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Universidad Autnoma de Nuevo Len

Facultad: Ingeniera Mecnica y Elctrica


Tarea #3- Cuadro comparativo y/o presentacin que muestre
informacin sobre las profesiones laborales ms solicitadas,
inmigrantes no regulares en USA y Canad.

Materia: Cultura Inglesa


Alumno: Cristian Alan Garza Ordaz
Matricula: 1549910

Grupo: 6302

Brigada : 038

Introduction
For many people born outside the U.S., the employment-based immigration process
is an ideal route to obtaining a green card and permanent residence here. Not only

can the employment-based process take significantly less time


than family-based immigration, employers willing to sponsor
foreign nationals often have access to financial, legal, and other
resources that can smooth the way toward a succesful
immigration application.

Canada
In Canada, foreign nationals are
accepted into Canada on a temporary
basis for a number of reasons,
including student visas, refugee
claims, or under special permits.
The largest category however is called
the Temporary Foreign Worker
Program (TFWP), under which workers
are brought to Canada by their
employers for specific jobs. In 2006,
there were a total of 265,000 foreign
workers in Canada. Amongst those of
working age, there was a 118%
increase from 1996. By 2008, the intake
of non-permanent immigrants (399,523,
the majority of whom are TFWs), had
overtaken the intake of permanent
immigrants

United States
Green card workers are individuals who have
requested and received legal permanent
residence in the United States and who intend
to work in the United States on a permanent
basis via a guest worker program.

Although there have been disagreements over


immigration in the broader sense (the current
system facilitated with green cards). Most
controversy in the United States since 1990
has been in regard to "guest workers" both
legal and illegal.

In recent years in the United States, there has


been much controversy over whether H-1B
visas, intended to bring highly skilled workers
to fill gaps in the domestic labor pool, are
instead being used to bring in skilled, but
It has become quite clear that America otherwise unexceptional, economic migrants
has more high-tech college graduates as cheap labor to fill jobs that could readily be
than needed to fill high-tech jobs now filled domestically.
and, importantly, the nation will keep
producing many more such graduates There is much controversy over pending
than job openings in the future so legislation that would allow unskilled labor to
why the shrill calls from the industry enter the country for this same reason.
that there is a shortage?
The debate revolves around two sets of On the other hand, there are some skilled
initials: STEM (science, technology, workers who are paid meagerly compared to
engineering, and math) graduates and their American counterparts who usually
workers and the H-1B temporary absorb the work done by these foreign
worker program that floods our labor workers.
markets with low-cost, docile, hightech nonimmigrant graduates, mostly
working
in
computer-related
industries.Once, they have the work
absorbed, they are usually laid-off or
isolated. A lot of these skilled laborers
are abused by restrictions imposed by
the immigration process.

Conclusion
That said, the U.S. government is fully aware of the high demand for
permanent residence status, and doesn't make it easy. With the U.S. job
market and the countrys needs in mind, Congress created various visa
preference categories, which prioritize certain jobs and careers over others
in deciding who will be allowed to apply for permanent residence.
This means that certain types of jobs and careers have a better (and faster)
chance at being a good basis for a green card application. Let us look at
how the preference categories work and see what jobs might be better for
earning you a green card.
1.
2.
3.

http://canada.usembassy.gov/visas/visas/student-and-exchange-visas.html
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/study/index.asp
http://travel.state.gov/content/visas/english/study-exchange.html