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Gold First Exit Test Answer Key

VOCABULARY
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1 D / 2 B / 3 B / 4 A / 5 C / 6 B / 7 C / 8 D / 9 B / 10 C / 11 B / 12 B / 13 A / 14 C
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1 living / 2 therapist / 3 confidence / 4 ambition / 5 abilities / 6 weaknesses / 7 assignments / 8 anxiety /
9 approval / 10 bullied / 11 unrealistic / 12 successfully / 13 significance / 14 qualification(s) / 15 freedom
GRAMMAR
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1 what this sentence means / 2 are expected to provide your / 3 despite the bad weather / 4 dont have to wait /
5 will be sent to / 6 aren't allowed/permitted to do / 7 was such a boring film / 8 If only I hadn't / 9 would not
have failed if / 10 before going to the cinema / 11 worst meal I have ever / 12 warned me not to do / 13 have
(got) hardly any money / 14 is used to working
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1 in / 2 which / 3 they / 4 For / 5 order / 6 has / 7 be / 8 had / 9 well / 10 there / 11 was / 12 too / 13 addition /
14 for / 15 since
LISTENING
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1 position / 2 middle / 3 read / 4 worry / 5 favourite / 6 question / 7 marriage partner / 8 Outside
Audioscript
Presenter:

As the youngest of four children, I know my older brothers and sisters always thought I had a
much easier time. I didnt use to do as many jobs around the house and my parents were more
relaxed about letting me do things as I got older. But has this affected my personality in any
way? Our reporter, Max Berry, has been listening to psychologists at Southfield University
who are doing some research into whats known as the birth order effect how your position
in a family can affect your life. Theyve been asking people whether they believe theres any
truth in this. Max, what can you tell us?

Max:

Well Esther, it seems that the vast majority of people believe that the oldest childs always the
most successful in later life. But apparently, theres a lot of evidence to show that its actually
middle children who have the best chance of leading happy, as well as successful, lives.
People also believe that the youngest child always has a problem learning to be responsible
and independent, which again isnt supported by any real facts.

Presenter:

So, is it true, for example, that oldest children perform best in intelligence tests?

Max:

Well, yes. There are lots of studies which prove this to be the case. One explanation for this
might be that parents often encourage the oldest child to help their younger brothers and
sisters to learn new skills, especially learning to read, and this actually helps the older child
become more confident and independent.

Presenter:

Interesting. So what other characteristics do oldest children have?

Max:

Some psychologists believe that first-borns like me often take life too seriously and worry too
much. They may feel under pressure to be the best all the time, though I must say that isnt
something thats ever been a problem for me. But as a young child, I do remember hating my
younger brother and thinking that he was my parents favourite, and this is something thats
quite common in oldest children.

Presenter:

What about youngest children, like me?

PHOTOCOPIABLE 2012 Pearson Longman ELT

Max:

Well, in families where there are three or more children, the baby of the familys often treated
as just that a baby. They are allowed to grow up more slowly. But their good points are that
theyre likely to question everything and to be imaginative and artistic. Just like you, Esther.

Presenter:

(laugh) Are there any factors which increase the birth order effect in some families?

Max:

According to some psychologists, it seems that in families where there are either two boys, or
two girls, the birth order effect is stronger. But it can have hardly any impact on large families,
or where siblings arent close in age. Although some people believe the birth order effect is so
important that it should influence really important decisions such as our choice of marriage
partner.

Presenter:

So, if youre the oldest, should you marry someone whos also the oldest in their family?

Max:

Well, its been suggested that two first-born children will have to work very hard to make a
marriage a success, but that it would be much easier for two third-born children because
theyre likely to be more relaxed. And two middle children will probably want to compete
with each other, so it could be difficult for them to get on well.

Presenter:

That does make things complicated! But surely birth order isnt the most important thing
which affects peoples personalities?

Max:

Absolutely not. Before you start to examine every aspect of your life in relation to whether
you were born first, middle or last, a word of caution. The influence this can have when we
are children doesnt necessarily last as we become adults. Our relationships outside our family
can have just as much influence on the development of our personalities.

Presenter:

Right. So it might be wise to resist blaming your brothers and sisters for everything thats
gone wrong in your life! Thanks very much.

READING
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1 J / 2 G / 3 E / 4 I / 5 A / 6 C / 7 F / 8 K / 9 B / 10 D
WRITING
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1f/2d/3e/4c/5a
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1 for / 2 position/post (job = mark) / 3 present / 4 obtained/gained (got = mark) / 5 fact / 6 attach/enclose /
7 hearing / 8 near / 9 faithfully

PHOTOCOPIABLE 2012 Pearson Longman ELT