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1.

Which species could be reduced to form NO2?
A.

N2O

B.

NO3

C.

HNO2

D.

NO

(Total 1 mark)

2.

What happens to the manganese in the following reaction?

+

2+

2MnO4 (aq) + 5H2O2(aq) + 6H (aq) → 2Mn (aq) + 8H2O(l) + 5O2(g)
A.

It is oxidized and its oxidation number increases.

B.

It is oxidized and its oxidation number decreases.

C.

It is reduced and its oxidation number increases.

D.

It is reduced and its oxidation number decreases.
(Total 1 mark)

3.

Consider the following reactions of three unknown metals X, Y and Z.
2XNO3(aq) + Y(s) → 2X(s) + Y(NO3)2(aq)
Y(NO3)2(aq) + Z(s) → No reaction
2XNO3(aq) + Z(s) → 2X(s) + Z(NO3)2(aq)
What is the order of increasing reactivity of the metals (least reactive first)?
A.

X <Y< Z

B.

X<Z<Y

C.

Z<Y<X

D.

Y<Z<X
(Total 1 mark)

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4.

What is the reducing agent in the reaction below?

2MnO4 (aq) + Br (aq) + H2O(l) → 2MnO2(s) + BrO3 (aq) + 2OH (aq)

A.

Br

B.

BrO3

C.

MnO4

D.

MnO2

(Total 1 mark)

5.

Nitrogen monoxide may be removed from industrial emissions via a reaction with ammonia as
shown by the equation below.
4NH3(g) + 6NO(g) → 5N2(g) + 6H2O(l)
(i)

Deduce the oxidation number of the nitrogen in the reactants and product.
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(3)

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(ii)

Deduce the oxidation and reduction half-equations and identify the oxidizing agent for
the reaction.
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(3)

(iii)

3

3

30.0 dm of ammonia reacts with 30.0 dm of nitrogen monoxide at 100 °C.
Identify which gas is in excess and by how much and calculate the volume of nitrogen
produced.
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(2)
(Total 8 marks)

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6.

Consider the following three redox reactions.
2+

2+

+

2+

2+

2+

Cd(s) + Ni (aq) → Cd (aq) + Ni(s)
Ni(s) + 2Ag (aq) → Ni (aq) + 2Ag(s)
Zn(s) + Cd (aq) → Zn (aq) + Cd(s)

(i)

Deduce the order of reactivity of the four metals, cadmium, nickel, silver and zinc and list
in order of decreasing reactivity.
(2)

(ii)

Identify the best oxidizing agent and the best reducing agent.
(2)
(Total 4 marks)

1.

B
[1]

2.

D
[1]

3.

B
[1]

4.

A
[1]

5.

(i)

NH3: –3;
NO: +2;
N2: 0;
Penalize incorrect notation such as 3–, III, 2+, 2, II once only.

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(ii)

Oxidation:
+

2NH3 → N2 + 6H + 6e ;
Reduction:
+

2NO + 4H + 4e → N2 + 2H2O;
Award [1 max] for M1 and M2 if redox processes are not
identified or if equations are given wrong way round.
Penalize
once only.

Allow e instead of e .
Ignore state symbols.
Oxidizing agent: NO;
Allow either formula or name.

(iii)

3

3

NH3/ammonia (in excess by) and 10 (dm );
3

25.0 (dm );

2
[8]

6.

(i)

(ii)

Zn > Cd > Ni > Ag
Zn most reactive;
rest of order correct;

2

Best oxidizing agent:
+
Ag ;
Do not accept Ag.
Best reducing agent:
Zn;
2+
Do not accept Zn .

2
[4]

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