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# Technology and Livelihood

Education 10
Caregiving NCII
Mr. Kim C. Octaviano

Opening Prayer
Checking of Attendance

## Learning Activity Sheet #5

Last name, First Name, Middle Initial

Section

## Check the Subject

TLE

Type of Activity:
Concept Notes

Activity Title:
Perform Calculations

Learning Targets:
To define Ration, Fraction and
Proportion
To give examples of Ration, Fraction
and Proportion
To differentiate the numerator from
the denominator

## Ratios, Fractions and Proportions describe

relationships between numbers.
Ration is a quick way to compare numbers. It uses
a colon (:) between the numbers in the relationship

Example:
3:5

8:12

4:7

## Fraction, as we all know, is apart of

a whole or a portion of a certain
number. It uses a slash between the
numbers in a relationship.
The top number is called the
Numerator, while the bottom
number is known as the
Denominator

Examples:
2
-3

4
-5

6
-8

## A proportion is an equation written in

the form
stating that the two ratios are
equivalent

Example:
3/6 = 9/18

2/3 = 4/6

5/8 = 10/16

In Summary:
We use a colon (:) or a double colon (::) in ratios
We use a forward slash (/) or a horizontal bar (-------) in
fractions
Proportion is an equation showing 2 sets of equal ratios
The middle items in a proportion is called means
The external items in a proportion are called extremes
The letter (X) in an equation stands for the missing or
unknown value