INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF LIGHTHOUSE AUTHORITIES (IALA

)

MARITIME BUOYAGE SYSTEM ‘A’
EITHER HAND
TOP MARKS OPTIONAL

PORT HAND CHANNEL [or ‘LATERAL’] MARKS
WHEN INBOUND

STARBOARD HAND
WHEN INBOUND

CAN

CONICAL [also known as ‘NUN’] SPHERE

TOP MARKS OPTIONAL

PILLAR
TOP MARKS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL

NORMAL = GREEN

EXCEPTIONAL = BLACK

PILLAR ALTERNATE
TOP MARKS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL TOP MARKS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL

PILLAR

PILLAR

SPAR

SPAR

LIGHTS MUST BE RED (ANY PATTERN) IF FITTED

LIGHTS WHITE (LONG FL.) IF FITTED

SPAR

LIGHTS MUST BE GREEN (ANY PATTERN) IF FITTED

LIGHTS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL

NORTH
LIGHT PATTERN Q or VQ (continuous)
O R TH

TOP MARKS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL

DANGER MARKS
TOP MARKS REQUIRED IF PRACTICAL

PILLAR

SPAR

N

EA

ST

PILLAR

SPAR

NORMAL EAST
LIGHTS WHITE (GRP. FL. 2) IF FITTED

WEST

PILLAR

PILLAR

SPAR

SPAR

POINT OF INTEREST

SPECIAL MARKS
Mark spoil areas, special anchorages, moorings, etc.

DRUM

PILLAR

Q(9) or VQ(9) GROUPS

Q(3) or VQ(3) GROUPS

ES T

LIGHTS YELLOW WHEN FITTED (UNIQUE PATTERN VS. WHITE)

W

PILLAR

U TH

SPAR

SPHERE

CAN

LIGHT PATTERN Q(6) or VQ(6) + L GROUPS

CARDINAL MARKS

THESE SHAPES INDICATE HAND (SAME AS FOR CHANNEL MARKS)

NUN

SO

SPAR

LIGHT PATTERN

SOUTH

LIGHT PATTERN

SPAR

N
O R TH

W
T ES

SO
TH U

EA

ST

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