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# PROCESS HEAT DUTY

The process heat duty is the heat required to be added or removed from the
process fluids to create the required change in temperature. This can be in
the form of sensible heat, latent heat, or both. The re-boiler duty is the sum
of the sensible heat required to raise the wet glycol to re-boiler temperature,
the heat required to vaporize the water in the glycol, the heat required for
the reflux (which is estimated at 25 to 50% of the heat required to vaporize
the water in the glycol) and losses to atmosphere.
Sensible Heat
The amount of heat absorbed or lost by a substance that causes a change in
the temperature of the substance is sensible heat. The general equation for
calculating sensible heat is:
qsh = W (C) (T2- T1)
Where
qsh = sensible heat duty, Btu/hr
W = mass flow rate, lb/hr
C = specific heat of the fluid, Btu/lb-F
Ti = initial temperature, F
T2 = final temperature, F
Latent Heat
The amount of heat energy absorbed or lost by a substance when changing
phases is called "latent heat."
qlh = W (hfg)
Where,
qlh = latent heat duty. Btu/hr
W = mass flow rate, lb/hr
hfg = latent heat, Btu/lb
Detailed determination of the required re-boiler heat load may be made from
the following procedure:
Qt = Ql + Qw + Qr+ Qh
Ql = L * gL * C (T2 - T1)
Qw = Wr x 970.3(G)
Qt = 0.25Qw
Qh = 5,000 to 20,000 Btu/hr depending on reboiler size

Where,
Ql = sensible heat required for glycol in Btu/hr
Qw = heat of vaporization required for water in Btu/hr
Qt = heat to vaporize reflux water in still in Btu/hr
Qh = heat lost from reboiler and stripping still in Btu/hr (5,000-20,000 Btu/hr
depending upon re-boiler size)
gL = glycol specific weight in lb/gal glycol
C = specific heat at average temperature in reboiler in Btu/lb F
970.3 = heat of vaporization of water at 212F, 14.7 psia in Btu/lb
T2, T1 = outlet and inlet temperatures in F
L = glycol circulation rate in gal/hr
Wi = water content of inlet gas in lb H20/MMSCFD
Wo = outlet water content in lb/hr
Wr = water removed form gas in lb/hr
G = gas flow rate in MMSCFD