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Name: ____________________________________________

Weather Review
Part 1: 7.E.1.1 Atmosphere
Directions: Answer the following questions.
1. What gases make up the atmosphere (make sure to include percentages)?
Nitrogen 78%
Oxygen 21%
Other gases 1%
2. Which organisms began to change the composition of early atmosphere?
Algae- take in CO2 and give off O2
3. What happens to temperature as you increase in elevation in the troposphere?
Stratosphere?
Troposphere- temps drop as you get higher in elevation
Stratosphere- temps rise with higher elevation due to ozone layer
4. The presence of oxygen in our atmosphere makes what life process possible?
Aerobic respiration
5. Cold air is high pressure and warm air is low pressure. How would cold air on
top of a mountain move?
Cold air would move down the mountain into valleys- air moves from HIGH to
LOW pressure
Part 2: 7.E.1.2 Water Cycle
Directions: Sketch a diagram of the water cycle. Make sure to include evaporation,
condensation, precipitation, run-off, and transpiration.

Directions: Explain what happens in each step of the water cycle.


Step in the water
cycle
Evaporation

What happens in this step?


Water from oceans rises and turns into gas

Name: ____________________________________________
Transpiration

Water from plants rises and turns into gas

Precipitation

Clouds become saturated and rain, hail, snow, etc falls

Run-off

When ground is saturated, excess water runs into oceans,


lakes, etc

1. What is fog?
Stratus clouds that are close to the ground
2. An abundance of sunshine and low humidity would make which step of the
water cycle most likely?
Rapid evaporation
3. Energy from the _____sun___ makes the water cycle possible.
Part 3: 7.E.1.3 Air Masses and Storms
Directions: Draw a picture of what happens when cold and warm water are mixed in
a tank (Think about our lab).
Students need to know that warm air rises/cold air sinks

1. What do hurricanes need in order to stay energized? Warm water


2. What kind of weather can you expect from a warm front? Stratus clouds and
days of rain
3. What information best helps meteorologists predict tornadoes? Cloud
formations
4. What has the most impact on regional climates? Ocean trade winds

Part 4: 7.E.1.4 Fronts and Clouds


Directions: Draw a picture of a cold, warm, and stationary front, as well as the
symbol for each type of front and the weather it causes.

Name: ____________________________________________
Illustration
WARM
FRONT
COLD FRONT

STATIONARY
FRONT

Map Symbol

Warm air moves


in and takes
over cold air
Cold air moves
in and pushes
warm air up;
high
condensation;
forms
cumulonimbus
clouds
Neither front is
strong enough
to push the
other out of the
way

Weather caused
Stratus clouds;
days of rain
Quick moving;
stormy but clear
and cool after

Many days of
unsettled weather

Directions: Answer the following questions.


1. What happens when a warm air mass and a cooler air mass push against each
other?
Some type of precipitation; air masses do not mix
2. What type of front happens when a warm air mass pushes a cold air mass?
Warm front
3. What type of weather can you expect from a low pressure system? What usually
happens when there is a sharp decrease in air pressure? Stormy, unsettled weather;
tornadoes

Directions: Fill-in information about the three cloud types.


Cloud
Cumulus

Altitude
(high or
low)
Mid

Cirrus

high

Weather it brings
Usually occur with pleasant
weather; cumulonimbus
clouds bring thunderstorms
Usually indicate a change in
weather is coming

Picture

Name: ____________________________________________
Stratus

low

All day precipitation

Part 5: 7.E.1.4 Weather Map Analysis


Directions: Answer the following questions about this weather map.
1. Where is there high and low
pressure on this map? HighRapid City; low- around Detroit
2. How many cold fronts are on
the map? 2
3. How many warm fronts are
on the map? 1
4. Where is the temperature
the greatest? Phoenix

1. What does symbol A stand for? High pressure

Name: ____________________________________________
2. What does symbol B stand for? Low pressure
3. What does symbol C stand for? Cold front
4. What does symbol D stand for? Warm front
5. What direction is the front by D going? north
6. What direction is the front by C going? southeast
7. What kind of weather would you predict by A? clear and dry
8. What kind of weather would you predict by B? rain; unsettled
9. What kind of weather would you predict by C? stormy, then clear and cool
10.

What kind of weather would you predict by D? rainy

Part 6: 7.E.1.5 Global Winds


1. In which direction do winds blow in the Northern Hemisphere due to the Coriolis
Effect?
To the right; thats why most of our weather moves from West to East
2. What are the strong bands of wind in the upper troposphere called? How do
they affect our weather? Jet streams; when the jet stream dips, it usually brings
cold Canadian air with it
3. Explain what causes wind.
The uneven heating and cooling of the Earths surface caused by the sun; when
an area is warmed from the sun, it is low pressure; when an area is cool, it is
high pressure; air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure
4. Which factor causes surface ocean currents?
Wind
Part 7: 7.E.1.6 Human Impact on Weather
Directions: Explain the relationship between global warming, the greenhouse effect,
carbon dioxide, and fossil fuels.
Humans use fossil fuels which emit CO2, a greenhouse gas; when there is too
much CO2, the Earths atmosphere holds in too much heat, and then global warming
occurs.

Directions: Label the following either as renewable or nonrenewable:

Name: ____________________________________________
Source of Energy
Solar

Renewable or Nonrenewable
renewable

Coal

nonrenewable

Petroleum

nonrenewable

Nuclear

renewable

Wind

nonrenewable

Directions: Answer the following questions.


1. How is the greenhouse effect both harmful and helpful?
Greenhouse effect is good, because without it, we would freeze! It is bad when
it holds in too much heat, allowing for the Earth to warm up; polar ice caps melt and
ocean levels rise

2. Why do scientists recommend using renewable resources for energy?


Better for the environment
3. What are chloroflourocarbons (CFCs) and what do they do to the good ozone in the
stratosphere?
CFCs come from aerosol cans, refrigerators, and AC units; they act like Pac Man
and eat away at the good ozone layer, causing holes.
4. What is the difference between the good and bad ozone? Make sure to include
where they are in the atmosphere. Good ozone: in stratosphere and protects us from
harmful UV rays; bad ozone occurs in the troposphere and causes respiratory
problems

5. Why do we use fossil fuels (nonrenewable resources) rather than solar and nuclear
energy?
They are cheaper

Name: ____________________________________________
6. If we continue to increase our usage of fossil fuels for the next decade, what will
happen to the levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere? How will this affect our
atmosphere?
Levels of CO2 will increase dramatically and the Earth will warm up quickly.