tonalite intruding conglomerates at Mankayan. At Philex Mine at Padcal.8 Ma for the same sample (Lovering. 1989). Sillitoe and Angeles (1985) cites a K/Ar dating of biotite (12 0. pebble to cobble sized clasts of volcanic fragments. These also comprise the Agno Batholith of Fernandez and Pulanco (1967). 1985) The Itogon Quartz Diorite was one of the diorite bodies named by Schafer (1954) for the plutonic bodies around the Baguio District.4 Ma) and hornblende (13 0. shale. the earlier phase being the Oligocene Central Cordillera Diorite Complex and the later phase represented by the Middle Miocene (12-15 Ma) Itogon Quartz Diorite (Wolfe. of which Kelly seems equivalent to the Itogon Quartz Diorite. Benguet. confirming a Middle Miocene emplacement of some of the intrusives. The shale is thin bedded and silty with parallel and cross laminations. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The conglomerate consists of rounded to subrounded. The sandstone is coarse. the quartz diorite is fringed by gabbro. The numerous quartz diorite clasts found in the Klondyke Formation are derived from this intrusive body. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The bulk of the quartz diorite bodies consist of hornblende quartz diorite although diorites with smaller amounts of quartz or none at all are known to occur. Benguet. This includes the Bagon Intrusive in Lepanto area. The formation is also widely exposed in Iwahig Valley and the foothills west of the central range from Aboabo to Aramawayan in the southern part of central Palawan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Iwahig Formation Members: Pusok Conglomerate. which agrees with the K/Ar dating of 14. tonalite. As indicated by radiometric dating.to fine-grained and medium to thick bedded. Tuba. 1956). Zigzag and Lepanto formations Distribution: Mankayan. Middle Miocene planktic foraminifers were identified in the Isugod Formation by Maac and Agadier (1988). massive.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 155 of 374 The Isugod Formation was named by Martin (1972) in reference to the rocks that underlie the coastal plains of Isugod Valley in Quezon.

hornblende and minor biotite embedded in a glassy matrix. Caloyahan Hill and Tubod Monte Creek. It has an elevation of about 240 masl. Ilihan Sur in Tubigon and around Anda Peninsula. the Pusok Conglomerate and the Panoyan Limestone The Iwahig Formation is equivalent to the Clarendon Formation (Basco. fine to coarse grained. The thickness ranges from 60 to 90 m. (see Pusok Conglomerate. The clastic facies is exposed at Cape Melville and extends to the south. It is gray and massive. The limestone facies occurs in Barong-Barong Point and Inanacule Point at Clarendon Bay. At the type area. 1987). containing phenocrysts of plagioclase set in a glassy matrix. micaceous and feldspathic. Tubod Monte Creek. Small dacite bodies widespread in the Jetafe area are also correlated with the Jagna Andesite (UNDP. equivalent to the Bulacao Andesite in central Cebu Named by: Arco (1962) The Jagna Andesite was first used by Arco (1962) to designate the andesite breccia occurring about 2 km north of Jagna. Peña Jagupit Formation The Jagupit Formation was named by UNDP (1984) for the narrow-trending belt of clastic rocks east of the Mainit Valley file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. hornblende. Radiometric K-Ar dating of the andesite indicates a 25. The rock is essentially composed of andesine. north of Jagna. apatite and opaque ores with clinopyroxene and biotite in negligible amounts. Bohol Island Age: Late Oligocene Correlation: The Ilihan Plug is considered part of the Jagna Andesite. It probably corresponds to the Bulacao Andesite breccia of central Cebu. 1964) The Iwahig Formation was named by Casasola (1956) for the Pliocene rocks exposed in the western and eastern parts of southern Palawan and at the eastern part of central Palawan. It consists of shale and sandstone with stringers of bitumen. Panoyan Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It has two members. 1986). north of Jagna and around Anda Peninsula. It has interbeds of marl and calcareous shale.htm 10/12/2015 . The Clarendon has a clastic and limestone facies.5 1. It also transgressively overlies the pre-Tertiary rocks.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 156 of 374 Age: Pliocene Named by: Casasola (1956) Synonymy: Clarendon Formation (Basco. The sandstone is medium to thick bedded. The andesite bodies mapped in Jagna occupies a total area of 8. At the type section in Bataraza. This formation consists of limestone and conglomerate with siltstone and sandstone interbeds. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. glass.7 sq km. inferred as intrusions in the Talibon Diorite. The limestone is coralline. Caloyahan Hill. a porphyritic hornblende andesite body conspicously towering over the Carmen Formation exposed about 5 km south of Tubigon. Best exposures are found in Palingkod Hill.3 Ma age (equivalent to Late Oligocene) of emplacement (Sajona and others. 1986. the andesite is characterized by ocellar to vesicular structures and bears phenocrysts of plagioclase. Float and boulders of andesite presumably from Jagna Andesite are widely observed to the north of Jagna. the formation unconformably overlies the Panas and the Pandian formations. reefal and biostromal and conglomeratic in places. Also considered part of this unit is the "Ilihan Plug". MMAJ-JICA. 1964) at Balabac Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Jagna Andesite Lithology: Dominantly andesite breccia Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Observed in Palingkod Hill.

of which Basilan Peak rises to 1. A Late Eocene (?) to Oligocene age was inferred for the unit. Basilan and Samales Island Group. 1987) Closely associated with the Talibon Diorite is the Jetafe Andesite which refers to the hornblende andesite bodies closely associated with the quartz diorite in northern Bohol. In Salog. wackes and mudstones. Isolated lenses were identified in the town of Jetafe. medium to coarse grained hornblende phyric andesite and andesite porphyry. There are more than 20 such volcanic centers in Jolo Island alone. tuff cones and maars underlie the islands of Jolo. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Jolo Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt Distribution: Jolo. Phenocrysts of hornblende are set in a fine grained. The andesite unconformably overlies the Rizal Basaltic Wackes of the Ubay Formation. two types of andesite were identified.htm 10/12/2015 . file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Basilan has four volcanic centers. Pata. It is intruded by the Talibon Diorite. In Basilan and Jolo. 1962) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Salog Andesite Formation (UNDP. 1995). The Jagupit consists of conglomerates. (see Tugunan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This unit generally varies in composition ranging from fine grained hornblende andesite to porphyritic andesite.Oligocene Previous name: Jetafe Porphyry (Arco. Alternating with these quartz veins are strips of the host rocks containing minor amounts of chalcopyrite and breccia.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 157 of 374 and south of Puyo River at Agusan del Norte. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Jetafe Andesite Lithology: Hornblende andesite Stratigraphic relation: Unconformably overlies the Ubay Formation and intruded by the Talibon Diorite Distribution: Jetafe. described as andesite and andesite pyroclastics exposed in southeast Jetafe is probably equivalent to the Jetafe Andesite. cinder cones. white to greenish gray groundmass. The main rock types produced by volcanic activity associated with these forms are basalts (Phivolcs. Basilan islands. Parallel quartz veins cut across these rocks. Mt. Samales Island Group Age: Pliocene-Recent (?) Named by: MGB (2004) Numerous volcanic centers consisting of volcanoes. the lowlands surrounding the volcanic peaks and extending to the coast are covered with red lateritic alluvium consisting of fine silt and volcanic boulders. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This was originally named by Arco (1962) as Jetafe Porphyry. Pata.011 m above sea level. The Salog Andesite Formation (UNDP. 1987). northwestern Bohol Age: Late Eocene (?) . Dakula in Jolo was reported to have erupted in 1641. It is equivalent to the Tugunan Formation at Surigao del Norte.

1968). The Mandaon Formation is in a Y-shaped.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 158 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1990) The Kaal Formation was named by Ferguson (1911) for the red and dark purple slate and graywacke exposed at Kaal Creek. It is intruded by the Aroroy Quartz Diorite which gave a radiometric dating of 38 Ma (Middle-Late Eocene). Caunabayan. basalt. no type locality is given. Masbate Age: Eocene Named by: Ferguson (1911) Synonymy: Mandaon Formation (MMAJ-JICA. The term is therefore retained but is used to describe well-defined rhythmic interbeds of indurated thin sandstones and shales of Early Miocene age in the core of the Kilagden Anticline in Asuncion. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kabagtican Formation Lithology:Sandstone. dacite Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Manapao Basalt Distribution: Kaal creek. Some of the slates contain psilomelane lenses parallel to the cleavage. Aroroy. The Kabagtican likewise outcrops at the core of the Nabunturan Anticline as altered volcaniclastic rocks found stratigraphically beneath the vertical cliff-forming Early Miocene limestone along the highway in Nabunturan. The eastern flank of this fold is displaced in a left lateral sense by the Philippine Fault and is now found at Mt. and in peripheral position in Milagros. The sequence of volcanic rocks occurring with thermally metamorphosed sedimentary rocks within the Masbate Forest Reservation could be considered part of the Kaal Formation (Duna. well-indurated volcanic sandstone and conglomerate. volcanic rocks. Davao del Norte Age: Early Miocene (NN3) Thickness: >150-200 m Named by: Casasola (1956) Although Casasola (1956) introduced the term Kabagtican Formation. The formation is therefore assigned an Eocene age. These volcanic rocks are mainly basalt. The Mandaon Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1990) may be considered equivalent to the Kaal Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Caunabayan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kaal Formation Lithology: Slate. volcaniclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of the basinal sequence Distribution: Asuncion. Davao del Norte. Aroroy at the northern part of Masbate. along the eastern border of the Forest Reservation. with andesitic and dacitic facies. Casasola (1956) gives a thickness of 150 to 200 meters for the Kabagtican Formation although it is possible that the base file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. graywacke. Masbate Forest Reservation. andesite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. and occasional parallel-bedded red calcarenites and manganese beds that unconformably (?) overlain by the Late OligoceneEarly Miocene Sambulawan Formation of UNDP (1984) at Mandaon. Nabunturan. It consists of a thick sequence of dark. NE-trending position at Balud-Mandaon. interbeds of sedimentary rocks occur with the volcanic rocks which probably correspond to the metavolcanics and metasediments of Barcelona (1981). probably Early – Middle Eocene. shale. as a U-shaped body at Aroroy. At Cawayan creek. Mt. This formation is in thrust contact (underthrust) with the older Manapao Basalt and Calumpang Formation in the southwestern leg of the island. fragmental flows.

At the type locality. It is about 150 meters thick. Sitio Hubasan. The Kabulao outcrops along Kabulao River. a probable Pliocene age is inferred for this unit. (see Maribojoc Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Casasola (1956) assigns a Pliocene age for the Kabagtican Formation along the basin's western flank.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 159 of 374 of the formation was not observed. 1989) Masaba Conglomerate (Balce and others. ridge parallel to the east coast from Gutusan north to Villalon. However. Sphenolithus belemnos. Peña Kabulao Conglomerate The Kabulao Conglomerate of Arco (1962) probably correlates with the Tubigon Conglomerate Member of the Maribojoc Formation and Mt. 1994). Helicosphaera carteri. running north from Gutusan to file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Western Leyte Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 50 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Hubasan Conglomerate (Llaban. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. However. bedded portion of the Oligo-Miocene arc found throughout the Pacific Cordillera beneath the limestone capping. The volcaniclastic series at the core of the Kilagden Anticline has been dated Early Miocene (NN3) based on the following nannofossil assemblage: Cyclicargolithus abisectus. Cyclococcolithus leptoporus. with clasts of boulders. The formation does not form part of the basinal sequence. who correlates it with the upper. part of the underlying basement. Peña Kabangan Metamorphics The Kabangan Metamorphics of UNDP (1985) is considered equivalent to the Dalrympole Amphibolite. Villaba. Sphenolithus heteromorphus and Sphenolithus moriformis (Quebral. Cyclicargolithus floridamus. Discoaster desueta. and pebbles of volcanic and metamorphic rocks fixed in sandy tuffaceous cement. Palawan Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. cobbles. instead. No fossil was identified from the conglomerate. 1996) The Kadlum Conglomerate was named by Corby and others (1951) for the conglomerate pile exposed at Kadlum Creek. west of Calubian. The Kadlum also underlies a high ridge parallel to the east coast. the outcrops he describes elsewhere along the Davao-Agusan Highway was dated Early Miocene by Quebral (1994). (see Dalrympole Amphibolite. Corte Conglomerate of UNDP (1987).htm 10/12/2015 . It is. Barrio Abijao. 1989). Helicosphaera euphratis. some 8 km north of Mabini. the Conglomerate is overlain by marls and limestones dated Late Miocene (Porth and others. west of Calubian. Discoaster deflandrei. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kadlum Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Tagnocot Formation Distribution: Kadlum Creek. in the eastern coast of Bohol.

The maximum diameter of the pebble clasts is 5 cm. The lapilli tuff. Quebral.htm 10/12/2015 . 1991. They are also distributed in the eastern side of the Davao-Pulangi Fault. It is dark green or dark gray. lapilli tuff. The volcanic breccia typically crops out in the middle course of Sita River and in the upper reaches of Kalagutay River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kalagutay Formation Lithology: Mudstone.32 Ma or Early Miocene (Pubellier and others. Pubellier and others (1993) also reported a dating of Late Oligocene to early Middle Miocene for the thick limestone unit traced on seismic lines (Moore and Silver 1983) that overlie volcanic rocks. 1994 in Sajona and others. Paleontological dating of limestone and mudstone containing foraminiferal assemblages indicate ages of Late Oligocene to Early Miocene (Pubellier and others. Likewise. Chlorite. The Hubasan Conglomerate of Llaban (1989) is probably equivalent to the Kadlum Conglomerate. sandstone. exhibits auto-brecciated structure. The Hubasan is exposed near the headwaters of Tagbubunga and Abijao. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. calcite and pumpellyite in large amounts are present in the rock (BMG. 1981). andesite flows yielded radiometric K-Ar ages of 19. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Nilabsan Formation Distribution: Kalagutay River. The formation. The reported presence of thick conglomerate at the base of the Bata Formation in Dunlop River suggests that the Kadlum is a local time-equivalent facies of the Late Miocene Bata Formation (Muller and others. shales and limestone embedded in sandy matrix. which unconformably overlies the Nilabsan Formation.86 Ma and 16. the name Kalagutay is retained here. The clasts are composed largely of quartz. is composed of pyroclastic rocks with mudstone. The lapilli tuff along the upper reaches of Nilabsan River characteristically contains chromite and serpentine fragments which are probably derived from peridotite (BMG. 1997). serpentinites. conglomerate and limestone beds. The fragments are more than 10 cm in diameter and contain phenocrysts of plagioclase. 1973) is renamed here as Kalagutay Formation for the rocks exposed in the Kalagutay River and from upper Sita and Nilabsan rivers to the mountain area on the west side of Pulangi River near the Agusan del Sur-Bukidnon-Davao del Norte boundary. 1991. 1997). Santiago. The maximum exposed thickness of Kadlum is 50 m (Corby and others. Sajona and others. 1983). Abijao. conglomerate. upper Sita River. It consists predominantly of pebble to boulder clasts of schist. 1989). green amphibole and augite in a groundmass of plagioclase microlites and glass. Mindanao Central Cordillera Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: 3. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. chert and silicified shale held together by a sandy matrix. However. 1983) The name Kalagutay Group (MMAJ-JICA. It consists mainly of pebble conglomerate with occasional thin stringers of sandstone and shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1951). sandstone.000 m Previous name: Kalagutay Group (MMAJ-JICA.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 160 of 374 Villalon. 1981). Villaba. and in places. andesite. Santiago (1983) reported an equivalent unit which he designated as Malayanan Formation. 1981. It is generally massive to poorly bedded clast.to matrix-supported conglomerate. tuff breccia. ash tuff and agglomerates with associated intercalations of andesitic to basaltic lava flows (BMG. The pyroclastic rocks of the formation consist of andesitic volcanic breccia. tuff breccia and ash tuff are distributed widely from the upper reaches of Nilabsan River to Malicapan River. Its designated type locality is in Sitio Hubasan. 1973) Renamed by: MGB (1998) Synonymy: Malayanan Formation (Santiago. These rocks are dark green to dark gray and are strongly altered.

Abra de Ilog Formation Page 161 of 374 Kalumbuyan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. shale. siltstone. Peña Kalunasan Basalt Lithology: Basalt Stratigraphic Relations: Overthrusted by Surop Peridotite Distribution: Kalunasan. near its thrust contact with the overlying Surop Peridotite. although relict pillow structures have been recognized in some areas. is sheared and brecciated. Most of the exposures are massive. The upper portion of the Kalunasan Basalt. The Kalumbuyan rests unconformably over the Canturay Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Kalunasan probably represents the volcanic carapace of the Pujada Ophiolite . Occasional thin lenses of lignitic coals were observed in the sandstone (Castillo and Escalada. poorly bedded to massive and marly. Pangatban and Bayawan rivers. Isolated patches of the Kalumbuyan also occur near Magballo and Candoni as well as the lower reaches of Bayawan and Pangatban rivers. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Canturay Formation Distribution: Bgy. It appears to rest unconformably over the pyroclastic rocks of the Parker Volcanic Complex and the Salbuyon Schist. It consists of sandstone. southwest Negros Age: Pliocene Named by: Castillo and Escalada (1979) The Kalumbuyan Formation was named by Castillo and Escalada (1979) for the exposures of thickly bedded sedimentary rocks underlying the ridge overlooking Bgy. along the western coast of the Sarangani Bay. The limestone is porous. Magballo and Candoni. siltstone. MMAJ-JICA (1990) reports a Pliocene age for the formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Kalumbuyan. South Cotabato Age: Pleistocene Named by: Santos and Baptista (1963) The Kamanga Limestone was named by Santos and Baptista (1963) for the recently uplifted reef limestone adjoining the Kamanga-Siguil area. The basal portion of the Kamanga Limestone consists of conglomerate layers derived from rocks of the Parker Volcanic file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1979). The Formation is exposed mainly around Kalumbuyan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kamanga Limestone Lithology: Reef limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Parker Volcanic Complex Distribution: Kamanga – Siguil area. Kalumbuyan. Pujada Peninsula Named by: MGB (2004) The Kalunasan Basalt of Villamor and others (1984) consists of highly chloritized and epidotized basalt. shale and limestone containing both megafossils and microfossils.

nearly flat-lying. 1951) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. generally vuggy. the basal part of the formation resting on the peridotites consists of interbeds of calcilutite. isolated patches of limestone near the shoreline between Dinapique and Palanan. The limestone is probably of Pleistocene age. calcarenite and massive coralline limestone. The basal conglomerate of the formation also contains numerous subrounded to rounded clasts of peridotite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kanglasog Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt to pyroxene andesite breccia and tuff Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Basac Formation Distribution: Mt. and are partly sandy and tuffaceous. (see Maybangain Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The bioclastic-biohermal aggregates are white to flesh in color. central and northern part of Siquijor Age: Probably Cretaceous Previous name: Kanglasog Volcanics (Sorem. Similar smaller limestone bodies were encountered on the flanks of the northern axis of Matulas Range and at the BiananNufol area. the limestone grades upward to purely coralline type. From the impure marl in the lower horizon. The limestone was noted to contain marine flora and molluscan shells in several localities.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 162 of 374 Complex. 1994). recent paleontologic dating of numerous samples give a range of Early to Middle Miocene. These limestone bodies were observed to rest unconformably over peridotites of the Isabela Ophiolite. However. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kanaipang Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone with associated calcilutite and calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Isabela Ophiolite Distribution: Dinapique and Palanan. Southwest of Palanan. consisting of basaltic and andesitic volcanic rocks and volcaniclastics in southern Sierra Madre is probably equivalent to the volcano-clastic member of the Maybangain Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . gabbro and reddish to greenish volcanic rocks in a calcareous matrix. This formation was assigned a Pliocene-Pleistocene age by MMAJ-JICA (1987). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Isabela Age: Early Miocene Named by: Aurelio and Billedo (1987) The Kanaipang Limestone was designated by Aurelio and Billedo (1987) for the small. Bedding is poor or almost absent. Kanglasog. although the more reliable determinations indicate an Early Miocene age (Billedo. Peña Kanan Formation The Kanan Formation of Revilla and Malaca (1987).

Maasin. In most outcrops. The limestone is cream-coloured.htm 10/12/2015 . 1989). Foraminiferal remains identified in the limestone suggest a Late Oligocene to Early Miocene age for the unit. Kanglasog at the northern part of the island. According to the original description. The term Kantaring was adopted in the subsequent reports of Cosico and others (1989). glomerophyric and vesicular textures. Other fossil forms include Amphistegina sp. measuring 5 m thick. massive. The rocks are fine-grained to porphyritic. Halimeda flakes.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 163 of 374 Renamed by: MGB (2004) Stratigraphic correlation: Pandan Formation of Cebu Island The Kanglasog Volcanics of Sorem (1951). tuff and pillow breccia mostly exposed in the central and northern part of the island. intersertal. the Kantaring was observed as boulders in poorly sorted conglomeratic sandstone exposed at the type locality. red algae. Maria. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. which was probably deposited in a shallow shelf environment (BED. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The breccia consists of angular to sub-angular clasts of varied shapes and sizes. This usually occupies topographic highs forming rugged slopes in the central part and plains in the north. At Lotloton River. In the vicinity of barangay Bagacay. dark red to orange clay represents the weathered product of basaltic breccia. echinoid spines and molluscan fragments. contain detritus of finger and head corals. pyroxene and glass. north of Maasin. phenocrysts are essentially plagioclase and pyroxene embedded in plagioclase microlites. Stretching from Larena to barangay Lotloton. southern Leyte. the Kanglasog unconformably lies below the Basac Formation. Jurgan and Domingo (1989) and Aurelio (1989).. Leyte Age: Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Named by: Jurgan (1980) Synonymy: Cansirong Limestone (Florendo 1987) Correlation: Limestone of the Wahig Formation in Bohol. The carbonates earlier ascribed as Cansirong refers to the buff coloured algal and bioclastic limestone with finger coral and molluscan shell fragments. Florendo (1987) named this unit Cansirong Limestone as a member of the Dacao Formation. The formation is believed to be of Cretaceous age. On the other hand. branching corals. dense and fossiliferous containing abundant Spiroclypeus and sparse Lepidocyclina species. Amygdule fillings mostly consist of chalcedony and fibrous-type zeolite with chlorite at the rim. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Butong Limestone and Cebu Limestone of Cebu The Kantaring Limestone was introduced by Jurgan (1980) for the limestone boulders found along the road from Nonok to Acacia at the west slope of Kantaring Valley. 1986b). The biomicrite beds. Other exposures were recognized in Mts. massive volcanic breccias form an irregular-shaped volcanic tract with a width of 6. The Kanglasog consists of intercalated volcanic breccia. It was also observed as biomiclrite beds overlying 1-2 m pebbly claystone which rests on volcanic basement rock in a roadcut at Acacia district (Jurgan and Domingo.. hard. Austrotrillina striata. Tuff found along Taytayon and Sabang rivers is well bedded.5 km. buff to brown made up of sandy angular grains with current ripple marks. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kantaring Limestone Lithology: Bioclastic limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over volcanic rocks Distribution: Kantaring Valley. consisting of basalt and pyroxene andesite that exhibit intergranular. serves as the basement rocks of Siquijor Island. The type locality of the Volcanic Complex is located at Mt.. here renamed Kanglasog Volcanic Complex. Lunas and Lanoy (Laboon) in the eastern side of the Kantaring Valley. Operculina sp. Sorites sp.

The unit basically consists of hornblende-pyroxene andesite. pyroxene and plagioclase set in glassy matrix. (see Buhang Ophiolite) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Katablingan Metamorphics The Katablingan Metamorphics was named by Angeles and Perez (1977) for the meta-ophiolites exposed east of the Philippine Fault near Infanta. The unit is presumed to have been emplaced during Early to Middle Miocene time. However. Gypsum occasionally occurs along this zone. The Kanturao is apparently coeval with the Hibulungan Volcanics (White Eagle Overseas Oil Co. 1981). Baybay to barrio Lemon. as a molassetype deposit consisting of conglomerate. in BMG. broken and fragmentary rocks are held together by pyritic gougy material. Peña Kapatagan Group The Kapatagan Group was named by Tupas (1952) for the Pleistocene sequence of tuffs. Santiago (1983) gave the Lumbayao a Pliocene age. 1992)..Abra de Ilog Formation Page 164 of 374 Kanturao Volcanic Complex Lithology: Hornblende-pyroxene andesite. most of them pumiceous. Peña Kapalong Formation The Kapalong Formation in Bukidnon was designated by MMAJ-JICA (1973) and defined by BMG (1981). which is equivalent to the Kanturao Volcanics of White Eagle Overseas Oil Co. including the Kapalong. opposite Polillo Island. loose. It covers a continuous belt from barrio Nilapnitan. western Misamis Oriental. Albuera. and siltstone with thin limestone beds at its base. It is probably equivalent to the Buhang Ophiolite. dacite and pyroclastic rocks. dacite and associated pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Dolores and Pangasugan formations Distribution: Highlands of central Leyte Age: Early to Middle Miocene Previous name: Central Highland Volcanics (Pilac. (see Bukidnon Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1981) in western Leyte. The Kapatagan is equivalent to the Bukidnon Formation. in BMG. (1957. MGB (2004) assigns a Pliocene to Pleistocene age to the Lumbayao.htm 10/12/2015 . Capoocan. basalt. 1965) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Forming rugged terrains and irregular slopes in the highlands of central Leyte is the Central Highland Volcanics of Pilac (1965). especially near Kosol. basalt. renamed Kanturao Volcanic Complex by MGB (2004). The Hibulungan is reported to unconformably overlie the lower Taog Formation. The aggregate thickness of the Lumbayao. sandstone. sandstones and conglomerates in the Kapatagan lowlands. Along the major rift zone. It is considered to be equivalent to the Lumbayao Formation. 1957. and Pleistocene for the Lumbayao. is about 1. It consists mainly of amphibolites with associated gabbros (Ringenbach.000 m. Clasts of the conglomerate are andesitic. The andesite consists of phenocrysts of hornblende. BMG (1981) assigned a Pliocene to Pleistocene age for the Kapalong. (see Lumbayao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

subducting beneath eastern Asia during the Mesozoic. On the basis of geochemical and isotopic analysis. granodiorite. Both dominantly contain pale grey. More recent isotope studies by Encarnacion and Mukasa (1997) indicate an even much younger age of Middle Miocene (13-15 Ma). Radiometric KAr age determinations by UNDP (1985) of samples from the project area in central Palawan indicate a probable Early Oligocene age for the intrusion. There are also exposures in the central highland extending southward west of Aborlan. northwestern Pancol. The quartz monzonite consists mainly of quartz. Granodiorite at Stripe Peak consists of plagioclase. orthoclase. melting is believed to have occurred by underplating of the continental crust beneath North Palawan because of the absence of a subduction zone in this region.36. west coast of San Miguel.htm 10/12/2015 . Stripe Peak Granite (UNDP. Imuran Island. Earlier authors like De Villa (1941) considered an Early Eocene age for the intrusion of the Kapoas Granite. northwestern Silaltan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. granodiorite and quartz diorite. For the Mt. Stripe Peak Granite (MMAJ-JICA. 1990).0 1. Two varieties have been distinguished: clear normal biotite granite and a variety with dark patches or schlieren. quartz. northwest of Pancol. Xenoliths of schists were noted in boulders of quartz monzonite which litter the banks and beds of Tarabowan and Babuyan rivers.. biotite and amphibole. these authors believe that the Kapoas has been produced from a calc-alkaline melt related to an old Andean-type arc formed earlier during Mesozoic times. Following the interpretation of Encarnacion and Mukasa (1997). sodic plagioclase. 1990) The term Kapoas Granite was introduced by de Villa (1941) for the granitic intrusive rocks cropping out in Mt. Quartz monzonite underlies Cleopatra's Needle chain of peaks in Linapacan east of Bacuit. sampled south of the Mt. The older ages determined separately by Mitchell and others (1986 .37 2 Ma) for the biotite quartz monzonite bodies and MMAJ-JICA (1987 . Other granitic intrusions that are associated with the Kapoas Granite include quartz monzonite. BMG. Kapoas region. interlocking. Pre-rifting intrusive rocks within the continental crust of Palawan are considered by Taylor and Hayes (1983) as having formed in an Andean-style north-south trending subduction zone that dipped westerly. suggesting a post-rifting origin of the intrusive rock. K-Ar analysis made by MMAJ-JICA (1987. perhaps represent those intrusive events mentioned by Taylor and Hayes (1983) and by later authors and which are unrelated to the Kapoas Granite. finely granular.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 165 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Kapoas intrusives. pre-collision setting. and occasionally staniferous quartz. Kapoas located south of the Malampaya Sound in northwestern Palawan. these older granitic rocks. On the other hand. quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Liminangcong Formation and Barton Group Distribution: Mt Kapoas. Northern Palawan Age: Middle Miocene Named by: De Villa (1941) Synonymy: Tiniguiban Granodiorite (Ringis et al. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Kapoas Granite Lithology: Granite. but BMG (1981) assigned a Late Jurassic age. quartz monzonite. Stripe Peak. These therefore do not belong to a truly continental crust as those formed earlier in an Andean-subduction setting. northwest of Pancol. Quartz diorite at Cagbuli Island is also considered part of the unit Different authors have indicated conflicting ages for the intrusive. southwestern Mabini. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1987). perthite and biotite. central range west of Iwahig. southwest of Mabini and Darocotan Bay. Cleopatra's Needle. It also underlies the areas around the western coast of San Miguel. 1993). This also extends northward to Port Barton. southwest of Mabini and Darocotan Bay.8 Ma) for granodiorites would classify the formation of these intrusive rocks in a prerifting. 1985. 1989) yielded Late Eocene to Early Oligocene age for this unit. Kapoas Granitic Rocks (MMAJ-JICA.

Outcrops are characterized by a near-horizontal alternating sequence of thinly bedded (few centimeters) to thickly bedded (2 m) shale and mudstone.40 Ma.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 166 of 374 Karlagan Formation Lithology: Shale and mudstone with occasional lenses of conglomerate and limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over older formations Distribution: Karlagan Island. occasional lenses of conglomerate and limestone. Peña Kayakian Shale The Kayakian Shale is a member of the Caguray Formation in Mindoro Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Katanglad Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. Polillo Island Group. The shale and mudstone are well bedded.htm 10/12/2015 . Lubang Turbidites and Tulang Wacke. 0. mudstone. On the other hand. Kilakron. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Bukidnon Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) Mts. Adventive domes of andesite and dacite are also present. The Kauswagan consists primarily of conglomerates and wackes with zeolite-bearing pillow basalts intercalated with mudstone in the upper horizon. Peña Kauswagan Road Volcaniclastics The Kauswagan Road Volcaniclastics is one of the members of the Ubay Formation in Bohol as subdivided by UNDP (1987). The Karlagan Formation rests unconformably over the older rock units on Polillo Island.25 Ma. Other volcanic centers in the area include Pudung. The other members of the formation are San Vicente Basalt. <100 Ka (Sajona and others. with occassional lenses of conglomerate. Nanluyaw and Kidonging. (see Caguray Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Ubay Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.27Ma and 0. while a dacite sample from an adventive dome was dated < zero. It is composed of dark gray to black shales with subordinate siltstone and mudstone interbeds. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Fossil assemblages indicate a Pliocene age.52 Ma. coralline and fossiliferous. The limestone is cream to flesh. brown to dark gray and fossiliferous. a sample of shoshonitic basalt gave a K-Ar age of 0. Quezon Age: Pliocene Named by: Fernandez and others (1967) The youngest formation which blankets Karlagan Island and the northern portions of Polillo Island is known as the Karlagan Formation (Fernandez and others. 1997). that is to say. Rizal Basaltic Wackes. Radiometric K-Ar dating of three basalt samples gave ages of 0. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This rock unit is composed of pale to dark grey fossiliferous shale. andesite. 1967). dacite. Katanglad and Kalatungan to its south are the more notable of a cluster of volcanic edifices in northern Bukidnon area.

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Kelly Diorite
Kelly Diorite is the local name for the Middle Miocene hornblende diorite that intrudes the Zigzag Formation at the Kelly
Gold Mine at Bgy. Gumatdang, Itogon, Benguet. The Kelly Diorite and Zigzag Formation are the primary hosts of the
gold-sulfide veins at the Kelly mine area. The Kelly is apparently equivalent to the Itogon Quartz Diorite. (see Itogon
Quartz Diorite)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Kennon Limestone
Lithology: Massive biohermal limestone with associated calcarenites and calcirudites and minor mudstones
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Zigzag Formation along Bued River at Camp 3, Tuba, Benguet area,
and unconformably overlain by the Klondyke Formation in the Baguio District
Distribution: Baguio District; Itogon and Mankayan, Benguet
Age: late Early Miocene – early Middle Miocene
Thickness: 190 m at the type locality
Named by: Corby and others (1951)
Synonymy: Butac Limestone (Cervantes-Bontoc area)
The Kennon Limestone unconformably overlies the Zigzag Formation and unconformably rests below the Klondyke
Formation at its type locality at Camp 3 along Kennon Road. The formation also outcrops on Mt. Sto. Tomas and in
Trinidad, Benguet. In the type locality, the formation consists principally of massive cream to buff to dark grey biohermal
limestone with associated calcarenites and calcirudites. The basal portion consists of wackes, including a conglomeratic
calcarenite near the base which contains clasts of volcanic rocks and small amounts of diorite pebbles and cobbles. Thin
lenses of sandstones and siltstones have been observed in the middle section.
Towards the top, the limestone grades into a bioherm-mudstone complex with a thickness of 52 m, which was separately
named by Durkee and Pederson (1961) as Twin Peaks Formation. The reef mudstone at the base of the Twin Peaks grades
upward into a mudstone-graywacke sequence. The Twin Peaks, however, could be considered a member of the Kennon
Limestone.
The Kennon Limestone has a total thickness of 240 m at the type locality, including the Twin Peaks member. Balce and
others (1980) give a thickness of 240 m for the limestone north of Trinidad.
Paleontological analyses of limestone samples taken from several localities indicate an age of early Middle Miocene (Tan,
1994). Maleterre (1989) reports age determinations of late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene for the Kennon
Limestone.
The Butac Limestone in the Cervantes Bontoc area is considered equivalent to the Kennon Limestone. This limestone is
about 100 m thick and was dated Early to Middle Miocene, probably Middle Miocene (Tf1 Tf2).

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Kiamba Formation
Lithology: Volcanic flows and breccias; graywacke, chert
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Salbuyon Schist and overlain unconformably by the Cablacan Formation
Distribution: Kiamba Point; Tual River, Kansan River, Kapati Creek at Kiamba; Siloay River; Banga River in South
Cotabato
Age: Late Cretaceous – Early Eocene
Previous Name: Siloay Formation (Francisco and Comsti, 1950)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
The Kiamba Formation was previously named Siloay Formation for the conglomerate and limestone beds at the
headwaters of Siloay River, South Cotabato. This was later redefined by Santos and Baptista (1963) to refer to
metavolcanic and metasedimentary rocks along narrow west trending belts on the southwest coast range of the Cotabato
Cordillera. A sequence of volcanic and sedimentary rocks around Kiamba, South Cotabato which corresponds to this
formation was described by Malicdem and Peña (1964). They did not assign a name to the unit, but referred to it only as
pre-Miocene Volcanics. To avoid confusion with the original definition of the Siloay (Francisco and Comsti, 1950) as a
sedimentary unit, the formation is here renamed Kiamba Formation.
The Kiamba Formation consists principally of massive lava flows and flow breccias with subordinate wackes and
conglomeratic sandstones. These rocks crop out along Tual River and Kapati Creek and their tributaries, as well as
Kansan River in Kiamba, South Cotabato. The lower part of the formation is apparently dominated by massive andesite
intercalated with basalt flows with occasional flow breccias. The upper part of the formation seems to consist dominantly
of flow breccias with minor flows and wackes. At the upper Banga River, the upper horizon of the formation is a
fragmental flow of basaltic derivation. The flow breccias are characterized by reddish to brown to gray cobble to pebble
sized volcanic fragments in a greenish matrix. The volcanic fragments are commonly vesicular, amygdaloidal and
porphyritic.
At Bacud Point, at the foot of Buko Mountain just west of Kiamba, an exposure of pillow lavas is conformably overlain by
thin beds of wackes intercalated with volcanic breccia. The fragments of the breccias here reach boulder sizes, up to a
meter along their lengths.
The sedimentary rocks, which are more dominant towards the top of the formation, consist mainly of wackes and
mudstones. Conglomeratic wackes contain subangular volcanic clasts. Bedded ferruginous cherts are found in several
horizons of the formation. The thickness of individual beds varies from a few centimeters to about half a meter.
The formation rests unconformably over the Salbuyon Schist and intruded by the Daguma Diorite. A sample of andesite
flow from an outcrop several kilometers northwest of Kiamba gave a radiometric K-Ar age of 59.18 Ma with a large
uncertainlty of 10.99 Ma, probably caused by alteration (Sajona and others, 1997). The age of the formation is therefore
bracketed within a range of Late Cretaceous – Early Eocene.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Kias Creek Complex
The Kias Creek Dike Complex was used by UNDP (1987) in reference to the dike swarms along Kias Creek at Camp 4,
Tuba, Benguet. It is synonymous with the Camp 4 Complex of Malicdem (1971) and considered equivalent to the Emerald
Creek Complex of Schafer (1956) which may be correlated with the Balacbac Andesite. The dikes include various andesitic
rocks that vary in terms of predominat phenocrysts and lamprophyric and appinite intrusions. (see Camp 4 Complex and
Balacbac andesite)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Kiblawan Limestone

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The Kiblawan Limestone of Milanes (1981) is probably equivalent to the limestone of Gumasa Formation. The Kiblawan
occupies the higher elevations along the western parts of Magsaysay, Kiblawan and in barangays Lapla and Roxas in
Sulop, Saranggani Penisula. Milanes (1981) describes the Kiblawan Limestone as coralline and porous, often marly, and
without any apparent bedding. It is also massive in some places. (see Gumasa Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Kilada Formation
Lithology: Sandstone, calcareous siltstone, conglomerate
Stratigraphic relations: Not reported
Distribution: Barangay Kilada, M’lang, North Cotabato
Age: Pleistocene
Thickness: 100 m
Named by: Froelich and Melendres (1960)
The Kilada Formation was designated by Froelich and Melendres (1960) for the Pleistocene rocks exposed at Barangay
Kilada, M’lang, North Cotabato. It is also represented in the low hills around Marbel area. The formation is a relatively
thin interbedded sequence of fluviatile to lacustrine deposits of buff to gray, poorly consolidated, fine-grained sandstone;
calcareous siltstone; and cross-bedded conglomerate. Its maximum thickness is about 100 m.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Kilapagan Formation
Lithology: Basalt, sandstone, mudstone, shale
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Nilabsan Formation
Distribution: Barrio Kaburacanan, Talakag Timber logging road in Kilapagan area, Bukidnon
Age: Eocene – Early Oligocene
Named by: Santiago (1983)
The term Kilapagan Formation was first used by Santiago (1983) for the rocks typically exposed in Barrio Kaburacanan
and along the Talakag Timber, Inc. logging road within the Kilapagan area, Bukidnon. This formation consists of slightly
metamorphosed basalt flows and clastic rocks consisting of sandstone, shale and mudstone of Eocene to Early Oligocene
age (Santiago, 1983).

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Kinabuan Formation
Lithology: Sandstone, shale, limestone, calcarenite, calcilutite

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Stratigraphic relations: Comprises the sedimentary cover of the Montalban Ophiolitic Complex; overlain by the
Maybangain Formation
Distribution: Kinabuan Creek, Sta. Ines, Antipolo, Rizal; Tatlong K, Pinugay (Philcomsat), Macaira, Sampaloc-Daraitan
road and along Malinaw, Alas-Asin, Toyang and Mamuyao Creeks, Rizal
Age: early Late Cretaceous
Thickness: > 800 m
Named by: Melendres and Versoza (1960)
Synonymy: Barenas-Baito Formation (Revilla and Malaca, 1987)
Tamala Formation (Angeles and Perez, 1977)
The Kinabuan Formation was named by Melendres and Versoza (1960) for the flysch-like sedimentary deposits along
Kinabuan Creek, a tributary of Lenatin River, north of Santa Ines, Antipolo, Rizal. The basal part of the sedimentary
sequence is associated with underlying pillow basalts and basaltic breccias. The basalts represent the volcanic carapace of
the ophiolite, whereas the pelagic sedimentary sequence constitutes the sedimentary cover of the Montalban Ophiolitic
Complex. This sedimentary sequence consists of thinly interbedded silty shale and calcareous sandstone with tuffaceous
and siliceous layers capped by steeply dipping thin beds of limestone. Outcrops of the Kinabuan can also be found in
Tatlong K, Marcos Highway from Masinag to Foremost Farms, Pinugay (Philcomsat), Macaira, Sampaloc-Daraitan road
and along Malinaw, Alas-Asin, Toyang and Mamuyao creeks. The sedimentary sequence of Kinabuan has an estimated
thickness of 800 m. Although the formation has not formally been subdivided, it is clear that there is a lower volcanic
member, middle sandstone-shale member and an upper limestone member.
Haeck (1987) described the lower part of the sedimentary sequence as composed of tan to grey, fine to medium-grained
calcarenite and calcisiltite, buff to grey pelagic limestone and much less common, tan, medium to coarse-grained
calcareous lithic to feldspathic arenite interbedded with black organic to light grey calcareous shale.
The upper limestone member (Reyes and Ordoñez, 1970) is composed of white to buff (weathered), light to dark (fresh)
pelagic limestones and minor light to dark grey calcarenite and calcisiltite with rare interbeds of calcareous shale. The
limestones contain radiolarians, indicating a bathyal depositional environment (Ringenbach, 1992).
The Kinabuan has been dated Santonian to Early Maastrichtian based on planktonic foraminifera (Reyes and Ordonez,
1970; Hashimoto and others, 1979; Haeck, 1987). However, Arcilla (1992) reports a Turonian age for the formation on
the basis of radiolarians and pelagic foraminifera.
The Barenas-Baito Formation (Revilla and Malca, 1987) and Tamala Formation of Angeles and Perez (1977) are
probably equivalent to the Kinabuan Formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
King Ranch Formation
The King Ranch Formation was named by MGB (1984) for the sandstone-shale sequence at King Ranch in Busuanga,
northern Palawan. The sandstone is thickly bedded and arkosic to quartzose in composition. The shale is gray to black and
ranges from silty shale to muddy shale. The King Ranch is partly equivalent to the Coron Formation. (see Coron
Formation)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Kitcharao Limestone
The Kitcharao Limestone was named by Teves and others (1951) for the limestone exposure at Kitcharao in Agusan del
Norte. It was estimated to be about 40 m thick at the type locality and corresponds to the Timamana Limestone in Surigao
del Norte. (see Timamana Limestone)

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Klondyke Formation
Lithology: Lower member - Polymictic conglomerate
Upper member – Sandstone, mudstone, shale with minor conglomerate, limestone, calcarenite and calcirudite
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Kennon Limestone in the Baguio District and grades at the top into
the Amlang Formation; overlain concordantly by the Mirador Limestone
Distribution: Baguio District; Itogon, Benguet
Age: late Middle Miocene to early Late Miocene
Thickness: 2,820 m at the type locality; up to 3,500 for the Marcos Highway section
Previous name: Klondyke Series (Leith, 1938)
Renamed by: Balce and others (1980)
Synonymy: Suyoc Conglomerate (Gonzales, 1956)
The Klondyke Formation, previously designated as Klondyke Series by Leith (1938), is a thick sequence of clastic
sedimentary rocks consisting mainly of polymictic conglomerates with interbedded sandstones, siltstones, shales and
occasional limestone lenses and in places intercalated with flow breccias and pyroclastic rocks. Clasts of the conglomerate
consist of volcanic rocks and quartz diorite as well as sedimentary rocks, including limestone fragments. Some of these
clasts attain boulder-size dimensions.
The Klondyke rests unconformably over the Kennon Limestone at Bued River and Kennon Road (Km. 225) near the
Klondyke Hot Springs, from where the formation obtained its name. The Kennon Road section traverses the formation
downdip up to Km. 216, at the La Union Benguet provincial boundary, where it grades into the Amlang Formation. It is
also well exposed along Marcos Highway and Asin Road and has been mapped at such high elevations as Mt. Santo Tomas
in Baguio City.
The Klondyke Formation is overlain concordantly by the Mirador Limestone along Marcos Highway near Tuba River, at
Irisan along Naguilian Road and along Asin Road.
On the basis of their study of the Marcos Highway section of the Klondyke Formation, De Leon and others (1990)
subdivided the formation into a lower member consisting mainly of massive to thickly bedded conglomerate with tuffaceous
or calcareous matrix and an upper member consisting of mudstone shale with sandstones and conglomerates as well as
occasional thin beds of calcarenites and calcirudites and lenses of limestone.
On the other hand, Balce and others (1980) subdivided the unit into two intertonguing coeval units, distinguished by the
predominance of conglomerate in one (Klondyke Conglomerate) and of pyroclastics in the other (Pico Pyroclastics). The
pyroclastics outcrop around Mt. Santo Tomas, in Pico area at Trinidad and other areas around Baguio City.
Estimates of the thickness of the formation vary, from a low of 1,798 m (Balce and others, 1980) to a high of 3,500 m for
the Marcos Highway section (De Leon and others, 1990).
On the basis of nannofossils obtained from samples along Marcos Highway, De Leon and others (1990) date the formation
as Middle Miocene to early Late Miocene.
Polymictic conglomerates in the vicinity of Suyoc are probably correlative with the Klondyke Formation. These
conglomerates with interbeds of alternating gray to black siltstones and sandstones were earlier defined as Suyoc
Conglomerate overlying the volcaniclastics of the Balili Formation (Gonzales, 1956; Maleterre, 1989). The conglomerate
contains well rounded pebbles and cobbles of chert, epidotized volcanic rocks and intraformational limestones. However,
Baker (1983) and Ringenbach (1992) regard the relationship between the conglomerate and volcaniclastics as
intertonguing, and therefore the conglomerate is considered part of the Balili Formation. Nevertheless, the Suyoc
Conglomerate could still be a distinct unit as indicated by Middle Miocene dating of conglomerate although Garcia (1991)
presumes it to be part of the Balili.

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Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Koronadal Formation
Lithology: Sandstone, mudstone, pyroclastic rocks, basalt, andesite
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over older formations
Distribution: Koronadal and Allah valleys; slopes of Mounts Apo and Matutum; Mindanao Central Cordillera
Age: Pleistocene
Thickness: 500 m
Previous name: Carmen Clastics and Pyroclastics (Froehlich and Melendres, 1960)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
This formation was named earlier by Froehlich and Melendres (1960) as Carmen Clastics and Pyroclastics for the
exposures at Carmen, North Cotabato. It was renamed Koronadal Formation by MGB (2004) to avoid confusion with
another Carmen Formation located in Bohol province. The formation occurs as lenticular belts covering the gentle slopes
of Mounts Apo, Parker and Matutum. It also crops out at the fringes of the Allah and Koronadal Valleys. The rocks
comprising the formation are chiefly shallow marine deposits of poorly consolidated tuffaceous sandstone and mudstone
intercalated with lenses of conglomerate, agglomerate, basalt and andesite. The formation attains a thickness of 500 m. A
Pleistocene age is assigned to the formation.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column
Labangan Formation
Lithology: Terrace sediments, reef limestone
Stratigraphic relations: Not reported
Distribution: Labangan, Midsalip; Punta Fletcha, Sibuguey Peninsula, Zamboanga
Thickness: > 150 m
Age: Pleistocene
Named by: Antonio (1972)
The Labangan Formation was named by Antonio (1972) for the Pleistocene terrace sediments and uplifted reef limestone
in Labangan, Midsalip and Punta Fletcha, Sibuguey Peninsula, Zamboanga. The horizontal terrace sediments are
composed of angular to subrounded fragments of older volcanic rocks, clastic rocks, peridotite, diorite and marble. On the
other hand, the reef limestone is made up of poorly consolidated corals and other calcareous debris, and has a thickness of
about 150 m. Its equivalent in Olutanga Island and the southern portion of the western lobe of Sibuguey Peninsula is the
Olutanga Limestone of Santos-Yñigo (1953).

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Labayug Limestone
The Labayug Limestone (Francisco, 1974) is probably correlative with the Mirador Limestone in Baguio. Its type locality
is at the Northern Cement quarry in barrio Labayug, Sison, Pangasinan. The nature of the contact with the underlying
Klondyke Formation is not clear, since it is hidden, while its contact with the overlying Amlang Formation at Sapid Creek
is gradational. It has a thickness of 290 m at the type locality but thins out towards the north. It is dated Late Miocene.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Labo Volcanic Complex
Lithology: Interlayered andesite, dacite and minor basalt flows intercalated with tuff and other pyroclastics containing
andesite fragments
Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Susong Dalaga Volcanic Complex
Distribution: Mt. Labo, Bosigon River; Camarines Norte; Mt. Kaayunan, Mt. Cone and Mt. Culasi in Camarines Sur
Age: Pleistocene
Previous name: Labo Volcanics (Miranda and Caleon, 1979)
Renamed by: MGB (2004)
The Labo Volcanic Complex was previously named Labo Volcanics by Miranda and Caleon (1979) for the volcanic rocks
around Mt. Labo, Camarines Norte. The best exposures of this unit are in the vicinities of Mt. Labo, Bosigon River and Mt.
Susong Dalaga. The formation extends to Mt. Kaayunan, Mt. Cone and Mt. Culasi in Camarines Sur. The volcanic
complex consists of interlayered andesite, dacite and minor basalt flows intercalated with tuff and other pyroclastics
containing andesite fragments. The following sub-units have been recognized by Delfin and Alincastre (1988): (1) basal
unit of weathered and altered andesite, basalt and dacite lavas and lahars; (2) lava domes of biotite-bearing hornblende
dacite and andesite extruded over the basal unit; (3) central cone of pyroxene andesite, hornblende andesite and dacite
lavas with associated laharic breccia; and (4) andesitic to dacitic block and ash flows erupted about 80,000 years ago. The
andesite contains minute phenocrysts of hornblende and plagioclase embedded in a vesicular and porous tuffaceous glassy
matrix. The dacite is coarsely porphyritic with plagioclase, biotite and minor quartz as phenocrysts. Along fault zones, the
andesite and dacite are silicified and bleached and serve as host rocks for lead and gold mineralization. The pyroclastic
flows occur at the periphery of Mt. Labo. They are light green, gray to buff where fresh, and reddish brown where
weathered. Some tuff layers contain hornblende, biotite and plagioclase. This rock type thins out farther away from the
periphery. The pyroclastic rocks also occur on low lying hills as remnants above the Upper Miocene and Pliocene
formations. They are well-bedded and often display minor cross-bedding. In places, the pyroclastic rocks contain huge
boulders of massive andesite. Delfin and Alincastre (1988) cite radiometric dating of 0.416 Ma to 0.08 Ma while the dating
given by Los Baños and others (1996) goes back to 0.6 Ma, equivalent to Pleistocene.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
Labog Limestone
The Labog Limestone was named by Martin (1972) for the dark gray Eocene limestone at Labog area, southern Palawan.
It overlies a sequence of sandstone and shale identical to the clastic rocks of the Panas Formation. The Labog corresponds
to the Sumbiling Limestone of Casasola (1956). (see Sumbiling Limestone)

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña
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Laboon Conglomerate

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green tuff. These conglomerates are well distributed from Laboon to the central part of southern Leyte. Caramoan Peninsula. These are often intercalated with coarse graywackes. The clasts. mudstones and conglomerates with clasts of volcanic rocks. graywacke. basalt. gabbro and serpentinite. pillow basalt. Antique. It consists predominantly of pebbly to cobbly conglomerate with pebbly sandstone and minor coarse sandstone beds. Putianay. pyroxenite. diorite. consists of metagabbro. mudstone. Siruma Peninsula. Fine grained layers within the formation yielded end of Middle Miocene nannofossils (Zone NN 9) supported by several K-Ar radiometric dating on whole rock samples with an age range between 12. Andesitic breccias and lavas with tuffaceous layers largely constitute the formation. Lagonoy and Tambang. monzonite. Panay Island Age: late Middle Miocene (Zone NN9) Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1949) The Lagdo Formation was named by Santos-Ynigo (1956) for the succession of volcanic and sedimentary rocks along Lagdo Creek.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 174 of 374 Lithology: Conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Discordant over the Tagabaca Member of the Dacao Formation and overlain by the Calubian/Danao Limestone Distribution: Laboon. Maasin and northward in the central part of southern Leyte Age: Middle Miocene Named by: Florendo (1987) Correlation: Kabulao Conglomerate in Bohol. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lagdo Formation Lithology: Andesitic lavas and breccias. marbleized limestone. basaltic dike complex. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Maasin. usually rounded. 1991). which is equivalent to the Calubian Limestone. Camarines Norte Age: Jurassic – Early Cretaceous file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. pelagic sedimentary rocks Distribution: Mt. limestone. andesite. Hubasan Conglomerate in northwest Leyte The Laboon Conglomerate was introduced by Florendo (1987) for the coarse clastic deposits exposed on the west bank of Kantaring River near the village of Laboon. gabbro. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. peridotite.8 Ma (Rangin and others. tuff.4 Ma and 13. indurated sandstone and siltstone. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Paniciuan Melange and Antique Ophiolite Distribution: Lagdo Creek.htm 10/12/2015 . The formation was observed to be discordant over the Tagabaca Member of the Dacao Formation of Florendo (1987) and is also unconformably overlain by his Danao Limestone. The Lagdo Formation unconformably overlies the Paniciuan Melange and the Antique Ophiolite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lagonoy Ophiolite Lithology: Dunite. chert and conglomerates presumably derived from the older formations around the area. A Middle Miocene age is inferred for the formation on the basis of the age of the overlying Middle Miocene Danao Limestone.

equivalent to Early Cretaceous. The Lagonoy is a complete ophiolite sequence characterized by an imbricated series of ultramafic rocks (dunite with chromite layers. at Barangay Denrika. including Mt. Putianay. Talim island. Sangunsalaga dome. intruded by the Mt. airfall tuff. Westward. These are overlain by pillow basalts with some brecciated layers. Collapse structures bounding this lake suggest that it is probably a relic of a much larger ancient caldera system. Peña Laguna de Bai Volcanic Complex Northeast of Taal Volcano is Laguna de Bai. d) stream deposits. 2000). It also underlies a large portion of Siruma Peninsula in the northwest. Andesites from around Laguna de Bai give radiometric K-Ar whole rock ages of 2. pillow basalt and its sedimentary cover. (see Guadalupe Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. e) lake deposits. Graben tectonics divided the lake into three bays. and f) basalt flows. the largest volcano-tectonic depression in this region formed by caldera eruptions and extension tectonics. which probably correspond to the sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. 1988). Exposures are mostly in the northwestern part of the peninsula. Sembrano. the gabbroic unit is overlain by slightly metamorphosed interbedded pyroclastic rocks with some reworked blocks of basaltic rocks. 1998) The Lagonoy Ophiolite was named by David (1994) for the exposures of ultramafic and mafic rocks in Caramoan Peninsula. c) lahars. b) pyroclastic flow deposits.000 to 27.htm 10/12/2015 . namely: a) air fall tephra. Recent studies by Catane and Arpa (1999) suggest a resumption of volcanic activity in the Laguna de Bai area 47. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These then pass upstream into turbiditic clastic rocks. The East and Middle bays are separated by the Jala-Jala peninsula which hosts three domes including Mt. traceable from Lagonoy northward to Tambang Point. Along the eastern bank of Tambang River. Localized low-grade metamorphism also affected the sequence. The Caliraya plateau on the eastern side of the lake represents a >400-m thick volcano-sedimentary sequence composed of welded and unwelded pyroclastic flows intercalated with lava flows. Camarines Norte Ophiolitic Complex (Tamayo and others. The Laguna Formation apparently corresponds to the Guadalupe Formation. 1986.7 Ma (Sudo and others. base surges and fluvial and lacustrine sediments. and the Binangonan peninsula isolates the Middle from the West bay. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in Mapid. Peña Lagonoy Schist The Lagonoy Schist of Miranda (1976) refers to the greenschists and marble in the southern coastline of Caramoan Peninsula. Geary and others. Peña Laguna Formation The Laguna Formation was named by Schoell and others (1985) for the Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene clastic and pyroclastic rocks around Laguna de Bai. gabbro (massive and cumulate sequence). Panganiran Ultramafics (De Guzman. Schoell and others (1985) defined several facies of the formation. To the north. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. massive to layered gabbro are intruded by basaltic dikes. It also occurs as interbeds in the upper horizons of weakly schistose tuff and conglomerate at Panicuan River. A metamorphosed leucodiabase and gabbro east of Alto Point revealed a radiometric (Ar-Ar) date range of 151-156 Ma. limestones and small plutons are exposed within the pyroclastic series.000 yrs BP after a cessation of volcanic activity that could have lasted for a million years. equivalent to Jurassic (Geary.3 to 1. To the west and south of the lake are the volcanic and pyroclastic deposits of the TaalBanahaw area. pyroxenites and peridotite). 1963).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 175 of 374 Named by: David (1994) Synonymy: Cadig Ophiolitic Complex. Radiometric (K-Ar) dating of a gabbro in Mayon Mines in Siruma Peninsula gave a value of 117 Ma. lahars. Metamorphosed units of the Lagonoy Ophiolite were previously lumped with the Lagonoy Schist of Miranda (1976) and BMG (1981).

Cerithium kenkinsi. sandy shale and sandstone with interbeds of pyroclastic rocks. Fossils in this member reported by Brown (1950) include Vicarya callosa. and in places shows cross-bedding. light gray. Ceritheum herklotsi. but massive in places. basalt and dacite flows reported by Miranda (1976) in the southwestern part of Lahuy Island and in some of the adjoining islands are called Lahuy Formation by BMG (1981). Bulacan Age: Late Miocene Thickness: > 1. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Lahuy Island and adjoining islands. extending from Angat River southwards to Santa Maria. tuffaceous and rich in magnetite sand. The sandstone is well bedded. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Madlum Formation Distribution: Lambak depression. a tributary of Sibuguey River in Sibuguey Peninsula. off Caramoan Peninsula Age: Middle – Late Miocene Named by: BMG (1981) The intercalated sandstone. Maria. Sta. The formation was assigned an age of Middle to Late Miocene by BMG (1981). generally poorly bedded. Peña Lalat Member The Lalat Member of the Lumbog Formation was originally defined as a separate formation by Brown (1950) for the exposures along Lalat Creek. The Lalat is well exposed at the Diplahan-Butog and Lalat areas and is estimated to be 285 m thick. coal and limestone. dacite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 176 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The sandstone is light to dark gray. sandstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists of mudstone. Norzagaray. Cerithium bandongensis and Terebra bicinncta. previous workers considered this unit as file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . Bulacan. The mudstone and shale are medium to dark gray. thin to medium bedded. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lambak Formation Lithology: Tuffaceous shale. fairly indurated. As the physical features and lithology resemble that of weathered andesite and basalt. 1929) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Resting unconformably over the Madlum Formation is the Lambak Formation. The coal beds attain a thickness of 3 m. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lahuy Formation Lithology: Basalt. Bulacan. This was previously designated as Lambak Shale and Sandstones by Alvir (1929) to designate the tuffaceous shale and sandstone sequence in the Lambak depression which is roughly 7 km long and 2 km wide. (see Lumbog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.000 m Previous name: Lambak Shales and Sandstones (Alvir. feldspar and chloritized lithic fragments. It is composed of fine to coarse subangular to subrounded grains of quartz.

1911) after its type locality along Lanang River. 1989) Lanang Formation was named by Ferguson (1911) after its type locality at Lanang River. well-rounded. Bulacan. (see Lanang Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale. and east of the Buenavista-Cawayan area in southern Masbate. The coarser components are mainly subangular to subrounded crystals of quartz and feldspars in a clayey. It consists of conglomerates composed of well consolidated. poorly sorted. Planktonic foraminiferal fossils Orbulina universa d'Orbigny and indeterminate species of Globigerinoides were found in some samples.htm 10/12/2015 . The Lambak Formation is best exposed along Minuyan Creek. found small foraminiferal species in the formation. Napayawan River. limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 177 of 374 part of the Alagao Volcanics. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Kaal Formation Distribution: Lanang and Napayawan rivers. Peña Lamon Andesite The Lamon Andesite was named by MMAJ-JICA (1990) for the Middle Miocene andesite unconformably overlying the Late Oligocene Sambulawan Formation of UNDP (1984) along Lamon. Corby and others (1951) assign a Middle Miocene age to this formation. (see Nabangig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The conglomeratic part includes cobbles and pebbles of volcanic rocks and diorite cemented by coarse tuffaceous material. The formation is made up of a sequence of massive to poorly bedded. a northeast-flowing tributary of Santa Maria River that cuts across Barrio Minuyan (Bigti). well-indurated. sandy shale and massive. Gonzales and others (1971). Tugbo and Sambulawan Rivers in Masbate. NW Lower Buyag Formation (Porth and others. shale. however. At the northern end of the outcrop belt. The formation is equivalent to the Lanang Conglomerate of Porth and others (1989). medium to coarse arkosic sandstone which is locally conglomeratic. and coralline limestone are present in the conglomerate. Buenavista-Cawayan area. 1990) at Aroroy and Baleno.000 m in thickness. Masbate. Masbate Island Age: Middle Miocene Named by: Ferguson (1911) Synonymy: Lanang Conglomerate (Porth and others. 1989). Interbeds of coarse sandstone. poorly sorted. tuffaceous and calcareous matrix. hard. basalt and andesite as well as white orbitoidal limestone boulders and pebbles set in a tuffaceous sandstone matrix. sandstone. Peña Lanang Conglomerate The Lanang Conglomerate of Porth and others (1989) was previously named Lanang Formation (Ferguson. Norzagaray. indicating an age of Middle Miocene or younger. Porth and others (1989) noted the presence of a few specimens of Orbulina universa. the Lambak probably exceeds 1. The Middle Miocene Lower Buyag Formation of Porth and others (1989) in the southeast probably corresponds to the file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The orbitoidal limestone pebbles in the conglomerate yielded Early Miocene large foraminifera. The conglomerate of Lanang overlies the Kaal Formation (Mandaon Formation of MMAJ-JICA. The sedimentary sequence constituting the Sambulawan Formation is equivalent to the Nabangig Formation. Exposures of the formation are also found along the Aroroy-Mandaon road. tuffaceous. Masbate Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lanang Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. The Lambak is dated Late Miocene and deposited under open sea condition.

Sumuot Creek and at Sabang within the municipality of Bordeos. The nannoplankton assemblage and foraminiferal zones in several sections of the Lower Buyag indicates an age of NN5-NN6 and N9 to N12.to medium-grained sandstone. The Lanao Volcanic Complex is assigned an age range of Pliocene – Pleistocene on the basis of available information. while that of basalt from the northern slope of Mt.16 Ma. This is apparently equivalent also to the Buyag Limestone of MMAJ-JICA (1989). Dark gray to black shale and fine. Mt. Mt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Langoyen Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bordeos Formation Distribution: eastern coast of Polillo Island. with a maximum thickness of 56 m. white to light brown. Mt. At Buenavista and Banga River.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 178 of 374 Lanang. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lanao Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. include Mt.htm 10/12/2015 . Mt. tuffaceous marls and shales. Mt. bedded limestone. Sagada. biodetrital sandstone and limestone breccia in Segundo River are also considered part of this unit. Iniaoan. It crops out along Bordeos River. tuffaceous sandstone. The unconformity is marked by a slight angular discordance. Dos Hermanos Peaks. respectively (Middle Miocene). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Langoyen Limestone appears to be discontinuous. Lepidocyclina and Austrotrillana) contained in some samples. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The volcanoes. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a sample of basaltic andesite taken near the northern rim of Lake Lanao gave an age of 2. arenite and conglomeratic limestone. The limestone unconformably overlies a thin sequence of dark grey to green sandstone belonging to the upper portions of the Bordeos Formation. Catmon. Puerai gave an age of 0. which are all inactive. and partly coralline. These interfinger with basinal. lenticular. Recent determinations by Billedo (1994) indicate an age range of late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene.31 Ma. Lake Nunungan. A dating of early Middle Miocene was assigned by BMG (1981) for this formation on the basis of large foraminifera (Miogypsina. Gadungan. Cabugao. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Age: Pliocene –Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) The Lanao Volcanic Complex consists of a cluster of volcanoes with associated volcanic lakes in Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. characterized by minor differences in the strike and dip of the beds near the contact. It consists of massive limestone with red chert as fracture fillings. Puerai and Gurain Mountains. Quezon Age: late Early Miocene – early Middle Miocene Thickness: 56 m (maximum) Named by: Billedo (1994) A limestone body underlying low gentle hills and scattered as small patches along the eastern coast. andesite. north and south of Bordeos was designated by Billedo (1994) as Langoyen Limestone.

htm 10/12/2015 . fossils. The welded tuff is intercalated with altered andesite in Bosigon River. Ilocos Norte as Laoag Marl Beds. Pinet (1990) reports a dating of late Early Pliocene to Pleistocene age for the fossiliferous beds of this formation. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Larap Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. The Larap consists of fragmental andesite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. andesitic flow breccia. tuff breccia. Calambayugan Island and Enchanted Island Age: Oligocene? Previous Name: Larap Volcanics (Meek. 1907) Renamed by: Irving and Quema (1948) as Laoag Calcareous Sandstone Renamed by: MGB (2004) Smith (1907) first named the sedimentary rocks exposed along the highway between Bacarra and Laoag. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Laoag Formation Lithology: Sandstone with interbeds of siltstone and claystone and occasional reefal limestone and limestone breccia Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Laoag. 1981).820 670 years BP (BED-JICA. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Humic soil beneath the tuff sampled in Buguias. Irving and Quema (1948) renamed the rock unit Laoag Calcareous Sandstone. Benguet. Miranda and Caleon (1977) retained the name but excluded the basaltic flows intercalated with volcanic file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. gave a 14C dating of 18. at Mankayan. Peña Lapangan Tuff The Lapangan Tuff of Baker (1983) consists of a thin veneer of ash fall in Lapangan. Some conglomerate beds contain abundant shell and other molluscan. andesitic and trachytic crystal tuff. as well as wood and leaf. tuff Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Tumbaga Formation and unconformably overlain by the Bosigon Formation Distribution: Larap.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 179 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Camarines Norte. Camarines Norte. Benguet. These are predominantly sandy well-bedded cream to buff calcareous rocks. near the mine area of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co. MGB (2004) designated it as Laoag Formation. lapilli tuff and welded tuff. Ilocos Norte Age: late Early Pliocene to Pleistocene Thickness: Undetermined Previous name: Laoag Marl Beds (Smith. The formation is made up of flat-lying sandstone with interbeds of siltstone and claystone and occasional reefal limestone and limestone breccia towards the top. 1941) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The formation was previously named Larap Volcanics by Meek (1941) and Frost (1959) for the thermally altered andesite and andesitic flow breccias and tuffs in Larap.

Amnay. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 180 of 374 sandstone. shale. Paleontological analyses of foraminifera indicate a probable Late Eocene age for the formation (Hashimoto and Sato. Latian. The file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Basalt flows and dikes occur within the Lasala. and Spherogypsina sp. The limestone. pillow basalts are intercalated with sandstones and shales through several hundred meters of section (Sarewitz and Karig. Kambas Creek. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. separates the clastic sequence of the Lasala from the underlying Halcon Metamorphic Complex at Pagbahan River. It was named Latian Limestone by MGB (2004) for the exposure at Mt. The exposures follow a belt parallel to to the contact with the conformably underlying Tumbaga Formation. Rotalidae sp. Latian. chert. eastern shore of Lake Kapanglao. Reef limestone in western Lubang Island was reported by Faure and others (1989) to be of Late Eocene age based on the presence of the following foraminifera: Pellatispira mirabilis (Umgrove). The Larap crops out in Larap Peninsula as well as the western edge of Calambayugan Island and Enchanted Island. 1968). Coarse crystalline limestone occupies the lower portion of the Lasala. The formation also crops out at Big Lun. It lies unconformably above volcanic agglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Latian Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over volcanic agglomerate Distribution: Upper Big Lun. Locally. Operculina cf. The formation consists mainly of sandstones and shales with subordinate conglomerate. At Pagbahan River. limestone. Saranggani Peninsula Age: Early Miocene Thickness: 16 m Named by: MGB (2004) Froehlich and Melendres (1960) applied the name Head Allah Limestone in Daguma Range west of Cotabato Valley for the Early Miocene limestone in Saranggani.htm 10/12/2015 . It is also in the area south of Larap. Amphistegina radiata. The welded tuff and trachyte tuff of the Barangay Andesite of Meek (1941) in Batobalane and San Isidro are included in this formation. Clasts of occasional conglomerates consist mostly of basalt and chert. The thickness of the formation has not been determined but it is estimated by Sarewitz and Karig (1986) to reach a few thousand meters. Patrick. Portions of the Sablayan Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984) yielded Halkyardia minima (Liebus) and Biplanispira mirabilis (Umgrove) indicating an Eocene age. Mt. 1986). Pagbahan rivers. Talusungan. probably belonging to the Malita Formation. extending 30 km southeast. mudstone and limestone intercalated with basalt flows. Mindoro Age: Late Eocene Named by: Hashimoto (1981) The Lasala Formation was named by Hashimoto (1981) for the rocks exposed along Lasala River in northern Mindoro. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lasala Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Most exposures show rhythmically interbedded gray sandstone and dark gray shale with individual beds varying in thickness from 5-30 cm. shale and altered spilite southeast of Larap. and the eastern shore of Lake Kapanglao. mudstone. Pangyan and Malbag rivers. Kambas Creek. Pagbahan and Alitungan. portions of the formation may be sandstone-rich or shale-rich with individual beds reaching up to 2 m thick. conglomerate. saipanensis. basalt flows and dikes Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Halcon Metamorphic Complex Distribution: Lasala River. Pangyan and Malbag rivers. which is about 100 m thick.

the metamophic effects resulting from its emplacement are clearly discernible. quartz diorite. yet do not show any intrusive relations or clear boundaries with the overlying felsic rocks (Cabantog and Quiwa. Although its contact with the surrounding rocks is obscure. Diorite also crops out along Gilagila Creek in Bagacay. These rocks form the core of the felsic lava dome. The felsic pyroclastic rocks in the Lawaan area are made up of tuff breccia with intercalated quartz-bearing crystal tuff which grades into lapilli tuff to lithic tuff to ash tuff. central Samar and in Camcuevas area. Portacio. southern Leyte. It is roughly 500 m wide and 3 km long. (1982) reported coarse-grained plutonic rocks equivalent to these rocks in the Anagasi area and suggested that these possibly represent the magma chamber of the overlying pyroclastics and flows. and d) ferruginous chert. Garcia and Mercado. Sarangani-1 well data indicate that the limestone could attain a thickness of 450 m (BED. Hinabangan. 1982). c) mineralized rocks.is considered part of the Lawaan Formation. southeastern Samar Age: Paleogene. The formation consists of: a) felsic subvolcanic rock and lava flows (also termed felsic plutono-volcanic rocks). chalcopyrite. Cutting through the sedimentary and volcanic rocks in Camcuevas is an elongated diorite body striking northwest. Ferruginous chert lies above the massive sulfide bodies. The Felsic Volcanic Rocks of Garcia and Mercado (1981) and subsequently adopted by BMG (1981) -. Mineralized rocks of the massive sulphide type are stratigraphically above the altered felsic pyroclastics. pyroclastic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Veins. monzonite.htm 10/12/2015 . 1981) Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) first used the term Lawaan Formation in relation to the different lithologic units and mineralization in the Lawaan area. veinlets. The felsic plutono-volcanic rocks have various phases: quartz diorite. 1986b). that change from a coarser phase at the center to a finer one at the periphery. Jr. Peña Lawagan Gabbro Lithology: Gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by the Amontay Formation Distribution: Lawagan River. Fossils indicate an Early Miocene age for the limestone. The thickness is 16 m at Big Lun River. b) felsic pyroclastics. mainly pyrite. probably during LateCretaceous – Early Eocene. granodiorite. rhyodacite and andesite flows. chert Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Camcuevas Volcanic Complex Distribution: Lawaan. sphalerite and quartz were deposited in this felsic pyroclastic sequence. 1988). rhyodacite. 1981.consisting of a thick series of interlayered dacitic lavas. The Lawaan is thought to have been emplaced during the Paleogene (MMAJ-JICA. central Samar which are related to felsic igneous activity. probably Late Cretaceous – Early Eocene Named by: Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) Synonymy: Felsic Volcanic Rocks (BMG. stringers and stockworks of sulfide minerals. andesite dacite. limited to some patches in Maasin area Age: Late Cretaceous? Named by: Florendo (1987) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lawaan Formation Lithology: Diorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 181 of 374 limestone is dense and in places contains megafossils. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. volcanic breccia and lapilli tuff -. granodiorite and monzonite which grade into the finer phases of dacite. Maasin.

calcite. This represents the gabbro component of the Malitbog Ophiolite. Intercalated with these volcanic flow rocks are volcanic breccias and green and red tuffaceous sandstones. Age: Early to Middle Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) The Lazi Member represents the lower part of Basac Formation. schistose to semi-schistose cleavage had developed. The unit is mainly isotropic gabbro with lenses of noncumulate hornblende-clinopyroxene gabbro and transitional gabbro. green fibrous amphibole and quartz. Maasin. This unit occupies a narrow N S trending belt on both sides of the Abra River Fault. Fossiliferous and calcareous tuffs outcrop north and south of Larena and northwest of Lazi.htm 10/12/2015 . although they rarely exhibit distinct foliation. Peña Lawagan Metadiorite The Lawagan metadiorite of MMAJ-JICA (1988) is probably sysnonymous with the Lawagan Gabbro. Barangay Lazi. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. tuff. In places. They are commonly weakly metamorphosed into greenschists. (see Lawagan Gabbro) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. epidote. coarse sandstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lepanto Metavolcanics The Lepanto Metavolcanics was the name given by geologists of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company to the basement rocks in the Cervantes Bontoc area. 1988) The formation was named by Florendo (1987) after its exposure in Lawagan River. the gabbro had been altered into a greenstone consisting of albite. Along the sole of thrust planes and faults that cut the unit. The lower part is characterized by rhythmic layering and grain size layering.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 182 of 374 Synonymy: Lawagan Metadiorite (MMAJ-JICA. grainstone and green cherty clastic rocks. The volcanic rocks include massive flows and pillow basalts which are highly fractured and epidotized. The unit occurs only as small patches in the central part of southern Leyte. Foraminiferal tests are common in the sandstone facies outcropping along the San JuanLazi national road and at Mt. The hornblende-clinopyroxene gabbro is massive and medium-grained. the volcanic flows are intruded by numerous diabasic dikes (Ringenbach. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Reports of small outcrops file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the transitional gabbro unit consists of clinopyroxene gabbro and minor hornblende-clinopyroxene gabbro. chlorite. The contact between these gabbroic bodies and the sheeted dike complex is transitional. The Gabbro is probably synonymous to the Lawagan Metadiorite of MMAJ-JICA (1988). Manganese beds are occasionally encountered between the shale and agglomerate beds (Calomarde. In places. siltstone. mostly composed of polymictic conglomerate and biocalcarenite that grades upward into shale. 1992). eastern part of Siquijor Island. tuffaceous sandstone. Peña Lazi Member Lithology: Biocalcarenite. in places grading into irregular zones of coarse-grained to pegmatitic hornblende diorite. 1987). Its type locality is at Lazi. Kangbandilaan.. Siquijor Island. mudstone. siltstone and shale with basal conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Kanglasog Volcanic Complex Distribution. southern Leyte. siltstones and mudstones with some chert. Florendo (1987) assigned a Late Cretaceous for the Lawagan.

shale.htm 10/12/2015 . mudstone. It is best exposed at a gorge cut by the Batangan River near confluence with Kayakian River. in addition to the occurrence of dikes evoking a sheeted dike complex. 1997). western Panay Age: Pliocene . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The volcanic rocks extruded from these volcanoes are mostly calc-alkaline andesites and a small proportion consists of basalts. Peña Lepitan Limestone The Lepitan Limestone is a member of the Caguray Formation in southwestern Mindoro. minor basalt Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes and covers the older volcanic rocks in Leyte Distribution: Parallel to the Philippine Trench from Biliran down south to Panaon Island. Biliran Island in the north is an active volcano. It was renamed Leyte Volcanic Complex by MGB (2004).Pleistocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Leyte Island Age: Late Pliocene. The limestone consists mostly of packstones and grainstones with abundant large foraminifera and algal debris.to Recent Previous Named: Quaternary Volcanics (Pilac. 1965) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The term Quaternary Volcanics was suggested by Pilac (1965) for the young volcanic cones and flows distributed from Biliran Island in the north down south to Panaon Island. The Lepanto is the local equivalent of the Pugo Formation in the Baguio District. reefal limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Fragante Formation and older rocks Distribution: Sta. siltstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. while Maripipi Island in the north and Cancajanag and Gumdalitan in Ormoc are considered by Phivolcs (1998) as potentially active volcanoes. These comprise a volcanic chain related to the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Leyte segment of the Philippine Trench. have led Ringenbach (1992) to consider this unit as part of an ophiolitic basement. (see Pugo Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 183 of 374 of gabbro and gabbro float. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Leyte Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesitic volcanic cones and flows. The limestone overlies the Piatt Mudstone and Kayakian Shale but all three units are dated Late Eocene (see Caguray Formation). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Libertad Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. The 30 or so volcanoes comprising this chain are distributed near or along the Leyte segment of the Philippine Fault. Cruz area. Radiometric dating of the volcanic rocks indicates that volcanic activity along this chain started as early as 3 Ma or Late Pliocene (Sajona and others. This unit may also be correlated with the volcanic flows constituting Maleterre's (1989) Pingkian Ophiolite farther east. west of Libertad to Malay.

Libog.The Licuan II formation. The Licuan I formation exposed along Layacan River west of Besao is composed chiefly of basalt. The formation consists of conglomerate. Owing to the composite nature of the unit. Cruz Sediments (Cruz and Lingat. marly shale file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It was mapped by MMAJ JICA (1980) in Licuan area in Abra. considered equivalent to the Malitep Formation. Peña Licuan Group The Licuan Group was designated by MMAJ JICA (1980) and BMG (1981) for the volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks exposed around Bontoc town in Mountain Province. agglomerate.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 184 of 374 Previous name: Sta. poorly to fairly consolidated with subangular to subrounded granule to cobble size clasts of metamorphic rocks. graywacke. shale and Pliocene-Pleistocene reefal limestone. conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ligao Formation Lithology: Limestone. siltstone and conglomerates is included in this formation. basaltic andesite and pyroclastic rocks intercalated with 2 m thick limestone. The clasts of the conglomerate are mainly andesitic.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. mudstone. The sequence unconformably overlies the Fragante Formation and older rocks in the peninsula. volcanic flows. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Albay Age: Late Cretaceous? Previous name: Libog Volcanics (Corby and others. Albay. Exposures are also found at the western side. In the eastern part of Cagraray Island opposite Sula Strait. The Libog includes the outcrops of tuffs with some flows and agglomerates near the Sula lighthouse in Cagraray. from west of Libertad to Malay. 1980). reaching up to 50 m thick along Malibcong River in Abra. it was renamed by MGB (2004) as Libog Formation. Cruz Sediments for the rocks that crop out west of Sta. pyroclastic rocks. Cruz along the Pandan-Nabas road at the neck of Buruanga Peninsula. It probably represents the carapace of the ophiolitic basement. Licuan II formation is made up of andesite lava and andesitic pyroclastic rocks with intercalated limestone lenses. The conglomerate is bedded. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Libog Formation was previously named Libog Volcanics by Corby and others (1951) for the volcanic and pyroclastic rocks in Libog. poorly sorted. siltstone. also contains limestone lenses up to 50 m thick in the Abra area (MMAJ JICA. (see Malitep Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. siltstone Stratigraphic relations: Conformably overlain by the Sula Formation Distribution: Cagraray Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Libog Formation Lithology: Tuff. A Late Cretaceous age was assigned by MGB (2004) for the Libog Formation. Solsona area in Ilocos Norte and Kabugao area in Kalinga Apayao. 1966) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Libertad Formation was originally designated by Cruz and Lingat (1966) as Sta. a thick sequence of interbedded fine and coarse graywacke.

calcarenites and calcisiltites which could represent the near-shore facies of the Malama Siltstone of the Ligao Formation. shale. It crops out east of Liguan Point. 1950). and marly shale and limestone member. 1951) The Ligao Formation was previously named Ligao Limestone by Corby and others (1951) to designate the limestone in the canyon of Talisay River in Ligao. siltstone. The Nabua consists of calcareous sandstone. coal. The Lower Miocene limestone and basal sandstone with interbedded coal seam cropping out 1 km west of Morocborocan along the northern coast of Rapu-Rapu Island is probably a lateral extension of the Coal Measures (Irving and Cruz. Bicol region Age: Early Miocene Thickness: ~ 700 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Liguan Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sedimentary sequence along the southern part of Batan Island. The Coal Measures has an estimated thickness of 300 m (Corby and others. Miogypsina and Lepidocyclina were identified in samples from this member. and the upper Hill Limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 185 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Overlies Talisay Formation Distribution: Ligao and Oas. basalt member. . Francisco (1961) renamed it Sorsogon Formation with three members. white to pink and cliffforming. marly claystone and massive limestone. middle Coal Measures – sandstone. namely: clastic and tuff member. 1951) Renamed by: De Guzman (1963) Synonymy: Nabua Formation (Corby and others. It was called Ligao Formation by de Guzman (1963) to include both the limestone capping the Ligao Range and pyroclastic rocks. tuffs and finer clastic rocks.This middle member is exposed as a continuous belt from Liguan to Caracaran in the southwest. Likewise. It is made up of three members. The Sorsogon Marl is an assemblage of flat-lying loosely consolidated calcareous tuffs. Coal Measures. the Sorsogon Marl of Corby and others (1951) is also considered equivalent to the Ligao Formation.This lower member was named after the limestone along the southern coast of Cagraray Island. . equivalent to the Sorsogon Marl of Corby and others (1951). loosely consolidated coarse sandstone. the middle Coal Measures. Fossils in the formation indicate an Early Miocene age. It is equivalent to the Coal Measures of Smith (1908). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The thickness is around 50 m. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Liguan Formation Lithology: lower Coast Limestone – limestone. 1951). The Nabua Formation of Corby and others (1951) in Camarines Sur and northwestern Albay may be considered as facies equivalent of the Ligao Formation. The limestone is white to gray. massive to thinly bedded. northern coast of Rapu-Rapu Island. including cross-bedded. Sorsogon Marl (Corby and others. Coast Limestone. The Ligao is about 500 m thick and is considered Pliocene-Pleistocene in age. Albay. The limestone is thick bedded to massive. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. coralline. 1951). The pyroclastic rocks underlie the limestone and also occur as interbeds in the limestone.Pleistocene Thickness: 500 m Previous name: Ligao Limestone (Corby and others. Albay Age: Pliocene . in the vicinity of Manila and Barat and across Caracaran to Bugtong Point.htm 10/12/2015 . namely: the lower Coast Limestone. upper Hill Limestone – limestone Stratigraphic relations: Coal measures grade into the Caracaran Siltstone Distribution: Batan Island.

It was formerly included in the Linapacan Metamorphic Series and Gulang-gulang Series of De Villa (1941) and the Bacuit Formation of Reyes (1971). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1989. foraminifers. Late Jurassic corals. Faure and Ishida (1990). widely distributed in the northern part of mainland Palawan including the Calamian Group of islands Age: Late Permian to Late Jurassic Thickness: 500 . The chert found in islands of the Cuyo Group of Islands that are Middle Triassic in age based on conodonts (Amiscaray and Mabiray. Follicuculus scholasticus. the Liminangcong Chert (Santos. tuff Stratigraphic relations: Considered part of an olistostrome but noted to underlie the Coron Limestone and unconformably rest on the Minilog Limestone in Northern Palawan Distribution: Liminangcong coast at the northern part of Malampaya Sound. synonymous to the Liminangcong Formation is the Radiolarite of Fontaine (1979) in the Calamian Island Group. . but at Malajon Island. Fontaine (1979) noted that the radiolarite tends to underlie the Coron Limestone. The Liminangcong consists essentially of complexly folded and faulted hematite-bearing chert intercalated with black slate and reddish. These are: Follicuculus monocanthus. 1982. The thickness of the manganese ore layers varies from less than a meter to about 2. and the Busuanga Chert (MMAJ-JICA. Because of the rich radiolarian tests admixed in these siliceous deposits Fontaine (1979) referred to it as radiolarite. Isozaki and others (1988).000 m. the chert is intensely fractured and thinly file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Concepcion and Silad islands in the Sulu Sea region reported by Ramos (1964) are probable extensions of the Liminangcong. corals and conodonts. Based on stratigraphic position as well as radiolarians. Tiassocampe deweveri. Linapacan. The formation is considered part of an olistostrome by Wolfart and others (1986). 1982) in Carabao Island The term Liminangcong Formation was named by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) for the rocks typically exposed along the coast of Liminangcong in the northern part of Malampaya Sound. Culion and Binatican islands (Fontaine and David. Miogypsina. In these islands. foraminifers and algae were identified by Fontaine and others (1983).5 m. 1990). 1953) in northern Panay. Tumanda (1991. it was observed in fault contact with the Liminangcong Formation. At Maquinit. 1990) Correlation: Gulang-gulang Series (de Villa. 1941). Radiolarite or chert. 1989. Buruanga Metamorphic Complex (Francisco. Also. the Parahsuum simplum zone from Early Jurassic. Samaniego and Nilayan-Tan. 1993). the Liminangcong Formation is assigned a Late Permian to Late Jurassic age. Calamian Island Group indicating an almost continuous deposition from Late Permian to Early Jurassic. megalodonts. Quinluban. 1989).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 186 of 374 Hill Limestone. Late Early Permian to Late Jurassic radiolarians were identified from the chert by Wolfart and others (1986). bedded tuff. 1983) may be considered as part of the Liminangcong Formation. Cheng (1989). Malacasiao.000 m Named by: Hashimoto and Sato (1973). The Liminangcong also apparently rests unconformably on the Minilog. Capnodoce and Livarella zones of the Triassic. Synonymy: Liminangcong Chert (Santos. Emiluvia (?) cochleata. Capnuchosphaera. black slate. 1994). pyroxmangite. light yellow or sometimes white in color. Extensive exposures of chert in Tagauayan. red. algae. These type of deposits were found at several sites in Busuanga Island. equivalent to the Liminangcong. Tumanda (1990. and the youngest. The formation is estimated to have a thickness ranging from 500 m to 1. were also identified in several other places and islands in northern Palawan including Tara. black. Radiolarite (Fontaine and others.This member consists of massive gray to white limestone forming cliffs from north Liguan Point to the area north of Caracaran.htm 10/12/2015 . Ringis and others. 1989. Psuedostylosphaera japonica. Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina and Trybliolepidina) and Operculina characterize the fossil assemblages of this unit. 1988. Latentifistula similicutis and Neoalbaillela ornithoformis zone from the Permian interval. Interbedded with these siliceous rocks are lenticular and tabular bodies of high grade manganese deposits (braunite. Isozaki and others. 1994) recognized 13 radiolarian interval zones from the chert of Busuanga Island.1. Coron. The radiolarite ranges from gray to gray green. 1992. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Liminangcong Formation Lithology: Chert/radiolarite. Busuanga Chert (MMAJ-JICA. alleghanyite. Tumanda and others (1990) and Yeh (1990). 1988). It is about 350 m thick. rhodochrosite and haussmannite).

Peña Linapacan Metamorphic Series The Linapacan Metamorphic Series was named by De Villa (1941) for the siliceous rocks at Linapacan Island in northern Palawan. The age of Linut-od is Early Miocene. in varied colors of green. Quartzites were also encountered in some islands. some of which are ferruginous and manganiferous. Argao. The coal beds of the formation are mostly located in the lower sections of the unit. is agglomerate whose clasts are made up of boulders of quartz. The Linapacan is considered by MGB (2004) as part of the Liminangcong Formation. is around 300 m. The San Jose Oil Company (in BM Petroleum Division. Dalaguete. red. Its thickest exposure reaches more than 1. The series. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is almost lithologically similar to the Calagasan except that in this formation the shales and mudstones are more dominant. black. sandstone and conglomerate with occasional coal beds exposed at Barrio Linut-od. 1964). Cebu Island Age: Early Miocene Thickness: 325 m to 1. white and gray. (see Liminangcong Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. described this unit as a Pleistocene fluviatile sequence of loose and crossbedded sands with gravel lenses outcropping along Liuanan River on the western flank of the Agusan Basin in Mindanao. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Linut-od Formation Lithology: Conglomerate.300 m along Maangtud Creek. Above the agglomerate is a sequence of varicoloured laminated chert with a thickness of about 20 m. De Villa (1941) assigns the Series to the Late Eocene. the quartzite reaches a thickness of about 5 m and 10 m. It was named by Barnes and others (1958) for the shale. as measured by San Jose Oil Company.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 187 of 374 bedded. The topmost unit consists of 30 to 40 m of yellow quartzite. just above sea level. as described by De Villa (1941) consists of three distinct units separated by unconformities. Argao to Mag-alambac. respectively (Ramos. At Silad and Tagauayan. yellow. Agusan del Sur. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The thickness.300 m Named by: Barnes and others (1958) Correlation: Basac Formation in Siquijor Island The Linut-od is another coal-bearing formation in southern Cebu which was found conformably overlying and intertonguing with the Butong Limestone. sandstone and shale with coal interbeds Stratigraphic relations: Conformably overlies and intertongues with the Butong Limestone Distribution: From Calagasan.htm 10/12/2015 . At the bottom. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Liuanan Sandstone The Liuanan Sandstone is a possible equivalent of the lower clastic member of the Wawa Formation in Prosperidad. which was dated Late Permian to Late Jurassic by later research. 1966).

Abra de Ilog Formation Page 188 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Bukidnon Age: Late Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. andesite porphyry. a quartz diorite stock intrudes a sequence of sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The quartz diorite occurs either as coarse-grained porphyry and a medium-grained even-textured rock. pyrite and magnetite are the accessory minerals. The rock is traversed by closely spaced. and other places. pyritization. pyrite and chlorite (Irving. Radiometric K-Ar dating by Walther and others (1981) of a tonalite sample from Tapian deposit indicates an age of 20. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Locawan Diorite Lithology: Diorite. gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Kalagutay Formation Distribution: Nirobsan. The age of the quartz diorite is probably late Middle Miocene. biotite and hornblende. pyroxenite. Its major axis is oriented northwestsoutheast. as well as andesite porphyry. recrystallization and induration. Tumagabok. Sta. 10% quartz. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sills and dikes (Gervasio. The eventextured variety is along Bocboc Creek and its tributaries. Northwest and southwest of the stock are numerous smaller bodies of diorite forming a belt of intrusive rocks. Taluntunan-Tumicob. Locawan. 12% hornblende. biotite tonalite porphyry and other intermediate porphyries Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Marinduque. (see Pinamucan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mahinhin-Puting Buhangin. In Barrio Lobo. Tigua rivers. The Lobo is equivalent to the pyroclastic rocks constituting the upper horizon of the Pinamucan Formation. The quartz diorite is ellipsoidal in plan. San Antonio and Torrijos formations Distribution: Lobo. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lobo Quartz Diorite Lithology: Hornblende quartz diorite. The phenocrysts are plagioclase. It is leucocratic. 6% biotite and 3% accessory magnetite. The intrusive contacts are generally characterized by silicification. The complex consists of hornblende quartz diorite stocks such as those at Lobo. 1970). Peña Lobo Agglomerate The Lobo Agglomerate was named by Avila (1981) for the Pliocene pyroclastic rocks at Lobo.8 Ma (late Early Miocene). covering about 33 km2. Tumagabok. Batangas. Quartz. San Antonio and Torrijos formations.htm 10/12/2015 . northwesterly trending joints (Oca. Taluntunan-Tumicob. The porphyry is along the road to Sibukao and in at least two points along roadcuts past Mogpog River towards Santa Cruz. biotite tonalite porphyry and other porphyries of intermediate composition occurring as apophyses. 1952). Marinduque Island Age: late Early Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) The core of Marinduque Island is an igneous intrusive complex intruding the Marinduque. andesite porphyry. hypidiomorphic-granular and composed of 70% plagioclase feldspar (An40). Cruz. They are steeply dipping and/or outlined by faults. 1950). Mahinhin-Puting Buhangin.

Nonoc. The diorite and andesite porphyry intrude the older rocks. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Loreto Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. overlain by the Timamana Limestone Distribution: Western coast of Dinagat Island. Peña Loquilocon Limestone The Loquilocon Limestone of Garcia and Mercado (1981) is considered part of the Daram Formation in Samar Island. obscurely bedded and made up of poorly consolidated corals and other calcareous debris. The diorite. 1981. Around barangays Simay and Langasihan in Malaybalay. These are generally composed of plagioclase and hornblende crystals set against a matrix of glass. Santiago (1983) assigns a Late Miocene age to this rock. Bukidnon which could represent a facies of the diorite. is a melanocratic holocrystalline rock. The Loquilocon Limestone is also equivalent to the Oligocene Malajog Limestone. particularly the Kalagutay Formation (BMG. The limestone member denotes deposition in a shallow reefal environment. 1981). Tablas Island Age: Late Pliocene to probable Pleistocene Named by: Maac and Ylade (1988) This coralline limestone comprising the upper member of the Peliw Formation is typically exposed in Looc. Santiago (1983) also noted the occurrence of andesite porphyry body in Malaybalay. sphene and apatite are the accessory minerals (BMG. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Peliw Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Dominant fossils are colonial corals and encrusting algae. which occupies the southern and western parts of the composite mass. Peña Looc Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over Mayha Clastic Member Distribution: limited at its type locality in Looc. It is white to buff. 1986b). along with pyroxenite and gabbro constitutes an igneous composite body from the upper Nirobsan River to Locawan and Tigua rivers in Bukidnon. 1983). It conformably overlies the Mayha Clastic Member. 1981). Magnetite. Buenavista and Bayagnon islands file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The mutual relation among these rocks suggests that the emplacement of the diorite was preceded by the formation of pyroxenite and gabbro. It is dated Late Pliocene to probable Pleistocene. which is sporadically distributed in western Samar (BED. shale and mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Dinagat Ophiolite. (see Daram Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a gabbro sample gave 11 Ma or Late Miocene age (BMG. potash feldspar. sandstone. It consists of plagioclase. Santiago. northwest of the Poblacion (town proper). augite and biotite. These rocks were originally designated as Ultramafics and Diorite in BMG (1981) and are here renamed as Locawan Diorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 189 of 374 Diorite. an andesite porphyry body and porphyritic dikes also intrude the Kalagutay Formation.htm 10/12/2015 .

(see Dibuluan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 190 of 374 Thickness: less than 100 m Age: Late Miocene Previous name: Loreto Clastics (Wright and others. 1986a). Peña Lower Buyag Formation The Lower Buyag Formation of Porth and others (1989) in the southeast part of Masbate probably corresponds to the Lanang Formation. arenite and conglomeratic limestone. biodetrital sandstone and limestone breccia in Segundo River are also considered part of this unit. Paleontologic studies of samples from the formation indicated a probable Late Miocene age (Wright and others. peridotites and crystalline schists in varying proportions at a scale of a few kilometers. forms intermittent outcrops along or near the contact between the underlying Dinagat Ophiolite and overlying reef limestone on the western coast of Dinagat Island. The formation is present in Nonoc. These interfinger with basinal. 1958). bedded limestone.htm 10/12/2015 . tuffaceous marls and shales. Peña Lower Zigzag Formation The Lower Zigzag Formation was named by Caagusan (1978) for the Oligocene red and green clastic beds in Cagayan Valley. In Nonoc Island. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists of massive limestone with red chert as fracture fillings. may be considered equivalent to the Mountain Maid Limestone in Masbate Island. white to light brown. Buenavista and Bayagnon islands. the formation consists of coarse conglomerate with interbedded sandstone and mudstone forming shallow basins approximately 3 km across and 5 km long. respectively (Middle Miocene). These are usually less than 100 m thick. Peña Lourdes Limestone The Lourdes Limestone of Martin and dela Cruz (1976) at Bgy. This is apparently equivalent also to the Buyag Limestone of MMAJ-JICA (1989). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1958). The beds generally strike northwest to northeast and dip 20°-35° to the west. formerly designated as Loreto Clastics (Wright and others.to medium-grained sandstone. The estimated thickness of the Lower Zigzag Formation is 1. (see Mountain Maid Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The nannoplankton assemblage and foraminiferal zones in several sections of the Lower Buyag indicates an age of NN5-NN6 and N9 to N12. 1958) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Loreto Formation. tuffaceous sandstone. The base consists of polymictic conglomerate overlain by a succession of sandstones. shales and mudstones with subordinate amount of tuff. Peña Lubang Granite file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lourdes. Dark gray to black shale and fine. The conglomerate contains clasts of basalt. The conglomerate includes reworked fragments of Eocene limestone and foraminifera. diabase. gabbro.800 m (BED. Milagros. It may be correlated with the Dibuluan Formation. At Buenavista and Banga River.

Peña Lubang Turbidites The Lubang Turbidites is one of five members of the Ubay Formation in Bohol that was defined by UNDP (1987). Ultramafic rocks are often found in the vicinity of the Lubingan Formation. muscovite and / or biotite. Polillo Island. Basal conglomerate is locally encountered. Ringenbach (1992) interpreted it as a tectonic contact defined by a northeast trending high-angle shear zone separating the Lubingan Formation from the ultramafics found east and southeast of Baler area. Likewise. The Lubang is probably equivalent to the Pagbahan Granodiiorite in Mindoro. it was either described as an intrusive or a thrust fault. but since the contact between the two units was not clear. (see Anawan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nueva Ecija Age: Paleocene ? – Early Eocene Thickness: not determined Named by: Rutland (1968) The Lubingan Formation was named by Rutland (1968) for the thick sequence of metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic rocks at the northeastern portion of the southern end of the Northern Sierra Madre. Nueva Ecija. the formation is composed of phyllitic clastic rocks. Peña Lubi Formation The Lubi Formation was named by Magpantay (1955) for the Eocene volcano-sedimentary unit at Lubi. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. coarse grained. (see Ubay Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which presumably belong to this formation. siltstone. Thin beds of pillow basalt were observed intercalated with clastic rocks at Tugnao River. Nueva Ecija is delineated by the north-northwest sub-vertical Labbi Fault (Ringenbach. siltstones and mudstones which usually exhibit parallel bedding and parallel and cross ripple lamination. Alternating black and red calcareous sandstone and siltstone beds and occasional volcanic conglomerates and breccias are likewise present. It was renamed Anawan Formation by Fernandez and others (1967) for the exposures at Anawan where the section is considered more complete. is light colored. partly gneissose and composed chiely of quartz and plagioclase with lesser orthoclase. (see Pagbahan Granodiorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists of wackes. Occidental Mindoro a small granodiorite stock previously called Lubang Granite by Elicaño (1924) crops out on the isthmus between Looc and Tubahin bays. It is intrusive into the schists and gneisses. 1992). Along the road from Bongabon to Labbi. the contact between the Lubingan Formation and younger Caraballo Formation near Labbi. mudstone. marble and volcanic flows Stratigraphic relations: Probably overlies Dibuakag Volcanic Complex and situated beneath the Caraballo Formation Distribution: Bongabon to Labbi.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 191 of 374 In Lubang Island. Hashimoto (1978) reported Eocene Nummulites in marbles intercalated with greenschist in Calaanan and Labbi River. hornblende.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lubingan Formation Lithology: Weakly metamorphosed sandstone. The Lubang is probably partly equivalent to the Calape Limestone. volcanic flows and pinkish to greenish marbles. The formation was assigned a Cretaceous-Paleogene age by BMG (1981).

The formation rests unconformably over the Ibulao Limestone east of Jones. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Ibulao Limestone Distribution: Conner. These were given formational rank but were reduced to member status by Gonzales and others (1978). Maac (1988) subdivides the Lubuagan Formation into a Sicalao Limestone member and a Cañao Turbidite member. The member has a thickness of about 1500 m. The Upper Buluan Member is characterized by the predominance of dark gray silty claystone with occasional thin graywacke beds. The Lubuagan Formation of BED-WB (1986) and Caagusan (1978) is assigned an age range of Early Miocene to Middle Miocene. BED (1986a) and Caagusan (1978) regards this sequence of clastic rocks as coeval with the Ibulao Limestone. It is composed dominantly of fine to coarse grained sandstone and conglomerate. Kalinga-Apayao. Recent paleontological dating of samples of the Lubuagan Formation indicates an age range of late Late Oligocene (nannofossil zone NP25) to Early Miocene (nannofossil zones NN2. The Upper Zigzag Formation of BED (1986a) and Caagusan (1978) spanning the age range of Late Oligocene to Early Miocene may be considered equivalent to the Lubuagan Formation. originally described by Corby and others (1951) as Lubuagan Coal Measures. claystone. The Balbalan Sandstone Member was named after Balbalan. As measured along the Tuao-Conner Road. However. These members are the Asiga. shale. It consists mainly of interbedded shale and graywacke. mudstone. A tripartite subdivision was recognized and was mapped under the Mabaca River Group by Durkee and Pederson (1961) based on varying sandstone-shale ratio. 1961) Correlation: Upper Zigzag Formation (Caagusan. On the other hand. Isabela Age: Late Oligocene (NP-25)– Early Miocene (NN2-NN3) Thickness: 2. Kalinga-Apayao. the thickness is 1036 meters.Apayao.htm 10/12/2015 .700 m Previous name: Lubuagan Coal Measures (Corby and others. It measures 1165 m thick along the Mabaca River east of Asiga. The Lower Asiga Member was named after barrio Asiga along the Mabaca River west of Pinukpok. Isabela. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Luka Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. is exposed along the west side of Cagayan Valley from Conner.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 192 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Kalinga-Apayao to Magat River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lubuagan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. 1978) The Lubuagan Formation. Balbalan and the Buluan. It was named after the exposures along Buluan Creek near Buluan. a barrio along Mabaca River between Saltan and Pasil rivers in Kalinga. It is primarily a thick sequence of clastic sediments with minor pyroclastic intercalations. 1951) Renamed by: Gonzales and others (1978) Synonymy: Mabaca River Group (Durkee and Pederson. Magat River. Isabela up to the southern extremities of the Cagayan Valley Basin.NN3) as reported by Billedo (1994). Kalinga-Apayao.

000 m Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1973) Synonymy: Kapalong Formation (MMAJ-JICA. Pujada Peninsula Age: Cretaceous Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The Lumao Diabase of Villamor and others (1984) consists mainly of an outcrop that can be traced for 7 km with a width ranging from 50 to 600 m. Cebu Island. The Lumao represents the sheeted dike complex of the Pujada Ophiolite. Sukalip. Exposures of the Lumbayao can be found at Mt. conglomerate and mudstone with limestone lenses exposed in the west coast. Kawayan. Kiulom River. mudstone and limestone that unconformably overlies the Kalagutay Formation. upper Sita River.htm 10/12/2015 . Kiulom River. Other outcrops are found along Kawayan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lumbayao Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. Merui. and Lungag creeks. Lumao Creek . It is unconformable over the lower Malubog Formation. Merui. The Lumao Diabase also occurs as dikes within the Kalunasan Basalt although some exposures show gradational contacts. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Little Baguio near the boundary of Bukidnon and Davao del Norte Age: Pliocene – Pleistocene Thickness: 1. sandstone. Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1951) The Luka Formation was introduced by Santos-Yñigo (1951) for the alternating beds of sandstone. mudstone. Sukalip and Palaypay creeks. Cebu Island Age: Middle Miocene. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Kalagutay Formation Distribution: Mt. It is widely exposed along the upper stretches of Luzon River to Lumao Creek. Upper Sita River. The age of the formation is Middle Miocene. and Little Baguio near the boundary of file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 193 of 374 Lithology: Sandstone. about 15 km east-northeast of Balamban. conglomerate and mudstone with limestone lenses Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Malubog Formation Distribution: Luka area northeast of Balamban. 1973) This formation was named Lumbayao by MMAJ-JICA (1973) for the sedimentary unit composed of conglomerate with limestone pebbles. Peña Lumao Diabase Lithology: Diabase with associated basalt and gabbro dikes Stratigraphic Relations: Thrusted over the Surop Peridotite Distribution: Luzon River. Palaypay.

feldspar and chloritized lithic fragments. crystalline unit that is white to dirty white. The sandstone is light to dark gray. as estimated by Faustino and others (2003) is 1000 m and 180 m. but massive in places. The Dumagok member consists mainly of sandstones. The thickness of the Pansol and Lumbog. It consists of mudstone. Dumagok Lithology: Mudstone. It is divided into three members. creamy white in color and sometimes grayish when fresh. sandy shale and sandstone with interbeds of pyroclastic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. namely: lower Lalat. The Lumbog rests conformably over the Sibuguey Formation. The Lumbog consists of conglomerate with pebbleto boulder-sized basalt and andesite clasts set in epiclastic andesite matrix.htm 10/12/2015 . generally poorly bedded. and the second is a fossiliferous coralline type that occurs as a thick interbed with the clastic sedimentary rocks. Fossils in this member reported by Brown (1950) include Vicarya callosa. The basal conglomerate of the Lumbayao directly overlies the volcanic rocks of the Kalagutay Formation in Kumawas Creek. thin to medium bedded. middle Gotas and upper Dumagok. Gotas. but intertonguing relationship with the Pansol was also observed. The Lalat member was originally defined as a separate formation by Brown (1950) for the exposures along Lalat Creek. sandstone with interbeds of pyroclastic rocks. It is composed of fine to coarse subangular to subrounded grains of quartz. Gotas has thick interbeds of coarse pyroclastic rocks and has no coal beds. and in places shows cross-bedding. shale. Cerithium bandongensis and Terebra bicinncta. The Lumbog typically occurs as valley fills in the Pansol Clastic member. respectively. There appears to be two types: the first is a hard. a tributary of Sibuguey River. Limestone acts as capping over the older andesite porphyry intrusive body. namely. coal and limestone. The sandstone is tuffaceous in character. The coal beds attain a thickness of 3 m. Peña Lumbog Volcaniclastic Member Faustino and others (2003) subdivided the Carmen Formation in Bohol into three members. gabbro. Occasional clasts of harzburgite. Pansol Clastic Member and Lumbog Volcaniclastic Member. It consists of mudstones. shale and sandstone. massive. 1956). and sometimes bluish and pinkish. dacite. (see Carmen Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Dipili-Lake Wood area. carbonate and clastic rocks were observed in some exposures. The Gotas member is well-exposed along Gotas creek. Cerithium kenkinsi. including medium grained arkosic sandstone with few interbeds of mudstone. It is generally interbedded with shale.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 194 of 374 Bukidnon and Davao del Norte. The mudstone and shale are medium to dark gray. The Lalat is well exposed at the Diplahan-Butog and Lalat areas and is estimated to be 285 m thick. Ceritheum herklotsi. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Unlike the Lalat member. Sibuguey Peninsula Thickness: 525 m Age: Early Miocene Named by: Ibañez and others (1956) The Lumbog Formation was named by Ibañez and others (1956) for the sequence of clastic and pyroclastic rocks with interbeds of coal in the Malangas-Kabasalan region. It is Early Miocene in age and estimated to have a maximum thickness of 525 m (Ibañez and others. Anda Limestone Member. limestone and coal Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Sibuguey Formation Distribution: Sibuguey River Valley. coal and pyroclastic rocks. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lumbog Formation Members: Lalat.

Kinarawan. The dike swarms and pillow basalts apparently represent. The upper part is defined by turbiditic wacke beds interbedded with red to brown siltstone and mudstone. pillow lava. It is also exposed in Bugsanga. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lumintao Basalt Lithology: Basalt. flow breccias. The Lumintao consists chiefly of basalt flows with subordinate intercalated tuff and red ferruginous mudstones.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 195 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. pillow breccias and hyaloclastites. The Lumintao Basalt was previously named Lumintao Formation by MMAJ-JICA (1984) and renamed Lumintao Mafic Complex by Sarewitz and Karig (1986). Mindoro Island Age: Middle Oligocene Thickness: > 2.000 m along Lumintao River Previous Name: Lumintao Formation (MMAJ-JICA. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Partly represents the volcanic carapace of the Amnay Ophiolitic Complex Distribution: Lumintao. Intercalated mudstones reach up to 10 m thick. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the sheeted dike complex and volcanic carapace of the ophiolite. Ferruginous mudstones that were reported to lie above the basalt in Amnay River could represent the pelagic sedimentary cover of the ophiolitic complex. 1984) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Lumintao Mafic Complex (Sarewitz and Karig. 1985). 1986). Patrick and Amnay rivers. The Lumbuyan Formation could be equivalent to the Tibiao Metasediments of Corpuz and Florendo (1980) and Florendo (1981). Nannofossils from the red pelagic mudstone interbeds at Patrick River and red siltstones overlying the basalt at Amnay file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the formation is characterized by red to purple mudstones and siltstones with abundant calcite veinlets and thin beds or laminae of greenish to gray tuffaceous siltstones which define the bedding.htm 10/12/2015 . diabase. Bugsanga. respectively. siltstone. The basalts are locally intruded by dikes of basalt. the basalt is heavily criss-crossed by veinlets of zeolite. although they are generally less than a meter thick. Along its type locality near Lumbuyan village. Most of the succession underlies the basalts of the Baloy Formation and is believed to be Late Eocene in age (UNDP 1986). This continues upwards with thicker and coarse grained dark volcanic turbiditic wackes which are mostly massive in the lower part and laminated at the top. chlorite-epidote and calcite. Patrick and Amnay rivers (Bondame and others. tuff. This formation is widely exposed from the middle to the upper reaches of Lumintao River. Kinarawan. gabbro and diorite. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Underlies the Baloy Formation Distribution: Barangay Lumbuyan. Western Panay Age: Late Eocene (?) Named by: UNDP (1986) The Lumbuyan Formation is named from the succession along Lumbuyan River above its confluence with the Dalanas River (UNDP 1986). siltstones and sandstones. In places. The various facies of basalts identified by MMAJ-JICA (1984) are massive lava. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lumbuyan Formation Lithology: Mudstone.

Middle Oligocene nannofossil assemblages were reported by Muller and others (1989) from the clastic equivalent of the limestone facies outcropping at the westside of Mt.htm 10/12/2015 . Cebu Island Distribution: Restricted in the Lutak Hill area Age: Middle Oligocene Thickness: 80 m Named by: Balce (1974) Lutak Limestone was named from its typical occurrence in the southern slope of Lutak Hill. sandy and fossiliferous. The thickness of the dikes ranges from a few centimeters to a meter. Sphenolithus distentus. It consists mainly of bedded packstone and floatstone with bioclasts of corals. It is generally massive. 1986). The extinction of this species extends to Middle Oligocene. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. central Cebu (Balce. Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) dilatata (Michelotti). (see Lumao Diabase) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. light gray. Lantauan. 1994). Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina) isolepidionoides (Van der Vlerk) and Nummulites intermedius (d' Archaic). diabase and gabbro designated informally by Villamor and others (1984) as Lungag Dike Complex for the exposures at Lungag Creek and the upper reaches of Luzon River. Peña Lungag Dike Complex In association with the Lumao Diabase in Pujada Pennsula are cross cutting dikes of hydrothermally altered basalt. It intrudes schist and is considered the local equivalent of the Polillo Diorite. The lower portion of the Lungag Dike Complex extends to the upper portion of the Matalao gabbro. It is considered part of the Pujada Ophiolite. The formation was. The Complex can be traced along a north-northwest direction for about 19 km with a width ranging from 200 m to 3 km. dated Early Oligocene based on the presence of Nummulites fichteli. (see Polillo Dioritee) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The exposure at Inamuan has a thickness of about 80 m. Danao. however. Fossils indicative of an Oligocene age include Nummulites fichteli (Michelotti). Dike contacts are sharp and characterized by chilled margins. south of Lutak where it unconformably overlies siltstones of the Pandan Formation (Foronda. Another outcrop is exposed at Sitio Inamuan. Sphenolithus ciperoensis and Cyclicargolithus abisectus typical of NP 24. Helicosphaera recta. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These are: Dictyococcites dictyodus. in the middle part of Pandan Valley. Sphenolithus predistentus and Sphenolithus distentus typical of zone NP 23. The dikes trend NE-SW and dip steeply to the southeast. Diabase is the dominant lithology of the complex. 1994). Quezon. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lutak Limestone Lithology: Articulated nummulitid-bearing limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Pandan Formation. east of the Philippine Fault. large benthic foraminifers and some corallinacean algae (Foronda. The upper portion is made up of hydrothermally metamorphosed diabase and basalt. Peña Lupa Granodiorite The Lupa Granodiorite was named by Revilla and Malaca (1987) for the intrusive body at Bgy. 1974). Lupa at Infanta.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 196 of 374 River indicate a Middle Oligocene age (Sarewitz and Karig.

In hydrothermally altered zones the major components are sericite. Calangahan and Guadalupe districts. The Barot stock is occasionally cut near the immediate contact zone by quartz veinlets containing base metal sulfides and iron ore minerals. apatite and zircon. Coarsely crystalline mafic and alkaline differentiates of the diorite magma range from dark. Another diorite body which is equivalent to the Lutopan is the Barot Diorite of Santos Yñigo (1951). The sub-units of the Group were demoted to member status by Gonzales and others (1978). these are: Asiga Formation. Secondary sericite and kaolin from plagioclase vary widely in concentration from place to place. From the bottom.to coarse-grained and composed of 50-70% andesine. 10-20% hornblende and biotite set in a matrix of feldspar and mafic minerals. The diorite is generally porphyritic. gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Cretaceous sedimentary and volcanic rocks Distribution: Lutopan. The best known intrusive stock is the Lutopan Porphyry (Santos Yñigo.7 2.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 197 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. coarse-grained or pegmatitic gabbros to almost pure plagioclase pegmatites (Santos-Ynigo. Cebu Island Age: late Early Cretaceous – Early Eocene Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1956) Synonymy: Lutopan Porphyry (Santos-Yñigo. Balbalan Sandstone and Buluan Formation. A radiometric Rb-Sr dating of the sample from Frank deposit indicates an age of 107 Ma. Common accessory minerals include magnetite. Peña Mabaca River Group The Mabaca River Group of Durkee and Pederson (1961) refers to a thick sequence of clastic rocks along the western margin of the Cagayan Valley subdivided into three sub-units based on varying sandstone-shale ratio. Radiometric K-Ar dating by Walther and others (1981) of three samples from Biga and Frank deposits in Atlas mine indicates an age of 101-108 Ma. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. They are exposed in the Lutopan. which conforms to the K-Ar dating of a sample from the site. quartz diorite. andesite. in Kinkel and others. Barot-Udlom. Subsequent radiometric K-Ar dating by MMAJ-JICA (1989) indicates an Eocene age (50. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Lutopan Diorite Lithology: Diorite. kaolin and epidote. 1978). Barot-Udlom. Sibakan and Kuanos-Mangilamon areas. 1951). dacite. (see Lubuagan Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Gervasio (1971) reports a radiometric K-Ar dating of 59. 1951) The Lutopan Diorite refers to northeast trending elongated masses of diorite and related intrusive rocks that occur as stocks and dikes intruding the Cretaceous sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Cebu central highlands. The unit intrudes the Pandan Formation at Lutopan area.5 Ma). The Mabaca River Group is considered equivalent to the Lubuagan Formation (Gonzales. which was previously designated by Corby and others (1951) as Lubuagan Coal Measures. medium. and Kuanos-Mangilamon areas. quartz.htm 10/12/2015 . 30-35% quartz. 1956) consisting of hornblende diorite and hornblende quartz diorite.5 Ma for the Lutopan Diorite. grading into hornblende andesite or dacite which appear to be its border facies. Small diorite bodies also crop out in the Calangahan and Guadalupe districts. Barot diorite (Santos-Yñigo. It contains 40-50% andesine. 1956). 5-20% chlorite and less than 5% biotite. Multiple phases of intrusion are therefore suggested for the diorite bodies in Lutopan. Contact zones with the Cansi Volcanics are marked by strong shear and intense epidotization. Sibakan. The diorite is pale gray.

The Placer conglomerate facies is regarded by UNDP (1987) as part of the Placer Conglomerate of Santos and others (1962) that apparently postdates the mineralization. Mapaso and Siana areas constitutes the greater part of the Mabuhay Andesite. Phenocrysts are plagioclase and rare needle-shaped hornblende. Peña Mabuhay Breccia Mabuhay Breccia is the local name used for the Mabuhay Andesite at Mindanao Motherlode Mine. Mapaso and Motherlode mines and western part of Siana Mine.htm 10/12/2015 . It is distinguished from the Ipil Andesite by the absence of biotite. Briggs pyroclastics at the Briggs and Reno pits of Placer Mine. (see Mabuhay Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. A sample from the Mabuhay mines was radiometrically dated 4. Mabuhay. Taganaan. Mindanao Mother Lode. and andesite flows which are too small to be mapped. andesite porphyry and agglomeratic andesite. could be a mineralized and hydrothermally altered equivalent of the Ipil Andesite. equivalent to Early Pliocene (Zanclean) age (see Ipil Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The andesitic fragmental rock is distributed in Masapelid Island. West Siana calcareous rocks in the west wall of Siana pit that lie on the basalts of the Bacuag Formation.54 0.57 Ma. Masapelid island Age: Early – Middle Miocene Thickness: 700 m Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1944) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Argillized Mabuhay Andesite is usually white. Placer conglomerates in the road section south of Placer. It varies from white to yellowish brown or gray. Mapaso. Hydrothermally altered andesite in the Masapelid. Surigao del Norte. Placer and Sison. namely: Kambilibid boulder beds southeast of the Motherlode Mine. Blue Agglomerate or Tinupa Agglomerate in East Mindanao. Varieties are fine-grained andesite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column 1|| Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Mabuhay Formation Lithology: Sandstone and mudstone with minor limestone and conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over Bacuag Formation. and Andesite Breccia of Santos-Yñigo (1944). often associated with gold mineralization. probably corresponds to the Tugunan Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 198 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Mabuhay Clastics The Mabuhay Clastics of UNDP (1987) at Mabuhay. It is generally gray and porphyritic. Taganaan. The rock is dark gray and composed mainly of angular andesite fragments embedded in an andesite matrix. The Mabuhay Andesite is probably equivalent to the Alegria Andesite Porphyry of UNDP (1984). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is found in the northern Pacific Cordillera along the eastern coast of Surigao Peninsula. conformably overlain by the Timamana Formation Distribution: Libas River south/west of Motherlode Mine. Peña Mabuhay Andesite The Mabuhay Andesite. UNDP (1987) recognized five lithologic facies. East Mindanao Mine. eastern Surigao and Nabago areas and Sitio Banban. Breccia-conglomerate of Kemmer (1953). Surigao del Norte. This is known under various names: Mabuhay Breccia in the Mindanao Mother Lode. The fine-grained andesite constitutes the unaltered part of the unit.

(see San Pascual Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1. Limestone occurring as interbedded strata.to fine-grained and indurated. with type locality in Barrio Macasilao. This is underlain by purple marls. it is blue or gray. The formation is bounded on the west by the Surigao River. lenses and nodules and abundant coral heads represent the calcareous portion of the lower member. Turbiditic sequences in exposures along Libas River are also described by UNDP (1987). easily breaks into slabs and becomes limy upsection. According to Porth and others (1989). finely laminated. sandstone. Negros Occidental. 1951). which they described as a thick sequence of sandstone and shale containing lenticular beds of conglomerate. Melendres and Barnes (1957) describe a Magbanco Conglomerate member The conglomerate consists of subangular to angular clasts of lithic tuff. The thickness of the Macamote is estimated to be 30-60 m. The formation covers a fairly large area north of San Carlos. medium. claystone.200 m (Melendres and Barnes. red or orange. The file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. coal and manganese. In addition. 10 km southwest of Toboso. occasional lenses of conglomerate. The Ania Conglomerate and Paghumayan Shale of Melendres and Barnes (1957) constitute the lower portion of the Macasilao Conglomerate and Shale of Corby and others (1951). The Macasilao is late Middle Miocene in age. 1957) Previous name: Macasilao Conglomerate and Shale (Corby and others. The sandstone is greenish gray. on the south by Taganaan River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. A unit designated as Taganaan Marl.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 199 of 374 Conformably overlying the Bacuag Formation is the Early-Middle Miocene sedimentary sequence designated by SantosYñigo (1944) as Mabuhay Formation. is regarded by UNDP (1987) as a member of this formation. The total thickness of the formation is estimated to be 700 m (UNDP. It is typically exposed at the coastal lowland adjacent to Macamote Bay.400 – 3. The base of the formation as described by UNDP (1987) is characterized by mudstones with thin siltstones and wackes on a thin limestone bed which lies on a 3 – 10 m thick calcisiltite boulder conglomerate. fine to coarse grained tuffaceous sandstones. 1951) Renamed by: Melendres and Barnes (1957) The Macasilao Formation was originally named Macasilao Conglomerate and Shale by Corby and others (1951). which attains a thickness of 200 m. Negros Occidental. thin conglomeratic layers and lignitic coal seams. It covers largely the northeastern part of Surigao del Norte. limestone. coal Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Malabago Formation Distribution: Macasilao. It extends from Malabago in the north to as far south as the upper course of the Talave River. the lower part of the Macasilao consists of dark gray claystones. These clasts attain a maximum dimension of 2 m. conglomerate. basalt and andesite in a matrix of tuffaceous mudstone and sandstone. based on nannoplankton assemblage. siltstone. extends from Malabago in the north to as far south as upper Talave River Age: late Middle Miocene (Serravallian) Thickness: 300 m (Corby and others. This formation is probably equivalent to the Motherlode Turbidite Formation of UNDP (1987). the formation consists of interbedded shale. This member yielded fossils of Early to Middle Miocene age. In places. The shale is gray to brown. coal and limestone. The upper portion of the formation consists mainly of siltstones and claystones. calcisiltites and limestones assigned to the Bacuag Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Macasilao Formation Lithology: Sandstone. thin bedded. 1987). Melendres and Barnes (1957) renamed it Macasilao Formation. As described by Santos-Yñigo (1944). Peña Macamote Silt The Macamote Silt is a member of the San Pascual Formation in Burias Island. Intercalations of limestone breccias with fragments of corals and larger foraminifera have been observed within the fine clastic sequence. The Macamote consists of massive calcareous siltstone which has been oxidized to bright yellow. thin beds of limestone.

shale. The thickness of Macasilao is estimated by Corby and others (1951) to be 300 m. otoliths and fish teeth suggest a nearshore. The presence of abundant pelecypods and gastropods and rare ostracodes. 1989). Davao Age: Late Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) This formation was named Maco Limestone by MGB (2004) on the basis of the description by Quebral (1994) for the Late Pleistocene limestone which outcrops near the coast in Maco.400 – 3. Peña Macogon Formation Lithology: Pyroclastic rocks. Discoaster exilis and Rhabdosphaera poculi. It probably corresponds to the Aglipay Limestone in Quirino. Melendres and Barnes (1957) estimate a total thickness of 1. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maco Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic Relations: Unconformable over the Sanghay Formation Distribution: Maco. Camarines Norte Age: Pliocene Named by: Miranda and Caleon (1979) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. In Maco. include Coccolithus pelagicus.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 200 of 374 nannoplanktons present in the formation. basalt flows Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bosigon Formation Distribution: Kanapawan-Macogon Road. Bagong Silang Road. Nueva Vizcaya. inner to middle neritic depositional environment (Muller and others. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.200 m for the Macasilao. though rare. some 20 km southwest of Bayombong. Peña Macde Limestone The Middle Miocene Macde Limestone was named by Hashimoto and others (1978) for the limestone exposed near Macde. indicative of NN 7. it is found as an unconsolidated coral breccia which dips gently to the west towards Davao Gulf.htm 10/12/2015 . It uncomformably overlies a thick series of well bedded graywackes which is equivalent to the Sanghay Formation overlying late Cretaceous cherts and pillow basalts along the Lupon-Mati road. Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilica. Cyclococcolithus rotula. (see Aglipay Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. has been noted and zone NN 8 has been determined by the presence of Catinaster coalitus. Bosigon and Palali rivers. Cyclicargolithus abisectus. This limestone has a limited areal extent in Maco and is not observed to rest on the Sigaboy Formation at Pujada Peninsula. as reported by Muller and others (1989). indicating zone NN6. Discoaster kugleri. The shallow marine Maco Limestone was dated by Quebral (1994) as late Pleistocene (NN20-21) based on its nannofossil assemblage.

Ce). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Madanlog Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. i. SiO2 = 47-74%. The rifting process along this corridor is accompanied by profuse volcanism. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Madanlog.1%). a pull-apart type structure related to the sinistral movements of the Philippine Fault at the northeast and the Sibuyan Sea fault to the southwest (Forster and others. Laguna. Radiometric K-Ar dating indicates that volcanic activities in the Macolod Corridor had started since 2. the involvement of continental material in the subduction process cannot be discounted due to the impingement of the Palawan-Mindoro continental block against southern Luzon. while dacites and rhyolites seem to be exclusively present in the Laguna de Bay area and Mt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 201 of 374 The Macogon Formation was named by Miranda and Caleon (1979) for the rocks typically exposed along the KanapawanMacogon Road. Surigao City. Variations in enrichment of incompatible elements. however. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Macolod Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. Rizal.. It is dated Pliocene (BMG. sandstone and shale with limestone lenses Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over older rocks. Quezon Age: Pliocene . The basalts are mostly calc-alkaline. which could be associated with the subduction of the South China Sea Plate along the Manila Trench. Yb. pyroclastic rocks. black tuffaceous shale and basaltic flows. rhyolite. are interpreted to be due to crustal contamination and the involvement of sediments entrained by the subduction along the Manila Trench.e. Major element data reveal that the volcanic rocks comprising the Macolod volcanic field have a wide range of composition from basalt to rhyolite. Th and light rare earth elements (La. lahar Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes/covers Miocene and older rocks Distribution: Batangas. The formation is composed of andesitic to dacitic pyroclastic rocks. 1981). In addition.htm 10/12/2015 . are confined within a narrow structurally bounded northeast trending lineament called the Macolod Corridor (Förster and others. Makiling. andesite. This corridor is believed to be an across-the-arc extension region. The Laguna de Bay lavas. 1990).2 Ma (Sudo and others. The rocks are characterized by low amounts of TiO2 (< 1. are andesites to rhyolites that are bimodally calc-alkaline and high-K calk-alkaline. in turn. It also crops out at Kanapawan and Malatap creeks. Ba. The most primitive basalts attain MgO contents of 10-12% and Cr concentrations of 580 ppm. Sr). unconformably overlain by the Bacuag Formation Distribution: Mt. however.Recent Named by: MGB (2004) Numerous Pliocene-Pleistocene volcanic centers. In summary. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Intermediate rocks. trachyandesite. enrichments in the large ion lithopile elements (Rb. are the most common. Basalts occur only in small monogenetic centers in the Macolod Corridor. 2000). Recent studies by Sudo and others (2000) indicate that there was a migration of active volcanism from the Laguna de Bay area and Taal to the area of monogenetic volcanoes as a result of steepening of the subducted slab at the Manila Trench. Ta) and heavy rare earth elements (Er. and depletion in high field strength elements (Nb. Lu). Dinagat Island Age: Late Eocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. evolving to high-K calc-alkaline for intermediate and evolved lavas. 1990). Rizal. here grouped into the Macolod Volcanic Complex. Zr. the geochemistry of the Macolod Volcanic Complex reflects that of subduction-related rocks. It unconformably overlies the Bosigon Formation and hosts the Nalesbitan epithermal gold deposit. Bosigon River and along Bagong Silang Road. dacite.

Melendres and Verzosa (1960) used the term Alagao Volcanics to designate the sequence of pyroclastic breccia. Madanlog. UNDP. The Madanlog Formation is unconformable over the metamorphic and ophiolitic basement. Alagao Volcanics and Buenacop Limestone members. Type locality is along Madlum River. The formation consists of interbedded conglomerate. is calcareous. pyroclastic breccia. and along Cabadbaran River. The sandstone is fine to medium grained. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map 1 || Show Stratigraphic Map 2 || Show Stratigraphic Column 1 || Show Stratigraphic Column 2 Madlum Formation Lithology: lower Clastic Member – sandstone. 1971) to designate the sequence of shale.000 m Named by: Williams (1960) The term Madlum Formation was first used by geologists of the San Jose Oil Company (Williams. tuff. It has been consistently dated as late Eocene based on its foraminiferal content by many workers (Santos-Yñigo. San Ildefonso. It is. Quebral. Quebral (1994) describes a dark gray to greenish gray serpentine sandstone with blocks of ultramafic rocks and algal limestone at Rizal. The basal conglomerate is massive with well rounded cobbles and pebbles of mafic igneous rocks. indurated graywacke and andesite flows exposed in Alagao. Santos and others. as designated by Gonzales and others (1971) is the section along the San Ildefonso-Akle road. . Two foraminiferal zones have been recognized in the Clastic member by Villanueva and others (1995): Globorotalia fohsi peripheroronda Zone (N6-N10) and Globorotalia fohsi fohsi Zone (N10-N11) which was also earlier reported by Gonzales and others (1971). sandstone. Clastic Member. San Miguel. are included in this member. Madlum. The shale. San Miguel. 1984. unconformably overlain by the Bacuag Formation. the prevalent rock type. middle Alagao Volcanics – andesite flow. Bulacan. 1944. Madanlog. 1960 in Gonzales and others. . graywacke. tuffs. fairly well sorted. Rizal. Generally. argillites. Alagao Volcanics. in turn. quartz and feldspar cemented by fine clayey material. with subangular to subrounded fragments of mafic rock detrita. is massive and made up of file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It is a thick sequence of thin to thick bedded sandstone and silty shale with minor basal conglomerate and occasional limy sandstone interbeds. shale and limestone. It was deposited on a shallow marine environment and estimated to be 500 m thick. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The pyroclastic breccia. At Mt. the rock unit is purplish gray in fresh surfaces but weathers into brick-red to purple shades.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 202 of 374 Thickness: ~ 500 m Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1944) The Madanlog Formation was used by Santos-Yñigo (1944) to refer to rocks at Mt. The middle and upper members were retained by Gonzales and others (1971) but changed the Angat River Limestone to Clastic Member. 1962. Melendres and Verzosa (1960) subdivided the Madlum into the Angat River Limestone. Bulacan. and scattered patches in Surigao del Norte.Teresa area. chert and limestone dispersed in a coarse calcareous matrix. The Madanlog Formation corresponds to the Nabanog Formation of UNDP (1984). wacke and conglomerate exposed along Madlum River close to Barangay Madlum. Bgy.The Clastic Member is extensively distributed in an almost continuously exposed belt between Angat and Peñaranda rivers. The metavolcanic member of the Sibul Formation of Corby and others (1951) and the andesite-basalt sequence in the Rodriguez. They also included in this formation the upper metavolcanic member of the Sibul Formation and upper tuffaceous member of the Quezon Formation of Corby and others (1951) exposed in the Angat River area. 1994). argillite upper Buenacop Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Angat Formation Distribution: Area between Angat and Peñaranda rivers. The Madlum formation conformably rests on top of the Angat Formation. silty shale. wellcemented and calcareous. Its type locality. siltstone. Bulacan.htm 10/12/2015 . the conglomerate is dark gray and poorly sorted with well cemented sub-angular to subrounded clasts of serpentinite. west of Surigao City. its type locality. which occurs in thinner beds compared to the sandstone. San Ildefonso. Bulacan Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: > 1.

Lepidocyclina (N. Fossils indicate an age of Middle Miocene for this limestone member. although it could be thicker along Angat River further south. chalcedony or chlorite. which was probably deposited in a shelf area. It is over 1. the estimated thickness is about 175 m. porous with numerous fragments of volcanic rocks. minor argillites Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Bangui Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. and detrital crystals of mafic minerals. mollusks and foraminifera. The thickness and nature of the upper contact of the formation were not described by Pinet (1990). The vesicles are filled with calcite. The volcanic flows are massive.htm 10/12/2015 . slightly tuffaceous. (N.The Buenacop Limestone was originally used by Melendres and Verzosa (1960) to designate the limestone sequence exposed at Barangay Buenacop. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maganoy Formation Lithology: Limestone. Ilocos Norte Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: Undetermined Previous name: Megabbobo Formation (Pinet. This characteristic distinguishes it from the other limestones in the area. overlain by the Bojeador Formation Distribution: Vintar River near Bgy. Cycloclypeus (Metacycloclypeus) transiens. Megabbobo east of Laoag City. 1990) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Megabbobo Formation (renamed Magabbobo Limestone) was defined by Pinet (1990) for the narrow limestone body exposed along Vintar River east of Laoag near barrio Magabbobo. The limestone in the lower part is thin to medium bedded. MGB (2004) opines that its age probably extends only up to Early Miocene. The estimated thickness at the type locality is 150 m. It rests discordantly over the volcanic sandstone of Bangui Formation.N9). San Ildefonso. cavernous.) sumatrensis and L. crystalline. The upper part is massive. chert nodules. Samples of the Buenacop Limestone yielded a number of foraminifers. Maria and Sumacbao rivers. The angular discordance was not observed but only indicated by differences in attitude. Samples dated late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene age probably belong to the Dagot Limestone. Along Bayabas River. Thus an age of Middle Miocene is assigned to the Madlum Formation.) ferreroi. volcanic debris and fossils of reef-building organisms such as corals. Pinet (1990) reports ages ranging from Late Oligocene to early Middle Miocene (P20 . The formation consists of two members: a lower white. conglomerate.000 m thick in the type locality. basalt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Magabbobo Limestone Lithology: Micritic limestone. The tuffaceous beds weather into bentonitic clay. The limestone bodies are disposed along the ViganAggao Fault which defines the contact between the coastal and median units of Pinet (1990). fine grained and vesicular. although deposition could have started in early Middle Miocene. However. massive micritic limestone with sea urchins and hexacorals and an upper reddish calcarenite with reworked micrites and buff-colored argillites. . It also occurs as narrow discontinuous strips formed by a series of almost north-south aligned low ridges and several small patches between Sta. algae. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 203 of 374 angular to subrounded cobble to boulder sizes of andesite. including Miogypsina polymorpha. chert and other volcanic rocks set in a matrix of andesite. calcarenites. sandstone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Buenacop Limestone. Bulacan with type section along Ganlang River. Deposition might have taken place in a progressively deepening environment probably from shelf-edge to upper bathyal depths. with dispersed occasional andesite fragments.

basalt and andesite in a matrix of tuffaceous mudstone and sandstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Macasilao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cruz. 1981). Marinduque Island Age: Late Cretaceous Named by: Tumanda and others (1984) This limestone unit was previously included as part of the Marinduque Basement of Gervasio (1958). Mangamnan. Mogpog. Certain species of Globotruncana and Heterohelix were also identified from exposures along Mangamnan. south-central Maguindanao Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: ~ 600 m Named by: Froehlich and Melendres (1960) The Maganoy Formation was named by Froehlich and Melendres (1960) for the sedimentary sequence along Maganoy River. was identified by Hashimoto (1981) in the limestone south of Mangamnan. The Maganoy consists of dark gray to black fossiliferous limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Magapua Limestone Lithology: Limestone. Gervasio (1970) and Motegi (1975) considered the limestone as part of the Eocene Taluntunan-Tumicob and Binunga formations. south-central Maguindanao. chlorite schist. Akir-akir Mountain. Globotruncana. probably corresponding to the Kiamba Formation. marble Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Marinduque Formation Distribution: Magapua. Peña Magbanco Conglomerate The Magbanco Conglomerate was designated by Melendres and Barnes (1957) as a member of the Macasilao Formation in Negros Island. These clasts attain a maximum dimension of 2 m. Tumanda and others (1986) considered it as a separate unit and named it Magapua Limestone. Fossils indicate a Late Oligocene to Early Miocene age. antigorite schist file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The conglomerate consists of subangular to angular clasts of lithic tuff. Boac.htm 10/12/2015 . respectively. indicative of Late Cretaceous age. The Late Cretaceous age suggested by the fossil assemblage led Aurelio (1992) to consider the limestone as the carbonaceous capping of the Marinduque basement rocks. This formation consists primarily of gray micritic limestone that is marbleized in places. Its estimated thickness is around 600 m (BMG. and greenish gray pebbly and orbitoidal sandstones.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 204 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Kiamba Formation Distribution: Maganoy River. Later. However. on the main road connecting Boac and Sta. The formation rests unconformably over the volcanic basement. The formation underlies the Akir-Akir Mountain west of Cotabato Valley. Peña Magpapangi Greenschist Lithology: Actinolite schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. pebble and cobble conglomerates. Mogpog and Boac rivers near Barangay Binunga.

Davao Oriental Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The Magpapangi Greenschist was named by Villamor and others (1984) for the schists occurring in the southern portion of Pujada Peninsula. antigorite-hematite-actinolite schist. On the other hand. respectively. southeastern Negros Oriental Age: Early – Late Pliocene Previous name: Magsinulo Andesite Flow Breccia (Ayson. which is thrusted over the Surop Peridotite. designated as Tagugpo Schist. this formation consists of andesite flow breccia and blocky andesite flows. Pujada Peninsula. low grade calc schist. Peña Mahaba Sandstone The Mahaba Sandstone comprises the upper member of the Caliling Formation in Negros Island. These varieties of schists occur within a narrow zone measuring 200 m. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. and epidote-carbonatechlorite schist. The Mahaba Sandstone apparently represents the back-reef zone of the reef build-up (Amiscaray & Quiel. The breccia shows angular clasts of hornblende andesite in a yellowish vitric matrix with phenocrysts of feldspars and ferromagnesian minerals. In the central portion of the peninsula. The main body. a narrow metamorphic belt. The schists. therefore. antigorite-hematite-actinolite schist. is confined between the Surop Peridotite and Kalunasan Basalt. 1987) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Magsinulo Andesite was previously named by Ayson (1987) as Magsinulo Andesite Flow Breccia for the exposures in the southeastern part of Negros Island. 50 m to 200 m wide. The thickness of the formation as estimated by Melendres and Barnes (1957) is at least 500 m along Talave River. quartz-calcite-dolomite schist. indicating Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age (Piacenzian – Late Pleistocene). The greenschist in the southern portion of the peninsula consists mainly of albiteepidote-actinolite and quartz-albite-chlorite-epidote. (see Caliling Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.N23 and NN19 – NN 20/21. As described by Ayson (1987). This metamorphic belt includes epidote-chlorite-antophyllite schist. Foraminiferal and nannoplankton assemblages reported by Muller and others (1989) correspond to N20 . Ayson (1987) assigns an age of Early-Late Pliocene to this unit. Tremolite-actinolite-antigorite schist is confined near the contact with the Surop Peridotite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Magsinulo Andesite Lithology: Andesite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Amlan Conglomerate Distribution: Magsinulo.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 205 of 374 Stratigraphic Relations: Thrusted over the Surop Peridotite Distribution: Magpapangi . Schistosity consistently trends NW-SE and dips moderately to the southwest. and low grade epidote-carbonate-chlorite schist. the greenschists in the central portion of the peninsula consists of epidotechlorite-antophyllite schist. Its contact with the Surop Peridotite is defined by a zone of amphibolite.htm 10/12/2015 . has a maximum width of 2 km and can be traced for 16 km along its length. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists of a succession of grit to pebbly sandstone with coral fragments and mollusks. They grade into amphibolite schist to the west and metabasalt to the east. 1987). The greenschists grade into amphibolite to the west and basalt to the east. appear to be the lower grade metamorphic facies of the mafic and ultramafic rocks constituting the ophiolite. Tagugpo.

(see Nicaan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Porth and others (1989) however. It is a thin member which is lenticular and attains a thickness of only 50 m. Peña Maibu Mudstone and Sandstone The Maibu Mudstone and Sandstone. Cebu Island Age: late Middle Miocene – early Late Miocene (Serravallian-Tortonian) Thickness: 1. (B-form) and Miogypsina (A-form). The middle member is about 575 m thick. The formation has an aggregate thickness of 1. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Barili Formation Distribution: Maingit River south of Balamban. a middle conglomerate. and an upper sandstone and shale sequence. Surigao del Norte Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 400 m Named by: Santos and others (1962) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 206 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The clasts of the conglomerate range from pebbles to boulders of basement rocks and limestone that measure up to 15 cm in diameter. The Maingit may be divided into three members: a lower limestone. mudstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. exposures extend southward to Pinamungahan. comprises the equivalent sequence in the south of the Late Miocene to Early Pliocene Nicaan Formation in northern Cotabato Valley area. sandstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maingit Formation Lithology: Limestone. about 4 km northeast of Barili. together with the Dimuluk Conglomerate in the southern part of Cotabato Valley area.175 m. The upper member of the Maingit consists of sandstone and shale with stringers of coal and occasional thin beds of limestone. indicating a probable late Middle Miocene age. L. Some of the large foraminifers identified in samples from the Maingit include Alveolinella. report an age of Late Miocene based on nannoplanktons (NN11) and therefore.175 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Maingit Formation was designated by Corby and others (1951) for the exposures at Maingit River south of Balamban. The thickness of the upper member is about 550 m. MGB (2004) pegs the age of the Maingit in the range of late Middle Miocene to early Late Miocene time (Serravallian-Tortonian). conglomerate. Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina).htm 10/12/2015 . The conglomerate member has interbeds of poorly sorted sandstone. The lower limestone is coralline but contains few microfossils. The exposures extend southward to Pinamungahan. consider the Maingit as a facies of the Barili Formation. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mainit Formation Lithology: Conglomerate and sandstone with shale lenses Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Tugunan Formation and Maniayao Andesite Distribution: northern area around Lake Mainit.

lithologic variations of the formation consist of a lower rust-colored. probably serpentinite and basalts. The sandstone comprising the bulk of the formation is thin to thick bedded. dark gray to brown. coarse. northwest Burias. This was first used by Melendres and Verzosa (1960) for the sequence of tuffaceous sandstone and mudstone localized at Makapilapil ridge southeast of Papaya. Red Point. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is about 400 m thick and considered to be Pleistocene in age. In many outcrops. The basement consists of Late Eocene-Early Oligocene agglomerates. tuffs. along the coast of Templo Island. The large window east of Alimango Bay also shows various lithologic phases. sandstone and lenses of shale that are widespread north of Lake Mainit as the Mainit Formation. namely: 1) hard bluish limestone containing small green fragments. middle vari-colored limestone with sandstone interbeds. the limestone is yellow. at Red Point. Corby and others (1951) assign an Oligocene age to the limestone and estimate the thickness at about 1.htm 10/12/2015 . 3) flinty limestone with small green fragments. Small greenish clasts.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 207 of 374 Santos and others (1962) named the conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.200 . Burias Island Age: Oligocene Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Makalawang Limestone. and northeast of Guinduganan Point. orange or red. Exposures occurring as isolated windows peep through the San Pascual Formation. medium to coarse grained. mudstones Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Madlum Formation Distribution: Makapilapil Ridge. limestone and mudstone.1. The conglomerate is massive and slightly compacted. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Makalawang Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Disconformable over the basement Distribution: Makalawang Creek. disconformably overlying the basement. and upper thinly bedded white limestone. The shale interbeds are thinner than the sandstone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. crystalline limestone. intrusions cut the Makalawang Limestone. is exposed along Makalawang Creek in northwest Burias. Nueva Ecija Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 500 – 800 m Named by: Melendres and Verzosa (1960) Correlative to the Lambak Formation and also unconformably overlying the Madlum Formation in eastern Nueva Ecija is the Makapilapil Formation. 4) highly brecciated white to cream-colored limestone.300 meters. hard and with abundant mafic crystals giving a peppery appearance to the rock. tuffaceous and locally conglomeratic. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Makapilapil Formation Lithology: Tuffaceous sandstone. The sandstone is flat bedded with lenses of light gray shale. a northeast. At Red Point. Templo Island. The Mainit is unconformable over the Tugunan and Maniayao Andesite. mafic intrusive rocks and an indurated sequence of conglomerates. 2) flinty cream to pink limestone when fresh but bluish when weathered. Papaya.flowing stream along the west margin of the outcrop area. In the inlier east of Guinduyanan Point. Nueva Ecija with type locality along Kawayan River. are common. northeast of Guinduyanan Point.

51 to 0. Mapinggon and Masaia. volcanic breccias. Bulalo and Malepunyo. located on the southwest rim of Laguna de Bay. Atimbia. Makiling (Wolfe and Self. This composite volcano consists predominantly of lava flows and breccias at the upper portions and pyroclastic flows and lahars on its eastern flanks. mudstone. coarse.18 Ma have been determined for andesites and dacites of Mt. and tuffs.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Makiling – Malepunyo Volcanic Complex Mt Makiling. gave an age range of 1. It is estimated to be about 500 to 800 m thick. trachydacites and rhyolite. north of San Carlos. West of Toboso. tuffaceous sandstone and siltstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malabago Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. 1991). The interbedded limestone is massive. San Carlos.10 Ma to 0. is a stratovolcano with a 16-km diameter that reaches up to 1115 masl elevation. Oles and others. 1951) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Odeong and Tigbao formations (Melendres and Barnes.10 0. sandy tuffaceous matrix. Makiling is a deeply eroded north-south trending volcanic range that includes Mapinggon. Malepunyo are dated from 1. north of Tigbao. Bijiang. cobbles and pebbles of volcanic rocks. airfall and lava deposits comprise the cone. Andesites from Mt. siltstones and mudstones as well as pillow lavas. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Scoria cones and tuff cones are common.02 Ma. Plinian-type eruption is evidenced by welded ash-flow tuffs. sandstones. 1980. pillow lava. The basal conglomerate is made up of subangular to subrounded boulders.500 m (Melendres and Barnes.95 Ma. The youngest radiometric K-Ar dating obtained from a dacite sample from Mt.87 Ma was obtained from a sample of basalt from Anilao Hill (Oles and others.000 m. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. What distinguishes this formation from other clastic units is its dark gray color and tuffaceous character. Other smaller monogenetic cones in the Macolod Corridor erupted basaltic lava. The lavas consist of trachyandesites. west of Toboso and around Paghumayan. east of Macasilao. 1967) The Malabago Formation was previously named Malabago Shale and Conglomerate by Corby and others (1951) in reference to the clastic sequence at Malabago. tuff. Negros Occidental. Negros Island Age: early Middle Miocene (Langhian) Thickness 500 m (Corby and others. Paghumayan area. Scoria cones in Batangas include Anilao Hill. Mapinggon gave an age of 0. but could reach 1. Immediately south of Mt. Radiometric K-Ar ages of 0. Tombol Hill and Sorosoro Hill. 1957) Previous name: Malabago Shale and Conglomerate (Corby and others. Few thin layers of marls and marly limestone are also present. sandy or conglomeratic with numerous fragments of basalt. A radiometric K-Ar age of 0. Fuentes Green Tuff (Caguiat. The formation is widely exposed in the areas east of Macasilao. 1957). 1951): Maximum 1. 1991). The individual beds are 1 . volcanic breccia. Smaller satellitic edifices include La Mesa tuff ring. Pyroclastic flow. 1983).6 cm thick and grade laterally and vertically over short distances into sandstone. one of the cones in San Pablo. porous. north of Tigbao. the former being formed from strombolian-type eruptions. Paleontological studies by Muller and others (1989) indicate file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.63 Ma (De Boer and others. The Malabago consists of tuffaceous conglomerates. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Escalante Formation Distribution: Malabago.08 to 0. Maars and tuff rings in the San Pablo area show typical features of base surge and airfall deposits resulting from phreatic or phreatomagmatic eruptions. sandstone and limestone in a coarse. marl.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 208 of 374 but are also gray to brown in color. Andesites from Mt. andesite and mafic detrita. It is Late Miocene in age. lahar.

respectively. greenschist Stratigraphic relations: Thrusted against ultramafic rocks Distribution: Lower Malaguit River. Quartzite is also associated with the schists at the southern tip of Calambayugan Island and Bunog peninsula. Paracale. is correlatable to the Daram Formation. Jose Panganiban. (see Daram Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. or some of the schists and the spilite-chert sequnce of the Tigbinan. On the other hand. On the other hand. 1986b). Calaguas Group of Islands. Peña Malajog Limestone The Oligocene Malajog Limestone which is sporadically distributed in western Samar (BED. as defined in this volume. Calambayungan Island. the greenschists are more widely distributed. Siruma Island. The amphibolites are limited in occurrence to the northeastern offshore islands of Camarines Norte. is equivalent to the Loquilocon Limestone of Garcia and Mercado (1981). Calambayungan Island. is equivalent to the Odeong and Tigbao formations. The typical assemblages of the amphibolite are muscovite-quartz-garnet and hornblendequartz-garnet. According to Melendres and Barnes (1957) the thickness of Tigbao varies from 50 m to 600 m. The Malabago Formation. Tailon and Pulong Bato islands. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. as in Jose Panganiban. could be part of a dismembered ophiolitic suite. Bunog Peninsula and Canimog Island. Bunog Peninsula. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malaguit Schist Lithology: Amphibolite schist. These high-grade schists are disposed in an east-west direction. Paracale. As described by Melendres and Barnes (1957) the Odeong consists predominantly of volcanic conglomerate with subordinate mudstone and little interbedded limestone. Large crystals of potash feldspar are sometimes present.htm 10/12/2015 . Camarines Norte Age: Jurassic? Named by: MGB (2004) Metamorphic rocks in Camarines Norte consisting of amphibolites and greenschists were previously described by Miranda and Caleon (1979). corresponding to early Middle Miocene (Langhian). These associations suggest that these rock units. Calaguas Group of Islands. The greenschists consist principally of quartz-epidote-chlorite schist and hornblende-epidote-albite-calcite schists. The Fuentes Green Tuff of Caguiat (1967) may also be regarded as equivalent to the Malabago Formation. Melendres and Barnes (1957) raised Malabago to group rank which they subdivided into Odeong Formation and Tigbao Formation. namely. The schists are commonly thrusted against the ultramafic rocks and closely associated with the Tigbinan Formation. (1951). The thickness of the formation is 500 m as estimated by Corby and others. The unit is named in reference to the schist exposures on both sides of the lower reaches of Malaguit River. in turn.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 209 of 374 that the foraminiferal and nannoplankton assemblages in the formation belong to N9 and NN5 biozones. Hornblende metacrysts may reach up to 2 cm long. extending westward to Port Mambulao. and therefore the range of the aggregate thickness of Odeong and Tigbao is 950 m – 1500 m. Tanao. Tanao Islands. The Loquilocon. The Odeong and Tigbao may thus be considered as members of the Malabago Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the Tigbao is composed mainly of tuffaceous mudstone with interbedded conglomerate and sandy limestone.

breccia Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Tigua River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Malama Siltstone The Malama Siltstone of Corby and others (1951) is one of the four members of the Talisay Formation. Bukidnon Age: Pleistocene Previous Name: Malambo Formation (MMAJ –JICA. gray to brown and fossiliferous with calcareous shale interbeds. It is probably Pleistocene in age. Apo. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. exposed in the Malampaya Sound area in northern Palawan. Peña Malajon Limestone The name Malajon Limestone was applied by MGB (1984) for the limestone at Malajon Island. It is about 1800 m thick. It is well exposed in the southern part of the Albay Syncline. The Malajon is the local equivalent of the Late Permian to Late Jurassic Coron Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 210 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Liminangcong and Guinlo formations. The unit is correlatable with the andesite flow breccias found around Mt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Coron Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Farther north. Peña Malampaya Sound Group This group name was introduced by Hashimoto and Sato (1973) to include the Bacuit.htm 10/12/2015 . 1973) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Hornblende andesite lava flows and breccias exposed in the upper reaches of Tigua River in Bukidnon were designated as Malambo Formation by MMAJ-JICA (1973) and renamed by MGB (2004) as Malambo Andesite. forming rolling hills and valleys between the Pantao mountains and the LigaoOas ranges. The Malampaya Sound Group also embraces the Coron Formation of Wolfart and others (1986). it is unconformable to the underlying Tinalmud Formation and either conformably overlies the Paulba or merges with the Aliang Siltstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Minilog. The siltstone is thick bedded. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malambo Andesite Lithology: Andesite flows.

however. indicate that the age is younger than was supposed. (see Mayos Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.9 0.200 m Named by: Maleterre (1989) The Malaya Formation was defined by Maleterre (1989) and Ringenbach (1992) for the thick clastic and volcaniclastic sequence that constitute the infill of the Cervantes Basin with type section along Malaya River. An upper member confined around the Malaya River area is made up of 200 m of poorly indurated red sandstone. ignimbrite Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Cervantes Basin.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 211 of 374 Malaya Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Peña Maliao Wackes The Maliao Wackes was named by UNDP (1986) for the sequence of Early – Middle Miocene wackes and thin siltstones along Maliao River. a tributary of Dalanas River in western Panay. a Pleistocene age was adopted by MGB (2004) for the Malaya Formation. since field data point to a post mineralization deposition.2 Ma. This formation could be coeval with the Mankayan Dacitic Complex in Mankayan. 1986) are considered coeval with the Mayos Formation. In places. 1985). This is equivalent to the Kalagutay Formation (see Kalagutay Formation). The clasts in the conglomerates include andesites. metavolcanics and diorites. Peña Malindang Volcanic Complex file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The total thickness for this formation was estimated by Maleterre (1989) at 1. diorites) are rare. Benguet. Therefore. with minor dacitic tuff. mineralization was thought to have occurred at around 2. 1994). west of Cervantes. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1989). The Maliao and Igsawa Pyroclastics (UNDP. the Maliao has interbeds of conglomerate and andesite flow breccia. Laser probe dating ( 40Ar/39Ar) of hornblende from an ignimbrite bed in the Malaya Formation gives a best age estimate of 0. Previously.45 and 1. More recent data indicate that mineralization took place between 1. claystone and polymictic conglomerates. Most of the clasts are andesites.2 Ma (Arribas and others.200 m. Slope breccias along the Abra River fault south of Malaya intertongue with the clastic and volcaniclastic rocks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. since the Malaya Formation is intercalated with dacitic tuff and ignimbrites. A Late Miocene to Pliocene age was earlier assigned to the Malaya Formation (Maleterre. conglomerate.htm 10/12/2015 . especially the upper member (Bato dacitic pyroclastics). Benguet Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 1.9 Ma (Sillitoe and Angeles. and clasts represented by the substratum (metavolcanics. The bulk of the basin fill consists mainly of light colored. It has an estimated thickness of around 800 m. Peña Malayanan Formation The Malayanan Formation was named by Santiago (1983) for sedimentary rocks in Bukidnon. poorly indurated sandstones and conglomerates associated with minor dacitic tuff and ignimbrites. Later studies.

5 km southwest of Sta. Volcanic flow rocks at Ampiro that were identified by Sajona and others (1997) consist of shoshonitic basalt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malinta Formation Lithology: Lower Pau Sandstone – sandstones with minor tuffaceous shale. Malindig (formerly Marlanga). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malindig Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. agglomerate Distribution: Mt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The volcanic flow rocks of Malindang include shoshonitic basalt and basaltic andesite. high K andesite and dacite.40 Ma and 0. conglomerates and lapilli tuff Upper Aparri Gorge Sandstone – sandstones with shale stringers and conglomerate lenses Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Moriones Formation Distribution: Barrio Malinta. They are characterized by volcanic flow rocks in their summit areas with pyroclastic rocks at their flanks. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples of basalt and basaltic andesite gave ages of 0. which was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sandstone-dominated section exposed in the vicinity of Barrio Malinta. The ages of these rocks as determined from radiometric K-Ar dating range from 0. It forms a prominent ridge east of the Moriones outcrop belt from O'Donnell River in the south to about 3. Hot and sulfur springs are found about 2 km from the western foot of the volcano. 1997).70 Ma for the dacite to 0. Ampiro to its north. The Aparri Gorge file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. respectively (Sajona and others.43 Ma) is nearly the same as that for a similar sample from Malindang (0. the lower Pau Sandstone and the upper Aparri Gorge Sandstone. tuff and agglomerate which constitute the slopes of Mt. North Peak and Mt. dacite.htm 10/12/2015 . The age of the shoshonite (0. Corby and others (1951) recognized two facies. Tarlac Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 574 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Overlying the Moriones conformably is the Malinta Formation. basaltic andesite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.40 Ma). The volcano is considered Pleistocene. 1997). tuff. an inactive volcano at the southern extremity of Marinduque. The Pau Sandstone member consists of sandy shale grading southward to coarse quartz sandstone to tuffaceous pebbly sandstone overlain by a thick sandstone section with minor amounts of coarse sandy tuffaceous shale and conglomerate.29 Ma for the high-K andesite (Sajona and others. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Misamis Occidental Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) Malindang Volcanic Complex in Misamis Occidental consists of Mt. Marinduque Island Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) The Malindig Volcanic Complex consists of andesite. Malindig. Malindang. Tarlac and O’Donnell River.64 Ma. andesite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 212 of 374 Lithology: Basalt. Ignacia. Tarlac.

thin to thick bedded. The conglomerate at the lower and upper parts of the section is dark gray. 1990). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. shale. dunite. massive in places. diabase sheeted dike complex. thin to thick beds. pillow basalts and pelagic sedimentary rocks. graded. It was named after its type locality at Malitbog. This unit is poorly described and is best known through core logs recovered from drill holes by the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC). light greenish gray when wet. The sandstone which is predominant in the lower and upper parts of the section is light to gray brown. cobbles and occasional boulders of igneous rocks held together by fine to medium grained tuffaceous sandstone. sandy. The lapilli tuff occurs as dirty white to gray. are probably products of dynamic metamorphism of basaltic rocks. fairly well sorted. southern Leyte Age: Late Cretaceous? Previous Name: Biliran Succession (Florendo. minor dunite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malitbog Ophiolite Lithology: Serpentinized harzburgite.htm 10/12/2015 . The formation was probably deposited in the inner neritic zone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 213 of 374 member is a well-cemented quartz sandstone with occasional shale stringers and conglomerate lenses. Santiago and Tinubdan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. fine to medium grained. tuffaceous and slightly calcareous. tuffaceous and calcareous. The shale is thin to medium bedded. Saranggani Peninsula Age: Early Miocene? Named by: MGB (2004) Occasional windows through Late Miocene volcanic rocks along Malita River expose slightly metamorphosed volcanic and volcaniclastic sequence capped by limestone (Pubellier and others. Distribution: Malita River. Roque and others (1972) defined the Malinta as an interbedded sequence of sandstone. The presence of Globorotalia fohsi labata Bermudez indicates a Late Miocene age for the Malinta Formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. with rounded to subrounded pebbles. Palompon mapped by Balce and others (1996) as Santiago Schist. well-cemented. conglomerate and lapilli tuff. cumulate and isotropic gabbro. Corby and others (1951) noted peridotite and basalt exposures overlain by the Early Miocene Taog Formation. The limestone capping has been dated as Early to lowermost Middle Miocene (Langhian) based on its foraminiferal content (Pubellier and others. 1984). The unit is probably Early Miocene. 1991). southern Leyte. The lithologic units constituting the ophiolite include: serpentinized harzburgite. cumulate and isotropic gabbro. 1984) Renamed by: MGB(2004) The Malitbog Ophiolite consists of an almost complete ophiolitic sequence exposed as patches in the towns of Malitbog and Maasin (Florendo. as well as the mudstones and sandstones containing fragments of corals and molluscs. The measured thickness is 574 m. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malita Formation Lithology: Volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Capped by limestone. Studies by BEICIP (1976) indicate tidal conditions for the deposition of the conglomerates. diabase dike complex. pillow basalt and pelagic sedimentary rocks Stratigraphic relations: Forms the basement rocks of western Leyte Distribution: Occurs in patches in Maasin and Malitbog. Small outcrops of schist confined within fault zones at Bgy.

Licuan. At the type area. Upper member – 1. and an upper member of volcanic conglomerate.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 214 of 374 Thrust slabs of peridotite consist predominantly of harzburgite. represented by the Lawagan Gabbro. Formation II is made up of andesite lava and andesitic pyroclastic rocks with intercalated limestone lenses. with a total thickness of around 1.700 m Named by: Maleterre (1989) Synonymy: Formations I and II of Licuan Group (MMAJ-JICA. The gabbro facies. diabase and pegmatitic hornblende diorite are also present. also contains limestone lenses up to 50 m thick in the Abra area (MMAJ JICA.Volcanic flows. This is consistent with the Late Eocene dating by MMAJ JICA (1980) of a limestone lense in a formation of Licuan Group in Bontoc area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malitep Formation Lithology: Lower member .Volcanic conglomerates. sandstones. and tuffs Upper member . corresponding to the formations (I and II) of Licuan Group of MMAJ JICA (1980) and BMG (1981). schist and limestone. tuffs Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Lepanto Formation in Bontoc area. the ophiolite grades upward into the Cagbaong Basalt. is mainly isotropic with lenses of noncumulate hornblendeclinopyroxene gabbro and transitional gabbro. The Licuan I formation exposed along Layacan River west of Besao is composed chiefly of basalt. As described by Maleterre (1989). The ophiolite complex is presumed to have been emplaced during Late Cretaceous time. dikes of plagiophyric basalt. Solsona area. basaltic andesite and pyroclastic rocks intercalated with 2 m thick limestone. From this phase. Kabugao area. Abra. It was mapped by MMAJ JICA (1980) in Licuan area in Abra. The breccias of the lower member contain clasts of dacite. The age of the formation as a whole is therefore pegged at Late Eocene. tectonite and minor irregular bodies of dunite and dikes of websterite (Florendo. hornblende diorite and basalt.700 m along the Malitep and Sabangan rivers.htm 10/12/2015 . sandstones and tuffs. crosscut by mafic and intermediate dikes.5 meters wide. microporphyritic or hyalopilitic The Tigbauan Formation represents the pelagic sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. (see also Lawagan Gabbro. 1980). The rocks are banded and pervasively serpentinized. it is divided into a lower member made up mainly of dacitic volcanics. This formation rests unconformably over the Lepanto Metavolcanics and is conformably overlain by the Sagada Formation. 1980) The Malitep Formation is a sequence of volcaniclastic strata exposed around Bontoc town. 1984). Cagbaong basalt) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The dike complex above the gabbro consists of parallel to subparallel diabase and basaltic dikes ranging from 0. MMAJ JICA (1980) also reports that a limestone clast in tuff breccia in Abra area was dated Eocene. A limestone clast from a conglomerate of the Malitep Formation was dated Late Eocene (Maleterre. Solsona area in Ilocos Norte and Kabugao area in Kalinga Apayao. Mountain Province. reaching up to 50 m thick along Malibcong River in Abra.5 to 1. The Licuan II formation. The basalt is aphyric. Ilocos Norte. considered equivalent to the Malitep Formation. hornblende-clinopyroxene gabbro. breccias. Peña Malo Pungatan Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. spilite. a thick pile of pillow basalt and breccia which are locally massive. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. tuffs and breccias having a thickness of about 750 m. and conformably overlain by the Sagada Formation Distribution: Bontoc area. 1989). Kalinga-Apayao Age: Late Eocene Thickness: Lower member – 750 m. The dikes are mainly pyroxene gabbro.

west of Boljoon. large exposures of the formation are found between Butong and Mantalongon as well as east of Alegria and west of Boljoon. exposed from Catmon to Naga. (see Moriones Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Alpaco was further subdivided into a lower Binabac Limestone. including Toledo area. coal stringers Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Cebu Formation Distribution: Malubog. a lower coal measure.htm 10/12/2015 . slightly indurated. Coal seams are intercalated with the clastic beds. Porth and others (1989) considered this as the deeper clastic facies of the Cebu Limestone because both units belong to the NP25 biozone (Late Oligocene). Naga. 1962). The sandstone and siltstone are usually carbonaceous in association with some coal seams. 1959) in Tarlac is a limestone member of the Moriones Formation. Foronda (1994). particularly in the upper sections. The Malubog is almost continuously exposed from Catmon to Naga. northeast of Toledo. extended the date of lower Malubog Formation to NN1 zone (earliest Miocene). Tarlac. the unit consists of calcarenites and porous coralline limestone. a lower coal measure. shale. It includes the lower Binabac Limestone. In MGB (2004). However. Santos-Yñigo (1951) later divided the Malubog into three members. siltstone. It occurs in a broad belt in the Uling area. pyrite-bearing. At the area indicated as the type locality. a lower Cantabaco. a middle Binabac Limestone and an upper Alpaco Coal Measures. near barrio Lunop. softer. and in turn overlain by a lighter colored. The thickness of Malo Pungatan ranges from 3 to 4 m. the type section was defined at Sapang Daku River. Other exposures may be found at Pingul area and further north. East of Alegria the unit was noted to yield mega. northeast of Toledo. shale.200 m near Uling. In the Uling region. including Toledo. minor sandstone. east of Alegria. Cebu Island Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: 500 m – 1.and microfossils. however. The thickness as estimated by Corby and others (1951) ranges from 500 m near southern Cebu to 1.200 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The name Malubog formation was designated by Corby and others (1951) for the exposures near Barrio Malubog. near Caananorgan. the Malubog was originally divided into a lower Cantabaco Mudstone Member and an upper Alpaco Member. ferruginous. To the south. The term Alpaco Member was named by Smith (1924) after its type locality in Barrio Alpaco. the unit consists of a lower. 1994). 1962). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malubog Formation Lithology: Mudstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 215 of 374 The Malo Pungatan Limestone (Gwinn and others. the Malubog is divided into a lower Cantabaco Mudstone Member and an upper Alpaco Member. The lower Malubog is about 460 m in the Naga-Toledo city area (Foronda. limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Malumbang Formation Lithology: Limestone. sandstone. dark colored. In the type area at Malubog. to the west of Camiling. marl file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Media Once area (Huth. an upper Binabac Limestone and an upper coal measure. between Butong and Mantalongon. an upper Binabac Limestone and upper coal measure. impure mudstone (Huth. mudstone overlain by somewhat coarser. coal-bearing horizons intercalated with limestone beds. conglomerate. The Cantabaco Mudstone consists dominantly of shales and mudstones with local lenticular limestone beds at the base and minor thin sandstone interbeds and coal stringers toward the upper part. The Malubog conformably rests over the Cebu Formation.

1913) Renamed by: Espiritu and others (1968) The Malumbang Formation was originally named by Pratt and Smith (1913) as Malumbang Series in reference to the limestone exposures in the Malumbang Plains in the southeastern part of Bondoc Peninsula. The sandstone is medium to thick bedded and mediumto coarse-grained. medium to thick bedded. Ragang.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mambuaya Andesite Lithology: Basaltic andesite Distribution: Mambuaya. The limestone is cream. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sandy and porous to reefal and crystalline. The Malumbang consists predominantly of limestone with interbeds of sandstone. Bukidnon Age: Pliocene – Pleistocene Previous Name: Mambuaya Volcanics (Pacis. Originally.610 m. siltstone and shale. Talakag. It can be traced for several kilometers southward to Talakag where it apparently widens. These rocks are fine to medium-grained and locally exhibit columnar jointing and abundant vesicles. The Mambuaya consists largely of basaltic andesite. Misamis Oriental. Calayo and Hibok-Hibok.610 m Previous name: Malumbang Series (Pratt and Smith. (see Abra de Ilog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1966) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Mambuaya Andesite was previously named Mambuaya Volcanics by Pacis (1966) for the exposures of volcanic rocks at Mambuaya. 1992) inidicating a Pleistocene age.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 216 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Disconformably overlies the Viñas Formation Distribution: Malumbang Plains. The siltstone is massive to medium bedded. Misamis Oriental on the west side of Cagayan River. Pacis (1966) included the volcanic rocks underlying active volcanoes as part of the Mambuaya. buff or dirty white. Peña Mamburao Group The Mamburao Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984) is a sequence of sedimentary and volcanic rocks in northern Occidental Mindoro which is equivalent to the Abra de Ilog Formation. The formation disconformably overlies the Viñas Formation. Light gray to brownish marl is also present in the lower part of the formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. However. It is also well exposed along the Sumulong – Guinayangan road where its thickness reaches 1. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. these active volcanoes. Quezon Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 1. The faunal assemblages correspond to nannozone NN19 (Aurelio. The largest exposure is narrow and elongated. Sumulong – Guinayangan road. such as. are treated by MGB (2004) as separate volcanic complexes. Phenocrysts consist of clinopyroxeme and plagioclase with occasional olivine.

Dingalan Formation (Rutland. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nueva Ecija. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1994). It is probably equivalent to the Dumatata Formation designated by Huth (1962) for the exposures of partly metamorphosed agglomerate. The Mamparang consists of greenish gray to dark green andesite lava. tuff breccia.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 217 of 374 Mamparang Formation Lithology: Basalt and andesite flows. mudstone and limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconcormable over the Caraballo Formation. Kasibu. Probably also corresponding to the Mamparang Formation is the Dingalan Formation of Rutland (1967) This is typically exposed along the Dingalan Forest Products Co. tuffaceous sandstone and siltstone in the southwestern part of Cagayan Valley. Billedo (1994) has observed an outcrop of volcanic conglomerate identified with Mamparang Formation to lie unconformably on the pelagic volcano-clastic rocks of the Caraballo Formation at the mouth of the Dikapanikian River.82 1. fine graywacke and cherty mudstones. In the upper reaches of Cagayan River. In Kasibu area. This facies is characterized by a 1500-m thick pile of fine and coarse graywacke and conglomerates which grade into interbeds of sandstone and siltstone. 1994). Its age is placed at Late Oligocene by BMG (1981). mudstone. A similar sequence was observed east of the island in Gigmoto overlying the deformed sequence of the Yop Formation. The agglomerates found in Aburao Creek are reddish on weathered surfaces and contain well-bedded angular green and red siltstone and mudstone probably reworked from the underlying Caraballo Formation (Billedo. Occasionally.000 m for this formation. 1962). equivalent to Ypresian or Early Eocene. Peña Manamrag Volcanics and Volcaniclastics Facies (Payo Formation) The Manamrag volcanics and volcaniclastics facies of the Payo Fomation extends from Hilawan to Manamrag in Catanduanes. 1967) The Mamparang Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1977) is mainly distributed in the Mamparang Mountains and in the upper reaches of Cagayan River and most of the Kasibu area in the eastern fringe of the Northern Sierra Madre Range. tuffaceous breccia. In the southern reaches of Addalam River. The clasts are typical of the red and green distal volcanic facies of the Caraballo Formation.88 Ma. basalt lava and basaltic tuff with subordinate dacitic volcanic rocks.htm 10/12/2015 . MMAJ-JICA (1977) reports that this formation conformably overlies the Caraballo Formation. Overlying this rock sequence are pillow lavas with intercalations of graywacke. equivalent to early Late Oligocene. this facies is characterized by andesitic graywackes and siltstones with some intercalated andesitic lava flows. MMAJ-JICA (1977) estimates a thickness of about 4. tuff and limestone. Radiometric K/Ar dating of pillow basalt underlying the limestone indicate an age date of 49. It is made up of coarse epiclastic breccias. north of Dingalan. west-northwest of Maddela. Along Cobo River in Caramoran. an andesite outcrop belonging to the Mamparang Formation and apparently above the Caraballo Formation was dated 28. reddish calcareous fine grained siltstones occur in interstices of the pillows. overlain by Sta. alkali andesite lava.000 m Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1977) Synonymy: Dumatata Formation (Huth. road in the Laur-Dingalan Fault Zone. However. tuffs and minor dacitic rocks. Fe Formation Distribution: Mamparang Mountains. Nueva Vizcaya Age: early Late Oligocene Thickness: 4. andesitic tuff breccia. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Manapao Basalt Lithology: Basalt file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.99 Ma by radiometric K-Ar method (Billedo. narrow limestone lenses with large foraminifera are intercalated with alkali andesite lava.

zeolite. which is taken as the type locality. In Manay. The lower sandstone member has been dated as early (NN19) to late Pleistocene (NN20-21) based on nannofossils while the upper limestone member has been dated as late Pleistocene based on foraminifera (Quebral. The uplifted Pleistocene reefal limestone is readily recognized along the Pacific coast. These units were found to have intertonguing.5 meters in diameter. Manapao Basalt (MMAJ-JICA. Manapao Basalt. southwest limb of Masbate. Manapao and is also exposed along the coastal strip at Pulanduta and Calumpang and at the tributary of Jangan River probably as windows of the basement. it is expressed as well developed cuestas (Quebral.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 218 of 374 Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by Calumpang Formation Distribution: Mt. The formation underlies Mt. for example. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. and calcite. 1986) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Manapao Basalt was previously named by MMAJ-JICA (1986) as Mt. due to its young morphological expression. Cansi Basalt and Pandan Formation. either in fault contact or unconformable to the younger formations. Manapao. tributatry of Jangan River. Pulanduta and Calumpang. gradational or conformable relation to each other. from Manay to south of the Cateel River. The formation unconformably overlies the Taragona Conglomerate. The pillow structures. Mindanao Age: Early – Late Pleistocene Named by: Quebral (1994) The Manay Formation was introduced by Quebral (1994) to refer to a Pleistocene sequence defined by a lower sandstone member and an upper limestone member. a Jurassic age was assigned by MMAJ-JICA (1986) to the Manapao. Peña Mananga Group The Mananga Group was designated by Balce (1970) for the sequence of formations exposed at Mananga Valley. The Group occurs mainly in the central highlands. 1994). southern Pacific Cordillera. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. approximately 0. In the absence of radiometrically datable rocks due to the intense degree of weathering and alteration. Masbate Island Age: Jurassic? Previous name: Mt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Manay Formation Lithology: Lower sandstone and upper limestone members Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Taragona Conglomerate Distribution: Pacific Coast from Manay to south of Cateel River. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1994). Fine sandstones rich in mollusk and echinoderm fragments characterize the lower clastic member. are weathered and cut by various veins of quartz. The Group is composed of the Tuburan Limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . The Manapao consists mainly of pillow basalt. The environment of deposition is evidently shallow marine.

Elsewhere. shale. 1956) whose type locality is at Bgy. The first fold is located along km 58 to 68 of the national highway west of Mawab while the second fold is located north of Asuncion. The Mandog Sandstone consists of a poorly consolidated. indicate sedimentation within a shallow marine environment.htm 10/12/2015 . Davao del Norte. what was mapped by Quebral (1994) are coarse conglomerates with dacitic clasts in a sandy matrix and not polymictic conglomerates as described by Casasola (1956). This Pleistocene age is confirmed by foraminifera from the limestone. The formation is therefore assigned an Eocene age. Quebral (1994) revised the age of this formation to a range of Early (NN19) to Late (NN20-21) Pleistocene based on the presence of nannofossils in the sandstones and marls at the core of the Makgum Anticline. Masbate Island. but where Casasola (1956) also describes the Mandog Sandstone west of Mawab between km 58 and 68. unconformably overlain by the Mawab Formation Distribution: Lasang and Davao Rivers. conglomerate Stratigraphic relationships: Unconformably overlies the Masuhi Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 219 of 374 Mandaon Formation The Mandaon Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1990) may be considered equivalent to the Kaal Formation. probably Early – Middle Eocene. This formation is in thrust contact (underthrust) with the older Manapao Basalt and Calumpang Formation in the southwestern leg of the island. fine grained argillaceous sandstone outcrops at the core of the Makgum Anticline in Asuncion. a sequence of bluish gray. such as pelecypods and gastropods in fine sediments. The Mandog occupies the same stratigraphic position as the Mawab Formation. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mangabel Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. in Asuncion. At the Makgum Anticline. If correlated with the Agusan Basin. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sedimentary and metamorphic clasts. Casasola (1956) gives a thickness of 600 to 800 meters. well-indurated volcanic sandstone and conglomerate. Mandog. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mandog Sandstone Lithology: Sandstone. and in peripheral position in Milagros. poorly sorted and polymictic. volcanic rocks. as a U-shaped body at Aroroy. fragmental flows. Davao City Age: Early Pleistocene (NN19) to Late Pleistocene (NN20-21) Thickness: 200-250 m Named by: Casasola (1956) Unconformably overlying the Masuhi Formation is the Mandog Sandstone (Casasola. (see Kaal Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. as well as the presence of limestone. The latter are crossbedded. It consists of a thick sequence of dark. It is intruded by the Aroroy Quartz Diorite which gave a radiometric dating of 38 Ma (Middle-Late Eocene). Davao City. the nannofossil content and the numerous megafossils. the Mandog Sandstone probably corresponds to the lower clastic member of the Pleistocene Wawa Formation. type locality is at Mandog. thin sequence of interbedded sandstone and shale with conglomeratic portions. and occasional parallel-bedded red calcarenites and manganese beds that is unconformably (?) overlain by the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene Sambulawan Formation of UNDP (1984) at Mandaon. Casasola (1956) assigns a continental environment of deposition although he found it to be locally fossiliferous. Mawab and Asuncion. The Mandaon Formation is in a fork-shaped. having igneous. NE-trending position at Balud-Mandaon. Exposures of the Mandog may be encountered along Lasang and Davao Rivers on the western flank of the Davao Basin and the Mawab and Makgum anticlines.

In some places. Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Mangabel Creek. thin-bedded sandstone and shale (Vergara and Spencer. This formation was originally named Manguao Volcanics by Reyes (1971). It consists of basalt lava flows exposed around Lake Manguao in Taytay. Bislig. Igaog River. In places. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. northern Palawan Age: Pliocene-Pleistocene. shale. The phenocrysts are dominantly olivine in association with intergranular pyroxenes. highly indurated and friable. and marbleized limestone. Sumigod Creek.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 220 of 374 Lithology: Sandstone. directly overlain by a thick sequence of volcanic rocks. slightly crystalline. Peña Mangagoy Formation The Mangagoy Formation was originally named by Vergara and Spencer (1957) for the sedimentary sequence at Mangagoy. At Bisucay Island. northern Palawan. Equivalent to the Manguao Basalt are the basaltic flows identified in the Cuyo Group of Islands whereby three cones Mounts Bonbon. The shale is likewise greenish. The formation consists of interbedded sequence of shale and sandstone with minor intercalations of limestone and basal conglomerate. (see Bislig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. aphanitic and partly vesicular. dark gray. In Mangabel area. The sandstone is grey to green. it is porphyritic with olivine phenocrysts embedded in a feldspathic file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. the Mangagoy consists of a sequence of dark gray conglomerate. Taytay. ferromagnesian minerals. Good exposures are also found along Igaog River and the upper Sumigod Creek. fine. The rock varies in color from dark grey to greyish white to milky white to pinkish. these rocks are intensely sheared. minor limestone.to medium-grained limestone occur in sandstone and shale. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Manguao Basalt Lithology: Basalt.are considered centers of effusion. fine. Lucban and Aguado . 1957). indicating an Eocene age for the Formation. Both the shale and sandstone contain disseminated pyrite grains. volcanic rocks. which was dated Late Oligocene. 1971) Renamed by: MGB (2004). clastic rocks.to medium-grained and highly indurated. These authors describe a thick and massive corralline limestone comprising the top of the formation. for the exposures of sedimentary rocks along the middle and upper reaches of Mangabel Creek in Sibuguey Peninsula. The Mangagoy. islands in the Cuyo Island Group. subordinate shale. the basalt flow is dark gray.htm 10/12/2015 . It is usually barren. conglomerate. granular in texture partly vesicular with some vitric components. quartz and chert. Previous name: Manguao Volcanics (Reyes. The Manguao is well exposed along stream valleys and in topographically low areas. Surigao del Sur. but where fossils are found. A probable Pleistocene age was assigned to the unit. It is mainly composed of rounded fragments of volcanic rocks. conglomerate and pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Around Lake Manguao. Sibuguey Peninsula Age: Eocene Named by: Antonio (1962) The Mangabel Formation was named by Antonio (1962). In the Rosario-Banahaw mine area. Camerina is common. siltstone. thin lenses of dense. the formation occurs mainly as thin interbeds of shale and sandstone. fine-grained. At Mangabel and Sumigod Creeks. probably corresponds to the Mabuhay Formation of the northern Pacific Cordillera. The basalt is fine-grained.

the andesites of Maniayao show sub-equal amounts of biotite and hornblende together with plagioclase phenocrysts. granodiorite. Surigao del Norte Age: Pleistocene Thickness: > 300 m Named by: Santos and others (1962) The volcanic edifice at Mt. An undisturbed basaltic flow which appears to be of Recent age was observed at Limbangan Point.091 Ma (Sajona. 1997). Misamis Oriental Age: Middle Miocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.781 0.08 0. Maniayao is located along the Philippine Fault north of Lake Mainit between the main Cordillera and the Malimono Ridge. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. diorite and limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 221 of 374 groundmass. Cuyo and Caponayan islands (Amiscaray and Quiel. north of Calauag Bay (MGB. However. 1987) and Paco Volcanics (Tebar and Pagado. Putik. Diit. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The basaltic flows and pyroclastics observed in Cuyo were considered by Fontaine (in Amiscaray and Quiel. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maniki Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite. 1983). Pagauayan. Maniayao.9 0. The cone is surrounded by gently dipping andesitic flows and lahars. The limestone boulders are white to buff and fossiliferous. In the northern part of Putic and Lubid islands. the tuff contains clasts of basalt. 2004). Agutaya. 1990).061 Ma. 1944). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maniayao Andesite Lithology: Andesite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes or unconformably overlies pre-Pleistocene deposits Distribution: Mt. The limestone embedded in the volcanics suggests Late Miocene to Pleistocene age (Amiscaray and Quiel. 1983). 1983) to be Pliocene-Pleistocene in age.htm 10/12/2015 . Surigao del Norte. UNDP (1987) also describes the Paco Andesite as an extinct volcano with a conical peak at 524 masl north of Bgy. 1989). Foraminifers identified in the limestone are mostly Pliocene-Pleistocene forms.3 Ma and 0. 1987). Canipo. As described by UNDP (1987). Radiometric dating obtained from an andesite sample indicate a Pleistocene age based on whole rock dating of 1. andesites Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Himalyan Formation Distribution: Maniki River. while the feldspar phenocrysts gave a dating of 1.3 Ma) age for the volcanic flows (MMAJ-JICA. Thin beds of tuffaceous shale.2 Ma. Sitio Batinay. The andesites are at least a few meters thick and in places attain a total thickness of more than 300 m (UNDP. Other basalt islands that are considered to be equivalent to the Manguao are Lubid. radiometric K-Ar determinations made on samples collected from Manguao area indicate a Pliocene (5  0. Several magmatic episodes are indicated by the domes and andesitic and dacitic flows and pyroclastic deposits designated as Maniayao Volcanics (Santos-Yñigo. siltstone and conglomerate intercalating with pyroclastics that are intermittently exposed in the region could be part of the Manguao. Guilabog. Imuran. diorite. respectively. Paco Andesite (UNDP. Paco in Surigao del Norte. Radiometric K-Ar dating of two samples of andesite by UNDP (1987) at Tugunan and Ipil indicated ages of 0.

Associated with the quartz diorite are diorite. Baguio District Age: Late Pliocene – Pleistocene Previous name: Imbaguila / Bato Dacite Porphyry (Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Manila indicate a thickness of about 800 m. breccias. silicification and pyritization were noted. The unconsolidated deposits consist of clay. biotite with secondary pyrite. Mankayan. graonodiorite and andesite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . tuffaceous silt Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Diliman Tuff Distribution: Metro Manila Age: Holocene Thickness: 800 m Named by: Purser and Diomampo (1995) Overlying the Diliman Tuff is a sequence of unconsolidated fluvial. hornblende. deltaic and marine deposits to which Purser and Diomampo (1995) proposed the name Manila Formation. gravelly sand and tuffaceous silt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. covering 75 sq km. oligoclase and serrated quartz with secondary sericite. This sequence is believed to have been laid down during Holocene time. The textural variation of the belt is noteworthy. Pasig to Recto. Benguet. chlorite and zeolite. sericite and limonite. shows considerable amounts of hornblende and plagioclase (andesine) phenocrysts set in a fine-grained matrix. dark. amphibole. The granodiorite. andesine. anhedral orthoclase. silt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mankayan Dacitic Complex Lithology: Dacite. silt. magnetite. Widespread kaolinization. coarse grained and consists of sodic plagioclase. porphyritic varieties becoming porous and fragmental with decreasing ferromagnesian minerals are the distinctive changes from the south to the north. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes older rocks Distribution: Lepanto mine. epidote. chlorite. gravely sand.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 222 of 374 Named by: MGB (2004) The Maniki Quarz Diorite is named for the exposure of quartz diorite along Maniki River in southwestern Misamis Oriental. Zoned plagioclase and hornblende are partly altered to chlorite. The andesite porphyry. Massive. is light colored. which occurs as dikes in the schist. The main quartz diorite stock. The quartz diorite is medium to coarse grained and consists of quartz. The texture of the diorite stock becomes coarse grained towards the core. intrudes the Himalyan Formation and the Balongkot Limestone. which underlies a large portion of the area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Manila Formation Lithology: Clay. Subsurface data from core drilling along the Light Rail Transit 2 (LRT 2) route from Santolan. Small andesitic bodies and dikes of early Late Miocene age intrude the diorite and the Himalyan.

Sarewitz and Karig (1986) mentioned other rivers where the Mansalay crops out such as Batangan.08 Ma) are close to the dating for the Balatoc Plug (0. 1991). In places. This ammonite-bearing formation consists principally of sandstones. minor limestone. These are known locally as Imbanguila Dacite Porphyry.29 Ma.5 Ma and 1. Maleterre (1989) reports K/Ar dating of 1. Mansalay Bay. shale.htm 10/12/2015 .200 m by 500 m in plan and the bulk of the pipe is dacitic in composition. Benguet and the Balatoc Dacite Plug in the Baguio District comprise the Mankayan Dacitic Complex. The Imbaguila dacites predate mineralization while the Bato dacites postdate the mineralization.4 Ma (Sillitoe and Angeles. Its type locality is near Colasi Point at Mansalay Bay. Peña Manlawaan Gabbro The Manlawaan Gabbro was named by Castillo and Escalada (1979) for gabbro bodies occurring in limited exposures in Negros Occidental. MMAJ JICA (1983) gives a dating of 0. Caguray and Malan-og rivers. it is 1. shale and mudstones.to thick-bedded sandstones. It is probably a facies of the Pangatban Diorite. Wolfe (1981) gives a K/Ar date of 1.7 Ma for a sample of dacite.9 Ma for samples of dacite. southeastern Mindoro. In Lepanto. Mindoro Island Age: late Middle Jurassic – early Late Jurassic Thickness: 2. Sto. mudstones and shales with minor limestones and pebble conglomerate. Wasig. Later andesite dikes also cut across the breccia. 1.. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mansalay Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Wasig. Gold bearing veins traverse the breccia.8 Ma). conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Caguray Formation Distribution: Colasi Pt. Corby and others (1951) named and described this formation ahead of Feliciano and Basco (1947) but the latter published their work earlier. The sandstones include arkosic arenite.96 0. Niño Mine. These datings are equivalent to Pleistocene. The formation consists principally of thin.500 – 3. 1985).500 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) According to Teves (1954).18 0. K/Ar datings reported by Arribas and others (1994) for the later dacites (0. The matrix is made up of dacitic and andesitic material as well as an admixture of quartz. Niño breccia pipe Dacitic rock units represented by dacite porphyries in the Lepanto mine. (see Pangatban Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.9 0. diatreme breccias and pyroclastics in the Lepanto area preceded and postdated epithermal mineralization. On the other hand. the sandstone exhibit cross-bedding and cross-lamination. lithic arenite and graywacke and some beds contain disarticulated and broken bivalve shells and belemnite fragments. The plug at the Balatoc Mine is a roughly vertical pipe measuring 980 m by 730 m in plan and tapers downward to a maximum known depth of 2. Caguray and Malan-og. Batangan. Bongabon. A similar type of breccia pipe is present in the Sto. metasediments. Dacite domes. K/Ar dating of biotite from the earlier dacite gave a value of 2. Siange. and Bato Dacite Porphyry and their pyroclastic equivalents. andesite. The pipe contains blocks of various rock types that include quartz diorite. Bongabon and Siange rivers. Amaga.8 Ma for the Balatoc Plug. dacite and granodiorite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 223 of 374 Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Balatoc Dacite Plug. Mankayan. Beds of siltstones and shale are black to dark file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Mansalay. plagioclase and clayey material. According to Balce (1978). siltstone.000 m (Mitchell and Leach. Amaga. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It also crops out along the Mansalay.

500 (Andal and others. slate and mafic to intermediate volcanic rocks set in a matrix of coarse-grained sandstone. sandstone. The diorite is a three-pronged body covering 95 sq km that appears to represent the apophyses of a main diorite stock in the southern part of Albay. hornblende quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Ragay Andesite Distribution: Coastal area of southern Albay. The Mansalay is unconformably overlain by the Late Eocene Caguray Formation and Miocene limestones. for the diorite exposures west of Panganiran. The unit consists of hornblende diorite and hornblende quartz diorite. Peña Mantalongon Limestone The Mantalongon Limestone was named by Alcantara (1980) for the limestone blocks resting on the Linut-od Formation in the southern part of the Argao-Dalaguete region in Cebu. bivalve and coral fragments (dated Late Jurassic) have been noted. 1968). Jurassic ammonites are the predominant fossils. Porphyritic hornblende quartz diorite constitutes the main bulk of the rock and is well represented in the vicinity of Panganiran Bay. corresponding to late Middle to early Late Jurassic (Andal and others. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maonon Diorite Lithology: Hornblende diorite.500 m (Sarewitz and Karig. However.htm 10/12/2015 . Pegmatitic quartz-bearing hornblende diorite may be found as dikes at the Magragondong-Basicao coast. The age of the formation is late Callovian to Oxfordian. 1963) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Maonon Diorite was previously named Panganiran Diorite by De Guzman (1963).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 224 of 374 gray to grayish green to maroon. The clasts of conglomerate lenses consist of subrounded to subangular pebbles (mostly less than 2 cm in diameter) of chert. Hornfels are common near intrusive contacts. Localized occurrence of lenses of oolitic and oncolitic carbonates (several meters thick and tens of meters in extent) with significant percentage of clastic detritus. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. this was renamed Maonon Diorite by MGB (2004) in recognition of the priority given to Panganiran Peroditite. from Santa Gomez eastward to Magragondong. Varieties of the hornblende diorite include a porphyritic type and coarse grained to pegmatitic types. The longest and broadest of these intrusive offshoots extends northwestward from Magragondong to the area north of Apud. 1967). mudstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1986) to 3. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Estimates of the thickness range from at least 2. The diorite intruded the Ragay Andesite probably during Late Oligocene time. It is considered as a heterofacies of the Linut-od by BMG (1981). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mapanas Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Intertongues with San Nicolas Claystone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. extending northwest to the viicinity of Apud Age: Late Oligocene Previous name: Panganiran Diorite (De Guzman. Foraminifera in the Linut-od indicates an Early Miocene age.

Increase in fossil content was observed along with increase in calcareous content. It was reported by BED (1986b) to be Eocene in age with a thickness of 200 m. The San Nicolas Claystone is considered as the basinal clastic equivalent of the Mapanas Limestone (BED. while Santos (1968) measured a thickness of 352 m along the Duyanduyan-Maasin road section. lenses of conglomerate have been encountered. The Mapanas is a massive orbitoidal and shelfal limestone that was also encountered in North Samar A-IX well (BED. It is the local equivalent of the Calatagan Formation and synonymous with the Dingle Limestone of Wolfe and others (1980). The thickness varies but west of Calinog. Mapulo. The lower beds are principally siltstone with occasional coarse grained sandstone and mudstone layers. the San Nicolas Claystone. soft and porous and exhibits coral fingers. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Batangas.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 225 of 374 Distribution: Peripheries of Mapanas Bay in northeastern Samar Age: Eocene Thickness: 200 m Named by: PNOC-EC (1979. 1986b). The sandstones are largely cross-bedded and contain megafossils. Peña Maraat Diorite The Maraat Diorite was named by UNDP (1984) for the small body of hornblende diorite northeast of the Asiga Diorite in Agusan del Norte. but no microfossils. (see Cabatuan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Maraget Sandstone The Maraget Sandstone represents the middle of three members of the Cabatuan Formation in Iloilo.htm 10/12/2015 . It is probably equivalent to the Asiga Diorite (see Asiga Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1986b) The Mapanas Limestone was reported to have been named by PNOC-EC (1979. The Limestone intertongues with its basinal clastic equivalent. loosely consolidated. The Limestone is massive. ferruginous. Iloilo. Cross-bedded. white to buff. Peña Mapulo Limestone The Late Miocene – Pliocene Mapulo Limestone was named by Avila (1980) for the limestone at Bgy. it is about 150 m. The Mapulo overlies the Talahib Andesite at the upper reaches of the west major tributary of Talahib River and upstream of Lalayan River. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1986b). (see Calatagan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1986b) for exposures of limestone around Mapanas Bay in northeastern Samar. Its type locality is at Barrio Maraget in Cabatuan. which was also confirmed in North Samar A-IX well. It also crops out as far as Calinog in the north and San Miguel in the south. in BED. Taysan. light and permeable sandstone with white tuffaceous clay partings make up the uppermost beds. It consists of thinly laminated claystones and siltstones with carbonaceous material and disseminated pyrite. 1986b). It is dated Eocene. in BED. In some localities. porous. which overlies the San Jose Limestone in central Samar (BED.

marl. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Marbel Formation Lithology: Limestone. Sevilla and Cortes in the western part of Bohol and islets fringing Bohol Island file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Marcelino Point Limestone The Marcelino Point Limestone was named by Ringenbach (1992) for the limestone at Marcelino Point. It was earlier designated as Irahuan Metavolcanics by De los Santos (1959) which was described as altered basaltic flows unconformably overlying paraschists.htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maribojoc Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. north of Bacungan tectonic window and in Iratag River was designated as Maranat pillow lavas by MMAJ-JICA (1990).200 m Named by: Froehlich and Melendres (1960) The Marbel Formation was named by Froelich and Melendres (1960) after the Pliocene sequence of biohermal limestone. marl and limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Carmen Formation Distribution: Tubigon. cherty shale and chert were observed intercalated with the basalt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. tuffaceous sandstone and pebble conglomerate. mudstone. sandstone. Overlying the basalt in the Iratag window are pelagic clastic rocks of the Espina Formation which represent the sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. (see Masungi Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.200 m thick in the area south of Mt. The depositional environment of the Marbel is shallow marine to fluviatile. The limestone contains numerous nummulites and Alveolina. Quezon. which was dated early Middle Eocene (Ringenbach. and the biohermal Awang-Table Limestone. South Cotabato Age: Pliocene Thickness: > 1. In places. The Marcelino Point Limestone is probably equivalent to the Masungi Limestone. The formation is over 1. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Marbel. the formation is represented by at least two distinct lithologies. limestone. 1992). On the north. sandstone and local beds of volcanic conglomerates exposed at Marbel. South Cotabato. marl. namely: the San Mateo Mudstone consisting predominantly of tuffaceous mudstone interbedded with marl. It is widely distributed in central and southern Palawan as massive basalt and basaltic pillow lavas and breccias.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 226 of 374 Maranat Pillow Lavas The pillow lavas and breccias at Maranat Creek. It is a dark gray to black bioclastic limestone which was considered by Ringenbach (1992) to be most likely unconformable over the Tamala Formation. north of Infanta. Matutum in central South Cotabato. mudstone.

Sevilla municipality. It was formerly mapped as part of the Carmen Formation by Cruz (1959). Findings made by Mula and Maac (1995) however revealed that the marl is much younger. Its maximum thickness is estimated to be about 500 m. Capping all the older formations in Bohol is the Cortes Limestone (Mula and Maac. On the basis of physical appearance. siltstone Stratigraphic relations: Comprises the basement of Marinduque Island file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. cobbles.000 m thick. This has always been equated with the Carcar Limestone of Cebu. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. However. Its type locality is assigned in the Loay River Valley. The unit unconformably overlies the Ilihan Shale and the Carmen Formation. three members are considered under the Maribojoc: the Tubigon Conglomerate. It is usually massive to poorly bedded. dipping westward and consisting of angular clasts of andesitic rocks and porous silicic tuff. basalt. no index fossil was recognized from the limestone. Lila. Balilihan. probably an outer neritic environment. foraminifers and nannofossils were identified from this member. being Pliocene in age. Corals. The Sevilla Marl was originally established as a formation by Corby and others (1951). Foraminiferal zones identified in the clastic rocks point to the upper part of Stainforth's (1975) Globorotalia margaritae Zone and the Pulleniatina obliqueloculata Zone equivalent to a Pliocene age. Corte Conglomerate refers to the conglomerate and sedimentary breccia with minor tuffs and calcareous sediments identified at Mt. This represents the upper member of the Maribojoc Formation and is the youngest limestone body in the island.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 227 of 374 Age: Pliocene Named by: Arco (1962) The term Maribojoc Limestone was originally used by Arco (1962) to designate the youngest limestone unit blanketing most of the western part of the island and all the other islets fringing Bohol. varying from cream to brownish yellow or buff. Sevilla Marl and Cortes Limestone. and pebbles of volcanic and metamorphic rocks fixed in sandy tuffaceous cement. marly and coralline. spilite.htm 10/12/2015 . Hence. No fossil was identified from the conglomerate. observed mostly in the towns of Sevilla. The Kabulao Conglomerate outcrops along Kabulao River 8 km north of Mabini. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Marinduque Formation Lithology: Andesite. fragmental volcanic rocks. chalky. Mula and Maac (1995) recognized that previously identified members of the Carmen Formation. in the eastern coast of Bohol. forming the lower member of the Maribojoc Formation. the Tubigon Conglomerate and the Sevilla Marl are younger deposits partly coeval or contemporaneous to the deposition of the limestone. however. 1962). sandstone. formerly identified as the Maribojoc Limestone. The diversity and abundance of planktic forminifers suggest a relatively deeper environment of deposition for the marl. Arco (1962) considered it as a member of the Middle Miocene Carmen Formation. and flow breccia typically exposed along roads in the town of Tubigon. a Late Pliocene to Pleistocene age was postulated for this unit. Corella. Field relation showed that the marl is directly overlain by the Cortes Limestone. Corte in Jetafe. It is widely distributed in southwestern Bohol especially around Cortes and Tagbilaran districts. proves that other units are related to the Maribojoc. It is estimated to be about 1. a probable Pliocene age is inferred for this unit. mollusks. Loboc and Sikatuna. Later. Pinoonan. graywacke. Its stratigraphic contact with the overlying Cortes Limestone is gradational to conformable where the Cortes overlaps the marl. It is about 150 m thick. on the basis of their findings. cream to buff and fossiliferous. the Marl may be correlated with the Merida Formation of northwest Leyte and the Bolok-Bolok Formation of Cebu. However. porous and characterized by numerous caverns and sinkholes. However. non-compact. It was described as tuffaceous. The Tubigon Conglomerate member was named for the poorly sorted. 1995). The haycock mounds of the Chocolate Hills are also believed to be part of the Cortes Limestone. tuff beds. The limestone is soft. The Tubigon probably correlates with Arco's (1962) Kabulao Conglomerate and Mt. dirty white. it was described as massive. low dipping beds of sandstone and shale with occasional limestone interbeds were also encountered. The Mt. Clasts of the conglomerates are generally composed of hornblende andesite and basalt set in a sandy tuffaceous matrix. massive series of tuffaceous conglomerate. It is apparently fossiliferous with abundant corals and algae associated with some foraminifers and mollusks. These rocks are well exposed in the southern and eastern part of Tubigon and on the west flank of Carmen Valley near Mt. Aside from the marly facies. Mula and Maac (1995) suggest that they are relatively younger. Recent research. The unit was sometimes referred to as Carcar Limestone (Huth. with clasts of boulders. Loay. Corte Conglomerate of UNDP (1987). to thickly bedded. Though obviously fossiliferous. At the type area.

Limay and Mt. Epidotization is often pronounced. Natib. Gervasio (1970) also included serpentinite and greenschists in his Marinduque Basement. hills in the northwest. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. however. The volcanic rocks are primarily andesitic but also include basaltic. Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 50 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Bugui Pt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Ramos and others (2000) recognize several sub-units such as Mt. The andesite is usually chloritized and in places schistose. Mt. and pyroclastic flows.54 Ma (Wolfe. ranges from basalt to dacite.9 Ma to 0. southwestern part of Masbate Island. and the Port Barrera Formation Distribution: Nabangig. Radiometric K-Ar dating of Natib rocks yielded ages that range from 3. as described by Gervasio (1958). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Masbate Limestone Lithology: Limestone. The composition of the rocks that comprise this complex ranges from basalt to basaltic andesite to andesite. pyroclastic fans. The composition of the rocks underlying Mt. marl< Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Buyag Formation. 1981). Peña Masaba Conglomerate The Masaba Conglomerate of Balce and others (1996) refers to the exposures of conglomerate in western Leyte. It is considered partly equivalent to the Kadlum Conglomerate. Rock samples from the Mariveles complex give radiometric age dates ranging from 4. Samat satellite cones. spilitic and fragmental members.1 Ma – 0. ashfall deposits and their epiclastic derivatives. area around Masbate Harbor.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 228 of 374 Distribution: west-central section of the island Age: Cretaceous? Previous name: Marinduque Basement (Gervasio. southeastern coastal areas. Peña Mariveles Volcanic Complex The Mariveles Volcanic Complex consists of lava flows. Limestone (MMAJ-JICA. The age of the formation is probably Cretaceous. consist of undifferentiated metamorphosed volcanic rocks and minor graywackes and siltstones.htm 10/12/2015 . pyroclastic flows. 1958) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The basement rocks of Marinduque. Natib is probably equivalent to Mariveles.19 Ma (Wolfe. 1981). 1986) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Kadlum Conglomerate) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

which was named after Bugui Pt. Paleontological dating reported by Porth and others (1989) also indicate a Pleistocene age (N22. Corpuz. locally marly with large-scale crossbedding.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 229 of 374 The Masbate Limestone was originally named by Corby and others (1951). Quidadanom is overlain by the Anawan Formation. Peña Masisi Schist The Masisi Scist was named by Magpantay (1955) for the metamorphic rocks exposed at Sitio Masisi in Polillo Island. Later paleontological dating of samples taken from the type area at Colorado Point near Port Barrera by Muller and others (1981).htm 10/12/2015 . The formation consists mainly of white to buff massive limestone which is largely coralline. The Masonson and the Sibala Formation was presumed by BMG (1981) to constitute the basement of Eastern Panay and assigned a Cretaceoous-Paleogene age. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. NN19 to NN 20). Placer. It may be correlated with the Dibuluan Formation on the western flanks of the Sierra Madre Range and the Mamparang Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1977) in the eastern fringe of the Range. whereas the Quidadanom Schist at Bgy. indicate a Pleistocene age. It is well exposed in the southwestern part of the island. Fernandez and others (1967) differentiated this rock unit into the Buhang Point Schist and Quidadanom Schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Masonson Schist The Masonson Schist was named by Capistrano and Magpantay (1958) for the foliated rocks in eastern Panay. Peña Masipi Green Tuff The Masipi green Tuff of MMAJ-JICA (1989) represents a sequence of parallel-bedded greenish tuff. 1987). 1989) on the basis of the age and physical characteristics of the limestone. The Masbate Limestone is equivalent to the Bugui Pt. Corby and others (1951) assigned Late Miocene to Pleistocene age to this formation. Cabagan. Some of the exposures of the schist could be localized effects of shearing in the Sibala Formation. Palanas and Cawayan. Good outcrops are found along the eastern coastal road near Nabangig and in a small creek north of Nabangig. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. quartzites and marble. Isabela. at the northwestern end of the island. P. tuffaceous sandstone and some pyroclastic rocks at Masipi River. The formation can be correlated to the Carcar Formation of Cebu and Tuktuk Formation of northwest Leyte (Porth and others. The Quidadanom includes phyllites. Nannofossils contained in tuffaceous sandstone indicate a Middle to Late Oligocene age (MMAJ-JICA. Benthic formanifera contained in the samples indicate an outer-neritic to upper bathyal environment of deposition. It also underlies the southeastern coastal areas of Masbate including Esperanza. and in the area around Masbate Harbor. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in the scattered hills in the northwest. The thickness of the formation has been estimated at 50 m. Peña Masonting Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.V. This formation unconformably covers thinly both the Buyag Formation and the Port Barrera Formation. Limestone of MMAJ-JICA (1986). The Buhang Point occurs as thrusted bodies between the Anawan Formation and ultramafic rocks.

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Masuhi Formation Lithology: Sandstone. shale. 1956). (see Maybangain Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. unconformably overlain by the Mandog Sandstone Distribution: Mawab. The Masuhi Formation of the Davao Basin is probably equivalent to the Adgaoan. A study by Ocampo and Martin (1967) regards the Masungi as biohermal. Here.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 230 of 374 The Masonting Formation of Florendo (1987). Batangas file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. or Nasipit Formations of the Agusan Basin.250 m was estimated for the Masuhi Formation (Casasola. lenses of limestone bearing conglomerate. is probably equivalent to the Bata Formation. A thickness of 200 . exposed along the Masonting River in Malitbog. which is equivalent to the Calubian Limestone. Carmen. The formation is dated Late Miocene to Pliocene (Florendo. western Leyte. It overlies the Danao Limestone of Florendo (1987). breccia. 1987). The Masonting consists of volcaniclastic rocks and andesite flow breccias with intertonguing tuffaceous marl. marls and coral breccia are found. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. pyroclastic rocks. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Upian Limestone. The outcrops consist mainly of redeposited limestones. exposures encountered by Haeck (1987) are interpreted to be lower-slope or basin margin deposits in a fore-reef setting. (see Bata Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This marine sequence was dated as Late Miocene-Pliocene. lahar Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes/covers Miocene rocks Distribution: Cavite. Davao del Norte Age: Late Miocene . Exposures are scattered in the San Pedro – Malitbog area around Sogod Bay. andesite. Peña Masungi Limestone The Masungi Limestone is a member of the Maybangain Formation. The Masuhi Formation was used by Casasola (1956) to refer to interbedded sandstones and shales with polymictic conglomerate beds along the western flank of the basin as well as along portions of the Agusan-Davao Road west of Mawab. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mataas na Gulod Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. elsewhere in the same fold.Early Pliocene Thickness: 200-250 m Author: Casasola (1956) Unconformable on the Early Miocene Upian Limestone is the Masuhi Limestone that outcrops along the western flank of the Davao Basin as well as within some of the basin’s folds. including debris flows and turbiditic strata which are interbedded with calcareous and non-calcareous mudstones and minor volcaniclastic rocks. The term is retained in MGB (2004) but the Mawab exposures are used as the reference section. rhythmically interbedded sandstones and black shales were encountered although.htm 10/12/2015 . However. Ringenbach (1992) considers the biohermal limestone of Ocampo and Martin (1967) as an olistolith of the volcaniclastic member. sandstone and minor pumice beds.

cut by diabase dikes at the upper portion of massive gabbro Distribution: Matalao. Palay-Palay. 1983). The Mataas na Gulod belongs to the Bataan Volcanic Arc complex. The Matalao defines a northwest belt with a length of 17 km and a width of 2-4 km.Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) In the western portion of Cavite. biocalcarenite< Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the San Jacinto Formation Distribution: Eastern and southern coasts of Ticao Island. pyroxene gabbro and anorthosite.5 km. minor troctolite. Mt. Batulao. Cariliao range from 3. Peña Matalao Gabbro Lithology: Norite. reefal limestones. Nannofossil assemblages (NN19) indicate a Pleistocene age for the formation. Whole rock K-Ar ages derived from basalts and andesites of Mataas na Gulod. The younger volcanic products are andesitic and a resurgent dome has risen 300 m above the caldera floor. Wolfe and Self. Cariliao and Mt. Breccia pipes cut through the western and southern flanks. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. reefal limestone. anorthosite Stratigraphic Relations: Gradational with underlying peridotites. biocalcarenites. South of the Mataas na Gulod. 1980.34 Ma (De Boer and others.9 Ma (Wolfe and Self. Mt. the Nasugbu plain is surrounded by the composite cones of Mt. (see Pujada Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1983). The Matalao includes both massive and layered gabbros. Caluya.htm 10/12/2015 . off the southern tip of Ticao Island. Batulao and Mt. as well as Matabao and Deagan islands. The formation is made up essentially of shallow water deposits that include conglomerates. the Mataas na Gulod caldera complex. It consists mainly of norite with minor troctolites. Its contact with the Nagas Peridotite is characterized by a transition zone of peridotite-gabbro complex. 1992). consists of pyroclastic flows and lahars. Pujada Peninsula. olivine norite. Davao Oriental Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The Matalao Gabbro of Villamor and others (1984) is part of the Pujada Ophiolite. Peña Matalom Limestone file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. with a diameter of 3 km to 4.4 to 1.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 231 of 374 Age: Pliocene . gabbro. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Matabao Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric datings of the basalt flows from the volcano are reported to average 2. Mt. siltstones and mudstones containing numerous reefal bioclasts (Aurelio. Matabao and Deagan islands Age: Pleistocene Named by: MGB (2004) A widespread thin layer of calcareous sedimentary deposits are found on the eastern third and on the southern tip of the island.

calcisiltite and calcirudite with occasional calcareous mudstone. the Matan-ao Clastics consists of poorly consolidated and poorly sorted. Paul Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It refers to the sequence of bioclastic deposits and coralline limestone extensively exposed in the peripheral and coastal areas of southern Leyte. Peña Matinloc Formation The Matinloc Formation is an offshore subsurface unit defined through subsurface wells. a probable lateral extension of the San Isidro Limestone is the Matalom Limestone of Florendo (1987). Bedding is poor or entirely lacking in the area. 1985). flatlying sandstones. The Matalom unconformably overlies the Inopacan Formation. possibly extending up to Pliocene. The gravel deposits of Matulas Range consist of fluviatile detrita of various compositions merging with the alluvium of the lowlands. Daguma Age: Holocene Named by: MGB (2004) Terrace gravel deposits of Holocene age are found along the Marbel-Banga highway. Peña Matan-ao Clastics The Matan-ao Clastics of Milanes (1981) may correspond to the clastic rocks of the Gumasa Formation. Along the Malungon Valley. The deposits are topographically expressed by moderately-elevated rolling. lies conformably on the Nido Limesone which is the subsurface equivalent of the onshore St. 1981). shales and conglomerates with reworked tuffs and occasional terrace gravel (Milanes.htm 10/12/2015 . (see St. The calciclastics are composed of calcarenite. The Early Miocene to Middle Miocene Pag-asa Formation. The Limestone is dated Pleistocene (MMAJ-JICA. It rests conformably on another subsurface unit. The subrounded to rounded pebbles and cobbles include a heterogeneous assemblage of the older rocks in the area. north of Matulas Range. the Pag-asa Formation and determined to be Middle Miocene. (see Gumasa Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see San Isidro Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Matan-ao underlies the relatively flat lands in Matan-ao and Magsaysay and the narrow north-south trending Malungon Valley in Davao del Sur.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 232 of 374 In southern Leyte. north of Matulas Range. sparsely-vegetated hills along the eastern margin of the Cotabato Basin. Paul Limestone in Palawan. Peña Matuno Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. in turn. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Matulas Gravel Lithology: Gravels Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over older formations Distribution: Marbel-Banga highway. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Outcrops exposed at Maubid River are banded and foliated. 1997). samples from the flanks of the volcano gave radiometric K-Ar ages of 1. sphene and opaque minerals. 1997). pyroclastic rocks Distribution: Mt.5 to 0.000 years) and a charred wood in pyroclastic rock gave a radiocarbon 14C age of 2Ka (Sajona and others.000 m Named by: MGB (2004) Mt. although there is an unconfirmed report that the volcano emitted smoke in 1911.380 m high. 1997). dacite from the summit yielded a K-Ar age of 0. Davao del Norte Age: probably Pleistocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Pantabangan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Matuno is probably equivalent to the Pantabangan Formation. Matutum is presently inactive.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 233 of 374 The Matuno Formation was named by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the sequence of alternating yellowish brown to gray sandstone and mudstone covering a wide area around Maddela and Tauayan.00 Ma (<10. Davao del Norte Distribution: Mawab and Tagum. (see Alicia Schist) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Voluminous pyroclastic materials blanket the southern and western piortions of the edifice. Its summit crater is surrounded by hills and knobs of hornblende andesite and dacite flows. Peña Maubid Amphibolite The Maubid Amphibolite was named by UNDP (1987) for the metamorphic rocks east of Buenavista in Bohol Island. Radiometric K-Ar ages of isolated plugs around the volcano range in age from 1. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mawab Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies the Masuhi Formation Type Locality: Mawab. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Matutum Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. consisting of two inliers of amphibolite made up of plagioclase and hornblende with minor amounts of actinolite. On the other hand. Matutum. dacite. The thickness of the volcanic rocks and intercalated clastic rocks is over 1000 m. but it is considered Pliocene in age. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. apatite. Comparably.Recent Thickness: > 1. Matutum is a stratovolcano in south-central Cotabato which stands 2.85 Ma (Sajona and others. No fossils have been recovered from samples of this formation.17 Ma (Sajona and others.83 to 0. south-central Cotabato Age: Pleistocene . Quirino province in the uppermost to middle reaches of Cagayan River.htm 10/12/2015 . The Complex is assigned an age of Pleistocene to Recent. Mt. It is considered part of the Alicia Schist.

1987) Conformably overlying the Kinabuan Formation is the Maybangain Formation. what was mapped by Quebral (1994) are coarse conglomerates with dacitic clasts in a sandy matrix that belong to the Mawab Conglomerate. between kms 58 and 68. these conglomerates are stratigraphically located between the Late MiocenePliocene sedimentary rocks and Pleistocene limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 234 of 374 Named by: Quebral (1994) Quebral (1994) describes a sequence of coarse conglomerates with dacitic clasts in a sandy matrix along the zigzag portion of the highway between Tagum and Mawab. The Mawo is considered part of the Daram Formation. siltstone. Marcelino Point Limestone (Ringenbach.5 kilometers north-northeast of Mt. 1992) Correlation: Bayabas Formation (Revilla and Malaca. The formation crops out at the Midland Cement Company quarry site. The term Mawab was introduced by MGB (2004) to refer to this sequence. Limutan and Makalya rivers. 1994). The type locality is about 3. Rizal. Macaira and along the Tanay-Daraitan road. Nabunturan and Monkayo anticlines. Umiray. However. Sampaloc. Antipolo. Clastic-volcanic member – volcanic breccia. However. Minor limestone lenses are interbedded with the volcanics. along Umiray. sandstone. The formation seems to be equivalent to the Mandog Sandstone of Casasola (1956). Tanay. Limutan and Makalya rivers. Rizal.htm 10/12/2015 . The outcrops consist mainly of redeposited limestones. Unconformably overlain by the Binangonan Formation Distribution: Maybangain Creek. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Masungi. at Alas-asin. Sampaloc. at Alas-asin. this formation consists of the lower Masungi Limestone Member and an overlying or partly intertonguing clastic-volcanic member. as shown by exposures along the Mawab.500 m Named by: Melendres and Verzosa (1960) Synonymy: Kanan Formation (Revilla and Malaca. Although no fossil age dates were obtained. including debris flows and turbiditic strata which are interbedded with calcareous and noncalcareous mudstones and minor volcaniclastic rocks. where polymictic conglomerate of the Mandog Sandstone is described by Casasola (1956). Ringenbach (1992) considers the biohermal limestone of Ocampo file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. This unit rests unconformably on the Masuhi Formation and is unconformably overlain by Pleistocene limestone. A study by Ocampo and Martin (1967) regards the Masungi Limestone as biohermal. Conformably overlying the Kinabuan. Macaira and along the Tanay-Daraitan road Age: Middle Paleocene – Middle Eocene Thickness: over 2. 1981) in northern Samar consists of andesite and basalt with intercalated pyroclastics. The name was introduced by Melendres and Versoza (1960) for the rocks typically exposed along Maybangain Creek between Sitios Batangas and San Andres. Peña Mawo Volcanics The Mawo Volcanics (Garcia and Mercado. exposures encountered by Haeck (1987) are interpreted to be lower-slope or basin margin deposits in a fore-reef setting. mudstone. 1987). conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Kinabuan Formation. both of which were deposited under marine conditions (Quebral. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maybangain Formation Lithology: Masungi Limestone member. (see Daram Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

These rocks are grayish to cream. discordant to the Banton Volcanic Complex Distribution. It occupies much of the area west of the Masungi Limestone. The maximum thickness of the conglomerate measures approximately 30 m. Planorotalites pseudomenardii) for the pelagic limestones west of Umiray which he considers as part of the Masungi Limestone member of the Maybangain. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.200-m thick pile of turbiditic volcanogenic sandstones and siltstones with minor mudstones. mudstone and conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Overlaps Anahao Formation in western Tablas. Haeck (1987) found fossils of Middle Paleocene (Igorina pusilla pusilla) to Middle Eocene (Globigerinatheca subconglobata) ages in calcareous turbidites of the Masungi Limestone member of this formation. the clasts being composed mostly of angular to subrounded cobble. An age range of uppermost Paleocene (Thanetian) to Middle Eocene (Lower Lutetian) was formerly assigned to this formation (BMG.htm 10/12/2015 . The conglomerates are poorly sorted. The Kanumay sub-member is 900-m of turbiditic sandstones and siltstones while the uppermost 250-m thick San Ysiro sub-member is similar to the Susongdalaga. Tubigon and in Capid and Pasilagan points. Schoell and Duyanen (1988) distinguish four sub-members. the lower layer consisting of the Masungi Limestone and the upper layer having gravity slides and olistoliths of the Kinabuan Formation. sandstone and conglomerate.to clast-supported. Other prominent exposures are in Tolay. An age range of Early/Middle Paleocene to Middle Eocene is adopted by MGB (2004) for this formation The Marcelino Point Limestone north of Infanta (Ringenbach. western Tablas Age: Late Pliocene Named by: Maac and Ylade (1988). This sub-member contains two major olistostromes. altered volcanic rocks.to boulder-sized fragments of schists. the presence of nannoplankton Discoaster species restricts the age of the unit to Late Pliocene probably above the base of Stainforth's (1975) Pulleniatina obliquiloculata Zone. The Maybangain Formation is probably equivalent to the Eocene Formation of Antonio (1967) in Sta. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. bedded. the Mayha Member is dated Late Pliocene to probable Early Pleistocene. The clastic-volcanic member consists mostly of a thick sequence (more than 2. Rizal and the Bayabas Formation of Revilla and Malaca (1987) in the eastern part of the Central Luzon Basin. 1988) with type locality at Barangay Mayha. More recently Ringenbach (1992) gives a dating of Early/Middle Paleocene (Subbotina pseudobulloides) to Late Paleocene (Igorina pusilla. Conglomerates with interbeds of coarse-grained sandstones were. Ines. fossiliferous and calcareous. However. At barangays Mayha and Rizal. Odiongan. Peña Mayha Clastic Member Lithology: Calcareous sandstone. Odiongan-Looc area. observed in Progresso Oeste. these clastic rocks typically occur as thick alternations of mudstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. however.500 m) of volcanic and clastic rocks. It also occurs less extensively along Tanay River from Daranak Falls upstream to the western vicinity of Dagat-dagatan. Antipolo. matrix. they laterally grade into gray silty to coarse-grained sandstone. 1981) on the basis of larger foraminifera as reported by Reyes and Ordoñez (1970) and Hashimoto and others (1979). The Susongdalaga sub-member is a 400-m thick sequence of sandstones. The Kay-ibon sub-member is a 1. Towards Peliw and Lupog areas.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 235 of 374 and Martin (1967) as an olistolith of the volcaniclastic member. Based on planktic foraminifers. and volcanic breccias and conglomerate. Planktic foraminifers and nannofossil assemblages contained in the mudstone points to a Late Pliocene age. quartz and occasional diorite loosely embedded in a tuffaceous silty matrix. limestone. consisting of basaltic and andesitic volcanic rocks and volcaniclastics is probably equivalent to the volcano-clastic member of the Maybangain Formation. The Mayha Clastic Member of the Peliw Formation was proposed for the gently dipping sandstone and mudstone beds with occasional conglomerates distributed over Odiongan and Looc municipalities (Maac and Ylade. The Kanan Formation of Revilla and Malaca (1987). 1992) is probably equivalent to the Masungi Limestone. Odiongan.

green to gray limy shale. (see Binangonan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone. It is a very active volcano. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Mayos Formation is coeval with the Maliao Wackes and Igsawa Pyroclastics of UNDP (1986). Peña Maysawa Formation The Maysawa Formation of Haeck (1987) is considered to be a deeper facies of the Binangonan Formation in Rizal although it does not have a clastic member. Minor cinder deposits are also found in the northeastern flanks of Mayon’s cone (Phivolcs. pyroclastic flows. It covers an area of 250 sq km with a base circumference of 63 km encompassing the towns of Sto. tuff. Malilipot and Camalig. calcareous wacke. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mayos Formation Lithology: Calcirudite. It is largely confined to the northwestern part of Antique province occupying north to northwest trending. calcarenites and calcareous wackes. 1988). this was followed by Vulcanian eruptions (September 22-29) that produced pyroclastic flows. a tributary of the Dalanas River. Northwards the formation is characterized by parareefal limestone intercalated with pillow lavas. 2002). shale. low lying areas commonly coinciding with major river courses. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. airfall deposits and debris flows. basalt. The final outburst occurred on October 6 with the eruption of an ash column and effusion of pyroclastic flows. The formation was dated late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene (UNDP 1986). andesite. The Tamayoc Andesite of Santos-Yñigo (1949). Limestone interbeds in the pyroclastic sequence yielded Early Miocene to Middle Miocene foraminifera.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 236 of 374 Mayon Volcanic Complex Mayon is a stratovolcano or composite cone in Albay formed from lava flows. massive and brecciated basaltic lava flows. mudstone. is equivalent to the Igsawa Pyroclastics of UNDP (1986). mudstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Maytiguid Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Liminangcong Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Calcirudites contain basalt and coral-algal limestone clasts and are sometimes interbedded with massive. After a few days. internal lamination and graded bedding. Domingo. with at least 47 recorded eruptions since 1616 (Phivolcs. The 1984 eruption of Mayon was characterized by initial Strombolian activity (September 9-18) with effusion of andesitic lava and pyroclastic flows on the northwest and southwest flanks of the volcano (Phivolcs. The formation consists of interbedded sequence of calcirudites. Calcarenites and calcareous sandstones show a turbiditic facies with sharp bases. columnar jointed basalt. renamed Tamayoc Volcanics by Florendo (1981). conglomerate Distribution: Northwestern Antique Age: late Early Miocene – early Middle Miocene Named by: UNDP (1986) The Mayos Formation was named by UNDP (1986) from the exposures along Mayos Creek. 1988).htm 10/12/2015 . calcarenite.

1971) Correlation: Bailan Limestone of Tablas Island. east of Hilongos. southern Palawan. and the Nummulite. medium to thickly bedded. coal. Malajon No. and Fasciolites species. Baraoasen. Taytay. Vergara and Spencer (1957) report a thickness of 510 m for the Mekoupe Formation. Peña Mekoupe Formation The term Mekoupe Formation was first applied by Alberding (1939) to a sequence exposed along Mekoupe Creek in Sitio Mekoupe in Lingig. Most shales grade to sandstones and are gray to light gray in color. Petrified logs are often embedded within the clastic rocks as exposed along Mekoupe Creek. Northern Palawan Age: Eocene Named by: Grey (1954) Synonymy: Pabellion Limestone (Reyes.5 m thick but may reach as much as 15 m in thickness. the limestone was noted to be dark gray to black. fossiliferous and crystalline (David and Fontaine. representing differing proportions of the limestone and clastic contents of the units.and Discocyclina-bearing limestone in northeastern Palawan was first recognized by Yabe and Hanzawa (1929). The Mekoupe Formation consists of sandstone. 1 and Nido No. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. hard. The mudstones are black to dark gray and contain large amounts of carbonized plant remains and mollusk fragments and thin coal lenses. These are probably facies of the Hubay. Grey (1954) named it as Maytiguid Limestone after its type occurrence at Panagalan Point at the southern tip of Maytiguid Island. Pellatispira.1. Pabellion. (see Bislig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It contains foraminifera and algal remains. The Maytiguid Limestone consists predominantly of light to dark gray limestone interbedded locally with few carbonaceous shale. At Pabellion. The name Pabellion Limestone established by Reyes (1971) for the exposure at Pabellion Island is equivalent to the Maytiguid. sandy. Calabugtong. Paul Limestone and Nido Limestone of central and offshore Palawan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Merida Member The Merida Member and Tinobdan Limestone of the Hubay Formation in western Leyte were originally recognized by Maac-Aguilar (1995) as formations. The Maytiguid Limestone is probably correlative to the Bailan Limestone of Tablas Island. It is probably partly equivalent to the Late Eocene limestones encountered by Galoc No. 1 wells in offshore northwest Palawan (Sales and others. 1997). Eocene foraminifers identified include: Nummulites. sandstone and shales of the Merida and contemporaneous deposition is postulated for the limestone and the calcareous clastics. 1. Sumbiling Limestone in Bataraza and northern Brooke's Point. shale. near Barrio Kapodlusan.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 237 of 374 Distribution: Maytiguid Island. 1983). westcentral Leyte is considered part of the Merida. Apulit and Siracan islands. The Early Pliocene light gray to white bentonitic marls and marly siltstones sampled by Porth and others (1989) in a tributary of the Salug River. very poorly sorted and thick bedded to massive with occasional conglomerate lenses. respectively. Sumbiling Limestone in southern Palawan This Eocene Nummulites.bearing part of the St. Discocyclina. conglomerate and limestone. including Distichoplax biserialis (Dietrich) and Lithothamnium marianae Johnson.htm 10/12/2015 . Baraoasen and Apulit islands. mudstone. Siracan Islet. They are usually 1 . The Tinobdan Limestone is probably the shallow water counterpart of the calcareous conglomerate. Asterocyclina. Sandstones are the dominant lithology. massive and directly overlie the coal beds. Beds of corralline limestone are dark gray. where it unconformably rests over the Liminangcong Formation It also outcrops at Pabellion. (see Hubay Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These are dark gray.

It was renamed by MMAJ-JICA (1984) as Halcon Metamorphics with type locality around Mt. The metamorphic complex includes greenschists. Peña Mindoro Metamorphics The Mindoro Metamorphics was named by Teves (1953) for the metamorphic rocks in Bongabon area in southern Mindoro. amphibolites and marble. It occupies the core of Mt. slates. However. quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Zamboanga. The Midsalip Diorite is considered Late Miocene in age. The age of the formation was estimated by BMG (1981) to be Late Eocene. (see Halcon Metamorphic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Tres Reyes and is exposed along Luminibed Creek. Smaller diorite bodies considered as apophyses of the main intrusive body crop out in several areas. quartz diorite occurs on the west bank of Sibuguey River. gneisses. (see Polanco Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. dunite and pyroxenite between Sindangan and Molave in north-central Zamboanga. At Midsalip. The Mingan probably represents the local counterpart of the Caraballo Formation in northern Sierra Madre. Peña Mingan Formation The Mingan Formation of Rutland (1967) consists of pyroclastic rocks varying from coarse unsorted volcanic breccias to tuffs. Tres Reyes Age: Late Miocene Previous name: Sibuguey Diorite (Antonio. (see Caraballo Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Later the ultramafic rocks were recognized as components of an ophiolite complex designated by Yumul and others (2000) as Polanco Ophiolite. the diorite is semi-circular in plan with an average width of 11 km. MGB (2004) renamed it Midsalip Diorite for the diorite bodies in Midsalip and other areas in east-central Zamboanga. The Tres Reyes Microdiorite of Ibañez and others (1956) probably represents a facies of the Midsalip Diorite.htm 10/12/2015 . In Sibuguey. Halcon. Sibuguey and Lumbog formations Distribution: Midsalip. Peña Mindanao Ultramafic Complex The Mindanao Ultramafic Complex was previously named by Antonio (1972) for the exposures of serpentinized peridotites. Nueva Ecija. phyllites. dikes and sills in the Sibuguey District. Sibuguey Peninsula. The diorite can be traced from Matalay River in the north to Diplo River in the south. 1972) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Tres Reyes Microdiorite (Ibañez and others.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 238 of 374 Midsalip Diorite Lithology: Diorite. Mt. and along a tributary of Butog Creek and can be traced for 6 km along its longer dimension. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. These are well exposed in the Bongabon-Gabaldon area. The Microdiorite intrudes the Sibuguey and Lumbog formations. Tres Reyes. northeast of Mt. 1956) The Midsalip Diorite was named by Antonio (1972) as Sibuguey Diorite for the diorite and quartz diorite stocks.

the unit was later termed Minilog Limestone by Wolfart and others (1986). Cudugman Point on the west coast of Bacuit Bay. a Middle to Late Permian age was assigned to this unit. white to gray or black. Verbeekina. west coast of El Nido town.. determined as Guadalupian in age were identified in Malemeglemeg. dolomite is also present. The limestone contains fusulinids. Neoschwagerina margaritae Deprat.htm 10/12/2015 . Yabeina sp. 1979). apparently overlies the Bacuit Formation Distribution: Minilog Island. Other foraminiferal forms identified by Wolfart and others (1986) are: Agathammina. Fusulinids identified in the limestone include the following: Neoschwagerina. Cudugman Point on Bacuit Bay. tethydis (Huckkiede). Romblon The Minilog Limestone was initially classified by Reyes (1971) as the upper Bacuit Formation and later renamed Minilog Formation by Hashimoto and Sato (1973). The limestone has an estimated thickness of 100-300 m. Globivalvulina vonderschmidti Reichel. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Minilog Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: One of the exotic blocks in the olistostrome of northern Palawan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. and Spathognathodus gondoleloides (Binder). In places. On the basis of its lithologic composition and fossil contents. highly recrystallized and fractured limestone in Quiminatin and Quiminatin Chicos islands located southwest of Cuyo Island Group are also believed to be of Permian age. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the Minilog Limestone is inferred to be deposited in a shallow marine lagoonal setting. Wolfart and others (1986) later assigned a Late Permian age for the lower horizons of the formation and an Early-Middle Triassic age to the upper portion. The white. Kahlerina sp. Romblon is a probable lateral extension of the Minilog. dolomite and minor amounts of clay showing homogenous saccharoidal appearance. and Pacyphloia sp. In the Calamianes region.. Other exposures of the Minilog Limestone may be found in the west coast of Inabamalaki Island. Parachrognathus sp. massive limestones presumably of Permian age. 1971). 1973) Renamed by: Wolfart and others (1986) Correlation: Carabao Limestone (Vallesteros and Argaño. 1983). Pacul Limestone (MGB. Gladiogongolella cf. massive. Nankinella and Parafusulina (Igo. echinoid plates. Additional species were determined by Amiscaray (1987) which consist of Neoschwagerina megasphaerica Deprat. off El Nido to the west. 1998) in Carabao Island. 1981). Verbeekina verbeeki (Geinitz). Northern Palawan Age: Late Permian to Middle Triassic Thickness: 100-300 m Previous name: Minilog Formation.. algae. in Hashimoto. A similar Permian limestone exposure in Carabao Island. namely: Acodina sp. dense. partly recrystallized and oolitic. Yabeina globosa (Yabe). some islets of the Tara Group. Vermiporella nipponica Endo. Hemigordius sp. massive. Its lower part is oolitic with poorly preserved foraminifers. crinoid stems and gastropods. hence equivalent to this unit (Amiscaray and Magbiray. 1965). Endothyra and Millerella species (Reyes and Ordonez. Nankinella sp. partly bedded. These carbonates consist chiefly of aggregates of interlocking grains of anhedral calcite. Schwagerina crassa (Deprat) and Schwagerina regularis (Schellwein). The limestone is essentially micritic. Botulan and Pulong Getche islands of the Tara Group (Fontaine. limestone pinnacles in the islands of the Cuyo Group of Islands... (Hashimoto and Sato. Dilumacad Island. Climacammina sp. Tuluran Island and at the west coast of El Nido town. Neoschwagerina craticulifera (Schwager). in Gervasio.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 239 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is typically exposed at Minilog Island. Matinloc Island. Based on the preponderance of fusulinids and other index foraminifers. Due to the predominance of carbonates. Conodont remains were likewise named in the report of Wolfart and others (1986). west coast of Inabamalaki Island.

since it is hidden. The limestone body here is contiguous with the limestone at Mirador Hill. 1974) whose type locality is at the Northern Cement quarry in barrio Labayug. This limestone also occupies a ridge to the south of Philex mine and extends up to Ansagan. Smaller bodies are exposed at Matagbak Creek. 1977). Sison. The conglomerate underlying the limestone along Marcos Highway near the Tuba River bridge is believed to be part of the Klondyke Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . It has a thickness of 290 m at the type locality but thins out towards the north. The Copias Limestone of Encina and Del Rosario (1978) at Barrio Gambang. A tentative Late Miocene age is given to the Mirador Limestone on the basis of stratigraphic relations and scanty paleontologic dating. Masbate Island Age: Middle Miocene Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1986) This diorite stock at Mobo has a roughly circular pattern and varies from hornblende diorite to biotite diorite. The Mirador Limestone is also probably correlative to the Labayug Limestone (Francisco. and contains Middle Miocene to Late Miocene foraminifers. biotite diorite< Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Nabangig Formation Distribution: Mobo.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 240 of 374 Mirador Limestone Lithology: Porous to massive coralline limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformably overlies the Klondyke Formation Distribution: Baguio District Age: Late Miocene Thickness: > 120 m Named by: Leith (1938) Synonymy: Copias Limestone (Encina and Del Rosario. Balce (1978) reports a dating of Middle to Late Miocene (Tf2 Tf3) fossils in a limestone sample taken from Marcos Highway. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Benguet. The nature of the contact with the underlying Klondyke Formation is not clear. reported by Paleontological Section of the Bureau of Mines and Geosciences (file report. porous. coralline limestone named by Leith (1938) for the outcrop at Mirador Hill in Baguio City. Malbug and Asid River in Masbate town. cream to pink. It intrudes the Nabangig Formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. In terms of stratigraphic relations. Pangasinan. The limestone here is massive. while its contact with the overlying Amlang Formation at Sapid Creek is gradational. 1977) as probably reworked. Malbug. although Maleterre (1989) maintains that it is part of the Zigzag Formation. about 200 m above its base. 1938). It has an estimated thickness of over 120 m at Mount Mirador and Dominican Hill (Leith. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mobo Diorite Lithology: Hornblende diorite. It was presumed by Leith (1938) to be of Pliocene age probably because it occupies the hilltops around Baguio City. A limestone sample from the ridge west of Upper Bued Creek was also dated probable Miocene Pliocene by the Paleontological Section of the Bureau of Mines (file report. Mirador Limestone overlies the Klondyke Formation and apparently underlies the Baguio Formation. 1978) Labayug Limestone (Francisco. This limestone body is 150 m thick and reported to be confined within the pyroclastic beds of Klondyke Formation. 1974) Mirador Limestone is a cream colored. near the junction with Santo Tomas Road. Masbate town. Tuba. Atok is probably equivalent to the Mirador Limestone. It is dated Late Miocene.

The ophiolitic sequence consists of layered and massive gabbro. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Exposures of the components of the ophiolite define a nearly northsouth belt. The sedimentary cover of the ophiolitic sequence is separately designated as the Kinabuan Formation. Nueva Ecija Age: early Late Cretaceous Previous name: Angat Ophiolite (Karig. a late Late Oligocene wacke-mudstone member and an uppermost early Miocene micritic limestone member. (see Binangonan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. equivalent to Middle Miocene (Serravallian). Pillow structures of the basalt average 1-1. plagiogranite Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement of southern Sierra Madre Distribution: Montalban. siliceous red mudstone (Arcilla. The lower section of the basalt apparently grades into sheeted dike complex. which are typically exposed at COGEO (Confederation of Government Employees Organizations) housing area and vicinity. Similarly. 1983. Peña Montalban Formation The Montalban Formation of Baumann and others (1976) is equivalent to the Binangonan Formation. 1983). Bulacan. pillow basalt. the lower basalts of the ophiolite have MORB characteristics while the upper andesite-basalt section has an Island Arc Tholeiite (IAT) signature. 1983) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The oldest rocks in Southern Sierra Madre comprise an incomplete ophiolitic sequence called Angat Ophiolite by Karig (1983) for the gabbros exposed at Angat. Other good exposures could be found in Angono. Taytay. According to Arcilla (1991).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 241 of 374 (Sambulawan Formation of UNDP. 1991). 1984).5 m. 1983). from Montalban. pelagic sedimentary rocks. including Nangka River. Radiometric dating by MMAJ-JICA (1990) gives 12 Ma. A Turonian age (early Late Cretaceous) based on paleontologic dating of red siliceous mudstone intermixed with pillow basalt was reported by Revilla and Malaca (1987). on the basis of radiolarians and pelagic foraminifera. Because of the precedence of the name Angat for the Early-Middle Miocene sedimentary rocks in the locality. sheeted diabase dike complex. Arcilla (1983) proposed the name COGEO Basalt for the pillow basalts. The Barenas-Baito Formation of Revilla and Malaca (1987) is a volcanic-sedimentary sequence which includes the pillow basalts of the Montalban Ophiolitic Complex. Ringenbach (1992) asserts that the best known exposures are found in the Montalban area. The gabbros include low level layered gabbro and upper level isotropic norites and olivine gabbros. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Montalban Ophiolitic Complex Lithology: Gabbro. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The aggregate thickness of the pillow basalts exceeds 300 m in some sections (Arcilla.htm 10/12/2015 . the name Montalban Ophiolitic Complex was proposed by MGB (2004) to replace the appellation of the ophiolitic unit. Minor plagiogranites are localized at gabbro-diabase contacts. while the upper sections are interlayered with thin beds of ferruginous. pillow basalts and turbiditic sedimentary rocks (Arcilla. Arcilla (1991) gives a Turonian-Coniacian age for the turbidites just above the pillow basalts along Tayabasan River. just south of the Laur-Dingalan portion of the Philippine Fault. Bulacan. It consists of a basal limestone member. Rizal through eastern Bulacan to Nueva Ecija. Wawa area. sheeted diabase dike complex. as well as Puray and Tayabasan rivers. The Montalban is therefore dated early Late Cretaceous. Rizal.

Nannoplankton studies by De Leon and Militante-Matias (1992) reveal an age of Early Miocene (NN4) for the base and early Late Miocene (NN11) for the top of the formation. It is probably equivalent to the Mabuhay Formation. The limestone at the type locality is 8 m thick. well-cemented and consists of angular to subrounded fragments of quartz. Turbiditic sequences in exposures along Libas River are also described by UNDP (1987). The Taganaan Marl was designated by UNDP (1987) as a member of the Motherlode Turbidite Formation. Globorotalia fohsi barisanensis Leroy and Globorotalia fohsi fohsi Cushman and Ellisor indicate an age of Early to Middle Miocene. Marginopora and Elphidium are found in the limestone. Other exposures may be found at Pingul area and further north. conglomerate with minor limestone. (see Mabuhay Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. shale. At the area indicated as the type locality. feldspar and mafic crystals held together by fine calcareous clayey material.500 m. but shallower depths are indicated for the upper part (Tamesis and others. It is made up of an interbedded sequence of sandstone. overlain conformably by the Malinta Formation Distribution: Aksitero River. dirty white to greenish gray. 1959). Tarlac. Tarlac Age: Early Miocene – early Late Miocene (NN4-NN11) Thickness: over 1. This is underlain by purple marls. but subsurface data indicate a thicker pile.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 242 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. calcareous. The sandstone is dark grey when fresh and light gray to different shades of brown with oxide stains on weathered surfaces.htm 10/12/2015 . This was considered a separate younger formation in BMG (1981) but it is included here as a member of the Moriones Formation. with occasional carbonaceous layers. identified members are Sansotero Limestone and Malo Pungatan Limestone. Mayantoc. 1981). Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Aksitero Formation. The limestone is massive. fairly sorted. 1992). porous with volcanic and sedimentary clasts. Foraminiferal assemblages containing Catapsydrax stainforths Balli. with type section along the Aksitero River. Corby and others (1951) estimate the thickness to be about 1. dark gray to brown. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The limestone in the upper part is medium bedded. to the west of Camiling. fossiliferous. buff to flesh. near Caananorgan. Bigbiga in Mayantoc.000 m thick. The other limestone member of the Moriones Formation is called Malo Pungatan Limestone (Gwinn and others. The shale is thinly laminated to medium bedded. slightly tuffaceous. The thickness of Malo Pungatan ranges from 3 to 4 m. sandy shale and conglomerate unconformably overlying the Aksitero Formation. calcisiltites and limestones assigned to the Bacuag Formation. The base of the formation as described by UNDP (1987) is characterized by mudstones with thin siltstones and wackes on a thin limestone bed which lies on a 3 – 10 m thick calcisiltite boulder conglomerate. cobbles and small boulders of igneous and metamorphic rocks cemented by a coarse grained calcareous matrix. The conglomerate at the upper part of the section is poorly bedded to massive. Limestone lenses towards the top of the formation have been noted. The section along Aksitero River was estimated to be about 1. molluscan shells. The Sansotero Limestone was named by Roque and others (1972) for the irregularly shaped exposures and disconnected patches in Sansotero. The sandstone beds range in thickness from a few centimeters to more than a meter. well consolidated with subrounded pebbles. shale. algae. Peña Motherlode Turbidite Formation The Motherlode Turbidite Formation was named by UNDP (1987) for the exposures of sedimentary rocks around the Mindanao Motherlode Mine in Surigao del Norte. soft and friable. The formation was deposited under predominantly bathyal conditions. gray to brown. the unit consists of calcarenites and porous coralline limestone. conglomerate and minor limestone. and benthonic formaminifera of the genera Rotalia. calcareous. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Moriones Formation Lithology: Interbedded sandstone. fine to coarse calcarenite with coral debris and molluscan remains. Corals.500 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Moriones Formation was originally named by Corby and others (1951) for the yellowish brown sandstone. It is fine to coarse grained. and these have been regarded as members of the Moriones Formation (De Leon and Militante-Matias.

An OligoceneEarly Miocene age has been assigned by Corby and others (1951) to the Mountain Maid Limestone. 1986). The main lithological types of the Mountain Maid vary from massive biomicrites. and Batunan. Peña Mount Bilhogan and Batunan Conglomerates The Mount Bilhogan and Batunan Conglomerates is a member of the Buso and Altar Formation of Melendres and Comsti (1951). fragmental to detrital limestone with thin and friable layers of sandstone. all in Iloilo. It consists of thick bedded. biomicrite. the Tanian Member was dated Middle Miocene. at the western end of the gorge of Guinobatan River. and Oysoy rivers in Miagao and northwest of Tabungan. The conglomerates are well exposed at Mount Bilhogan. near Sigaboy. 1986. On the basis of large foraminiferal genera of Lepidocyclina and Miogypsina. vicinity of Tigbao Point. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Davao Oriental. The maximum exposed thickness of this unit is 60 – 80 m. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cosico and others (1989) dated the formation as Middle Oligocene – Early Miocene while Porth and others (1989) give a probable age of Late Oligocene-Early Miocene for the limestone. Tigmanaba. The Buso and Altar Formation is equivalent to the Sigaboy Formation of MGB (1992). The formation is also exposed at Caitangan. between Milagros and Masbate. 1976) and the Uson Limestone in eastern Masbate (MMAJ-JICA. Bagadilla. Batungan Hill. It crops out in the vicinity of barrios Passes and Igcabugao at the upper reaches of Tanian. Lourdes. The Tanian is a member of the Singit Formation. It has a thickness of 150 meters. The type locality is a southerly spur of Mt. Peña Mountain Limestone The Mountain Limestone was originally named by Corby and others (1951) and renamed Tanian Limestone Member by Santos (1968). Igbaras. Mt. east of Mati. in Asid River between Milagros and Masbate. It also forms the Batungan Hill at Aroroy.80 m Named by: Ferguson (1911) Mountain Maid Limestone was designated by Ferguson (1911) in reference to the dark blue limestone similar to those found in places along the main range of the island. to bedded packstones to local micritic limestones. and near Tigbao Point. Bagadilla. Other units that may be considered equivalent to the Mountain Maid include the Lourdes Limestone at Bo. packstone) Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Guinobatan River. (see Singit Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Caitangan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Mountain Maid Limestone Lithology: Limestone (micrite.htm 10/12/2015 . Masbate Island Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Thickness: 60 . Baybayan and Matos.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 243 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Milagros (Martin and dela Cruz. (see Sigaboy Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Peña Mt. The monzonite is intrusive into the Humandum Serpentinite. Parker Formation was named by Santos and Baptista (1963) for the volcanic flows and pyroclastic rocks produced by Mt. Mabaho Monzonite of UNDP (1984) refers to a small intrusive body of monzonite and syenite at Mt. (see Abuan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Concepcion Greenschist of UNDP (1984) and probably what is part of the Tigbauan Formation. as mapped by MMAJ-JICA (1989). dipping westward and consisting of angular clasts of andesitic rocks and porous silicic tuff. Pandan Volcanics of Javelosa (1989) in Guimaras Island corresponds to the Sibala Formation. Mabaho in Agusan del Norte. (see Sibala Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The rock is readily recognized in the field by its potash feldspar content. It is exposed typically on the slopes of Mt. Pandan Volcanics The Mt. (see Asiga Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. intrusive rocks. Peña Mt. It is also well exposed along Pirada and Humanhon creeks. Mabaho Monzonite The Mt. Peña Mt. Cresta Formation The Mt. to thickly bedded.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 244 of 374 Mt. The formation was renamed Parker Volcanic Complex by MGB (2004). Cresta Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1989) is a dacitic complex of lava flows. it was described as massive.htm 10/12/2015 . Corte Conglomerate The Mt. It is considered equivalent to the Asiga Diorite. At the type area. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Musuan Volcanics file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Parker volcano. It may be correlated with the Abuan Formation in northern Sierra Madre. Parker Formation The Mt. Cresta and lies scattered on the ridges of the Northern Sierra Madre Range. Corte in Jetafe. pyroclastics and sedimentary deposits. Peña Mt. Corte Conglomerate refers to the conglomerate and sedimentary breccia with minor tuffs and calcareous sediments identified at Mt. (see Maribojoc Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is equivalent to the Tubigon Conglomerate member of the Maribojoc Formation. conformably overlain by the well-bedded Oligocene Masipi Green Tuff of Northern Sierra Madre. (see Parker Volcanic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Bohol.

The formation is probably equivalent to the Masbate Formation of Barcelona (1981) which he described as bedded siltstone with minor interbeds of sandstone at Mabunga. 1995).htm 10/12/2015 . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone. shale. Steam eruptions in 1886 or 1887 and strong solfataric emission in 1891 are some of the volcano's recorded activities (Phivolcs. Several inactive volcanoes to its southeast could be related to Musuan. minor mudstones. These volcanoes progressively decrease in height towards the north up to Musuan which stands only 646 masl. The formation is unconformably overlain by Middle Miocene Lamon Andesites of MMAJ-JICA (1990) as observed along Lamon. and basalt breccia. 1. (see Madanlog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric K-Ar dating of a basaltic andesite sample on the flanks of Tangulang gave an age of 1. corresponding to Late Oligocene age. It was deposited on a shallow marine environment and estimated to be 500 m thick. wackes. minor sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Kaal Formation Distribution: Nabangig. The Sambulawan is described as a sequence of conglomerate. suggesting that volcanic activity might have propagated northwards. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nabangig Formation Lithology: Siltstone. Peña Nabanog Fomation The Nabanog Formation was named by (UNDP. siltstone. agriculturally rich terrain. south of Malibas.879. The Sambulawan Formation of UNDP (1984) could also correspond to the Nabangig Formation.200 and 900 meters above mean sea level. Masbate Age: Late Oligocene Named by: Porth and others (1989) The Nabangig Formation was named by Porth and others (1989) in reference to shale and siltstone exposures in the vicinity of Sitio Peña west of Nabangig. Bukidnon Age: Pleistocene – Recent Musuan or Calayo Volcano in Valencia. This unit is exposed on the beach north of Bituon. respectively. Malambo and Talemo with elevations of 1. 1990). Bukidnon is an isolated tuff cone amidst a relatively flat. The Nabanog corresponds to the Madanlog Formation. High angle crossbedding observed at Sambulawan River suggests a fluvial or shallow marine depositional environment. Aroroy. Similar exposures were also encountered in Santa Cruz River south of Malibas. Aroroy. Mabunga. 1984) for exposures of limestone and clastic rocks near Nabanog Cave in the tributary of Cabadbaran River in Agusan del Norte. Tugbo. unconformably overlying the Kaal Formation.15 Ma (Sajona and others. tuff Distribution: Valencia. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1997). Santa Cruz River. Paleontological dating indicates a Late Oligocene-Early Miocene age for the Sambulawan (MMAJ-JICA. and Sambulawan Rivers. These include Tangulang.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 245 of 374 Lithology: Andesite. Samples of the Nabangig were found to contain foraminifers and nannoplankton fossils equivalent to lower N4 and NP25 zones. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.

Mandaon.27 Ma (UNDP. (see Ligao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.3 1. Aroroy. (See Ipil Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Baleno. Peña Naga Andesite The Naga Andesite and Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry are Pliocene andesitic units mapped by UNDP (1987) in Surigao del Norte which could also be equivalent to the Ipil Andesite.5 km to 2 km (Baybayan and Matos. The diameters of the plugs and small stocks. The Nabua consists of calcareous sandstone. Masbate Island Age: Early Pliocene Previous name: Mt.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Naga Group Santos-Yñigo (1956) introduced the name Naga Group for the intertonguing formations exposed along the Naga-Uling Road in central Cebu.2 Ma and 3. range from 0. plugs. and pyroclastic rocks. as exposed on the surface. 1987). Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. consisting of the Cebu Formation and Malubog Formation. 1986). Baleno. and Mandaon. Nabongsuran. Peña Nabua Formation The Nabua Formation of Corby and others (1951) in Camarines Sur and northwestern Albay may be considered facies equivalent of the Ligao Formation. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples of Naga Andesite and Hill 259 Hornblende Andesite Porphyry indicated ages of 2. The Guindaruhan Conglomerate served as the base of the unit which signalled the initial transgression and start of basin formation in Cebu. It consists of andesitic stocks.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 246 of 374 Nabongsuran Andesite Lithology: Andesite porphyry Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Masbate Formation (Sambulawan Formation of UNDP. siltstone. flows. Paleontological and sedimentological studies confirmed that the deposition of these formations is interrelated and hence should be ranked under one group. Nabongsoran Andesite Porphyry. These plugs and stocks are located within Aroroy. Nabongsoran Andesite Porphyry (MMAJ-JICA.18 0. intruding the Lanang Formation and Nabangig Formation in the north. 1984) and Lanang Formation Distribution: Mt. marly claystone and massive limestone. The Nabongsoran is considered Early Pliocene in age. 1986) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Nabongsoran Andesite was originally named by MMAJ-JICA (1986) as Mt. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Limestones that appear to occupy horizons near the base of the Nakal are Head Allah Limestone at the south central part of the basin and the Tigbauan Limestone in the northern portion. The formation lies conformably over the Maganoy Formation and below the Patut Formation. which cuts the Matulas Anticline. as well as thin beds of fossiliferous limestone. 1981). gradational contact with Matalao Gabbro Distribution: Nagas Point. wackes and andesite which are exposed in the major southwest flowing tributary of Asiga River in Agusan del Norte. Upper Aniwan River and Masanlud Creek. serpentinites Stratigraphic Relations: Above the Ansuwang Amphibolite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 247 of 374 Nagas Peridotite Lithology: Peridotites. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Nagas is regarded by Villamor and others (1984) as part of the cumulate complex of the Pujada Ophiolite. 1984) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Nagas Peridotite was named Nagas Ultramafics by Villamor and others (1984) for the peridotite exposure at Nagas Point. Davao Oriental Age: Cretaceous Previous Name: Nagas Ultramafics (Villamor and others. It is probably equivalent to the Bacuag Formation (see Bacuag Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Nagtal-o Formation The Nagtal-o Formation of UNDP (1984) consists mostly of conglomerates. Pujada Peninsula. Serpentinized peridotites. conglomerate. sandstone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Maganoy Formation and below the Patut Formation Distribution: Nakal Creek. The transition zone between the Nagas and the Matalao Gabbro is characterized by a peridotite-gabbro complex which is best exposed along Nagas Creek and upper Aniwan Creek and its tributaries.500 m (BMG. The thickness of the Head Allah is around 500 m. Fossils indicate an Early Miocene age. Outcrops are also found in Masanlud Creek to the east and Upper Aniwan River to the west. The Nakal consists of greywacke and conglomerate interbedded with shale and mudstone. The ultramafic body constituting the Nagas extends for more than 30 km to the north (Barangay Jericho) with a maximum width of about 6 km. are often sheared and brecciated and criss-crossed by magnesite veinlets.500 m Named by: Froehlich and Melendres (1960) The Nakal Formation was named by Froehlich and Melendres (1960) for the rocks along Nakal Creek. Outcrops may be found along the Roxas Range and the northern and western margins of the Cotabato Basin. Its estimated thickness is around 1. western and northern margins of Cotabato Basin Age: Early Miocene Thickness: ~ 1. A gradational contact with the Matalao Gabbro is described by Villamor and others (1984). Intense weathering results in a lateritic profile.htm 10/12/2015 . Roxas range. while that of Tigbauan is about 100 m. the dominant lithology. Barangay Jericho. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nakal Formation Lithology: Limestone.

Corby and others (1951) report an age determination of Early Miocene for the formation. Aurelio and others (1991) reported that the metamorphic clasts contained in this polymictic conglomerate are obviously derived from the rocks constituting the basement. limestone. The clasts are generally less than 5 cm in diameter. sandstone and conglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 248 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. serpentinite. claystone. The Napisian Formation was named by Weller and Vergara (1955) for the coal measures typically exposed along Napisian Creek northwest of Bulalacao Bay in southern Oriental Mindoro. but some attain boulder dimensions. which are classified as low rank subbituminous. coal beds. This formation may be correlated with the conglomerate of the Quilla Formation in Burias Island. attain a file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. northwest of Bulalacao Bay. Peña Nalikban Conglomerate The Nalikban Conglomerate of Melendres and Barnes (1957) in Negros Island is probably equivalent to the conglomerate portion of the Talave Limestone and Conglomerate of Corby and others (1951). and quartz. Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by the Pocanil Formation Distribution: Napisian Creek. The constituent pebbles are mostly volcanic rocks with a scattering of greenschists. with minor siltstone. (see Talave Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. in the northwestern part of Ticao Island. The coal beds. The formation consists of shale. Mindoro Age: Early Miocene Thickness: 450 m Named by: Weller and Vergara (1955) Synonymy: Mawo Volcanics (Garcia and Mercado. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Napisian Formation Lithology: Shale. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nap Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate. coal beds. Ticao Island Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Named by: Corby and others (1951) This formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the exposure at Nap Point. coal seams Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Nap Point. sandstone. and massive. The Nap Conglomerate is brown to olive green. 1981). The upper part of the section consists of siltstones and claystones together with carbonaceous materials. well indurated. limestone. conglomerate.

Nasugbu. The sandstone is poorly bedded and exhibits cross bedding. fine-grained and impure. the Napisian was dated Middle Miocene (BMG. Agusan del Norte. Zepeda and others (1992) likewise identified abundant and well preserved Ammonia spp. The mollusks-bearing beds serve as “key markers” or “horizons” to the likely occurrence of coal deposits. while imperfectly preserved molluscan remains are abundant in the shale and silty shale portions. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1980). 1980) The Nasugbu Volcanic Complex was previously named Batangas Extrusives and Pyroclastics by Malicdem and others (1963) for the exposures of volcanic rocks around the Looc lead-silver-antimony mine at Looc. The andesitic fragments of the agglomerates range in size from a centimeter to as much as 50 cm. shale and marl interbedded with thin layers of limestone. The limestone is dark. argillization and silicification. andesite. The formation is 450 m thick (Weller and Vergara. tuff and lapilli tuff. Batangas Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: 500 m Previous name: Batangas Extrusives and Pyroclastics (Malicdem and others. (see Tugunan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. consist of quartz. The maximum thickness at the Amparo area is 220 m. overlain by the Calatagan Formation Distribution: Looc. Banoy Volcanics (Wolfe and others. andesitic pyroclastics and flows. shiny. The shale is brown and dark gray or black. Altogether. breaks conchoidally and often found between shale beds. the thickness of the three members totals about 500 m. They are black. Malicdem and others (1963) considered the unit equivalent to the Batangas Volcanics of Corby and others (1951) but it was renamed to give importance to the pyroclastic components of the formation. including chloritization. the section at the mine site may be divided into three members: andesitic pyroclastic member. As described by Malicdem and others (1963). It consists of conglomeratic sandstones. a benthic species of biostratigraphic significance served as the basis for determining the Early Miocene age of the Napisian. Near the mineral deposit. It corresponds to the Tugunan Formation. tuff. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nasugbu Volcanic Complex Lithology: Agglomerate. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1951). Fossils found in the coal measures are mostly long ranging benthic foraminifers. Previously. dacite Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the San Juan Formation. Batangas. the rocks suffered various degrees of alteration. a Neogene genus which first evolved during the earliest Miocene. The Nasipit was dated Late Miocene . chert. 1963) Renamed by: MGB (2005) Synonymy: Batangas Volcanics (Corby and others. 1981). from the shales. The andesitic pyroclastic member consists of agglomerates.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 249 of 374 thickness of three meters. It is assigned a Middle Miocene age.Pliocene (Tertiary g) by Teves and others (1951). It was renamed Nasugbu Volcanic Complex by MGB (2005) to indicate a more specific type locality. Peña Nasipit Formation The Nasipit Formation was named by Teves and others (1951) for a small exposure of sedimentary rocks at Nasipit. A small exposure of thinly bedded steeply dipping tuffaceous shale northeast of the Looc mine site is probably part of the formation. 1955). feldspar and even coal.htm 10/12/2015 . The presence of Ammonia indica. where present. Later studies by Zepeda and Revilla (1990) revealed the presence of Globigerinoides. The thickness of this member is estimated at 220 m. Talahib Andesite (Avila. and dacitic pyroclastics and flows. Small rounded pebbles in the conglomerate. Taysan and Lobo.

the Nicaan is dated Late Miocene to Pliocene (BED. It also includes fine grained. It was dated Early to Middle Miocene. 1986b). blue-gray to dark gray locally tuffaceous sandstone. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. blue-gray fossiliferous mudstone. The andesite is the main host of the mineral deposit. siltstone. northern part of Cotabato Valley Age: Late Miocene . The dacitic pyroclastics and flows consist mostly of agglomerate and lapilli tuff with very minor amounts of ash tuff and dacitic flows. which is considered equivalent to the Calatagan Formation. 1986b). tuffs and tuff breccia comprise the andesitic pyroclastics and flows. Propylitization of the andesite is common.700 m Named by: Froehlich and Melendres (1960) The Nicaan Formation was named by Froehlich and Melendres (1960) for the thick. west of Bayombong. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. pebble conglomerate. although it is estimated to be only 300 – 400 m thick in the south. The Talahib is exposed in the west-central and southeastern parts of Batangas. The thickness of this member is estimated at 170 m. 1980). dominantly marine clastic rocks along Nicaan River in northern Cotabato Valley area. The lower member is composed dominantly of shallow marine interbeds of thinly bedded. porphyritic and medium grained equigranular phases. The Talahib Andesite of Avila (1980) is considered equivalent to the Nasugbu Volcanic Complex.Pliocene Thickness: 1. minor limestone and marl Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Dinganen Formation Distribution: Nicaan River. The Nicaan is equivalent to the Maibu Mudstone and Sandstone and the Dimuluk Conglomerate in the south (BED. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. cross-bedded sandstone with minor amounts of blue gray sandstone and siltstone. conglomeratic. The thickness of the whole formation is approximately 1700 m. The upper member is made up of non-marine. It is overlain by the Mapulo Limestone (Avila. This member has a thickness of 110 m. The andesite flows constitute more than 50 per cent of the section. sandstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 250 of 374 Andesitic flows. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nicaan Formation Lithology: Mudstone. Fragments of the agglomerate and lapilli tuff are composed of dacite. Based on paleontological studies. and agglomerate with occasional intercalations of impure limestone and marl. The upper member has been estimated to be 300 – 500 m thick (BED. The andesite is characteristically vesicular and amygdaloidal and exhibits flow banding. Moderate silicification and pyritization are localized generally along shear zones. It is mainly made up of conglomerates with alternating beds of sandstones and mudstones and intercalated thin layers of basaltic lavas. The lower member has an estimated thickness of 1200 m. conglomerate.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Natbang Formation The Natbang Formation of MMAJ-JICA (1977) exposed at Natbang. 1986b). agglomerate. This unit is apparently equivalent to the Banoy Volcanics< of Wolfe and others (1980) to which they assign a Middle to Late Miocene age. The Nicaan Formation is divided into a lower finer clastic member and an upper coarse clastic member. Thin pyroclastic layers are intercalated with the flows. Hornblende needles of the andesite define flow directions of the volcanic flow. at the upper reaches of the western tributary of Talahib River and also along Laiya River. Nueva Vizcaya is probably equivalent to the Palali Formation. with remarkable development of chlorite and epidote.

The maximum thickness is estimated to reach up to 3. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Davao River in northern Davao del Sur Age: Late Cretaceous? Thickness: 3. fine grained sandstone. The shale and sandstone are gray and fine grained. Peña Nido Limestone The Nido Limestone is the subsurface equivalent of the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene St. Paul Limestone). massive. It consists dominantly of limestone with interbeds of thin sandstone and shale.htm 10/12/2015 . The limestone is brown to gray. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nilabsan Formation Lithology: Pyroclastic rocks. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Kilapagan and Kalagutay formations Distribution: Kalagutay River. It is believed to date as far back as Late Cretaceous. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The reddish brown fine tuff.000 m. The lithic fragments in these pyroclastics. is a compact rock with traces of stratification. Peña North Bay Member The North Bay Member is part of the Balabac Formation in southern Palawan. which variably consist of porphyritic or aphyric andesite. have no equivalent in onshore northern Palawan.as revealed through offshore subsurface wells. 1981). The pyroclastic rocks consist of dark green or greenish gray fine tuff. (see Balabac Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1973) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Nilabsan Group as designated by MMAJ-JICA (1973) was renamed Nilabsan Formation by MGB (2004) for the rocks exposed at Kalagutay River and from upper Sita River in northern Davao del Sur to the western side of Davao River in northern Davao del Sur. The clastic sequences overlying the Nido – Pag-asa Formation and Matinloc Formation . The formation consists of pyroclastic rocks with intercalated dark gray mudstone and gray. (see St. are embedded in an argillized or glassy matrix together with chips of plagioclase and augite. plagioclase and clinopyroxene set in reddish brown volcanic glass. The presence of Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) monstrosa Yabe in the limestone delimits the age of these horizons to Late Oligocene. characteristic of this formation. The Nido. as described by Sali and others (1981) rests unconformably on Late Eocene unit and has a thickness of 885 m as determined from Nido-1 well (BED. Paul Limestone. It consists of amphibole. 1986c). Sita River. It sometimes contains spherulites (BMG. sandy tuff. lapilli tuff. fine to coarse grained and fossiliferous.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 251 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.000 m Previous name: Nilabsan Group (MMAJ-JICA. tuff breccia and reddish brown fine tuff.

and 2% crystalline calcite and epidote plates. Dinagat Group of Islands Age: probably Cretaceous Named by: Wright and others (1958) The Nueva Estrella Schist constitutes the metamorphic sole of Dinagat Ophiolite. (see Malabago Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. It was defined by Melendres and Barnes (1957) as a formation when they raised the Malabago to group rank. including tonalite and granodiorite. (see Dupax Diorite Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. San Jose. 7% plagioclase aggregates. 6% quartz.htm 10/12/2015 . garnet-amphibolite and biotite-quartz schist and to a lesser extent quarzo-feldspathic schist. 1986 and MMAJ-JICA. Attitudes of schistosity in the amphibolite schists are variable but locally parallel to the thrust zone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Nueva Estrella Schist Lithology: amphibolite schist. quartzo-feldspathic schist Stratigraphic relations: metamorphic sole pf Dinagat Ophiolite Distribution: Melgar Bay. having similar ages as the diorites at Dupax. conforming to the 33 Ma to 22 Ma age bracket given by MMAJ-JICA (1977). However. Cataclasites and talc-chlorite schists occur near the contact zone. MGB (2004) considers the Odeong as a member of the Malabago Formation. Schistosity planes generally dip toward serpentinite at variable angles. The latter mineral also occurs with interstitial albite and carbonates in fractures that cut along the schistosity. Petrographic studies of representative samples reveal the amphibolite schists to contain 85% hornblende crystals. Its present structural disposition is in the form of an irregular tectonic window within the ophiolite. Previous workers have assigned a general Cretaceous or late Cretaceous age for this formation (Wright and others. Peña Odeong Formation The Odeong Formation was described by Melendres and Barnes (1957) as consisting predominantly of volcanic conglomerate with subordinate mudstone and little interbedded limestone. equivalent to late Early Oligocene to early Early Miocene. The chlorite schists exhibit well-developed cleavage and contain magnetite metacrysts. The amphibolite schists are typically dark.9 Ma. The window stretches from Melgar Bay through San Jose and Cagdianao to Nonoc and Awasan Islands. Sunga and Palaganas. The low concentration of silica indicates that the protoliths of the amphibolite schists may be basaltic rocks or tuffs. distinctly foliated rocks made up predominantly of hornblende or tremolite and intimately mixed with coarse granoblastic aggregates of epidote. It consists mainly of amphibolite schist. Peña Northern Sierra Madre Batholith Quartz diorites. biotite-quartz schist. 1990). New radiometric datings ( 40K/40Ar and 40Ar/39Ar) give values of 30 Ma to 21. These diorites intrude the Caraballo Formation and other older formations. Nonoc and Awasan Islands.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 252 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. MGB (2004) regards the diorites of Caraballo (otherwise known as Dupax Batholith) and the quartz diorites of the Northern Sierra Madre Batholith collectively as the Dupax Diorite Complex. Cagdianao. Accessory minerals include traces of titanite and pyrite. garnet-amphibolite schist. which are exposed in the axial part of northern Sierra Madre were designated by Billedo (1994) as the Northern Sierra Madre Batholith. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1958.

tuff Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Coloy Formation Distribution: Olutanga Island. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Pleistocene Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1953) The Olutanga Limestone was named by Santos-Yñigo (1953) for the limestone at Olutanga Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Omanay Marl Lithology: Marl Distribution: Omanay. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Olutanga Limestone Lithology: Limestone. Age: Pleistocene Previous Name: Odiongan Volcanics (MMAJ-JICA. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Odiongan Andesite Lithology: Hornblende andesite Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: eastern coast of Panay and Calagnaan Island. off Sibuguey Peninsula Thickness: 50 m Age: Pliocene . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1992) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Odiongan Andesite was previously named by MMAJ-JICA (1992) as Odiongan Volcanics and is distributed along the hilly regions of the east coast and at Calagnaan Island. Certain andesites that were previously lumped with the Odiongan were determined by MMAJJICA (1993) as altered hematite-stained facies of the Sibala Formation. off Sibuguey Peninsula.htm 10/12/2015 . It is considered Pliocene – Pleistocene in age and has an estimated maximum thickness of 50 m. It lies conformably over the Coloy Formation. North Cotabato Age: Pleistocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Olutanga is characterized by alternating layers of thin tuffaceous rocks at the base that grade upward into coralline limestone. The Odiongan consists of pale-grayish brown porphyritic hornblende andesite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 253 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . southwestern Misamis Oriental. but is conformable over the Tuod Formation.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 254 of 374 Thickness: 35 m Named by: MGB (2004) The Omanay Marl was named after Omanay in northern North Cotabato.to medium-grained. The marl is greenish cream with abundant small foraminifera and contains perfectly preserved oyster beds. Oriental Mindoro Age: Pleistocene Named by: Teves (1953) Synonymy: Socorro Group (MMAJ-JICA. conformable over the Tuod Formation Distribution: Opol. Pacis (1966) used the term Opol Formation to include the conglomerate. is fine. tuff Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Himalyan Formation. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Opol Formation Lithology: Sandstone. The pebbly sandstone. poorly sorted with pebbles. poorly sorted and poorly cemented. diorite and metamorphic rocks set in a sandy clay and tuffaceous matrix. 1946) Renamed by: Pacis (1966) The Opol Formation was previously named Opol Sandstone by Capistrano (1946) for the rocks exposed at Opol. Misamis Oriental. Exposures were also observed east of Tagaloan town. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Oreng Hill and other hills in the southern part of Bongabon delta. The layers of conglomerate interbedded with these rocks are well cemented. which occurs as thin layers. Pula and Subaan-Singalan rivers. The formation is widespread on the western half of Misamis Oriental. cobbles and even boulders of basalt. and on the northern slopes of Mopoto mountain range facing Mindanao Sea. chert. It rests unconformably over the Himalyan Formation. pebbly sandstone. 1984) The Oreng Formation was named by Teves (1953) for the limestone and conglomerate exposed as hills (Oreng. Its thickness ranges from 100 to 150 m. The unit is assigned a Late Miocene age. tuffaceous sandstone and tuff in the area. conglomerate. pyroclastic breccia. It was dated Pleistocene and has a thickness of 35 m. The tuffaceous rocks are dark to light brown. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Oreng Formation Lithology: Limestone. Mapoto mountain range Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 100-150 m Previous Name: Opol Sandstone (Capistrano. Tagaloan. agglomerate. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

htm 10/12/2015 .091 Ma (Sajona. The overlying conglomerate consists of loosely cemented pebbles. southern Palawan. vuggy. most probably Late Pleistocene. and the Nummulite. This is equivalent to the limestone of the Socorro Group of MMAJ-JICA (1984). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1989) and the Maniayao Volcanics (SantosYñigo.08 0. The reef limestone that comprises Ilin and Ambulong islands and the area between Magsaysay and Bulalacao may be considered part of this formation. The Oreng is also encountered along Pula River and Subaan-Singalan River in northeastern Oriental Mindoro (Agadier and Maac. 1997). 1987). Peña Paco Andesite UNDP (1987) describes the Paco Andesite as an extinct volcano with a conical peak at 524 masl north of Bgy. (see Maytiguid Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Based on faunal association and stratigraphic relationships. while the feldspar phenocrysts gave a dating of 1.bearing part of the St. Paco in Surigao del Norte. (see Paco Volcanics and Maniayao Andesite). 1. age for these rocks. 1997) The Maytiguid Limestone is probably correlative to the Bailan Limestone of Tablas Island. (see Maniayao Andesite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. is milky white. It is considered coeval with the Maniayao Andesite. Agadier and Maac (1987) assigned a Pleistocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pacul Limestone Lithology: Recrystallized fusulinacean-bearing limestone Stratigraphic relations: Overlies the Carabao Sandstone and apparently underlies a radiolarite unit of probable Triassic age Distribution: Restricted to its type area in Carabao Island file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Sumbiling Limestone in Bataraza and Brooke's Point. 1 wells in offshore northwest Palawan (Sales and others. Paul Limestone and Nido Limestone of central and offshore Palawan. Radiometric dating obtained from an andesite sample indicate a Pleistocene age based on whole rock dating of 1. The cone is surrounded by gently dipping andesitic flows and lahars. It is probably partly equivalent to the Late Eocene limestones encountered by Galoc No. Malajon No.781 0. 1987). 1944) are represented by domes and andesitic and dacitic flows and pyroclastic deposits that indicate several magmatic episodes. Paco Volcanics (Tebar and Pagado. Peña Pabellion Limestone The name Pabellion Limestone established by Reyes (1971) for the exposure at Pabellion Island is equivalent to the Maytiguid Limestone. 1 and Nido No.061 Ma. sugary and fossiliferous. which occupies the lower portion of the formation. The limestone. Peña Paco Volcanics The Paco Andesite (UNDP.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 255 of 374 Mamilpil and others) bordering the southern part of the Bongabon delta in southeastern Oriental Mindoro.

htm 10/12/2015 . quartz monzonite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Lasala Formation and older formations Distribution: Pagbahan River. and Neoschwagerina haydeni Doutkevitch and Khabakov. The foraminifers are Tuberitina collosa Reitlinger. 1965) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The limestone unit in southern Carabao Island overlying the Carabao Sandstone was designated by Vallesteros and Argano (1965) as Carabao Limestone and later adopted by BMG (1981). Fusulinid genera identified include Neoschwagerina. The granodiorite bodies along Pagbahan River consist chiefly of sodic plagioclase. the limestone forms prominent elongated hills about 40-100 m thick. it is hereby renamed Pacul Limestone to avoid repetition of the geographic name carried by Carabao Sandstone. At Pacul. Pachyploia sp. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. However. Peña Pag-asa Formation The Pag-asa Formation was defined through subsurface wells in northern Palawan. Fontaine and others (1982) equate this radiolarite facies to the conodont-bearing radiolarite of northern Palawan dated Early-Middle Triassic. Climacammina sp. rests conformably on the Pag-asa Formation and determined to be Middle Miocene. lies conformably on the subsurface Nido Formation. Diorite and quartz diorite bodies at the upper reaches of Mamburao River are associated with the development of iron deposits and skarn in the intruded phyllites (Halcon Metamorphic Complex) and rocks of the Lasala Formation. At the type locality. Pseudoendothyra sp. Based on the contained fusulinacean species Andal (1966) assigned a Permian age to the unit. dated Early Miocene to Middle Miocene. Fontaine and others (1982) also identiified some Murghabian (upper part of Middle Permian) foraminiferal and algal species from Carabao Island. was also noted. quartz diorite. The Pag-asa..Early Oligocene Named by: MGB (2004) Correlation: Lubang Granite (Elicano. massive but fractured and recrystallized. Hornblende diorite and quartz file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. an algae from Family Dacycladaceae. The name is derived from a barrio (southwestern Carabao Island) where Fontaine and others (1983) collected their Permian limestone. the limestone apparently dips under the adjacent thinly bedded chert which is probably equivalent to the radiolarite facies of the Buruanga Metamorphic Complex of Francisco (1953). This unconformably overlies the Carabao Sandstone. Calcitornella heathi Cushman and Waters. Mindoro Age: Late Eocene . possibly extending up to Pliocene. Pola and Bongabong rivers. It is light gray.. upper reaches of Mamburao. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pagbahan Granodiorite Lithology: Granodiorite.. 1924) Granodiorite stocks and dikes and dioritic rocks in northern Mindoro are designated by MGB (2004) as Pagbahan Granodiorite for the exposures at the upper reaches of Pagbahan River. in turn.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 256 of 374 Age: Murghabian (upper part of Middle Permian) Thickness: 40-100 m Previous name: Carabao Limestone (Vallesteros and Argaño. quartz. biotite and muscovite. These intrusive bodies also outcrop in the upper reaches of Mamburao and Pola rivers as well as upper Bongabong River. The Matinloc Formation. Mizzia velebitana Schubert. Paleotextularia and Endothyra. This limestone probably also correlates with the fusulinacean-bearing Minilog Formation of northern Palawan. microcline. pursuant to the provisions of the Philippine Stratigraphic Guide (2001). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

1989 Renamed by: MGB (2000) The Paglaum Diabase Complex is a sheeted dike complex exposed in Barangay Paglaum. muscovite and / or biotite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pagsangahan Formation Lithology: Graywacke. Tacloban which was previously designated by Cabantog and Escalada (1989) as Paglaum Sheeted Dikes. partly gneissose and composed chiely of quartz and plagioclase with lesser orthoclase. The dikes consist generally of diabase with few gabbroic and basaltic types. The diabase is greenish gray to gray with fine. Leyte Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Paglaum Sheeted Dikes (Cabantog and Escalada. Peña Paghumayan Shale The Paghumayan Shale and Ania Conglomerate of Melendres and Barnes (1957) constitute the lower portion of the Macasilao Conglomerate and Shale of Corby and others (1951). Peña Paglaum Diabase Complex Lithology: Diabase dike complex Distribution: Paglaum. tuff. chlorite.8 Ma (Late Eocene – Early Oligocene). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. chert Stratigraphic relations: Represents the volcanic carapace and sedimentary cover of the Lagonoy Ophiolite Distribution: Eastern part of Caramoan Peninsula.htm 10/12/2015 . is light colored. from Guijalo to Tinambac. It is intrusive into the schists and gneisses.2. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. epidote and illite. (see Macasilao Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1976) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. conglomerate. hornblende. Occidental Mindoro a small granodiorite stock previously called Lubang Granite by Elicaño (1924) crops out on the isthmus between Looc and Tubahin bays. pelagic limestone. Petrographic analysis of the samples revealed subparallel tabular and elongated green hornblende and plagioclase laths admixed with small amounts of pyroxene. Radiometric K-Ar dating of quartz diorite samples gave a range of values equivalent to 30. The thickness of individual dikes ranges from 15 cm to 30 cm.4 0. In Lubang Island. coarse grained. Tacloban City and vicinity.9 Ma to 40. Camarines Norte Age: Late Cretaceous Named by: David (1994) Synonymy: Garchitorena Formation (Miranda.to medium-grained saccharoidal texture.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 257 of 374 monzonite stocks and dikes also intrude metasedimentary rocks and gneiss from Abra de Ilog to Puerto Galera. 6. pillow basalt.

although they may be considered coeval. It consists of pillow basalts and minor basalt breccia found along Cabadbaran River and its tributary. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. On the southern end of the Caramoan Peninsula. breccia and coarse graywacke overlie the metamorphosed sequence of the Lagonoy Ophiolite. from white to gray massive limestone to reddish. In Parabcan and Bitaongan the sequence is dominated by lava flows with some pillow structures. 1981) were found by later studies to be large olistoliths in an olistostrome sequence formed later (David. Late Cretaceous limestones in the eastern part of the peninsula which were previously interpreted to be part of the formation (BMG. A sequence of graywacke and conglomerates near the town of Parabcan which was previously attributed to the Garchitorena Formation was found to be contiguous with the Pagsangahan Formation. It is usually marbleized but fossils of Globotruncana of Late Cretaceous age have been obtained from some samples. These persist eastward to Maangas where the formation becomes a sequence of lava flows with interbedded conglomerates and fine and coarse graywackes.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 258 of 374 The Pagsangahan Formation in Caramoan Peninsula outcrops mainly on the eastern part of the peninsula. (see Dinagat Ophiolite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. quartz diorite. The degree of metamorphism of the unit decreases eastward. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pakol Diorite Lithology: Diorite. Peña Paitan Member The Paitan is the lower member of the Escalante Formation in Negros Occidenal. tuffs and conglomerates with volcanic clasts. The Pagsangahan represents the volcanic carapace and pelagic sedimentary cover of the Lagonoy Ophiolite. Balilao-Timbahan. Limestones are interbedded with the volcaniclastic sequence in the southern part of the peninsula. 1994). siltstone. Pagulanganan Creek. Aklan Province. granodiorite Distribution: Pakol-Agutaya. Northwestward in Daldagon. from Guijalo up to Tinambac. bedded pelagic limestone with cherty interlayers. Intercalations of turbiditic layers and limestone breccias that reach a thickness of 500 m have been described by Jurgan (1980).htm 10/12/2015 . (see Escalante Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It consists of an alternation of sandstone. On the northern coast. Madalag. An intertonguing of the limestone with reddish interbeds of graywacke and siltstone has been observed at the mouth of Langha River east of Maangas. this formation is represented by indurated fine and coarse graywacke and conglomerates with volcanic and tuffaceous clasts and some intercalations of pillow lavas. The limestone exhibits various facies. mudstone and marl. this formation is characterized by weakly metamorphosed graywacke. Peña Pagulanganan Basalt The Pangulanganan Basalt of UNDP (1984) at Agusan del Norte could be part of the Dinagat Ophiolite that has been dismembered. on the eastern side of San Vicente Bay. White to cream dense micritic limestone occurs in the middle. andesitic lava flows. The Pagsangahan is separated from the Garchitorena Formation by the west-northwest trending Minas Fault. south-southeast of Libacao Age: Middle Miocene ? Named by: Jagolino and Jandumon (1973) The Pakol Diorite of Jagolino and Jandumon (1973) is bounded by the Pakol Agutaya Fault on the east and the file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. agglomerates and vesicular basalts.

biotite and quartz. Radiometric K-Ar dating of samples from the Palali Batholith indicate an age bracket of 25-22 Ma. from Kapatagan to Nabitas. The diorite includes biotite hornblende diorite. Nueva Vizcaya Age: late Early Miocene Thickness: 300 m Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1977) Synonymy: Natbang Formation This formation was named by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the rocks exposed in the vicinity of Palali Mountains. Aklan Province and south-southeast of Libacao. 1992). The rocks are mainly composed of greenish dacitic tuff breccia. 1981). is a series of aligned hypabyssal diorite intrusives.0 Ma. basaltic lava. Recent dating of a basaltic dike and a basaltic cobble identified with the Palali Formation confirms the previous dating of 17 Ma (Ringenbach. mudstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The formation has a thickness of around 300 m (BMG. andesite lava. and biotite hornblende granodiorite. Mamparang Formation and Dupax Diorite Complex in Palali Mountain and around Santa Fe. equivalent to late Early Miocene (MMAJ-JICA.Aritao. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sandstones and welded tuff. however. basaltic lava. The Palali Formation unconformably overlies the Caraballo Formation. dacite lava. Nueva Vizcaya and some areas in the southern part of the Caraballo mountain range. Some andesitic plugs intruding the Dibuluan Formation and Lubuagan Formation (of the Cagayan Valley Basin) could be intrusive facies of the Palali Formation. The intrusives are medium grained and grades to aplite. sandstone and welded tuff Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Caraballo and Mamparang formations. MMAJ-JICA (1987). andesitic tuff breccia. mudstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Palali Formation Lithology: Andesitic and dacitic flows and tuff breccias. Dalton Pass and Aritao. East of the serpentinite bodies in Aklan. probably part of the Pakol Diorite.6 1. biotite hornblende quartz diorite. Peña Palali Batholith The Palali Batholith was named by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the syenites and monzonites that intrude the Palali Formation in the Mamparang Mountains. equivalent to late Late Oligocene to early Early Miocene. pebbles of syenite and syenite porphyry as well as the quartz diorite of Dupax Diorite Complex are included in the tuff breccia near Santa Fe. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Dupax Diorite Complex Distribution: Sta. equigranular and is principally made up of plagioclase. In the tuff breccia of Palali Mountain. considers the Pakol as equivalent to the Patria Quartz Diorite and assigned a post Early Miocene age for these intrusives. hornblende. (see Cordon Syenite Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 259 of 374 Balilao-Timbahan Fault on the west. These were also observed west of Madalag. It outcrops around Santa Fe. The age of the diorite is presumed pre-Tertiary by Jagolino and Jandumon (1973) and assigned a probable Mesozic to Paleogene age by BMG (1981).Dalton Pass. The alkali rocks of the Palali Formation is considered by MGB (2004) as part of the Cordon Syenite Complex. Radiometric K-Ar dating of dacitic welded tuff indicates an age of 17. 1977). Fe. It is medium to coarse grained.

smectite. Peña Palapag Limestone The Palapag Limestone is the equivalent limestone member of the Calicoan Formation. The unit consists essentially of chert with subordinate mudstone. shale. shale. sandstone and vitric tuff.Late Miocene boundary. Isabela Age: late Middle Miocene – early Late Miocene Named by: Aurelio and Billedo (1987) The Palanan Formation as defined by Aurelio and Billedo (1987) was thought to underlie the Kanaipang Limestone. biocalcarenites and coral-algal deposits. hematite and recrystallized radiolarian tests. 1989) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The pelagic sedimentary rocks capping the Caibaan Basalt were collectively designated by Cabantog and Escalada (1989) as Palanog Pelagic Sediments. 1986b). limestone breccias. It consists of coralline rubbles. (see Calicoan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. However. More recent dating indicates a nannofossil zone of NN8. minor mudstone. Paleontologic dating by MMAJ-JICA (1987) gives an age of Late Miocene for this formation. The chert contains microcrystalline quartz. sandstone and vitric tuff Stratigraphic relations: Caps the Caibaan Basalt Distribution: Barangay Palanog. Leyte Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Palanog Pelagic Sediments (Cabantog and Escalada. Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. equivalent to Middle . renamed by MGB (2004) as Palanog Formation.htm 10/12/2015 . The formation could therefore be regarded as having an age bracket of late Middle Miocene to early Late Miocene. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is distributed mainly along the coastal areas in eastern Samar and to a lesser extent. Numerous limestone clasts in the coarse grained sandstone beds of this formation are probably derived from the underlying Kanaipang Limestone. Outcrops of these rocks are usually observed as irregular masses or patches in Tacloban and Palo area especially in Barangay Palanog. zeolite and illite are distinctly discernible in the vitric tuff. Microcrystalline calcite. in westernmost Samar (BED. between Tacloban and Palo areas.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 260 of 374 Palanan Formation Lithology: Calcareous sandstones and mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Kanaipang Limestone Distribution: Palanan. Peña Palanog Formation Lithology: Chert. recent studies by Billedo (1994) indicate that this formation actually rests unconformably over the older Kanaipang Limestone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The formation is made up of thickly bedded sequence of calcareous sandstone and indurated mudstone. The formation constitutes the pelagic sedimentary cover of the Tacloban Ophiolite.

Abra de Ilog Formation Page 261 of 374 Palawan Metamorphics The Palawan Metamorphics of Hashimoto (1981) and Crystalline Schist of Hashimoto and Sato (1973) are partly synonymous to the Caramay Schist. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Paly Serpentinite Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite and serpentinite Distribution: Paly Island. Ulugan Bay Ultramafic Complex. Domingo and others. Panas and other places in central and southern Palawan Age: Cretaceous Named by: Gealey (1980) Synonymy: Dalrympole Amphibolite. 1989) This ophiolitic terrane stretches from southern to central Palawan for about 300 km along the trend of the island with a maximum width of about 30 km. Paraschist and Irahuan Metavolcanics of de los Santos (1959). San Vicente Gabbro of UNDP (1985). Stavely Range. Espina. The ophiolite grades downward from pelagic sedimentary rocks and pillow basalt via isotropic and cumulate gabbro towards the troctolite horizon. Mt. troctolite. San Vicente. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Palawan Ophiolite Lithology: Amphibolite.htm 10/12/2015 . 1992). The formation of this complex culminated in Cretaceous time as indicated by paleontologic dating made by Tumanda and others (1995) of radiolarian tests in the chert facies of the sedimentary cover above the pillow lavas. Beaufort Ultramafic Rocks. Rizal file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Palompon Chert The Palompon Chert is massive. pinkish to buff chert that occurs as small bodies and float that cap the San Antonio Formation in many places in Marinduque (Sto. pillow basalts with radiolarian chert. in Tumanda and others. 1985). Sultan Peak. Sheeted diabase complex is absent. Stavely Range Gabbro. The Dalrympole Amphibolite represents the ophiolitic sole (Pineda and others. Dalrympole Point. gabbro. 1995). in UNDP. Ulugan Bay. It was described by Rashka and others (1985) to be an almost complete ophiolitic suite composed of ultramafics (Mt. A basal dunite (transition zone dunite) separates the troctolite horizon from the tectonite sequence of harzburgite with microgabbro and pyroxenite dikes (Santos. pillow basalt. Inagauan Metamorphics (MMAJ-JICA. and red mudstones (Espina Formation). Beaufort. The complex was termed Palawan Ophiolite by Gealey (1980. northeast Palawan. The emplacement of the ophiolites through thrusting apparently occurred during the Eocene. 1990). chert and pelagic mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by younger formations Distribution: Inagauan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. gabbro (Stavely Range Gabbro). Beaufort Ultramafics). harzburgite. It is also referred to as Metasandstone by Faure and Ishida (1990). dunite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Caramay Schist) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

Panaon Road. coal and corralline limestone outcropping in Pamaypayan.to file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The Limestone also outcrops along Plaridel Road. These rocks were thrusted against the semischist in Turmarbong. shale. In Rizal. (see Bislig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1985. Taytay. 1990) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Synonymy: Rizal Serpentinites (UNDP. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Panaon Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Unisan Formation Distribution: Panaon. Peña Panablan Limestone The Panablan Limestone of Javelosa (1989) in Guimaras Island is probably the same as the Salvacion Limestone of Culp and Madrid (1967). Quezon. northeast Palawan. Such presence of ultrabasic rocks at Paly Island was earlier reported by David and Fontaine (1986). Tumagay and Malicboy. Peña Pamaypayan Formation The Pamaypayan Formation is described by Vergara and Spencer (1957) as a 500 meter-thick sequence of interbedded conglomerate. The formation consists of medium. 1959) The Paly Serpentinite was introduced by MMAJ-JICA (1990) as Paly Ultramafics for the dark green serpentinized peridotite and serpentinite at Paly Island. there seems to be no major difference between the Mekoupe and Pamaypayan formations and even Vergara and Spencer (1957) admit little difference between the sandstone of the Mekoupe and Pamaypayan formations. which is equivalent to the Pilar Limestone in eastern Panay. Petrified logs are reported to be common. The Paly is equivalent to the Rizal Serpentinites of UNDP (1985) which occur as lenticular bodies exposed in some tributaries of Rizal River in Roxas. Unisan . Quezon Age: Late Oligocene – Early Miocene Named by: Antonio (1961) The Panaon Limestone was named by Antonio (1961) for the exposures at Panaon. 1987) Correlation: Mt. Beaufort Ultramafics (Delos Santos. sandstone.htm 10/12/2015 . The Pamaypayan is considered equivalent to the Bislig Formation. The age of emplacement of these rocks is estimated to be Cretaceous according to the study of BMG (1981). Bondoc Peninsula. Asbestos veinlets were also observed along joints. As described. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 262 of 374 Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Paly Ultramafics (MMAJ-JICA. (see Pilar Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. BMG. the serpentinite bodies appear as diapiric intrusions enclosed within the mudstone beds.

highly indurated and sparsely fossiliferous sandstone and shale exposed in Panas Creek. The Pandan Formation was originally described as a wide assortment of metamorphosed limestone. Naga. quartz-rich. feldspathic. shale and conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Cansi Basalt Distribution. The Panas unconformably overlies the Espina Formation and partly intertongues with the overlying Sumbiling Limestone The sandstone and shale sequence of the Panas yielded small foraminifera that include Globorotalia velascoensis (Cushman) and Globigerina gravelli Bronnimann. indicative of Paleocene to Early Eocene age (BMG. Tagkawayan and Talasag rivers. 1981). It is considered Eocene in age by later studies (MMAJ-JICA. shale. siltstone. 1990). Langue. The Panas has a maximum thickness of 1. siltstone and shale alternations are light to dark gray. Naga. Cycloclypeus sp.000 m Named by: Corby and others (1951). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Tagkawayan and Talasag rivers. partly intertongues with the Sumbiling Limestone Distribution: Panas Creek. and few Miogypsina sp. The Panas Formation was originally described as a sequence of indurated turbiditic medium to thinly bedded alternations of sandstone. Fossil assemblage in the limestone include Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina) formosa. with occasional coal stringers named by Corby and others (1951) after the type locality at Pandan River. Barrio Pandan. Pandan Valley.htm 10/12/2015 .. shale and conglomerate. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Espina Formation. The medium to thinly bedded sandstone. which are tributaries of Sumbiling River.500 m. Conglomerate beds locally grade to sandstone and shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pandan Formation Lithology: Limestone. highly contorted and steeply dipping. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Cebu Age: Late Cretaceous Thickness: 2. near the Naga-Uling road. The formation is also exposed at the eastern and western base of Bulanjao Range and along the Langue. 1998). at Bataraza. It is also exposed along Manipis Road between Toledo and Tabunoc in central Cebu and in Sanggol River near Cebu City. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Panas Formation Lithology: Sandstone. which unconformably overlies the Unisan Formation. The beds are greenish gray.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 263 of 374 thickly bedded bioclastic limestone. Spiroclypeus margaritatus. southern Palawan Age: Eocene Thickness: About 1500 m Named by: Casasola (1956) The term Panas Formation was earlier applied by Casasola (1956) to the interbedded. Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina) parva. indicating Late Oligocene – Early Miocene age (Lubas and others. siltstone and shale. cemented by carbonate and clayey matrix. all tributaries of Sumbiling River. Manipis Road. 1989. a tributary of Iwahig River.

Marirong-Tagusao.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 264 of 374 Aside from the limestone and clastic sequences. in Labog. chert and magnetite. The thickest section is found in the northern highland between Tuburan and Catmon where the shale and other slightly metamorphosed sediments are recrystallized into dark hornfels (MMAJ-JICA. an Early Oligocene age for the formation. porous arkosic sandstone with indurated dark gray mudstone and silty shale interbeds downsection. Gamboa (1977) found Eocene foraminifers from the shale fraction interbedded with the massive feldspathic sandstone of the original Pandian Formation. The Pandian was originally presumed to be Middle to Late Miocene in age by Casasola (1956). The intercalated shales are black. BMG (1981) also included the unnamed Paleocene formation of Balce (in Hashimoto and others.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Globotruncana species recovered from the limestone and clastic rocks indicate a Late Cretaceous age for the Pandan. shale. Thick beds of conglomerate were recognized near its base. 1951). 1990). NP 20 to Ericsonia subdisticha Zone. However. The rocks crop out on the eastern and western flanks of the Pandan anticline. The limestones are usually Globotruncana. NP21) from the clastic rocks. In places. 1971) The Pandian Formation was introduced by Casasola (1956) to designate the massive sandstone extensively distributed in southern Palawan with type locality at Pandian River.000 m in southern Palawan (Casasola. The shale interbeds are light to dark gray and light brown with a thickness of about 6-8 cm. Maac and Agadier (1988) suggested that the name Pandian be adopted for the turbidites mapped as Panas Formation.bearing. however. the basalt flows are chloritized or epidotized. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Panas Formation Distribution: Pandian River. Wolfart and others (1984) reported calcareous nannofossils of late Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene age (Sphenolithus pseudoradians Zone. The Pandian is also equivalent to the Pulute Formation of Reyes (1971) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. serpentine. Rizal. laminated to thinly bedded. and MMAJ-JICA (1990). in the western side of southern Palawan. coarse-grained. 1956) Named by: Casasola (1956) Synonymy: Pulute Formation (Reyes.500-2. silty and sometimes siliceous. Because of their similarities in lithology and age value. The estimated thickness of the Pandan is 2. Malinao and Mariquit Island. The unit is originally described as dominantly made up of massive. Maac and Agadier (1988) likewise recognized Eocene foraminifers and nannofossils from shales interbedded with the thick feldspathic sandstone in Marirong and Bulanao Range.000 m. consisting mostly of coarse-grained quartz with few feldspars. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pandian Formation Lithology: Massive sandstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Martin (1972) and BMG (1981) assigned an Oligocene age. chocolate brown to gray shale and argillaceous limestone. 1977) in the Pandan Formation. did not find any Paleocene rocks in the Pandan area. The Pandian Formation is most prominent in the eastern flank of Mt. thick layers of thin bedded chert and pillow basalt intercalations were also mapped as part of the Pandan (Santos-Yñigo. A maximum thickness of 1. Punang.500 meters is estimated for the Pandian. Bolanao and is also exposed near Tarusan. Porth and others (1989). Rizal. These Paleocene sections consist of subgraywackes. with calcareous concretions. Lamican. The sandstone is brown to buff. Later. southern Palawan Age: Middle Eocene – Early Oligocene Thickness: 1.

Albay Age: Cretaceous Previous name: Panganiran Ultramafics (De Guzman. (see Panganiran Peridotite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 265 of 374 Panganiran Diorite The Panganiran Diorite was named by De Guzman (1963) for the diorite exposures west of Panganiran. Serpentinization is intense in narrow shear zones. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Panganuran Formation Lithology: Dacite. while the central zone is only slightly serpentinized.1963) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Correlation: Cadig Ophiolitic Complex. The bigger body on the northeast has a surface exposure measuring 4 km long and 1 km across. 1965) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Albay. However this was renamed Maonon Diorite by MGB (2004) in recognition of the priority given to Panganiran peridotite. These two bodies could be contiguous beneath the alluvium separating the two. Peña Panganiran Ultramafics The Panganiran Ultramafics was named by De Guzman (1963) and was later renamed as Panganiran Peridotite by MGB (2004). pyroxenite Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes basement of the peninsula Distribution: Panganiran. There are two northwest trending lensoid bodies of serpentinized peridotites exposed on the ground on both sides of the lower reaches of Panganiran River. basalt. Albay. pyroclastic rocks. north of Panganiran town. Later De Guzman (1968) renamed the unit Panganiran Serpentinite. It is probably equivalent to a portion of the Cadig Ophiolitic Complex and the Cagraray Peridotite and likewise dated Cretaceous. tuffaceous clastic rocks Distribution: Panganuran. Cagraray Peridotite This formation was previously named Panganiran Ultramafics by De Guzman (1963) for the serpentinized pyroxene peridotites and pyroxenites along Panganiran River. Mantibo River. andesite. Zamboanga Peninsula Age: Pliocene Previous Name: Panganuran Andesite-Dacite-Basalt Series (Paderes and Miranda. (see Maonon Diorite) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. but BMG (1981) retained the name Panganiran Ultramafics. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Panganiran Peridotite Lithology: Serpentinized peridotite.htm 10/12/2015 .

This Series consists of dark-colored and vesicular or amygdaloidal flows fringing the eastern margin and the headwaters of Lobo Creek. Clasts of the conglomerates range in size from cobbles to pebbles which are mostly angular to subangular in shape. Intercalating with the conglomerates are volcanic agglomerates and breccia associated with some tuffs. green and brown. with chert bands in between. The rhyodacite is composed essentially of biotite. hornblende. The formation is distributed chiefly along the flanks and rims of the Kanturao Volcanic Complex. The Pangasugan is extensively distributed in the central highlands extending from the Capoocan area to southern Leyte. pyroclastic rocks and tuffaceous sedimentary rocks. light to medium grey and unaltered. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pangasugan Formation Lithology: Coarse conglomerate. Baybay. glassy. They occur in layers that rarely exceed two meters thick.500 m Named: Pilac (1965) The Pangasugan Formation was named by Pilac (1965) for the thick sequence of coarse conglomerate and volcanic and pyroclastic rocks exposed along the Pangasugan River. Well-crystallized phases are typically grey to green. as in the tributaries of Anungan and Panganuran Rivers. The Panganuran Formation is equivalent to the Andesite-Basalt Series of Santos-Yñigo (1953).200-1.500 m. feldspar and quartz phenocrysts in a cryptocrystalline to glassy matrix. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The breccias are composed of angular to sub-angular fragments of volcanic flows in a tuffaceous matrix. Proximal to the slopes. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The mafic minerals occur in bands that reach up to 5 cm in thickness. The formation consists of highly disturbed and folded flows and beds of rhyodacite and andesite with minor basalt.000 m elevation. Andesite intrusive bodies were also noted to occur as sills in coal measures in Sibuguey and Olutanga Island. This rock unit is considered to be of Pliocene age. while the glassy counterparts are mainly green. perlitic layers are found associated with rhyodacite. Zamboanga del Norte. In Mantibo River. Clasts of the conglomerate consist mainly of andesitic fragments which suggest direct derivation from the Kanturao Volcanic Complex. which laterally grades into matrix-supported conglomerates distal to their provenance. Andesitic sills and dikes are sporadic within the Pangasugan.200-1. volcanic and pyroclastic rocks with occasional lenses of sandstone and shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Kanturao Volcanic Complex Distribution: Pangasugan River. The andesite is generally fine-grained. poorly bedded. The rhyodacite and andesite are relatively unaltered and in some places. Fairly consolidated pyroclastic breccia and tuff also rhythmically alternate with the flows. The formation generally underlies rugged terrains with prominent peaks reaching up to 1. Along the Pangasugan River. 1965). Occasionally alternating with the conglomerates especially along the upper sections are lenses of coarse sandstone and tuffaceous shale.htm 10/12/2015 . Baybay (Pilac. The total thickness of the formation reaches 1. Both rock types weather to bright colors of red. Intermittently interlayered with the rhyodacite and andesite is fine-grained basalt. The formation is devoid of fossils but a Late Miocene to Early Pliocene age was inferred by Pilac (1965). The Panganuran may also be correlated with the Coloy Formation of Ibañez and others (1956) in Sibuguey Peninsula. intrude the Soleplep Volcanic Complex. the basal part of the formation intercalates with basaltic flows. poorly sorted but well compacted. widepread in the central highlands of Leyte Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: 1. The unit is generally massive. the conglomerates are coarser and clast-supported. in Barrio Pangasugan. Lenticular beds of tuffaceous shale and sandstone are occasionally interlayered with the pyroclastic rocks. Barrio Pangasugan. Fine sand and argillaceous materials serve as matrix and cementing materials.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 266 of 374 Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Panganuran Formation was previously named Panganuran Andesite-Dacite-Basalt Series by Paderes and Miranda (1965) for the thick sequence of volcanic and sedimentary rocks exposed about 6 km inland from the western coast between Anungan and Sibuco.

the formation also crops out at Upper Big Lun and Margus rivers and Barrio Lawa.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 267 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.2 4 Ma. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Likewise. The diorite constitutes a batholithic mass stretching northwest-southeast for some 62 km from Panay Gulf to Talong Bay in southwestern Negros. it consists mainly of diorite and quartz diorite with textures that vary from medium grained to coarse grained. Aside from Pangyan River. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pangatban Diorite Lithology: Diorite. 1960) Named by: MGB (2004) This formation was previously considered by BED (1986b) to be identical to the Nakal Formation of Froehlich and Melendres (1960) west of Cotabato Valley. Barrio Lawa. Based on stratigraphic position. underlies most of the western part of southwestern Negros including Damutan Valley Age: Oligocene Previous name: Pangatban Intrusive (Castillo and Escalada. The Pangyan consists of interbedded arkosic sandstone and calcareous thinly-bedded shale with intercalations of siltstone. quartz diorite. extends northwest-southeast from Panay Gulf to Talong Bay.1 Ma to 28 Ma. which is equivalent to early Late Oligocene. 1982). minor gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Basak Formation Distribution: Pangatban River. Age: late Early Miocene – early Middle Miocene Thickness: ~ 300 m Previous Name: Nakal Formation (Froehlich and Melendres. the Pangyan is assigned a late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene age. Minor tonalites and granodiorite have also been noted. occurrences of andesite and dacite porhyry are probably associated with the emplacement of the diorite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pangyan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. In terms of lithology.1979) Renamed by: Burton (1982) The Pangatban Diorite was previously named Pangatban Intrusive by Castillo and Escalada (1979) for the extensive exposures of diorite along the length of Pangatban River in Negros Island. overlain by Glan Formation Distribution: Upper Big Lun River. It has an estimated thickness of 300 m along the Big Lun River (BED. hypidiomorphic-granular to porphyritic. 1986b). occurring in limited exposures. Margus and Pangyan rivers. The Manlawaan Gabbro of Castillo and Escalada (1979) and other gabbro bodies. Radiometric K-Ar dating of diorite samples reported by MMAJ-JICA (1988) range from 25. shale Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over Latian Limestone. are probably facies of the diorite body. It was renamed Pangyan Formation by MGB (2004) for exposures along Pangyan River. Biotite in porphyritic tonalite from Sipalay gave a radiometric K/Ar dating of 30. The formation lies conformably over the Latian Limestone and is conformably overlain by the Glan Formation. equivalent to late Early Oligocene (Burton.

(see Iwahig Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. particularly between Sibalom Valley and the highlands bounding the Iloilo Basin to the east. It is probably also equivalent to other young limestone formations in the Sulu Sea and offshore west Palawan region. categorized as greenschists and blueschists. Mt. graywackes. southern Palawan Age: Pliocene to probable Pleistocene Named by: Casasola (1956) Synonymy: limestone facies of the Clarendon Formation (Basco. The limestone is cream to buff with shades of pink. 1981) corresponds to the Paniciuan Formation of Santos-Yñigo (1956). Gangob and is exposed along the banks of Iwahig River in the eastern part of southern Palawan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . Dalingding Hill. The limestone facies of the Clarendon Formation in Balabac Island may be considered as the southern extension of the Panoyan. The matrix is characterized by grayish green to bluish silty mudstone with scaly features. Gangob. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Paniciuan Melange Lithology: Tectonic fault breccia in a matrix of silty mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Antique Ophiolite Distribution: Sibalom Valley Age: early Middle Miocene Previous Name: Paniciuan Formation (Santos-Yñigo. including metavolcanics. The blocks within the melange consists of sedimentary rocks such as sandstones.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 268 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nannofossils in the matrix were dated early Middle Miocene (Zone NN 5). massive. coralline and usually cliffforming. Peña Panoyan Limestone Member Lithology: Massive limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Panas Formation Distribution: Panoyan Hill. Iwahig River. It also underlies Dalingding Hill southeast of Canipaan in the western side. described as a heterogeneous mass of unconsolidated fault breccia exposed between Sibalom and Tipuluan rivers in southwestern Panay. conglomerates with granitic clasts. The Panoyan is assigned a Pliocene age although it may extend to Pleistocene. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Paniciuan Formation The Paniciuan Formation of Santos-Yñigo (1949) is equivalent to the Paniciuan Melange (see Paniciuan Melange). 1949) Renamed by: Florendo (1981) The Paniciuan Melange (Florendo. 1964) in Balabac Island The Panoyan Limestone is a member of the Iwahig Formation. The Melange also contains blocks derived from the ophiolite sequence and metamorphic rocks. and limestones dated as Late Oligocene-Early Miocene. Bataraza. It underlies Panoyan Hill and Mt.

rarely red and laminated. The Panpanan consists predominantly of basalt with intercalated sandstone. Furthermore. Ringenbach (1992) correlates this formation to the Tartaro Formation on the western flank of the Southern Sierra Madre dated as Plio-Pleistocene from benthic foraminifera. mudstone and polymictic conglomerates forming gently rolling hills in the vicinity of Pantabangan Basin. 1977) Correlation: Ilagan Formation (Cagayan Valley). The basalt is amygdaloidal with conspicuous pyroxene phenocrysts in a black groundmass with amygdules of zeolite. Aklan. Radiometric dating of basalt and andesite samples indicates an age of Late Oligocene to early Early Miocene for the Panpanan Formation (Bellon and Rangin. headwaters of Panay. the siltstone is green and tuffaceous. Aliburan and Ulian rivers. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Panpanan Formation Lithology: Basalt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 269 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Panpanan Formation is equivalent partly to the Sewaragan Member of the Singit Formation (BMG. 1991). Aliburan and Ulian rivers. 1992). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. chlorite and quartz. mudstone and conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by Singit Formation Distribution: Dungaroy and Jalaur rivers. Nueva Ecija Age: Pliocene Named by: Ringenbach (1992) Synonymy: Matuno Formation (MMAJ-JICA. Ringenbach (1992) has obtained a dating of 1. siltstone. Tartaro Formation (southern Sierra Madre) The Pantabangan Formation is a sequence of sandstone. The sandstone is black and basaltic. Calcirudites or thin calcarenites were rarely observed. An unconformity separates this formation from the underlying Palali and Santa Fe formations. The formation is particularly distributed along the Dungaroy and Jalaur rivers and in the headwaters of Panay. with intercalated sandstone. Panay Island Age: Late Oligocene – early Early Miocene Named by: UNDP (1986) as Panpanan Basalt Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Panpanan Formation was previously designated by UNDP (1986) as Panpanan Basalt in reference to the rocks that are exposed as irregular longitudinal belts along the western flank of the Iloilo Basin. It is estimated to attain a thickness of 1000 m (Ringenbach. Fe formations Distribution: Pantabangan Basin. The conglomerate is made up of basalt clasts.htm 10/12/2015 . In some places. andesite or basaltic andesite breccia are present. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pantabangan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. An increase in the amount of conglomerates towards the south and east suggests a provenance from this direction. Aklan. but it is believed to be partly equivalent to the Plio-Pleistocene Ilagan Formation of the Cagayan Valley Basin. mudstone and polymictic conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Palali and Sta. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. 1981).3 Ma (Pleistocene) for a biotite extracted from an andesite intruding the Pantabangan Formation. mudstone and conglomerate. The formation itself has not been dated. siltstone.

1981). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Agusan del Sur and Davao are grouped by MGB (2004) into a unit designated as Pantaron Ultramafic Complex. Only peridotite and gabbro were previously identified as the constituents of this unit (BMG. western Albay which occurs as patches fringing the coast. The Pantaron is presumed to have been emplaced during Cretaceous time. 1983). basalt. dunite. Santiago (1983) assigned a type locality in the headwaters of Balongkot Creek in San Fernando. dunite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. This was named by MMAJ-JICA (1977) for the sequence of alternating yellowish brown to gray sandstone and mudstone covering a wide area around Maddela and Tauayan. Quirino province in the uppermost to middle reaches of Cagayan River. and basalt (Santiago. Fossil assemblages indicate an Eocene age (BMG. other authors have reported the occurrence of serpentinite. Bukidnon. recrystallized and intensely fractured.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 270 of 374 The Matuno Formation is probably equivalent to the Pantabangan Formation. The limestone is thin-bedded. but it is considered Pliocene in age. 1981) with periidotite as the dominant lithology (Santiago. The gabbro is composed of plagioclase. 1963) Pantao Limestone was named by the Bureau of Mines Petroleum Division (1966) for the limestone in Pantao. San Fernando. serpentinite Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes basement of Mindanao Central Cordillera Distribution: Pantaron Range. gabbro. Albay Age: Eocene Named by: BM Petroleum Division (1966) Synonymy: Apud Limestone (De Guzman. 1983). The fractures are filled wilh calcite. However. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pantaron Ultramafic Complex Lithology: Peridotite.htm 10/12/2015 . diallage and a few opaque minerals (BMG. olivine. This unit is equivalent to the Apud Limestone of de Guzman (1963). 1981). Bukidnon Age: Cretaceous Named by: MGB (2004) The ultramafic rocks forming the Pantaron Range dividing Bukidnon. No fossils have been recovered from samples of this formation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. It is disposed along a southeast trending belt from Barrio Apud to Maonon and rests unconformably over peridotites. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pantao Limestone Lithology: Limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over peridotites Distribution: Barrio Apud to Maonon at Pantao.

pinch and swell along a northwest direction and normally cut across the foliation planes of the granodiorite. 1999). The principal clast of the tuff breccias constituting the pyroclastic flows is dacitic pumice. from Paleozoic (Alvir.Middle Miocene Named by: Meek (1941) The Paracale Granodiorite was named by Meek (1941) for the granodiorite stock intruding serpentinized peridotites in the Jose Panganiban-Paracale Mining District. The dikes are 2-10 m thick.Recent Named by: MGB (2004) Previous Name: Mt. aplites and lamprophyres.5 m thick that cut across the foliation of the granodiorite and some of the aplites. 17. The rock is highly fractured and faulted where bleaching and pyritization are common. the granodiorite is extremely bleached. ferromagnesian minerals and anhedral garnet grains. ash flows and other pyroclastic rocks with subordinate volcanic flows representing the eruptive products of the volcano. Results of other radiometric K-Ar determinations are: 14.4 Ma (Giese and others. 1987) and 17. Along the flanks are deeply dissected piles of agglomerates. 1997). Olivine basalt lava is rare. Parker Formation Named by: Santos and Baptista (1963) At the southeast portion of the Cotabato Cordillera is Mt.htm 10/12/2015 . The emplacement of the granodiorite has been assigned various ages.20 Ma (MMAJ-JICA. The pegmatites occur as thin discontinuous dikes that intrude both the granodiorite and aplites. The core of Mt. 1981). The underground mapping of the 350-foot level of the Paracale Gumaus Gold Mine revealed that the granodiorite is cut by numerous pegmatites. but the peripheral zone is characterized by mineral foliation and lineation. the same age as the quartz diorite in Caramoan and Batalay intrusive in Catanduanes (Miranda and Vargas. The core of the stock is massive with no pronounced mineral lineation. pyroclastic flows Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Siloay Formation Distribution: South Cotabato Age: Pliocene . 1967). orthoclase. dacite.3 . 1941). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Parker Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. Parker volcano which is part of the cluster of volcanoes that includes Mt. It is an ovoid body about 17 km long and 4 km wide. The lamprophyres are dark gray fine grained dikes 0. The volcanic flow rocks of Mt.and quartz-bearing hornblende andesite (Delfin and others.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 271 of 374 Paracale Granodiorite Lithology: Granodiorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes serpentinized peridotites Distribution: Paracale. 1950) to Pleistocene (Meek. At the summit is a crater lake called Maughan Lake. Busa and Mt. The aplite dikes consist of biotite. Camarines Norte Age: Early . agglomerate. basalt. The granodiorite is medium to coarse grained with albite-oligoclase. Parker is a plug made up of gray porphyritic andesite. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.1 Ma (UNDP.1. Malibao.6 Ma (Geary and others. Radiometric dating of samples of the granodiorite gave values that range from 14.9 Ma (Wolfe. biotite and quartz as major components. Pumiceous pyroclastic flows and lahars form gentle slopes that extend more than 20 km from the volcanic cone. Miranda and Caleon (1979) postulate an Early Oligocene age of intrusion for the stock. They contain abundant large sodic orthoclase and quartz crystals with grain sizes up to 2 cm. 1988) equivalent to late Early Miocene (Burdigalian) to early Middle Miocene (Langhian). 1986) to 18. These are not generally mineralized although in places where these dikes are numerous. Frost (1959) suggested that the intrusion of the stock took place after the deposition of the Universal Formation and continued after the emplacement of the Larap Volcanic Complex which overlies the Universal Formation. Parker predominantly consist of pyroxene.

1997).37 Ma and 0. feldspar and chloritized amphibole.07 Ma. Pagudpud. Parker might have erupted as late as the year 1641 (Delfin and others. Historical accounts indicate that Mt. Peña Pasonanaca Formation The sedimentary sequence comprising the Pasonanca Formation of Santos-Yñigo at Zamboanga City is partly equivalent to the Anungan Formation. Parker. A dacite dome south of the crater probably represents the post-caldera phase. The rock is leucocratic. It consists of gray to white massive and bedded limestone with interbeds and lenses of massive calcareous siltstone. equivalent to Early Pliocene and Pleistocene. 1997). Parker. (see Anungan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The thickness of the Pasig is about 60 m. ~600 ybp and ~300 ybp (Delfin and others. On the other hand. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. A dacitic plug north of the volcano could also be attributed to the activity of Mt. thin beds of highly tuffaceous shales and/or fine-grained sandstone are found interbedded with the pyroclastic pile.8 Ka. Peña Pasig Silt The Pasig Silt is the upper member of the San Pascual Formation in Burias Island.htm 10/12/2015 . respectively (Sajona and others. The type locality is probably Pasig Point. A late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene age was assigned to this intrusive unit based on its correlation with the Itogon Quartz Diorite Complex in the Central Cordillera Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The intrusive unit is designated here as Pasaleng Quartz Diorite for the exposures in Pasaleng. Sulfur deposits and thermal spring activities occur at various places on the slopes of Mt. 1997). At various horizons. Paleogene and Early Miocene units were mapped by Fernandez and Pulanco (1967) in northeastern Ilocos Norte. Radiometric K-Ar dating of fresh boulders from the northwestern flank of the volcano gave ages of 4. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 3.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 272 of 374 Hornblende andesite clasts occur in subordinate amounts. coarse grained and composed principally of quartz. Pagudpud and areas in northeastern Ilocos Norte Age: late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene Named by: MGB (2004) Quartz diorite bodies intruding Cretaceous. 14C dating reveal radiocarbon-age groupings of 23 Ka – 27 Ka. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pasaleng Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes Bojeador Formation and older units Distribution: Pasaleng. This upper member is exposed between the northern half of Burias and Mount Engañosa.

Abra de Ilog Formation Page 273 of 374 Passi Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. Santos (1968) divided it into two members. Iloilo. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The thickness is 373 m along Guinayan River. The boundary between the two members is marked by boulder to cobble conglomerate. The agglomerates. According to Pinet and Stephan (1990). Salngan and Asisig. Ilocos Sur Age: Late Miocene Thickness: 200 m Previous name: Pasuquin Arenaceous Limestone (Smith. Iloilo Age: Early – Middle Miocene Thickness: 843 . It occurs at the edges of the volcanic rocks in the eastern border from Badbaran River east of Damarco. The Salngan Member was named after Barrio Salngan about 10 km north-northeast of Passi. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pasuquin Limestone Lithology: Limestone with minor calcareous conglomerate. On the other hand. This is exposed along Pasuquin River. light greenish brown. Along the Assisig River the Passi is 888 m thick. Iloilo. sandstone. It consists of uniformly stratified thin bedded. and along Lamuran and Ginayan rivers the aggregate thickness is 843 m. Iloilo. mudstone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Agudo Basalt and Dingle Formation Distribution: Passi. Conglomerate or pebbly sandstone occurs locally. porous and sandy in some places. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: Discordantly overlies folded Bangui Formation. It was dated Early to Middle Miocene. calcarenites and fossiliferous limestone. Ilocos Norte. It is around 200 m thick. claystones in the upper portion of the formation contain limestone nodules reaching 0. Paleontologic dating indicates a Late Miocene age for the formation. The basal portion is described by Pinet (1990) as a conglomerate with carbonate matrix and in places bears clasts of serpentinite. The upper facies consists of calcirudites. unconformable over Bojeador Formation Distribution: Pasuquin River. It has also been observed to rest unconformably over the Bojeador Formation east-northeast of Vigan. light cream to light buff.7 m in diameter. It has a thickness of 543 m along the Assisig River.5-0. namely.htm 10/12/2015 . this limestone forms the summit of a hillock east of Magabbobo where the nearly horizontal limestone overlies the folded Bangui Formation with a prominent angular unconformity. It underlies a narrow north-south belt covering about 55 sq km in the northeast. 1907) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Pasuquin Limestone was called Pasuquin Arenaceous Limestone by Smith (1907).888 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Passi Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) to designate the dark colored and very fine to coarse grained clastic sedimentary rocks cropping out at Passi. This formation appears to be equivalent to the Mirador Limestone in Central Cordillera file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Ilocos Norte and east-northeast of Vigan. calcirudite. fine grained sandstone and shale. San Enrique. The member is made up of massive homogeneous mudstone and indurated sandstone. The Assisig Member was named after Barrio Assisig about 3 km northeast of Passi. northeast of Pasuquin. breccias and basaltic to andesitic flows of the Bayuso Volcanics could be part of the lower member.5 m locally. Volcanic material largely comprises the clasts of the conglomerate. The formation consists of a basal conglomerate reaching up to 10 m in thickness and sandstones and mudstones. It is well bedded. The clasts attain diameters of 0. Capiz to Barrio Cubay.

limestone. Panay Island Age: Early Miocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. calcarenite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Patria Quartz Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite. limestone and a molasse-type conglomerate. This sedimentary sequence was given an age ranging from late Middle Miocene to Late Miocene (BMG. in Palasan Island. gabbro Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Buruanga Metamorphic Complex Distribution: Southeastern coast of Buruanga Peninsula. 1957). conglomerate. The first is masive. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Patnanongan Formation Lithology: Sandstone. Palasan and Karlagan islands. the type locality. The bulk of the Patnanongan Formation is mostly exposed in Patnanongan Island. east of Polillo Island. granodiorite. Sitio Duyong to Barrio San Roque. The formation can be divided into a lower sequence made up mostly of green calcareous sandstone and mudstone and an upper member consisting largely of molasse type conglomerate. cream and pink.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 274 of 374 and Labayug Limestone in La Union.htm 10/12/2015 . The combined maximum thickness of the conglomerate (70 m). Polillo Island Group. Peña Paton-an Formation The Paton-an Formation of Melendres and Barnes (1957) is probably equivalent to the clastic member of the Talave Formation. and east of Karlagan represented by small and scattered inliers of limestone patches in the Pliocene Karlagan Formation. fine to medium grained and with abundant shells. calcarenite Stratigraphic relations: not reported Distribution: Patnanongan Island. (see Talave Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The average thickness of this formation is 350 m. The conglomerate contains pebbles and cobbles of previously emplaced and deposited rocks including the Langoyen Limestone. shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The formation is composed of brown to gray. shale. The limestone is of two types. slightly indurated interbedded sandstone. It consists of calcareous clastic rocks with thin lenses of coal and conglomerate which reportedly overlies and intertongues with the Talave Formation (Melendres and Barnes. hard. The other is massive to crudely bedded with colors ranging from brown to flesh. Billedo (1994) reports a nannoplankton age dating of early Middle Miocene for the lower part of this formation. Molluscan fossils are present in the sandstones and shale beds. limestone (400 m) and clastic member (490 m) is 960 m. 1981). An age range of early Middle Miocene to Late Miocene was adopted by MGB (2004). tonalite. Quezon Age: early Middle Miocene – Late Miocene Thickness: 350 m Named by: Fernandez and others (1967) The Patnanongan Formation was first described by Fernandez and others (1967) after the sedimentary sequence observed in the island of Patnanongan. buff to flesh to brown.

which was later described by Froehlich and Melendres (1960). This diorite was previously assigned a Mesozoic to Paleogene age and believed to be equivalent to the Pakol Diorite of Jagolino and Jandumon (1973). mudstone. sandstone. western North Cotabato Age: Mtddle Miocene Thickness: 900 m – 1.8 1 Ma on whole rock sample and 19. underlies relatively low. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable above the Nakal Formation Distribution: Patut Creek. the formation consists of cobble conglomerate and thick bedded coarse to medium grained greywacke with occasional interbeds of bluish gray carbonaceous mudstone. Froehlich and Melendres (1960) subdivided the formation into two facies: the near-shore marine and terrestrial beds in the northern part of Cotabato Valley and the offshore marine Saul Creek facies in the south-central part of the valley. The quartz diorite also has granodiorite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The conglomerate is massive and largely occupies the lower part of the sequence. It intruded the Buruanga Metamorphic Complex forming an intrusive contact metamorphic aureole and skarn deposits along its contact with the marble. tonalite and gabbro facies. It consists essentially of plagioclase. a circular plug-like mass. but deeply dissected. It consists of sandy shale grading southward to coarse quartz sandstone to tuffaceous pebbly sandstone overlain by a thick sandstone section with minor amounts of coarse sandy tuffaceous shale and conglomerate. hills fringing the southeastern coast of the peninsula and extends 6 km from Sitio Duyong to Barrio San Roque.8 1 Ma could belong to this intrusive unit.5 1 Ma (Early Miocene) on biotite mineral seperates (Rangin and others.150 m in the north.150 m Previous Name: Patut Sandstone and Conglomerate (Corby and others. Peña Pau Sandstone The Pau Sandstone is a member of the Malinta Formation in Tarlac. a tributary of Simuay River in western North Cotabato. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. (see Malinta Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. hypidiomorphic-granular and in some cases poikilitic. 1966). However. quartz and biotite with accessory apatite. The rock is fine to medium grained. The Patut conformably overlies the Nakal Formation and is conformably overlain by the Dinganen Formation. 1951) Renamed by: Froehlich and Melendres (1960) The Patut Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sedimentary sequence along Patut Creek. At the type locality.htm 10/12/2015 .Abra de Ilog Formation Page 275 of 374 Named by: Francisco (1956) The Patria Quartz Diorite (Francisco. Isotropic gabbros exposed to the east of Pandan that had been dated 20. 1991). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Patut Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. the Saul Creek facies consists of interbedded siltstone. It is in contact with marble along the northern and northwestern peripheries and with schists on the southwestern rim (Cruz and Lingat. On the other hand. radiometric dating of this diorite yielded ages of 20. The Patut is dated Middle Miocene with a thickness of 900 m in the south and 1. mudstone and medium grained sandstone with a basal lenticular porous reefal limestone. 1956).

Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Payo Formation Lithology: Manamrag volcanic and volcaniclastic facies – sandstone. Along Cobo River in Caramoran. Hilawan Limestone facies. Odiongan. The formation mainly underlies the central part of the island in Manamrag. andesitic flows and limestones. Bioclastic limestone is also interbedded with the volcaniclastic sequence along Cobo River in Caramoran. Middle to Late Eocene limestone in Cabugao in the eastern part of Virac could be considered equivalent to the Hilawan Limestone. some isolated outcrops of limestone interbedded with graywacke along Viga in the north indicate Late Eocene ages. Occasionally. This rock sequence is overlain by pillow lavas with intercalations of graywacke. Catanduanes Island Age: Early Eocene – Late Eocene Thickness: 1. They occur as cappings on the rolling hills which sit unconformably over the olistostrome of the Codon Formation. andesite Hilawan Limestone facies Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Codon Formation Distribution: Manamrag.500 m thick. as defined by Miranda and Vargas (1967) is characterized by fine to coarse andesitic graywackes. mudstone and conglomerate. equivalent to Middle Eocene). conglomerate. The limestone sequence is around 150 m thick. However. siltstone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 276 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. the Payo Formation is characterized by a 1500-m thick pile of fine and coarse graywacke and conglomerates which grade into interbeds of sandstone and siltstone. this facies is characterized by andesitic graywackes and siltstones with some intercalated andesitic lava flows.500 m Named by: Miranda and Vargas (1967) The Payo Formation. Radiometric K/Ar dating of pillow basalt underlying the limestone indicate an age date of 49. capped by nummulitic limestone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Peliw Formation Lithology: Calcareous sandstone. yellowish limestone directly overlying the pillow lavas gives way to bedded algal limestone and bioclastic limestone with few nummulites. Tablas Island Age: Late Pliocene Previous name: Peli Formation (Liggayu. nummulitic limestone rests on interbedded graywackes and calcareous siltstones.Directly overlying the pillow lavas in Manamrag is a white to yellowish bedded limestone unit. The coralline. Caramoran. A similar sequence was observed east of the island at Gigmoto overlying the deformed sequence of the Yop Formation. . The sequence is more than 1.88 Ma. Viga and the southern part of the municipality of Gigmoto. reddish calcareous fine grained siltstones occur in interstices of the pillows.htm 10/12/2015 .From Hilawan to Manamrag. North of the island in Bagamanok. Manamrag volcanics and volcaniclastics facies. The limestone outcrops are limited in extent and are not mappable. extending to Bat. equivalent to Ypresian or Early Eocene. . in Caramoran in the north. Paleontological analysis on limestone samples along the section from Manamrag to Hilawan yielded an age of late Lutetian or early Bartonian (P12 or P13. 1964) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The limestone cappings are grayish to white with facies variations of conglomeratic limestones and nummulitic limestones Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies Anahao Formation Distribution: Peliw. and in the southern part of the town of Gigmoto in the east. Two main facies have been recognized .volcanic and volcaniclastic facies and a limestone facies. Bat. Hilawan. Radiometric and paleontological dating indicates an age range of Early to Late Eocene for the formation.

is the Peliw Formation as renamed by Maac and Ylade (1988). Lanbangan-Danlugan. The formation was originally designated as Peli Formation by Liggayu (1964) which was mistakenly attributed to Vallesteros and Argaño (1965) in BMG (1981). composed of dark gray to black shales with subordinate siltstone and mudstone interbeds. limestone. the clasts being composed mostly of angular to subrounded cobble. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. east-central Zamboanga Peninsula Age: Late Miocene Thickness: ~ 500 m Named by: Antonio (1972) Antonio (1972) applied the name Pictoran Formation for the Late Miocene sedimentary units exposed at Pictoran area and vicinity.htm 10/12/2015 . which extends for about 30 km from Lumintao River to Caguray River. they laterally grade into gray silty to coarse-grained sandstone. It is white to buff. Other prominent exposures are in Tolay. However. Maac and Ylade (1988) recognized two divisions in the Peliw Formation. Looc Limestone at the upper part of the Peliw Formation is typically exposed in Looc. minor limestone Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Pictoran-Laperia. Ikwan-Bacaran. the Mayha Member is dated Late Pliocene to probable Early Pleistocene. The limestone member denotes deposition in a shallow reefal environment. mudstone. This unit is considered coeval with the Kayakian Shale. sandstone and conglomerate. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pictoran Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. the presence of nannoplankton Discoaster species restricts the age of the unit to Late Pliocene. Towards Peliw and Lupog areas. these clastic rocks typically occur as thick alternations of mudstone. altered volcanic rocks. the formation file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 277 of 374 Renamed by: Maac and Ylade (1988) Appearing as outlier on. 1988) with type locality at barangay Mayha. quartz and occasional diorite loosely embedded in a tuffaceous silty matrix. It conformably overlies the Mayha Clastic Member. sandstone. The conglomerates are poorly sorted. It is dated Late Pliocene to probable Pleistocene. Based on planktic foraminifers. Dominant fossils are colonial corals and encrusting algae. however. at Ikwan-Bacaran and at Labangan-Danlugan in east-central Zamboanga Peninsula. These rocks are grayish to cream. Odiongan. matrix. observed in Progresso Oeste. At Ikwan-Bacaran area. The maximum thickness of the conglomerate measures approximately 30 m. northwest of the Poblacion (town proper). fossiliferous and calcareous. obscurely bedded and made up of poorly consolidated corals and other calcareous debris. Odiongan. bedded.to clast-supported. Peña Piatt Mudstone The Piatt Mudstone is a member of the Caguray Formation in Mindoro. The Piatt Mudstone. This formation is mainly confined in the northwest trending strip of low rolling hills at Pictoran-Laperia. and unconformably overlying the Anahao Formation. the Mayha Clastics and Looc Limestone. Tubigon and in Capid and Pasilagan points. Conglomerates with interbeds of coarse-grained sandstones were. (see Caguray Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The name was derived from a small village of Peliw in the municipality of Odiongan. probably above the base of Stainforth's (1975) Pulleniatina obliquiloculata Zone. Planktic foraminifers and nannofossil assemblages contained in the mudstone points to a Late Pliocene age.to boulder-sized fragments of schists. The Mayha Clastic Member was proposed for the gently dipping sandstone and mudstone beds with occasional conglomerates distributed over Odiongan and Looc municipalities (Maac and Ylade. consists of non-calcareous to slightly calcareous mudstones and siltstone. At barangays Mayha and Rizal.

conglomerate. quartz and chert. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. outcrops include calcareous siltstone. 1972) In contrast. Corby and others (1951) report an age of Middle Miocene for the formation and a thickness of 500 . Lapos Point. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Piedras Andesite Lithology: Andesite. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Pilar and Togoron bays. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pilar Formation Lithology: Siltstone.600 m. It is probably Middle Miocene in age. Palawan Age: Middle Miocene? Previous name: Piedras Point Andesite (De Villa. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. limestone. ferromagnesian minerals. In places. The siltstone is massive to wellbedded and slightly carbonaceous. 1972). Puerto Princesa City. outcrops include massive and thinly bedded fossiliferous limestone and tuffaceous siltstone. Ticao Island Age: Middle Miocene Thickness: 500-600 m Named by: Corby and others.htm 10/12/2015 . the intercalated shale is thin bedded and is grayish green when fresh and yellowish brown when weathered (Antonio. Along Linkian Creek. Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the surrounding ultramafic rocks. strongly sheared. At Lapos Point. it contains clasts of predominantly andesite and basalt as well as limestone and quartz set in a sandy and/or tuffaceous matrix (Antonio. The sandstone is greenish gray to dark gray.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 278 of 374 attains a thickness of approximately 500 m. (1951) The Pilar Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the rocks underlying the area between Pilar and Togoron bays in the northern part of Ticao. usually thin bedded and in some places. It consists of siltstone. near Puerto Princesa City. at the Danlugan-Labangan area. The rock is dense hornblende andesite containing some quartz. massive conglomerate. limestone. The Pictoran consists of basal conglomerate and interbedded shale. The basal conglomerate is often poorly sorted and well-compacted. sandstone and mudstone with thin limestone at the upper section. and limestone. white fossiliferous limestone as well as thick impure limestone containing pebble-sized fragments. the conglomerate commonly contains granule. the sandstone is medium-grained and consists of fragments of volcanic rocks. In a section along Pictoran Creek. Distribution: Limited at Piedras Point.Andesite was previously named by De Villa (1941) as Piedras Point Andesite for the intrusive mass at Piedras Point (Punta Diablo) on the west coast. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Likewise. 1941) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Piedras. milky. The same section also yielded thick.to boulder-sized clasts of volcanic and sedimentary rocks.

The Panablan Limestone of Javelosa (1989) in Guimaras Island is probably the same as the Salvacion Limestone. biocalcarenite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 279 of 374 The San Rafael Formation in southern Ticao is apparently equivalent to the Pilar Formation in the north. The limestone occurs in Barrio Salvacion and Panobolon Island south of Guimaras. Capiz. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pilar Limestone Lithology: Calcarenite. Corpuz (in David. It consists of silty shale with thin limestone intercalations and could be equivalent to the Pilar Limestone. and tuffaceous. (see Sara Diorite). Peña Pilar Monzonite The Pilar Monzonite was designated by MMAJ-JICA (1988) for the exposures of monzonite at Pilar. The calcarenite is bluish gray and contains abundant foraminifera and coral heads. It consists of intercalated. It is the oldest sedimentary unit in Guimaras Island. sandstone. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Tolos Quartz Diorite and San Juan Formation Distribution: Upper Pinamucan. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pinamucan Formation Lithology: Conglomerate. The calcirudite is massive with interspersed subangular pebbles of andesite and chloritized pyroxene crystals. upper Calumpit and upper Lobo rivers. well-bedded. northeastern Panay Age: Late Oligocene Named by: Capistrano (1953) Synonymy: Salvacion Limestone (Culp and Madrid. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1988) mentioned that the Pilar Limestone was dated Late Oligocene based on nannofossils. 1967). carbonaceous siltstone. According to David (1988) the carbonate rock is composed of recrystallized calcarenite and calcirudite grading into biocalcarenite and calcisiltite. calcisiltite Stratigraphic relations: Not observed Distribution: Pilar-Balasan Road. It is equivalent to the Sara Diorite. calcirudite. Mention was made by BED (1986b) of an unnamed Oligocene clastic unit with a thickness of 200 m that was encountered in PODCO’s Lucena-1 well. Batangas file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.htm 10/12/2015 . The Salvacion Limestone of Culp and Madrid (1967) is equivalent to the Pilar Limestone. shale. 1967) The carbonate knobs that crop out along the Pilar-Balasan road were designated by Capistrano (1953) as Pilar Limestone. silty limestone. It was dated Late Oligocene on the basis of orbitoidal foraminifera and has an estimated thickness of 700 m (Culp and Madrid. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.

The formation is assigned a Pliocene age. Peña Pitogo Conglomerate The Pitogo Conglomerate of Punay (1960) in Bondoc Peninsula is probably equivalent to the the basal portion of the Lower Canguinsa. where they rest unconformably over the Tolos Quartz Diorite and metavolcanic rocks of the San Juan Formation. The paroxysmal eruption of 15 June was preceded by a 12 June eruption that produced an andesitic dome with basalt inclusions. plagioclase. Peña Pingkian Ophiolite The Pingkian Ophiolite of Maleterre (1989) at the southeast portion of the Cordillera and covering portions of the Caraballo could be dismembered portions of the Isabela Ophiolite. 1996). producing an estimated volume of 7-11 km3 of dacitic tephra (Bautista and others. The Pitogo was described as a sequence of conglomerate. poorly indurated and tuffaceous. The sandstone and shale are well bedded. light brown to grayish. 350 BC and 1342 AD (de Boer and others. belong to an andesitic stratovolcano that produced voluminous ignimbrites (Wolfe and Self. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The conglomerate is poorly indurated but well sorted with pebbles of andesite. 1991). sandstone and shale that crop out in the vicinity of upper Pinamucan. 1980. Pinatubo ranks among the world’s largest in this century. the northernmost volcano of the western volcanic belt in Central Luzon. Fe-Ti microphenocrysts and brown to light grey glass. The andesites are highly porphyritic with phenocrysts of plagioclase. The upper horizon of this unit is intercalated with pyroclastic rocks designated by Avila (1980) as Lobo Agglomerate. hornblende. 1983) before its eruption in 1991. Quartz xenocrysts and anhydrite are occasionally present. The 14-15 June 1991 eruption of Mt. or about 4 km3 of dense-rockequivalent (DRE). sandstone and shale with occasional thin beds of detrital limestone. and grey. Radiometric 14C dating of the pre-eruption volcanic ejecta yielded ages of 6. It conformably overlies the Vigo Formation in the northwestern portion of the peninsula.htm 10/12/2015 . These andesites are interpreted as having been generated by the mixing of dacitic and basaltic magma. phenocryst-poor pumice with small vesicles.000 BC. Newhall and others. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. diorite and metasediments set in a sandy tuffaceous matrix. Peña Pinatubo Volcanic Complex Mt. clinopyroxene. upper Calumpit and middle Lobo rivers. The eruptions in the succeeding days extruded two types of dacitic pumice: white phenocryst-rich vesicular. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Placer Conglomerate file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 280 of 374 Age: Pliocene Named by: Avila (1980) The Pinamucan Formation was named by Avila (1980) for the interbedded sequence of conglomerate. The fine-grained matrix consists of clinopyroxene. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. which is considered by MGB (2004) as part of the Pinamucan. olivine and Fe-Ti oxides. Pinatubo (1745 masl).

Clasts of the conglomerate range from angular to sub-angular and granule to boulder sizes. Albay file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Sorting is poor and bedding becomes apparent only where there are lenses of sandstone and shale. The carbonate rocks constituting the formation consist mainly of coralline limestone and calcarenites that reach up to 35 m in thickness. Bulalacao area. schist and quartzite set in a brown sandy matrix. Weller and Vergara (1955) called it Pocanil Formation to include the shale. 1951) Previous name: Pocanil Limestone (De Villa. hills north of Mananga Valley.htm 10/12/2015 . The sandstone is light gray and fine grained to pebbly. as well as the hills rising north of Mananga Valley. Paleontological dating by Agadier-Zepeda and others (1992) of foraminiferal assemblages in samples from the formation at Pocanil and elsewhere indicate an Early Miocene to Middle Miocene age. for the rocks at Pocanil Point. shale. Bacon. Manito. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The clasts. basalt. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pocanil Formation Lithology: Limestone.000 m (Corby and others. Mindoro Island Age: Early Miocene – Middle Miocene Thickness: 750 m . Buyayao Island and Peninsula.000 m as estimated by Corby and others (1951). At Buyayao Island. siltstone.1. shale. The Pocanil is also distributed in Buyayao Island and Buyayao Peninsula and covers much of the Bulalacao area between Soguicay Bay and Bulalacao (Cabilian) River. Peña Pocdol Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Napisian Formation Distribution: Pocanil Point. siltstone and sandstone interbedded with the limestone. Surigao del Norte as Placer Conglomerate. 1941) Renamed by: Weller and Vergara (1955) The Pocanil Formation was originally named Pocanil Limestone by de Villa (1941). The Pocanil conformably overlies the Napisian Formation. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Covers Late Miocene – Pliocene formation Distribution: Pocdol mountains. chert.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 281 of 374 Lithology: Conglomerate with lenses of sandstone and mudstone Distribution: Coastal area around Surigao del Norte and neighboring islands Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 100 m Named by: Santos-Yñigo (1944) Santos-Yñigo (1944) named the conglomerate with lenses of shale and sandstone in Placer. The Pocanil has a thickness of 750 m -1. The shale and siltstone are light to dark gray. calcareous and fossiliferous. the conglomerates are clast-supported and polymictic. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. ranging in size from pebbles to boulders. The formation is of Pleistocene age and is 100 m thick. Sorsogon. sandstone. southeastern Mindoro. include subrounded to rounded andesite. dacite.

equivalent to the Ligao Formation. These bodies trend northwest-southeast.600 m. Pangas Volcanics. tuff breccias.040 Ma Kayabon Tuff breccias with minor basaltic andesite lavas 0. peridotite. Suminandig Volcanics.040 Ma Cawayan Lava flows. UNI T LI THOLOGY AGE / DATI NG Pulog Pyroclastic flows. as well as those that now form the Matanga Dome and Osiao Dome. Kayabon Volcanics. Lison Volcanics. pyroclastic breccias and agglomerates 0.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 282 of 374 Age: Pliocene . 1972) Renamed by: Yumul and others (2000) The Polanco Ophiolite was previously named by Antonio (1972) as Mindanao Ultramafics for the serpentinized peridotite.Pleistocene Thickness: 2. 1983) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Pocdol Volcanic Complex was named by Alincastre (1983) for the volcanic rocks underlying the Pocdol Mountains and areas around Bacon in northeastern Sorsogon and Manito in southeastern Albay. basalt Stratigraphic relations: Not reported Distribution: Fault-bounded blocks between Sindangan and Molave. dunite and pyroxenite which occur as thrusted elongate bodies and erosional windows in younger formations between the towns of Sindangan and Molave.htm 10/12/2015 . basaltic agglomerate < 0. Zamboanga Age Cretaceous Previous name: Mindanao Ultramafic Complex (Antonio. Cawayan Volcanics and Pulog Volcanics. based on field relations and radiometric K-Ar dating. Basalt occurs in Mt. Palayang Bayan and Osiao craters account for the volcanic deposits of Pangas. The volcanic complex seems to have been active from Early Pliocene to Late Pleistocene.478 Ma Pangas Andesitic flows 1. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. sheeted dike complex.600 m Previous name: Pocdol Volcanics (Alincastre. Tebar (1988) distinguished seven lithostratigraphic units. tuff breccias with minor lahars 0. These are Malobago Volcanics. Pulog towards the northeast while dacite was noted in the eastern sector.065 Ma Lison Tuff breccias and laharic breccias with minor lavas. The table below gives a summary description of the various units of the Pocdol Volcanic Complex.5 Ma Suminandig Andesitic to dacitic flows with intercalated sedimentary rocks Early to Middle Pliocene Malobago Basaltic flows Early Pliocene Together with Botong Dome. modified from Panem and Alincastre (1985). Tanawon. Mt. Zamboanga. gabbro. parallel to a northwest-southeast file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Flank eruptions from Ranga. pyroxenite. The Pocdol consists of a thick sequence of lavas and pyroclastic rocks that overlie the Late Miocene – Pliocene San Lorenzo Sediments of Alincastre (1983). Drillhole data indicate that the volcanic complex attains a thickness of 2. Pangas is considered as the core of a large strato-volcano designated by Tebar (1988) as Pangas Volcano. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Polanco Ophiolite Lithology: Serpentinized dunite.

minor granodiorite. Polangui. 1955) Correlation: Lupa Granodiorite (Revilla and Malaca. As described by Yumul and others (2000). Exposures of wehrlite and gabbro which are intruded by troctolite represent the cumulate sequence. including Mt. Lithologically. pelagic mudstones that unconformably overlie basalt probably constitute the sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. diabase and some basalt. the ophiolitic suites may be considered as megablocks of the Gunyan Melange (MGB. Malinao. Although the Polanco is recognized as an ophiolite. Mt. Malinao in Tiwi and Ligon Hill in Legaspi City. The sheeted dike complex consists of microgabbro. The residual peridotite. The volcanic complex includes other inactive volcanoes in Albay represented by Mt. andesite. The volcanic rocks of this formation were probably extruded as early as mid-Pliocene. aplite and diabase. Oas. the volcanic flows consist of pyroxene andesites and scoriaceous olivine-bearing basalts. Masaraga in Ligao. The Sindangan is well represented by a northeast trending elongated body that starts from Timonan River in the north and extends south of Ingin River. Masaraga and Ligon Hill Age: Pliocene . Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The volcanic rocks consist of pillow basalt with associated lenses of agglomerate. The Sindangan Volcanics of Antonio (1972) apparently constitute the volcanic carapace of the ophiolite. Tabaco in Albay. Rather. Ligao. cumulate peridotites and gabbro. hornblende-biotite diorite. Ligao and Tabaco. The San Roque Tuffs of Corby and others (1951) is also considered a facies of this formation. the ophiolite consists of a complete crust-mantle suite that includes residual peridotite. is highly sheared and occasionally intruded by dikes of anorthosite. Mt. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Covers older rocks Distribution: Polangui. 2004).htm 10/12/2015 . The Polanco is assigned a probable Cretaceous age.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 283 of 374 structure called Sindangan-Cotabato Fault or Sindangan-Siayan Suture Zone. The thickness of the dikes ranges from a few centimeters to half meter. Peña Polangui Volcanic Complex Lithology: Basalt. 1963) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Polangui Volcanic Complex was previously named Polangui Volcanics by De Guzman (1963) for the volcanic rocks covering parts of Oas. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Polillo Diorite Lithology: Quartz diorite. gabbro and aplites Stratigraphic relations: Intrudes the Anawan Formation Distribution: Polillo Island Age: Early Oligocene Named by: Fernandez and others (1967) Synonymy: Bislian Quartz Diorite (Magpantay. In the Titay area. principally harzburgite.Pleistocene Previous name: Polangui Volcanics (De Guzman. It consists of volcanic flows with pyroclastic fragmental facies that subsequently built up the land forms constituting the volcanic region. sheeted dike complex and basalt. some workers have expressed doubts in treating it as a separate unit. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. 1987) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.

2 Ma (early Early Oligocene). magnetite. The granodiorite has about 10% potash feldspar. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Radiometric Rb-Sr dating of this intrusive was reported by Knittel (1985) to be 34. The granodiorite phase crops out near contact zones. The Lupa Granodiorite of Revilla and Malaca (1987) could be equivalent to the Polillo Diorite. (BMG. The diorite consists principally of intermediate feldspar (70%) and minor hornblende (15%) and quartz (10%). 1985). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The lower member consists of calcareous siltstone with silty limestone nodules and lenses and carbonaceous fragments. Masbate Island Age: Pleistocene Named by: Ferguson (1911) The Port Barrera Formation was named by Ferguson (1911) for the fine grained gray shale exposed on the opposite side of Port Barrera at the northernmost tip of Masbate. in Burton. 1955) refers to the same intrusive body (BMG. Marinduque Island Age: Late Miocene file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. mainly anhedral orthoclase and rarely perthites. It unconformably overlies the Buyag Formation. Corby and others (1951) assigned to this formation a Late Miocene to Pleistocene age.htm 10/12/2015 . 1981). 1991). often slightly shaly and locally conglomeratic. Accessory minerals are sericite. Accessory minerals are apatite. Ferromagnesian minerals are fresh green hornblende and minor amounts of chlorite and biotite. zircon and epidote. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Port Barrera Formation Lithology: Siltstone. It is overlain by the Masbate Limestone. the upper member is made up chiefly of coralline limestone. pyrite and apatite. 1985). The Port Barrera Formation is subdivided into two members. The main types consist of: (1) quartz diorite. limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over the Buyag Formation and overlain by the Masbate Limestone Distribution: Port Barrera. marl. equivalent to Pleistocene.4 1. magnetite. Intermediate plagioclase is about 40% and quartz is 20% of the rock volume. and aplites as thin dikes It is believed that these rocks are comagmatic and were probably intruded in the order as enumerated above.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 284 of 374 The Polillo Diorite was named by Fernandez and others (1967) for the plutonic intrusive complex intruding the Anawan Formation in the southern axial portion of the Polillo Island. Quartz diorite and hornblende-biotite diorite predominate over other associated phases of the intrusive. (3) granodioritemonzonite. respectively. The largest intrusive mass is exposed from Mount Malolod to the southern tip of Polillo Island. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Porvado Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate with minor sandstone and shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over truncated diorites Distribution: Porvado. Detailed investigation by geologists of Essex Mineral Company led to the distinction of five main types of intrusive rocks plus a number of sub-types (Burton. Porth and others (1989) report the presence of foraminifers and nannoplanktons corresponding to N22 and NN19 to NN20. Gabbroic phases occur as thin layers. It was considered Early Pliocene by BMG (1981). and (5) quartz monzonite porphyry. The leucocratic rock in the southern Polillo Island named Bislian Quartz Diorite (Magpantay. (4) a plug of quartz monzonite. derived from a calc-alkaline magma of gabbroic composition (Tulleman's written communication to Burton. (2) granodiorite.

1954) Renamed by: Peña (1970) Synonymy: Lepanto Metavolcanics (Lepanto Consolidated Company) The Pugo Formation was previously designated by Schafer (1954) as Pugo Series probably in reference to the exposures within the Pugo claims of Benguet Consolidated. Inc.htm 10/12/2015 .5 km wide) near contacts with quartz diorite bodies as in Ambalanga River and portions of Agno River. This is a sequence of basaltic and andesitic flows and breccias with minor interbeds of sandstones. The volcanic rocks include massive flows and pillow basalts which are highly fractured and epidotized.000 m and may even reach 1. Pillow lava structures in the volcanic rocks have been noted in some places. 1992). This unit may also be correlated with the volcanic flows constituting Maleterre's (1989) Pingkian Ophiolite farther east. argillites and chert. Baguio District. Benguet range from 39 Ma to 42 Ma (Sajona. volcanic breccia. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. A limestone clast in the upper member of the Malitep Formation. and in the Bontoc area by the Malitep Formation Distribution: Mankayan. fragmental flow. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pugo Formation Lithology: Basalt. It grades upward to arenaceous and slightly arkosic beds with diorite pebbles. The basal part of the conglomerate is dark colored. especially near barrio Dalupirip in Itogon. Age: Cretaceous – Eocene Thickness: over 1. mudstone. caps the wedge-shaped horst block of Marinduque outlined by the principal northwest faults. Benguet from where it derives its name. notably the Central Cordillera Diorite Complex as well as by a variety of dikes. as well as pyroclastic rocks. Benguet.000 m and may reach 1. have led Ringenbach (1992) to consider this unit as part of an ophiolitic basement. although they rarely exhibit distinct foliation. minor chert Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by its equivalent in the Baguio District by the Zigzag Formation. was dated Late Eocene. the rocks exhibit considerable effects of low grade metamorphism (greenschist facies) and even mapped separately as Dalupirip Schist. sandstone and shale. in addition to the occurrence of dikes evoking a sheeted dike complex. Nannofossil datings mentioned by Aurelio (1992) confirm a Late Miocene age already mentioned by earlier workers. named by Gervasio (1958). Radiometric dates of samples of volcanic rock from Mankayan. They are commonly weakly metamorphosed into greenschists. so named for the basement rocks in the area by the geologists of Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company. The equivalent of the Pugo Formation in the Cervantes Bontoc area is Lepanto Metavolcanics. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. siltstones and mudstones with some chert. In places. The Pugo Formation is considered to be of Cretaceous-Eocene age. pyroclastic rocks. 1999. in the Baguio District. which unconformably overlies the Lepanto metavolcanics. the volcanic flows are intruded by numerous diabasic dikes (Ringenbach. Reports of small outcrops of gabbro and gabbro float.6 Ma.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 285 of 374 Named by: Gervasio (1958) The Porvado Conglomerate. This formation underlies a large part of the eastern part of the Baguio District which is intruded by later igneous rocks. The formation consists of conglomerate. Itogon. This metamorphic effect is localized along narrow shear zones (up to 1. Crispin and Fuchimoto (1980) report a K Ar age of 82. In places. It overlies unconformably truncated intrusive rocks (BMG. unpublished report). Benguet. 1981). sandstone. including lamprophyres. for a sample of the schist. The Lepanto is presumably of Cretaceous-Eocene age.600 m (Balce and others. The total thickness of the Pugo Formation probably exceeds 1. equivalent to Late Cretaceous. 1980). This unit occupies a narrow N S trending belt on both sides of the Abra River Fault. Intercalated with these volcanic flow rocks are volcanic breccias and green and red tuffaceous sandstones.600 m Previous name: Pugo Series (Schafer.

The amphibolites then grade into the more distal greenschists. and epidote-carbonatechlorite schist. appear to be the lower grade metamorphic facies of the mafic and ultramafic rocks constituting the ophiolite. quartz-calcite-dolomite schist. These rocks are serpentinized in varying degrees. antigorite-hematite-actinolite schist. low grade calc schist. The greenschists grade into amphibolite to the west and basalt to the east. The amphibolites are structurally below the Surop Peridotite and thrusted over the Kalunasan Basalt and the greenschists. 50 m to 200 m wide. The ultramafic body constituting the Surop is approximately 30 km in length and 5 km in width. The Surop Peridotite was previously named Surop Ultramafics by Villamor and others (1984) for the peridotite exposures at Surop River and its tributaries. volcanic and sedimentary rocks Stratigraphic relations: Overlain by the Tagabakid and Sigaboy formations Distribution: Pujada Peninsula. which in turn grade into basalt. peridotite. These grade into amphibolite schist to the west and metabasalt to the east. Schistosity consistently trends NW-SE and dips moderately to the southwest. This body. gabbro.hornblende. The Surop consists mainly of harzburgite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 286 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. plagioclase . The ultramafic body constituting the Nagas extends for more than 30 km to the north (Barangay Jericho) with a maximum width of about 6 km. Matalao Gabbro. the greenschists in the central portion of the peninsula consists of epidotechlorite-antophyllite schist. These metamorphic rocks. The greenschist in the southern portion of the peninsula consists mainly of albiteepidote-actinolite and quartz-albite-chlorite-epidote. are often sheared and brecciated and criss-crossed by magnesite file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Apparently. dunite.chlorite . The Bitaogan Amphibolite is equivalent to the Ansuwang. which is layered and folded. Nagas Peridotite. Compostela Valley. for the amphibolite along Ansuwang Creek. The Surop is unconformably overlain by the Sigaboy Clastics. New Bataan. Field relationships show that the amphibolites tend to be in contact or proximal to peridotites. it is thrusted against the Kalunasan Basalt in which the thrust zone is characterized by the development of amphibolite and greenschists at the sole of the peridotite. Serpentinized peridotites. and low grade epidote-carbonate-chlorite schist. On the other hand. Tremolite-actinolite-antigorite schist is confined near the contact with the Surop Peridotites. designated as Tagugpo Schist. the dominant lithology. The amphibolites consist of plagioclase . In the central portion of the peninsula. Kalunasan Basalt and Iba Formation of Villamor and others (1984). which is thrusted against the Surop Peridotites. In places. Its contact with the Surop Peridotite is defined by a zone of amphibolite. It is a narrow elongated body with a maximum width of 300 m. which are described separately below. The Ansuwang Amphibolite was named by Villamor and others (1984). The Magpapangi Greenschist was named by Villamor and others (1984) for the schists occurring in the southern portion of Pujada Peninsula.5 km. Surop Peridotite.htm 10/12/2015 . The Nagas Peridotite was named Nagas Ultramafics by Villamor and others (1984) for the peridotite exposure at Nagas Point. therefore. a narrow metamorphic belt. a tributary of Luzon River. The schists. Lumao Diabase. include epidote-chlorite-antophyllite schist. is confined between the Surop Peridotite and Kalunasan Basalt. Outcrops are also found in Masanlud Creek to the east and Upper Aniwan River to the west. The main body. These varieties of schists occur within a narrow zone measuring 200 m. the amphibolites represent the metamorphic sole of the ophiolite and the schists are the lower grade metamorphosed portions of the mafic and ultramafic rocks constituting the ophiolite. dunite and lherzolite. Maragusan Valley Age: Cretaceous Named by: Villamor and others (1984) The west dipping Pujada Ophiolite includes the Magpapangi Greenschist. has a maximum width of 2 km and can be traced for 16 km along its length. The amphibolite along Tagabibi Creek has a maximum width of 1 km and a length of 3. chlorite-epidote-hornblende-anthophyllite and garnet amphibolite (which was noted in the vicinity of sitio Gabinanan in the southeastern portion of the peninsula). These metamorphic rocks have been thrusted eastwards over the Surop Peridotite. antigorite-hematite-actinolite schist.epidote hornblende. Ansuwang Amphibolite. can be traced from Lantawan Point on the eastern side of the peninsula to the north where it pinches out in the upper reaches of Ilihan and Andap creeks. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Pujada Ophiolite Lithology: Amphibolite.

The upper portion of the Kalunasan Basalt. The thickness of the dikes ranges from a few centimeters to a meter. This unit. mudstone. 1984). is characterized by west verging thrusts and reverse faults as well as folds overturned or recumbent to the west. It is widely exposed along the upper stretches of Luzon River to Lumao Creek. Its contact with the Nagas is characterized by a transition zone of peridotite-gabbro complex. red pelagic mudstones and limestones. although relict pillow structures have been recognized in some areas. The Iba Formation was named by Villamor and others (1984) for the exposures of pillow basalt intercalated with siliceous red argillites and crystalline limestone with lenses of red chert at Bgy. Diabase is the dominant lithology of the complex. The Matalao Gabbro of Villamor and others (1984) defines a northwest belt with a length of 17 km and a width of 2-4 km. cherts. In association with the Lumao Diabase are cross cutting dikes of hydrothermally altered basalt. near its thrust contact with the overlying Surop Peridotite. The Lumao Diabase also occurs as dikes within the Kalunasan Basalt although some exposures show gradational contacts.500 m based on projections. pyroxene gabbro and anorthosite. Davao Oriental. together with overlying well-bedded graywackes. This unit is also well exposed along the Lupon-Mati Road as a sequence of hyrdrothermally altered pillow basalts and sheet flows.htm 10/12/2015 . The Nagas is regarded by Villamor and others (1984) as part of the cumulate complex of the Pujada Ophiolite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 287 of 374 veinlets. The dikes trend NE-SW and dip steeply to the southeast. Most of the exposures are massive. (see Pandian Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Kalunasan probably represents the volcanic carapace of the Pujada Ophiolite. shale Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies older formations file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. A gradational contact with the Matalao Gabbro is described by Villamor and others (1984). The Kalunasan Basalt of Villamor and others (1984) consists of highly chloritized and epidotized basalt. Intense weathering results in a lateritic profile. is sheared and brecciated. The lower portion of the Lungag Dike Complex extends to the upper portion of the Matalao gabbro. The Iba Formation is equivalent to the Dawan Sediments of Melendres and Comsti (1951). The pillow basalts and pelagic sedimentary rocks constitute the Iba Fomation while the graywackes constitute the Sanghay Formation (Villamor and others. sandstone. Peña Pulute Formation The Pulute Formation of Reyes (1971) in Palawan is equivalent to the Pandian Formation. Iba in Mati. Sukalip and Palaypay creeks. the red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestone were not observed to lie over the Pujada Ophiolite in Pujada Peninsula itself where the Sigaboy Formation rests directly on the ophiolite. The Matalao includes both massive and layered gabbros. The upper portion is made up of hydrothermally metamorphosed diabase and basalt. However. Although the Iba Formation might be construed as representing the upper portion of the Pujada Ophiolite. The Complex can be traced along a north-northwest direction for about 19 km with a width ranging from 200 m to 3 km. The thickness of the formation along Badas Road is 610 m although it could attain a thickness of 1. The transition zone between the Nagas and the Matalao Gabbro is characterized by a peridotite-gabbro complex which is best exposed along Nagas creek and upper Aniwan Creek and its tributaries. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. diabase and gabbro designated informally by Villamor and others (1984) as Lungag Dike Complex for the exposures at Lungag Creek and the upper reaches of Luzon River. The Lumao Diabase of Villamor and others (1984) consists mainly of an outcrop that can be traced for 7 km with a width ranging from 50 to 600 m. Other outcrops are found along Kawayan. It consists mainly of norite with minor troctolites. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Punso Conglomerate Lithology: Conglomerate. Dike contacts are sharp and characterized by chilled margins. the same red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestones outcrop along the Hijo River where it has been described by Malicdem and Peña (1966) and Culala (1987) Quebral (1994) dated the red cherts and red pelagic mudstones and limestones as Late Cretaceous based on its foraminiferal content (Campanian to Maastrichtian) and radiolarian assemblage (Coniacian to Campanian).

limestone and indurated sediments set in a sandy and limy groundmass. Peña Pusok Conglomerate Member Lithology: Conglomerate with interbeds of sandstone and siltstone Distribution: Pusok and Painuman hills in Bataraza. Nannofossil assemblage belonging to zone NN11 in siltstones associated with the Punso also indicates a Late Miocene age (Marchadier and Rangin. Easton and Melendres (1953) added that mudstone. Palawan Age: Pliocene Thickness: 100 m (approx. It is also in fault contact with the Caguray Formation at its northern end. the pebbles are composed of chert. the conglomerate consists of pebbles.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 288 of 374 Distribution: Mt. At its type locality. Obelisk Peak. In central Palawan. The Pusok is probably coeval to the clastic facies of the Clarendon Formation in Balabac Island. slate. The limestone clasts contain fossils ranging in age from Pennsylvanian (Easton and Melendres. The Pusok Conglomerate is a member of the Iwahig Formation. cobbles and even boulders of ultramafic rocks set in a clayey sandstone matrix. schist and occasional megafossils. (see Isugod Formation) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Exposures of the Conglomerate are also found at the Sipainit-Nagbobong area at the headwaters of Lumintao River. 1953) to Late Oligocene-Early Miocene (Marchadier and Rangin. 1990). southern part of Kanturoy and Maguyong areas. A Pliocene age is assigned to this unit. Scattered pockets in the southern part of Kanturoy area were noted by Tumanda and Agadier-Zepeda (1995). 1959). (see Iwahig Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Punso. poorly consolidated and poorly sorted. interbedded with thin beds and lenses of sandstone and siltstone. The sandstone interbeds are light greenish gray and fine to medium grained and the siltstone is light gray. MIndoro Age: Late Miocene to Early Pliocene Thickness: 1. 1990). it is massive. about 22 km north of San Jose. the Conglomerate has a maximum thickness of 1. Studies of planktonic foraminifera from the Punso Conglomerate by Agadier-Zepeda and others (1992) and Tumanda and Agadier-Zepeda (1995) indicate a Late Miocene – Early Pliocene age for the formation.htm 10/12/2015 . western side of Lumintao River. schist. Peña Quezon Formation The Quezon Formation of Reyes (1971) in Palawan is partly correlative to the Isugod Formation. In the south.500 m Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Occidental Mindoro. It also underlies the gently rolling hills north of Puerto Princesa and comprises the terraces within the Iwahig and Inagauan penal colonies in central Palawan (de los Santos. basalt. Fossiliferous basal gray mudstones were also observed at the southeastern and northeastern sides of this synclinally folded conglomerate. chert. The Punso overlies unconformably older formations. It crops out at Pusok and Painoman hills at the eastern side of southern Palawan. Inagauan and Iwahig penal colonies.500 m Named by: Melendres (1953) The Punso Conglomerate was named by Melendres (1952) after Punso Mountain. poorly bedded. diorite and limestone set in a siliceous and limy matrix. quartzite. portions of Puerto Princesa City. Other clasts include gabbro. At Tagbarungis and Inagauan. east of Labangan River. its type locality. gabbro. Sipainit-Nagbobong area at the headwaters of Lumintao River. western side of lower Lumintao River and Obelisk Peak. The thickness is about 100 m. The unit is massive with pebbles of gneiss. shale and sandstone are interbedded with the conglomerate.) Named by: Casasola (1956).

Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Buhang Ophiolitic Complex Distribution: western part of Polillo Island Age: Late Cretaceous Named by: Fernandez and others (1967) Correlation: Lubingan Formation The Quidadanom Schist was named by Fernandez and others (1967) for the low-grade metamorphosed sedimentary rocks.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 289 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The units described above are highly indurated and exhibit low-angle bedding schistosity dipping to the east. Engañosa area. Mt. coal Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably underlies the San Pascual Formation Distribution: Quilla creek. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In places. siltstone. The formation is apparently unconformable over the Buhang Ophiolitic Complex.htm 10/12/2015 . The protolith of the Quidadanom Schist could even represent the sedimentary cover of the ophiolite. including small lenses of marble. conglomerate and coal. exposed at barrio Quidadanom. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Quilla Formation Lithology: Claystone. black carbonaceous claystone and siltstone contain nodules and large concretions of limonite. The formation occupies the western portions of Polillo Island occurring as patches from Binibitinan Malaki River in the north extending southwards to Barrio Masisi up to Barrio Agta on the south. The Animasola Conglomerate (Corby and others. The Animasola. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Quidadanom Schist Lithology: Tremolite-actinolite-chlorite schist. sandstone. the Quidadanom Schist is composed of tremolite-actinolite-chlorite schist. The Quidadanom Schist is correlated with the Late Cretaceous Lubingan Formation in northeastern Luzon. the exposure measured 90 m thick (Corby and others. At one place. conglomerate. sandstone. consists of conglomerate with interbeds of siltstones and sandstones. The coal beds measure up to one meter thick. It is also well exposed at Iriya Valley near Madanlog Point. phyllite and minor feldspar-mica schist. Corby and others (1951) give an age of Early Miocene for this formation. carbonaceous claystone. 1951) at Animasola Island is probably equivalent to the Quilla Formation. 1951). In Anawan Malaki River. The formation consists of brown to black. Engañosa area in the southcentral part of Burias. 1994). siltstone. Burias Island Age: Early Miocene Named by: Corby and others (1951) The Quilla Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) after Quilla Creek at the Mt. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The age of the Animasola is Early Miocene. Clasts of the conglomerate include volcanic rocks and serpentinites whose sizes attain boulder proportions. Iriya Valley near Madanlog Point. feldspar-mica schist phyllite. Clasts of the conglomerate are characterized by angular pebbles and boulders (up to 90 cm in diameter) of scoriaceous basalt set in a matrix of highly tuffaceous siltstone and sandstone. with exposed thickness of 90 meters. A metamorphosed limestone sample was dated Late Cretaceous (?) on the basis of Radiolarians (Dewever.

1856. from Tinalmud to Panganiran (Pio Duran) Age: Early Oligocene Previous name: Ragay Volcanics (Corby and others. All around the cones and craters. andesites. These volcanic cones include Kitabud Mountain. 1970). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ragang Volcanic Complex Lithology: Andesite. Globotruncana-bearing limestone with cherty layers. These blocks are generally found to be embedded in a calcareous shaly and silty matrix. Lanao del Sur Age: Pliocene . It is characterized by large reworked blocks of nummulitic conglomerates. From the southeast of this crater. The sequence represents a typical olistostrome (Abbate and others. Nannoplankton studies made on the matrix of the different units of olistostrome indicate ages of latest Middle Eocene to earliest Late Eocene (Nannofossil zone NP17-NP18). channel conglomerates with blocks of nummulitic limestones in the shale-siltstone sequence confirm the association of the olisostrome with the Tabgon Flysch. The limestone olistoliths attain sizes in the order of 50 m. Peña Ragas Olistostrome The Ragas Olistostrome is a member of the Caramoan Formation. Some calcite veinlets parallel to the shale sequence can be interpreted as the result of sediment dewatering. Jets of sulphurous vapors issue from vents in the crater and from one of the cones. Lanao del Sur is a stratovolcano whose eruption in 1840. In Tinajuagan. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Mt. 1840. The volcano is presently solfataric. Eruptions of Ragang were reported in 1834. 1997). and Magampao. pyroclastic rocks Distribution: North Cotabato.htm 10/12/2015 . The olistostrome underlies mostly the easternmost part of the peninsula from Guijalo to Rungus Point in the south and from Bikal to Ragas Point in the north. Makaturing in Butig. intruded by Panganiran Diorite Distribution: Western Albay. Makaturing. volcanoclastic rocks and siltstones.46 Ma (Sajona and others.Recent Named by: MGB (2004) Ragang Volcano occupies the northeast end of a series of relatively young volcanic cones at the boundary of Lanao del Sur and North Cotabato.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 290 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. scattered products of past eruptions are roughly sorted according to their sizes: boulders near the cones and cinders. 1856 and 1871 were vulcanian in nature. 1871 and 1873 and 1916. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The eruptive vent of Ragang is rimmed by three peaks with a deep hollow at the center. Mariyug. The matrix of the olistostrome generally consists of interbedded calcareous sandstone. A sample of andesite flow from Kitabud Mountain gave a radiometric K-Ar age of 0. Salagabanog. Maranat. lapilli and ashes farther away. Along Ragas Point the matrix is composed of reddish siltstone and grayish shale. limestones with Orbitolina. Reddish calcareous mudstones are intercalated with slumped limestone blocks or megaclasts and limestone breccias. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ragay Andesite Lithology: Andesitic flows and agglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Pantao Limestone. siltstone and shale. jagged lava flow rocks radiate for about one kilometer. 1951) Renamed by: De Guzman (1968) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. conformably overlain by the Isugod Formation Distribution: Ransang River. The andesite contains both clinopyroxene and hornblende which are chloritized in varying degrees.htm 10/12/2015 . including calcarenites and calcsiltites. quartzo-feldspathic schist Distribution: Eastern part of Rapu-Rapu Island Age: Cretaceous Named by: Wolfe (in Motegi. epidote (20%).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 291 of 374 The Ragay Andesite was previously named Ragay Volcanics by Corby and others (1951) for the discontinuous belt of andesitic volcanic flows and agglomerates underlying most of Bicol Peninsula. chlorite (15%) and muscovite (15%). 1975) for the metamorphic rocks that underlie the eastern twothirds of the island. Pagoda Hills and along the Ipilan-Kalatagbak route. Devil's Peak. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Rapu-Rapu Schist Lithology: Greenschist. The andesite in contact with the limestone is highly ferruginous and characteristically brickcolored. calcarenite and calcisiltite Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Pandian Formation. especially western Albay. Patchy remnants were noted in Labog. The volcanic flows are largely fine grained and light green to light greenish gray when fresh. coral and molluscan fragments were observed in the limestone. Barangay Underground. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Malanut Range. Deposition probably occurred in a relatively shallow marine environment from the main reef complex to the lagoonal area. Quezon. 1975) The Rapu-Rapu Schist was named by Wolfe (in Motegi. The Ransang is correlative to the St. It is intruded by the Late Oligocene Maonon Diorite. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Ransang Limestone Lithology: Limestone. relict pillow structures can be discerned. Finer grained layers consist principally of chlorite. Pagoda Hills and along the Ipilan-Kalatagbak route. Named by: Martin (1972) The Ransang Limestone was originally designated by Martin (1972) for the carbonate exposures in Gap Hill near the headwaters of Ransang River in Barrio Ransang. Benthic foraminifers. Barangay Underground. Cherty nodules are present in the formation. Malanut Range. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418.. Tests of Spiroclypeus and Lepidocyclina species identified in the Ransang suggest an Early Miocene age for this formation (Maac and Agadier. Paul Limestone onshore and Nido Limestone in offshore northern Palawan. A typical greenschist is composed of the following mineral proportions: feldspar (30%). as patches in Labog. It consists mainly of quartz-chlorite schist and quartz-feldspar-muscovite schist. epidote and feldspar. Quezon. Barrio Ransang. Palawan Island Age: Early Miocene. actinolite (20%). Lit-par-lit bands of andesite along the bedding of older limestone have been noted by De Guzman (1963). Layering due to changes in grain size and composition is common. The quartzofeldspathic muscovite schist may display gneissic texture due to the segregation of quartz from layers of feldspar-chloriteepidote-actinolite. algae. 1988). The formation consists of cream to gray. massive to bedded limestone. In places. Devil's Peak.

500 m to 3.000 m. the metamorphosed shale and sandy shale exposed north of Looc. in fault contact with the Sibuyan Ultramafic Complex. marble and quartzite. Sta. phyllite and quartzo-feldspathic schists. Cobrador and Alad islands. Sibuyan. Paul Limestone. Romblon Metamorphics (BMG. (see St. gabbro intruded these metamorphic rocks. 1910). 1924). Petrographic analysis indicates that the amphibolite consists mainly of hornblende needles. This is correlated with the metamorphic rocks of Mindoro and Buruanga.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 292 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Reed Bank may also be correlated with the St. Tablas Island are apparently older than Permian. Sibuyan Formation (Hashimoto. typically exposed in the middle course of Lunas River. In northern Tablas Island. basic flows overlie the metamorphics. 1964). They are usually brownish to greenish gray and massive. Subsequent workers had renamed this unit as the Sibuyan Formation (Hashimoto. 1981) The Romblon Metamorphic Complex of Vallesteros and Argaño (1965) refers to the schists and marbles that serve as the basement rocks of the Romblon Island Group. Tablas Island. In San Agustin and Culaton Hill. Romblon (type locality). The marble is irregularly bedded. Peña Reed Bank Limestone The Reed Bank Limestone was designated by Keston (1981) for the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene limestone encountered in subsurface drilling at Reed Bank which he correlated with the Nido Limestone. 1939). Romblon Island. No fossil was identified from the Romblon Metamorphic Complex but a Paleozoic age was assigned by BMG (1981). Cobrador and Alad islands Age: Paleozoic Previous name: Romblon Marble (Adams. 1910) Renamed by: Vallesteros and Argaño (1965) Stratigraphic correlation: Mindoro Metamorphics in Mindoro Island Synonymy. gray.htm 10/12/2015 . According to Fontaine and others (1983). Tablas. in the same island from Alcantara to Canguyo.white. Likewise. either intercalating or overlying the schist. Romblon Formation (Smith. Fe. The quartzo-feldspathic schist is composed of interlocking grains of twinned plagioclases and quartz grains. overlain by basic flows in Tablas Island from Alcantara to Canguyo. plagioclase and quartz. biotite-muscovite-quartz schist. slate. Extensive outcrops were observed in Romblon. based on five wells drilled over the Reed Bank area. basement rocks (Corby and others. The foliated rocks are composed of amphibolite. quartzite and marble Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Tablas Volcanic Complex in northern Tablas Island. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The unit basically consists of foliated rocks intercalated with slate. yellowish-brown. It is described as laminated and varicoloured -. The metamorphosed clastic rocks identified by Fontaine and others (1983) outcropping north of Looc. Tablas Island are also presumed part of the Romblon Metamorphic Complex. Romblon Metamorphic Rocks (Liggayu. Similarly. 1951). The schists in Tablas could be equivalent to the metamorphosed and strongly folded grey to black shale and sandy shale described by Fontaine and others (1983). The biotite-muscovite-quartz schist is greenish to brownish gray with granoblastic quartz grains admixed with biotite and muscovite flakes. Sibuyan. pinkish and black (Angeles. It was originally designated as Romblon Marble by Adams (1910). 1939). 1981). Sta. Fe Distribution: Lunas River. Romblon Marble (Adams. it was found unconformably overlain by the Tablas Volcanics and in fault contact with the Sibuyan Ultramafics. Tablas Island. 1980). 1951). Paul Limestone) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. it was also found in contact with the ultramafics at Sibuyan Island. Tablas. and Romblon Metamorphics (BMG. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Romblon Metamorphic Complex Lithology: Schists. intruded by gabbro at San Agustin and Culaton Hill. Basement Rocks (Corby and others. The whole Neogene sequence including the Reed Bank Limestone has a thickness ranging from 1. Romblon.

including the Rosario massif. Sagada. Mountain Province Age: Late Eocene – Early Oligocene Thickness: >200 m and may reach 400 m Previous name: Sagada Limestone (Maleterre. Benguet Distribution: Cervantes-Bontoc Road. This limestone can also be observed in the Lianga Bay area. 1984) (see Amlang Formation. biosparite. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Surigao del Sur Age: early Middle Miocene Named by: Quebral (1994) This formation was named by Quebral (1994) for the limestone exposure in the Rosario-Banahaw mine area. Fossils indicate an age of Late Miocene to Pliocene for the Rosario Formation (Tumanda. Peña Rosario Formation The Rosario Formation was earlier named by Corby and others (1951) for the Late Neogene sedimentary rocks in La Union. Lianga Bay area. Upper member – red and green mudstones with minor conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformably underlain by the Malitep Formation in Bontoc area. Quebral (1994) shows that what has been mapped earlier as an extensive Pleistocene limestone is actually early Middle Miocene limestone capped in certain locations by uplifted Pleistocene limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 293 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. namely a lower Amlang Formation and upper Cataguintingan Formation with an unconformity dividing them. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Rosario Limestone Lithology: Massive coralline limestone Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Bislig Formation Distribution: Rosario-Banahaw mine area. This limestone may be correlated with the Timamana Limestone of the northern Pacific Cordillera and the Agtuuganon Formation of the southern Pacific Cordillera. Cataguintingan Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. The Rosario lies conformably over the Bislig Formation at Mangagoy. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Sagada Formation Lithology: Lower member – limestone. and overlain by the Balili Formation in the Lepanto mine area in Mankayan. Lorentz (1984) proposed to elevate the constituent members of the Rosario Formation into two distinct formations. The limestone represents the thick and massive limestone of early Middle Miocene age capping a large portion of the Mindanao Pacific Cordillera. 1989) Renamed by: MGB (2004) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. biomicrite.htm 10/12/2015 . The formation was previously subdivided into a lower Amlang member and an upper Aringay member.

It is about 200 m thick and is dated Oligocene. Magispao Reef and Sagasa Point. A large part of the Sagada Formation apparently corresponds to the Tineg Formation of MMAJ JICA (1977. The 200 m thick limestone body in Sagada which MMAJ JICA (1980) included as part of its Tineg Formation is probably the same as the limestone of the Sagada Formation described by Maleterre (1989). consisting of thinly bedded limestone.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 294 of 374 Synonymy: Tineg Formation (MMAJ-JICA. He divided it into three members. It was estimated to be 300 400 m thick in Abra area. so that the Sagada Formation is left with only two members: a lower limestone member and an upper clastic member. a 100 m thick middle member of well bedded red and green mudstones with minor conglomerate. The Apaoan Volcaniclastics of Garcia (1991) could also be equivalent to the upper member of the Sagada Formation. pillow basalts. Garcia (1991) reports an Early Oligocene dating by Maac for radiolaria from red beds of the Apaoan Volcaniclastics obtained from Level 670. especially at Madahon Point. probably Early Oligocene. This was described as a sequence of pyroclastic rocks with intercalated dacitic flows. pillow basalt. biomicrites and biosparites. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. on the Cervantes Bontoc road. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. named for the Pleistocene basaltic and andesitic volcanic rocks at Sagay. Palawan. but presumably attains a thickness of 1. Stratigraphic relations: Probably formed through tectonism Distribution: Scattered promontories and islets along the east coast of Ulugan Bay. Peña Sagay Volcanics The Sagay Volcanics of Yap (1972). The formation consists of thinly laminated biomicrite which shows volcanic clasts in places.500 m in Bontoc area. Maleterre (1989) reports a dating of Late Eocene to Early Oligocene age for the Sagada Limestone. quartzite. UNDP (1985) observed successions of grey mudstone and calcareous mudstone. 1977). and a 5 m thick upper member made up of volcanic biomicrite. Hill 227. MMAJ JICA (1980) dates the limestone at Sagada as Late Oligocene. namely: a lower member with a thickness of 100 200 m. Palawan Age: Possibly Oligocene Previous name: Sagasa Point Tectonic Complex (UNDP. However. 1991). sandstones. The type section of the Columbus Formation is along an unnamed tributary of Agno River (Maleterre.htm 10/12/2015 . Tubo area. Columbus Formation (Maleterre. Apaoan Volcaniclastics (Garcia. The lower limestone member of the Sagada Formation is correlated with the Columbus Formation farther southeast. 1980) and BMG (1981). The age of the Sagada Formation is regarded by MGB (2004) as probable Late Eocene to Early Oligocene. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Sagasa Melange Lithology: Chaotic mixture of turbidite. 1989) and outcrops are limited on hilltops east of Agno River. 1985) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Sagasa Melange was previously designated by UNDP (1985) as Sagasa Point Tectonic Complex in reference to the chaotic mixtures of turbidites. Kalinga Apayao and Bontoc area. between Sabangan and Bauko. 1989) The Sagada Formation was originally described by Maleterre (1989) as Sagada Limestone for the pre Miocene limestone in the Cervantes Bontoc area. The best sections are exposed west of Bontoc. Ringenbach (1992) considers the upper member as part of the overlying Balili Formation. cherts and quartzites outcropping in the Ulugan Bay area. mudstones and limestone mapped in Abra area (where it was originally recognized). At the Madahon Point. The tectonic activity that gave rise to the formation of the melange probably occurred during the Oligocene. Negros file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. This formation shows a gradational and concordant contact with the Malitep Formation along Sabangan River. chert.

Siguil Formation and Kamanga Limestone. It conforms to the configuration of the present fold system. Peña Salog Andesite Formation The Salog Andesite Formation (UNDP. At the type locality. trends more or less to the northwest and dips moderately to the southwest. The boundary between the two members is marked by boulder to cobble conglomerate. The formation. 1963) Renamed by: MGB (2004) The Salbuyon Schist was named for exposures of metamorphic rocks at Salbuyon and Apno creeks in the southeastern part of the Daguma Range.htm 10/12/2015 . Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Salbuyon Schist Lithology: Piedmontite schist. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Iloilo. Peña Salngan Member The Salngan Member is part of the Passi Formation in eastern Panay.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 295 of 374 Island. consisting mainly of hornblende and minor amounts of plagioclase. consisting mainly of crystalline schists of various subfacies resulting from the regional metamorphism of older volcanic and sedimentary rocks. The same may be said for the pyroclastic rocks in Kabiluhan River and Kasoy Creek reported by Domingo (1977) and those on the southeastern part of Cabanbanan area. The thickness is 373 m along Guinayan River. Mindanao Age: Cretaceous? Previous Name: Salbuyon Formation (Santos and Baptista. Capiz to Barrio Cubay. It occurs at the edges of the volcanic rocks in the eastern border from Badbaran River east of Damarco. The amphibolites have distinct alignment of euhedral amphiboles without any segregation banding. quartzo-feldspathic schist. southeastern part of the Cotabato Cordillera (Daguma Range). file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. (see Canlaon Volcanic Complex) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. amphibolite schist Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlain by the Kiamba Formation Distribution: Salbuyon and Apno creeks. San Enrique. which runs parallel to the initial structural grain of the area. primarily along Salbuyon and Apno creeks. The schists are partly traceable along the southeastern core of the Cotabato Cordillera. Amphibolite schist. The formation is composed principally of piedmontite schist. The foliation. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. as correlated with similar occurences elsewhere in Mindanao. Negros Occidental and in the upper reaches of Kabiluhan River and Kasoy Creek. The member is made up of massive homogenous mudstone and indurated sandstone. Cauayan. is believed to be of Cretaceous age. the formation is unconformably overlain by younger formations such as Kiamba Formation. The more predominant piedmontite schist is massive to well-foliated and is closely associated with quartz-chlorite-sericite schist. 1987) described as andesite and andesite pyroclastics exposed in southeast Jetafe. are not as common as the other types but are often encountered as float in the Siguil-Kamanga ridge and valleys. is probably equivalent to the eruptive products of the Canlaon Volcanic Complex. It was named after Barrio Salngan about 10 km north-northeast of Passi. quartzo-feldspathic schist and quartz-chlorite-sericite schist. These comprise the oldest rocks in southern Cotabato Cordillera. quartz-chlorite-sericite schist.

It was dated Late Oligocene on the basis of orbitoidal foraminifera and has an estimated thickness of 700 m (Culp and Madrid. pillow basalts. The Lawaan and Anagasi formations could be part of the ophiolite suite. sheeted dikes. dunite. Peña Salomon Member The Salomon Member of the Dacao Formation of Florendo (1987). probably Early Cretaceous Named by: MMAJ-JICA (1990) The Samar Ophiolite in eastern Samar is part of the Samar-Surigao segment of the Eastern Bicol-Eastern Mindanao Ophiolite Belt (BMG.medium to coarse grained hornblende phyric andesite and andesite porphyry. 1986). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E.htm 10/12/2015 . The Lawaan Formation. It is intruded by the Talibon Diorite. In Salog. No diagnostic fossil was identified in this member. two types of andesite were identified . gabbro. sheeted dykes and pillow basalts (Garcia and Mercado. is probably equivalent to the Jetafe Andesite. Maasin. pyroclastic rocks Stratigraphic relations: Constitutes the basement rocks Distribution: southeastern Samar Age: Cretaceous. which underlies the Anagasi Formation. 1991). is partly equivalent to the Felsic Volcanic Rocks Rocks of Garcia and Mercado (1981) and BMG (1981). The Giporlos Ultramafic Complex. file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The ophiolite is characterized by a series of north trending thrust slices constituting a repetitive sequence of ophiolite suite and characterized as Alpine-type intrusion (Franco and others. Peña Salvacion Limestone The Salvacion Limestone of Culp and Madrid (1967) is equivalent to the Pilar Limestone. MMAJ-JICA. 1981.to very coarse-grained sandstone and rare shale and calcareous mudstone observed in the thrust slab at the headwaters of the Kantaring River. 1993). Southern Leyte. could be equivalent to the Taog Formation and may be considered as a facies of the Tagabaca. Moon and others. sheeted dikes and Camcuevas Volcanics in southeastern Samar comprise the Samar Ophiolite. It is the oldest sedimentary unit in Guimaras Island. 1981. gabbro. The limestone occurs in Barrio Salvacion and Panobolon Island south of Guimaras. (see Taog Formation) Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. but a probable Early Miocene age is inferred based on its position with respect to the overlying Middle Miocene Danao Limestone of Florendo (1987). 1990. Parallel laminations are common in the sandstone facies. The andesite unconformably overlies the Rizal Basaltic Wackes of the Ubay Formation. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column Samar Ophiolite Lithology: Peridotite.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 296 of 374 Bohol. It embodies a nearly complete ophiolite sequence consisting of peridotite. The Salomon consists of medium. dunite. The Anagasi Formation in central Samar is correlative to the sheeted dikes and the Camcuevas Volcanic Complex which are both overlain by the Upper Cretaceous Balo Formation. 1967).

The San Antonio unconformably overlies the Eocene TaluntunanTumicob Formation and is intruded by diorite and andesite porphyry. dacite. Its type locality is San Antonio. pyroclastic rocks and welded tuff. wackes. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column San Isidro Limestone Lithology: Coralline limestone Stratigraphic relations: Unconformably overlies older formations Distribution: San Isidro Bay. The formation is broadly warped. The associated chert. western Leyte file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. The unit consists principally of andesitic flows. Peña San Agapito Dacite San Agapito Dacite of Verde Islands could be equivalent to the San Juan Formation in Batangas (see San Juan Formation). Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column San Antonio Formation Lithology: Andesite. Masbate Island. chert Stratigraphic relations: Unconformable over Taluntunan-Tumicob Distribution: San Antonio. pyroclastic rocks. The Sambulawan could correspond to the Nabangig Formation. Its upper part is capped in many places by volcanic chert and silicified pyroclastic rocks. called Palompon Chert. limestone. 1990). including the Sabong Clastics. located about 8 km south of Dolores. outcrops define an arcuate belt from La Mesa to Marlanga Bay. The formation is unconformably overlain by Middle Miocene Lamon Andesites of MMAJ-JICA (1990) as observed along Lamon. with the major part occupying the northeast flank of the island. High angle crossbedding observed at Sambulawan River suggests a fluvial or shallow marine depositional environment. Paleontological dating indicates a Late Oligocene-Early Miocene age for the Sambulawan (MMAJ-JICA. Domingo and others. is massive. siltstone. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. This unit is exposed on the beach north of Bituon. and basalt breccia. Marinduque Island Age: Early Oligocene (NP21) Named by: Gervasio (1970) This formation was named by Gervasio (1970) for the rocks exposed in an arcuate belt from north of La Mesa to Marlanga Bay. faulted and fractured and small exposures occur as erosional windows underneath the Upper Miocene Gasan Formation. minor mudstones.htm 10/12/2015 . Tugbo. Peña Sambulawan Formation The Sambulawan Formation of UNDP (1984) is described as a sequence of conglomerate. some dacitic layers. and minor volcanic wacke. which is equivalent to the age of the San Antonio Andesite of Motegi (1975). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Nannofossil zone NP21 (Early Oligocene) was reported by Aurelio (1992). 1990).Abra de Ilog Formation Page 297 of 374 Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. pinkish to buff and occurs as small bodies and float (Sto. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. wacke. and Sambulawan Rivers.

Leyte file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. shale and fine tuffaceous sequences with intercalations of volcanic flows Stratigraphic relations: In some isolated outcrops it apparently rests over older volcanic rocks and Babatngon Schist Distribution: San Jose. conglomerate Stratigraphic relations: Conformable over the Ticao Limestone Distribution: San Jacinto vicinity. silty limestone. serpentinite. Their assumption was established on the similarity of age of both units. The Matalom unconformably overlies the Inopacan Formation. More precisely. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. In southern Leyte. The age of the formation is given by Corby and others (1951) as Late Miocene – Pliocene. Ticao Island Age: Late Miocene – Early Pliocene Thickness: Maximum 900 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) The San Jacinto Formation was named by Corby and others (1951) for the sequence of siltstones. limestone. It refers to the sequence of bioclastic deposits and coralline limestone extensively exposed in the peripheral and coastal areas of southern Leyte. limestone. on the northeastern coast. Aurelio (1992) reports that nannofossil assemblages recovered on the more detrital deposits on top of the sequence belong to NN15 zone. 1985). Corby and others (1951) estimate the thickness of the San Isidro to be at least 50 m. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. equivalent to Zanclean (Early Pliocene). sandstone. and conglomerate. The formation consists of intergrading beds and lenses of calcareous siltstone. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column San Jose Formation (Leyte) Lithology: Conglomerate. The maximum thickness is estimated at 900 m. Massive conglomerate is widespread in the lower portion. and coral heads. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column San Jacinto Formation Lithology: Siltstone.htm 10/12/2015 . a probable lateral extension of the San Isidro Limestone is the Matalom Limestone of Florendo (1987). although it is separated from the Ticao Limestone by beds of siltstone and silty limestone. Tolosa. chert. It is equivalent to the Carcar Limestone in Cebu. Porth and others (1989) and Mueller and others (1989) consider the San Isidro to be equivalent to the Tuktuk Formation. limestone and conglomerates at San Jacinto and the east coast of the island. quartz. Pebbles and boulders (up to 65 cm in diameter) of the conglomerate include basalt.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 298 of 374 Age: Pleistocene Thickness: 50 m Named by: Corby and others (1951) Synonymy: Matalom Limestone (Florendo. The Limestone is dated Pleistocene (MMAJ-JICA. The calciclastics are composed of calcarenite. 1987) Correlation: Carcar Limestone in Cebu The San Isidro Limestone was named by Corby and others (1951) for the flat-lying Pleistocene coralline limestone at San Isidro Bay. calcisiltite and calcirudite with occasional calcareous mudstone.

Peña San Jose Limestone The San Jose Limestone in the central part of Samar was designated by BED (1986b) and is equivalent to the San Jose Formation of Cabantog and Quiwa (1982). Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. graywacke. Tolosa. is equivalent to the Balo Formation. slate. shale. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. hornfels Stratigraphic relations: Intruded by the Tolos Diorite Distribution: San Juan and Lobo. The interbedded shale and sandstone are calcareous. It covers an expanse of about 7 km by 2 km at an elevation of 300 m above sea level. Peña Show Stratigraphic Map || Show Stratigraphic Column San Juan Formation (Batangas) Lithology: Basalt. Batangas Age: Oligocene Previous name: San Juan Metavolcanics and Metasediments (Avila. Peña San Jose Formation (Samar) The San Jose Formation of Cabantog and Quiwa (1982) which conformably overlies the Anagasi Formation in central Samar. sandstone. Jose. andesite. 1970). The beds generally strike northwest and dip at an average of 45 degrees.htm 10/12/2015 . The formation is designated as San Jose Limestone by BED (1986b). paraschist.Abra de Ilog Formation Page 299 of 374 Age: Early Miocene Thickness: 950 m Named by: Pilac (1965) The term San Jose Formation refers to the slightly metamorphosed clastic deposits occuring in an isolated hill located in the east coast at Barrio San. the formation apparently rests over older volcanic rocks and schist. The conglomerate consists predominantly of pebbly rounded andesite clasts with few limestone fragments set in sandy matrix. These consist of successions of conglomerate. The clastic rocks are indurated and slightly metamorphosed. A maximum thickness of 950 m was measured for the formation. Fossils sparsely distributed in the clastic rocks indicate an Early Miocene age. marble. Leyte (Pilac. The limestone interbeds in San Jose and Maylube contain various species of Globotruncana and Rugoglobigerina with Heterohelix globulosa (Ehrenberg) pointing to a Late Cretaceous (Turonian) age (Reyes and Ordonez. It is described as thinly bedded deep water micrite. 1980) Renamed by: MGB (2004) Correlation: San Agapito Dacite (Verde Island) file:///C:/Users/ianx/AppData/Local/Temp/~hh9418. Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. shale and fine tuffaceous beds with intercalations of andesitic volcanic flows. 1965). At the type area.

Lexicon of Philippine Stratigraphy 2008 by Rolando E. Peña San Juan Quartz Diorite The San Juan Quartz Diorite was named by Avila (1980) for the bodies of quartz diorite intruding the San Juan Formation in the eastern part of southern Batangas. It was dated by M. Peña San Mateo Clastics The San Mateo Clastics consists predominantly of tuffaceous sandstone and pebble conglomerate. The formation also includes hornfels. The metavolcanic rocks are dark gray to greenish-gray. The limestone has a thickness of about 200 m and is believed to be Pliocene in age.