You are on page 1of 2

Education in the Philippines has been heavily influence by its

colonial history. Education officially began in 1898 when English was

considered the language of instruction. Through its colonial history, the
United States has left the largest imprint on the Education system. This
can be seen in the Philippines extensive and majority inclusive
structure of education. With that, the Philippines has been a long
leader in education for its region and has achieved universal primary
Though the success rate may differ between the islands, the
structure of their education continues to stay consistent. There are
formal and in-formal systems of education. Formal education in the
Philippines is one of the shortest in the world. Primary education is a
total of six-years. The average age of students entering into primary
school is between 6 and 7. However, this can differ, again, among the
islands. Primary school consists of subjects such as math, language
arts, and health. When students finish primary school they receive
their certificate and are qualified to move onto to their secondary
Secondary education consists of more expensive private schools.
Though students who pass primary school are offered automatic
acceptance into public secondary schools. However, students looking
to attend a private school will face a competitive group of students
looking to be accepted. About 46 percent of the private schools in the
Philippines are private, and these schools enroll more than 90 percent
of all secondary education students. Like schools within the United
States, students are rated four times a year. If a student does achieve
a final grade of 75 percent they must repeat the subject in the next
year. When a student passes all four years of secondary school they
achieve another certification of graduation. Below is an example of the
grading scale for primary and secondary schools in the Philippines. You
can see the similarity to the United States





WES Grading Scale






The Philippines also offers a very well developed structure of

higher education. In the academic year 2004/05 there were 1,619
institutions of higher education (Clark 2009). Students must have
obtained a certificate of graduation of secondary school. Just like other
universities around the world, students studying in higher education
have different stages of degrees to work for. The first being a
Bachelors (minimum of four years), stage 2 is the Masters (minimum
of 2 years after the bachelor, and the third stage is Doctor of
Philosophy. Having these forms of degrees in the Philippines allows for
students to go beyond the basic education level and truly push
themselves to be highly successful.
It is important to note that not just anyone can become a teacher
in the Philippines; there are requirements one must pass in order to
obtain a certificate to teach in the Philippines. Generally, teachers
looking to teach primary school in the Philippines must hold a bachelor
degree in education. If, however, a teacher was looking to be a
preschool they might only need a certificate of graduation form
secondary school. Each program in higher education to obtain a
teaching degree is typically 4 years in length.
Looking into the history of the Philippines, they have come far to
achieve such a stable structure for education. Each student is pushed
to his or her fullest learning capacity. They continue to strive for
improvement in this system, and will not simply settle for what is now.
The Philippines will continue to become stronger in their education and
support of their children.