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# EC 6503 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES

PART A:
1.

## A transmission line has a characteristic impedance of

and it is terminated by a
. Determine the reflection coefficient.

2.

## What is meant by wavelength of the line?

3.

Give the equations for the characteristic impedance and propagation constant of a
dissipationless line.

4.

5.

6.

## Design a quarter wave transformer to match a load of

. The operating frequency is
.

7.

8.

## A prototype LPF is to be designed which must have

filter elements [ and ].

9.

## Define the terms phase velocity and group velocity.

to a source resistance of

. Find

## 10. What is the dominant mode of rectangular wave guide? Why?

PART B:
11.

a.

i.

Derive the transmission line equations and hence obtain expressions for the
voltage and current on a transmission line.
(10)

## ii. A transmission line has a characteristic impedance of

. The
propagation constant is
. Determine the values
of
and of this line if the frequency is
.
(6)
(Or)
b. i.

## What are the types of waveform distortion introduced by a transmission

line. Derive the condition for the distortionless operation of a transmission
(10)
line.

## ii. The constants of a transmission line are

and
phase constant at
.
12.

a.

i.

,
,
. Calculate the attenuation and
(6)

Derive the expressions for the input impedance of the dissipationless line.
Deduce the input impedance of open and short circuited dissipation less
(10)
lines.

## ii. A lossless line in the air having a characteristic impedance of

is
terminated by unknown impedance .The first voltage minimum is located at
from the load. The standing wave is
. Calculate the wavelength
and terminating impedance.
(6)
(Or)
b. i.

## Discuss the method of power and impedance measurement on the line.

(10)

ii. A slotted line experiment performed with the following results: Distance
between successive minima is
, distance of first voltage minima from
, SWR is
and
. Determine the load impedance. (6)

13.

a.

i.

. Find the length and location
for a single-stub tuner, short circuited. Use smith chart and verify the result
(10)
by using direct formula.

ii. What is quarter wave transformer? Discuss the application of quarter wave
(6)
line in impedance matching
(Or)
b. i.

Discuss the principle of double stub matching with neat diagram and
expressions.
(8)

ii. A
long lossless transmission line with
operating at
is
. If
on the line, find
reflection coefficient, standing wave ratio and input impedance. Use smith
chart.
(8)
14.

a.

i.

## Derive the expression for characteristic impedance of symmetrical T and

section networks.
(8)

and

What is

-section)

(Or)
b. i.

and

.
(8)
(4)

## ii. Design a composite high pass filter to operate into a load of

and have a
cut off frequency of
. The filter is to have one constant
-section,
one
-derived section with
and suitably terminated half
(12)
section. (Use -section)
15.

a.

i.

## A pair of perfectly conducting plates is separated by

in air carries a
signal with frequency of
in
mode. Find cut-off frequency, phase
constant, attenuation constant for
and cut-off wavelength.
(6)

## ii. Derive the expression for the field strength for

parallel perfectly conducting planes.

(10)

(Or)
b. i.

## Derive the field expression for

wave propagation in rectangular
waveguide with relavant expressions and diagrams for the field components.
Write the instantaneous field expressions for
mode in rectangular
waveguide.
(12)

## ii. An air-filled circular wave guide having an inner radius of

is excited in
dominant mode at
. Find the cut-off frequency of the dominant mode,
guide wavelength, wave impedance and the bandwidth for operation in
dominant mode only. Given
.
(4)