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Elizabeth Vega Orozco

Alexa Huerta Villegas
Jennifer Ortega
Understanding the Cultures of the World

The Cons of Same Sex Adoption
DRAFT
According to LifeLong Adoptions, “almost 40% of all agencies and 83% of public
agencies reported making at least one adoption placement with a lesbian or gay man” (LGBT
Adoption Facts). This statistic not only shows the mass amounts of same sex adoption
occurring in today’s day, but it also exemplifies and foreshadows the likely negative effects to be
endured and portrayed by the adopted children. The negative effects involved in couples
practicing same sex adoption varies from health related risks, both mentally and physically,
academic and personal constraints, and the abnormal developmental social skills for adopted
children. Same sex adoption inevitably illustrates the absence in parental reliability towards the
developmental stages a child must experience and surpass with confidence.
When taking a glance at the full scope of things, the overwhelming evidence of health
related risks and outcomes associated with homosexual behavior within a homosexual couple is a
cause for concern. Research in this matter unconsciously indicates such behavior can result in
negative effects being passed on to an adopted child during its upbringing; “The scientific fact is
that children's health is endangered if they are adopted into households in which the adults—as a
direct consequence of their homosexual behavior—experience dramatically higher risks of
domestic violence, mental illness, substance abuse, life-threatening disease, and premature death
by up to 20 years” (Glenn). Gay men have an increased chance in contracting sexually
transmitted diseases, due to their promiscuity and choice of lifestyle, developing anal cancer, and
have a decreased life expectancy than straight men do. As for women, similar idea applies;
women are more likely to develop bacterial vaginosis, breast and ovarian cancer, and are more
prone to develop psychiatric disorders. Moreover, a commonality between both gay and lesbian
couples is that they have been statistically proven to abuse of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco by a

Elizabeth Vega Orozco
Alexa Huerta Villegas
Jennifer Ortega
Understanding the Cultures of the World

higher percentage than heterosexually-involved couples (Glenn). Without a doubt, the given
information is bound to affect an adopted child due to the increased negative risks that his/her
parents partake in on a daily basis due to their chosen sexual orientation. In other words, there is
no stable and no safe home for a child when such an excessive amount of risks become his/her
environment. Is it really smart to allow a child to be raised by parents who have a greater risk of
dying prematurely or of being infectious?
In addition to health related risks, higher grade retentions can be associated with children
of same sex couples versus the typical children of heterosexual married couples. This can be a
product of many factors, one being that, “the legal privileges of marriage are numerous and have
direct consequences for the well-being of children” (Rosenfeld). Other factors being that theory
suggests that biological parents tend to invest more on their child, and the large majority of
children of same-sex couples were children from previous heterosexual relationships. Thus,
implying that the adopted child experienced a divorce and or parental break-up, which collected
research depicts as a traumatic situation for the child. With regards to the personal development,
it is said that a crucial component of the normal development and adequate level of self-esteem
in children is denoted by grade retention. Students who are held back once tend to have a much
higher risk of not graduating high school, leading to low earnings, high unemployment, and low
self-esteem that can further correlate to higher mortality rates for those having been raised in a
same-sex parental setting (Rosenfeld).
Based on a survey conducted to young adults, “young adults whose mothers had a samesex relationship tended to fare worse than their peers in intact biological families on 24 of the 40
outcomes examined. For example, they were far more likely to report being sexually victimized,
to be on welfare, or to be currently unemployed.” With respect to young adults whose fathers had
a same-sex relationship, the gradient of contemplated suicide, having sexually transmitted

Elizabeth Vega Orozco
Alexa Huerta Villegas
Jennifer Ortega
Understanding the Cultures of the World

infections, or having been forced to have sex against their will increases or is significantly more
likely (Kim). All of these findings can conclude that this adoption practice can negatively affect
a young adult by causing abnormal development in social skills, which could lead to violent
experiences due to not knowing how to address a “sexual” situation. It also affects the ability to
communicate during normal duties such as searching for employment and reaching out for
educational information on sexually transmitted infections.
The sense of reliability that homosexual parents give to their adopted children is far
slighter than one would hope for such child in question. There are far too many possible factors
that can play a negative role in a child’s life, whether he or she result in being affected by them
or not. The risk in mental health, academic and personal constraints, and negative effect in
developmental social skills increase; and therefore, an overall decrease in the successful
upbringing of a child has come as a result of same sex adoption. Without a doubt, same sex
adoption inevitably illustrates the absence in parental reliability towards the developmental
stages a child must experience and surpass with confidence. In essence, as Dr. Mark Regnerus
concluded, “the stable, two-parent biological married model [is] the far more common and
accomplished workhorse of the American household, and still—according to the data, at least—
the safest place for a kid” (Kim).

Works Cited
Glenn, Gary. "Gays and Lesbians Should Not Be Allowed to Adopt." Gays and Lesbians Should Not
Be Allowed to Adopt (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

Kim, Christine, and Jennifer Marshall. "New Research on Children of Same-Sex Parents Suggests
Differences Matter." The Daily Signal. N.p., 11 June 2012. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

Elizabeth Vega Orozco
Alexa Huerta Villegas
Jennifer Ortega
Understanding the Cultures of the World
<http://dailysignal.com/2012/06/11/new-research-on-children-of-same-sex-parents-suggestsdifferences-matter/>.
"LGBT Adoption Facts." LGBT Adoption Facts. LifeLong Adoptions, 2015. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.
<http://www.lifelongadoptions.com/lgbt-adoption/lgbt-adoption-facts>.
ROSENFELD, MICHAEL J. "Nontraditional Families and Childhood Progress Through School."
Demography. Population Association of America, Aug. 2010. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.
<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3000058/>.