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Year 11 PDHPE

Diagram of the heart


Task: Colour and label your own diagram of the heart

Structure of the heart

Task: Account for the difference in thickness
of the right as compared to the left chamber
of the heart.

Go to the following link.
 Watch the slide show which demonstrates
blood flow to and from the heart.
 Task: Outline the function of each of the
following cardiac structures:
 Inferior vena cava, superior vena cava,
right atrium, left atrium, pulmonary artery,
pulmonary vein, right ventricle, left
ventricle, aorta, carotid artery, septum.

Blue blood becomes Red blood

How the Heart Works: How Blue
Blood Becomes Red

As the blue blood flows through the main
pulmonary artery to the lungs the pulmonary
artery branches to smaller and smaller
pulmonary arteries and then those branch into
very tiny blood vessels called capillaries. The
capillaries come around and encircle the walls of
the air sacs (alveoli).

The alveoli contain high oxygen content and low
carbon dioxide content. The blue blood contains
low oxygen content and high carbon dioxide
content. At the surface of contact with the alveoli,
the blue blood releases its carbon dioxide to the
air sac and gets oxygen from it and becomes red.

Arteries, Veins and

Complete Comparison of blood vessels handout

What Is an Artery?
An artery is an elastic blood vessel that transports
blood away from the heart. There are two main types
of arteries: pulmonary arteries and systemic arteries.
Additional Notes:

What Is a Vein?
 A vein is an elastic blood vessel that transports blood
from various regions of the body to the heart.
 Additional Notes

Arteries, Veins and

What Is a Capillary?
 A capillary is an extremely small
blood vessel located within the tissues of
the body, that transports blood from
arteries to veins.
 Additional Notes:



Systemic and Pulmonary
Systemic Circulation:
Is the part of the cardiovascular system which
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart
to the body, and returns deoxygenated blood
back to the heart.
 Pulmonary Circulation:
Is the portion of the cardiovascular system
which carries oxygen-depleted blood away
from the heart, to the lungs, and returns
oxygenated blood back to the heart.

. Hypertension
. Blood Pressure
. Systolic and Diastolic pressure
. Sphygmomanometer
. Atherosclerosis
1. Give examples of high and low blood
pressure and explain the readings.