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Fast Dormancy

Feature Guide

Fast Dormancy

Fast Dormancy
Version
V1.00

Date

2014/03/13

Author

Zhang
Haiyan

Reviewer

Wu He

Notes

First edition

2014 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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Fast Dormancy

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 5

2
2.1
2.1.1
2.2
2.3

Overview ............................................................................................................ 5
Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 5
ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy ............................................................................ 5
License Control .................................................................................................... 6
Correlation with Other Features ........................................................................... 6

3
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2

Technical Description ....................................................................................... 6


ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy ............................................................................ 6
R8 Fast Dormancy ............................................................................................... 7
Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing .................................................................. 11

4
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2

Parameters....................................................................................................... 13
ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy .......................................................................... 13
R8 Fast Dormancy Related Parameters............................................................. 13
Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing Related Parameters ................................. 16

5
5.1
5.2

Related Counters and Alarms ........................................................................ 19


Related Counters ............................................................................................... 19
Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 21

6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.6.1
6.6.2
6.6.3
6.6.4

Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 21


Application Scenario .......................................................................................... 21
Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................. 22
R8 Fast Dormancy ............................................................................................. 22
Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy ...................................................................................... 25
Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 26
Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 26
Network Impact .................................................................................................. 27
The Test Data .................................................................................................... 28
Impact on CMP/DMP CPU Mean Ratio .............................................................. 28
Impact on PS On-Line User and RUP CPU ....................................................... 29
Impact on the Key KPIs ..................................................................................... 30
Impact on the Paging Success Rate of CS and PS ............................................ 33

Abbreviation .................................................................................................... 35

Reference Document....................................................................................... 35

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FIGURES
Figure 3-1 Channel switch with Pre-R7 fast dormancy ........................................................ 7
Figure 3-2 Channel switch with R8 fast dormancy .............................................................. 8
Figure 6-1 Parameters Configuration Interface 1 ...............................................................22
Figure 6-2 Parameters Configuration Interface 2 ...............................................................23
Figure 6-3 Parameters Configuration Interface 3 ...............................................................24
Figure 6-4 Parameters Configuration Interface 4 ...............................................................24
Figure 6-5 Parameters Configuration Interface 5 ...............................................................25
Figure 6-6 DMP Mean Ratio ..............................................................................................28
Figure 6-7 CMP Mean Ratio ..............................................................................................29
Figure 6-8 Average Number of User ..................................................................................29
Figure 6-9 RUP CPU Mean Ratio ......................................................................................30
Figure 6-10 RRC KPI .........................................................................................................31
Figure 6-11 CS RAB KPI ...................................................................................................31
Figure 6-12 PS RAB KPI ....................................................................................................32
Figure 6-13 CS Call Drop Rate ..........................................................................................32
Figure 6-14 PS Call Drop Rate ..........................................................................................33
Figure 6-15 Paging Success Rate of the MSC ...................................................................34
Figure 6-16 Paging Success Rate of the SGSN .................................................................34

TABLES
Table 4-1 Parameters List (R8 Fast Dormancy Related Parameters) .................................13
Table 4-2 Parameters List (Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing Related Parameters) .....16
Table 5-1 Counter List .......................................................................................................19
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure for Release 8.......................................................26
Table 6-2 RNC parameter list 2 .........................................................................................26

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Feature Attribute
RNC Version: [ZXWR RNC V3.13.10.15/ZXUR 9000 V4.13.10.15]
Node B Version: [ZXSDRV4.13.10.20]
Attribute: [Mandatory]
Involved NEs:
NE Name

Related or Not

Special Requirement

UE

Node B

RNC

iTC

MSC

MGW

SGSN

GGSN

HLR

: involved, -: not involved

Overview

2.1

Feature Introduction

2.1.1

ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy


This feature includes R8 Fast Dormancy and Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint
functions. The R8 Fast Dormancy function can extend UE battery usage and enhance
user experience. The Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint function greatly decreases the
signaling traffic caused by smart phones on the control plane but still guarantees user
experience.

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2.2

License Control
This feature is not controlled by a license.

2.3

Correlation with Other Features


1.

Required Features
ZWF21-04-004 Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
ZWF23-04-004 Dynamic Channel Type Transfer for HSDPA Service
ZWF25-04-005 Dynamic Channel Type Transfer for HSUPA Service

2.

Mutually Exclusive Features


None

3.

Affected Features
ZWF21-04-004 Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
ZWF23-04-004 Dynamic Channel Type Transfer for HSDPA Service
ZWF25-04-005 Dynamic Channel Type Transfer for HSUPA Service

Technical Description

3.1

ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy


This feature includes R8 Fast Dormancy and Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint
functions that are respectively described in the following sections.

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Fast Dormancy

3.1.1

R8 Fast Dormancy

3.1.1.1

Basic Principle
To save battery consumption, for some smart phones whose versions are 3GPP Release
7 or Pre-Release 7, once the data transmission ends, they send a SIGNALLING

CONNECTION RELEASE INDICATION (SCRI) message. Upon receiving the SCRI


message, the network releases the Iu signaling and RRC connection. This process is
called Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy. When there are data packages to be transmitted again,
the RRC connection and RB/RAB are reestablished. This frequent data transmission
causes frequent network connection and release, and produces many signaling
messages, and it is easy to cause a signaling storm. An example of the channel switch
with Pre-R7 fast dormancy is shown in the following figure.

Figure 3-1

Channel switch with Pre-R7 fast dormancy

Data Packet

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH
URA_PCH

IDLE

SCRI causes UE
switch to Idle

SCRI causes UE
switch to Idle

SCRI causes UE
switch to Idle

To resolve this problem, 3GPP Release 8 introduced a simple UE signaling to indicate


the state of a UE for the network. A new UE information element (IE) "Signaling
Connection Release Indication Cause" is added to the SCRI message, and is used to
indicate that the UE has decided to stop activated PS data transmission. On receiving
the IE, the UTRAN can decide to trigger an RRC state transition from the CELL_DCH
state to the CELL_FACH, URA_PCH or IDLE state.

The specification requires that the network controls the UE by broadcasting the T323
timer in the SIB1. Whether the UE uses the SCRI message whose "Signaling

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Fast Dormancy

Connection Release Indication Cause" is set to "UE Requested PS Data session


end" to inform the RNC that PS data is sent is controlled by the network.
The controlling principle of the RNC is as follows:
The RNC controls whether timer T323 can be broadcast in the SIB1 by using switch
UUeCnst.t323Swch. If the switch is enabled, timer T323 is broadcast in the SIB1. The
value of T323 is determined by UUeCnst.t323.
When the UE sends an SCRI message with the IE "Signaling Connection Release
Indication Cause" being set to "UE Requested PS Data session end", timer T323 is
started. During the running of timer T323, the UE is inhibited from sending the SCRI
message with the IE "Signaling Connection Release Indication Cause" being set to "UE
Requested PS Data session end" again.
If timer T323 is not broadcast in the SIB1, the UE does not send the SCRI with the cause
UE requested PS data session end.
An example of the channel switch with R8 fast dormancy is shown in the following figure.

Figure 3-2

Channel switch with R8 fast dormancy

Data Packet

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH
T323

T323
URA_PCH

IDLE

R8 Fast Dormancy
causes UE switch to
PCH

4B causes UE switch
to FACH

4B causes UE switch
to FACH

Note:
According to 3GPP 25.331, when timer T323 expires, if the condition for reporting an
SCRI message is still met, the UE triggers the transmission of a SCRI message again.

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Fast Dormancy

3.1.1.2

SCRI Trigger Channel Switching to CELL_FACH


If the RNC receives a SIGNALLING CONNECTION RELEASE INDICATION message
with the cause UE requested PS data session end sent by an UE, and the following
conditions are met, the RNC swtiches the UE from the CELL_DCH state to the
CELL_FACH state.

Udrbc.fachSwch is set to 1:On.

The value of the bit3/bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7 of URncFunction.gResPara4 that the UEs


version is corresponding to is set to 1: prior to CELL_FACH.

Note:
The bit3/bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7 of URncFunction.gResPara4 controls the target state in priority
transitioned from the CELL_DCH state triggered by the R8 Fast Dormancy function,
corresponding to the UE of the version R99/R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 and post-R8.

3.1.1.3

SCRI Trigger Channel Switching to CELL_PCH


If the RNC receives a SIGNALLING CONNECTION RELEASE INDICATION message
with the cause UE requested PS data session end sent by an UE, and the following
conditions are met, the RNC swtiches the UE from the CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state
to the CELL_PCH state.

Udrbc.pchSwch is set to 2: Only Support CELL_PCH.

UCelInfoFDD.pchCellSwch is set to on.

The value of the PCH switch that the UEs version corresponds to is On. For
details, refer to 3.3.5 UE PCH Compatibility Strategy in ZTE UMTS Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Feature Guide.

The value of bit3/ bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7of URncFunction.gResPara4 that the UEs


version corresponds to is set to 0: prior to URA_PCH/CELL_PCH.

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3.1.1.4

SCRI Trigger Channel Switching to URA_PCH


If the RNC receives a SIGNALLING CONNECTION RELEASE INDICATION message
with the cause UE requested PS data session end sent by the UE, and the following
conditions are met, the RNC swtiches the UE from the CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state
to the URA_PCH state.

Udrbc.pchSwch is set to 1:Only Support URA_PCH.

UCelInfoFDD.pchCellSwch is set to on.

The value of the PCH switch that the UEs version corresponds to is On. For
details, refer to 3.3.5 UE PCH Compatibility Strategy in ZTE UMTS Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Feature Guide.

The value of the bit3/ bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7of URncFunction.gResPara4

that the UEs

version corresponds to is set to 0: prior to URA_PCH/CELL_PCH.

3.1.1.5

The Coupling Relation Between the SCRI Trigger Channel Switching to


CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH/URA_PCH
When the RNC receives the SCRI message with the IE "Signaling Connection Release
Indication Cause" being set to "UE Requested PS Data session end", the following three
scenarios should be considered respectively:
1.

If the CELL_PCH and the CELL_FACH functions of the system are enabled, or if
the URA_PCH and the CELL_FACH functions of the system are enabled, the RNC
determines the state to which the UE is transmitted according to the value of
URncFunction.gResPara4 corresponding to the UE version:

If the bit3/bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7 of URncFunction.gResPara4

is 0: prior to

URA_PCH/CELL_PCH, the CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state is preferred.

If the bit3/bit4/bit5/bit6/bit7 of URncFunction.gResPara4

is 1: prior to

CELL_FACH, the CELL_FACH state is preferred.

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Fast Dormancy

2.

If only one function between the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH and the CELL_FACH is


enabled, the value of URncFunction.gResPara4 needs not be judged and the UE is
switched to the enabled state.

3.

If neither CELL_PCH/URA_PCH nor CELL_FACH is enalbed, the RNC switches


the UE to the IDLE state.

Note:
For the enabling conditon of the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH and CELL_FACH fucntions,
refer to 3.1.1.2~3.1.1.4. For whether to judge the controlling switch of the switching state,
refer to this section.

3.1.1.6

SCRI Trigger Channel Switching to IDLE


As described in the above section, when the RNC receives an SCRI message with the IE
"Signaling Connection Release Indication Cause" being set to "UE Requested PS Data
session end", and if neither CELL_PCH/URA_PCH nor CELL_FACH is enalbed, the
RNC switches the UE to the IDLE state.

3.1.2

Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing


As described in 3.1.1 R8 Fast Dormancy, Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy causes frequent
network connection and release, produces many signaling messages, and easily causes
a signaling storm. Although 3GPP has added R8 fast dormancy, it cannot handle the UE
before Release 8.
To solve this problem, the user plane Heart Beat strategy is added to this function. With

this strategy, the signaling connection is not disconnected because of the SCRI
messages sent by the UE, and thus frequent signaling connection and release can be
avoided. This function is called Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing.

3.1.2.1

Heart Beat Strategy of the User Plane


To prevent the UEs of version 3GPP Release 7 or Pre-Release 7 from sending the
Signaling Connection Release Indication message, and avoid frequent signaling
connection and release, the heartbeat strategy is applied to UEs that meet the following

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Fast Dormancy

conditions:
When the following conditions are satisfied, and there is no data interaction between the
CN and the RNC, the RNC user plane performs the heartbeat detection periodically. The
interval is determined by URncFunction.heartBeatFreq. The heartbeat data is not
included in the traffic volume measurement result of the user plane. When there are data
package interactions between the CN and the RNC, the heartbeat detection is stopped.
So, based on the heartbeat detection, it prevents the UE from sending the SCRI
message, and avoids frequent signaling connection and release. When the UE does not
have data transmission for a long time, it can be switched to the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH
or Idle state by the 4B0 traffic volume measurement report.
1.

The control switch for heartbeat corresponding to the UE version is set to True;
where for the R4 and for the R4 and pre-R4 UE, it is obtained from
URncFunction.heartBeatUeVerR4;

for

the

R5

UE,

it

is

obtained

from

URncFunction.heartBeatUeVerR5;

for

the

R6

UE,

it

is

obtained

from

URncFunction.heartBeatUeVerR6;

for

the

R7

UE,

it

is

obtained

from

URncFunction.heartBeatUeVerR7; for the R8 and post-R8 UE, it is obtained from


URncFunction.heartBeatUeVerR8;.
2.

The UE has PS service, and no CS service.

3.

The RLC mode of the service is in acknowledged mode.

4.

If parameter URncFunction.deviceTypeInd is set to "1: true, you need to determine


the Device type condition: "The IE" RRC Connection Setup Complete->UE radio
access capability ->Device type is not present or the condition of the
doesNotBenefitFromBatteryConsumptionOptimisation value is not satisfied. If
URncFunction.deviceTypeInd is set to "0: false, then there is no need to judge the
reported "Device type condition.

3.1.2.2

Channel Switching Strategy of the Control Plane


Because of the heartbeat detection, the UE sends an acknowledge data package after it
receives the heartbeat data. This may cause that the RNC cannot correctly make
judgment of event 4B0 for uplink traffic volume measurement, and it causes that the
channel cannot be switched to the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or idle state based on the

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traffic

volume

measurement.

To

solve

the

problem,

new

parameter

URncFunction.onlyDnOnHB is added. This parameter controls whether the channel is


switched to the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or idle state only based on the downlink traffic
volume measurement report when heartbeat detection is performed.
If parameter URncFunction.onlyDnOnHB is set to 1: On, whether the channel is
switched to the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or idle state is only based on the downlink traffic
volume measurement report. If parameter URncFunction.onlyDnOnHB is set to 0: Off,
whether the channel is switched to the CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or idle state is based on
both the downlink and uplink traffic volume measurement reports.
Note:
Tests confirm that the UE does not send uplink data packages after it receives the
heartbeat data, and the channel switching to CELL_PCH/URA_PCH or idle state based
on the downlink and uplink traffic volume measurement can be normally performed, so
the parameter URncFunction.onlyDnOnHB can be set to 0:Off.

Parameters

4.1

ZWF21-01-027 Fast Dormancy

4.1.1

R8 Fast Dormancy Related Parameters

Table 4-1

Parameters List (R8 Fast Dormancy Related Parameters)


Recom

Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

bit3:

The

Target

RRC bit3:

URncFunct Global

State of Fast Dormancy 0:prior to

ion.gResP Reserved

(R99/R4).

ara4

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Parameter 4 bit4:

The

URA_PC N/A
Target

bit3:

bit3:

0:prior 0:prior
to

to

RRC H/CELL_

URA_P URA_P

State of Fast Dormancy PCH,1:pri

CH/CE CH/CE

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Fast Dormancy

Recom
Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

(R5).
bit5:

or
The

Target

to

LL_PC LL_PC

RRC CELL_FA

State of Fast Dormancy CH.

bit4:

bit4:

(R6).

0:prior 0:prior

bit4:

Bit6 The Target RRC 0:prior to

to

State of Fast Dormancy URA_PC

URA_P URA_P

(R7).

H/CELL_

CH/CE CH/CE

RRC PCH,1:pri

LL_PC LL_PC

bit7:

The

Target

State of Fast Dormancy or


(R8).

to

to

CELL_FA

bit5:

bit5:

CH.

0:prior 0:prior

bit5:

to

0:prior to

URA_P URA_P

URA_PC

CH/CE CH/CE

H/CELL_

LL_PC LL_PC

PCH,1:pri

or

bit6:

bit6:

to

to

CELL_FA

0:prior 0:prior

CH.

to

bit6:

URA_P URA_P

0:prior to

CH/CE CH/CE

URA_PC

LL_PC LL_PC

H/CELL_

PCH,1:pri

bit7:

bit7:

or

0:prior 0:prior

to

to

CELL_FA

to

to

CH.

URA_P URA_P

bit7:

CH/CE CH/CE

0:prior to

LL_PC LL_PC

URA_PC

H/CELL_
PCH,1:pri
or

to

CELL_FA
CH.
UDrbc.fach Switch
Swch

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of This parameter indicates 0: Off


Transferring whether
the
other 1: On

N/A

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Fast Dormancy

Recom
Parameter

GUI Name

Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

to

channels

can

be

CELL_FACH transferred

to

CELL_FACH.
This parameter indicates
whether
URA_PCH/CELL_PCH
Switch

of

UDrbc.pch URA_PCH/C
Swch

ELL_PCH

is

supported or not.
Supported: The traffic can
be carried on PCH channel
when there is no data.

Support

Not supported: The traffic


cannot be carried on PCH
channel when there is no
data.

0:

Not

Support
1:

Only

Support
URA_PC
H
2:

N/A

10s

10s

0: Off

1:On

Only

Support
CELL_P
CH

This parameter indicates


the interval of reporting
signaling
release

connection
indication

cause).
Waiting Time
of UE Sending
message
UUeCnst.t
323

UE

in

connection mode with only


PS domain, but not PS
data transmission within a
certain time, if T323 is not 0, 5, 10,

SIGNALING
CONNECTIO
N

As

(with

RELEASE

INDICATION
(with
Cause)(T323)

enabled,

UE

signaling
release

sends 20,

30,

connection 60,

90,

indication

(with 120 s

cause) to switch states to


start T323. If there is no
data transmission before
T323 timeout and UE is
still in connection mode,
then

resend

connection

signaling
release

indication (with cause).


UUeCnst.t Switch
323Swch T323

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of This parameter indicates 0: Off


whether
the
Fast 1: On

N/A

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Fast Dormancy

Recom
Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

Broadcasting Dormancy is enabled.


On:

RNC sends T323 to

UE by using SIB1 and


UTRAN

mobility

information.
Off:

RNC does not send

T323 to UE.
This parameter is a switch
to

indicate

whether

URA_PCH/CELL_PCH

is

supported or not in the cell.


On: UE

UCelInfoF
DD.pchCell
Swch

Cell

Level transfer

PCH Switch

is
to

allowed to
PCH

when 0:Off

there is no data to transmit 1:On

N/A

0Off 1:On

in the cell.
Off: UE is not allowed to
transfer

to

PCH

when

there is no data to transmit


in the cell.

4.1.2

Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing Related Parameters

Table 4-2

Parameters List (Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Suppressing Related Parameters)


Recom

Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

This parameter indicates


URncFunct The Target of
ion.heartB UE

Version

eatUeVerR for Heart Beat


4

(R4)

whether to execute heart


beat detections to the UE
of R4 version and the
versions before. "0": The

0: False;
1: True

N/A

0:
False

1: True

heart beat detection is not


executed. "1" The heart

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Recom
Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

beat detection is executed.


This parameter indicates
URncFunct The Target of
ion.heartB UE

Version

eatUeVerR for Heart Beat


5

(R5)

whether to execute heart


beat detections to the UE
of R5 version. "0": The
heart beat detection is not

0: False;
1: True

N/A

0:
False

1: True

executed. "1" The heart


beat detection is executed.
This parameter indicates

URncFunct The Target of


ion.heartB UE

Version

eatUeVerR for Heart Beat


6

(R6)

whether to execute heart


beat detections to the UE
of R6 version. "0": The
heart beat detection is not

0: False;
1: True

N/A

0:
False

1: True

executed. "1" The heart


beat detection is executed.
This parameter indicates

URncFunct The Target of


ion.heartB UE

Version

eatUeVerR for Heart Beat


7

(R7)

whether to execute heart


beat detections to the UE
of R7 version. "0": The
heart beat detection is not

0: False;
1: True

N/A

0:
False

1: True

executed. "1" The heart


beat detection is executed.
This parameter indicates
whether to execute heart

URncFunct The Target of beat detections to the UE


ion.heartB UE

Version of R8 version and the later 0: False;

eatUeVerR for Heart Beat versions. "0": The heart 1: True


8

(R8)

beat

detection

is

N/A

0:
False

1: True

not

executed. "1" The heart


beat detection is executed.
The
URncFunct
ion.onlyDn
OnHB

Indicates

whether to only judge the

whether Only downlink traffic on heart 0:Off


Judge
the beat detection for channel 1:On
Downlink
Traffic

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Switch This parameter indicates

N/A

0Off 1:On

switching to PCH/IDLE.
on If it is on: no need to

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Fast Dormancy

Recom
Parameter
Name

GUI Name

Parameter Description

Value
Range

Unit

Default mende
Value

d
Value

Heart Beat for consider the restriction of


Channel

uplink traffic on heart beat

Switching

to for the channel switching

PCH/IDLE

to PCH/IDLE.
If it is off: the channel
switching
needs

to

to

PCH/IDLE

consider

the

uplink measurement report


restriction on heart beat
detection.
This parameter indicates
the period of UE heart beat
detection. In order to avoid
UE (before R8) sending
signaling
URncFunct
ion.heartB
eatFreq

Heart

Beat

Period

Connection

Release Indication (SCRI)


and

releasing

connections

signaling
initiatively,

RNC would operate heart

0..65535,
step
Unit:

1;

100ms 30

30

100ms

beat detection when there


is no data transmission
with CN. UE will not send
SCRI if there is data.
UE's

Device

Type
Condition
URncFunct Whether to be
ion.device Judged
TypeInd

Heart

Beat
Detection

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whether to judge the IE


"Device

type"

in

the

message

"RRC

Connection

Setup 0: False

Complete", when judge the 1: True

Indicator
When

This parameter indicates

conditions

should

N/A

0:
False

1: True

be

satisfied for UE which is


performed

heart

beat

detection.

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Fast Dormancy

Related Counters and Alarms

5.1

Related Counters
Table 5-1

Counter List

Counter ID
C310414099

C310414100

C310414102

C310414106

C310416901

C310416903

C310414111

C310414112

C310414114

C310414117

C310414118

C310416905

C310416907

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Name
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing
attempt, DCH to FACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing
attempt, FACH

to PCH

Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing


attempt, HS-DSCH to FACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing
attempt, E-DCH to RACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing
attempt, DCH

to PCH

Number of intra frequency Transport Channel Changing


attempt, HS-DSCH

to PCH

Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful


Changing attempt, DCH to FACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful
Changing attempt, FACH

to PCH

Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful


Changing attempt, HS-DSCH to FACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful
Changing attempt, DCH to E-DCH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful
Changing attempt, E-DCH to RACH
Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful
Changing attempt, DCH

to PCH

Number of intra frequency Transport Channel successful


Changing attempt, HS-DSCH

to PCH

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Fast Dormancy

Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to


C310680552

Release due to R99 UE generated signalling connection


release
Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to

C310680553

Release due to R4 UE generated signalling connection


release
Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to

C310680554

Release due to R5 UE generated signalling connection


release
Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to

C310680555

Release due to R6 UE generated signalling connection


release
Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to

C310680556

Release due to R7 UE generated signalling connection


release
Number of Iu Release Request for PS domain due to

C310680557

Release due to R8 UE generated signalling connection


release

C300839

Maximum Cell Freq RTWP

C300840

Average Cell Freq RTWP

C313843

Average Noise Floor

C310444441

Maximum TCP

C310446509

Reported times of Minimum TCP

C310446510

Minimum TCP

C310444443

Sum of TCP

300294

Ratio of

300853

Mean ratio of the CPU usage

300002

Number of RRC connection establishment Attempt

300020

Ratio of successful RRC connection establishment

300030

Number of

CS RAB establishment Attempt

300036

Number of

PS RAB establishment Attempt

300050

Ratio of successful CS RAB establishment(Speech)

300073

Ratio of successful PS RAB establishment

300253

Ratio of CS-AMR Call Drop

C310680207

Total Number of

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PS Call Drop

Paging message received from CN

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Fast Dormancy

5.2

C310870002

The max usage of CE resource of RUP

C310870004

The average usage of CE resource of RUP

C311340001

CPU_MEAN

C310030430

Sum of cell user in best cell

C310030439

Number of Cell-DCH user in the best cell

C310030440

Number of Cell-Fach and F/R user in the best cell

C310030441

Number of Cell-Pch user in the best cell

C310030442

Max sum of cell user in best cell

C310030451

Max Number of Cell-Dch user in the best cell

C310030452

Max Number of Cell-Fach user in the best cell

C310030453

Max Number of Cell-Pch user in the best cell

C310030454

Average sum of cell user in best cell

C310030463

Average Number of Cell-Dch user in the best cell

C310030464

Average Number of Cell-Fach user in the best cell

C310030465

Average Number of Cell-Pch user in the best cell

Related Alarms
None

Engineering Guide

6.1

Application Scenario
This feature includes R8 Fast Dormancy and Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint
functions.
The R8 Fast Dormancy function can extend UE battery usage and enhance user
experience. You are recommended to enable this function.
The Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint function greatly decreases the signaling traffic
caused by smart phones on the control plane but still guarantees user experience.

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Fast Dormancy

Because additional pings are needed to maintain the RRC connection for online users,
the uplink and downlink load may be increased, so it is suggested that this function
should be enabled only when there are too many smart phones in the network and the
control plane is heavily loaded.

6.2

Feature Activation Procedure

6.2.1

R8 Fast Dormancy
This chapter guides readers to find the GUI location of the parameters that are related to
the deployment of this feature. The values on figures are only examples. For the practical
configuration value, refer to the last column of table in section 3.1 .
In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element->UMTS
Logical Function Configuration. Check the configuration of gResPara4, see Figure 6-1.

Figure 6-1

Parameters Configuration Interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > Dynamic
Radio Bearer Control Information Profile > Dynamic Radio Bearer Control
Information. Check the configuration of fachSwch and pchSwch, see Figure 6-2.

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Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-2

Parameters Configuration Interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Global Information Configuration > UE Timers
and Constants Information. Check the configuration of t323Swch and t323, see Figure
6-3.

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Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-3

Parameters Configuration Interface 3

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > UTRAN Cell > Extended Info of UTRAN Cell.
Check the configuration of pchCellSwch, see Figure 6-4.

Figure 6-4

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Parameters Configuration Interface 4

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Fast Dormancy

6.2.2

Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy


In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration. Check the configuration of heartBeatUeVerR4,
heartBeatUeVerR5, heartBeatUeVerR6, heartBeatUeVerR7, heartBeatUeVerR8,
heartBeatFreq, onlyDnOnHB, and deviceTypeInd, see Figure 6-5.

Figure 6-5

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Parameters Configuration Interface 5

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Fast Dormancy

6.3

Feature Validation Procedure


Table 6-1

Feature Validation Procedure for Release 8

Test Item

Enhanced RAN Functionality


1.

The WCDMA system is ready.

2.

Cell1 supports HSUPA, HSDPA and DCH.

3.

Intelligent UE1 camps on Cell1 in Idle mode.

4.

Intelligent UE1 subscribes to the interactive or background

Prerequisite
service, MBR = UL2Mbps/ DL2Mbps.
5.

Intelligent UE1 can send Signaling Connection Release


Indication to the RNC with cause UE requested PS data
session end.

Steps

Expected

1.

UE1 activates a PS service in Cell1, such as open a web page.

2.

Keep the PS service free from data transferring.

3.

Release the PS service.

1.

The PS service is established successfully.

2.

In step 2, UE1 sends the signaling message Signaling

Result

Connection Release Indication to the RNC. Then the RNC


transits UE1s state from CELL_DCH to URA_PCH.

6.4

Feature Deactivation Procedure


Table 6-2

RNC parameter list 2

Managed Object. logic


name
UUeCnst.t323Swch

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GUI Name

Switch of T323 Broadcasting

Default

Deactivation

Value

Value

0:Off

0:Off

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Fast Dormancy

6.5

Network Impact
1.

The Influence of the Performance of the Devices

None.
2.

The Influence of the KPIs of the Network

The advantages of this function are as follows:


The R8 Fast Dormancy function can extend UE battery usage and enhance user
experience The UE state is controlled by the network, which avoids signaling storms
caused by the release of the UE.
The Pre-R7 Fast Dormancy Restraint function greatly decreases the signaling traffic
caused by smart phones on the control plane but still guarantees user experience.
The disadvantage of this function is as follows:
Because additional pings are needed to maintain the RRC connection for online users,
the uplink and downlink loads may be increased.
3.

The data of the influence in the actual network


i.

The following performances are improved after this feature is enabled:

CMP/DMP CPU mean ratio is decreased greatly;

The load of the SGSN is decreased greatly;

The paging number of IU PS is decreased greatly;

The number of on-line user of PS is decreased obviously.

ii.

The following performances are deteriorate after this feature is turned on:

The CS call drop rate is increased slightly.

The PS call drop rate is increased obviously.

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Fast Dormancy

The paging success rate of PS domain is decreased slightly.

The RUP CPU is increased.

The test data is described in the next section.

6.6

The Test Data


ZTE has the following detailed conclusions on the commercial network that enables the
fast dormancy function. Because different operators have different strategies, the
following network KPI figures are only for reference:

6.6.1

Impact on CMP/DMP CPU Mean Ratio


Because the fast dormancy can avoid network signaling storms, the load of the signaling
processor boards (CMP/DMP) of the RNC is reduced.

Figure 6-6

DMP Mean Ratio

The DMP CPU Mean Ratio decreased 20.61%.

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28

Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-7

CMP Mean Ratio

The CMP CPU Mean Ratio decreased 30.61%

6.6.2

Impact on PS On-Line User and RUP CPU


The UEs who stayed in idle state before the feature is enabled are switched to the
CELL_PCH/URA_PCH state now. This increases the number of on-line users, which
further increases the load of user plane boards (RUP) of the RNC.

Figure 6-8

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Average Number of User

29

Fast Dormancy

After the Fast Dormancy function is enabled, the number of PCH users is three times of
the number of users when this function is not enabled.

Figure 6-9

RUP CPU Mean Ratio

The RUB CPU Mean Ratio increased by about 6.48%

6.6.3

Impact on the Key KPIs


After introducing the fast dormancy, the following key KPIs should be also focused on.
The fast dormancy feature prevents users from being transferred to the idle state
frequently, so the number of RRC connection establishment attempts and the number of
PS RAB establishment attempts are decreased obviously. The Ratio of successful RRC
connection establishment, the Ratio of successful CS/PS RAB establishment and the
Number of CS RAB establishment Attempt almost remain unchanged.
After activating URA_PCH and fast dormancy, the number of concurrent CS+PS users
increases obviously, which increases the CS call drop rate. Meanwhile, the PS call drop
rate increases obviously because the number of the channel switch is increased.

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30

Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-10

RRC KPI

The Number of RRC connection establishment attempt decrease obviously, the Ratio of
successful RRC connection establishment decrease slightly.

Figure 6-11

CS RAB KPI

The Ratio of successful CS RAB establishment and the Number of CS RAB


establishment Attempt remain unchanged.

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Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-12

PS RAB KPI

The Ratio of successful PS RAB establishment remains unchanged. The Number of PS


RAB establishment attempt decreases obviously.

Figure 6-13

CS Call Drop Rate

The Ratio of CS call drop rate increases slightly. The increase depends on the change of
the number of concurrent CS+PS users.

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Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-14

PS Call Drop Rate

The Ratio of PS call drop rate increases obviously, mainly because of the increase of the
number of the channel switch.

6.6.4

Impact on the Paging Success Rate of CS and PS


After activating URA_PCH and fast dormancy, the number of PS domain paging
message decreases a lot, and the number of paging messages initiated by RNC
increases a lot, because in the URA_PCH state, when a user has some downlink
packets, the SGSN does not send paging message to the user. Instead, the RNC sends
the paging messages to the user.
Due to the increase of the PCH channel utilization rate, the paging success rate of SGSN
may change. When users are switched from the URA_PCH state to the IDLE state, some
UEs do not respond to the paging messages, which results in that these UEs still stay in
the URA_PCH state, but the IU-PS connection is released. Therefore, these UEs cannot
respond to the paging messages sent by the SGSN and the paging success rate
decreases. Considering that users are not sensitive to the paging of the PS domain, it
does not affect user experience so much. According to the practical situation of the
commercial networks for which URA_PCH and fast dormancy are enabled, the
complaints from users do not increase.

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Fast Dormancy

Figure 6-15

Paging Success Rate of the MSC

The paging success rate of the MSC and the paging number of the CS Domain remain
unchanged.

Figure 6-16

Paging Success Rate of the SGSN

The paging success rate of the SGSN and the paging number of the PS domain is
decreased.

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Fast Dormancy

Abbreviation
Abbreviation

Full Name

ACK

Acknowledgement

AM

Acknowledged Mode

CN

Core Network

CS

Circuit Switched

FACH

Forward Access Channel

PCH

Paging Channel

PS

Packet Switched

RAB

Radio Access Bearer

RAN

Radio Access Network

RB

Radio Bearer

RLC

Radio Link Control

RRC

Radio Resource Connection

SIB1

System Information Block 1

UE

User Equipment

UTRAN

Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network

Reference Document
[1]ZXWR RNC (V3.13.10.15) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter Reference
[2]ZXWR RNC (V3.13.10.15) Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference
[3]ZXUR 9000 UMTS (V4.13.10.15) Radio Network Controller Radio Parameter
Reference
[4]ZXUR 9000 UMTS (V4.13.10.15) Radio Network Controller Performance Counter
Reference
[5]ZTE UMTS Dynamic Radio Bearer Control Feature Guide

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