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COMPUTER HISTORY

Created by: Maria Caceres 11G

Computers are the one of the biggest tool ever created.


Charles Baggage was the one that introduced the idea of a
computer pre 1930s. Then, throughout history you can divide
the computers timeline in 5 generations, which you will learn
in this powerpoint.

INTRODUCTION

Charles Babbage designed the first automatic computing


engines. He invented computers but failed to build them. The
first complete Babbage Engine was completed in London in
2002, 153 years after it was designed.

PRE-COMPUTER AGE

The computers started to use vacuum tubes for circuits and


also started to use magnetic drums for memory.
They were expensive, very big, used a lot of electricity, and
they overheated constantly.
They started to rely on machine language.
They relied on punched cards and paper tape for their input
and printouts for their output.
UNIAC and ENIAC were created.

FIRST GENERATION (1940-1956)

Transitors replaced vacuum tubes.


With this replacement, it made computers smaller, faster,
cheaper, efficient, more reliable, but it still overheated.
From binary language they moved to assembly language.
High level programming languages were used.
COBOL and FORTRAN were created. They are the first
computers to use magnetic core technology instead of
magnetic drums.

SECOND GENERATION (1956-1963)

Integrated circuit was started to be used.


Transitors got smaller and more efficient.
Instead of punched cards and printouts they started to use
keyboards and monitors.
The operating system was made.

Computers much smaller and cheaper, so more accessible.

THIRD GENERATION (1964-1971)

Microprocessors were created.


The Intel 4004 chip was created. It had all the computers
components.
IBM introduced the first official computer in 1981.
Apple introduced the Macintosh in 1984.
The Internet was created. The GUIs, mouse and handled
devices made.

FOURTH GENERATION (1971PRESENT)

Computers based on artificial intelligence.


Voice recognition made.
Parallel processing and superconductors are being used.
Quantum computation, molecular and nanotechnology might
change computers.
Goal: have devices that self-organize and learn and respond.

FIFTH GENERATION (PRESENTBEYOND)

I think that the most significant


advancement in computer
history is the creation of the
ENIAC because that presents
the beginning of efficient
computers. I believe that in the
future computers will become a
huge part of our lives and we
might depend on them.

Topic: Bill Gates major contributions and impact.

One of his biggest contributions is the creation of Microsoft and he is known to


be one of the richest people in the world. He is known for his Philanthropy and
social entrepreneurship. He is also known for having a great impact on the
whole world not only because of the creation of Microsoft but also because he
donates a lot of money and other resources to the needed.

WHAT I THINK AND MY TOPIC

http://www.forbes.com/sites/devinthorpe/2012/09/05/the-real-re
ason-bill-gates-the-world-will-remember-bill-gates-hint-its-no
t-windows-8
/
http://www.byte-notes.com/five-generations-computers
http://
www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Software/FiveGene
rations.asp

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE END