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UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN

Centre
Course
Y/T
Lecturers

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Centre for Foundation Studies


Foundation In Science
Year 1 Trimester 2/3

Unit Code
Unit Title
Session

: FHSC1134
: Inorganic Chemistry
: 2015/10

Ms. Amelia Chiang, Ms. Azlina, Ms. Edayu, Ms. Farhanah, Mr. Law SP, Ms. Lily Lee,
Ms. Nabilah, Mr. Sivabalan, Ms. Archuna, Mr. Goh KW, Ms. Gurpreet, Ms. Jamie,
Ms. Lau MC, Mr. Ng SK, Ms. Ooi SF, Ms. Phang YN, Ms. Precilla, Ms. Rachel Tham,
Ms. Rajalakshmi, Ms. Tan GL, Mr. Tan JB, Ms. Tan LS.

Tutorial 3: Chapter 2 (s-Block elements)


1.

Both element 19X and element 20Y are soft silvery metal, with high heat and electrical
conductivity. Compare between element 19X and element 20Y in terms of bonding,
melting point and reactivity.

2.

Based on Table 1, explain the trend of the atomic radii of elements when going down
Group I.
Element
Atomic Radii (pm)

Li

Na

Rb

152

186

227

248

Table 1

3.

Table 2 shows the first four ionisation energies for element D and element E respectively.
Ionisation energy (kJ mol-1)
Element
First

Second

Third

Fourth

494

4560

6940

9540

577

1820

2740

11600

Table 2
(a)

Determine the group number in the Periodic Table for elements D and E.

(b)

Explain why the fourth ionisation energy for element E is exceptionally high.

(c)

Write a balanced equation for reaction which element D is dissolved in water.


[Sept 2013]

4.

Based on Table 3, state the trend of reducing strength of elements when going down
Group II. Explain your answer.
Element
Standard reduction
potential (V)

Be

Mg

Ca

Sr

Ba

-1.85

-2.37

-2.87

-2.89

-2.92

Table 3

5.

6.

Write a balanced, net equation for each of the following reactions:


(a)

Potassium oxide with nitric acid

(b)

Beryllium with water

(c)

Magnesium with steam

(d)

Potassium hydroxide with bromine

Calcium oxide reacts with sulphuric acid to produce J and K. Calcium-containing product
J is widely used in hospitals.
(a)

Write a balanced chemical equation for this reaction.

(b)

Give the role of product J in hospitals and state the reason why it can be used for
this purpose.

(c)

Write a balanced equation to show the formation of calcium oxide from its
elements in the standard state. State whether calcium oxide is acidic or basic.
[Dec 2014]