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First Tutorial

In this tutorial,i have research and go through of all kind of theme,and I plan to do on the fusion architecture because the older Malaysian architecture is mostly fusion architecture.For example,most of the building in Malacca are build by other country such as England,British and France.For example,A Famosa Fortress (Ruins of the original Portuguese fortress),Francis Xavier Church (Gothic church built by the French Priest Father P. Fabre) and so far so on.

Malaysia Architecture A) The Modern Architecture in Malaysia

The architecture of Kuala Lumpur is a blend of old colonial influences, Asian traditions, Malay Islamic inspirations, modern and post modern mix. Being a relatively young city, most of Kuala Lumpur's colonial buildings were built toward the end of 19th and early 20th century. These buildings have Mughal, Tudor, Neo-Gothic or Grecian-Spanish style or architecture. Most of the styling have been modified to cater to use local resources and the acclimatized to the local climate, which is hot and humid all year around.

Independence coupled with the rapid economic growth from the 70's to the 90's, saw buildings with more local and Islamic motifs arise in the central districts of the city. Many of these buildings derive their design from traditional Malay items, such as the head dress and the keris. Some of these buildings have Islamic geometric motifs integrated with the designs of the building, such as square patterns or a dome.

Late Modernist and Post Modernist style architecture began to appear in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Buildings with all-glass exteriors sprang up around the city, with the most prominent example being the Petronas Twin Towers As an emerging global city in a newly industrialized economy, the city skyline is expected to experience further changes in decades to come with construction works like The Gardens, The Pavilion, Four Seasons Place, Lot C of KLCC and many more.

Neo Moorish

(Mughal)

Tudor & Victorian

Tudor & Victorian Grecian-Spanish Malay

Grecian-Spanish

Tudor & Victorian Grecian-Spanish Malay

Malay

Tudor & Victorian Grecian-Spanish Malay

Islamic

Islamic Late Modernism & Post-Modern B)Traditional Architecture Malay Traditional Malay architecture employs sophisticated architectural processes ideally

Late Modernism & Post-Modern

Islamic Late Modernism & Post-Modern B)Traditional Architecture Malay Traditional Malay architecture employs sophisticated architectural processes ideally
Islamic Late Modernism & Post-Modern B)Traditional Architecture Malay Traditional Malay architecture employs sophisticated architectural processes ideally
Islamic Late Modernism & Post-Modern B)Traditional Architecture Malay Traditional Malay architecture employs sophisticated architectural processes ideally

B)Traditional

Architecture

Malay Traditional Malay architecture employs sophisticated architectural processes ideally suited to tropical conditions such as structures built on stilts, which allow cross- ventilating breeze beneath the dwelling to cool the house whilst mitigating the effects of the occasional flood. High-pitched roofs and large windows not only allow cross-

ventilation but are also carved with intricate organic designs.

Traditional houses in Negeri Sembilan were built of hardwood and entirely free of nails. They are built using beams, which are held together by wedges. A beautiful example of this type of architecture can be seen in the Old Palace of Seri Menanti in Negeri Sembilan, which was built around 1905.

Today, many Malay or Islamic buildings incorporate Moorish design elements as can be seen in the Islamic Arts Museum and a number of buildings in Putrajaya - the new administrative capital, and many mosques throughout the country.

Chinese In Malaysia, Chinese architecture is of two broad types: traditional and Baba-Nyonya. Examples of traditional architecture include Chinese temples found throughout the country such as the Cheng Hoon Teng that dates back to 1646.

Many old houses especially those in Melaka and Penang are of Baba-Nyonya heritage, built with indoor courtyards and beautiful, colourful tiles.

A rare architectural combination of Chinese and Western elements is displayed by Melaka's Terengkera mosque. Its pagoda-like appearance is a fine example of Chinese- influenced roof form, combined with Western detailing in its balustrades and railings.

Indian With most of Malaysian Hindus originally from Southern India, local Hindu temples exhibit the colourful architecture of that region.

Built in the late nineteenth century, the Sri Mahamariamman Temple in Kuala Lumpur is one of the most ornate and elaborate Hindu temples in the country. The detailed decorative scheme for the temple incorporates intricate carvings, gold embellishments, hand-painted motifs and exquisite tiles from Italy and Spain.

The Sikhs, although a small minority, also have their temples of more staid design in many parts of the country.

Indigenous Peoples of Sabah & Sarawak Two unique architectural highlights of the indigenous peoples of Sabah and Sarawak are longhouses and water villages. Homes to interior riverine tribes, longhouses are traditional community homes. These elongated and stilted structures, often built of axe-hewn timber, tied with creeper fibre and roofed with woven atap or thatched leaves, can house between 20 to 100 families.

Rustic water villages built on stilts are also commonly found along riverbanks and seafronts. Houses are linked by plank walkways with boats anchored on the sides. Transport around the village is usually by sampan or canoe.

Colonial Period Styles

The architectural styles of the different colonial powers are used in many buildings built between 1511 and 1957.

Portuguese The most notable example of Portuguese architecture in Malaysia is the A'Famosa fort in Melaka, which was built by Alfonso d'Albuquerque in 1511. Nearly annihilated by the Dutch, only a small part of the fortification is still on the hill overlooking the Melaka town, old port and the Straits of Melaka.

Dutch Located in Melaka Town, the Stadthuys with its heavy wooden doors, thick red walls and wrought-iron hinges is the most imposing relic of the Dutch period in Melaka. It is a fine example of Dutch masonry and woodworking skills. Built between 1641 and 1660 it is believed to be the oldest building in the East.

British Among the most significant landmarks built by the British is theSultan Abdul Samad Building, which grandly overlooks the Merdeka Square, Kuala Lumpur. This Moorish beauty, completed in 1897, served as the Colonial Secretariat offices during the British administration.

Pre-Merdeka or pre-independence shophouses still emanate the characteristic charm of their earlier days. A display of English ingenuity is the 'five-foot-way' or covered sidewalk designed to shield pedestrians from the heat and rain.

Colonial Period Styles The architectural styles of the different colonial powers are used in many buildings
Colonial Period Styles The architectural styles of the different colonial powers are used in many buildings
Colonial Period Styles The architectural styles of the different colonial powers are used in many buildings

Fusion architecture

What is Fusion?

The term "sky" is not intended to explain the opposite meaning of the word "grounded", and instead contains the meaning of "arrogant". But what is here is to represent the power of creativity no bounds. "Create on and experiment" that might be appropriate to describe what is in the minds of every individual an architect or interior designer. Experimenting with design, materials, style and the horse's bit, even experimenting with "budget".

What exactly is the purpose of "searching" this? When observed, the rich world of information, along with various ease, be a reason and necessity in which each person must have a "unique taste" because no other, man himself is an "individual" unique / personally.

In the world of architecture and interior, the authenticity or the "Originality" of a sometimes questionable design, combining a lot of ideas and concepts which sometimes creates a new creative work that much more beautiful and attractive. Even compared with the work of the previous reference.

Expertise in incorporating and combining even "pinch", is considered a regular and reasonable thing to do, as far as not adapted directly from the previous form.

Combines beauty, sometimes considered as a "crazy idea" that it deserves a thumbs-up. There is a style of architecture and interiors these days is very interesting to be explored between minimalist styles that are now springing up, or a fusion style that is more familiar with the eclectic style.

Fusion style that combines culture, technology, style, shape and even the time, made "memory" which should exist in his time, appears to be a modern civilization / no time.

Fusion style offers everything, and no rules that limit or horse's bit. Creativity move freely, like there's a "the sky is the limit of creativity". For example, at present, is a common thing to combine modern elements with classic elements, and even become a necessity and an obligation in a fusion style, due to 'life', or 'soul' or 'spirit' in the design itself.

Mix old style with new style, good 'class' with item 'flea market', certainly not going to be fit, but it will be interesting. Commercial value in fusion style will present itself as a comparison, sometimes even this value is no longer the important thing because it was melted on a new meaning, that is beauty. Very suitable guidelines are "nice and affordable".

The process of creating the world of architecture and interior is something to consider value for money, and becomes a thing that fits perfectly in this style, because freedom is not unlimited. The point is harmony in taste. Example of Fusion Architecture

Style Fusion is a style that is suitable for expression, just as someone would tell him, where there is a surge and personal emotion in it. Not only the story of "good" sometimes "madness" becomes a very interesting thing untukdiekspresikan. That's why we call it the "Unpredictable concept".

Expertise in incorporating and combining even "pinch", is considered a regular and reasonable thing to do,
Expertise in incorporating and combining even "pinch", is considered a regular and reasonable thing to do,

Religious Places

Malaysia is unique culturally in two ways – it is home to three of Asia’s most elaborate cultures (i.e. the Malay, Chinese and Indian cultures) and most of the world’s major religions, all coexisting together in harmony. Malaysia’s cosmopolitan nature traces its roots way back to the glorious era of the Malacca Sultanate in the 1400s, when the city of Malacca became a vital centre for maritime trade and cultural exchange for merchants from all over Asia and the Middle East. With the colonization of the then Malaya under the British, the country’s cultural diversity was further enhanced with the influx of large numbers of labourers and merchants from China and India in the 1800s and early 1900s, who brought along with them their unique sets of faiths and religious systems, thus adding to Malaya’s multireligious identity.

Muslim

Religious Places Malaysia is unique culturally in two ways – it is home to three of

Buddhist

Religious Places Malaysia is unique culturally in two ways – it is home to three of
Hindu Church

Hindu

Hindu Church
Hindu Church

Church

Spaces And People Space is the relative position of one three-dimensional object to another. Space is

Spaces And People

Space is the relative position of one three-dimensional object to another. Space is one of the most important considerations an architect must think about while designing a building, because the sizes of rooms and hallways, the height of ceilings and the ease of entering and exiting each living area must carefully match the function of the building. Architects chose dimensions of rooms to match the number of people who will occupy the space and the amount of activity that will occur in it. To make a building more interesting, architects will experiment with aesthetic qualities of space by varying the width and height of rooms through which people will move. Architects also speak of space as the amount of land that will be occupied by a building on a site. The remaining area is called open space.

Spaces And People Space is the relative position of one three-dimensional object to another. Space is

More Information On

Spaces And People Space is the relative position of one three-dimensional object to another. Space is

Malacca Architecture

<a href=http://www.desearch.co.uk/home/category-2011/14-architecture-for-the-arts-and-the-importance- of-space-in-the-public-realm-by-carol-cooper http://sss7.org/Proceedings/10%20Architectural%20Research%20and%20Architectural %20Design/028_Dursun.pdf Malacca Architecture Christ Church (1741) The oldest functioning Protestant church in Melaka. " id="pdf-obj-10-12" src="pdf-obj-10-12.jpg">

Christ Church (1741) The oldest functioning Protestant church in Melaka.

<a href=http://www.desearch.co.uk/home/category-2011/14-architecture-for-the-arts-and-the-importance- of-space-in-the-public-realm-by-carol-cooper http://sss7.org/Proceedings/10%20Architectural%20Research%20and%20Architectural %20Design/028_Dursun.pdf Malacca Architecture Christ Church (1741) The oldest functioning Protestant church in Melaka. " id="pdf-obj-10-16" src="pdf-obj-10-16.jpg">

A Famosa Fortress (1512) Ruins of the original Portuguese fortress.

A Famosa Fortress (1512) Ruins of the original Portuguese fortress. Francis Xavier Church (1849) Gothic church

Francis Xavier Church (1849) Gothic church built by the French Priest Father P. Fabre.

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