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Original Title: Summary of Linear Motion

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Constant Velocity object moves with certain velocity (its velocity does not change)

Example: If spacecraft Voyager 1 moves with constant velocity 17000 m/s in outer

space, then it will always moves with velocity of 17000 m/s.

Displacement is the distance travelled in a particular direction.

Velocity is defined by the word equation

=

Distance and speed are scalar quantities. A scalar quantity has only magnitude.

Displacement and velocity are vector quantities. A vector quantity has both

magnitude and direction.

Vector quantities may be combined by vector addition to find their resultant.

Acceleration is equal to the rate of change of velocity.

Acceleration is a vector quantity.

The gradient of a velocitytime graph is equal to acceleration:

travelled). The equations of motion (for constant acceleration in a straight line) are:

1) = + .

1

2) = . + . 2

2

3) 2 = 2 + 2. .

For object moving vertically, the acceleration is gravity g = 10 m/s2. In calculation,

gravity can be positive or negative depends on the direction of velocity. If the gravity

is in the same direction as the objects velocity, then the gravity has positive sign. If

the gravity is in the opposite direction as the objects velocity, then the gravity would

have negative sign.

g is in the opposite

direction as V object

g is in the same

direction as V object

V object

(remember, g has (+) or () sign depends on velocitys direction).

Motion of object can be shown using graphs. In linear motion, there are several types of

graphs to show displacement, velocity, and acceleration.

A. Displacement-time; B. Velocity-time; C. Acceleration-time

Look at each line from the graphs above. From the graphs, it can be concluded that:

Line A :

Displacement is

Velocity is

Acceleration is

Line B :

Displacement is

Velocity is

Acceleration is

Line C :

Displacement is

Velocity is

Acceleration is

Line D :

Displacement is

Velocity is

Acceleration is

From line of graph, we can find its gradient and/or its area. Gradient and/or area of the

line in graphs can be used to find quantities in linear motion.

Graph of displacement-time:

Gradient of line represents velocity of object.

Graph of velocity-time

Gradient of line represents acceleration of object.

Area under the line in graph represents displacement of object during motion.

Graph of acceleration-time:

Area under the line in graph represents changes of velocity of object.

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