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.125 ''1:J17 'il n''1:Jn;~ '1DO 11 G. ,A. Wewers, Gehei- ilN'1 l"l'l:l'1il m'DOl "071 no'el"l ?l1 .128 ''1:JY OW 12 mrns und Geheimhaltung in rabbinischen Judentum (de Gruver B r

O"N ,ni"l'l3m m'DO:l ,'0l1 ;Y l'Wn1 :1, '~'n &'JON '1:1n'1:Jn New Work ~~ ,0'1'N' ,1;il, ; On1l'l'l:l im 0'130::l13l1 ,nl?')l In ne,i:' m;::I'nn n''1DO ;W np;n

8

."b.n .129-128 !'1:J11 'il m~n;'1:J 'leo 13

.128 ''1:J11 ,ow 14 .129 ''1:Jl7 ,ow 1.5

[26 ]

nN l'ItU~; tI"lj;~ en ; il"n; "'no iV'I,'D iltOm; O"N;~il tI"O'~ 1N' U"", -,to'~'tO nN n37i" u"'v tltO iltO'D' iltOii' ;, ,'n~ ,m7 ,,'il 1iZ'ljil:1 "ml n'~tO;rtl~37; .0iV'l OtO ;, ?to ,mT37:1 ,'37£l; 'tODN m;'37£l ';'N : "~;n:1tO mlNn ,:1,; il£lO'ltO n£lo,nn nN nn37 to'l'il; v' 'N" ; l",il

.iTl1n; 1N' m'tOvn~ n"lN~ m;'37D n"tODN~il m37'"

;N rn T''': 22 '~Nl Oto 'n n'~n;~ '0:1 01 O'37'D'~il 0',:1' "'T~ rn l"l37 -,:1 lL'~ntOi17 ,'n"~'N~ N'~m 'iN ,"1 ,no' - ':1n'7 ,'Tll n':1~ N'l,n ."1l; il~" N?' il"n:1 371' O'N :11T37 ... m~:::J rrrm ?N' 37" ,to:1 ?371 O,N.' 71'0~ T'" ,,, 737 .23 m"~ "tO~ntO~" 737'Dn 'ItO n'lN~n n'37~n

[29 ]

1

N':1N fTNntOn ow? .C"N'~n nN~ m~tO' nun~ 1" rrnnn nN ":1v~ ,nN' ,nN " "~,, : rrnn 'to,~to 'DO.:1lL' il?N nNl "~'1lil ',:1, nN n"37 (~, ,no o','nn) '~NltO ,:1, ,? ,om :1i11N " ilt037l [tI"N'~n~] ,n:1tO n'O~:1 n'''Tlil nUM' ."O,N:J 20 nun~ nnv' ,':1tO n':1tO OW~,

: n'~tO =rrnn 'to'~to 'DO:1 O'£lo'n'~

n::m37 rrnnn nN [nw] " iO~' rmnn ,to n'D'D" il":1v N'v "~,,

" iO~ ,nN' ,nN ", ":li11N 't037l n,tOi"I "N'~ ;" ,i"Ii'~tO' ,,:I ,Til'tO,~tO ;;:" iltO'D' iltO'D ;,~ l'N~" lOlto 21 n'~tO "0' i1N'D' ':1,

,nn •.. O'N:I nun~ nnv' ,':ItO n'.ltO O,,~, n"37 ~'N Nli1 l'tO m~~~ '''37' ililni"l itO n'D'D' '''37 O"N'~n " "O~to ':J;:'li"l to'~tOi"I

Nli1:J 'i"I"N Nli1tO ,1l:l OMlD? 'T37?N' ,r37'N7 iltO~ mo~, O'lDn ,to

.":I'~' ,,;:,r N"v" N:1'

m7'Dl~ ~"P Y~~l ;ml11 "O'~IV 'Ol lzrnpn 11'~111? l'l1?'lP~ 110 l'l1ll"l1~n 20 C1V [C'IVl?'Dn 'l~] 0,'; [c,',::lN] '1~111" N"Y ,N! "1' l"i,mOl 'T 1l::l"11

(1 ,it, 11'1IIN'~) pl0Dn ;17 111DO'J"I.1 '?Yl 11Y'? ."[1'11J11~' 1J"n1] nN~'''n 11N~'''l 1II"D~n CIV ,':lTn? 1'?1:l' 1'Il'IV "D cn; '10~ ilN~1"l l'11~'O v;n" -130 '~y ,C'N 'll1 C':lN?~ 7'l 111l''1' ,'1DIV Cl ilN." .CIl? P'T' N?' "11lll

.187-186 '~y ,11IVN"lil '1l"; 11'll., nIV." , .,ll'X'l' ,86 il,yn 131 il;Y~ ;'0 N'?~Dl 'l'1n!l" nIV~ '1~'N C1II :" ,N' ,lll'1 O''1l' 'O'1'~~ IlN, 21 .";N'1IV'? n111N 'm~?' il"lpn ?IV 1l'~'~ 1l"11 '11?lv1 O'N 'll' cn'T' '11"'l1 n'1'11 111~' "IVvlll l111:ln ,;N'~'O Il I'~'ll " 1""DIl ?IV 1"~'? m1IVi11 ,YlU) - 1?~Y 1Il'Nl 1II'N n'l "'17" :/7;N., O"l':l C"N'~/7 ", ;17 ~, 'N?~ '1'O11l "17 ~,,, - ';IV 'll" Yll'!V1 C1II "1'1X - "11n11 ilTl 17., '?1Ml OD1l ,"m~ ;,n', ilnr,7jl 11""v 11'IV - 111~' IlDml '37'"n ;1'''' - 111~n HUCA 43 (1972) "11""lltT'l.' 1l!)1v11il~ c''IV1n C''1'IV'' ,il.,lJ" ;'" ",l n'l,,'N'11' ml"p 1'11117" il"lN~'lll N"'l'l /7N~l 'n rn 7'~'ll " p. 295

'Ol C'Y'D'~/7 C''1l,/7 11N I" ,I~v' 60 il'1Y/7 Cl iTN." .nl''1~' 111'1DOl'O c'W"vm C''1'il''il l'11~'Ol1" (l"Y " "l' 752 11'''''1ln n''1DO/7 '''') vIVnn fl'Pl "'N' ."il,mn 'l'P' C'~IV' n?yIV iTYIVl ll'l' n'!V~' C"N'~ "~?IV 11"l,Til" ilW 11N ,~?~ '~!Yl il"lpn (2'!fT '~y 56 I1IVIV ,II,) C"lN~ C",l'n ?IV ?NlTl~ 'N?~i'Tr.l nIV~ ~?'O 'O'11D~n CIVil ;31' .C''1~? il?lI' NliT ''ON:l "l'11~'O ilO'D11 'l '0'111 lJi'l'::Iil ,~,~ ~'nn '!I ,"lI'iT? "K" ., ,N" ,n::l., 0''1l'.:1 ilN, N?N IN' '11N::IiT N?1 .:1., N1n ,nD 11lIV::I1U iT1lN? "IVvll::l ?NiI m~1II:l n'11nn

'31' .11'~"V 11'O'DM 111'1"'0' 'vJ' '11n?IV C',,::I," "11~ 11NT1 ,"lI'~::ITU "31'~ '~11o., N? ,nD 11lIV::I'O n1lN? ,n'D'01"D.' "1N 0'1131'" 11'?.:1pn 111JWiDn C'W'In' 'D!I ,111~IV' n."l'1.1 110'D11 1'.:1' iT1lN.' 1'::1 ''OPiT 11N n'''iT? '1!1 IN:l 'ttr.ln :.,iT '1~'nn 'D ~ ilI.)!lI' 'JDl iT'1'vn 11»'" NlUum .lJi'J'::In '~'::I 11NT

.O'D'::I' " '::I11:l::l

[28 ]

[31 ]

1

'1' '17 m'1l7.D "17.D' O'Nn 'IV n":::I" n.'m:::lnIV 7:::1n', ,;N'~' n'~"n' ""l' ,0'n1:::1ln O't'n~ ,nN m r, ':::I" 21) '~Nl ,nN O'P~l ; 24 t.", n17'1' n,m 'IV'~IV '.DO:lIV nDO,nn 7'l 7"~'n ."o'nX1D 1:1 O:::lmN':I 'm~' 0;'17 'D;' 1'17; ~":I ,"t,"n n17"', n"';n~n n'lN~ n~'ln 7':1' "'~;nn ":1,; o"'IVpn ~'P n'~IV '1'x, 1m'n ,:1" nmp '1l7'IV 'DO ;IV 1'D'N 'l; 17",IV O"IVD~n m~IV ";'l N;N ll'N "t,"n 7~ p;nIV 7:::1n' ,0":I'Nn m"~; 17':11'; N;IV n:l"n~ m,'nrn iN ,"":10 m'IV.DN N'n nNt ; m'lN~ m;'17.D

J'l'D'O nlPO~:::I nn'N 0'17'.D'~ rrnn 'IV'~IV 'DO~ OD'l N;IV v,nl ; m~IVn 7"l17; nn17 ',rm

mIV'D~ m~IVn "Ul n'D '17IV n~'IVn ,nIV~; "O~ O':::IN;~nIV m~IVn ":I'n:l O'17'D'~n m~IVn 7':1 .O"O~ OIV' n"IVpn n'lN~n n;'17.Dm n"11n ,m" ,"o'r,n o:::ln" ,7"""N ,'N',n:::lN : 711:::l ,'N; 0':1' 0"1l':::I O"'X~ 'N',on 71l:::l O':::IN;~n ;IV 0':1' 11'~IV 'X:I ,"O'l'17 "n~" ,"1"';':" ,"o"P~' 'UOlO ,'1l0 '1N' mlO ,7'p0.D ,7'~~N 71l:::l ,m~~~ 'IV 0"13':::1 ; 'N'XDP' nl'n:l~' ,'1"17 ;:::1 O'll'~ Ol'N m~IVn 7~ ':I:::Il p;n ,0':1 .0'~0"D~n '1;llo, m~IVn nN n,m, 7'NIV '1N' .n~'p "11'IV ''!)OlIV m~IVn 11N C"':::Ir~ on n nl:l~IV ti)'l'n; It" ,n~'p "l7'lV 'DO:llV omN, "',n '!V1~IV 'ElO:liV n".n:l N"P' 'WDN C."lIV 'D; ; O"':I'my 'liV 11N 'nN~ 'l"P17 '1mw~ '1l7D; m"'IVDN 'l' mp~IV nN"i' ,U'?17 11;:I,p~n 11Nt~ m,IV nN"p

.26. m'l~ m;'17D

o'lV~nlV~ mlVn ':IN?~IV i1T T' 'll? n?'l ,~" N"37 nD fJ, nllVl '~Nl? nmvi'l 24 "ln~1V 1~:J 1V'1D~i'I OIV? 'lJ':J NlnlV ",n:J" Nli'1 IN:J "r,"i'I 11137~IV~ ."1l 'T37'?N 'l'1' 'v'1D) C"10'1'~n nl'11v~' nN mt'1 .nl1O::I '~Nl? m"lv]jn 1~

l:Jl ,NlVn ':J nlV'1D n'1nn '1N'll '~lP'1 OnJ~ " fJON1O O"?lP1l1 (r~ v'1D

J. Maier, "Gesetz und Gnade in Wandel des G!!Setzesverstandnisses

der nachttalmudischen Zeit", Gesetz und Gnade in ANen Testament und

in liidischen Denken (ed. Brunner, Judaica Sonderdruck, 29, 1969) p. 103 Nl,nl n'1lr~ ",no":J O"N1Mi'I ll1~IV ?IV llpn::l'~ n'lN~ n137~1V~ .n. 39

'D~ '1~lrl 1:J ':J" : Studies and Texts. III, P. 74 ('1~ONl '~ "n~) i'l1V~' lll'nl~ ."::I,nn ''1no 1mI.' 1?Nn 1l1~1V:J nNTn l,ni'l 1? '110~? O"lloln l1'1N n'l10? i'l1V~' Nl,n 'DO "l1 O'~1' ,m ~DIV~::I '1lr~i'I 'nllVn~i'I illl~i'I ',no:J m~lVn ?10 n'lN~ i'lO"l !:In l,ni'l ''1no:J nl~lVi'I ; nl !:I'l' llNIV

. 'lN~ m:J 11~~ !:Ii'll ClW ,n'11nn .129 '~37 'i'I nwn?]j 'DO 25 n~ ?37 ill~'n~ n'10~ 'i'I ll1~n?~ 'DOl 37'Dl~n '~1nl nNl, 'IN nNT "~Nl 26

,mlV"~ 'lll) 'nl'1 ll1?:J'nl '~Nl? mllVm ,n~1p '137'111 'DO !:Il'Ol '1lr~ i'I'nlV

• ?'37? 4 n'37n? mlW1l1 ."n'1n ?IV '1Nl ?1V1~ nM" ?N37~IV' " ?37 (rlr '~37 N

[30 ]

'nw~:n ,n""ilil r",DO' O""lVil O'~Oi'~:1 ,U',:1' nN O'Ol' 'Hnl ~lVDil : il"n:1 m:1'lV 'nlV '31 ':1"~ ,il~'i' "31'lV' O':1'1'i'il O'~N~::I O',nN O"i'~:1lV ,Tl'~lVil ", ?31 iiN"i'il N'illV -ri-m ,illV~? il?lnllV 017 ,n' 1Tl'l1N - ?N17~lV' "7 m7lTlil7 "Tl17lV - O":1'Nil "17'lV? O"'lVi' n'lil? ":10 .rrnn 'lV'~lV 'DO nO"l 'D 717 - '~~31 illV~? il~'lV!):l il"nn N'il ,il"Tl lM~? ~O1l:1 "n1lTl~" tn~ nO.,1lil ,n:1lV n'Or.l:1lV i11lNil " "r.l?Tli'l1 ,m7:l'ilil n1'DO l1nr.l 17'" il'ii!O 'r.l1n 7lV '1N~ ill1n~ NO"l _ ,nNil il'D1N ,Tlr.l117? .mmn 7lV "O'l~il 'D'INil nN lV'l'il? il'il 1"l1l7~

."mln~" il:1'n:1 r~'llV - N33 'lNr.li1'l '~O'~il ''I17'lV 'DO n'l0'Dn7 :1'1'1' '17r.llV~lV .rrnnn 7lV r, ,:1,::1 il31'? i'H'M l"17l .il'1Tl:1 "'17 ?lV Tl1n1'~ m'l~ 731 ':11'~ Oil:1lV O'~N~:1 "~r.l ,il~1i' : N'l1ill " ?17 '~Nl ':1lV ,14 n,?,'nil m'DOr.l ~O'l '~Nr.l:1 ;'7'nn

", ':UlV~" 11!l1i'11:1 il'1l1i7 110'Dl'1l '~o',~m '1'1'~il ,'IN.~il '10'" 1'1:l'l1il? N33 c':mvnil 1":1' I1N ilN' ,m'~o'r.l l"'~l '';>l7:1::1 C'Nll1il ?111 C"!l1N jm mlr.l'';> 1I1~1'11l1mv ,112-103 '~l7 ,(~"::I1I11'1 C'?1I11") O'~l7:1 ';>N'1I1' ,'11:1 i'n'S' ?111

';>l7 ; 1117::1'ilil 111'D07 i'i'T'il7 '?:1~ ,11?'D:1 1::11 11'1'1::l?il"I1'1I1"r.lil m'!lO:1 .m'1l'1~n il'1l1i1 ,'~Ol ;'SN C':1' l'l1mi'~:1 Cl ilN' ml1'1il ;111 n';>N O"lD 'l1l1 11"~01ll ,Cl?1I1 0'!l'il1l1 il:1::1'~ illVl7~7 rmern .:1"11 , "l' ilr.l?1I1 il:1::1'~ 34 r, ':1, illi'il 1:1 N'l1nJ " '? 'r.lN1I1 il11111:1 'Nl1r.llV' :'1"N" :107 'r.ll7 ,1'1"1il' C"l7 ;111 1::1'r.l 'I1'N' ,lilr.l "n n::l1l1N N; il'1I'1 Cll i1:1::1'r.li1 '::I'il =rm

ilr.l 7::1 i1Nl'1 il:1::1'r.l:1 i1!l1'S1 ••• C'N "1I1N ""N ••• N1I1'l1 C, NO:;' 717 :11111' m'Sr.l7 ilNl'1 ;N.,1I1' 'il;N '1' "::11.,:1 1';l7 :1V;1'il '1:1::1il NO::l 'l!l'i 1'1I11l7lV "11111;1 illilNl" : 110 'r.ll7 ,C1I1 '1l71 ." '1::11 111:11~ nl.,'Tl71 C'i'1n';>1 il.,1:1l';>1 "il'111 ,."n" '1~':1il C'Sl7 ."il.,111 '"n:1 il!l'llNl ill':1 '::1.,,:1 '1i'nNl ilr.l::ln mlV;nl .ilr.lli' '111'111 '1'Sr.l OlV /'il:1::1'r.lil '"n" I1N "::Ir~ Nlil1l1 tn'::I ,1"ll7r.l

'!l:1 ,l'1'1N!l1'1 - il"1il 'r.ll7~ i'1'i" 'l- il'';>l7 ,."nr.l ,'l71 .,U" "7i'il ~1'D7

'r.l11 ,'''r.l,n 1'';>,:1 ,I'll'S';> ';>:11' '0 - ill'lV 1'1'N!ln 'DOl O!l'l) ."il'll1 ';>::1 "il'111 '"n" '1~':1il .V;"1!lr.l:1 ilr.lli' "1l7'111 l"l31 '::ITl ,212 'r.!l7 .m ~1'£l:1 .(210

(33 l1'l1il ';>'11';> I1N') m~';>N 'N O'!l,mv m';>::I'l1il m'£lOr.l ~1'!l.:1 Cl l7'£l1r.l

:"il"111 '"n" C"::ITl 13 'r.ll7:1 1';>'Nl "il'1n ,."n" C"::ITl C1I1 19 '~l7:1 ; 11 'r.ll7 ilon'1" : "1'"n ,';>r.lil 'IN':1il'' 717 l'li'l7 l:1N "l01' ,., ?lV 11111"£l 1'1N ilN'1 I'1",Oil 1117lM ,"1'"n cmN ilN'i'1 1"N n'1!'1il nrne I'1N [';>N"V;' 1'10l::l] ,'::lli1';> V;' .35-34 '~11 ,('''::llV1'1 ,.C'';>trll'') l'i'';>il 1I1"N l'lil'il~ ,m'1Nr.lil 1'111!l1m Nlil ,Tl',:1:t 11.,N mN'Sr.I'il Cli'r.l Nlil1l1 ,C'1I1'i':t 1V1i' '::l i11:11l7il l1N Cl IN::l E. ':'111 1,.,:1' 1'1N 1::1 lr.l::ll N"l1 T 1'11::1,:1 ilN' ,.n1m';>Nil 111';>ll1il 01i'~ Cl Goodenough, Lewisb Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, vol, IV 111::1- il';> C'11';>!'Ir.lil C'l.illr.lm il'11'1il Tl1l11'i' '::I 1::l1'1" .(1954), PP. 129 fI. Cl nN' il'11'1 '"n ';>11 ;1'11m'Nil 1':11 ill':1 01'i'il '1I1i'i'I1~ C'i'l1' - il'11'1 .,11::l " ';>111 11'1r.l'i'il:1 l7'£l1r.lil ":111'1::lil '"n" '1~':17 Cl ml111ill .lr.li'7 39 il'l1il:1

[33 ]

'Tll n'.:l~ N~l' r., .m ':1,::1 'lD? '"'i~n ?N ,',::131' ?N' 'n'1TV1.) ?N" nll'i ?N nll'ir.l " ••• crnN n?lr.l 'IN ::Ili1N 031'7 ,'m'!'~ n~ill' ill0.l1 ',:1, ,'m Tl'I'?lil l:1?r.l '~~TVlTV (::I ,'~ ,n'r.li') '31'1' N? '111N1 'N!' O'r.l:l m1n N'::Iil? ,::1 lVr.lnlVn? "N' Oil? , ?r'::I:l1 llTVnl:l O'TVi' n"l1

."om~!ll'::I l~TV:l' O:1'P::l

ma~TV nr.l? nr.l,,::1 ,il'111n ?TV nTV'" n:l,ll'''? O"l r,,, "'''1 jmilr.l IN:l OnN" : 82 m,nn 1':1' rin 1'::1 iTVi'n r~i.l ::I'ITV 1TV~"::I ,In Tl'Ir.l"?~ iDO::l 1'Nn rn "'11'1 iDO "r.l?, 01'11" "r.l?, 0111" '?::IP1 in:l 'TV£l111 n:1'lV'.:l O'::ITV" ?TV Oll'~~ ."O:l::l:l? m::l'l1l (!) l'?ll'r.l N'" " ,::1 'TVr.lTVn 1N'm 'i11TVi'l1 '.l"m - nlV'i'? O'i'TVP om ,1Vi'!)~n OTV N'ln IN:l 'Ii'TlTV 0111"'" il'l:lil .m'l'l::l 'lNr.ln TV'Ir.l'lVil miTVDN? rr.li nNi.l:l- n::l TV'Ir.l'TV::I'I _ ni'1'1" TV'Ii'~ : 88 'N "O1l ,N::I'i'll' 'i' l'll'mN TVi1r.l:l "ri" n::l'l'lil nN:1 n~" ~TV~::I 'i~N' 3I"Pi' ll"i'i ?:l.:lTV O'i~ '?"" ?, '731' 'ITVli nTV~' m ri 'l'l'?'lTV:l" 1Ni::l.lTV ri ••• o,~ '?31::1 "TVN '1?' O'N '.l:17 m ri "?lr.l n1'1N n~ '.l£lr.l :'?

:"fjN1 O'r.lTV ,::1

[32 ]

1'11'011 C,?, ,cm~ ,nN ?,? "~'N "l!J? C'N::l c'~'n "'~?1'1lV l~T::l" 1'1'''vlV n~ 'l!l? "'~N n',,01 ?'N'iI iI"::lvl'T ,? .,mN ,1i1 ,? "~N iI."n::l ,,,::l lV'lV ,~ "l!J? N::l ••• iI::l'lV'::l 1'1l1~lVlV iI~' l'T::l'lV'::l n'llVlV iI~' lV'lV ,~ "l!J? N::l .•• 'l~~ "l!l ,£),n iI":::Ii'iI l'TllV~ "':::1 l'N' N"v~ N? iI~? m:J?iIiI ?, 'l::l ,? "~'N iI"::li'iI TN ,illV?lV 'N c,."o 'llV ,,'::l ,m?1'1 'l::l ,iI":1i'iI ,? "~'N ml.' ,,,::l lV'lv ,~ "l£)? N::l ••• cmN 1'1'llV 1'1i'Ol11'1l' ?'N'iI ,? .,mN "~?1'1 ,,'::l lV'lv ,~ N::l ••• ,1'1'llV N? iI~? ill1lV:::I N?N '~?'11::l iI"lii l'NlV ,36 O1Nl::l 1'1'£)'S iI::l:J'~::l 1'1'£)'S , "~?1'1::l l'l,m l'N'''' l'~'::l~' l''S''S~' 111,n::l 1'1'0111' C'::llV" c'~:Jn "'~?1'1lv N'" ,'Nil ?~lVn ••• '~'11 N1iI ,'Nil ',,::l:J NO' rnn ,,~? nn l'~iI .,'l1'lV iI~:J ,'~1l1 'IN ,'Nil "1"1' '11' 'l"£)'S~ C?"~ iI?"l ••• '~'11 'l::llV "1:)' "iI ill 'l'l?,'l 'ill •.. '?l., l'l'l1::l'SN "l1'lV iI~:J1 ", l'l0'!J

."nNTiI iI1~:1 ',,::l:J nN l'''':J~

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"INUll.) ?N'm7 Il lnl" I, ?W 1"I"11rl1"l "I.)'? : "ll" mn • '?WI.) W"I'I.)I.) "I~NI.)? ,1l"l'N 'N l"IN., .nl:J11.) nwll'1.) "~"? nN .,Nll? ',:l cn.l c'wl.)nw~w C"'~'l:1 l"I."nl"l "I.)'? : ,nN I"lll'? C'l'W C"'~':1 'lW U'l!J? ':l l:ln', ,N'-n 'I.)ll' C"~N~O:lNl"I C'!J'''I'lll''l n.,lll'l"I N?' ,ill:l.,1.) ilWll'l.)l ,,'O'll' N?N m'N iI?'ll'l.)iI n,ml"l ?ll' .1"Il:l.,1.)1"I l"IWll'~l ,,'0'37 - .,nN NWU? - iI'1,n "I.)'? - ,nN NWll~ nNl.)l"I 'll tl'?:1'''.l.)n 'l'll':1 rrnnn 737 m",l ,1~"? l"INi C'NlUUiI 'lW ,':1 llN Cl 1:l? "IW"l N'll"l? W' ."I'~T'NI.) men 'l"I'?N '., ?W ,nn llN 1m ,T"~l"I IlN m,' ,., N':1l"1W l"INl'l.)l"I 'D? ,ll11:ll"l '0" Il '0" ".,? tl'om'~l"I tl,.,l'l"I ."1l1~1ll0' nmD'S nlll'D~il "lll' - n'I.)''Sll'nl mn l"Il:l.,1.) .,"0" ,'I.)Wl nNl'l ,"'0'" Il '0"7 nom'r.-n "'D':l C"? Nnw"" 11111.) ~"D ''''Tn~'' , .,W"?£) '37 .1"IN., l"IW~ : N'il 1~"£)il ,.,l' ll1ll'I.)WI.) ':l n'lil? "':10 .45 '1.)ll':1 .,nN nom 4 11.)ll'

.iI.,'lllW n,,,o,, mlll'£) ", ?ll' ill:l"~iI nN - mn - ilN., ill.)'i' "'ll"W "£)0 ?W n,o'£)n? "Wi'lll.) ill nl1l.) .30 1"I"ll'1"I ?'ll'? ilN., m'Nll'1?ll' 36 , T' 'I.)ll' l.,l"N "ill.) 1un "£)Ol ilN"I ,111?:l'1"I1"1 n,"I£)OI.) C,.,nN C'''II.)Nl.)l Cl .il"li'il ?W ",?nil nN "I':lTl.)il ,I'''~~I.)? 1"Wl"I ,"mNl ?W W'l?" ?37 .,l"1.) CW

.tl':lN~il ?W m'Nll"l ?'ll'1.) ?ll' ? '1.)37 CW "ll"

'nl) 'nl"l ll1?:l'il 'Ol "I.)Nlil l"IN., : l"Il:l"l.)l il"£)'S? "Wi'l 37'" ill ?ll"£) N36 ?W Cllllllil 1:l 'I.):l, "Y'll.) il'l"Itu iI'Dlll.) 1l'?'SN lW"" (TJ "I.)ll' ,N ll1W"I'1.) ,C'l'Nlil "I11'N , I'Nl 'Nil ,., ,.,l' nN Cl l"IN." ,O'''I£)? 'Ol:llW C'I.):lnl"l nw,?w

.14 '~ll' n1l'Wnil ,,?n ,ill'ln

[35 ]

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[34 ]

N'~l n1lV' m'lN' m~~n lV"~ nllV~ n1lV' c':m'l~' C'N'~l n"n C'N N'i'lV

,""~37 n"lV lV"i'n m, ,,~ ,n~lV~ ~'~~~n i1llV' -lN~ cn~ C'l' UNlV c'''I~'n "IlVi'~ nN"Il~ -l'~'~ i1l'37~ l''137lV n~NlV n"~i'n ,~ ,l"~~~ ClV~ ,'~Nl 40 1'lln "I~o~ ; "i1l'~" Ml'~i1 m37~lV~ N'n nl'~n C,~~ ."n"nn "0 'i'~37 ~~, nl'~ 'l' ~~, n"lm '''Ino ~~" ,~ n~'l

nN~l 'l:l ,nO'lln ,CN?ONl nll'D'~n nO'Dlln llN nN" .""~11 "JD 1. Goldziher, nN' ; 1N"P:l C'N"I:' 'IVN:I m,,' "i1l':llVn" ':I ,11'V'lVlln "La Notion de la Sakina chez les Mahometans", Revue de I'histoire des nN"p" ?IV C"'N'ni1~ n~:I ':I 1"~? IV' . Religions, XIV (1893). PP. 7-8 nl:l'l.) nlVV~l "~'?n llN C"'?~ 'n'~'?'" ?IV "~N~l C'V'D'~n 1N'1'i'l .11'"n' nO'Ol1 ?IV nvolVn Cn'J'llV "'~'l l1'N'? C'i'~ 1V'1 l1'"n'n l1"DOl "~'?n l':l1V 'lVi'n ?V ?'V? UNlnlV C"~N~n .1~P? 7G-68 111'37;' Cl nN" l'l 1'Y,'?11? "'Ilil? 1'N ':I C'~?~ ,11"lni1n l~l? ,;"'l1l i1IV'"n 'N " nN' 'T n"Dn ?37 ; nl:l'~l n"o~n l'l' nl:l'~ i1'p37~ '37 f'l11V"n '11"?37 N'lVl nl:l'~l ",'n 'IV 'l1IVPl? 111JII'nn ?37 .238 '~37 ,nl:l'~ ,1"D?n 7vJ l1'~IV? C"'lVil ''IV~ C'i"OD C':lD';' 'llV ,'I1,tm 111?:I'n 'DOl ilN' I 'l1'~'T l1'?:I'nl .52 '~37 ,nl:l'~ +rm ,1' I, nN' ,n~'i' "V'IV 'IV C"l'N 111IVn ':IN?~~ '110J" N,n ?Nn ':1 Cl C'N"i' UN 197 1')' 40 l:lJ'~''':I N'i'Jn ?:I (T ,l~ '37IV') ,"nn isen mlVlI? nl:l'~ nlV37~l Nl'i'37 I,? " n?m O"'li'~n C"'~'ln 'JIV ':1 1"~? IV' ."'l1?NIV ?:I, 'l1lVi'l' '~on nlV37' ,:1 '~lVl "nN ,~ ?IV C"'N'11 l1"l"r? C"'IV37 ""l:ll ?:lll0n''1 ""l:ll lV~l1tvn" llN C" u"m - n~'i' "37'1V llN nN"n nl:l'~l no,~;, ?IV l1'?3711l"rn l~~ - iI"l1n "0 037 On1l'1T? nN'J:I IV'IV ,?Nn "l'N ?37 O'i"i'nn O"lN~n f'l1~lVn m" :N94 1')' 40 l:lJ'~ ''':1 ,'111y,n n1?:l'n? m,tvn .11'''~ l1?':I' l1~li'l ,:1, nl'i'V I, "" nl:l'~ nlVll~l ?:lll0~ 1'l'nlV nl'i'll I,? «I) n?lJIV) n7371V clVn ;:ltv ,N,n "n~ OIV N,n mn OlVl "m;, ,"Jl ,On? '~N ,""~;11? ,,~?' n37' m l"J37; nN' .",':1" ?:ll n?~" 37'T nl" ••• n~'Nl 'l 1V~111V~1V '1.) 'n'~1T 111;:I'n? 0" m'lV111 .366 I~'l7 ,"C'IV,n C''l7~i''' ""J',,, 'N '~N mnN ,'m ',n ,nl:l'~n l1"O"l n:lTnIV ',:1 l'll1 ,ll?llV n~" :N94 1')' 40 "l'~ .,,,, T'l 'lVi'n ."U~~ rnnn (!) "l1i'nll ?N ,? 111" CN' ,'? "11 ;N' ,J'i' "l'l "'l m l~~1.) n,l."? l1;':l'n ,'l' - ;Nn "l:l, n"IVi'n - ill"~l n'T','n '1.)111 11"m T'l' ,'O;'lO 'N?~i11 ,?~n l1"N' T'l ,l,Vi' IV'IV T,n' • T''l7? TN' '~N" :N179 1')' 22 "J'~ ,,,, ,nl' n:J"~ 'DOl n n"N,',nN T1D?'JO ?tv ~''l7 ,nN ",,,, NlV'J' 0' NO' ?37 :ll,V,'l,V C?'37n '?~ 11N '11'N' 'IN ?Nl7~l,V' n1l1"i'l '~l,V N'i" m T'l l,V1.)l1lV~n C'N ••• '~IV ,'D?'JO 'l7'i',n '37' 1"Nn T~ nl"~ 'DOl N~J l'~ 111nD nom "Nln C?'37n "n? "~, "'N~' 1"N' c"~l,V n,'I1:l "'37111 11'lN1.)n 11?,,'n ,nl"~l n"D~nlV iN'~ .(N"37 N 1')' 11~?l,V 0" 37'D'11; C"'IV37 011 " I')N ,11l"~11 11"DOl ml i1T C'l;'IV~ C'Nl,Vll 011 J .. Goldin, "A Philosophical Session in a Tannaite Aca- C1 nN" ."DJl

.demy", Tradition, 21 (1965). PP. 1-3 11N"'" : l"37 11 1')' 11~?l,V 11l"~? 111'1V111 .l neu D"37 T~ ''''37 l'l"N I'n~ 40

[37 ]

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[ 361

1"'~ C'ny; : ;'Y; .,:mn ":I'lV ,1')00U NlVU ;Y ny,n nN nn; "N.,n 1~ n'."o.~ 'l'lEl; CNil ; 42 ;Nil m~lV; C'ny;, ,il~'i' ."y'lV; T.,n ,N rmnn "0. .,WElN " ,'l~" 11;"1'l':I Yl~ n"'i'l ;.3)' l"I""Y lV' N~lV 'N '''~l; nmlV C'!~i ""'Y'lV' ;Nn n'~lV 1':1 j;'n.,~n C!~Y,i~ mlW n"nN n,'"y N':lil; nm ,;Nil n'~w ;lV cl'Imj;' ."Y'W 'Y ":I,m N:I'i'Y ':I." n,'n'Nl • .,::l'l m~w ,'n~ ;Nil m~lV ;lV C''''Y'lVn nN "~,, n·'''lV!lNil ;Y .,m' :I'lVnlV m:lil;' PTl ilN"~::l l'N~' ,m lVN ;lV '''il n,'mNn ;"" : 43 NElU n;N mll., C'El;N inN, C,.,lVY 'n~'j;' "'Y'lV l'InN' nnN ", ,lil; :1':10. "'N

.133 'I.:)ll K (;"tlln ,O';Wl'" ""I.:)W';1l " ',nl.:) Tl:lWK 'l:1 ':lnll.:) 'D; o;wn ,'om",' : K73 ", 283 1i""Nl '''::l:l O'll'Dll.:)n o,.,:1,n ;ll Ol "lln; 11." 1:1 nll'l'l1 O'I.:)W ,,:1:l:1 wl.:)l'lwn; '1N' 1';1l 'r.lKl N:1'i'll " ll"l 'W1n ';:1 rren 1l"m ',:1::l:1 Wll.:)'Wn l':1W "wi'n ,",'r.l:1 l"llll.:) ."lV1.,,; 1l"1 ttl':1 :1I'l1::l ;N1I.:)W 1:1 l'I.:)'l:1 " .n"'l'ln I'lN W'D; 1'l;1::l'n N'nw "nl':1n" 1':11 'lNl.:)n l".,D 1'l1n11'1Dl 1'l1ml'l0 - 1;1'11.'1.:) nNO O'l1:1'N l:lN 1'11",;" """DI.:) ,nN:1 -W ?ll HUCA, 43, p. 2% "l?':lWn? ttl':1 '.,llW l1tz.!1'11 O'll:1'N -1??::l1

-'nOlUl 1N"1.:)1i' 1'1::l 1'11'DO.:1 ,N"i'r.l:1 n,,1'l "1.:)'?? ilP'T:1 "ill':1" nllr.ln I'l1l11.:)

D Daube The New Testament : ,.,Dl:1 O'''i'lM 'lW 1:11'l:l 0'1.:)1'Pil n;'D1'1n ,'~Dl'" M~1.) .and Rabbinic Judaism (New York, 1973), pp, 422-436 ,("";WI'l) nl.:) ,'1":1,1'1 ,"il'Wll ttlll.:)W 1'l;'DI'l:1 iln';01 1'1:11WI'l ,I'lll,; l'11Wi':1n" nI.:)1'i' il"nn 1'1l:l.1 ",::l "nl':ln" 1'1O'DI'lW ,IN::l1.:) .196-194 ,188-186 'r.ll1 Ol ilN'11 .l'11i"l'll1il 1'11,.,:1lln 1'11'l'11'DOn 1'11:1::lWil ;::l; 1'1DI'l1Wl "~ ,ll N'n on:1 1':11.:) Klm 1; l'll'lll 1'l1??::l1 1; 1'11.'"'; 1'11W'n;:11" : 11Nl 'Nn " '.,:l,:1 .(12 'I.:)ll fll'ln ,1'1; ;W 0'l1Nln 'OS1N) "1:1:1; "1'10:1 11'l1N 1'N.,1.:) o'l.:)wn 11.:)1

.49 n.,l1n 100 'I.:)ll .nrm nil' ,';11l,.,l ,l'1N' 42 - ill.:) ,;.N"Tll ,:1 On':1N " ?to OW1:1n 1'll1'll:1 Ol nN', .'011.' 'I.:)ll ,:1 ,I'l1W'1I.:) '1'1:1 43 1'11l, ;11.' Wl.,'D ll'lD; 11." itT 'I.:)NI.:):1 '::l ":10 l1'1:1 '11.' .143 'I.:)ll N ,:1."N 'N 1'1.",

A Social and Religious History of ilN., ! 0;11ln I'lN,.,:1 ;ll n."os' 'DO WNn 1':1 'Wi'l'1W l::l1'1" the Jews (New York, 1958) vol, VIII pp, 23-42

1N::l w"'l.:)n ":1" (,,-, ,l 1'111.:)11.') illO:1 l'l1;ll'lnil 11.:) 1l:11l OWil 1'11'1'l1Nl

" " 1'l'11,nl.:) l1:1lil .,DO:l .ntOl.:) ", ;ll OWil 1'11.:)'1' "ll'W 1'1"N' ;ll O'TI.:)'I.:) '1'111.:)' ;l1::l W'1'Dl.:)n own ;ll ':11'.1.:) (119 'I.:)ll ,Tl::lWN ~1'on I'l1.,DO:1 0'l1'1l ill.:)'l.:) 1'l1'1'l1N:1 OWil" - l'11.:)1,pn 1'1'1101.:):111.' nl.:)1p "31'11.' 'll::l ilN.,l::l - O'K OWl ,"O'N nK.,1.:) 1'111.:)'::l ill.:)'1.:)1 I'l,.".,iln 1'11.,Nll'l ill.:)::l; 0'N':1l;1 O'::lN;I.:); own Nln ,,:1::ln ,N;1.:)1 nl'::lW N'il - O'K nN"I.:)::l nl.:)'I.:)" "I.:)Nl 120 'l.:)ll:1 '!l1'1::l:1 l'1'Dl1;1:1N ;iN 1'11;"ln l'11'1'11Nil 1'1"N' I'lN Ol ilN', ."1'l1'1'l1N " ;11.'

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Oil nl.:)1p "'llW:lW ,??n 1'110.,Dil ;:l1" : :1"St ,il; ", (n'w ,il:11"ll.:)· ,l'l1m;Nil n;1'l MllDWn ll'DWn ,,"nil ;11.' rn Wl"D ."nO.,D I'lN'i'l nnN ;:lW 1'l1'I'l1N

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[ 39 ]

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: K"ll 1 ", ,ow OWl ."1'111.:)I'l1n ,.,'K'1 ':1:1;:1 1':11'1 ,"Nn ttl':11 n",1'l 1'11::lT ';ll nllWK.,il i1N:111.:):1 ."il:l::l.,r.li1 1'11'Dl':1 n::lTl'lW ',:l ,01'1'11 1':11'1 ,:l;:lW ill.:)" nN:111.:):1 j:1"ll III ", N1.:)1' nN., jO"Kil l'1'1Kn; n;:1i'il W' nl.:);w n:1::l.,1.:)1.:) ';ll ."il:1::l'l.:)n 1'11'D1'" :i1I.:)1i' "ll'W 1':l1 "1':ln" l':l 'wpn nD' "::l~l il"lwn nN., - 1'11;l1'1il ;11.' n'iN"1l1p 1; 11." ow - n;l.:)il 0' 1'11,.DO:1 "ttl':1" mll.:)n 1::l1 189-188 ,61-60 ,43-42 'I.:)ll ,(1957 O';Wl." "::l'; " "ill.:) 1'11'"nn 1'l;'ll.:):1 J. Gruenwald, "Knowledge and Vision", Israel Oriental Studies III l"OS; 'Ni::l .OH", I'lll, ,,;m,.,l " 1;";) .(1973), pp. 71-73 n, 3 'Ol '.,:1, nK., ,"nKl:1l" 1'l11l~:l "ill':1" nl11.:)il N:1 C"l':li1 '1.:)':1 '::l l:1N :11" OW'., ;OSK .9 'I.:)ll ,:1 1'11'l11.:)'P ''''P;:1 'POl'D '11.' O'.D'ilW nl .,:1 jni"r'.DK"1.:) 1.l"m - "il:1::l,1.:) ilWm" ;11.' ml1l.:)wl.:) "nl':l" nl11.:); 11." N'1'P;D n",1.:) 'DO:1 'I.:)Kl; mlWm .6 'I.:)ll ,(1/i37 ,l.,,:101l'D) il"'I.:)i1 n",1.:) '0:1 ilN., n;:1p "1.:)?? "'0'Kn 1'1";11'1;" '''I.:)NI.:):1 '1'1:l1'1:lW nl.:) 1:l 11.:)::l1 ,'; ,N 0'::l1:1l 1""Dn '.,:1, 1'1K Ol ilK", ,AJS review, V (1980),' 'I.:)ll ,"O'll:1.,N ;'l 'J.D; "01 11'l1.:):ln i'1.:)11l" ,O"'''':1il 1'1K n"1I'ln '.D:1 own ,pni' "":1 11ll1.:)W '., (1'".,nl'l ,0';11.'1" -1';,:1 ,lr.l':1n "ill.:) i'ni' "":1 11ll1.:)W " '''''D ."'l'll':1

.41 il.,llil:1 11.:)P; Ol ilN", ,ni 'I.:)ll ,n."n 'I.:)ll" 1'11.'''''''' : "DW 'I.:)ll ,Ow 'I.:)Nl; l'I11Wm nlW 'I.:)ll ,mw.,,1.:) '1'1:1 41 /"l'OI.:) ntOl.:); il:l;n 0'''1.:)1Nl 1'11.D011'11 1'l1'lN1 1'11::l;il lV"'1.:) illWl N'pl.:) .,n1l.''' ,.,:11:1 '11.' C'.D,i1W "'::l:1N 11.''''1.:):1 rn "I.:)NI.:) ;W ':111l1.:) nCll Ol ilK.,) 11WN'1n '~Nr.l:1 "ill':1"; il;'.:1i'~ 1K::l "nw,."n" ONn .(455-454 'I.:)ll N' ilN' j il:1::l"I.:):1 pl0'Stn 1':1; "1':1" ;1l1Dn 1':1 .,wp nN.,l:l 11." 1 W"'I.:)~I.:) 1'l;'~:1 .T":l.,., ~DI.:) 'Tl1;K " ?to 1n:lW; 1'11;':li'1.:):11 N"ll ,l' ", m'll'! nl.:)l1'; 0'''0. 'l':lI.:) ·C"'ll O'::l'IW' :'I.:)Nl 3-1 '1.:)]7 (n":lwn 0';11.'1") 1'l1l.:)'nN

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.Studies, vol, 28-29 (1977-1978). p, 158

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11N n':"n Nlnw inN? 11NTl ,1~ln7 lNill'? "10U::1 11'~'~'IU m~:m '~m~? G. Widengren, nNi 1:I?,on iDO:l lNil"n 11?:l" ilN'11 ?lV rnrr ?37 .1n~:Jn Muhammad, The Apostle of God and his Ascension (Uppsala-Wiesn1?:I'nn 11'iDO l':l n:li'l'n ?37 '~37 N? lill"1 .baden, 1955). pp, 110-112 A Social and Religious l'iN:l ''IU i'37n I:In'.l"::1 n,,'T?37 ;'~?O'~il i'::1'nm nNi.l I:I':"N History of the Iews (New York, 1958), VIII, p. 285 P. 23 iDO~ 37"1' Setenaria 'iDO:l ""':1: i'IUN tI:lnn 'O.l1!l?N ,?~n '~"I'n i:l:JlV m":ln F. Tocci i'37n'IU 'D:I' ,1:I?'On iDO~ 37"P 'lD? Martala m':J~n 'i::1~ E. Cerulli, Nuova Ricerche sullibro della Scala nNi; n:l:Ji~ iDO':' nNil:J e ta conoscenza dell' Islam in Occidente (Citta del Vaticano, 1972), .innn iDO ?37 371!)iIln tI?10n iDO ':J i':lO O:l'? m'il' i'" "", pp. 12-13

Po. Jadane, L'influence du Stoicisme sur fa pensee musulmane (Beyrouth 69

.1968), p. 170

D. J. Halperin. "The Ibn nNi I:IN?ONn 11''lUNi:l 111':':J'nil 11'iIlO 1137D'lUil ?37 70 Sayyad Traditions and the Legend of al-Dajjal", lournal of the Arneni37n:l 1:J '~:J .riean Oriental Society, vol, 96. (1976), pp. 213-225 n''IU-l,n 11N iN11~n ''lUi'~ i~1T1 1:I"::1i37 .c'i:ln~ ?lV CZ137'" ?37 • ?'37? 39

C. Sirat, "Un midras juif en habit musulman : nNi ?Nn 1'::1' nlV~ l':l'IU

La vision de Moise sur le mont Sinai", Revue de l'histoire des Reli-,

.gious, 168 (1965), pp, 15~28

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.~l 1":li11:l OEl'1''IU "111i'DO ?37~

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E. Cerulli, II Libro della scalla e fa questione della fanti arabo- ilNi 68 spagnole della Divina commedia (Citta del Vatieano, 1949) pp 145- ~';1N'11:l tI'37'D'~ I:Il'NlV '~~il ?lV l:I'l"£)N~ il~:I:l ~":lJ'l~ 'l1,~iil .147

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.",'l- C1I1 "",,'"n 'lD; 1lN :11'111 /'C?IU ",1l" ,.,Y:1 I, Cl nN'1 .38-37 '~Y ,(""lUl'I C'?1U1" ,':1'11l'1 r "il~) l'I1'lN.'1I "D 90 14 "'Y":1 .8 "'Y" 144 '~Y ,(l"::1 11'lt) "C'~'" n""N rmn ?IU "',":1?/1 ,n,,,'?N.' n:J1Y~? '1I1,,'D:1 'nD'lt 1:11N1 I, ?Y m "1~N~ l'IYD'11il ?Y ':1'11n "1'yn "1DC:1 1l'?llN ",01' '"1 ?Y i1T Y"p ?'11 1l'1YlllUn l'I':l1Y nN Cl ",·'01n? 'Ki::l1

.:1292 "" 767 n'l1? '''::I ,"DO" l'Il:l? llN:1"1U N'TY '"1 ',:1,? ""IU" .141 '~Y ,(""::IlUn ,C'?1U1") m', N'" ",,~ 91 l'IN"ll m1n" 'lll'l'lU ?Y .mnem ",,11111''' ",'l 1" r",~" '::1 '~Nl OIU ,?'Y? llb?lt:1CiN l'1WYl :i1"n? j1":lpn "1~N" :N'p.,D 'TY'?N ':1"'1"D "N' C'N.,

[ 51]

[ 50]

l'l37 i1T'N~ ,C'ntO' C'37~tO ,to '''In CtOn 1'l37 97 "~'n~ "tOr,'£)~ n~'n:m n"nntO nN'l' •.. 98 ~" N~" 370" C'i"O£) i1tO'tO~ Nll" N,n n£)'ll' i1~'n~n nn'ntO ,iNT 'n'~mtO rn l'l37~ iJl~' '~l '37 n"ntO tON~ N'i'n, ,m~tOn ", '37 N'vntO nnN"v 'to!)N n'111 ,n1'mN pODn ,,~ ", '37 1l'~' ntO~' iIlnl' ,mll~m m,nil l'l37~ U'nN"p ", ?37 CtOn '~n~' m .n~tO~ nnN"v ne '37 ,? 'O~l' ,,,,x~n nN"v p"n C'v,?n? mmN to?tO to'to ,to m~'n' v?nn', 1'J'1l' "'~ 'm~mtO '''In

."n?~vn "37~' to'~tOn '!)~ ,C'~' o',nlC

: 99 n~'~n 'n rmn ,1"~~'n ntO"~ il37'£)'~ rn '~N~? 1'337 nN?~ n?'~p~ n~?37ln n~~nn lC'il ,'?N ?~~ C""l C"~'~ C'l'37 n"IC~ rmnn "37" "n'~tO n'~ n,mn ,~to lC,m (~ ,N' ~"N) C' 'l~ narm -n ?~ 'l'37~ ilt037ltO 'IC '~'n 'llU ,~to CtOn n~ to' ntO'!)' ntO'£) ?~~, ,n"~pn ?to tzm~tu lC'vln lC,m ,!)o m 37'llP~~ tu" .,~ l'l37 ,n,1C C"vnllU 'IC ,~ ,N'm iIl~~ 1C1l,'n ClUm lil~ nnlC ?~ lU'~to n"tu'!)~ to'!)~lU ,n"n ~'n~tu n~~ ,m'tO il?~P U, to' '~N .n:l l'tO~ntu~ ,N'm ill~~ Nll" 'lC'lU' ?~ 'l'37? '37' n'lUlC'~~ n'~ n"nn ,~ ,m~lUn cn lC,nn 'DO~ m~' ... m~ 1C1l"~ 'IC 'C'n?N 1C'~n' tON'~' '~lCltO m~ ,n1~tO n?, C'IC'~l~ 1" .1'~n?' 37'" 1C'~l c,to "~'to il~ " il"37 'l'~' ntO~ 37"

100 m?~'nn 'nnD ?lU m~tO C'Nll" ?ICPTn'?lU n~~'~n ntO'!J~, C'~" 37"l ,~" ,C'M~ il'n~ C'N ,~to CtOn 1C1l" n37v'~n ntO"lll~' l'lU~nlU~ '~to m'%111C c'ntO' C'37~tO ;to 1C1l" ~" IC~" 370" 'P'OD~ "

."n,'nn" n'~n' ,mN C'37,,'n rmrm ','on

'Nn~ l"~~'n ; n"llUil nlC~'~~ %11"ll~n nrneen nlC n?'nn nm? "N'il1~ tv,~to n"tO'D~ W'£)~" rn 'DO ,~ '~n~~ rmn 'to,~tv '0 ,to 'n~'tO nlC nN l"~~'il "~37~ ,n n"o~ n~'37? ."iIl~ Nll"il CtOm m~ nnlC ?~ n?'~ rmnn '~to no""n, ill'tOlC·,n illC~'~~ Ol ilN~n "",~to l'1'~vn 'to,~to 'DO~ ; 1'37' ",~ m"O~il 'ntO 1'~ ?'~nil .il"~pn ;to "%11~tO ,iltO'!J '~~to c',nlC C'P'O!)~ c',mn %11~tO ,to ~37'~ 'DO~ ;37 ,~,,~ il"lm n?~vn ntO'l'~ rn 'll~ ; mN"~~'l' n"%111C 'l"" '37 noo,~~ n~'tOn 'tOlC~ ,'lCn m~tO 'to "v~i1 on C""IC C'P'OD P' IC' " ,l"~~'n ",~ n.n'ntO

.N"lI n~ '1' ,n~10 97 .N>-O' ," rm~lV 98 .nov-lOv '~lI N l":l~'n ':lI'l::J 99 .1" ,l n,~l/)? 'llvn lV,,'D:l Y":lN' nN1 ?NvTn' '0 l'ln'I'lD~ C'N1l1'n l'l1~lV ?lI 100

[53 ]

[52 ]

[55 ]

;TV "m~TV; ,n'm'1'I1N ;TV ilTV,n np,;n ", ;11 J",n; n;'£l'il n;,;, n"l'n;y N;N 1'I1il~ Nlil 'l'"li'l1 'IOU ;,:m .;NPTn' n:l;'"l~ ':ll; T',n N,m .il"::1pn l,n"::1pil ;TV "m~TV N'il rrnnn ;;, T"::1~"lil '''::1TV n;:lpn '£l; ; m~TVn C"~; UNll~l .C';'N;~ 'TV C'::1"l m~TV C'l1'£l'~ il"l,n 'TV'~TV "l£lO:lTV '137:l N;N W1 T"::1~"lil ;tV ,n;:li' iln'n m,n 'TV'~TV "l£lO::1TV l'l"l,o~n N; ';' N'"lP' ,T":l~"lil nn; ,"lTV!lN narn l'l"l'O~il 'TV nn"lTl1:l •102l'l"lnN n"l'O~ ilN'"lj:m 11n~ C'"lllUTV m~TV:l'lN~ TV'~'TV mTVl1; Cl' m~TVil 1"l':l il"l,n:l m'll~il 1"l' n~'l1' n'~TVil 1"l' - T":l~"ln 'llNTV "l'ln nN"TVn .nTV,nn ;tv il:l"l m'~ il;l~ "11; n';;"iln n'"l!lO ;11 m"':l U';l1ilTV n~;;11 ilN'"lP; ;':lP~ "'l'l"l,n '"l1l1" ,m~TV,' 1"l" "::1i'~ "T"l"il: il~Nnn

.m'll~n 1"l, n'"o n"l'O~ ,"n~;l1l il~;,n" N'n m~TVil 1"l' ;11 ilN'"lpn ,"T"l"; n~":l

C';'"l'il 'nTV '11 T":l~"ln '"l:l, nN TV"l£l; 'TV£lNTV ilN'l .il£) ;11::1 nTV~' n"lO~llV "17::1 ,im;,n l'l"l'DO nN n;~o~ m~TVn 1"l' .nml~il 1"l" n;::1Pil ", C'!V'~" C;'l1il nN'"l:l" T"::1~"lil n17" .m'::1 l'l"l'£lO nN n;~o~ n"ll~il 1"TV

: 104 il"l,n:l nTV~' '"lO~l n?N C'"ll1TV .103 "m':l ;TV C'"ll1TV

';' 0'111 Itln Ctv ,43-42 '~11 mo' ',,'1C ,C'?tv 'l ;IV mll'7 I1It m'IVn It '7lJ;' 101 .n'1'I1; 'IV''1'C .n~'T"n::1 n'1m 'IV'~IV 'leO ;IV .l1'1,o~n I1It '1';'T~ !"::1~'n

G. Scholem, "The Name of God and the Linguistic Theory Cl l"~

.of the Kabbala", Diogenes. 79 (1972), PP. 77-78

;IV .rm;,n~" 'D ;It 'U::1n - c"mn "!V"1~'!V 'co; "~'7"":l ';' !"X; 'It'7;, 102 """:l"" ;IV "m~IV iT;,;, "'1mm" "CIV~il CJ~1t It'C'~ _ "'1'11 'IV'~'IV '1CO

ClV n'1;,rn~ n:m'l'I; 'lVDItlV 'C.;' ,":l'nn l'J'l; .l1::J''!V m'oIt 17 jj'1~ ,It

J. Trachtenberg, l'1:ll";''1'' ''1::1'7 .nit illt'1 iTT '7ll;' .l''':lIV.n '1CO ;IV' 1t":lIV'il

~J ~D~n 1nlt'T;.Jewlsh Magic and Superstition (New York. 1970), p, 109

(I) 311 np"il 'C; ';' 314 '~:l "11~ iTt '.::1n~ . "::1'nn m ,,;n mn ;N.'7 m~TV "1::1'1; lTJ,,;"'l '?1m ,!'nN~It?1 ,TV"'D~il OTV il;"I1::1 tm m,.n:ltv ilm ;;,

,t??v o"n n"N ,,''111 In'mu ;11 '1~"nlC'1t "'7 Cn'1:l1t ''1 ;TV o,'7,:l1t ;WIt ",::1; 'I.lTV :lllVl ';' ,'''n' O"~'N "''!V~, mnl1TV~tv :ni"'1n OlV:l" :1 l'J'ltO

!:l iT'P'TX ''1 "1:l'T; n"tvm ."TV".n' ".n'~lV N,nTV ,m,.n' ",nI1TV"IV ~,

~'''' :149 '~11 ,O"::Jtv.n ,'''0'1'~ ''7n~) :l.nl;'il ,,,,,; ';1:l'TV 'CO ;1I:l Oil'1:l1t l'IV''T''1.) ill.) 'JCI.) ,"t O'l'ltl, '.nItX~ il'1~t'7 ',,10D '1nlt lV''7i' '11.)1' 11iTllV lV"l'Cl.)iT OlV l'ltlV nl"nl1:ltv mN' n:l'11 ;;, " !'1tlV 'C' !'",OC Otv !'IV'1'7TV 01"~:l

!'::J O''7I.lm iT;1t O',:l'7 ."TV'7'" urn ,::1; C'lt'71' ,JIt l'1t1V n~ ,liT~ NX" 110'111 N'n Ol' n"l!'It::1 ll~t::1 n~'T' ".n'" !":l~'1il ''1::1'7' n;'::1~ .n,,~

.O'tv'1'D~ .n'~TV ;11 il'1J::1 n;'::1 n'1mmu .1~~'l::1" !',::1'T::1 "11; 41 n'1l1n ,,1t'1' .l',~l1 "".n; 'TV"'D M1Vn 103

.'T ~17 ,ClV 104

[ 54]

:"IlV'D '37 ilmn!) illV'D~ l' Ol N'il il":1j;'il ;lV "m~lV rmnn ;,,, 'D'O '31 (!) l'lVn~n 1~ ,nN ;, lVN'~ Cl ,nN OlV N'n ilM1nD mnN 'N'lV' 7' 'l'317 ,; '37,n'lVN,:1 ':1~ n"':1 rrnnn " Ol "nN OlV N10

.",nN OlV N'il

n'DplVn 'nlV ill,,'l n7:1j;':1 n1N" 1'N " nnlilil nN n1'lVN~ n1N:1'~ 'nlV '~lV N'n "" il,mn O;'N ,0'l'lV n'~lV~ n:1"1~ il,millV 1'11' ; nmlV ; O"!)"~'D"nlN O'nl'~:1 mNO,'lil 'l1lV nN O",l1; ,lVElN '7'N' ; 7Nil 7lV m,nillV "37:1 ,;Nil ',:1'N nN mNl1~ ,1":1~'il nO,'l' ,m~lV ~~" il"nil

.112 7N',T37'" N,T37 " no."", - ,nN ~'"' 7Nil 'lV '~lV N'il il7" l":1~'il 7~N O'"lVP zrnnn nN O':1',,~n ,il;N n'~lV ONil ,il7NlVil 117NlVl O"'lV37n O'P'~'l il~' lV' .mnN n'El"~'!)"l1lN ilO'Ell1:1 'N il~'v ,'37'lV:1

: n':1"n il:1'lVn 'lV '~7 ~'il 11N 11,t';'7 'lV"~D n~'vill ll1l' N'il ,lVN' ",; T~" '~~37 l":1~,nlV 1'11' .N n'~lVillV ",nNil l'l37n" ; ",nN l'l37:1 n1~lV' mp7nl1~ n1l'nn" il"l17 O'iV~ INlil ,'7 037~n .il~'v "31'lV:1lV 11"'~il n"il; "lV37 ";N O'T~" 7iV iTlV,n ilv'7n U"i11 ,iliV,nil ilN"P' 31'~~ l":1~'iliV il~'lVn 'El7lV O~D"'~; ON " ,0'37"'il lV"P m~lV; 37'lil; n"lVElN l'N ,0'i"OElil l11'n'N

!',nN 1'l37"7 l1NT 7':1 o'm"lV m37ljlV~ ',on i11:1'37; ,'lVi' n1'il? "lV37 il~'n l1'1'DO 037 n'~lVil nN',v "il'T .~ l;'N "'~l ,?iV~ ", ", ; "11';37 O'N" ;~Oil ", ;37 11;mo~ 1T il"ElOlV li1l"'l~ ;N',T37 " ;lV ",,; 0':1"j;' ':1iV 11,,'ElO; O"'l"illV ,113 n"'£)Oil 7~0~ -rm 'l'P'l1l Ol ; "1";37 O'N" ", ;31' "pn" ", ;37 iT~'nn l17~'0~ 7lV Cl137' Ol m ,n~'n n,'DO l1N 115 "O'N~ N7'377 O'N'" 114 "7"lil O'N"

,C'v~l il~ni1 ,,~ "l' n~ il~" ."1il~lV ;';::1, ~~W il~;V N~lV ,N'il NlV"v :,::1 .n %11lN 'Iv 7N'~lV W"~l In'::Iil il"n~ " ;~~lV I, "l' l1~ 1"

.''"InN ,n,'n' '~lV' ~'il1 il"lv;' ;w "11'~lV n;'::1 il"%1;1 ;::1 ,," ,1U1'D~il C1U ,rpl ,m'11 mmn 11N W'D':> 11'~"N'11 m'WD~ Clmt n~"v 112 C7'~ ,m"Doil n::l'Vil ",; N7' ,mNDn n"D07 C'l'lV C'7~0 'IN m"::1~::1 1'V~ .1I11"D 7Y nwv'~ ;~fY ", ~'fY I, 71~ "'l'1;~ l'l:l" nl'~il 11YD,jJ

711] "11'~~ n'~ ",,, 71 I~y ?N',rV I, ;'0 n"lN.' 1I11"D.:I Cl n.~' ,m n'NDn n1'DOil " ,,,rl eN .53 n'Yil ;'Y; ilN" ,"il"n [n~'vll il":Iil

_ Ct!7 '·W' "il'T7 l"I"WDN nl;":lv~ 1l~lD7 W'lV ',n ,"1l" ;~O:l 11;~'O.~

.. ",n .N19 "l' 13,287 C'l:l'; t!7"~il n':1 ,v"'''''l w, n~' 113 .92 'O~ 45 '~y ,1'7~l C'v'D ,Ol'; I, il~' 114 .71 'O~ 42 '~17 ,CW 115

[ 57]

.108 ;m::m n'1'DOl "l~il nN ;17'Elil ;N m::m 1~ nN'l'~ ill':1n " n':1p:1 ',:1, 1':1, il":1i'il ;tv '~tv:::l n-"nil '37 m,,'l '7:1'v~ ',::1, 1':1 o",n il~" .:17 n~'tvn7 "N, n-,'11:1 il"li'il . 'tv n'~tv ":1', O'",il I1":1~.,n 7lN O'37'£)~n 0":1'~ 11NT "~,, 0"'" UN' 'l',,'37 'U'tv ll'lEl' T'Ntv Wl'~tv 110 ;:::1, I ""D ',:1 ,nnN n"n ,ntv"pil n"n" : 109 Tl:::ltvN ','on ntvl'il !' 'm~tv ;"N" v'OEl~ nn ,n'tvN'l~ N1' otvn m " Ol ,n":1pn ,tv ;"N' 11'tvN'1:1~ o',m;, n1~tv~ n:1:::1"~ n"nn nWT m,~,' m1"Nil n'~'mN m'l:1 C'37'!)'~n 0":1" il":1i'~ N'ntv 'l~'" ,n",:1 n1~tv

: 111 O'O,'l",

"'%11l'lVnl mt, ,)'1]'l' n.~'n; ,'11n7 ,c'mm il;lNnn ,';nnl C'~"I' C'l;W ?IN ,'n %11"nn " 11~N",,, ::111,,,, ,1/~l~'n ;lV ,,:.n ,m"'ll;) N'T37 I, ;W )11' Nmno~, Nnv'~Y ';l ~,;n ,,~ 'il' C'il;N '~N" ••• Wi'n~ m;'lNil nl'~i mN11p'~V ,'1I11~ 'm N'ltIil N'W il'~17N1'n.l' N::I'Wnl il~ OWin n"V11" ,,~ c,;W 'l '1' ;v O,!)il ."n'W;N'l nw~ m Nn'n~ "I'~ .158 '~Y ,('''l,n ,l'lN"7n) P';N'l "IDOl ,"n;lPil n'WN' %11i71%1; .67 I~y ,("Nl"l '1;m) ill' C;,Y "Ol N,n Nn'no~, N11P"~V 'Iv nrrv"1n :(N"Y IT %11';l'~ '1n~ ,W1n ,m 11'lVN', ;V C7Ylil lV"~il "l1; m,wm ';tv1;) 'lW lU'l", ~:,"n 111mr R'lm N1n11o~, Nnv'~v il;l~ N'illV n"lvil" l'11::1 '~N ','I' I, .il~" n~' inN ;V ,ill"n, "D~ il~::In 1%1' -n '::1 (1 :I' - 'n "WY~ ';'l ;m j'mlWn~ 'P~Y 1~ 'il "WY~ ';'l il~ (1 ,ll C';'~11) "110 ';,N - ,'mlW~ 'P~V 1~ .n"lv" 'i'w "W~~ cow 11'1U.N'l nlV~ rn 'i'w 1117'::1'; 'WPl n:l::l'~ "W~ Cl "11n 1'; o"p " ,'v;,; 'Ni::l ."m'11 111M w,'i'w 'i'l7 ~; "; 11'~lW v'O.Dn nN w",; 'N::If Tl um' 1l' I,; O;'Y "0' 'DtQ " T"l; !"N.' '1N .66 n'lm ;'Y; ilN" ,%111"OD %11:1;n ''''0 T"l' ~, C;'V '1t!llV nw'1" T'l ',,:1 'Wv W' ,c.",N Tl ?NllM Nmn~, ,n:1Yl?;),' j;l1.)'V m - N11P'1.)V il;l N1il'1 "~N" :m,nl %11l'11n il"V W'lN lr1'lt? "'f cm'll m,nl 'l; il7l 'l' nr 'Nl' "lVN', nWV1.) '7::1 C""o~ 'l11l N;~?'NW tr"1'~ n"11 'i'w 111'1I."D 1ll1l N? 'fV'7N '''N m~;'v N":1;' "11D'1.). n,m, C'11~ 11'I'nn; ;,::1' il'n 1'1.) on:l N1'P11] '1.) (:152 '1' en l",fl'l - illPO'1.) '''::1) ''?:In N'll ,:lW '1"'1., 11717~ rm C';'n11 lV"~ ":11 'i'l7 11:1' O?,lr '10 ":11 11N l'"n ""v~ 'N ,'l~n ,1l11N~ C;YlW n'11nil "0; ?"v~ nl::l'~ illVY~ " nO'Dl1il n?lv11il ,:)1

.42--U '~11 ,1'0' 'v'D ,C'?lV 'l "l1 11N Cl nN" ,vl'?' 'N '1n~ ,n'l'?'p~ cmlN I, 71U "~ C11] '11' 'DOl ;"0l"; ~ lOB .41 11.)Y ,(l""11 ,l'lD'?) n7lvil 111.)::In !'Tll .124 ,~V ",on 11"11 ,T' I, nN' 109

."il"lvil 7lV "n'~lV il;::I'" Tvn7 Y'l~ ,45 il'Yil ,CW Ti " 110 m,1I.'.il'I .m'~11n 'DO l,n·1.) '~1n W' m ''''l .:l39 '1' 1559 "UlO"N ''':I 111 It'In "" N1U11v; N1.)W N;:I Nn""N" :N"Y ,,::Iv '1i l 'mil 'DO !"l'; ~W 1n 2(';1::1 Nl"I""Ni T'l::l NlV"v N.~Wl ;'l'IW~' lN~::1 nl ?1n~1 T~'

[56 J

: 128 i:mil ~TI'::1 ,122 iTP~7N ':1ii ~vi!) TlP!)lVil:1 ilNil::l' ,im~ TI~7'~ ili'll:1 ~;P 'i:lTlN NTI"i'~' il":lj;'i 'il'N NlV~ij;' ~lV in N;::1 NTI"i'N'" .1~'R N;N l1~N Nij;'TI ;N .1'~N ';llN il'nN' (; ,n ';lV~) ~'TI::Ii i1lV31l o'n;N i~N~' (,::1 ,N TI~tvNi~) i"iln ,tvl i:l 'i:1T1N NTI""N:1'

i:1; il'; i11~v'N !)"31~lV ilim, :1T1::1:1lV rrnn i~N N"n 'i ••• OiN N::Iil~ i~'N '0" '~i .UTl'~i::l' U~;ll:1 OiN illVPl i"ilil ,N~731:1 lVl .TI'~i' O;~ NliI N" ,'N" ,i11tvP ,mWlP i:1::1 ilVN TIN (:1' ,:1 TI;ilj;')

."N:1vU:1 TI'~i Ni'::Ii:1 0711

N~n NO'" 'n~ ; ;'£1::1 i~vDTI:1 nimn TllV~lV~ 1N::I innil iDO ~i:1':1 ilm::lm] OiNl'1 Ni:1l UlV O;Xil N~iI ,il~mn N'n NO'" 1"N~' l~'Nn Ol~N .m::l;~ ni'£lO; l'1l,,::Ii11 -l'1lVNil ilNi:1l n:1lV m~il"l1 [l'liN£lTI l'\j'!)O; ;31~tv 31l~ll'1 1~ N; O;'N - O';~O; 1N::I "iI n'~" O;X TI,:1'l'\l'1 ~TllV ni'Tll'1 l'1T1'i1 n'D7' ,"lD; n"x~ i1n'i1i~::IlV ilO'DTI IN::I ':1'31 il'11m i!)O : ilm'" ';:1'j;'~ ",n Tl31DlVn:1 124 -mm iDO ~n'::1 :1'lV' .m~i' O;X nl'n:1

1';N' 11; 1'N~'lD 1'~N ,1'NI'ITI' 1'N'31 1'D"lV n~::1 n'~ I'I'N tOl iJ"

.~t1n Ni':ln in lVl ,:1 ~ij;'N' loMn NDl1 l'ij;'N ,n;::I' ,i:1; - N';"TlN:1

,N,n::l N7::1 'i:1nI'lN ,::1, N7~P7i N1""::1 l'D"lV m~::1 Nl::llV~ '::In l'J'N l'D"lV N;::1 NTI"i'N 'i'i'£) .inN l::1tO~n rrrn (, ,,::1 m~lV) :1'TI::I 1"::1

NTi7 lj;';O ,n'::1 l'i::l in::l ,n7::1 l'i:1nl'l~ i::l' ,N7'P;i NTi:1 l'i:1N' Nl""::1 O'N' NTi7 l'v~O ,n'::1 l'D"lV' l'i:1N WNi Nl::ltO~i NTi in

31i'" 1N~'", O'Ni NT':1 mlt::l Nl'I"i'N "'vD srn ,Nl'I"i'N "'vD,

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.91 m37n ,7'37,? ;un 122

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[ 59]

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.132 lL''''El~n . ClL"

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: '7~n 'l£l

'li .11N" " i11U~ '., 'IU C"i:lliil 1':!n:>~ m'liJ .,imn 'O:! nlmi'~ m~:>::1 Danielou, The Theology of 'IN nN"1 ,1'0" man "~~'v !li:> n."nn

1. .Lewislt Christianity, p. 164

.196-195 '~li ,N 132 .206 '~li ,IN 133

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: 126 :1m:J N1il n"'N ,.,37lV .,ElOl .ii?'~j?':1 '10" '., N,n ii":1j?n

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.129 "ni'l'1

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[60 ]

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.1~"? jlJN.,JW

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[63 ]

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[64 ]

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., .Berlin, 1922). p, 122

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[68 ]

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[70 ]

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[ 731

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: 192 C'N n'~, 11;31:1

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nN Cl ilN' ;'31? 'lNll11V m11.)1'1.'T 'Or.l '1.)Nr.lil ?l7 • "il:ln 'DOl'IV ~1"D?

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[72 ]

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[75 ]

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[ 741

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: 215':1 '~Nl .1110" ''1 7tv 1'1"1~i1 '~31~ '1~0 7tv mm'~ l"I31~tv., ,:1

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'~Ntv n~7 n~'17 '1' i1tv'1P:1tv '1:11 7' 731 l':1m" ••• '~1"I '~l"Im

",,;r N7lU I'lll:1 l'l"lDl111 7T':1 "11:1 ':17 n17 711 ':1'~ C'7:1,p~n c'p'Dm C'l"711:1 T1~"'1 C'l'l1nl1:1 'DO' ,n~T:1 l1llU" iTl'll:l N'P'W 11117 'DO C'lU ~""" ,1Tl' .,'''D'1 :1"n' "~n'1 71" "'1'1" "ON' n7ll,~7 1:1?1 n"~? 1'l'37 'ltDn ,,, ml11:1CN ." ,l1lW' N?' ?',~,lU" 1'~" ~W' N":I:1 ~~" ,n,,' o."l':11 n?:1piT ,.,DO :1"'iT '1~" n1U',:m 1ll"l37? I1l"l37,~ ."iT"'" 1111'11:1' C~N I"37~ ?:1'P~' :iT~l37 n'111:1 '''O'~ I"37? ~,pm ,n,~'p "'37'W '1Db I1NT '1Ul71U ",:1 ,iT?37~ 'D?' 'l1l'" ,N ,n:1W '11:1?iTnp?n:l "IN' n'111:1 "1DO 11"0~ ?11 I1Nl 1:1N :1,,, OW" 7w 1111,37 Cl n:1,wn .n:1:1.,~n "'1' ?'IU 'W'? 'P'37lU I"" ,C'7:1'P~iT 1':1 ,i1~1P .,117'W .,DO o."l':ll ,iT?:!P ,II,) 11'N.' ',:1 'DO:1 ,nN ClP~:I .I"~'n '''~?11 lm? '1lUP iTT ?:11P~ 'n'111:1 '~O~ ,,~~? 7w 1l'~:1 'n1'~ .,1N'11 W' (:145-N45 1:), 840 O"1D ~'111:1p0137 ,"n'IU i137W:JW ?"T ?N'T137 1:1 111l1' 7lI 7"T,N1U n~:I n~I1' N?1" mn C?'37n NlW'1U '37 1?'lU:1 "1:111'1 .1:)'lUl ,,~ 1'?37 n'1D n'i'Wi 1:)'37 ?, ;Q:I'~ iilU37~:1 P0137n I",N1U "~N n~ "lD~ ~11' N" Nls' C?137n ',M" n:1'~' "110:1 11"? P'~37'1 ,?:lW? 1:)10 I'NlU ;1N"1 ••• IPTl 7"l 'lD:1 ~'37 ~~'1 ••• C~1l10 1'l'371 c"nw 1~:I C'n?N 111~~ nN"1 ••• 11"lUN'l ""01 ~ ON N?N iT"l'1'1 '"1:1, ?37 ~'11 c:TN I'N 1':11"11:1 7"TNlU l"37n ?1U,~ :1'31 C'?ODl iT"1111 ,.,l1W l1'l3711:1 ?"T C',~N~ 1':1" ••• "ll 737 :1'111:1 '~137 C'W~ 11'~~ P CN N?,N ml11 ',:1, ?37 ,m37C'N l'NI?"TN1 ••• 11l71n nOn:!

." '1l1 n'1n.' I1NT1 '~NlW o."?37 1~137 I1N ~17"7 W"'D NlnCllU ,T":1" ?lU "DO 737 11"l~iT !'~37" '0 1137DWn ?37 214 M Meier Seier Ta amei ha-Mizwoth, pp. 39--41 nlm.'l iT~ ,rm~n

'. ., .l"37 " 1:)' (N":I,n "N'1p?NT) '1' 111111~ 215

., r ,11':1N 216

llN:1iTlU C'~OP":1 7"1I? nN'1 "":1n I1U1lU~ Nls' 1:)01' " ?37 :1':1n iTT nl1~ 217 ."'1'l'n~

i

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[ 77 ]

7tv ''':In:l~:1 n31'£)'~ C1Nl"I l'l'1'1' n'1'l'li'1 l'ltv ,tvp., 731 l"ll"l31~ 1"I0"!ln In'on', 1'1£)0~ '£17 "'1,nn n"l~ 7:l ,209 ,nn7 .0"1''1 0'7'N£I '1~'~l"I ,'1''':I~ N,n 210 1T ~"'N'n7 ''1'N':1l .C1Nn ''1l'N ml~7 P"1~l n'7':lp~ i17lpn ,C'1'l l"I"OW, C''1l'N n"~'1' m'l~ l"''1n 1':1 i17lpnn 731 'l'1~ ':l n'1,nn 1'1N P7"~ N'i1 '1nN C'P~:1 .C"7l,p~m C"1'~?1'1n 71N i1"l~n 0''1l1 '1£)0 '7'N' '1:lT7 C'7'lP~ C'l'WN'1n C'~1Mi1 i131:1'N : C'p7n 'ltv; :'i'731 1l'131i1tv n'7:1pi1 i10'£lni1 l'l'1nno~ 'T i1P';" ''1'nN~' ,211 i1:1PJ77'lp~ n3117 i11''1W ,~ ,nn; .212 m:l7~ l'l'1'£l07 C''1:11 '1£10 l"InT i'l'£I ;31 ,7'31; 1':1' '£1'~"'1Ni1 01Nn 'p;m i1;'1ll"l ;",nn 7W i1£1P'i1 l'l i17:1pl"ln 1'1N .218 ;N31~lV' ''1 ?W n~,pl"l '1£)0:1 ,'1,n'l"I l'l ,1"31? ,''11 ,'l'1Ni1 01Nl"I ''1l'N

?lU '?~ I1N 1'll'W 'N:1l l:1N .l' lU", nl ll1U'D pn1' 111Vl7 717 ,~no~n "l',m C'N -l~pn '1l'::m I':lW iT?:1pnnC'i'~:I .'110' '1.l"1U n~N'37 '?'N1 I"?37iT C'N,'NliT ?""" '1ll',",lV 'N:ll I:lN O'1'l ,C?'l7n _ ",,,,, "l',n '?17 l~viT '1J',n 11l7Dwn 11N 11'lVD~ - np'Tl~' J'11Xln ,~, n~11nn . ':1rmn '37~~' cn 1111~'1 n'111iT" :'N:1l 1:1N :Ill" N''lI ,? 1:),:1 ."'l.' 1'111"v~ '?37 ."C1'l'llV C37 ,? 'WN O1T'n ,~ 11'7lIn C37 !111nm 111~'n

.. , , ?:1,':1 "~N~:I nN' 111'1l':m ?1U~ 71U 1'111l1DlUiT1

De Coelestl Agricultura, lib. III (ed. Pistorius, Basel 1587) P. 121:·2m " ... unde universa legis mandata, numero et proportions humane .compaginis partibus respondere conspicimus"

.idem, P. 130 210 idem, p. 121: "Nam quemadmodum quiusis horum hominum ex mare 21i

et foemina constat, sic et lex marem (suo modo) et foerninam complectitur. In lege masculi vices gerunt priora quatuor pentateuchi volumina; Quintun vero voluminem Deuteronominum foeminae typum

.infinuat"

• ?'37? 204 iT'I37n nN'l 212 p. 132: "Qua autem lege magni orbis et Archetypj hominis partes, terreni 213

hominis artubus nomine et re ipsa respondeant Rab] Jsmaelis liber

.kumma, id est, statura I. •• qui haec scire et penetrare desyderat" '11:111'1U ~ nN., ~'¥ "l7'lV '.DO'7 'OM" "'!l'~"'N.' tI'TN,'7" 1\l~" ?Y '1" Cl '11'~n ClV ,5 " 1:)'370 ,"C"rN n'~'!l C".N?~iT C"l7" "1~N~!l nN"i' 1':1 ,,~? ".,:1 ''lUP .n~'v ,," NW'J!l nD01:l m'tl~ n"1~lVll Cn"l:liN l!l !l'" tl1U " ?IN ,:I!) Cl~N Y'D'~ ~'i' '1,1I''IU '!l0 I'!l' ;''1111l '~tl'Dl1l N?1U" :N17 1:), 840 O"D ,,,, I''IN.' "!l "DO!l ::I111,n ,I'Nl l!lN C"1:ITl", n?Nr.! fln ,o,"?37 11'::In I"llV o,"'DO' C"~~'D~ c''i:l'v~ ll~T::I ;''1'1' 'IDe CO'1'D~ ;:1'v~ 'n~ 1U'N ?:lv tiN C'v~ "~, [n?II~7 I' 'lD?] c., n?l71.)? C"'.TJn IJ'NJn., 11'1lV37 ,nN n~1v .,'37'1U v'lD' '1'n::ln .,D01· C":1,n 'Pi'rt'1U 137 1J''',n "'T? ,,,,m; v:t'Tn?· "N'I Cn!l1 " n~'?lV

[ 76 J

(" ,K ,K'i"') '~K' .iI'~iI n ,'W7 n'l::l'i' K'i1 ,"£)7' '''iI1~ 'll' ... 'm'~n cw 7W 'K' 'll' 'l'O '::I'~::1 "'7 mn'l n', K'i1 ilWK n,,'W31 rrree nK'i'l' 'm'~iI cw 731 m"nKiI 'i1 'll' C"::I1i1 il7N' C"::I1i1 il7K 'DO::l C'77'l nm~~iI 'KW 1" c'mil 7' C''''l iI::I'· N7 i1'li)~ l"~'31 iI"~'7 'lD~ 227 '~N' 'n~n nnw"i' ::I,., 'lEl~' '''31

."l'Il,,731n m,ll 7W N~l" n"nnw 31'" "n 7K,wm W",

,1W'W~ 11]0" '''I 7W ",,~ K'n Cl ni'l" ilK'ln7"W ,n,nK nDi'Wi17 ""'::1

: 228 "InK C'i'~::1 31'D'~

i1"lln 7W l'n31::111K 1"" ern 0"31 'll' n,.,::I'il 'W31 " ,31'" ',m"

n'W31 731 ", n'l~il 7" w~n 'll' w~n [il"ll' 'DO] '''0 ill"731n ."W~~ n"::Ii'il 7W "'::1 "., C'W~ '7K' 31::1W'7 n"::I'il

" n~,pn::l n31'!m~ iI"nn 7W mnOlil ilm~w' iI~'i' "31'W n"K' '7W~ w',~~ '~K~iI 731 W"D~::1 ,~no~ Km .229 m~,pilil '31W7 7"" c"n

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"::ITL'" n"M' n31W::I N7N C7'31::1 '7 ilNln l'KW ,'710 mKl::l n'Dll

KO' .nm 1'~7nil n~iI c'mn C'N'" C'll"ll~' C""'::I~' 231 C'i'O,lt,

::I," ''', '~'31 ,'Nil i',::1 "" '~'31 ,'Kil 7~wn ''', '~'31 ,K'il ",::1'

~Nl 11"1":lJ'l 11/l'1V~ N:I)'I "10.,' '''I ;1/l llmm.' '~17~ "IDO:l .:1"17 l7 "1' 1'11"'i' 227 ,:1 '~1V' '~1V:I N'11 i'I":li'J'l 0'7:1'i'~i'I 1V"T1" :(.N24 "1' 117 1i"~N' 'II::l) m"711J'l 11"1'lt:l 11"1'iI,~m '1V"i',1 1171V71V i'I"1V17 i'I"I'l1J'l • urnn N111 ~1/l

... n-e m _ o,pn l1:1'1V 'lD~ "11'11 '~N 'D7 .~,~ 11":li''' 71/l '7lt N'm

••• 1'Il"717 n"l'lt ?I1/l 'n~l" ~mn ••• 11"0 'lD.~ "~177 ,~ ;"Tn 1N'11 7""

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."10" '''I 71V U11l07 'l"D'N - "11l,';17 11"1'l." n1'~:1

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G. Sed Rajna, "Le role de la kabbale - J'lN"I n J'l~.'i')'I:I 1"n"l 71/l ,'n," 717 1''l1 dans la tradition juive selon Hayyim Vital", Revue de l'Hlstoire des "I'17'1V 717 l1~i'n "I'll 187-186 '~11:1 .Religioll'S, vol. 168 (1%5). P. 177ff.

'''1 '''1:1, 71/l 0n117~1V~ 717' "I~~' "I'i'~ ;17 n~l1 N7 n"l:ln~n 1N ,nmi' n'7::l"nn n,"I"o n"l::lT1 ;~" o"n '''I 71t' ,rm.'i'ii:l '::l 1"lt7 'N1::l • 7~" o"n

.n"nN O~l1D

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[ 79]

"1'1.1 117N m"l'DO? "1'~,?11 tI;'17" '1.l':m lv'~N' '"' ,1"'i'I J'lN.~J'l 17~N:! n'?~'N:I

[78 ]

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: 235 WN"1 " 1;";N " ny,; .n~'p "'Y'TZl' n"lfIn~n mm;Nn nU)i'nwn n."n::1 '1'1' ,nl'" nn'n 'T " ,1,',yn l,,;n'Nn ,'0 1'\Y" ,,'W' [n."n::1] n::1 i'0yn '''Y'' 1'1'''1'1' m'~ n~" mmno, mM1n£) "N n"TZl.,£)::1 rrnnn 1'\N 13' :111:1" "'~N -ien ON "" m1"Y;' n~'i';' ."Y'W m~" nm'n 'l£)~ 1'\,.,om n~:m n'WN., "£)0 '.,::1'W 1'1'1' ."l"'yn 1P"'::1 'l'NW '.l£)~ ,'O£) l'1MN 1'\'N l'NW" : 236 n~'n' tj.,~~ "£)0::1 ::In"n n"li'~ ,,"W'1'l ;Y w'~wnw 0;' 110::1' m,',y;, n~'i'n "'31'W 'Y n.,,~ OWTZl O"N'~' 1::1'~;' 11' ;,.,'nn~

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: 241 ,~; N';' W"'~iI '.,:l, ,'n~ .240 "'~'i'::I

" " ,'0::11 iI"::1i'iI 'TV '1'1",,,::1 Y"" ""iI' 0"'" iI"1l'1i1 ", 'YW" "'~'n' mmil] on"iI::I "N.,:;, n"::Ii" "~1" n::1W' "n, 1"':;" ;':;"::1:;' ."0"'i'~1 1W"'W ;N O,.,:l'iI 1":;'; 1';':;'" W"i'iI m~W:1 O'Y,,' [o'~:;,n

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.242 ;NiI 1'1"'" 1'\"iI? 'Y~~N' rrunn "~,, nN '~iIi '?W~ W"'~::IW

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.74-73 '~Y ,''0' 'v'El ,C'7lU 'l 1'11(' l111(''i~il 7lUC'l'lUn C"'lU'~::I

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c'onm 1'1~'17~ .M"7lU ,ElO::l "N~ MlI'EllM ,M"1'1i"l ClU'''~ C'NM1 M"::IvM 1'I,'11M 110'El11~ vElO '7::1 1117EllU"~ 1'I"7lU1'I 7111( C'I(," 1'I,mM ,n"::IvM 1'::1

.::t'n"1'I7C'v~M lN~ 1'1( ,1( nmv "17'lU'

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[81 ]

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."0;::1'0 lly,n l'NTZl 0'i'M1

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iln'il .,:I:lW mn'n~ ,m'ili11 ili"~O'~il l':lW mn'l'1~' "~':I m, .,m' 'N£I' Cl ilN.,ilW 'D:l ,256 C'N"'~Ni11 C'N)nil nD,pl'1:l ,nN.,)il ':l:l ,n~"i'

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.m:mpn n"""il 111'tnl1.llt' NWUl np1'm~l "10.1.3 11'3Il ,'1l W' ,:1, 'WPl 256 1111:l .rrnnn no.'D11' 'WPl N'i I:m~~ ,1"1:l'n:l i1T m1~:l W~11W~ C1'iW '1 "~oes . not. :.1l:l'~n 111iDo.W C1W.~ Npm 1:l W1~'Wn 11N 'i'i1W ,o.1'D "W ~Ignahse Itself by the demeaning of the condemnation of the God of Israel and HI's Torah". D. FIusser, "Scholem's Recent Book on Merkabah I1'D1il '~N~n ?W ":ll1il, noun .Literature", JJS, vol. 11 (1960), p, 65 ~npn 11"1il',1 ilp'"o.'~:l I'N ,Cl~N .10 '1:I1l ,3.3.1961 ?w ,1'?lil ,fiNn: mN i1ltv i1'ilJi1 1:l1i:l JJi1Z1' o.n'il ?:IN ,111?Dtvil 1N ?N'tv' 'il?N:l 1i~

,379 '~ll , (6 ,'illi1) ?'ll? i:JTJil '~"?N 'N ?W 1i~~:l i1N', .'I1~w~-'n

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" ?W 1":1' 11N i11111 i1N" .The Targum of the Song of Songs, pp. 194-195 257

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