ICSE-Physics Sample Paper-1-solution-Class 10 Question Paper

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ICSE-Physics Sample Paper-1-solution-Class 10 Question Paper

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ICSE Board

Class X Physics

Gold Series

Sample Paper 1 Solution

Section 1

Answer 1

(a) No, the couple acting on a rigid body can cause only rotatory motion. It cannot produce

translatory motion.

(b) 1 J = 1 N

1m

= 1 kg m s2 1 m

= 1 kg m2 s2

= 1000 g (100 cm) 2 s2

= 107 g cm2 s2

1 J = 107 ergs

ii. in overcoming friction between various parts of machine

(d)

According to question,

L + W = 2 T and E = T

L=2TW

L 2T W

Mechanical advantage=

E

T

W

=2T

W

=2E

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

(e)

We know that kinetic energy K=

or

p2

2m

K1 p12 2m2

K 2 2m1 p22

Here p1 p2 , m1 5 g, m2 35 g

K1 m2 35 7

=

K 2 m1 5 1

K 1 : K 2 7 :1

Answer 2

(a) The first beaker will have water at a higher temperature because of hidden heat (latent

heat) which is released by steam at 100C when it condenses to form water at 100C.

(b) The image is enlarged and erect; therefore, the lens is convex, and the measurement of

Angle of refraction (r) = Angle of refraction (r)

(d) r < v as =

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c

vr > vv, i.e. red light in glass travels faster than voilet light

v

ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

(e)

Answer 3

(a) It depends on the angle of incidence i, the thickness of the slab and the refractive index

of the slab.

(b) Given:

Speed of sound (v) = 334 m s1,

t =?

2d 2 167 m

Time interval t=

1 s

v 334 ms1

(c) The cloud cover traps the heat radiated by the ground at night between the ground and

the cloud, making us feel warmer. On a clear night, no such trapping of heat takes place.

(d) The specific latent heat of ice means that 1 kg of ice at 0C absorbs 336000 J of heat to

convert into ice at 0C.

(e) Given

R = 0.2

P = 10 kW = 10000 W

V = 220 V

Power loss in line = i2R

2

P=Vi

i P /V

P

R

V

2

1000 W

0.2

220 V

413 W=0.413 kW

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 4

(a) By using the magnetic effect of current, i.e. when a magnetic needle is placed on the

wall, it will show deflection due to the concealed current-carrying wire.

(b) Effective resistance between A and E (of network AFE is given by)

1

1

1

R 1 (R AF R FE ) R AE

1

1 2

(3 3) 6 6

R1 3

=

R 2 R 1 R ED

=3+3=6

R 2 and R AD are in parallel

effective resistance will be:

6 6 36

3

6 6 12

This 3 is in series with R DC ,So effective resist ance 3 3 6

Let this effective resistance be =R 3

Now R 3 , R AC and R ABC are parallel so effective resistance between A and C is given by

1

1

1

1

R 4 R 3 R AC R ABC

=

1

1

1

R 3 R AC (R AB R BC )

1 1 1

1

R 4 6 6 (3 3)

1 1 1 1 3 1

R4 2

R4 6 6 6 6 2

(c) Steel or alnico is used for making permanent magnets because of their large value of

coactivity.

(d) Yes, in -decay, the element shifts two places left in the periodic table. In -decay, the

element shifts one place right in the periodic table.

(e) In a TV set, electrons are accelerated by about 5000 V and strike the screen due to

which soft X-rays are produced which can damage our body. These X-rays are absorbed

by a length of a few feet of air due to ionisation by collisions. Thus, it is advisable to

watch TV from a distance of about 1012 feet.

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Section 2

Answer 5

(a)

i. An inclined plane is used by labourers to load heavy barrels on a truck.

ii. No, a single fixed pulley does not produce any multiplication of force. It is useful

(b) Let a lady of mass 60 kg sit at a distance x from the fulcrum.

Clockwise moments = Anticlockwise moments

40 kg g 3.5 m + 30 kg g 1.5 m = 60 kg g x

(140 + 45) kg m = 60 x kg

x = 185/60

x = 3.08 m

(c) Weight of water lifted = 20 10 N = 200 N

Work done 2000 joule

Power=

Time Taken

10 s

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 6

(a) A real, inverted and diminished image is formed between F and 2 F.

(b)

The angle of incidence at N inside the prism is less than 42; therefore, the ray is able to

emerge along NP.

(c) The absolute refractive index of a medium is given by

sin i c

n

sin r v

where c speed of light in vaccum, v- speed of light in medium. Thus for some angle

of incidence

c sin r

sin i

or v sin r

v

i.e. v will be minimum for the medium in which r or angle of refraction r is minimum.

Thus, the speed of light is minimum in medium (I).

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 7

(a) Let x and x be the distances of the two cliffs from the observer.

Then, 2x= 340 m s-1 5 s

2x= 1700 m

x = 850 m

2x = 340 m s-1 7 s = 2380

x = 1190 m

Distance between the two cliffs = x + x

= 850 + 1190

= 2040 m

(b) Dissimilarities:

Sound waves

i. These are longitudinal waves (also

known as mechanical waves) which

need a medium to travel.

ii. Their speed in air is 332 ms1.

Light waves

i. These are transverse waves (also

known as electromagnetic waves)

which do not need a medium to travel.

ii. Their speed is 3 108 ms1.

Similarities: Both sound waves and light waves obey the laws of reflection and refraction

and also exhibit the phenomenon of interference.

(c)

i. We know that the frequency of the string depends on the length of the string

(l),mass per unit length of the string (m) and tension of the string (T).

1 T

2l m

Hence, the tension and length are generally changed to bring about the desired

tuning.

i.e. v

ii.

1. Figure (2) represents the vibrations of the largest amplitude, and Figure (3)

represents the vibration of the fundamental note.

2

2. For figure (1), l=3 1 1 l

2

3

v

v

3v

Frequency, 1

1 2l/3 2l

2

2

v 2v

l 2l

Frequency, 3

v1 : v 2 : v3

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v

2l

3v 2v v

: : 3:2:1

2l 2l 2l

7

ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 8

(a) When the salt crystal dissolves, its crystal lattice is destroyed. The process requires

certain amount of energy, i.e. latent heat which is taken from water. In the second

vessel, a part of the intermolecular bonds of the crystal has already been destroyed in

crushing the crystal. Hence, less energy is required to dissolve the powder. Therefore,

the water will be at a higher temperature.

(b) Given that m = 1 kg

Initial temperature = 10C

In this case, heat energy is required in the following four steps:

1. Heat energy required to raise the temperature of ice from 10C to 0C

= m c (ice) rise in temperature

= 1 (2.1 103) [0 (10)]

= 21 103 J

2. Heat energy required to melt ice at 0C into water at 0C

= mLice

= 1 (336 103)

= 336 103 J

3. Heat energy required to increase the temperature of melted ice water from 0C

to 100C

= m c (water) rise in temperature

= 1 (4.2 103) (100 0)

= 420 103 J

4. Heat energy required for vapourisation of water

= mLsteam

= 1 (2268 103)

= 2268 103 J

Total heat energy required

= (21 + 336 + 420 + 2268) 103

= 3045 103 J

= 3045 kJ

(c) Let the thermal capacity of the vessel be C' J K1

Heat energy given by hot water = 40 4.2 (60 30) = 5040 J

Heat energy taken by cold water = 50 4.2 (30 20) = 2100 J

Heat energy taken by vessel = C' (30 20) = 10 C' J

If there is no loss of heat energy,

Heat energy given by hot water = Heat energy taken by cold water and vessel

Or 5040 = 2100 + 10 C'

Or 10 C' = 2940

Or C'= 294 J K1

Thus, the thermal capacity of the vessel = 294 J K1.

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 9

(a) The electric fuse is a device used to limit the current in an electric circuit.

It has the following characteristics:

i. Fuse has high resistance and low melting point

ii. Fuse is made up of the alloy of lead and tin.

iii. Fuse is always connected to the live wire of the circuit.

(b)

ii. ABCD is a soft iron core armature having large number of turns of insulated copper

iii. S and S are slip rings.

iv. B and B are carbon brushes.

(c) Given:

P = 100 W

V = 230 volt

T= 20 60 s

Resistance of bulb, R=

V 2 (230 V)2

P

100 W

Therefore displaced by the bulb

V' 2

(115 V)2 (20 60)s

=

t

R

529

=30,000 J

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ICSE X | PHYSICS

Gold Series Sample Paper 1 Solution

Answer 10

(a) Thermionic emission is the phenomenon of emission of electrons from the metal

surface on heating suitably.

(b)

i. Number of protons.

ii. An element becomes radioactive when

2. There is an imbalance of protons and neutrons as compared to a normal stable

atom.

(c)

i.

ii.

1

85

1

iii. 235

148

92 U+ 0 n

57 La 35 Br 3 0 n 186 Mev

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