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New! Architecture and Technology

New! Architecture and Technology

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Published by Manu Muñoz
A book that describes the evolution of the structural design throughout the years.
A book that describes the evolution of the structural design throughout the years.

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Categories:Types, Maps
Published by: Manu Muñoz on Mar 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The ambience around and in buildings is the result of
natural and of man-made causes: the climate,
HVAC, lighting, etc. Whatever the nature of the
cause, the responsibility falls squarely on the archi-
tect to reckon with it (Flynn et al., 1992). The extent
and contents of the requirements concerning the
ambience in buildings has grown ever more com-
plex in recent times and embraces, for example,
heat, moisture, mould, corrosion, water supply,
energy control, fire, smoke, pure air and odour, nat-
ural and artificial illumination, sound, protection
against lightning, vibration, security, electromagnetic

radiation and various telecommunication services.
Technical services cater for performance to satisfy
the various requirements: HVAC equipment, water
supply, telephone and telecommunications services,
elevators, security and anti-fire equipment, etc. Each
service may be and often is designed as a system
and such systems increasingly are complex embra-
cing two or more systems together with their inter-
action (Aspinall, 2001). For example, lighting may be
combined with ventilation or may be incorporated in
furniture. As a consequence, comprehensive envi-
ronmental systems may be applied and the building
as a whole may be considered as a comprehensive
environmental system. When the architect designs
a building, he/she must decide whether a new sys-
tem or systems will be applied or whether existing
systems will be incorporated in the design. Special-
ized firms develop their own (lighting, heating, etc.)
system and system developers may develop com-
plex systems to be applied by various designers
(Flynn et al., 1992). Architects do not themselves
design energy systems and services but have to be
active partners with those who do design them
since the dialogue must end up with comprehensive
architectural-engineering solutions and the interrela-
tion of services and structures results in specific
aesthetic consequences.

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