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Aperture Measured in f-stops

 Smaller the size of lens opening the larger the f-stop #
 The lower f-stops give more exposure because they represent
larger apertures, while the higher f-stops give less exposure
because they represent small apertures
 An opening that limits the amount of light that goes through
Shutter SpeedDetermines when the camera sensor will open and close to let a
controlled amount of light in.
Measured in seconds, but mostly in fractions of a second (1/60)
Freezes time to capture details of a moving object
Exposure Under exposed- not enough light- dark areas have little detail
 Correctly exposed- details in all areas of the picture
 Over exposed- too much light- bright areas have little detail
Things to think about when taking your photoIs there enough light? Is there too much light?
What story are you telling?
Are you close enough?
What other angles could you take the photo from?
What is the focal point of the photo?
Is there too much background? Not enough background?
Rule of Thirds- makes the photo more visually pleasing
 Divided into 9 parts
 The green points, representing the sweet spots, is where you
want your subject to line up with-makes your subject more
interesting
 When you’re not sure where to place your subject place it off
center

Camera ModesAuto mode Looks at the brightest most prominent photos
 Sets all the variables for you
 Used for quick shots if you don’t know what to do
 Camera is “guessing” to what you want your photo to look
like
Portrait Mode Close up of someone’s face
 Has a clear image of the face and a blurred background
 Ensures your object is the only thing in focus
Macro Mode Allows you to focus on objects that are very close to you
 Used when you want to capture the smallest details on
your object
 Area of focus is sharp and background is blurred
 Use a tripod to keep in focus because it is easy to tell with
the slightest movement
Sports Mode Used to capture action
 Camera automatically chooses the fastest shutter speed
 Goal is to eliminate any blurriness in the photo so
everything is clear
Program Mode
 Semi auto/manual
 Automatically chooses the right settings based on what it
knows
 Lets you control the IOS, white balance, exposure
compensation, and focus
Shutter priority mode
 Allows you to control the shutter speed but the camera
controls everything else
 Used to capture motion
 Represented by fractions of a second (1/60)
Aperture Priority Mode
 You set the aperture and the camera sets the shutter speed
 Used when depth of field is an important aspect of your
photo