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9/15/08


Outline!

EE3.DSPA!
Basics: Signals and Sampling!

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Concept of Frequency!

From continuous to discrete!
•  Why DSP? !

–  A typical system!
–  Sampling – ideal and real ADC!

•  Elementary signals!

–  Delta & Unit step!
–  Exponential & Complex!
–  Sinusoidal!

•  Frequency!

–  Periodicity k/N, !
–  2π repetition!
–  [-π, +π] frequency interval!

•  Normalised frequency!
•  Domain relations: !
Continuous vs. Discrete!

Sampling!
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Folding frequency and Aliasing!
Spectrum of a sampled signal!
Sampling theorem!
Quantisation and Coding!

From continuous to discrete!
… into digital!
… & back!
Discrete black boxes, i.e. systems!
Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) systems!
Next time: ZT and frequency analysis!

Back to continuous!
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Ideal and real DAC circuits!
Low-pass filter as a simple system!
Ideal response of a LPF!
Sinc function!
Ideal Reconstruction!

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! ROC! ZT & its inverse! Properties of ZT! LTI analysis using ZT! LTI in frequency domain! Chapters 3.<-> Difference Eq.9/15/08
 Preps: Discrete systems! •  •  •  •  •  Linear and Nonlinear systems! Time-invariance! Causality and Stability! LTI and its properties! Convolution sum! … and just as well ->! How to solve discrete systems?! •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Fourier -> Laplace <-> Z! Diferential Eq. 4 & 5 :-)! 2
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